Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

B48C. Artifacts in the pike's head .

In the head of a pike there are (visible) tools that people use.

Germans (Austria and Germany), Latvians, Finns, Karelians, (Estonians), Baikal Buryats, Mansi, Northern Khanty, Eastern Khanty, Sym Evenks.

Western Europe. Germans (Austria: Vienna) [“Hechtkopf enthält die Marterwerkzeuge Christi”]: Höfer 1928:18; Germans [on the pike's face you can find an image of the guns with which Jesus was tortured Christov (a well-known belief in both the Czech Republic and Germany]: Grohmann 2015, No. 556:109.

Central Europe. Czechs [on the face of a pike you can find an image of the tools with which Jesus Christ was tortured (a well-known belief in both the Czech Republic and Germany]: Grohmann 2015, No. 556:109.

Baltoscandia. The Finns [the snake lived in the water; agreed with the pike: whoever swims to the shore faster will live on land; pike: if I get there, I will eat the child and the lamb from the farm; snake: and I have no reason they will not cause harm; when they swam, the pike's paddle broke and fell behind; the pike still has a bone in its head that looks like a broken paddle]: Rakhimova 2000:180; Karelians [pike used to drive people and her head pierced their body; the pike's upper jaw was bent upwards, it was she who chased a man and crashed into a rock; on the pike's head there was a shovel with a gun, as well as tools, boats, knives, a plow share, a hoe, axe; upper jaw and tongue as rough as a stepmother's hand]: Pentikäinen 1978:298; Latvians [after creating fish, God gave everyone something to eat, but the pike once forgot about it and swallowed the fisherman; To prevent her from doing this again, God put fishing gear in her head: the top (Setznetz) became her mouth, the stabbing parts (Stechgerät) with her teeth, the hook with the gills (Kiemenhaare); what came into her mouth was from there it will not break out that it will stick to the gills (was die Stecher fassen, sitzt fest, was die Kiemen erreichen, haftet)]: Dähnhardt 1910:491; (cf. Latvians [“Widerlegung der Abgötterei und Aberglaubens” by Paul Einhorn (1627): “Of the aquatic animals (ex animalibus aqueis) he [the Devil] cannot take the form of a pike, and the reason here is — as they say — that pike wears the Passion in its head. If one breaks the head of a pike, one will find bones resembling a cross, bolt, whip, crown of thorns, etc. in it. <... > As regards the pike, its head contains no Passion of our Lord Jesus but only the symbols of the Passion and the instruments of his sufferings through which he was executed and suffered martyrdom which are reflected in the constitution of the pike”]: Valk 2001:101-102; Estonians (Lääne-Nigula, 1937) [an evil spirit cannot enter a pike because there is a blue cross inside its skull]: Valk 2001:102).

Southern Siberia — Mongolia. The Baikal Buryats (Balagan, recorded by Mikhail Khangalov) [a horse pulled into a plough ran away with all its harness and drowned in the water; became a pike; therefore, in the head of a pike, all bones mean agricultural tools and harvesting]: Gomboev 1890, No. 26:82.

Western Siberia. Northern Mansi [pike made its head (head bones) by swallowing a snow plow, sledges, a paddle, a cuckoo, a bride's nail, a knife in a sheath, a crow with prey and a birch bark ladle]: Fedorova 2005:103; the northern Khanty (Kazim) [they put the pike's head when eating to the eldest in the family, he had to tell the legend about the pike's head and show all the bones (ukh vat variety) that she had eat; the pike has swallowed a lot of objects, people and animals; one of the bones in its head is called the power of xonep 'man's paddle power'; this bone is thrown to the ceiling with the words: Power x, pen kate 'Man power, hold the paddle'; if the bone sticks to the ceiling, it means that the man is the power (the representative of the fratria power) has caught the paddle; then the one who threw the bone will be lucky; in the pike's head there is a kura howl tōpa 'elk hoofs', huh iki pohah tō'a raven carrying a shovel', with them 'a woman with a ligament firewood', power xōp 'man's paddle power', yurn nohah shoyt 'Nenets nart' pole, keshi 'knife', aty keshi 'sword', schumpal 'ladle', narep (tăkhty părkatti ut) ' stick for knocking out the Nenets sledge', men nepek 'daughter-in-law's tooth', vanshasty sokha 'cutting board', sotap 'sheath', honeycomb hot lopi (disapproved.) 'a girl who visited a hundred houses in a day', nanny omasty săr 'shovel who puts bread in the oven', howling poh 'elk shovel', etc.]: Solovar et al. 2010:64-65 Eastern Khanty: Golovnev 1995 (b. Tromyegan)) [the pike crawled like a snake on the ground, devoured everything; Posty-young iki threw it into the water; seven bones in her head — things, people and animals it swallowed]: 567; Glavatskaya 2006 (b. Pim) [a pike has a lot of bones in its head and there is a story about each one; there is a bone that resembles a human figure; this is an old woman who was walking along the river with a basket behind her back; a pike jumped out rivers and swallowed it; the woman is still in the pike with her basket and ax]: 138.

Eastern Siberia. Sym Evenks (b. Ket) [the pike kept deer, lived in the village; enemies attacked, she threw herself into the water, hiding property in her head; enemies' arrows hit the back, became numerous bones; the bones in the head look like a deer hoof, palm tree, harrow and cross; therefore, a pike's head should not be eaten]: Lukina 2004, No. 3. 12:72.