Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

B40B. The horse changes with the Cow .

The horse changes with the Cow, gives off horns and/or gets teeth.

Vietnamese, Burmese, Thais, Sinhalese, Bondo, Hungarians, Ukrainians (Westerners), Poles (Krakow).

Burma - Indochina. Vietnam: Landes 1886, No. 81 [=Coyaud 2011, 3:39; =Krappe 1930:62; the buffalo had two rows of teeth and the horse had no teeth at all; the horse asked to lend her the upper row of teeth to go to holiday; promised to return it if the buffalo overtook it; he could not overtake it]: 202-203; (cf. Nikulin 1990 [a man lured a tiger into a cage, set it on fire; the buffalo laughed when he saw the tiger rushing around; the tiger escaped, its skin remained striped; the buffalo fell in fear, hit a stone with its jaw, knocked himself out front teeth]: 123-125; Burmese [Buffalo had two rows of teeth, the Ox had only the lower row; Buffalo gave the Ox's upper teeth during the meal; one day he did not return them, but went to look at the performance that the Horse was giving; it had only lower teeth; the Ox laughed, showing two rows of teeth; the horse asked to borrow her upper teeth to make the audience laugh better; ran away; since then laughs, Ye-go-go; Buffalo repeats "these are mine", Ox says "it's true" (onomatopoeia in Burmese)]: Aung 1957:48-50; Thais [there is a story about why buffalo and cow don't have upper teeth and boa constrictor has no poison]: Plenge 1976:113.

South Asia. Sinhalese [The Horse had horns but had no teeth in its upper jaw, and Ox had teeth above and below but had no horns; they were jealous of each other and changed]: Dähnhardt 1910:125; bondo [horse and buffalo were friends; when they went to graze, they left their organs {which ones?} in one heap; once they quarreled over them; the horse knocked out part of what the buffalo had, took the rest; the buffalo had to take the horse's organs; he trampled his broken piece into the ground, a banana grew; a buffalo a banana always butts, remembering what happened]: Elwin 1954, No. 25:351

The Balkans. Hungarians [God gave the horse horns but did not give teeth; a hornless cow has two rows of teeth; she asked to be given horse horns to protect her; God and the horse agreed, the cow received horns in exchange gave the horse's (upper) teeth; the horse grinds its teeth and the cow shakes its horns]: Dähnhardt 1910:125 (=Krappe 1930:62).

Central Europe. Ukrainians (Western) [The cow had teeth but no horns; the horse had horns because it was a trait's creation, but it had no teeth; the Horse and the Cow changed]: Belova 2004a, No. 375:176; (cf. Petnikov 1956 [the bull and the horse decided to race; the bull fell into a ditch, thought that the ground had fallen under it; since then, bulls only run if they were beaten with brushwood]: 69); Poles (Krakowskie Voivodeship) [when the horse asked the cow to exchange its teeth for horns, she gave him teeth from one jaw; therefore, the cow has no teeth in its upper jaw]: Belova 2004a, No. 375:176.