Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K136. Young man and cows. 21.23.


young man is the owner and leader of a herd of cattle, and with his herd of cows or buffaloes is called to the king (usually after a princess finds his hair).

Hrusso (aka), Lepcha, Chhattisgarhi (Raipur), Himachali Pahari, Assamese, Bengalis, (Korva), Santals, Ho, Oraons, Muria, Baiga, Kannada

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Hrusso (aka) [the tiger wants to eat the wild boar; he offers to fight first, sends the tiger to bring a man to judge; while the tiger is away, the boar is smeared with mud; the tiger brings the young man Rariu-Jija; the boar began to shake off, the mud flew into the tiger's eyes and he ran away; R. won the boar, for which the tiger is going to eat it; R. climbed a tree; buffaloes come to this tree for the night, drove him away tiger; R. goes down, takes care of buffaloes, cleans up; they leave the buffalo to watch and catch him; R. is caught the second time; buffaloes promise to take care of him and give him their milk; leave R. two flutes: let him play one if all is well and the other if he calls for help; when R. was swimming, his hair fell off his head; he put him in a box and let him go down the river; Raja Assam's daughter found his hair; demanded that she be passed off as someone who owns her hair; the Raja and Rani called birds and animals; the crow found R., pecked him, who dropped both flutes, she brought them to the Raja; when the girl played second flute, buffaloes heard and ran to the sound, and R. followed them; girl: I'll give the flutes if you marry me; they got married; Raja stole the flutes, kicked my daughter and son-in-law out of the house; they began to live on that wood; their descendants do not eat meat, but only the fish and meat of some deer]: Elwin 1958a, No. 10:371-374; lepcha [older brother and wife want to get rid of the younger one; he was carried away by a tiger; boy on the way He ran away, went to the cattle shed, where there were cows and calves, but not a trace of people; ate butter and cheese; cleaned and cleaned everything, climbed a tree; the tiger came and waited downstairs; the bulls came back and noticed that they had someone, they took care of the tiger, asked the boy to get down; so far no one took care of them; they gave them a pair of gold and a pair of bamboo flutes; they can play bamboo ones for no reason, and gold ones to call the bulls in case of danger; a hunter came and asked the boy, who is his prince, to become the princess's husband; she sucked her mother's breast only three times, and then began to live locked up in the dark; the young man refused go with him, play the golden flutes, the bulls immediately appeared; the hunter left, but told the king everything; the witch maid undertook to bring the young man; she became a crow, flew over the young man; he threw stones at her then the stones from the hearth finally threw the golden flutes, she carried them away; the king's warriors brought the young man, he was imprisoned in the same dark room as the princess; finally, the young man found the flutes, summoned the bulls, and they surrounded him the royal palace, demanded the princess as a ransom; the king gave her and half the kingdom, the bulls built a palace for the young man and his wife; the people of this country believe they have the best oil]: Stocks 1925, No. 38:458- 460.

South Asia. Himachali plowmen [the brahmana's wife died leaving her young son; the brahmana took another one, her daughter; the stepmother harasses her stepson, gives ash cakes; the black cow hits her hoof, a good one appears food; the stepmother is surprised that the stepson is not hungry, her daughter has to tell everything, the stepmother demands her husband to sell the cow; she puts the boy on her back, runs away; they live in the forest, there is a big snake hole that keeps peace with the bull; the cow pours milk in it every day; the snake crawls out, fulfills the cow's wish for the boy to be dressed in gold, all gilded; one day his golden hair falls into the water, a fish swallows him, a fisherman catches it, brings it to the king, the princess wants to marry only a young man with similar hair; he is found, he becomes the princess's husband; he remembers the cow, comes to the forest, sees bones, wants to commit suicide; a cow appears: she only wanted to test his loyalty; all is well]: Dracott 1906:83-87; chhattisgarhi (Lohar, Raipur) [Raja's son is lost in the forest, taking care of cows under a mango tree]: Elwin 1958a: 374 (note 10); Assamese: Borooah 1955 [a young man drinks milk left by wild buffaloes, hides in a tree; buffaloes take turns guarding, falling asleep; only the leader notices the young man; tells him not to be afraid, to go down; give milk; kill a one-eyed buffalo, give the young man his two horns; blow one if all is well, the other, if trouble is bad, they will come to the rescue; the young man's hair falls into the river, fish swallows it, fish are caught, the princess sees hair, wants to marry a young man; the raven promises to find him; screams that he will give a mango to the one who blows horns; the young man admits that he, the raven, takes a horn that calls for help; a young man blows another, buffaloes think he is fine; warriors take the young man to the palace, he throws pieces of his clothes on the way; buffaloes follow the trail; making sure that buffaloes allow a young man to sit on them, the king marries him a daughter, transfers power]: 39-45; Goswami 1960 [the tiger and the crab grew vegetables together; the crab calls the tiger for lunch, tells him to put its tail in its hole to get rice and curry out; grabs the tail with its claws; the tiger asks the son of a peasant woman to help; he has cut off the tiger's tail; the tiger promises to bring a deer every day, but the guy should not talk about what happened; one day he had to tell him that the tiger took him to the forest; the boy's stomach rumbled; he replies that it was 66 crabs he had swallowed; the tiger let him go, ran away; when he saw the remains of milk under the tree, the guy drank it, climbed a tree; buffaloes came, they liked the cleanliness, they made the guy a chief; they gave him two horns: a horn of joy (the guy is all right) and a horn of anger (he's in trouble); the guy's hair floated away the river, it was swallowed by fish, the fish was brought to the king, the princess saw the hair, wanted the owner to be her husband; the hand crow threw the guy a mango and when he bent down, took away the horn of anger; the royal servants took the boy away; he Declares that buffaloes are his property; the king offers to ride a buffalo on horseback; the boy sits down; gets the princess and the kingdom]: 82-83; Bengalis [older brother married, younger single; daughter-in-law hates him, starves him; Indra's cow tells him to eat her milk; daughter-in-law decides to sell all the cows for meat; the cows have fled and the young man with them; Indra's cow tells him to leave a pot full of milk for nagas; nagas give a golden comb, a flute of luck and a flute of misfortune; the first must be played to send cows to graze, the second to hurry home; the young man combs his hair with a golden comb they also turned gold; a few hairs were carried away by the river and the princess caught them, fell in love; the barber went to look for the young man; when he saw him, he played the flute of misfortune, the cows came running, the barber barely took his feet ; then the barber came with the elephant, but the cows drove him away; the princess sent a parrot; he began to drink milk, the young man threw a flute of misfortune at him and the parrot took it away; the princess played the flute cows came running and began to destroy the palace; the king promised the young man a daughter and half the kingdom if he pacified the cows; he did this, got a princess; the snake bit him and crawled into his nose; Indra's cow asked the king naga help, he forced the snake to stick poison and leave the young man; everything is fine]: Devi 1915:66-71; santals [stepmother tyranite stepson; he herds the cow, she orders to make a plate and cup out of leaves, fills with rice from her horns; the stepmother found out that she was sick â€" let them slaughter the cow; the cow told the boy to prepare a rope with weaknesses, put it in a prominent place; the cow was tied, but at the time of being hit with an ax, she and the boy flew into the forest, turned into two herds of cows; the boy's hair swam along the river, the princess saw and ordered to find the owner; the barber said that he did not knows such a young man, he found a pet parrot; he grabbed the young man's flute, carried it, he followed him, came to the king, who got engaged; when the young man returned to the cows, they were so tired of being tied up that they hit The young man was pulled off his feet, all his hair was pulled out with his hooves; when he drove the cows to the king, they almost all disappeared one by one; the king broke off his engagement and made the young man just a servant]: Campbell 1891:15-18; ho: Bompas 1909:457-459 [The poor man is ready to plow goats but has no grain; asked for rice husks, which grew into fine rice, but wild buffaloes trampled everything; the poor man came to the forest, cleaned the clearing, where buffaloes rested, hid in the hollow; the returning buffaloes are happy; so several times; they left the lame buffalo to guard, but he fell asleep; then blind, he has a good ear, he found it all out; buffaloes they promised to take care of the young man, gave them two horns to blow in case of danger; but the young man, swimming, left them on the shore and the crows took them away; buffaloes attacked the merchants, they threw everything away, the buffaloes brought them the young man on his horns has all his possessions; once he was swimming, his hair swam along the river; he was found by Raja's daughter, promised to marry only the owner of the hair; he was found, brought, married to a princess and made heir to the throne; once crows threw him stolen horns; he boasted that if he blew at them, the whole city would be destroyed; they did not believe him; he blew, buffaloes appeared, but the young man stopped them; they were given all the grain and the straw they found in the palace; they left a buffalo with a buffalo and this couple comes from domestic buffaloes], 459-461 [two brothers pulled a cow out of the mud; she brought them a calf, a herd multiplied, the brothers became rich, the elder married, and the youngest lived in the forest with the herd; the elder's son brought him food, but there was no need for it, because the cow gave him any food; one day the boy hid them, his mother tried it, went to the forest by herself; offered to look in the young man's head, he fell asleep, she cut off his head; the cow connected it to the body, revived the young man; he took the cows further into the forest; he poured every day milk in the snake's hole; the snake asked how to reward him; the young man asked for milk back; the snake regurgitated him, making his body sparkling, died itself; the young man's hair swam along the river, he was found by the Raja's daughter, demanded the owner was his husband; the brahmana found a young man; the cow ordered the treasure to be taken out of the serpent's hole; the young man came with elephants and horses and married the princess; but when they returned to the forest, the horses and elephants were gone, only cows remained; but a palace appeared, and the cow then died; the young man became king; impoverished brother and wife came to live with him, he forgave them]; (cf. corva [12 sisters went to the forest to collect bamboo shoots; one of them gave birth, but the sisters refused to carry her basket; she had to leave the baby with branches covered; the buffalo heard crying and took it the child, began to feed her milk; gave a golden flute to summon it; an angry man stabbed a point around the child, the buffalo hurt herself and died; the child told the man to take him away since he killed him buffalo mother]: Grierson 1906:166); Oraons [the young man went to the forest, began to take care of buffaloes; their mother came, surprised that everything was so clean; buffaloes promised her not to harm the young man; he cried wood, the buffalo mother gave him a pipe that called buffaloes; when the young man was swimming, his hair swam down the river, the princess found him; said that she would only marry the owner of the hair; the raven said who this; flew to the young man, grabbed his pipe; the young man ran after the crow, who brought him to the palace; the king offered him an eldest daughter, but the young man replied that he could not leave his herd; then they made a huge the pen, the young man was strangled, all the buffaloes came, the young man got the princess]: Hahn 1906, No. 18:33-35; muria [the boy is hiding in a banyan, buffaloes are resting under a tree; he has made friends with them, takes care of them for calves, receives milk from buffaloes]: Elwin 1958a: 374-375 (note 10); baiga [the crab grabbed the tiger's nose; the tiger asked the young man to remove the crab; when he took it off, he threatened to kill him if the young man He will tell someone; at night he told his mother, the tiger heard him, the tiger took him away with the couch, but the young man clung to a branch and climbed a tree; Surigai lived under him, and over the years a mountain formed bowel movements; the young man cleaned everything out; for this S. gave him plenty of milk and he began to clean her cows; S. gave him two flutes, one for grief (Dukh), the other for joy (Sukh); if he played S., cows they will immediately come to the rescue; once he tried it, the cows rushed, S. ordered him not to do so again; when the young man was swimming, one of his hair swam away, the princess picked him up, fell in love, sent him for him; but The king wanted to kill him; the young man called the cows, they surrounded him and his wife; he took the princess away and lived with her in his mother's house]: Elwin 1939, No. V: 487-489; Kannada [after the birth of his own son, the stepmother does not like his stepson; he herds 7 cows, they feed him milk, he grows up healthy and strong; the stepmother's own son is weak; the stepmother tells her husband to kill his stepson; the cows threw the owner away and took the boy away; the husband brought his wife clothes moistened with sparrow blood; the cows gave the boy two flutes: joy and sorrow; if he was in trouble, let him play the flute of sorrow, they would appear immediately; one day the princess came to the banyan and her golden hair fell; she saw a young man in her branches and wanted him to be her husband; the king sent servants to get the young man, but he played the flute of sorrow, the cows came running and scattered the servants; the same for the second time; the crow said that she would take away the young man's flute, but it turned out to be a flute of joy; he played the flute of sorrow, the cows came running and gave him a new flute of joy; the next time the cow carried away the flute of sorrow; the king sent men and they took the young man to the palace; the cows came and did not find him; died; the young man persuaded his wife and king to come with him to the tree; threw pebbles, reviving the cows; they were brought to the palace and they lived like a king ; after the king's death, the young man inherited the throne]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 20:62-65.