Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K27u1. From conception to birth day. 11.-.

Someone demands that the baby be born the morning after conception or speak immediately after birth.

Kagourou, Lamba, Senufo, Bussa, Tunisia, Egypt, Italians (Tuscany? , Basilicata), Palestinians, Mehri, Thais, Moldovans, Georgians, Turks, Udmurts.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Kaguru [four brothers go to marry sequentially; pass by an old woman; the older three refuses to lick pus from her eyes, the youngest does it; she gives him an egg; the chief locks everyone on night with a girl, there must be a child in the morning; three brothers are executed; the youngest turns an egg into a child, he gets a wife]: Beidelman 1975, No. 3:542-547; lamba [the chief's eldest daughters are married, the youngest says she will only marry someone who goes through the hole in the tree with the ball; two older brothers and their sister's husband (brother-in-law) go to try their luck, they don't want to take their younger brother; he comes, feeds poultry, ants, fish on the way; carries out an assignment, is recognized as a son-in-law; the older brothers intend to destroy him; they tell the leader's wife that her son-in-law 1) can make the child appear on another day after the wedding; the young man is about to return home, but the bird he has fed flies west and brings him a baby; 2) the brothers urge him to scatter seeds in the forest, let him collect them; the ants collected; 3) pour the beads into the water (they get the fish); the young man's wife complains to the mother, she explains that her husband's brothers are to blame; the chief finds out everything, sends the brothers home; the son-in-law honors; they visited the house boys and returned to live with his wife's relatives]: Doke 1927, No. 23:45-51

West Africa. Senufo [one of the three friends says he cannot get enough of women, the other with food, the third with clothes; the king tests them; the first met with all women and they immediately gave birth; all women they brought food and the second one ate it right away; everyone brought clothes, the third's body became big, there were not enough clothes; and now some people are few and four wives, others are gluttons, others need a lot of clothes]: Diep, Bamba 2007, No. 40:132-134.

Sudan - East Africa. Bussa [a noble man begins to ask a girl who herds cattle; she replies that only her mother knows; he finds his mother, and through her father, marries; sends a mixture of chickpea seeds and moutard (cruciferous), which are very similar, tells you to separate; the girl sows the seeds and separates them easily when they germinate; the groom demands that the bride become pregnant the first night and the next day gave birth to a child; in response, the girl tells her father to ask for a bag of barley and turn it into beer the same day; the man married a girl and they lived well]: Reuss-Nliba, Reuss-Nliba 2016:136-138.

North Africa. Tunisia [The king has seven sons, he thought they were interfering with his subjects, and he imprisoned them in a palace. A maid brought them food. Just bread and water, but she felt sorry for them and started bringing them tasty and tasty food. She once told the king that his children had stopped eating and she did not know what was wrong with them. Then the king decided to marry them. He dressed them like a king, gave them each an apple. The princes threw apples. For one, it pointed towards the vizier's court, the other towards the court of a noble man, and so everyone decided on the bride, except for his younger brother. There was no way he could find his apple. Six got married and gave them a gift from the palace king, while the youngest was left alone. One day he went hunting and saw his apple and a frog stuck to him. He wanted to unhook it, but he didn't succeed, so he threw the apple and the frog under the bed. When he left, the frog shed its skin and turned into a beautiful girl. She did all the household chores and went back under bed. This went on for several days. When the prince returned, he thought it was the neighbors' wives who had decided to help him. He went to thank his neighbors, but it turned out they weren't them. Then he addressed the sheikh. He advised him to hide and see what was going on in the house in his absence. So the prince saw the beauty, burned her frogskin, married her and got his own house. Once the king decided to visit his son and daughter-in-law. When he saw his daughter-in-law, he wanted to get rid of his son and marry her himself. He ordered the prince to make a burnus out of a piece of marble. The frog told her husband to go to his father, take a sandbasket with him, and ask him to make silk threads out of sand. The king admitted that his son overcame his ordeal. He ordered the army to be brought in and the entire army fed with "musarrad". The frog made a couscous, then added the king's musarrad and his handkerchief to it and told her husband to say: "For the hungry!" This is how he fed an entire army. The third task is to bring a talking baby. The frog sent her husband to her sister, who had just given birth. She said to the baby, "The one who came for you is your aunt's husband, and whoever you're going to talk to wants to kill your aunt's husband and marry your aunt himself." She said that and handed him a sword. The prince took the baby to the king. The baby said to him, "We speak and we want words over words and we cut off your head." The baby cut off the king's head]: Al-Aribi 2009, No. 45 in Korovkina MS; Egyptian Arabs: Lebedev 1990, No. 18 [the tsar fell in love with the fisherman's wife, the vizier advises to demand that 1) cover the hall with one carpet; the wife tells me to go to the well, ask her sister for yarn, the carpet is ready for the morning; 2) bring an eight-day-old child to tell a fairy tale (the same sister from the well gives a speaker baby); at school, the fisherman's son Mohammed teases the king's son; he complains, the teacher beat M.; M. went fishing, caught the queen fish, she promised to help, he let her go; vizier: let M. go for the Sultan's daughter Green land; the fish advises to make a golden ship with the vizier's money; they sail to Green Land, the Sultan's daughter has come to see the ship, she is being taken away; she throws her ring into the sea; puts her ring at sea; puts it to the king the condition of marriage is to get a ring; M. gets it; the second condition is to rush into the fire; the fish teaches that M. is becoming handsome; the tsar, the prince and the vizier rushed into the fire and burned; M. married his daughter Sultan of Green Land]: 101-109; Nowak 1969, No. 252 [the emir's two eldest sons marry girls, the youngest marry a talking monkey; she turns out to be a princess, the emir wants to marry her himself, for this purpose offers his son impossible tasks; demands that the baby speak immediately; he tells the audience about the emir's unseemly behavior; the emir dies, his youngest son reigns]: 244.

Southern Europe. Italians (Basilicata) [when he dies, the king tells his son to give three sisters as the first to marry; they are a swineherd, a poultry farmer and a gravedigger; the young king also decides to find a bride, calls out to the old woman, she tells us to look for the beautiful Fiorita; he consistently comes to three luxurious castles, their owners are the husbands of his sisters; the first gives pork bristles, the second gives feathers, and the third gives a human bone; the youngest the sister sent to the king, Father F.; the king orders him to eat apples filled with the basement overnight (the young man threw the bristles, the pigs ate apples); on the wedding night, F. should be put to sleep with birds singing (feathers are birds); let a baby will be born tomorrow, will say "dad" and "mom" (threw a bone, it turned into a baby); the king gave the crown to his son-in-law]: Calvino 2017, No. 133:590-593 (=Crane 1885, No. 13:61-68; transfer to Kotrelev 1991:131-134); Italians (Tuscany?) [when he dies, the king tells his son Ferdinand to give his three sisters to be the first to marry them; they are a chimney sweep, tinker, umbrella seller (Regenschirmtrödler); F. plays with golden balls; one fell the old woman in the basket, there was an egg, it broke; the old woman curses F. {apparently, he wants him to marry Margarita, but either the narrator missed this episode or the author did not record it}; F. goes to look for the beautiful Margarita, consistently visits his sisters; they are married to wizards, everyone gives a nut (of a different kind, the last one is an almond); the younger sister gives a flint and a candle; her husband says that old woman is M.'s mother, shows the way to the palace, teaches what to do; the old woman tells you to disassemble different varieties of grain overnight; F. breaks a nut, ants in it, they do their work; the next evening, eat 300 pounds of crackers per night (mice eat from the second nut); on the third evening, eat 30 pigs (almond eagles ate); on the fourth evening, the old woman leaves F. and M. in the bedroom: by morning, a son should be born to greet his grandmother; F. carves a fire, lights a candle, a boy appears; in the morning the old woman dies and the boy disappears as soon as the candle burns out]: Knust 1866, No. 2:384-386.

Western Asia. Palestinians [in the absence of a fisherman, the genie's three daughters clean the house, clean and cook the fish he caught; the neighbor replies that she did nothing; he watches, grabs the youngest girl; the king wants it for herself, tells the fisherman 1) to plant a vine, pick grapes the next morning for the whole army to eat it (the wife creates); 2) inexhaustible bread (the same); 3) bring the baby with an umbilical cord so that he told a false story from beginning to end; his wife's sister just gave birth, her baby tells a fairy tale; as a result, the king blesses the fisherman and his wife]: Muhawi, Kanaana 1989, No. 37:272-277; mehri [the sultan gives a ram and orders them to bring six things together; no one understands, the sultan executes people one by one; the youngest daughter of the poor man tells the ram to eat, string his ear and eye on three threads, heart and penis, stomach (Bauch) and hoof: if the ear hears, the eye sees, the heart feels, the penis rises; if the body is hard, then the legs too; the sultan marries her, tells her to have a child tomorrow; the wife tells her Plant a date seed and harvest a palm tree tomorrow; the Sultan orders his wife's parents and her father's daughter from his deceased wife to be moved to the palace]: MĂĽller 1902:144-147.

Burma - Indochina. Thais [the rich man makes it a condition for his daughter to marry that the husband conceives a son on the wedding day and the child will be born tomorrow; the merchant agrees that the rich man will plant a banana and collect the fruits tomorrow so that give a banana to a child; gets a wife]: Coyaud 2009, No. 13:140-142.

The Balkans. Romanians [poor old people have three sons, the youngest Tsugul; the fairies gave him a good fate, but the sorceress snake took away his veins; the brothers reluctantly put Ts on a mare, take them with them to hunt; the fairy gives he has a belt: he can take any form to return his veins from the Snake; after becoming a bee, C. flies to the Snake's house; from a conversation between the Snake and his daughters, he learns that the veins are in the chest behind the stove; next time he arrives with a fly, takes the veins; fighting, he kills three snake sons-in-law of the Snake Witch, gave their horses to his brothers, took the youngest for himself; the Snake tells his daughters to take a different form to destroy C.; the elder brother wants to rip off grapes, C. cuts a vineyard, black blood flows; the same is a plum orchard; the same is a stream (the brothers wanted to get drunk, C. plunged a spear into the stream, blood flowed); the witch herself flies, C. hides in a cave, then comes to the king, asks to forge a club; heated it, shoved it into a hole in the fortress wall; The snake pulled the air into itself, the red-hot club fell into her mouth, she died; the boyars advise the tsar to get rid of Ts. they offer to send him to the Kingdom of Strier, to marry the king; C. meets, takes as companions 1) an eternally hungry man who plows seven with plows; 2) hares running and stroking on the run, tied to at the feet of a millstone; 3) freezing on a hot day, one mustache is white, the other is black; 4) an arrow hitting a mosquito in the sky; 5) a sage (waving a stick, birds flock); everyone, not knowing first who is in front of him, says that he is not a hero, but a real hero - C.; the Streer king demands: 1) eat all the breads baked in 9 ovens per day (Ovedelo eats); 2) drink 9 barrels of wine (Drank drinks); 3) enter a hot stove (the Freezer has cooled it down); 4) bring water from the magic spring, overtaking the maid (the maid put Skorokhod to sleep, looking for him in his head; the shooter wakes him up by knocking him out from under his head a horse's skull as a girl, Skorokhod came first); 5) let 50 infertile women be born overnight (The Sage did give birth; touched the king with a stick - the king is a brood of ducklings behind the king, everyone laughs ); C. spared the eagle, pulled the thorn out of the bear's paw, they promised to help; brought the princess to the king, who gave it to him himself; the brothers stabbed Ts, took the horse and the bride; Ts is still a little alive, his eagle and bear went out, the eagle brought alive and dead water, C. became the same; the eagle untied the horse C., the bear frightened the brothers; the horse killed the brothers with his hooves, the king of Streer bequeathed the throne to C., he married the princess, received both kingdoms]: Sadetsky 1973:79-101.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Georgians (Kakheti) [son wants to marry, mother advises to throw bread into the river every day; a girl came out, the young man persuaded her to go to live in another kingdom; the adviser saw her, persuaded the king to take it away from her young men wife, tell me to bring 1) eggs, from which all birds and animals will hatch; the wife tells me to go to the river, ask her mother for white chicken eggs; all animals come out of them; 2) feed a bunch of grapes the whole army (the same, ask the mother for a bunch of our grapes); 3) a child to know 14 languages (give our daughter-in-law's newborn for a while; he talked to people from 14 countries and left); 4) Ezhwan's flower; he is at the top of the tower, she lowers her hair, you have to wrap it around her arm, she will lift it up; she has horse winds, the young man comes back with the beauty, gives a flower; the beauty advises to suggest building a bridge, to fit the king, the court and the army; the bridge on her hair, she pulled it, everyone drowned; the young man stayed with his wife]: Chikovani 1954:116-120; Turks [a young shepherd dug a pond to water the cattle and drink himself; a dove flew there, took off her feather clothes, became a girl; the young man hid his clothes in a chest, brought the girl to his wife; she creates a palace, a bridge to the pond; the padishah wants to lime the young man, tells bring 1) a bunch of grapes that can feed the army and residents; the wife tells you to go to the pond, ask her older sister for such a brush; 2) a newborn baby who would talk (youngest the sister has just given birth, the young man brought a talking baby, the padishah is frightened, tells me to take it back); 3) a ring from the finger of a padishah who died half a century ago; the wife sends her middle brother to ask get this ring; a dove leads the young man across the bridge; there a man drags straw, the other carries doors; during his lifetime, one stole bags of straw, the other two doors; the young man brought a ring, but during this time his wife found in in the chest of her clothes, flew away, taking with her palace, property and mother-in-law; the dove takes the young man to his wife, who just gave birth; they return, with them the palace, the young man's mother, etc.; the torturers are ready to execute Padishah, but the young man forgave him]: Stebleva 1986, No. 71:288-292.

Volga - Perm. The Udmurts [the father gave the eldest daughter as the chief of birds, the middle daughter as the chief of animals, the youngest for a whirlwind; the son sold the house, went on a journey, did not eat a bee, a crow, an ant, they promised to help; The young man came to his older sister; her husband tells her that if her father comes, he will kill him, or if his brother does not; the sister showed his hidden brother; his son-in-law fed him and gave him a horse; the young man rode for the lame fox, the horse ran into a stake; the young man came to his middle sister, the same as in the eldest's house; the fox's leg is slightly hanging, the horse has fallen; the whirlwind has fallen out; the fox's intestines have fallen out; the young man comes into the house, the owners they take him as a watchman, tell him not to go into one hut, he comes in, there is a man nailed to the wall, asks to hit him with a hammer, disappeared after the blow; the owner: it was Satan pretending to be a fox, he ate yours three horses; the young man returned home, where the new owner orders to collect the sown grain (ants collect); give birth to a child in one night without a wife (the crow screams like a baby); make waxy bridge (the bee does); that man left and the young man stayed at his home]: Kralina 1960, No. 57:154-157.