Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K169. Pregnant roe deer. 29.32.33.

The hunter spares the stalked animal, noticing that it is a pregnant female and remembering his own pregnant wife.

Crimean Tatars, Nogais, Chuvash, Kazakhs, Dungans.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars [when hunting, the padishah did not shoot a pregnant hare, remembering his pregnant wife; the vizier says that he also has a pregnant wife; they agreed to marry children if they will be of different sexes; the vizier has a son Dahir, the padishah has a daughter Zöhre; the vizier died and the padishah raised D. as a son; when they are 15, the witch told Z. that D. was not her brother, but her groom; in anger, Z. broke the glass, which the old woman held in her hands; then the old woman said the same to Dahir; soon D. and Z. stopped going to school and instead indulged in love; the old witch reported this to the padishah and convinced her not give his daughter for D.; he must be sent to the city of Mardin, from where he will return only in 7 years; the ship is out of place; old woman: until these two talk, it will not move; D. settled in Mardin with a woman, she called him a son; he began working in the padishah's garden, where her husband was a gardener; the wind tore off her hat, the padishah's daughter saw a golden strand, fell in love; asks D. to bring her fruit, gives her a goose, then a turkey, a chicken full of gold; D. does not know about it, the named mother quietly hides gold; Z. gave a bald letter: she is being married; D. galloped home, the robber missed him; the witch advised the padishah put D. in a barrel and throw it into the sea; the barrel does not move until Z. says goodbye to D.; the barrel has sailed to the city of Gulistan; the padishah's daughter falls in love with D., the padishah is ready to give it away; D.: I will be 7 years old first give everyone who came to drink for free in a coffee shop at the crossroads; asked them to sing a song for coffee; one bald man sang a song he heard from Z. and handed a letter from her; D. sailed away in the boat, the padishah's daughter grabbed he was his clothes, but he cut off the floor; Z. hid D. in her place, covered with a burqa, noticed it on the chief of the guard; the witch to the padishah; pass Z. off as D. if he sings 4 verses without naming Z.; but D. named her and the hangman cut off his head; the witch tried to feed Z. D.'s meat so that she would forget him, but Z. pushed her down the stairs; stabbed to death at D.'s grave; the shepherd killed the witch, buried it between the graves lovers; white and red roses grew on their graves, and a thorn on the witch's grave]: Zherdeva 2020, No. 77; Nogais [Bozakbay tells Kazynbay to shoot at the hare, but he refuses: the hare pregnant, like his wife; B.'s wife is also pregnant, gives birth to a son Boztokli, K.'s wife is Kiyvaseker's daughter, friends agree to marry them in the future; B. died, Kazynbay's family migrated; Boztokli left Alchik under the woman's feet, she fell, spilled milk, scolded Boztokli: she lost her father and lost his fiancée; Boztokli asks her mother to fry millet, pressed her hand with a hot spoon, the mother admits that her son has betrothed; on the way, Boztokli greets seven mounds, addressing each "Gray Head"; at the well she throws a ring into the jug of the maid Kiyvaseker; the bride recognizes Boztokli; they want to pass her off as a hero, who sleeps for seven days, she offers to run; near Boztokli's house, leaves the bride in a tree, goes to her mother; Kiyvaseker sees the reflection of the khan's maid who comes to fetch water, takes it for her own; then notices K., offers to go down to look in her head, pushes her into the well, sat down on a tree with her two children (i.e. the babies K. gave birth to); replies that her nose stretched out while she cried, her arms were stretched out while she cried hardened by getting off the tree and climbing back in anticipation, etc.; servant B. finds K., hears her talking about what happened in a song; the servant goes home twice to tell everything, but everyone forgets once; the third time he deliberately tears his hat so as not to forget; the soothsayer tells B. to dig a hole from the well, put the children in it, they will cry, K. will come out of the well; B. grabbed K.; asked a maid, whether she wants 40 legs or a killing knife; she chose legs, she was tied to the tails of 40 horses]: Nogai 1979, No. 19:102-109.

Volga - Perm. Chuvashi [while hunting, the king wanted to shoot the fox, but saw that it was pregnant; he thought of his pregnant wife and decided to spare the fox; on the other side of the mountain, the king met the same fox the close associate also did not shoot, thinking about his pregnant wife; when they met, the king and his entourage agreed that if they had children of different sexes, they would marry them, and if alone, let they will be friends; both had sons; the young men grew up; the prince saw a portrait of the princess in the book, fell in love; the tsar says that 40 years ago he tried unsuccessfully to achieve this princess; gives the prince an army; it murmurs, the prince sends him home; sees 40 people beat one, and he laughs, buys the man lying for 40 camels loaded with gold; that man, Garambur, promises to get the princess; Light fires all night so that he, G., takes out the princess and finds the prince; in the morning the prince sleeps, the last fire goes out; G. scolds him but continues to serve; the princess in the chest; G. orders the prince to tie and kicked himself to her hair until she went down to the ground, promised to become a wife and gave up hair from her right armpit; the same from her left armpit; from her pubis ("from her chest"); they came to the house; the prince came in, there 12 robbers were feasting, the prince was thrown into the cellar; G. slowly took 12 swords out of the house, put the point up, rolled the millstones over them; 11 swords bent, and the 12th cut the millstones in half; G. took this sword, hacked down the robbers; the prince and his wife and G. began to live in the house; they forbade the prince's wife to unlock the barn; she unlocked it, two wolves, white and gray, came out, took her away; G. became a fly, flew to the wolves, they did the prince's wife is a maid; G. tells her to find out where the souls of the wolves are; they first say that there is a jamb under the window; the princess decorated the joint; in the broom the same thing; the white wolf: there is a red bull in the sky, a ram in the bull, in the ram a hare, a duck in a hare, there are two eggs in the duck; to get eggs, you have to whistle through the royal ring; G. prince: you have a ring on your finger; G. whistled into the ring, a bull came down from the sky; wolves ask them not to destroy them; G. tells them to create a palace next to the royal palace and take the prince and his wife there to the bed to wake up in their bed; the wolves did everything; the feast]: Chuvash tales 1937:255-264.

Turkestan. Kazakhs (eastern Kazakhstan) [while hunting, Sarybay asks Karabakh not to shoot at a female maral, because they also have pregnant wives at home; suggests marrying children if one has a son and another daughter; K. had a son, Kozy-Korpesh, S. had a daughter, Bayan-Slu; S. died after falling on a rock; predictor: if newborns get married, they will be unhappy; only brother S. Apsebay insists on marriage; after the death of S.'s wife, power in the family passed into the hands of the adopted Kalmyk Kodar-Kul, he must marry BS; to avoid this, the BS requires Kodar-Kul to count the cattle he dug wells, dug an artificial lake, smeared the shores with salt; he did everything (now it is lake. Tansyk); Kozy-Korpesh maims peers; throws stones at his grandmother's yarn; she advises him to find his bride better; Kozy-Korpesh put his mother's hand in hot wheat, she had to confess; mother asks a sorceress to prevent her son from going to fight with Kodar-Kul; she creates obstacles (a ferocious camel, a river, a forest), but they disappear because Kozy-Korpesh is not afraid; the witch has become a golden fox, disappeared into a hole; that's it what to put in the hole turns gold; Kozy-Korpesh gilded his hair; met A.; showed him his golden hair - this is the sign of the BS groom; Kozy-Korpesh was hired as a shepherd, opened up to the bride; Kodar-Kula sent Kozy-Korpesh to bring a heavy hammer; he found it and picked it up, but threw it into the lake; Kodar-Kula told the shepherd to get out, he threw it to the ground; Kodar-Kula brought the Kalmyk army; it was defeated, Kodar -Kula is captivated but spared; most of his relatives are on his side; Kozy-Korpesh is hiding; the old woman tortured the starling, forcing him to tell him where Kozy-Korpesh is; he was killed; BS found the body, the old man revived him for three days, The BS promised revenge; lured Kodar-Kulu into the well, ordered him to be thrown with earth and stones; ordered him to erect a high monument over Koza-Korpesh's grave; caravanbashi fell in love with her, his people erected a monument; BS promises to marry whoever jumps down from it; all suitors, including caravanbashi, jumped and crashed to death; BS stabbed and buried with Kozy-Korpesh]: Zhanuzakova 1977:177-197; Dungans [The Black Emperor and the Yellow Emperor killed a pregnant deer while hunting; both feel sorry because their wives must give birth; if they are a boy and a girl, they decided to marry them; C.'s wife gives birth to a girl Hiynur "black girl"), wife of J. - Juonsa's son (from "huon" means "yellow"); J. the emperor died, C. married his daughter to the son of another sovereign; H. chooses a lousy horse, he turns into a "heavenly horse"; H. is hired an employee to C. imperator, exchanges bracelets with his daughter; father-in-law wins and marries H.]: Riftin et al. 1977, No. 32:517.