Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

H7A. Die and the Physician, ATU 332. .14.-.17.23.27.-.32.34.

Having received knowledge from Death (rarely: Happiness or a spirit) whether the sick will be healed or not, a person with whether she is going to take his soul, a person to know, will recover Liu. Nyak praises him for impartiality; W.T himself; the poor man scolds, becomes a healer, gets rich. He usually sees exactly where Death (spirit, etc.) is near the bed, whether she is going to take his soul, the person to know, Liu will recover. Nyak praises him for his impartiality; W.T himself; the poor man scolds about patient, and based on this, he knows what will happen to him.

Arabs of Egypt, Libya, Arabs and Berbers of Morocco, Palestinians, Arabs of Syria, Iraq, Qatar, Kuwait, Yemen, Spaniards, Catalans, Portuguese, Basques, Italians (Veneto, Tuscany, Latsia, Campania, Molise, Basilicata, Puglia), Sardinians, Maltese, Ladins, Scots, Irish, French, Walloons, Dutch, Germans (Pomerania, Hessen, Austria), Santals, Tamils, Sinhales, Slovenes, Croats, Serbs , Albanians, Bulgarians, Macedonians, Greeks, Romanians, Hungarians, Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Luzhitans, Russians (Arkhangelsk, Olonetskaya, Vologda, Tambov), Ukrainians, Belarusians, Abkhazians, Adygs, Ossetians, Ingush, Dargins, Rutulans, Georgians, Armenians, Turks, Persians, Sami, Finns, Karelians, Estonians, Latvians, Lithuanians, Swedes, Norwegians, Danes, Icelanders, Komi.

North Africa. Arabs of Egypt, Libya, Arabs and Berbers of Morocco: El-Shamy 2004, No. 332:176-178

Southern Europe. Spaniards [a day laborer decides to take the first person to meet on the road as his son's godson; this is Death; the boy has studied to be a doctor; Death the goddaughter gives him a blade of grass; he will cure everyone if He will see that Death is in the heads; if the legs cannot be treated, the patient must die; the young man violates the ban three times; the first two times when the young man is flattered by money and healed the rich, Death forgives; in the second, he heals the princess promised to him as his wife; Death brings him into a room where candles are burning, asks him to find his own; this is a stump, he goes out, the young man dies]: Malinovskaya 2002:79-81; Basques [into the house God knocked on the poor coal miner; he did not open the door, saying that God was unjust; Death knocked the next night; the coal miner opened because Death is equal to everyone; Death rewarded him by advising him to go to the sick queen; if Death is in the heads, the Queen will die, if in her legs, she will recover; when he sees death in the Queen's legs, the coal miner "cured" the patient; became a court doctor; once she came to him Death; he asked for permission to read Our Father and Ave Mary; Our Father read it, but Ave Mary did not intend to; then Death pretended to hang herself; when he saw the corpse, the man read Ave Mary and His Death took]: Azcua 1942, No. 59:166-170; Maltese [the poor man meets Death in the image of an ugly old woman; she gives him the ability to see if she is at the head of the patient, and then he will die or at his feet, and then he will recover; the poor man becomes a famous healer, gets rich; Death shows him a lot of candles, each of them the life of a person; a person sees that his candle (lamp) will now go out; or tries to add oil from his wife's and children's lamps; Death blames him, he dies]: Mifsud-Chircop 1978, #332:88-89; Catalans: Oriol, Pujol 2008, No. 332 (including Mallorca) [a person helped Death and for this Death gives him the ability to know whether he will die or recover; a person has become a famous and wealthy doctor; when Death comes for him, he tries it deceive; lures him into a bag and no one on earth dies for a while; but one day he accidentally opened the bag himself], 1199 [Death promises to make the coal miner rich: let him pretend to be a doctor and Death will indicate whether the patient will die or recover; when Death comes for him, the former coal miner asks for permission to read the prayer first and does not end it; Death tries to provoke a person and she finally succeeds: she pretends to be a corpse lying on the road, the person is forced to pray and dies]: 83-84, 216; Italians (Veneto) [the young wife of an elderly man gave birth son; the husband went to look for a suitable godfather; rejected God and the devil, agreed to Death's offer, because it is equally fair to everyone; to thank everyone for the honor, Death invites a person to become a doctor ; if he sees it at the patient's door, then there is no need to treat it, the patient will die anyway; if Death is not there, he will recover anyway; the person has become rich; Death called him to his place, showed everything rooms except one; the man asked to take him there as well; there are lamps, each is a person's life; the oil in the lamp that has come is almost running out; he asks to add, but Death refuses; the man has returned home, said goodbye to his family and died]: Widter et al. 1866, No. 3:16-19; Italians (Tuscany, Latius, Campania, Molise, Basilicata, Puglia), Sardinia: Cirese, Serafini 1975, No. 332:81-82; Portuguese [a person is looking for a godfather or godmother; rejects God and the devil, agrees to the proposal of Death, which is more fair to everyone; Death gives him (or his son) the ability to see her in at the patient's head or feet, and thereby determine whether the sick will die or recover; when Death comes for a person, he asks for permission to finish the prayer and intentionally ends it without finishing it; or the person, wanting to save the sick, turns the bed; the person tries to take a different form, but Death cannot be deceived; it adjusts it so that he has to finish the prayer and dies; or she shows him his lamp or candle of life and extinguishes it]: Cardigos 2006, No. 332:83; ladins [a father with many children is looking for a godson for a newborn son; rejects the old man {is God?} - too old; devil; agrees to the offer of a man to die; the godson gives the godson a gift to the godfather: let him become a doctor; when he enters the patient and sees Death in the heads, the patient will die; and if legs - will recover; accordingly, let him pretend to heal, become famous; godson did so; but one day he fell ill himself and saw Death in his heads; asked his wife to turn the bed; after many years he I saw Death in my heads again, but he didn't let me do anything: you'll die and that's it!] : Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 78:211-213.

Western Europe. The Irish [a poor man in Cork can't find a godson for a newborn; rejects the devil, God (that is unfair), agrees to Death's offer (man) - he's the same as everyone else; Death teaches you how to get rid of poverty; call yourself a healer, go to the patient's bed; if Death is in the heads, he will die, if in his legs he will recover, and what medications to give does not matter; once I saw Death in heads by a friend's bedside, told him to turn the bed; Death said that now he would only see him when he came for him; when Death came to pick up the man, he asked not to pick him up until he will read a prayer; Death promised, but the man has not read prayers since then; one day, a crying boy complained that he had forgotten the prayer taught him by his mother, so he could not return home - his father would kill; a man read Our Father for him; the child turned out to be Death and took him away]: Muller 2006, No. 103:159-162; the Dutch [when the lumberjack had his 13th child, he was glad that Death offered him grow up; the boy went to the best schools; Death made him a healer; if he sees her standing at the patient's feet, he will definitely die, and if at the head he will recover; when the king falls ill and the young man sees Death at the foot of the bed, he told her bed to turn; Death became furious, brought the young man to her place and showed the burning oil lamps: he had only a week to live; but as soon as Death turned away, the young man grabbed his lamp and returned to the ground; he regularly adds oil to it and is still alive]: Soer 1979:67-69; Germans (Pomerania) [when the poor man had his 24th child, the father cannot find godfather; met Death {mr.} and she agreed to be godmother; let the boy become a doctor; he will be able to see her at the patient's bedside; if in the heads, the patient will die, if in the legs, he will survive; young man grew up, became a famous doctor and became rich; once a dying count promised him a lot of money and the doctor told him to unfold his bed; the count recovered; Death came in and said that he would now take him away for deception; The young man asked permission to read the prayer first, but after "like you are in heaven" he stopped; Death left, saying that her godson had deceived her again; one day the doctor came across a dying beggar and he asked pray for him; when the doctor spoke, Amen! , the beggar jumped up; it turned out to be Death; she brought the doctor into the mountain where candles were burning {or lamps: Die Lebenslichter allen Menschen}; the doctor's candle glows slightly and flickers; Death: you had a long life, but you gave it to that count; the doctor tried to replace his candle with a child's candle, but didn't have time: his own went out]: Jahn 1893, No. 9:61-63; Wolf 1851 (Hessen) [Death godson, turned bed, unfinished prayer]: 364-368; Germans [a poor man with many children cannot find a godfather; he found out in a dream that he should call the first person he meets; he gave a bottle: we must see where Death will stand in the patient's bed; if at the head, give water, and if at his feet, the patient will still die; the poor man has become a healer; decided to visit the godfather; sent from floor to floor; one fights with a broom, on the other there are dead fingers, above the heads, even higher, the fish are frying themselves; the poor man looked through the keyhole: there are horns on the godfather's head; he explained that it was the worker who fought with the worker, not the fingers, but the roots hackweed, not heads, but cabbage heads; fried fish showed up on their own; and I couldn't see the horns - it's not true; the poor man ran away]: Grimm, Grimm 2002, No. 44:148-151 (=Grimm, Grimm 1987:128-130); Scots, Flemish, Germans (Austria): Uther 2004 (1), No. 332:222-223; French (Dauphine) [the couple had 12 children, another was born; his mother went to look for him a godmother, met an old woman, it was Death, she took the boy into care; made him a famous healer; when he sees Death in the patient's heads, then the disease is incurable, if in his legs, let him say he will cure; the king called him to sick daughter; seeing death in her heads, the young man told her to turn the bed so that Death was at her feet; Death said he forgave him for the last time; when he resorted to the same trick by the bed The sick king, Death killed him]: Joisten 1991, No. 22:168; the Walloons [the blacksmith made a contract with the devil for 7 years; Jesus with St. Peter is wandering, Peter came to the blacksmith to repair his staff; he offers to fulfill three wishes for work; blacksmith: so that without my desire, no one can get off that tree, get out of that chair, get out of sums, if he climbed; the hell came, climbed the pear, the blacksmith released him for extending the contract for another 7 years; after 7 years he falls into the bag, extends the contract until the death of the blacksmith's life; when he died, he knocked on Hell, the hell refused to let him in; Peter didn't let him into heaven either; the blacksmith asked to open the door to look at the Garden of Eden, threw his apron there, went to pick it up and refused to go back]: Laport 1932, No. 330:48-49.

Western Asia. Palestinians [Allah consistently sends three angels to bring a handful of dust from the earth; each time the earth groans and shudders; two good angels cannot carry out the task; Azrael fulfills , is appointed to gather people's souls; exiled to earth for transgressions, works as a healer; when he dies, he teaches his son: if he sees him in the patient's heads, then the patient will die, and if in his legs, he will recover; the son became famous and rich; one day a rich man, to whom he told him that there was no hope, begged him, promising a reward; the doctor told him to turn the bed, but A. was in his heads every time; then his son said to him: Dad seems to be coming; A. has disappeared, the rich man has recovered, but the doctor has lost his ability to see the angel of death; A. came to his son, intending to take his soul; before that he showed lamps in which different things were different amount of oil; when he saw his own, the son tried to add oil to it, but knocked over the jug and died]: Hanauer 2009:159-164; Arabs in Syria, Iraq, Qatar, Kuwait, Yemen : El-Shamy 2004, No. 332:176-178.

South Asia. Santala [a shepherd finds a fruit tree, underneath it a sworn bongo spirit (he was filled with thorns that bongos cannot overcome); for his release, the bongo promises to give a young man the ability to see bongos, understand their language and animal language; a young man sees a bongo torturing a patient, drives him away; becomes a healer, marries, gets rich; laughs, sees ants quarrel over rice; wife insists that he explain what is going on; he says he is losing the gift he has received]: Bodding 1942, No. 5:69-73; Tamils [the brahman will hate four times to demand not to bathe, not pray, eat, don't stop; this is the brahmarakshas spirit living on a banyan; in a past life he was a musician, but he did not share his knowledge, for this he was revived by an evil spirit; someone is playing bagpipes nearby it is bad that this causes him suffering; he asks to be transferred to another banyan; for this he promises to leave the princess, whom no one can cure if the brahmana comes disguised as a healer; but forbids to come to other obsessed princesses will kill; a brahman heals the princess, receives an award, marries, becomes a famous healer; his name is to another princess; he has no choice, he comes and tells brahmarakshasa get out, otherwise he will play on that bagpipe; the evil spirit runs away in horror, everything is fine]: Natesa Sastri 1884-1888, No. 19:214-220; Sinhalese [an unmarried woman gave birth to a son, replied that her husband - Mara (Death); M. began to patronize the boy; ordered him to become a healer; if he, M., is in the patient's heads, he must be given medicine, he will recover, if the patient dies in his legs; the young man decided to save one patient, gave medicine and told him to turn the bed; M. decided to kill the young man; sat down on a chair, the young man told M. to stick, let him go in three years of life; three years later he asked M. to pick the coconut, ordered stick to a palm tree; freed him again after three years of life; three years later, the young man locked himself in the room, M. entered through the keyhole; the young man asked to show and get into the bottle; plugged it with a stopper; since then since his patients have always recovered]: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 170:383-384.

The Balkans. Hungarians, Serbs, Bulgarians, Croats: Uther 2004 (1), No. 332:222-223; Slovenes [Death agrees to be the poor man's goddaughter; gives as a gift newborn with the ability to heal the sick with it]: Kropej 2012:201; Romanians [two brothers shared a vineyard; hail beat the vines of the poor and did not touch the rich; the poor man goes to give the remaining bunches to someone who explains why this happened; rejects God is unfair; praises Death treats everyone equally; she gives him a handkerchief with which he will cure every patient who has Death will stand on his feet; the poor man cured the rich boyar and received a lot of gold; on the advice of his wife, the rich man pretended to be sick to expose his brother; he saw Death in the heads of his bed, that he would soon die and he died]: Bîrlea 1966:410-411; the Greeks [the poor man took Charon as a godson; he advised him to become a doctor; if he sees H. in the patient's legs, let him treat him, and heads - do not take it, he will die; once said that he would take him away in three years; the man decided to escape; but three years later H. appeared while the man was sitting in a cafe; said that God did not allow him to soften himself request and change his mind; took his soul without letting him finish his coffee; H. does not recognize family and friendly ties]: Schmidt 1877, No. 22:117-118; Macedonians: Arkhipova 1962 [The happiness of the field owner teaches catch a farmhand in a bag Happiness; he catches, beats Happiness; it asks not to beat, teaches him to become a healer: if he sees an angel in the patient's legs, he can be treated, if in his heads, the patient will probably die; poor man got rich]: 128-131; Martin 1955 [the poor man has five children, he works, but he is of no use; the last one in the chain of reapers, lingers, everyone vilifies him; on the way home he noticed that he had forgotten the sickle; returned to the field, sees a woman who says to herself that she is the fate of the owner of the field, it is not easy for her, she collects spikelets; scolds the fate of the poor man: she is lying around, playing the vestibule, planning to slip between the legs of the poor man with a hare to try to hit her with a sickle and hit him in the leg; The owner's fate advises the poor man to prepare the bag in advance and catch the hare when it rushes between his legs; the poor man has caught his fate began to beat mercilessly; she promises to change her behavior; teaches him to find a source from which water will heal the princess; the poor man does so, receives a generous reward; Fate advises him to become a healer; if he will see it in the patient's feet, he will recover, and if you do not need to treat her in his heads, death is inevitable; that's what happened, Fate has begun to work, the poor man has become rich]: 87-92; Albanians [poor young man asks Death to come as soon as possible; she invites him to become a healer; if he sees Death near the patient, then he is hopeless, and if not, he will recover; the young man became famous; Death showed him burning lamps, his own is about to go out; after 3 hours the young man died]: Serkova 1989:170-173.

Central Europe. Poles [widow's son Bartek pulls the Old Woman Death out of the swamp; she takes him to study; releasing him five years later, explains that if he sees her in the patient's legs, he should be treated if in his heads, he will die; B. became rich; when he saw Death in the heads of a poor widow, he turned that head in the opposite direction; Death left in anger, the widow recovered; then saves her mother in the same way; both times Death forgives him; for the third time B. saves the knight to repel the onslaught of enemies; Death takes him home, allows him to pour oil from the bowls of three rescued people into his own; B. refuses, dies]: Karaliychev, Todorov 1969 (3): 122-140; Luzhitans [when the 24th child was born, the father cannot find a godfather; he met a person and he agreed; promised to help: let the person become a doctor and if sees him at the patient's head, he will say that the patient will die, and if in his legs, then let him treat him, the patient will recover in every way; one day a person saw someone in the heads of a patient who paid well and was a friend; so he unfolded the bed; the next day that man brought the doctor to a hall where many candles were burning; each was someone's life; the person who was Death showed the doctor a dying candle; if if he hadn't deceived him by unfolding the bed, he would have lived for a long time; the candle burned out and the man died]: Veckenstedt 1880, No. 23.1:341-342; Czechs (Moravia) [the poor man bears to baptize a son, no one wants to be goddaughter, the Death woman agrees; brings the poor man to the dungeon, where candles burn according to the number of people, Death lights a new one for the godson, his father for himself; Death teaches that when he sees her at his feet let the patient heal when the patient is doomed in his heads; the poor man becomes a famous healer; one day he tells him to turn the bed around, Death tells him not to do this again; he is tired of living, death hits him with a branch, he dies; Death teaches his son to know herbs, who also becomes a famous healer]: Bogolyubova, Talova 2000:189-193 (Wratislaw 1890, No. 8:52-55); Slovaks: Uther 2004 (1), No. 332:222-223; Russians (Arkhangelsk, Olonetskaya, Vologda, Tambov), Ukrainians, Belarusians [Death of a godfather: a poor man (soldier) becomes a healer; when Death is at the patient's feet, bed or the patient is turned to make Death in his head; in the end Death comes for the healer himself]: SUS 1979, No. 332:122; Russians (Arkhangelskaya) [Before his death, the father bequeathed his son to eat a roll with that friend of mine who doesn't take bribes. The son is hungry, remembers the roll and goes to look for his father's friend. He meets a gray-haired old man, Mikola, who bribes a candle, meets St. Egoray, he does the same. He meets a terrible tall old man who calls himself his father's friend because he took his soul - his son eats a roll with him. Death invites the young man to go to town and predict the fate of the sick king, but warns that he should take the reward he can carry. Well done, he predicts recovery, because he sees death sitting at the head, the king rewards the young man, he takes a moderate reward. Death sends a young man to another king to predict death, he predicts why the king will bequeath his throne to him. Death warns that the young man is supposed to sit on the throne for exactly 30 years. Death comes at the appointed time, and the king asks you to take a last walk in the garden and see the city. He asks Death why everyone in the city is crying, Death replies that they mourn the death of the tsar, because his soul is walking in the garden and the tsar himself is already dead]: Onchukov 2008, No. 40:149-159; Russians ( Vologodskaya) [The soldier served for 25 years without receiving anything for his service, tells the old man he meets about his sadness and receives cards and a bag from him, with which "no one will beat or offend him." He tries to spend the night in the village - he is not allowed in because it is cramped, and he is allowed to enter a new house, where he "cannot spend the night". The soldier drinks vodka and goes through the cards, at midnight a lot of people get mad, start dancing, one hits him on the cheek with his tail - the soldier shouts "into the bag!" , devils go into his bag. The next morning, the owners carry a coffin for him and are surprised that he is alive. She stays with them and marries her master's daughter. A girl is born - she decides to take the first woman she meets as godmother. She meets an old woman - death, calls her godfather, she agrees, and gives her godfather goodbye advice: if he is called to a patient and death is in his head, then let him not undertake to heal, and if in his legs, then let him heal by spraying the patient with cold water. The soldier is known as a healer. He is called to the sick king - death is in our heads. The soldier orders to put the patient on a bench, turns the bench, the old woman who dies does not keep up and finds herself at her feet - the king recovers. Death threatens to take revenge on the godfather - he shouts "into the bag!" and throws the bag into the attic. A year later, Mikola the merciful comes to the soldier asking him to let death go, the soldier holds her for two more years, and death threatens not to come for him when the deadline comes. The soldier worries his family, hears a rumor about the imminent arrival of the Antichrist and decides to go to the next world himself. He is not allowed to go to heaven, but he is allowed to go to hell. He catches devils in hell, makes a company out of them and begins to drill. Satan learns about him, comes and offers to play cards: if he wins, he takes the soldier's soul, if the soldier wins, he takes one of the souls from hell. Satan is losing. The demons find out that it was he who was sitting in his bag, complaining and driving him out of hell - he leaves, taking the souls of his wife and daughter. He comes to paradise - the apostles refuse to let him in, but agree to let his wife and daughter pass: a soldier stands between them and all three go to heaven]: Burtsev 1895, No. 34:153-159.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Abkhazians [the old man swore the name of Death; she came pretending to be a companion; the old man says that Death has everything; she likes his words, it gives him the ability to see it firsthand, to become a healer; if she is at the patient's feet, he will recover, if she dies at the head; when he falls ill, Death stands at his head; he takes an oath not to kill him until he buys memorial candles ; refuses to buy, lives on]: Bgazhba 2002:246-247; Adygi (bzhedugi) [the poor man does not invite God to share his meal, because God is not fair; invites Pseheh (the angel of death); he advises to go to the sick daughter of pshi; if he, P., stands in her head, the girl will die, if she is in her legs, she will recover; the poor man sees P. in her heads, gives the girl water and flour, she recovers, rewards him]: Aliyeva 1978, No. 57:321-322; Ossetians [the poor man cannot feed his family, leaves home; God sends a mediator Ouasgergi to detain him, then goes by himself; the poor man scolds both for injustice; God sends Wadesag (who takes his soul); the poor man praises him for his impartiality; W. gives him a mirror, advises him to become a healer; if he sees W. in the mirror, the patient will die, if not, he will recover, let prescribes any medicine; the poor man becomes a famous doctor, gets rich; heals the tsar]: Dzagurov 1983, No. 105:447-458; Ingush [Tsagen is ill, Allah sent an angel to take his soul; Ts asks first allow him to pray five times; A. tells the angel not to take C.'s soul until he says the prayer five times; C. says twice; tells the angel that he will say the last prayers when he says the last prayers to him will get tired of living]: Kapiyeva 1991:170-171; Dargins [the dying Nasreddin asks Azrail to allow him to say two prayers; A. agrees himself, receives permission from God; N. refuses to say a second prayer, continues to live; for him A. we see; A. reports that if he stands at the patient's feet, N. can promise recovery if his head is certain death; N. becomes a famous doctor, gets rich; refuses to share with A., he can't help it]: Khalilov, Osmanov 1989:244-245; Rutultsy [the poor man met a fellow traveler; every time he walks into a house and then comes out, crying from there; the fellow traveler confesses that he is Azrail; says he wants to help the poor; let him act as a healer; when he sees A. sitting at the head of the patient (for others, A. will remain invisible), let him be called to heal and take the reward; one day A. comes to this person himself; he asks to let him live until the hat thrown to the ceiling falls; A. watches the hat, and the person in this time falls on him; A. complains to Allah, but he allows him to keep the person alive if he could outsmart A.]: Aliyeva 2013, No. 63:275-276; Georgians [The robber demands from the old man let the girl go; he replies that he is Death, he will come for him in a week; The robber orders to build a solid palace with a single door; falls asleep; when he wakes up, sees Death nearby; asks him He swore that he would not take him away until he finished his prayer; he did not finish reading; Death offered friendship; he would see Death standing in the patient's heads or feet; if in his heads, the patient would recover; the robber becomes a healer, becomes rich, because he always correctly predicts the outcome of the disease; reads a prayer to the end over the drowned child, the child turns out to be Death; the person asks for permission to say goodbye to father, he asks Death to pick a pear; Death climbed a tree, cannot get down (Jesus was with the old man, who complained about the boys, I. promised that a person who climbed a pear would not climb without the owner's permission); the old man makes a promise from Death not to kill his son until he asks; he asked when he was old]: Kurdovanidze 1988 (1), No. 43:166-169; Armenians (Baraleti is a village with Armenian population) [the man goes to look for the godfather for his son; the wife tells him to find the richest; the man rejects Christ, St. George (they are poor), invites Death (she in rich clothes); after baptism, Death advises the man to treat the patient if he sees her in his legs, to refuse if in her heads; the man becomes a famous healer, gets rich; one day he sees Death at his head; makes her promise not to kill him until he finishes praying; breaks off prayer in the middle; with a break of several years, a man adds a line at a time, but far from the end; Death brings a golden coffin to his yard, a bag on top, the text of the prayer on it; carried away, the man read it to the end, Death jumped out of the coffin and killed him]: Bogoyavlensky 1894c: 145-148; Turks [Azrail gives the poor man medicine and tells him to use it if he does not see it at the patient's bedside; if he does not see it, the patient will recover; one day a person sees A. around himself, but begs him for another 40 years to live]: Eberhard, Boratav 1952, No. 112:133.

Iran - Central Asia. Persians (Khorasan) [a poor man who collects a thorn becomes a doctor, agreeing with the angel of death: when he sees him, he will know whether the patient will die or not; when his own hour of death comes, a man deceives the angel of death by asking permission before he dies to read a prayer he doesn't finish]: Marzolph 1984, no. 332:76

Baltoscandia. Western Sami (Sweden) [der Gevatter Tod; whether there is a "healer" motive is unclear, but given the Kildin text, this is likely]: Qvigstad 1925, No. 332:17; Eastern Sami (Kildin dialect) ) [in old age, the couple had a son; the father went to look for a godfather; rejected the line (he can only spin); invited Death; that {there is no family in Sami; for an old man Death is a godfather, i.e. probably a man}; says that the old man lives poorly; gave him the ability to see her at the patient's bedside; if in his legs, he will recover, if in his heads, he dies; the old man became rich and forgot his godfather; when he remembered, he came to Death; she called to watch the candles; the old man's candle was almost burned out, but the godson's candle was long; the old man would like to cut off his part - you can't; the old man waited for Death; when she appeared, he left the room; hears crying; Death says he's already dead]: Kert 1961, No. 36:129-131; Karelians, Swedes, Danes, Icelanders: Uther 2004 (1), No. 332:223; Estonians (Western Estonia, Torma) [the poor man cannot find a godson for a newborn; Death agrees to become one; gives him the opportunity to become a healer: if a person sees it in the patient's heads, then he is dead, and if legs, let him heal - the patient will recover; the rich man promised a lot of money for recovery; to see Death in his heads, the doctor ordered to turn the bed; on the way home, the man met Death; that says that now he must die himself; brought him to a house where candles are burning: each is a person's life, as long as he remains burning, he will live as long as he remains; the man begged Death to give him a new candle, but in a gust The wind blew out the candle and he died]: Järv et al. 2015:93-97; Finns: Salmelainen 1947 [the farmhand earned the 3rd era, bought three loaves, went on a journey; gives three poor people bread; one gives a bag, in which fits whatever you want; a card that always wins; a bag in which money is not transferred; puts a flock of geese from the sky into his bag; stays in the house, giving geese as payment; the owner settles in him in the room where the hell comes; the man beats him, takes the money; lures him into a bag, tells the blacksmiths to hit her with hammers, tells the devil to go away; next time he offers to be big then tiny, lures him into a barrel, plugs him; releases him for a promise not to return; marries, looks for a godson for a child, towards Death; Death gives the godson an ointment that cures any illness; comes to the terminally ill king; death is in the heads; the man turns the bed, gets to his head before Death, smears with ointment, the king recovers; Death wants to kill him, man tells her to get into her bag; lets her go for promising to give him another 30 years of life; if he says "Deeply grateful" to someone, he dies right away; he says them, Death takes him to heaven, they don't want to gambler; to hell; he plays with the devil, wins lots of souls, puts them in his bag; she was taken to heaven; he pointed it at himself, got into his bag, ended up in paradise]: 14-18 (=Goldberg 1953:31-46); Concca 1991 []: 195-199; Norwegians [a young man drags a heavy keg of beer, thinks who to drink part with to make it easier to carry; drives away Providence (unfair), the Devil (harmful), sits down to drink with Death, because he is equal to everyone else; Death rewards him: the keg will not run out, beer will become a medicine, the young man will be a healer; if he sees Death in the patient's legs, he must treat him, if his heads are useless; at the princess's bedside, the young man sees Death in his heads; tells the servants to turn the bed; Death wants to take him away; he asks to pick him up after he has read the prayer, stops without saying the last words; one day Death brings him a full-text board; a young man wakes up and reads to the end, Death takes him away]: Asbjíørsen, Moe 1960:131-134; Lithuanians: Kerbelite 2014, No. 52 [poor man goes to look for a godson for the child; rejects God (unfair), agrees to Death's offer (fair); the boy has grown up, Death told him to become a doctor; if he sees her in the patient's heads, he will die if he recovers in his legs; when he came through himself, he turned the bed; but in the end Death overcame him]? 53 [the old man tells the young man not to beg, but to become a doctor; if he sees death in the patient's head, he will die and recover in his legs; the king will pay well if his daughter recovers; the doctor turns the bed to until Death is on his feet; on the way home, a man saw a huge house inside a candle; old man: you changed your life to that of a royal; the royal light lit up and began to go out; when he got home, the man died], 54 [the man took the godfather The girl died, she had a braid; he became a doctor: if Death is in the legs, the patient recovers; saw Death in the heads of the lady; ordered to be tied to the bed knives and twirl the bed; lady recovered; wounded Death came for the doctor; he asked her to get into the bottle, corked her; people stopped dying; doctors are not needed, the man lost his income; released Death; she hacked him first, the pestilence began]: 120-121, 121-123, 123-125; Lebite 1965 [a poor man cannot baptize a child, an old woman offers to be a goddaughter; makes a person famous as a healer; let him boldly go to treat, if he sees her in the patient's legs, let him give a drug, if in his heads, then say that the patient will die; seeing Death in the heads of a sick royal, a person until then turned the bed until Death was tired and she was left standing; he promised to mow the doctor for this, who asks for permission to make a coffin first, asks him to try it on, pins the lid, buries it; 50 No one has been dying for years; one person began to pull out stones, came across a coffin, Death jumped out, mowed everyone he needed]: 244-246; Latvians [Godson of Death. No one goes to a poor man's cousin. After rejecting God and devil because of their injustice, the poor man chooses to die. Death makes his godson a healer, but on the condition that he will treat only those patients who have death in their feet. If she stands at the head, the patient must die. The godson turns the patient's bed to deceive death. Death takes the godson, shows a burnt candle - his life, godson dies]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 332:279.

Volga - Perm. Komi [the poor brother asked the rich man for a horse; he gave it, but without the harness of the yoke; the poor man tied the sleigh to the horse's tail, the tail came off; during this year he worked for his rich brother; then another year miller for the feast at the end and for the food that was left; took the parcel of food home, refused to give it to the Lord, but shared it with Death; grateful Death made him a healer: if he sits at the patient's feet, you can treat if he dies in his heads; the poor man became rich; the rich brother pretended to be sick, the poor saw Death in his heads, ordered him to wash the water; he jumped up, hit a joint and died]: Plesovsky 1975:120-124.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Khakas [the man is tired of a stingy wife; he disguised a hole in the ground with trees and grass, sent his wife there for berries, she failed; the kids are crying, the man lowered the rope to pull his wife out, and pulled out the Devil (Aina); he {in gratitude for saving him from a grumpy woman} sends a man to cure the rich man's daughter (Aina heals her himself, but is invisible to others); forbids going to treat the king; man goes, Aina wants to eat it, the man frightens him with his wife, he runs away; the king has recovered]: Katanov 1907, No. 375:387-388.

(Wed. Japan. Ikeda 1971, No. 332 [European subject in works by a Japanese author of the 19th century]: 91).