Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

I130. Celestial network. .19.20.25.-.

One of the constellations is a hunting or fishing net, and a seine.

Admiralty Islands, Malaita, Mariana, NW and Central Carolina Islands, incl. Satawal, Lamotrek and (?) Truk, Marshall Islands, Tikopia, Anuta, Rennell, Maori, Hama Papun, Ancient China, Hungarians, Finns, Karelians, Izhora, Counselors, Kets, Nganasans, Eastern Khanty (or Mansi?) , Southern Selkups, Ainu, Western Shoshones, Northern Payut, Kawaiisu, Panamint, Maricopa.

Melanesia. Admiralty Islands (East Manus, Titan) [kapet/umben — South Crown ('net'); atokapet — Hyades ('fishing net'); lawon kapet is a group of stars in the form of U in the constellation Eridani ('fishing net') network')]: Hoeppe 2000:27, 32; South Malaita (Sa'a) [ape — Southern Cross (letters. 'large square fishing net fixed on four upright poles')]: Ross et al. 2007:173.

Micronesia—Polynesia. Carolines (Mariana and NW Caroline Islands) [日 w 'constellation approximately equivalent to Corona Borealis; dipping net'], Satawal [roe 'Corona Borealis, shaped like a dip net' (lit. 'dip net')]: Ross et al. 2007:178; Lamotrek [tchrou — 'the fowling-net'); {also Truk?}] : Christian 1899:389; Central Carolinas: Christian 1899 (Mortlock) [name of one of the constellations uk-en-ik 'fishing net']: 390; Goodenough 1953 (Namoluk Atoll, Mortlock Islands) [ uuk en iik 'fishing net' — γ, δ, π,, α Ursa Major]: 9; Marshall Islands [uk an āriik 'first quarter of the moon's fishing net' (“das Fischnetz des ersten Mondviertels”) is a constellation consisting of β, μ, ν Boopas and μ of the Northern Crown]: Erdland 1914:79, 82; Rennell [kau-kupeța 'Southern Cross; net handle, network frame'], Tikopia [Southern Cross — “network”], Anuta (near Tikopia) [te kupeța 'Network: Southern Cros']: Ross et al. 2007:173; Maori: Best 1899 [ Te Hao-o-rua is a kupenga (web) seen in heaven; it's near Te Kakau (Orion); Autahi (Alpha Centauri) suggested Tariao {one of the planets or stars?} go to earth; Tariao refused and said he wanted Mangoroa (the Milky Way) to go online; ended up settling inside Mangoroa, securing Ti-oreore and Tu-putuputu (Magellanic Clouds) as network racks]: 111; Firth 1929 [Te Hao o Rua 'the net of Rua' is some constellation near Orion]: 47.

Taiwan — Philippines. Hama Mapun [Big Dipper is a fish trap with a rope tied to it; if you see many stars, fishing will be successful; the Pleiades are the pig the spear is aimed at — Orion's Belt; The Pleiades mark the beginning of agricultural work; the Milky Way is a snake; the V-shaped pig's jaw is associated with Orion and the hunting myth]: Peralta 2013:213.

China — Korea. Ancient China: Allen 1899 (Shu Jing) [Hyades — “Rabbit Sky Network”]: 389; Popova 1999 (Tang Dynasty) [in 617, Guangzhong was divided into 12 districts, each district established army; three years later, each army was given its own name: “In Wannian County, the army became known as the Army under the constellation Great Banner (Shenqi Jun); <... > in Binzhou County, the Army under the Star Raised Spear (Shaoyao Jun); in Xilinzhou County, the Army under the constellation Parks and Gardens (Yuanyu Jun); in Jingzhou County, the Army under the constellation Tianji jun — “Heavenly Seine”; in Yizhou County, the Army under the constellation Tianjie Jun (Heavenly Rod)”]: 235.

The Balkans. Hungarians (Csongrad) [ß, δ Andromeda and α, Pegasus — “Fishermen” (halászok); α, ß, γ, δ, Dolphin's and α, ß, γ, δ Little Horse —” fishing net knots”, and the dim stars between them are the holes in this net; “Fishermen” are clearly visible during night fishing, followed by Schnapsfrau (pálinkás asszony is a drunk woman?) and “fish merchant” (ficsér); when the “fish merchant” reaches the horizon, he turns north and goes home loaded with fish; once there were 15 fishermen, only 4 are now visible; “merchant fish” sends Schnapsfrau forward to treat fishermen with schnapps and sell him cheaper fish; Schnapsfrau is Pegasus; “Schnapsfrau” is Pegasus; it was not possible to identify the “fish merchant” because he visible only late at night; according to the description, it is a constellation of seven stars: two horses, the front wheels of the wagon, the merchant himself, the rear wheels of the wagon]: Kálmány 1893:27-28; (K álmány suggests that this image comes from the Hungarian ancestral home: “Es wäre wohl wichtig zu erfahren, in welchem Weltteil man neben unseren magyarischen “Fischern” noch 15 Sterne zusammen erblicken kann? Ob etwa in der Urheimat der Magyaren, wo sich das Volk hauptsächlich mit Fischfang beschäftigte”).

Baltoscandia. Finns [otava 'a kind of salmon-net; the Great Bear' (-va is a suffix)]: Collinder 1955:44; Karelians, Izhora [Ursa Major — Otava, specific species fish traps]: Ernits, Ernits 2012:99-100; leaders [Big Dipper — Õtavõss, a specific type of fish trap]: Ernits, Ernits 2012:99-100.

Western Siberia. The Kets [the constellation of Kas'kitdun (“Kaskit Pushchalni”) is known, presumably the Pleiades; Kaskit caught crucian carp on the ground with these forests {nets}]: Alekseenko 1976:86; nganasany: Popov 1984:47 [Milky Way — 1) Celestial dorsal ridge; 2) sky caravan; 3) seine], 48 [1) Ursa Minor (“seven stars”) — hunters catching wild deer with nets; ahead is a vazhenka with calf, hidden hunters behind; 2) Pleiades are wild deer hunters with nets; they say they catch the souls of dead people and dead deer with nets]; Eastern Khanty (Mansi are not excluded) [” seven-star constellation” (obviously Ursa Major): “bear, headless crane”, “elk”, “Alvi net with three floats”, “moose hunters”, “the tip of the scabbard from a fairytale man's belt”, “family parne”, “the mos-mum family"]: Karjalainen 1996:48; Northern Selkups: Tretyakov 1871 (Selkups?) [“some foreigners call the Milky Way a seine”]: 415; Prokofiev 1976 (the group is not specified; most likely northern ones) [The Milky Way is Oia's seine, which he hangs in the evenings, attaching it to the Polyarnaya the star, to dry; the seine is wet, fish scales are stuck in it, so it sparkles like this]: 108; southern Selkups: Kuzmina 1974 (Ket and the middle reaches of the Ob) [in the sky, the stars contain both fish and necessary fishing equipment; stars arranged in the form of an extended fishing net are called “Idina's net with three floats”]: 150-151; Helimski 1983 (notes by N.P. Grigorovsky, manuscript 1880) [iden nágur gáze ponk 'Orion, letter. three swimming networks [Iti] ']: 69, 256; Alatalo 2004 (records by K. Donner, 1911-1913), No. 169, 1645, 2162 [a constellation — the Ide/Itte network with three floats (Tym and Ket); Ursa Major — “(Jagd-) Zugnetz des Tym-Flußes” (Tym)]: 31, 237, 315.

Japan. Ainu [“In the middle of the snow-white sky river, there is a constellation in the shape of a fishing seine spread out on a double boat. This is the Cassiopeia constellation. It is called the “Star of the Quest Seine” (Yasi Noka). The stars at the top are called “rowers” (chipukoru), and the two lower stars supporting the seine are called “yashi koro kuru”. The central star symbolizes the seine itself”]: Arutyunov, Shchebenkov 1995:186.

Big Pool. Western shoshones [Big Dipper - Coyote with her son-in-law, they caught rabbits with nets; they started frying them, saw people coming (magpies, crows, jackdaws, hawks, snakes, frogs), quickly took the rabbits out of the fire and left without being noticed; the ash of their fire was a few small, misty stars; the Big Dipper was the hunters themselves and their net]: Smith 1993:114-115; northern payut [ stars around the North Star - net hunters who catch rabbits; the commit (?) It helps them by walking around with the flag]: Powell 1971:243; Kawaiisu [Rabbit net]: Driver 1937, No. 1304:87; panamint [Rabbit net]: Driver 1937, No. 1304: 87.

The Great Southwest. Maricopa [Big Dipper is the “Coyote net”; Coyote catches fish in the sea with a net; when he hears fish splashing, he turned around, so the row of stars broke (bucket handle)]: Spier 1933:148.