Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

J29. Father's shadow .

The murdered parents themselves inform their children about the circumstances of their death.

(Wed. Baltoscandia. Scandinavians [Father's shadow tells Prince Hamlet that his mother's current husband killed him; Shakespeare has this episode, but not Saxon Grammar; cf. Saxon Grammar 2017 (1), 3.6.5:108).

Northeast. Seneca [the old man lives in the same house as his nephew, tries to destroy him; the nephew finds the skull of his other uncle; the skull reports that the old man killed all relatives; helps with advice; nephew and uncle offer each other challenges; uncle freezes to death; nephew revives another uncle from the skull; frees a sister enclosed by an old man in a box]: Curtin, Hewitt 1918, No. 118:586- 607.

The Great Southwest. Western Ceres (Laguna) [Coyoticha goes with Antelope to collect cactus fruits; takes out her lice, kills her; gives her meat to her two children; meat tells them to strangle the Coyotich children with smoke in the house, go after her mother in Venimac (the lake where the Katsina live, where the dead go); Coyoticha descends to W. ze Antelope's children; many antelopes below take her on their horns and throw her back]: Parsons 1931 : 137; papago [father and uncle spirits]: Densmore 1929:70; yuma [boys A'xtakwa'some' and Pu'kuhan are children of the yellow-breasted witsawits (tcowits) bird; they went to make flutes; one said: girls will love me when I play the flute; father's spirit; both brothers took two wives; the youngest died; on the way east one of his wives gave birth; wife's father: if a boy is born, I will cook and eat him , and if it's a girl, I'll grow up to be a maid; the baby's mother also had strength and made his crying seem like a girl's crying; Coyote gave the boy a name he didn't like, he started calling Po'kohan himself; came to the place where his parents lived; tried on clothes, but took only amulets that allowed him to do without water and food and not suffer from the sun, as well as a handbag; made a fire, poured it into the hot ash of water, rubbed, caused the father's spirit; he said that his bones were made of sticks, and his killer made him breathe dust before it was completely dry; P.: I could revive you, but I won't do it; if if he did, the dead could be revived; he called his father again, hugged him, and he told him where he hid his supply of dried meat; but P. said he had his own strength, sent his father away forever into the ground; came to Colorado, had a hard time crossing, came to a place called Mouth Earth; met A'xtakwa'some', who wore bamboo clothes; P. wanders, gives names to animals, birds and insects]: Densmore 1932a: 49-66.

Honduras vs Panama. Bribri [mother's skull]: Bozzoli, Cubero Venegas 1989, No. 12 [mother's jaw]: 19; Bozzoli, Cubero Venegas, Constela Umaña 1983:18-19; Bozzoli, Murillo Chaverri 1984, No. 33 [cannibal Itz & #243; went with her mother S yorkë to sow corn; she had a baby at home; I. cooked it, let her mother eat it, ate it too, hid her head under the roof; five brothers-S. play, the mother's skull reproaches them, tells them what happened; the youngest, the strongest, S. has a rod in his hands; S. is the eastern hurricane winds, their mouths have flames (lightning?) ; they destroy those who hurt people]: 33; cabecar [mother's jaw]: Stone 1962:60.

The Northern Andes. Cimila [two sons went to hunt tapir; their mother sends their old father to work on the site, who dies of heat and fatigue; sons come to the cleared area, see their father, he has good clothes and jewelry, he is beautifully painted; he appears and disappears with a gust of wind; tells them to kill their mother, gives her club for this purpose; they kill his mother with a club]: Reichel-Dolmatoff 1945, No. 12 : 11-12.

Western Amazon. Mayhuna [the Sky Jaguar sister asked her husband to kill white birds on the fruit tree and made the Sky Jaguars eat him; her son Maineno asks how he was born; she replies that found it under tree bark; sends birds to shoot on the same tree; on the way te (father's spirit in the form of a bird?) sits on his shoulders, tells him how it happened; M. waits under a tree where jaguars descend from the sky; his father tells him to shoot until the one who ate him comes down; he descends, M. tears it apart, they fall, crushing the Toad; now it is flat; M. tells her to smear her back with poison and be a toad; the mother fills the fire with urine, leaves; Father M. says the Lizard has fire, but that swallowed the fire, cut her throat; M. takes the fire drill from the Otter]: Bellier 1991b, No. 3:173-179.

NW Amazon. Whitoto [father's skull]: Preuss 1921, No. 7:289.

175; yagua [father spirit]: Powlison 1972a: 75.

Bolivia — Guaporé. Guarayu [body (spirit?) father from under meat in the basket]: Riester 1977, No. 3:227.