Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

I138. Glass Mountain. . (.34.41.)


glass mountain (tower, bridge) is referred to as an unusual (hard-to-reach) locus.

Ladins, Scots, British, Germans (Pomerania, Grimms, Swabia), Austrians (Tyrol), Palestinians, Punjabi, Slovenes, Serbs, Romanians, Moldovans, Hungarians, Poles, Luzhans, Czechs, Slovaks, Western and Eastern Ukrainians, Belarusians, Turks (Persians), Norwegians, Danes, Swedes, Latvians, Livonians, Estonians, Seto, (South Altai Tuvans, Kuchin).

Southern Europe. Ladina: Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 26 [the knight has entered the castle; the girl says she has been bewitched and will appear to him as a snake for three nights; if she kisses, she is disgraced; in the first night the snake had a girl's head, the second night her body, and the third night she was all a woman; one day a knight left the castle, went to the inn; its owner was that witch; she put a pin in his head oblivion; so 6 days; on the seventh, the girl's maid gave him a pair of gold shoes and said that the witch had taken the girl to the top of the glass mountain; the knight put on his shoes and climbed them up the mountain; giving one girl, went back with her; wedding]: 81-82; Uffer 1973, No. 44 [=Brunold-Bigler, Widmer 2004, No. 33:207-219; widow's son goes to work; sees 10 winged maidens fly to the lake, filmed the wings began to swim, then flew back to the mountain peaks; the next time the young man hid, took the youngest's wings; she became his wife; he put his wings in the chest and told his mother not to leave the key in the castle ; she left, the wife found her wings, flew away, telling her to look for her on a glass mountain; the young man went in search; the young man directs him to the old man; he sent him to his sister Moon to the top of the mountain; the Moon sends to his older brother the Sun; he to his older brother Wind; he gives a ball that rolls to a glass mountain; the wind lifted the young man up the mountain; there in the house, the mother of bird girls offers tasks; 1) cut down the forest with a lead ax (the bride tells me to go to bed, the job is done); 2) scoop out the lake with a scoop of holes (the same); 3) recognize the bride among her sisters (she tied a red ribbon to her leg); the bride tells you to run, throw three red lice behind one another; each turns into a mountain, one taller than the other; the mother cannot overcome the third mountain, stops the persecution; the young man brings his wife to him; wedding]: 211-220.

Western Europe. Scots [the old poultry house consistently tells the three princesses that they will see their fate from the back door of her house; carriages come for the older and middle ones, and the Black Ox comes for the youngest; carries her on her back to the castles of his three brothers, they give an apple, a pear, a plum, they must be broken in extreme need; in the gorge she says that if there is a blue fog, he wins, if the red fog is dead; that's it turns blue, the Black Ox turns into the Black Knight, but the bride becomes invisible to him; she has been serving for a blacksmith for seven years, for which he makes her iron shoes climb the glass mountain; she is the only one there washes the Czech Republic's shirt from blood; he must marry someone who could do it; the laundress says she washed her daughter; the princess consistently breaks an apple, pear, plum, jewelry in them; for them she buys her laundress the right to spend the night near the Czech Republic, but she gives the Czech Republic sleeping pills; the old hunter tells him that he heard singing; the Czech Republic does not drink a potion, remembers the princess, the laundress and expels her daughter]: Kharitonov 2008:419-428; the British [{episodes of the initial acquisition and loss of the magical spouse are clearly absent, but given the general similarity of the narrative to the Scottish versions, in some They were probably English too}; the eldest daughter asks her mother to cook her food for the road, goes for fate; comes to the laundress witch; on the third day a carriage arrives, the girl sits in it, leaves; same with her middle daughter; a black bull comes for her; she sits on him; on the way he tells him to take food and drink from his ears; they stop at the castle; they give her an apple, tell her to break it only in in case of emergency; in the next castle they gave a pear, in the third - a plum; the bull brings him to a remote place, tells him to wait for him; if everything around him turns blue, then he has defeated the Old One, and if red, then the Old one; everything turned blue, the girl is happy, the bull came back but did not find her; came to the blacksmith; after working for him for 7 years, she received iron shoes to climb the glass mountain; saw a handsome man give two women (mother and daughter) their bloody clothes; whoever washes will become his wife; they cannot, the girl's clothes were immediately clean in her hands; but the old woman said that she had washed her daughter; the girl opens an apple, then a pear, a plum; in each fruit of the treasure, she gives them to an old woman's daughter for the right to spend the night with her suitors; she puts sleeping pills every time; on the third day he was told about that someone was grieving at his bed; he quietly poured out wine, saw a girl; they began to live well, and the laundress and her daughter were burned]: Jacobs 1894:20-27 (translation of another version to Shereshevskaya 1957b: 158-161); Germans (Pomerania) [after finishing his service, soldier Johann got lost in the forest, came to the castle; there is a mermaid in his barrel; asks him to silently endure the torment of demons for three evenings in a row; J. I did it, the mermaid turned into a princess with a golden crown on her head; she will make Y. husband, but must first visit her country Semigradiye; I will be back tomorrow one hour before noon; a witch in the castle -the maid mixed Y. sleeping pills into the wine; the princess did not wake up, left her handkerchief, writing that she would appear twice more, and then fly to Semiradye forever; on the third handkerchief there is an inscription: goodbye forever; J. hopes to see her on a glass mountain; comes to the robbers' house, the maid hides it in a chest; one robber says that today he stole boots by leaps and bounds, an invisibility cloak and an inexhaustible purse; The robbers are first going to put the wonderful objects in the chest where Y. is sitting, but then decided to hide them under a tree; J. dug them up in the morning and flew with his girlfriend in an invisible cloak to the glass mountain ; he poured gold to the girl, and tried to get up himself, but it was too cool and slippery; went to the inn, whose owner commands the animals; he whistled on the whistle and the animals appeared; not about Semiradye they know; the owner's Schwager lives a hundred miles away, he rules birds; the last was a crane, just from Semihrad; carried the soldier to the top of the glass mountain, but only half, from where the soldier moved again down; hears a noise: three brothers have been fighting for a hundred years over their father's inheritance - a white horse that flies through the air; soldier: step a hundred steps away, whoever gets faster will get a horse; jumped on he went up the glass mountain himself; the princess goes to church with her new fiancé; the soldier showed her three handkerchiefs; she addresses the guests: she lost the key, ordered a new one, and now she has found which one is better; that's it thought it was old; wedding]: Jahn 1891, No. 56:304-311; Germans: Cosquin 1887 [Müllenhoff mentions a German version that combines the motif of a shepherd and his three magic horses with a motif a glass mountain you have to jump on to get a princess]: 96; Grimm, Grimm 2002, No. 193 [the drummer sees three pieces of white canvas on the lake shore, puts one in his pocket; invisible in the dark at night the girl asks for her clothes back; she is the king's daughter, magically imprisoned on top of a glass mountain; she must swim in the lake every day and fly back; she cannot fly away without clothes; the drummer promises rescue her; tells the giant that the army will soon come to kill him; the giant is frightened, agrees to take the drummer to the glass mountain; hands him to another giant, the third, the third leaves at the foot of the mountain; two fight over a saddle that takes them anywhere; the drummer invites them to race, flies on a saddle to the mountain; there the old woman demands 1) to scoop out the pond with a thimble in a day; the girl tells him to sleep, magically extracts water; the fish lie in a row in size, alone to the side; the girl teaches him to throw this fish in the face of a witch; 2) cut down the forest in a day, lay logs (the same, whip witch in the face with the last branch); 3) burn everything in one fire; on the girl's advice, the drummer throws the witch into the fire, removing the log that has not burned before, it turns into that girl; she warns not kissing parents at home, he kisses her, forgets her; the drummer marries another; the magical wife agrees to give that dress like the sun for permission to spend the first night at the bedroom door; but the drummer doesn't wakes up; on the second night, the dress is like the moon; on the third night, like stars; this time the drummer did not drink wine, hears his wife, remembers her; another woman received these dresses as compensation]: 558-565; Germans (Swabia) [the woman baked three pies, took them to the cellar; her three sons sniffed and ate everything; woman: let those who ate them turn into crows; the brothers flew away in crows, telling her sister to take three chicken pies legs and come a year later to the glass mountain, where their castle will be; she came, the castle is empty; took her older brother's spoon, ate from her middle plate and drank from her younger's mug; hid; the brothers flew in front of midnight; they began to look for who they ate and drank; found a sister; she would be able to spell them out if she went to the forest and did not say a word in 7 years; a year later, the hunter found her, married her; she gave birth to a son in his absence; the midwife replaced him with a dog and threw the child into the river; the crows brothers picked him up; the same with his second son; after the third, the husband ordered his wife to be burned at the stake; the years were just over; appeared three white knights on white horses, missing sons in their arms; the midwife was burned at the stake; the brothers did not leave their sister and her children to their abusive husband, but took them with them]: Meier 1852a, No. 49:174-179; the Germans ( Swabia) [the king promises to pardon a person if he goes to the glass mountain dragon and finds out why the princess is sick and where the key to the treasury is; the ferryman asks for how long he will take to transport travelers; the dragon's old wife hides the man behind the bed; wakes her husband three times a night, asking for an explanation of her dream, but in fact asking questions that the person should know the answer to; the dragon replies that the princess will recover when she marries; the king left the key to the treasury in seinem Sopha; the ferryman must let the passenger go ahead and leave him in the boat; the old woman gave the dragon feathers to the man: will bring happiness; the princess married and recovered, the king found the key, rewarded the man, and the dragon feathers made him rich]: Meier 1862, No. 73:253-256; Austrians [the young man sees how in the forest on Three girls swim in the lake, put on swan clothes, fly away; the mother tells me to build a hut near the lake and guard; the young man hides the average girl's clothes, brings her to the hut; goes after his mother, forgetting lock the chest; the girl finds her clothes, flies away, telling them to look for them on a glass mountain; the old man calls the animals, only the three-legged hare knows the way to the glass mountain; the young man divides the horse's carcass between the bear , wolf, crow and ant; each gives his own hair (ant-paw) to take the form of this animal; a young man flies up the mountain to the girl as a crow; she warns that her mother is a witch; she sets wedding conditions; 1) drink an egg without breaking the shell (the young man makes a tiny hole with an ant); 2) cut down the forest in three days, turn it into piles of firewood (the wife does everything); 3) set fire firewood and jump into the fire; he jumps, there is a palace on the site of the fire; the young man began to live in it with his wife and her sisters]: Cerf 1992:123-128.

Western Asia. Palestinians [the king has eldest sons Ahmed and Mohammed and younger Khalil; the king wants them to marry; sons set off; on the way, H. kills the monster and the seven-headed serpent; H. from a distance sees a beautiful woman on the roof; comes to town; this is the youngest of the king's three daughters; H. kills four guards, enters the princess's chambers and kisses her; confesses to the king that he killed the monsters and kissed him daughter; the vizier advises to agree to give his daughters to the princes, but for the youngest, let H. get a crown of gems from the jeweler Mahmud; H. comes to the green plain, there is a tree, he kills a snake that has gathered devour the eagle's chicks; the eagle brings it to M.; it is the brother of the monster and the seven-headed snake, but 40 times stronger than them; I agree to give a crown if H. gets Aika, the daughter of the sorceress Lahhuj; the eagle flew to A.; she She turned her into stone, and H. bewitched her half; but she felt sorry and disgraced both; asked her to be freed from L.; they flee, taking the castle with them, L. pursues; A. created the sea behind her, L. him drank; a glass mountain - L. cut; a mountain of fire - extinguished;; A. gave H. a fiery sword, he killed L. with them; they flew to M., H. and killed him, took all the necklaces; now the king asks to cross the sea; eagle turned into a horse and H. rode across the sea as if by land; got a princess; after the wedding, everyone said goodbye to the king, but H. did not, because of this his wife cries; H. returned to say goodbye, and at that time the Jew took him away wife; H. went in search; the shepherd became his companion; they killed the camel, H. climbed into his skin and the Jew believed that the shepherd was with the shepherd; the shepherd lured the Jew out of the house; at this time H. found out from the kidnapped a Jew girl {not his wife} that a Jew's life was outside his body; asked him to find out where; first he said he was in a broom; the girl began to take care of her; Jew: no, his soul was in the claw of a lion; H. killed a lion in the paw of a lion there was a box with a bird in it; the girl asked for the bird to be given to her; began to tear it up, tearing off the Jew's arms first, then his legs and then his head; H. returned to his father {apparently with three wives} and he handed him the throne]: Littmann 2016:5-26.

South Asia. Punjabi [{only part of the text is available}... the younger brother receives three horses - bronze, silver, gold; the king promises a daughter to whoever pulls three golden apples from the top of the glass mountains; young man jumps on his horses...]: Sheikh-Dilthey 1976, №? : 87 (?) -90 (?).

The Balkans. Slovenes [of three brothers, only Zapechnik comes to his father's grave for himself and his brothers; each time he receives a nut; the king tells his daughter's suitors to ride across the glass bridge; Z. every time breaks a nut, pulls out a horse and knightly equipment; for the third time, the princess manages to put a seal on his forehead; the king sends soldiers to look for the winner; Z. finds him, he becomes king]: Arkhipova 1962:221-222; Serbs [the peasant has two clever sons and a third casserole; when he dies, the father tells him to come to his grave three evenings one by one for the inheritance; the eldest sons were afraid, each once they send a casserole; he received 3 nuts, the father tells him to hide them in the cemetery wall; the king will give his daughter for someone who jumps across the glass bridge; the older brothers buy horses and go to try happiness; the casserole splits the first nut, it contains a horse and armor; only an unrecognized casserole galloped across the bridge; so three times (the second horse is silver, the third is gold); the third time the queen put the casserole on her forehead is stamped; he was found, made king]: Tesic 2018:26-28; Romanians [the childless Empress finally had a daughter Luminoară (Little Light, L.); something bothers her she did not leave the palace for a long time; when she left one evening, she was fascinated by the light of the sun; went to search for the Light of the Sun; taking off the clothes of the murdered warrior, dressed up as a man; she began to serve the master, who defeated, she came to the spring, an old woman next to her, L. exclaimed that she was black as darkness; the old woman is happy that L. called her by name, because her name was Darkness; tells her to go east and climb glass mountain; 12 days later L. reached the mountain; the blacksmith shod her horse and he climbed the mountain; then the plain; she came to the palace, there were three girls; they first called her brother, but she explained that also a girl; seeing that L. was sad, the sisters gave her a sword: if removed from its scabbard, the enemy army would die, only the leader would remain; L. went further east, destroyed the king's opponents, and he he married her against her will; she ran away, went east again, met a decrepit old man; cut his hair, washed him, he headed east, gave a piece of bread to throw a piece of bread to the three-headed dog; L. threw it, the dog let her through; the light in the palace dazzles her eyes, she drank from the spring, then she was able to look; reached her goal by going beyond Sunlight; but his jealous mother turned her into a lark; since then he has been always trying to fly closer to the sun]: Rev. de trad. pop. 8, 598 in Dähnhardt 1910:387-389; Romanians [the king has a pear tree, three birds with iron beaks eat fruits at night; the older princes fall asleep; the younger mouse asks for crumbs; wakes her up when the birds arrive, he catches one, brings her into the house, she turns into the Beauty of the World, they sleep together; the maid cuts off her gold curl; The beauty of Mira is offended: let the prince look for her on a glass mountain; fly away as a bird; the Beauty of Mira is the daughter of another king; he demands one of the princes as her husband; the eldest goes, the father puts on a bear the skin and frightens him, he turns back; the same with the middle one; the old woman advises the youngest to choose a horse that eats hot coals, take the sword and armor that his father used when he went to marry; The prince was not afraid of his father; he tells him to avoid the red-bearded and beardless; the beardless imposed himself on companions; rejected twice, but the third time convinced that everyone here is beardless; lowers into the well and refuses to raise before the prince does not agree to change roles; calls him the White Moor (BM); at the court of the Red King, the beardless sends BM for a gem from the lion garden; then for gold-haired deer; the horse kills the beardless, the prince regains his status and marries the Beauty of the World; after the wedding, he takes his wife home, with them the Destroyer of the Nine Lands (RDZ) so that the prince's horse can climb a glass mountain, shoves it with puddy horseshoes, and blindfolds all the wedding guests; one untied the bandage, the horse fell to his knee; during this time, BM's mother died, the father remarried; the stepmother put poison in BM's food and on the bridge he should ride on; the RDZ leads past the bridge, throws food to the pigs, burns the clothes offered; he has to explain and as he tells he becomes stony; KM gives birth a beautiful child; the couple dream that RDZ can only be revived with the blood of their child; three drops of blood fall on the petrified person, he comes to life]: Bîrlea 1966:431-433; Moldovans [God and St. Peter was walking by, Peter baptized the peasant's third son, who became prophetic; the godson of God (KB) plowed a furrow from the kitchen to the arable land so that his sister would walk along the furrow; the dragon recognized, held out a furrow to his home, the girl took lunch, got to the dragon; KB goes looking for her, throwing an iron core forward; the chicks say that the dragon from the well is eating them, 24 has already eaten them; KB cuts off both heads of the dragon; mother asks the chicks, where their savior is, they send her in the wrong direction so that she does not swallow KB in joy; she finds, swallows, belches, KB becomes handsome; asks the bird to find her sister; she calls her sons- Winds; Eastern self with a nail, a beard with an elbow on a lame hare; Southern tall, blind, gives hairs, if burned, will come to the rescue; KB meets Obivala, Opivala, South Wind; East and South Winds tear the dragon in half; three brothers fight for their father's inheritance - an invisible hat, a whip to fly on, an awl that lifts him to a glass mountain, where the king hides his daughter from the dragon; KB promises to throw things into the lake (whoever gets them faster), takes them himself; the king promises a daughter for killing the dragon; KB overhears Scaraosky (the devil's boss) telling the hell that KB should spray water on them from his baptisms, then he will take the treasure; so that KB does not sprinkle them with water, the devils bring him a dragon in a barrel; KB brings the barrel to the king, kills the dragon, faints; the king puts him in the barrel, drops him; KB burns hairs, a man with a nail on a lame hare frees him; the king demands for his daughter 1) a flower from the Flower Mountain (a man with a nail gives); 2) eat a herd of cows (Oat eats); 2) drink a well water (Opivalo drinks); 3) collect all the mosquitoes (South Wind collects); the king threw the awl to hell into the lake; KB again threatens them with baptismal water, they give them an awl; KYU climbs a glass mountain, marries on the princess]: Moldavian tales 1968:185-194; Hungarians [see motif K131B; the usual formula in this and other texts is: "after going through 49 kingdoms, across the sea of Operentia and beyond the glass mountains, and even further, there, where a little pig with a short tail is digging, and even further, and yet, finally.."]: Curtin 1890:409-423.

Central Europe. Poles: Shcherbakov 1980 [retelling Kozlov 2006:330; a golden life has grown on the shepherd's field; he tells his three sons to guard him; when it is the youngest's turn, the bird carried away the sheaf; the young man behind her; in the forest house, an old man lies by the fire on that sheaf; the young man invited him to be his son; the old man's blind wife agrees; the old man gives sheep to herd, does not tell them to be allowed into the dry pond - the Rock spirit will take away; gives a violin; spirit drove the sheep; the young man gave him a violin to play, he broke the string; the young man promises to teach him to play, first straighten his fingers; the spirit put them in the split trunk; the young man let him go for promising not to touch sheep; the spirit points to grass that will restore blind vision; old people promise to get a girl for their adopted son; we must ride a goat to the sea; three ducks will fly, throw off their clothes, become maidens; we must hide the shirt he likes; the guy succumbed to persuasion, gave the shirt, the duck flew away; a year later the old man sends the guy again; after bringing the girl home, the guy took pity again and returned the shirt; the third time - last; the goat (this is the old man) is carrying to another sea; the young man did not give his shirt, the old man gave the maiden a cape; the young man, his wife and newborn daughter went to visit his real father; having a gold Zhito, the shepherd became a prince; at a feast, the daughter-in-law asks her father-in-law to get her best outfit - her husband hides it in the chest; she became a duck and flew away with her duckling daughter; that old man gives the young man a masm to become a hare, fish, fly; the young man reached the top of the glass mountain; overheard that his wife was grieving without him, became human again; his wife's parents handed him the throne; he sent for his real father and for that old man, he did their ministers]: 115-125; Knoop 1916, No. 1 (Poznan) [the miller took his son to look for a rich bride for him; they came to the glass mountain where the witch lives with her three daughters; daughters fly in swim in the stream, take off their wings; the young man hid the youngest's wings, she agreed to become his wife; the witch demands to build a glass chapel; the girl tells me to go to bed; when the young man wakes up, the chapel ready; the same is to dig three holes on the mountain with a glass shovel; the girl offers to run; the witch sends her eldest daughter in pursuit; the girl turns herself into a thorny bush, and the young man into a flower; the eldest daughter wants pick a flower, but the thorns interfere; sends an middle daughter; a chapel and a priest; he threw three crosses in front of the pursuer and she returned; the third time the mother catches up herself; the pond and the duck; the mother stopped chasing, leaving three dresses on the shore; the daughter took them; the young man and the girl came to the miller's son's birthplace; the young man left his bride, came home; forgot his bride and is going to marry another girl; the first bride started working for another miller; the young man came there while the girl was doing laundry; asked if she could help; she asked to rinse her handkerchief and he stayed at the trough and rinsed the handkerchief until morning; the next time the girl milked the cow; the young man grabbed the tail and held it until morning; at the wedding, the witch's daughter came to the bridesmaid, wearing the most modest thing left by her mother dresses; the groom asked her to give this dress to his fiancée; the girl gave it, ran home and put on the second dress; the same; when she wore the third dress, the young man recognized the girl, married her and the other bride sent home]: 204-206; Poles [a princess in a castle on a glass mountain, next to an apple tree with gold and apples; an apple tree is guarded by a huge falcon; whoever gets up, picks an apple and enters the castle is will receive the princess and the treasure; many knights tried to get up, but fell and crashed; one almost got up, but the falcon snatched his horse's eyes, the knight and the horse fell, crashed; the young man attached himself claws on his arms and legs, almost climbed; fell asleep from fatigue; the falcon came down to peck at him, but the young man grabbed his legs, the falcon pulled him upstairs, and the young man then ate at his foot with a knife; everything from the falcon's blood the dead have come to life; the young man married the princess]: Woycicji 1820:67-71; the Luzhitans [the young hunter aimed at the swan three times on the lake, but each time a voice asks him not to shoot; the princess in the form of a swan asks her to spell; to do this, you need to read in the Church of our Father every Sunday of the year; then let her come back to the lake; when the year is almost over, the hunter won the target, and the king promised to give his daughter to the winner; but the hunter rejected the princesses - his fiancée was more beautiful; however, he did not go to church that day, and when he came to the lake, the swans were not there; he heard a voice: did not go to church, now look for it on a glass mountain; in the forest, a miller in a lonely mill says that no one has come to him for 700 years; in the morning he planted him on a golden roe deer and it brought it to the glass mountain; voice forbids him to bend down for a drink; he drinks, the mountain disappears, now we must look for the dark world; the young man came to another miller; he grinds for the dark world and from time to time the bird carries flour there; the young man hid in a barrel of flour carried by the vulture; in a dark world, the swan princess hid the young man under her bed; warned him that the spirits would torment him for three nights, and if they did not moan, will spell her; he endured everything, woke up with the princess in the castle and became king]: Veckenstedt 1880, No. 13.3:122-125; the Czechs [the king is almost blind, consistently sending three sons alive water; the elder, the middle lose all the property and themselves; the younger saddles a horse named Siwák; buys the debtor's corpse, which is mocked; the wolf asks him not to kill, tells him to leave the horse, sit on it, brings it to the silver castle on a glass mountain, tells him to collect alive and dead water there; when he enters the castle, the Queen killed the 12-headed dragon, got together with the sleeping royal, leaving her with his belt and putting it on; wolf: I'm the dead man you bought, now go alone and don't buy meat from the gallows; the Queen saw his brothers being led to the gallows and bought them; while he slept, they changed the living water with poison; when the Queen gave it to his father, the brothers offered to try it on the dog, she died; the king ordered his son to be imprisoned in a tower without food or water; the wolf began to bring them to him; the royal gave birth to a son, he grew up, asks about his father; the Queen wrote a letter to the king demanding that she send the son she had; the elder, middle brothers are driving not on the gold bridge, but on the iron bridge, they answer incorrectly, planted in a tower; the king has to send his youngest son, he is going to send bones, but it turns out that his son is alive; his wedding to the royal, his father is happy]: Erben 1976:16-21 (transferred to Lifshitz- Artemyeva 2017:113-122); Czechs [two magi ask for permission to spend the night when the princess gives birth; until midnight they look at the stars - only gallows flash; after midnight everything is fine; the princess gives birth a handsome boy with a golden star in his forehead; the prince called the travelers to cronies; they called the prince Worldly beauty as his wife; the young man grew up, saw a book with this record and went for his betrothed; came to the Sun - he does not know whether he sends to the Wind, the Wind to the Month; he leads to the bridge and tells him to let the horse cross it; a dragon appeared from under the bridge, ate the horse and fell asleep; then the young man crossed the bridge; in his forest hut godchildren; they lower the young man into a hole in the ground; he left them a handkerchief: if he stained with blood, they must hurry to help; the young man came to the sorcerer; she says that worldly beauty is on the top of the mountain in a glass castle; from 12 maids go down to the lake to swim; put his golden crown in the grass; shoot one of the maids; worldly beauty will lean towards her, at which time you have to grab the crown and run without looking back; but he looked around, turned into a deer; the handkerchief was stained with blood; the godchildren came to the sorcerer; she said that a golden bullet should be shot at a star on the deer's forehead; he grazes among others, they were also young men ; the godchildren shot, the young man became human; the sorcerer again tells him not to look back; he looked around and became a bear; (same); sorceress: become a beetle and hide in a horse's skull; the young man grabbed the crown, not looked around, his godchildren took him upstairs; worldly beauty followed by 12 maids, agreed to become the young man's wife; while they were sleeping, the maids became doves, the godchildren heard what they were talking about; the prince father will send a golden carriage to the young, by the will of the dragon it will fall into the abyss; next time: the father sends wine, the dragon will poison him; on the third night: when the young go to bed in the upper room, the dragon will get to them and will kill a young man; whoever tells will petrify; the godson tells him not to sit the carriage, not to drink wine; in the castle he stayed at the newlyweds bed, killed the dragon; did not say anything and left]: Nemtsova 1978:140-152; Czechs [the king invites his three sons to go out into the world, find brides and bring him gifts a year later - who is better; brothers shoot arrows in different directions; the youngest is Yarmil, his arrow is hit by the mouse hole; the road down opened, in front of Y. marble castle; towards me a girl in white, telling Y. to sit on her white horse; the horse flew to the castle made of gold and gems; I got off my horse, and the horse flew away; inside the hall one richer than the other; the last one is empty, and the diamond says; to save me, keep me by your side and bathe me every day; there is a toad under diamond and gold; he put it in his bosom; in another hall of food and wine they appear by themselves; I stayed in the castle, but the more I washed the toad, the uglier it seemed; a year later I found a note: put me in a frying pan, cover me, bring me to my father as a gift; I returned to my father together with her brothers; the elder bride has a princess, the gift is a mirror; the middle bride also sent a mirror; I gave the box; it had diamonds on it; a little man jumped out of it and handed a mirror, and then disappeared; the king recognized Y.'s gift as the best; now the king tells his sons to return in a year and one day, bringing portraits of their brides; I. returned to the toad; a year later a note: give my portrait in a frying pan to my father; when I. gave it away, the king said that he had not seen such a beauty; a year and a day later, the king wanted to see the brides themselves; instead of a toad in front of me, beautiful; tells me to go down to the basement, there are 12 candles, in front of each shirt; I have to put out the candles, bring shirts and candles, be silent and not listen to anything; beautiful: these shirts are toad skins, and the candles burned me; a monster nailed by the tongue in the basement bewitched my father king; a witch who is stronger than a monster nailed; for three years you should not tell me what image I was in or say how many skins I had; your mother is especially dangerous, a witch who hates you; I brought the bride, the wedding of three brothers; the prince's mother convinces him that the witch is not her, but his fiancée; found out what she wanted; stole toad skins and candles from Y.'s wife's room and burned them; wife: you have solved the secret, now I fly to a glass mountain, from where there is no return; I go in search; the juggler said that there is a glass mountain in the east; there is a river around the mountain, there are three giants on the bridge; the maiden from the white castle: tie your hooves with rags the horse and throw the dust behind; spend the night in the mill across the river; the cook will bring the chicken to the miller, throw the bones under the millstones; let him give it to you, and you throw it in front of you when you want to climb the glass the mountain; the last one to throw behind you when you are at the top; when I threw the bones, each turned into a step; when I threw the last one back, there was a road that the horse climbed; in the castle a witch lives with 12 daughters; wife: the witch knows that you are here, be nice to her; when eating, after each meal, get up and leave, otherwise you will stay forever; the witch promises to give me a wife, but for three years of service; gives a wooden ax to cut down the forest; the wife put Ya to sleep, threw the powder, someone's hands cut down the forest; the witch gave a shovel to dig the mountain (same); scoop out the pond with a thimble (same); wife: now the witch will appear in a black cloud, hit her with my sword; the witch fell dead, my wife and I galloped away; when they found out everything, the king burned mother Y.; they arrived at the mouse court: there are the gates of the city, disgraced people greet; everyone is happy]: Curtin 1890:331-355; Slovaks [the elderly king asks his son to marry; the old woman tells the prince to go to the glass mountain and pick three lemons; the prince came to The lead castle, in front of Jezibaba Castle (the embodiment of winter), leans on a lead staff; she does not know the way to the glass mountain, hides the young man; J.'s son did not eat him, advises him to go to his brother's silver castle; at dinner he eats lead cakes; the young man came to the silver castle, there is another Yezibaba (all the same, but the items are silver); then the golden castle; its owner shows the way to the mountain, there is a tree on it, on it three lemons; only the person to whom the fruit is intended can pick; at first, the prince cannot climb the glass, but decides to throw away the metal pies that each of the cannibals gave him with him; they turned into steps; he picked the lemons, after which the tree and mountain disappeared, he found himself in the middle of the plain; on the way home he cut one lemon; a girl appeared, but when he found out that the prince had not cooked for her food, drink and clothes, disappeared; the same with the second; the third allowed me at home, the girl got everything, the prince married her and reigned after the death of his father; leaving for war, left his wife on a throne that others could get up only if the wife lowers the silk rope for them; there is a pond under the throne in the garden; the gypsy maid came for water, saw a reflection, thought she was so beautiful, broke the jug; then realized her mistake; the old woman advises the gypsy woman to ask the queen to lower the rope so that she can comb her hair; put a pin in her head, she will turn into a white dove, and let the gypsy put on her clothes and sit down on the throne; so it happened; when the king returned, the imaginary wife explained that she had changed from suffering, waiting for him to return; a dove flew in, the king stroked her, felt for her and took out the pin, the wife revived; the maid and the old woman were burned; the king still reigns happily if he is still alive]: Wratislaw 1890, No. 10:63-74; Western Ukrainians (Transcarpathia, Khust District, p. Gorinchevo) [in the 77th state, behind glass mountains, behind milk streams, grandfather and woman live, there are no children; the old woman asks her grandfather to make a child and a cradle out of wood; he cuts down a sycamore, combs the boy, him they call Yavorovy Ivan (YAI); makes a cradle, a woman shakes her, the child does not come to life, grows up; two years later he goes to the forest, helps his grandfather; snakes (shufflers) took three royal daughters; their savior will receive one of them and the state; YAI goes in search, meets a gypsy, becomes friends; they find a hole, wind a rope, fix them on the stove; one will take the youngest daughter, the second will take the middle daughter, the eldest will serve; YAI goes down, hears a girl singing, she is in a hut rotating on a chicken leg; girl: her husband has five heads, he has strong water; YAI drinks water; an iron club falls into the yard, YAI throws her back, snake sees that someone strong is in his yard; comes in, says he smells sinful; wife: this is my brother; they shake hands; the serpent eats melted tin dumplings, drinks water, then goes to fight; snakes He hammers JAI knee-deep into the ground, YI to the waist, the serpent to the arm, YAI to the neck; begins to beat off his heads with a club, but they come back again; the girl sprinkles ashes on them, the head cannot grow, the snake kill; the girl says that she and YAI belong to each other; YAI tells me to collect everything valuable, lock the house, wait for him; puts on a snake's clothes, takes his sword, comes to her middle sister; she also plays harmonica and sings; her husband has ten heads, drinks special wine; YAI swaps barrels of water and wine; when approaching, the snake throws a club of 12 quintals; YAI drinks wine, throws away the club; (hereinafter the same as in YAI changes his sword to the one that the stronger snake has, comes to the third hut; there is a younger princess; the snake yells at his wife who found her with her lover, breathes fire from 12 mouths; Yai hides from by the door; when the heads show up in the hut, tells her sword to cut them; the elder princess puts all the jewelry in cream, the middle princess puts them in an apple, the youngest in a walnut, Yai puts them in her pocket, sends them upstairs the royal daughters, the gypsy pulls them out and goes away with them; Yai walks along the path day and night, comes to the hut, there is a woman, she has eyelashes to the ground; she calls him a dog son, agrees to serve, tells her to take a pitchfork and raise her eyelids, otherwise she does not see him; YAI raises her eyelashes to the woman, she recognizes him as YAI: the sycamore from which he was made knows him; she will take care of the mares: herd three times and bring back, otherwise your head is down; mares are women's daughters; the woman gives YAI a sleepy cake; when YAI wakes up, there are no mares; the fox asks for a cake, tells me to go home and become in a manger: mares have become chickens, the fox begins to torture them, the chickens run into the barn, become mares, YI ties them up, reports to the woman, who hits them with an iron pitchfork for letting themselves be caught, tells them what they should do; on the second the day is still the same, the wolf promises to help if YAI treats him to bread; explains that mares have become crows; the old horse lying on the manure will say everything to do; horse: there is a twig in its tail, they need wave and say: "Stay in place"; three crows sitting in a tree fly into the barn, become mares; the woman hits them with an iron pitchfork: they probably sleep with Ivan, love him, want to destroy her; On the third day, YAI gives a cake to the bear; he advises him to go home, there is an ox on the second pile of manure, he will explain what to do; the ox tells him to take two twigs from its tail, one wave to the left, and the other on the right, until the mares appear, ask the woman for an old horse for his service; the mares turn into crayfish, swim from pool to pool, YAI hits them with twigs, turns them back into mares; the woman tears her hair, tells him to ask what YAI wants; he asks the old horse; the horse advises the woman to bow down, the woman spits after him, he has time to close the door, otherwise he would burn down; the horse asks how to go - in the wind or against winds, soars up, asks to see what's behind them; YAI sees a black cloud, it's a woman, a horse tells you to throw the comb (thickets from ground to clouds); the cloud is almost catching up, but they cross the border of the earth; woman screams terribly, crumbles to dust; the horse offers to go to the royal city; woman: three royal daughters have returned, the wedding is being prepared, the gypsy takes the youngest; YAI is hired by a shoemaker; princess ordered to make shoes like they had not done before; Yai takes out her younger sister's shoes out of the walnut, hangs them on a carnation; in the morning the younger princess comes and tells the shoemaker that he did not do it, but she also it is necessary to go to the tailor; YAI runs to the tailor, takes out his dress from the walnut; the princess calls the craftsmen for her wedding; YAI tells the horse to climb into his left ear, there are beautiful clothes; they fly to the palace; gypsies to the king: this is an angel going to the wedding; when she sees YAI, the bride cries for joy, but the gypsy does not confess; YAI puts plum, apple and nut on the table; the older sisters take out their wealth, and the youngest's nut is empty; she Understands everything; gypsies are executed, YAI marries a younger princess]: Lintur 1969:151-160; Eastern Ukrainians (Poltava, c. 1878, p. M. Borispol, Pereyaslavsky Street) [Sons chew bread for their old father; he wants to thank them by giving each of them a horse. Before he dies, he asks everyone to spend one night at his grave. Older brothers send a younger one instead of themselves, a fool. His father tells him to pull the hair out of the right ear of a beautiful roaming horse, which will then appear whenever a fool whistles at him. The son repeats the action two nights in a row and then in turn. The brothers are going to cross the glass bridge to the princess's palace: she promises to marry whoever succeeds, the youngest is left to herd pigs. The fool summons the horse, overtakes the brothers, hits them with a whip, reaches the middle of the bridge and returns to the field. At home, the brothers complain about the rider who hit them, the fool laughs, says they should stay at home. The next day, everything repeats itself, the fool almost reaches the princess's palace, saying that he will not go on his own. On the third day, the fool jumps to the palace, leaves a stamp on his forehead and arm, at home he ties his forehead and arm, says as if he had fallen. The princess promises to marry someone who catches a wild boar and a goat. The fool summons a horse, hunts animals, changes clothes, gives it to his brother, for which he cuts off their fingers. The princess arranges a big dinner to find the one who crossed the glass bridge, finds a fool among the guests, dresses him up, and he proves with his fingers who caught the wild boar and the goat. The king marries young people. He gives his son-in-law a horse, who takes him out into the field, removes his skin, calls dogs, wolves, crows, they eat it, and the fool comes back. The king gives another horse, he repeats the actions. The king goes to visit and takes all the horses with him so that his son-in-law does not kill them, the princess asks them to be left, but the father does not leave them. Her husband promises her he'll get horses. After the tsar's departure, the fool whips out a beautiful three horses, the young ones catch up with the tsar, he does not recognize them]: Chubinsky 1878, No. 70:269-274; Belarusians (p. Novaya Yelnya) [Husband and wife lived, and the child was small. The wife took the baby in the cradle and went to the harvest. She stung, got ready to go home - no baby. I looked for him, called him, but he wasn't there. And the baby crawled out of the cradle and crawled into the forest. The forest owner saw it and took him to raise him. And he named him Ivan Znaiden (The Foundling). He raised him and ordered him to go to his father and mother. Ivan went. He walked, walked, saw three blizzards fighting. He asks them, and they say they have found three things - a flying carpet, an invisible hat, a purse with money, and they are fighting for them. And Ivan says to them: "Do you see a high mountain? Stand there and run - whoever of you runs faster will take it all!" And they went to that mountain, and Ivan took all his things for himself. He did not go to his father and mother, but he went to his forest master. The owner asks why Ivan came back. And Ivan replies that he found three things - a flying carpet, an invisible hat and a wallet with money. The forest owner then tells him where to find the bride: "If you go, three doves will fly. They will sit by the sea and become beautiful girls. When they go swimming, you take one dress and take it away. And whose dress, take that one by the right hand and marry her. Just don't drink her gorilki! If you drink, it'll fly away from you!" This is how the forest owner taught him, so Ivan went and came to the sea. He sees three doves flying. They sank ashore and became maidens. We went swimming, he took the dress alone and hid it. They swam, began to dress - one dress is missing! Looking for and looking for a girl, she won't find it. He says, "Who laughed at me? If old, be my father, if average, be my uncle, if you are single, be my faithful husband!" He answers her, she sees that she is young. "If you are my husband and I am your wife, give me the dress!" She dressed up and took her to her father-mother. We got married. They lived well until I drank vodka from it. But she began to ask him what kind of love they had, that he took nothing from her. She shamed him so much, so he drank from her hands. Ivan fell asleep, and she put on her dress and flew away, just saying: "I'll see you - I won't see you in the Glass Mountains!" Ivan woke up - no wife. I went looking for her. He walked and came to his forest master. The forest owner reproached him for disobeying Ivan's advice. Asks what she said when she left. Ivan talked about the Glass Mountains. But the forest owner did not know where they were. He went out onto the porch, shouted in a good voice, whistled with a heroic whistle - birds, everything in the world, flew to him. He asks the birds if they know where the Glass Mountains are. No birds have seen. Then the forest owner gives Ivan a ball. Where he goes, Ivan should go. It brings his glomerulus to his middle brother. Everything repeats itself, the middle brother calls all animals in the world except wolves. The beasts of the glass mountains have not seen. Then his middle brother gives Ivan another ball, and tells him to follow him, he will lead him to his older brother. The big brother calls wolves - everything in the world. The wolves didn't see it. The elder brother did not believe them. He asks if all wolves are here. They see that there is no one lame wolf. The elder brother went out onto the porch again when he whistled - all the leaves in the forest flew around. The wolf doesn't come. He whistled another time - all the branches from the trees fell. Here comes the lame wolf. His older brother asks him where he was so far away. The wolf says he was in the Glass Mountains. Then his older brother tells him to take Ivan to the Glass Mountains. Ivan sat on the wolf and he was huddling. "How can you ride if you're lame," says Ivan, we flew on a flying carpet! The wolf then says to Ivan: "Tear a piece of wool between my ears as you need it, sunk it, and I'll rush to you." He showed him how to fly to the Glass Mountains and disappeared. Ivan flew to the Glass Mountains, but he couldn't climb. He burned the wool, summoned the wolf. The wolf advised him to go to the bazaar, buy iron and go to the blacksmith to forge iron claws on his arms and legs, and when he climbed, call himself a cook. That's what Ivan did. They sent him as a cook to the key box. That was his wife. We met and recognized each other. Time passes, she sends him to the bazaar, tells him to buy 60 horses, a carriage and coachmen. Ivan performs everything. His wife is punishing him to live in the Glass Mountains, to walk wherever she wants, but not to look into the booth. And she takes a carriage to her father. He is left alone. I couldn't resist looking into the booth. And there Kashchei the Immortal hangs and his horse. He asks him to feed him, so he will save Ivan from death three times. Ivan brings him bread, Kashchei eats himself and feeds his horse. It happens like this three times. Kashchei now asks Ivan for a bucket of water. Ivan brings water three times. After getting drunk and drinking his horse, Kashchei saddles his horse and tells Ivan that for his kindness he will take his wife away from him and live with her himself. And Kashchei took Ivan's wife to other Glass Mountains. Ivan summons the lame wolf. He again shows him the way to the Glass Mountains. Ivan flies there on a flying carpet. He slips past the guard, wearing an invisible hat. Kashchei is not there, Ivan picks up his wife and, wearing an invisible hat, walks past the guard again. Kashcheev's horse laughs, tells him about Ivan's kidnapping of his wife, advises him to brew beer, drink and then catch up. So they did, then they caught up and took his wife away, but Ivan Kashchei, as promised, did not kill. Ivan is flying for his wife again on a flying carpet. Everything repeats itself, Ivan kidnaps his wife, then Kashchei takes her away, Ivan does not kill. Ivan enters the kingdom of Kashchei for the third time, he is not at home. He asks his wife to find out where Kashchei got such a horse. Kashchei returns and answers questions that Baba Yaga lives in a kingdom of far away, a state far away, she has 100 mares, whoever saves them for 3 days will get the best stallion, and whoever does not lose them will get the best stallion, and whoever does not lose them will get the best stallion, and whoever does He'll put his head on a stake. Kashchei flies away, Ivan comes. His wife tells him about Baba Yaga. And Ivan goes to serve the stallion (on foot). Hungry Ivan came to the sea, and cancer lies on the shore. Ivan wants to eat it, the cancer persuades him to take his "playful girl" and call it when necessary. Ivan goes on hungry. He sees woodpeckers in the forest. She wants to get them and eat them. An old woodpecker flies, asks Ivan not to touch his children, for which he gives him a pen - call him when you need me. Ivan meets further than an ant, history repeats itself. He comes to Baba Yaga. She feeds him, puts him to bed, Ivan goes to herd 100 mares in the morning, and Baba Yaa gives him food, "sleepy pancakes". Ivan herds until noon, eats fritters. He's falling asleep. The mares run away. Baba Yaga comes and laments. Ivan summons the lame wolf. The wolf says: call cancer today, the mares have gone to sea. Call the woodpeckers tomorrow - the mares will go to the forest. On the third day, the ant, the mares will go underground, and he will drive them out. He also said so - that he would no longer serve Ivan. Ivan caused cancer, cancer punished him when the last mare came out, to sit on it and go to the yard. That's what they did. Ivan brings 100 mares to Baba Yaga, she rejoices, and she swears at them (these are her daughters) that they did not hide well, and beats them. The next day, everything repeats itself - Ivan eats sleepy pancakes, mares run away, he calls woodpeckers, who drive out the mares. On the third day, the same thing, an ant helps. The next morning he asks Yaga Ivan to serve for the last time - to disperse the poppy seeds. Ivan sows. Then Baba Yaga tells him to collect all the makovins, otherwise he will not get a stallion. Ivan calls the ant for the second time. He helps him collect poppies. At night, Ivan hears a "servant", who tells him that Baba Yaga has given all her strength to one stallion, and he is the frail and sits under the nursery so that Ivan chooses that stallion. Ivan did so, just as Yaga did not persuade him to choose a better one. "I'm the worst person, I'll take the worst horse!" There is nothing to do, Yaga gave her horse. The horse tells Ivan to fall for him "dawn on barley, dawn on wheat, dawn on oats." This is what Ivan did, and the horse changed. Ivan sat on it and drove off. He comes to the kingdom of Kashcheyevo, Kashchei is not at home. Ivan took his wife, they got on a horse and drove off. Kashcheevsky's horse laughs, tells him that Ivan kidnapped his wife, but they won't catch up with him now - Ivan rides their smaller brother. Here are horse brothers meeting. The youngest, near Ivan, asks if the brothers want to fight with him, Ali Ivan Znaiden want. Horses don't want to fight. And if you want Ivan, throw off Kashchei - "don't let him hit the cheese, the ground, the white stone, and crumble with the sides." Well, they say Kashchei fed us. And the horse answers them - Ivan will feed you. Well, they threw off Kashchei's horses. And Ivan Znaiden went with his wife, but it is not known where - either to Shklyany Gora, or to his father with a uterus]: Romanov 1901, No. 12:105-117.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Turks [the horse tramples on the peasant's field; the elder brother did not notice anything, the younger brother watches closely; three times a year apart he meets the horse, receiving more and more luxurious clothes from him; the princess whoever climbs her glass mountain will get; she must put a ring on his finger; the hero succeeds twice; he bandaged his finger and ring with a rag; the king called all the men, the hero found out]: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 73:82

(Wed. Iran - Central Asia. Persians (Farce, Khorasan) [only the youngest of the three princes does not sleep guarding his father's grave; every night he kills a rider who comes to ruin the grave; each of the three horses gives their hair, with with which you can summon him; horses help you complete difficult assignments and get three princesses - for yourself and your brothers; options: horses are sorceress maidens; jump over the pool; remove oranges from the top of a glass pole; brothers throw the youngest into the well, save him, the brothers were burned]: Marzolph 1984, No. 530:111-112).

Baltoscandia. Norwegians [on Ivanovo night, someone eats grass in the meadow; the eldest, middle son guards, when they hear a rumble, run home; the youngest sees a horse, a harness, brass armor, catches and hides a horse, and everything else; a year later, silver armor, and a year later gold armor; the king will give his daughter for someone who jumps up a glass hill and takes a golden apple from the princess's hands; three times an unknown rider does this; the king orders all men to be gathered to find the owner of the apples; he turns out to be the youngest son, gets a princess and half a kingdom]: Dasent 1970:92-103; Danes: Bødker 1964, No. 38 [two older The brothers are smart, the younger Christian is a fool; someone steals hay; the older, the middle see the monster, run away; K. falls asleep in a haystack; the mountain man took it along with the hay; the mountain man has white, bay and black horses; black tells K. to drink from three bottles to increase strength, take his sword, knock on the master's room; he looked out, K. cut off his head, collected treasures; returned home, silent about what had happened; the king's daughter on a glass mountain; the king will give her to someone who jumps there and waves his sword over his head three times; unrecognized K., wearing a white, red, black outfit on a white, red, black horse three times wins the competition, reaches the top of the mountain for the last time; the king orders to grab the winner, manages to cut his floor of his clothes with a sword; all this time his father and brothers think that K. is herding the sheep, he keeps horses from the old man; having received the princess, K. comes home in all its splendor; the black horse tells you to wave his sword, the mountain turns into a castle, the horse into a prince; he was bewitched by the witch stepmother; everything is fine]: 244-255; Cramer 1919 [=Grundtvig 1878:16-28; a poor young man was hired to serve in the palace; he was in good standing; the valet says out of envy that he boasted to bring interest from hell on his loan to hell; by The crows tell them to dig up a sword, the touch of which makes everything crumble, not to turn off the main road; the devil's mother tries in vain to persuade him to turn; with a sword, the young man kills many-headed monsters, freeing 12, 24, 36 girls; the devil's mother advises her son not to get involved and give money; when a young man comes out of hell, the dragon turns into a princess, they ride away on a goat; the devil and his mother chase; princess spits - lake; throws a bead - glass mountain; pursuers turn back; raven asks to cut off his head and put him backwards; turns into a young man - the princess's brother ; prince and princess were kidnapped by the king's children; a young man married a princess and became king]: 38-44; Holbek 1987 [grass does not even grow in the field; the eldest son guards, is afraid of a hurricane; the same average; the youngest waited for the wind to subside; three girls came down, took off their hats and started dancing; the young man hid one hat; returned the girl for her promise to marry him and return a year later; under a rock on the field money, let the young man build a castle and invite everyone but the king to the wedding; but he invited the king; the king recognizes the magical bride as a daughter, tells the young man to bring gold coins from the top of the glass mountain; the girl gives a mare and teaches her what to do; if it fails, he must look for her in a castle in the middle of the world south of the sun, north of the moon; it didn't work out, the mare is gone, the young man goes in search of the castle; two they argue over his father's inheritance; these are speed boots; a young man throws a stone: whoever gets first will inherit; puts on boots himself; in the same way he receives a magic tablecloth and a sword that kills and revives; there is a terrible famine in the animal lord's house; the young man fed everyone, the lord tells the animals to find out where the castle is; they did not know, the animal lord sends the young man to his brother- the lord of the fish, he is to the lord of the birds; the last is the old eagle, only he knows, carries the young man to the castle, teaches how to kill animal guards; the princess promises to appear in six months and again asks not invite her father; on the way back, the young man revives the murdered guards; invites the king to the wedding, kills him, then revives him; after that, the king is powerless to prevent marriage]: 572-573; Swedes [giant kidnapped the princess, the king promised half the kingdom and the hand of his daughter to the savior; six brothers each began to learn some art; 1) build a ship; 2) control it; 3) climb a glass mountain; 4 ) steal - could steal an egg from under his magpie; 5) create the night over, the day ahead; 6) shoot accurately; the brothers got the princess, the fifth blinded the stalker giant, creating night, the sixth killed him with an arrow; the king and the princess herself do not know who to choose; the brothers and then the princess rose to heaven one by one, became the Pleiades]: Balzamo 2011, No. 16:26-31; Latvians [younger brother guards the grave for three nights father (field), receives a whistle that can be used to summon a horse and get a rich robe; the king promises to pass off his daughter as someone who climbs her glass mountain on horseback; both smart people go brother; the youngest calls a silver horse; he is allowed to jump to the middle of the mountain; returning home, he whips his brothers with a whip; listening to their story, he says that he, sitting on the roof of the bathhouse (barn, cage), everything saw; brothers tear off the roof; the second time the fool rides a golden horse; the third time he reaches the top of the mountain on a diamond; the princess gives him a ring (also: leaves a sign on his forehead); the fool returns home and sleeps on ash again; the princess finds a hero]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 530.I: 297; the Livs [after the death of the father, two brothers share the inheritance, the youngest fool is sent to herd pigs; the king plants daughter in a glass tower, promises to give the one who rides the tower to the very top half of the kingdom to boot; every brother must spend the night at the father's grave; the elders are afraid, send the youngest instead; every time the father gets up from the grave, whistles into the pipe, the horse (gold, then silver, diamond) comes running, the father gives the pipe to the youngest son; he hides everything from the brothers; on a golden horse he rises to half; at home, older brothers tell their wives they are afraid of tickling; younger: you were hurt when you fell from a glass slope, saw it from the roof of the house; brothers burn the house, live in a barn; the same with silver as a horse (they burn a barn, live in a bathhouse); on a diamond horse, the youngest climbed to the top, received a ring, a handkerchief and a princess's kiss; the brothers burned the bathhouse, live in a pigsty; they call men, a fool's ring, a king settles the young in a separate city; the king's son is fighting, an imaginary fool with him is not recognized; wounded, the king bandaged the wound with a handkerchief, recognizes the handkerchief, returns the daughter and husband to him, recognizes the smartest]: Setälä in Kippar 2002:61-65; Estonians (Palamuse; the story is not common, but all over Estonia) [when he dies, a rich man tells his three sons to take turns guarding his grave for 3 nights; the elders are not though, all three Younger Cinderella (Tuhkapuss) goes; the first night a cart drawn with silver horses arrived, the second night with gold horses, the third night with diamond horses; the king marked his daughter on the top of the glass mountain; who is her he will get it from there, he marries her; the younger brother in silver, gold, diamond clothes drives the mountain three times and takes the princess's golden egg for the third time; the king gathered the men, the egg was found from Cinderella, the princess is crying; king: whoever of the son-in-law brings the best gift will be more expensive to me; Cinderella easily caught an elk, gave it to his older sons-in-law, taking it on the finger of his right hand; next time a pig (by toe); for the third time a golden spruce cone (belt from the back); everyone gathered, Cinderella showed his fingers, belts; received the throne]: Mälk et al. 1967, No. 75:227-231; set (the plot is very popular) [the youngest of three sons is lazy and stupid, nicknamed Viruskundras; the father tells him to guard the grave for three nights after his death; a flower grows on it every night; the eldest son does not guards, comes in the morning, the flower has already been eaten; the middle one is also asleep, there is no flower; the youngest smokes a pipe, grabs a copper horse, gets a bridle to call the horse when necessary; then two more nights, Z. got a bridle from silver and gold horses; tells the brothers that every time he slept, knows nothing; the king will give his daughter whoever gets to her on horseback; she is in a glass tower on a glass mountain; unrecognized Z. three times tries; the copper horse has reached half, the silver horse is almost to the end, the gold horse has reached the princess, she gave her ring; the king tells all men to be convened; Z. comes blindfolded; the princess tells untie, sees his ring, Z. shows horses; wedding; daughter was born; after the death of the old king Z. inherited the kingdom; put his wife on a golden horse, daughter on a copper horse, sat on a silver horse himself, they flew to heaven]: Sandra 2004:252-256

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. South Altai Tuvans [Gunan Chara Baatyr lives with his mother, older and younger sisters; one day he is met by Chödöönüng Gök Bugasy, says he will kill him; G. drove him away deep into the ground and covered the hole with a stone the size of a camel; when he returned home, he told his mother and younger sister not to go north; the mother went, heard C.'s voice from the pit, asked her youngest daughter bring the mare to drag the stone; she could not; they brought a camel, who dragged the stone; they hid C. in a yurt under the bed; the mother pretended to be sick: let G. get her the milk of a camel who is not an island in the middle of a lake in the northwest; the local khan warns of a mortal threat; but G. became a wolf, then a fox, an eagle, went down in the fog, took out milk, gave the camel a pearl, he and a camel became friends; on the way back, G. stayed with the khan and his wife changed his milk; and his fallen drop burned the ground; his mother pretended to drink milk, was healthy the next day, and then sick again; you need the lungs and hearts of a pair of leopards in the south; likewise, leopards give their lungs and hearts {sic!} ; for the third time: the lungs and heart of the 9-headed mangys (Andalva) living in the east; khan: if G. defeats mangys, let him bring skin from the forehead of his middle head; and during the battle, he turned to the Father and ask the strength of 30 husbands from above, 60 from below; along the way, G. sees the hooves of a giant mangys horse; there are no doors in the 9-story glass palace; G. broke through the wall; Mangys's wife says he is in the south; G. came, with He killed mangys eagles and dogs with difficulty; they fought for a month; the mangys began to prevail, but G. asked for strength, his body became like bronze, he knocked down the mangys; he ordered him to be killed with a knife in his hair under a scythe; After killing Mangys, G. hacked his wife, took the cattle, brought the skin from his forehead to the khan; his wife changed the heart and lungs of Mangys; when G. fell asleep at home, his mother took his weapon, and C. attacked him; when they were fighting, mother and sister poured peas under G.'s feet, and flour under C.'s feet; C. killed G., took his cattle, but the horse ran to G.'s older sister; she rode and found her brother's bones, but the ribs were missing; she became a worm went downstairs, those people regained the rib; the older sister went to see the fiancée G. (this is the daughter of the khan who helped him), she revived G., covering him with a beaver blanket and telling G.'s horse to jump over the master's bones three times; disguised as a poor young man, G. came to the old shepherd and his wife; they recognized him by signs (a tricolor rainbow rises from the horse; when G. sleeps in a yurt, his leg is outside; drinks tea from a wooden mortar cup); C. celebrates his wedding with G.'s mother; G., unrecognized by him, asks allow him to participate in an archery competition; breaks several bows; then C. gives him a bow G.; G. pulled his bow for three days, took his shape, fired an arrow into C.'s cervical vertebra; asks the mother, what she wants; mother: a mare; he tied her to the tail of a mare and let it into the steppe; younger sister wants scissors; G. killed her with a sword; took his men and cattle and returned home]: Taube 1978, No. 24:50-63.

(Wed. Subarctic. {The motive is clearly from Europeans}. Koyukon [the girl's first period, her mother made a separate house for her, strangers took her away, they were dead; they climbed a steep icy mountain, and the girl was alive and unable; then a dead man built a house at the foot, began to live in it with the kidnapped; one day a woman hears crying, her husband explains that one woman is pregnant, she is going to cut her stomach; a living woman shows her how to give birth; a woman misses her mother, her husband makes her a boat; she sails in it down the river, her father sails towards her, she realizes that he is dead; his boat is burned (the deceased's property is burned so that he can use it use); a woman comes to her mother; she hides her from her crow grandfather, who wants to marry her; he hears her younger sister calling her name; marries, the woman dies soon after, easy climbs a glass mountain, connects with her husband]: Attla 1989:261-273).