Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Introduction
Bibliography
Ethnicities and habitats

K113. The Frog Princess, ATU 402.

.13.-.16.20. (.22.) .23.27.-.32.34. (.35.)

Young men (usually three brothers) find wives (usually by shooting arrows or other objects at random, see motif K113A). The youngest's wife first looks ugly or looks like an animal (often a frog or a snake), but turns out to be beautiful and sorceress. Or girls choose husbands and the youngest husband is a magician.

Cordofan, Arabs of Mauritania, Tunisia, Egypt, Portuguese, Spanish, Catalans, Italians (Piedmont, Veneto, Umbria, Lazio, Campania, Molise, Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Puglia) Sardinians, Ladins, Bretons, French, Germans (Grimms, Schleswig-Holstein, Upper Palatinate, Switzerland, Tyrol), Tuvalu, Mustang, (monks, Burmese), India (Hindi), Bhilas, Nepalis, Sinhales, (Agaria, Oriya), Albanians, Bosnians, Serbs, Croats, Bulgarians, Greeks, Gagauz, Luzhitans, Poles, Czechs, (Slovaks), Russians (Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Vologda, Tver, Moscow, Ryazan, Voronezh, Kursk, Orel , Tambov), Ukrainians (Transcarpathia, Eastern Slovakia, Galicia, Volyn, Podolia, Kiev, Poltava), Belarusians, Urums, Abkhazians, Ossetians, Avars, Georgians, Megrelians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Uzbeks, Yagnobs, mountain Tajiks, Rushans, Bartangans, Lithuanians, Latvians, Estonians, Karelians, Finns, Swedes, Norwegians, Western Sami, Maris, Bashkirs, Teleuts, (Eastern Khanty).

Sudan — East Africa. Kordofan (language not specified) [the emir took three sons hunting; each caught three antelopes; then ordered a spear to be stabbed where everyone wanted to take a wife; the elder and middle were stabbed near decent homes people; the youngest went to the steppe, threw his spear, it fell into a tree with a monkey on it; she replies that yes, she is his betrothed; young man: since you can't weave a carpet and cook food for a feast, good, that you are at least talking; he brought the monkey home; the emir visits each of his sons to see how his daughters-in-law cook; he is happy; the youngest is grieving; the monkey offers to bring him a beautiful woman, he refuses — he already has a monkey; under the monkey skin he notices his golden hair; the monkey tells him to invite his father; he comes in, there are carpets everywhere, the food is better than the eldest sons; the emir orders you to come to the feast to him with his wives; the youngest son saw the monkey take off its skin and become beautiful; when he left, the young man threw his monkey skin into the fire; at which time the wife came to the emir's house; his wife advised she did not show her face; the young woman asked for bread, the emir's wife gave her; but at the request of the emir, the young one opened; the room was lit; the emir: I must kill my youngest son and take his wife for myself; young turned her bread into a diamond; said that she was the daughter of the king of jinns, and returned to her husband; the emir decides to lime her son with difficult assignments; 1) grow grapes in the garden overnight (guests will come, it is necessary treat); wife: fields from the flask with dried soil, plant raisins; the next day, the guests ate grapes; 2) arrange melons with ripe watermelons overnight (the same: scatter the seeds on the sand, pour them from a flask); fill the house with meat and bread — let him eat everything overnight (the people of the magical wife eat); 3) the child born should walk and talk tomorrow; wife: gather the people and let the emir promise that if a child will speak, the kingdom and life of the emir will be at the disposal of his youngest son; they brought a baby born in the city; in the morning the child got up from the mat, opened the door and said to the emir who appeared: you have lost your life and kingdom; the emir fell dead and his youngest son reigned]: Frobenius 1923, No. 7:60-73.

North Africa. Mauritanian Arabs [six sons are married, the youngest is still single; he rode a horse, met a girl, she said that her mother is ghoul, agreed to marry a young man; they rode to his house; mother -the ghoul in the form of a tornado pursues; the daughter threw thorns (more precisely, thorn needles, épines pour coudre), a (thorny) forest appeared; the pursuer overcame it, became a tornado, a snake, the daughter threw it a handful of sand, dunes appeared; the fugitives reached home, but the ghul touched her daughter and she became a monkey; “I taught you everything,” the ghul said to her daughter; the old woman told the Sultan that his son had married on a monkey; the sultan demanded that all daughters-in-law weave a woman's veil; the monkey fabric is the best; the same is to cook couscous; the sultan tells his daughters-in-law to come to the screenings; the monkey was beautiful in accompanied by numerous servants; the Sultan ordered to make a fire in the pit and throw his son there to take possession of the beauty; the ghoul quietly snatched him out of the fire, he returned in a luxurious dress; told his father that he was dressed up by the Sultan's late parents; the Sultan demanded that he also be thrown into the fire; the sultan burned down, his son took his place]: Tauzin 1993:155-162; Tunisia [The king has seven sons, he thought that they were preventing him from managing his subjects, he imprisoned them in a palace. A maid brought them food. Just bread and water, but she felt sorry for them and started bringing them tasty and tasty food. She once told the king that his children had stopped eating and she did not know what was wrong with them. Then the king decided to marry them. He dressed them like a king, gave them each an apple. The princes threw apples. For one, it pointed towards the vizier's court, the other towards the court of a noble man, and so everyone decided on the bride, except for his younger brother. There was no way he could find his apple. Six got married and gave them a gift from the palace king, while the youngest was left alone. One day he went hunting and saw his apple and a frog stuck to him. He wanted to unhook it, but he didn't succeed, so he threw the apple and the frog under the bed. When he left, the frog shed its skin and turned into a beautiful girl. She did all the household chores and went back under the bed. This went on for several days. When the prince returned, he thought it was the neighbors' wives who had decided to help him. He went to thank his neighbors, but it turned out they weren't them. Then he addressed the sheikh. He advised him to hide and see what was going on in the house in his absence. So the prince saw the beauty, burned her frogskin, married her and got his own house. The king decided to visit his son and daughter-in-law. When I saw my daughter-in-law, I wanted to marry her myself. He ordered the prince to make a burnus out of a piece of marble. The frog told her husband to go to his father, take a sandbasket with him, and ask him to make silk threads out of sand. The king admitted that his son overcame his ordeal. He ordered the army to be brought in and the entire army fed with “musarrad”. The frog made a couscous, then added the king's musarrad and his handkerchief to it and told her husband to say: “For the hungry!” This is how he fed an entire army. The third task is to bring a talking baby. The frog sent her husband to her sister, who had just given birth. She said to the baby, “The one who came for you is your aunt's husband, and whoever you're going to talk to wants to kill your aunt's husband and marry your aunt himself.” She said that and handed him a sword. The prince took the baby to the king. The baby said to him, “We speak and we want words over words and we cut off your head.” A baby cut off the king's head]: Al-Aribi 2009, No. 45 in Korovkin MS; the Arabs of Egypt [the sultan tells three sons to shoot a bow and take wives where the arrows fall; the elders marry daughters noble people; the youngest's arrow hit an empty house where the turtle is; so three times; the prince insisted on marrying a turtle; the sultan fell ill and lost his appetite; orders his daughters-in-law to cook food for him; the turtle sends the maid to ask the wives of the older brothers for rat and pigeon droppings for seasoning; they refuse to give it and put the droppings in their food, the smell is terrible; the food sent by the youngest son's wife likes To the Sultan, he recovers; asks his daughters-in-law to come to him; the turtle sends a maid to the wives of his older brothers to ask them to borrow a goose, a goat as riding animals; they do not give it, but they go like this themselves; the wife of the Sultan's youngest son arrives in a carriage; she is beautiful; she sprinkles rice and jute on herself, they turn into pearls and emeralds; the older daughters-in-law do the same, everyone is dirty; they had to leave the palace ; the younger prince burned his turtle shell, his wife remained in human form]: Artin Pasha 1895, No. 6:103-114.

Southern Europe. The Portuguese (Algavre): Braga 2002:95-98 [the king promises to give the throne to the three sons who will get the most beautiful bride; the eldest marries the baker's daughter, the middle to the blacksmith's daughter; the youngest drives up to the house without a door; an old woman comes up, says famous words (four-line: Arcelo! arcelo, get your hair down quickly, I want to get up soon); long hair comes down from the window, the old woman rises it; when he leaves, the young man says the same words, he also gets his hair down, he gets up and sees a beautiful woman; she tells her to run so that her mother does not catch up; she chases; stops persecution, but tells her daughter to face like an ox's face; the Queen Mother sympathizes with her youngest son, tries postpone the show of daughters-in-law; suggests seeing which is the most beautiful shawl; the elders do not know how to weave at all; the youngest cries, her mother appears, gives a walnut, wearing an incredibly thin handkerchief, embroidered with flowers and birds; then the mother gives clothes; at the last moment she restores beauty and tells her daughter to hide all the dishes for her at the wedding feast, putting samples of all the dishes in her pockets; seeing how she she does it, her older daughters-in-law imitate her; while dancing, they all fall to the floor, the Queen Mother asks who did it; daughters-in-law point to the youngest; she is examined, she falls out of her pockets flowers, pearls and diamonds; the king handed over the throne to his youngest son], 165-166 [the youngest son's bride looks like a monkey]; Shishlova 1971 [the king promises to give the throne to the one of the three sons who finds the most beautiful wife; the youngest comes to the castle, the owner says that his daughter is beautiful, the prince promises to marry; but the bride turns out to be a monkey; the king tells his sons to come with their wives; the monkey turns everything in the hall upside down upside down; tells her to bring an orange from her table, throw it at the ceiling; pieces of furniture turn into luxurious decoration, the monkey becomes beautiful; she tells the king that she has her own kingdom where they will go because they are grateful for being saved from witchcraft]: 216-219; Spaniards (Asturias; also Castilla y Leon, Extremadura, Andalusia) [a childless woman wants children, even snakes and frogs; gave birth to a snake and a frog; the snake crawled into the sea, but the frog daughter stayed; one day she took dinner for her father, sang on the way; the prince liked the voice so much that he came to ask for the girl's hand in marriage; the prince had a twin brother; the king promised to give the throne to the one whose bride would prepare three of the best gifts; the best vessel; the twin's bride was the daughter of a jeweler; the frog sat on a rooster, drove up to the seashore and asked his snake sister precious vessel; same: carpet; let the brides themselves come to the palace; the bride arrived in a luxurious carriage as a beautiful woman; she is Maria; to spell her, someone had to fall in love with her; M. hides the food in the folds of her clothes, then waves his hand and flowers fall on the king and guests; the jeweler's daughter tried to repeat, sprayed everyone with scraps; M.'s husband received the throne; one of the princes expressed wanting to marry her snake sister; she went out and became beautiful; all is well]: Camarena, Chevalier 1995, No. 402:413-416; Catalans [the king will hand over the throne to whoever of his sons brings him the best gift; with the help of frogs (cats, monkeys), the younger prince twice brings the best thing; then the king orders to bring the most beautiful girl; the animal (often ordering him to be decapitated) turns into beautiful; prince gets the throne {and wife}]: Oriol, Pujol 2008, No. 402:87; Italians: Calvino 1980, No. 14 (Piedmont) [the king tells three sons to throw a stone from his sling; where he falls, take his wife, whose wife is better will give him the throne; the eldest married the baker's daughter, the middle married a weaver; the youngest's stone fell into the ditch; the king distributed hemp yarn, who was better than sotket; the older brothers received from their wives masterfully woven things, and the frog gave the youngest a chestnut; it contained the finest fabric; it stopped pouring out of the chestnut as soon as the king said “It never ends”; the king gave his sons puppy - whose wife will take better care of the dog; the older daughters-in-law have half-dead dogs, a well-groomed trained poodle jumped out of the youngest's box; must appear at the wedding; the youngest frog accompanied snails turned beautiful in a luxurious crew with servants; this princess was disgraced after the prince agreed to marry her], 63 (Tuscany) [monkey bride]: 43-44, 222-225 Italians (Piedmont, Veneto, Umbria, Lazio, Molise, Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Puglia), Sardinians: Cirese, Serafini 1975, No. 402:87; Italians (Campania, Capri) []: Zschalig 1925, № 29:135-139; Ladins: Brunold-Bigler, Widmer 2004, No. 9 [the father promises an inheritance to the one of the three sons who buys the best fabric; the elders go to the bazaar, the youngest to the forest; sees a glowing ball, goes for him; sees a silk ribbon flowing into the ground; pulls it, opens a hatch to the underground chambers; there is a creature with arms but without legs; it tells you to take the bundle, it contains the best fabric; next time, who buys the best dog (same); best bride; the creature tells him to be dragged seven times throughout the palace, turns into a beauty; he was an enchanted princess; the young man inherits, but gives it to his brothers — he is already now rich]: 89-93; Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 14 [the king will give the throne to the three sons who will deliver the best carriage; the youngest fool shared food with the old man, who told him to go to bed when the guy woke up, the carriage was ready; the older brothers persuaded his father to give another assignment; the king gave each yarn — let everyone bring threads, let's see which one is better; the frog tells the younger to throw the yarn into the pond, go to bed; when the guy wakes up, there are brocade threads nearby; the king demands that his daughters-in-law be brought to him; the frog asks her to kiss, turns into a beauty; the king handed over the throne to his youngest son]: 58-60; Uffer 1973 , No. 47 [the girl becomes more beautiful as she eats parsley; she is nicknamed Petrushka; she steals parsley from nuns in the garden; they complain to her mother; the mother tells her daughter to become a toad under the last by bridge; the king promises to give the throne to the three sons who will bring the most valuable things; first: a hundred cubits long cloth that will pass through the ring on his finger; the eldest two go to the city, the youngest they are sent on the way to the forest; under the bridge, a toad asks what the young man is concerned about, gives a box with cloth; next time the king asks for a dog to fit in the nut shell (the toad gives it again); when the king asks his sons to bring beautiful brides, the toad tells the youngest to go around the corner of the road; a box arrives with a terrible noise, a toad in it, wheels made of thread reels, two rats in front, a coachman and next to him The servant is grasshoppers; all this has turned into a luxurious carriage, the toad into the beautiful Petrushka; the king hands the throne to his youngest son]: 230-234.

Western Europe. The Bretons [the queen gave birth to a daughter, the sorceress was not invited to the party, she turned the princess into a mouse; the spell will be removed if the sorceress's sister laughs; the king went to war, the mouse daughter asked to take her with her, sits in the horse's ear, sings; the Spaniards liked it, the son of the Spanish king married the mouse princess; the Spanish king will leave the crown to the one of the three sons who brings the best canvas ; the mouse wife gives a small box, it contains a lot of better canvas, the older brothers are shamed; they offer to leave the crown to the one whose wife is more beautiful; the mouse wife secretly rides after her husband on a rooster; stops at a puddle; the sorceress's sister sees it, laughs; the sorceress: the spell was cast before the sister laughs; the mouse becomes beautiful, arrives in a golden carriage; the king gives throne to her husband; at a feast, she hides pieces of food behind the corsage, they turn into pearls and flowers; older daughters-in-law also put food behind the corsage, dogs and cats run after them, the king drives them away, gives them the throne youngest son]: Luzel 1887 (2), No. 2:134-145 (=Lopyreva 1959, No. 15:42-47); French (many versions of the whole of France, most of the sorceress is a frog, sometimes a mouse or a cat) [two brothers cannot find brides; decided to shoot at the white light; a beautiful girl came out to the youngest, and a frog jumped out to the eldest; brought him to a lonely castle; the youngest offered to go to their king uncle; the frog told the eldest agree; king: whose dog runs but does not break anything, I will give him the throne; a dog jumped out of the eldest's box and broke nothing, and the eldest one knocked everything over; whoever has a thread girded three times castle; the younger brother has twice, and the older brother has five times; whose wife is more beautiful; the frog got into a stroller with a lizard on the coachman and rats on the horses; and turned into a beautiful woman, and the carriage into a real one; the elder brother received three kingdoms, but gave one to the younger]: Delarue 1964, No. 402:36-38; Germans (Schleswig-Holstein): Uther 2004 (1), No. 402:232-235; Germans [two princes are smart, the youngest is a Simple; king promises to give the throne to whoever brings the best carpet; blows three feathers down the wind; the feathers of the older brothers were carried by the wind, the youngest's feather fell not far away; there was an entrance to the dungeon; there was a large one in the room a toad and many little ones; the toad gave a beautiful carpet; the older brothers took a rough woolen shawl in the first shepherdess they came across; now the king demands a better ring from the contender to the throne, lets him go again feathers; the toad gives the Simpleton gold with gems, the older brothers bring the wheel rim; the third condition: bring the most beautiful girl; the toad gives hollowed out turnips pulled by six mice, tells put one of the little toads in turnips; she turns into a beauty, turnips into a carriage, mice into horses; older brothers brought village women; the older ones demand the last test: let the girls jump over a ring hanging in the middle of the hall; two women fell, their arms and legs changed; the simple girl slipped through easily; he received a crown]: Grimm, Grimm 2002, No. 63:233-235; Germans (Upper Palatinate) [from a peasant sons the elder Michl and the younger Yodel; the father would like to leave the property to the elder; promises the one who brings the best handkerchief; to meet Y. the toad, tells her to go with her, brings her into the house, calls the mouse maid, that brings a box with the best scarves; the handkerchief brought by Yodel turns out to be better than the one brought by Michael; the second time; the third time, who will bring the best bride; the toad tells her to go to bed with her; when J. woke up, he was in the castle, beautiful nearby, she was bewitched; the mouse became a maid; J. gave his brother his house and household, and he began to live with the princess; if they did not die, they still live]: Schönwerth 1981:27; Germans (Switzerland) [the father promises to make the heir to the one of the three sons who will bring the best spinner to the bride; the youngest Hans does not have a girlfriend; the toad promises to hide everything for him, he throws yarn into the water; her job is the best; she tells G. to marry her; she turns beautiful during the wedding; everything is fine]: Wildhaber, Uffer 1971, No. 15:47-49; Germans ( Tyrol) [a poor woman tells her three sons that three families cannot fit in their hut; it will be given to the one whose bride will conjugate the best yarn; gives everyone wool; the younger Hans goes at random, hears a voice; the frog tells her to leave the yarn; she will hide the best one, and then G. will have to marry it; the next day G. came and took yarn from the frog, which is much better than that brought by the brothers; persuaded the priest marry him to a frog; when the service was coming to an end, a frog appeared, jumped on a wedding dress and became beautiful; wedding feast]: Zingerle, Zingerle 1854:17-22 (=1980:33-37); Germans (Tyrol) [the king's eldest son is serious and silent; the youngest two prove that he is unable to rule, although his mother stands for him; the king promises to hand over the throne to whoever brings the best wine horn; the eldest comes to the castle, where a talking cat gives her a horn; next time, a hunting whip; the third test: whose bride is more beautiful; the cat tells her to be beaten, holding her legs, against the hearth, turns into a beauty; the prince brings his wife and gains the throne]: Busk 1871:131-157.

Micronesia—Polynesia. Tuvalu (Waitupu) [Punga and his younger brother Sema are arguing about who will have more wives; P. proposes to all women and gets consent; S. has to marry an ulcerated woman from foot to toe Matinitini-ungakoa's heads; P.'s wives laugh at her; she goes to her mother, who tells her to swim in the pond, she becomes beautiful in a red skirt; P.'s wives are shamed; give birth to 10 sons, S.'s wife gives birth to Tafaki and Kalisilisi; S. dies; T. and K. defeat P.'s sons in throwing darts; go looking for their father; K. gets tired, falls behind; T. takes out his eyes, tells the fish not to eat them; sees black, then white, brown clouds; C . in the latter; T. finds out about this when he sees his father's dental print on coconut; T. came back, did not find K.'s eyes, found them in two species of fish; since then, one has big eyes, the other has been caught with bait from the eyes of the flying fish; K. became a fish after drinking salt water; T. also drank, became a matapa fish (called tafaki on Niutao Island)]: Kennedy 1931:174-177.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Mustang: Kretschmar 1985, No. 6 [the king tells his sons to marry; the eldest took the princess, the middle took the minister's daughter; the youngest does not want to marry; waters the field, saves a mouse from the water; she leads him under land in his palace, she is beautiful there; he asks her to go with him to the human world; the king demands that every daughter-in-law 1) cover the palace with cloth (only the mouse does it), 2) prepare a beautiful dress (the mouse pulls out dress with Buddhist shrines depicted on it), 3) dance; the mouse dances the best, her husband cuts through the mouse skin, a beautiful woman comes out; the king gives the throne to his youngest son, his wife gives birth to a son and daughter] , 15 [King Benda's eldest son Horki Gyevo promises to marry a rich bride, the middle son to a smart one, the youngest to a beautiful one; Men's father Suka Drönyok promises to marry her as someone who learns her name; demon threatens the jackal to eat it if he does not find out; the jackal overheard the servant call the DMD, runs to the demon, forgets the name along the way; so twice; the third time he remembered; the demon called the name, leads the DMD to gold palace, then to mother-of-pearl, then to a house made of dog crap; the wife agrees to live in such a house every time if it is her and her husband's house; inside, a crap house turns out to be a luxurious palace; when leaving, demon DSD leaves the keys to all rooms; one has no key; she finds a rusty key hanging above the door; there are corpses of horses and people in the room, an old woman in the corner; she says that the demon locks in this room aged wives; tells you to run, placing a figure dressed in a DMD dress on the terrace, gives her youthful appearance and a chest; DMD in the guise of an old woman meets a demon, he does not recognize her, misses her; she is hired the king takes care of dogs, then cows, horses; all animals get fat and healthy; by roasting grain, the DMD takes off the appearance of an old woman, the younger prince sees this, marries her; princes give the youngest only a goat and a dog; let the one who wins the challenges inherit the kingdom; 1) make the best yogurt (DMD puts gems in it, its yogurt is better); 2) whose vomiting is more pleasant; older brothers they swallow a gold and silver key, but vomiting is common; DMD drinks milk, swallows rubies, her vomiting glows with a rainbow; 3) who will cover the whole kingdom with a cloth; the elder covers half, the middle one third, DMD — all left; the youngest received the kingdom; went on business, the DMD gave birth to a son whose top is golden, the bottom is silver, the forehead is mother-of-pearl; sends a servant with a letter; he stops with the old man, he replaces the letter: the wife gave birth to a broom and a pestle; praises the king of the child, but he is surprised that the letter is different, tells him to wait for his return; the old man replaces the letter again: throw the child away for 9 valleys and 9 passes; DMD goes with the child to meet her husband, meets an old man, this is the demon from whom she ran away, he swallows the child; DMD puts him to sleep, looking for him in his head; a fish appears from the demon's forehead, DMD pierces it with a pin, the demon dies; the horse, which was previously grazed by the DMD, tells him to kill him, spread his intestines along the edges of the plain, put the buds on the left and right, his head in the center, four legs four each directions; when a tiger and a leopard woke up in the palace, at the entrance to the chains, subjects appeared from drops of blood; her king husband came disguised as a beggar, they reunited]: 58-61, 100-104.

(Wed. Burma — Indochina. Mona [the youngest seventh sister is a frog; the elders go to the prince's screenings with the other girls; the frog secretly turns into a beauty, comes to the palace three times; the prince watches her He orders to bring a vat with a frog, takes her as his wife; the king drives the heir away; he lives alone, enjoys the beauty's love at night; one day he burns frog skin; returns with his wife to the palace]: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 146:337-340; Burmese [six sisters are girls, the seventh is a frog, her parents keep her in a vat of water; brides are brought to the prince for screenings, the frog sneaks in, sheds his skin, becomes beautiful, then runs away again; so twice; the prince sees everything; takes the frog as his wife, the king drives him away; the prince lives separately; the frog is his man only in his dreams; also he pretended to fall asleep, and when the girl came out, he burned frog skin; everything is fine]: Nikulin 1988:444-448).

South Asia. India (translated from Hindi) [the childless king wants to leave home; the maid lies that the queen is pregnant but cannot be seen; instead of her daughter, the queen keeps a piculia bird; in rituals, she is replaced by a special one pitcher lot; a non-existent bride is married, the groom agrees to hide the secret; piculia calls birds, cleans rice better than older daughters-in-law, coats the walls with clay and manure; Shiva and Parvati turn Piculia is beautiful; the prince and his wife tell the king the truth, the king gives him the throne]: Zographer 1964:410-426; bhilas [the king told his seven sons to go up to the roof of the palace and shoot a bow; each will repay his wife where the arrow fell; they married the daughters of a king (another), a potter, a butter seller, a brahman, a Kurmi, a merchant; but the one whose arrow hit the ascetic's house found only a monkey in it, and got married; the mother of princes comes to everyone for dinner; to a married monkey last; as soon as the monkey saw her mother-in-law, she took off her skin and became a beautiful fairy, had a rich feast; rani drove her other sons away, and built a palace for this purpose]: Grierson 1907:281-282; Nepalis [the king tells seven sons to shoot a bow; where the arrow falls, take a wife; the youngest's arrow hits into the hollow of a tree, the monkey sitting there follows the young man; the king orders that each of the daughters-in-law arrange a feast; the monkey asks her husband to throw a letter into that hollow; when he returns, he sees a city with palaces, the monkey has become beautiful; the older brothers are jealous, they advise throwing his wife's monkey skin into the fire; he threw it, his wife's face caught fire, she disappeared; one hermit gives the prince an invisible hat, the other speeding sandals, the third stick that hits itself, the fourth is a balm to heal his wife's burns; he takes the form of a yoga, treats the patient, appears to his wife in her true form, she is happy; the prince asks his father his wife's hand, he is angry, the prince tells the stick to beat everyone; his wife's father agrees to everything, the prince tells us how it happened; everything is fine]: Heunemann 1980, No. 10:95-101 (=Sakya, Griffith 1980:124-126; =Aganina 1971:162-172); Sinhalese [a woman marries the youngest of seven sons to a hare brought from the forest; the wives of older brothers tell the youngest to send his wife to harvest; the hare tells the hares to harvest on her husband's field; everyone goes to the wedding; the hare takes off her skin, remains a woman]: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 65:132-133; (cf. agaria [a young man buys a grain-pecking bird that a person wanted to kill; saves a frog from a snake, gives milk to the snake; buys a deer that is beaten; a bird and a frog become female wives young men, a deer turned into a horse, brought them to the Raja pond; the Raja requires that 1) the trees be covered with fruits overnight (the bird wife performs), 2) jump over the lake on horseback (the horse jumps over), 3) get them out a ring of the well (The frog becomes a frog again for a while, pulls it out); the Raja gives the young man half the kingdom and daughter; on the way back, the horse fell, the Frog and the Bird died, the young man stayed with the Raja's daughter]: Elwin 1944, No. 3:399-401, Zograf translation 1971, No. 15:59-60; oriya [poor brahmana grew eggplants, his pregnant wife ate the fruit; brahman: whoever ate the fruit without asking, let him give birth to a frog; frog daughter asks the mother to go to the party with her; by the pond he takes off his frogskin, becomes a girl, bathes; the brahmana's son sees this, makes his parents marry him a frog; when no one is there, the wife becomes human, cleans and cooks; mother chases the frog away; she agrees to return after humiliating requests; one night the husband burned frog's skin; the wife remains a woman, everything is fine]: Mohanti 1975:62-65; Sinhalese [the frog jumps at the feet of the nobleman, calls her father; he finds her groom; before the wedding, the frog sheds its skin and becomes beautiful]: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 64:131).

The Balkans. Albanians: Serkova 1989 [the widowed king gives three sons an apple each, orders them to be given to their chosen ones; the eldest sons marry the daughters of Pasha and the Vizier, the youngest throws an apple into a rose bush, where the Beauty of the Land Fenichka lives; a snake crawls out from there; the youngest marries her, she turns into a beauty; 1) creates fried fish with her hands in a frying pan (the wives of the older brothers burned their hands); 2) says that she became beautiful by covering her face with chicken manure (older brothers drive their wives to wash); 3) she hides a piece of meat in her sleeves at a dance; the wives of her older brothers do the same, the meat falls out in public; F. Pigeons fly out of his sleeves; the king regrets that he did not marry F.]: 45-48; Lambertz 1952 [the king tells his son to find a wife; he shoots a cannon, the core falls three times near a tree, under him a turtle; a young man brings her home; leaves her; when he returns, the house is tidy; the third time he hides behind the door, grabs the girl, breaks the turtle shell; the king wants the girl for himself, tries to lime his son, demands to bring a cloth to dress the army; the wife orders to go to the sea, turn to her parents, they gave matter; no matter how much she cut, the rest of the same length; the same is to feed the whole army bread; the king sends a man 3 tops tall, a beard 7 tops; wife: this is my brother; the dwarf comes with the prince, blows the king's head off with a blow of his fist, puts the prince on the throne]: 113-120; bosses [ The good and well-haired daughter of a poor widow rejects her suitors; her mother drove her into the forest: you will become a bear queen; the bear took her to his lair; when he left, he blocked the exit with a stone, but she did not thought of running; gave birth to a gold-haired girl with the same clever eyes as a father bear; bear: my son would be in me and inherit my kingdom, and let my daughter be queen among people; the bear put his crown in the cradle of her daughter and went to die; the bears buried him; the bear's wife turned her daughter into a toad and hid it under a rock; the king has three sons; the father tells them to take bows and shoot arrows from the top towers; the elders fired arrows into the neighboring kingdom and brought the princesses; the youngest fired an arrow towards the forest; found an arrow in the fir above the cave, and everything around was tidy up; wanted to kick the toad, and she: don't hit, I — ( yours) happiness; he brought it home; noticed that although the servant brought food to the prince's room as it should be, then everything was turned upside down; the prince came in and saw the girl wearing the crown; opened the closet and threw the toad's skin at fire; the prince introduced the bride to his father; he told the three daughters-in-law to eat; the elders threw the crumbs on the carpet and the youngest on the plate, and they turned into ducats; after that, the king demanded that the son give sorceress to him; he does not agree; then let him sew clothes for all soldiers from one piece of cloth; bride: go where you found me and shout “Burning hair — show up!” Tell my mother what she needs, she will do anything; she has given everything; the second task is to cook food in a cauldron for all the soldiers; the same; bring the ring that the king's late wife took to another world; bride: go ask the mother what to do; the bride's mother told her to remain silent and led her deep into the cave; one snake steals another's eggs (the girl is turned into a snake for secretly taking eggs from her mother during her lifetime); man and woman hanged by the legs, with their backs to each other (during their lifetime, the couple quarreled); the baby is hanged, the dog licks the dripping blood (the dog is a woman who strangled her child); two men are roasted on skewers, and they complain about the cold (during her lifetime they stole firewood hedges); the late queen, the prince's mother, cooks in boiling water; reached out her hand and told her son to remove the ring from her finger; let the king pay for 30 cherries, for which she did not pay was the only thing she could be punished for; when she returned, the prince told the king everything; he called the people together; when he found out who his wife owed, he gave that poor man the money; the prince returned to the cave and the bride's mother showed how the prince's mother came out of boiling water across the golden bridge and was saved; the wedding of three princes; the king handed over power to the younger]: Preindlsberger-Mrazovic 1905:81-94; Serbs [the king promises to marry three sons if they bring 1) a beautiful handkerchief (the youngest comes to the princess, whose deceased father, becoming a vampire, kills suitors; is not afraid to spend the night in the palace, receives a handkerchief); 2) long chain (same); 3) bride; first the youngest son comes to a triple wedding wearing poor clothes, then appears in all its splendor]: Karadzic 1856 in Dmitriev, Volkonsky 1956:66-70; Croats [elderly the couple ask God for children, the wife gives birth to a frog daughter; she takes dinner to her father in the vineyard, sings beautifully; the Queen hears singing, wants to marry the Frog; his father, the king, promised to hand over the throne to the one whose the bride will bring the most beautiful flower; the frog arrives on a white rooster, asking for a dress from the Sun; upon entering the city, the rooster turns into a white horse, the Frog into a beauty, her ear in his hand; other daughters-in-law gave a rose and a carnation; the king says that the ear is the most useful flower, gives the throne to the Frog's husband]: Arkhipova 1962:157-159; Bulgarians [(many records); father tells sons to marry where The apples, feathers, arrows thrown by them will fall; the youngest's arrow falls into a swamp (spring, lake) to a turtle or frog; he brings it into the house; someone cleans houses, cooks; he finds a beautiful woman, throws her shell, skin into the fire; the beauty remains]: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 402:139-140; Greeks: Dawkins 1916 [the king has three sons, he wants to marry the youngest; they cast lots, he fell on frog; while the prince is away, the wife takes off her frog skin, turns into the Beauty of the World, cooks and cleans; the prince finds her, tells her father; he wants to get rid of his son in order to take possession of his wife; 1) bring three cucumbers; the prince comes to the river, croaks, gets cucumbers; 2) a small tent under which the entire army will be located and half of the place will be empty; the same; 3) tablecloth {-magic?} ; the king died, the wife burned her frog skin, remained in the form of the Beauty of the World]: 341-343; Megas 1970, No. 24 [the king invites three sons to take wives where the arrows fall; the elders marry the rich beauties, the youngest brings a frog; when she is alone, the beauty comes out of her frog skin, cleans the house; the prince spies, sees the frog princess summon the maid frog, who too turns into a girl, does work; he throws her skin into the fire, the princess screams in pain, he throws her skin into the water; the princess explains that her family of underwater inhabitants is bewitched; will remain human appearance, if the young man falls in love with her; the prince and his wife are invited to the party; the wife tells her father to ask her father for magic rods, goose and two chicken eggs on the lake; they are with his retinue in a rich outfit; made of goose eggs are the crown for the king, chicken eggs are bracelets for older sons]: 49-54; Gagauz people [the widow king tells three sons to fire arrows where they fall, there is fate; the elders fell against the girls, the youngest to the turtle; he brings the turtle home when he returns from hunting, finds the food cooked; he hides, grabs the girl, throws away the turtle shell; the king father wants his daughter-in-law, tells his son to bring it with the wedding ring of the deceased mother of the dead; the wife teaches her to go to the sea, shout into the hole, her mother will come out, give the key to the castles of the earth; he opens the ground, walks, sees a fat herd in a dry meadow, a skinny herd on abundant; on the way, the sea asks the guy to ask God why there is no fish in it, the sea; a man sits by the water, burns, black and white sheep come out, everyone wants to extinguish the flame, fight, and man again lights up; asks to know why it burns; in the Sun Palace, the Sun's mother says that the ring is near the Sun will return and give; the Sun gives a ring, cries, because people in the city go for need secretly, and in the field is open; the boy goes back; the old man explains that obese cattle gave alms, and thin cattle did alms when they looked around; a burning man was who judged once righteously and the other unrighteously; the guy gave the ring to the tsar, he died right away]: Moshkov 1904, No. 29:39-41.

Central Europe. Luzhitsy (Upper Lusatia) [when old, the father promises an inheritance to the one of the three sons who will bring from the brides 1) the best handkerchief; the brides of the two older brothers do not want to give the best, they give on an ordinary headscarf; younger Peter does not know girls; a toad brought him to his house, where her beautiful daughter gave him the best handkerchief; 2) the best ring (the most valuable one brought by Peter); 3) the best bride; Peter brought a beautiful woman and inherited]: Erben in Lifshitz-Artemyeva 2017:180-183; Poles [three queens fire arrows to find brides; elder arrows fall into houses where girls live; the youngest's arrow falls near the toad; the queen breaks the spell from the toad, burning its skin or after three nights of torment]: Krzyżanowski 1962, No. 402:129; the Poles [the prince gives his three sons bows and tells you to shoot arrows; where the arrow falls, there is the bride; the elder's arrow hits the daughter of a rich knight, the middle one hits the landowner's daughter, the youngest hits the frog in a silted pond; this is an enchanted one princess; daughters-in-law must bake bread for her mother-in-law's name day; the frog tells me not to worry; 7 girls appeared, baked the best bread; now daughters-in-law must give an embroidered belt; 7 girls decorated the belt gold, silver, pearls and diamonds; the elder daughters-in-law arrived at the holiday; the youngest Grand Prince says: if it rains, it is his wife who swims, if there is lightning, then she dresses up, if there is thunder, she has come; in a beautiful woman enters the hall; the prince runs into the house and throws a frogskin into the fire; the wife is in flames: a little more, and the spell would be over, and now she is bewitched again for a long time; she has melted like a fog and did not see her again]; Woycicki 1920:58-62; Czechs [the king invites his three sons to go into the world, find brides and bring gifts for him in a year — who is better; brothers shoot arrows at different sides; the youngest is Yarmil, his arrow hits the mouse hole; the road opens down in front of Y. a marble castle; towards a girl in white, telling Y. to sit on her white horse; the horse flew to the castle made of gold and gems; I got off my horse, and the horse flew away; inside the hall one is richer than the other; the last one is empty, and the diamond says; to save me, keep me by your side and bathe daily; under the diamond and gold there is a toad; he I put it in my bosom; in another room, food and wine appear by themselves; I stayed in the castle, but the more I washed the toad, the uglier it seemed; a year later I found a note: put me in a frying pan, cover it, bring it to my father as a gift; I returned to my father with my brothers; the elder bride has a princess, the gift is a mirror; the middle bride also sent a mirror; I gave the box; diamonds on it; from it a little man jumped out and handed a mirror, and then disappeared; the king recognized Y.'s gift as the best; now the king tells his sons to return in a year and one day, bringing portraits of their brides; I. returned to the toad; through year note: give my portrait in a frying pan to my father; when I gave it back, the king said that he had not seen such a beauty; a year and day later, the king wants to see the brides themselves; instead of a toad in front of me, beautiful; tells me to go down to the basement, there are 12 candles, each shirt in front of each; I have to put out the candles, bring shirts and candles, be silent and not listen to anything; beautiful: these shirts are toadskins, and the candles burned me; monster, nailed by the tongue in the basement, bewitched my father, the king; nailed by a witch who is stronger than a monster; you should not tell me what look I used to be for three years and not say how many skins I had ; especially dangerous is your mother, a witch who hates you; I brought a bride, the wedding of three brothers; the prince's mother convinces him that the witch is not her, but his fiancée; I found out what she wanted; I stole from my wife's room. toad skins and candles and burned them; wife: you have solved the secret, now I'm flying to a glass mountain, from where there is no return; I. goes in search; the juggler said that the glass mountain is in the east; there is a river around the mountain, on three giants to the bridge; a maiden from the white castle: tie the horse's hooves with rags and throw dust behind; spend the night in the mill across the river; the cook will bring the chicken to the miller, throw the bones under the millstones; let him give it back to you, and you throw it in front of you when you want to climb a glass mountain; throw the last one behind you when you are at the top; when I threw bones, each turned into a step; when I threw Last time, the road along which the horse climbed appeared; a witch with 12 daughters lives in the castle; wife: the witch knows you're here, be nice to her; when eating, get up and leave after each meal, otherwise you will stay forever; the witch promises to give Y. my wife, but for three years of service; gives a wooden ax to cut down the forest; my wife put me to sleep, threw the powder, someone's hands cut down the forest; the witch let me dig a shovel mountain (same); scoop out the pond with a thimble (same); wife: now the witch will appear as a black cloud, hit her with my sword; the witch fell dead, my wife and I jumped away; having learned everything, the king burned mother Y.; they we arrived at the mouse court: there are the gates of the city, disgraced people welcome; everyone is happy]: Curtin 1890:331-355; Russians (Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Voronezh, Kursk, Orlovskaya, Tambov), Ukrainians (Transcarpathia, Eastern Slovakia, Galicia, Volyn, Podolia, Kiev, Poltava), Belarusians [frog princess: three princes go to look for wives in the direction of abandoned objects or arrows fired; the youngest finds a frog in the swamp, she becomes his wife, best fulfills the king's errands (sewing, weaving, baking, dancing) and turns into a princess; her husband burns her skin; the princess disappears. — The sequel is most often type 400: the husband is looking for a disappeared or kidnapped wife]: SUS, No. 402:128; Russians (a fairy tale from Afanasiev's notes) [the king tells three sons to shoot, marry a girl from a house where an arrow hits; the elders take the daughters of the minister and the general, the youngest Ivan takes a frog (otherwise she will not let him out of the swamp); at night, the frog takes off his skin and becomes beautiful; the king asks that his daughters-in-law 1) sew him on his shirt, 2) make gold-embroidered carpets; the frog orders the winds, they bring everything; 3) bake bread; the frog sprinkles flour into cold water, puts it in unheated oven, takes out the bread; other daughters-in-law do the same, nothing works, they hastily melt the oven, the bread burns; 4) at the feast, the Frog is beautiful, pours and puts what they have not drunk, undernourished by the sleeves, dancing, splashes out the lake with swans, then it disappears; other daughters-in-law imitate, fill everyone with scraps; I. burns frog skin, Vasilisa Premudraya tells us to look for it in the thirties kingdom; Baba Yaga teaches that when the VP arrives, you have to grab her head; she will turn into a frog, a toad, a snake, an arrow; you must break an arrow; I. fires an arrow, the VP flies away; the same with BYA's sister, I. breaks arrow, returns from VP on a flying carpet]: Afanasiev 1958 (3), No. 570:356-361; Russians (Karelian Pomorie) [the tsar tells his sons to shoot arrows; where he falls, take his wife; from Vasily, Fedor arrows fell on the royal court, on the princely court, at the youngest Ivan in the swamp; there was an old woman in a hut; wanted to leave, but immediately began to sink; the tsar orders that the daughters-in-law be sewn on the shirt; the old woman cut the silk into pieces, threw it out the window: nannies, mothers, serve me as they served my father and mother; the older daughters-in-law did the same, but only spoiled the silk; I had to buy it at the bazaar; and I. brought the best shirt; the next day is to bake bread; the old woman poured the dough into the mouth of the oven; the elder daughters-in-law too; bought bread; I. brought it, the tsar tried: eat a piece - the soul hurts differently; the king asks to weave the carpet; the old woman promises a flying carpet; “Take it yourself. And when you sit down at the table and the thunder thunders, you say: This is my woman wearing colorful dresses. When it rains, you say: It's my woman who washes her face with spring water. And when the lightning flashes, say: This is my woman coming and go out to meet me.” A beautiful woman comes out of the carriage; puts pieces behind her sleeve at the table; shook her sleeve: the Neva River was formed, ducks and eiders swam on it; the older daughters-in-law tried it — pieces and crumbs flew to the table and to the guests ; I. burned an old woman's outfit; Elena Prekrasnaya: now Koschey the Immortal will take me away; took me away; I. came to an elderly woman, this is an EP aunt; sent me to her mother, she tells her husband, i.e. the father of the EP, to ask forgiveness; father sends to take his wife away from Koshchei, he himself cannot; Koschey suggests throwing a sword: who is taller; I.: I want to throw your sword on the cloud; Koschey angered, turned I. into an egg; Eagle Orlovich pecked, broke shell, but told I. to work in his kitchen; after a year of service and drinking kvass, I. threw a sword that fell back 3 hours — not enough; he still served — 6 hours; enough; the Eagle teaches: Hit Koshchei with my sword and only once, 12 Koshcheev brothers to his own; I. killed Koshchei and his brothers, freed the EP, brought her to Orel; he tells her to work and drink kvass for two years; after the first year, like I., she throws a sword that falls three hours, after the second — six; we got home, the tsar gave I. the throne]: Razumova, Senkina 1987:72-82; Russians (Arkhangelskaya, p. Sura, 1927) [Father gives his sons bows and arrows, orders them to shoot in different directions, and look for brides. The elders find merchant daughters, the youngest find a frog. The father instructs the brides to embroider “a pair of underwear”, the brides of the older brothers embroider, the frog cuts the fabric and throws them out the window. Her embroidery is the best. The father orders the brides to bake bread; the frog gets the softest. The father invites his sons and brides to a feast, the frog comes after her husband. The frog in the box is a beautiful girl. Her husband burns frogskin, she leaves it and lives in the swamp for a long time. Then he returns, her husband inherits his father's throne]: Nikiforov 1961, No. 55:134-135; Russians (Vologda) [boyar Dobromysl tells his sons to shoot arrows; where he falls, take his wife; the eldest and the middle married the daughters of a nobleman and a boyar; Ivan went to the hut, in which the old woman holds his arrow; turned the hut into a rich room; if I. does not marry the old woman, he will not leave the swamp; as soon as And . agreed, the old woman turned into a beautiful woman; the name Svetlana, she was bewitched; while she is young only at night; D. orders her daughters-in-law to make a shirt; S. cut the canvas, threw it into the window, ordered to be sewn in the wild winds; I. brought the best shirt; weaving the carpet is the same; bake bread (S. poured the dough into the cold oven); D. wants to see daughters-in-law; S. hides food in her sleeves at the feast; waved her sleeve: the pond, and geese and swans on it; the older daughters-in-law waved - they drenched everyone, sprayed everyone; to prevent S. from becoming an old woman again, I. threw her ring into the sea; S. ordered to look for her in the thirtieth kingdom; I. came to Baba- Yaga, she gave her sword and ball, let him follow; I. killed the kidnapper, freed his wife, returned with her to his father]: Burtsev 1897, No. 46:265-286; Russians (Tverskaya) [the master tells three sons to shoot arrows; the eldest's arrow fell into the courtyard of the neighboring master, the middle master, the youngest to the frog; after the wedding, the master tells the daughters-in-law to knead the dough; the frog's pie is ready - best of all; cook the same shirt; let the wives come for dinner; the frog became beautiful; the husband threw his skin into the fire; wife: now look for me from Kashchei; the husband went to look for me, came across an old man whose nose grew into a stump; released; he gave a ball, the husband followed him to his wife; when Kashchei fell asleep, her husband began to play the pipe, he fell asleep in eternal sleep; the young returned home]: archive of the Center for Tver Local History and Ethnography, sent by V.E. Dobrovolskaya; Russians (Moscow) [the tsar has three sons, orders to shoot arrows, the elder arrow hit the kingdom, the middle arrow has a merchant's house, the youngest Ivan has a frog in the swamp; frog: I won't give up the arrow, get married; the king tells his daughters-in-law to sew shirts; the frog cut the cloth into pieces, threw it out the window: the winds are violent, bring me the shirt that my father wears on a bright holiday; other daughters-in-law sent spy on the girl Nigella; they threw out the rags themselves, they lay down, they managed to sew them forcibly; tsar: wear this groom, this one to the janitor; and the king will wear the frog shirt to the big ball; the same with the carpet; with a pie ( the frog poured the dough into the cold oven); at the wedding, the frog became an old woman, hides spoons by the sleeve; at the dance she waved: the knife flew out — the ditch around the house, the spoon — the water in the ditch, once again — the ships sailed , birds of paradise are sitting, cats are walking overseas; daughters-in-law repeat: a fork in someone's eye, a spoon in someone's forehead, vodka broke, filled everyone; they went to bed - the old woman became beautiful; I. hid the ring in the sea left; wife: now I can't live with you, I've gone to sea]: Vedernikova, Samodelova 1998, No. 36:87-89; Russians (Moscow) [Tsar's sons Vasily, Fedor, Ivan; tells me to shoot; where the arrow will fall, there is his wife; I.'s arrow in the frog's paws; the king orders to bake a cake; the frog shed her skin, went out onto the porch: babysitters, bake the same as the priest had at the party; the king tells the eldest daughter-in-law's pie give to the poor brethren, the middle brethren hungry in prison, the youngest will eat himself; the carpet (the same); the frog goes to the feast beautiful; I. burned the skin, the princess turned into a cuckoo, flew out the window; I. goes to look; in the hut on a chicken leg is spinning in the forest; turn your back to the forest, in front of me; Baba Yaga: Koshchei's wife, his death in an egg, an egg in a duck, a hare, a bear, in a casket, an oak casket on an island in the sea in thirtieth kingdom; gave a ball, we must follow it; I. did not kill the bear, the she-wolf, the falcon, the pike; everyone promises to come in handy; when I. got the chest, the bear killed that bear, the wolf caught up with the hare, the falcon — duck, pike took an egg out of the sea; I. took a needle out of the egg and broke it; Koschey died, I. returned his wife]: Vedernikova, Samodelova 1998, No. 37:89-91; Russians (Ryazan) [tsar tells three sons to shoot : where the arrow is, there is the bride; the eldest took the princess, the middle took the general's daughter, the youngest found an arrow in the frog's mouth; the king tells daughters-in-law to make shirts; frog: nurses, do it; sons bring shirts to the king; the eldest to wear in a black hut, the middle to go to the bathhouse, the youngest to wear on Christ's day; the same: bake bread; the frog pretends to dump the dough into the oven, and turns to the nannies -mothers; the eldest sons have bread — kuli-muli, the youngest — for Christ's day; bring daughters-in-law to the ball; the frog has become beautiful; at the feast she hides food and drinks in her sleeves; waved her hands — forests and waters, birds fly; other daughters-in-law doused people; I. found and burned the casing; wife: look far away in the thirtieth kingdom; I. came to an old woman; a hut to the forest backwards, to me in front of me; the old woman does not know about Elena the Beautiful (EP), sends to her older sister; she sends to her oldest, teaches what to do; she viet gold, locked the spindle in a box; I. unlocked, broke the spindle, threw the tip back, the spine in front of him, EP beautiful appeared in front of him; they flew home on a flying carpet; the other groom chased, but he can't go to Russia]: Afanasiev 1958 (2), No. 237:329-331; Russians (Ryazan) [father orders three sons shoot arrows; where they fall, take brides; younger Ivanushka's arrow in the frog's paws; when he brought it, the frog became a girl; at the feast he puts bones in his sleeve, money flies out; then again became a frog; father tells daughters-in-law to put down their shirts; I. brings the best; embroider carpets; I. has a month and stars on the carpet; he threw frog skin into the fire, Koschey took his wife; (then Koshchei's life in an egg, the informant does not remember)]: Samodelova 2013, No. 83:91-93; Russians (Voronezh): Baryshnikova 2007, No. 41 [The princes ask their father to marry them, who allows them to choose their own brides. Older brothers shoot bows and hit merchant and royal houses with arrows, taking girls as wives from there. Younger Ivanushka enters the river, decides that his destiny is to drown himself, the frog returns his arrow, and he marries her. Ivan does not show his wife to his brothers; she performs the king's tasks better than other daughters-in-law — she sews a shirt and bakes a cake. The king calls his sons and wives to the ball, Ivan appears alone, the frog in the form of a beautiful girl comes after him. She hides her half-eaten food in her sleeve, waves her arms while dancing, and a lake and swans appear. The daughters-in-law try to repeat the miracle, but bones fly out of their sleeves and wine is poured out (on the king). The king kicks them out. Maria Tsarevna sheds her skin and drowns in the river. She lives happily with her husband], 41a [The first part of the fairy tale repeats story No. 41, increasing the brothers' mockery of Ivan because of his frog wife. The king asks his daughters-in-law to make him a duck, a tablecloth and a cake, and Mary Tsarevna gathers mothers and nannies who, during the night, prepare these items as used by the princess's father. The king asks his sons to bring their wives to the ball. Then everything is the same as in No. 41. Without waiting for his wife to return from the ball, Ivan Tsarevich burns her skin, Marya says that the time for this has not yet come, she is kidnapped by Kashchshchey the Immortal. Ivan goes looking, meets an old man who gives a ball that shows the way to Koshchei. On the way, he sees devils fighting over a samobic baton, an invisible hat and a magic tablecloth, offers to resolve the dispute, ties a 40-meter rope and promises magic items to the first will make it to the end. While the devils are competing, Ivan picks up items and goes after the ball, goes to the oak tree, sees a chest under it, kills a hare in it, pulls a duck out of it, an egg from it. He comes to Kashshchei's palace, puts on an invisible hat, sends a samobic baton to beat the animals guarding the entrance. Ivan meets Mary and Kashchei in the palace, breaks (presses) an egg, and the enemy dies]: 172-174, 175-180; Ukrainians (Poltava, Gadyach, c. 1978) [“Des-not here, in a de facto kingdom..” The king sends his beautiful sons to look for brides: shoot arrows. The elder brother fires an arrow into the princess's garden, the middle brother shoots an arrow into the princess's court, and the princes take the brides. The younger brother gets into a rural swamp, a toad raises an arrow and does not give it back until the prince agrees to marry her, he tells his father, cries, he says this is his share, the prince takes the toad in wives. The king asks his daughters-in-law to weave a towel, the toad sheds his skin, goes out into the yard, screams, whistles, the female servants appear, prepare a towel with eagles sewn on — it turns out to be the best, his king keeps it for himself, gives the rest to the kitchen. The king orders buckwheat to be baked. Daughters-in-law spy on the toad's actions, they can't repeat it, the king praises her. The king invites his sons and wives to the “benket”, the toad sends her husband forward, says that the rain means that she is washing her face, the thunderstorm dresses up, the thunder is approaching. The brothers laugh at Ivan. She arrives in a carriage, everyone admires her, puts pieces of food at lunch, leftovers in her sleeve, and her daughters-in-law repeats. He dances — a garden appears from his sleeves, a pole on which a cat walks, a lake overflows, swans swim. Daughters-in-law fall with bones from their sleeves to the king's forehead, and the queen's eyes. Ivan comes home, burns the skin of a toad, returns to the party. She finds out that Ivan has burned his skin, cries, turns into a cuckoo, tells her to look for it in the kingdom of far away with Baba Yaga's bone leg. Ivan goes after her, meets his grandfather “yak milk civy”, who gives a ball pointing the way to Baba Yaga. On the way in the forest, I. meets a bear, wants to kill, he promises to be useful, sees a pike by the sea, wants to eat, it promises to be useful, he throws it into the water. She comes to the hut on the “chicken bottom”, Baba Yaga says that Ivan's wife works for her brother on the island and comes to look in her head, advises him to grab it and run without looking back when he sees it. He comes to the sea, a pike appears, hits the water with its tail, and a glass bridge with golden railings appears from coast to island. On an island in the forest, Ivan gets lost, starves, a falcon kills a hare, Ivan eats it, then the bear spreads trees and helps him find his way. He goes out to the valley, to the glass palace, and can't find anyone. She finds his wife behind the golden doors, she becomes a cuckoo, takes him under her wing, and they come back. She says that her father cursed her and gave her to work for three years, now she is free]: Rudchenko 1870, No. 28:99-106; (cf. Slovaks [Janko is hired as a shepherd; sheep go missing; the snake doubles the number of sheep on the condition that I come again; so three times (three times more sheep); tells you to wrap it in a handkerchief, take it with you , do not lie down on the feather bed; at home Y. lies down on the stove; the mother sees the snake become a girl; the next day I do not sleep, takes a beautiful woman as his wife; the king falls in love with her; gives instructions to lime I.; 1) y level the pond in the morning, grow grapes there, make wine; 2) level the rock, sow it in that place, bake bread; everything is being done; 3) bring the girl's father; the snake's father-in-law asks Y. to give the king two grains and two grapes asking him to bake bread, make wine; the king throws them away; the Serpent reproaches him, the king falls into hell, the Serpent tells him to make Ya.]: Bogatyrev 1955:5-15).

Caucasus — Asia Minor. Urums (“Greeks g. Mariupol”; judging by fragments of the original texts and other lexical materials in the notes, these are urums, not rumei) [the padishah has three sons; he said it was time for them to marry and ordered them to throw them up on a stone; the eldest son's stone fell into the courtyard of one of the padishah's close associates, and he married the daughter of this close associate; the situation is similar with the middle brother; the youngest's stone fell on a rock; there a monkey; the youngest had to marry her; after the wedding, the wives of the eldest and middle sons gave the padishah an embroidered shirt; the youngest told the monkey about it; she told him to go to that rock on which they met, and say three times: “Let's say bobi-navel!” ; when the youngest did this, an old man appeared and gave a shirt; the youngest took it to his father; he was amazed at the wonderful work and forgot about the shirts given by the other daughters-in-law; after a while, the older and middle wives the sons were given a pair of Arabian horses to their father; the youngest's wife told him to do as he had done for the first time; an old man appeared and brought four Arabian horses; the youngest son gave them to his father; he was pleased ; when the padishah decided to have a feast, the monkey told her husband to go back to the rock and ask the old man for a carriage and 40 female servant souls; he did this and returned in a carriage and with 40 girls; in the palace they became to skin off the monkey wife and she turned into a beautiful woman; the husband went crazy with joy and burned her skin; when she found out, the wife turned into a dove and flew away; the female servants also flew away with her; the husband went to the rock where he used to call the old man, but no one appeared at his call; he was left without a wife]: Markov 1892, No. 3:21-23; Abkhazians (Western 1934) [three brothers shoot at a tree; after the eldest is shot, a girl comes out of the tree; the same is the middle one; when the youngest shoots, a frog comes out; the parents drove the youngest to live in the forest; he has just begun to build the house, distracted, returned — the house is ready; every evening food is prepared; he waited for the girl, threw frogskin into the fire; the older brothers are jealous that the younger one is beautiful; one said to the prince as if the youngest can 1) bring a wild boar; the wife gives three nuts, tells you to go to the swamp, give one nut to the wild boar immediately, lure the rest to the prince's court; 2) bring the deer (the wife gave the cob, you must give the deer, sit down for him between the horns, the deer will come by himself); 3) make a golden bridge across the sea; the wife tells me to go to that tree, call her mother; she gave three rings, we must throw it, the bridge will appear; the prince gave power to the young man]: Khashba, Kukba 1935:136-141 (=Shakryl 1975, No. 33:169-174, =Bgazhba 2002:232-236); Ossetians [his younger brother's arrow hit the swamp and he married a frog; at night she shed her skin and turned into a beauty; the young man burned his skin; Aldar, wanting to take his wife away, gives difficult tasks to her husband: build a palace, take away a wonderful carpet from the giants, etc.; in the end, the young man achieves happiness]: Byazirov 1958, No. 65:329; Avars [the arrow of the khan's eldest son falls on the roof of the vizier's house, the middle son of the nuker, the youngest into the swamp; he marries a frog, the khan tells him to live with her in a forest hut; the frog turns into beautiful, he burns her skin, she regrets it; the brothers are jealous, persuade her father 1) send the youngest to the mill from which butter, honey and flour flow; the mother-in-law frog gives a horse, the hero comes to him mill, kills a dragon, brings millstones; 2) ask the late mother where the treasures are hidden; the horse brings the hero to a hole in the ground; the mother says where the treasure is, wants her son's father and brothers become dogs; hero pulls treasures, dogs run to the mountains]: Saibov, Dalgat 1965:247-253; Georgians [father tells sons to take wives where their arrows fall; the eldest marries princess, middle on the daughter of an adviser, the youngest on a frog; being alone, the Frog sheds its skin, becomes beautiful, manages; the husband waited, threw his skin into the fire; mocking the older daughters-in-law, the younger brother's wife asks for papers for a dress, horse, donkey or dog to visit the king; the elders wear paper dresses, ride a mare and donkey; the frog tells her husband to bring blue and white horses, causes rain, the elder's dresses are soaked, the elders have returned, the Frog and her husband stayed with the king; the king wants to take away his son's wife, gives difficult tasks; 1) plow and sow the field (self-propelled plow all does), 2) return the sown grain (ants collected), 3) build a wall (a mirror appears from a ray of mirror), 4) bring a ring to the deceased mother from the dead; the wife spreads a handkerchief - the way to the next world; on the way, the husband sees a woman tearing off her breasts, sticking to the hot walls of a tone (cake oven); spouses who are cramped on cow's skin; others who are not cramped on an axe; a ploughman who nine pairs of bulls lick; the mother gives a ring, says that her husband will burn in it; on the way back, the man receives answers from those he saw; the ploughman tortured the bulls, some spouses lived in harmony, others quarreled, the woman did not share bread; her son gives his father a ring, which burns]: Chikovani 1986:136-141; Georgians (Imereti) [three brothers decided to marry where everyone's arrow falls; the elder and middle married on rich brides; the youngest's arrow fell into the swamp, he married a frog and moved away from his brothers; returning, finds the house tidy, lunch cooked; the young man followed, found the woman, burned it with a frog skin; the king wanted to take his wife away, ordered to sow bread for the whole barn in a day; the wife sent her husband to the magician test, who gave workers; the king orders to collect the seeds sown in the ground; the father-in-law sent birds; the crow with a broken leg, she brought the last grain at the last moment; the king orders to bring his grandmother's gold box from the underworld; the young man sees an obese bull grazing on the bare ground and skinny grazing on juicy grass; husband and wife are not cramped on a narrow bed, and others do not fit on a wide bed; one woman bakes dirt, but makes bread, and the other bakes bread, but it turns out dirt; another hanged by the hair; the king's grandmother tells the young man to give him the box not by himself, but through servants; on the way back, those he meets give explanations; hanged by the hair envied someone else's beauty; whose it turns out that the dirt did not repay debts, and whose bread was good; those lying on the wide bed were quarreling, on a narrow bed they lived in harmony; the skinny bull was greedy, the obese bull was hardworking; when the king opened the box, a fire blazed out of it and burned it]: Khagan 1898a, No. 19:58-61; Armenians [the king tells his sons to shoot arrows, take his wife where they fall; the elder; the elder marries the daughter of a vizier, an average merchant, the youngest's arrow disappeared, his father drove him out; he came to the swamp, saw his arrow in the frog's mouth, took the frog with him; settled in the city, began hunting, leaving the frog in the chest; someone in the room then he cleans it up; the hostess advises him to hide, throw frog skin into the fire; he grabs the beauty, burns her skin; the wife tells him to return to his father; the prince builds a palace next to his father's; the father wants to take possession son's wife; tells 1) to dress the whole army in a week; the wife orders to shoot an arrow into the swamp, her mother will come out, we must ask her, i.e. wife, a chest; in the chest clothes for one person, but when the first one is dressed, in the chest already has clothes for another, etc.; 2) bring the seal owned by the prince's deceased mother; the wife tells you to shoot into the swamp again, ask her beloved donkey not to splash the foam that the donkey will appear in the swamp; holding the donkey's tail, the prince enters his mother's grave, the mother tells us where the cauldron with gold and seal is buried, the donkey pulls the prince back, he pulls out the cauldron; 3) bring a dwarf with a beard twice as long as himself and a staff of 20 pounds; the wife tells her mother to ask her mother in the swamp for her (wife) beloved Arab; the Arab came to the king, shamed him, killed the king with his staff elder sons and courtiers; Tsarevich ascended the throne]: Bagriy 1930 (3): 57-65; Azerbaijanis: Bagriy 1930 (1) (Nukha District) [Tsar gathers girls, tells three sons to throw an apple at the chosen one; the eldest throws the vizier at the daughter, the middle throws the nobles, the youngest falls into the frog, and so on three times; the king tells the daughters-in-law to weave on the rug; the frog goes to the swamp, croaks with his goods, the next morning the prince has the best rug; the same is a large carpet; the king calls to a feast, the frog turns into a beauty; the prince secretly and despite his wife's warning burned frog skin; the wife is missing, the prince went in search] : 30-33; Bagriy, Zeynally 1935 [the daughters of the vizier and vekil teach the king's three daughters to send melons to their father: ripe, ripe, slightly unripe; the vizier explains that it is time to marry their daughters; the king tells each shoot an arrow; the eldest arrow hits the roof of the vizier's house, the middle arrow hits the vekiel, the youngest falls by the bush; the girl finds a snake there, she turns into a young man named Shamsi-Kamar, he tells her not to open secrets; otherwise she will find it again only when she wears out her iron shoes and her iron staff bends; the king invited her daughters; the elders put rice in their sleeves, when they were dancing, it fell down; from the sleeves of the youngest precious stones fell down; the mother persuaded her daughter to reveal the secret, threw a snake skin into the fire; the husband disappeared with the house; the wife looked for him until she wore out her iron shoes and bent her staff; the SHK slaves came for water, his wife threw a ring into the jug; the HK recognized her, but told her not to open; his father thinks that the princess is one of the maids, telling her to bring firewood from the forest; the HK teaches me to say in the forest that the SC is dead; then firewood gathered themselves; at night, the HK poured boiling water on the bride, which his father had prepared for him, rode off with the princess; wedding; the bride's relatives did not catch them]: 216-221; Turks [(quite different options, some move on to other stories); three sons of a padishah bring their father three melons of different ripeness; he realizes that it is time for them to marry; they shoot arrows; where the arrow falls, they must take wife; the elders take wives from good families, and the youngest's wife ends up in a tree (wasteland, well, etc.), there is a frog; daughters-in-law must cook; frogskin is burned; at a feast, the wife of the youngest son hides leftovers in clothes, and when she dances, gold falls from there; older daughters-in-law try to imitate, spoiled themselves and others]: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 86:93-96.

Iran — Central Asia. Uzbeks [chasing a pheasant, the youngest of the old man's three sons enters a cave and spends 40 days there with peri; when the young man returns home, Peri tells him to ask his father to build a house for him, put up a yurt; when he comes to his son, the old man sees only a cat next to him; secretly spies, sees a beauty; before a relative's wedding, the old man tells his daughters-in-law to sew dresses, bake cakes; other peri all they make on the orders of the young man's wife; Peri answers the other daughters-in-law that he will make clothes out of paper; they also make paper dresses, peri sends rain, dresses get wet; the old man asks his son where he keeps him the cat's skin; when he finds out, he throws it into the fire; peri flies away, telling her husband to wear his iron boots and staff; the young man comes to the house of Almauz Kempir (AK), where his wife and boy are also; the young man asks the boy for water, he does not give, the water in the jug turns into blood for the first time, into pus the second; peri tells the boy to give water to a stranger; the young man throws a ring into the jug, peri recognizes him, goes to her husband; when AK at home, turns it into a flower, hides it in her hair; then marries her husband to his younger brother; AK tells her to look for hay in her hair, sucks the young man's blood; Peri tells her husband to give the dog meat, the camel hay (AK did vice versa); when AK falls asleep, tie her hair to a pole, take a comb, scissors, a mirror, run; the doors, the camel and the dog refuse to detain the fugitives; they throw the comb, answer AK that they must be pulled out two teeth, make axes out of them, cut the road; the same is scissors; AK has only four teeth; they throw a mirror, it turns into a river; the fugitives say that stones should be tied to the neck and put stones in their sleeves, walk along the bottom; AK drowns; young man and peri live in their home]: Konovalov, Stepanov 1986:166-178; Yagnobs [tsar tells seven sons to shoot guns {Yagnobs have not used onions for a long time, for onions and guns one word}; wherever the bullet hits, take the wife; the youngest's bullet flew into the steppe, picked it up by a monkey, brought it to the cave; the old woman, the mother of the monkey, ordered her to go to bed, a beautiful woman next to her in the morning; the king called everyone for the party, refused to go out so as not to meet the monkey; he was lied that the monkey had left; he went out, saw a beautiful woman, decided to kill his son, take his wife for himself; daughter-in-law gives his father-in-law sleeping pills, they are with husband is running (the text ends)]: Andreev, Peschereva 1957, No. 7:65-67; mountain Tajiks [three sons of the Shah fire arrows; the elder's arrow fell at the gate of Kazia, the middle — the mufti, the youngest — to the frog on riverbank; the young man brought the frog home, she said that she was the daughter of a bet, put on frog skin so as not to amaze people with beauty; the young man asked to lose the skin, burned it; the older and middle brothers want beautiful to herself; the shah sends his youngest son to visit his grandparents in paradise; the bet's daughter brings three apples from Mount Kof, tells her husband to ask her to collect a mountain of firewood, climb it, set it on fire; she picks it up him; tells him to take apples to his father, say that grandparents are waiting for them to visit; the Shah and his elder sons let themselves be burned, the youngest becomes Shah]: Rosenfeld, Rychkova 1990, No. 2:37-38; Rushans [the king gives his three sons guns, let them marry wherever the bullet hits; the elders are hit by the houses of the king and arbob (foreman), the youngest has a pile of stones; her rupture, the young man sees the serpent, greets; the big one offers choose whichever one he likes, the young man chooses a colorful snake; brothers avoid the young man, at night the snake becomes beautiful; when she washed her hair, the brothers saw her, pushed the snake shell into the hearth; brothers offer the father to get rid of the youngest in order to take possession of his wife; the father tells 1) to bring a cauldron with 40 ears; the mother-in-law directs him to Baba Yaga; along the way, the crooked bridge should be called straight, the sloping garden is flat, loose sand is hard, the creaky door is good, take the hay from the dogs, put the horses, the bones on the contrary; BYU will sleep with your eyes open, you have to pick up the cauldron, do not touch the door with your ear; the young man touched, but that's it BJ's servants refused to detain him; 2) a mare with 40 foals; mother-in-law teaches how for the first time a mare should not touch the ceiling with its head; you have to hit her head with a bottle of sour milk, she will scream foals will follow; 3) Green Book; in the cemetery, you must take away the jews harp from the Lady playing it, in exchange she showed her grandfather in paradise; he gives an apple, give it a piece to her brothers and father; they ate and died]: Andreev 1927d: 113-137; the Bartangans [three princes ask their father to marry them; the tsar orders to shoot — whose house the bullet will hit, take the bride there; the eldest married the daughter of a vizier, the middle married a merchant, the youngest's bullet hit the lake three times; a frog came out, the young man did not know that it was peri; ordered her to be taken home; at night there was a girl next to him; when the king called his son, his wife became a frog again; the king was angry, but agreed to marry; the brothers saw that the youngest's wife was the sun on one side of his face and the moon on the other; the elder decided to kill the youngest in order to take this woman; the king agreed to help the eldest son; the elder advised to send the youngest to Mount Koy for a Simurg egg; his wife teaches him to climb into the skin of a slaughtered bull; Simurg will lift the carcass up the mountain, fly away by herself; Simurg eggs were devoured by a bird that arrived; a young man killed the bird, Simurg gave one of the eggs; when he learned that the youngest's wife was peri, his father left him alone and his older brother also stopped harming]: Sokolova 1960, No. 12:60-64.

Baltoscandia. Lithuanians: Lebite 1965:172-173 [the king tells three sons to bring a gift, to let the pen go to the wind; the youngest's feather falls by the stream, the door is under water, there is a palace and a Toad, she gives a carpet, the father makes the younger heir; tells you to bring along the ring, the Toad gives the best; bring a wife; the Toad harnesses the mice into a spoon, the mice turn into horses, the spoon into the carriage, the Toad into the beauty; the younger made king], 201-205 [the peasant will give the farm to the one of the three sons who brings the best ring; the pigeon sends the youngest to the snake, who tells him to serve for a year (heat the stove, sweep the chambers, bathe him in warm water), gives the best ring; the same is a handkerchief; the third time the father tells his sons to bring it to his wife; after a year of service, he tells him to throw him into the oven, run, turns into a beautiful woman; the son takes it father to him, older brothers share the household]; Latvians [when it's time for sons to marry, the father fires three arrows and tells them to look for wives where the arrows fall (or sons throw stones, follow the ball); the youngest son marries a frog (toad, mice); father tells me to bring beautiful shirts, bake delicious bread; the frog does the best tasks; puts bones in his sleeve at the feast and puts bones in his sleeve and out of his sleeve beautiful objects get enough sleep; the brothers' wives try to do the same without success; the frog's husband burns the frog's skin, the frog disappears, he looks for it]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 402:281; Estonians (Suure-Jaani) [the king will give the throne to one of the three sons who brings the whitest shirt in a year; the youngest sees the light in the wormhole, begins to dig, there is a beautiful castle below, there is a huge snake; tells me to wash it for three days, then gives a shirt; next year bring the best bread (the same, wash for 6 days); in the third year, bring the best bride; the snake tells her to be washed for 12 days, becomes beautiful; it's the hell bewitched her in underground castle; the king hands the throne to his youngest son]: Mälk et al. 1967, No. 60:157-159; Karelians [the king has three sons, the youngest Tukhkimus (“mess”); the king gave everyone a bow, for T. the worst, orders to take wives where the arrows fall; the elder's arrow fell on the roof of the royal bakery, the middle arrow fell on the roof of the royal kitchen, T. in the forest; the king orders to bring holiday towels from the brides; T. goes to the forest, there an inadequate hut, a mouse came out of the crack; tells me to sleep on the stove without pants, there will be a towel in the morning; during the night thousands of mice plowed the field, grew linen, weaved a towel; the brothers show towels to the king; The king orders what the elders brought to the pigsty, the middle ones to the laborers, and T. to hang in his room for dear guests; now the king orders to bring shirts from the daughters-in-law; the older daughters-in-law send the pooch to T. spies; she tells how one mouse opened the window, the other cut the fabric into pieces, threw them into the wind, brought a shirt; the daughters-in-law also cut the royal fabric they had given them, but did not wait shirts and sewed them from their own fabric; the king orders the elder daughters-in-law to be given to laborers, and T. promises to wear what he brought for Easter; the king orders them to cook; the dog tells how a mouse she shook the flour out the window to the wind; then the mice brought the sprouts in the ladle and disappeared; the daughters-in-law also shook out the flour, then had to make swarms in cold water; brought by the king's older daughters-in-law orders to give it to the sheep, and T. calls what was brought by John the Theologian and goes with her to church; the king wants to see daughters-in-law; the mouse has become beautiful; the ladle and mouse kicked into the water, the horse jumped out, a carriage appears; tells the mouse state to disappear and a lock to appear; T. comes in, invites the bride's parents and relatives; during a feast, T.'s bride puts crumbs and bones behind her sleeve; when poured out, a lake appeared, fish and ducks in it, along the shores of the cereal field; daughters-in-law tried to imitate, stained the floor, got bones on guests; the king handed over the throne to T., his brothers became laborers, their wives maids]: Onegin 2010, No. 22:246-252; the Finns [three sons were told by the father to knock down their own tree: in which direction she fell, the bride was there; the trees of the older and middle brothers fell to the side estates, the youngest — towards the forest; there is a hut in the forest with a mouse in it; father: whose bride will bake the best bread; the mice brought a grain, the guy brought the best bread; whose canvas is better (the same, the mice brought by flax); whose bride is more beautiful; the mouse harnessed five mice into a nutshell wagon; a passerby pushed them off the bridge into the water, a carriage with five black horses drove out of the water, beautiful in the carriage; celebrated their wedding]: Concca 1991:177-181; Swedes [two smart princes, the third fool, Cinderella; healer: let everyone choose a tree in the forest, cut the trunk in a circle where they fall, look there bride; the older trees fell to the side where people live, the youngest into a juniper bush; there are many mice in it; the main mouse tells the groom to feed; when brothers are told to bring bride-sewn robes, the mouse gives the younger a robe that sparkles like stars; the king and others are delighted; the same is a shirt; the brides must be brought; the mouse tells her and other mice to be cut off, thrown into the juniper bush; There was a rumble, the young man lost consciousness, and when he woke up, the princess and generals were nearby, the city instead of wood; the king thinks the emperor has come; the wedding; Cinderella inherited his father's throne]: Stier 1971, No. 35: 141-149; Norwegians [to get married, three brothers must bring some items from their brides; the youngest brings the best, although his fiancee is a rat, frog, or little elf; after the wedding the bride turns into a beautiful girl]: Hodne 1984, No. 402:93-94; Western Sami [three queens go to peace; father orders to shoot arrows: where the arrow falls, look for the bride; younger she goes to look for an arrow, comes to the stream where the trees are; next to a house made of peat, there is a wooden vessel in the house and a spoon in it, a mouse in a spoon; offers to marry her, she will take care of everything, do everything and clean everything ; the young man agreed; in the morning the mouse turned into a girl; says she is a princess; brought his father, warriors, courtiers; his father is the king of the underworld; he invited the young man to board his wagon to Get to the boy's father immediately; by this time the two older brothers have already returned with the girls; they are less beautiful than the mouse wife and show that they have worked for a long time; the king tells the wife of the youngest son wash the dishes — she does it instantly; then tells everyone to hide silk threads, weave and sew dresses; the youngest son's wife does everything immediately; the king calls the youngest son's wife better; Three weddings are celebrated, the youngest son and wife go to the underworld; when enemies attacked his father's kingdom, the mouse wife's husband, with a hundred warriors, won]: Kohl-Larsen 1982, No. 8:70-74.

Volga — Perm. Marie [the king tells his three sons to get horses that are not afraid of the noise of battle; the youngest Ivan meets a frog, she gives a thin horse, but she is not afraid of rifle shots, I. smashes enemies; the king orders to bring a fearless man; the frog gives a dog; when they see a bear, the brothers' people climb the spruce tree, the dog rushes at the bear; whoever finds the best bride, the king will give the kingdom to him; I. leads a frog; the king tells his daughters-in-law to bring a beautiful shirt; the frog has the best; who will bake the best bread; the frog throws the dough into the oven, brings a loaf; other daughters-in-law peek, also throw the dough into the oven, it burned down; who will be beautiful; the frog turns into Maria Tsarevna, arrives in a glass cart, the street is lit; I. burns frog skin; M. says he should have waited two days, flies away a swan; I. rides a horse to look for her, a dog with him; comes to the house, sister M. calls him his son-in-law, horses glue one wing; in the second, third house, the second and third sisters glued two more wings; the third sister teaches the Busurman hero to throw sand in his eyes, the dog will tear him apart; and so it happened, I. brings his wife, her sisters with her]: Chetkarev 1941, No. 11:173-178; Bashkirs [father orders three sons to take wives where everyone's arrow falls; the youngest's arrow falls into the swamp; the frog tells the young man to lie down to rest; when he wakes up, near the palace, at night the frog takes off his skin, becomes a girl; appears in the guise of a beautiful woman to the wives of older brothers; they envy, persuade his younger brother-in-law to throw her skin into the fire, the palace disappears, the wife flies away as a dove; the young man comes to the old woman, she sends to her sister, she says how three doves fly to her, take off their plumage, one girl is sad; tells her to grab the plumage hidden in the chest; the young man returns home with his wife]: Barag 1989, No. 21:121-125.

Southern Siberia. Teleuts (from Vladimir Radlov's collection) [merchant to three sons: let them see their wives in a dream; the elders see the daughters of a merchant and biy, the youngest see a frog; the eldest two found brides, brought home, the youngest brought a frog; father-in-law: let the elder daughter-in-law sew a jacket, the middle one pants, the youngest boots; the youngest is going to buy boots; frog: no need, everything will be in the morning; in the morning the boots are ready, embroidered with gold; The merchant threw away what his older daughters-in-law brought, praised his boots; bake bread is the same (what the older daughters-in-law brought to the dogs, the youngest's bread is delicious); father-in-law: let the daughters-in-law sing; in the morning the frog speaks the husband must go; he replies that he is ashamed of her and will go forward; the frog agrees; the son sits next to his father; he says: “There is no frog-like man anywhere! Her song is very beautiful, her face, if you look at it like the moon, if you look here, like the sun; bones can be seen through meat, bone marrow can be seen through bones. The whole house sparkles with her beauty”; decides that the youngest daughter-in-law is better than the other two; makes the eldest sons shepherds and the older daughter-in-law cooks; gives everything to the youngest son and his wife; ending: “The man (s) in He wears a fur coat,/Who knows? /The horse (s) is sweating,/Who knows?”] : Funk 2020:167-169 (German translation in Radloff 1866, No. 1:8-12).

(Wed. Western Siberia. Eastern Khanty (b. Bolshoy Yugan) [explicit Russian borrowing]: Chepregi 2015, No. 17:106-114).