Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Introduction
Bibliography
Ethnicities and habitats

K103. Helper cow, ATU 511.

.11.-.16.21.-.24.26.-.34.36.39.

A

pet (horse, cow, ox, goat, sheep, sheep) helps an orphan, a lonely child, and an unhappy young woman.

Xhosa, (kikuyu), Vai, Amhara, Sakho, Nandi, Malgashi, Morocco, Kabila, Algerian Arabs, Tunisia, Egyptian Arabs, Italians (Menton, Tuscany), Sicilians, Sardinians, Corsicans, Spaniards, Portuguese, Basques, Maltese, Irish, Scottish, English, French, Dutch, Flemish, Friesians, Germans (Grimms, Schleswig-Holstein, Austria), Alsatians, Arabs of Palestine, Syria, Hadramaut, Jibbali, Tibetans, Tibetans Amdo, Mustang, Tibetans NW Yunnan, Nevar, Rai, Viets, Monks, Kashmiris, Nepal, Himachal Pahari, Northern India, Marathi, Warli, Bengalis, Santals, Ho, Oraons, Kannada, Bajau, Chuan Miao, Meo, Lisu, Chinese (Guangdong, Shandong), Koreans, Hungarians, Slovenes, Serbs, Bosnians, Croats, Macedonians, Romanians, Bulgarians, Albanians, Greeks, Slovaks, Czechs, Luzhitans, Poles, Russians (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Olonetskaya, Vologda, Pskov, Kaluga, Moscow, Gorkovskaya, Ryazan, Voronezh, Kursk), Ukrainians, Belarusians, Kalmyks, Kabardian, Adygs, Balkarians, Ossetians, Avars, Varnishes, Rutultsy, Lezgins, Georgians, Armenians, Kurds, Turks, Turkmens, Persians, Bakhtiyars, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kati, Braguis, Finns, Karelians, Veps, Estonians, Livs, Latvians, Lithuanians, Swedes, Danes, Faroese, Norwegians, Icelanders, Mari, Mordovians, Kazan Tatars, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Karakalpaks, Salars, Dungans, Mongols, Altaians, Central (?) Yakuts, forest yukaghirs.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Xhosa [the women of the village force the poor orphan Magoda to do different jobs; he sits on the father's remaining ox, leaves; towards the herd, the ox defeats the ferocious bull; M. is hungry, from ox horns pour food, excess food goes to another horn; the ox warns that he will die in the fight with the next bull, tells him to break his horns, take it with him; M. comes to the village, feeds everyone; one person replaces horns; M. returns, the thief tries in vain to beg the horns for food, they will give it only for M.; he takes the horns, runs away; asks the horn for good clothes, comes to the village, marries, lives in prosperity]: McCall Theal 1882:139-160 (=Arnott 2000:79-85; in Held 1904:21-25 this text is classified as Hottenot); (cf. kikuyu [men agree to slaughter bulls and eat meat where there are no flies; the poor man has no cattle, he takes a quiver of flies with him; when a bull is slaughtered, he releases flies, others throw meat, go then, the poor man stays, eats; so several times; when the last bull is left, the poor man does not let flies, others decide that they have found a good place; we must find fire; not far from the hut, the first man comes, the old cannibal promises to fire and more bananas, cuts off the head with a knife; this is how four died; the latter noticed blood and corpses, puts a smut in the old woman's eyes, runs away; the old woman pursues, throwing lightning knives that cut down the forest; did not catch up, but cursed the fugitive, he lost his way; came to the house, there was a calf and milk; the man drank, the calf asked who he was; said that he should milk his mother, who did has milked itself; the cow is grazing in the air; tells the man not to look at the sky, but to build a pen before he looks; on the seventh day he looked, the cow fell dead, from the sky into the pen A lot of cattle gathered, and the companions killed by the cannibal came to life; they returned home with the cattle]: Gagnolo 1952, No. 9:123-125).

West Africa. Vai [the husband died, the wives left, the pregnant woman decided to stay, but then went too; moving away from the house of the deceased, she was in pain, returned, gave birth; the baby was almost dying when she tried to carry him away; she left him, returned to the people; the boy was raised by a cow; he became handsome; she talked about wealth in locked huts; he bought slaves and slaves from caravans with this money; freed him, they became by his people; the mother returned to the village, did not recognize her son, married him, the cow told the young man that the one who came was his mother and her daughter was his sister; the young man forgave his mother, arranged a party]: Creel 1960:42- 46.

Sudan — East Africa. Amhara [when she dies, the wife tells her two daughters not to forget their cow; the husband takes a new wife; she starves them and pampers her daughters, but the stepdaughters are still more beautiful; the stepmother spies on how the cow feeds them milk; tells her husband to slaughter her; the cow and the girls go to the forest; the girls live in a tree, two hunters find them and marry them; when the cow is old, the husband slaughtered her secretly; After eating her meat, her wife died]: Gankin 1979, No. 71:90-91; sakho [Zuwawiyo's mother died, her father took another wife, Madina's daughter; stepmother keeps H. starving, but Haylu's cow feeds her: her tortillas they turn into honey, urine into milk; once the stepmother sent her own daughter with E.; Z. tells the cow not to show anything, M. asks what is going on, promises to keep a secret, but tells her mother everything; she pretended to be sick, asked her husband to slaughter a cow; Z. then left home]: Reinisch 1889, No. 16:144-146; (cf. nandi [at first, the cattle was like people, with legs, not hooves, talking; the man decided to slaughter his cow, but was afraid to do it openly, persuaded his son to be sick, he would be cured by fat; the cow gave milk, taught her how to knock down butter; next time blood; the cow taught her to open her vein, target her blood; next time she taught her bone fat; taught her how to slaughter her; then the legs of the cows began hooves, cows are speechless; so people say that cows are their mothers]: Hollis 1909:119); malgashi [a cow living alone gives birth to a girl; she has grown up beautiful; this has been talked about to the chief; he asks her to marry him; she says she cannot leave her mother cow alone; next time she agrees; the mother smells a man; gives her daughter beautiful clothes and jewelry; the chief takes her away a girl in her mother's absence; after discovering this, a cow comes for her and asks her to return; the daughter refuses her mother's gifts and stays with her husband]: Haring 1982, no. 1.3.25:137.

North Africa. Arabs of Morocco [a man has two wives, one has a daughter Nunja and a son, the other has a daughter Aakasha; the first one says she would like to be a cow to eat herbs; the other touches her with a necklace, turns her into a cow, but refuses to turn it back into a human; the cow has been slaughtered, the bones are buried, and a kind of candy stick has grown in this place, sucked on by son and daughter; A.'s mother asks what they eat because they are so healthy; they say that frogs; she sends A. to eat frogs, the frog jumps in her face, dazzles her; the children say that A. does not know how to catch frogs; the stepmother takes care of the children herself , pulls out a nutritious stem, scatters bones; going to the bazaar, the father asks what to bring; N. asks for pomegranates; everyone goes to the Sultan's feast, N. leaves to collect the scattered grain; the crow does it as a reward for a piece of rag for his nest; N. finds a dress and shoes in a pomegranate, goes to the party, returns, loses his shoe; the sultan orders to find the owner, marries N.; at the wedding, the stepmother stabs into N.'s head is a needle, she flies away with a dove, her stepmother replaces her with her blind daughter; A. becomes the Sultan's wife, gives birth to a daughter; the sultan orders to cut the reeds, the dove prevents this from doing so, rushes to the Sultan, n gives it to A., tells her to take care of her; she slowly plucks her, says that the child did it; the sultan finds it, takes out the needle, the dove turns into N.; the sultan sends mother A. cut into pieces her daughter's body; stepmother gives the sultan's gift to neighbors, finds her daughter's nose, falls dead]: El Koudia 2003, No. 16:100-103; kabila [when dying, a woman tells her husband not to sell cows; stepmother holds orphans are starved, but the cow gives them her milk; the mother lies to her daughter Jokhra; the stepmother tells them to slaughter the cow, brother and sister drink butter and honey from straws on the grave; J. tries - there is blood for her and bile; stepmother tells me to burn the grave; orphans leave; brother drinks from a stream, turns into a gazelle; Sister Aisha climbs a palm tree; witch Settuta pretends not to know how to bake cakes, A. descends, sultan on her marries; the elder wife pushes pregnant A. into the well; the elder wife demands that the gazelle be slaughtered; the Gazelle brother tells A. that they want to slaughter him, A. replies that he is unable to get out; the sheikh talks about to this sultan, he gets A. and his son, the eldest wife is executed; the sheikh returns the gazelenka to its human appearance]: Taos-Amrush 1974:88-95; the Arabs of Algeria [mother is dead, stepmother tyrannites stepson and stepson, the cow gives them her milk; when the stepmother sent her own daughter to the cow, she knocked her eye out with her hoof; the stepmother tells her husband to sell the cow, but he, selling it at the bazaar, predicts the buyer's misfortune; They do not buy a cow; then the stepmother persuaded the butcher to buy a cow at any price and slaughter it; the husband asked for the udder to be given to him, put it on his first wife's grave, and milk continued to flow from the orphan's nipples; When the stepmother's own daughter venerated, there was blood and pus in her nipples; the stepmother threw the udders to the dogs and told them to take the children to the forest; but they returned; then the stepmother, her husband and daughter left themselves; the stepmother left the poisoned bread, but the sister gave it first to the cat, she died; brother and sister went on a journey; the shepherd warned: if you drink water from a spring and then breathe, you will become a gazelle; brother deliberately left the talisman at the source to return; drank, sighed, became a gazelle; the sister began to live in the forest, the gazelle with her; while combing her hair, the sister dropped her hair into the stream; the Sultan noticed him, decided marry the owner; old Settoute went up the stream, found the girl, told the Sultan; he came with his men; to force the girl to come down from the tree, S. began to grind the grain, placing the millstone is wrong; the girl went down to show how to do it, S.Yu quietly nailed her clothes to the ground with a peg, the sultan grabbed the girl, married, promised not to harm the gazelles; a beggar, young The Sultan recognized her father, put a gold coin in his bread; the stepmother guessed that the Sultan was her stepdaughter; brought her daughter to the palace; when the Sultan was ready to give birth, she began to comb her hair and pushed her into the well, took her place; ordered the gazelle to be slaughtered; the gazelle asks her to say goodbye to her sister, comes to the well; “They sharpen knives, the boilers are boiling”; sister: “My sons Lahcène and d'El are on one of my knees -Hocine, and on the other, a snake with its mouth open”; the sultan asked the wise El-moudjarrab for advice; he ordered the freshly slaughtered cow to be lowered into the well; the serpent climbed into the carcass, at which time the Sultan and the children were pulled out; the sultan cut off his imaginary wife's head, cooked the meat, put her head in a bag, the meat on top; sent the cat and dog to take the bag to her stepmother; she ate the meat, believing that she was eating a gazelle, then found daughter's head]: Belamri 1982:15-28; Tunisian Arabs [like Palestinians, Muhawi, Kanaana 1989, No. 7]: Muhawi, Kanaana 1989:334; Tunisia: Al-Aribi 2009, No. 30 [Once upon a time there was an orphan boy Ali, half of his hair was golden and half was silver. His mother died, his father remarried, and his stepmother was infertile, so she hated Ali and tried to get rid of him. But Ali had a magic horse, Adham, who saved him. Then the stepmother decided to force her husband to kill the horse, pretending to be sick. But Adham found out and he and Ali ran away. Ali jumped on his horse, and the horse jumped into the air and flew away. They've landed in a different country. Adham gave Ali a few of his hairs, and he turned into a skinny oath and went his own way. Ali dressed like a beggar, put a torn hat over his head, covered his hair, and settled down in a shop. Once the younger princess saw him without a hat and she wanted to marry. All seven princesses married, and the youngest married Ali. At first, when she threw him the ball, he refused and said he didn't want it, and only took the ball the second time. The king got angry and drove his daughter and Ali out of the palace. Once the king fell ill, and a doctor advised him to milk a lioness in the skin of a gazelle from a land of horrors and ghouls. He sent six of his sons-in-law to get the medicine. Ali heard about this, summoned Adham, changed himself and appeared to his sons-in-law. He gave them medicine and in return demanded that they cut off their earlobes. The sons-in-law came to the king with medicine, and when they left, Ali appeared and told the king how things really happened. Then the king expelled all six sons-in-law and wives, took back his youngest daughter and Ali and appointed him heir to the throne], 54 [Once upon a time there was a wife and husband, and they had a daughter, Hana. My wife died, my husband got married a second time. My stepmother was very mean. She gave birth to two more children: a boy and a girl, then her husband died. Her stepmother abused Hana and wouldn't let her eat. One day, Hana ran into the woods and met an old lady there, who gave her a goat and said that when she wanted to eat, she should only say “Food! Food!” , and a table with food will appear. Her stepmother noticed that Hana was no longer asking for food, followed her and found out what was going on. Then she slaughtered a goat. The old lady advised Hana to bury her goat bones near her house. An amazing tree grew on this site, which had many different fruits, and only Hana could get them. She ate them. Once a prince drove by their house, no one could get him fruit but Hana. He saw her beauty and fell in love with her. Then the prince married Hana, and they lived happily ever after, and forgot Khan about her stepmother's atrocities], 70 [Aisha and Zahra are the same husband's wives. Aisha gave birth to a boy and a girl, Hasan and Zainab, and Zahra also gave birth to a boy and a girl. The women went to the dyeing house, there were a lot of people there, they left their wool and went to the market. When they returned, the coat was already dyed, but they couldn't find their donkey anywhere. Then Aisha began to worry about what her husband would say, revealed her secret to Zahra: “Take my handkerchief and hit me with it, I'll turn into a cow, you put wool on me and ride me home, and when you arrive, Hit me again with a handkerchief and I'll be back in human form.” When they got home, Zahra decided not to turn Aisha into a human being again. Aisha's children asked about her mother, she said she didn't know anything. Zahra began to mistreat Aisha's children and did not give them food, but for some reason they were still prettier. So she sent her daughter to see what was going on. She went with her brother and sister to herd a cow. When they were hungry, they asked for a cow and she gave them dates and milk. Zahra asked her husband to slaughter a cow. A palm tree grew out of the seeds, and Aisha's children began to grow prettier again. Zahra sent her son to ask them to reveal a secret that he was different from his sister and would not tell his mother. Then the children asked the palm tree to eat, and it gave them dates, and a source of oil came from its roots. Zahra's son oiled his head and put a date seed in his boot. When I got home, I asked my mother to look in his head and see what got into his boot. Zahra understood everything again and asked her husband to cut down the palm tree. He cut it down. The children left home, reached the river, the boy drank water from the river despite his sister's warnings, and turned into a gazelle. At night, the girl climbed a tree and fell asleep on it, and the gazelle under the tree. There was a puddle under the tree, into which the girl's hair fell. A prince passed by. His horse wanted to drink from the puddle but couldn't because of his hair. When he saw the hair, the prince wanted to marry its owner and called Azuz Sittut to help him with this. The old woman asked for semolina, pot and eve and started cooking couscous, but she did everything wrong on purpose. The girl came down and showed her how to do it. The prince married her. I went hunting, and Zahra came to visit the princess. She forgave her. Zahra threw the princess into the well and dressed her daughter in her clothes. When the prince returned, he was surprised to see his wife, but she talked out of it. The gazelle started running to the well. The fake wife tried to persuade the prince to slaughter the gazelle, and the prince knew it was her brother. He thought his wife was crazy. The gazelle told her sister, Zainab, about this, who told him to ask the prince to bring two wooden bowls, one with food and the other empty. The snake in the well ate the food, and the princess was taken upstairs with her son, whom she gave birth in a well. The fake wife was stabbed to death, made into couscous and sent to her mother Zahra. She ate couscous and found her daughter's hand at the bottom of the plate. She screamed and fell dead] at Korovkin MS; the Arabs of Egypt [stepmother feeds her son and daughter well, gives her stepson and stepdaughter dog bread; they ask the black cow to be kind to them, as their mother was, they give her dog bread, get a buttery and tasty one in return; the stepmother sends her own children to follow; the boy gives no secret, the girl, whose dress fell a fat piece, tells everything; lover The stepmother advises her to pretend to be sick, and he will offer the liver of a black cow as a medicine; the children buried the bones of a cow, an aloe tree has grown, the children climbed on it, ate its fruits and juice]: Basset 1903, No. 37:102-105

Southern Europe. Basques: Uther 2004 (1), No. 511:296-298; Spaniards (Extremadura) [mother died, girl began to live with her aunt; she and her daughter tyrant her; aunt gives thread, tells her to make a ball; cow She tells her to put a thread under her tail, it turns out a ball; the same is to turn a stump of bread into a loaf; her aunt noticed that she told her husband to slaughter the cow; the girl went to wash her intestines, the eagle took them away; she followed him came to the robbers' house, cleaned it up, they gave her a chest of money and clothes; her aunt's daughter went; because the house was fine, she messed him up; the robbers beat her and tore her clothes; When she came back, her mother also beat her]: Camarena, Chevalier 1995, No. 511A: 420-422; Portuguese [stepmother tyrannites stepdaughter, father's bull protects her; he has a magic tablecloth in his ear or horn; or he helps her find food, or helps her spin; stepmother watches the bull; pretending to be sick, asks him to slaughter; stepdaughter runs away with him; the bull carries her through the copper, silver, golden forest; tells her not touch the trees, but she accidentally touches them and takes them with her; because of this, the bull must fight demons every time; the girl lubricates his wounds; he tells him to kill and bury him, everything appears in this place what a girl needs; or a murdered bull turns into a prince and marries a girl]: Cardigos 2006, No. 511A: 126-128; Portuguese: Cox 1893, No. 89 [widow teacher wants to marry the heroine's father; let iron shoes will rust first; the heroine wants her father to marry, pours water into her shoes; stepmother and her daughter tyrant her stepdaughter; she is given bread for the day, which she must bring back in the evening; a cow touches the bitten places with a horn and the loaf becomes intact again; the cow is slaughtered; a golden ball falls out of her entrails, falls into the water; the heroine goes looking for it, finds herself in the fairies, cleans up their house; they they reward: pearls and gold will fall from her lips, give a wand that fulfills her wishes; her stepmother's own daughter also comes to the fairies, makes their house mess; fairies make it drip from her lips dirt; the heroine in magical dresses comes to the party three times; runs away; loses her shoe; girls try on the shoe; wedding]: 35-36; Braga 2002 []: 144-146; Pedroso 1882, No. 18 []: 75-79; Italians : Andrews 1880 (Menton) [after his wife's death, the father took another; the stepmother wants to poison his stepson; his “little filly” warns not to eat; after overhearing their conversation, the stepmother agreed with the healer: she pretend to be sick, and he will advise him to wrap himself in fresh horse skin; the young man rode off, the horse tells him to hire a gardener for the king, remain silent and only say his name Bismé; younger princess watched him comb his golden hair; the king allowed her to marry a gardener, but drove her out of sight; a young man in a luxurious outfit smashes enemies incognito; hunts game, gives it away the older sons-in-law for the first time for their wedding rings, the second for the right to stamp their buttocks; the horse allows B. to speak; at the festival he talks about everything; the king drove away his older sons-in-law, appointed B. heir]: 44-46; Calvino 1980, No. 64 (Tuscany) [after giving birth to Rosina, the mother died; the stepmother gave birth to a daughter Assunta; they grew up, people admire the beauty of R., consider swarthy A. ugly; A. asks for his mother to send R. to spin hemp, mow grass and herd cows, starve and beat in the evenings; spin and mow at the same time; the old cow spins herself, chewing yarn and winding it around its horn; when she finds out What's the matter, A. goes with the cows herself, but they just confused the yarn; A. asks her mother to send R. to steal the salad from her neighbor; behind the fence R. saw not a salad, but a turnip; pulled out one, under it, a toad's nest; she praises little toads; dropping one, laments that the leg is broken; toads call it kind and make it beautiful as the sun; a toad with a broken leg curses R.: seeing a ray of sunshine, R. will become a snake and again will turn into a girl only by walking through the fire of the stove; after that, R. did not leave the house during the day, asking her stepmother and her daughter not to work on the street; the prince sees R., marries, takes her away; stepmother persuaded the coachman to open the roof of the carriage when the sun began to shine; he did so, R. turned into a snake, crawled away; at that time, a wedding feast was being prepared in the palace; the cook had just put a pile in the oven brushwood brought and could not pull the crawled snake out of it; a naked beauty jumped out of the fire; everything is fine]: 225-229; Sardinians: Cerise, Serafini 1975, No. 511*: 120; Corsicans [ Mariucella is a stepdaughter, herding and spinning cows; her late mother has turned into a cow, doing all the work for her; her stepmother tells her to slaughter a cow; she tells M. that she has three apples in her stomach; let her eat one the second will be thrown on the roof, the third will leave it in the garden; the third has grown an apple tree with beautiful fruits; when someone other than M. approaches it, it turns into a thorny bush; the second apple turns into rooster; when stepmother tries to replace M. with her daughter for the king to take her, the rooster exposes the deception]: Orioli, p. 81 in Cosquin 1886:253; Sicilians [teacher gives Catherine sweets; asks if she wants to be her mother; teaches her to ask her mother to take a date out of the chest, drop the lid around her neck, put a date in her mouth; everyone thinks that K.'s mother is to blame; K.'s father is reluctant agrees to her request to marry a teacher; she has her own ugly daughter; stepmother tells K. to hide all the wool in a day; the ram tells her to go to bed, by evening the yarn is ready; the stepmother tells her to slaughter the ram; he tells K. to ask the guts, take three gold balls out of them, run with his brother Giovanni, stay away from the sea, otherwise he will become a snake; gold balls turn into a rich castle; he is by the sea, K. nowhere does not go out; the king sees J., makes him close; he advises to marry K.; K. demands to pave the road from the royal castle to her; J. do with the workers; stepmother comes with her daughter; tells K . step to the window overlooking the sea, K. disappears; the stepmother's daughter takes her place; the king is angry with J., sends the ugly woman with her mother into the forest; J. tells everything; the stepmother persuades the king to tell J. do overnight 1) a water fountain, an oil fountain, a fountain of wine; J. goes to the sea, Snake-K. gives a magic wand to do everything; 2) a crystal palace (the same); 3) a stove into which all the fish from the sea will rush; K. teaches that he must grab her, throw her in a vat of milk; a girl is reborn; the king takes her as his wife, the stepmother and her daughter are left alone in the woods]: Gonzenbach 2004a [1870], No. 25:166-173; the Maltese [The teacher, having views on the girl's father, persuades her to kill her mother by dropping something heavy on her; as a stepmother, she hates stepdaughters; the cow feeds them by giving them honey cakes from her horn and milk from the udder; the stepmother sends her own daughter to see what is going on, the cow maims her (deprives her of her eyes, makes her lame); the stepmother kills the cow, which turns into a gold plate; the youngest of the stepdaughters goes beyond prince]: Mifsud-Chircop 1978, No. 511A: 149-151

Western Europe. French: Lopyreva 1959, No. 8 (Burgundy) [Annette's mother died, father married another; stepmother starves A.; the fairy gives a stick, if you touch the black ram, a table with food will appear; And . prettier; stepmother sends her own daughter Marie to find out what's going on; A. combs her, puts her to sleep; sends daughter Lisette, who has a third eye, he does not sleep, sees a miracle with a ram; stepmother pretends to be sick, to her you need black sheep meat; the liver is given to A., she buries it, a tree with fruits grows, they fall only into A.'s hands; the king's son promises to marry the one who gets the fruit; the stepmother climbs the stairs falls, breaks his neck; A. easily reaches out, marries the Queen]: 14-19; Cosquin 1886 (Lorraine) [when she dies, the Queen tells Florine's daughter to take care of the lamb; the king married another, stepmother has a daughter Truitonne ; stepmother starves F., but only gets prettier: when she touches the lamb with a stick, food appears; the stepmother sends T., she fell asleep on the first day, spied on the second; the stepmother demands that the lamb be slaughtered; that tells F. to collect his bones, leave it on a pear; bells will appear on it; if they stop ringing, then trouble; the king saw, asked to pick it off for him, stepmother, etc., cannot, the branches lean towards F. themselves, the king marries F.; when leaving, the king asked stepmother F. to take care of her; she threw her into the river, replaced her with her own daughter; the king heard that the bells had fallen silent, hurried to the palace; saw F.'s hand in the river, pulled out, F. came to her senses; stepmother and T. hung]: 248-250; the Irish (Longford County) [the king and queen had a son; the queen died, the king remarried; the stepmother did not like her stepson, He was sent to herd cows; he began to cry, a red goby came up to him and asked him what was going on; the young man said that he was starving and had to sleep outside; the goby offered to unscrew one of his horns, to find food, and admitted that it contained the soul of the deceased queen; the young man unscrewed his horn, found a knife, tablecloth, food and drinks; after eating, put the tablecloth in the horn and screwed it back; the goby became feed him every day; his stepmother wanted to find out why the young man was gaining strength; noticed the goby leaving him; told the king that she was sick and asked for the heart and liver of a red bull; the king agreed to be slaughtered; the goby ran away; there was a castle in the forest where four giants and their mother lived; the young man brought the cows to their land, in the evening they gave so much milk that there were not enough buckets; the next day the young man brought the cows there again, the giant began to track him down; the goby told the young man to sit on his back and told him not to touch the trees; warned the young man to take his skin if he died; in in case of danger, you should stand on this skin, swear by the heart and liver of a red bull — this will ensure victory; they galloped, the young man hit a branch, the forest rang; a big bull, a red goby, rode towards them defeated him; the next day they returned to the forest, the giant chased them; the young man touched the branch, a bull appeared, killed a red bull; the young man took his skin and horn, allowed the cows to graze in the possessions giants; one of them came, the young man stood in the skin of a bull, killed the one who came; in the following days he killed all the giants except one; came to their castle, met the mother of giants there; she helped him hide; when her son returned home, the young man killed him; took possession of the treasures of the giants; richly dressed, went on a royal hunt; there they were surprised by a stranger; when he returned home in old clothes, half- my sister understood from her golden hair that it was him; the two of us went to the castle of giants, decided to get married; the stepmother, when they found out that he was rich, died of a heart attack; the king repented]: Mac Gré ; ine 1930, No. 16:268-272; Germans [a woman has three daughters; one with one eye in her forehead and one with three eyes did not like the two-eyed because it did not look like them; the witch taught Two-Eye how to handle to the goat to give her a table with food every time; sisters and mother wonder why Two-Eyed is not hungry; sisters take turns spying; One-Eyed's eye Two-eyed spoke and she fell asleep, and the third Three-Eyed's eye did not speak, she saw everything; the mother stabbed the goat, but the witch ordered the entrails to be buried; a tree with silver leaves and golden fruits has grown; only the Two-Eyed picks the gold from it apples, they are not given to sisters; a knight was driving by; the mother hid the Two-Eye and the plucked apples under the barrel; the sisters could not give the knight apples, the two-eyed rolled them out from under the barrel; the knight forced him to lift the barrel , took Two-Eye and married her; the magic tree came to the palace for her; the sisters became impoverished and one day came to beg; the two-eyed forgave them and they repented]: Grimm, Grimm 2002, No. 130:424-429 (=Grimm, Grimm 1987:338-343); Germans (Schleswig-Holstein, Austria), Dutch, Flemish, Friesians: Uther 2004 (1), No. 511:296-298; Alsatians [stepmother loves elder Stepdaughter Anna, wants to get rid of her younger Margarita; together with Anna, she takes her to the forest three times; M. overhears each time, on the advice of the old woman, throws seeds, sawdust, chaff, hemp behind; for the third time they birds pecked; she came to the cow's house (Vache de la Terre); she tells her to stay with her, not let anyone in, not tell her; gives milk, wool and silk to sew dresses; A. comes and persuades her let him go, returns to his stepmother, they decide to slaughter the cow; she tells M. to plant her tail, horn and hoof; a tree grows; the nobleman carries his sick son, he says that the fruits of the tree will cure him; when A. and stepmother want to pick fruits, branches rise; go down to M.; the nobleman's son marries her]: Lefftz 2006, No. 9:185-193; Scots [the new queen tyrannites the daughter of the deceased, sends sheep to herd, but does not feed; surprised that the stepdaughter is alive; asks the poultry house to find out; she sends her daughter, the girl puts her to sleep, but the third eye on the back of her head when she falls asleep sees a sharp gray sheep bring her stepdaughter meat; the queen tells the sheep to be slaughtered; she tells her stepdaughter to collect her bones, wrap it in her skin, she will be reborn; the stepdaughter forgot to put her hooves, the sheep is limp, but began to bring meat again; prince fell in love with his stepdaughter, the daughter of the poultry house spied, the Queen sent her own daughter to herd the sheep, and left her stepdaughter to work in the kitchen; the prince gave his stepdaughter gold shoes; she secretly came to church for service, leaving before his stepmother; for the third time, the prince chased her, found the lost shoe; told everyone to try it on; the poultry house cut off the Queen's daughter's toes to make her shoes fit; during weddings, the bird began to scream that there was blood in his shoes and beautiful legs in the corner behind the hearth; the prince marries his stepdaughter]: Campbell 1890 (2), No. 43:300-303; the British [dying, the queen tells her daughter that a red calf will take care of her; the king takes a new wife with three ugly daughters, she does not feed her stepdaughter, she sits on ash in the kitchen, she is called Rushen Coatie; the calf tells her to get her food from her ear; stepmother tells her daughter to spy, asks her husband to slaughter a calf; a dead calf tells her to collect all his bones under a stone, will grant wishes; but there is no one tibia; everyone goes to church; the calf runs up limping, brings rich clothes, explains what to say to make dinner ready; but the RC must get home before others; when the sisters come back, they talk about unknown beauty; next time the RC lost her crystal shoe; the prince tells me to try everything on; the stepmother cut off the fingers and heel of one of the daughters, the prince took her to the palace, but the raven talked about it scream; seeing blood dripping from his shoe, the prince took the liar back; the shoe himself jumped out of the prince's pocket and put on the RC's leg; wedding]: Jacobs 1894:163-168.

Western Asia. Palestinians [the first wife dies, she has a son and daughter, the father gives them a cow, remarries, the stepmother also has a daughter and son, she gives the best to them; the children of the deceased mother herd the cow, ask her to open up, they get meat and rice between the horns; the stepmother sends her son to watch, he does not give orphans; the daughter watches, tells her mother; the stepmother pretends to be sick, asks to slaughter the cow; the cow has been slaughtered, the orphans run away, the shepherd tells me to drink from the lower spring, and a gazelle wrote to the upper one, the drunk from there will become a gazelle; the brother drinks, turns; the king sees the girl, marries the gazelle with her; sends her on the Hajj, close associates throw his wife into the well, the gazelle throws her pieces of bread there; the king returns, his entourage says that his wife is dead; the gazelle is being fattened; the king watches her approach the well, complains sister that they want to slaughter her; the sister replies that she has the king's son in her arms, that the whale has swallowed her; the king pulls his wife and son out of the well, the gazelle turns into a boy; the king burns the mother, sister and maid]: Muhawi, Kanaana 1989, No. 7:89-93; Syria, Hadramaut [like Palestinians, Muhawi, Kanaana 1989, No. 7]: Muhawi, Kanaana 1989:334; jibbali [mother is dead, neighbor pretends what is good to the orphan Begelut, persuades him to advise his father to marry her; decides to get rid of B.; when he was at his mother's grave, a mare appeared; she warns that his stepmother will try it poison, B. throws away the poisoned drink; the old woman advises to pretend to be sick, ask for a mare to be slaughtered; B. asks for permission to ride three times, galloped off; killed the hyena, took her skin, came to the Sultan , hid the mare, covering it with hyena skin; the sultan gives him a donkey to ride; the youngest of the sultan's daughters throws lemon at B. three times; the sultan passes it off as him, but puts them in a koshar; the sultan is sick, the medicine — gazelle milk, 6 older sons-in-law leave, cannot get it; B. catches up on his mare, kills two gazelles, takes good milk from one and bad milk from the other; agrees to sell milk to six sons-in-law for putting a stamp on their crotch; giving them bad milk; (text breaks off)]: Müller 1907, No. 26:114-117.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Tibetans [(from Vetala's Twenty-Five Tales); a girl comes to a cannibal's house to ask for fire; gets a piece of grilled human ear, eats it, she liked it; the cannibal and her daughter offer friendship, they explain to the girl how to kill her mother so that she does not interfere; the girl pretends to be sick, tells her mother that she will recover if she hits her chest against a millstone; cuts off her breasts with a millstone, the mother dies; the cannibal and her daughter eat the corpse, the girl herds their cows, carries firewood; the cannibal's daughter puts on her clothes and jewelry, gives her rags; the girl's mother is reborn as a cow, all her milk is cream and oil; tells the daughter to leave her apron for the night, in the morning it wears ready-made yarn, firewood, cooked food, well-fed cows around; the cannibal sends her daughter; in the morning cow manure on her apron, yarn hangs on trees, cows are scattered; the cannibal decides to kill the cow, she tells her daughter to ask for hooves, skin from her feet, part of her entrails, to bury under the threshold; the cannibal and her daughter go to the party, tells the girl crush barley and mustard; the turtledove tells her to dig up the buried, the remains of the cow have become clothes, shoes, ornaments; the turtledove does the work; at the festival, the girl sees the prince, loses on the way home a shoe; the prince promises to marry the owner of the shoe (he saw at the festival that she was a goddess); turtledoves tell the girl to go to the palace, the prince marries her; she gives birth to a son Jalaγu Ardasidi; in the country prosperity; the cannibal's daughter comes, asks about the habits of the new queen, she replies that she gives cows bones, dogs hay, the king soup, courtiers food, spanks her son, slams the door, stomps up the steps, puts a ball of thread into the fire in the evening (it will not remain hot until morning), etc.; the cannibal's daughter invites the prince's wife to wash her hair, pushes her into the lake, puts on her clothes and jewelry; imaginary the wife broke doors and stairs, feeds her husband with liquid soup, gives bones to cows, etc.; the groom sees the horse drinking from the lake, crying, a golden lark flying out of the water, asking which queen is under better; the groom tells the king about everything; he asks the lark to sit on his head, catches him; the lark says that she has committed a great sin (letters., “my daughter committed”, but then the text on behalf of his daughter); it is necessary push the imaginary wife into a trap pit, fill her with hot coals, then the real one will take her form; and so it happened; the revived one orders to cut off the head of the cannibal's dead daughter, wraps her head in a ball of thread, comes to the cannibal under the guise of her daughter; asks for help unraveling the ball; taking the end of the thread, she jumps back; finding her daughter's head, the cannibal jumps after her; the girl screams that the cannibal's house is on fire; she takes the red scarf left by the girl in the window to the fire, comes back; everything is fine]: Schlepp 2002:125-132; Tibetans (Amdo): Kajihama 2004, No. 25 [when the boy is 15, his favorite ram says that He will be slaughtered tomorrow, told him to keep his two knee bones; one is yellow and the other is white, the boy calls them gold and silver; the cannibal grabs the boy's father, he promises to give his son for himself; deliberately leaves both bones in the old camp, tells his son that he has forgotten them; the boy rode his eight-legged mare; the witch says it is difficult for her to get up; the boy dismounts, takes the bones, jumps away, but the witch takes it out, throws the sickle, cutting off the horse's legs; says that today he will eat the horse and tomorrow the boy; sends the boy for firewood; the dove says that tomorrow he will fly and carry him away; in the morning the witch cuts off the pigeon's wing with a sickle: today I'll eat a pigeon, tomorrow you; the insect promises to become a bull tomorrow, carry the boy; the bull rushed, the old woman did not throw the sickle, chased herself, did not catch up; would go to village, people loaded him with a lot of food, he ran away, brought it to the boy; said that he was the ram that the boy had taken care of since childhood; ordered him to be slaughtered, scattered red, white, loyal hair in villages; put your feet on 4 sides of the world, put your intestines around them; head in the middle, heart in front of your head, buds along the edges; cut the meat, scatter it around; a village where white hair is thrown, full of sheep, where black are yaks, where red are horses; head is a palace, legs are four gates, intestines are an iron fence, heart is queen, kidneys are two ministers, pieces of meat are people; the boy became king]: 103-108; Tshe dbang rdo rje et al. 2007 [a woman cares for her two eldest daughters, keeps the youngest starving; she herds a white cow, a cow gives her food, the girl is prettier; mother and sisters find out about it, gather slaughter a cow; she tells the girl not to eat her meat, bones and a share of meat in a cave by the river, return in three days; three days later, a revived cow in the cave; the prince invites everyone to the festival girls; the mother tells the youngest to separate the barley from the ash, goes to the party with the elders; the white cow tells the birds to do the job, gives the girl a beautiful outfit, brings her to the party; the prince marries her, mother is forced to agree to marriage]: 214-215; Mustang [demoness and daughter live in the upper reaches of the valley, woman and daughter live in the lower reaches; the woman went to search for the missing cow, the demoness invited her to house, killed; daughter went, demoness made her a maid; ordered her to herd a cow, her dead mother turned into her, gives her daughter sweets; the demoness hears the girl chewing something at night, walking with the cow herself, she stains her clothes with manure, the demoness decides to slaughter her; the cow tells the girl to hide her head, hooves and skin behind the door; the demoness and daughter go to the party, telling the girl to separate peas, beans, barley and wheat; a revived mother is doing her job, the remains of a cow have turned into a luxurious attire, the girl came to the party, lost her slipper on the way back; the servant brought it to the king; he tells me to try it on all women between 16 and 40; the demoness and daughter go to the screenings, the mother remains to pick up the grain, sends her daughter to the palace, tells her to come last; she becomes the king's wife; when the demoness and daughter returned home, everything is dirty with chicken manure; the demoness sends her daughter to hire a poultry house, tells the queen to stick a pin in the back of her head, she will be speechless, change clothes with her, take her place, and the queen will be a poultry house; but her mother had given her daughter three cowries before that; she was sent to herd cows; she took a kauri, a young man appeared to herd cows, and three girls who began to spin this yarn for the girl; they pulled out a pin, the queen was speechless, told the king everything, he ordered the liar to be beheaded, her body was burned, her head was hidden under sweets and meat; the queen, disguised as a daughter the demoness brought her a gift; she found her daughter's head, rushed in pursuit; she threw a piece of coal (darkness), a head brush (thorny forest), a mirror (ice field); on the ice, the demoness slipped, fell on stone, shattered to death; all is well]: Kretschmar 1985, No. 39:218-223; Tibetans (NW Yunnan) [spouses are slaves in a wealthy household; their daughter Yongxi looks like the mistress's daughter, so she wants kill her; J.'s father died, her mother did not notice how the cow knocked over the milk bucket, the hostess beat the woman to death; when she died, she promised J. to become a cow and take care of her; soon a calf was born, became with a cow, J. takes care of her; the hostess tells J. to spice and graze sheep; the cow teaches you to throw wool on rose hips (which cleans the wool), on pine (turns it into yarn); the hostess tells you to turn yarn into fabric (throw it on the willow); the hostess forced J. to tell me everything, sent her daughter Bazhen to throw wool on the bush, the wind carried away shreds of hair; the hostess beats Y., does not feed; the cow tells her to milk, oil appears and cottage cheese; the hostess sends B. to the cow, she lies down; the hostess decides to slaughter the cow, she tells J. to hide her skin in a rock crack, horns on the mountain, bury her hooves, hang her guts in trees; the prince is looking the bride, the hostess leads B. to the screenings, leaving Y. to pick up scattered turnip seeds; sparrows collect, skin, etc., turn into a luxurious dress, hooves into boots; the prince sees J., shoots up, for the arrow to fall to her knees as a sign of choice; the hostess grabs the arrow, gives B.; then the king tells every girl to try on a magic boot; he only fits Y., she becomes the prince's wife]: Miller 1994:122-129; nevar {in Aganina, Shresthkha 1971 the exact ethnic attribution of the text is not indicated; in Heumann 1980, an almost identical text is attributed to the Tibeto-Burmese nevar}: Aganina, Shresthkha 1971 [goat Punahun feeds rice porridge; the stepmother finds out about this, tells the goat to be slaughtered; she asks P. to bury her bones, a tree will grow, she will eat its fruits; the Rakshasas find P. picking fruits, take it away; the mouse asks for bread, P. feeds her; the mouse leaves the coals responsible for P., gives the key to the pantry, P. returns with jewelry; the stepmother sends her own daughter to the tree; she does not feed the mouse, the Rakshasa eat at night girl; crow shouts to stepmother that her daughter's only bones are left]: 92-101; Heunemann 1980, No. 15 [as in Aganina, Shresthkha 1971; girl's name Punkhu Maiza; to lure the girl out of the tree, Rakshasa and Rakshasi ask her to get down to pick up the dropped fruit]: 123-129; rai [two sisters, they have a younger brother Hecchakuppa (H.); their father went up (i.e. north, mother down (i.e. south); sisters fed brother pine resin; he let his stepmother talk about it, she put soot in the resin to spoil the taste; they had a goat, she gave the children everything they needed; the stepmother pretended to be sick, she would only be cured by medicine from the flesh of the goat; the goat was slaughtered, the children were crying, the stepmother pretended to feel better; H. lost consciousness from hunger, the sisters thought he was dead, buried him with a knife and a calebass; they trampled the grave, heard the calebasses crunch, they think it was a crunching skull; Tangwama's sister went to her mother, Khiyama's sister to her father; when T. came back, it turned out that their grandfather killed K.; she revived her by putting her bones in a pig trough ; the sisters were spinning; the brother got up from the grave, called the sisters, they left the excrement, urine, drooling and snot responsible for themselves, left; the banana grew, H. climbed on it; the cannibal asked her to drop her bananas; he threw off with her foot, she asked to tie her hair, pulled her hair, brought her home, told her daughter to cook, put her to sleep, taking out X.'s lice; luoeka's daughter fell asleep herself, H. killed her with a pestle, cooked her, cannibal ate it; H. shouted who she ate, ran away; threw fried rice and chicken eggs behind, the cannibal picked them up and ate them, wasted time; the fishermen transported H. across the river; he answered the cannibal to enter the water, throwing ants on his buttocks; the water carried her away; she was dragged through chicken and pork crap, and H. was carried in a palanquin; both were given bags; tigers came out of this cannibal, ate it; from this X. - food and wealth]: Ebert, Gaenszle 2008:111-124; toto [older brother is married, wife hates younger brother; gives him dress; he eats two varieties of wild yam, but his daughter-in-law makes them poisonous ( now they can only be eaten after difficult processing); the young man eats third-grade yams, but the daughter-in-law makes the tubers deep (they are tasty, but rare); the goat he grazes young man, feeds him porridge flowing from her nipples; daughter-in-law peeked, told her husband that she was sick — let him slaughter a goat; goat to a young man: do not eat my bones, but dawn; at this place there was a golden pillar; king: who he will pull him out, he will get a princess; the young man easily pulled him out, became royal son-in-law; when brother and wife came to him without recognizing him, he ordered them to put dress in their food; the young man became a good ruler]: Majumdar 1991, No. 14:243-246.

Burma — Indochina. Mona [spouses adopt various forest animals; the last is a goby; then a son Kunhadi is born; the mother dies, becomes a natom, protects her son; the forest animals disperse; the father takes the stepmother, she hates the bull; having conspired with the fortuneteller, pretends to be sick, asks for goby meat; the goby and K. run away, the late mother is with them; tells them to go to the lake, where seven Keinari sisters fly at noon, we must To steal the jewelry of one of them, she will not be able to return to heaven; K. hides the jewelry, returns six keinari, leaves the youngest's jewelry, takes her as his wife; the king sees K.'s wife, decides to lime it, to take the beauty for yourself; tells 1) to get a golden bowl from the bottom of the sea; the wife advises sending the named brother K., a crocodile, for the bowl, who brings the bowl; 2) collect scattered sesame seeds (pigeons collect); 3) bring the tigress's milk (the tiger brings); 4) a piece of wool from the lion's mane (the lion brings); 5) seven nat flowers; the wife sends to the hermit, one to the other, to the third, to the fourth, to the fifth; the fifth sends to the lake, where the remaining six Keinari sisters bathe; K. brings flowers and gifts to hermits and Keinari sisters; the king sends warriors, K. ties them with a magic rope; scissors justice is killed by the king, K. reigns]: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 147:340-350; Viets: Vietnamese tales 1992 [the mother of an orphan in heaven turns into a buffalo; helping her son, tells him to go to the lake, where red, golden and multicolored birds — the wife, bride and daughter of the Sky Star — will go down to swim; you must hide the wings of the Star's daughter, marry her; he first takes the wings of red and gold birds, they turn into a rooster, a rock, he is afraid, gives wings; he does not give up multicolored, he married; the wife gives birth to two boys, the father allows them to play with their mother's wings; the mother takes their wings, children, flies to heaven; husband calls buffalo mother to hit the drum, she brings him to heaven; wife warns 1) not to drink tea from the cup offered by her father; distracts father's attention by becoming a hawk , the husband splashes out tea; 2) the same, do not drink wine; 3) the father-in-law tells me to bring a monkey drum; the husband gives the monkeys a bag of nuts, plays the flutes, brings a drum; the father-in-law decides that his poison is harmless, himself drinks it, crumbles into pieces; it's shooting stars]: 126-128; Eberhard 1937, No. 32 [stepmother tortures her stepdaughter with work; the cow helps her; the stepmother tells her to slaughter the cow, she tells her stepdaughter to keep bones; stepmother and daughter go to the party; cow bones make festive clothes for stepdaughter; she goes to the party, gets married]: 52-54.

South Asia. Kashmiris [a brahman warns his wife that if she eats anything without him, she will become a goat and he will become a tiger without her; she once ate and become a goat; brahmana remarried; stepmother morit the first wife's children are hungry; the goat tells her to knock on her horns, food falls out of there; the stepmother sent her one-eyed daughter to find out why the children are fat; pretended to be sick, ordered the goat to be slaughtered; she promised the children that her bones would also feed them; one day a girl dropped a ring into the river, the fish swallowed it; the fisherman found the ring, gave it to the king; he found the owner, married her, took care of her whole family] : Knowles 1888:127-129; himachali plowmen: Dracott 1906 [the brahman's wife died leaving her little son; the brahman took another, her daughter; the stepmother harasses her stepson, gives ash cakes; black cow she hits her hoof, there is good food; the stepmother is surprised that the stepson is not hungry, her daughter has to tell everything, the stepmother demands her husband to sell the cow; she puts the boy on her back, runs away; they live in the forest , there is a big snake hole that maintains peace with the bull; the cow pours milk there every day; the snake crawls out, fulfills the cow's wish for the boy to be in gold clothes, all gilded; one day his golden hair falls into the water, he is swallowed by a fish, a fisherman catches it, brings it to the king, the princess wants to marry only a young man who has similar hair; he is found, he becomes the princess's husband; recalls to a cow, comes to the forest, sees bones, wants to commit suicide; a cow appears: she just wanted to test his loyalty; everything is fine]: 83-87; Ranganatha 1981 [stepmother tyrannites stepdaughter; sheep feeds her; stepmother tells the ram to be slaughtered; he asks the orphan to bury his bones, which form outfits and a horse to go to the party; she loses her shoe; the prince finds a girl, gets married; her stepmother sticks a pin in her head , turning it into a bird and sending her daughter to the palace instead of her; the liars are exposed, the prince's wife returns]:; Punjabi (Seraiks, Multan) [the merchant's son just married as he did they offered to sail on a ship carrying goods; while in a distant city, he lay down to rest, heard swans talking; if this young man gets together with his wife today, a boy will be born whose mouth will fall from his mouth rubies if he laughs; the swans decided to immediately take the merchant's son home if they were given pearls to eat; the wife did not immediately believe that her husband had come, then gave her necklace to the swans; got together with her husband, and in the morning, the swans carried him back; his parents decided that the child was not his, left his daughter-in-law in the forest; she came to the hermit, gave birth to a son; the jeweler's wife replaced him with her child, came with her husband to another city where the husband became a vizier; the wife of the merchant's son found her son, tried to carry her away, but she was captured, taken to the forest to kill her; she was bought by a prostitute, and the torturers brought deer blood for now; the prostitute agreed not to teach her his profession, but told her to take care of the cow and spin; the grown son came to the prostitute, the cow told him that he was going to get along with his mother; the king, the vizier and everyone, including her husband, gathered women who found themselves in this city; the cow told everything; the vizier and his wife were executed, the prostitute was awarded]: Mehta 2011:123-129; northern India, Faizabad, Hindi [wife does not feed a shepherd from the Ahir caste ; the cow sees him hide a little and eat; gives him plenty of sweets and milk; introduces him to the snake; the shepherd's son noticed that his father had plenty of food, and he received it himself on condition not to tell his mother; but she I noticed that she promised to kill six cow calves; the snake gives the shepherd a flute and a handkerchief, the cow is brought into the forest in piles, left on a platform on a palm tree, fed; his hair turns golden; the cow warns not to drop a single one into the water; one sails down the river, the princess picked him up, promised to marry only the owner; the old woman came and persuaded the young man to get on the boat with her, brought him to the princess; The young man played the flute, the cow and his calves ran, they began to destroy the palace; the young man persuaded the cow not to do so, promised to build a palace for her and her calves; married a princess]: Crooke 1895, No. 543:195; Marathi [Tarabai girl is beautiful; her mother is dead, her father has taken her stepmother, who has her own ugly daughter; stepmother wants lime T. sends cows to herd with inedible leftovers; cow Kupilee offers her to drink her milk; her stepmother's daughter tells her about this, her stepmother tells her husband to sell the cow; then the fairy gives T. a stick and needle, which can be used to create a palace and get any food; T. leaves, lives in the palace; Raja and his entourage appear; T. pulled the needle out of the ground, the palace disappeared, but the Raja found T. in the woods; married; T. decided to visit her former family; her stepmother killed her and threw her into the well, changed her daughter; the Raja did not believe it; the stepmother said that it was a joke that T. was in the palace; T. turned into a starling, flying for the Raja; not finding his wife, he was desperate; once he felt and took out a pin in his body a starling, who turned into T.; stepmother was taken to the forest to be eaten by animals]: Knight 1913:125-144; Bengalis [the rich man went broke and died, his two sons were orphaned; began to steal peas from the field; there turned out to be a gold-colored calf, went with his younger brother; the elder married and the wife did not like the young man; offered to look in his head, cut off his head; the calf found the body and head, connected it, revived it with grass; the older brother's wife pretended to be sick, demanded the calf's blood; he asked the butcher to take blood but not meat; blood and meat, but not bones; this did not help; then the calf and the young man ran away; reaching Peri Islands, the calf died, telling her what to do before; first the peri flew in, but did not touch the carcass; then the Gorur bird flew in; the young man grabbed her and released her after she gave her daughter to wives; the wife created a house, they healed well; one day a royal horse ran there; his wife hit him on the forehead with her palm; when he saw the print of a beautiful palm, the king wanted to take the woman away; demanded that her husband 1) for collect a hundred measures of mustard seeds scattered across the plowed field at night (the birds were collected; the king of birds, i.e. Gorur, noticed that one seed was missing and found it in the eye of a blind bird); 2) bring the tigress's milk ( the wife teaches how to set fire to the forest, the tigress will run, leaving the cubs; they must be fed, a grateful tigress will give milk; a man brought milk to the king, and a tiger cub next to him); 3) go to heaven to visit the king's parents; the wife quietly took her husband from the funeral fire and hid it in the underground room for six months; a year later, a man came to the king and said that the king's ancestors were prospering, but they did not have a barber, so they ask send (the king invented difficult tasks for the hero at the instigation of a barber); the barber was burned, the king gave a man and appointed a vizier]: Devi 1915:84-96; Varley [the peasant starves an orphan, tells buffaloes to herd; buffalo asks to make a bowl of leaves, bring it in his face, spews food; a peasant sends a daughter, a shepherdess makes two bowls; a daughter tells his father; a buffalo warns that the owner He will sell him, tell the shepherdess to hold on to the tail, they run away; the shepherdess plays the flute, the 7 heavenly sisters go down to dance, only the buffalo sees them; he tells the shepherdess to ask one of the girls to marry he will be offered a choice of a doll and a puppy, he must choose a puppy, burn his hair; the puppy turns into a girl]: Satyawadi 2010:51; santals [stepmother tyrannites stepson; he herds a cow, she tells him to make a plate and a cup of leaves, fills them with rice from her horns; the stepmother found out that she pretended to be sick — let them slaughter the cow; the cow told the boy to prepare a rope with weaknesses, put it on prominent place; the cow was tied up, but when she was hit with an ax, she and the boy flew into the forest, turned into two herds of cows; the boy's hair swam along the river, the princess saw it, told her to find it the owner; the barber said that he did not know such a young man, he found a pet parrot; grabbed the young man's flute, carried it, he followed him, came to the king, who got engaged; when the young man returned to the cows, they were so tired stay on the leash that knocked the young man down, tore out all his hair with his hooves; when he drove the cows to the king, they almost all disappeared one by one; the king broke off his engagement and made the young man just a servant]: Campbell 1891:15-18; ho [two brothers pulled a cow out of the mud; she brought them a calf, the herd multiplied, the brothers became rich, the elder married, and the youngest lived in the forest with the herd; the elder's son brought him food, but it was not necessary, because the cow gave any food; one day the boy hid them, his mother tried them, went to the forest herself; offered to look in the young man's head, he fell asleep, she cut him off head; the cow connected it to the body, revived the young man; he took the cows further into the forest; every day he poured milk into the snake's hole; the snake asked what to reward him; the young man asked for milk back; the snake belched him, making his body sparkling, died on her own; the young man's hair swam along the river, the Raja's daughter found him, demanded the owner as her husband; the brahmana found a young man; the cow ordered him to get the treasures from the snake's hole; the young man came with elephants and horses, married the princess; but when they returned to the forest, the horses and elephants were gone, only the cows were left; but the palace appeared, and the cow then died; the young man became king; impoverished brother and wife They came to live with him, he forgave them]: Bompas 1909:459-461; Oraons [Jangralal and Nandia the bull are the sons of a woman; N. turns his manure into rice, creates a palace from a hut, goes with J. to marry him; they meet and accompany a man who has taken the form of a man the snake Gun-nang, a flute player, a lame drummer; there are seven girls in the lake, the youngest is the most beautiful; friends smear her with mud; N. gives J. and his companions find food and clothes from their horn; offer to play hide and seek; J. and his three companions find them three times, and the girls three times cannot find the young man hiding in N.'s stomach and horns; J. washes the youngest girl, marries; N. warns not to create a palace, the young wife should not go anywhere; prohibitions are broken, the Raja wants to take possession of J.'s wife; suggests that the bull and the elephant fight; the bull kills the elephant; the Raja demands that the bull knock down the iron pillar; N. knows that he will die, tells him to bury his body; when he tears it off, N.'s legs turn into four horses, bones into swords; companions win several Rajs, take their daughters as wives, return to J.'s Palace, where his mother is waiting; after learning that her eldest bull son is dead, she dies soon]: Elwin 1944, No. 12:40-53; kannada [after birth her own son, the stepmother does not like her stepson; he herds 7 cows, they feed him milk, he grows up healthy and strong; the stepmother's own son is weak; the stepmother tells her husband to kill his stepson; the cows have thrown away the owner and took the boy away; the husband brought his wife clothes soaked in sparrow blood; the cows gave the boy two flutes: joy and sorrow; if he was in trouble, let him play the flute of sorrow, they would appear immediately; one day the princess she came to the banyan and golden hair fell on her; she saw a young man in the branches and wanted him to be her husband; the king sent servants to get the young man, but he played the flute of sorrow, the cows came running and scattered the servants; the same for the second time; the crow said he would take the young man's flute, but it turned out to be a flute of joy; he played the flute of sorrow, the cows came running and gave him a new flute of joy; the next time the cow took him away a flute of sorrow; the king sent men and they took the young man to the palace; the cows came and did not find him; died; the young man persuaded his wife and king to come with him to the tree; threw pebbles, reviving the cows; they were brought to the palace and they lived like a king; after the king's death, the young man inherited the throne]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 20:62-65.

Malaysia—Indonesia. Bajau [the white buffalo gave birth to a chick, died; the chick walked, drank water, she had the king's urine in her; she gave birth to seven female daughters, lived with him in a cave, went to the cave for food, asked to open it, they opened it; seven princes overheard, asked the girls to open their mother in their voice, they opened them; the princes took them to their homes, married them; the buffalo came to look for daughters in the village; the eldest daughter hit her with a spear, she fell into the water, swam along the river; her youngest saw her, asked her husband to catch her; the buffalo told her daughter to bury her by the ladder post, to take care of the tree that will grow up on the grave; gold grew on the tree, the youngest daughter and her husband became rich; the older sister asked where the wealth came from, asked for permission to take care of the tree; began to break branches, they turned into snakes, scorpions, centipedes; a big snake bit her, she's dead]: Miller 2007:440-450.

China — Korea. Chuan miao [the peasant has a wife and concubine, both have a daughter; he beats his wife in the field, turns him into a cow; tells the concubine that he has exchanged his wife for a cow, the concubine is glad; Nao (wife's daughter) leads the cow in the field, which turns into her mother, helps to spin, then puts the cow's skin back on; the girl says that the cow's horn, the trees help work; the concubine's daughter puts grass fibers on the horn, on trees, but nothing happens; the peasant wants to slaughter the cow; the mother tells N. to put a slippery stone to kill her own, not to eat her meat; the concubine takes her daughter to a party, where wives are chosen, tells N. to collect the beans spilled in ash; the crow teaches how to check the beans in the basket; Ntseo Nang chooses N., although the concubine always slips his own daughter; in the morning thinks that her daughter has left with her fiancé, and N. is at home, beats her, it turns out to be a daughter; N. gives birth to a son; Ts'en (the name of the concubine's daughter) comes to her; stings the child, says he wants N.'s dress; so lures her clothes and jewelry, pushes him into a deep hole, takes her place; the husband suspects deception, because his wife's hair was longer; the servant notices a talking bird at the pit, the husband takes it, brings it home, she pecks insects with baby; C. kills a bird, throws it into a latrine, nettles grow there, burns C.; she pulls out nettles, finds it under a pebble, lets the baby play, he stops crying, she throws a stone into pond; the stone turns into a young woman, lives in the city; the son grows up, comes to her, she feeds him tortillas; the husband takes her; she tells C. that her hair has become long after she sat down in boiling water; C. is cooked, the broth is offered to her mother, then show her daughter's severed breasts; fearing punishment for murder, the husband turns into a mountain, N. into a rock, their son into a forest; then into a crossbar, weight and weight hook]: Graham 1954:266-269; meo [father is dead; mother has gone to heaven, incarnated into a buffalo; descends into the herd herd herded by her Orphan Son; teaches: three birds will come to swim in lake, will turn into beauties: wife, daughter-in-law and daughter of the Sky Star; you have to hide his daughter's multicolored wings; he hides red wives, then golden daughters-in-law; wife, then daughter-in-law, turns into a rooster, into a buffalo, into a rock, Orphan returns her wings; the daughter turns into different animals, the Orphan does not give her wings, takes her as his wife; the mother returns to heaven, leaving the drum to summon her; the couple has two sons; father lets them play with their mother's wings; when she learns of this, the wife asks the children, they give her wings, flies away with the children; the husband hits the drum, the mother takes him to heaven; he sees the son, hits her, he cries A wife comes, teaches how to behave with his father-in-law; he offers poisoned tea, Orphan pours out unnoticed; the same with wine; tells me to bring a drum from monkeys; wife's brother: give the monkeys a bag of nuts, play with her flute (their flute is poisoned); Orphan brings a drum; does not drink or eat poisons again; the Sky Star thinks that the poison is exhausted, drinks it himself, breaks into small pieces, they still fall ( shooting stars)]: Nikulin 1976:233-236; fox (Yunnan-Burma border) [Abep's older brother and younger Alep live together; gayal (=mitan, half-wild buffalo) tells the younger that the eldest and his wife they will demand the division of property — let Alepa take only him, gayala, and leave in it; 7 fairies go down to swim in the lake, gayal tell him to hide the clothes he likes; Alepa chose the youngest, married her; Gayal explains how to call him, tells him not to give clothes to his wife until his third child is born, disappears; Alepa agrees to return the clothes earlier; the wife flies away, taking both children; Alepa called the gayala, flew into heaven on it, he tells him to hit his son and daughter with the back of his hand; children say you can't run around orphans; Alepa's wife: this is your father; fairy parents 1) tell your son-in-law to sleep at their feet; wife tells put pumpkins instead; at night, father-in-law and mother-in-law push them into the hole from which the wind is blowing; 2) offer to hide; wife teach them to put their fingers in two burrows of a dung beetle and call father-in-law and mother-in-law; those are there hid; the wife hid her husband in her hair, turning it into a pin; next time father-in-law and mother-in-law hid in two vines; the wife teaches them to cut, blood has flowed; since then, red juice has flowed in this vine; father-in-law and mother-in-law became two adjacent stars high above the horizon]: Dessaint, Ngwâma 1994:440-445; Chinese (many records in Guangdong, there are in Shandong) [stepmother torments stepdaughter with work; toy cow helps; the stepmother tells the cow to be slaughtered, she tells the stepdaughter to keep the bones; the stepmother and daughter go to the party, telling the stepdaughter to separate the beans from the wheat (the Raven helps); from cow bones party clothes for stepdaughter; she goes to the party, gets married]: Eberhard 1937, No. 32:52-54; Koreans: Shkurkin 1941 [When leaving, Park asks two wives how they will greet him; Chie-bi promises arrange a party, Che to have a son; in the absence of P. Chie-bi kidnaps C.'s son, tells his servants to throw him into the ice-hole; wild animals save him; throw him to pigs — he is safe; cook in oil; a piece remains, eaten by a cow, gives birth to a golden calf wool; P. returns, Chie-bi says that Che gave her son to someone, P. puts Che in the cellar; Chie-bi pretends to be sick, asks for the calf's heart; the old woman lets go of the calf, gives the dog's heart; the calf comes to the imperial city; the emperor promises to give his fourth daughter to jump to the gong; the calf jumps, gets a princess, turns into a human at night; visits his father, says her story; Che is released, Chie-bi was imprisoned in the cellar]: 21-42; Choi 1979, No. 456 [the wife gave birth, the concubine left the child to a cow, she ate it, gave birth to a calf, who comes to suck the real mother's breast; the concubine pretended to be sick, demands the calf's liver; the butcher let him go, brought another calf's liver; the minister promises to give her daughter for someone who makes the bell tongue; the calf does; after the wedding rushes into the lake, becomes a man; minister; rewards a butcher, executes a stepmother]: 197-198.

The Balkans. Hungarians [the wife is dead, the poor man took another, she has 5 daughters with three, four, five, six and seven eyes, the latter has one on the back of her head; the ox Mischievous teaches the owner's son to take food from his right horn; stepmother sends daughters to spy; every time the young man waits for all eyes to fall asleep; he forgot about the seventh eye; the stepmother asks her husband to slaughter the ox; he tells the young man to sit between the horns, flies away; they they fly into the copper, silver, golden forest; every time the ox tells you not to pick a flower, the young man picks; the ox defeated the copper wolf, the lion of the silver forest; in gold, the tiger, the dragon, the hare; the tiger killed, the hare tore himself; the young man picked up the horn; at rest, a herd came out of it, the young man does not know how to put it back; the witch drives him for a promise never to marry; the young man marries the miller's daughter, she leaves the doors are bread and a scoop with a broom cut down; the witch orders to open, the scoop, the broom, the bread refuse; the witch admits that the mill is stronger than her and bursts]: Ortutai 1974, 7:158-164; bosses [ Fata's stepdaughter is beautiful, Hata's own daughter is ugly; stepmother and H. go to the wedding; the cow tells F. to take a box out of her ear with a beautiful outfit and jewelry; the same the next day; on the third the Sultan's son came up to her the day, she ran and lost her shoe; the Sultan told everyone to try it on; Fate approached her; her stepmother persuaded F. to take H. as an escort; at the suggestion of her stepmother, H., when they were driving through the forest and became thirsty, gave F. water in exchange for her eyes, threw it in the forest, and came to the Sultan's son instead of her; the cow found F. and brought F. to the people, to the house of the pious Haji; they saw how on earth , on which F. walked, flowers grew; the cow began to live in the same house, supplying everyone with milk; ordered to take another box out of her ear containing pearls formed from tears; Haji should be sent to exchange they were seen; H., the imaginary princess, gave her eyes, F. saw the light when Haji moistened them with water brought from Mecca from the Sem-Sem spring; the sultan promised a reward to whoever would cure his sick daughter-in-law; when F . came and saw that the necklace around H.'s neck was burning and strangling her; F. took it off her; the Sultan and his son recognized the real bride; the stepmother was torn by horses; Haji was awarded]: Preindlsberger- Mrazovic 1905:54-67; Slovenes, Albanians, Greeks: Uther 2004 (1), No. 511:296-298; Croats [widower married a widow, both with a son; wife demanded that her son herd cows , and my husband's son is an ox; she gave her bread and cheese, and her stepson crusts; ox: twist my right horn, you will find food there; when she sees my stepson full, my stepmother pretended to be sick, she needs the meat of that ox; ox: when she comes butcher, jump on my back; took the young man far from home; warned me: I will butt with a plump ox and win; and the thin one will kill me; then take both my horns, but don't open my left one until you come home; but the young man, when he reached the bridge, opened his left horn and from there the cattle came; pitchfork: I'll put it back if she is allowed to come in the morning after her wedding night to comb his wife's hair; the young man thought, Not yet it is known whether I will marry; so he promised; he found only his father at home, the farm is in decline; the young man sent his father to the king to ask for a princess; after the third time, the king descended to talk to the peasant: if Your son will have the same castle as me, I'll give it back; the young man looked into the horn: there was a better castle than the royal one; now the king demands cattle; the cattle come out of the horn; the wedding; the pitchfork appeared in the morning; but in the corner there was yarn with three breadcrumbs in it; the crumbs spoke: if you go to God from God, and if to hell, then to hell; vila combed the princess and disappeared]: Leskien 1915, No. 44:197-199; Romanians [ the stepmother tyrannites her stepdaughter, tells her to hide the bag of hemp; the calf does everything; the next day the stepmother gives twice as much hemp — the same; on the third she followed, told her husband to slaughter the calf; the calf tells the girl hides his bones in the hollow; the stepmother and her own daughter go to church, leaving the stepdaughter to clean the bag of flaxseed; three doves fly out of the hollow, perform everything; beautiful clothes in the hollow, the girl goes to church; the third time a Bolyar's son comes up to her; she runs away after losing her shoe; the Bolyar's son goes around all the houses; the stepmother tries to put a shoe on her own daughter's leg — does not fit; the rooster screams that the stepdaughter is hidden behind the door; the Bolyarsky son takes her as his wife; pigeons come from those three doves]: Dähnhardt 1910:404-405 (=Gaster 1925, No. 89:275-277); Macedonians [mother says Mare, that if she does not hide the whole bag of wool during gatherings, she, the mother, will become a cow; the father takes a new wife, she offers to slaughter the cow; Mara does not eat meat, her bones are buried in ash; father and stepmother went to wedding; M. dug her bones, they became a rich outfit, M. came and danced; on the third evening she lost her golden shoe; the king orders to gather all the women, the shoe came only M., the king married her]: Arkhipova 1962:215-220; Bulgarians: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 510A [mother of a girl who cannot strain a certain amount of wool by a certain date (or drops a spindle into a hole), turns into a cow; father marries again; a cow helps his daughter spin her hair; a stepmother tells her to slaughter a cow, she asks her daughter not to eat her meat, bury her bones; when leaving for the party, the stepmother and her daughter tell stepdaughter to do the job, divide the mixed grain; buried bones help to do everything, at this place the girl finds rich clothes (and a golden horse); distributes golden apples in church (at a wedding); drops his shoe on the way back, the prince finds it, looks for someone to suit, marries his stepdaughter], 511A [stepmother does not feed her stepson; he gets food and drink from the ox's horn; stepmother spies, affects sick, she will be cured by ox meat; either asks her husband to sell the ox; the ox and stepson run away together; or the stepson receives a cow as a gift from her godson at birth; she runs away, gives birth to an ox or two, that takes care of the boy; with the help of an ox, the hero plows the field in a day, gets a princess and half the kingdom; when he dies, the ox tells him to secretly bury his horns; they grow into a tree that brings golden apples]: 182, 187; Klyagina-Kondratyeva 1951 [the old man says that the girl who drops a spindle into a hole will turn her mother into a cow; she turned from Mary, her father took another wife, her stepmother tyrannizes her stepdaughter; tells her to herd a cow and a tow; a cow chews a tow, a thread comes out of her ear; a stepmother sends her own daughter to peek; tells her husband to slaughter a cow; a cow tells her to collect and bury her bones; Mara sits by the hearth, she is called Ashes; stepmother and daughter go to church, stepmother tells me to collect scattered grain; there is a chest of clothes on the mother's grave, pigeons tell her to go to church in a luxurious outfit, the royal son sees her, work at home performed; for the third time M. dropped her slipper, the prince tells me to try it on, the stepmother hides M. under the trough, the rooster screams about it, the prince marries M.]: 39-43; Serbs [the old man tells the girls that the mother the one who drops the spindle into a hole will turn into a cow; the beautiful Mara drops, her mother becomes a cow; the father takes the stepmother, who also has a daughter; the stepmother tells me to strain a lot during the day; the cow chews a tow, from her ear a thread comes out; the stepdaughter peeked, the stepmother tells her husband to slaughter the cow; she asks M. to bury her bones; the stepmother goes to church, tells M. to collect the scattered millet, cook dinner; M. tears her bones cows, there is a chest with a dress, pigeons on the lid, they collect millet, M. goes to church, the prince sees her; the same a week later; for the third time M.'s slipper falls, the prince finds it, tells everyone to try it on, stepmother hides M. under the trough, the rooster screams where she is; M. marries the prince]: Karadzich 1854, No. 32 in Dmitriev, Volkonsky 1956:99-104.

Central Europe. Russians (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Olonetskaya, Vologda, Kaluga, Ryazan, Voronezh, Kursk), Ukrainians, Belarusians [A wonderful cow: an orphan must herd cattle and do unbearable work; it is helped by a cow; the master's daughters (one-eyed and three-eyed) spy on and get the cow to be killed; the bones of a cow grow a tree, the fruits of which only an orphan can tear - branches rise up in front of others; an orphan becomes the prince's wife]: SUS 1979, No. 511:146; Russians (Teresky Bereg) [daughter Palazhenka; after death mother's father went for a walk with a berry; wow daughter One, Two-Eyed, Three-Eyed; the cow helps P. spin; the stepmother sends her daughters to follow; P. put each eye to sleep, and the third eye of the Three-Eyes did not fall asleep; the stepmother ordered the cow to be killed; P. buried horns and hooves under the window, there was a garden in the morning; P. tears apples, and the birds pecked the eyes of Yagi Baba's daughters, only one eye of the Three-Eyes remained; the merchant saw P. in the garden and married; stepmother cried bitterly]: Balashov 1970, No. 130:366-367; Russians (Arkhangelsk) [the queen dies, the tsar marries Yagishna; Y. gives birth to a two-eyed and three-eyed; stepdaughter Maria Tsarevna sends herd cows; she bows to the cow's right leg, full, dressed; Y. sends Two-Eye to watch, M. puts her to sleep; Three-Eye M. comes forgets to put the third peephole to sleep; I tell you to slaughter the cow; M. asked give her a gut, a bush grew out of it, berries and birds; Ivan Tsarevich promises to marry someone who picks berries for him; they are given only to M.; she gives birth to a son, goes with her husband to visit his father; I turn her into a goose, gives off his daughter as her; the old servant calls the flying geese, M. goes down, takes off his gooseskin, feeds the baby, promises to fly far the day after tomorrow; I. watches, burns the skin, grabs M.; she turns into jump (?) , a lizard, a different reptile, a spindle; I. breaks it, throws his heel back, a sock in front of him, M. appears; I. says he will take the wife who jumps up on the gate; Yagishna jumps up, I. shot her]: Afanasiev 1958 (1), No. 101:152-154; Russians (Vologda) [after the death of his wife, the old man took a yaga baba; he has a daughter, a yaga has three daughters: one-eyed, two-eyed, three-eyed; stepdaughter herds a cow, put to sleep one-eyed, got into the cow's ear, ate, got drunk and dressed; the lordly son came, she talked to him; then back into the cow's ear, went out, woke up the one-eye; the same with the two-eyed; when the three-eye went, The stepdaughter forgot to put her third eye to sleep; the stepmother slaughtered the cow, the stepdaughter asked for a horn; apple trees grew out of the horn; sir: whoever brings me apples, I will marry him; apple trees are not given to the daughters of yagi baba, the master married his stepdaughter; while her husband was away, the yaga baba trot his wife; the nanny told her husband that the lynx would come running, shed his skin, feed the baby he had brought; the husband went by himself, grabbed and burned the skin; the wife became a spindle, he broke it, became a woman]: Smirnov 1917, No. 41:213-215; Russians (Pskov) [stepmother has two daughters of her own, she tyrants stepdaughter Alyonushka; A. herds a cow, she tells in one ear push the tow, get a towel out of the other; the daughter's machehins spied, the stepmother tells the cow to be slaughtered; the cow tells me to plant apple grains that they find in her intestines; apple trees have grown quickly, but tilt branches only to A., stepmother's daughters are not given; A. carried apples to a rich man, he married her]: Ploshchuk 2004, No. 36:106-108; Russians (Moscow) [once upon a time Stroy, his wife died, a new one tells The stepdaughter spins flax, but does not give food; the cow chews flax, the yarn comes out of her mouth; the cow tells her to get into one ear, get out of the other — the girl has become beautiful and full; the stepmother spied, demands a cow slaughter; the cow tells the stepdaughter to ask for her demand and legs, to bury her; a garden with golden apples has grown; the master married the hostess; the stepmother wanted to slip her daughter, but the rooster screams that the girl is under the trough; the master took the girl and went to pick them up in the garden; a son was born; when he was six months old, the young lady went to visit her stepmother; she took her to the bathhouse, turned her into a lynx; the nanny carries the child; the cow shepherds answer that the trot herd is far away; sheep are close; Stroeva's daughter ran out of the herd, took off her skin, fed the child; the master spies, burned the skin, grabbed his wife; she turns into a snake, a toad, a spindle; he broke the spindle, threw the end in front of him, his heel behind me, “Be behind me a white birch tree, and a former princess in front of me”; they began to live happily ever after]: Vedernikova, Samodelova 1998, No. 48:106-107; Russians ( Gorkovskaya) [when she dies, Alyonushka's mother tells her husband to give her a black cow; her stepmother has two daughters; she tells A. to herd the cattle and at the same time spin and weave; the cow tells her to climb into her right ear, get out of left; at this time, cows and sheep weave, spin, whiten, roll canvases; stepmother sent her own daughter to spy, she fell asleep; but the second daughter only pretended to fall asleep; stepmother tells her husband to slaughter a cow; where A. buried her head, there was a well, where the tail grew a birch tree, where the legs were apple trees; Ivan Tsarevich asked him to pick apples; branches rose from his stepmother and her daughters, and to A. bent down; the same with the well (when the stepmother tries to get water, the water disappears); I. took A., the well, the birch and apple trees followed; a boy was born; the stepmother turned A. into a lynx; I. learned by ear brings the child, the lynx runs up, sheds its skin, feeds it, but immediately pulls the skin again; the servant teaches you to throw the skin into the fire; it will turn into a spindle, it must be broken and burned too, and A. held; stepmother executed]: Borovik, Mirer 1939, No. 93:232-237; Russians (Gorkovskaya) [Baba Yaga has daughters Natasha and Ustenka; Vanyusha and Alyonushka are not native; they herd cows every day; N. with them; one-eyed N. s them; A. put her to sleep with a song; jackdaws, crows hid everything, rolled cows on her feet; the next day Baba Yaga sent a three-eyed; M. forgot to put the third eye to sleep; Baba Yaga tells her husband to slaughter Burenka; A. cries: They want to slaughter you/Damask knives, /German boilers are boiling; Burenka tells her blood to pour under the window, bury her heart in an alley; a well of sugar water has become, next to an apple tree with red apples; the master goes by, asks to sell apples; Baba Yaga sent N. — the branches rose high; the master asks to send A.; the branches have descended, A. brought apples to the master on a golden plate; the master tells him to dress up A., will marry tomorrow; Baba Yaga dressed W., covered the third eye, A. put under the deck; rooster: Baba Yagi's daughter is sitting at the table, and A. is under the deck; the master sent the servants to get A., together with V. brought her home , got married; Baba Yaga came, gave V. cakes on goat fat, he became a kid; dressed up W., A. threw a stone around her neck, a fierce snake to her heart; a kid by the river: German boilers are boiling, /Knives damask; A. stuck her head out, cries: the stone pulls to the bottom, the snake sucks the heart; {the master heard}; tied W. to the horse's tail, scattered it across the field: where is the leg, where is the hand, where is the head; baba yaga goes to W. in guests, finds a leg — to her daughter on a stump; a hand to a daughter on a rake; a head to a daughter on a mess; the master ordered her to return V. to her human appearance; she fed cakes, he became a boy; servants A. was pulled out, and Baba Yaga was tied to the tail, dispersed across the field]: Eremina et al. 1979, No. 10:179-181; Russians (Voronezh) [the tsar leans to the well while hunting for a drink, the Tsar Bear (CM) grabs him by the beard, tells him to give what he does not know at home; at home, the wife gave birth to Ivan Tsarevich and Mary Tsarevna; parents hide their children in a hole, disguise it; after their death, the CM comes, asks the chisel, it pierces the place where to dig, the CM takes I. and M.; on the way he leaves, the falcon invites the children to save them, puts them on his back, flies, the CM burns his wings, takes the children again; the same episode with the eagle; the dristunok goby tells the children to sit on his back, runs, covers the bear's eyes three times with his manure, he runs to wash; gives a comb, a towel; the abandoned comb turns into a forest, a towel into a fiery one lake, CM stops chasing; the goby tells him to kill, burn him, sow ashes in three beds, a horse, a dog, an apple tree have grown; I. catches, raises a wolf cub, a bear cub; the 6-headed snake pretends to be hunting handsome, M. lets him in, he takes her away, locking Ivan's dog, throwing the key into the lake; Baba Yaga teaches I. to hit the castle with three apple branches, I. frees the dog, goes to the snake; dog, wolf, The bear cub was torn by a snake]: Afanasiev 1958 (2), No. 201:90-93; Russians (Voronezh) [A dying wife predicts that her husband will soon remarry and forget about her daughter. She gives her a cow as a dowry, forbids her to eat, and if slaughtered, she orders her to collect the bones and bury her. The father remarries, the new wife brings her three daughters. They're hurting their stepdaughter. Her stepmother sends her elder daughter, one-eyed, to herd cows and scratch linen, her stepdaughter puts her stepsister's eye to sleep and gives the cow flax, who chews and spits out yarn. She wakes her sister up and they come home. The stepmother scolds her own daughter for not bothering anything. The next day, he sends a two-eye with his stepdaughter, everything repeats. On the third day, the stepdaughter walks with three eyes, puts her two eyes to sleep, and forgets about the third. The three-eye tells the mother what she saw, and she convinces her husband to slaughter a cow. The stepdaughter does not eat cow meat, collects bones, buries them in the place where the apple tree later grows. The daughter asks her father to bring a golden saucer out of town. An apple on a saucer shows distant cities. The master asks to pick an apple for him, the tree branches fall when his stepdaughter comes up, and the sisters are not given. The master takes his stepdaughter as his wife and takes her away. She comes to visit her father and stepmother with her child. The stepmother turns her into a pigeon, sends her stepdaughter's two-eyed child to the master, passing her off as his wife. The two-eyed man lives with his master, regularly goes out with the child into the field, his mother calls him (refers to a pack of pigeons, “The lynx is young, the lynx is good, feed your child”). The master watches his wife, sees a pigeon descend, takes off its wings and feeds his child, the husband burns his wings, the bird cannot fly away. It turns into a stake — it cuts it, it breaks it into a spindle, and dips it into a good fellow. Stepdaughter finds her appearance]: Baryshnikova 2007, No. 16:93-96; Russians [orphan Little Khavroshechka Bobylikha is tormented by hard work; her daughters Odnoeyed, Two-Eyed, Three-Eyed are nothing they do; the rest of the mother Burenka tells the KH to get into one ear, get out of the other; after that she becomes prettier, all the work is done; B. sends her daughters to watch the KH; she curses, Sleep the peephole, sleep the other; forgets about the third eye of the Three-Eyed; B. tells the cow to be slaughtered; she tells her bones to be buried, watered; an apple tree with golden, silver apples grows; Ivan Tsarevich, who passes by, promises to marry that that he will give him an apple; Bobylikhin does not give them to his daughters, the farm serves an apple, marries Ivan Tsarevich]: Karnaukhov 1948:166-169; Ukrainians (Poltava, Mirgorod, c. 1878) [Grandfather and woman on daughter , the woman asks him to buy a bull, scolds his grandfather's hard-working daughter, loves her lazy daughter, sends his grandfather's daughter to herd the bull and hide, wind and weave a towel in one. The girl cries, the goby tells her to sleep, and when she wakes up, all the work is done, she brings a towel to the woman, who hides it. The woman sends her daughter, who sleeps all day, in the evening says that the sun is hot and she has not completed the task, the woman does not scold her. The woman again sends her grandfather's daughter to herd the bull, demands that she crumple, trample the yarn, whitewash and bring the canvas, the goby helps the girl again. The woman realizes this, makes her husband slaughter the bull, the girl tells the bull about it, he asks her to find grains in his intestines and plant it, willow will grow in this place, and will fulfill requests. The girl does so, a well with clean water appears next to the willow. A woman and her elegant daughter go to church, the girl stays at home to cook, clean and sew a shirt. She quickly completes tasks, enters the willow “Willow is ardent! hide, open — Hanna-panna go!” , asks to dress her up (silk dress, gold shoes), goes to church. The parishioners admire, the prince falls in love, no one knows who she is or where she comes from. At home, she changes clothes and is told about a beautiful stranger in church. She comes back to church a week later. The prince promises a bag of gold to anyone who finds out who this girl is. His jester suggests coating the floor of the church, where the girl usually stands, with resin so that the shoes stick and find her on them. One slipper stuck. The king sends messengers to the girls to try it on. The ambassadors get tired, stop at the willow and the well, tell the woman why they came, she takes her daughter out and sends her grandfather to the stove. The slipper is not the size, the ambassadors ask to show their second daughter, the fitting is successful, they want to take the girl to the palace, the woman does not let her in. The girl wears a luxurious outfit, marries the prince]: Rudchenko 1870, No. 16:43-48; Belarusians [a woman and daughter married a grandfather and daughter; tyrants her stepdaughter with work; a cow tells her to fit into one ear, get out of the other, a roll of canvas appears; the stepmother wants to slaughter a cow, she tells her bones to be buried against the window towards the street; a well and an apple tree appear, one apple is golden, the other is silver; the king will take the one who scoops water and picks the apple; no one can; the stepmother hides her stepdaughter under the trough, but the neighbor points to the hidden one; the branches bent over to the stepdaughter themselves; the stepmother calls the young queen to guests; cut off her hands, tied her newborn baby around her neck, and dressed her daughter in her clothes; the queen bent over the water, the child fell, her hands grew; she comes to the king and tells her story; The tsar tied his stepmother to a horse's tail, her daughter's head cut off]: Romanov 1887, No. 50:289-292; Poles: Dombrovsky 1992 [three elders find a baby; they call Three Son; a cow appears, they they feed the boy with her milk; when they die, the cow teaches him to summon the miracle horse; T. tells him to be brought to the palace; on the way he pulls out the firebird's feather; the king appoints T. as a guard; other guards turn off the lights; T. illuminates everything with a firebird pen; appointed chief of the guard; the guards persuade the king to order the bird itself to be brought; the horse carries to its habitat, the bird voluntarily follows them; the month is eclipsed, guards say that T. can find out why; the horse carries to where the palace of the month hangs above the ground, the firebird raises it there; the mother of the month is afraid that her son will kill the guest; the month says that one The princess fell in love with him, and her sorcerer father made her queen of the sea, so he sent all the rays into the sea for a month; T. tells the king about this, who appointed him governor; envious people say that T. can get the princess herself; they call her three times, the princess comes out of the sea, tells her to hand her ring and sword to the king, let the king defeat her; during the battle, the princess cuts off the king's head, makes T. husband, he reigns; a cow appears — she is T.'s mother, now she has atoned for her sins, disappears underground]: 252-266; Shcherbakov 1980 [Yuzefek decided to travel, his mother went with him; they stayed in the woods with the robber; mother suggests that to marry her; the robber is afraid of Yu; invites a woman to pretend to be sick - you need the meat of a wild animal; Yu brings the meat of a wild boar, a lioness; he took the lion cubs for himself; the mother sends him to the robbers for wine; Yu with they were killed with lions; Yu took the wine, freed the queen; she gave her cloak and ring; his mother invites Yu to look in his head, asks what his strength is; in three hairs; she cut them off; Yu weakened, his eyes were gouged out, taken to the road to beg; the Queen tells all the poor to drink wine; found her ring in an empty mug, took Yu; the king agreed to marry, but lodged the young in a hut outside the city; the queen brought the lion cubs to the robber and told them how to heal the blind; robber: there is a well with magic water; they have come to the well; two birds are fighting, one pecked out the other eye, she dipped head into the well, saw the light; Yu also saw the light and three hairs grew; Yu defeated the king's enemies, he gave him half his kingdom; at the wedding, the narrator was shoved into a gun and shot; he still has gunpowder in ass, no, she will shoot]: 76-81; Luzhitsy (Upper Lusatia) [mother died, father married godmother, she began to tyrant stepdaughter, she had 4 daughters: with 1, 2, 3, 4 eyes; stepdaughter grazes a cow; becomes prettier, although her stepmother gives her clay rolls; the stepmother consistently sends her daughters to spy; the stepdaughter puts them to sleep every time (sleep a peephole, sleep the other), but forgot about the fourth eye; the four-eye says that a cow gives her stepdaughter food from one horn and a drink from the other; the stepmother is preparing to slaughter a cow; she tells her stepdaughter to ask for her udder, there will be a pebble in it, it must be planted a ringing glass stick will grow up, and a dog will yap under it; the master saw the girl; the stepmother ordered her to be wrapped in chains, but she escaped and jumped onto the wagon on which the master took his wife away; When she gave birth, her stepmother came, pushed her into the pond, replaced her with her daughter; the woman turned into a duck; the husband was surprised why his wife became ugly; at night a duck flew in, became a woman, fed the child; says that the lipka does not ring, the dog does not yap, the son cries; on the third night, the husband managed to grab his wife; she tells her to cut her belt in one fell swoop; the husband took the dagger, cut it; the wife remained human, oh I told everyone; my stepmother was tied by her hair to the horse's tail; the lipka rang again, the dog yapped, my son smiled]: Erben in Lifshits-Artemyeva 2017:183-188; Slovaks, Czechs: Uther 2004 (1), No. 511:296-298.

Caucasus — Asia Minor. Kalmyks: Dzhimgirov 1970:78-79 in Basangova 2002 [=2019:69-70; a cow feeds her stepdaughter with gingerbread and sugar, she becomes beautiful; she has to admit that the cow feeds her with its manure; the stepmother sends her own daughters, they do not become more beautiful; the cow has been slaughtered, the manure carried by the stepdaughter to the mountain turns into a palace; the khan takes the stepdaughter to marry her son; the daughters push her into the lake, one of them replaces it; the lake dries up, the camel remains; the wife of the khan's son tells him to slaughter him, a drop of blood turns into a poplar; the wife of the khan's son tells him to cut him down, make a cradle for her future child; a sliver falls into an old man's bosom, turns into a pipe with a gold chain, a pipe into a girl; girls are called to make a fur coat for the khan's son; this girl tells her story, Khan's son picks it up as a wife, drives a liar away]: 138-141; Vatagin 1964 [Kermen is a stepdaughter, Bulgat is the daughter of an old woman; the cow gives K. her milk, she is prettier; does not let B. in; the old woman orders to slaughter the cow, she asks K. take her rectum to the steppe; the intestine turns into a rich kibitka; the Khan's son sees her, marries K.; the stepmother pushes K. off the cliff into the water, passes her off the cliff into the water, passes off as Khan's son B., who has bumps on her cheek and neck; a camel jumped out of the lake; B. pretends to be sick, asks him to slaughter; a poplar grows out of a drop of blood; a cradle is made from poplar for his future son B., one sliver falls in the bosom of a cowboy at home near he turns into a pipe, then into a girl; khansha tells two hundred girls to sew a fur coat for the khan; the cowman's daughter must sew a sleeve; at the feast, the khan tells a fairy tale, the girl tells her story; son Khan marries K., drives B. and her mother away]: 130-135; Kabardian people [crows help her stepdaughter sort out a bag of wheat; the cow swallows wool, spits out balls of threads; the last ball blows away the wind, the girl follows him to the house of a witch with iron teeth, pulls out her hair, she has to accept her as a guest; she takes her ball from the chest, does not take gold; combs it, not pulls her out (like that asked) the old woman's hair; washes and washes, and does not break the dishes; gets a beautiful dress, comes back; the stepmother's daughter does everything wrong, comes back torn off with donkey ears; the stepmother tells me to slaughter the cow, that before her death, she asks her stepdaughter to bury her bones, not eat meat; the girl finds a luxurious cart and clothes in the stable, goes to the party, loses her golden dude; the horseman finds her on it, marries; the cow comes to life ]: Kapiyeva 1991:180-187; Adygs (bzhedugi) [stepmother harasses Faruza with errands; the bird teaches to be neither in the house nor on the street (on the doorstep); crows sort out grain (from their own daughter, who hits a crow, they eat grain); the cow eats yarn, regurgitates the canvas; the cow is cut, where her bones are buried. F. finds a rich outfit; goes to the party, loses her slipper, finds it, marries her]: Hoot 1987: 248-253; Balkarians [stepmother tells her stepdaughter to herd a cow and spin her hair; there is so much yarn that she cannot make it before dark; the wind carried away the wool; the girl saw an old woman; she tells me to tie wool to her head cows — she will hide herself; the stepmother spied, ordered the cow to be slaughtered; the old woman tells me to bury the remains of the cow; the old woman's three daughters helped to do the job — whitewash the house; invited to the one; in a hole where there were bones — a beautiful outfit; the girl was mistaken for Khan's daughter; when she returned, she lost her slipper; the khan told everyone to try it on; it only suited an orphan; the stepmother took her stepdaughter to the forest and gouged out her eyes; the woodcutter adopted her; her stepmother gave Khan her own daughter, he does not like her; that woman found her stepdaughter, gave apples, told her to sell it in two eyes; the girl saw the light, her tears turned into gold; the woodcutter built a rich house; the khan and his entourage, including the girl's father, stayed there; the girl tells her story; the khan married her, and expelled his unloved wife and her mother]: Malkonduev 2017:305-309; Ossetians: Dzagurov 1973, No. 38 [when her own daughter goes to dance, the stepmother hides her stepdaughter under a firestone; the cow tells her to get clothes and shoes out of her horns; the stepmother spies, asks her husband slaughter a cow; a cow teaches her father to throw ash in the eye, run away with her; they come to another village, the spouses take them to their place; the girl is passed off as a loved one], 64 [an orphan girl herds sheep from the khan; those scattered; the goat pulls outfits for her from her horn; the khan's daughter demands the same from the goat, a snake crawls out of the horn; the goat has been slaughtered, the orphan hid her bones, the goat has come to life, the snorva gave her outfits; the khan threw an orphan into the river; water spirits (Donbeitirovs) saved her, brought her to a powerful man; he orders to throw the khan into the river, the Donbetirovs ate him; the orphan returned to their two sisters, the goat gave them all three outfits from the left horn, dishes from the right horn]: 120-127, 309-311; Avars [Zaza cow feeds her stepdaughter from her horns with honey and butter; she scratches her hair, the wind blows her hair away, the stepmother sends her stepdaughter to the mothers of the Chassages winds to return their wool; Zaza teaches what to do; on the way, the girl asks people harvesting corals, gold, pearls to pour her a shovel of grain, they give her gold, etc., to show the way; gives dogs bones, horses hay (it was the other way around); praises the taste of water in the river, the river parts, letting the girl pass; C. tells her to turn everything in her house upside down, tear her dress, etc., the girl, on the contrary, cleans everything up; C. makes her hair golden; the girl takes her hair, runs away; the river, dogs, etc. let her through, answer C. that she scolded them, gave the dog hay, etc.; the stepmother's daughter is rude, throws hay to dogs, horses bones, spits into the river, hardly crosses, performs tasks verbatim, C. covers her face with warts, sends her home; stepmother wants to kill a cow, she tells her stepdaughter to bury her bones under an apple tree; buried the bones give the stepdaughter a beautiful dress, she goes to the party, the khan falls in love with her, she loses her slipper, the khan finds her; on the way to the groom, the stepmother pushes her into the well, replaces her with her daughter; caravans they pull the girl out of the well, she flies away as a dove; she dries trees in the khan's garden, the gardener catches her, she turns into a girl; the khan drives away the false wife and her mother]: Khalilov, Osmanov 1989:54-62; varnishes (village. Tabakhlu, 1836) [the red cow tells the hungry stepdaughter to suck her horns, honey flows from the right, oil from the left; the wind blows her hair away, the stepmother tells her to find it and return it; the cow teaches me to go to people who grind pearls gold, corals, wish everyone the best, ask themselves, they will show the way to the wind Chassage; horses will have bones, dogs have hay, you need to change; call the muddy river oil, take a sip; Wind Chassage, Aerial Asiyat should ask for wool back; she will ask you to scrape the rooms, they must be whitewashed, cleaned; pull out her hair, tear clothes - comb them, wash them; that's what happened; girl she put her finger into the river, it turned silver, the river let it through {apparently parted}; the same was a bloody river, the girl called it honey, her finger turned golden; C. poured golden water on her head and hair became gold; C. offered to sleep on a golden bed, wants to make the girl a daughter, hides the wool under her head; the girl pulled her out, ran; the old woman tells everyone to grab her, calls the river bloody , but they only give the girl even more; the stepmother plants her own daughter to spin her hair next to the cow; the wind blows away the hair, but the cow teaches the wrong way; the girl scolds the people she meets, gives bones to horses, hay to dogs, from the water of the muddy river, her fingers are covered with ulcers; C. tears her hair and clothes; she pours dirty liquid on her head, her face and body are covered with ulcers and boils; the cow was stabbed, her stepdaughter buried her bones; asked they have beautiful shoes and clothes to go to the wedding; one shoe swam along the river; the prince found it, he is just right for his stepdaughter, the prince took her to his wife; the stepmother and daughter also went; the bride is thirsty, stepmother gives her a drink, taking her eyes out; throws her into the well, dresses her daughter in her dress; the merchants pulled the girl out of the well, she turned into a canary; flying into the prince's garden, asks the gardener say hello to the prince, and let the tree dry up; the prince sees that many trees have dried up; the canary has been caught, the false wife ordered her to be slaughtered, a tree has grown out of blood; dates are falling on the prince, his wife is scratched by thorns; his wife orders to make a cradle for her child out of wood; the old woman's son picked up the chips, threw it behind the chest; they turned into a girl when she cries (?) , when she laughs, pearls, silver and gold horseshoes fall from under her feet; the cradle squeezed the child to death; the old woman's son fattens a lousy horse in the palace; the girl turns it into a painted horse; the king comes to see him, falls in love with a girl; girls are going to tell fairy tales, a true bride tells her own; stepmother and her daughter are tied to horses; wedding]: Khalilov 1976, No. 46:109-119; Rutultsy [the fisherman's new wife says there are not enough fish for everyone; he takes his son and daughter to the forest, hangs an ax to knock on the trunk in the wind, leaves; sister warns the brother not to drink from lamb, horse's hoof, he drinks from the other, becomes a bull; they return to her stepmother; one of her daughters does not notice anything, the other sees her stepdaughter eating from one ox horn oil, meat from the other; stepmother tells the bull to be slaughtered; the girl's slipper is carried away by the river, the padishah's son finds him, looks for and finds the owner; wedding]: Ganiyeva 2011b, No. 47:425-428; Lezgins [ the stepmother loves her bald daughter, tyrannites her stepdaughter Bibikhatun; the mother from the grave tells her to suck the horns of a red cow, honey in one, oil in the other; the stepmother pretends to be sick, tells her to wrap herself in red skin cows; the mother tells the cow's bones to be put in a hole, they will turn into clothes; wearing them, B. secretly goes to the wedding, returns, loses his shoe; the padishah's son is looking for the owner; the rooster screams that B. is in a tandoor, bald at the screenings; the padishah's son finds B., marries; bald changes clothes with B., pushes her into the river; a plane tree grows up, bald tells him to make a cradle out of her, the old woman brought one sliver into the house; her absence, a sliver turns into a girl, cooks, the old woman finds her; she fattens a horse, the girl washes her hair and legs, grass grows, the spring hits, the horse is the most plump; the padishah's son calls girls scratch their hair, hears B.'s story; bald is put on a donkey backwards, expelled]: Ganiyeva 2011b, No. 46:420-423; Georgians [stepmother tortures stepdaughter with work; cow tells stepdaughter that in Honey in one ear, butter in the other; her stepmother watches, finds out, tells her husband to slaughter a cow; she tells her stepdaughter not to eat her meat, put her bones in her skin, bury it; the stepdaughter drops the spindle into the old woman's yard, she asks look in her hair, look at her pickles; the girl does everything, she is not surprised that there are snakes and frogs in the jars; the old woman tells her to walk past a white, black spring, dip her head in yellow; her hair became gold; her own daughter disgust the old woman, she tells her to put her head under a black spring, she has a donkey tail on her head; stepmother tells her stepdaughter to sort out the millet by her return; neighbors they give a sieve to sift millet; in a hole where cow bones should be, a girl finds a horse and luxurious clothes; on the bridge she loses her slipper; the king orders to find the owner, marries her son's stepdaughter; the stepmother asks The stepdaughter takes off her dress, pushes her into the pond, replaces the prince's wife with her daughter; the prince sits by the pond, admiring the fish; the imaginary wife affects the sick, tells the fish to cook; poplar grows out of bones, the wife tells me to cut down; the old woman picks up chips; someone cooks in her house, the old woman finds the girl; the prince comes in, the girl tells her story; the stepmother and daughter are tied to the tails of horses]: Kurdovanidze 1988 (1), No. 65:278-286; Armenians: Nazinyan 2014 [stepmother sends stepdaughter to herd a cow and spin her hair; a spinning wheel fell into a hole in the ground, below Vishap's mother chews a piece of lead and spins; the girl asks give her a spindle, she invites her to go down, tells her to wash her hair and comb her hair; replies that her hair is clean and soft; the old woman gives dung instead of bread, lizards instead of sauerkraut, the girl does not eat, but praises the taste; the old woman tells her to dip her head in white water, her hair turns golden; says that the cow is not missing, and oil will flow from one horn, honey from the other; stepdaughter comes back, stepmother sends her own daughter; she drops the spindle, calls the old woman an old hag, refuses to touch her nasty hair, calls the dung dung and lizards lizards; the old woman tells her to dip her head in black water, a donkey tail grows on the back of her head; the old woman says that blood will flow from one cow's horn, pus from the other; the stepmother tells the cow to be slaughtered; the vishap mother tells her stepdaughter not to eat meat, bury the bones ; going to the praying mantis, the stepmother orders to collect the scattered millet and fill the pelvis with tears; the old woman advises to sweep the millet with a broom, pour salt water into the basin; where the bones were buried, there is a horse and outfits; leaving with holiday, stepdaughter lost her shoe; she glitters in the river, the prince marries the one whose shoe; everyone tries it on, fits only stepdaughter; stepmother hides stepdaughter in tonir, dresses up her own daughter; rooster shouts about it to those who arrived; wedding; stepmother and daughter were beaten and expelled]: 45-50; Khachatryants 1933 (recorded in an Ararat village by a native of Persia) [wife died, leaving her son and daughter; daughter from his new wife; the stepmother tyrannites her stepsons; the red cow gives them her milk, they will be kind; the stepmother sends her own daughter, her milk is bitter, she withers; tells her husband to slaughter a cow, the daughter will recover; the cow tells the children smear her faces with blood (they will become beautiful), bury her bones; introduces the old woman, she will help; gives one of her own horn, he will feed them; cow meat is delicious for children, like straw for the stepmother; invited to a wedding, that old woman dug a hole where the bones are, took out good clothes for the children; next time the stepmother tells the children to fill the cauldron with tears to cover half a liter of millet; after the wedding the girl dropped her shoe; the prince asks her father to find whose she is; the prince marries her stepdaughter; she comes to see her stepmother, the stepmother replaces her with her daughter; the prince sees a change, tells her stepmother to be tied and her daughter to the tails of the mares; their heads came off and flaunted]: 168-174; Kurds [stepmother tells Fatima to herd the cows and spin the wool; the red cow left from her mother spins for her; F. meets an old woman, looks in her head, replies that her head is cleaner than her head, F., her mother; she tells her to swim in a bright spring, dip her finger in black, run her eyebrows, dip her head in gold; the stepmother sends her own daughter, she refuses to clean the old woman, she tells her to swim in a black spring, she turns into an arapka; the stepmother pretends to be sick, tells her to slaughter a cow for her; the cow says F. and her brother, that the meat will seem bitter to her stepmother; the bones must be buried; there is a wedding in the village; the stepmother tells F. to fill two cauldrons with tears, only then go to the wedding; that old woman fills the boilers with water and salt, He orders to dig up cow bones, they turned into luxurious clothes; returning, F. loses his shoe; according to it, the padishah's son finds F., marries; stepmother throws F. in tandoor, dresses his daughter; brother F. becomes a rooster, shouts about it; F. find, the padishah's son marries her]: Jalil et al. 1989, No. 17:207-211.

Iran — Central Asia. Turkmens [stepmother tells Aibibi to clean the cotton bag in a day; the girl's calf helps her; the wind carries the ball to the old woman's house; A. does not take jewelry; the old woman asks to pull her hair out , break dishes, rip blankets, etc.; A. washes her hair, cleans dishes, etc.: the old woman tells her to swim in a narrow ditch on the way home, not to look at the wide yap; A. returns dressed as a beauty; the stepmother sends her daughter, who steals gold and silver, literally fulfills the old woman's requests; she tells her to swim in a yapa, she has a donkey ear on her forehead; the stepmother decides to slaughter the calf, who tells A. hide his bones in an old tamdir; the prince wants to marry A.; the stepmother sends her daughter instead of her; at night the prince feels a donkey's ear; the prince demands a real bride, A. finds it in tamdyr precious dress, marries the prince]: Annanurova 1980:50-56; Persians: Osmanov 1958 [Gurgin is left without a mother, his stepmother torments him with work, starves him; a white-marked cow tells him to drink honey and oil from her horns; the stepmother sends her own son, the cow is not given to him, he reveals the secret, the stepmother pretends to be sick, asks the cow's liver and heart; the cow tells G. to tie her with a rotten rope; when they want to slaughter her, she runs away, taking G.; tells her to make a flute to summon, leaves her on a tree in the forest; the padishah's daughter sees him, asks her father to pass her off as G.; G. asks the cow to father's wedding; gets a wife and a throne]: 140-146; Rosenfeld 1956 [Mollabaji's teacher persuades the girl Shahrban to push her mother into a barrel of vinegar and then persuade her father to marry her; he married she brought her ugly daughter; opened a barrel of vinegar, and a red cow came out; M. gives S. more work, sends a cow to herd and spin; a cow chews cotton, turning it into yarn; the wind the next day picked up the cotton, threw it into the well; the cow calls S. a daughter, tells him to climb into the well, do the opposite when asked; the diva tells him to hit him with a stone, S. looks in his head; replies that his head cleaner than her stepmother's; does not break the house with a pickaxe, but sweeps the yard; replies that the diva's manor and dishes are better than her father's; takes cotton, not gold; the diva tells her to wash her hair in black water, her face and hands in white; at home, the stepmother sees that there is a moon on S.'s forehead, a star on her chin; M. sends her own daughter, she does everything wrong, the diva tells her to wash in yellow water, a snake appears on the girl's forehead, a scorpion on her chin, the gold she grabbed turns out to be bricks; M. and her daughter, wrapping her face in a handkerchief, go to the wedding, tells S. to disassemble the mixture of peas, beans and beans, fill the bowl with tears; S. goes to the diva, that gives salt (water will be like tears), a rooster (separate beans, etc.), a luxurious outfit, ash (pour on M. and her daughter), flowers (throw at the bride and guests); S. sees the prince, she runs away, loses her shoe; when she returns home, M. pretends to be sick, let the husband slaughter the cow; the diva replaces the cows, tells S. to bury the bones slaughtered in the barn; the prince's servants are looking for the owner of the shoe; M. hides S. in the oven, but the rooster screams where she is; M. feeds Sh. onions and garlic so that she smells bad and disgraces her; the diva helps to get out of the situation, and M.'s daughter, who she imposed on the vizier, stained the room; M. and her daughter were thrown into the ditch, the divas cut the skin of a cow, mother Sh. came out of it]: 130-149; Tajiks [stepmother torments her stepdaughter with work, tells her to strain the cotton; the cow eats it, releases yarn from her mouth; the wind carries cotton into the old woman's cave; she tells her to comb her hair, clean her house; promises that roses will fall from the mouth of a laughing girl, tears will turn into pearls, gold will fall from her right foot, if necessary, and from her left foot silver bricks; stepmother's daughter goes to herd a cow; carelessly combs the old woman, sweeps poorly; takes gold away from the pantry; she has a lump on her forehead, gold turns into stones; stepmother tells her to slaughter a cow, a cow tells a girl to bury her bones in a hole; stepmother and stepdaughter go to the wedding, tell them to separate rice from wheat; chicken does this, in place of cow bones — a luxurious dress, a horse; at a wedding the stepmother does not recognize her stepdaughter; she loses her kaush (boot), the padishah's son is looking for him, finds the girl in good shape, where her stepmother hid her; on the way, the stepmother lets the bride eat salty, she is thirsty, the stepmother gives water in exchange for torn eyes; throws his stepdaughter into a well, replaces her with his daughter; a poor old man finds a beauty and pearls; saves her, collects roses; changes them for the eyes of his stepmother's daughter, the current wife padishah; now pearls fall from her eyes, roses from her mouth; stepmother sends a witch to suck the girl's blood; the girl orders to bury herself in a crypt of gold and silver bricks; the stepmother takes her heart away gives a bag with it to her daughter; when she takes it off her neck for the night, the stepdaughter comes to life; the padishah's son finds her, comes at night; she has a son and daughter; the boy has grown up, pulls out a bag with her heart ; stepmother and daughter are tied to horses, beautiful woman and son are brought to the palace]: Amonov, Ulug-zade 1960:175-182; Bakhtiyars [woman tattoos girls; when Fatima comes, tells her to kill then her mother will do it; you must ask the mother to climb the pomegranate tree to pick the fruit, and then say that her younger brother is dead; the mother will fall, break to death; F. did so; the woman tells sprinkle salt on clothes, come to her father and say that she is not well-groomed — let her marry a tattoo artist; after that F. asks his stepmother to get her a tattoo, but she refuses; in a dream, F.'s mother tells her to go to her uncle and ask for a yellow calf; if you hit him in the ear, any food will appear; stepmother gives birth to daughters Four-eyed and Four Stumps, feeds him well, and gives Fatima bran; wonders why F. is fatter than her daughters; sends the Four-Eye to spy; she eats with F., does not reveal secrets; the stepmother sent the Four Stumps; she brings the mother the food she received from the calf, tells everything; the stepmother pretended patient, puts dry cakes on his back and chest as if she has a fever; bribes a mullah, who advises to treat her with calf meat; F. to father: stepmother pretends; father beats F.; tries to slaughter the calf; F.: “Let the blade of the knife is like the back side!” ; father beats F. again, she has to break the spell; F. cauldrons: “Do not cook”; meat is not cooked; father beats her again; F.; collects calf bones, brings her to the mother's grave; mother appears in a dream: let the daughter threw cotton wool on the road and will follow, come to the diva Alla Xingi, put his head on her knees and start combing his hair; she will answer that his comb, wineskin tie and everything else are better than hers mother F.; AZ falls asleep; F. drops tears; AZ wakes up, calls her daughter, puts the moon on her chin and the sun on her forehead, slippers covered with jewelry; on the way back F. loses one, the prince finds her, tells her to find the mistress, marries F.; F. gives birth to a son; the sisters follow F.'s path, but praise things not as a diva, but as a mother; divas rewards sisters with donkey ears and a bull's tail hanging from chin; sisters bathe with F.; Four Stumps tie her braids to the willow on, the tiger eats it; a drop of blood grows reeds, the shepherd makes a pipe out of it; Four Stocks puts on F.'s clothes; the prince I am surprised that his wife's face no longer glows; at night you can hear a rattle: it is the wife who gnaws off her ears and tail; baby F. feeds cow's milk, who cries; the prince tells his mother that his wife has changed; while hunting, the prince hears the shepherd playing the pipe and she talks about F.; takes the pipe, plays himself, lets his son play; Four Stumps throw a flute into the grain jar; the prince and his son take it out bouquets of flowers from huma; Four Stumps put her hand in, pricked her needle; one night F. came out of the huma, the prince sees the light, F. hides; says that he cannot go out naked; the prince goes for clothes; Four Stump tries to escape, F. tells them to lock the door; breastfeeds his son; talks about everything to her husband; sisters were tied by braids to mules and they went to hell]: Lorimer, Lorimer 1919, No. 39:256—268; Persians , Tajiks, Uzbeks: Andreev 1927b (widely used manuscripts in Persian and translated into Uzbek) [stepmother tells stepdaughters every day to strain a huge amount of yarn; in the girl's inheritance from her mother is a cow and a chicken; the cow ran into the cave or the wind carried cotton wool from the girl's hands; a gray old woman in white sits in the cave, telling (in Persian from Ura-Tyube) to sweep the floor, look in her head, she is satisfied, rewards the girl with beauty; tells the cow to eat cotton wool, thin yarn begins to come out behind her; in the Persian version, the stepmother's own daughter is inattentive to fairies, becomes ugly (a bead stolen and hidden in her mouth makes her goiter grow); Tajiks in Samarkand, their stepdaughter washes her hair in the Black River, and her face in Belaya becomes beautiful; own daughter on the contrary, she becomes with a black face and gray hair; the stepmother asks her husband to stab a cow; she tells her stepdaughter not to eat her meat, bury her bones under the threshold; a noble man invites her to a feast; the stepmother tells separate millet from sorghum as stepdaughter, chicken does work, old fairy calls guria, they dress up the girl to go to a feast; the girl loses her slipper, a noble man tries it on everyone, stepmother locks her in a latrine, but the chicken shows her where to look; after getting married, the stepdaughter prepares a treat in honor of the old fairy woman (Bibi Se-Chambe), the husband enters, offended that the treat is running, knocks her over cauldron; he goes to cut off melons, in his bag they turn three missing princes into heads; before his execution, he goes to his wife, repents, heads turn into melons, princes return]: 8-12; Sheverdin 1967 [the young man forgets the golden bat (toy) in the summer pasture; returns for it, there is Almaus Kempir (AK); she pretends to be weak; the young man grabs the bat, jumps away; changes to a donkey, horse, camel, goby; he blows the wind, the pursuer loses her way in the fog; the goby comes to the princess's maids, rolls them, brings the princess to the boy; tells him to be slaughtered, buried, in the morning there is a garden and castle; buried the eyes turn into two dogs; they jump into the water, where AK has disappeared; first pus pops up, the young man thinks the dogs are dead; then the blood has won; the king comes and passes his daughter off as a young man]: 124-130; Uzbeks [the shepherd's new wife torments her stepdaughter with hard work; a gust of wind carries her yarn into the cave; the old woman tells her to feed the yarn to the cow, pull the threads from the udder; the stepmother tells the cow to be slaughtered; the old woman orders to bury bones and skin; stepmother and daughter go to a feast, a rooster and chicken separate rice from peas instead of a stepdaughter; in the hole where the remains of the cow were buried, the girl finds beautiful clothes; four peri, the old woman's daughters take her to a feast, she returns before her stepmother, losing her boot; the shah tells everyone to try it on, fits only her stepdaughter; stepmother kills the rooster and chicken that indicated where she hid it stepdaughter; gouges out that eye, throws her into the swamp, brings his ugly daughter to the Shah; the weaver finds the girl, her tears are pearls, her laughter is roses; the sorceress teaches to sell roses in a pair of eyes; the shah meets a girl, a stepmother with a false wife expels]: Afzalov et al. 1972 (2): 114-121; Kati (paruni) [fairy and ginny lived like sisters; both have a son; they agreed that if one of them dies, the other will grow up the orphaned boy as his own; the fairy died; the old woman advised Ginny not to treat his adopter like her own; Ginny gave him ash bread; he cried to his mother's grave; she pointed out from the ground to which cow to go; instead of manure, the cow spewed a piece of cheese; the young man ate well; one day both young men shot a bow; the fairy's son did not tell Ginny's son to shoot something whitish, but he shot; there it turned out to be ash bread; this is how Ginny's son found out what his mother was feeding the fairy's son; offered to switch places when Ginny brought bread; after receiving bread from ash, Ginny's son hit his mother, but the fairy's son did not allow it he should kill her; the old woman told Ginny about the cow and offered to pretend to be sick, demanding beef; Jeannie's son: let my mother die from her illness; but the fairy's son went to slaughter a cow; she was not there it turned out that the young men followed her; the fairy's son found a cow and made peace with her, but she no longer gave cheese; sent the young man up the valley to his mother's seven sisters; the fairy's son lived with them for a couple of years and went visit Ginny's son; the fairies gave him a belt (camarband): if he turns red, come back; and if the water in our cup turns red, we will come to the rescue ourselves; the fairy's son sees the old man carrying the girl; every year the giant demands a girl, otherwise he will ruin the village; the young man volunteered to bring her to the lake himself, hit the giant with an arrow; the old man offered to shave his head, and cut his neck; the fairies came and revived the young man; he hacked an old man and married his daughter {did the old man drag her to the giant?} ; once a fairy's son saw smoke; wife: this is a place from which they do not return; there is an old woman: her legs are a tripod, her left hand is fire, her right hand is a spoon she used to stir in her stomach while cooking; the son of a fairy brought her a tripod, firewood, made a fire, gave her a wooden spoon; the old woman is grateful, promised to save him from her sons; taught her how to greet them; when she left in the morning, the old woman's sons did not tell the young man go to that wall and those shutters; the young man went and put his finger in the hole, which turned gold; the old woman bandaged her finger and told him to answer that the young man had cut him; the next day the young man put his whole hand in and then he replied that the wound was swollen; on the third he broke the shutters; outside the window there was a pond with a horse in it, the sun on his right shoulder, the moon on his left; the young man jumped on his horse and flew it to the sky; the old woman's sons saw the rising sun wanted to kill the young man; the horse ordered the sword to be taken out of his ear; the young man killed the old woman's sons; this is how the sun appeared; this is how Imra and Ashpegra did it all]: Edelberg 1972, No. 6A: 47-54; Bragui [the wife is dead, the husband has taken another, the stepmother tyrants her stepdaughter; her own children are ugly, the stepdaughter is beautiful; the calf tells her to put her hand in his ear, she pulls out any appearance; the stepmother spies, pretends to be sick, says that he will recover if a calf is slaughtered; the calf tells him to keep and bury his head, wishes will continue to come true; stepmother married her stepdaughter before the wedding fed her turnip; at night she needs to go out of need; she defecates in her husband's pants; in the morning he believes that he is to blame, asks her pants to be washed, promises to reward her silence generously; when he sees her stepdaughter gold jewelry, stepmother turned to ash]: Bray 1938:83-88.

Baltoscandia. Swedes: Cox 1907 [when parents die, parents leave their daughter a cow; she tells her not to sell; a girl riding a cow comes to the forest, where the leaves are silver and gold; the cow warns not to touch the girl touches them, wild animals immediately tore the cow to pieces; taking the heart of a cow, the girl comes to the royal castle; buries her heart, lives side by side in a hut; an apple tree has grown out of her heart, the king tries pick apples, branches go up; he asks the girl's permission to eat apples, she gives it, the branches bend down; the king listens to the girl's story, marries her]: 195; Liungman 1961, No. 511 [from a woman daughters One-eyed, Two-Eyed and Three-Eyed and a stepdaughter she hates; stepdaughter is told to herd cattle (cows, goats, rams), not fed; witch teaches how to touch one of the animals with a stick or turn the horn one of the cows, then the food will be abundant; the stepmother sends her daughters to watch her stepdaughter; she puts the first two to sleep, and her scream does not work on the Three-Eye {obviously forgot to say “sleep the third”}; the cow was slaughtered; the witch tells her stepdaughter to bury the insides of the killed animal; a tree with silver leaves and golden fruits has grown, only the stepdaughter can pick them; or the stepdaughter rides on horseback a cow; they drive through a brass, then silver, golden forest; contrary to the ban, the stepdaughter plucks a leaf, and as a result, the animals tear the cow to pieces; the magic tree grows from its buried antlers; he wears expensive clothes for a girl; or a girl wears cow skin (transition to the story “donkey skin”, K33D, ATU 510B); in the main version, the prince sees a tree, asks him to pick the fruit, only The stepdaughter can do this, the prince marries her, the tree follows them to the palace]: 126-127; the Danes [stepmother tyrannites her stepdaughter; she herds cattle; the red bull tells them to get food out of her horn; they run away; contrary to the ban, a girl breaks a twig when they jump through a copper forest, a bull fights a copper bull; then a silver one in a silver forest; a golden one kills him; a girl keeps her right ear a bull, it gives her everything she needs; is hired by a maid in the kitchen; comes to church in a different form three times; names objects (token objects): water, comb, towel; when she runs away for the third time, she loses gold a shoe; wearing a gold dress, sitting in a golden carriage, is behind a shoe; wedding]: Cox 1893, No. 59:24-25; Norwegians: Cox 1893, No. 319 [a troll takes a girl and a boy underground; the girl has become a maid, the boy is a shepherd; the ox teaches him to get the pipe out of his ear, to blow, a magic tablecloth appears; the troll sent the girl to find out why the boy is not losing weight; the fairy (huldre) put her to sleep; then the troll attached two sleepless magpie eyes to the girl's neck; he is going to kill the boy and the ox; the ox tells me to run; they drive through a brass, silver, golden forest, the boy happens and nothing touches; on the mountain, a princess, an ox climbs a mountain; the king will give it to someone who can find her three times; she hides in an ox's ear, in a pin, in loaves of bread; an ox indicates where to look; wedding]: 447; Dasent 1970 [Stepmother and her daughter tyrant Princess Katie; she herds cattle; the Ox says she will get any food out of his ear; noticing that K. is getting prettier, the stepmother sends the maid to peek; pretends to be ill Ox meat will cure her; at night K. sits on the Ox, they run away; contrary to the Ox's ban, K. plucks a leaf in forests with copper, silver, gold leaves; each time a troll attacks, the Ox kills him; tells K. cut off his head, hide his plucked leaves under his skin, put on a wooden dress, hire him in pigsties in the palace; K. offers the prince water for washing, a towel, a comb; every time he rejects them with indignation; every time after that K. knocks on the rock with his wand, her copper, silver, gold outfit appears, she comes to church, the prince falls in love with her; for the third time she grabs her a golden shoe; tells everyone to try it on; stepmother's daughter wears but washes her feet to blood; when she wears K., it's just right for her, she throws off her wooden outfit, the prince marries her]: 357-372; Hodne 1984, No. 511A ( Nordland) [an orphan young man finds a caterpillar on his parents' grave and feeds it; it grows into a bull (ox); the young man sits on it, leaves; they drive through three forests — with brass, silver, golden leaves; every time the bull must fight monsters, because the young man violates the ban on touching the leaves; the bull orders him to be slaughtered, turns into a prince; the young man marries his sister and gets half kingdom]: 119; Finns: Konkka 1993 [after the death of their parents, the brother took the cat and the sister took the goat, they went to seek happiness; the goat had to be stabbed and fried; they came to the giant; he agrees to fatten them first and then eat them; the horse offers his brother and sister to take them away from the giant, the giant easily caught up with him and killed him; the eagle is the same, the giant shot; the bull tells them to take a branch, a stone and a tin bottle of water, throw behind when the giant catches up; the branch turns into a forest; the giant cuts through the passage, the fox promises to steal the ax, the giant spends time taking the ax home; the stone ( mountain; same; the fox promises to carry the hammer); bottle (the sea, the giant is trying to drink it, the fox advises you to gird yourself with hoops, gnawed them, the giant burst); the bull is going to die; tells you to keep the horns to Call him; brother and sister came to the copper castle, a dog got involved with them; a cat and a dog scraped the chest, but the brother did not open it; when he left, Satan came out of the chest in the form of a boy; the girl fell in love with him ; he advises to pretend to be sick, send a brother for wolf's milk; a she-wolf gives milk and a wolf cub; the same is a bear; Satan advises sending the boy to the mill for living and dead water, he will poison springs along the way; a cat and a dog drank from the first, a wolf and a bear from the second; the boy revived them with living water; they tore Satan apart; the sister begged his brother to take it with him; they came to the silver castle, the boy married the mistress princess; Satan came to life, brought his sister a tooth, ordered his brother to be put to bed; he died; the animals broke the coffin hoops, but fell dead themselves; two crows brought live water and revived a guy, and he hit animals; hitting his horn with a horn, the guy summoned a bull, who brought him to the silver castle, Satan and his sister were killed; the spell hanging over the princess fell apart; everything is fine]: 67-81; Salmelainen 1871, No. 8 [the cannibal turns the heroine's mother into a sheep, takes her place, slaughtered the sheep; a birch tree grows from the collected seeds; the imaginary mother tells the heroine 1) to disassemble the grain, 2) collect the spilled milk (for this purpose you have to wave a birch branch crosswise); magic dresses; they come to the party; the cannibal's daughter kicks when she gnaws bones under the table; her arm, leg are broken, her eye is knocked out; the heroine runs away three times from the holiday; a resin trap in which her ring, ear ring, shoe remains; marriage to the one that fits these objects; the cannibal's daughter has an artificial arm, leg, eye; the prince is lucky with the heroine and daughter a cannibal into the castle, the cannibal's daughter pushes into the river to make a bridge, drives along it with her bride; a hemlock grows out of the body of the cannibal's daughter, the cannibal cut it off; the prince and heroine have a son; the cannibal turns the heroine into a deer, sets up a liar; the deer goes out to feed her child; the prince grabs his wife, she turns into a spindle, rolling pin, curtain, etc., then back into a woman; when the cannibal is executed, she promises that she will produce worms, snakes, harmful insects]: 59-67 in Cox 1893, No. 95:38; Latvians [cow (goat, bull) helps stepdaughter spin yarn; stepmother sends her own to see who helps her stepdaughter; the orphan lulls the one-eye and two-eyed with singing, the third eye does not close at the three-eye and sees everything; the stepmother tells the cow to slaughter; fulfilling the cow's order, The stepdaughter takes a pebble from her intestines and plants it in the ground, a golden apple tree grows out of it; only her stepdaughter can tear fruit from it; the stepmother hides her stepdaughter under a trough (tub); the prince marries his stepdaughter, The apple tree goes to the palace for it]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 511:295; Estonians, Livonians, Faroese, Icelanders: Uther 2004 (1), No. 511:296-298; Karelians (northern, Tungud district) [the wife went to look for the sheep, Syuotar tells her to spit, walk between her legs, the woman herself turned into a sheep, S. took her place; the husband did not notice, the daughter noticed; S. orders to slaughter the sheep; she tells her daughter do not eat meat, bury bones; S. and her husband went to a feast, S. told her stepdaughter to separate the flour from the sand; the mother teaches her to hit with a rod — everything was divided, another horse appeared, the daughter washed her face in one ear, in the other dressed; leaving the feast, she lost her ring; the next day, separate the milk from the water; the prince smeared the door with resin, the girl's scarf stuck; on the third, to repair the fallen stove, the prince smeared the threshold, The shoe stuck; Cinderella (Tukhkimus) found it, married it]: Stepanova 2000, No. 114:202-205; the Veps [parents died, the girl went begging; the cow asks to be pulled out of the mud, girl pulled it out; the cow washed her from one ear, dressed her from the other; the girl went to church, the lordly son noticed her; on the third day he smeared the stairs with resin, the galoshes stuck; the lordly son began to try on everyone; yaga cut her daughter's leg, blood is pouring, but the galoshes still do not fit; they found the beggar Masha, the galoshes came up to her; she dressed again from one cow's ear, washed her face from the other, became beautiful; wedding ]: Onegin, Zaitseva 1996, No. 49:172-173; Lithuanians: Lebite 1965:84-90 [Sigute's brother went to war; her stepmother gives her a bundle of tow, tells her to hide, sew a shirt; a black cow swallows a tow, spits out his shirt; stepmother spies on daughter, stepmother decides to burn S., otherwise brother S. will return, take revenge; fills the hole under the threshold with hot coals, sprinkles earth; black dog every time warns S. not to go there; her stepmother breaks her paw every day, then pulls out her tongue; on the sixth day, S. failed, burned down; the cow licked the ashes, the duck flew out, told the returnee about the incident brother; he smeared his horse with tar, told his stepmother to push it, she stuck her arms, legs, and head; the brother tells the horse to scatter the stepmother's bones across the field; snow is her bones turn white], 90-94 [stepmother tells By evening, hide the stepdaughter without a spindle and wind it without a reel; the cow tells her to throw flax on her horns, by evening the yarn is ready; the stepmother sends the youngest daughter to spy, she did not notice anything; the eldest said that the yarn was on the cow's horns; the stepmother tells the cow to be slaughtered; the cow tells her stepdaughter to dip her apron in her blood, bury it; where the first drop of blood fell, the wine spring, where the apron was buried, An apple tree has grown; the spring and the apple tree are not given to their own daughters, the stepdaughter collects wine, apples, offers the Queen, who marries her].

Volga - Perm. Marie: Uther 2004 (1), No. 511:296-298; Mordovians (Erzya): Evseviev 1964, No. 24 []: 193-196; Paasonen 1941 [mother died, children are small, husband married Baba Yaga's daughter; she has 7 daughters — One-eye, Two-Eyed, etc. to Seven Eyes; stepmother does not feed sister and brother, tells her to row manure from under the cow; the cow tells her to milk; the stepmother is surprised that the stepdaughter and stepson are getting fat, sending Watch the seven-eye; the girl looks in her hair, says, “Sleep the peephole, sleep the second one..”, etc., the seven-eye falls asleep; so with everyone; the last one is One-eyed, her huge eye does not fall asleep, she's all tells her stepmother; she tells her husband to slaughter a cow and kill the children; the cow agrees with the children that when they start slaughtering her, she will run, let them jump on her back, taking a stone and soap and a spindle; the stepmother is chasing, the cow tells me to throw the spindle (thorny thickets), stone (mountain), soap (soap mountain, it is slippery, the stepmother has stopped chasing); they drive through iron, copper, silver, golden forest; every time the cow tells her not to break off the twigs, but her sister every time says that she will need them, takes them with her; they settled in a mushroom leg house covered with nettles; once he came silver bull and demanded that the cow come to butt at the silver bull for breaking the silver branches; the cow won, the bull fell apart; the same with the copper bull; but the plain iron bull the goby broke it into pieces himself]: 236-257; Kazan Tatars: Zamaletdinov 2008b, No. 23 [when leaving for the padishah's wedding, the stepmother tells her stepdaughter to do many different jobs; the cow shakes its horns — everything is done, expensive outfits have appeared; the stepdaughter comes to the wedding; the middle son smeared the step with tar, the slipper stuck; found the owner, married her; the stepmother calls them to visit, wants to add poison, the old woman warned; after giving birth, the stepmother began to soar in the bathhouse, she became a dove and flew away; the old woman tells me to take the baby, turn to the flying wild geese; each joint replies that the mother the boy next; she went down, fed the child and flew away again; the old woman tells her to pull out the pen next time; the wife stayed with her husband, her father hacked her stepmother], 25 [dying, the mother tells her daughter that Wishes spoken in the cow's ear will come true; if the cow dies, the intestines must be buried; the stepmother sees that the stepdaughter is well nourished, tells her husband to slaughter the cow; an apple tree has grown from the buried intestines; she is her stepdaughter they fall into their hands, stepmother and daughter are not given; the padishah's son asked for an apple, only the stepdaughter could pick it; he married her; her garden followed her]: 199-202, 208-210; Yarmukhametov 1957 [stepmother cares for his own son, stupid and lazy Tuktar, hates Timur's stepson; the horse bequeathed by his mother warns that the stepmother put poison in the cake, Timur gave the pie to the dog, she died; the horse saves from Several attempts by her stepmother to kill Timur; she pretended to be sick, demanded the horse's heart; the horse told Timur to ask his father for permission to ride for the last time; laughs three times, T. manages to run from madrasahs, they gallop away; contrary to the horse's warning, T. picks up a golden wing; they come to the White Kingdom, T. is hired as a groom to the padishah, if you touch the horse with his wing, he immediately becomes fat; the vizier spied, the padishah demands the bird that owns the wing; the horse teaches him to cover himself with a white cloth, grab the legs of a fire eagle that will descend; seeing that T. does not let him go, the eagle released a golden bird under her wings, T. brought it to the padishah; the padishah demands a sea maiden; the horse teaches to leave a jug of wine on the shore; the maiden went out and got drunk, T. grabbed her; the virgin sets the condition for marriage: to bring a herd of her sea horses; the horse teaches how to roll and tame a mare, the herd follows her; the maiden tells her to milk the horses: the horse: everyone must be whipped, they will run out of their own; the maiden tells her to get her ring out of the cauldron with boiling milk; horse: rub dewgrass under a birch tree; T. took out a ring, the padishah also dived and cooked, T. married a virgin]: 3-9; Bashkirs [after the death of his mother, brother and sister get brown a cow; her stepmother tells her to be slaughtered; the children ask for permission to ride a cow; she takes them to the forest — gold, silver, copper; every time, despite her brother's ban, her sister picks a piece of paper and hides in pigtails; then turns into stone; the cow tells her brother to burn three hairs from her tail; the sister comes to life, the stepmother turns into stone]: Khusainova 2014:57-58.

Turkestan. Kazakhs [bai has a daughter with his eldest wife, son and daughter from his youngest; the youngest is dead; the stepmother tyrannites her children; the black lamb koshkar tells them to pull out a piece of hair from him, every time there is food; the stepmother peeked, decided to slaughter the lamb, pretended to be sick, only her meat would cure her; the lamb advised the children to bury its bones; the stepmother let the stepdaughter hide the bag of wool; the cow began to chew wool to hide it; the wind carried away the wool; the girl came to the old woman; she asked her to comb her hair; there were delicious things, the girl did not touch her; the old woman made her beautiful, returned her hair the cow chewed, the wool became threads; the stepmother sends her own daughter, she ate the food, the old woman ordered her to grow horns on her head; the healers hardly cured her; the padishah promised to marry her son to that one, give her away daughter for someone whose leather boots would suit him; stepmother and daughter carried their boots, told the children to separate rice from millet; white chicken ordered to dig a hole with bones, horses, clothes, shoes; padishah married his son to a girl, married his daughter to her brother]: Kanbak-Shal 1985:58-60; karakalpaks [the poor man has a wife and daughter; his wife is dead, the new one has her own daughter; stepmother tyrannites stepdaughter; gives so much yarn to hide it is impossible; the gray cow tells her to feed the yarn, the thread comes out from under her tail; the stepmother sent her daughter to follow; when she finds out what is going on, she tells her husband to slaughter the cow; she teaches her stepdaughter to collect bones and bury it in a noticeable place; if there is trouble, you have to go there; the famous buy arranged that one; the stepmother, taking her daughter, went there, the stepdaughter got a job; she comes to the place where she buried her bones; a voice from the ground cows: don't be sad; a chest with expensive clothes appeared; the girl came to that one; bay's son looks only at her; the next day he sends matchmakers; wedding, everything is fine]: Aimbetov 2014a, vol. 67:21-22; salars (Ujirem, Xunhua-Salar Autonomous County) [when the husband left home, the youngest wife gave birth to a son; his elder wife killed him and buried him in the garden; the returning husband was told that the youngest wife had given birth to a dog; an oleander flower grew in the place where the child was buried; the cow ate the flower; she became pregnant and calved; the old child appeared; he was not allowed to eat, he went to collect dung; the cow said for him to tie the basket to her tail; fill it with manure — this is how she treated the boy to butter and bread; when he got home, he untied the ropes; butter and bread appeared; his elder wife beat him, he confessed where he got the bread from; she drove her son; he tied the basket, but the cow did not fill it; he returned home in the evening, told his mother; she beat his youngest wife's son again]: Tenishev 1964, No. 12:27- 28; Dungans [Jinghua's mother died, stepmother has a lazy daughter Hiischinghua; the cow tells C. that the stepmother will pretend to be sick, demand her heart, C. should not eat her meat, must put her bones under inverted vat; stepmother orders to separate millet from wheat while she and H. go to the performance of the emperor; the rooster and the chicken come out from under the vat, separate the grain; tell them to get a dress from under the vat, go to palace; C. loses her shoe, young Yuanwei tells her to measure everyone, marries C.; she goes to visit her stepmother, she pours boiling water on C., puts her skin on X.'s face; C. turns into a bird, scolds the imaginary wife; H. tells her to cook, pours out the broth, the hornhead grows up, the fortune teller turns him into C.; stepmother and H. are executed]: Riftin et al. 1977, No. 10:96-100.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Oirats (durbuts) [see motif L72; shulum (devil) catches a young man; he consistently asks for help from a camel, horse, ram, goat, cow who come to the hut; everyone refuses, because the young man he called them names; a bull with a snake's head agrees, his head becomes bullish; tells them to take a stone, collect water in his mouth; abandoned, they turn into a field of stones (the shulum broke his forehead, became red-bald), a lake; How did you get across? — He released his intestines and moved over them; the shulum rips open his stomach, dies; the bull asks to be killed; his severed legs thrown on four sides turn into horses, camels, cows, rams; a young man spends the night in a gutted bull; wakes up in a rich yurt with his wife]: Potanin 1883, No. 85:348-350; Mongols: Mikhailov 1967 [khan leaves; one wife promises to sew boots, the other sash and shirt from flea skin, the youngest to give birth to a son with a golden breast, a silver back; older wives feed the baby to a cow; the returning khan orders the youngest wife to prick out his eyes, cut off his arm, leg, tie it to the tail cows, drive out; cripple sees a blind crane, a fox without a paw, a lame hare healed after eating certain grass; did the same, recovered; her cow gave birth to her own son; older wife pretends to be sick, demands the heart of a child with a golden chest, a silver back; the servants gave her a dog's heart, she immediately recovered; the young man grew up, came to the khan, told his story; the khan drove away bad wives, the young man's mother took again]: 142-145; Bawden 1976 [one wife promises the king to sew seamlessly boots, the second a shirt made of lice leather, the third to give birth to a son with a golden breast, a silver ass; promises fulfilled; while the eldest distracts the younger one, the middle one lets the dog eat the child, it refuses; wraps it in straw, gives it to the cow, they eat; the husband tells his wife to poke out one eye, cut off his hand, break a leg, tie the same cow to the tail, drive it out; a woman watches different crippled creatures become whole {probably after eating certain grass, etc.}, recovers; the cow gives birth the boy she ate; the eldest wife pretends to be sick, asks her husband for the heart of a boy with a golden chest, a silver ass; the servants find him, but he disappears like a rainbow; next time they bring a heart dogs; son tells the king his story; youngest wife returned, elders expelled]: 494-495; Altaians [Altyn-Kazhyk; old man knows how to talk to animals and objects, teaches his son to do so; son effortlessly plows on two piebald horses and a cow; the khan brothers want to kill them; the hero “paws” the bear and wolf sent by them, puts a trap on the hare's leg; the khans take away all the animals from the old man; the son of an old man with Through a conspiracy, he drowns the khans in the swamp; their wives try to poison the hero by serving a cup of poison; the hero learns from the cup that there is poison in it, destroys the khans]: Demchinova 2004:161.

Eastern Siberia. Yakuts: Sivtsev-Omolloon 1976 (place of recording not specified; central?) [the boy Ot Saginnyah remains an orphan, he has a Pegeus bull; a neighbor makes him an employee, a bull creates food for him every day; says that he will be slaughtered, gives birch bark; on it, the OS forces the owners, then the shaman sticks to the bed, etc.; frees when he is given half of his wealth and a master's daughter]: 84-90; Ergis 1967b, No. 120120 (the place of recording is not specified, link to Danilov's collection in Yakut ; central?) [after the death of her parents, the two older sisters made the youngest their farm; a cow came, asked the elders to milk her, they drove her away; the youngest milked her, knocked down the butter, it became gold, removed with milk I washed myself, became beautiful, married happily; the older sisters quarreled, went in different directions]: 188.

SV Asia. Forest Yukaghirs: Jochelson 1900, No. 19 (b. Corcodon) [see. Jochelson]: 42-45; Nikolaeva et al. 1989 (1), No. 25 (p. Ridiculous Verkhnekolymsky District) [the old man drinks water from the ice-hole, the fabulous old man (SS) grabs his beard, lets him go when he promises to give him his two children; the old man and the old woman run away, hide their children under the floor; only the jar answers the UK where they are; he asks the children to remove his lice; these are mice and ermines; the foal takes the children, the SS regurgitates the ax, throws it, kills the foal; next time children takes the calf away; tells him to kill a louse, he will die, make a fence out of his skin and hooves, lie in the middle; brother and sister wake up in the house, there are also two dogs on an iron rope; brother hunts with them, the sister takes the SS as her husband, hides it in the house; both are thinking how to kill her brother; the SS promises to spit in the food to poison him; the dog hears, warns the brother; the dog kills the SS, the brother kills the sister with an arrow]: 79 -83; Jochelson 1926 (b. Corcodon) [the old man looks into the ice-hole where he put the net; the Mythical Old Man (MS) grabs his beard, lets him go for promising to give his son and daughter; the old man lowers them into the ice-hole; the MC puts them on his raft, tells him to clean his pants from lice, falls asleep; Falcon takes the children to the roof of the house; MS throws up his lower jaw, she falls on horseback, the children are immediately back on the raft, the MS hits them; the same with Eagle; for the third time, the Cow (Russian borrowing) puts them on her back, carries them to the top of the mountain; MS throws her jaw down and up the river to the sky; each time it falls with its upper end down; throws them to the shore, she falls right; he leaves the raft, almost catches up with the Cow; she tells the children to throw the scraper that scrapes her neck, a mountain appears; MS returns to the raft for a drill, drills a hole through the mountain; children they throw the comb with which the Cow was scratched, the forest grows; MS returns for an ax, cuts the forest; children throw silver women's jewelry from the Cow's chest, a lake appears; MS sinks; children return home]: 304-305.