Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

F44. A quarrel between men and women.


In the ancestral community, women and men quarrel, leave, kill, maim each other, etc.

Hadza, Somalis, West Irian (ethnicity not specified), islands Torres Strait (Boigu), Northern Bougainville, Ancient Greece, Czechs, Halkomel, Lower Chinook, Tillamook, Navajo, Jicarilla, Seri, Hopi, Tewa, Oriental Ceres, Lacandons, Guatuso, Taino, Akawai, Kalinha, trio, oyana, aparai, kashuyana (arikena), oyampi, tatuyo, yukuna, katavishi, munduruku, urubu, takana, tupari, trumai, mehinaku, vaura, kamayura, iranshe, kayabi, bororo, rickbacza, paresi, karazha, suya, apinaye, chavante, nivacle, (poppy).

Sudan - East Africa. Hadza [women hunted with bows and arrows, men dug tubers and rhizomes; men are unhappy that women wear bows along with prey and brushwood, decide to take them away; one boy hears about it, reports to his mother; women attacked men, killed many; men went to Mount Kitibi; two pregnant women gave birth to boys, refused to kill them, went looking for men; the Ishoko sun descended, told men to take spears and not be afraid of women; told women to give bows to men, gather and fear men]: Kohl-Larsen 1956b: 74-79 (transfer to Kohl-Larsen 1962:44-48); Somalis [Arravelo got married and had children, but wanted to do men's chores; asked women to do nothing around the house for three days; when men started doing women's chores, women took over with weapons, castrated men; sage Oday Bikay managed to hide in the forest; A. sent him to kill, but he convinced the castrates not to do so, it will still come in handy; A. orders to build an arch the size of a rainbow; OB advises to ask for the size of the rainbow; A. realizes that there is an uncrowded man; OB was put on a strong camel so that A. could not notice that he was carrying something heavy; bring a skin with hair with both sides - donkey's ear; bring curiri fruits (healing) on the camel, but do not pack the camel; OB: let the camel lie in wet clay, the fruits stick to the skin; A. bathed in the only well; camels had to wait for her to wash her little finger, many died of thirst; after the death of her husband, A. gave birth to a girl; she gave birth to a son with OB; persuaded A. not to kill him; he went to OB, who taught him to kill A. with a spear; power passed to men, daughter A.'s son is the leader; women resigned themselves]: Kapchits 1997, No. 55-60:55-60 {so!}.

Melanesia. Western Irian [the twins killed the ogre, bamboo grew on his grave; the women heard the wind buzzing in him, made flutes; the men heard, killed women, took flutes for secret rituals, where they are consumed with whistles and gongs]: Gourlay 1972:88; boigu [when hunting dugongs, men led by Bazi and Meibu eat all the meat themselves, bring bones and giblets to women; wife M. makes coconut bast a green tree frog, revives it, all women wear frog clothes, make frogs; men only find frogs at the Great Well; then women take off their frogs skins, return to their husbands; M. notices clay on his wife's eyelids, realizes that frogs were women; tells other men who make flying skins out of bast, all men turn into flying foxes; all men, including babies, fly across the strait to New Guinea; the old man finds a hollow with foxes, kills them, the killed turn back into men, establishes a delevnya]: Laade 1971, No. 51:95-98; Torres Strait Islands [in the village of Daru, fishermen ate turtle meat themselves, and brought only fat for wives and children; women made wings from coconut leaves and turned into flying foxes, flew away]: Haddon 1933:55 in Laade 1971:98; northern Bougainville [a woman found a whistle while chopping wood, showed it to other women; men killed all women except little girls, began to consume whistles for ceremonies]: Gourlay 1972:84.

The Balkans. Ancient Greece: Herodot. VI. 138 [The Story of Herodotus (c. 484 BC - ca. 425 BC): The Pelasgians who lived in Lemnos decided to kill the sons of Attic women {kidnapped by them}. They did so, and together with their children they killed their mothers. For this crime and for [others] committed before by women who killed their husbands, Foant's companions, all such terrible atrocities in Hellas are called Lemnos" (trans. G.A. Stratanovsky)]; Apoll. Rhod. I. 609-630 ["Argonautics" by Apollonius of Rhodes (first half of the 3rd century BC): "At that time, all the people there were women's criminal/Cruel hearted. A year before the arrival of the heroes/Wives of their legitimate husbands, they rejected them with contempt - /With fervent love, they openly burned for slaves, /To what they managed to obtain by ravaging the land of the Thracians lying against the/Land. The terrible rage of the goddess Cyprida/They were visited for denying her/The wives were unhappy, indomitable in evil jealousy: /For they were not the only ones who killed husbands and concubines - /All men were killed so that Avoid punishment in the future. /Only one of all her dear father/Hypsipil-Foant, he ruled Lemnos's people. /In the floor casket, she let him run into the sea/Hoping for salvation. He was also rescued from Enoia/ (Formerly that was the name of the current island of Sikin) by fishermen/(Sikin Island was later named after Foant's son; /Nymph Enoya gave birth to him here, calling him Sikin). /It's easier for wives on Lemnos it seemed to rule herds, /Grain-bearing arable land to plow and armor and bronze/Wear on yourself, what Athens should do with her labors, -/ Previously, their job was always like this" (trans. N.A. Chistyakova)]; Apollod. Bibl. I. 9. 17 [The Mythological Library of Pseudo-Apollodorus (1st-2nd centuries): "Under the command of Jason, all these heroes {Argonauts} set off and docked on their ship to Lemnos Island. It so happened that there were absolutely no men on the island of Lemnos at that time and Hypsipil, Toanta's daughter, ruled the island. This was the reason. The women of Lemnos refused to honor the goddess Aphrodite, and she gave them a stench in retaliation. Therefore, their husbands captured women from nearby Thrace and made these captives their concubines. The insulted women of Lemnos killed their fathers and husbands, and only Hypsipila saved her father Toant by hiding him. The heroes, having docked at the island of Lemnos, ruled by women, married its inhabitants. Hypsipila shared a bed with Jason and gave birth to two sons, Avney and Nebrophone" (trans. V.G. Borukhovich)]; Hyg. Fab. 15 [Myths attributed to Guy Julius Gigin, who lived at the turn of the eras, but most likely date back to the 1st and 2nd centuries: "On the island of Lemnos, women did not worship Venus for several years. Because of her anger, their husbands took Thracian wives and forgot their old ones. And the Lemnians, at the instigation of Venus, conspired and secretly killed all the men who were there, all except Hypsipila, who put her father Foant on the ship that the storm took to Tauride island. Meanwhile, the Argonauts sailed forward and came to Lemnos. When Ifina, who was guarding the gate, saw them, she told Queen Hypsipil, to whom Polixo, an elderly woman, advised them to invite them to visit and tie them in hospitality. Jason's Hypsipila gave birth to sons Evney and Deipil. After staying there for many days, the Argonauts, scolded by Hercules, left the island. The Lemnians, on the other hand, when they found out that Hypsipila had saved her father, tried to kill her, and she ran away. The robbers who captured her brought her to Thebes and sold her into slavery to King Leek. And Lemnians, all pregnant with the Argonauts, gave their names to their sons"]; 255 ["Lemnians on Lemnos killed their fathers and sons" (trans. D.O. Torshilova)]; I Myth. Vat. I. II. 31 ["The First Vatican Mythograph" (compiled at the turn of the I-II millennium by an unknown medieval compiler): "It is said that women in Lemnos, although they annually tithed all the gods from the harvest, thought it possible to neglect Venus. She angrily rewarded them with the smell of goats. Their husbands cursed them and, having left Lemnos out of hatred for their spouses, went to the Thracians and demanded their daughters as wives. When this became known to women in Lemnos, they, prompted by Venus, plotted against the entire male family and killed all men who had returned from Thrace. Among them, only Hypsipila helped her father Foant, namely, not only spared him, but also accompanied him to flee to the seashore. Lieber then helped him and took him safely to Chios Island. On the other hand, the Argonauts arrived in Lemnos, whom the women welcomed and united with them. Hypsipila gave birth to sons Eva and Foant with Jason. The Argonauts, detained for many days <на Лемносе>, sailed after hearing Hercules' curses. And the women on the island, realizing that Hypsipila had saved her father, tried to kill her. She fled, but was captured by pirates, taken to Nemea, and sold as slavery to the king of this land Lycurgus" (from Lact. Theb. V. 29)]; 97 ["As for Fetoneus or Phiopeia, he was the son of Lieber, ruled Chios and was the father of Foant, whose daughter Hypsipil, during a conspiracy against men, only spared her father, who was saved by her great-grandfather Lieber" (from Ps. -Acr. Hor. I. 17. 23; per. V.N. Yarkho)]; (cf. Romanians [the lark asked the ploughman not to destroy his nest, promised to do a favor; the ploughman complained that his wife was hitting him; the lark taught him to take a stick and beat his wife; at that time, all wives beat their husbands; the neighbors, looking at the plowman, also began to beat their wives themselves; the women gathered and decided to move across the Danube; people were angry with the ploughman - all because of him; the lark told the women that there were no men on the other side; women decided to return - let them beat them]: Gaster 1915, No. 96:296-298).

Central Europe. The Czechs [girls led by Vlasta rebelled against the men, went to the city of Devin, killed many men, executed their leader Tztirad; after that, the men prevailed, destroyed everyone women]: Irasek 1943:29-34.

The coast is the Plateau. Halkomel (chilliwack) [when hungry, men leave children and women, make a top, catch salmon; a boy ties eggs to his leg, tells his mother what is happening; women beat their husbands' beds, urge the Transformer to turn husbands into non-humans; the feathers and paint from the beds rise into the air, fall on women; they turn into colorful birds]: Hill-Tout in Boas 1916:665; Lower Chinook [men eat all the sea lion meat on the island, hide it from women and children; Raven's little son takes the women away, turns them into killer whales; it is not known how Normal life has been restored; men are led by the Blue Jay; the Raven's son puts on eagle skin, flies and sees men eat meat; brings a piece to women and children; turns them first into birds; attaches shells to stones (they used to lie freely)]: Boas 1894a, No. 11:140-143; tillamook [Ice with his people and his son-in-law Raven go to sea, each time they bring only oysters; Ice eats caught seals himself, does not bring home, because he is afraid that if his wife has a period, he will lose his hunting luck; The raven hides meat under oysters in the basket, brings it to women and his adopted son; When Ice returns, he is surprised that women are indifferent to oysters; the son grows up quickly; puts the digging sticks of Ice's wives on their backs, turns women into killer whales, diggers into their dorsal fins; men can no longer find even oysters and roots, they are starving; only the son sends meat to the Raven; the ice was left giblets, he brought them, but they turned into a frog]: Jacobs, Jacobs 1959, No. 4:15-19.

The Great Southwest. If not otherwise; men and women break up to live on opposite banks of the river; later return to life together. Navajo (see motives F42, F43B): Goddard 1933 [quarreling after the First Woman breaks loyalty to the First Man]: 129; Klah 1960:3; Matthews 1994 [husbands cut off unfaithful wives noses; wives they go north; when they turn south, a cold wind blows, thunder]: 144; O'Bryan 1956 [cf. Navajo.rtf; they conceive monsters (like Hopi)]: 7-8; hicarilla [at a time when people were not yet rising from the underworld, the chief's wife pretended to be ill; asks her husband to take her to cool river; when entering the water, he copulates with the Otter; the husband watches her, drives her out of the house; all men and even male dogs go to live on the other side of the river; in the fourth year, women begin to starve; masturbate with an elk horn, stones, eagle and owl feathers, give birth to monsters; Coyote catches and hides a child of an aquatic creature; a flood begins, men and women gather on the mountain; she grows to upper world, water follows; Coyote throws the child into the water, the water goes away; before that, there were no mountains or water on earth]: Opler 1938:264-267; seri [man wants to take a second wife but cannot provide her with meat; women are outraged, drive their husbands away, take their guns; men spend four years at Cape Tiburon; then they come back, wives are happy to receive them]: Coolidge, Coolidge 1939:134-136; Hopi: Cushing 1923, No. 1-8 [the lower world cave is overcrowded, everyone's garbage stains the rest; two twins have grown to the ceiling, made a hole; raised reeds, people climbed it into the second world, then to the third; here the twins got fire, lit torches, built houses; here women abandoned their children, confused their husbands, occupied kivas; men carried babies there so that they fed them; then the men got out to the fourth world; it's dark here too, it's also wet; people made a deerskin shield, decorated it with turquoise, sent it east, it became the sun; cotton cape became the moon; the Coyote opened the vessel, stars flew out of it, burned its face; the Vulture drove away the water with its wings, mountains appeared; the twins laid canals, and water gushed through them]: 163-166; Parsons 1939 [under On earth, people were in the form of ants; when they penetrated elsewhere, they became other creatures; in another they became human, but were with tails; women refused to marry men, men went for river; in the first year, both women and men had a rich harvest, but women had fewer harvests every year, in the fourth year they asked men to give them corn, etc., but they refused; began to approach the flood; women began to build the tower, believing that they were smarter than men, but the tower fell; the men planted a pine tree, it grew to the sky, but did not break through it; then the reeds, it grew and pierced; the Badger was the first to climb , came back, saying that it was dark and nothing could be seen; the Sorokuput flew to the ground, saw a light in the distance, Masauwü was sitting there, did not have time to put on his mask; people began to go out; two young men were placed in the sky The Pleiades, Orion, Ursa Major; the Coyote decided they would never finish their work, threw the rest of the stars at random; two young men created the moon from the wedding veil, then the sun from the fox's skin, the tail parrot; but the sun did not move; Coyote said that the movement of the sun required the death of man; a girl died, the sun reached the top of the sky, stopped; the chief's son died, it went to sunset; in the morning, noon and in the evening every day someone must die; the girl, then the woman died, returned on the fourth day; Coyote said that we must die forever, otherwise people will be afraid of death; he died and not revived, followed by others; after the flood, the earth was soft; the Middle people built canyons with lightning to drain water]: 236; Stephens 1929, No. 1 [people have promiscuous sex; the leader tells men move to the other side of the river; living without men, women conceive monsters]: 3; Tewa (Hano): Parsons 1926, No. 1:169-172 [var.1; women decide they can live alone; stay in the village, men go across the river; every year men harvest more abundant and women poorer crops; the flood begins, women try unsuccessfully to build a tower to the sky; men plant a pine tree, it grows to the sky, but does not break through it; the reeds pierce; first the Badger, then the rest climb into the upper world; half of the women failed to get up, drowned; the Mockingbird gives its tongues to speak; in the lower world, people were with tails, now they have been lost; it is dark around; two young men (the Son of the Sun and the Son of Ooting Water), together with the Coyote, are instructed to place stars in the sky; young men place the Pleiades, Big Dipper, Orion, Morning Star, some others; the Coyote gets tired of this job, he throws the remaining stars in disarray; young men put a month in the sky made of a wedding cape, and sun made from bison skin, white fox skin and parrot tail; sun doesn't move; Coyote: someone must die; girl dies, sun moves before noon, stops again; now young man dies; Coyote explains that every day a person must die in the morning, at noon and in the evening, then the sun will move; first the dead will return on the fifth day; Coyote says it's wrong, dies and does not returns; the widower looks into the hole from which people came out, sees his dead wife and Coyote below], 172-175 [var.2; in the lowest world, people were black ants; rising to the second, steel tailed creatures; in the third world they became human; in the first world it was dark, in the second world there was a little light, in the third world it was like the moon; further like in var.1; the Bear gives tongues; The Changer explains that people must die regularly to keep the sun moving]; keres (Sia) [men and women argue who works more; who will live longer without the other; men go to live across the river; For the fourth year, women ask them to return; in the absence of men, they give birth to cannibal giants]: Stevenson 1894:41-42.

Mesoamerica Southern lacandons [Our Father's eagle eats people; Our Mother kills an eagle; Our Father beats her; she goes to an island in the middle of Usumasinta; birds build a house for her; Our Father is starving because no one feeds him; his wife comes back, warning her next time she'll be gone for good]: Boremanse 1986:276-278.

Honduras-Panama. Guatuso [while men hunt, women indulge in lesbian love; ask men to warn of their return by hitting trees with sticks; one person spied, men beat women; then those who went for firewood were eaten by a jaguar; jaguars come out of firewood, hearths, kitchen pots, they devour everyone; one person ran away]: Constela Umaña 1993, No. 6:141-144.

The Antilles. Taino: Anghiera 1912 (1), dec.1, vol.9 [Vagoniona closes men in a cave, takes women and babies to the island; hungry children scream and turn into frogs]: 169; Pane 1932 [ Guagugiona takes women to the island, leaves them there; abandoned children scream, turn into opossums or frogs; men are left without women; they see women who did not have vaginas fall from a tree; they tried to grab them, they ran away; then they put a watchman; they caught the women, found the bird inriri (woodpecker, Picus imbrifoetus), put it in the place where the vulva should be, he hollowed it out, thinking he was hammering tree; this is how women appeared]: 187-188.

Guiana. Akawai [Walyarima, the chief's wife, takes over (a black jaguar?) ; men call him with a conditional signal, kill him, bring his meat, arrange a party; the chief's wife suggests that every woman poisons her husband with a poisonous drink; all men die; to these women are joined by women from other villages; they repel men's attacks; they leave to form their own village; men visit them occasionally; boys born are killed by wives]: Brett 1889:180f in Koch-Grünberg 1920, No. 34:90-93; kalinha [hunters hide their prey from women, they drink them drunk and leave with their weapons and boats; they have lived in a special village ever since]: Magaña 1982: 75; 1987, No. 22, 23:240; Kashuyan (Arikena) [the first women were at odds with men; at the festival they gave them sleeping pills, flew to heaven in a tornado; waking up men find the only little one a girl hiding in a house under a clay pot; they cut her to pieces; each puts his part in his own hammock; men who have returned from hunting are met in the village by new women]: Kruse 1955, No. 35:415; trio [men and women live in two separate houses; women find that men eat children; burn down a man's house with its inhabitants; one jumps out but is beheaded; a live head says how they ate their children; the next morning, spirits come to the village asking about men; women say they are gone; the spirits cause strong winds and the earthquake, but they leave]: Magaña 1987, No. 66:144-145; oyana: Magaña 1987, No. 5 [brothers watch their sisters, see their penis name coming out of the ground; brothers tell them that; women take their penis, go underground through a hole in the village square; a parrot reports this to men, but the hole is too narrow for them], 10 [all women in the village copulate with a penis protruding from the ground in the garden; all become pregnant; men they watch them, cut off their penis; when they find out, women hide in a hole in the ground; birds report this to men; they soon stop the persecutor], 20 [the person wakes up to the scream of a toad; sees beautiful; she warns not to have sex with her, he insists; his penis becomes as long as a snake; in the village he becomes the lover of all women; men are going to kill him; women They solder men drunk, leave with their lover; it's the Month], 80 [when they return to the village, men see that women have gone through a hole in the ground; they follow, but only one manages to cross the river; he sees a naked woman in a tree; she agrees to have sex with him, does so repeatedly, exhausting his strength; when he wakes up, the woman is not there]: 34-35, 38, 50; 1989 [women become pregnant, two years later they give birth for months; men watch them; see how they call the penis in the garden; it comes out of the ground, they copulate with it; men call the penis with the same words, cut it apart; women take it their children conceived from the penis, fire and cassava, go through a hole in the ground; men learn about this from a parrot; follow women to the wide river, return; their lover paved the way for women]: 27-28; aparai [a man kills his wife's lover, cuts off his penis, hangs it where the wife does her job; women come back from the garden, recognize the penis; this is their common lover; one throws him to heaven, it turns into a Month; women go away, become Olisian Amazons]: Rauschert 1967, No. 31:200; oyampy [Yaneia leaves; pregnant wife follows him; twins from her wombs show her the way; ask her to pick flowers; she is bitten by a wasp; she refuses to collect, the twins fall silent; a woman goes to the Jaguaram, Jaguariha eats her; the Mayamayali and Wayamakale twins (from poppy - monkey?) jump on a tree; Jaguariha calls them back; A dove hunting talks about his mother's death; M. and Y. lure the Jaguars to the bridge, create piranhas in the river; V. cuts off the vine ahead of time, two jaguars they save themselves, the rest are eaten by piranhas; M. almost revives his mother, V. hugs her ahead of time, she falls apart; by the sea, their father cuts down a tree, chips turn into fish; the father tests his sons, M. does not He withstands; the father tells him that he is not his son, but the Monkey; makes a parrot out of his skin, monkeys out of flesh; in the morning the father rises to heaven; M. makes a woman out of wood; V. appears again, despite warning, makes love to a woman; she turns into a solid tree, his penis becomes long, he wears it in a basket; comes to the village; while men sleep, dances with all women; they go into a hole, disappear underground; a parrot and a monkey remain in the village; while men hunt, they take off their feathers and skins, cook; V. comes out of the hole; one woman cuts off his long penis; a piece stays in the vagina; once in the river, it turns into an eel]: Grenada 1982, No. 5:69-72.

NW Amazon. Tatuyo [Pohe pino (pohe = anaconda) devours boys who are initiating; people burn it, a palm tree grows out of its ashes, makes sacred horns and flutes; they are hidden in water; the father asks his son to get up early and go to play; it is not the lazy son, but his sister who hears the conversation; the father chases her, but she hides her instruments in her body, goes up the river, arranges rituals involving women and forcing men to perform women's duties; in the upper reaches of the river, her father catches up with her; as punishment, opens her vagina; since then, women have periods and men own sacred instruments; now she is Romi-Kumu, the Pleiades; she sits at the mouth of the river, legs together, makes spills; her movements cause earthquakes; shamans come to her, entering it between her legs]: Bidou 1972:67; 1983:36-40; Yukuna: Herrera Ángel 1975a [Iyamatuma's women appeared at the beginning of the world, owned sacred mountains; lived alone in Maloka without men; Kanuma asked to live with them, saying that he had nowhere else; the horns were kept outside the maloka, K. asked the lizard to steal them; when they found out that the horns had been stolen, the women decided to leave; at night, intoxicated, they danced; the younger sister sang spells so that there would be diseases in this world; they began to descend the Miriti River; K. began to block the river with stones, they were soft then, so rapids appeared; they were left with footprints and buttocks women's leaders; K. was ready to give the horns for the women to return, but they refused; one drew an ugly face (petroglyphs) on the stone; the women went down to the Amazon, at the mouth, from there to underworld; Europeans were born from them, they make clothes, guns]: 390-394; Mich 1995:490-493.

Central Amazon. Katavishi [go away and turn into Amazons (no details)]: Tastevin 1925:191; Munduruku: Kruse 1949 [while men hunt, women make a drink from cassava, take it to the river, beat on the water as a calebasy; the Serpent comes out, drinks beer, becomes a man, copulates with women; one person watches them; men call the Snake with the same signal, kill with arrows; women leave; in the same house a pet parrot lives; turning into a woman, cooking and drinking for the owner; he finds a Parrot, burns its feathers, marries]: 640-642; 1952, No. 9 [as in Murphy]: 994-997; Murphy 1958, No. 2 [son Karusakaibo is killed by wild pigs; his father hears his voice, sees two trees; carves a doll, but she only has ears from a person - orehla de pau wood mushrooms; K. makes a new doll, she turns into a handsome boy; he hides him at home from women under the supervision of an old woman; one woman penetrates a boy, copulates with him; his penis remains tight; the same happens the next day; K. turns his son into Aniocaiche's tapir; he runs away to the forest, copulates with all women; one person sees it; men send women to the garden, send a friend, putting his breasts on him pumpkin; A. comes out, killed by arrows; a little boy tells his mother that the women's lover has been eaten; she runs to call A., only the Battleship comes out to copulate with her; while men hunt, women paint jump into the river, turn into fish; three old women turn into caimans and crabs; young children into birds; the man left in the village becomes Jacques's bird; men catch new wives from the river; see motive F7]: 73-76.

Eastern Amazon. Urubu [Mair carves man and woman out of mahogany; men don't have penises; women's common husband is a giant underground worm; women summon it by stomping on the ground; then urinate in a vessel, a child emerges from urine; one man calls a worm with the same signal, cuts off the head; women block the river so that there is no water, leave, establish a special village; Mair cuts the worm into pieces, makes penises out of them for men; ties them with palm fiber (pubic hair); women start having children]: Huxley 1956:150-151.

Bolivia - Guaporé. Takana (tumupasa) [men hide meat from women, bring them only bones; one young wife followed her husband, told others; men had to bring all the meat to their wives; they decided rise to heaven by tying bamboo brushes together; the wind blew, men fell down, many died]: Hissink, Hahn 1961, No. 235, var.4:370.

Bolivia - Gupore. Tupari [the men went to cut the forest, the shaman stayed; he watched the women call for a tapir, gave him food and drink, each met him; the next day, the men called for a tapir themselves and killed him with arrows; angry women left, began to live separately; only occasionally do they copulate with men who come]: Caspar 1953a: 213-214.

Southern Amazon. Mexico City: Gregor 1985:112 [women left men; men were left alone, masturbating; men had no arrows, bows, belts, hammocks; they caught fish with their teeth like otters; they did not bake on fire, but warmed under their arms; women in the village had all cultural objects, there was a manhood; men came up with a whistle, kicked women out of the mansion, taught them how to do women's work], 47 [female leader Iripyulakumaneju took women far from men; they came and attacked the women's village, tore off their belts and anklets (they are now only worn by men), washed off the coloring book]; Arawaks (prefabricated version, mehinacu and vaura) [the boys' initiation could not be completed because the men went fishing and did not return; the elder's wives began to direct the ceremony themselves; the women wore men's jewelry , turned into bichos (i.e. animals, spirits, non-humans), yamarikumã (yamari is a woman, kumã is great); they turned the old man into an armadillo, who began to dig an underground passage, the women walked along it, dancing and singing; in two other villages they were joined by local women and their husbands; these women don't have right breasts, they shoot archery; children have been thrown into the lake, they have turned into fish]: Prinz 2002:400; waura [fishermen eat all the catch themselves; a man named Kamatipirá told the women that the men wanted to kill them; told three battleships to dig an underground passage, led the women along it; only boys remain in the village; women have built a new village for themselves; K. taught them how to use bows and arrows; women are dancing during rituals now, competing in wrestling]: Schultz 1966: 95-99; kamayura [like vaura]: Münzel 1973:240-246; Villas Boas 1973 [men go fishing; turn into wild boars and other animals; women wear men's clothing and jewelry; they rub poison, drink poison, turn into mamae spirits; leave, sing, turn the old man into an armadillo; he crawls underground in front of them; they carry women from other villages with them; they still go and they sing; they do not have a right chest to make it easier to shoot with a bow; they throw babies into lakes, which turn into fish]: 123-125; trumay [men go fishing, turn into birds; after learning about This, women cry]: Monod-Becquelin 1975, No. 58:188-189; kayabi [shamans' wives ask them to make less noise when performing rituals; they reproach them for not them, but twin brothers, who killed the cannibal toad; shamans turn wives into toads, go up to heaven]: Ribeiro 1988:425; Rickbacza: Pereira 1973, No. 12:46-47; 1994, No. 1 [people eat tapir crap, tree mushrooms, cassava, don't know onions and arrows; a woman finds a seed, it turns into a bird's egg; she puts it in all the folds and depressions of the body; when she clamps it in the palm of her hand (var.: under the knee, in the fold of the abdomen), the egg gives birth to a boy; while his mother was not at home, another woman massaged his penis, got along with him; his penis grew; his mother took her son to the forest, he turned into Tapir; his mother made his legs and ass invulnerable by burning fire, by cramming leaves; but he can be killed in the armpit; Tapir copulates with all women, starting with the one that came when he was a boy; men suspect, send birds to find out; while women are in the field , make the first bows, go to the river, imitate the voices of women, shot Tapir who appeared; the husband of the one who came to see the child hung Tapir's severed penis over her hammock; the women turned their children into birds and animals; one blew on a leaf, water poured, formed a river; Cayman carried ugly ones first, then beautiful ones; warned that the wind would blow in the middle of the river, they should not spit; the ugly ones restrained themselves, one beautiful spat, he drowned them; their voices and laughter can be heard from the river; some turned into fish, stone, birds; sweet potatoes and corn grow at the bottom; The Sloth told the men about what happened; they began to copulate with him, he ordered the women to be caught better; the men first caught the Carp, but missed it; then Akar's fish, she became a woman, new people from her; if only from the Carp, would be more beautiful; women took the fire across the river; see motif D4A]: 17-34; Iranshe [men take sacred flutes, go to clear the garden; one sends his son for chicha; follows, hears, how he tells his mother that men are waiting at the station (it is forbidden to talk to women about this); the father tells his comrades that they can eat his son; he is thrown alive into the fire; the meat is eaten; the father brings the wife has a fried hand under the guise of agouti meat; the mother recognizes her son's hand; leads women towards men; they see flutes, kill men with onions, go up the river; a rock appears at their parking lot]: Pereira 1985, No. 33:157-159 (=1974:44-45); paresi [when Yuanalore's grandchildren copulate with the owner of the Buriti palm tree, she always gets up and leaves first; Yuanalore got up first, his penis remained in his vagina, became long; he cut off a few pieces, the owner of the buriti swallowed them; carried the rest in the basket; at night his penis began to crawl towards the women; his son cut the snake; Yuanalore threw himself into the river, became a tapir; four women hit the water with a buriti stalk, summon a tapir, copulate; Kaimare followed, killed the tapir with an arrow, hung his penis over the entrance to the house; invited look for women in his head; blood drips, women recognize the penis; call tapira on the river, but only the Water Measure Spider comes out; his penis is too small; women drink Kaimare drunk chicha from Euterpe precatoria; carry away sacred flutes; The dove tells K. what happened; K. rushes in pursuit; women leave the flutes, reach a place where the edge of the sky beats against the ground]: Pereira 1986, No. 13:228-231; bororo: Wilbert, Simoneau 1983, No. 68 [contrary to the ban, Arogiareudo's woman sleeps with her husband before going for honey; therefore, the honey she brings to the men's home thickens (always like this from now on); And . spies on men making necklaces out of shells; men jump into the fire, fly out in brightly colored birds; whoever jumps to the edge of the fire turns yellow mako, because the heat is not enough, so that its feathers turn red (birds used to exist, but did not have color); Uruku, cotton, and gorlyanka pumpkins grow at the site of A.'s burning; A. is the first to find them, now her genus owns them], 103 [ relatives bring a lot of meat and fish to the woman, but she starves to feed them; a boy pretending to be asleep sees her sitting on a mat, putting boiled meat next to her, rattling with a bell; a snake crawls, copulates with her, eats meat; men send a woman for corn, one of them puts on her belt, paints her like a woman, calls a snake with the same signal; men kill a snake, hang its head over the mat, women; turn into hawks, fly to heaven, turn into rain spirits; when she sees the snake's head, the woman scolds the boy; he runs to the village square, asks the men who have flown away to moderate it's hot; they send rain; when it rains, you can hear the voice of these spirits (thunder?)] : 47-50, 132-134, 196-197.

Araguaia. Karazha [women deplete their husbands' strength by repeated copulation; take away weapons, sacred masks, shaman's magic baton, leave the village; when they return, they establish dominance over men, forcing them to take care of children and do housework; copulate with Cayman, who supplies them with fish for it; a boy watches women, reports everything to men; a shaman makes a new baton, men retake power; summon Cayman, imitating women's voices, kill him; pieces of severed penis give women food mixed with fish; women learn the truth, try to attack men who are defeated; they leave; they form a new tribe together with the children they have born]: Peret 1979 in Prinz 1997:112-116.

Eastern Brazil. Suya [Yamurekuman tells her husband to do all the women's work; he gives her fried vulture instead of good meat; she turns into fish, takes the rest of the women with her through underground passage; in another world, yamurekuman looks like women; we are in the guise of fish, they teach today's women their ritual songs]: Frikel 1990:38-39; Apinaye: Wilbert 1978, No. 139 [women they leave (no reason specified), live in a separate village; this is cupendia; they are beautiful, they grow corn, cassava and other crops; two young men come to find wives among them; k. overtaken on the run; boys fall behind, return without wives], 140 [women meet Cayman, copulate with him every day; one man accidentally catches them, tells others; men call Cayman female in a voice; he goes out, they kill, fry it; women kill men with clubs; leave, establish a village of Koupe Ndia women; two brothers remain; their sister took an ax with her; brothers they come to Coupe Ndia, get an ax; two girls agree to lie down with them if they overtake them; one brother falls behind, the other overtakes the girl, copulates; brothers return home]: 335-138; Xavante [women are outraged that hunters are gone for a long time; they turn into different animals and leave]: Wilbert, Simoneau 1984a, No. 162:476-480.

Chaco. Nivakle [men play; send a boy to tell women to bring them water; they refuse; men turn into birds; everyone says what kind of bird they want to be]: Wilbert, Simoneau 1987b , No. 88 [people flee to escape from the jaguar; one woman stays in the village with her grandmother because she does not want to go with her unloved husband; an unknown man comes and brings fried man; when she asks for water, a woman sends him to the source, spies on him; sees him turn into a jaguar; on the advice of his grandmother, runs away in zigzags; finds people, the stalker jaguar is killed and burned; men continue interrupted game - they shoot bows at a tight rope; ask children to go to their mothers, let them bring their husbands a drink; women do not comply with this request; offended men make a fire, jump into it , shouting who is going to become what kind of bird; they fly out of the fire in the guise of waterfowl, fly to the lake, drink there to their heart's content; now they send thunder and lightning; they also brought people seeds of cultivated plants - maize, beans, pumpkins], 89 [jump into fire, turn into thunder birds], 92 and 94 [turn into birds], 93 [jump into fire, turn into birds]: 217-219, 227-236; (cf. poppies [motive F42A: boys make a fire in a hole, jump there, turn into birds, leave their parents]).