Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

I64A. Racing on the Milky Way .

Two different ungulates race across the sky. The Milky Way is usually their dust trail.

Ossetians, Georgians, Kalashi, Kutene, Oto, Skidi Pawnee, Sheena, Kiowa, Yokutz, Cahuilla, Maricopa.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Ossetians [the legend of Ærfæna fæd (about the Milky Way): "They say that deer and buffalo are arguing about which of them will get from one end of the sky to the other faster. They stood at one end of the sky. The deer raised its horns high and jumped forward in long jumps. When he reached the middle of the sky, his heart burst and fell. The buffalo took a leisurely step and reached the very opposite end of the sky. On clear starry nights, the sky appears to be an artfully stretched dome filled with the heat of golden stars. In the middle of it, pale milky clouds stretch from end to end like cirrus clouds. These are traces of a deer and a buffalo"]: Tsgoev 2015:593; Georgians: Virsaladze 1973, No. 2 [The Milky Way - Haris da Irmis-Navali, "The Trail of a Bull and a Deer"; The Ox and the Deer decided to race; Deer ran fast, left a trail of dust, did not reach the goal; the Ox reached it calmly; according to one option, the creator told the deer to wander through the forests and rocks in search of food]: 48; Potanin 1883 [same briefly]: 741; Stepanov 1893 [God told the Deer and the Ox to race across the sky, he would give preference to the winner; the Deer galloped but died of exhaustion; his traces were "irmis navali" (jerky stripes on Milky Way); the bull came slowly, its traces were "haris navali" (continuous stripes on the Milky Way); God blessed the bull as a labor force for humans, and told deer to wander through the mountains and be prey hunters]: 127-128.

Iran - Central Asia. Kalashi [The Milky Way is dust raised by a horse and a cow that raced; they cursed each other, causing the Horse to lose the ability to digest gum, and the Cow's hooves became forked]: Ali Shah 1974:73.

The coast is the Plateau. Kutene [there is a constellation of 6 stars, three Moose and three Antelopes raced, from which people learned what racing is; every night Moose and Antelope run across the night sky {with which This is associated with a star object, not specified}]: Turney-High 1941:95.

Plains. Oto [horse and bison raced; Milky Way - dust they raised]: Anderson 1940:31-34; skid pawnee: Dorsey 1904b, No. 14 [The Bison and the Horse raced, their trail was Milky Path]: 57; (cf. Grinnel 1961 [The Antelope and the Deer raced; the Antelope won by taking the Deer's bile; to prevent him from getting too upset, she gave him dew-claws (the process on the hoof); since then, the deer have no bile, and antelopes are not dew-claws; without Milky Way etiology]: 204-205); Sheena, Kiowa [The Milky Way is a dust trail left after the Bison and the Horse racing]: Mooney 1900:443.

California. Jokutz (yachi) [The Antelope and the Deer raced, their trail is the Milky Way; on the side where the Antelope ran, the trail is solid, where the Deer jumped in spots; the Antelope won, so she lives on in open spaces, but the Deer hides in the thickets]: Kroeber 1907a, No. 19:213; cahuilla [The Milky Way - dust raised by Coyote and Wild Cat when they were racing]: Hooper 1920:362.

The Great Southwest. Maricopa [Antelope and Deer compete on the run, their trail is the Milky Way; the Deer's trail is separate stars, the Antelope's trail is a continuous star fog]: Spier 1933:147.