Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

J62B. Those turned into animals are disgraced .15.27.31.

The character turns people who come to him into animals. Thanks to the hero, they're disgraced.

Portuguese, Italians, Ladins, Ancient Greece, Danes.

Southern Europe. Portuguese (multiple entries) [the youngest of two or three sisters says that if she marries a king, she will have children with a gold star on her forehead; the other sister wants to be a cook, etc.; king hears and marries the youngest; older sisters replace children with puppies; the wife is imprisoned or buried in the ground up to the neck so that everyone spits on her; children grow up; catching a talking bird (parrot), a singing tree, living water (often a fairy or St. Virgo helps); older brothers are petrified, turned into animals, etc.; younger sister or brother goes, receives from an old woman (St. Virgos) advice or magic items, returns brothers; children are invited to the king, demand that their mother be returned; the parrot warns that the food is poisoned; the king sees stars on the children's foreheads; the bird She tells everyone; the children and their mother were returned, the liars were executed]: Cardigos 2006, No. 707:156-159; Italians (Bologna) [unable to tolerate her stepmother's nit-picking, Stellina leaves home; her aunt- a fairy gives her a ring to do things; she herds sheep; a man dressed as a prince takes her to his palace; every day she shows up for a minute and leaves again, and invisible hands take care of S. and serve her her; all kinds of animals in the palace park; one day S. asks his ring to show her an invisible assistant; the girl is disgraced and helps S.; they see two columns â€" one must be asked, the other will answer; for in the park, girls greet a passing Indian prince; he explains that this is the palace of the Animal King, which S. will eat one day; S. uses a ring to create a special palace for the prince and transfers treasures there ; in one place he sees heads and individual members lamenting their fate; after the column says that the life of the Animal King in a chestnut under the chair cushion collapses; S. pulls out a chestnut; The Animal King appears and falls dead; animals become kings, queens, princes again; S. marries the Indian prince]: Calvino 1980, No. 52:163-166; Ladins: Uffer 1973, No. 24 [ the fisherman could not catch anything for a long time; when he caught the fish, she told his wife to eat her heart, who would give birth to twins; gills to a mare, liver to a dog; they would give birth to two foals, puppies; twins Jakob and Josep their dogs and horses grew up, indistinguishable from each other; when they went on a journey, they parted at the fork in the road, leaving a sword: if he rusts, the one who comes finds out that his brother is in captivity; Josep came to the inn; the hostess said that 24 robbers come here every night; they do not want to break the door, dig a dig into Josep's room, he all took turns cutting off his head; promises the hostess to return in a year and marry her; she gives a rod that will revive anyone if you hit their bones; Josep came to another inn, there is also a hostess and three robbers; he splashed a hot punch into their eyes, killed them; also promised get married; came to a city where the dragon demands a girl to be eaten every 7 years; it's the princess's turn; Josep cuts off 3 heads then the remaining 4; cut out tongues, promised to return in a year; royal the servant attributed the victory over the dragon to himself; a year later Josep returned; the next day the princess's wedding with the imaginary winner of the dragon; Josep sent a letter with the dog to the princess; showed his tongues, and the deceiver only his heads; he was driven away, Josep married a princess; sees a house through the window; his wife says she does not return from there; he goes, the old woman threw a bridle at him, turned him into a horse; his horse and tied the dog; Jacob sees that the sword is rusted; comes to the hostesses of the first and second hotels, each mistaking him for Josep, but he says he must suffer more; the princess takes him for her husband, he puts his sword to bed; goes to that house in the morning; throws off the bridle, it ends up around the old woman's neck, she turns into a horse; Jacob threatens to kill her, the old woman returns the human being bewitched appearance; when he learns that Jacob was in bed with his wife, Josep pushes him off the cliff with his horse and dog; when he learns from his wife about the sword, he revives them with the rod given to him; everything is fine], 27 [for childless spouses, finally, a son is born; it is a bear, they love him, he has grown up; the princess saw him, asked him to give it to her; at night he turns into a young man; one day someone hears that the princess is talking to someone; when the bear understood this, he ran away, found himself with an old woman who put him on a chain in the basement; the princess went in search; the old man wrote something on a piece of bark, told the dragon guarding the bridge to throw bark; if the dragon reads and laughs, then you can go; the dragon laughed; gave a pipe; let the princess ask the old woman for a job, she will let the sheep herd, but they will turn into hares and scatter; if you start playing pipe, they will gather again and become sheep; you have to bring hot water to the bear, then he will break the chain; the old woman tastes the water that the princess carries to the bear; she gives her a taste of cold water, and herself took the hot one in advance; the bear and the dragon that arrived in time grabbed the old woman and forced the people to return to their human appearance; the dragon and bear also became human; the princess's wedding with former bear]: 93-100, 106-109

The Balkans. Ancient Greece [Odysseus docked at Aee Island on the only remaining ship; Kirka, daughter of Helios and Persia, sister of Eeta, lived there; O. divided the satellites by drawing lots: he himself fell to stay on the ship; Euriloch and the other 22 companions went to Kirk; she gave them a witchcraft drink, touched each with her rod and turned them into wolves, pigs, donkeys, lions; Euriloch hurried to O., told him what had happened; O. went to Kirke, taking with him the magic moth root he had received from Hermes; he threw it in Kirkey's potion and it didn't work; he wanted to hack Kirka, but she restored his companions to their former appearance and O. shared a bed with her; Odysseus's son Telegon was born from this union]: Apollod., E, VII, 14-16 (Apollodorus 1972:94-96).

Baltoscandia. Danes [the young man was hired by the owner of the castle in the woods with the condition of receiving 1 bushel of money for the first year of service, 2 for the second, 3 for the third; the service was to feed wild animals; then the owner for a year turned a young man into a hare; the second year he is a raven; the third is a fish; he finds himself in an underwater palace, where the sorcerer's daughter is hidden; turns into a young man and then back into a fish; the girl teaches what to do; another king owes the sorcerer money, the sorcerer wants to kill him; the king must lend the 6 bushels earned from the sorcerer (just the amount of debt) on the condition that when he comes to the sorcerer, the king will take him with him as a jester; the jester will be ugly to the sorcerer, and for this the sorcerer orders the king to be executed, even if he has done a debt; the only salvation is if the king answers the sorcerer's questions; here are the questions (tasks) and answers: 1) where a sorcerer's daughter? (at the bottom of the sea), 2) which of the same girls is the sorcerer's daughter (she will touch him with her hand), 3) where is the sorcerer's heart? (in such a fish; the sorcerer will bring out the fish, it will be on the right, the girl will also tell you); the young man immediately gutted the fish and the sorcerer died; at the same moment, all the enchanted animals and birds became again humans; the young man married the sorcerer's daughter, they began to live in the castle]: Cramer 1919:89-99 (=Grundtvig 1878:28-45).