Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

A42. Phaeton (Sun Simulator), A724.I.I.


The character comes to the Sun, tries to play his role, but intentionally or unwittingly breaks the rules, usually causing disasters on earth.

Latins, Ancient Greece, Gagauz people, Abkhazians, Ingush, Megrelians, Eastern Sami, Mansi, Bellakula, Heiltsuk, Kvakiutl, Halkomel, Katlamet, (vishram), menominee, mandan, chumash, teva, western (Laguna) and eastern (Kochiti).

Southern Europe. Latins: [Ovid's Metamorphoses (Er Er): Phaeton came to the house of his father, the sun god; he promised to comply with his son's every request; Phaeton asked to be allowed within one control his father's chariot for the day; the sun god was forced to agree and Phaeton set off at dawn; four horses pulled into a chariot rushed at great speed, frightened Phaeton was not in He could hold them and dropped their reins; the horses rushed the chariot across the sky and descended so low that the earth began to blaze and the rivers evaporated; the Earth pleaded to Jupiter, who threw his perun, the chariot scattered, and the incinerated Phaeton fell into Eridan]: Ovid. Met. II. 1-366; [Myths attributed to Guy Julius Gigin, who lived at the turn of the eras, but most likely date back to the 1st and 2nd centuries: "Phaeton, son of the Sun and Clemena, secretly boarded his father's chariot and, rising too high above the ground, fell into the Eridan River in fear. When Jupiter struck him with lightning, everything started to burn. To seize the opportunity to exterminate the entire mortal family, Jupiter pretended to put out the fire. He streamed from everywhere and the entire mortal family died, except Pyrrhus and Deucalion. And Phaeton's sisters, who, despite his father's ban, harnessed horses for him, turned into poplar trees" (trans. D.O. Torshilova)]: Hyg. Fab. 152a; ["Phaeton, the son of Clemen, the son of the Sun, and the nymph Meropa, who is considered Oceanida, learned from his father's story that the Sun is his grandfather, obtained his chariot from that chariot, but made poor use of it. Because he was driving too close to the ground, everything caught fire from the proximity of the flame. Striked by lightning, he fell into the Pad River. The Greeks call this river Eridani and was the first to mention it by Ferekides. The Indus, on the other hand, caused the heat of the near sun to darken their blood and turned black" (trans. D.O. Torshilova)]: Hyg. Fab. 154; [Astronomy by Mark Manilius (1st century); on the Milky Way: "This light that cuts through the darkness of the night makes the human mind ask about the divine: maybe the building of the universe is splitting apart and in New light enters the resulting crack; what fears does a person feel when looking at damaged skies? Perhaps the sky closes, and where the edges of the hemispheres converge, a strange scar appears, a seam filled with air that has become dense, holding the foundations of the high heavens together. Or is it more true that in ancient times, the horses of the Sun raced the other way, along a different path? Over the centuries, have the scorched stars lost their color, and the dark blue sky was covered with ash? From ancient times, the story of Phaeton flying across the sky in his father's chariot has come down to us; looking enthusiastically at the unusual picture of heaven up close and rejoicing like a child, he drove the chariot forward, trying surpass his father, and lost his way, and the rebellious horses took an unusual path; unfit constellations could not withstand the heat of the lost fire and the weight of the chariot, which had lost management. Why is it strange that the heavens are burning and the Earth turned into a fire burning in every city? When the fragments of the scattered chariot scattered in different directions, the sky turned white. Today, the stars bear the traces of that ancient fire, showing the consequences of the disaster that occurred in the sky" (trans. E.M. Steerman)]: Manil. Astr. I. 716-749.

The Balkans. Ancient Greece ["Historical Library" by Diodorus of Sicily (1st century BC): "Many poets and historians say that young Phaeton, son of Helios, begged his father to give him his father for one day quadruple team. Helios agreed, and Phaeton drove four horses, but could not hold the reins, but the horses did not obey the young man, turned away from their usual path, and for the first time, wandering across the sky, burned him, forming the current circular Milky Way, and then, burning the earth in many places, burned vast spaces on it. Enraged by what was happening, Zeus struck Phaeton with lightning and brought the sun back on track. The phaeton, on the other hand, fell at the mouth of the river, which is now called Pad, and in the old days it was called Eridan. His sisters mourned Phaeton's death so sadly that, due to excessive sorrow, they even changed their nature into poplars" (trans. O.P. Tsybenko)]: Diod. Sic. V. 23. 2-3; [On Astrology by Lucian Samosatsky (2nd century): "Phaeton outlined the path of the Sun, but not quite correctly; he died, leaving his research unfinished. Those who do not know this consider Phaeton to be the son of Helios the Sun and tell a completely implausible myth about him: as if Phaeton came to Helios the Father asking him to drive a solar chariot, he gave and outlined the driving rules. Phaeton boarded the chariot, but due to his age and inexperience, he kept him too close to the ground, sometimes too far away from it, so that he killed people with cold or unbearable heat. Zeus struck him in anger for this with a great lightning bolt. The phaeton fell, and his sisters surrounded him and cried a great deal. This continued until they changed their image, and to this day they stand as black poplars and shed amber tears for Phaeton" (trans. N.N. Zalessky)]: Luc. De astr. 19; Gagauz people: Moshkov 1904, No. 3 [hail beat Ivan's harvest; on Fedorov Day I. went to the races, only his horse broke his leg; hired for promising a piece of bread to throw two before sunset shocks; the sun set, I. was left without bread; I. found a barrel of incense, rolled it up the mountain and lit it; God sent St. Petra: give him what he wants to stop smoking; I.: I'll put it out if God gives my daughter for me; God agrees, I. lives with his wife in a golden palace; others are jealous, they dug a hole, lit a fire, closed carpet; wife: smear oak ash on your head and throw yourself into the hole; I. came out gilded; the king tells I. to bring 12 wolves; wife: throw a ball of thread to the wolves, they will come to the royal court themselves; wolves have come and they strangled the king's sheep; the king left I. alone; God sent St. Peter, St. Fedor and the sun put up with I.; he slapped them in the face, they went to complain; God: how much I. endured until he got out of poverty], 4 [the guy hired to grow wheat, only beat his strip of hail; to another the owner was hired for a stone, less than a year later the stone melted {incomprehensible}; the guy got married, went to work elsewhere, another man took his wife away; he found her at his father's sun, hired him to work; he tells the sun to lead, food will be brought by St. Ilya (in the morning), St. Peter (at noon); in the afternoon, do not walk down the lower road (burn the gardens) or the middle road (dry the wells), go straight; the worker beat St. Ilya, St. Petra, went down the lower road, burned down the gardens; explains to the owner that Ilya was beaten for wheat, Peter for the stone he had melted; master: and gardens? Man: You feel sorry for the gardens, and I feel sorry for the wife you took away; the master returned his wife]: 13-15, 15-17.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Abkhazians [hail destroyed his younger brother's harvest; the elders dissuade him, but he leaves; hires the prince to do the work of 30 people before sunset; asks the sun to wait a couple of minutes, but it rolls; the prince wants to reward him, the hero replies that he has not fulfilled his promise, leaves; he is hired by a shepherd to herd sheep for ten years; sheep multiply, the shepherd wants to reward the worker, he refuses, for on the last day, the wolf slaughtered one sheep; hides the clothes of a bathing girl; this is the daughter of Amra (Sun); she brings him to her father; Amra is an ogre; allows him to marry his daughter if a person can perform his duties; we must greet Afa (Thunder), raise the floors of the cloak so as not to burn trees, treat the wolf gently; the man knocked out A.'s eye, burned down the garden, hit the wolf (now his neck is not turns); explains to angry A. that he acted as irresponsibly as others did to him; A. allows him to marry his daughter]: Bgazhba 1983:9-15; Ingush [the tsar sees the poor man and promises that he will give him whatever he wants; the poor man asks to fill his pouch with money; the king's men bring a handful, then a hat and a cart of coins, but they cannot fill the pouch; in the end, he includes everything royal property; the king and his people attack the poor man, he kills them and becomes king; the children of the murdered king grow up, the poor man gives them all the royal property; having settled separately, he sows wheat; he beats her hail; the poor man is hired by a rider, says: "I will remove all your bread alone before sunset, for which you will give me part of my paddocks, but if I don't harvest bread before sunset, I'll lose my pay"; does not have time to remove one sheaf, refuses to pay; is hired by a shepherd on the condition that if there is at least a small loss in the herd after three years, he will not receive a reward, and if there is a profit , he will receive part of the cattle; three years pass, the number of livestock increases; the herd is attacked by a wolf, a goat takes away; the poor man keeps the wolf alive, returns the kid and refuses the reward for work; walks along the road, dies; the wolf finds and buries the corpse; three doves fly to the grave, pray, the poor man resurrects; a tower appears on the grave, the poor man lives in it with the doves that have become beauties; wives say: "Go to the mother of the Sun and ask her for a nice sofa for us. Mother of the Sun lives next to Mother Moon. Their hut doors are always locked. The Mother of the Sun sits above her baby's cradle and feeds him with one breast, while the other breast is thrown over her shoulders. As soon as you enter Mother of the Sun's hut, rush straight to her chest and start sucking it; if you can catch her breast and suck it, she'll give you a sofa"; poor man follows instructions, Mother of the Sun He calls him his third son; her son comes, moving the Sun; when he learns of the poor man's request, he says to him: "Tomorrow you will follow me to move the Sun around the world, and I will stay at home and make you a sofa. Mother of Thunder will bring you lunch by noon, and when you come to the sea, look at our vineyard there"; the next day, the poor man begins to drag the Sun across the world; by noon, Thunder's mother brings him lunch; he remembers how she beat his arable land with hail and pounding it; when he reaches the sea and finds himself near the vineyard, he remembers the loss of harvesting fees; as a result, he keeps the Sun for an extra hour above the vineyard; in the evening he tells the mother of the Sun that the journey was safe; goes home with the sofa; a man comes to him, from whom he herded sheep; asks to give one of his wives; wives turn into doves, fly away; the tower and other buildings disappear; the poor man is hired by the king, enters into a relationship with his daughter; the king throws him into a hole; a powerful neighboring king sends it the king of two identical roosters and tells him to find out which one is older; the poor man suggests: "You can find out about the seniority of roosters by age as follows: pour them red wheat and let them go to it in the wind roosters. The elder rooster will stand with his head against the wind, and the youngest with his tail"; the king follows the advice, performs the task; the neighbor sends two identical stallions and tells them to know which one is older; the poor man explains : "Give more salt to these stallions, then let them drink, the youngest will run forward to the water and start drinking greedily, and the elder will walk quieter and, when he comes to the water, overtake the younger stallion"; the king follows advice, performs the task; the neighbor sends a message: "Find out which of your people is able to shoot an arrow from your village to mine"; the poor man fires an arrow into a neighboring village; it falls into a chain on which the cauldron hung in the royal hut; a messenger arrives: "Our tsar invites you to come to our village and take one dog and one rooster with you to compete with our dog and our rooster"; poor man takes a falcon instead of a rooster, goes to the village; on the way he meets a man who sees a chamois on a distant mountain, a man who hears a snake crawling over seven mountains, a man trying to drink the sea, and a man who, with one foot in his belt, runs to the other for a hare; takes them with him; the neighboring king releases a rooster, the poor man's falcon pecked him; the neighboring king announces the beginning of a race, releases a witch; she offers the one-legged to drink a drink from a jug, he falls asleep; the one who hears snoring well, the shooter fires an arrow into the jug, the one-legged wakes up to the ringing of potsherds and overtakes the witch; the king locks the guests in a copper hut; it begins to fill with water; a person who wants to drink the sea drinks it; a strong king recognizes the neighboring king as an equal, the poor man marries the royal daughters]: Sadulaev 2004, No. 122:314-321; Megrelians [Solomon comes to God, asks for permission to temporarily rule the universe; receives consent, sees from above how one person, stopping at a spring , lost his wallet; the other found it and took it; then the old man came; the lost man came back, thinks that the old man is a thief, killing him; indignant S. shouts, May you fail, Mother Earth! The earth has staggered, God manages to deprive S. of power; explains that the ancestor of the murdered man was guilty of the blood of the murderer's ancestor, and the ancestor of the one who lost the money owed the ancestor of the one who found it]: Kobalia 1903, No. 6:93-94.

Baltoscandia. Eastern Sami [the old man pulls birch bark, the Frog tells her to marry, otherwise he will stab her to death with scissors; they have sons Hewn Stump, Reindeer Collar, daughter Vostroeye; Frog and her children ate the old man and his old woman; she manages to tell her daughter to collect her 99 bones, hit Ostroeye, the hundredth bone will fall out, put it in a bag, run, a house will emerge from the bones; an old woman's daughter plays with with the sun, embroiders a silver belt; stabs with a sleepy match Stump, Yoke, they lose sight and hearing; Vostroeyka has other eyes on the back of her head; The Frog and the Eye sew the old woman's daughter into a seal skin, they throw it into the water; she ripped her skin with a knife, came to a house with blood on the floor; she had difficulty scooping it out, washed the hut, broke it off and ate a piece of one cake; hid, turning into a spindle; came They flashed, saw that one of them, Ninas, had a cake bitten, left, Ninas stayed; asks to show up (if the old man, you will be a father, if the old woman is a mother, if the young woman is a brother, if the woman is a sister, if the girl is the wife; the girl opens; N. says that she cannot live here, Flashes are cut here, gives a ball of thread, he rolls to his mother; The flashes scream, Ninas's wife is coming, but the Sun will soon take her; mother N. carries her across the river; at night she hangs a silver belt over her bed; N. sleeps with his wife, believes that they are stars, although it's already a day; mother N.: take reindeer skins, they will dry out from the sun; she goes out, Sun grabs her hair, N. tries to hold her, dies; she suffers from the heat, the Sun sprinkled her with water, married her, she gives birth to him a daughter; her daughter grew up, she was given silk to cook three scarves, sent her to the ground, they told me to marry the first person she met; she married a shepherd; sold headscarves; people envy their wealth, they want to kill their husband; the wife brought him to her Sun Father, who was riding a deer; the Sun tells her son-in-law in the morning ride around the ground on a bear, in the afternoon on a male deer, in the evening on a vazhenka; at noon, my son-in-law rides a male deer, sees an image of a man, kicked him; "I had a deer calf, you didn't keep it, didn't stand on the road"; soon the deer fell, the son-in-law returned in a vazhenka; the next day, the Sun drove by himself, saw a dead deer, told his son-in-law to treat the animals gently; on the third day, the Sun let his son-in-law go daughter, they began to live even richer]: Kharuzin 1890:348-351.

Western Siberia. Muncie (west. A. Balandin, 1937, p. Vejacors on the river. Ob) [water is everywhere; there is an old man and an old woman in the house; an iron loon flew in, dived, popped up, his neck burst, blood appeared under his neck, a piece of earth in his beak, stuck between the logs of the house, flew up; then but the second loon dives three times, blood on his neck, a piece of land stuck between the logs; the earth began to grow; the old man goes out three times, each time after three days; the third time there is land everywhere; the old man sends three times the white crow flies around the ground; he returns in 3, 5, 7 days; the third time is black, pecking a deceased person; the old man told him not to catch the beast from now on, only fish or take blood for himself when a person He will kill the beast and take meat; a tree has grown in the backyards; the old man brought it with roots and branches, began to cheat it, cut his hand, the old woman sucked blood, told him to carry the tree back; at night the old woman was gone in the morning, an old man found her in a small house, she gave birth to a son there, called Taryg-Pesch-nimalya-sov; T. hunts; every time she sees a line in the ice-hole; then she sees his reflection, he has a beard, needs a wife; found a home, took a horse out of the basement of the barn, washed it from the manure, his mother gave chain mail, a sword, a whip and a saddle; T. jumps to look for his wife, pierced an aspen leaf with an arrow; in the house an old woman says that T. punched a piece of her bed; that Num- Torum, his father let his wife down from heaven, and Paraparsekh stole him; gave him the skins of pike, hawk, mammoth, hare and scissors; T. meets people, shepherding horses; people: herd horses P.; T.: answer: we herd horses T., otherwise, the Fire King following me will burn you with fire; the same will be cow shepherds; T. comes to P.'s house, he is not there, the woman tells you to hide in moss; the winged P. descends on the larch; the woman assures that P. dead, P. does not believe, flies away; T. pursues with the skin of a hawk; P. became an iron loon into the sea, T. became a pike; P. was a hare, T. is another hare; P. is a teal duck, T. shot him with an arrow, burned him in the fire; horse carried him across the sky through Torum's fire, ordered him to hide in his nostril for this time; Kul is on the way, swallows everyone, the horse tells them to wear mammoth skin, cut off Kul's nose and ears with scissors; Kul: I'll die now; 30 aspens from one root go into girth, strangle people with branches; the horse is gone, T. thinks about that old woman, she appears, breaks aspens, says that the eternal era of human life will come, and with these aspens it was it would be impossible; the horse tells him to wrap him in birch bark, grab Kirp-Nelp Equa's granddaughter; K. chases, grabs the horse, but only rips off his birch bark, cuts his hands on his sword; T. comes to his wife, clutching his leg with him horse, daughter K.; T. now has two wives, all P.'s wealth; in heaven T. comes to the old man, in sledges, the Sun Girl; T. volunteered to take her himself; looks down, sees people quarreling, thought that everyone would kill, people die; the old man tells them to be resurrected; he resurrected them; the same place where the Month Girl (or are these girls daughters of the Sun and the Month?) ; with two wives, T. comes to a place where earth and sky meet; there is a hole, an old man is waiting for ducks, waiting for geese; T. tries to fly like a hawk, falls, dives into the lake with a pike, brings it to the old woman and the old man ducks; an old woman cooks them, does not tell them to break bones, puts bones in a lake with live water, ducks fly out alive; T. sleeps with their daughter; T. returned to earth with all his wives, now 5 wives; then gets another one wife]: Lukina 1990, No. 106:272-290.

NW Coast. Bellacula: Boas 1895, No. XXII.2 [1) Other boys mock a fatherless boy; he makes a chain of arrows, climbs into heaven, comes to his Sun Father (Snk); the Sun sends him instead of himself, warns not to go low; he goes down, the ground is burning; his father throws him down, he breaks, the pieces have turned into minks; 1) other boys mock the boy without a father; he warns you better not to do this: his father, the Sun (Snk), will burn them; he climbs into the sky by the eyelashes of the Sun (these are the sun's rays); his father trusts him to carry the sun, he descends over the village, some trees are burning; returns to earth; warns not to joke with him; but people decided to kill him; he went up to his father again, burned the ground; the mountain ram climbed into the cave, remained white; the bear lay his throat on stone, the rest of the skin turned black; the ermine hid under the stone, only the tip of the tail turned black; the sun threw his son to the ground, he became a mink]: 246-247 (=2002:508-509); 1898 [girl rejects grooms, goes to the Sun, immediately gives birth to a son named Totkoaya; he grows up quickly, wants to see his mother's parents; the Sun lowers his wife and son to the ground through his eyelashes (= rays); children They tease T. that he does not have a father; T. shoots at the sky, makes a chain of arrows, goes up to the Sun; asks him to let his torches be vilified; he tells only small ones to be lit in the morning and evening; T. lights everything immediately, the earth is burning, the water is boiling; the ermine climbed into the hole, the tip of the tail turned black; the mountain sheep hid in the cave, remained white; many animals turned black, but retained a lighter coat on their stomachs ; The Sun threw T. to the ground, turned him into a hole; caused a sea flood, people escaped to the mountain tops; the water descended, people settled on the ground again; the Sun taught how to use meat, skins, etc. different animals]: 95-97; McIlwraith 1948 (2) :424 [Mink comes to heaven asking the Sun to lend him his outfit; drives the solar boat so close to the ground that the sea begins to boil; (dumped to the ground?)] , 499-500 [father kicks daughter out of home; she comes to the Sun, spends the night with him, comes back; children tease her son because he does not have a father; mother advises him to shoot at the sky with a chain of arrows; father gives him the right to be the sun; wanting to destroy people, he descends closer to the ground, everything burns; his father breaks it into pieces, they turn into mosquitoes]; Heiltzuk: Boas 1895, no. XXI.2 [boy asks the mother about his father, she says he is far away; the boy is crying; a man named the Shooter gives him a bow and arrow; the boy shoots at the sky, makes a chain of arrows, climbs upstairs; the current wife of the Sun says he will come soon; the sun is happy with his son, wants to hand over his duties to him, tells him not to go down too quickly; the son does not listen, puts on the clothes of the sun, the rocks melt, the sea dries up, the shells turned black; The sun throws his son to the ground, turns him into a hole]: 234 (=2002:485); 1916, No. 6 [the boy makes a chain of arrows, climbs into the sky; the Sun adopts him; tells him not to play with the sun far from home , do not walk fast wearing a sun mask; he breaks prohibitions, the world lights up; the Sun hits him, turning him into a hole]: 885-886; 1928 [Minka asks the Archer to make a chain of arrows; the Sun gives his son its mask, tells you to go slowly; Norka is going faster, the world lights up]: 3-7; Quakiutl: Boas 1895, No. XVIII.1.6-7 (Neveti Group, Tlatlasicoala Subgroup) [Norka wants the boat with women to capsize; dives, sealing the genitals with resin; the raccoon asks who can cure women; Mink is called to do so; removes the resin, copulating with each of the women; everyone becomes pregnant; with the son who gave birth to him, he sails away in the boat; pretends that his nose insert fell into the water, dives; the wife sees that Norka is not looking for an insert, but eats seals (Seehunde), swims away; he asks to throw his bow and arrows at him; shoots at the sky, makes a chain of arrows; comes to his father, the Sun; he asks him to carry the solar disk (this is a nose pendant) instead of him; tells him not to stray above and below, otherwise the earth will freeze or burn; The mink is descending, the sea is boiling, the forests are burning; the Sun has thrown it to the ground, turning it into a hole]: 172-173 (=2002:381-382); 1910, No. 12 [The sun fertilizes a woman with its ray, she gives birth to Mink; Blue Jay tells him he has no father; his mother explains that his father is the Sun; Mink shoots at the sky, a chain of arrows turns into a rope; Mink comes to his father; The sun says he is tired, wants to leave son for himself, tells him not to look straight down on the way; in the afternoon Norka watches, the world lights up; the sun drops Norka down, he falls into the water (turns into a hole?) ; since then, the rocks are cracked, there is no good forest on the mountains]: 123-127; Wallace, Whitaker 1981 [a woman conceives from the sun, gives birth to Nork, other children call him faultless; his mother says his the father is the Sun; his uncle makes him a bow and four arrows; the mink shoots from the hill into the sky, the first arrow pierces the sky, the others into each other's tail; the chain does not reach the ground, Mink attaches a bow to it; arrows and onions turn into a rope made from cedar bark; the Sun says he is old, invites Norka to replace him, gives him his mask, tells him not to go too fast to the ground; hearing people complain, that the sun is not enough, Norka goes down, everything burns; the sun drops it to the ground, it falls into the water; so the mink swims well, like its mother is a sea lion]: 65-68.

The coast is the Plateau. Halkomel [a woman replies to her son Skaíak that his father is the Sun; he comes to the Sun, is warmly received; when leaving, the Sun tells not to put a tree that gives many sparks in the fire; S. asks the trees, the cedar replies that it sparkles the most, S. puts it in the fire; the Sun's wife Thunder-Lightning opens her face, S. is incinerated; the Sun revives him; tells him to walk across the sky instead of herself; that three days all does the right thing; The Sun leaves him at home again, tells him not to climb under the roof; S. climbs, finds the woman's genitals there, copulates; when he goes down, finds the Sun's wife dead; The sun hits him with a club to death, throws to the ground; S. comes to life, returns to his mother]: Hill-Tout 1904b: 345-346; katlamet [the leader goes east to look for the Sun; sees a girl in the house; jewelry and tools are hung nearby , weapon; girl: This is my paternal grandmother's property, I will get everything when I grow up; an old woman comes in the evening, hangs a shining object; the chief marries a girl; when she wants to go home, mother-in-law allows him to choose any gift; but he wants only a shining object; it sticks to his body, makes him fall unconscious, and exterminate his relatives, villagers, on the way to his home; the old woman takes the object, the person is left alone]: Boas 1901a, No. 3:26-33; (cf. Also, the motif A23 and Vishram [The Sun is a woman; the Coyote comes, promises to be her servant, to obey; she takes it with her; The coyote screams about everything he sees on earth, gossips; the Sun doesn't like it, Coyote can't become the Sun]: Sapir 1909b: 46-49 in Hines 1998, no. 29:117-118).

The Midwest. Menominee: Bloomfield 1928, No. 114 [the youngest of three sons does not fast; the father arranges that he cannot get game; then the young man is fasting; a woman, Luna, comes to him, takes him to husbands; he finds himself in the sky, their son grows up; Moon's brother The Sun is a big man; asks his nephew to walk as the Sun, but not to take a shortcut; he cuts, the day is very short; the Sun takes his son-in-law accompany him on a day trip; makes a person on earth sacrifice a dog to the Sun, at noon they eat it; when they return, the Moon is sick; the Sun tells him not to worry, on the fourth day she will recover; a man and his wife come to live with his parents; women offend the moon, call spirits; she kills one of the offenders; the Sun tells the Moon that she should not live among people]: 531-537; Skinner, Satterlee 1915, No. II 15:374-376 [a man rises to heaven; the Sun greets him, the Sun's sister (not named) treats him badly; he brings the Sun the scalps of her ten lovers, marries her; they have a son and daughter; the sun allows his nephew to walk him through the sky; he cuts the path; since then, the days are shorter in autumn].

Plains. Mandan [Coyote goes east, wears the same outfit as the Sun, follows his path; at noon he stops where the Sun is always resting and smoking a pipe; the Sun catches up with Coyote, in rabies asks who he is; the Coyote replies that he usually illuminates the lower world; the Sun throws him upside down from the sky; the Black Trap helps the Coyote make a snare; the sun hangs on the poplar, The coyote beats him; their ancestors reconcile them]: Beckwith 1938, No. 34:269-272.

California. Chumash: Blackburn 1975, No. 18 [Momoy (Datura meteloides) tells her daughter not to stay long while swimming; she lingers, the Bear comes to her, first as a human, then a bear; when she becomes pregnant, he kills her; M. revives her grandson from a drop of blood; the boy hunts larger animals; his grandmother made him first a small bow, then a real bow; talks about the death of his mother; the young man kills the Bear with arrows; puts the corpse by the river as if the Bear is drinking; the grandmother is frightened, the grandson explains what is going on; the grandmother does not tell me to go over the hill; the young man walks, sees the village, stays there, takes his wife ; The Coyote makes him start losing (apparently the ball game is on the court), loses his property and his wife; decides to leave, Coyote goes with him; he flies north to Huasna (he may take the form of a fly) The coyote runs; then the road to heaven, the Coyote leads the young man; in the house of the Sun they are greeted by two daughters of the Sun wearing rattlesnake skirts; the guests were given a deer but told not to break their bones; the Coyote accidentally broke a bone legs; the daughter of the Sun threw her bones into the water, the deer came to life, but the leg was not enough; the Coyote is thirsty; there is blood, pus, snot, body fluid in four vessels; he does not drink, he is given sweet juice; and the young man drinks from each vessel; daughter of the Sun: when the father comes, there will be fog, wind, then he will throw stones into the house; brings dead people, Coyote eats them; Coyote asks the Sun to allow him to go across the sky instead of him; carries a torch too low, the earth burns; it does not return for a long time; the Sun takes away his torch; the Coyote decides to return to earth; asks the cannibal eagle Slo? w lower him; he stretches his wing down; the Coyote runs on it, jumps ahead of time, crashes to the ground; comes to life; the grandson stays with the daughters of the Sun forever], 29 [Coyote's son marries a rich Rat; With her money, Coyote organizes a holiday, inviting even inhabitants of other worlds; Xoy descends from the fifth (uppermost) sky; Coyote wants to see the upper world; when K. rises, clings by his legs; frightened, stays in the first heaven; comes to the daughters of the Sun; the Sun returns home; Coyote asks him to be allowed to accompany him in the morning; asks him to carry his torch, almost drops, the Sun struggles to save the earth from fire; the Coyote asks the Eagle to bring him down to the ground; sitting on the Eagle, plucks his feathers to make wings for himself; the Eagle throws him off, he falls, breaks; the Sumivovo brothers and Six'Osus revive him]: 131-133, 198-201.

The Great Southwest. Teva [The sun trusts its shield to its youngest son; he moves too close to the ground and burns it (without details)]: Parsons 1939:180; Western Ceres (Laguna) [Wolf and Coyote went east; the wolf stopped at the foot, the Coyote climbed the mountain, came to the house of the Sun in the morning; offers himself as a performer of the duties of the Sun; the Sun plants him on the rainbow, sends twins Maseewi and Uyuyewi accompany Coyote, warns not to go low, otherwise people will burn; when they get to the top (i.e. at noon), the Coyote notices women on the ground, descends to them, halfway through the earth lights up; the twins (again) turn the rainbow bulge upwards, returning the Coyote; they ate at noon; the twins tell their Sun Mother what happened; she tells Coyote to eat bugs from now on and carrion, tells him to throw him to the ground; he lies motionless, then comes to life]: Boas 1928a: 31-33; oriental ceres (Cochiti): Benedict 1931:24-25 [The sun married a girl, brought him to him; his her parents gave her a turquoise chair; he brought her back; she had two sons, the elder Bluebird and the youngest Turquoise; they ask who their father is, the mother replies that the Sun tells us to go look for him; the Sun tests them; they are unharmed in a room with snakes; with deer; under obsidian knives; The sun teaches the elder to put a fluff on his head at dawn, then a feather from the parrot's tail, halfway to noon stop and wait for sacred food, pollen; the same stops at noon and halfway to sunset; at sunset you will see two monsters lying on the horizon, feel free to go down; Bluebird was frightened, the sun did not go down that night; then the younger brother pushed the elder into the monster's jaws, the sun went down; Turquoise boldly passed by the monster; returned to his father; the Sun's parents recognize Turquoise Son of the Sun], 26-31 [The Yellow Woman lay down to rest in the sun, is pregnant by the Sun; he asks to send her son to him; the old woman Spider turns him and herself into eagles, she comes back, he enters the house The sun; the Sun explains how to go his way; when water snakes attack in the west, there is no need to be afraid; but the son is frightened; the father came up, plunged into the water with him; the Sun tells his son to kill the deer, take it to his mother, then return; he now lives with his father].