Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K25a1. Clothes found. .11.-.17.19.-.32.34.36.-.40.65.

A magical wife leaves her earthly husband when she finds her clothes that he hid (often feathers if she is a bird woman), persuades him to give them back, makes new ones, or gets them her from her relatives. (The option that the wife leaves her husband because she is offended is not entirely alternative, but most texts do not combine the motif of the clothes found).

Swahili [bird girl], Yoruba [doe], manden [antelope], von [buffalo], sarah [elephant], Ngambaye [elephant], Chad (ethnicity unknown) [elephant], Algerian Arabs [dove], Spanish [Dove], Sicilians [dove], Ladins [bird girl], Germans (Swabia, Austria) [Swan], Scots [seal], Iraqi Arabs (1001 Nights) [bird girl], Mehri [Ginny Girls], Arapes (Ilahita and Upper) [cassowary], Watut [Cassowary], Banks Islands (Mota, Meralawa) [heavenly maiden; gorlinka], Aoba [wife of the Sun; heavenly maiden], Efate [heavenly woman], Maewo [heavenly maiden], Yap [heavenly maiden; dolphin], Uliti [ heavenly maiden; dolphin], Palau [dolphin], Taumako [dolphin], mikir [daughter of the Sun], riang (Tripura) [divine maiden], mishmi [Star], rengma [heavenly maiden], vieta [heavenly maiden; bird - daughter of a Star], Thais [daughter of the king of birds], white tai of Vietnam [heavenly maiden], zhuang [heavenly maiden], khmu [heavenly maiden], Uttar Pradesh (Mirzapur, Hindi) [heavenly maiden], konkani (Goa) [heavenly maiden], Sindhi [peri], chhattisgarhi (Bilaspur) [female spirit], condas [heavenly maiden], kannada [heavenly maiden], Tamils [heavenly maiden], minangkabau [bird], murut [heavenly maiden], Java [heavenly maiden], Madura [heavenly maiden], Bali [heavenly maiden], Loinang [heavenly maiden], Tidore [heavenly maiden], Sangihe [heavenly maiden], tetum [beautiful bird], Roti [heavenly maiden?] , Numphor [heavenly maiden], apayao [heavenly maiden?] , callahan [heavenly maiden], kasiguran agta [heavenly maiden], kalinga-apayao [heavenly maiden], Kalamians [star], tingian [Star], Nabaloi [Star], Igorot [Star, kankanai [Star; heavenly maiden], sindangan [heavenly maiden], ilianen manobo [heavenly maiden], sarangani manobo [heavenly maiden - kite], ata manobo [heavenly maiden], agusan manobo [duck], mamanwa [heavenly maiden], central subanen [crow] , taosug [heavenly maiden], maguindanao [heavenly maiden], romblomanon [heavenly maiden], ifugao [daughter of the supreme deity; star; duck=star], ibaloi [stars], namuzi [heavenly maiden], Chinese [ladybug ( Hubei); butterfly; heavenly maiden; Dove; Crane (Dunhuang), "Sow-shen-ji" (4th century AD) [heavenly maiden?] , maiden bird (Jiangxi)], Chuan Miao [Star], li [heavenly maiden], meo [daughter of the Sky Star], fox [heavenly maiden], Koreans [heavenly maiden], Albanians [water maiden; heavenly maiden (Beauty of the Earth)], Croats [ wolf], Macedonians [fairy {samovila?}] , Bulgarians [heavenly, mountain maiden (samovila, samovila); pava; bird], Poles [Duck], Luzhitans [swan], Russians (Voronezh) [Dove; Swan; Spoonbill], Balkarians [Orlitsa], Kumyks [Swan], Georgians [ heavenly maiden; Dove], Turks [swan maiden], Baluchis [peri], Swedes (Blekinge) [swan], Faroese [seal], Western Sami [water maiden], Estonians [Swan], Lithuanians [Swan, feathers thrown off by swans ], Chuvash [Swan, feathers thrown off by swans], marie [Swan, feathers thrown off by swans], Kazan Tatars [Dove], Buryats [Swan], northeastern (Verkhoyan) Yakuts [white Crane] , Evenks of the Baikal Region [Swan], Evenks Uchursko-Zeisky [Swan], Evenks (Amur) [Goose], Evens [Swan], Udege [duck], Orochi [Swan], Japanese (incl. Okinawa and North Ryukyu) [Maiden, Swan, Moon Maiden, Vega], Tundra Yukaghirs [Swan], Chukchi [Goose, feathers thrown by geese], netsilic [Goose], Polar [Goose], Idle [Goose], Baffinova Earth [Goose], Labrador Eskimos [Goose], West Greenland [Goose], Quechua (dep. Cusco) [Star].

Bantu-speaking Africa. Swahili [when he dies, the witch doctor tells his pregnant wife to name her son Hassib Karimaddini; he reads his father's books; finds a deep well of honey; when almost all the honey is removed, the companions they refuse to pull out the HC, share the money among themselves; mothers say that the son was eaten by a lion, they take care of her; HC sees a scorpion, finds a hole through which he fell into the hole, goes out into the world; the sultan of the serpent tells him stories; one is about a person to whom the other offers a job: wrap himself in the skin of a dead camel, a bird lifts him to a rock, throw off the gems from there; after receiving stones, the owner leaves; the man goes, hides the clothes of one of the three bird girls who have come to swim, gets married; the wife finds her clothes, flies away; he finds his wife; then she dies; the snake sultan sends HC home to mother; in order for the sultan (people) to recover, it is necessary to eat the meat of the sultan of snakes; the vizier beat HC, forced the snakes to show the way to the Sultan; he orders to give the vizier the first foam when he is cooked, take the second one for himself, Give the Sultan a third; the Sultan recovered, HC became a doctor, the vizier died]: Okhotina 1962:112-122.

West Africa. Yoruba: Fuja 1969 [The hunter sees the doe take off his skin, turn into a woman, leave; he hides his skin, the woman has to marry him; she gives birth to a son; wants to come back, searches, finds skin, runs away; the hunter's other two wives see this, are offended that the husband brought his wife a doe; the chief drives the hunter and his son into the forest]: 66-69; Walker, Walker 1980 [the hunter sees a deer in the forest takes off his skin, turns into a woman, leaves; he hides his skin, the woman has to marry him; he already has a wife; she notices his new wife secretly eating leftovers; solders her husband, who talks about the origin of her new wife; when she accidentally put sugar instead of salt, she reproached her for her animal origin; she started fighting, her first wife threw her deer skin at her, a deer wife ran away; the husband, seeing her, is going to shoot, the deer reproaches him for breaking the word; the husband died soon]: 11-16; manden [the hunter sees the girl swimming, then puts on antelope skin, runs away; in next time she hides her skin, the girl agrees to become his wife if he never threatens her with fire (var: reproach her for her origin); they have children; one day the husband breaks the condition, the wife takes it his skin, runs away with an antelope; husband hunts, kills an antelope one day; var.: antelope shows who she is, they reconcile, wife returns home]: Belcher 2005:40-41; background [hunter saw Agbo (buffalo) took off her skin, became a girl, went to the bazaar; the hunter hid her skin, the girl had to marry him, she stipulated that he would not name her Agbo; the first wife quarrels with her says that her buffalo skin is hidden under the roof; Agbo finds the skin, turns into a buffalo, kills the hunter's first wife and her children, runs into the forest, tries to cut down the tree on which the hunter is; he puts on an amulet that makes it invisible; the buffalo leaves; animals have not turned into humans since then]: Herskovits, Herskovits 1958, No. 49:235-236.

Sudan - East Africa. Ngambaye [the hunter saw girls bathing; they went out, put on their skins and became elephants; the next time the young man hid the clothes of the one he liked best; brought them to the village, hid their skin in a barn under corn; he always gave his wife corn to grind it; one day he forgot to do it, she sent her eldest son, he found the skin; when the husband went hunting, the wife fed the children and neighbors, made a trunk out of a log, four legs out of her feet, ran into the forest, trampled on her husband]: Ruelland, Caprille 1993:29-35; sarah [elephants came to swim, threw off their elephant skins and became human; the hunter hid the skin of the most beautiful girl, she had to become his wife; they have four children; when the father is gone, the eldest son went to get the grains and accidentally found the skin; the wife put it on, became an elephant and ran away; elephants the hunter was surrounded, but since he made the elephant his first and only wife, they let him go; he was happy to be alive]: Pinguilly 1997, No. 10:123-129; Chad (ethnicity not specified) [hunter found he took an elephant skin for himself; the girl, crying, asked her to return her clothes; he gave her a new one, took the girl as his wife; she gave birth to children, all large; found her skin, put it on, became an elephant, returned to the forest; her children became the ancestors of the Elephant family, they are not afraid of elephants]: Knappert 1997:93.

North Africa. Algerian Arabs (told in 1880 in a cafe in Algiers) [the righteous and chaste Ahmed ben Abdullah went to the saint's grave; saw a beauty swimming in a pond, hid her pigeon robe; returns, taking Jeannie's promise to return in half a month; she returned and became his wife; one day her children found their mother's skin, she put it on and flew away; came back several times to see children, but flew away again]: Certeux, Carnoy 1884, No. 4:87-89.

Southern Europe. Spaniards [the father consistently warns his three sons not to go to the service of the red-beard; he paints his beard black; makes a fire in the forest, opens an abyss, the sorcerer lowers the servant on a rope gets the treasure, cuts off the rope after the treasures are picked up, the servant breaks; Ricardo's younger brother does not sit in the last basket that the sorcerer picks up, does not break; finds the brothers' bones; asks the giant not to kill him; he does not tell him to go into the same room; R. comes in, sees three doves turn into girls, bathe; the giant knows about this, tells them to hide it clothes you like; allows you to marry the White Dove (BG), gives a box with her plumage, warns her not to open it; returns to her parents, gives the box to her mother; his wife persuades her open, flies away with plumage on; R. returns to the giant, who gives a nut, refers to another giant, the Giant Master; his wife turns R. into an ant so that he can overhear her husband tells us where BG is; gives an acorn; R. overcomes the sea, the fire wall, the thorns; the walnut turns into a palace, he gives them to sorcerers for their help; they solder it with a potion, BG can't wake him up; during the day warns not to drink potions; R. does not sleep, breaks the lantern, thus disrupting BG; lives with her in the castle]: Malinovskaya 2002:102-109; Sicilians (Palermo) [{=Gozenbach 1870.1, No. 6:29-30?} ; the poor young man is starving; the Greek promises to support him well, and he will have to work only once a year; once a Greek brought a young man to a steep mountain; stabbed a horse and told him to climb into its skin; the eagle raised his skin together with the young man on the mountain; the young man was supposed to throw stones to the Greek, but when he saw that they were diamonds and gold, he guessed the trap, collected stones and went to look for a place to go down; found a hatch and found himself in the palace of the Sorcerer Savino; he was going to kill and fry the young man: he does this to everyone the Greek sends for jewelry; the young man convinced S. that he had not thrown a single stone to the Greek; then he took him into service: each time to hit each of the 12 horses 99 times with a baton; one of the horses says that they were all human too, but S. bewitched them; let the young man hit the ground with a truncheon so that S. could hear blows, and horses will laugh; the horse says that in the morning 12 turtles fly to the pond, take off their clothes, become girls and swim; you have to hide the most beautiful clothes; the young man did so, ran and ran to his mother's house, the girl after him; the young man warned his mother not to let his daughter-in-law out of the house; but when the young man went to sell the jewelry brought from the mountain, the wife begged his mother-in-law to give her the hidden clothes, put them on and flew away with their necks; the young man went in search; three robbers ask to share the items they stole: an inexhaustible purse, speedboat boots, an invisible cloak; the young man pretends to wants to check if the objects are really like this, takes everything and disappears; finds himself again on the same pond and steals and immediately burns his wife's pigeon clothes; the wife promises to stay with him, but he must To kill a sorcerer and restore their human form to their horses - snatch three hairs from everyone; he does; it turns out that his wife is the daughter of the King of Spain]: Calvino 1980, No. 164:591-594; ladins [widow's son goes to work; sees 10 winged maidens fly to the lake, take off their wings, start swimming, then fly back to the mountain peaks; next time the young man hid, took the wings of the youngest; she became his wife; he put his wings in the chest and told his mother not to leave the key in the lock; she left it, the wife found wings, flew away, telling her to look for her on the glass mountain; the young man went in search; the young man guides He sent him to the old man; he sent him to his sister Moon to the top of the mountain; the moon sends the Sun to his older brother; he sends him to his older brother Wind; the wind gives a ball that rolls towards the glass mountain; the wind took the young man up the mountain; there in the house, the mother of bird girls offers tasks; 1) cut down the forest with a lead ax (the bride tells me to go to bed, the job is done); 2) scoop out the lake with a scoop of holes (the same); 3) find out the bride among her sisters (she tied a red ribbon to her leg); the bride tells her to run, throw three red lice behind one another; each turns into a mountain, one taller than the other; the mother cannot overcome third mountain, stops persecution; young man brings his wife to him; wedding]: Uffer 1973, No. 44:211-220 (=Brunold-Bigler, Widmer 2004, No. 33:207-219).

Western Europe. Germans (Swabia) [the beloved wife is dead, the hunter is wandering through the woods; the old man in the hut advises to hide the clothes of one of the three swan girls who come to swim; this is how the hunter got a wife; the old man warned me to hide her feather clothes; they have many children; after 15 years he forgot to close the room in which he kept his wife's clothes; the wife flew away; the children do not know anything; the old man: the wife is in the castle, from whom a donkey is sent every day to the mill for flour; the hunter hides in a bag, the donkey brought him to the castle; the wife is happy to see her husband again; to get it, he must endure three times for an hour in silence the suffering that dragons flying in different guises will cause; the first time snakes appeared, the second time toads, the third time snakes again; he held back the scream; three snakes turned into three women, this is there were those swans; the hunter stayed with his wife in the castle]: Meier 1852, No. 7:39-42 (=Ashliman 2002); Germans (Austria) [young man sees three girls swimming in the forest on the lake, wearing swan clothes, they fly away; the mother tells me to build a hut near the lake and guard; the young man hides the average girl's clothes, brings her to the hut; goes after his mother, forgetting to lock the chest; the girl finds her clothes, flies away telling you to look for it on a glass mountain; the old man calls animals, only a three-legged hare knows the way to the glass mountain; the young man divides the horse's carcass between a bear, a wolf, a crow and an ant; each gives his own hair ( ant - paw), which allows you to take the form of this animal; a young man flies up the mountain to the girl as a crow; she warns that her mother is a witch; she sets wedding conditions; 1) drink an egg without breaking shells (a young man makes a tiny hole with an ant); 2) cut down the forest in three days, turn it into piles of firewood (the wife does everything); 3) set fire to firewood and jump into the fire; he jumps at the place of the fire palace; the young man began to live in it with his wife and her sisters]: Cerf 1992:123-128; Scots: Klyagina-Kondratieva 1967 (Hebrides) [the sea king's wife died, he took a new one - a sea witch, that turned the children of her first wife into seals; once a year they took human form; fisherman McCodran hid the skin of one of the girls, who had to agree to become his wife; during the storm she found a skin put on, sailed away; McCodram's descendants never hunted seals]: 229-235 (=Kharitonov 2008:458-462); Loseva et al. 1959 (Orkney Islands) [on Ivanov's Eve, fishermen saw people dancing nearby seal skins; a man hid one, married a seal girl; they have a child; one day she found a skin and swam away]: 62-65.

Western Asia. Arabs (obviously Iraq or Kuwait) [Hassan from Basra sees 10 birds fly in, take off their feather clothes, become girls, bathe; hides one of them's clothes; takes her as his wife; when he leaves , leaves the mother in care; she finds out where the clothes are, flies with her children to Wak-Wak Island; her husband comes there to pick her up]: Clouston 1887:186 (Hatto in brief 196:334); mehri [when dates they are almost ripe, someone ripped them off; soothsayer to the owner: these are three Ginny girls, they come to swim, we must hide their clothes; the man hides them, returns two, takes the third, takes the third, takes them as wives; gives three sisters to marry three genies who came for them; leaves, leaving his wife in the care of her mother; it was a holiday, people asked this man's wife to dance too; she says she needs her for this clothes; people persuaded her mother-in-law to give clothes; the woman danced and flew away; people buried the lamb, told the returning husband that his wife was dead; but he opened the grave, made the mother tell me everything; soothsayer: feed brown, black, white camels for three years; then don't let them eat; the one who jumped over the fence will take them; the brown one jumped; ride it to the sunrise until she is exhausted; then three days on foot; every day he stays with his sisters, three genies give a hair to help; he sees his wife, she opens it to his father after he has promised not to harm; The wife's father demands: drink a stream, run from a bowl of water to the mountain and back without splashing, eat two camels; genies perform everything, man gets a wife]: Stroomer 1999, No. 37:99-104.

Melanesia. Ilahita arapesh [The First Man heard laughter; saw several cassowaries; beauties swam in the pond, taking off their feather skins; the man hid the most beautiful skin, brought it to him, arranged it like this for her to make a hole in her genitals; her name is Nambweapav; the couple gave birth to sons and daughters for many years, these couples became ancestors of different nations; the eldest son is the ancestor of ilachite arapesh; the father took the children to the garden, the mother stayed at home with the youngest, they alternated duties day by day; the father put on a cassowary skin to scare the younger one so that he would not be capricious; at the age of six, the boy found the skin, gave his mother for promising pieces of coconut; N. flew away, telling the children how to find it; a few months later they went to her, taking their father; N. asked them to go down from the trees and take theirs spears; one spear was left untaken; N. found her husband under the leaf, broke his head; under N. there was no death or pain, everything was easy; her children, except the youngest, broke the food taboo, grace was over; N. turned into a wallaby, arranged for the youngest to kill him; when she died, she ordered people to die hard; the youngest sailed away with streams of water, became the ancestor of whites; one day he would return]: Tuzin 1980:1-8 in Gregor, Tuzin 2001:325-326; the upper arapes [the cassouarichs went down to the pond, took off their clothes from their feathers, began to swim; the man hid the clothes alone, brought them to the village, hid them in a hut for menstruating; she does not have a vagina; he placed her female where she relieves her need, she pierced her vagina, she began to menstruate; gave birth to four sons, a daughter, and another son; when he was five years old, the elders went to the forest, the mother told the youngest to find her hidden clothes, put it on and flew away; after a while, three brothers came to the tree, beat drums, blew flutes; the mother flew in and invited her, but they returned to their father]: Mead 1040, No. 32:376-377; cotton wool [the young man hides the jewelry of one of the girls bathing; she is looking for them, he takes her to his village, gets married; the wife hears her husband complaining that after the birth of a child, there is no peace; when left alone at home, the wife finds hidden jewelry, turns into a cassowary, leaves; the husband finds her, she turns into a woman again, agrees to give the baby a breast]: Fischer 1963, No. 20c: 161-162; Banks Islands (Meralawa) [heavenly maidens go down to fish, leave their wings under the pandanus; the man hides one wing, makes the heavenly maiden go with him to village; hides in a man's house; tells the earthly wife she likes heaven; husband and earthly wife work in the garden, and heavenly cooks at home; gives birth to a son, then a second; she and her children are forbidden to leave villages; boys chase a lizard, it climbs under a stone, the mother helps to move it, finds her wing; flies away; brothers shoot the throat, it does not fall; the elder gets up, the gorlinka says that she is their mother's mother, even if the youngest will rise up; brings pigeons into the house; the mother took her eldest son, and the youngest stayed with her gorlinka grandmother]: Coombe 1911:50-53; Aoba: Codrington 1891 [Tagaro saw the heavenly winged maidens go down to swim; hid one pair of wings at the base of his house, married this girl; touching the yam plants, she made the tubers ripe; T.'s brothers thought that she was pulling yams instead of weeds, scolded her; when she returned to the house, she began to cry, tears made a hole, she found her wings, flew away]: 172; Suas 1912, No. 10b [planting yams, Muehu Catekale sees small footprints; sees two men and a woman with a child hiding their wings on a plantation to swim; MK takes a woman's wings, marries her; working with her son on on the plot, they hear the rain on their wings, find them, fly away; MK makes a chain of arrows, hides in the sky in a tree above his wife, drops her a leaf on which he drew his figure; the son says that this is the father's figure; she sends MK back, asks him to cut the chain; he tries to make it again, but it doesn't work anymore]: 57-60; Maewo [heavenly women flew in to swim, left their wings on on the shore; Qat hid one pair, married the woman; when she touched the sweet potato leaf, all the yams were dug up; touched the banana, all the bananas were ripe; K.'s mother scolded her; the wife cried, tears washed the hole, she saw her husband's wings buried, flew away; K. began to shoot arrows into the sky, one in the tail of the other, forming a chain; the root of the fig tree wrapped around her, reached the sky; K. rose, took his wife, began to descend; a man in the sky dug a fig tree root, a chain of arrows collapsed; K. crashed, his wife returned to heaven]: Codrington 1891, No. 9:397-398 (quoted in Lessa 1961:129; translated in Permyakov 1970, No. 54:137-138); Efate [heavenly maidens went fishing, a man stole the wings of one of them, she gave birth to him Maka Tafaki and Karisi Bum; her husband began to treat her badly; sons found her wings, she flew away; her sons made a chain of arrows, climbed into heaven; a blind old woman was cooking six yam tubers, the brothers slowly hid one; the old woman realized that they were her grandchildren, named them by name; they found the mother]: MacDonald 1898:765-767 in Lessa 196:129-130, in Frazer 1939:221.

Micronesia-Polynesia. Ulithi (West Carolina) [every night, two dolphins leave their tails under a palm tree, turn into girls, go dancing; the man who collected juice from these palm trees hid one of tails, took the girl as his wife; she gave birth to a son and a daughter, found her tail, told her daughter not to eat dolphins, sail away]: Lessa 1961, No. 6:38-39; Palau [Fraser and Boas recount different parts of the same text]: Kubary, vol.1:60-65 in Frazer 1924 [Akapekemek left vessels tied to palm trees overnight, collecting juice in them; someone empties vessels; he guards, fish comes out of the water, leaves her tail, climbs a palm tree; A. takes her tail; the next day he sees a naked woman under a palm tree, asking for a skirt; he gives, takes a woman as a wife; they have a beautiful daughter; the mother sends Bring her a pestle, she accidentally finds a fish tail, swims away; the grandson of a sea woman, Athmolokoth, grows up, catches fish, loses the hook, goes down into the sea for him; his grandmother swallowed him, he returns it]: 263-264; Kubary in Boas 1895 [a young fisherman's fish bit off the forest, left with a hook; he dives, stops at the bottom on the shore of a pond, where a girl comes to collect water for her sick mother; he treats a sick woman , taking out their hook, others don't see the hook]: 352; Yap: Mitchell 1973, No. 49 [Yol married a water maiden, they have a son; every day he brings fish to women's house, they clean it of acne and insects ; says to his wife that she did not catch anything; she followed; gave the child to a spirit woman in mangra, took on her ugly appearance, went to the women's home, asked permission to look at Yol, showed him a mole on her thigh; restored deformities to a woman in spirit, took her son, went down to the bottom of the sea with him; Yol does not eat or drink; men caught his wife and child with a net, persuaded him to stay with Yol]: 139-141; Müller 1918, No. 76 [Tholoor sees two dolphins take off their tails, become girls, go to watch dances; T. finds in the sand, brings home one of their tails; gets married, wife gives birth to two daughters; finds her tail, swims into the sea; her daughters are the ancestors of the dolphin family; (quoted in Lessa 196:142-143)]: 618-619; Taumako [dolphin girls leave their dolphin skins, come to dance; one young man spied hid the skin, the dolphin had to marry him; one day he scolded her, she cried, looked for her skin, found it where her husband kept his feathers, put it on, swam away]: Hovdhaugen, Næss 2006: 124.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Mikir [each of the five older brothers promises his father to become a worthy person (village chief, blacksmith, farmer, etc.; younger Harata Kunwar promises to marry the daughter of the Sun, to become king; his brothers and father send him to the hut for the night to guard the field, come to kill him; his daughter-in-law warned him; he put the leaves of a tree with red juice on the couch, lay down at a distance; the brothers refused the father pierced the couch with a spear; HC went to his poor grandmother, who gives him advice; he replaces the clothes of the youngest of the six daughters of the Sun, the bride of the son of Wind, who come to swim; marries her, they have a son; contrary to the grandmother's advice, she goes to visit the family; the brothers' wives want to see his wife in all her jewelry; she puts on her outfit, flies away; the grandmother tells her to hide by the river in the sand; there on the wedding day of his wife HC with the elephant of the Sun will come to bathe the son of the Wind; you must grab his tail, go to heaven, ask the servants for water, throw the ring into the vessel, the wife will recognize the ring; the little son will go to his mother; seeing that he is a stranger son sucks his fiancée's chest, Wind's son refused to marry, HC married his wife; with his wife and son returns to earth, reigns]: Stack, Lyall 1908, No. 3:55-70; riang (Tripura) [young man's field Sagartrai is ruined by pigs; he guards and grabs the girl who brought them; she is a deity, gives him the ability to make a sound that scares pigs away during sleep; but the sound also interferes with people; S. again comes to the field, asks to take the gift back; he has taken off all her clothes, after which she cannot return to the gods, agrees to become his wife; he hides her clothes in a drum; they have two sons, the eldest S. talks about the mother's clothes; she takes everything away from her son, takes the clothes and disappears; once the eldest son set a trap and a huge pig fell into it; the young man went to call the people to carry them away, but his at that time, the mother replaced the big pig with a small one; he found the mother and she put the big pig back; when the enemies attacked, the young man began to beat that drum, the enemies began to fall dead, paid off with a lot of money]: Mandal 2009:114-116; Mishmi (taraon) [people were clearing the forest on the site; a star girl flew in; the young man cut off her wings, hid them in a drum; happily began to hit him, the drum burst, the Star grabbed its wings, flew back; Chin offered to follow her into the sky, made a ladder, climbed up; the star lowered the thin rope, Chin grabbed it, it broke off, he fell, became a rooster; a young man made him a scallop out of a flower, wings from leaves]: Elwin 1958a, No. 11:350; rengma [heavenly maidens went down to the lake, took off bird tails and wings, bathed; one person I came early, hid the bird outfit of one of the maidens, she was forced to become his wife; they have a son and daughter; when they are with their mother, they are always capricious, when they are not with their father; they answered that their father allows them to play with wings; wings in bamboo under the roof; the mother wore them, promised to lower the ropes for the children, flew to heaven, took the children; the husband is looking for her unsuccessfully; the white raven asks to paint him black; for this leads a man, brings him to a house in the land of spirits, his wife is in the house; she warns not to go out; he goes out, stumbles upon a cannibal; his wife hides him under 7 copper vessels, but the cannibal finds him, opens her head with a weaving sword, sucks juices; wife stayed in heaven, daughter went down to earth, taught people the song (lyrics quoted)]: Mills 1937:180-182.

Burma - Indochina. Vietnam: Landes 1886, No. 47 [a young lumberjack sees heavenly fairies bathing in a spring; hides one of them's clothes, she has to go with him, he hides her clothes in a rice barn; when The child is three years old, the wife finds her clothes; leaving her comb to her son, she flies away; taking the boy, the husband comes to the spring; the fairy maids also came there for water, the boy throws his comb into their jug; the wife recognizes the comb, tells her husband to hand the handkerchief, and he uses it to fly to his wife; after a while she sends her husband and son to the ground in a drum tied to a rope, promising to ask Buddha permits to marry a mortal; in the middle between earth and sky, rice grains on the drum began to bite; the fairy maids took this as a sign that those who descended had reached the ground, the rope was cut off; father and son fell into the sea, died; as punishment, Phat Ba turned the fairy into a Morning Star; the husband became an Evening Star; every year on the 15th day of the 7th month, maids arrange sacrifice, and the vórons form a chain so that spouses and their son can meet and meet; therefore, crows have a bald head; on this day, a funeral ceremony must take place somewhere; The Morning and Evening Stars are always eager to meet]: 123-126; Vietnamese tales 1992 [the mother of an orphan in the sky turns into a buffalo; helping her son, tells him to go to the lake where they will go swimming red, golden and multicolored birds are the wife, bride and daughter of the Sky Star; you must hide the wings of the Star's daughter, marry her; he first takes the wings of the red, golden birds, they turn into a rooster, a rock, he is afraid, gives his wings; he does not give up multicolored, he married; the wife gives birth to two boys, the father allows them to play with their mother's wings; the mother takes the wings, the children, flies to heaven; the husband calls buffalo mother blows the drum, she brings him to heaven; the wife warns 1) not to drink tea from the cup that her father will offer; distracts the father's attention by becoming a hawk, the husband splashes tea; 2) the same, not drink wine; 3) father-in-law tells me to bring a monkey drum; the husband gives the monkeys a bag of nuts, plays the flutes, brings a drum; the father-in-law decides that his poison is harmless, drinks it himself, falls apart; this shooting stars]: 126-128; tai (Vietnam) [after the father's death, two brothers find a huge egg; people roll it into the village, but it rolls right to the brothers' house; when the brothers return from fields, the house is tidy and the food is cooked; the elder guards, sees a winged heavenly maiden come out of the egg and 5 maids with her; the younger brother is afraid to find himself the next day, the younger brother guards himself, grabs the maiden; they have two sons; the mother finds out from them where her father hid her wings, flies away; the father beat them with a rod, went to look for his wife; left alone, the brothers plant a palm seed with fruit on it at once; the brothers ask for birds take them to their mother, they fly away; then she takes the rhinoceros bird to the river; there a nine-tailed dog carries them to the other side; they ask the old woman to drink, throw their gold ring into the vessel mother; mother realizes that her sons have come; mother's father Po Then demands that the rope that is tied to him be tied to the horns of each of the 200 or 300 buffaloes; the insect tells them to tie them to that buffalo, on which it sits every time; tells her to count many needles (nieng Khim thinks); tells all women to stick their hands out, let sons recognize their mother's hand; an insect sits on it; Po Then lets her sons go to their mother; they return home, but a tree trunk blocks the woman's way; sons cut him with sabers, blood has flowed; mother to sons: you killed your father; left them, ordering sits down to eat rice on a crooked stone, not to enter a bubbling stream; the elder does everything wrong, marries various animals; the youngest kills a snake that descends from the sky and devours people and animals, revives the dead, marries a heavenly maiden; comes to the youngest and kills his animals; the eldest pushed the youngest into a hole; animals helped him get out; he killed the elder with an arrow while hunting birds]: Degeorge 1924, No. 15:58-68; Vietnam's white thai [a poor orphan cuts wood for sale; sees seven heavenly maidens descend to the lake, take off their clothes and wings, bathe; hides the youngest's wings; takes her as his wife; a year later she gives birth to a son; in the absence of his wife, the father calms the crying child by giving him his mother's wings to play; one day the mother was left alone with the child, who cried and pointed to where the woodcutter hid his wings; the mother finds them, after a while flies away, giving her son her ring and telling his father to come to her if they want; the husband put his son on his back, went to look for his wife; the way through the mouth in a rock that closes and then opens; the fox advises throwing acidic fruits there, your teeth hurt, the movement of the mouth will stop for a while; father and son pass; on the way, a river with nine channels, which even dissolves iron; a dog with nine tails and nine heads promises to carry it if the riders do not laugh in the middle of the river; in the middle of each channel the dog makes an indecent sound, father and son they laugh, one head and one tail fall off; before the last crossing, a person ties his mouth with a handkerchief, they reach the shore; since then, all dogs have the same head and one tail, they used to be nine; the phoenix offers to spend the night under his wing, and in the morning he and his mother will bring them to the place where they celebrate the princess's return from land; the phoenix's mother carried them to the river that borders the sky; maids they collect water to bathe the princess, the husband throws a ring into the jug; the wife recognizes him, tells him to call the visitors; her father suggests 1) tying each of the 300 buffaloes to the pole to which he is always they tie; the firefly shows who to tie; 2) sow the grain and harvest it again; the birds collected it, but the king noticed that several grains were missing; one bird swallowed them, the king rolled it neck, since then birds of this species have goiter on the back of their heads; 3) find a princess in a palace of one hundred thousand rooms overnight; the rat promises to bring a dry leaf under the right door, but halfway she was eaten by a cat; then a firefly leads to the right room; the king arranges a wedding, then sends the young to earth, where the son-in-law also becomes king]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 11:311-316; Thais: Toth 1971, No. 14 [just like in Wrigglesworth 1991; challenges: 1) raise a stone bench (prayed to a god of strength), 2) identify his wife (a butterfly flew up to her), 3) shoot through many obstacles with an arrow (the hero does it himself)]: 106-115; Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 7 [in Sawan Nakol ("golden city") at the foot of the Himalayas, lived the king of birds; the youngest of seven daughters, Ma Nora; on the full moon, they flew to swim in a pond near the hermit's cave; forester Bun visited it, found out that a bird girl can only be caught with a "snake loop"; before that, he saved the king of snakes, he gave a noose; when the bird maidens took off their tails and wings, B. caught MN with a loop, gave Sutone to the prince Pawnkala states; while S. is at war, an evil adviser said that MN must be sacrificed, otherwise the king would die; MN asked for her tail and wings to dance a farewell dance; flew away; S. returned, threw the counselor into prison, went to look for MN; the hermit gave him the ring left by MN; gave him a guide monkey; after 7 years, 7 months and 7 days, S. reached the bird kingdom; heard two women who come for water say that today is the end of the deadline after which MN will eliminate the memories of what happened to her; S. threw the ring into the jug; MN recognized it; the king of birds sets the condition for marriage, that S. should identify his wife among her sisters; S. recognized her by his ring on her finger; S. and MN returned to Sawan Nakol, during their reign humans and birds were friends]: 290-293; zhuang [dying, mother Ha-dao says that rich Huang-mo turned his hunter father into a half-animal after demanding payment for the killed wild animals, but the hunter failed to pay; A. finds a horned, shaggy man in the forest father; leads home, but dogs rush at him; he runs away, breaks his horn; A. drags the horn on a rope; where he pierces the ground, makes a field; compressed rice immediately grows again there; seven heavenly maidens they offer help; their rice does not grow; A. hides the wings of the youngest, takes her as his wife; A. demands a woman for herself; she asks for her wings to be returned, flies to heaven, lowers A. the rope; heavenly father-in-law demands 1) bring a gong and a drum from the monstrous Xiashanpo (her eye incisions are vertical) from South Mountain; the wife gives three needles, A. leaves them responsible for herself while S. sharpens his teeth, runs away with a gong and a drum; 2) a tiger from West Mountain; the wife gives an iron umbrella to stick it into the tiger's mouth; the wife sends A. from home; he calls S. to fight, she licks her wounds; A. overhears her telling her children what is for her a knife rubbed with human or dog feces is fatal; A. kills S., comes to her sons; they say that their mother's staff kills at one end, revives them at the other; A. kills them, revives the killed S. people, goes down with his wife to earth, kills H., finds his father]: Cherkasova 196:319-327; ahem [an orphan young man lived with an old man, hunted birds, saw bird girls going down to swim, fell in love with the youngest, who was the last to arrive; the old man advised him to hide her wings; he hid them in the quiver; at first he could not defeat the girl, found strength by chewing the old man's bethel, tied this an old man with a rope; took the heavenly maiden as his second wife, she gave birth to a child; looking up, she saw her wings hidden under the roof, put them on, flew away, returned to the child, invited her aunt to fly, but she just jumped and fell; flew away altogether; the domestic monkey put a wand in the dog's paw to show the owner which way the wife had flown; the dog had seven tails, it led the owner and the monkey to rivers; the young man put his sword in the jets, the river parted, forming two channels; there are seven in total; the dog told me to hold on to its tail, not to laugh, otherwise the tail will come off; the young man and the monkey laugh every time the dog makes an indecent sound, another tail comes off; when there is only one tail left, the dog went home, but the young man and the monkey stayed; the last stream crossed the body of the river dragon lying across the body; came to the Foot of Heaven rock, where the door opens and closes; the monkey began to throw fruits from the tree, the young man threw them into the hole in the rock, the rock stopped; they climbed the rock to the banyan ( ficus), there the monkey said that he did not know beyond the road, returned; the young man saw two big birds, one said to the other that she would fly to peck for buffalo meat at the festival in honor of the return of the virgin bird; young man carved the feather of one bird, hid in the hole with his child, the birds flew to the field, where buffalo bones were thrown away, the young man went out; there was a river, the women replied that they had come to bathe the maiden for water a bird; the young man threw bracelets and necklaces into the jug, asked to pour the jug over the girl's head; she recognized her things; at the festival, the young man pinched the child, the wife recognized his son's cry; all three returned to the ground, the house overgrown with vines there during this time]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 8:294-298.

South Asia. Uttar Pradesh (Mirzapur, Hindi) [six princes are married; the youngest seventh says he marries one of Indra's heavenly maidens; goes in search; sees a girl in the untouchable village (Chamar) , who remains dry in the rain; realizes that she is a fairy; the king thinks that the son has really found a heavenly maiden; is outraged to learn that the bride is from an untouchable village; the wife demands to get her ring for 7 the seas at the fakir; he sleeps for six months, overgrown with grass; the young man gently shakes off the ground from him; the fakir did not kill him, but gave him a ring; warned him not to give it to his wife immediately upon his return; the young man did not give it back, but his wife she quietly took the ring while the young man was sleeping, flew to heaven; the young man returned to the fakir; he teaches him to go to the river where the fairies swim, pick up their clothes and come to him; the fairies will come and agree to return what belongs to the young man; he must guess three times; the first time let him grab the eldest, the second the youngest, do not let go; the fairies will shout, "He forgot!" ; grab the leper for the third time; the young man brought his wife back; she lets the flute call her; if Indra finds out about their marriage, kills both; the prince comes to a group of people, calls his wife, asks for a fairy dance, that he does it; those people change their stick that hits whoever you want; the prince tells the stick to beat those people, takes the flute back; the same with the pot he cooks himself; with the goat that litters gold; the prince returned to his brothers; one day he left the flute at home, and his older daughter-in-law found the flute; the fairy appeared, took the flute and flew away; fakir: a laundress brings a cart of fairy clothes to wash in this world; on this cart you can get to the fairies; the laundress agreed to take the prince; wife: we will dance to the drum; I must say that the drummer is no good and start playing on his own; Indra will like it, he will allow the marriage; the prince lived well with his wife]: Crooke 1892-1893, No. 574:153-155; chhattisgarhi (Bilaspur) [pretin can take the image of women; one milkman came from the bazaar, saw it under yuyuba (spirits prefer this tree ), who was feeding his baby; he convinced her to go with him, hid her clothes in a bamboo vessel; they have three sons; at the wedding, the eldest guests asked her mother to dance; she said that she needed to do so her sari; the husband gave the sari, the wife put it on, became invisible and disappeared]: Gordon 1908:85-86; konkani (Goa) [the king has seven sons; the youngest replies that he fears God more than his father; the king drives him away; he herds an old woman's sheep; hides the clothes of one of the two princesses who have come to swim; people choose a king, an elephant points to a young man three times, he is made king; the wife finds clothes, flies away; on the way, a young king buys frogs, mongooses, flies from people who kill them; two princesses demand 1) fill the room with water (frogs fill), 2) identify which of them is his wife (flies indicate), 3) dig an underground passage ( mongooses break through); young man and wife fly away, wife's sister kills both out of jealousy]: Davidson, Phelps 1937, No. 4:22-24; Sindhi: Kincaid 1922, No. 8 [fakir gives childless king Lalu ash: let him give drink water to his beloved wife; a son Amul Malik will be born, when he finishes his studies, let him come to the fakir; the fakir leads AM to another country, they see the radiance emanating from the body of King Gulasta's daughter Princess Husini, AM asks the fakir, then his father, to help marry her; the Saiphal vizier comes to King G. to marry his daughter; H. makes it a condition to live with her husband in separate palaces; the fakir gives AM an invisible hat, that H. loves a maiden named Suphed; every Thursday she and her maids enter the banyan, who takes her across the seas to the maiden's garden; the fakir teaches her to eat food brought for H. unnoticed, to hide in a banyan; Dev will ask H. to dance, give jewelry and clothes, steal and hide them, pretend to be asleep at home; she will come to look for jewelry, she has to jump up, pick up her wings; instead AM everything says H., she grabs her clothes and jewelry, flies away; the fakir tells him to follow H. on a winged horse; on the way he takes out a splinter from the lioness, she gives him two adult lion cubs as assistants; sister H. teaches , when H. and the other peri arrive to swim in the lake, they must hide her clothes; the lion sits on her clothes; H. gives AM his nose ring, tells him to come with him, throw it in the jug to the maid, she will give it back H.; Dev will say that if AM is H.'s legal husband, he must identify his wife among a hundred peri; she will have this ring; the virgins tried three times, H. attached the ring for the third time, and the maidens gave X. Amul Maliku; on the way back, H. kidnapped the maidens who lived in the well; the lions went down there (there is a whole country, a palace), tore the maiden, returned from H. to the ground on a winged horse; everyone returned to King L., lived happily]: 75-78; Schimmel 1995, No. 22 [the prince pursues a gazelle with golden horns, she hides in the lake; a voice tells him that this is Lake Peri, they will appear in a year; a year later the prince hides in an iron cage, the peri bathe, he hides their clothes, demands the one whose name is Sedyan; makes him his wife; but she does not talk to her husband; a year later he sends him hunting, tells the maid to bring those clothes closing the doors; puts it on and flies away through the chimney, saying that the prince will be able to return it within a year; the prince comes to the cannibal shepherd, who throws him into his goat pen, where there are already many people; everyone in the evening he puts one on a skewer, leaves him to fry, falls asleep himself; the prisoners drink milk; Peri S., in the form of a whirlwind, pours out the poisoned milk that the prince was going to drink; that night he heated his skewer , burned the ogre's eyes; stabbed the ram, put on his horns, the cannibal let him through; on the other side of the pit, the ogre called out, he rushed, failed, the prince finished him off; came into the house, hid, three came there witches killed, cooked and ate a goat, collected bones, cast a spell, but the goat did not revive; this means that the cannibal shepherd was dead; the witches led to hyenas, went to the shepherd, but the prince shouted that he killed the shepherd; the witches rushed back, but Peri S., with the help of her friends, caused wind and rain, the hyenas were washed away by a stream; at the request of his daughter, Peri's father sent a horse to the prince; he arrived, the wedding; a son was born; S. flew away, telling her not to look into one of the rooms; the old woman said that there was sister S., who was more beautiful than her; but there was a parrot; he was a demon who fell in love with S. but was cunningly caught; he took the prince and his son, S. saw it, her 12 friends repulsed them, and S. put the parrot back in the locked room; Peri's father sent his son-in-law, wife and son back to their homeland; there the vizier seized power, but his army was defeated with a magic club; the prince put his father on the throne again]: 140-147; condas [the king and queen have a son; they decided that they did not need more children; but 10 years later they wanted another child, brought them sacrifices to the gods; but immediately after the birth of their youngest son, both died; he was raised by his aunt; the baby cries and falls silent all the time after she promises that he will marry a virgin who turns with a touch stone for gold, earth for cereals; at school, the prince quarreled with another boy; he called him a sorcerer, who caused his parents to die; the prince was shocked, climbed into the cave, stayed lying down; when he was found and brought to his aunt, he reminded her of her promise - it was time to fulfill it; he was married to a princess, but at the wedding he offered her to turn the stone into gold; she could not, the prince rejected her; again sent to look for a bride; a servant who went north stopped in the village with a brahmana and saw his daughter turn a brass plate into gold; her name was Geiramma; the brahmana was brought in a palanquin to the queen (i.e. . prince's aunt) and she ordered him to bring his daughter, otherwise he would be executed; G. agrees to marry provided that she would be with the prince during the day and return to her father for the night; after the wedding, the prince and aunt thought that This will not last long, but even after a few years, G. still sat in the palanquin at sunset and went to her parents; the prince dressed as poor, followed her; when G.'s parents fell asleep, she opened the magic book, after which a white elephant descended from the sky for it; the prince grabbed its tail; at Indra's palace, G. joined 6 other heavenly maidens; the prince asked the old drummer give him her seat; 7 maidens began to dance in front of I.; as a reward, G. asked I. for permission to always stay either on earth or in the sky if she wanted; he gave her a ring to do so; she came to thank the drummer without recognizing her husband; he asked for a ring I. and G. gave it to him; G. returned to the ground on an elephant's back, and the prince clutched his tail; both were in the palace in the morning; prince began to tell G. his supposedly dream, describing everything that happened at night; G. asked her to show her the ring, persuaded her to give it to her, put it on and flew to heaven; the prince went on a journey; saw a snake crawl along tree to the nest, is going to eat the chicks; he cut the snake into pieces, they have turned into three mountains; parent birds have arrived, each with an elephant in their claws and beak; chicks for parents: we will not eat, until you help our savior; one of the birds put the prince on his back and, accompanied by another bird, brought I. to Palace; that is, G. polluted herself with communication with a mortal, I. sent both to earth; G. no longer stayed away at night and, as a heavenly fairy, became the ruler of the country]: Schulze 1922, No. 23:113-123; kannada [the mighty king asks four sons what they will do after him death; elder: I will continue my father's work on the throne; second: help my brother rule the state; third: I will lead the army; fourth: I will become king of kings, build my own city and marry four heavenly maidens; the king expelled his youngest son; once in the forest, he came to the old woman's house; she is the daughter of a sage hermit who lost control and raped a girl; then he was torn to pieces a tiger, and the daughter who was born was ugly; her mother died and she became a hermit in the forest; as a result, she found power; the young man began to herd her cows; she told her not to take them north; he went and hid by the pond; Indra's four heavenly daughters came down, took off their sari, began to swim; he stole one sari; the maiden ran after him, promised to become a wife, he looked around in amazement, she took the sari and turned the young man into the stone; the old woman found it and revived it; ordered him to take the sari and run to her house and not look back; he did so; the old woman turned him into a baby, and hid the sari inside his thigh, so that the seam is not visible; when a maiden came running, the old woman advised her to cover herself by giving a cotton sari; then promised to return the sari if the maiden agreed to become the young man's wife; the young man and wife came to the city; the king's servants saw the maiden, said to the king; he pretended to be sick, sent the young man to extract the venom of the serpent Karkotak; his wife sent him to the snake hole and gave a letter to the snake; on the way he saved a worm from the web; threw a letter into the hole; four the snakes carried him to the lower world to the king of snakes; the letter asked him to marry his daughter and comply with his request for poison; returning with his second wife and poison, the young man gave the poison to the king's servants; when they the bottle was slightly opened, the tamarind standing next to it broke out and burned; the king ordered the poison to be buried deeper; sent the young man to bring crocodile bile; on the way, the young man let a young crocodile on land into the water; a young man sent letters from his wife to the crocodiles; the king of the seas gave him a daughter, diamonds and bile; now the king asks him to go to heaven to Indra and find out how his late parents and brothers are doing; wives have written many letters, the young man jumped into the fire, the god of fire took him to heaven, where Indra gave him a daughter, letters to the king and minister and returned him to the ground; on the way, the young man saved ants when the anthill was flooded with water; the young man gave the letters ; they have an invitation to heavenly paradise - you must also jump into the fire; the king and minister and his families burned down; the young man made a poor brahmana king; he built a new city with four wives; at this time his father lost kingdom and became a seller of firewood; came with his family to the city of young men; he sheltered them; gave the first wife's saris for his mother's saree; the wife asked her for it, put it on and all 4 wives flew to heaven, and the city again turned into a jungle; the young man brought his brothers and mother to the city, where he made a brahmana king and went to look for wives himself; his wives met him and was the first to say that he must be tested by Indra in order for him recognized him as a son-in-law; his wives took him to heaven, turning him into a fish in a vessel of water, and left him; I. tells 1) to collect the scattered sesame in 3 hours (the young man called the ants - they perform); 2) get it out a ring thrown there (the frog took it out; when meeting the hero with the frog, the informant lowered it; to do this, the frog threw the tadpole to be eaten by snakes at the bottom of the well, and found the ring himself); 3) one Hit the banana tree into three parts (the crocodile cut it); 4) recognize the first wife among three identical girls (the worm, now a flying insect, sat on her sari); I. arranged a wedding; on The young man conquered kingdoms on earth; his father admitted he was right]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 3:5-15; Tamils [the king asks his seven sons what everyone would like to do on this cool night; one wants invade neighbors at the head of the army, the other to irrigate, the third to hunt, etc.; the seventh to have 4 wives, daughters of Indra, Agni, Varuna and Adishesha by his side; his father is furious to execute son, the mother warns him to flee; the torturers brought the king the blood of an animal; the prince lives with an old woman and herds cattle; contrary to the ban, he goes north, climbs a fruit tree and sees her swimming in Indra's daughter steals her clothes, runs, she asks him to look back, he turns into stone, Indra's daughter returns to heaven with four other maidens; the old woman revived the prince, ordered Next time, do not look back, but bring clothes to her; turned the prince into a three-year-old child, sewing clothes into his thigh; gave Indra's daughter her clothes, she stayed with the old woman; she convinced her to marry the prince, turning him back into a young man; six months later he sends them to live alone, telling the prince not to give his wife her heavenly clothes; they come to town, the vizier advises the king to select his wife, for this purpose pretend to be sick, send the prince for snake venom; the wife gives a note to his uncle, tells him to put him in any anthill; he sends the prince the necessary poison and another wife {Adishesha's daughter?} ; when the poison bag was slightly opened, he burned half of the forest; the vizier suggests sending the prince for whale fat; the wives wrote a note to their uncle Varuna, Mr. of the Seas, who sent a daughter and fat; the vizier: send the prince to convey messages to the dead; the wives write a letter to Agni, the prince throws it into the fire, jumps himself, returns to his wives, and then comes out of the fire unharmed, supposedly answering letters from the king and courtiers; the dead ask them to visit them; the king and all the others threw themselves into the fire and burned down; the prince and four wives go to their father; in the middle of the journey, the wives create a magnificent city; the prince's father was deprived of power enemies, collects firewood with the whole family; they come to the city, their son and daughters-in-law greet them; one day, the prince went hunting, taking the clothes of Indra's daughter sewn in it from his thigh and handed them over mother; she showed her daughters-in-law and they flew to heaven, and the city and all her possessions disappeared; the prince went to an old woman who helped get Indra's daughter; on the way he saved ants, a frog, a cricket from the river, dying without water; the old woman sent him to sit by the path that those heavenly maidens walked every day after bathing; on the 40th day they agreed to take him to Indra in heaven; moved him to heaven a frog; Indra agrees to give him his daughter, but he must complete three tasks to get her sisters; 1) reassemble the sown sesame (ants collected); 2) get the ring out of the snake well (frogs they dive into the well, most are eaten by snakes, but one pulls out a ring); 3) cut down 7 fused plane trees with one blow (Agni's daughter does it herself); 4) I. gave all four maidens the same appearance, ordered identify his daughter (the cricket jumped on her leg); the prince with his four wives returns to earth, regains the city and power]: Natesa Sastri 1886:80-119

Malaysia-Indonesia. Minangkabau [in a story borrowed by the Bataks from Minangkabau, the heroine's son finds her mother's wings hidden by her father while he sleeps]: Niemann 1866:255-267 in Lessa 196:148; murut: Rutter 1929:259-261 in Lessa 1961 [husband hides his magical wife's clothes, their 10-year-old son finds her]: 148; Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 5 (Keningau band) [(Brooks 1960:34-47); Baiagong hunter went looking prey at a watering hole; sees seven girls bathing, hides the youngest's rainbow clothes; the elders could not pick her up, flew away; B. brings the maiden into the house, hides her clothes in the chest; the wife gives birth to a son; feels that her mother-in-law does not love her and does not believe that she is a heavenly maiden; tells her son her story, he says he knows where her clothes are; when she flies away, the heavenly maiden teaches her son how he and his father can find her; in a place where K. met her, the old man is fishing; you have to grab his hook, he will throw a fishing rod into the heavenly land of Kayangan; on the way, B. frees fish from the top, builds a bridge over the stream for ants, frees a squirrel from a trap, a deer entangled in vines, a firefly from a web; a fisherman throws B. and his son into heaven, his wife meets B.; her Raja father says that her daughter also has a prince fiancé in heaven; gives tasks; 1) get beads thrown into the river (they get fish); 2) collect rice scattered in the grass (ants collect); 3) collect all the fruits from the chopped tree without breaking the branches (the squirrel collects); 4) get racing with the local prince red leaves from a tree in the distance (prince flies, but B. rides a deer, returns first); 5) identify his wife's cup among many (firefly shows); Raja gives B. a wife, but does not tell you to return to earth; celestials want B. to swim in the pond, getting rid of human smell; crocodiles in the pond, B. sticks his finger, he turns white, B. refuses to swim; he is thrown off like garbage through a hole in the floor of a house, it ends up on the ground, a drum, an ax, and a coconut fall nearby; a whole grove immediately grows out of coconut, the drum scares off enemies, the ax kills them, getting heads- trophies; his son occasionally descends from heaven, then stops; after B.'s death, his white finger, ax and drum became murut relics], 6 (Timugon band) [the old man tells the son of the Raja (elder) to go in a dream to the Grandmother, who will help get the youngest of the seven sisters; the young man comes there; seven maidens come down from the sky to swim; the young man hides the youngest's clothes, brings the girl to his Grandmother, marries her, hides her clothes in rice barn; brings his wife to his father; he dies, the young man inherits his duties; does not pay attention to his wife, drinks and debauchery; the wife finds her clothes under the roof; when her son has already begun to crawl, flies away; the husband goes to Grandma, she sends a boat that brings him to heaven; the wife returns, the husband is now loyal to her]: 276-285, 286-289; Java [poor widow finds a baby in the forest, brings up how son; he grows up, hunts, chases a bird, goes to the lake where the heavenly maidens bathe; grabs one of them's clothes; takes her as his wife; one day she tells him to look after a pot of rice on fire, but do not lift the lid; he sees only one seed in the pot; the spell has broken, his wife has had to work hard since then to cook; in the empty, she finds her husband's hidden wings; tells Put their little daughter on the roof, she will fly in and feed her; rose in the sky in a column of smoke from burning rice straw; her husband raised his daughter beautiful]: Bezemer 1903:162-169 in Lessa 1961: 358; Knappert 1977, No. 7 [in Kembang-Lampir, a young man found a girl swimming in the woods, she became pregnant, her father drove her away, she gave birth in the woods, died, the boy was picked up by a hermit's widow; he grew up, hunted, saw widadaris heavenly maidens bathing, hid the clothes of one of them named Nawang-Wulan ("moonlight"); she gave birth to his daughter Nawang-Sih ("light of love"); when there is more and more rice in the bins, you need to go to the cauldron put only one grain; contrary to the prohibition, the husband looked there, and from then on he had to cook a lot of rice; when the supply ran out, HB found her clothes at the bottom of the bins, flew away, telling her husband to take her daughter to the dovecote, for her to come to feed her; NS married a prince]: 35-37; Madura [a young man Aryo Menak wandered into the forest, saw heavenly maidens swimming in the lake, took one of them's clothes; this is Ni Perri Tunjung Wulan, she became his wife; their son Aryo Kedot became the ancestor of Madura's chiefs; AM and his wife got rich, but AM wonders why his wife does not break rice, but always serves it ready; forbids her husband to enter the kitchen; until the wife was gone, AM looked into the pot, saw not rice, but an unpeeled rice stalk; the wife came - the stem did not turn into rice; she realized that her husband had spied; since then the wife had worked all day long, to break rice; a year later, the rice barn was empty and the wife found her robe at the bottom; flew away, telling her husband to look for it on the moon; since then, men don't go into the kitchen and lovers look at the moon]: Kratz 1973, No. 21:132-136; Bali [poor orphan Lentir saves a fly from a web, an eagle from a plexus of branches; by the lake she hides the clothes of one of the heavenly maidens who have come down to swim, her name is Nilotama; once she finds his clothes, flies away; the eagle brings L. to heaven; the old man tells his wife to be identified among her sisters; a fly sits on her; L. and his wife on an eagle return to earth]: Leuven Bomkamp 1983, No. 47:224-227; Loinang [Ade Banggai sees seven heavenly maidens coming to swim in a pond; hides one of them's clothes; she is forced to marry him, gives birth to a daughter; he hid her clothes under the roof in a flute; daughter cries, the mother dismantles the roof to let in the sunlight, finds clothes, flies away; AB rises to heaven on a rattan that has grown to heaven, lives there with his wife and daughter; one person began to sweep, cut off rattan, which fell, became a mountain; AB descends to the ground on the back of a large bird, falls on a banyan tree, turns into a monkey, becomes the ancestor of monkeys; the bird becomes small, now nests in crops rice without hurting them]: Kruyt 1930:505-508 in Fischer 1932:213-214, in Lessa 1961:148, 154; Tidore Island (off Halmahera's west coast) [a sailor from a wrecked ship lives in a house old women on an island; 10 winged heavenly maidens go down to swim; a sailor hides the youngest's winged robe, takes her as his wife; she gives birth to two sons; finds hidden wings, flies away; children tell father about what happened; the husband asks the birds to take him to heaven, only a honey bird can pick him up; the man in the sky gives him flies, they will sit on his wife (she will have to be identified, all the women in the sky look equally); warns not to talk to anyone; the husband does not answer talking logs, bamboo; the king orders to identify his wife; then separate the millet seeds from others (flies separate); the wife gives birth third son; the king allows you to go down a silver rope ladder; on earth, the wife gives birth to a fourth; sons become chiefs of Tidore and three neighboring islands]: de Vries 1925 (1): 161-166 c Knappert 1999:299-301; Sangihe Islands [a bird grabs a young man, throws him on a deserted island; a young man sees nine girls bathing, hides clothes alone; she promises to be his wife if he never will ask about her origin; he asks if she digs up her clothes, flies away; her husband dies in anguish, their children are the ancestors of the inhabitants of Siau]: Dinter 1899:388-389 in Lessa 196:148-149; tetum ( Lassiolat) [Liurai Suri Ikun saw seven heavenly maidens descend to the spring; sends his slaves Letti and Lamo to hide Buik Ikun's clothes; these clothes are the skins of beautiful birds; the maidens fly away, and the BI marries LSI, gives birth to a son; finds her clothes in a bamboo vessel, she is dusty; BM shakes it out, flies away; LSI tries in vain to climb into the sky from a tall tree; the bird suggests taking it from son to heaven; BI parents want to test it; 1) determine which of the bamboo vessels contains palm wine (the rest have water); the fly warns the LSI that it will sit on this vessel; 2) cockfight, rooster, who was put by LSI, wins; 3) separate the grains from the sand (rice birds separate); 3) identify BI among other girls; the dog flea warns that it will bite it, it will move; but these fleas they bit everyone, everyone moved; LSI now tells them not to bite people, but to crawl in the ashes of the hearth; another flea promises to bite only BI; LSI offers her a gold or silver ring, but she only agrees to be allowed to sleep with people; as it happened, LSI identified BI; parents send BI with her husband and son to earth; before that, she asks them and receives a wish-fulfilling ring; there is a holiday on earth] : Vroklage 1962:130-133; Numfoor: Hasselt 1908:534-535 (in Lessa 196:154-155) [the fish swallowed the ship, the eagle picked up the fish, threw it on land, the people came to the king, he had a giant melon, people they ate a cave in it; one man swam to get water to Fr. Tidor hid the clothes and wings of one of the heavenly maidens who were bathing, married her; his wife made a fishing line and net out of her two hairs; gave birth to four sons; found wings hidden under the roof, flew away ; sons, depending on where they sat (on a stone, on a tree, on a rock, on a table), became rulers of four sultanates], 539-542 (in Lessa 196:155) [the Dutchman who escaped the shipwreck hid his clothes from heaven virgins, she gave birth to two sons, found wings under the roof, flew to heaven; her husband brought her back, she gave birth to two more; depending on where they sat, the sons became four sultans], 543-544 (in Lessa 196:155) [approximately as on p.539-542, but Meraksamana instead of Dutchman].

Taiwan - Philippines. Apayao [Ennoy notices that someone steals sugar cane from his field; guards a thief, sees five girls descend from the sky; after cutting cane, they go swimming, E. hides the youngest's wings , marries her; they have a son and daughter; the wife finds wings, flies up a tree; tells her husband to take the children and follow her; gives a knife to cut mountains; they come to the wife's father, who tells 1) to find out with which knife among many, he worked (the fly shows), 2) recognize his father-in-law's favorite spear (the same), 3) walk on pointed bamboo poles (the spider weaves the rope on which E. passes); father-in-law agrees to marry]: Wilson 1947b: 112-114; kalinga-apayao [the youngest of the seven celestial sisters of Sinarugkawan; at noon they were going down to the ground to swim in the river; noticed a sugar cane field owned by Dungkuwan, went to eat reeds there; blind mother D. told her son that the field was burning (so dazzling was the beauty of the girls); next time D. waited for the sisters to swim, took away S.'s wings; took her as his wife, wings hid it in bamboo; S. gave birth to a son; one day bamboo fell to the floor, she found her wings in it, flew away; D. and her son began to ask different birds to take them to heaven, but only the fastest, Chaetura gigantea dubea, sem. Apodidae, carried it; husband, wife and son live happily in heaven]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 26:241-243; callahan [orphan Pedro comes to the old woman's house; she teaches you to hide the wings of a beauty with a star on breasts when she arrives to swim; if she tells you to turn her head, you can't turn it, otherwise you will turn into stone; P. hid his wings, but turned his head, became a stone; the old woman crushed her gold beads rubbed P. with gold dust, he came to life; the next time he successfully took Doña Maria's wings, married her; they have a daughter; DM found her wings under a pile of rice, flew away; P. came to the king, the father of DM; he gives difficult assignments, but P. has a magic ring; 1) build a house within an hour; 2) collect grain scattered in dust (birds and chickens have collected); 3) wash and dry the king's clothes within an hour (monkeys dried); 4) clean and tidy the house; father allows DM to return to P. and her daughter]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 27:245-251; casiguran agta [the old man advises Juan to hide the clothes last of heavenly maidens who will fly to the spring to bathe; H. hides the youngest's clothes, the rest have flown away; the youngest becomes H.'s wife, gives birth to a son; the wife asks to show her clothes; contrary to warning old man, H. shows, she puts it on, flies away; the old man sends X. to look for a wife, does not tell him to look at the centipede on the way, H. looks, comes back; the old man gives a handkerchief; holding it in front of him, H. passes centipede, fire, mountains; comes to his wife's father; he demands 1) to identify his wife's clothes (the fly says he will sit on clothes); 2) identify his wife's hand (the same); 3) cut down the banyan (Ficus benjamina); ants gnaw roots and branches; H. gets a wife]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 19:211-215; Tingyan (bilongan itneg) [The stars came down to eat sugar cane on the man's field; one hung her clothes on the fence; the owner woke up, found these clothes, the rest of the Stars flew away, the most beautiful remained; she gave birth to her husband a daughter; she found her mother's clothes in ash; the mother put them on, invited her husband to divide her daughter in half; husband got part above the waist, the wife got the bottom; the star revived her part in the sky, so the stars look like legs; the top began to rot, the husband buried his head, and a coconut palm grew out of it; therefore, the coconut shows eyes and mouths and there are rotten coconuts]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 25:237-239; nabaloi [women ask who broke off the tops of the tarot; Pig, Dog, Monkey answer they're not; men hide, see like with Female stars come down to swim in the sky, hide their clothes, marry them; men are old, but the Stars are not; they have taken their clothes, returned to heaven; marriages to stars are nabaloi]: Moss 1924, No. 26:259-261 (translated to Rybkin 1975, No. 16:48-49; retelling in Lessa 196:156); igorot [someone is ravaging a rice field; the owner sees three female stars descending; they take off their wings, he hides the wings of one of them; the wife gives birth to a son; finds wings, flies away taking her son; the god Lumawig lowers his rope; says that his wife is the one who will be bitten by a bee; she has the wings of one of them; the wife gives birth to a winged - The morning husband finds his wife and son; L. makes a rainbow bridge so they can go down to the ground]: Eugenio 1994, No. 142:256-257; kankanai [The star steals sugar cane, the owner grabs it; she finds the clothes he hides, flies away; one of their children dies, the other mother goes down to the other at night; argues with her husband about who will get it; divides him in half, takes one to heaven; the father cannot revive his , the mother does it herself, tells him to respond to the call of the other half, but his body has already been decayed, so his voice is weak; these two halves are big and small thunders]: Moss 1920:382 in Lessa 196:153 -154; northern kankanai [Lopi went to the pond from which his buffalo drank in the morning to see if there were any wild ducks there; 7 girls were swimming there, he hid his youngest's feather clothes; her sisters flew away; L. brought her into his house as his wife, they have two boys; playing, they found their mother's clothes in the corner; she flew away, telling her sons to tell their father that they should look for her "where the moon sets and the sun rises"; L. came to to the chief of the birds, he sent buffaloes and lions to the chief; he to Dalag, the leader of the fish; only one fish knew the way, D. told her to take L. on his back; the king father of the heavenly virgins demands that L. identify his wife among her sisters; L. remembered that his wife had needle injections on her fingers when she was sewing; the king let L. and his wife go home]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 20:217-219; ifugao (Amganad band) [Tillay went to look for water, saw four star girls swimming in a stream; hid the wing-skirt of one of them; brought them to his place, their son; T. hid the skirt under rice, his wife took rice and found it; divided her son in half, took a part with legs, flew to heaven; one part became a red bird (Blueheaded fantasy, Rhipidura cyaniceps, sem. Muscicapidae) and cockroaches, the other with a cuckoo (Centropus melanops, sem. Cuculidae) and bed bugs]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 21:221-223; ifugao (Banaue band) [a rich man hid the skirt of one of the Stars who came to swim; she could not fly away; he brought her home, she settled in the barn because she can't stand the smell of onions, snails and ginger; gave birth to a daughter; when she went to get rice, she found her clothes in the same barn; after separating the child, she took the lower half to heaven, finished it to the whole; three days later she smelled decay; when she returned, she reproached her husband why he did not warn her that he could not make half the child full; she made it out of parts the upper half is a red bird that will guide her husband along the way; a cockroach that will stay eating insects in the house; a mosquito for her husband to send mosquitoes to enemies; ants that will help Warn a red bird about threats; if a person sees a column of ants instead of a red bird, this is a bad omen]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 2:260-261; ifugao (Batad band) [Tilay always brought a wild boar from hunting; one day his dog began to bark incessantly; at dusk he saw big ducks come down to the pond, took off their clothes from their feathers, turned into girls; T. hid the clothes herself beautiful; the others flew away, he brought this one to him, covering her nudity with a piece of his own loincloth; they have a daughter and two sons; playing, they found their mother's clothes; she put them on, cut one son in half, took the lower half and one child, left the other and the upper half, flew to heaven; the remaining half began to decay; T. said he was human and could not revive her; the wife said that she is a star, came down and revived; these children T. have many descendants]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 22:225-229; ibaloi [stars went down to swim, broke off the tops of the tarot planted on the field; pig, the dog answered the women that they were not to blame, advised that the women's husbands should cover the field; at midnight they saw stars come down from the sky, take off their clothes, start swimming; the men hid it, took it stars as wives; former wives either committed suicide out of jealousy or left; men grew old and weak, and women stayed strong and young; they took their clothes locked in the room, came back to heaven; their children became our ancestors]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 24:235; bontok [the widower is a good hunter; once he did not meet game, saw two women bathing on the pond; hid that one day's wings and skirt , which is more beautiful; took her home, returning her skirt but not her wings; hid her wings in the garden in sugar cane; his wife gave birth to five children; found the wings full of holes and half-rotten, fixed it, made the wings for the children; the youngest took off and fell, his mother told him to stay with his father, four flew away with her; the rest every night showed which stars his mother and siblings were; the inhabitants of the village of Can-eo descended from him; because he was descended from him; their ancestor is the Star, they have keen eyesight and shining eyes]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 23:231-233; Sindangan [seven sisters swim in the lake, a young man hides one's clothes in a flute, the rest fly away; they have two kids; wife sees them playing with her dress, she flies away missing her parents; husband goes after her and brings her back]: Frake MS in Lessa 196:149; ilianen manobo: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 1 [ Beletamey hunted wild chickens, heard a noise in the sky by the pond, seven heavenly maidens took off their feathers, began to swim, B. hid the youngest's clothes; the eldest tried to take her sister with them in vain; B. brought the maiden home, married her; she gives birth to a girl; she cries, and when B. climbs under the roof behind the box in which he hid the clothes of the heavenly maiden, she falls silent; he opens the box, the maiden takes her clothes flies away; tells me to take care of the baby, leaves a bottle of his milk, goes down to feed his daughter twice, then flies away altogether], 2 [Itung makes anklets, goes looking for suitable vines, lost the road, came to the woman's house (this is his father's sister), she says that at noon 7 heavenly maidens go down to the pond to swim; their pet monkeys guard their clothes, the woman advises taking bananas to distract monkeys; I. hides her youngest's clothes, others fly away, he marries the youngest, she warns that she will fly away if she finds her clothes; she gave birth to a girl; she asks for a package hidden under the roof; I. is forced get it and open it; the wife grabs her clothes, flies away; I. leaves her daughter to her parents, goes to look for his wife; meets an old man, this is the leader of the birds; birds do not know the way to the country "where the moon rises and sets the sun"; the fish don't know either, but then the eel says to go west through 7 ridges and 7 valleys; the local chief promises to give I. his wife if he identifies her among the 7 identical ones; I. recognizes her by the spot from pricking a needle on his little finger; takes his wife, returns home], 3 [Yugung (the younger brother of the epic hero Agyu) saw seven heavenly maidens bathing, hid his youngest's feather clothes, returned him for promising to become his wife; she gave birth to a son, then a daughter; he hid her feather clothes in a basket under the roof; the wife accidentally found her, took the children and flew away; Yu found an empty basket], 4 [Terengati went to catch wild chickens; in noon saw seven heavenly maidens come to the pond to swim; hides clothes alone, six fly away; the rest says that her father will pay the ransom with cattle and slaves, but T. replies that he did not take the clothes; they got married, she gave birth to a daughter; the girl looked up, saw a banana stalk flute under the roof; the mother pulls it out, finds her clothes inside the flute; after feeding the child, she flies away; taking her daughter, T. goes look for a wife; the old man guides him over ten mountains; the chief, the father of the heavenly maidens, tells T. to identify his wife among her sisters; T. brings his daughter, who rushes to the woman in the middle, this is her mother; T. adds that she had needle marks on her fingers because she was sewing all the time]: 21-29, 31-51, 53-57, 59-81; Juan Mengengati ("Birdcatcher") went after the birds, saw four heavenly the maidens went down to the pond to swim, hid one of them's clothes, she went with him; one day she found the key to the chest in which he hid her feather clothes; put them on, flew away like a kite, leaving her daughter; HM went looking for a wife; northern, southern, some other wind, some bird, crow replied that they would not be able to rise to the sky; he found a philodendron growing to the sky, rose it to the moon; she said that on the way there was a rock to her father, which closes and then opens; he slipped through; his wife and her older sisters were in the golden palace; her mother told her to go to her husband, advised her to take a skinny horse; XM with his wife escaped the chase; on the seashore, the horse turned into a coconut tree, then into a rock, into grass; returned home safely]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 5:85-93; dibabawon manobo [the hunter went to the lake behind the ducks; seven heavenly sisters flew in and began to swim; he hid one of them's clothes; she has to go with him to become his wife; three years later they have a son and daughter; playing, they find clothes mother; she tells them to be handed over to his father to look for her "east of the sun, west of the moon"; the hunter went looking down the river to the sea, where he asked the owner of the birds, he sent fish to the owner; one of Pisces replies that their owner is the father of the hunter's wife; the husband identified his wife by injecting a needle on his fingers; they remarried, stayed "east of the sun, west of the moon", took their children from the ground]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 6:95-99; ata manobo [the bachelor watched the lake of heavenly maidens; each had a pet monkey guarding the hostess's clothes while she was swimming; the young man threw bananas at the river, the monkeys behind him, he stole one sarong; gave his shirt in return, brought his wife into the house; she said she could not dance without her sarong; when she received it, she flew away; the lizard said that the wife was in heaven told her to hold on to her tail, lifted her to the top of a dry tree; jumped, and the man sat in the tree for a long time, then fell and crashed]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 7:101-105; Agusan Manobo [7 lived in the sky sisters, went down to swim in the form of ducks; Juan was the last to hide his clothes; gave her his shirt, brought her into the house by his wife; her name was Maria; H.'s mother was rude to her; M. found a flute under the roof, her clothes were in it; After saying goodbye to her husband, she flew away; The boa tells X. to bring 70 eggs, sit on his back; carried H. across the sky, he must feed him eggs all the time; Hugh jumped into the sky, the Boa fell and crashed; people answer H. the chief's youngest daughter returned, gave birth, they were going to determine who the child's father was; the mother asks the boy to give the betel to who his father is; the boy sat on H.'s lap, gave him the betel; the chief says that will believe if at night H. finds where M. and her child are hidden; the firefly showed H. to bed M. (it's in the middle); the chief held a feast]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 8:107-115; mamanwa [seven heavenly sisters went down to earth to swim, take off their clothes; the youngest was Ilya Manlangitnen ("living on sky"); Tawtamisaá hid the youngest's feather clothes, married the maiden; one day their little son saw a flute under the ceiling, began to cry and ask her; his mother took it out, found her clothes in her, flew away together with his son; Boa constrictor brought T. to heaven; the virgin's father demands 1) pull a piece of iron out of the ground, 2) bring water in a basket of holes; the eel has completed these tasks; 3) find his wife in the dark room where she sleeps together with his sisters; the firefly said he would sit on his wife; the father of the heavenly maidens arranged a feast, and also brought Mother T. to heaven]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 10:133-137; central subanens: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 11 [a man lived on an island of slaves; saw heavenly maidens come to the river to swim, stole his youngest's clothes, brought them into the house, hid it under the roof; the girl had to become his wife; them The daughter climbed under the roof, her mother pulled her back, her feather clothes fell out; she put it on, flew away with her daughter; the husband went to look for them; the eagle offered to carry him off the cliff, but was tired, left bamboo on the run; The rhino bird brought him to heaven to the spring, where his wife, they remarried; the king, the girl's father, demands 1) bring water in the basket (the eel curled up in rings, closed the holes in the basket), 2) find in in the dark room, the brass betel vessel that belongs to his wife; the firefly showed; the man brought the vessel to his father-in-law, who was happy, allowed the couple to live together], 12 [the man saw seven bathers heavenly maidens; hid the clothes of one of them; six flew away in the form of crows (crows are not directly mentioned, but the audience knows that crows are); the seventh stayed; when leaving, the husband does not tell you to look inside the flute; she She looks in, finds her clothes there, but is pregnant and cannot fly; gave birth to a daughter, then flew with her; flew only to the waterfall; the eagle brought her husband there; the virgin's parents are happy that she has child], 13 [seven crows come to swim every day; fisherman Don Juan sees them turning into girls; one went swimming when the others had already flown away, DH grabbed her clothes, gave her shirt, took her in wives; a few days later, many crows flew, threatened to kill DH if he did not return the stolen clothes; DH replied that he would kill the crows, made a fire, threw burning scraps of the vine, got into the crow, who became the mother of the kidnapped woman; asked for her daughter's clothes in return; they agreed that the crows would allow the wedding, help organize it, and DH would give her wife's clothes to her mother-in-law; they did so ], 14 [poor widow Manumpit's son saw crows coming to swim, one of them white; they turned into girls, he stole the clothes of the white, younger; the sisters and their father think she drowned; the crow maiden married M., gave birth to a daughter; became a cloth, prepared clothes for her daughter; accidentally found her own, hidden inside the flute; flew away with her daughter]: 139-145, 147-149, 151-155, 157-169; Western subanon {many Muslim borrowings} [the Sultan has a son LagyAbunsu; he heard a noise at dawn, found footprints in the sand; on the seventh morning, he waited for women who went down to swim in the river (listeners understand that they went down the rainbow); the youngest Putli ("princess") was the last, LB hid her fan (the narrator knows that there is a version in which women take off their feather clothes; the fan is Islamized option); the elders flew away, the LB brought P. to his father, married her; a boy was born; LB hid the fan in the flute under the roof; when cooking rice, you can not pour out excess water, it must be preserved, given to children, etc.; P. But she poured out the water, then saw the flute, found her fan; put milk on the child, told the LB parents that she was returning to her home, because her husband was always absent, flew away; three days later, LB returned; taking her son, went to look for his wife; at the foot of a dry tree, the Lizard told him to tie himself to her back, taking pieces of fern; on the seventh night she lifted him to the top of the tree, eating one piece each time; left her forehead on top; there are eagles in the nest; the sky turned dark, the Ogre Eagle flew in; ordered the LB to tie himself and his son to his claws, 7 days later brought him to the river; there two maids came for water, the forehead quietly threw the ring into their vessel; the LB went up the river, there is old Kobayan (Manobo has a female deity in the 7-tier sky); she says that LB's wife is now marrying someone she has been promised since childhood; you can hear the sounds of gongs; P. found a LB ring in the vessel, said that she was LB's wife; he appeared in a gold dress given by old K.; after the heavenly wedding, P., LB and their son returned to earth, and to their first fiancé P. K. gave another sultan's daughter]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 15:171-189; Taosug: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 16 [parents tell Prince Jalilul Akbar to take his wife from heaven; he hides in the woods, sees 7 heavenly the maidens went down to swim; hid the wings of the younger Putli Intan ("diamond princess") in the wind tube; became a fish, swam to PI, she was tired of the fish, she got out of the water, began to dress, did not find wings, sisters flew away; Ja brought PI home, the sultan arranged a wedding, they had a boy; while the father was playing ball, the son cries, wanted his father's brass pipe to play, PI found wings in it, fed the child and flew away; in a dream she came to her husband, told her to take care of her son], 3 [seven houri maidens came down from the sky to swim; the wings of the youngest named Julpa disappeared; the elders flew away for new ones; Prince Julamri brought Julpa to him, hid wings under the stove; married Julpa, although she had a lover in the sky; Julpa gave birth to a son Jarries; when the boy is one year old, he still cries, points towards the kitchen; mother found her wings, boy was happy, the mother fixed them; left her son a ring, flew away; the father returned, took the son, went to look for his wife; the maid collects water in the river to bathe Julpa; Julamri asks for a drink, throws a ring into the jug; he and the son follows the maid to the Julpa wedding party; when the imam started pouring water on her, the ring fell out, she recognized him; Julampri defeated the new fiancé in a fight on Chris, got his wife back]: 191-197, 262-267; Maguindanao [Sulayman, son of King Sulayman, saw seven women bathing in a pond in the forest; the youngest of the Putri Anak sisters ("child princess") was the last to swim; the sisters went to mosque, S. hid PA clothes; she became his wife, gave birth to a son; the boy cries, wants a piece of bamboo hanging under the roof; the PA found her clothes in bamboo, put it on, returned to heaven; her son became a prince]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 17:199-203; Visayas [Magbolotó hides the wings of the youngest of three goddesses who came to swim in the stream; her name is Macaya; marries her without saying he hid her wings; After giving birth to a son, she was cooking rice, noticed a parcel under the roof, put on her wings, flew away; her husband went to look for her, the North Wind shows the way to the East, that to the South, that to the West, that to the Eagle, he brings to his wife's grandmother; she demands to spread out and collect grain (ants collect), peel rice (rats clean), cut down the entire forest on the mountain (wild boars uproot); M. and his wife return home]: Maxfield, Milington 1907:95-98; Romblomanon [Magbayutu sailed in a boat, saw three winged women go down to swim, fell in love with younger Maria; next time he hid her wings; brought her into the house by his wife, They have a son; while he was fishing, the wife was feeding the child, looked up, saw her wings under the roof; left the baby milk, put on her wings, flew away; the old woman blinked, and the husband and son were immediately in heaven; Mary's king father tells 1) to dry the millet by sprinkling it in the sand, collect it again (the ants helped); 2) bring water in the basket (the eel curled up inside, closed the holes); the king allowed Magbayut to marry Mary]: Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 18:205-209

China - Korea. Namuzi [three brothers cultivate the land, the ground is untouched again in the morning; they find an old man turning back layers of land with a hoe; two older ones want to kill him, the youngest wants to listen to him ; the old man says that there will be a flood, there is no point in working; tells the older brother to make a boat out of metal, the middle one made of wood, the youngest takes his younger sister into his boat, the boats of the older brothers drowned; the water came down, the rest of the people drowned; brother and sister see two columns of smoke; sister takes a flute, goes one way, brother takes a knife, goes to the other; enters the house, there are human bones; children cannibals are explained that the parents have gone to catch the corpses of brother and sister, the rest of the corpses have already been taken out; the brother runs away; comes to where the sister married; she tells me to eat little, the brother does not listen; he is killed; but only he knew how to light a fire, carry water, grind grain, herd goats (crows, frogs, dragons, peacocks know, but not everyone can); so his brother has to be revived; his father's seven daughters fly in to swim Sky, wings are removed, the young man hides the youngest's wings; says that they were gnawed by mice; the maiden promises to marry the one who will return her wings; she found her wings, returned to heaven; he climbed after her; father-in-law and the mother-in-law began to scald his hair, because people's bodies used to be covered with wool; the wife intervened, the hair remained only on the head; the father-in-law demands 1) to dig up nine fields (the wife orders to leave each field on the hoe, they work themselves); 2) burn the felled vegetation (leave nine torches); 3) dig up again with a hoe (the same); 4) sow buckwheat (leave the seed vessels at the edge of the fields); 5) again collect the seeds (leave the bags by the field); but three seeds are not enough; they were taken away by a turtle, his wife tells her to shoot her in the morning, he takes the seeds out of the goiter, brings them to his father-in-law; 6) recognize the mother-in-law as an animal bring (the wife tells you to grab the first sheep); 7) get to know the father-in-law (this will be yak); the young man gets a wife, cattle, they are sent to the ground; the mother-in-law tells not to sing, the young man sang, the cattle ran away, the wife managed to cover part with their skirt, these animals became domestic, the rest became wild; the couple can't do anything, poor, sent Crow with nine bowls of tears to heaven to his wife's parents; The raven felt on the way thirsty, drank tears, told father-in-law and mother-in-law that their daughter and son-in-law were rich and prosperous, that they were drowning the hearth with pork, wiping themselves with grain; father-in-law was angry, sent tigers and boars to the ground, they ruined a few the fields that the young had; the Bat offered to bring 9 tears to heavenly parents; but the heavenly father-in-law and mother-in-law did not answer what to do to live normally on earth; the Bat said that he will sleep outside, and hid himself behind the bed; I heard my mother-in-law say: don't they know that three stones should be placed on the hearth, then children will be born; put the roof of the house on poles; lead irrigation ditches to the fields; when mother-in-law finished, the father-in-law noticed the Bat, threw a pestle at him, and since then her nose has been flattened; the Bat brought these three news to earth, people began to live normal]: Lakhi 2009 (1) :67-152; Chinese: Eberhard 1968 (Hubei) [a man married a lady bird; they have two daughters; one day, all three women put on feather clothes and flew away; this one of several cases where the Swan maiden motif was combined with the motif of an evil bird]: 167; Gan Bao 2004, No. XIV.354 (Jiangxi, early 4th century AD) [In Xinyu County, Yuzhang County, a guy saw 6 or 7 maidens wearing feather dresses, hid one of them's clothes; married her, they had three daughters; the wife sent one of the daughters, who found out what the clothes were hidden under a ricks of rice straw; mother put it on, flew away; came back for her daughters, they flew away with her]: 185-186; Riftin 1972 [Nyu-lan's younger single brother works hard, the eldest is married eats heartily; the ox offers N. to break the plow, the plough, the handle of the plough, return home early, eat the cooked; the elder offers to share, the ox tells N. to take only him, the ox, to go south; says that in On the seventh day of the seventh moon, the Southern Gate of Heaven will open, Wang-mu's granddaughters will fly to wash clothes; the seventh from the west side will open Ji-nyu; N. hides her clothes, C. becomes his wife, her sisters they fly away with doves; when the daughter is 6 years old and the son is 3 H. offers N. to return her clothes; N. returns, C. flies away; the ox tells him to slaughter, burn his bones, put on his skin, and take his son and daughter with him in baskets; tell the guards of the heavenly gate (gold, silver lions, devil), I am the husband of your seventh aunt, and these are her children; in the house you need to identify your wife among the seven girls; you have to let your son go, he will rush suck the mother's breast; father-in-law suggests 1) hide; C. says that her father will first become a bug, then an apple in the chest; when it's N.'s turn to hide, C. turns him into a needle, father-in-law does not find it; 2) run race; you have to throw red seeds and chopsticks behind, father-in-law picks them up; at the end throw the hairpin in front of you; N. throws behind, a heavenly river appears; wife, children, mother-in-law remain on the other shore; on the seventh day of the seventh moon, all birds rise into the sky, mother-in-law pulls a feather from each, builds a bridge from feathers - the Milky Way; N. (Volopas) and C. (Weaver); on the sixteenth day, C. returns, during which time he washes all the dishes (each item numbered 360), washes, darns the sky, an-mu's granddaughters will arrive to wash clothes; gray from the west]: 294-303; Waley 1959:1-5 [Tun-huang Pien-wen Chi 1957:882-885; 9th century AD manuscript from the Dunghuang Cave Complex (Gansu, near the Xinjiang border), opened in 1899-1900; poor T'ien K'un-lun saw three crane girls swimming in the pond; two flew away, the third hesitated in the pond, he took her clothes; she agreed to go out when he let her shirt cover her nudity; she gave birth to his son T'ien Chang; K. was sent to the west, the wife persuaded her mother-in-law to show her her clothes, flew away; when her son is five years old, the mother and her sisters go down to the pond again, take the boy to heaven; after 15 years, God sends he was summoned to earth with an eight-volume book; he was called by the emperor, but sent him west for adultery; returns him when T. finds explanations for unusual things; 1) a living dwarf appeared in the mouth of the killed crane- warrior (this is someone Li Tzu-ao, swallowed by a crane); 2) found a giant's tooth (this is someone Ku Yen, his tooth was knocked out in a battle with Lu's people); 4) the loudest sound is thunder, the quietest when one of the three whispers Others do not hear those walking nearby; 6) the biggest bird is Rukh, the smallest chao-liao, its seven chicks fit on a fly's mustache; the emperor makes T. Chief of Staff (High Chamberlain)], 5 [prov. Jiangxi, Hüang-chung (ca. 300 AD?) ; a man from Yü-chang (the capital of Jiangxi) saw seven bird girls in the field; tried to steal their feather clothes, six flew away, he made the seventh his wife; she gave birth to him three daughters; from them found out that her clothes were under a pile of rice straw; she put them on, flew away, came back with clothes for her daughters, who flew away with her]; Waley in Hatto 196:328-329 (8th century AD) [Poor T'ien K'un-lun sees three girls bathing on his pond; when he sees him, two turned into cranes and flew away; the youngest third promised to marry him if he returned her clothes; they have a son; daughter-in-law persuaded her mother-in-law to show her her husband's hidden clothes, flew away; all three sisters went down to pick her son up; after visiting heaven, he returned to earth], 331 (3rd century AD) [a person sees seven naked girls in his field; tries to get hold of their clothes; six can fly away, one does not have time; marries a man, gives birth to three daughters; learns from them what her clothes are hidden under rice stalks, flies away; comes back, bringing clothes for her daughters, they all fly away together; text explains why nightjars kidnap children]; chuan miao [an orphan steals the feather of one in seven Duck women who have come to swim; first colorful, it turns out to be an old woman, then a white woman, a girl; she gives birth to an orphan two sons; when they are 7 years old, they tell their mother that the father has a feather; mother takes him, flies away; brothers find his mother; her father promises to let them go and her if they 1) collect peaches for him; put them back on branches (mother puts them); 2) cultivate the plot, sow, then harvest them the sown grain (the mother causes the wind, the grain is collected in a heap; one seed was pecked by a bird, the mother caught it, took a seed out of her stomach); 3) find the hidden one (the mother tells me to tickle the white horse, this is there is a grandfather; the same with turning into a pig); the brothers themselves are turned into sticks inside bamboo by their mother, the grandfather cannot find them); 4) sends them to the site, sets it on fire, the mother turns them into fish, they hide in clay; the grandfather lets them go with their mother; says that if black bubbles are seen in the river, they should be scooped up (dip up), if white bubbles are not; the mother says that black is demons, white bubbles are gold; the elder is not listened to his mother, scooped up black, the demon took his mother home; the grandfather promises to free his mother if the eldest grandson marries Tiger's daughter, the youngest marries the Monkey; the eldest calls the Tiger's daughter, is afraid, climbs a tree, Tiger's daughter did not find him; the youngest brought his wife; she went to get water, met the elder, he killed her; the youngest has to be accused of killing the Monkey Grasshoppers; the Monkeys go to kill them, the Grasshoppers sit down for them on their heads, the Monkeys killed each other with clubs; the latter ate grasshoppers when they could not take off in the morning, ate, died]: Graham 1954:278-280; meo [father died; mother went to heaven, incarnated as a buffalo; descends into the herd herded by her Orphan Son; teaches: three birds will come to swim in the lake, turn into beauties: the wife, daughter-in-law and daughter of the Sky Star; you must hide the multicolored daughter's wings; he hides red wives, then golden daughters-in-law; wife, then daughter-in-law turns into a rooster, buffalo, rock, Orphan returns her wings; daughter turns into different animals, Orphan does not gives her wings, takes her as his wife; the mother returns to heaven, leaving the drum to summon her; the couple has two sons; the father allows them to play with their mother's wings; when she learns about this, the wife asks the children, who give her wings , flies away with the children; the husband hits the drum, the mother takes him to heaven; he sees the son, beats him, he cries, the wife comes, teaches him how to behave with his father-in-law; he offers poisoned tea, Orphan unnoticed pours out; the same with wine; tells them to bring a drum from monkeys; wife's brother: give the monkeys a bag of nuts, play their flute (their flute is poisoned); the orphan brings a drum; again does not drink or eat poisons; The Sky Star thinks that the poison is exhausted, drinks it itself, breaks into small pieces, they are still falling (shooting stars)]: Nikulin 1976:233-236; fox (Yunnan-Burma border) [older brother Abep and younger Alep live together; gayal (=mitan, half-wild buffalo) tells the youngest that the eldest and his wife will demand a division of property - let Alepa take only him, gayala, and drive it away; 7 fairies they go down to swim in the lake, Gayal tells them to hide the clothes they like; Alepa chose the youngest, married her; Gayal explains how to call him, tells him not to give clothes to his wife until the birth of his third child, disappears; Alepa agrees to return his clothes earlier; his wife flies away with both children; Alepa summoned Gayal, flew to heaven, who orders his son and daughter to be hit with the back of his hand; the children say that you can't offend orphans; Alepa's wife: this is your father; fairy parents 1) tell your son-in-law to sleep at their feet; wife tells them to put pumpkins instead; at night, father-in-law and mother-in-law push them into a hole from which the wind blows; 2) they offer to hide; the wife teaches to put her fingers in two burrows of a dung beetle and call father-in-law and mother-in-law; they hid there; the wife hid her husband in her hair, turning it into a pin; next time father-in-law and mother-in-law hid in two vines; wife teaches them how to cut, blood has flowed; since then, red juice has flowed in this vine; father-in-law and mother-in-law have become two adjacent stars high above the horizon]: Dessaint, Ngwâma 1994:440-445 ; Koreans: Choi 1979, No. 205 [(=Ząng 1952, No. 11:21-25); the lumberjack saved the deer from the hunter; he indicated the place where the heavenly maidens bathe; the lumberjack hid the clothes alone, got married; the rest of the fairies returned to heaven on the rainbow; the deer warned the logger not to give clothes to his wife until she gave birth to four children; the husband gave it after the birth of the third; the wife and the children flew away; the husband on a pumpkin gorlyanka for her sky; after living with his wife, he wanted to visit his mother; the wife gave a dragon horse, told him not to get off him; the husband spilled porridge on his back, he was frightened, flew away; the husband died of grief, turned into a rooster; var.: not return before the birth of a third child; in heaven, his wife's parents give difficult tasks; he did not complete the last one - to descend on a dragon horse]: 62-63; Cho 2001, No. 81 [=Pack 1991:42-46; the lumberjack saved the deer from hunter; he indicated the place where heavenly maidens descend from the sky on the rainbow and bathe; the lumberjack hid his clothes alone, got married; the deer warned not to give up clothes until his wife had four children; the husband gave after the birth of the third; the wife and the children flew away; the deer says that now the fairies do not go down to the pond, but collect water with a bucket on a rope; advises you to sit in a bucket, he will be taken to heaven; after living with his wife, wanted to visit his mother; the wife gave a winged horse, told him not to get off him; the husband spilled the soup served by his mother on his back, the horse rushed, threw off the rider, flew away; the husband died of grief, turned into a rooster, until still screaming, calling his wife and children]: 127-130; Koreans [young Park is an orphan, cut and sold marsh grass for fuel; once a deer asked him to hide it from hunters; for this he said that he went to the lake once a year, 8 heavenly maidens go down to swim; you have to hide the skirt you like best and not give it back until he has three children; Park hid the youngest's skirt; his wife created a tiled fanza, a barn, bull; Park gave his skirt when there were only two children; everything was gone; the deer gave three pumpkin seeds: if planted, they would grow to the sky, but you can't look back; Park looked, fell; the deer gave again - last; in heaven, the children recognized Park; the wife said that for her father she had to ask for her skirt, but she wanted to live on earth; the old father of the virgins tells him to be found, becomes a rooster, a hog (wife suggests); the elder son-in-law fired an arrow: let Park not allow her to fall either to the ground or to the sky; the wife turned to the gyrfalcon, picked up an arrow; the son-in-law at the eagle, set off for the gyrfalcon; he dropped the arrow, she fell on the son of the leader of the nobility; her son-in-law demands that an arrow be delivered to him; Park's wife: ask for a horse and take a poor foal; he immediately brought Park to the house of the leader of the nobility; they cry for to his deceased son; the arrow is so thin that people can't see it in the young man's body; Park pulled the arrow unnoticed, the young man came to life; Park got a wife, but he was persuaded to stay with her in heaven at the service of Conshante; they went to him on a dragon, his wife poured rain from a marble bottle; Park asked him to pour more, snatched out the bottle, began to pour himself, dropped it; he fell into the mouth of a volcano, which went out, and formed in the crater Great Dragon Lake, from which three rivers have flowed since then: Amnoka, Tumangang and Sungari; the great Okonshante was not angry with his wife Park, but he suspended her from business and did not give any service to her husband; they stayed in the sky]: Garin-Mikhailovsky 1958:.

The Balkans. Croats [the soldier spent the night in a mill where everyone was afraid to go; from above he saw a she-wolf come in, took off her skin, became a girl; the soldier stole the skin and nailed it to the mill wheel; married to a girl; they have two sons; the eldest began to ask his mother if she was a she-wolf; mother: what nonsense; and the father confessed and said where the skin was; mother's boy: you are still a she-wolf, but the skin is in the mill; the woman found the skin is gone forever]: Wratislaw 1890, No. 55:290-291; Albanians: Serkova 1989 [the son of a peasant agrees to sit on a magic bird, climb Crystal Mountain; throws off from there jewels, but the people below refuse to let him go back; the young man finds a goat pen, cleans it; the three-eyed goat who returns tells one goat, then the other goat to guard, one goes to graze, the other falls asleep, the young man cleans the pen imperceptibly both times; the third time the goat himself remains, takes him to his blind master; he lets the young man herd, does not tell the goats to the edge of the cliff; there peri dances, the young man plays the pipe, peri is the first to get tired, the young man ties her up, makes the owner's eyes return; after seeing the light, the owner gives the young man the keys, tells him not to unlock the twelfth room; three Beauties come to swim in it land, the young man hides his youngest's belt, brings his wife home on a heroic horse, gives the key to the belt to his mother; three years later she goes with her daughter-in-law to the wedding, gives her a belt, her daughter-in-law flies away through the smoke hole; the young man flies back to the mountain, the old man sends him to his older brother, who sends him to the eldest, who sends him to the spring, where the maids of the Beauty of the Earth collect water, the young man throws him into the jug the ring, the wife and her sisters come to him, turn an apple so that their cannibal brothers do not eat it; they smell it, agree to give it to their sister if the son-in-law 1) brings an armful of firewood, 2) a barrel of water more than them (the young man pretends to tie the forest with a rope, digs up the entire spring); 3) catch a hare, get a nut; the young man falls on a hare from a tree, gets a wife]: 55-57; Lambertz 1952 [three brothers married, the youngest herds sheep, fell in love with a mermaid (Geržeta) coming out of a mountain lake; he lured her with beautiful clothes and jewelry, grabbed her, brought her home; after the birth of his son, her husband began to trust her, said where she hid her clothes; she took them and returned to the lake]: 120-124; Bulgarians: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 400 [young man (prince, shepherd) sees self-divers swimming in the lake; hides the wings or clothes of one of them are brought into the house by his wife; accidentally finding wings or convincing her husband to give them to her (play at the party), she flies away by himself; the husband (wearing iron shoes) goes after her; on the way receives advice from elders (kings of animals, fish, birds); the husband finds out (through the king of birds) from the old eagle (magpies) where to fly, the eagle brings him to the self-divine village, the husband returns his wife], *550** [nine pav they steal apples at night in the royal garden; only the youngest of the three princes does not fall asleep on guard, falls in love with the younger pava, who becomes a girl; when she flies away with others, she leaves him a golden apple (feather ), tells us where to look for it; the prince comes to the lake (pond, spring), where pavas come to swim; when the pavas have arrived, his companion puts him to sleep; with the help of an elder (grateful animals), he brings pav to the palace, marries the youngest; in the absence of his wife, he unlocks the door to the forbidden (9th, 12th, 40th) room, involuntarily releasing the snake (lamia, challah) imprisoned there; he takes the prince's wife; grateful animals (fox, eagle fish or raven) promise to help; the prince takes his wife twice, but the kidnapper catches up with him on his horse each time; he learns that the only way to escape from the chase is riding his brother kidnapper's horse; grateful animals help the prince herd the old woman's horses for three nights in a row; the prince receives a horse from her, on which he escapes the chase, the kidnapper dies]: 137-138, 204; Marinov 2003 [ the shepherd hid the clothes of one of the three dump trucks who bathed; married, brought home, her name was Radka; during a feast on the occasion of her son's baptism, the guests ask R. to play a "samovilskat"; R. says that to do this, she must put on her own clothes; her husband believes that she will not leave the child, gives her clothes, R. plays and flies away]: 298; Macedonians [the young shepherd saw three fairies bathing, hid their clothes, He returned two, the third agreed to become his wife; the fairies warned not to give clothes to his wife - he would fly away; a year later, at the festival, the women asked the shepherd's wife to dance in magical clothes; the husband reluctantly gave clothes, the wife danced, flew away through the chimney; said that it was necessary to look for her in Kushkundalevo; in search of a wife, a shepherd comes to an old man, who sends him to another, the owner of animals; animals do not know such a village; the owner of the animals sends birds to the owner; no one knows there either, but then a beaten magpie arrives; explains that she stayed because she lives furthest, in K., where an evil fairy hit her in the leg; an old man tells the eagle to take the shepherd to K.; the shepherd enters the fairy house; they tie his sleeping sister to a flying saddle, put a shepherd with her, tell her to fly across three mountains; the shepherd's wife wakes up, calls the winged horse; He flies to the rescue, but beyond the third mountain his power ends, his wife stays with the shepherd; he burned her clothes; she gave birth to many daughters, all the beauties in the world are their descendants]: Martin 1955:111-120.

Central Europe. The Poles [the shepherd's three sons take turns guarding their father's sheaf with golden ears; the sheaf is kidnapped by a bird; the youngest goes in search, lives with the old magician and his blind wife; deceives the rock spirit, receives a means to restore vision; the wizard's wife promises to get the young man's bride; tells him to go to the sea, where three duck girls swim; he hides the feathers of one of them, then returns, she flies away; the same again; the third time she does not return, takes the girl as his wife, they have a daughter; she goes with his wife to visit her parents; the wife complains to her father-in-law that her husband does not give her favorite dress; Her father-in-law takes her key out of the chest, she puts on her shirt, flies away like a duck; her husband returns to the old magician, who helps her reach the glass mountain and get his wife back]: Shcherbakov 1980:115-125 (retelling in Kozlova 2006:330); Luzhitans [the drummer soldier came out of the fortress and saw three swans fall into the water in the ditch, took off their feather clothes, became girls and began to swim; he quietly hid one of them's clothes; married them; once forgot the key in the chest lock; the wife opened the chest, put on her feather clothes, left a note and flew away; the note said that they should be looked for them on a certain mountain; the drummer must go into a cave, pick three flowers, hammer into a drum; a castle appeared on the site of the mountain and three princesses came out, who were swans because of witchcraft; drummer stayed with them]: Veckenstedt 1880, No. 13.2:120-122; Russians (Voronezhskaya, 1940) [a retired soldier is hired by the master as a coachman. While the coachman is harnessing, the dove throws flint and chair at him, saying that if a soldier lights the grass, he can get rid of any need. The master orders to stay at the high mountains, treats the coachman with meat and vodka with sleepy drops. The soldier falls asleep, the master kills the old horse, sews the coachman into its skin. Birds peck at her, and an eagle takes her to the top of the mountain. A soldier finds himself at a red gold palace, walks in and sees a sleeping Serpent with a book. The serpent wakes up and the soldier appears to be his son, the serpent rejoices. A soldier lives with a snake like a son, listens. The serpent flies away and forbids you to enter the room with the golden lock (but gives you the key). The soldier misses and opens the door, sees three beautiful girls in gold chains, they ask for them to drink, the soldier gives them, one splashes water on the others and the captives turn into white cabbage rolls and fly away. The serpent returns, hits the soldier three times with a hot iron stick and orders him to search for the missing girls. The soldier wanders through the mountains, lights the feather grass with flint and chair, a mountain eagle appears and lowers the soldier down. In the city, a soldier is hired by the master to guard his daughters (do not let him out of the room). He spies on how they, locked in a room, and his friend turn into pigeons and fly away through the window. The soldier turns into a "crimson bird" and flies after them. She sees many pigeons in the meadow, hides behind a rakit bush, Elena the Beautiful appears, sprinkles gold grain and "teaches birds wisdom." A soldier watches her, sings outside her window, she asks to catch a songbird, only she (not the other girls) can do it. She puts a robin in a golden cage, listens to a bird's song and falls asleep, the soldier flies out of the cage like a fly, becomes human, admires Elena, then returns to the cage. One day he kisses her, Elena wakes up, gets angry, threatens to kill a soldier for her freedom. He says he wants to marry her. She agrees to marry him on condition that he hides three times and she can't find him three times from her magic book (mirror??) , if he can't, he'll lose his head. The first time he turns into a fly, then sticks a pin into the book. Elena can't find it, she drops the book, the pin flies off and turns into a soldier. The second time he carves fire in the steppe, the eagle carries it under the clouds, but Elena finds it in the mirror, the third time he carves fire by the sea, it is carried away by a pike, swallowed by a beluga, but Elena finds it again soldier. She's giving him one last chance. The soldier meets three girls he saved, and in gratitude they hide him behind the mirror. Elena can't find a soldier and marries him. He brings her to his homeland, she takes one gold chest with her. A year later, the soldier leaves home, Elena pulls out her wings from the chest, turns into a dove and flies away. The soldier is again hired as a coachman to the master who once sewed him into his skin, this time pours out vodka, and makes his master drink. He sews it into the skin, it is carried away by an eagle. The soldier appears in his master's estate, frees the peasants and gives them land. She sees a dove above her, recognizes Elena in her, she turns into a girl and says that now her husband is worthy and remains]: Korolkova 1941, No. 7:40-45.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Balkarians (Western 1958) [Arabian, his young wife Ariu; he chased and wounded a deer; he reproached him: why did he ruin his life? there are black clouds in the sky, Arabian does not return for a long time; when he returns, Ariu looks at his ring, but it is still black; women in the country do not give birth; finally, the ring has brightened, the clouds have cleared, the women have become to give birth; Arabia has a son, Zharykbiy ("hot" means "joy"); he grew up with six peers born on the same day; the same deer is being chased, driven into the sea, dragged into a boat, the boat was carried away; some of the companions died; J. and the rest entered the land of monkeys and are forced to fight against lions; they are fleeing, monkeys and lions are chasing; A. crossed the river, his companions drowned; the merchant adopted A., told his youngest daughter not to leave him alone; despite the merchant's warning and his daughter's pleas, A. hired a merchant who promised gold and a daughter; his daughter was immediately given a choice; she says that those who left with her father did not return ; the merchant orders to slaughter the horse and get into the skin, the eagle will bring it to the rock, let J. drop the gold; after receiving the gold, the merchant left; J. killed the eagle, ate its meat; found the path, came to the forest, then to the tower, an old man in it; he went out; said that he was the leader of the birds, would go to the meeting, try to find out how J. could return home; while he was away, three eagles flew in to swim, shed their skins, and began girls; J. hid his youngest's clothes; the girls spoke to him, put him to sleep, took his clothes and fled; the same again; for the third time, the old man tells him not to give up his feather clothes until he returns; J. did not give the youngest's clothes, married her; homesick; his wife in the glare of an eagle brought J. to his native land; the rider says that he is one of those who have been looking for the missing J. for 40 years; J.'s wife tells his story ; the sun was in the sky, the ring brightened; J. began to live with his wife in the tower, hid her clothes under the foundation; the wife found her clothes and flew away; he found them and returned them; his wife herself ordered her clothes to be burned in the fire]: Malkonduev 2017:179-198; the Kumyks [the dervish took Ibrahim to the top of an ovoid rock; he managed to go down to the garden of the Jin king's daughters; they must return to their father for one month a year; when they fly away, they say not look into one room; he enters there, the garden is even better, three beauties come to swim, throw off their swan robes; I. fell in love with a black woman; when the first girls arrived, the youngest promised help get it; teaches her to hide, tie her hair to a tree while she dives, beat her until she resigns herself; I. hides that girl's swan cover, the other two flew away; the black man is forced to agree become I.'s wife; he decides to return to his mother; the first girls tell I. to give his mother his wife's swan clothes for storage; while I. is gone, Khan's mother sees a black woman in the bathhouse; asks to sing; she agrees if Khan's mother will dig up a chest in which the swan outfit is hidden; after receiving it, she flies away; I. summons the first three girls; they explain that his wife and the other two are from those genies who have no men, they men are killed; the youngest sends I. to the border of the genie kingdom; then other genies help; I. gets to the giants, they put him in a cage; he runs, meets female warriors, one agrees to help; in the end, he ends up with those genies who have his wife; he, his wife and the genie girl who helped want to be executed; the guard lets them go; I. and the black cat return to his mother I.]: Ganiyeva 2011b, No. 17:201 -208; Georgians: Kurdovanidze 1988 (1), No. 44 [the young man has been working for a merchant for a year, receives a cane, a beautiful woman comes out of it; the prince wants to take it away; the merchant promises him the best wife; tells him to pull the pen out of it the clothes of one of the doves who will arrive, undress and swim; the wife finds a feather, flies away; the merchant tells the elephant to carry the prince across three hot seas; the elephant carries; scalded, dies, telling them to wait for a peacock who once a year carries flour to heaven; three quarrel over a flying carpet, a magic tablecloth, an invisible hat, a stick that hits itself; the prince tells them to move away, takes away objects, flies to the miller, who hides him among bags of flour, brings the peacock to heaven; the prince flies back with his wife; her father pursues, his wife tells him to throw in the towel, turns her husband into an old man, himself into a sheep; her husband into a swineherd, himself a pig; the third time the towel turns into a boiling sea, the father stops persecuting]: 169-175; 1986 [the young man cries over the grave; tells the peasant that he is Prince Geegan; he He sailed with his friends in a boat, brought it to the shore of the land of monkeys; they broke the boat; there were no horses, they rode dogs; only D. reached the country where merchants from India come every two years; merchant offers a thousand gold and a girl for work; brings him to the foot of the mountain, tells you to climb into the womb of a refreshed horse; eagles raised the carcass on the rock; the merchant orders to throw down precious stones; D. managed go down, came to the old man, the king of birds; he leaves D. to guard the house, tells him not to open the door behind which the predators; D. opens the garden there, three doves flew in, became girls, began to swim; the old man returned, D. asks to marry one of them; he orders to steal the shirt of his youngest, Shemsibano; the doves arrived a year later, D. took a shirt, married S.; the old man advises wearing the shirt until his wife will give birth to a child; D. hides her in a chest, his wife finds her, flies away, tells her to look for her in the city of Gevher; D. comes to that merchant again, but climbs into the horse's carcass without taking off his clothes or giving the merchant "for storage" gold; finds the king of birds again; only one bird knew about the city of Gevher; D. came to Father Sh, he is king there; two years later, D. and S. go to see his relatives; the wolf killed S., now D. is crying on the grave; dug the other, lay down in it, died; violets grew and were covered with stems]: 495-502; the Turks [man (prince) went broke; hired a merchant; he tells him to climb into the animal's carcass, the birds lift it up the mountain ; the man drops diamonds from there; the owner leaves, but the worker manages to get out of the trap; comes to another country and marries a princess (this is the country of the padishah of birds; swan maidens arrive once a year, he hides her feather clothes); after the wedding she runs away (finds clothes and flies away); he returns to Diamond Mountain; only the oldest bird knows where his wife is; after adventures, he helps his father win enemies and becomes a padishah]: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 187:233-235.

Iran - Central Asia. Baluchi [peers bathe, Prince Sha-Kalandar hollows out a log, hides in it, hides the clothes of Peri Shan-Sharu, who put her clothes on a log; agrees to give her wings for marriage, but does not gives; in the absence of her husband, the wife says that she can go to the wedding with her husband's sisters only wearing wings; mother and sister give them, peary flies away; mother cuts and buries a red goat, and says to her returning son that his wife is dead; he hears another woman talking, finds out that Peary has flown away; comes to the well, where the maid Shar-Sharu takes water; she refuses to give him water three times, he turns water into blood, pus, dirt; The ball tells the maid to give him water, leave some of it at the bottom of his wineskin, he drinks, throws his ring into his wineskin; S. recognizes him, turns her husband into a needle, hiding pearies from other, flies with him to him home]: Zarubin 1932, No. 8:97-104.

Baltoscandia. Swedes (Blekinge County) [a young peasant sees three swans coming to swim, throw off their clothes, become girls; mother advises her son to hide the clothes he likes; after 7 years shows clothes to his wife; she immediately puts them on, flies away; a year later her husband died of grief]: Hofberg 1893:35-38 (=Ashliman 2002); Faroese [a man saw a female seal go ashore, took off her skin, became a girl; he hid her skin, married a girl; they have children; one day she found a skin, put it on, became a seal, went back to sea]: Clouston 1887:182-183; Western Sami: Kohl-Larsen 1982, no. 10 [the young man hears voices on the shore; the old woman says that they are sea maidens who come out of the water on the last day of the week; then advises the one who is more beautiful to hide the clothes; the young man did so; I waited for the virgin to promise to name the husband who took the clothes; they have children; first the young man hid the clothes with the old woman, and when she died, in his chest; the eldest son accidentally noticed her and told mother; mother took her clothes and fled to sea; another old woman advised me to steal clothes again when the mother came to feed her youngest son and take care of the others; so it happened, the wife stayed with her husband]: 78-83; Postelion 1886, No. 10 (Karasjok) [the young man sees three girls come out of the sea, take off their clothes, start swimming; then they return to the sea; next time he hides the clothes of one of them; she became his wife , gave birth to a son; the boy saw unusual clothes in the chest, told his mother; she put them on and returned to sea; Gieddagätis-galgjo: the wife will return to see her son three more times; pretend to be asleep and on the third grab the night; the husband grabbed his wife, gave her dress to G.; everything is fine]: 55-50; Estonians (Rannu) [when he dies, the forester bequeaths his son to take care of the landlord's forest, but not to go to one place; he goes, there are devils they fight over bast shoes (speeders), hats (he sees everything), a sheepskin coat (makes him invisible); the forester shoots, promises to award things to the one who brings the pellets that have flown earlier; six swans fly by, he wears bast shoes, behind them; they swim in the lake, taking off their feather clothes; he hides her clothes alone, takes them as wives; they have a son; his wife laughs; promises to tell you what if he shows where her clothes are; tells a funny story about a devil; the husband opens the chest; the wife grabs her clothes, flies away; he comes to an empty house, there is food, drink, goes to bed; six Swans come in; each says that someone ate her bread, slept on her bed; the wife finds her husband in her bed; flies away for her son, tells her husband not to go into the same room; he comes in, there is a chained old devil; asks for water, the forester gives, the devil drinks three times, breaks his chains, waits for the forester's wife, takes her away; the forester finds, takes his wife, catches up, takes her away again; so twice, the third time he kills; previously the forester picked up, saved a half-dead wolf; now vorons and in ó the rons flew to peck the forester's corpse, the wolf caught the crow; promised to return the crow if it brought live water; he brought it, the wolf revived the forester; the forester's mother sends him to the far clever to an old man; he says that a witch lives overseas, her white mare brings 12 foals every year; there are human heads on stakes, one stake is empty; if you herd for 3 days, you get a foal, you have to take it the most inconspicuous; the king of midges, the king of horseflies and Vähjäkuningas (?) ; the forester does everything, takes his wife away; the horse says he will not catch up, because his brother is stronger than him; both horses kill the line, the forester and his wife come home with them]: Järv et al. 2009, No. 14:78-84; Lithuanians [while the old people are clearing the felling, the Swan arrives every day, turns into a girl, puts the house in order; the old man hides, burns his wings, the Swan remains with the old people; the king notices her, brings him to the palace, she gives birth to him a son; swans fly over her, offer her to shed her wings; she refuses her father, mother, takes wings from her swan friend, flies away; her friend dies; the king marries Lauma; The swan regularly flies to his son, the rest of the time the baby sleeps; the king spies, the old man advises to smear resin on the windowsill; the king catches the Swan, tears off his wings, executes Laume]: Lë 1965 bit: 133-135.

Volga - Perm. Chuvashi: Grigoriev 1971 [Ivan shot a goose, brought it home, the goose became Aldyuk's girlfriend; gave birth to a son; mother-in-law, not knowing why they are, finds and burns goose wings; each time geese are called they throw her with them, throw her on the pen; they recruit enough, she flies away; returns to the crying child; I. plucks and burns her feathers again, his wife stays with him]: 65-69 (=Danilov, Nechaev 1975:28-31); Marie [Toydemar's stepson caught Lebedushka in a snare, brought her home; her stepmother plucked her, burned her feathers; T.'s tear fell on Lebedushka, who became beautiful, married T.; in the fall, the swans threw her feather, she flew away like a swan; T. cried, the swans threw off their feathers and to him, he became a swan, flew away after his wife]: Aktsorin 1984:132-145; the Tatars [the poor young man is hired by the old man, that month feeds him well, every day he gives a new girl; leads to a mountain, sews a dead horse in the belly; birds lift the carcass up the mountain, the young man drops marble stones; the old man loads them onto the cart, leaves; on the mountain, a young man meets the padishah of animals and birds; he forbids opening one door; the young man opens, sees the sea, three doves fly in, turn into girls; the padishah of animals promises that in a year they will come again, tells him to hide his beloved's clothes; the young man hides, brings her to his wife; the young man is sad around the house, the wife brings him there; finds his pigeon dress, flies away; the young man again hires the old man unrecognized, comes to the padishah of animals; he tells the old bird to take the young man across the river of fire to the city of divas; he finds a wife and stays with her]: Zamaletdinov 1992:162-168.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Buryats: Zabanov 1929 (Khorin Buryats) [Three boys, Bulagat, Ekhirit and Khorida, came out of the foamed water of Lake Baikal; they were raised by Asoi-Khan Udagan; after her death, B. and Eyu shared their property, separated; H. was offended that they were divided without him; on Olkhon he killed a swan girl bathing, hid her clothes, got married; his wife gave birth to 11 sons; asked for clothes, flew away; H. tried to grab her soot-smeared hands, since then the legs of the swans have been black]: 29-31; Late 1880 [(Khorin Buryats); Horida saw Fr. Olkhon three swans; they turned into girls, began to swim; H. stole the clothes of one of them; had 11 sons from her, the ancestors of 11 Khorin families; when he was old, his wife asked for her back swan clothes, flew to the sky through a smoke hole]: 264-266 in Sharakshinova 1980:130-131; Potanin 1883:24-25 [(Alar Buryats); three daughters of Heaven flew to swim in the form of swans (sagan shibo ); the crooked shaman Oduge stole the youngest's dress, hid in a stone box; the wife gave birth to a son and a daughter, three years later asked her husband to return her dress; while her husband followed him, she washed herself with clean water spring and fumigated herself with juniper, washing away the earthly sewage; she flew away with feathers; predicted that the Kharyat family would come from her son, and the Sharyat family from her daughter]; Toroev 1941 in Eliasov 1973, No. 64 ( Baikal region) [the poor man hides the clothes of the youngest of the 9 swan girls who are bathing, they are the daughters of heavenly Usege-Malan; when 6 sons and 6 daughters have grown up, the son-in-law visits his father-in-law; returns; the wife asks for her wings, flies away; people descend from the couple's sons and daughters]: 312-317; Tugutov, Tugutov 1992, No. 47 [Khoryody-Hubuun hid the plumage of one of the swan girls swimming in Lake Baikal; wife gave birth to 11 children, asked for clothes, flew away as a swan; H. managed to grab her paws with clay-smeared hands; now swans have black legs; X.'s children gave birth to 11 births], 48 [Horyoda- Mergen lived on an island in the Hangar; three swan girls flew to the lake to swim. Osa-nur; H. turned into horse apples, hid his clothes alone; she gave birth to him a son and a daughter; after drinking, persuaded her to give her clothes, flew into the opening of the yurt; H. touched his swan's legs with hearth forceps, since then they have been black; when flying away, the swan ordered her son to be named Sharait (descendants in the Alar aimak), and daughter Hangin (descendants in Nukut aimak)], 49 [9 daughters of Esege Malaan-Tengeri descended to swim; H., who turned into horse apples, hid her clothes alone; the daughter was named Hangin, Sharaid's son; after drinking her husband, the wife received clothes from him, flew away; before that she coated the lid cauldron, got their mouths and hands dirty (swans now have black beaks and legs)]: 158-160, 160-162, 162-163; Khangalov 1960, No. 99 [pp. 109-110: three hunters live on the northern side of Lake Baikal; they have six left the cervical vertebrae of the swan; his comrades ate five, leaving only one with Choreda; he was offended, went on the ice to the south side of Lake Baikal; saw women bathing, they flew away, becoming swans; next time he hid one of them's clothes, married a swan maiden; they have children; his wife gave H. wine, found her clothes and flew away] (retelling to Rumyantsev 1962:148-149; Sharakshinova 1980:131-132); 2) pp. 110-111: The choredoy-mergen hid the clothes of one of the three swan women who were swimming on Lake Sadamtyn Sagan (far north or far south); his wife ordered me to move to the south side of Lake Baikal, only after that, they began to have children - 11 sons and 6 daughters; the wife asked for her clothes to be returned to her, flew into the smoke hole in the yurt; the daughter grabbed her legs with dirty hands, now the swans are black paws (retelling in Rumyantsev 1962:149-151)], 105 (Unga Buryats) [three daughters of Heaven were swimming in Lake Altan; a poor old man hid his youngest's clothes; Choreda Mergen married this girl; she gave birth to a son and daughter; asked for her clothes; flew away, saying that the son would be Sharat (his family Sharat) and the daughter would be Khangin (Khangin family)]: 109-111, 379-380; Nassen-Bayer, Stuart 1992 (Barguzin Range) [hunter Bargutai saw seven girls splashing in Lake Baikal; hid her youngest's clothes, others flew away as swans; Bargutai's wife gave birth to seven children, found her swan clothes, flew away through the upper opening of the yurt; children became the ancestors of the Buryats]: 327.

Eastern Siberia. Northeastern (Verkhoyan) Yakuts: Illarionov et al. 2008, No. 19 [when Eujuyen goes hunting, his younger brother Khudzhugur stays at home; seven Siberian birds arrive each time they ask , did Yu leave, go down to play; when Yu returns, nothing has been done, XX replies that he overslept; Yu hides, grabs one Siberian, he turns into a girl, B. marries her; she asks XX what to give him to return her fluff (feather clothes); XX replies that frogs, beetles, worms, snails; she collects them for him, he pulls out her fluff, she flies away; Yu flies on horseback to the upper world; a bird advises to become an ermine, pinch his wife's child; she arrives to scream, Yu plucks her fluff, she dies; Yu flies to Mr. Pleiades, Lord of the Month, Lord of the Sun, gets everyone's daughter; dresses his Siberian wife in her clothes; heavenly wives come, think that their husband is dead; Pleiades daughter can revive a deceased person 3 years ago into a person lying unconscious; daughter of the Month - make it as if he had just fallen asleep, daughter of the Sun, so that he could run right away; each jumps over a corpse, reviving a woman; when they see that a woman, they fly away; Yu returns home with his wife]: 219- 229 (other translations of the same text in Khudyakov 1890, No. 3:74-80; Ergis 1964, No. 55:188-191); Ergis 1967b, No. 173 (summary of Khudyakov's record and an archival text of unknown dialect affiliation) [ the older brothers are smart, the younger one is silly; the older one married a Siberian girl (crane) he caught swimming (or dancing); the youngest finds and returns her feathers; she flies away; the older one finds and returns her feathers to her; she flies away; the elder comes for her to the upper world; burns her feathers, she dies; with the help of heavenly shamans - daughters of the Sun, the Month and the Pleiades - revives her wife; returns home, lives happily; the younger brother becomes hero]: 204; 1974 [(=Ergis 1964-1967 (1), No. 55:188-191; replaced in the 1860s by Khudyakov: Verkhoyansky collection 1890:74-80); old brother - hunter Uchugei Uduyeen (Good Yudiyan), the youngest is homebody Koo h ae'an Khodugur (Skinny Khodugur); seven white cranes (Siberian cranes) began to fly to them and play since the XX; the older brother caught one Siberian bird and married on her; soon she found her feathers, turned into a Siberian rod and flew away; HUW flew to the cloud, found his wife, wiped off all her feathers and burned her, causing her to die, losing her hidden soul; then he flew to heavenly shamans: to the daughter of the Pleiades - the Shy Shaman, to the daughter of the Sun - Kg/Gelldyin - a shaman, to the daughter of the Moon - a shaman with Moonlight; promising to marry a shaman and disguise his wife as his own clothes, made them revive them; the shamans, seeing the resurrected woman and mistaking her for HUE himself, flew to the sky; HUW returned home with his wife, healed richly; XX became a strong hero; (retelling in Sivtsev , Efremov 1990:176-181)]: 224-225; Evenks of the Baikal Region [Letylkack stays at home while her older brother is hunting; swans arrive twice, drop their feathers, tell them to feed them, scratch her face , fly away; L. lies to his brother as if she had been scratched herself; he hides, grabs the plumage of one of the swan girls, takes her as his wife; she gives birth to a son, finds her plumage, flies away with a son; the husband finds a wife and son; when swans swim, steals his wife's clothes again, she has to return to him; she finds her plumage again, flies away forever]: Voskoboynikov 1967, No. 9:33-35; Evenki {more precisely no affiliation specified} [Nivaniken hunts, Kukeki does the housework; three women come down from the sky, comb K.'s hair; N. watches for women, hides a pair of silver wings ; the wife asks K. to return them, for which she gives that K. did not eat; it turns out to be a deer stomach; N. kills K., goes to look for his wife; the old woman sends him to her sister; she tells how to reach a place where now his wife; he runs with an ermine past a kite that covers the sun; after killing two deer, he throws them to two bears along the sides of the path; throws a crest on the rock, which becomes a ladder; killing two goats, throws them to two wolves, they let him in; a long-haired woman comes out, N. kills her; returns his wife; K. revives at home; he brings N. to the hole, N. falls into the underworld; two girls at each other they take away the needle, N. breaks the needle, gives each half; the same with boys quarreling over an arrow; the old woman asks if he will put the pillow to the mountain or to the shore; N. replies that he wakes up at home; digs a hole under K.'s bed, he fails, kills girls and boys, says he does not return to the shore]: Voskoboynikov 1960a, No. 11:79-83; Uchursko-Zey Evenks [{also started in Vasilevich 1947:275}; Torganay hunts, his younger brother Chanykoy is at home, dirty; T. is surprised that he has become clean; C. admits that two female swans wash and comb him; C. grabs one, T. hides her clothes, marries her; three days later, his wife with her clothes and C. disappear; the three-headed eagle tells him to go west, catch a wild deer with a broken horn, a silver bridle; T. comes to at the foot of the mountain, turns a deer into a stump, himself into a child; the eagle brings him to him; T. ties himself to his leg, so he gets to the top of the mountain; finds his little son, he is nursed by Chirkumai; his mother and her sister go down, T. cuts his wife's plumage with an ax, his sister flies away; their son Huruguchon wants to marry the daughter of the Sun; she is guarded by a one-legged, one-armed Awashi; he eats half a half-berry with a spoon; H. flies in (text breaks off)]: Voskoboynikov, Menovshchikov 1951:185-191 (similar text in Vasilevich 1966, No. 15:263-267); Evenks (Far Eastern?) [Erindia the hero is the elder, the fool Torganandya is the younger brother; in the absence of E., two female birds arrive, T. drives them away; E. hides, grabs one; E.'s wife asks T. to get her hidden in the tree wings, gives toys for it - dog feces; flies away; E. comes for her, where the jay makes child E. and that woman cry for his mother to come; E. grabs his wife, hits, returns]: Varlamova 2004, No. 4 : 146-164; Evens: Danilov, Danilova 1991 [when the land was born, the three brothers met the old man, he began to cough; younger Matthele laughed, the middle Oyine grinned, the elder Incanmel cried with pity; the old man told him to become the owner of the middle land, the ancestor of the Russians, O. the ancestor of the Yakuts, M. the Evens, they are the poorest and helpless; the horse tells the starving O. to put a snare on the partridges and hares, then put up a fishing net; O. rode a horse down the river, the wolf began to eat the horse from behind, then ate everything, told him to ride it; M. and I. live together, I. goes hunting, this time three women come, cook and clean; I. stayed on guard, saw white birds fly in, shed their plumage, became women, he hid the wing of one of them, Gevak; one day she gives M. gold the ball, for which he gives her the wing hidden by his brother, she flies away; I. tells M. to bring poplar and bird cherry, tells them to become golden sticks and skis, goes to look for his wife; after a few years he sees an iron a bird that lurks the cradle; I. became a mouse, crawled, grabbed the wing, all the dancing women disappeared, G. was left with the child; she tells I. to pour the mountain, make a clearing so that the child has pine nuts, berries, tells you to make a lake, I. does everything; the wife tells you to take a dry tank, jump over a hole so that I. pierces the dry trunk; so it happened, she burned the body, was left alone; the son grew up; the father's head tells her to shoot, her son shot, I. came to life, caught up with his wife, hung her on larch; shot into the sky, 20 swans and cranes descended, swans became deer, the first crane was Kholuk, G.'s sister, she became live with I.; (story ends)]: 6-18; Dutkin 1980a (Allaikhovsky District of Yakutia) [Umchegin is an older brother, hunts wild deer, Buyundya Jr., stays at home; sees seven swans arriving, filming skins with feathers, become girls, play ball; don't tell B. to tell his brother about them; B. knits knots on clothes, but still forgets; W. guards, swans notice him, fly away; when the swans arrive For the fourth time, W. hid well, hid one of the girls's skin and clothes; married her; she offers B. to play ball, gives him the ball for B. giving her her clothes hidden in a hollow driftwood; flies away towards the midday sun, telling W. that she is pregnant; W. goes in search; sits on the ground, digs a little, there is a plague, an old woman in him; gives water, meat, taking them out of her bedroom bag; W. does not drink, does not eat, hides under clothes; the hidden disappears, he is full; the old woman sends to her older sister, the same place; she gives a plaque, you have to point it to the sea, it will freeze, you can cross the ice ; W. ran over with an ermine; seven girls are playing there, one child is nursed by a bird, telling him that his father has come; the girls beat her, they do not believe her; W. found, burned his wife's skin; the wife and the bird became girls; the sea stepped over one step; there are only bones from B. at home; W. revived him with living water]: 111-117; Lebedeva 1981:39-40 [swan girls fly to Omcheni's yurt; O., with the help of his younger brother, steals the wings of one of them; she gives birth to him a son, persuades her younger brother to return her wings, flies away, carrying her son; O. in the form of an ermine chases; finds her son's cradle; a wife appears, he throws his wife into the fire and son, two birds fly out of the fire; the wife reports that they are flying to Father Buscan Buray; the younger brother helps O. penetrate the sky; he returns his wife and son], 40 [Irkanmel is the elder brother, Sulerken is the youngest; S. sees three swans shed their wings, become girls; helps I. steal the wings of one; one day she deceives S., takes their wings, flies away; a year later, swans they arrive again; I. turns into an ermine, steals wings, returns his wife; throws wings into the fire]; Novikova 1958 (=1987:82-84) [Windya sees three women bathing on the lake taking off their golden wings; The mouse creeps up, hides its wings, does not return to his younger sister; then gives one wing, she flies away, but returns to W.; he comes to live with her on the seashore; men want to take possession beautiful, they tell W. to bring 1) a bear, 2) a spotted bear, 3) a motley seal; he completes tasks; 4) build a house overnight; the wife says that now we have to run; floods the village with water, gives W. one of two wings, both fly to the lake and live there]: 48-50; 1987 [Buyundya sees seven swan girls playing ball on the lake; knots knots on his clothes to remember at home and tell his older brother Umchegin, but forgets; for the third time W. hides himself, but the swans notice him, do not take off their wings; on the fourth, W. hides the clothes of one Swan; takes the girl as his wife; she gives B. the ball, for which he says where her wings are hidden, she flies away; W. follows her; meets one, the flood to another old woman; the second gives a plaque that freezes the sea; W. runs over to another with an ermine shore; seven girls play ball; a bird nurses a child, sings that his father has come; W. finds out from the bird where the bird's skins are hidden, burns his wife's skin; the babysitter bird has become a girl, all three are back home; W. revived B. from bones]: 51-58.

Amur-Sakhalin. Orochi: Aurora, Lebedeva 1966, No. 14 [Ngetyrka stays at home, his older brother hunts; seven swans fly in, turn into girls, clean the house, wash and comb N.; they order then get dirty again, scatter spruce branches spread on the floor; N. does not do it; lies as if he combed his bird's foot, wiped his face with bird's down; brother shows that this is impossible; N. tells the truth; the brother tells him to sew his younger sister's robe to N.'s robe next time, hides himself; grabs the girl; she gives birth to him a son; the boy stops crying when N. tells him that his clothes are his mother in a box; the woman tickles N., makes him say how he stopped crying the baby; puts on feathers, flies away, taking her son; the husband shoots at the flying swan, shoots his son's little finger; meets the servant, asks what he does and says at home; kills him, takes his form, comes to his wife, puts his son's little finger; appearance (skin?) he dumps his servants in the taiga; says that he killed a hare, in fact, a lot of moose, feeds his father-in-law and mother-in-law; returns home; N. stuck to the door, because contrary to his brother's warning, he ate fatty meat first, not lean; brother revives him], 15 [starting as in (14); N. immediately admits that he was cared for by Swans; brother meets not a servant, but an old woman; she gives him a teal, tells him to let him out when the person gets to targets; the teal calls the Swan to the shore, the man grabs it, tears his plumage; returns to N., he is happy]: 142-145, 145-147; Medvedev 1992 [Ngetyrka, his older brother; while he is hunting, 7 swans arrive, they turn into girls, they combed N., cleaned everything up; when they fly away, they tell him to smear his face, make a mess again; the brother does not believe that N. combed himself (he says he combed himself with a bird's paw, brother suggests doing it, it doesn't work); tells me to sew the youngest girl's robe to her robe next time, and then call him; six swans flew away, the youngest is stuck in a smoke hole; older brother married her; hid his skin with feathers; a boy was born; stops crying only after N. tells him that his father hid his mother's skin in a birch bark box; his brother's wife begins to tickle N. , he confessed, which calmed the child down; the wife took the child and flew away; the father managed to shoot his son's little finger; the brother left meat for N., went to look for his wife; the servant rides on a sledge to buy firewood; answers that he serves to a woman; if she wants to eat, he says, "Give me yukola!" ; when he comes, he throws the ax with a crash; winds the ropes for nets, calls the turntables "hochka"; the hero killed the servant, took his form; the hostess is angry that the servant does not know where the turntables are; when the hostess went out, the hero put his little finger to his son's hand; took his form; the girl's parents came to eat hare meat, and there was a pile of elk; the hero returned home, where N. stuck to the door; his brother tore him off, fed him ]: 353-355; Udege people: Lebedeva et al. 1998, No. 25:197-203 [while her older brother is away, a bird girl flies to the younger Latige, takes off her wings and claws; he sews her clothes to his own, her elder brother grabs her, hides her birds' clothes in a box; while her husband is away, her son cries, wanting his mother's clothes; she takes her clothes, flies away with her son, the husband shoots his son's little finger; sends her son to the bird wife a decoy duck (given by an old woman), grabs his wife, rips off, burns her birds' clothes; when they returned, L. stuck to the door (because he ate good meat, not bad meat, as ordered); they revive it]; Nikolaeva 2003, No. 5 [Lektige lives with her younger sister; she can't sew; someone washes, sews, embroiders in L.'s absence; L. waits for a duck woman; grabs, hides her feathers; one day their son cries; sister L. says he is looking for his mother's duck clothes; the mother takes her clothes, flies away with her son; L. goes in search; the old woman says that a woman with a child stayed with her, must be on the red lake; L. lures her with this old woman with a decoy duckling, catches her; she agrees to throw off her feathers, he burns them; at home, her sister stuck to the door; says that L.'s wife's seven sisters ate all the supplies]: 38-41.

Japan. Japanese (including Okinawa and Northern Ryukyu) Ikeda 1971 [(59 versions); a man goes to the lake (1) after praying for a wife, (2) having received a divine revelation because he is honest and hardworking, (3) sent by a deer (badger) to save his life; sees girls bathing, hides clothes from one of them's feathers, she has to marry him; they have sons (one to seven); she learns from children where her clothes are; in some versions she understands a hint from a song the child sings; flies away with her children; leaves her husband instructions on how to get to heaven: (1) by making 1,000 straw sandals or collecting a thousand oxen, the plant will grow to the sky, (2) or planting a magic seed; (1) the husband slightly violates his instructions, for example, by preparing only 999 sandals, but reaches the sky with the help of a dog or wife looking at him out the window; (2) climbs a magical plant whose seed was left by his wife; (3) a rope (bucket, basket) descends from the sky to pick up the remaining child (and husband); father-in-law gives difficult assignments 1) cut down the forest under the field in a day, plow the field in a day, grow melons in a day, harvest them in a day; his wife helps do it all; (2) he must identify his wife among her sisters, who look the same; the bee he saved points to his wife; he is told not to eat melons; he cuts one, a stream gushes out of it, the husband and wife remain different sides of the Milky Way; can only meet once a year, on the eve of July 7, when the stars celebrate; some versions end with episode (1) marrying a heavenly girl, (2) her return to heaven, (3) reuniting a person with his wife and children in heaven; (4) if a father-in-law tests his son-in-law, he usually cannot stand the latter, so he and his wife remain separated by the Heavenly River (Milky River) By way); but if a grateful animal helps him, he overcomes everything; the plot is recorded in many written monuments, the earliest is the 8th century fudoks]: 96-97; Markova 2000, No. 6 [(typical version) ]: 27-32; Miller 1987 [ancient fudoks (8th century); eight heavenly maidens flew like swans to swim in a lake in Omi province; they were noticed by Ikatomi and sent his white dog to steal the youngest's feather clothes; He built a Kami-no-ura house there, lived there with his heavenly wife, her sisters returned to heaven; they had two boys and two girls; the mother found her clothes and returned to heaven]: 68; Baksheev 2004 ( ancient fudoks): 447 [1) Omi-fudoki, cf. Miller 1987], 446 [4) "The Tale of Old Taketori", 10th century; an old man found a tiny maiden in the knee of bamboo, temporarily expelled from the moon, brought home to his wife; it was time for her to return, she wore clothes from feathers, forgot everything on earth, flew away]; Miller 1987 [ancient fudoks (8th century); eight heavenly maidens flew in the form of swans to swim in a lake in Omi province; they were noticed by Ikatomi, sent his white dog to steal the youngest's feather clothes; he built a Kami-no-ura house there, lived in it with his heavenly wife, her sisters returned to heaven; they had two boys and two girls; the mother found her clothes, returned to heaven] : 68; Wrigglesworth 1991, No. 1 [poor Mikeran goes swimming higher in the river than they usually swim; sees a kimono on a tree, a beret; the maiden emerges, says it's her feather outfit for flying; she has to go to M.; after 7 years they have three children; suddenly coming to the house, the wife hears the elders singing, reassuring the youngest that his father will come, open a barn, where he will get an outfit of feathers for rice and millet him for us; the wife took the children, flew to heaven, but dropped the youngest child, he fell from a height; the husband finds a note in the bamboo tube; he must bury a thousand pairs of wooden shoes and a thousand pairs straw sandals, put bamboo on top, in two or three years it will grow to the sky; M. found only 999 pairs; climbed to the top of bamboo, but a little short of the sky; the wife held out the shuttle, dragged her husband in to heaven; heavenly father-in-law demands 1) to clear a field of a thousand chobs in a day (the wife tells you to cut down one tree and go to bed, the field is ready); 2) dig up this field (the same is to dig and sleep); 3) sow melons (the same); 4) collect them all the next day (same, the melons are already ripe); the father-in-law is happy, but tells me to cut the three melons lengthwise and go to bed on them; the wife orders to cut them across, but M. obeys his father-in-law; then all the melons cut along, water gushes from them, the stream carries M.; this stream is the Milky Way, M. is Altair, his wife Vega, two stars next to her are her children; the couple meet once a year on the seventh day of the seventh months; the fallen child survived, his mother left him three coca of rice on the mountain once a year; some washed dirty clothes in the river, three coca shrunk to three faithful, and the child disappeared]: 255-259.

SV Asia. Tundra Yukaghirs: Gogolev et al. 1975:223-226 (p. Kolymskoye, Nizhnekolymsky District) [Ulegeradoite young man sees three swan girls on the lake taking off their clothes; the old man advises him to take the youngest's wings, they are closer to the shore; W. takes her as his wife; she says that her older brother will come for her, kill everyone, it is better to go to her house yourself; she gets wings, flies away; W. follows; overtakes his wife's younger brother; her father gives him his seat], 242 (probably tundra) [(resume); the eldest of two brothers steals the wings of the youngest of the seven swan girls; the youngest secretly returns her wings, she flies away; the eldest goes in search, two old women help he gets to the land of his wife's parents; he returns home with her, lives richly]; Chukchi (reindeer) [two options; 1) girls Geese and Seagulls take off their feather clothes, swim in the lake; man steals clothes; returns them to everyone but the most beautiful Seagull; takes her as his wife; they have two sons; instead of edible roots, she collects unnecessary herbs, her mother-in-law scolds her; when the birds fly south, she asks them to throw her feathers; he flies away with the children; the husband goes in search; the Eagle sends him to the old woodcutter; a country of birds can be seen through his anus; the old man sends a man there in a self-propelled boat; a man comes to his wife; she has a new husband, the Bourgmeister seagull; birds attack a person, firing feathers instead of arrows; a man maims and kills birds with a club; splashes water, birds freeze to the ground; man brings his wife and children home; 2) like in (1); the wife is a Goose; the sun's rays penetrate the old man's mouth, shine from his ass; the man gets into the ass, jumps out of his mouth; the old man makes a boat out of the log, she rushes across the sea like a fish; a man's son in a birdland catches it on a hook; a man kills the Bourgmeister with a club, the rest of the birds flee]: Bogoras 1928, No. 48:429-432.

The Arctic. Netsilic [Kiwiok hides the clothes of one of the girls bathing; the others fly away as goose; the wife gives birth to two sons; teaches them to eat grass, not meat; collects feathers, flies away with sons; K. comes to a man who has a through hole in his back; he cuts his fin, the chips turn into salmon; K. pretends not to see a hole; the man sends salmon to transport K. through lake to the village of Geese; sons recognize father; wife married to Goose; K. returns wife]: Rasmussen 1931:373-375; igloolik: Kroeber 1899, No. 7 (Smith Sound) [man steals an outfit made of girls' feathers- Goose; gives back to everyone but one, marries her; she finds her husband's hidden outfit, flies away with her sons; he follows her; comes to a woodcutter giant; his chips turn into seals and walruses; he tells a man to close his eyes, takes him in a boat; sons tell his mother that his father has arrived, she does not believe; he enters, she loses consciousness, dies; he buries her; she comes to life; he kills with her spear; many geese arrive; he kills them, only two (his sons?) fly away]: 170-172; Rasmussen 1930a (hall. Fox) [like polar Eskimos; husband stays with his wife in Birdland]: 265-267; polar: Holtved 1951a, No. 36 [goose girls swim with their feathers off; man hides them, returns them, does not give them alone , takes her as his wife; she gives birth to two eggs, from which twins hatch; collects feathers, flies away with his mother; a man asks his mother to make him shoes with several soles; goes to look for his wife, bypassing monsters sent by Geese; meets a giant chopping willow; chips turn into salmon and trout; a man lies that he came up from the front (which means he did not see his huge testicles); the giant turns testicles in a boat, takes a man to the country of Geese; two sons recognize their father; he drives his wife's new husband, lives with her; she gives birth to two eggs, dies; he buries him; a giant gives him a whip; they are a man kills many Geese attacking him; few escape]: 55-59 (=1951b: 140-152; transl. Menovshchikov 1985, No. 204:412-415): 140-152; Baffin's Land: Boas 1901-1907, No. 14 [the hunter hides the clothes of four bathing girls; one does not return, takes her as his wife; the other three dress their own jackets, fly away with geese; Goose wife accidentally stained with whale blood; attaches feathers to herself and her son, flies away with him; husband goes looking for them; passes between crushing rocks, jumps over a boiling pot , through the fat; the human pelvis passes it after it copulates with it; a man with a hole in his back cuts a tree; the hero pretends not to notice a hole; the man sends him to the country birds in a self-propelled kayak; the son recognizes his father; in the house the hero sees an old man next to his wife; both his son and his son fly away as birds; the hero manages to rip his wife's belly, bird eggs fall out]: 179-182; Labrador Eskimos, West Greenland (1 entry from Labrador, 4 Greenlandic) [a bachelor sees women bathing, hides one of them's clothes; the rest turn into waterfowl, fly away; the wife gives birth to a son, then a second; from the collected feathers she makes wings for herself and her children, all three fly away; the husband swims in a kayak to look for them; comes behind a man with an ax, whose lower body is trembling; lies that he came up to him from the front and did not notice anything special (otherwise he would kill him); gives him a new ax, for which the man tells the salmon to sit on the tail, close his eyes; the husband finds himself in the place where he sons recognize him; looks into the house, where a man with his nose upturned asks his wife to marry him; the wife asks his wife with her nose to see (otherwise he would kill him); the birds fly away; the wife gives birth to a son, and other women turn into seagulls, that man into a duck, the house into a "charming hill" (turf guano mountain)]: Rink 1875, No. 12:143-148; (same in Egede 1788:55-57, Rasmussen 1921- 1925 (1) :364, (2) :12-14, (3) :74-76 in Hatt 1949:95; Rink 1866:91-93 in Hatt 1949:95); Greenland, Labrador [the lonely Asalok calls the skulls of slaughtered seals his children, plays with them; One day she sees goose women bathing, steals one of them's clothes, she becomes his wife, gives birth to three sons, teaches them to collect bird feathers and fluff, flies away with them; A. swims to look for her, old eagle woman says that his family lives on a rock; A. enters a house where there are many people, the house is immediately turned into a rock, people become seagulls, his wife and children look at him with hatred and fly away; A. returns home alone]: Millman 2004:143-144.

The Central Andes. Dep. Cuzco [star girls go down to steal potatoes or collect edible seaweed from the field; a young man hides his belt alone; without it she cannot return to heaven; she gives birth to a child; returns to heaven ; husband follows her; identifies among other stars]: Itier 1996, No. 1 (Wuxi, Prov. Kispicanchis) [two girls; seaweed; gives birth to a baby; cooks corn with only one grain in the pot; mother-in-law does not believe that there will be a lot of food; the star is insulted; learns from the child where the belt is; on the condor husband and child rise to heaven; the Lord of the Stars rises the sun, burns them], 2 (Scribe, prov. Tracing paper) [one girl; potatoes; two sons; the star learns from them where the belt is; husband and sons rise to heaven; husband does not believe that a handful of quinoa can feed everyone; runs from the anger of the heavenly family at land; children turn into birds], 3 (Marangani, prov. Canchis; = Arguedas 1949:105-114; Lira 1965:133-139; 1990:1-7) [several girls; potatoes; baby dies; husband rises to heaven on a condor, lives with the star for another year; puts too much to cook quinoa; the star is afraid of the anger of his parents, the Sun and the Moon; the condor brings a man down to earth; he is an old man, remains single]: 161-164; Murua in Itier 1996 (prov. Tracing paper) [the shepherd meets two daughters of the sun; the eldest falls in love with him; comes to his mother; she gives her a staff inside which her son hides; at night he turns into a man in the Sun Palace; people Suns reveal and haunt lovers; they turn into two mountains]: 173-174; Quechua (highland shepherds of the Ausangate massif south of Cusco) [shepherd sees female stars descending swim in the lake; hides the shining clothes of one of them; the Star has only one eye; the shepherd gives her a poncho, leads her to him, the others fly away; the wife gives birth to two children; when they are young, the father shows them shining clothes, telling them not to tell their mother, goes to the valley; the children show their clothes, the mother flies to heaven; the returning shepherd scolds the children, makes a flute, the flute advises giving the cow to the vulture, that will carry it to heaven; on Holy Saturday, the vulture leaves the shepherd in the sky in front of the church gate; says that all the Stars are the same, one-eyed, the wife will be the last to come out; when she goes out, the wife herself turns to the shepherd, promises to return tomorrow, sends home with a canyua (Chenopodium pallidicaule Aellen; at an altitude of about 5000 m, the main culture); a shepherd descends on another condor; lives with children, their The canyua stock never ends (apparently, we are talking about the first kanyuah, its heavenly origin; it does not say that the Star is back)]: Lanata 2004:260-261.