Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K27r1. Imaginary burned. .11.14.21.-.,


antagonist believes that the hero was burned, but returned safely from the dead, so he orders to burn himself or his representative.

Swahili, Mauritanian Arabs, Tibetans, Meitei, Inta, Kashmiris, Bengalis, Tamils, Lods, Nogais, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Mountain Tajiks, Tajiks, Sistan Tajiks, Vakhans, Shugnans, Yazgulyam residents, Uzbeks, Bukhara Arabs, Turkmens, Sarykols, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Karakalpaks, Baikal Buryats, Khalkha Mongols, Shors, Tuvans, Baikal Evenks (Vitim), Evens.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Swahili (western on the coast of Mozambique from a migrant from Zanzibar) [a merchant and his wife die, their son Mohamadi is raised by his grandmother; gives a precious belt, M. cannot sell it, comes to the Sultan; he is ready to buy a belt if M. gets the beautiful Akili ya Mtama; the grandmother opens the basement, there is a genie imprisoned by M.'s father; he orders to ask the Sultan to make a silver ship, take 40 sailors virgins; they come to AM, she knows everything in advance, becomes M.'s wife; at home, the Sultan agrees to their marriage if M. burns in the fire and is reborn; the genie gives M. an invisible hat, he quietly leaves fire; the sultan recognizes AM as M.'s wife; M. says he will let anyone who proves that he slept with his wife kill himself; a young man hires an old woman, she goes swimming with AM, reports a mark on her thigh; M. is ready to be killed; AM complains that that young man slept with her and stole the shoe, let him return it; he says he did not sleep; beheaded for lying]: Baker 1938, No. 9:275-279.

North Africa. Mauritanian Arabs [six sons are married, the youngest is still single; he rode a horse, met a girl, she said that her mother is ghoul, agreed to marry a young man; they rode to his house; mother -the ghoul in the form of a tornado pursues; the daughter threw thorns (more precisely, thorn needles, épines pour coudre), a (thorny) forest appeared; the pursuer overcame it, became a tornado, a snake, the daughter threw it a handful of sand, dunes appeared; the fugitives reached home, but the ghul had time to touch her daughter and she became a monkey; "I taught you everything," the ghul said to her daughter; the old woman told the Sultan that his son had married on a monkey; the sultan demanded that all daughters-in-law weave a woman's veil; the monkey fabric is the best; the same is to cook couscous; the sultan tells his daughters-in-law to come to the screenings; the monkey was beautiful in accompanied by numerous servants; the Sultan ordered to make a fire in the pit and throw his son there to take possession of the beauty; the ghoul quietly snatched him out of the fire, he returned in a luxurious dress; told his father that he was dressed up by the Sultan's late parents; the Sultan demanded that he also be thrown into the fire; the sultan burned down, his son took his place]: Tauzin 1993:155-162).

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Tibetans ["ghost stories"; the royal painter envies the royal carpenter; brings a forged letter as if the king's late father is asking for a carpenter to build a temple; the carpenter digs underground passage from the house to the place of burning; supposedly returning from the dead, he gives the king a letter asking him to send a painter; a burnt painter escapes from the fire]: MacDonald 1931:310-312 (almost the same in Cassis 1962:36-39 and in Shelton 1925, No. 9:46-49, but the painter burns out); Meitei [Chandrakangan found the golden lotus and his grandfather gave it to the king; the king demanded another one for the Queen; C. went in search, reached the lower world, and returned from there with Indra's three daughters and many lotuses; then the king tells C. to collect rice poured into the pond and mustard seeds trampled in mud; his wives Nganu Leima (duck leader) and Khunu Leima (pigeon leader) told their subjects to complete the task; the king tells C. to bury and make a hot fire in this place, and if he survives , he will receive half the kingdom; Sabi's third wife (a sharp-toothed animal) dug the underground passage through which C. left, and when he returned, told the king that he could see his ancestors if he went through the same procedure; the king burned down]: Singh 1993:10-11.

Burma - Indochina. Inta [the chief minister is jealous of the architect; persuades the shaman to say that the king's late father needs a palace; the architect digs an underground passage in the house, makes a fire in front of him, pretends who jumps into the fire; a year later he returns with the request of the late king to send the first minister; he jumps into the fire, burns]: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 49:162-164.

South Asia. Kashmiris: Zographer 1964 [orphan Akhun meets the fairy Lalmal; she promises to help him if he does not seek her love; teaches how to distinguish a fake pearl; the king appoints him treasurer, the former persuades him to give difficult assignments, L. teaches what to do; 1) get a necklace of paradise; a heavenly peri will go down to the spring, you must hide your clothes, she will bring a necklace in return; 2) go from the funeral fire to heaven, give a message to the late king; L. tells the king to ask half of the treasury for expenses, sit on the carpet at the stake, he will quietly take L. to the hut; she tells deliver a letter and golden and silver apples to the king; in a letter, the king's late father asks for a former treasurer and chief adviser to be sent; both die in the fire; A. becomes chief adviser; after that L. agrees to marry A.]: 262-267 (=197:94-97); Stein, Grierson 1923, No. 12 [ahun (religious teacher) asks four sons what they would like to do; three want to follow in their father's footsteps, the fourth wants to be a thief; sneaks into the palace, where the vizier and the princess are preparing to escape; the vizier sends the princess with the thief, he must stay; in the morning the princess sees that she is not the vizier with her, becomes the young man's wife; he is hired by the king by the groom; the jeweler brings two rubies, the young man says that the wormhole is right about one; he is appointed gem keeper; the vizier wants to take possession of the young man's wife, To do this, she persuades the king's daughter to ask for a second ruby the same as the one brought by the jeweler (not defective, but expensive) and send a young man for him; a month later, the wife gives the young man a ruby, which she picked up in the river, he brings it to the king; the vizier offers to demand a ruby necklace; the wife tells the young man to hide by the river, 6 heavenly fairies will arrive, and then the seventh; her clothes must be hidden; the fairy Lalmal is forced to go with young men, when she speaks, rubies fall from her lips; he brings rubies to the king; the barber tells the vizier that the young man has a second wife; let the vizier take one and he, the barber, the other; the vizier offers to send the young man for the bracelet; L. sends her husband with a letter to the source where he met her; the young man takes the bracelet, taking off the hand that held it out; the vizier: the second bracelet; L. sends her husband with a ring, it opens the entrance to the lower world; the girl the young man addresses is the daughter of a woman whose arm he tore off; to save him, the girl turned him into a pebble, took an oath from her mother; a mother sent a young man with a letter to her sons ordering him to be killed; her daughter ordered her to come to her wedding; gave edible peas, you just have to pretend that he was eating inedible; gave iron claws - the brothers will ask them to scratch their backs; he did everything, the demons said that Solomon was calling them, did not come; the young man takes the demoness's daughter as his wife, asks for a flying skin (i.e. a flying carpet) as a gift; brings bracelet; barber: he has a third wife, the king must receive her; the king tells the young man to bring news from the deceased king father and the fruit of paradise; the young man tells him to make a fire, flies away from it on a flying carpet; the fairy wife makes a fruit from seven metals, writes a letter on behalf of the deceased king: come with a vizier and a barber; they burned down; the first vizier came, the young man gave it to him to his bride, sent the fairy into her world, stayed himself with his third wife; that vizier became king, the young man became a vizier]: 85-105; the Bengalis [the rich man went bankrupt and died, his two sons were orphans; they began to steal peas in the field; there was a gold-colored calf , went with his younger brother; the elder married and the wife did not like the young man; offered to look in his head, cut off his head; the calf found the body and head, connected it, revived it with grass; the wife of the older brother pretended to be sick, demanded blood from the calf; he asked the butcher to take blood, but not meat; blood and meat, but not bones; this did not help; then the calf and the young man ran away; reaching Peri Island, the calf died, telling her what to do before; first the peri flew in, but did not touch the carcass; then the Gorur bird flew in; the young man grabbed her and released her after she gave her daughter to his wife; the wife created house, they have healed well; one day a royal horse ran there; his wife hit him on the forehead with her palm; when he saw a beautiful palm print, the king wanted to take the woman away; demanded that her husband 1) collect it overnight 100 measures of mustard seeds scattered across the plowed field (the birds were collected; the king of birds, Gorur, noticed that one seed was missing and found it in the eye of a blind bird); 2) bring milk to the tigress (the wife teaches set fire to the forest, the tigress will run, leaving the cubs; they must be fed, a grateful tigress will give milk; a man brought milk to the king, and a tiger cub next to him); 3) go to heaven to visit the king's parents; wife she quietly took her husband from the funeral fire and hid it in the underground room for six months; a year later, a man came to the king and said that the king's ancestors were prospering, but they did not have a barber, so they ask send (the king invented difficult tasks for the hero at the instigation of a barber); the barber was burned, the king gave a man and appointed a vizier]: Devi 1915:84-96; Tamils [the king asks seven sons than Everyone would like to be busy on this cool night; one wants to invade neighbors at the head of the army, the other wants to irrigate, the third wants to hunt, etc.; the seventh wants to have 4 wives and daughters by his side Indra, Agni, Varuna and Adishesha; the father is furious to execute his son, the mother warns him to run; the torturers brought the king the blood of an animal; the prince lives with the old woman and grazes cattle; contrary to the ban, he goes to north, climbs a fruit tree and sees Indra's daughter swimming in a pond; steals her clothes, runs, she asks him to look back, he turns into stone, Indra's daughter returns to heaven with four other maidens; the old woman revived the prince, told him not to look back next time, but to bring her clothes; turned the prince into a three-year-old child by sewing clothes into his thigh; gave Indra's daughter her clothes, she stayed with the old woman; she convinced her to marry the prince, turning him back into a young man; six months later she sends them to live alone, telling the prince not to give his wife her heavenly clothes; they come to city, the vizier advises the king to take his wife away, to pretend to be sick, send the prince for snake venom; the wife gives a note to his uncle, tells him to put him in any anthill; he sends the prince the necessary poison and another wife {Adishesha's daughter?} ; when the poison bag was slightly opened, he burned half of the forest; the vizier suggests sending the prince for whale fat; the wives wrote a note to their uncle Varuna, Mr. of the Seas, who sent a daughter and fat; the vizier: send the prince to convey messages to the dead; the wives write a letter to Agni, the prince throws it into the fire, jumps himself, returns to his wives, and then comes out of the fire unharmed, supposedly answering letters from the king and courtiers; the dead ask them to visit them; the king and all the others threw themselves into the fire and burned down; the prince and four wives go to their father; in the middle of the journey, the wives create a magnificent city; the prince's father was deprived of power enemies, collects firewood with the whole family; they come to the city, their son and daughters-in-law greet them; one day, the prince went hunting, taking the clothes of Indra's daughter sewn in it from his thigh and handed them over mother; she showed her daughters-in-law and they flew to heaven, and the city and all her possessions disappeared; the prince went to an old woman who helped get Indra's daughter; on the way he saved ants, a frog, a cricket from the river, who were dying without water; the old woman sent him to sit by the path that those heavenly maidens walked every day after bathing; on the 40th day they agreed to take him to Indra in heaven; moved him, turning him into a frog; Indra agrees to give him his daughter, but he must complete three tasks to get her sisters; 1) reassemble the sown sesame (ants collected); 2) get the ring out of the snake well (frogs they dive into the well, most are eaten by snakes, but one pulls out a ring); 3) cut down 7 fused plane trees with one blow (Agni's daughter does it herself); 4) I. gave all four maidens the same appearance, ordered identify his daughter (the cricket jumped on her leg); the prince with four wives returns to earth, regains the city and power]: Natesa Sastri 1886:80-119; Tamils [mother-in-law hates his daughter-in-law; when the son left, she put his wife in a bag, took him to the place where the corpses were burned and wanted to set fire to the firewood, but forgot the matches; while she was walking, the watchmen released the woman; she hid in the temple behind the Ganesha statue; thieves they brought a third of the loot there, as they always did, hoping for God's protection; the daughter-in-law came to her mother-in-law, hung with jewelry; said that she had been returned from the afterlife with gifts, saying which is too early; mother-in-law asked to burn her and burned down]: Blackburn 2005, No. 20 (about the same No. 58); Tamils [Raja has five sons; when his wife died, Raja took another one and a squirrel son from her; Raja also died, five sons are married; four want to drive the squirrel away, but the eldest insisted that he be given a plot of bad land, oxen and grain; the squirrel hears the brothers' conversations and always knows them intentions; he called animals and birds to raise crops; the brothers came at night to steal the grain, but it was already compressed; the brothers burned the squirrel's house; the squirrel sold the grain, but pretended to sell the coals; to count money, took a measure, a coin stuck to it; the brothers burned down their houses, went to sell coal, beat them; they killed a squirrel ox; he stole money from the brahmana, took a measure for money again, and told the brothers that sold meat to the brahmana (beef is strictly forbidden to brahmanas); the brothers slaughtered their oxen, went with meat to the brahmana, who beat them again; the brothers put the squirrel in a bag and were going to burn it, but forgot the matches; the shepherd chases goats; the squirrel says he is sitting in a bag to get rid of the hump; the humpback shepherd climbed into the bag instead of a squirrel; he was burned, and the squirrel brought the herd six months later; said that after burning He went to heaven with his parents and they gave it; the brothers asked them to burn; their property, wives, and children went to a squirrel]: Blackburn 2005, No. 57.

Malaysia-Indonesia. Loda (Halmahera), Minahasa, Sumbawa, Savoe, Dusun [the king's servant sees three beauties in the hero's house - the hero's wife and her two sisters; to take possession of women, the king sends the hero to visit his royal ancestors in heaven; women make and revive a doll in the form of a hero, burn it; three days later, the hero returns, supposedly, from heaven with gifts for the king; the king and the courtiers ask burn them too; the hero allows the people to sort out the royal treasures]: Dixon 1916:199-201; toraja [the Pottala peasant cannot repay his debt to the leader; cooks his ear, takes out the fish, puts an ax; says that cooked soup from an ax; the chief accepts the ax as payment of the debt; next time P. puts the dead ducks in the house in advance; when the leader comes, he points a wind gun towards the sea, tells the duck wounded in eye, lie in the south room, in the wing in the middle room, in the side by the hearth; the chief takes a wind gun to pay the debt; for the third time P. stuffed coins into the dog's ass, in the presence of the leader they fall on the mat; chief agrees to take the dog; no longer believes, tied P. to a tree to burn; tells the hunchback that he is tied to heal his back - now it is straight; the hunchback changes places with P., burned; P. comes to to the leader, talks about a meeting with his ancestors; he tells him to burn]: Teselkin 1959:9-13.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Nogais [an orphan dreams: the moon is at the head, the sun is at his feet, and the star is on the sides; he sells sleep to a shepherd for a flock; the shepherd sees a rider drive up to the house, falls asleep; a girl, a shepherd, called out to him answered, told her to ride after her; in the morning the girl sees a mistake, but decides that it is fate; tells him to take a golden spoon as a gift to the khan and ask them to build a house on a pile of ash; tells them to invite Khan to visit, but enter first; the young man forgot the instruction, the khan was the first to enter, fell in love; the viziers advise not to kill the shepherd, but 1) send him for the milk of an Arab mare; the wife teaches to lure the mare with salt; the young man brings milk and brings the mare herself; 2) bring an apple to a heavenly girl; the wife tells me to go to the lake, three doves will fly, turn into heavenly girls, you have to hide the clothes alone; the young man brings an apple to the khan, takes a heavenly girl as his second wife; 3) bring a gold ring to Khan's late mother and find out where she buried gold; a heavenly girl throws her husband into the fire, he goes out with a ring, says where the gold is; khan He asks him to quit, burns, makes a young man khan; two wives and two children of a young man - a dream come true]: Nogai 1979, No. 23:120-125; Armenians [the poor man dreams of the sun on his head, the moon in his legs, two on his chest stars; a shepherd buys sleep, giving his whole herd for it; at night he comes to the city; a young man arrives with two horses, falls asleep; the princess takes it for her cousin, with whom she was going to run; they leave, she takes a shepherd as her husband, dresses him in a shah-zade costume, now his name is Teymur Shah; the local shah receives him honorably, falls in love with his wife, tells him to get 1) sea mare milk (wife teaches give her a drink by pouring wine into the pit); 2) heavenly apples; the wife tells her to ride a sea mare, hide the clothes of the youngest of the three bathing sisters, who became the second wife, brought heavenly apples; 3) visit the king's parents; the second wife orders T. to ask the king to throw him into the fire, takes him out of the fire, T. comes to the king with imaginary news; the king and the courtiers order them to burn them, T. reigns; the sun is the moon in a dream - his wives, sons are stars]: Bunyatov et al. 1900, No. 6:115-124; Azerbaijanis [old Bakhtiyar dreams that the sun has risen to his right, the moon to his left, a star above his head; he is going to wander, tells a dream to a young shepherd, sells it to him with the name B.; new B. sleeps under the city wall; Shah's daughter Perizad-khanum takes him for her lover, runs with him, they settle in in another city; the local shah falls in love with P., the vizier advises sending B. 1) for an apple of paradise; P. gives B. a letter to his sister, she is the wife of the diva master; the divas orders one of the three daughters to hide the dress Padishah Peri, when they arrive to swim in the form of doves; they bring an apple; the one whose dress B. hid returns with it, she is Gurizad khanum; orders to give the Shah ordinary apples, and the heavenly rejuvenating ones keep it for yourself; 2) a rose from the Gulistani-Irem garden; G. takes B. there, Gul Gakh-ghah-khanum arrives at his house before him, laughs, roses fall out of his mouth, B. brings them to the Shah; 3) mare's milk from 40 foals; GG. sends B. to the old man, who teaches how to lure sea horses, B. brings the mare with her foals, the Shah is afraid to milk her, she runs away; 5) visit the Shah's late parents; G. quietly with a dove takes B. out of the fire, writes a letter on behalf of the deceased; the shah, the vizier, the barber (he told the Shah about B.'s wives) burn down, B. reigns; the luminaries seen in his dream are his three wives]: Akhundov 1955:106-125.

Iran - Central Asia. Mountain Tajiks [three sons of the Shah shoot arrows; the elder's arrow fell at the gate of Kaziya, the middle arrow fell at the gate of the mufti, the youngest fell at the frog on the riverbank; the young man brought the frog home, she said she was a daughter bet, put on frog skin so as not to amaze people with beauty; the young man asked to lose the skin, burned it; the older and middle brothers want a beautiful woman for themselves; the shah sends his youngest son to visit his grandfather in paradise and grandmother; bet's daughter brings three apples from Mount Kof, tells her husband to ask her husband to collect a mountain of firewood, climb it, set it on fire; she picks it up; tells her father to take apples, say that grandparents are waiting visit them; the Shah and his elder sons let themselves be burned, the youngest becomes Shah]: Rosenfeld, Rychkova 1990, No. 2:37-38; Tajiks [the man says that in a dream he lived in a castle with the daughter of a padishah; the one who heard him bought his dream; went, saw a rider and another horse next to him, sat on him, the companion turned out to be a girl; she tells him to dig where white and black snakes crawled out in the ruins; he finds gold and silver; the vizier persuades the padishah to get rid of the young man, take his wife; the padishah tells 1) to get two pearls (the wife tells him to jump to the pond, dive, there are pearls); 2) give the letter to the deceased father; the young man's wife writes the answer herself, inviting the padishah to visit another world; says that the padishah must go to the fire; the padishah dies, the young man reigns]: Amonov 1972:219-222; Tajiks Sistan [ the old man dreamed that the moon and two stars had fallen from the sky; he went to look for it; the pleshak shepherd Hasan bought this dream for a herd of sheep; only then remembered that he had not asked about the content of the dream; fell asleep under with the wall of the palace; that night the princess and the son of the vizier agreed to flee; the princess asked to wait for her to go to the bathhouse; the vizier's son saw H. sleeping, woke him up, asked him to watch for the horses, and he himself the princess goes to hurry; at this time, the princess threw off X.'s bag, believing that her lover was next to the horses; she jumped herself and they jumped; the vizier's son returned, found no one and stabbed himself; in the morning the princess decided that everything was God's will; the princess washed and dressed X, told him to buy a palace, bring a mullah and marry; the old woman saw H.'s wife and told the king; he told H. bring the ivory throne; H. met an old diva, gave her a drink, she made him her son, hid it from the other 7 sons, turning her into a needle and sticking her collar; the divas felt human spirit; swore that they would not harm the guest; the divas threw potions into the water that the elephants drink; they fought and broke off the tusks; the divas made the throne and brought them to the king's garden; the king rewarded H.; now the king tells me to bring a laughing flower and a weeping flower; H. came to the former old woman; during this time one of the divas was captured by a two-headed divas; the divas lowered H. into the well; the heads of a diva on the knees of two pari girls; one laughed, the other cried; flowers fell from the laughing mouth, roses fell from her mouth; one laughs when she saw H., and the other cries, regretting that the diva would kill him; H. noticed a vessel in the niche and realized that his soul was a diva; ordered the diva to take all the prisoners and all the good to earth; H. broke the vessel and the divas died; the bets flew away with doves, told X. to come to their Green City and be their husband; in the city of bet X. in the footsteps that the girls left on his shoulders; when two days were left before the king's term, the bet's father gave H. Suleiman's rug; H. and his wives wore it to the divas and then home; the king received laughing and crying flowers; he tells him to visit his deceased parents; the pari wives wrote a letter on behalf of the king's father inviting him to heaven, dressed H. in clothes as if he were lying in it in the grave; let the king will build a fire, we, together with an old informer and vizier, will stand on it and get to the royal ancestors; H. flew on a rug to the royal throne, and the king, vizier and old woman burned down]: Grunberg, Steblin- Kamensky 1981, No. 8:104-117; the Vakhans [the poor man had a dream: the sun was on his right shoulder, the moon was on his left; he told his wife that he was going to travel; the shepherd bought him a dream for the herd; the merchant gave him a bucket for a broken jug, the poor man sold milk, became rich; the shepherd came to the kingdom, where the king had a daughter and the vizier had a son; the vizier's son told the slave of the royal daughter, asked where the mistress was; she answered rudedly; the son The vizier said that although she was beautiful, she was still a slave; she scratched her body, told the king that the vizier's son had dishonored her and the king's daughter was also pregnant; the king ordered that the daughter and son of the vizier be tied to the mouth guns and shoot; the nurse tells them to flee; the vizier's son was captured, and the princess mistook that shepherd for him; they came to another kingdom; the princess tells the shepherd not to take anyone as a sister; he takes the royal groom; when he saw the shepherd's wife, he told the king that the king ordered the viziers to kill the shepherd and take his wife; the shepherd says his name is Hero Zamchi (BZ); the vizier advises better to take the BZ to hunt in Mazendaran forest; wife: there are tigers and lions, you have to take the Steel Sword and the Wind Horse with you, they will do everything themselves; the sword cut down the entire forest; the vizier to the king: go BZ to Mount Kof for the Mare with 40 Foals; wife: a horse and a sword will kill 40 divas; kill: the bet teaches how to ride a mare at the source; the BZ brings her, followed by foals; the vizier to the king: send the BZ to bring news from the dead from the king's parents; bet: I must say What the news brought, tell the king and vizier to climb on a pile of firewood, set fire; they burned down, the BZ became king, his first wife and bet with him]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 13:163-172; Shugnans [poor the shepherd Jumak fell asleep at the royal horse riding; the king's daughter was going to flee with the son of a vizier with the same name, rode off with J.; gave him royal clothes, on the way he accidentally picked up rubies on the bank; serves king, he wants his wife; leads to hang, J. promises to bring a bag of rubies; collects them, this is blood dripping into the stream from the throat of a slaughtered peri; J. revives her; she is kidnapped by divas and kills him for a while absences; J. persuades Peri to ask the diva where his soul is (in a plane tree, in a chest, in a bottle, in a shirt); J. kills the diva, brings his second wife; the vizier advises the king to ask for the Laughing Flower; this Green Pari from Mount Kof, when she laughs, flowers fall out of his mouth; they fly to Lake Pari to swim, J. takes Green Pari's dress, brings her to his wives, this is the sister of his second wife; brings flowers to the king; he tells bring his late father's sword; wives give a sword, hide J. with an imaginary letter in the ashes of the fire; the king and vizier agree to be burned, J. becomes king]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 2:60-73; Yazgulyams [a man has two sons from one wife, one from the other; he tells them to shoot wherever bullets go, take wives there; the eldest's bullets hit a house where two brides, the youngest into a stone scree; he He dug for a year, there was a door, a woman; she put on a skin, became a snake; he threw the skin into the fire; the wife was afraid of misfortune; the brothers came, fell in love with her, told the father to kill the youngest from the light; he tells get 1) a magic flower like; wife: three bets will come to the lake to swim, one has a flower on her dress; grab it, run without turning around, otherwise you will petrify; the husband brings a flower; 2) a mare with 40 foals; wife: jump on a mare by the same lake, foals will follow her; 3) a cauldron with 40 ears; wife: Almasti sleeps with her head on him; when her eyes are open, he sleeps, you have to grab it and run; 4) bring news from the dead; the son tells his father to climb a pile of firewood to see another world, sets fire to firewood, the father burned down; the brothers put the youngest in a bag, carried him to drown, left him on the shore; he said to the shepherd that he is forcibly married, the shepherd changed places with him, thrown to the river; the youngest comes, chasing the herd, says that from the bottom; the brothers tell them to be thrown into the river; the young man poured flour chatter on the blankets of their wives; those thought they were dirty; he said they disgraced the house, tied mares to their tails, horses tore them to shreds]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 7:108-113; Uzbeks (Karabulak near Chimkent, (registered in 1924) [the rich man has a daughter and two shepherds; one dreams that he has the sun on one cheek, the moon on the other, the star Venus in the middle; the other shepherd bought this dream by giving the cattle; the rich man's daughter has agreed with her lover that he would take her away; he overslept; the shepherd fell asleep in the same place by the pool; the girl mistook him for his lover, woke him up, to take her away; he overslept; the shepherd fell asleep in the same place by the pool; the girl took he went for him; he is silent in response to an offer to raise sheep, cattle, shoot ducks; she decides that he is of noble origin, takes them to the city, the mullah marries them; the vizier suggests to the king pick up the woman, send her husband 1) for tiger milk (the wife teaches the tiger king to remove the splinter); 2) for the gul-kaahka flower; the wife gives her handkerchief, the flower owner sees that it is her sister's handkerchief, comes the young man's second wife, he gives the king a bouquet; when she goes, pearls and gold fall; 3) learn about the health of the king's deceased parents; the husband got up on the fire, both wives took off, quietly took it off; wives teach tell the king that his father sews boots, his mother is spinning, asking them to visit them; the king burns at the stake, the husband reigns]: Yudakhin 1927:417-425; Bukhara Arabs [the son of a poor old woman went on a journey; under the city wall saw a sleeping rider; the girl goes down with him to run, does not notice that she was taken by the old woman's son; on the way she asks questions and realizes that the one who took her away had parents not bui, but shepherds; she tells her husband to hire the king and be named Jehangir; on her advice, D. enters the battle later than others, drives enemies, takes possession of the city; the wife orders that king be invited to a feast; she is a peri , other peris help to clean the house luxuriously; the viziers agree to destroy her husband, give his wife to the king; they order to bring news from the dead fathers; the wife has really been to the next world, wrote letters on behalf of fathers; the king and the viziers asked them to be burned down; the Peri wife makes her husband king]: Vinnikov 1969, No. 63:344-348; Turkmens [the old man dreams of nightingales sitting on his shoulders; sells sleep to a shepherd; that comes to the garden, takes an excuse from the hands of a sleeping young man; a girl sits on a horse, he brings her to the city; she makes skullcaps; a padishah takes a shepherd to the service to destroy him and take possession of his wife; 1) get the milk of a black mare; the piebald horse defeats her, brings the padishahu; 2) bring flowers falling from Peri Gulkaghkas's mouth; this is one of the peri coming in the form of doves to swim; mother of devas tells her clothes to be hidden, the shepherd brings flowers to the padishah, leaves G. as his second wife; 3) bring a letter from the dead from the padishah's parents; the peri pick up the shepherd from the fire, then hide it in ash; the padishah thinks that he actually burned down and returned; tells him to burn himself, the shepherd becomes Shah]: Stebleva 1969, No. 19; Sarykol residents [three sons ask their father to find wives for them; on the mountainside, a woman tells send them to her one by one; the eldest goes, and there is a snake; the same middle one; the younger Abadesh brings a snake, in the morning there is a huge house; A. asks his wife to come out of her shell; the beauty goes out; seeing her, brothers they faint; they tell their father to destroy A.; he goes to the king, then the vizier sends A. for lion's milk; the wife orders the lion to take the thorn out of his paw, A. receives milk and returns riding a lion; Father A. suggests that the king demand the golden throne from A.; A. burns his wife's hairs, her mother brings the golden throne from heaven; a new requirement: a sweet slutty; Peri's father teaches to take it away from the fox; A. chases behind the fox into the cave, the fox dies, A. takes the slab and sees the inhabitants of another world; bulls eat one person's beard (when he plowed, he did not give them grass); seven people try to build a bridge (stolen during his lifetime boards from the bridge); two snakes suck a woman's breasts (gave a breast to someone else's child without asking her husband); A. apologizes to the Creator for the death of the fox, is forgiven; the wife's father teaches to say that the father and mother of the king gave the ruble, waiting himself; the king orders himself to be burned at a huge fire, A. becomes king]: Pakhalina 1966:142-148.

Volga - Perm. Bashkirs [the meshcheryak conspired with his master's daughter, got drunk; the Bashkirs overheard, came at night, took the girl away; the tsar found out about the beauty, wants to take her away; the adviser suggests 1) send the Bashkir for another beauty; the wife gives a note, this is her friend, the husband brings the second wife for himself; 2) get dangerous gold-headed hares; the wife gives a nightmare, the husband brings hares on it, keeps it for himself; 3) bring the dragon ; the wife gives a walk and a whip, the husband rides the dragon on horseback, the king orders to send the dragon away; 4) find out how the king's late father lives by jumping into a hole where there is fire; the wife tells you to dig in advance shelter, gives gold and silver bowls; a month later, the husband brings bowls to the king - gifts from his father and mother, who supposedly are angry that he did not visit them himself; the tsar burns down, the Bashkirs reign]: Zelenin 1991, No. 102 (101) : 441-445.

Turkestan. Kazakhs [the padishah's son refuses to tell his father his dream; he lets him in a box along the river; he is picked up by a fisherman, a young man and refuses him, the fisherman wants to kill him; the padishah saves him; buys sleep, giving the throne and daughter; in a dream, a person holds the sun in his arms on the right, the moon on the left; the former padishah comes to the city, the girl takes him for her lover, runs with him; another padishah into her falls in love; the viziers offer to send her husband for a diamond; the wife sends her mother, who gives four diamonds; when she returns, the husband goes hunting, despite his wife's prohibition, drinks blue water in the garden, water turns into a beauty named Bibatima; she is a rival and friend of the man's wife, Minoir, both are sorceresses; the padishah tells you to visit her deceased parents, find out if they are in paradise; wives quietly kidnap her husband from the fire, then pulled out of the ash; he says that the padishah's parents are in paradise; he lets himself be burned; the husband of fairies is made a padishah]: Tursunov 1983:171-179; Karakalpaks: Volkov, Mayorov 1959:3-13 [Khan does not have a son, he gives his daughter Gulziba to a boy; she becomes khan, the vizier's son becomes a vizier, finds out that the khan is a girl; they agree to flee, but at night the chieftain replaces the vizier robbers; the khan's daughter runs away from him, marries the shepherd Meytin; sews skullcaps, M. sells them for a high price; the merchant finds out about this, the khan takes M. into service, gives difficult assignments to take possession of his wife ; 1) build a palace of tiger fangs (M. takes out a splinter from a lion, who tells the tigers to give a fang); 2) a palace made of the feathers of the king bird; Aydarkha's serpent devours its two chicks every year; M. kills a snake, a storm begins with rain; the rain is the tears of the birds, the wind comes from their wings; all the king birds give a pen; the khan wants to burn M. at the stake to say hello to his parents in heaven; M. burns the feather of the king bird, that brings it to himself, gives fruit for the khan; the khan and the viziers behave to burn themselves, M. is made khan], 193-200 [the dzhigit told the shepherd that he dreamed of how the sun rose on the one hand, the moon on the other; the shepherd bought this dream, giving the whole flock; the dzhigit did not know that the flock belonged to the bay; he turned to Kaziy, Kaziy sued the bay for all the property of the horseman; the shepherd is hired by the husband of 10 wives; he must unlock and lock the gate ; overhears how the owner agrees to flee with the khan's daughter, replaces him at night; they live in the property of another khan; the warriors of that, and then he sees the horseman's wife for himself; to get rid of that, khan orders Dastegul to be brought; her horses always kill the grooms' horses; the horseman's wife orders to wear iron nets on horses, these horses win, the dzhigit brings D., her sister and a caravan of treasures; the khan demands to ascend to the fire and bring a letter from the late father; three wives of the horseman promise to help, the third sends a bird that snatched the horseman out of the fire; the horseman brings a letter to the khan, asking him to execute the vizier and wife and to come to parents in the same way as the messenger arrived; the khan ordered his wife and vizier to be tied to the tails of mares; burned down at the stake].

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. The Mongols (Khalkha?) [The lama offered the carpenter to build a house, and he would ask the gods to send him happiness; he refused; the lama told the khan that he had been in heaven and the khan's late father asked for a carpenter to build the temple; the carpenter and his wife dug an underground passage from the place where they were going to burn it in advance; they washed themselves with kumis and turned white for a month; when they came to the khan, they said that the temple in heaven was ready and now a llama was needed there; the llama burned down]: Hodza 1954:10 {online, pagination starts at page 1}; the Khalha Mongols [Poppe 1932:22-25; seven bald brothers burned down the rastrepa's house; he collected ash and coals in bags; said he carried gold and silver; if you look at them, they will turn to ashes; the rich man insists, gives him a bag of gold and silver in return for his "missing treasures"; he says to the bald man that he has exchanged his jewelry for ash; The brothers burned down their houses, went to sell ash, they were beaten; the brothers killed his cow; he poured blood into his gut, met seven camels with blue bald heads, painted them with blood; told the owner that camels had red bald heads; they argued, the rastrepa got camels; told the brothers that he had exchanged camels for a gut full of blood; the brothers stabbed their cows, went to exchange blood for camels, beat the brothers; the brothers they killed the rastrepa's wife; he told the khan that his wife was the best needlewoman; put the corpse on a wild camel, led him to the khan; the dogs rushed at him, the rastrepa stabbed the camel with an awl, who threw off the corpse, ruffled received a needlewoman in exchange for his "deceased" wife; told the brothers that he had exchanged her for a dead wife; the brothers killed their wives, went to change, they were beaten; the brothers tied the rastrepa to the top of the tree, went for with firewood to burn it; he told the old man, who was looking for his horses, that sitting in a tree heals his eyes; he changed with a mess, burned; the rastrepa comes with horses, says that with smoke he went up to heaven to the dragon khan, he was gifted; leads the brothers to the sea to catch horses, they throw themselves into the water, drown, rastrepa took their property]: Borovkov 1938:40-46; Mongolian version of Twenty-Five Stories vetals" [Ananda the painter (Aj) envies Ananda the carpenter (Ap); tells the king that he has visited his late father in heaven, he demands Ap to build a palace; he must rise in the smoke of the fire; Ap digs an underground moving from the house to the place of burning, washes his face with milk to turn white; a month later he brings a letter from the tsar-father, who supposedly demands Already; Ae believes that Ap has been to heaven, burns]: Vladimirtsov 1958:62-65 ; Baikal Buryats (Bokhansky District, Irkutsk Region) [The rich man promises to feed him meat if he can deceive him; the farmhand says he forgot the trick at home, rides the rich man on horseback, cuts and eats the horse; the rich man burned the farmhand's yurt; he collected ashes in the bag tells the khan's daughters that he has a felt yurt in his bag and if a real beauty looks at her, the yurt will turn into ash; the khan's daughters are happy to be real beauties, Khan he had to build a new yurt for the farmhand; the farmhand tells the rich man that the khan gave him a yurt because he cured all his scabies cattle with ashes; the rich man burned his yurt and went to treat the khan's cattle, brutally beaten; puts the farmhand in a bag, wants to burn it; he asks to do it at the crossroads on a fire made of fir and juniper; the rich man's people hung a bag on larch, went to get juniper; by A one-eyed khan goes, a farmhand says he is sitting in a bag to heal his eyes; the khan sits down instead of him, is burned; the rich man sees the farmhand again - in good clothes with a good horse (he took the khan's horse): Dugarov 1990:336-340; the farmhand explains that Segeen's daughter Sabdag Tengri wanted to marry him in heaven, but she did not like his callous hands, asked him to find a groom with gentle hands; the rich man ordered himself to be burned]; Shors: Chudoyakov 2002:90-91 [the younger brother is a lazy and fool; the elders and their wives decided to drown him; put him in a bag, brought him to the river, but cannot push him into the water; went for sticks; he began to sing; by a merchant was walking; the fool said he had learned to sing in a bag; the merchant undressed, climbed into his bag to become a singer; the merchant was drowned, and the fool put on his clothes and came on his horse], 99-103 [while Argachi was hunting, the robber and Kuyurchi's forces burned down his hut; A. brought Karatta-Kaanu's bags of coals, said they were gold and silver, but if opened, everything would turn into ash and coals; Khan tells his daughters to open it, A. indignant, the khan fills his bags with gold and silver; K. burned down his hut, came to the khan, who ordered it to be carved; K. killed the bull A.; A. asked the khan to allow his bull to be allowed to see his bulls; when in the morning bull A. was found dead, A. said that Khan's bulls were hurting him; Khan gave him a better bull; A. told K. that Khan was changing dead bulls to living ones; K. stabbed the bull, brought him to the khan, who again ordered him to be carved; K. decided to burn A. at the crossroads of seven roads; went to get firewood; A. tells Khan's crooked son, who was passing by, that he also had one eye leaked out, but if he was tied, his eye would recover; Khan's son untied A., A. tied him; K. burned the khan's son, and A. took his expensive horse and clothes; says K. that he saw his father in the next world and he gave him everything; Father K. also prepared a gift for his son ; K. ordered to burn himself; screamed, and then burned down], 104-107 [Argynak is poor, not even a dog; he made a snare, took an ax, went hunting; began to hit the ground with an ax; answers the bear that he heals the earth; he asks and treat him; A. killed him; a fox was in one of the snakes; at home he tied her near the house; brothers-in-law came; A. says that bears are catching him with kogigezhim; sells a fox to his brothers-in-law for a lot of money; brothers-in-law they sent a fox to pick up the bears, she disappeared into the forest; at home, A. tied a bear's gut with blood to his wife's neck, taught him what to do; when his brothers-in-law came, he accused his wife that she was still sleeping, stabbed her, and then with them and "resurrected"; sold a knife, his brothers-in-law stabbed his wives; put A. in a bag to burn; he tells a one-eyed merchant who passed by that he is healing his eye in a bag; the merchant changed places with A., burned, A. arrives on his horse to his brothers-in-law; says he met their wives, they drink vodka and call them, we must jump from the top of the tree across the lake; brothers-in-law drowned]; Tuvans [rich Kuchulug asks poor Argalyg to deceive him; he says that he forgot the trick at home, asks the horse to return; K. comes; A.: so he deceived, I eat up the horse; K. burned A.'s yurt; he collected ash in a bag, says to the khan's daughters: there is a yurt in the bag, if the beautiful woman will open the bag, the yurt will turn to ash; everyone wants to open it, glad, they asked her father to put A. a new yurt; he says to K. that he sold Karata Khan's ash: she heals cattle; K. burned his yurt, the khan ordered beat him; K. put A. in a bag, who tells him to be burned at a crossroads at a juniper fire; K. went to collect juniper; A. says to a passing one-eyed khan that from sitting in a bag from the sky the eye will go down; the khan climbs into the bag, gives his clothes to A.; K. burns the khan; A. appears, says that the devils gave him clothes and a horse; K. asks him to burn, A. lives well]: Hadahane 1984:28-32.

Eastern Siberia. Baikal Evenks (Vitim) [Codon digs a girl out of the grave, leaves her near a pine tree near her house; the owner's daughters touch her, she crumbles, K. gets her for the "killed" wife or sisters of the owner's two daughters; K. wraps their necks with their guts, says that he pricked their necks, made them beautiful; men stab their wives in their necks, they die; they want to burn Codon, he ties the trusting instead of himself man; K. returns, allegedly after being burned, sends greetings to the men from his deceased wives]: Voskoboynikov 1980:24-25; Evens [Carlam dug up a recently buried girl, brought Khagankan to his house; his daughter goes out to invite her into the house, the deceased falls, the daughter thinks she accidentally killed her; her father gives her to K. instead of "killed"; K. tells the brothers what the inhabitants of another village give beauties for dead women; they strangle their wives, drive them away; the brothers leave K. in a bag to burn; he tells a stranger that he is sitting in a bag to become a shaman; a stranger climbs into a bag, giving K. his clothes for it; brothers they burn a stranger; K. arrives, says that from the dead, that their late mother sewed clothes for him; brothers ask them to burn; K. lives happily with his wife]: Novikova 1958:70-72; 1987:74-76.