Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

B42M. The second hunter has a bowler hat. 34.-.36.45.47.

One of the sky hunters (the second star of the Big Dipper bucket handle) carries a bowler hat (a weak star) with him.

Khakas, Eastern Khanty, Northern Selkups, Southern Selkups, Kets, Sym Evenks, Western Evenks, Seneca, Iroquois (the group is not a decree.), Mikmak, Chiroks.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Khakas [Big Dipper - Chettygen; there are three brothers behind them, two dogs in front of them, two maralukhs in front; the middle brother carries a cauldron on his head to cook meat (the cauldron is an asterisk under the sixth star)]: Katanov 1907, No. 181:273-274.

Western Siberia. Eastern Khanty: Grigorovsky in Potanin 1883 {P. Grigorovsky was a missionary in the Vasyugan Territory, therefore, among the Eastern Khanty} [The Big Dipper is called Elk; the Tungus, Ostyak, and Samoyed decided to kill the elk; the Samoyed wanted to roast meat on a spit, the Tungus eat raw, ostyak boiled; at the beginning of the chase, Ostyak returned for the pot, overtook the Samoyed; the Tungus was ready to hit the moose with a palm tree (spear); asked the spirits for the moose to live in the land of the Tungus from now on, for this promised to kill Ostyak and Samoyed; Ostyak managed to kill the elk with an arrow, breaking the spell of the Tungus; therefore, moose are found in the land of the Ostyaks; the four stars of the bucket are the legs of the elk; the first star of the tail is the Tungus, then the Ostyak, leaning to the right, shooting; next to him is a bowler hat; the last star is a Samoyed; three stars in front of the bucket are an arrow; if the Elk goes faster than other constellations, spring is early, there are many fish and animals]: 778; (cf. Lukina 1990, No. 9 (Vakha river) [three winged men from Vakha, Ob and maybe from the Yenisei ran after the moose; Vakhovsky threw the cauldron to make it easier to escape; the first to catch up with the moose; the Big Dipper's handle was three hunters, ladle-cauldron]: 69); the northern Selkups [Big Dipper is an elk, there is a legend about him; Yurak, Selkup, Tungus met an elk; the Selkup and the Tungus had bows, the yurak had a spear; before shooting, The Selkup ran after the pot; in his absence, the Tungus wounded the elk; the Selkup returned and killed him; in versions where Selkup, Kat and Yurak operate, the first two are a friendly couple against Yurak]: Prokofiev 1961: 64-65; 1976:198; southern Selkups (upper Ket, 1964, AI Kuzmin) [four stars of the Bear and small ones in front are elk; three stars {bucket handles} - Ite, his father-in-law, and son-in-law from the Tym River; y the last star is "like a bag" {does the second one have it?}] : Tuchkova, Wagner-Nagy 2015, No. 46:195; Ket: Alekseenko 1976 [Ket, Selkup and Evenk chased the elk; the Selkup, then the Ket overtook the Evenk, but Ket returned for the forgotten pot and fell behind; Evenk refused to shoot, said he would kill with a stick; the Selkup missed, the ket wounded the elk in the shoulder blade; everyone was in the sky; the four stars of the Ursa Major bucket were the legs of the elk, the left front (knocked down) several pushed aside; three stars in front are the nose and ears of the elk; the bucket handle is selkup, ket, evenk (last); the point near the middle star (Alcor) is the bowler hat; six stars (three outside the Ursa Major) - arrows; Little Bear - also an elk hunted before]: 84-85; 2001, No. 10 [ket, Russian, Evenk and Selkup drove the elk; where they stopped to eat, left the cauldron; ket realized he forgot the cauldron came back and began to catch up; the Selkup was now in front, but Ket managed to shoot first, the selkup shot when the elk had already fallen; the hunters did not notice how they were in the sky]: 64-65.

Eastern Siberia. Sym Evenks (b. Ket) [Evenk, Selkup and Russian drove the elk, he ran to heaven; the Russian fell behind, then the ostyak (i.e. Selkup); Evenk shot the elk's leg, took the cauldron, began to cook meat; they can still be seen in the sky; Milky The path is a ski track, on the other side of the ski track there is a shot leg; a small star is a bowler hat; it is seen by someone with good eyesight]: Lukina 2004, No. 3.6:70-71; Western Evenks (Yerbogachen) [y a giant wife and daughter; in old age, his wife gave birth to a son, Manga-Döromgo, with three eyes in his forehead; he curls the beasts' necks, brings them home alive so that the meat does not deteriorate; her sister asked me to take her hunting, dull, MD twisted her neck, brought it like prey; her father wanted to cook her for dinner, but her mother straightened her neck, and MD ran away from home; decided to go to heaven; skis to the hole in the transparent cap above the ground, walks across the sky; catches up with two hunters; Hurry (extreme star B. Bears) hurries Khvastun (middle star B. Bears) to catch up with the moose (four stars of the bucket) before it disappears from view in the morning; The bragger, with a bowler hat (Alcor) behind his back, says in advance that he will be the first to catch up with the moose, will cook meat; Mangy- Döromgo (Orion) walks with them, overtakes them, crosses the sky on skis, kills a moose with an arrow (three stars from Orion to B. Bear) under the shoulder blade; calf (first star B. Bears) fell, found himself on the ground, the current moose come from him; MD comes to the tent in which an old woman and her daughter; marries her daughter; misses the earth; walks to the edge of the sky and cries; answers his mother-in-law that his eyes are red because the peaks of the earth's forest hit his eyes; his mother-in-law goes to punish the forest, the trees explain that they are not to blame; the mother-in-law gives MD to an eight-legged horse with sharp hooves, who brings him to to her native camp; there is sister MD, who ate her parents and became a cannibal; at night she hides an ax under her headboard, but MD sees it with her third eye; sealed her sleeping sister's eyes, galloped off, but sharp the horse's hooves get stuck in the ground; manages to slip into a hole in the sky, where it jumps easily along the smooth surface of the sky, and the pursuer slides; the mother-in-law melted metals in the boilers, pushed the giantess into them- pursuer, kept in everyone; she rushed to the ground, crashed; since then there have been placers and deposits of gold, silver and other metals on earth]: Pezhemsky 1936, No. 2:273-275; Western Evenks (Turukhanskiye, Gainda, right tributary of Podkamennaya Tunguska, western 1920) [Russian, Ostyak, Tungus argued who was better at skiing; found Hoglen's trail (elk, Big Dipper); the Russian reached the foot of the mountain, the Ostyak jumped to the top, the Tungus was already down the mountain, overtook Hoglen; they can be seen at night {three bucket handle stars}]: Osharov 1936a: 22 (=1936b, No. 13:280); Western Evenks (Bachinsky, Podkamennaya Tungusska) [the boastful hunter comes first, but when they begin to chase the beast, they are the last; he is followed by the hunter carrying the cauldron; the smallest one who walks behind chases the moose first; the bragger is afraid of the moose, is the last; these are the three stars of the handle bucket; the four stars of the bucket are the elk itself]: Vasilevich 1959:162-163.

Northeast. Seneca [at the time of the first people there were 7 brothers, one was lazy; said he could not stand up, four carried him on a stretcher, one walked in front with a torch, one behind with a pot; walking I noticed the traces of a bear in front; the lying man asked him to drool so that they could give him some of their strength; five rushed after the bear, the seventh began to collect firewood for the fire; the brothers said they were not able to drag the lazy man, left him; he jumped up, rushed forward full of strength, hacked a bear with an ax, refreshed him; they began to cook the bear, saw that they were in the sky; blood and fat spilled, colored the autumn foliage; every year the bear comes to life and everything repeats itself; in the constellation Ursa Major, a man with a pot is a star in the middle of the bucket handle]: Parker 1989 [1923], No. 4:81-82 (=Curtin 2001:503-504); mohawks (no group specified) [hunters chase a bear; stone giants kill hunters; three survive and end up in the sky with the bear; the first holds a bow, the second has a pot, and the third picks up brushwood; hunter arrows pierce the bear only in autumn; blood stains the foliage]: Smith 1883:81; mikmaq [Chickady tracked down the bear (Ursa Major bucket), called for help from six more hunters; took a pot to cook meat; the pot (Alcor) is so important that others placed Chickady in the middle, putting one big hunter bird in front of him, one behind him, so that Chickady would not fly on the false on the trail (three stars of the handle); in spring, seven hunters begin to chase the bear; in early autumn, first two Owls, then the Blue Jay and the Pigeon lose their trail (these stars, i.e. Boopas, hide behind horizon); Malinovka, Chikadi, Blue Jay, continue to chase; in mid-autumn, Malinovka killed the bear with an arrow and immediately rushed at her to eat fat; smeared with blood, he flew to the maple tree and became peel the feathers, but a red speck on the breast remained; blood splashes colored the autumn leaves; when Chickady and Malinovka began to cook meat in the cauldron, the lazy Blue Jay came up; he did not waste his energy chasing and designed to come to share the loot]: Hagar 1900:93-97 (quail in Monroe, Williamson 1987:19-20).

Southeast USA. Chiroki [1) of the seven stars of the Ursa Major, four, forming a bucket, a bear, three star handles are hunters; the middle one carries a cauldron to cook a bear; from a den (Corona Borealis?) he comes out in spring; in summer, hunters drive him across the sky, kill him in August; at this time, honeydew falls, his fat heated over the fire]: Hagar 1906:357.