Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

F70E. A girl turns into a man, ATU 514.

.11.15.16. (.17.) .23.27.-.31.

The girl pretends to be a man, magically acquires a masculine nature and lives with her wife. Cf. motif K137 (in Uther 2004, story 514 mistakenly includes the Karakalpak text with our K137 motif).

Mpongwe, Khasi, Gujarati, Gondas, Armenians, Spaniards, Portuguese, Italians (Basilicata, Calabria), Irish, Scots, Walloons, Germans (East Prussia, Austria), (Arabic written tradition), Gujarati, Northern India (Hindi), Gondas, Oriya, Serbs, Croats, Bosnians, Macedonians, Romanians, Moldovans, Bulgarians, Albanians, Greeks, Kashubians, Poles, Russians (Karelia), Ukrainians (Kharkiv) , Crimean Tatars, Abkhazians, Adygs, Ossetians, Stavropol Turkmens, Lezgins, Georgians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Persians, Finns, Latvians, Lithuanians, Norwegians, Danes.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Mpongwe [Ilâmbe rejects suitors, wants to marry only someone who does not have the slightest defect on his skin; the leopard takes the form of a man, I. readily leaves with a handsome man; father He anticipates bad things, tells his daughter to take a plain horse; on the way, the husband leaves several times to hunt in the guise of a leopard; at home he gives a human appearance to his relatives; I. sends the servants taken with him to cultivate the field, and the leopard husband eats them one at a time; when the last maid is gone, the horse says that the next turn is hers, tells I. to take calebasses and peanuts with him, with with pumpkin seeds, with water, run; the leopard chases; the horse tells you to throw peanuts (the leopard stops to pick up and eat what has been abandoned), pumpkin seeds (the same), calebas with water (river); leopard stops the persecution; the horse tells you to wait a couple of days in a neighboring city, only men are allowed there, the horse gives I. the appearance of a young man; one person reports that she is a woman; I. offer to swim undressed; at this time, the horse gives I. the appearance of a real man, who brought her disgraced; the horse orders him to be shot, dismembered, burned, scattered; after that, I. turns into a woman again, and the horse is reborn; I. returns to his father, pleads guilty]: Nassau 1912, No. 15:69-76.

Southern Europe. The Portuguese [1 entry, Algarve; the king wants to marry his daughter; she runs away in men's clothes; wins the tournament and must marry a princess; turns into a man]: Cardigos 2006, No. 514: 129; Spaniards (a rare story, apparently only two records) [the rival kills the girl's lover; at night she waited for the murderer and killed him and his comrade nearby; to to escape justice, the girl ran away, went to the shepherds, told them how it was, asked for men's clothes; calling herself Carlos, she hired a merchant, his daughter fell in love with an imaginary young man; she begged her father to marry her K.; after the wedding, the imaginary young man confessed everything to the newlywed and she promised not to give him away; since there were no children, others began to suspect that K. was not a man; the merchant promised find out, Carlos was invited to swim; trying to avoid exposure, he lingered - supposedly out of need; a unicorn (oricuerno) came up, made the sign of the cross with his horn, and K. really turned into man; all good]: Camarena, Chevalier 1995, No. 514:433-434; Italians (Basilicata, Calabria): Cerise, Serafini 1975, No. 514:121

Western Europe. Irish, Scottish, Walloons (Legros 1962), Germans (East Prussia, Austria): Uther 2004 (1), No. 514:301-302

(Wed. Western Asia. One thousand and one nights [the princess is getting married; the princess's husband has a vizier; the princess's rejected cousin sends him gifts asking him to trap the prince; the vizier gives the prince water from a stream that changes the sex of the drinker; the prince takes a feminine appearance; lives by the stream; the son of the king of jinns takes him to his palace; talks about the betrayal of the vizier; takes him to a stream that turns him women into men; the prince returns to his wife; the princess's cousin dies of rage and jealousy]: Salle 2010, night 582-584:215-219).

South Asia. Gujarati [in Suryapur, King Sursen, his vizier Smh Martrisar; their wives agree to marry children when they give birth; both gave birth to girls, but the vizier's wife announced that they have a son; a daughter they are raised like a boy; at the age of 10, they married; the girl says that her husband slept with his back to her; in the morning, an imaginary young man runs to drive away the tiger, cuts off his head, ties it to the saddle; on the way back he swims in pond, mare turns into stallion, girl into boy; all is well]: Hertel 1921:315-317; northern India (Hindi) [one Raja agrees with another that if they have children of different sexes, they are theirs will be married; both have daughters, but one has married a daughter; exposed, the girl decides to drown herself in Jamna, but comes out of the water as a man; everything is fine]: Crook 1896:7; Oriya (Ghasi caste, Jeyporeland County) [the wife of the childless king finally became pregnant, but a daughter was born; the brahmanas decided to keep the secret and raise the girl as a boy; when it was time for the prince to marry, the motorcade went to another king get his only daughter; in the forest, the prince retired and began to cry; the saint changed his nature with him, but ordered him to come to him on the way back; however, the newlyweds motorcade went around the forest; when the saint (in women's appearance) came and demanded to change his nature back, the brahmanas reassured the prince, saying that the saint's power did not extend beyond the forest; the saint retired to the forest and died]: Tauscher 1959, No. 12:37 -39; gondas [the wife is so afraid of her husband that she does not even dare to pee without his permission; when she leaves, he tells her to pee and cook vegetables; she cooks them in her urine; both decide not to buy more salt, there is enough of it in the urine; a man named Dhamkan talks about it; out of shame, the couple goes to live in a forest cave; they have several daughters and the Raja needs a boy; they pass one daughter off for a boy, send it away Raje; the widow has sons but no daughter; she raises one daughter as a son, marries, but he is not a man; women by the river try to rip clothes off an imaginary young man; he runs away into the forest; there he meets clitoris bird, in who was temporarily turned into a girl sent to the Raja under the guise of a young man; they change their genitals; everyone is happy]: Elwin 1944, No. 14.8:318-319.

The Balkans. Bulgarians [the wife (of a rich man) gave birth to a daughter instead of a son, hid it from her husband; the imaginary young man leaves home, gets a horse from a grateful snake, wins competitions, gets a princess; at night The "husband" turns away from his wife or puts his sword between himself and his wife; the wife gives difficult assignments to get rid of him (ride a wild mare, bring live water, golden apples from a snake, etc.); On the last mission, the serpent (self-diva) curses the kidnapper, telling him to change his sex; everything is fine]: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 514:191; Albanians [the man has three daughters, the king calls people to war; the eldest, middle daughter is offered to marry them; the youngest leaves in men's clothes; the monster Culcedra devours people, demands a prince; an imaginary young man kills Culcedra; prince advises ask his father not for the kingdom, but for his horse; the king agrees after his son threatens to leave with the "young man"; another king will give his daughter for someone who rides a ditch on horseback and picks an apple; the "young man" gets the princess, but does not realize her marriage; they want to kill him, and then decide to send him to the forest, where another Culcedra; the "young man" returns, he has Kulcedra harnessed instead of an ox; everyone is horrified, they tell her to let her go;" young man" is sent for an ogre mare; she is the mother of a young man's horse, allows herself to ride; the king sends to collect a tax on snakes that live in the church; a horse and a mare frighten snakes with whining, a "young man" with a bell, snakes pay money and tell the tribute collector to become a woman if he is a man and a man if he is a woman; a young man realizes his marriage]: Elsie 2001, No. 7 {without pagination}; Greeks [(many options; all Greece); an aged father (king) cannot go to serve (fight), but he does not have a son; the eldest daughters think that the father is concerned about the prospect of their marriage; the youngest dresses as a young man, goes to war; He avoids exposure many times, but in the end the young man finds out that he has a girl in front of him; she performs many difficult tasks; along the way she praises a dirty river or spring for its cleanliness, shifts food, so that each animal can eat the food it needs; runs away from the pursuer, throwing objects that prevent the pursuer from advancing; he grabs her horse by the tail, the horse orders to cut off tail; stalker: if it is a man, let him become a woman, and if a woman, let her become a man; the heroine becomes a man and marries a princess whose husband formally became a girl]: Megas 2012, No. 884C: 187-189; Serbs, Croats, Bosnians, Macedonians: Uther 2004 (1), No. 514:301-302; Romanians [the king has only three daughters, no one to send to war; eldest dresses up as a soldier, is about to go; the father chipped in as a wolf, meets her, she is frightened; the same with her second daughter; the third is not afraid of the snake his father has become; she serves the king, he puts her a guard at her daughter's room, the daughter fell in love, the wedding, but her husband does not go to bed with her; she is going to divorce; the king sends her son-in-law with a letter; the female helps her overcome the line; on the way back she finds bread and wine, takes them away; they belonged to a hermit and he curses the thief: let him change his sex; the princess is happy]: Bîrlea 1966:429-430; Romanians [the king has three daughters and he must send his son to service to the Red King; daughters take turns summoning to put on men's clothes and go; in the shoes of a bear, the father frightens the eldest, she turns back; the same with the middle one; the youngest is not afraid; imaginary at court the young man cooks better than the royal sons and is made by a cook; envious sons tell their father that the young man boasted to bring dates from the bear garden; the horse helps to do this; they say that the young man promised to bring a stallion from a herd of wild mares in the Sahara; the horse tells him to put buffalo skin on him and give him a loop; fighting a stallion, throws a noose over him and leads him; bring him alive and dead water from behind the rushing mountains ; the horse says that at noon the mountains stop for a while; the girl has extracted water, but hears a voice behind her: whoever does this will change his sex; get a tour with a star on his forehead; the horse tells you to dig a hole, hide in it, jump out, cut off the tour's head and sit in a hole until dawn until the tour dies; when the ex-girlfriend returns, and now the young man tells the Red King that his sons boasted in a burning haystack to sit and tell fairy tales; they burned down, and the young man returns to his father and inherits the throne]: Bîrlea 1966:430-431; Moldovans [the king lost his seal; if there was a son, he would go to the next world, shoot a ring with a seal from her grandfather's hand; Tudor's daughter wears men's clothes, goes instead of her son; a deer is stuck with horns in the snake's mouth; a snake asks to cut off the deer's antlers, a deer asks to kill a snake; T. kills a snake; the deer leads to the castle where your grandfather's ring lies; if you step on the threshold, you'll stay there forever; T. stumbled over the threshold, the devils took the ring and led him to the main thing; he promises to let T. go if he leads the white horse of the Red King; the deer warns not to take bridles; she takes it, is caught, the king orders Ilyana Kosynzyan to be brought; on the way, T. and deer come to St. Serede (gives a box), St. Friday (brush), St. Saturday (handkerchief); IK is the nut that the witch rolls in the castle, it must be replaced; other witches come back, tell the nut to open, it does not open, they chase; the deer tells you to throw the comb ( forest), box (mountain), handkerchief (river); witches: if you are a woman, become a man, and if a man is a woman; Tudora became Tudor; the Red King's deer chipped in IK, T. got a horse, and the deer returned; the same the main feature; T. took the ring; T. returns home on horseback with a seal and with his bride]: Botezatu 1982:246-257.

Central Europe. Poles [for lack of a brother or father, a girl dresses as a man and serves in the army; the queen falls in love with an imaginary young man; he is offered various challenges to reveal his true gender; she temporarily manages to expose the revelations; when exposed, she escapes with the help of wonderful helpers or changes her sex at the last moment and marries the Queen]: Krzyżanowski 1962, No. 514:166- 167; Kashubas (Lebork) [a girl became a soldier instead of her brother; a queen falls in love with an imaginary young man, asks her father to marry her; after her wedding night, the groom tins through the forest, finds food in an empty house , and when she leaves, she defecates on the table; the mistress of the house, the sorceress, curses the mischievous man: let her turn into a woman if she is a man, and a man if she is a woman; the girl turns into a young man, fulfills her marriage duties and gains the gratitude of his wife and her king father]: Krzhizhanovsky 1963:61; Russians (Karelian Pomorie, Virma; a brief summary of the text from the archive of the Karelian branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences) [from the old man and an old woman gives birth to a daughter, they call her by her male name, marry a girl who expresses displeasure because her husband does not pay attention to her; the hero complains to the old man that he cannot have it family; the old man makes her a man]: Razumova, Senkina 1974, No. 382:392; Ukrainians (Kharkiv) [Three daughters take turns volunteering to serve instead of their father, the elders go to the field where everything rumbles , are coming back. The youngest does not return, ends up in the forest, where snakes and frost fight, she responds to the latter's request for help, together they cut down three snake heads, put the ashes in their pockets. Frost asks the hero's name, plucks the "Burkunets" grass, calls him Roman. {The youngest daughter "went out of the settlement" and came to the forest; it is further said that when she hears requests for help, "wine siv... and write", that is, she is already him; and only then Frost tears off the Burkun citizen and calls her/him A novel. Perhaps the narrator, knowing that Frost would turn a girl into a boy, made a reservation and used masculine forms for her prematurely - even before the act of transformation was mentioned}. Roman goes on alone. He finds a Firebird feather on the road, the horse warns not to take the pen, but Roman does not listen. The grooms pay attention to the beauty of the horse and (cleaned with a pen) inform the king. The grooms are ordered to take the iconostasis out of the sea. Roman grieves, asks frost for help, he freezes the sea and pulls out the iconostasis "on the dry days of the sea". While the horse was pulling out the iconostasis, the monist scattered, the grooms demand to be extracted, the frost helps Roman again, freezes the sea. The grooms demand to get 9 mares and the tenth stallion out of the sea. The horse asks to wrap it in four skins and coat it with resin, and goes to sea by himself. After the sea water turns red and then turns blue, the horse leaves the sea, where it defeats a stallion whose skin is beaten, the horse is protected by resin and skins, and brings out mares "the earth trembles". The grooms order them to milk while the horse laughs, they stand as if they were dug in, Roman milks them. The grooms order Roman to cook in milk, the horse blows at him, and he leaves the vat handsome, the commander repeats the same thing, cooked]: Ivanov 1894, No. 1:139-141.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars (Bakhchisaray) [the poor man fell ill, his wife died; asks his daughter not to bury him properly {incomprehensible; a hint of the motive "At night at his father's grave"?} ; the neighbors buried him, sorted his things out, the mullah took the girl to her place; she grew up, put on her man's clothes, got on her horse and left; the snake asked her not to kill, brought her to her father; he ordered the snakes take on a human form; the snake insisted on giving the girl a damn horse with a golden mane; the girl drove off in it; the horse does not tell you to pick up a bird's wing, but she picked it up; came to the padishah; the boy took the wing, gave it to the padishah, said that the guest had brought it; the padishah told me to bring all the bird; the horse told me to ask for a bag of millet and blanket; lie under it and scatter the millet; the girl grabbed one bird by the legs; the padishah demands to deliver the owner of the birds; the horse asks for a dogwood trough, a barrel of wine and a jug of raki; the mistress of the birds flew in, ate dogwood, drank wine and crayfish, fell asleep; the girl snatched two from her hair (horse: now she will come to us); returned to the palace, the horse ordered me to burn the hairs, the hostess appeared, the padishah tells us to prepare the wedding; the mistress of the birds: let the one who got me first take out the comb and the mirror that the witch stole when I was 13 years old; the horse brought the girl to the witch, she took the comb and the mirror; now the owner of the birds tells me to get sea mares; the horse brought to the sea; came out black stallion, the horse began to fight with him; he has blood from his throat; tells him to anoint the stallion with it; then the girl turned into a young man, brought the stallion and mares; the owner of the birds boiled a pot of milk; the young man stayed unharmed, the padishah is cooked; the young man's wedding with the owner of the birds]: Zherdeva 2020, No. 4; Abkhazians [the vizier is old, the tsar asked to send the same intelligent person instead of him; the vizier sends the elder the son, unexpectedly unrecognized, the young man returns; the same with the youngest; the daughter wears men's clothes, is not afraid, almost killed her father; the imaginary young man breaks through the gates of Adaua; they suggest choosing one of their three sisters; he does not sleep with the elders; the youngest: I know that you are a woman, but you will become a man; tells you to choose the worst horse; the king offers the "son" of the vizier to get the heart and liver of a wild boar; "he" carved them from a sleeping boar, he is dead; bring the milk of a wild deer; on the way, the interpreting rocks, the girl slipped through, the horse is crushed; she sees a petrified city; one of the petrified ones: the queen is offended by her husband if she will say more than three words (really phrases), you will also petrify; the girl held her sword; queen: let everyone come to life, 2) women become men, 3) men women; the vizier's daughter becomes a young man, kills queen; the horse came to life, the young man brought milk to the king, married the daughter of Adaua, married the other two brothers]: Shakryl 1975, No. 37:184-189 (=Bgazhba 2002:221-225); Kabardian people [the man has no sons, has three daughters; he has decided to test their courage; takes turns sending them on a journey in men's clothes, hiding under a bridge, suddenly attacking; the eldest, middle daughters are frightened, fleeing; the youngest fights back, jumps on, arrives where the prince wants to take the girl, but guards are around; the imaginary young man undertakes to bring the bride; in the burning steppe he saves three snakes; their mother is ready to do anything desire; gives a black horse, on which an imaginary young man rode to that girl and brought her; she demands to bring her a box with seven keys wrapped in dog skin; the mother of snakes teaches how to do this; Now the bride demands the milk of seven sea buffaloes for her and the groom to swim in it; the imaginary young man hijacks buffalo, but the buffalo tells him to become a woman if he is a man and a man if woman; now the heroine is really a young man; the khan's son is cooked in hot milk, the young man (ex-girlfriend) married the girl he received]: Dirr 1920, No. 23:110-113; Ossetians [poor man promises send a son to the army instead of himself and marry him to a giant's daughter; but he has only three daughters, no sons; the eldest, middle daughter is offered to send them in men's clothes, but they are frightened when the father pretends enemy and attacks; youngest: if you were not a father, you would cut off your head; the giant lays his eldest, middle daughter with his imaginary son-in-law; in the morning they say that the groom disdained them; the youngest tells the father that everything is in OK; tells you to take an unsightly stallion, a rusty sword, a bad ring; the "young man" goes to the army, the horse tells you to take his hair with him; the younger princess has chosen a "young man" as her husband; the king's wife is ill, she needs a special apple; two older sons-in-law do not want to take the youngest one with them; he burns his hair, his horse appears; a "young man" kills a snake, brings apples, gives them to his older sons-in-law, cuts off one ear for this ; queen demands the giblets of a harbour pig; the same, cuts out belts from her back; queen: we need to know why the village of Agurovsky Kalak turned into stone; the "young man" finds his tsar in the village, petrified belts; his horses were losing weight; he saw his wife ride to the giants at night; in the morning he let her know that she knew everything, she had turned the village into stone; the horse teaches me to throw a ring at that woman, carry a sword, tell she can turn the heroine into a man (since she made the village stone, she can change her sex); then order to spell the village; the girl became a young man, he decapitated that woman; showed the king her ears and belts with sons' backs; married the princess and daughter of a giant]: Britaev, Kaloev 1959:245-253; Stavropol Turkmens [the khan has only a daughter, no heir son; the daughter promises that everything will work out, leaves for a piebald horses; the horse shows the golden hare, tells him to catch and give it to the old man, not to take money; they come to Diamond Khan, the servant persuades him to give the girl difficult tasks; 1) catch a golden hare for A. (horse catches); 2) make a barn {i.e. a palace?} from bear teeth (the horse tells you to lubricate the bank of the stream with resin, bears who come to drink get stuck, the girl gets her teeth); 3) get Bermez Khan's daughter (the horse tells me to give thorns to camels, alchiki boys, bones to dogs, an old man and an old woman of a fur coat, mix the water of a pond divided into two parts with spoons; daughter B. takes away, he tells the servants to detain the fugitives, everyone says that they were treated well ( they mixed water, gave them fur coats, etc.), B. stops chasing); 4) bring a black foal of a kara-jacket (witch); they take it away, the kara-jackets are chasing, the horse says that if her curse catches them on the descent in the ravine, a girl will die, and if she, a horse, will die at the bottom of the ravine; when they are at the bottom of the ravine, the kara-jacket tells the girl to become a horseman, the horse has time to give two hairs; the horseman wants his daughter B., A. I agree to give it if the groom goes through boiling milk; those hairs help, the dzhigit is unharmed; comes with his wife to his father]: Bagriy 1930 (2): 103-109; Lezgins [three daughters of King Sultan decide to replace he has a son; the eldest, middle, returns from the fields, says that she did not see anything; the youngest answers in more detail, stays in a man's dress; the father sends a "son" to marry the daughter of another king; she agrees, but asks the groom to find out why the city has become petrified; at the fork, the young man chooses the road with the inscription "you will not return", and not the one where "you will not return soon"; a girl comes to Azhdakh, where she calls "young man" brother; Azhdaha does not know about the city, sends a letter to her mother all Azhdah; she says that the city is beyond the mountain, comes to life for a few moments at dawn; at this time the gate rose and fell again, "young man " managed to slip through, the horse was cut in half; sees a man whose lower part is petrified; his wife went to the robbers at night, he cut off their heads drunk; for this his wife turned everything into stone, her husband - to half; the "young man" finds that woman in the basement, she tells him to change his sex; when he becomes a man, he demands that she split the city; she does it and the young man immediately kills her; comes back, marries princess]: Khalilov 1965, No. 47:119-124; Georgians: Bogoyavlensky 1894a, No. 6 (Imereti) [the tsar releases the aged economist on the condition that he sends a son in return; but the son is dead; each of the three the daughters volunteer to go instead of him, dressed as a man; wanting to test their courage, the father suddenly jumps out on the road; the eldest two gallop back, the youngest is ready to fight; arrives at the palace dragon; the dragon's daughter promises to make her a man if she later marries her; gives a beautiful horse; the dragon chases, but the economist's daughter kills him; comes to serve the king; the king's childless wife wants make the economist his lover, and to do this frighten; persuades the king to send a young economist for the blood and heart of a terrible boar, then she will be able to conceive a child; but the imaginary young man really leaves, kills a wild boar, brings a heart; the queen asks to send an economist to the petrified kingdom for living water; there is a petrified king and a serpent who comes to torture him; a girl kills a snake, that before death, he tells the murderer to change his sex; agrees to spell the petrified; the young man returned to the king, who ordered the queen to be tied to the horse's tail; the young man marries the dragon's daughter]: 35-55; Kurdovanidze 1988 (1 ), No. 67 [the vizier Alumbar is old, the king has let him go; he has three daughters; each offers to go to serve wearing a man's dress; the older, middle one is frightened when he rushes at her dressed as an Arab; youngest: if you did not look like my father, you would blow your head off; father sends an imaginary son to his friend deva; the "young man" calls himself Almaskhan; the eldest, middle daughters of the deva say they spent with A. the night is like brother and sister; the third is like husband and wife; teaches you to choose a plain skate and a ring with a red stone; the horse gives its hair; the king's daughter calls A., he does not go; she is angry pretended to be sick, you need the liver and heart of a boar; A. burns her hair, a horse appears, leads to the lake where the boar comes, tells you to poison the lake with opium; the boar falls asleep, it is easy to kill him; the princess asks for information the mystery of the petrified city; on the way, the horse tells him to give honey to flies, cheese to ants; in one house, the king of the city is petrified to the waist; the servant told him that the bulls are losing weight because the queen harnesses them at night; the king goes instead of the servant: the queen's lover is king kajah; in the morning the king makes it clear that he knows everything; the queen turns the city into stone, feeds the king and hitting the king with a stick every day; A. grabs the one who enters the queen, she tells her to be petrified, but thanks to the ring, the spell does not work; then the queen tells A. to become a woman if he is a man, and vice versa; A. becomes a man; the queen breaks the spell from the city and the king, A. kills her; the king's daughter receives A., but the king releases him from service; A. marries the youngest daughter of a deva]: 293-304; Armenians: Gullakian 1983 [the girl swallowed the genitals of the bird Zmrut and became man]: 226; Khachatryants 1933 (Ararat Valley) [the royal daughter disappeared, the old woman's daughter found her, the tsar sent Nazir on the stallion Lulizar; the old woman's daughter went to the king with the princess; L. ordered his daughter old women ask for him as a reward; king: if I give L., I will give my daughter to the old woman's daughter; {here is a logical pass; apparently, the old woman's daughter is wearing men's clothes}; the princess is dissatisfied, the king sends an imaginary son-in-law bring Brother L.; L.: fill the spring pool with wine, the brother will come out of the sea, get drunk, I must tell him that his brother is calling him; Nadir suggests sending his imaginary son-in-law to the devas for 7 years of arrears; L. tells tie his tail to a marble slab, turns it out, under it devas, arrears in the knot, the girl grabs the knot, leaves for L.; the king sends devas to the mother for a rosary; the girl steals the rosary from a sleeping old woman; she sends a curse: if you are a man, become a woman, if a woman is a man; the princess is happy]: 173-179; Azerbaijanis (Kazakh district of Elisavetpol Gubernia) [two friends went east and west; agreed that if they were successful and married, let one's son take the other's daughter; both became kings; Vostochny had a daughter, Leili, and The Western has three daughters; he is uncomfortable to admit that there is no son, and L. is expecting a cousin to be her husband; each of the three daughters of the Western king is ready to go to the Eastern King dressed as a man; the vizier suggests simulating an attack: if the girl gets scared and returns, let her stay at home, and if she shows courage, let her continue her journey; the two eldest daughters are frightened, and the youngest killed the vizier and him people, came to the Eastern Tsar; a wedding is being prepared, but the visitor refuses: when he sees L., he called her sister and therefore cannot marry; L. loses consciousness; the doctor: 1) needs lion's milk; an imaginary young man goes for milk, the prophet Hirellaz gives; 2) the kidney of a sea stallion (H. teaches him to catch); the witch tells him to get an unusual apple; together with the imaginary groom in a clay pot, he flies to the mountain; sends him there where people turn into stone; a girl kills her, breaks the pot; H. teaches: an angel will fly to quilt the former king of the petrified kingdom; you must grab the angel's shirt, which he takes off; return it if he will fulfill a wish; an angel makes a girl a man, gives an apple, frees the king and his petrified subjects; the young man is grateful to the prophet; the wedding; the prophet told the father of the ex-girlfriend about this]: Stamboliev 1896 , No. 4:18-26; Turks [the padishah's wife gives birth to a daughter instead of a son, disguises herself as a boy; when the time comes for circumcision, the "young man" rides his horse away, is hired by another padishah; receives a reward his youngest daughter; her supernatural lover, according to his advice, the princess requires the grooms to complete three difficult tasks; in the course of one of them, the "young man" is cursed by a giant, wishing him change sex, as a result, he becomes really a young man; the princess's relationship with her lover ends; wedding]: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 97:111-112.

Iran - Central Asia. Persians {obviously a rare story} [dressed as a man, the girl gets a magic pen for the king and gets a princess; goes for a magic bird and, as a result, changes her sex; wedding]: Marzolph 1984, No. 514:109.

Baltoscandia. Latvians [Sister at war. The sister goes to the king's military service instead of her brother. The princess wants to marry her, but when it turns out that the general is a woman, the king sends her to perform difficult tasks, hoping that she will not do it. The sister is assisted by five strongmen and finally turns into a man (also: sending a brother instead of herself) to marry a princess]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 514:296; Norwegians [(posing as man) a girl signs up as a soldier, becomes a captain and marries a princess under the guise of a young man; she does not like the "husband", she sends him to carry out a difficult task; on the way back, an old man with an old lady is denied a bed, for which the girl gets the door dirty with them, and then they turn her into a man; the princess is happy]: Hodne 1984, No. 514:121; Finns, Lithuanians, Danes: Uther 2004 (1), No. 514:301-302.