Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

E31a2. He is the father, the other is a brother, and this one is the husband..22.23.34.

One of several men should get a girl. She or someone else explains that one of the applicants may be called her father, some as her brother (etc.), and only one can be a husband.

Khmers, Oraons, Rajastans, Nepalis, Marathi, Malayals, Kannadas, Tamils, Malayals, Sinhales, Tuvans, Buryats

Burma - Indochina. The Khmers [four friends learned in Taxil: one is to make an object human, the second to make it perfect, the third to turn an object into human flesh, and the fourth to make it perfect revive; turned the deck into a girl; king: disguised - mother, beauty-husband, tree into flesh - brother who breathed life - father]: Gorgoniev 1973:256-257.

South Asia. Oraons [carpenter, jeweler, weaver, cinnabar salesman spent the night in a deserted place, awake in turn; the carpenter made the figure of a woman, the jeweler made her jewelry, the weaver dressed, the seller sprinkled head cinnabar, as the groom does during the wedding ceremony; in the morning the woman came to life, friends began to argue whose she was; one wise man said that the woman belonged to the cinnabar seller, because he did to her marriage ceremony; another added that the carpenter was her father, the weaver was her older brother, the jeweler was her younger, and the salesman was her husband]: Hahn 1906, No. 13:24-26; the Rajastans [carpenter, tailor, jeweler and brahman stopped spent the night and stayed awake one by one; the carpenter carved the girl's figure, dressed her as a tailor, the jeweler decorated her, the brahmana revived her; the wise peasant said that the carpenter and brahman were her fathers, the tailor was her uncle (the uncle cooks clothes to the bride), and the groom gives jewelry to the bride; the girl married a jeweler]: Bystrov et al. 1962:154-156; Nepali [two brothers and the girl's father each find a groom for her; the girl does not know whoever to choose rushes into the fire; the first groom rushes after her, the second goes to the forest to meditate, the third becomes a disciple of the sage; while not, learns in the book how to revive the dead; revives a girl who jumped after her into the fire was born; they argue who should belong to the girl; the king: the reborn with her is her brother, the father who revived her becomes her husband, the husband who meditated in forest]: Sakya, Griffith 1980:98-101; Marathi [carpenter, tailor, jeweler, bracelet salesman and brahman, set off, spent the night, each took turns guarding; the carpenter carved the figure of a woman, the tailor dressed her, the jeweler and the bracelet seller decorated her, the brahmana revived her; they began to argue who the girl should belong to; he decided to ask Brahma; he called the carpenter the girl's father, the tailor his brother, the jeweler - maternal uncle, brahmana guru, and whoever gave bracelets (a symbol of becoming a married woman) is husband]: Sheorey 1973, No. 1:17-22; Malayali [three young brahmanas are in love with a girl ; she died and was cremated; one rushed to lie in ash, the other threw ash into the Ganges, the third kept the bone, went on a journey and came to the brahmana; he had no firewood; he burned his own child to cook, and then revived it after reading the book; the young man stole the book and revived the girl; the council decided that the one who took the ash was the girl's son, the one who revived her was the father, and the one lying in the ash could marry her]: Fawcett 1915:417; kannada [three brothers have a sister, each with a son; when he dies, each promises his son to marry him to his sister's daughter; the girl's parents give the boys money: the bride will be received by the one who brings the best gift; one bought an all-seeing mirror, the second wagon that will take you anywhere, the third a stick that revives; the elder sees in the mirror that the girl died from a scorpion bite, the middle one brings them to her, the youngest revives the girl; the girl said that the three of them are together like a father for her, let them look for other brides; and the elder made a riddle: someone without hands milks a boneless buffalo, and someone without a mouth drinks milk; clouds are buffalo, the wind "squeezes out" rain from the clouds, the earth drinks this cloud milk]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 6:22-26; Tamils: Beck et al. 1987, No. 7 [king to his wife: I can hit a person's forehead with an arrow, hit any animal; wife: there are others no worse than you; the king goes on a journey (to look for the same ones); meets, takes companions 1) a deer who aims an onion at the sky: there, a deer pregnant with two deer, it can hit a female embryo without hitting a male; 2) a person holding the river water with his toe while he brushes his teeth himself; 3) an old man, Who is a beautiful flower, he brought it from a country that from sunrise to sunset; all four go to marry the princess; the king demands to get a beautiful flower; the old man went after it, picked it up and carried it; this is a lotus, and it has a five-headed cobra; the old man fell asleep and the cobra was about to bite it; the one who stopped the river with his finger saw it, and the man aiming at the sky shot the cobra; the old man woke up and brought a flower; the king gave daughter, but four began to fight over her; the king told them to swim and then stand beside his daughter: capable of hitting a man in the forehead behind, stopping the river on the left, aiming at the sky on the right, the one who brought the flower is in front of the girl; the princess: the father behind me, the brothers standing next to me are the husband; the old man received the princess and was happy with her], 8 [the poor man has three sons and a daughter; a daughter married, she has her own daughter; all three brothers marry her niece; she invites everyone to bring a gift worth a thousand rupees, whoever she likes best, she will go out; the eldest gets the plane, the youngest - an all-seeing mirror, the middle one was a magic carpet; in the mirror, the brothers saw that their bride was being buried; they immediately flew by plane, the older brother stood at the girl's feet, the middle brother at her head, the younger brother stood at the girl's feet, the youngest - next to her; they revived the girl with a magic carpet; she said that her father was standing by her head, her brother next to her, and her husband at her feet]: 19-22, 22-23; Malayali (Malabar) [the girl died, cremated; one of the young brahmanas in love with her was lying in her ashes, another carried the ashes to the Ganges, and the third came to a house with plenty of water and rice but no fuel; the owner chopped his little one burned his son using it as firewood; after the meal he cast a spell, the boy came to life; the young man stole the book, revived the deceased; those gathered for the council decided that he was now like her father, who took the ashes to the Ganges - like son, gave the girl lying in ash]: Fawcett 1915:417; Sinhales [without agreeing with each other, the girl's father, mother and brother find her by her fiancé; the girl was poisoned; one groom was left on the grave, the other went to the charmer, the third to his home; the first learned the spells and revived the girl; she said that he was now her father, the mother who remained on the graves, but she would marry the one who went home married]: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 132:317-318.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Tuvans [the eldest of four brothers carved a birch doll, the second dressed it, the third moistened his lips with milk, put food next to him, the youngest fourth kissed her, she came to life; the girl said that her eldest father, second mother, third brother, younger Biche-ool husband]: Hadahane 1969:123-125 (quail in Taxams 1988:166-167); Buryats (Western place not known) [the carpenter made the girl's figure, the painter painted her, the one who knew how to grow meat, revived her breathing life; the people decided that the first would be the girl's father, the second her husband, the third the mother, the fourth doctor; the girl was given to a painter]: Barannikova et al. 1993, No. 25:299-301.