Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K167A. Tsarevich and son of a blacksmith, ATU 920.


The queen hated her son, who is pregnant, and replaced him with the son of an ordinary man, who is raising a prince. The prince shows wisdom and reigns.

Arabs of Morocco, Algeria, Irish, Arabs of Iraq, northern India (Hindi?) , Bulgarians, Greeks, Poles, Slovaks, Russians (Arkhangelsk, Olonetskaya, Novgorod, Ryazan, Gorkovskaya, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Ugric Russia, Galicia, Podolia), Belarusians, Turks, Kurds, Eastern Sami , Karelians, Finns, Estonians, Livons, Lutsies, Latvians, Lithuanians, Mari, Mongols of Ordos.

North Africa. Arabs of Morocco, Algeria: El-Shamy 2004, No. 920:586

Western Europe. The Irish: Uther 2004 (1), No. 920:540-541

Western Asia. Iraqi Arabs: El-Shamy 2004, No. 920:586

The Balkans. Bulgarians [the tsar promises to drive his wife away if she gives birth to a girl; the queen changed her newborn daughter to a gypsy woman; when the imaginary prince has grown up, his father asks him what he should do with the forest (if cut down trees); he replied that he would make troughs, spindles (baskets, drumsticks); the king doubts whether it was his son; asked him to estimate how much the cart (gem) costs; the gypsy girl says what is the same as a cart of flour (5 horses); a real princess who is nearby says that it is expensive, but cheaper than rain on Yuriev's day; the tsar asks the queen the whole truth]: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 920:328.

Central Europe. Russians (Arkhangelsk, Olonetskaya, Novgorod, Ryazan, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Ugric Russia, Galicia, Podolia), Belarusians [Tsar Solomon and his unfaithful wife: the baby in the womb of the depraved queen scolds her, she orders him to be killed and replaced by the son of a blacksmith; his servants spare him; young Solomon shows wisdom, solves riddles; in a foreign land he becomes king; his wife flees with a foreign king; Solomon looks for her, she gives him to her new husband; Solomon blows three times at the gallows, summons his army; his wife and king hang]: SUS 1979, No. 920:230-231; Russians ( Kola Peninsula: Arkhangelskaya, Kola U., recorded from Fr. Konstantin Shchekoldin) [The Tsar allows the Queen to attend the trial. He deservedly punishes his wife and acquits her husband when his wife disagrees with him, her unborn child (from the womb) says that "the harlot pulls the harlot." She is afraid of her son and when he is born she orders him to kill him to eat his heart. The servants do not dare to kill the child and bring her the heart of a lamb, which replaces her son as a blacksmith. The king is surprised that his son is fond of blacksmithing, working only with hammers and forging iron with them. A shepherd's son is elected by his peers as a child king: all the children stood up with candles in their hands facing the east and the shepherd's prince's son lit a fire. He judges fairly, and adults who are wrongly judged by the king and queen also turn to him. While the poor woman carries flour in her dish, the wind blows her away. She goes to the king for justice. He laughs at her and refuses to judge the wind, she decides to turn to the child king, and the king laughs at her again. The child king listens to the woman and finds out which captains landed on the shore that day. He asks them if they needed the wind to stick, and they confirm that they wouldn't be able to do it without it. The child king tells them that the wind took away the poor woman's flour and the captains not only compensate her for the loss, but give a bag of flour to everyone and everyone is satisfied. The king learns about the boy's trial and wants to check it out. He sends him three bulls and asks him to give them back with offspring. The boy eats bulls' meat, insulates the roof with skins. When the king asks where the offspring is, he sends a man to the king who takes off his pants and shouts "I want to give birth", the king calls him crazy and the man points out that the bull also cannot give birth. The child king sees that the king and queen go for a walk. It fills one rolling pin of the scale with feces, and it grows larger over time. He explains to the king that a woman's mind is just as easy and costs nothing. The Tsar understands that it is his son and takes "so the queen did not have to triumph over the truth"]: Burtsev 1898, No. 23:107-112; Russians (Arkhangelskaya) [Tsar's son and son of a blacksmith, plot available]: Nikiforov 196:374; Russians (Arkhangelskaya) [Tsar Davyd has a blind brother, he has a wife, his wife has a friend; Soloman in the belly of Davydov's wife: They cover the damn and the hood; D. saw the light; him the wife gave birth without him; she was afraid that her son would kill her, since he said so about her, took it to the blacksmith, and passed off the blacksmith's son as her own; wanting to test her son, D. tells him not to come naked, not in a dress and be out, not in the hut; he does not know what to do; the blacksmith's son, i.e. a real prince, orders to impose a maticha (?) , on your feet - skis, heels to the doorstep in the hallway, socks to the doorstep in the hut; D.: this was not your idea; now D. demands that the bull calve; the imaginary son of a blacksmith advises screaming as if he is giving birth; if a man does not give birth , how the bull calves; the wind took away the old woman's flour; D.: what can I do; imaginary son of a blacksmith: give me a scepter and porphyry, I'll reason; asks who was begging for the wind at that time; sailor: me; so give me back flour to the old woman]: 164-166; Russians (Arkhangelsk) [one woman has a horse, the other has a cart, a foal was born on the way, the women began to argue whose it was; the queen awarded the foal to the woman with the cart; the child from her womb: damn it; this is Solomon; she ordered him to be slaughtered, but he tells the servants to put him in straw and bring his mother to eat the dog's heart; the man called the foundling Matthew; the children decided: from whose words the frogs will die, that king; only from the word M.; they have horse sticks; they are stolen, M. tells the thieves to hang; the king called M.; he answers the servants: I add (eat) again, get up I reduce (cut), I control (lice) with the wrong force]: Smirnov 1917, No. 22: Onchukov 2008 (1), No. 46:135-136; Russians (Olonetskaya) [Tsar David has many wives and sons; cannot appoint anyone as an heir; he is advised to take the poorest girl; he took the daughter of a shepherd; Solomon was born; other wives persuade him to get rid of him: he will become stronger and smarter than his father; the servants did not kill the baby, but left him in to the desert; a dog came running, the baby grabbed her, she brought him to that shepherd's house; he is smart; when he is 8 years old, he sits by the road, eats, sleeps and kills lice; the king goes: what are you doing? S.: I knock out the old, I direct him again, I manage the enemy; the shepherd takes care of the sheep, and the king takes care of the people; D. brought him to his place, his mother recognized him by his mole; when S. 15 years old, D. handed him the state; and he found out for himself that this is his son]: Onchukov 2008 (1), No. 65:274-277; Russians (Vologda) [while the tsar was at war, the queen gave birth to a son; carried straw into the pool; that night the blacksmith had a son; the blacksmith went for straw wash his wife in the oven; voice from straw: little by little, do not powder the baby's eyes; the blacksmith brought the baby to his wife; Kuznetsk's son is ordinary, and the one found grows by leaps and bounds; grew up, his children they chose king; the foundling tells the frogs to calm down; the frogs do not obey, but when he approached himself, they fell silent; the king heard, told the blacksmith to send one son; the boy came to the garden: how would the trees be cut down and burned, what would there be coal? The king orders to send the second one: not on horseback, not on foot, dressed or naked, hungry or full, with a friend or friend; the foundling asks for a sip of jelly and milk, put on muslin, He took the dog and sat on the donkey; the king called to the chambers, and he turned back: the father and mother are waiting; the king sent servants to bring the boy who would appreciate the golden carriage; boy: it is not worth this piece of bread; tsar: this is my son; but he refused to return, since he was thrown into straw]: Efremov 1975, No. 6:164-166; Russians (Gorkovskaya) [pregnant grasshopper and queen met at the well; quarreled; child from the queen's belly promises to deal with her; when she gave birth, she tells the dogs to leave the baby; the boy tells him to leave him in straw; the old man {blacksmith?} found; and the queen has a blacksmith's son; the imaginary son of the old man grew up quickly, invites the boys to choose as king the one who orders the frogs to stop croaking; when he ordered, the frogs fell silent; taught boys in military formation; the queen realized that this is her son, invites the king to make a riddle for that; the king to the old man: let your son come not naked, not in a dress, not on a horse, not on foot, stop in the yard, not on the street; he sat on a goat, wrapped himself in nonsense, the goat's front legs in the yard, the back legs on the street; there are scales in the yard, the guy puts pebbles on one bowl or on the other: he weighs a woman's mind and dog crap - the crap pulls; the queen tells him to strangle him, the king orders to prepare a gallows and three loops: bald, woolen, silk; the guy asks for permission to play the pipe; his cavalry hears, jump; he is a father in He strangled a woolen loop, and his mother was in the ear]: Eremina et al. 1979, No. 17:194-196; Russians [the newborn prince disappeared; 15 years later he found out that the man had a 15-year-old foundling: handsome and smart; the man said that he found a baby in a ram; the king orders that the foundling come to him neither naked nor dressed, nor on foot, nor on horse, day, night, nor in the yard, nor on the street; the boy threw a net, sat on a goat, came to twilight, goat's front legs in the yard, back legs on the street]: Afanasiev 1958 (3), No. 330:62; Belarusians (Stovbtsy village, Lisichenskaya vol.) [There were two women, one (beyond A) had wheels, and the other (further B) had a mare. And they were friends. We went to buy firewood. I went And for firewood, while she was cutting, the mare gave birth. She came back, hid the foal, returned the mare. B. saw that the foal was gone and went to A.: "Where are the foal going?" - "Then my wheels are necklaces." The women also quarreled. Let's go to court with the queen. They let the wheels down the mountain, the foal escaped after them. The queen said the foal was A., not B.. A. cries and called the queen prodigal. B. replaced the queen's son with the son of a blacksmith. The blacksmith brought godfathers and priests. They baptized their son, and named him Ivan, and the cotton replies: "Give me the name Solomon!" "Name your son Solomon, his wife gave birth to him in straw." That's what they called it. My son began to grow up. He became a shepherd. He became the oldest there. Divided the cows between shepherds by color. The cows became well-fed. I began to teach them how to read and write, and he learns himself. "Who taught you," my father asked. "I'm my own mind!" - Solomon answered. The king found out about that. And he says to his wife: this is not my son, but mine lives with a blacksmith - call Solomon. He calls the blacksmith to his place: "Come tomorrow, but not on horseback or on foot, dressed or naked, full or hungry, and if you don't do it, I'll blow my head off!" Solomon fed his father in the morning with jelly without bread, dressed him online instead of clothes, put him on a goat, and sent him to the king. The king let him go home. The king sent his own son to the farrier, and he went to pick up Solomon himself, and he had already left, but it is not known where. He began to chase his son, send servants to look for. The queen found a shop, they sell chandeliers there, bought the largest one, and left a receipt. The king went to that shop where Solomon was. He called his mother a harlot, and the receipt says that it would be "a sin to compose" with her son. He began to live with the tsar: he set up a school and put things in order. I've decided to get married. He went to bed with his wife, and the dove appeared to him: "Do not lie down with your wife, for you will not enter the kingdom of heaven!" And Solomon didn't go to bed with her. My wife ran away. Solomon lived without her for a year. I asked my father's soldiers to go to King Davidon for his wife. Davidon has decided to kill him. Solomon played the flute three times, and everyone fell asleep. He called his army and told them to cut everyone except the black people. Woke Davidon up. He looks - his army is dead. Solomon hanged Davidon, his wife, and the maid-all three. And he took the kingdom for himself, and went to see the tsar-father. Christ meets him. He took everyone's souls. And Solomon's in the heat. He occupied the heat, the church on the left, the Catholic church on the right, and the statue of the Virgin Mary in the middle. He outsmarted the devil by locking him and found himself in the kingdom of heaven before Christ. And before the end of the world, the devils will gnaw through the castle and release the devil]: Romanov 1901:447-462; the Poles [changed the queen and son of the blacksmith in infancy; the imaginary son of the blacksmith shows the royal wisdom, solving riddles and making solutions, and the imaginary queen behaves foolishly; as a result, the blacksmith's imaginary son is recognized as queen and returns to his father]: Krzyżanowski 1962, No. 920:277.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Turks [in the absence of the padishah, his sultan gives birth to a child with a black man; to hide this, she changed him to a gypsy woman; when he grew up, he has the manners of a gypsy; the padishah comes to the camp and sees that a black woman commands everyone there; after guessing who it is, he takes the black woman for himself, and the gypsy woman returns it to the gypsies]: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 302:342; Kurds [the padishah's wife gave birth to a black boy and changed a gypsy woman to a fair-skinned son; the padishah's imaginary son grew up; going to a tree, he argues how many sieves can be made out of him; the padishah realizes that this is not his son; makes his wife confess; The padishah goes to villages; in a gypsy village, a young man commands others and makes them walk in formation; the gypsy woman also confessed; the padishah took his son and sent the young gypsy away]: Jalil et al. 1989, No. 106:424-425.

Baltoscandia. The Eastern Sami [the king's evil wife interferes in his affairs; the queen is pregnant; they judge, the king acquitted her husband, the queen's wife; the son from the womb: on her own and justified; when the son was born, the queen commands take him to the forest and bring him any other; the maid put the king's son shaky to the fisherman, and brought the fisherman to the queen; the king's imaginary son thinks only about how to go to sea as soon as possible; the imaginary son of a fisherman gives a fair trial to peers; the children chose him their king; the old woman's wind took away a handful of torment; the king refuses to judge the wind; the child king summoned the ship captains; since the wind helped them enter the bay, let everyone give the old woman a handful of flour; to test the wisdom of the child king, the king sent him three ox deer and ordered them to be brought in after a certain time with the deer; the child king sent to and persuaded the king of an old man to lie on the ground and scream as if he were giving birth; king: men do not give birth; child king: ox deer too; the child king pretends to weigh the woman's mind: it weighs nothing; the king understood that it was his son; let the fisherman's son go and returned his own]: Patsia 1990:81-85; Karelians [when he dies, the old man tells the old woman to sell the horse; a buyer came from another village; the old woman advises to stay with her at night; at night the mare necklaces; they argued whose foal; buyer: I bought only for the foal; there was no king, the queen decided in favor of the old woman; the boy from her womb: b.. in favor of b.. and judges; mother to son: then judge for yourself; son: let the old man lead the horse, and the old woman sleigh; whoever the foal goes for will get; the buyer takes the foal; mother to the son: when you are born, I will take revenge; tells the maid change the boy to the son of a blacksmith; the boys have grown up; the king plays a blacksmith, the son of a blacksmith all with books; one day the son of a blacksmith plays a judge, and the king's son plays a blacksmith; the general's son stole while playing from another horse; son of a blacksmith: he must be hanged; king: this is our son; the queen denies everything; the general went to look for his son, went to a place where only the king himself could enter, the blacksmith's son shot him; ran to another the village; the king sent a golden carriage for him; he is sitting by the road: I reduce the old, add the new, I am waging war with the enemy; he is asked how much the carriage costs; boy: who needs it, thousands of darkness, and I would not take it for free; those sent returned, but the king sent them again; the boy grazes 40 cows, they are knee-deep in the river; replies that the water is 160 ruts (each cow has 4 legs); the boy is gone for a long time, grew up, returned to the old widow; the wind dispelled her anguish; the boy tells her to go to the king to ask for compensation and let her ask him to be a judge; the one who went to sea is guilty (he needed the wind); the king recognized his son and handed him the throne, and the old woman was given torment for life]: Concca 1963, No. 57:371-374; Lutsie (4 records, 1 from Russian and 1 from latgalka) [the straw king took the guy as a blacksmith, happy told them to marry, went to war; the queen and wife of the blacksmith were about to give birth; the blacksmith's mare gave birth to a foal; the blacksmith and his wife went to visit the Queen, followed by the foal; the blacksmith's wife: the cart gave birth to the foal; blacksmith: no, mare; queen: does the foal follow, for the cart or for the mare? blacksmith's wife: behind the cart; {it is clear that the queen took her side}; the Queen's unborn son: he's judging in a damn way, a mare gave birth to a foal; the queen hated her son and, when he was born, told kill him to the cook, cook his heart and let her eat; the cook killed the puppy; the queen: the dog smells like a dog; the old woman advises leaving the baby in a pile of straw in the field; from the king a letter: who was born? the queen tells the blacksmith to give her his son, otherwise he will kill; offers any price; cook: ask for a bunch of straw; the blacksmith found a boy in the straw; he grows by the minute; came to the shepherds, stamped his foot, everything animals jump; tells frogs to be silent - they are silent; says he will become straw king; on the third day he tells all trees and bushes to bow to themselves; the king begins to guess that the blacksmith has - his son, and he has a blacksmith's son; tells the blacksmith to come without eating or on an empty stomach; son: make a chatter out of oatmeal and take three sips; king: who taught me? no one; king: then arrive not on foot, on horseback, not on the road, not on the side of the road; son: sit on a goat, go where the railroad rails are; same; come naked or naked; son: wrap yourself in a net; then But; king: since no one taught me, let your son come to me tomorrow; but he ran away; the king told me to send a golden carriage and ask everyone how much it costs; on the road there is a boy: in good times, unthinkable much, but nothing for bad; the servants said, king: this was my son; the straw king went to return his fleeing wife; {apparently, she is another king's mistress}; she wants to hang him on a copper gallows; king: I don't even hang dogs; they put him in a chest, his wife sat on the chest; then they hung him on the silver gallows (the same); on the gold one; he asks for a pipe to play; he began to play, he appeared the army beat everyone, brought his wife, tied to the horse's tail, the horse scattered her]: Annom et al. 2018:63-69; Finns, Estonians, Livonians, Lithuanians: Uther 2004 (1), No. 920:540-541; Latvians [son of a king and son of a blacksmith; children are replaced; games reveal that the blacksmith's adopted son is smarter than anyone else]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 920:332.

Volga - Perm. Marie [was a blind king, his wife was debauchery; in the garden, the queen led her husband with her right hand and her lover with her left hand, talks to him; the king asks again; queen: I say that the cart turned over; something the same is the next time; the queen is pregnant; the boy says from her womb: If only the father were sighted! The king saw the light, grabbed his lover; the queen is angry with her son; when she gave birth, she tells the midwife to cook his heart and liver, bring it to her; the boy tells her to take the dog's heart and liver to his mother and leave it with the blacksmith; and when approaching the queen, let him stumble and drop the meat; queen: take this dog to be eaten by dogs; the blacksmith came with a pitchfork to stir up straw, the boy warns not to poke out his eyes; the blacksmith raises the foundling with his own son as twins; at school, the foundling offends others and is not afraid of anything; the king called the blacksmith, then the boy; the foundling: let the other boys go with me to the river, who will make frogs croak; others have frogs silent, and croak at the command of the foundling; the hares in the forest answer the same; the king gave the blacksmith a hundred boiled eggs: let the chickens be by morning; the boy advises to go to in the middle of the street and cook rye; tell the king what to sow; if rye does not grow from boiled seeds, there will be no chickens from boiled eggs; the king sends 100 rams, let each give birth to a lamb by morning; the boy teaches his father to lie on the stove, and let the mother answer the king when he comes that her husband is giving birth; if a man cannot give birth, then a ram cannot either; sheep must be slaughtered, only one left; the king answer that the sheep ate each other, the last one is left; the king tells you to chop firewood and count how many chips have flown off; the boy tells you to ask: how many times did the wheel of your carriage turn before arriving up to us? The king tells the blacksmith to come neither on horseback nor on foot, naked or dressed; bring what you love and don't love, stay neither in the yard nor on the street; the boy tells you to ride a goat wrapped in a net; take with you a dog you trust and a wife you don't trust; stop with one foot in the yard and the other on the street; the blacksmith whipped his wife and dog in front of the king; the wife ran away, and the dog ran away and returned; the king promised to come for the boy in the morning; he left; sat down out of great need, eats and presses lice himself; answers the king's servants that he releases the old, renews others, kills the people; what does the carriage cost? the last piece of bread; the servants give everything to the king; he explains that it was that boy, tells him to be brought; he is building a church, and moss is already on it; the king: again they did not recognize him; next time he digs a pond; tells you to tell the king: you want to kill me, and I am your son]: Beke 1938, No. 41:362-375.