Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

I13C. Snake crown, ATU 672.

(.12.) .

Reptiles own a treasure that a person takes possession of or tries to take possession of. This is usually a crown, jewel, or horns on the snake's head.

(Liberia), British, Welsh, French, Germans (Rügen Island, Black Forest, Swabia, Tyrol), Tibetans, Punjabians, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarati, Bengalis, Oriya, Kannada, Tamils, Chinese , Ancient Greece, Slovenes, Croats, Bulgarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Russians (Penza, Orel, Tambov, Saratov, Nizhny Novgorod), Ukrainians (Transcarpathia, Hutsulshchina), Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Kalmyks, Abkhazians, Ossetians, Karachays and Balkarians, Rutulans, Georgians, Armenians, Talysh, Baluchis, Lithuanians, Latvians, Livonians, Estonians, Finns, Swedes, Bashkirs, Karakalpaks, Kyrgyz, Khakas, Tofalars, Buryats, Mongols, Oirats, Oymyakon Evens, Nivkhs.

(Wed. West Africa. (Mostly a vagina, apparently, but maybe a cru [the "dragon" (essentially a crocodile) has big diamonds on his head; he shows them to whoever he wants to lure and eat]: Schwab 1947:340).

Western Europe. Welsh [if mistletoe grew on ash or hazel, you can find a snake with a jewel on its head or a treasure under this tree]: Trevelyan 1909:87; English: Uther 2004 (1), No. 672:368-369 ; Germans (Rügen Island) [some snakes have a small crown on their heads; if a person does good to a snake, it can give him this crown; the owner of a snake crown finds wealth and happiness]: Haas 1903, No. 181:163; Germans (Black Forest) [when the maid milked the cow, a snake with a golden crown on her head always crawled and the maid gave her milk; when the maid quit and a new one came to milk her for the first time she found a golden crown with a note "out of gratitude"; the maid gave the crown to the owners, and they gave the crown to the owners, and they gave it to her quit; the snake did not appear again after that]: Hubrich-Messow 2006, No. 137:99-100; Germans (Swabia): Meier 1852b, No. 20 [they always left special sweet milk for a snake in the basement of a dairy farm; one day, the children collected some shards with a glossy glow and put them in their pockets , and in the morning they have silver coins, but not round, but triangular or square; later the snake crawled with a gold crown on its head; no one could remove it; then appeared without a crown], 233 [losing crown, snake king dies]: 28-29, 207; Germans: Streblova 1999:185-186 (Styria) [a woman in white gives an object to the poor boy; he attaches it to his hat and immediately appears there gold coin; the object is a snake crown, the boy became rich and grew up; the count snuck into his house, wearing beggar clothes, found the crown and swallowed it; as soon as he took off his rags, it was again on it; to get into the castle, the servant mistook him for a beggar or a thief, beat him with a whip; the count spit out the crown; the peasant was supposed to work from now on, but remained wealthy], 199-201 (Styria) [the queen of snakes is a white snake with with a crown on her head; crawled to drink milk; a little girl offered her to eat bread as well; the snake did not pay attention, the girl hit her with a spoon, the crown fell; in the evening the house was surrounded by snakes; the peasant threw away the crown; found a white snake dead outside the house in the morning; others killed it for losing its crown; only a hundred years later snakes find a new queen], 213-214 (Styria) [there is no escape from snakes; people answer a stranger that there is no white snake in their area; he tells them to light a huge fire around the oak tree, climbing an oak tree, playing the flute; snakes crawl towards it and burn into a fire; the last crawl is a huge white snake in a crown; she jumps over the fire, burns with a stranger; since then, Snake Mass has been celebrated every year]; Zingerle, Zingerle 1853 (Tyrol) [stepmother tyrannites her stepdaughter; she has been feeding a snake with milk since childhood; when the stepdaughter grew up, he crawled to the swabda and left his golden crown young]: l7-19; Germans (Switzerland, Austria) [a lot of material about domestic snakes with horns and a crown that bring happiness, giving treasures]: Ber-Glinka 2015:47-52; the French (Dauphine) [the bat has a diadem with a gemstone on its head; it leaves it when drinking from pure sources; in a 17th century document. one person allegedly took possession of such a stone]: Joisten 2005:434-435.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Tibetans (Amdo) [two young shepherds lived together; one was smart, the other was stupid; during the downpour, the stupid man jumped out, waved his ax, threatening the rain; the king promises half the kingdom for a missing daughter; both young men find a trail of blood, come to the cave, the clever one lets the stupid man on a rope into failure; there the kidnapped princess says that the demon is wounded by a stupid man when he waved an ax; the stupid finishes him off; the smart one picks up the princess, leaves the stupid one below; he finds a shackled dragon, frees him, the dragon takes him to the ground; the foolish comes to the clever; at night he cuts him with an ax He descends the river in a basket; the maid finds her; the dragon descended, took the gem that was between his horns, healed the young man; he received the princess and soon the whole kingdom, and the smart one was driven away]: Kajihama 2004, No. 2:7-12

South Asia. Punjabi (Hariyana) [brahman finds a ruby, brings it to the king, is generously rewarded; the king puts the ruby in the treasury; one day he opens, from there comes out the Ruby Prince (RP); the king thinks his deceived, drives away the young man; in the village, people are given to eat the monster every day; RP kills him; the king apologizes, marries RP to his daughter; she insists that he say who he is; he hides in to the river, she sees only a green snake with a golden crown and a ruby on its head; the maid says that little men, led by their king, come out of a snake hole in the forest; they dance, and one sits aside; the wife of the Republic of Belarus learns to dance, dances in front of men; their king promises any reward; she asks her husband back; the king reluctantly lets him go; RB becomes a man of normal height, returns with his wife to palace]: Steel, Temple 1884, No. 43:304-312 (=Siddiqui, Lerch 1998:144-154); Uttar Pradesh and all of northern India [in folklore, snakes and toads wear precious jewelry on their heads; it can be hidden, only covered with cow or horse manure]: Crooke 1894:275-276 (=1896:143-144); Uttar Pradesh (Hindi) [shepherd, carpenter, brahman, and king went on a journey; the shepherd stayed where they were looking for the missing buffalo to learn how to search; the brahmana, where they were preparing to revive the deceased in order to learn how to revive; the carpenter, where the flying lodges were made, to learn; the king came to the tree, under who had a serpent with a precious ring that illuminated everything around him in the dark; when the serpent left, the king covered the ring with a metal basin; the serpent began to beat against it and died; the king put the ring on his finger, dived into the river, there is a beautiful snake daughter; one day they went ashore to play dice; the beauty was noticed by a prince passing by; she dived but lost her shoe; the prince told the king father what he should get the second, as well as the owner of the shoes; the king summoned two cannibals; the first knew how to make holes in the clouds, and the second also cover them with straw; the king ordered the second to find the beautiful woman; she came to the king's wife and persuaded let him in as if she were her mother's sister; the king did not believe it; ordered his wife not to burn his body when he died, but to keep it; the cannibal poisoned the king; forced his wife to throw the snake ring into the river; she promised to go out for the prince in 12 years, and before that he will give alms; 12 years later, three of the king's friends came to look for him; each asked the king's wife, not knowing who she was, not one, but four servings of food: for himself and for the king; the wife understood what she was talking about; friends took a ring from the bottom, opened the coffin with the king's body, revived it; they flew to the king's wife on a flying bed and took her; everything is fine]: Beck et al. 1987, No. 13:38-42; Gujarati [every day the brahmana read sacred texts in the courtyard; a cobra sitting on a vessel of gold crawled out of the hole and left one coin; one day, the brahmana had to go to his nephew's wedding, he left instead of himself, a son; he realized that the cobra had many coins; hit her on the head with a club, but she bit him and returned to the hole; the young man died; when the brahmana returned, the cobra said that she killed his son because he smashed a gem in her head; (this stone serves as an antidote to snake venom)]: Hertel 1921, No. 68:191, 296-297; Bengalis: Bradley-Brit 1920 [mánik: stone on the snake's head, worth the treasures of the seven tsars]: 65; Day 1914, No. 2 [(Russian translation in Porozhnyakov 1990:30-47); the prince and the minister's son travel, spend the night in the forest, see a snake crawling out of the pond with a precious stone on their heads; leaves the stone, crawls away to hunt; they hide the stone in horse manure; the serpent dies; they see a palace in the pond, they go down, there is a beautiful woman, the prince marries her; the minister's son goes home for retinue; another prince sees the first wife when she goes ashore; an old woman lures her, she is taken away with the treasure; the minister's son enters her, takes her to her husband; in the forest hears two birds talking; the king He will send an elephant to his son, he will sit on him, fall, crash to death; if he enters the palace through the lion's gate, they will collapse, crush him; at a feast he will choke to death with a fish head; on the wedding bed the prince will be bitten by a cobra; whoever tells the prince about this will become petrified; he will come to life if he is sprinkled with the blood of a baby born to the prince's wife; the minister's son sits on an elephant himself, to order the gate to be destroyed; at a feast takes a fish's head off the prince's plate; hides in the bedroom, kills a snake, a drop of blood falls on the prince's wife, he licks her; he has to say everything, he turns into marble; the prince cuts newborn in half, the minister's son comes to life; after taking the remains of the child, he returns to his wife; she asks goddess Kali for help, because the husband is always gloomy; she revives the child; everyone is happy]: 17-52, 97 (note) [manikya is a gem in the head of some snakes, worth equal to the value of the treasures of the seven kings]; oriya [the prince's friend is the son of a clergyman (mantri), sees a pool in the forest and painted portrait of a woman; tries to hide it from the prince, but he sees it, falls in love; a snake with a diamond on its head crawls out of the pond, leaves it, swallows horses, rushes at the prince, a friend kills snake; with the help of a diamond they enter the pond, there is the prince's daughter, she promised to marry someone who sees her portrait; the prince marries her; the king sees her, demands to build a ship moving under water, otherwise executes carpenters; a vulture tells his children that such a ship can be made of the wood they sit on; the ship is built, the king takes the prince's wife; a friend finds the prince's wife, takes him back to a self-propelled ship; two of the guru's heirs share his property: sandals that will take you where you need it, a pot that gives food, a cane that can hit the ground to create a village with people; a friend suggests arguing to race, property is taken away with the prince and his wife; a friend hears a conversation between celestials; when the prince enters the palace, he will be crushed by a wall; she can be knocked down in advance, but he has revealed a secret petrifies; spirits from the land of the dead: the prince will be thrown away by a horse (killing a horse is the same); people from the mountains: a cobra will crawl into the newlyweds room (the same); a friend orders to destroy the wall, kill the prince's horse; stepmother gives the prince rice , a friend tells him to be buried; a friend killed a cobra, a drop of blood fell on the prince's wife, a friend tried to wipe it off, the prince woke up, demands an explanation; the friend told everything, petrified; the prince sees the snake crawling to eat vulture chicks, snake kills; vulture mother: a friend will be revived by the earth from under this tree; a friend has come to life, everything is fine]: Mohanti 1975:24-29; kannada [two princes are stupid, the youngest is smart; the king sees a wonderful dream and wants to get what he saw in reality; the sons go in search; the elders have spent everything in the city; the youngest came to the old woman, she taught me what to do; there is a snake hole under the pipal; at night he crawls out, takes off the jewelry that is on his forehead, leaves under a tree and crawls away to hunt; you have to take the jewelry, it will illuminate the way to the garden of four princesses; at night one turns into a silver tree, the other turns into a silver tree, the other emerald leaves, the third into ruby fruits; the fourth turns into a golden swing; if you show them the snake decoration, they will obey; about the emerald parrot that the king saw in a dream, you should ask the old woman's older sister; after taking possession of the princesses, the young man told them to wait, went for a parrot; the second old woman said that across the 7 seas on Lake Lotus, there was a princess on it, at night she turned into a parrot; it must to bow to the snake's decoration, the garuda will fly, carry him across the seas; the young man got the parrot princess, the garuda brought them back; to show the tsar father a dream in reality, you must cut off the heads of all the princesses, and in order Revive them again, hit them with a snake with jewelry; the king married the prince to five virgins and handed him the throne]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 33:91-94; Tamils [Sundara wonders why his mother feeds his mother after his father's death beggars, although they have nothing themselves; the mother replies that helping the hungry is the highest virtue, and only the god Ishwar can explain why; S. goes to look for him in the Himalayas; on the way, the hunter leads him to spend the night on a tree platform so that tigers do not eat him; the wife is not going to shrink, the hunter lies down on the edge, falls at night, is carried away by a tiger; the wife demands that S. return her husband; then the landowner asks find out why he cannot complete the reservoir; a legless and armless cripple asks to know why he is suffering for; a blind snake will see the light; a tree: why does it bear fruit all year, but neither birds nor animals come to eat its fruits; the deity answers; 1) why it is necessary to feed the hungry, a baby who will be born to the king of one country will tell you, he will have to go there; to him with the question of whether it is possible to bring him back to life hunter; 2) the reservoir builder must marry two daughters; 3) let the snake give the gem that is on its hood; 4) gold is buried under the tree; on the way back, S. received gem, gold and the landowner's daughters; the baby turned out to be the hunter who was now born a prince for his hospitality, and his stingy wife, who died the next day, was reborn as a pig; Sundare gave a palace where he began to live with his mother and wives]: Natesa Sastri 1886:231-241; Tamils [the rich man's wife is childless; sadhus: go to the garden where mangoes, guava and limes grow, pick 7 mangoes and give birth to 7 daughters; but a woman ripped 8, saw a cobra, she turned into a man with a snake crown on her head; this is Nagentiran; if you commit this offense, you will die at 56; this is me a sadhu, you I also sent the eighth mango here; the seventh girl will be called Nagammal, "snake girl"; all daughters grew up and married cousins, N. gave birth to a son; mantiravati (sorcerer) lived in another kingdom; he saw N. in the magic mirror and told bhuta to deliver her; the sorcerer and bhuta went to his wives; the sorcerer: who is more beautiful? bhuta: none of them, but N.; but it is protected by a snake; whoever touches it will burn; but it can be approached by changing its appearance; the sorcerer appeared in the form of a sadhu; turned N. into a dog and took it away in his underground chariot; the sisters' husbands rode, but the sorcerer turned them into stone; restored N.'s human appearance, but cannot touch it, she is like out of fire; N.'s son has grown up; threatens to kill himself if his aunts do not tell the truth about N. and about their husbands; they told; Nahentiran: the end of the sorcerer is near, let the young man go free his mother; gave the young man an invincible sword; the young man reached the city where the tiger is rampant; the king will give his daughter and half the kingdom to the one who would bring the tiger's tongue and the tip of its tail; the young man did it, but the laundress found out, cut off what was left, and brought it to the king; but the minister noticed that they were not the tips of his tail and tongue; then he appeared young man, received what he promised, but said that he would return for the princess and the kingdom on his way back; at the sorcerer's palace, he saw an old woman selling flowers; he lived with her and made garlands; under the guise of the flower seller studied the palace; handed the letter to his mother; she asked the sorcerer what his life was like; in a parrot in a distant cave; the young man brought it, tore it apart, as the sorcerer's dicks fell off bodies; a young man killed a bhutu with his sword; revived the petrified; took the wife promised in the kingdom where he killed the tiger; when N.'s mother was 56, a snake bit her]: Blackburn 2005, No. 95.

China - Korea. Chinese [passing by the butcher's shop, a stranger asks to sell a bench on which pork is laid out; the owner refuses, believing that there must be something valuable in the shop, and hides it in a bench; through for a year, the same person comes again and explains that a snake with a jewel in its mouth lives in the cavity inside the board; it feeds on blood that seeps through the tree; the owner cut the bench, found a dead snake and a stone that has lost all value]: Dennys 197:106; Chuan Miao [a man waits for a thunderstorm in the forest under a rock; sees a horned snake with a red crown sticking out of the cave and a red pearl on his head and that lightning cannot hit it; shoots at a snake; after a new thunder strike, he is over 10; runs back, sees that the snake is cut into 9 pieces, the ground is flooded in blood; realizes that Thunder thanked him by suffering from a lightning strike]: Graham 1954:129.

The Balkans. Ancient Greece [Philostrat on the method of hunting mountain snakes in India: mountain snakes have light-colored stones in their heads that shimmer with all the colors of the rainbow and have innermost power; Pliny the Elder, citing the Greek author Sotak, 4th century BC: the dragon is carved from the dragon's brain, but if you do not cut off the head of a dragon that is still alive, it will not take the shape of a precious stone - because of the anger of an animal that feels that it is dying. That's why the stone is carved from sleeping snakes... {According to Sotak,} this stone is transparent in color and cannot be polished or processed]: Andersen 2012:89-90; Croats: Uther 2004 (1), No. 672:368-369; Slovenes: Golenishchev-Kutuzov 1991:244-246 [the white snake is the queen of others; the head is like a cat, there is a crown with a diamond on the crown; whoever gets the diamond will be lucky all his life; the hunter collected snake oil, lured snakes with a pipe; the white one crawled, all the snakes rushed at the hunter; his assistant escaped because he had climbed onto the ninth beech in advance], 246-247 [the boy fell into a hole where the snakes, their queen, were a white snake with a diamond crown on his head; 7 years later, the queen He lets him go, tells him not to talk about what he saw; the boy speaks to his parents, leads people to the hole; the queen knocked down 9 beeches, but the boy climbed to the tenth, survived]; Kropej 2012 [white snake - the queen of snakes; people are trying to grab her crown to seize her wealth; but the snake will whistle others, they will catch up with the man and tear him apart]: 102-103; Bulgarians: Gura 1997 (Plovdiv District) [the snake with the crown on its head is the most poisonous]: 295; Klyagina-Kondratyeva 1951 [grandfather Pavel saves a lizard from the fire, which gives him one of the nine shining pebbles from her father's crown; a pebble makes wishes come true; a neighbor steals a pebble; a puppy and a kitten take it back, drop it while swimming across the Danube, swallowed by fish, a fisherman catches fish, a puppy and a kitten beg for fish for themselves; grandfather Pavel beats his neighbor, lets go, nothing else asks a pebble; after his death, the lizard takes the pebble back]: 9-13 (=Shustrova 1994:18-22); Plotnikova 2009 [in southwestern Bulgaria, when snakes appeared in the spring, women put their scarves on the ground, to get shiny snake horns that bring happiness and good luck]: 439; Macedonians (Prilep) [on Annunciation Day, they went in search of a hole from which the snake queen was to come out that day; there you should have put a litter, it will leave its bright horns or gems on it]: Plotnikova 2009:439.

Central Europe. Poles, Luzhitans: Uther 2004 (1), No. 672:368-369; Czechs [whoever finds the crown of the serpent king will become the serpent king himself, or one of his descendants may become one; who is the crown is protected from all snakes; whoever finds the red gold crown of the snake king is protected from all snakes]: Grohmann 2015, No. 564-56:111; Slovaks [in Western Slovak dialects of the king snakes were called a "snake with a crown"; if you see a snake on the road with a golden comb or cross on its head, you should shoot it off or cut it off and carry it with you, then you will be the most in any business happy; (Upper Slovakia) the girl was met by the white king of snakes with a crown on his head and asked for milk; the girl gave him drink; began to give him milk every day; the chief shepherd of the sheep decided to watch her; when he saw the snake, he wanted to kill her, but she disappeared into a hole, leaving the girl her crown, which turned into gold at home]: Valentsova 2014:304, 318; Russians: Belova 2004a, No. 567 (Penza) [ while the ark was sailing, the mouse gnawed a hole, and even plugged the hole with its head, for which he was awarded a gold crown], 579 (Orlovskaya, Tambov, Saratov, Nizhny Novgorod) [already plugged the gnawed tail a hole in the ark with a mouse, for which God awarded him a golden crown]: 264, 272; Ukrainians (Hutsulshchina) [the man went for raspberries, saw vipers; the eldest curled up in a ball, and she had a diamond on her head; the man took off his outerwear, threw it on a snake, ran home; when he returned, he found that diamond under his clothes]: Zinchuk 2006a, No. 134:398; Ukrainians: Bulashev 1909 [going for mushrooms, girl I saw a moving mass of vipers; on the way back she fell into a hole with snakes; they did not eat anything, but only licked the glowing stone; the girl licked, she was no longer hungry; in the spring, the snake queen with golden horns told the snakes to make stairs out of their bodies, got out with the girl, said that she would understand the language of herbs if she did not say the word Chernobyl; someone was running after her, asking what black grass; she replies that Chernobyl forgets everything he hears from herbs and trees]: 354-355; Moshkov 1901 [if the king of snakes is shown red, he drops his golden horns, and who can to capture them, it will be healthy, happy and rich]: 68; Ukrainians (Transcarpathia), Belarusians [Snake crown: a man steals a crown from a snake's head; throws a dress behind him when snakes they chase him; the cook cooks the crown and learns the language of animals instead of the owner]: SUS 1979, No. 672:178.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars [Asan, the son of a poor old woman, sees a bull spewing flames fighting a rainbow-colored snake; she has a turban with a diamond on her head; A. killed a bull; the snake leads him to their father, the king of divas; they pass through the womb of the snake's father and mother; the snake tells her to ask for the talisman that is under her father's tongue; in the mascot, askers who fulfill any wishes; A. tells the mother to marry he is the daughter of a padishah; he demands to build a palace larger than the Padishah in 40 days and nights and connect both palaces with a bridge; A. did everything, received the daughter of a padishah and was made a vizier; the viziers bribed the slave the princesses and found out the secret; sent the merchant to persuade the princess to give her a lot of goods for that talisman; the princess pretended to be sick, told A. that his talisman would cure her; having received this red handed it over to the merchant; he did not give it to the viziers, but he himself moved the palace and the princess far away; A. spared the cat and the rat; they promised to return the talisman if A. gave them his dog as horses; the cat began to caress the princess, she took her to bed; the rat gnawed through the hole, brought snuff; at night the merchant sneezed, the mascot fell out of his mouth; when the dog swam across the sea, the cat and the rat quarreled and dropped the talisman; A. told about it; he began fishing, caught a gold one, she asked her to let her go, for which she brought a talisman; A. moved the palace back and showed the padishah his eldest daughter in the arms of a merchant; they were decapitated, the viziers were imprisoned, A. received the youngest daughter of the padishah]: Birzgal 1992, No. 12:153-175; Kalmyks [the man saw a snake with a horn; spread a white handkerchief in front of her, she threw her horn on her handkerchief; a man with a snake horn is considered happy and may become slow; after a while, the same snake with a horn met him again to a man; he galloped away from her, she caught up with him and strangled him with her neck around her neck]: Basangova 2017, No. 38:89; Abkhazians [snakes with horns wear a shiny pebble; go out only at night, put their own on the ground a pebble, they look for prey in the light; if you approach a snake at this time, it whistles, rushes at a person; if you remove the snake's horn, put it in a glass of water and give water to drink, the person will die; if Scrape another horn into the water and give this water to the poisoned one, he will recover; there are snakes with horns that do not have a glowing stone; when a snake, playing with a stone, throws it up, the hunter can grab it, carry it across the stream; the stalker snake will ask oncoming grass about the thief, but will not be able to ask for water that has already flowed]: Chursin 1956:143; Karachays and Balkarians [in the throat or on The serpent king's head has a green bead; after a year, the king fights with other contenders for its possession; if you throw a red rag or lace at the snake, the snake will spit out the bead and crawl away; if you throw a red rag or lace at the snake, the snake will spit out the bead and crawl away; in the mouth, a person begins to understand the language of animals; a bead heals diseases and wounds]: Tekeeva 2013:68; Ossetians: Totrov 1978 [a carnelian falls from the sky during hail; only snakes can find it; a snake, the one who finds a carnelian puts it on her head; because of the carnelian, a mortal battle takes place between the snakes; if a person sees this, he throws a piece of silk cloth at the fighting snakes; then the owner carnelian throws it, and other snakes spread]: 52; Chursin 1956 [some snakes have a shiny stone, he brings whatever he wants to the owner]: 144-145; Rutultsy [seeing a horned serpent, you have to cover her horns with something red; they will fall off, they must be taken away, the horns bring wealth and prosperity; one woman told me how she obtained the horns of a five-meter snake in this way]: Khalidova 2012, No. 104: 133; Georgians: Mamaladze 1893 (Guria) [some snakes have a bulge near their heads in which they hide a diamond; when they come together, the diamond owner belches it, the snakes play it; if throw them a hat, dress, etc., the snakes will throw themselves at this object, you can grab the diamond and run; to escape the chase, you have to cross the water; if the diamond you get tells us about it, it will die immediately; the diamond doubles silver coins placed on him; the water in which the diamond is rubbed saves him from being bitten by a snake]: 116-117; Chursin 1956 (Kakheti) [western 1903; if you find a snake's horn, put it in a jug of wine or in a barn, then the wine in a jug, the grain in the barn will not run out; on moonlit nights, horned snakes play with a gem; whoever grabs it and takes it away will come true; these snakes have a jewel, on moonlit nights they play by throwing it away; if a person takes away a stone, his wishes will come true]: 143; Georgians (Guria) [there are snakes with a diamond hidden in a bulge on their heads; they play with them throwing them into the air; the one who grabs it must run across the river, then the snakes will lose their trail; such a diamond doubles any coin placed under it; a snake that has lost its life]: Chursin 1956:144; Armenians: Harutyunyan 2007 [the king of the serpent lives in Ararat, his head is crowned with a precious crown, snakes gather every seven years; once the serpent king went on a chariot, it collided with a mountain, a mountain split (split peak), now called Ozasar ("snake mountain" near Old Nakhichevan); either the serpent king lives on Ozasar; or on Mount Dagonk in the Mush Valley]: 37-38; Bunatov 1893 ( Echmiadzin) [when you see a horned snake, you have to tear the shirt from the front and back, throw it on the snake, is it {a snake or a shirt?} will turn into gold; the snake king is carried by four other snakes; when you meet him, you must take off your trousers and throw him at the snake king, who will leave his crown of precious stones]: 188; Zelinsky 1882, No. 6 ( Nakhchivan district) [the serpent king living in Ararat is decorated with a valuable crown; it can be taken over if a woman takes off her underwear and throws it on his head; he leaves the crown under his underwear and leaves]: 48-49; Armenians (Black Sea coast) [horned snake horn has wonderful properties; there are snakes decorated with a cup on their heads; a snake gets food in the light of a cup; whoever takes possession of the cup will receive treasures]: Chursin 1956: 144; the Armenians of Transcaucasia [the queen of the serpents of Ararat carries a magic stone in her mouth; she throws it up at night; whoever grabs and carries it will be happy]: Chursin 1956:144; Talyshi [west of Lankaran Kyz-Kalasi and Dev-Kalasi fortresses {"maiden fortress" and "devya fortress"}; the princess is sleeping in Kyz-Kalasi, she will have to be woken up by a prince; a seven-headed devil sleeps in Dev-Kalasi; he exterminated the beauty's family, took her to concubines, but fell asleep; his treasure of gold is guarded by horned snakes; their queen with a crown on her head comes to bow to her on the day of Nowruz; under the queen's tongue there is a white pebble in which the soul of a deva is; while the pebble intact, the devil will not die; the prince will run the dragon, the princess will tell you how to get a white pebble (learn the prayer from Saint Sheikh Zaghid); crush the pebble, the deva will die]: Bayramalibekov 1899, No. 2:4-7.

Iran - Central Asia. Baluchi (Bugti - central Pakistan, Suleiman Mountains) [some snakes have a Manukar stone in their mouths; while the snake is hunting, it leaves it in the bushes; everything it touches turns into gold; the President of Pakistan owns a similar stone, so he sits on the golden throne]: Matheson 1965:57.

Baltoscandia. Lithuanians [a person sees a snake with a crown/with a scallop/with horns; it is the king of snakes; a person wants to hit/hits the king of snakes with a batog, other snakes rush at him]: Kerbelite 2001:391; the Livs [the snake crown is a magic remedy, the knight takes it away, the snakes chase it]: Loorits 2000 (4): 98-101 (Loorits 1926:73 in brief); the Finns [the knight steals the snake's crown and escapes because it jumps through a field plowed not far but across, through fire, through water, throws their garments, and snakes take time to tear them to pieces]: Jauhiainen 1998, No. K21:319-320; Estonians [the hunter saw a snake in the forest with a comb on its head; shot; others crawled to the cry of the snake; the hunter first fought back with a stick, then threw his clothes to the snakes, the only way he ran away; when he returned, the snake was dying, he took the comb for himself; owning a snake comb makes it possible to understand the language of birds and animals; he understood the dog: she said that a thief would come into the house today, told him to stay alone with the herd, and would run herself home; the hunter's wife gave her only dirty water, which she did not drink, came back and told her; the hunter scolded his wife and admitted that he had learned everything from the dog; when he told the end, he fell and died]: Lö wis of Menar 1927, No. 54:184-185; Latvians, Swedes: Uther 2004 (1), No. 672:368-369

Volga - Perm. The Bashkirs [aylan is the king of snakes; makes whoever finds his horn rich and happy; a white snake cannot be killed, otherwise other snakes will kill you; "A man who finds a white horn snakes, he will be happy"]: Khisamitdinova 2010:15.

Turkestan. Karakalpaki (Kegeli district) [the old woman gave her son a hundred tillas, sent him to the city; he saw that two guys were going to beat a cat; bought it for a hundred tillas, returned home; his father gave him a hundred more; the guy bought a puppy tormented by children; the father gave money again; the guy bought a chest with a snake in it; she wrapped him around his lower back, told him to put it back and take it to her country; the guy He did so; he brought the serpent to a house that was underground; her father was the padishah of snakes; the serpent said: "If you bring me, my father will give [you] whatever you want, if he gives [you] cattle, don't take cattle if he gives tile, don't take it, if he gives gold, don't take it, my father has a stone called hurr stone - the stone of happiness; it's under his palate if you if you want to get (for yourself) wealth, then take it"; the guy received a stone of happiness, put it under his palate, went home; asked the stone for a horse, a falcon, a wife and a manor; all this appeared; in the lower Khan's son was swimming along the river; a piece of golden hair belonging to the boy's wife fell into his hands; the Khan's son asked his father to bring this girl; the khan threw a cry, the old woman responded to him; she sailed to the place where the boy lived; the guy took her into his house; the old woman asked his wife, found out about the stone of happiness; told her to take this stone from her husband; his wife begged it, gave it to the old woman; the old woman moved with the boy's wife and the estate to her country; the guy returned from hunting, found that everything was gone; the cat and the puppy promised to help, went to the khan's house; the cat, sniffing people's mouths, found an old woman; put her tail in her nose; the old woman sneezed, the stone fell to the ground; the cat caught it on the fly, brought it to the guy; the guy used the stone to return his wife and home, and then went to his parents]: Baskakov 1951:184- 189; Kyrgyz: Sabyr uulu 2008:250-253 [three thieves suggested that the poor man take him with him to enrich him a little; they traveled all night to no avail and angrily left the poor man in a deserted place; it turned out that there was a serpent's lair underground; when he woke up in the morning, the poor man began to understand the language of animals; the big serpent told how he fought another snake for a gold bar; if a person hit him the enemy, then he can take the gold; so happened; then the man pretended to be dead, grabbed one of the two forty and they helped him catch the horse as a ransom; for the night the man stopped in a lonely yurt where bai lived; from a conversation between a dog and a wolf, he learned that at night the wolf would try to attack sheep; helped the dog protect the herd; buy offers a reward; from a conversation between a lamb and a sheep, a person learns that the lamb has Bayan wealth; asks to give the lamb to him; when he wants to pick it up, the dog tore off and swallowed the tail of the lamb, prosperity passed to her; the man asked to give him the dog; but from the dog prosperity passed to a piece of felt, from felt to slave; the man realized that the bay should have prosperity; the gold bar he received was enough for him], 292-293 [the girl was collecting dung, saw two a snake, one white, the other speckled black; the white one managed to escape into the hole, the girl killed the speckled black snake; when he grew up, the groom brought cattle for dowry, but died on the bed without getting along with his wife; so 7 suitors; the mullah told me to remember how the girl killed the snake; she remembered this in a dream; the mullah promised to resurrect her husband if the girl gave him 1000 gold; met with the snake master and offered that he resurrect a man, and he would resurrect a snake; he replied that it was impossible, ordered the mullah to sting; when the mullah fell dead, a gold bar and a silver bar the size of a horse and a sheep fell from his bosom; a snake wrapped around ingots; since then, it has been said that every snake pile contains gold].

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Khakas [the snake kingdom is ruled by the crown snake king; he lives in a palace where snakes spend the winter; the story of the battle between the snake khan and the frog king is one of the most common Khongors; the battle takes place on a foggy morning on the shore of the lake; the snake king appears as a red flame or red foam, and the frog king appears as a white flame or white foam; the snake khan helps Defeat the Khongor shooter with a shot from a rifle loaded with a bronze button; in gratitude, he treats the hunter in his palace; offers to lick a white stone that serves as eternal food; if lick, you will be full all winter, and the man who licks him will recognize the language of snakes, birds and animals; then the snake khan took the man home and told him not to tell anyone about what happened; the hunter's wife gave him an araka and he spilled out; the snake khan flew in for reprisal, but the hunter treated him to Araka as well, the serpent fell unconscious; the snake khan cannot resist the wine invented by the woman]: Butanayev 2003:71-72; Tofalars [the blue serpent calls the hero to shoot his opponent with a yellow snake when they fight; he stole his wife; after winning, the blue serpent gave the hero something white from the forehead of the yellow snake; the man became rich, a girl appeared in the cradle, grew up and became his wife]: Katanov 1907:652-653; Buryats (Alar) [a white snake has a stone on its head that brings happiness]: Potanin 1883; Mongols: Mikhailov 1967 [Khurelday meets a snake with coral horns; she gives them to him, spits out the pearl, he swallows it, begins to understand the language of animals; therefore, he does not commit misdeeds, lives happily]: 188-190; Potanin 1883, No. 165 [a man came across a pile of snakes; a snake with two red horns rubbed its head against his knees; his horn broke off; it became dark; he found himself in in an unfamiliar world where he is not visible; Khurmusta Khan's daughter slept up the sleeve, she then fell ill; the Tsorji Lama was able to see him, lowered him into his yurt on the ground, giving him the book Tsagan- Sukkurtu"; having it and a horn, a person became rich]: 548-550; Oirats [when a person sees a cluster of snakes, he must sit on the ground and spread the hem of his clothes; it is assumed that a snake will crawl onto the hem of the clothes; she will leave either her old skin or gold; a person must take what the snake leaves him, wrap it in a five-colored hat and keep it at home in the most honorable place; it is forbidden to tell anyone about this meeting and gift, for then happiness will disappear]: Erdenebold 2012:61-62.

Eastern Siberia. Oymyakon Evens [a snake with a deer head seems to have contributed to hunting and reindeer husbandry; we have recorded one of the most common legends about it; the hunter sees a herd of deer; when it comes, it disappears, at this point a black snake with a deer head, miniature horns, the body is covered with hair; the hunter travels around the snake three times in the sun, throws his hat to it with the open side; the next day finds a horn in his hat; he became rich, but could no longer sit still, his movements resembled snakes; so he threw out the horn]: Nikolaev 1964:172-173.

Amur - Sakhalin. Nivhi [nivh can see a toad with silver horns; you have to put your shoes off in front of it, make it jump, but the horns do not fall; and so on, all garments are consistent; the last is the hat , and then the horns must be knocked down; then the person will become rich and live to a very old age; if the horns fall after the toad has jumped over his shoes, the person will die only when he begins to grow rich; if the toad if he has time to jump over his knee pads, he will live a little longer, etc.]: Kreinovich 1987:116-117.