Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

A32K. First to the sun, then to the moon.

.16.20. (.24.) .28.32.-.34.36.41.

A character who can be seen in the silhouette of moonspots first went to the sun and only then went to the moon, or the Sun and Moon were arguing about who he should belong to.

French (Poitou), Hawaiians, Gilbert, Banaba, Tuvalu, Nauru, (Western and Eastern Torajas, Bantik, Minahasa), Luzhitans, Komi-Zyrians, Kyrgyz, Baikal Buryats, Oirats, western and northeastern Yakuts, Evens, Kuchin.

Western Europe. French [Hautes-Pyrenees: God told man not to work on Sundays; and when he found him again with a bunch of brushwood, he offered to move it either to the hot sun or to the icy flax; he chose the moon; Poitou: man worked on Sunday; God punished him by offering him a choice to be in the sun or on the moon; he first chose the sun, but it turned out to be hot and is now visible on the moon]: Sé billot 1904:12.

Micronesia-Polynesia. Hawaii (island). Maui) [Hina was doing tapa, she was tired, she took a calebas with her possessions, climbed the rainbow, heading first to the sun; it was hot, she stayed on the moon, you can see a calebas next to her]: Beckwith 1970:220-221; Gilbert Islands: Koch 1966 (Nonouti Atoll) [Nautonga's daughter Matanoko cries all the time; N. takes 7 people with her, takes M. to the moon; warns not to talk to spirits- island dwellers; each time one of the team responds to the spirits and becomes one of them himself; these are people with huge ears; legs; noses; arms; heads; lips; breasts; N. wants to leave M. in the sun, she says it's too hot; it's cold on the moon; but N. still threw his daughter on the moon and returned home]: 42; Maude, Maude 1994, No. 5 [the daughter of heaven Kirata climbed a tree, the branch broke, she fell from the sky to earth, became Nautonga's wife; they had Nei Matanoko; when she was five years old, her mother left, telling her father not to expose the child to the sun; but the girl cried, her father put her out in the sun, she calmed down then she began to scream even more; her father takes her east, the octopus holds the boat, N. cuts off his tentacles; they pass the country of the big-eared Tabonoto; they swim to the sea wall; the sun says it's too hot The moon takes the girl; now Nei Matanoko is visible there, weaving mats]: 75-78; Pateman 1942:119 in Luomala 1964 [Nautonga's little daughter screams that she wants the moon and the sun; N. takes her to the edge of the sky, wants give to the Sun, but she screams that it is hot; then to the Moon; the girl screams that it is cold, but her father leaves her on the moon; Mrs. Matanoko has been visible on the moon since then]: 224; Banaba [when Nei Matonoko was fulfilled Five years old, her mother Nei Komake warned her husband Na Utonga not to leave her in the sun; NM cries continuously, calms down only when her father takes her out into the sun; then cries again; NC tells her husband to take her daughter to To the Sun and Moon; NU's helper spirit tells him to first take his daughter to Nabenabe, who lives on the remote island; N. in turn turns to Te-anti-ma-aomata; T. tells NU to make a boat with 17 sails, lists what to take with them; Well, T. and her daughter sail east; NU cuts off the tentacles of an octopus that has grabbed the boat; they sail to an island of big-eared people, to two more islands; to Maiawa land, on which is a wall that borders the sea, but there is no end of the earth to the north and south; there is a rock in the sea, on which the Sun rests from the east; the Sun ordered to give its granddaughter to the Moon, for the heat of the Sun will burn her; they swam to the rock where the Moon is resting; the moon took her and since then she has been sitting on the moon weaving mats; Well, T. and I went to see the sky; there people want to kill strangers; NU told me to climb a tree; his an assistant spirit advised me to take a Teslo; NU killed a centipede living in the trunk with it; people were scared, NU quietly returned home]: Luomala 1973:265-266; Tokelau: Koch 1966 (Niutao Atoll) [Nautoka loved his little daughter Matanoko; she looked at the moon and demanded that her father take her there and cry; N. took 6 people with him, told him that when he sailed to the next island, only one of the teams answered questions from the islanders, because the one who answered himself would become a spirit; on the first island, people with huge legs, who answered himself became the same, had to be thrown overboard; then people with huge ears ; heads; hands; noses; coming to the moon, N. left M. there, but she complained that it was cold; N. left her in the sun - hot; back to the moon; now M. wants to go home and they are back]: 97-99; Luomala 1973 [Leaving a five-year-old girl, the mother tells her father not to show her the sun; the girl cries continuously, stops when her father carries her out into the sun, then cries again; the father takes her to the east on the horizon, along the way, cuts off the tentacles of an octopus that grabbed the boat; the boat waits at the cliff on which the Sun comes before its journey across the sky; the Sun is too hot, advises you to go to the Month; A girl takes a month; since then she has been visible on it, weaving mats]: 265-266; Turner 1884 (Nanumea): 292 [little boy Tapirinoko cries for sun; his father took him to the rising sun, but there it was hot, the boy wanted to go to the moon; it was cold on the moon, but the Moon convinced the boy to stay; he can now be seen there] in Luomala 1964:234; Nauru [the older, middle sister is coming first monthly, parents give gifts; when the youngest Egig ("eucalyptus") is not given; she leaves, plants a coconut, the tree grows to the sky; in heaven she comes to a blind old woman; E. drinks her palm wine; when she takes the second shell with wine, the old woman catches it; E. extracts midges, worms, ants from her eyes, she sees the light; hides it from her sons; the Sun comes, Thunder; the third son is Good Month, marries E. it is now visible on the lunar disk]: Permyakov 1970, No. 138:337-339.

(Wed. Malaysia-Indonesia. Western Toraja [in order to take over the wealth of a rich man, others buried him alive; he went to the lower world, where he was advised to go through seven villages to the horizon and continue to follow along with the Sun; went to Topeteroe (Creator), replied that he was getting back to his wife, he finally indicated where to go; everything was burned in this place; the Sun said it was too hot, advised wait for the Month; a month took him, told the Morning Star to take him to his house; at home, a man found enemies celebrating, killed them]: Kruyt 1938, No. 24:270-371; Eastern Toraja [to get rid of them from the husband of a woman he liked, the man took him to the place where the sun went down, covered the hole with his skin; he stepped on it, fell into the lower world; but the wife did not let the applicant come to her; gave the Sun a mirror to give it to her husband as a sign of her loyalty; the husband tried to return with the Sun, but it is too hot; returned to his wife on earth with the Month]: Adriani, Kruyt 1950, No. 4:374-375; toraja [ Deatanna descends from the sky on the rainbow, Polopadang grabs D., marries him; she promises to leave him if he swears; their little son hits his father with a golden top, T. swears, D. with his son they return to heaven across the rainbow; the white buffalo asks P. to pull his spear out of his back, takes him to the horizon; the sun is too hot to take P., her younger brother Month takes it; P. throws a gold one top in the bucket of a slave who came for water; the son recognizes the toy; the servants promise P. to return his wife if he 1) brings a basket of water (the eel lubricates the basket with mucus), 2) irrigates the garden (crabs dig a ditch), 3) Fill the grains with four baskets (mice fill), 4) eat all the sweet potatoes in the field (pigs eat), 5) get to know the wife in a dark room (the cat meows at D.'s feet, the firefly sits on her hair); with his wife and P.'s son returns to earth]: Teselkin 1959:72-77 (=Braginsky 1972:85-89); bow [seven doves flew to swim, Kasimbaha hid one of them's clothes, got married; her name is Oetahagi; she has white hair on the top of his head, you can't tear it out; he pulled out his hair, the storm took O., their son Tambaga remained; taking him, K. climbed the vine into the sky (the rat gnawed the thorns from the vine), fell east; the sun was too hot, the Month helped me get to heaven; animals help find a wife, prove to her brother that K. is also immortal; T. grows up, goes down to earth. marries, comes from him a bow]: Spreeuwenberg 1845: 25-28 in Lessa 196:123 to 124; Minahasa [Mamanua dogs surrounded a wild pig when he came up, the pig was replaced by Lumalundung; agreed to marry him unless he looked in her head and will not tear out a special hair; gave birth to a son Walasendou; M. pulled out his hair, blood flowed, his wife disappeared in the fog; the bird brings M. and his son to the mountain, he climbs a tree, then a vine falls to the east; The sun too hot, the Month carries M. to the village; the fly shows where Father L.'s house is; L. takes his son, leaves M. outside the door; the rat gnaws through constipation; L. eats only the steam from the prepared rice; M. eats the rice itself, dies; L. replaces his entrails and eyes with stone ones, revives him, now he also feeds on steam, lives in the sky with L.; their son goes down to the ground, finds an egg on a tree, breaks it, there is a woman in it, they have three sons and daughter]: Wilken 1863:326-330 in Lessa 1961:124-125).

Central Europe. Luzhitans (Spreewald) [One person scattered manure on Sunday. Then a little man came to him and said, "Why are you throwing manure on Sunday," and asked him whether he wanted to go to the sun or the moon? The man thought and thought it would be too hot in the sun and wished him better to go to the moon. Then they both left. So he came to the moon, and the moon has had a face ever since. There you can clearly see a man leaning on a pitchfork as he scattered manure. The man's wife went to the Sun, where she burned down and can no longer be seen]: Schulenburg 1880:58.

Volga - Perm. Komi-Zyrians (upper reaches of Vychegda, western 1941) [The stepdaughter asked the Sun to take her away; the Sun replied that she would burn, advised him to ask for the Month; he took the girl and now she lives there]: Uotila 2006, No. 92:297.

Turkestan. Kyrgyz [the owners torment the orphan girl with hard work; sent her to fetch water at night; she asked the Moon to pick her up; the Sun also descended, began to fight the Moon; the Moon begged her to give it to her an orphan, she can be seen there with a rocker arm and buckets; when the Moon loses her girl for a while, it darkens with grief (eclipse)]: Brudny, Eshmambetov 1968:11-13 (=1989:375-377).

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Buryats: Nanzatov et al. 2008 (Baikal region?) [P.A. Batorov, archive; The Sun, being faster and stronger than the Month, grabbed a girl with buckets and a talnic bush, and all this dragged her to heaven; the Month and the Sun began to argue about who to own the girl, for in the curse both mothers are mentioned; the Month promised to cover the earth with snow in a day; if the Sun melts all the snow in a day and makes the hooves of all animals split, it will receive a girl; the messenger of the Sun was walking on the ground, He separated his hooves with a golden knife; the horse descended behind him, he did not have time to separate his hooves and a ball of snow stuck to them; the girl received the Month]: 24; Khangalov 1958a (Balagan or Kudinsky) [mother did not like two daughters from her husband's first marriage; said that the moon or the sun should take you; the girls went to get water, the sun and the moon wanted to grab them; one clung to the bush, tore off part of it; grabbed the girl first the sun, but the moon, pointing to fatigue at night, asked the girl to give in to her; since then, the moon shows a girl clinging to the bush with one hand; she is the mistress of the sun and moon, or only the moon; she is painted on shamanic tambourines and seen in moonspots; the second girl hid in water or under a horseskin rug that is considered unclean]: 319; 1960 [1) stepmother did not like stepdaughter and stepson, sent at night for water; they did not return for a long time, she cursed them, Let the Sun or Moon take them away; the boy hid under a carpet of sheep skin lying on the shore, the Sun did not find him; the month took the girl; she held a willow with one hand and held buckets on a rocker arm with the other; visible with willow and buckets on the moon], No. 6:14; Khangalov, Sharakshinova archive 1980:49-50 [The sun was the first to grab the girl, but the Moon begged her give it away because she is afraid to walk at night and needs a companion]; the Oirats and probably the Khalkha Mongols [according to most legends, the Mongols {without specifying the group} considered the moon to be a feminine principle , and the sun was masculine; one day a girl went to the river to get water and, forgetting about her work, played there for a long time; the Sun and Moon, who came up at that time, took her in half; the sun took the upper part, and the Moon has taken the lower part; since then, the sun has become man and the moon has become a woman; in memory of this, during the wedding ceremony, the Oirats put on the wall of the house an image of the sun behind the groom, the image of the moon behind the bride; the Mongolian (unspecified group} legend of the Seven Elders (Pleiades constellation) says that each of these elders wanted to marry the Moon; they eventually abandoned this idea, but once a year, stars approach the moon to meet]: Erdenebold 2012:23 (with reference to Bnmau-eun ugsaatny zuy. l bot. Ulaanbaatar, 1987).

Eastern Siberia. Western Yakuts: Alekseev et al. 1995, No. 35 (Vilyuisky, 2nd Bordeaux Nasleg of Suntarsky Ulus) [an orphan girl goes to fetch water; says that it is better for her to become the sun along with the sun, the moon along with the moon; the Sun, the Moon, the Earth want her to come to them; she decides that she cannot live on earth, she will burn in the sun, go to the moon; she is seen there with a rocker arm and buckets; she is the spirit of the mistress of the moon]: 197-199; Ovchinnikov 1897 , No. 5-6 (the place of recording is not specified; probably Olekminsk or its environs, where Ovchinnikov was in exile) [two options; the orphan went to get water, stumbled behind the talina, the water spilled, the ice-hole was already frozen; the girl asked the Month to take her home; his older brother The Sun wanted to take her himself, overcame the Month; he begged him to leave her, because she would burn in the Sun; otherwise, in one hand, the girl the bush she held on to remained]: 179-181; Popov 1949 (Vilyuisky) [the owners oppress the orphan girl; she goes to fetch water, asks the Moon and the Sun to take her away; the Sun took her head, the Moon took her body; on the moon a headless girl with a rocker arm on her shoulders is visible]: 260-261; northeastern (Verkhoyan, Eginsky Nasleg) Yakuts: Khudyakov 1969:372 [an orphan boy goes with a rocker arm to fetch water; says, "To be instead, in the spirit of the sun and the month"; they go down, take him away from each other; he climbs the talina with the buckets; The month pulled out the boy along with the talina, took it for himself; he is visible for a month, resting with one foot on the waist, holding a rocker arm with her hand], 373 [an orphan girl is fed scraps; she goes to fetch water with a rocker arm, grabs a dry hoist, says, "If I were the spirit of a month or sun"; both go down , they ask who she called first; the Sun is hot, the Month is cool, it turns to the Month; the Sun tells her to "destroy with the damage of the month and gain weight with the full moon"]; Evens [ the mother dies, tells her two daughters not to go up the river; they go, see the line, he catches fish, tells one of them to kiss him; the youngest kisses her, he bites her, gives her fish, promises to come visit; the youngest tells the eldest to run and wrap her in a yurt tire, give her a knife, put her to bed; the devil swallows the youngest, chases the eldest; the youngest cuts his kidneys, liver, heart; he dies; she goes out ripping his stomach apart; rich people take her as a worker, beat her; when she goes to get water, she asks the Month or the Sun to take her away; the Sun takes her, takes three years for the Month, now she is visible on him; she smiles, she has buckets]: Novikova 1958:41-42 (=1987:43-44).

Subarctic. Kuchin [an old woman finds a boy; he brings a caribou, wants all the interior fat; people don't let him go back to the Sun; the Sun is hot, he returns to camp, destroys him hurricane; goes to the Month; seen there with his white dog and a bubble of caribou blood in his hand]: Petitot 1886, No. 6:66-69.