Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K119d. Puss in boots .

A cat or cat helps a poor young man marry a princess.

Spaniards, Basques, Portuguese, Italians (Veneto, Emilia Romagna, Tuscany, Umbria, Campania), Maltese, French (Perrot, Haute-Brittany, Romanians, Moldovans, Western Ukrainians, Eastern Ukrainians, Northern Ukrainians, Belarusians, Terek Cossacks, Norwegians, Finns, Latvians, Lutsies, Estonians.

Southern Europe. Spaniards (Asturias; the Basques do the same) [the cat promises the poor orphan to marry him to a young wealthy widow; asks the widow for a sieve, returns it, gluing one of the two coins that the owner has inherited after his father's death; the widow wants the coin back, but the cat says the owner has nowhere to put them; the same with the second coin; the widow marries a young man, everyone is happy]: Camarena, Chevalier 1997, № 545B: 515-516; Portuguese ["Puss in Boots"; most versions are very close to Perrault's fairy tale]: Cardigos 2006, No. 545:137; Italians (Naples) [while dying, poor Calliuso left his son Oraziello a sieve, and Pippo is a cat; she promises to make him rich; catches fish and game, brings it to the king, talks about the owner's countless riches; the king calls Signora Caluso to visit; the cat says that servants- the robbers took everything out of the house; the king sends expensive clothes; at a feast, P. laments some rags in the house; the cat shines at him - he is asking for lemon; runs in front of the royal carriage and tells everyone the peasants should answer that this was Signora Calliuso's property; after marrying a princess, P. began to live in a castle in Lombardy; the cat decided to test his loyalty, pretended to be dead; P. ordered to throw out the carrion; the cat bitterly reproaches him for his ingratitude and himself for his stupidity; leaves]: Basile 2019:193-198; Italians (Veneto, Emilia Romagna, Tuscany, Umbria): Cirese, Serafini 1975, No. 545B: 316-317; Maltese {almost exactly follows Perrault's fairy tale} [after the death of the miller, the eldest son gets a mill, the middle donkey, the cat's youngest son; the cat asks the owner to give him boots and a bag; comes to the king with gifts (rabbits and partridges) on behalf of Il-Konti Gerfex ("Count Samozvantsev"); tells the owner to climb into the water, explains to the king and princess that he was attacked by robbers; the cat offers the wizard turn into a lion and then a mouse, eats it; the miller's son becomes king after his father-in-law dies]: Mifsud-Chircop 1978, No. 545B: 173-175.

Western Europe. The French (Haute-Brittany) [{version close to Perrault with a cat}]: Sébillot 1894, No. 6:53-54; the French []: Perrault.

The Balkans. Romanians [the son of the White King did not work and became impoverished; his cat promised to marry him to the daughter of the Green King; on the way he gathered a hundred hungry hares, brought them and said that his master gave them; then one hundred wolves; the king wants to see a rich man; the cat says that he was attacked by robbers and he sits naked under the bridge; the king sends a luxurious outfit and a golden carriage; a wedding; everyone goes to the groom's house; on the way a cat He tells the shepherds of cows and oxen to answer that they are herding the cattle of the son of the White King, not giants; tells giants to hide in straw, otherwise they will be killed with cannons; sets fire to straw; young people live in the palace of giants]: Bîrlea 1966:438-439; Moldovans [an orphan boy, he has a cat, gave him the name Penesh ("pen"), promises to marry a princess; persuaded a hare to gather 50 birds with one stone to go to the king with a petition; king believed that the cat himself caught the hares and brought him; the same with foxes; with wolves; leads the boy to the river, puts him under the bridge, throws many hats and garments into the river, tells the king that the army has drowned; the king sends luxurious clothes, gives a new army; at the wedding feast, the cat explains that the groom's clothes were better, so he looks at the new one; when it's time for young people to go home, the cat runs ahead and tells him to speak shepherds, herdsmen, that horses and cows do not belong to dragons, but to King Penesh; tells the snakes that the king is coming with guns, let everyone hide in the hay, in the straw; set fire, the snakes died; a year later the cat pretended dead, P. ordered the dead meat to be thrown into the swamp; the cat burned down the palace, began to live among wild animals, since then there have been wild cats]: Botezat 1981:138-146.

Central Europe. Western Ukrainians (Transcarpathia) [Ivan is a younger brother, sitting on the stove, saved a kitten, the cat has grown up, the name is Murlyk; the cat named the owner Ivan Pechevsky; decided to marry; met a hare, said that Iedt to a feast to the king; the hare also wants; cat: if there were a hundred of you; the hare gathered 99 other hares; the cat, taking on a human form, came to the king and said that Mr. IP gives a hundred hares; then the same with foxes; with wolves; ordered Ivan to ask his father to give him decent clothes and a stroller; the king to be silent; the cat tells how many cattle the individual entrepreneur has; the princess liked the groom; they go to the groom's house; the cat asked the tsar to take the army; runs forward tells the shepherds to answer that they are herding not Iron Woman's cattle, but individual entrepreneurs; Baba's castle on a duck's paw and turns; the cat gave the maid gold, even if she replies that Mr. Pechevsky's castle; Baba says that an army is going on, there will be a battle, we must hide in the hollow of a beech tree; he himself tells the army to shoot at the beech tree with cannons; Ivan and his young wife still live there, if they did not die]: Verkhovyna's Tales 1970:260-264; Ukrainians (Podolia) [pan in the form of mercy was going to marry the manager to his daughter, and he replied that he did not need such a girl for nothing; the pan was going to hang him, but he ran away and was sitting outside the village in clay shack; the cat brought him bread and ordered him to write to King Thunder: I will marry your daughter, and send hares as a gift; signature: Tsar Glinsky; the cat carries a letter and says to the hare that there is a request not to oppress them and so as not to be afraid; let the hare go not alone, but with others; Thunder took hares, and his daughter gave her ring to give to Tsar Glinsky; then the same with foxes and wolves; the cat led Glinsky to the bridge across the river, bought a hat, threw it into the water and told Glinsky to climb into the water; told Thunder that Glinsky's army had drowned; the tsar sent new clothes; Glinsky was silent at the feast; the cat explains that he had better clothes; when it's time to go to Glinsky, the cat runs forward, tells the shepherds to answer that it is not the herds of the snake queen that are herding, but the herds of Tsar Glinsky; says to the snake that Thunder has taken up arms against her, tells her to hide in willow; offers Thunder to hit the willow, the snake spilled with resin; the commissioner went to his former lord and explained why he abandoned his daughter; he himself became a senator]: Levchenko 1928, No. 483:329-332; northern Ukrainians (Chernigov, Nezhinsky district) [the three brothers began to share, the youngest took one ox; went to sell; the counter says that the ox is nothing, but the horns are superfluous; Ivan broke them off; the other: would tear the skin off his feet; ripped off; legs were extra; in the forest cut off, the ox fell under the birch tree; I.: Oh, damn it, money is under you! took off his skin from the ox, sold it, bought a shovel, began to dig under the birch tree, dug up a treasure; the brothers offered to share, sent I. to the ass for a measure; I. admitted that it was necessary to divide the money; told the brothers; they told the priest stop (until they hide the money); I. killed him; the brothers hid the body in the cellar; they are looking for the priest in vain; at the wake, I. drinks for the priest in the cellar; the brothers managed to put the goat there, and put the priest in under the stove; the brothers share again, I. chose the stove and told it to cover it there, leaving a small hole; the cat jumped there; promised to serve; tells the wolf that he is going to complain to the king; the wolf also wants complain; the cat advises to take 5 other wolves; the cat to the king: Ivan Pechersky sent animals to his fur coats, marries your daughter; the same with bears; the cat tells the king to fix the bridge: tomorrow the individual entrepreneur will go; when the individual entrepreneur will go went, the cat took out his hat, threw it into the water, said that the IP army drowned; the cat pulled out the IP, the king gave him clothes, the IP looks back at his shoulders; the cat: he had the best; they go back, the cat is in front of the ogre, tells hide in the hollow of a pear, otherwise the king goes and kills; the king is told to shoot at a pear; IP lives well with the royal]: Malinka 1902, No. 39:318-322; Eastern Ukrainians (c. 1878, Poltavskaya, Mirgorod) [ After death, the father leaves his sons a mill, a stable and a cat, and the youngest gets a cat. The guy cries, the cat goes to the mill with a bag, puts cabbage leaf in it, lures so hares, brings it as a gift to the king, who gives flour and money in gratitude. The cat regularly brings flour to the owner. The mill owner's brother is not happy with the cat and threatens to kill him. The cat calms the owner, leads him to the river, tells him to undress, jump into the water and shout that he was robbed by robbers. A king and his daughter pass by, and the cat tells how Mr. Zapichansky was robbed, who sent them rabbits as a gift. The princess asks to bring him to the palace, he is dressed up, she marries him]: Rudchenko 1870, No. 6:12-13; Belarusians [Popelyshka and the cat lived; the cat offers to give up the daughter of Thunder and Lightning; they agree; the cat warns that the bridges on the road are full of holes; he sewed a lot of hats at home, threw it into the river - all people drowned; after the wedding, the cat runs to the snake's house, tells the braids and reapers to say that these are Mr. Popyalyshka's lands, otherwise Thunder and Lightning will burn them; the same applies to shepherds; in the palace, the cat says that there are serpents in the oak double, Thunder and Lightning incinerated it]: Romanov 1887, No. 36:226-227.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Terek Cossacks [the poor man wore his clothes so much that he settled in the forest like a wild animal; the cat reproaches him, promises to marry his master's daughter; stole cloth, thread, needles, ordered him to sew soldier's hats; said the fox that the fox is waiting for the master for the ball; the master: Mr. Pozhalevsky sends a fox as a gift; the master has ripped off the fox's skins; the cat sends him wolves, bears, hares in the same way; says that his owner asks for hand lordly daughter; the cat tells the owner to throw his hats into the river, and the master says that the bridge has collapsed and the whole army has drowned, one owner escaped and he is naked; the master sends the best; the lordly daughter Pozhalevsky liked it; the wedding; they go to the groom, the cat ran forward; the shepherds are told to say that sheep, cows with golden tails, forests, fields are all Pozhalevsky; in the palace he says to the real Pozhalevsky that the tsar {already the tsar, not the master,} is angry with him, advises him to hide; P. climbed into the hollow of a tree; on the occasion of the wedding, the tsar's soldiers began to shoot cannons and smashed the tree to pieces; the cat remained with the young for a footman]: Baranov 1899 , No. 2:200-205.

Baltoscandia. Norwegians [Little brother inherited cat]: Dasent 1970:295-302; Finns [after her mother's death, the daughter left her brother a cow, and took a cat who promised to make one for herself happy; the cat leads her to the castle, tells her to throw her clothes into the river and climb the spruce tree herself; tells the prince that the princess from Cat Castle was robbed by robbers; the ladies of the court dressed the beauty; the cat teaches her to say that the prince's castle is poor and she is standing on golden pillars; the cat noticed that the Queen Mother put peas under the feather bed; then a straw; teaches the girl to say that she could not sleep - under the feather bed cobblestones; a log; when young people go to Cat Castle, the cat runs forward and tells the reapers and shepherds to answer that they are Cat Castle workers; in the castle, a sorcerer named Smoked Head asks him to become big and then small; ate it like a mouse, turned into a maid; she served young]: Concca 1993:105-110; Latvians [Lazy guy and cat. (Also: the guy doesn't kill the fox, she promises to marry him a princess). The cat lures herds of animals to the king (thunder), saying that they are sent by the cat's master, and marries the princess on his behalf. When the guy goes to the palace, the cat runs in front and reports that his master has been robbed. (The fox throws his hats into the river and says his master's servants have drowned.) After the wedding, the king goes to see his son-in-law's property. The cat runs in front and punishes all shepherds to say that they belong to the cat's master. The cat drives the devils (witches) out of the palace, frightening them with thunder. They hide in a tree (in a haystack of straw), where they burn (also: they are killed by lightning). The cat's master, the lazy guy, gets the palace]: Aris, Medna 1977, No. 545B: 298-299 (version in Grishina 1993:208-213); Lutsie (West 1893) [poor guy, he has a smart cat, promises to marry; went marry the daughter of the Thunder King; hares: trouble, run after me; Thunder: The Ash King marries his daughter, sends hares as a gift; the next day, a fox; then wolves; leads the owner to the Thunder, pushes into the sea, runs to the Thunder: horses and servants drowned, only the owner escaped; Thunder sends clothes; the cat rejects twice: the owner was better; the third time it's okay, good; the cat leaves the feast, runs to hell (tige): trouble, Thunder is coming, that's it will destroy, hide in the oak tree that stands in the meadow; one poor devil swept away, the cat to him: hide even in this bone (luuakonts); Thunder: this bone will not allow life, and an oak tree in the meadow; the thunder destroyed them with lightning; the cat: everything is fine now, you can raise children]: Annom et al. 2018:255-258; Estonians [parents are dead, my son inherited only a cat; he promises to get a wife for the owner; on the way to the Thunder King ( piksekuningas) shouts to the hares that trouble, let them run after him, the hares run, the Cat locks them in the pen, tells the Thunder King that the Ash King (tuhakuningas) marries his daughter, sends hares as a gift; then he also brings foxes and wolves; leading the groom, pushes him into the sea, tells the Thunder King that the whole retinue has drowned, the groom has remained naked; the Thunder King sent clothes, asks why the Ash King looks at her in surprise; the cat replies that his clothes were better; while the wedding is feasting, the Cat runs to Vanahalb Castle, tells him to hide, for the Thunder King is coming; everyone hides in an oak tree, the youngest imp in the broom; the cat says that the broom and oak will not let the young live, the Thunder King breaks them with lightning]: Normann, Lätt 1968:142-144.