Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K27z1. Don't take the cage, don't take the bridle! ATU 550.


The assistant teaches you how to steal the right object, but not to take anything else (take a bird, but not take a cage, a horse, but not a bridle, etc.). The character takes what is not needed, caught, released for promising to deliver another object, then a girl. As a result, the hero keeps both the girl and everything he stole. {The ATU 550 includes a much broader set of texts; in particular, the Indian, Burmese, and Persian versions mentioned in Uther 2004 do not meet our definition}.

Kordofan, Western Sahara, Kabilas, Arabs (?) Algeria, Egyptian Arabs, Spaniards (Catalans, Portuguese), Basques, Italians (Tuscany, Puglia, Calabria), Sicilians, Sardinians, Ladins, French (Upper Brittany, Ardennes, Niverne, Poitou, High Alps, etc.) Irish, Scots, Germans (Grimms, Hesse, Austria), Frisians, Dutch, Syrian Arabs, Croats, Serbs, Romanians, Moldovans, Gagauz, Bulgarians, Czechs, Poles, Russians (Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Olonetskaya, Pskov, Tula), Ukrainians (Ugric Russia, Transcarpathia, Galicia, Podolia, Pokutye, Kiev, Poltava, Kharkiv), Belarusians, Karachays and Balkarians, Nogais, Kumyks, Georgians, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Danes , Norwegians, Faroese, Swedes, Western Sami (Norway), Finns, Karelians, Veps, Seto, Estonians, Livonians, Latvians, Lithuanians, Udmurts, Komi, Mari, Chuvash, Kazan Tatars, Bashkirs, Karakalpaks, Kyrgyz, Shors, Khalkha -Mongols, Nenets (Yamal).

Sudan — East Africa. Kordofan (language not specified) [the king's apricot tree bears golden fruits; the bird steals them; the youngest of three sons {not mentioned about the elders} volunteered to guard; grabbed the bird, it escaped, but the feather remained in his hand; no one saw a bird with such feathers; the king wants to have it; the youngest son went to pick up the bird; the elders too, because everyone wanted to become king, and the father had not yet chosen I made; at the fork there is an inscription: whoever walks on the right road will die, on the middle road he will lose his horse, on the left road he will get to the giants buried under the mounds; the older brothers decided to stop and wait the youngest, and he drove along the middle road; met the gin, ate the horse, the young man walked; the gin apologized: he hadn't eaten for two years, horses were his food, otherwise he would die; now he will be an assistant; one king has a bird ; it's easy to take it, but you can't say a word; but the young man exclaimed, “This bird!” , she woke up and gave a voice, the young man was captured; the local king is ready to let him go with the bird, but let him get him a horse that can be summoned and sent away by rubbing his hair; he is from another king; gin: not touch the leash on which the horse is tied; take the hairs, sit on the horse, rub it, and you will be wherever you want; but the young man untied the leash, is caught; the horse owner promises to give it back if the young man gets the box , in which another king keeps all the servants, dancers, drummers and trumpeters; genie: when the king sleeps, he holds the box in his teeth; I will become a mouse, I will tickle him; but don't open the boxes; the young man took it away but opened the box, the musicians and dancers jumped out, began to play and dance around, but nothing back; a year later, the genie found it; came to the owner of the box under the guise of another king and found out what was needed three times say “showlim” for the musicians and others to return to the box; this happened; gin a copy of the box in exchange for which the young man received a horse; then the gin became a horse, the young man received the bird and kept it for himself as well horse; came to the brothers; when he fell asleep, they threw him into the well and took the box, the horse and the bird; the gin came, lowered the bucket to collect water, the young man clung to him and got out; came to his father, told him everything, offered to gather people in the morning; the older brothers are afraid of the box; when they saw the youngest, who was called dead, turned pale; the younger told the inhabitants of the box to go out, the dancers began to dance, the warriors killed the elders brothers; the younger said “showlim”, those who came out fled; the king handed over power to the youngest son]: Frobenius, No. 13:134-147.

North Africa. Western Sahara [a rich man has a garden with valuable apples; someone steals apples; the eldest, middle sons fall asleep; the youngest grabs a bird with a basket, the bird escapes leaving a feather; father sends sons to search, each goes in their own direction; the elders converge together, do not search; the youngest horse is eaten by a lion, promises to be a servant of a young man; takes him to the palace of the Emir, whose daughter owns a bird; orders take the bird, but without the cage; he takes the cage, he is grabbed, the emir promises to give the bird in exchange for a horse owned by hostile emirs; the lion carries it to the horse, tells him not to take the golden harness; the young man takes him they grab and promise a horse if he gets the daughter of another emir; the young man gets, wants a girl for himself; the lion turns into a girl, then into a horse, the young man returns with the girl, the horse and the bird; at night the brothers they cut his throat; the lion revives him, he forgives his brothers; the father makes his youngest son heir]: Aris, Cladellas 1991:76-81; kabila [the king has three wives: black, Arab, cabin; apple tree in the garden it blooms in the morning, bears fruit in the evening, but the apples disappear; the son of the cabin is guarding, did not notice anything; the son of an Arab woman is the same; the son of a black woman grabs a bird by the tail, the feathers remain in his hands; they bring them to the father, everyone sings; the father demands to get the bird itself; the mother gives a ball to follow; the brothers refuse to follow the son of a black woman; meets an old woman; she teaches him to go to the city, take a bird, but without a cage; he takes a golden cage; the ghoul tells you to get the horse of perfume; the old woman teaches not to take bridles; the young man took it; the king of spirits orders to get the cannibal's daughter; the old woman teaches to venerate the cannibal's breasts; the cannibal demands for her daughter a hundred camels and a hundred camels; an old woman teaches to take no more than a hundred; he brings camels to the cannibal; she gives a daughter and leaves the camels to the young man too; the same with everyone, he gets everything he gets; meets brothers ; they let him down the well to get water; there's a different world; women are afraid that the cannibal will eat the young man; one warns that the cannibal will give a choice of two daggers: with a golden handle and a wooden one; the young man took gold and cut the ogre in half, refusing to strike a second blow; the young man sends the woman upstairs; she gave her ring: the brothers will betray you; they really cut off the rope; the young man comes to the old woman; goats black milk: she eats coal and earth, there is nothing else; tells her not to herd it on foreign land; the young man goes there with the goat, the milk has turned white; the eagle's nest, the snake crawls to eat the chicks; the young man killed the snake with a knife; the bird ordered meat to be harvested, carried the young man to the ground; he came to his father; the brothers were tied to the horse's mane; their heads were used to make stones for the hearth, and coal mixers from their hands]: Rivière 1882, No. 10:235- 244; Arabs (?) Algeria [the bird drops its golden pen; the king sends three sons to get the bird; the youngest tonsured and combed the ghoul (Dämon), for which he brings him to the garden where the golden birds are; the ghoul tells him to take only one, but the young man grabs the second, is captured, brought to the local king; he agrees to give the bird in exchange for a horse; by taking the horse, the young man again violates the ban on the ghoul; he will receive a horse in exchange for a pomegranate; for a horse They demand the Jewish princess; the young man gets her, the ghoul takes her form, the young man gets a pomegranate, and the ghoul returns; in the same way the young man gets a horse and a bird, keeping the princess; meets brothers who have become poor laborers; on the way home, they bring the youngest into the well, where he saves three sisters from the demon's hands; the brothers pull the girls out, leave the young man underground, tell his father that the youngest is dead; the princess becomes a black slave, and the gold bird's feathers turn white; the youngest saves the girl; she brings him to her city {on land, not underground}, gives three magical hairs, he hired a jeweler; sends three items from the underworld to the palace; when they see them, the girls realize that their savior is alive; he burns one hair, a horse and a luxurious robe appear; the young man comes to his father, exposes the brothers; gains the throne; the black woman becomes a princess again and the bird becomes golden; after reigning, the young man expels his brothers, makes the jeweler Pasha]: Nowak 1969, No. 175:179-181; Arabs of Egypt [ the king buys a male bird that can read the Koran; the bird asks to bring him a female, three princes go in search; they leave at a fork in the roads, each leaving his ring under a stone; the youngest shares bread and salt with a genie, his father tells his son to help the young man; the genie brings him to where the bird is, tells him not to take the cage; the young man violates the ban, is captured, released for promising to get a black horse for a bird; again, contrary to the ban, the young man takes the bridle; released for promising to get the princess Umm es-su Ur; the young man gets it, gets a horse and does not give the princess either; then the same with the bird; returning to the fork in the roads , the young man sees that his brothers' rings are intact; comes to the castle, where he must tell a story without using the letters {?} , the genie does it for him; marries a princess; finds brothers in prison who tried to marry her; returns home with them, also marries Umm es-su Ur]: Galtier in Nowak 1969, No. 240:233.

Southern Europe. The Spanish [the king is sick, he will be cured by three wonders of the world; the eldest son goes in search, is captured by the robbers; the same with the middle one; the youngest comes to the cave of the winds, where the mother of the winds hides him; The wind comes back, his mother tells him about the young man, the Wind does not know about miracles, tells him to his older brother the Sun; there is the same old woman, also hiding the young man, the Sun sends to her sister Moon; The moon sends birds to his brother; he called a pair of birds of each species; the last was the lame eagle, only he knows about miracles; tells him to prepare meat for the journey; it is not enough, the young man is going to cut off a piece from his leg, but the eagle tells him to throw his pen into the sea instead; after flying across the sea, the eagle shows the path to the castle; meets a woman who says she has no money to bury her deceased husband; a young man gave her money; a fox appeared; said that there would be a bird, a horse and a girl in the castle room, you can only take one thing; he takes the bird, the cage asks him to take it; as soon as the young man takes the cage, to meet her a giant, throws him to the lions, but the fox saves him; says he can save only three times; next time the young man takes the girl, she asks to take her clothes, then the giant meets her again, the same; on the third once he takes a horse; the blanket asks to take it too, he does not take it, jumps away, taking a bird in a cage and a dressed girl; on the way back to meet her, the brothers took their money, came to their father, took credit for themselves, they said that the younger brother had become a robber; the king ordered him to be found and hanged; then a fox appeared in the form of a man and told everything; he was the dead man for whose funeral the young man gave money; the king handed over the throne to the younger, married the girl he had received]: Camarena, Chevalier 1995, No. 550:516-523; (cf. Catalans (including Menorca and Ibisa) [the father is ill, three sons go to get the medicine; the youngest does good to the old woman, gets the medicine; in the castle, where the enchanted princess spells her, gets something from her as a sign of loyalty; the brothers take the medicine and the princess, throw the young man into the well, tell his father that they got it all; the young man manages to get out of the well, he returns home the princess recognizes him as a savior when she sees an item given to him]: Oriol, Pijol 2008, No. 550:119-120; the Portuguese [at night someone ruins the royal garden; or a sick father (king) needs a magic cure; three sons go in search; only the youngest is kind to the animal (old woman), they help him; if the option is with a ruined garden, only the youngest does not sleep and finds a thief ; the youngest catches the bird, but must also complete other tasks; he is helped by an animal; he gets living water; his brothers take everything away, throw the youngest into the well; the fox pulls him out, returns everything to him; she is beheaded and turned into a prince; younger brother marries a princess]: Cardigos 2006, No. 550:137-138); Basques [the king will see the light if he gets the white crow (blackbird); older, middle sons leave, play cards; the youngest does not play, pays the brothers' debts, they are not executed; the owner of the black crow asks to get a princess for him; the fox (this is the spirit of a dead man whose debts are a young man paid) teaches what to do; the princess sings, people run, her father agrees to give her if the young man gets another king's white horse; the horse laughs, but people allow the young man to take him away; he asks permission put the princess on a horse, takes him away; the white crow flies to the princess's knees, the young man takes everyone away; the brothers throw the youngest into the water tank, take the crow; the fox pulls the young man out, the crow to him herself arrives; the young man returns to his father, the princess and the bird sing, the horse laughs, the old king sees the light; the young man tells everything, marries the princess; the father expels the eldest sons into the desert]: Webster 1879:182- 187; ladins [the king will be cured only by the singing of a bird living in the country of the Moors; the eldest son went and did not return; the middle son is the same; the youngest came to town, paid the debts of a dead man whose body was dragged the streets; when he went on, the frog told me to take it with him — she is the soul of that dead man, she will teach you what to do; in the tower of the King of the Moors, you only have to take a bird and nothing more; but he also took a cage, a guard woke up; the frog teaches you to promise to get a horse from the neighboring king; the same (the young man took a blanket, released for promising to get a princess guarded by 10 dragons; this time the young man took only the princess; when changed for a horse, asked permission to kiss her, grabbed her, rode away; having received a bird with a cage for the horse, asked permission to ride for the last time and galloped off; the frog said goodbye, telling her not to take meat from gallows; on the way home, the young man sees his brothers, who are going to be hanged for theft and deception; the young man bought them, and then they pushed him into the well, when they came to his father, they attributed all the exploits to themselves; the older brother's wedding with the princess is being prepared; the frog pulled out the young man and gave him speeding boots; the young man hired the kitchen in the palace, put half of the ring she gave him in the princess's food; princess recognized the ring; the frog came and told everything; the younger prince received the crown and the princess, the elders were torn by horses]: Uffer 1973, No. 9:26-30 (=Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 65:178-184); Italians (Tuscany, Calabria, Puglia), Sicilians, Sardinians: Cirese, Serafini 1975, No. 550:126

Western Europe. The French (Haute-Brittany; also the Ardennes, Nivernay, Poitou, the High Alpes, etc.) [The three sons of a rich man go in search of a whitebird whose voice rejuvenates; the eldest two remain in the tavern; the youngest buries the deceased, who is mocked, for during his lifetime he is not paid the debt; fox: a thrush in the forest under the protection of three sleepless giants; take a thrush, but not the luxurious cage nearby; the young man takes the cage, the giants grab him, let him go for promising to get a donkey” Step 7 Leagues”; fox: we must take a worthless saddle; the young man takes the best, is captured by giants and released for promising to get a gold-haired girl; she is guarded by a lion and other creatures, they fall asleep at midnight; now the young man does not violate the prohibitions, brings the girl; the fox advises to ask the giants for permission to ride a donkey with the girl, takes her away; then takes her away; the fox tells her not to stop in the city, but The young man frees the brothers, and they throw him into the well on the way and take credit for themselves at home; but the thrush does not sing and everyone is sad; on the third attempt, the fox, with its tail down the well, pulls the young man out; a young man gets home: a gold-haired girl breaks the silence, the thrush sings, the father recovers; the father wanted to shoot his older sons, but the young man begged not to do so]: Sébillot 1894, No. 10:174-176 (=Delarue, Tenèze 1964, No. 550:347-348); Germans (southern Hessen) [the king is ill but will recover when he hears Felix's bird singing; whoever of his three sons gets it will inherit the throne; the brothers parted at the crossroads by the tree; who will be the first to return will wait for the others; the elders meet the bear and refuse to answer him, the younger Ferdinand tells him everything; the bear indicates the castle where to hire to the service; take a wooden cage with a bird, not to transplant the bird into another cage; for his diligence, the prince was appointed chief of birds; but F. transplanted Felix into a golden cage; barely outside the castle gate, Felix screamed, F. was captured; a bear appeared: promise the king to get the most beautiful girl for him; the king let F. go, the bear put him on his back and quickly took him to another castle; from the local king three daughters, the youngest is the most beautiful; you recognize her: she is wearing the poorest dress; and don't try to take her brocade dresses with you; F. regretted leaving expensive outfits, the princess screamed, F. is captured; the bear teaches again: promise the king to get the fastest horse for him; the bear brought F. to the third city; take a horse with a wooden saddle, not to take the gold one; but F. again did not listen, the horse shouts “Thief!” , F. was captured; begged the bear to help him out again: promise the king to get the most expensive gem for him; the bear brought F. to the mountain, which opens for one hour; there is no need to be afraid of lions and tigers; you must take a stone in a simple wooden box; but F. took the gold box and filled all his pockets with gems; an invisible hand gave him the back of the head and F. flew out of the cave; bear: I'm the one who pulled you out: a minute later the cave would close; now select the best stones for the king; the king gave the horse; when the princess came out to look at the horse, F. picked it up and carried it away; having received the bird for the princess, took the princess away again; the bear warned him not to stop home, but F. stopped under that tree and fell asleep; the brothers came, took everything for themselves, and Ferdinand was thrown into the lion's lair; the bear took pity again and brought F. to his father's castle; unrecognized F. got a job at the stable; his dull horse immediately rejoiced; when he saw F., the silent phoenix bird sang; F. married the princess, his brothers were expelled; his wife gave birth to a son; the bear came joyfully accepted; asks for repay: cut your son in half with your hand to make it easier for me to swallow him; F. closed his eyes and raised his sword; immediately the bear's skin fell and he himself turned out to be a prince; got his kingdom, and then built a castle next to Castle F. and began to live there]: Wolf 1851:229-242; the Germans [an apple disappears in the royal garden every morning; the eldest, middle queens fall asleep; the youngest sees a bird with golden plumage, fired an arrow, one feather fell; the king sends his sons to get a bird; the fox tells the eldest to go not to a good tavern, but to a poor tavern, he does not obey; the same average prince; both remain in tavern, wasting money; the youngest does as the fox tells, grabs it by the tail, she brings it to a poor tavern, then to the castle, tells her not to take an expensive cage; the queen takes it, is captured, released for a promise get a golden horse; the fox tells you not to take the saddle; the same; get the queen; you must kiss the queen in the bath, not allow her to say goodbye to his parents; the young man allowed, captured; the king orders to tear it off in 8 days mountain; the fox does the work; tells you to give the girl for a horse, but immediately grab her and ride away; the same with the bird (grab and ride away); the fox tells her to cut off her head and legs, the Queen refuses; then He tells him not to buy meat from the gallows or sit at the edge of the well; the Queen bought the brothers they were going to hang for crimes; they pushed him into the well, the fox lowered its tail and pulled it out; the queen returned in the form of a beggar; the girl recognized him and told him everything; the older brothers were executed, the youngest married a girl, inherited the throne; the fox orders her head and legs to be cut off; turns into a brother that girl — he was bewitched]: Grimm, Grimm 2002, No. 57:199-204 (=Grimm, Grimm 1987:159-164); Scots [Queen Irene Dirac has a witch's stepmother; he sees a blue falcon, picked up a pen; the stepmother tells me to bring her a falcon; the fox promised to help; the falcon of the five-headed giant, you must hire him to take care of the birds; when taking the falcon, you must make sure that it does not touch anything with its wings; falcon hit the door jamb, the jamb creaked, the giant heard, came back; agreed to give the falcon if A. stole a lightbearer sword from his three giant sisters; fox: we must hire Women to clean steel and copper things; carrying a sword, there is nothing to hurt; A. hurt, the giantesses demand King Erin's gold-bay mare for their sword; fox: you have to hire a groom; stealing a mare, do not touch anything; A. hit a pole at the gate; King E. orders to get the daughter of the French king for a mare; the fox turned into a ship with music on it, A. brought the queen to the ship, sailed away; the fox turned royal, then a horse, a sword, a bird, each returns to A., who has everything he got; on the advice of the fox, A. directed the edge of his sword towards his stepmother, who turned into an armful of brushwood; A. thanked the fox]: Klyagin-Kondratyeva 1967 , No. 5:259-274 (=Kharitonov 2008:468-479); Irish [{first page in pdf is missing}; someone steals golden apples from the royal garden; the gardener's eldest son missed a bird emitting light; the same middle; the youngest knocked down a golden pen; without taking an apple, the bird flew away with a deafening cry; the king promises a daughter to the one who will get the bird; the eldest son went, stopped to eat, the fox asks her share; he shoots in response; out of respect for his younger brother, the fox still advises the village to stay not in a lighted house where they dance, but in a dim light and a modest family lives; the guy stopped where they were dancing; the same with the middle son; the youngest shared with the fox; stayed in a modest house; went on in the morning; the fox: the bird of the Spanish king; tells her to sit on her tail and instantly brings there; everyone in the palace is sleeping; a bird in a wooden cage, next to it is golden; contrary to the fox's warning, the guy decided to transplant the bird into a golden cage, she began to scream; the Spanish king promises freedom and a bird if the young man gets the horse of the King of Morocco; the same (the guy tried to replace the usual saddle with gold); get Goldilocks, the daughter of the King of Greece; the guy should not wake her up and she does not must touch the doorposts; but he kissed her, she agrees to go, but must kiss her father; he will give her daughter if the guy removes the mountain of clay in front of the palace; earlier instead of every pile thrown away two new ones appeared; the fox helped again, the mountain disappeared in the morning; {page missing}; the gardener's son married the daughter of the King of Greece, and her brother married the daughter of the king {whom?}] : Kennedy 1875:47-56;

Germans (Austria), Friesians, Dutch: Uther 2004 (1), No. 550:318-320

Western Asia. Palestinians [the king is sitting on the throne; a bird comes in, carries the hair from his beard; the same the next day; the king managed to snatch the feather from the bird — it is golden; the vizier advises sending three princes in search of birds; they reached the fork, on the stove there is an inscription: Heir ist der Pfad dem der Feurbrand naht; hier ist der Pfad den trennenden Tat {what's in the original Arabic?} ; and if you follow this path, you won't return; younger Kasim rides the one they don't return on; everyone left his ring under the stove; K. reached the long-haired demon, took out a razor, cut off his hair and combed; became friends; the demon does not know where the bird is, sent it to his older brother; at the same time, he sent it to the oldest; he advises not to try to get the bird, but K. is adamant; then the demon teaches that do; bring to the garden, where there are different birds in cages; you have to walk by to the gazebo; there is a peasant with a bird in it; grab a cage and nothing more, then run; but when K. left the garden, he tried to capture another bird; then all the birds cried out: stranger! He was brought to the king; he agreed to give the bird if K. got him a horse; the same with the horse (K. tried to take a sword hanging on the wall); now he was told to bring a grenade; the same: K. tries to tear off the second; the local king demands to get the daughter of the king of Jews Badyat el-Husn wal-Jamal; the demon gives a lit one: as long as you hold her in your hand, you are invisible; enter B.'s chambers and if her eyes are red, grab her hair and drags away, and if yellow, then run and escape; K. dragged B., the demon brought them to the grenade owner, took the form of B., K. got both grenades, and the demon returned; the same goes on (the demon turns into a grenade and a horse; the demon took them to the place where K. broke up with his brothers; there are no rings; K. met the brothers in a neighboring city, they are day laborers with merchants; he took them with him; on the way there is a well; B. advises not to go down, but K. went down, sent water upstairs, and saw a beautiful woman with a sleeping demon on her knees; killed him; the same with the two sisters of the rescued beauty; K. sent them upstairs; the brothers envy K.; lifting it to half, cut off the rope; the girls below warned, the eldest gave a pistachio and a ring in it; the second gave a bracelet; the youngest gave a walnut with a robe in it; when K. fell, B. turned into a black woman, the bird was in a white feather, the pomegranate turned black, and the horse became a nag; his father was told that K. was dead; he began preparing for weddings; K. saw white and black sheep butting; they asked who liked better ; K.: white; he immediately found himself below the 7th underground tier; reached the cliff; saw the dragon chasing the snake; killed the dragon with a stone; the snake became a girl and said that this fan wanted her and constantly chased; to escape, she became a snake, and then he turned into a dragon; a little more and he would grab her; for this she would take him to his father; gave him three hairs: burn it and show up right away; K. pulled his (mutton) stomach over his head and pretended to be bald; in the girl's father's city, he hired a jeweler; every day he said he found gold or two and bought something for it; girls from the underground the kingdoms agree to marry the K. brothers on the condition that they bring them the same ring and bracelet as they gave to K.; jewelers cannot do such things and are waiting for execution; K. pretended to make a ring and a bracelet, but he simply had them; when the girls saw the things, they realized that K. was nearby; the third demanded the robe that K. had given in walnut (the same); before the brothers' wedding, the king arranged a horizontal bar; K. called the woman asked her for a horse; he easily defeated his brothers, appeared before the king and told him everything; forgave the brothers, the groom on two girls rescued from the lower world, but sent him to another city; a jeweler, whom he worked, made pasha; reigned]: Littmann 2016:136-160; Syrian Arabs: Beck et al. 1987 [the bird flies in three times, plucking a hair from the king's beard; the third time he managed to snatch her the feather is golden; three princes go to get a bird; at the fork there is a stone with the inscription: you will burn along this road, you will drown along this road, you will not return along this road; the brothers went in different ways, leaving them under the stone his rings; younger Ala'i — on the road of not returning; on the way, ghoul, A. throws sweet mastic into his mouth; he is ready to carry A. back, but A. wants to go ahead; ghoul sends him to his brother; A. cut his hair hair and he took it to his third brother; A. shaved him and cut his nails; he brought A. to the Birdcage Garden, telling him not to take anything else; A. could not resist taking the second cage, immediately caught; the local king promises a bird for the fastest horse; the ghoul brings to the stable, but A. takes another sword; the local king promises a horse for the beautiful Badiat-ul-Jamal; the ghoul gives a candle that makes him invisible; if the eyes sleeping B. is yellow, you have to run, and if the red ones, you have to grab her; A. got B.; the ghoul took her form, told A. to tell the tired beauty to be given only rose water; when the beautiful gulya was brought a jug, he dived into it and disappeared; the same with the horse (he drinks only rose water); with B., the horse and the bird A. reached the stone; the brothers have already taken their rings; one serves in the bakery, the other in the inn; A. them bought it; B. overheard that the brothers wanted to leave A. in the well; A. did not believe it; B. gave him three chestnuts: one gold earring, the other a gold bracelet, the third a brocade dress; when the brothers went home without A., B. turned into a black woman, the bird bleached, the horse became a nag; the travelers pulled A. out, gave him a horse; A. disguised himself as a shepherd, hired a jeweler; as soon as A. was in his father's town, B., the horse and the bird have taken on their former form; B. refuses to marry one of A.'s brothers, demands a pair for an earring; the jeweler is horrified, A. gives him a second earring in the morning; B. realizes that A. is close, asks the couple for a bracelet ; the same is a golden dress; B. suggests that the brothers show who rides faster; it is not they who win the races, but A.; the king handed him the throne, married B., A. did not execute the brothers]: 80-88; Kuhr 1993 [The king has a tree with gold, silver and diamond leaves; a falcon comes to tear them up; the king tells his sons to guard; the eldest two fall asleep, the youngest Aladin, the son of a black concubine, sprinkles a cut salt, so as not to fall asleep, knocks down three falcon feathers; brothers go after the falcon, part at the well; A. kills a male snake chasing a female; she turns into a girl, promises to help, flies with him to heaven, orders to swallow the pistachio seed (he will find the speech of falcons), take the falcon but not take the cage; A. takes the cage, but the local owner lets it go to catch the horse; A. again violated the ban (not to take stirrups); bring a sword (do not sheath); bring King's daughter Fatima, who was carried away by a ghoul; F. explains that a ghoul can only be killed with his own sword; A. gets a sword, kills a ghoul, takes F., and also receives a sword a horse and a falcon; brothers throw him into the well; below is a genie, who has a black and white woman, A. chooses a black one, for he himself is a black son; he calls a snake girl, she takes him to her father; he gave him the throne, executed his eldest sons]: 134-143.

The Balkans. Croats [in a dream, the king is told to build a church; after the third dream, the king builds a church, but the same old man tells him to get a cage with a bird from the garden of the Persian king, otherwise the church will collapse; three sons go for a bird; the eldest two have lost cards; the youngest buys the hanged debtor to bury him; in a deserted area he meets a man; he says that he is bought The prince is dead, promises to help; tells him to take a cage with a bird, but nothing more; the young man takes a sword and dagger, is captured; the Persian king tells him to get King Wasan's horse; the companion with the prince sail in a boat across the sea, the companion orders to take the horse without a bridle and saddle, the prince violates the ban, is captured; the local king orders him to get the daughter of the Greek emperor; the companion teaches him to take away the emperor's three daughters; King Wasan he gives a horse for them, but the prince and his companion manage to sail away, keeping both the horse and the princess; the same applies to the bird; the companion breaks up with the prince, leaving him everything they have obtained; the prince meets his brothers, they are him they kill, they take everything for themselves; but the king's bird does not sing, the horse is sad, the princesses are crying; the companion sends the spirit of the wind for living water, revives the murdered younger prince; he returns, the bird sang, the king wants to execute his eldest sons, but the youngest forgives them, everyone gets paid for the princess]: Schütz 1960, No. 20:159-177; the Serbs [the king has one eye laughs and the other cries; he sends three sons for by means; everyone asks what exactly his father wants; he rushes at the questioner with a knife; the elders hide, the youngest does not run away; his father praises him for his courage; says that a vine has been stolen from him, which is gave a bucket of wine for an hour; older brothers meet a fox without one leg, try to kill; the youngest shares food with her; the fox teaches her to penetrate the other king, when the eyes of the guards are open, dig a vine with a wooden shovel, do not touch the gold one; the young man takes gold, he is immediately grabbed; the king is ready to give the vine if the young man brings golden apples that ripen every day; the fox tells you to knock down apple trees with a wooden stick, do not touch the gold one; the young man takes the gold, is captured; the owner of the apple tree is ready to give it for a golden horse that will surpass the world in a day; the fox tells not to take the golden bridle; the young man took it, captured, released for promising to get a golden maiden, who has never seen the moon and sun in her life, so white; the fox teaches you to take a girl, close all doors on the way back; then consistently turns into a girl, the horse, etc., the young man gives it away, the fox returns every time, the young man becomes the owner of a girl, a horse, an apple tree, a shovel; on the way home he bought the brothers they wanted to hang; everything was safely delivered father; now he asks for three rye seeds; the brothers pushed the youngest into the well; at home, his father's eyes immediately began to laugh and cry, the apple tree withered, the girl wept, the horse stopped laughing; the fox she pulled the young man out, revived him, turned into a beauty herself; she was bewitched; the young man returned to his father, who married him to a golden girl, and expelled his elder sons]: Wratislaw 1890, No. 40:205-217; Romanians [golden apples disappear from the royal garden; two older brothers fall asleep, the youngest shoots birds, finds a golden feather on the ground; goes with a servant in search of a bird; a wolf with a steel head Asks not to shoot at him; says that the king of birds always sends them to rob gardens; takes a cage with a bird, but is captured; the king of birds promises to give it back in exchange for the neighboring king's horse; caught again — must bring the divine Craiessa; the wolf with him; took K. out of her garden; the wolf takes the form of K., gets a horse, runs away; then takes the form of a horse, gets a bird; the prince now has a girlfriend, a horse and a bird; he returns to his father, wedding]: Kúnos 1901:244-259; Moldovans: Botezat 1981:9-17 [the king was told that if his wife walked through untouched dew, she would give birth; son Svet-Dawn was born; at birth they planted a tree, it has grown to heaven; king: whoever climbs and bears fruit will receive half the kingdom; does not allow his son to climb; the old woman teaches him to convince his father; let him give half the kingdom if the son climbs; let will unwind the ball with it on the way up; the SS rose for three years; at the top there are three branches, each with a golden apple; a bird with a golden tail flew in, pecked an apple, then the second; the third SS he grabbed and pulled out the golden pen from the bird; for 7 years, the SS went down, went to look for the bird; came to the Black Arap; he says that the bird is a girl; they fraternized and went to look for this bird; CHA became a horse warns to grab the princess, but not the shaky in which she lies, the SS grabbed and shaky; the Chief Demon woke up, tells the horses to be brought from the dead; they belong to Tartar; the SS took horses with bridles, T. is ready give it if the SS gets him to Ilyan-Kosynzyan; the SS brazhaned with her for three months, then remembered the CA; he turned her kingdom into a golden apple, took it with him; the SS gave IC to Tartar, and then took it and took it away; He gave the horses to the main demon, and then took it away; he chases him with a pillar of fire, the CHA flooded him with a shower; the bird became a fairy, the CHA turned her kingdom into a golden apple, took it with him; the SS and CHA parted; the CA abandoned his an apple to the east, a golden palace appeared; SS — at sunset, a silver palace appeared; a tree with golden apples was on the border of the two kingdoms], 246-257 [the king lost its seal; if there was a son, he would go to that one light, took off the signet ring from his grandfather's hand; daughter Tudor puts on men's clothes, goes instead of her son; the deer is stuck with horns in the snake's mouth; the snake asks to cut off the deer's antlers, the deer asks to kill the snake; T. kills snake; a deer leads to the castle where your grandfather's ring lies; if you step on the threshold, you'll stay there forever; T. stumbled over the threshold, the devils took the ring and led him to the main thing; he promises to let T. go if he will bring the white horse of the Red King; the deer warns not to take bridles; she takes it, is caught, the king orders Ilyana Kosynzyan to be brought; on the way, T. and the deer come to St. Serede (gives a box), St. Friday (brush), St. Saturday (handkerchief); IK is the nut that the witch rolls in the castle, it must be replaced; other witches come back, tell the nut to open, it does not open, they chase; the deer tells you to throw the comb ( forest), box (mountain), handkerchief (river); witches: if you are a woman, become a man, and if a man is a woman; Tudora became Tudor; the Red King's deer chipped in IK, T. got a horse, and the deer returned; the same main feature; T. took the ring away; T. returns home on horseback with a seal and with his bride]; Moldavian tales 1968 [a healer advises a childless woman to eat food that is not at home; she wants bleak fish; the husband brings 21 fish, cooks fish soup, the wife gives birth to 21 sons; the husband goes to live in the forest in horror; the wife raised her sons, they found the father, returned them, demanded that he find them 21 sisters as wives; Ilyana Kosynzyany has 21 daughter; brothers are going to them, the youngest Peter did not have enough horse, he bought a magic horse; this horse tells her to change clothes with the girls at night, leave the horses ready outside the fence; at night, the broadsword IK cut off her head daughters, brothers returned to their father; on the way, P. raises a golden pen, a horseshoe, a handkerchief, is hired by the boyar as a coachman; his daughter sees a shining feather, the boyar demands a bird; horse: a bird in a cage near the IC, the cage is not touch; P. brings a bird, the boyar requires a horse; the horse teaches you to take the one who eats hot coals, P. leads; the boyar demands the owner of a handkerchief; the horse teaches you to drink strong water at the bed of IC, bring it along with bed; IC requires P. to bring a herd of her sea horses; the horse teaches him to smear it with resin and make matting; a horse that has come out of the sea bites his matting; P. bothered him, the whole herd followed him; IC orders him to milk mares, swim in boiling milk; P.'s horse cools the milk; the boyar's horse does not cool down, the boyar is cooked; P. marries IK]: 251-262; Gagauz: Moshkov 1904, No. 44 [the king's tree brings three a year apples; the bird steals them; the eldest son guards, falls asleep in the morning; the same middle son; the youngest mess, sitting in the ash, snaps nuts all night, pulls out the bird's feather; the father sent all three sons to look for the bird; On the way, Cinderella fed the hungry eagle, the crow, the wolf; the brothers left on three roads, leaving a knife at the crossroads; the rescued wolf takes him to the bird, tells them not to take nests; Z. took, knock and ringing, he caught, the guards tell me to bring the greyhound in return; the same (the wolf does not tell you to take the belt, Z. took it); the horse (the same, takes a bridle); they tell me to bring the girl; the wolf plays the violin in the reeds, the girl went out to listen , caught; the wolf himself took the form of a girl, exchanged for a horse, returned; also with a greyhound, with a bird; the brothers decided to kill Z., take everything for themselves; the wolf and the eagle tell the crow to bring water from God's well, resurrected Z.; the king executed his eldest sons, handed over the kingdom to Z.]: 71-75; the Bulgarians [the king has an apple tree that brings golden apples; who steals them; the elder, middle brother guards, falls asleep; the younger cut finger, smeared with salt; sees a bird with golden feathers, shoots, the bird flew away, one feather fell; the king tells the sons to get the bird; the elders respond ruelly to the old man they meet, the youngest is kind to him; he tells you to take a different path than the brothers; tells you to take a bird in the palace without touching the cage; the young man took the cage, captured; released for promising to get a flying horse; the old man indicates the city and the palace, tells not to take bridles; the young man does not take it, returns on a flying horse, gets a bird with a cage and a royal daughter, a ring, a bride's clothes in a nutshell; finds brothers in an inn; they tied him in in the forest, they told the father that they took the bird themselves; the shepherd found and untied his younger brother; the bride promised to marry only the one who would bring her nutshell dress; the youngest gets a wife and half the kingdom, the elders brothers fled]: Shereshevskaya 1957:79-89.

Central Europe. The Czechs [someone steals apples from an apple tree in the royal garden; the king promises half the kingdom; the eldest, middle sons fall asleep, the youngest knocked down the feather of the Firebird (Ohnivák, PO), she flew away the apple is left; parting at the crossroads of three roads, the brothers stick their rods: whoever sprouts has taken out a bird; Liska-Ryzhka (KH) asks each of the brothers to share food; the elders shot it, the youngest fed him; she brought him to the castle, ordered him to take a wooden cage, the Queen took a gold one, the PO squeaked, the guards woke up; the king agrees to give the bird if the Queen delivers Zlatograv's horse; the same with horse: he takes not a leather bridle, but a gold one; its owner demands Goldilocks in the Black Sea for the horse; she is the youngest daughter of a sea queen; LR orders to choose the easiest dressed girl; he chose; the girls' mother tells now identify Z. among the three sisters; a fly is spinning around her; the Queen orders to scoop out the pond with a sieve; Z. began to scoop out instead of him; LR brought a horse, ordered Z. to take Z. and ride away; LR took the form of Z. , then the horse, then the bird, each time he becomes a fox again and runs away; the Queen returns with Z., the horse and the bird; the owner of the bird has a copper one, the horse is silver, the mother Z. has a golden castle; at the fork the queen fell asleep; the brothers came up, cut his body into pieces, Z., took the horse and bird; but Z. is silent, the horse does not eat, the bird does not sing; the LR found the remains, grabbed the crow, and the crow had to bring it from the Black Seas of living and dead water, the Lord revived the Queen; when he saw him, the horse rose up, the bird sang, Z. told everything; the king executed his eldest sons, gave the youngest Z., half the kingdom, and after death another]: Erben 1976:22-31; Poles []: Krzyżanowski 1962, № 550:176-178; Russians (Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Olonetskaya, Tula), Ukrainians (Ugric Russia, Transcarpathia, Galicia, Podolia) , Pokutye, Kiev, Poltava, Kharkiv), Belarusians [three brothers go for a firebird; the youngest, with the help of a wolf, gets it (as well as a horse and a princess; brothers take away his prey; the wolf revives hero, deception is revealed]: SUS 1979, No. 550:154-155; Russians (Teresky Bereg) [King Gavrilo's sons, Peter, Ivan; someone steals apples; G., P. overslept; I. grabbed the Firebird, pulled out the pen; king tells you to get the Firebird itself; on the pole on one side there is an inscription: you will be full yourself, the horse is hungry, on the other hand, you will be alive yourself, the horse is dead; I. turned where the horse is dead; the wolf jumped out, tore the horse, told I . sit on it; tells you to take a bird without a cage; I. took a golden cage, he was grabbed; sent for a golden-maned horse; take it without a bridle; the same thing; get the princess; the wolf himself grabbed the princess; then left her I. he turned into a princess himself, I. got a horse, the wolf returned; the same with the Firebird; now I. has a princess, a horse and a Firebird, he came to his brothers; when he fell asleep, they cut off his head, took everything away; the princess tells get the dress out of her state; the wolf caught the crow and the crow, forced the crow to bring living and dead water, revived I.; he returned everything, the brothers were expelled from the country]: Balashov 1970, No. 153:406-407; Russians (North) [someone steals golden apples from the garden of the formidable Tsar Vasily; Tsarevich Fedor, Peter fall asleep, younger Ivan pulls a feather from the firebird; V. sends him for a bird; at the fork there is an inscription: who straight — he will die with the horse, to the right — he will die himself, but the horse will remain, whoever to the left will lose the horse; I. turns left, the wolf eats the horse, carries I., tells him to take the bird without a cage; I. takes him with a cage they grab, tell him to get a golden-maned horse; the wolf tells you to take it without a bridle, I. grabs the bridle, he is told to get Elena the Beautiful; the wolf takes her away, takes her form to exchange the princess for a horse, then the appearance of a horse — get a firebird; returns, I. gets everything; his brothers kill him; the wolf grabs the crow, makes the crow bring alive and dead water; I. marries the EP, the elder princes are expelled]: Karnaukhova 1948:253-261; Russians (Pskov) [the tsar tells three sons to get a firebird; the younger Ivan Tsarevich spares ants and the fox; the elders stayed in a cheerful tavern, drank; And the fox tells them not to go there walk, take a firebird without a cage; I. took it with a cage, the strings sounded; I. was ordered to dig the mountain; he and the fox dug; elsewhere the fox orders the grooms to drink, pick up the horse No. the princess agreed to go with I.; gave the servants a drink, I. took a cage with a firebird; bought the brothers; they pushed him into the well, took the firebird, the horse and the princess; the fox pulled I. out; “the princess sat on the balphone,” I. recognized; the tsar refused the kingdom of I. his brothers were kicked out]: Chernyshev 1950, No. 22:54-56; Western Ukrainians (Podolia) [someone steals golden apples from the royal apple tree; the elder queen guards, falls asleep; the same average; the youngest is a fool put a wreath of thorns over his head and began to read the book; as soon as he bites his nose, the thorns prick, he continues to read; a bird flew in, he pulled out its tail; the queens parted along different roads; the horse the youngest was eaten by a wolf; the queen complained see Mykolay; he gathered the wolves, asked who ate the horse, told that wolf to take the queen; the wolf brings him to where the beautiful horse is, tells him to take it without a bridle; the queen took the bridle, was caught; he will be given the horse if will get a greyhound; the wolf brings it to the greyhound, tells you not to take the lantsukhiv (?) , he takes it, he is told to get the girl; the wolf: but don't kiss her; the cage with that bird, and the girl is sleeping next to him; the queen takes the cage and the girl, sits on the wolf; he chipped in as a girl, the queen got a greyhound; then but with the horse; sending the queen home, the wolf warns not to tell his brothers anything - they will kill; the wolf found the body, ordered the crow to bring live water; he brought it, the wolf revived the queen; tells pretend to be a doctor; at home the girl is sick, the bird does not sing; as soon as they saw the queen, the girl recovered, the bird sang; the queen told his father everything; he married him to the girl he had received, and his brothers ordered to shoot]: Levchenko 1928, No. 492:357-359.

Caucasus — Asia Minor. Karachays or Balkarians [the old man's apple tree bears fruit every year that brings youth; someone kidnaps it; the eldest, middle sons fall asleep, the younger Hasan knocks down a pen with an arrow the golden bird that stole the apple; H. goes to the fork: you will die to the left yourself, the horse to the right; the horse turns right; he is eaten by the wolf; carries H., tells you to take the bird, not to touch the nest; H. takes nest, captured, khan promises a bird for the gold-maned stallion Clay Khan; the wolf brings, tells not to take bridles and saddles, H. takes, captured, Clay Khan promises a horse in exchange for goldfish from Khan's Lake Dadiyany; the wolf brings fish himself, H. makes exchanges, brings poultry to his father, apples no longer disappear]: Aliyeva, Kholaev 1983:61-64; (cf. Balkarians [the hunter refreshed the deer; he jumped up; running away, he replied that it was not a wonder, but Blind Aliyuk would tell about the wonder; the man went to look for him; in the house on the bed a man branched in two with a skewer, stuck over his shoulder, stretched out over his heel, two women cry nearby; the man says that he is SA; he and 9 sons met emegen, who invited him to the cave; when he left, he closed the exit rock; ate horses, sons; plunged a spit into the SA; went out briefly, did not close the exit; SA rolled out, the travelers picked him up; his wife and daughter were by the bed; the hunter went to that cave; so he shook hands with Emegen that he broke two phalanges of his fingers; began to fight; emegen drove the hunter to the ground waist-deep and he drove him up to his shoulders; made him explain how to revive horses and boys (whip the remains); SA will recover if the spit was filled with red sheep fat; after my death, take my large intestine, tie it to my waist; the hunter revived the dead; opened the chest, the dagger jumped out of there, but the hunter dodged; the gut tied it to a tree, she cut it; gave the sheep meat to the dog, the dog died; took the skewer out of the SA, cured it; the SA gave his sister to the hunter; gave a casket; the hunter does not know why he whipped it, from there a herd of horses jumped out; wolf: I'll put it back, but give him my only son; the hunter told the wolf to come in a year; a year later the wolf agrees not to take the hunter's son, but let him marry the girl; the fox promised to help; turned into a fat ram (boulder), let the hunter change it to a gray horse; when the fox returns, tells me to play the violin; the girls will gather, you have to grab one and ride away It is impossible to catch up with the gray horse; in order not to give it to the wolf, the fox itself became a girl; the wolf is chasing; the fox has become a mufti, tells me to ask the wolf to ask the mufti for advice; mufti: my stick knows whose the head will break, he is to blame; killed a wolf with a stick; the guy brought home his wife and wealth]: Malkonduev 2017:358-362); Nogais [father sends sons to guard a thief stealing golden apples; elder, the middle brother falls asleep, the younger one snatches out the feather of a golden bird; the older brother, the middle brother goes to look for it, disappear; the younger one comes to the fork, “you will die on the right road, the horse on the left”; walks on the left; The wolf eats the horse; the young man is lucky; tells him to take the bird without a cage; he takes the cage, raises the alarm; the king promises to give the bird for a horse with a golden mane; the wolf tells not to take the bridle; the young man takes, the king promises to give a horse for a gold-haired girl; a young man kills Azdaa with one, two, etc. (up to seven) heads; the wolf pretends to be a girl, a horse, a young man returns with a girl, a horse, a bird; meets brothers; they throw him into a hole; a seven-headed serpent gives water in exchange for a girl; a young man kills a snake; the king puts the young man on an eagle, food and water for seven days; he is not enough; the young man cuts off the meat from hips, gives his eyes instead of water; on the ground, the eagle returns everything; in the guise of a beggar, a young man comes to the wedding of his gold-haired and older brother; shows the firebird's feather; the brothers were torn by horses]: Foot 1979, No. 10:34-45; Kumyks [(registered in 1902) A.E.Gren, from L.G. Lopatinsky's materials); apples disappear from the miller's garden; the eldest, middle sons are sleeping, the youngest sees a bird, picks up a fiery feather; the father sends his sons to pick up a bird; at the fork the youngest is on the road from where you will not return; the wolf calls to help him; tells him to kidnap the bird from the palace, carry it upside down; he puts the bird in his arm, it flies away; the second time he is grabbed; the king promises to give the bird in exchange for a wonderful horse; the wolf tells not to sit on the horse, the young man sits down, the horse returns to the palace; the horse will be given for the girl; the wolf becomes a horse, the young man swims across the sea ; the princess sits on an imaginary horse, he takes her away; the wolf turns into a princess, then into a horse, a young man exchanges a horse, a bird, returns with the princess, horse and bird; finds impoverished brothers; they gouge out his eyes, take the prey; a bird flies up, waves its wing, the young man sees the light; comes under the guise of a herdsman to the wedding of a princess who promised to marry the one who pulls the bow; she recognizes the young man; he asks who to get, a rooster or a chicken; the princess replies that he is a rooster; he kills both brothers, marries]: Bagriy 1930 (1): 25-29 (=Khalilov 1965, No. 45:105-109); Georgians (Imereti) [on the royal apple tree one apple ripens every day; someone is in the habit of picking; three princes take turns guarding; the eldest, the middle fell asleep; the youngest also overslept, did not dare to return to the palace and went on a journey; at the intersection there is an inscription: if you go straight, you will not return back, to the right you will drown, to the left you will lose your horse, but you will find happiness; the prince went to the left; the wolf ran out, ate the horse, ordered him to sit on it, said that a hawk stole apples; brought them to the palace: take the hawk so that the bells on his feet do not ring; the bells rang; the prince is promised a hawk if he gets Ivan the Tsar's horse; wolf: don't touch the saddles; The prince wanted to take the saddle, was caught, he was told to get David the king's daughter; the wolf gives a piece of wool, which opens the doors and puts the princess to sleep; on the way back, the wolf turned princess, the prince received a horse, and then the wolf ran; the same with the hawk; the wolf sends the prince with the princess, the horse and the hawk home, promises to catch up; the king sent his elder sons to look for the youngest; they found him asleep, killed him, took everything; the wolf senses unkind, revived the prince with live water, drove him to the palace; the prince entered under the guise of a beggar, asked the tsar what he would do to the murderers (tells his story); the tsar says he would hang him; the prince opened , the wolf and princess who came running confirmed the story; the prince married the princess and persuaded his father not to execute his brothers]: Glushakov 1905, No. 4:35-40.

Iran — Central Asia. Tajiks [padishah sends his eldest, then middle son to guard a thief who steals apples; only the youngest son from his youngest wife does not fall asleep, tears off the tail of a fiery bird; playing with money, breaks an old woman's spindle; she advises him to go looking for a thief like his brothers; chooses a skinny horse, a rusty dagger, catches up with his brothers; the stone says that whoever goes to the left will return, but not to the right; the young man turns left, brothers to the right; the wolf eats away the front legs of the young man's horse, then the back legs, torso, head; each time he asks if the horse was bipedal, without legs, etc.; the young man says every time he was; the wolf brings him to the padishah Misra, tells him to take the bird without a cage, he takes the cage, is captured, the padishah tells him to get the horse out of the country of Chin; the wolf tells him not to take harness, the young man takes it, the padishah Chin tells him to bring him Padishah's daughter Machin; the wolf gets everything, puts the guards to sleep each time, the young man returns on horseback with the girl; the wolf is going to stab a girl, a horse, a bird with a dagger; everyone gets poison from his mouth; brothers they cut the young man into pieces, take everything away; the girl promises to marry the padishah when her severed braids grow; the wolf resurrects the young man, who wears a bull rennet, is hired as a servant to the cook; sister and bride they recognize him, drive his brothers away, the young man marries, receives his father's throne]: Amonov 1972:116-126; Uzbeks [fisherman Hakim caught a goldfish, told the young man to take it to the vizier, he took it to the king; envious the vizier offered to tell the young man to bring 2) a second fish; 40 days later, his father and son caught her; 2) a golden house from the divas; H. tells the king to ask the king for an iron staff and shoes, rams, donkeys; the young man goes, then goes, falls asleep; in a dream, the old man gives a nut; when he returns, the young man throws it, a golden house appears; 4) the beautiful peri; the young man buys the giant thief they want to execute; he pulls out a peri, tells him not to touch the bridles of the horse, the young man touches, three divas in the form of pigeons carry the girl; the giant thief finds her, teaches her to ask the divas where their soul is; in a chest in a spring under the plane tree; taking possession of the souls of the divas, the giant thief makes them do what he wants; the young man returns from the peri; the king sends warriors to grab him, but the giant thief and divas have scattered the king's army; the young man reigns, marries Peri, the giant thief becomes him servant]: Konovalov, Stepanov 1986:25-35.

Baltoscandia. Norwegians [the king's golden apple ripens every year, someone steals it; he promises the kingdom to the son who caught the thief; the elder sees a golden bird, gets scared, the apple disappears, but he goes to looking for a bird; refuses to share food with the fox, stays drunk in the inn; the same middle son; the youngest tears off the bird's feather; shares with the fox; she warns not to enter the inn courtyard; he comes in, forgets everything, but the fox comes back and takes him out, leads him to a golden linden tree, teaches him to grab the bird but not to touch the branches; the young man breaks the branch, the troll grabs him, lets him go for promising to bring a horse stolen by another troll; a fox teaches not to take bridles, a young man takes it, a troll grabs it, lets him go for promising to bring the girl stolen from him by a third troll; the fox gets it by itself, they leave taking a girl, a horse, a bridle, a linden tree and a bird; the trolls are chasing; the fox puts on rye straw clothes, replies that her grandmother's grandmother saw the passers; the trolls refuse the chase, decide to sleep further; the young brothers throw him in a barrel into the sea, take everything, but the girl is sad, the horse is losing weight, the bird is silent, the linden tree withers; the fox finds the barrel, saves the young man; when she sees him, the girl said that he saved her, the horse recovered, the bird sang, the linden tree turned green; the older brothers were thrown off the cliff in barrels; the fox asks the king to cut off her head, turns into a prince - the brother of the rescued princess]: Asbjíørsen, Moe 1960:49-55; Swedes: Liungman 1961, No. 550; Western Sami (Norway) [the king's son and the son of a peasant shot with a bow, one of the fallen arrows was a golden pen; the farmer said that his arrow, the king, ordered him to bring the bird; the fox led him to the daughter of the Sun Zarya, telling him to take only the bird; but he kissed the girl, who ordered her sister Dawn (“fighting twilight”) to be saved, who the giants kidnapped; the fox led to the giants, went by herself, began to dance with the girl, turned off the lights, quietly handed the girl to the peasant, ran the other way, the giants did not catch up with her; grateful Zarya promised to marry a peasant but to arrive later; the peasant brought a bird to the king and said he was going to marry a shining girl; king: if she does not arrive by a certain date, you will be thrown into a barrel of burning resin; a ship from Dawn arrives at the last moment; the king will allow the wedding if the peasant 1) cuts down all the trees in the country in a day (Zarya gives an ax — cut down one, everyone will fall); 2) will restore these trees (gives ointment); 3) kills a three-headed dragon in the king's pond (gives a spear); the king allows marriage]: Simonsen 2014:101-110; Finns [someone steals golden apples from the garden king; the eldest, middle sons fall asleep; the youngest sees a glowing bird, it grabbed an apple, the young man shot, only shot one feather; the king promises a reward to whoever gets the bird; the elder, the middle the son leaves, does not return; the youngest takes the horse, goes to the fork; on one road there is an inscription that the horse will be full, the rider is hungry, the other has a full rider, the horse is hungry, and the third, which will lead to misfortune; the names of those who chose one path or another are written, the elder and middle brothers followed the first and second; the young man took the third; sat down to rest, a wolf appeared, he fed him; the wolf put him on his back, brought to the castle; tells him to take a bird without a cage; a young man takes a cage, the bird screams, he is grabbed; the king agrees to give him a bird if he gets a horse that understands everything as a person; the wolf brings him to the castle, tells you to take the horse without a bridle; he takes the bridle, is captured, released for promising to get the princess; the wolf turned into a merchant, laid out the goods; the princess came along with the others, she liked the young man, she agreed to run with him, the wolf carried them both; the wolf took the form of a princess, the young man exchanged her for a horse, then the princess became a wolf again; the same with the horse; the young man returns with the princess, the horse and the bird; when parting, the wolf tells him to ride an old horse, and gives the princess a smart one; tells him not to sleep on the way; but he fell asleep, the brothers killed him and his horse, took the princess, horse and bird; the king wants to marry the princess of the royal son; the princess is sad, the horse does not speak, the bird does not sing; the wolf found the body of a young man, caught a crow, the crow had to bring live water; the wolf first killed the crow and revived it, then revived the young man and his horse; the young man came to his older brother's wedding, the princess laughed, the horse spoke, the bird sang; the young man persuaded the king not to execute his older brothers, but only to expel him, married princess and inherited the throne]: Salmelainen 1947:87-95; Karelians, Veps: Kecskeméti, Paunonen 1974, No. 550:231; setu (this type is also among Estonians in the Pärnu region) [bird arrives to peck apples; the king orders to guard; two clever princes, the third is a fool; the eldest goes, falls asleep; the same middle one; the youngest climbed the apple tree, snatched the feather from the tail of the golden bird; the king promises the throne to the one who gets the bird; the youngest drove up to the fork: whoever loses the horse to the right, says goodbye to life to the left, right away with the horse; the prince went to the left; the wolf jumped out, ate the horse, told the prince sit on it; the wolf brings him to the king, from whom the bird tells him to take it without a cage, the prince takes the cage, is captured; the king will give the bird if the prince gets a horse with a golden tail and mane; the wolf tells to take a horse without a bridle, the prince took it with a bridle; that king would give the horse if the prince got the gold-haired princess; the wolf himself grabbed and carried her away; the wolf took the image of a princess, then a horse returned; the prince returns with a bird, a horse and a princess; met his older brothers; they killed him and chopped him to pieces; at home, the elder is preparing the wedding; the wolf noticed the crows, ordered the bones to be collected; then told the crow to bring dead water, the body grew together; then alive — the prince came to life; came to his father, told everything; wedding; king to his son: do whatever you want with the brothers; he expelled them]: Mälk et al. 1967, No. 77:237-240; Latvians (Courland) [the king has an apple tree with golden apples, one disappears every night; the eldest, middle sons are guarding and falling asleep; the youngest fool grabbed the bird, a golden pen remains in his hand; the king commands sons to get a bird; at the tavern, the brothers separated, deciding to meet in a year; the youngest fed a fox, a hare, a wolf, a bear; the bear teaches to take a bird in the palace, but without a cage; a fool takes a cage, is caught, the local king promises a bird in exchange for two dogs; the bear teaches to take dogs, not to take chains; the fool again did not listen; the local king demands a stallion; not to take a bridle, the fool took; to get the princess; the bear teaches you to come to the princess as a groom, let her drink until he falls asleep, and not to drink himself; on the way back, the fox chipped in as a princess, the fool got a stallion, and the fox then returned; the bear turns into a stallion, the fool got dogs, the bear returned; the third king's wolf and hare turned into dogs; the bear tells the fool not to wait for the brothers at the crossroads; the fool did not listen, his brothers killed him, the body was hidden under the bridge; but the princess is sad, the bird, the dogs and the stallion also do not eat or sing; the bear distracted the giants who guarded living water, collected water together with the fox and the wolf, revived the fool; ordered him to appear under the guise doctors; princess and others recognized him, cheered, the fool told his father everything; he married him to a princess, burned his elder sons]: Brivzemniax 1887, No. 118:211-222; Danes, Faroese, Lithuanians, Livs: Uther 2004 (1), No. 550:318-320.

Volga — Perm. Udmurts [someone steals a peasant's peas; the eldest, middle son falls asleep, the youngest pulls two feathers out of the tail of a golden bird; the father tells us to find a bird; the eldest, middle son go, answer rudedly to the old man he meets, he directs them to walk along the road, they are torn to pieces by a bear, a wolf; the younger one is polite, gets a broom and a flying carpet; flies to the palace on a cloud, tries to unlock the bird's cage, caught, the owner orders to get a golden-maned horse; caught again, the owner orders to bring a golden perch; the broom took the young man to the underwater world; caught again, must get the daughter of the master of the world; the young man takes her on the carpet- by plane; she turns her pigeon into a girl like her, exchanges for a perch, then a horse, a bird; wedding]: Kralina 1960, No. 55:148-152; Komi []: Fokos-Fuchs 1915, No. 10:120-127; marie, Chuvash: Kecskeméti, Paunonen 1974, No. 550:231; Kazan Tatars [Akhmet is told that he is more cheerful and courageous than his brothers; his mother is forced to say that his 10 brothers are gone and gone; A. 10 genies come to her mother, promises her sons to get 11 padishah's daughters for them, which is prevented by 10 batyrs; they turn out to be brothers A.; A. enters the girls' room, tells the genies to take turns go up there, cut off everyone's head, takes off their name rings from sleeping girls, keeps one for himself, gives 10 to their brothers; 5 batyrs claim that they defeated the genies; the padishah gives them daughters, but during a wedding, the warriors cannot raise the heads of genies, and A. does it easily; the padishah's daughters recognize their rings, marry their brothers; the father of the genies wants to get the daughter of the Padishah Sun, and he will give it only for Padishah Almazov's horse; the genie's father kidnapped A., ordered that horse to be obtained; the old man orders to take the horse away, but not to touch the bridle; A. grabs it, the bells are ringing, he is captured, the padishah Almazov demands the nightingale padishah of the Month; the old man orders not to take the cage, A. did not take it, gave the nightingale in exchange for the horse, but the nightingale returned to him; gave the horse in exchange for the daughter of the Sun, the horse also returned; the old man tells me to go from the fork to the right, A. forgot and went to the left; A. fell asleep, woke up — there is no girl, no horse, no nightingale; the old man gives a handkerchief, a comb and a mirror; putting his handkerchief on the water, A. crosses the river, takes the girl, the horse, the nightingale out of the palace of the diva; he chases, A. threw the comb (forest), the mirror (the sea); the diva swam, drowned; A. gives the girl to the padishah of genies, remains a worker, tells me to find out what the soul is genie; genie: in a broom (a girl decorates a broom); four eggs under a duck in a nest on an island under the protection of four wild boars; A. fights wild boars, the main boar wants to eat a reed sprout, A. - fried lamb; the shepherd gave him a lamb, he killed wild boars, brought eggs, broke two, the genie agreed to take him home with his girlfriend, where A. broke the rest of the eggs; 11 brothers with wives, nightingale and horse return to parents]: Yarmukhametov 1957:14-31 (=Zamaletdinov 2008a, No. 48:204-216); Bashkirs [someone steals golden apples from the royal garden; the elder, middle prince guard return with nothing, the youngest He sees how the golden bird took the apple, goes in search; at the crossroads a pole with the inscription, to the right you will die, to the left you will lose your horse; the prince turns to the left; the wolf eats the horse, carries the prince himself, tells take a bird without a cage; the prince takes it with a cage, the guards tell him to get a golden-tailed silver mane horse for the bird; the same is to take a horse without a bridle, the prince takes a bridle, he is told to get the princess; the wolf turned into a horse, The princess sat down, he took her away; the wolf turned into a princess, then a horse, runs away from the new owners, the prince gets everything; the brothers cut off his head, took everything for themselves; the wolf caught the crow, ordered him to bring him alive and dead water, revived the prince; he married a princess, the brothers repented]: Barag 1989, No. 41:192-194.

Turkestan. Karakalpaks [from the eldest wife, sons Asen and Usen, from the youngest Esen; someone eats grapes, the father asks his sons to guard; A., W. fall asleep, E. pulls the feather out of the bird's tail; the father sends in search of brothers, the elders go one way, E. to the other; the wolf invites E. to sit on him, resorts to the fortress of King Amir, orders to take the bird without a cage; E. takes the cage, is caught, King Amir promises give him a bird with a cage in exchange for King Rahim's tulpara; the wolf tells him not to take harness, E. takes it, is caught, Rahim promises tulpara in exchange for King Gafur's daughter; E. gets the girl, the wolf takes her form, tells him to trade himself for tulpara, then tulpara for a bird, returns every time; when E. met his brothers, they killed him and took everything for themselves; the wolf made the magpie bring a drop of the juice of the miraculous plant, revives E.; father gives power to E., he forgives his brothers, gives the girl to one, tulpara to another, takes a bird that has become beautiful]: Volkov, Mayorov 1959:169-173; Kyrgyz [ The old man had three sons and an apple tree; he ate these apples every year and got younger; one day someone ate all the apples still unripe; the following year, the eldest son went to guard, fell asleep; the following year the middle son is the same; in the third year, the youngest son did not sleep all night, playing the flutes; a goldbird flew in and began to peck apples; the young man crept up, but the bird flew away, leaving a pen in his hand; the father sent sons to pick a bird; the eldest two went on good horses, the youngest was a two-year-old; reached a black stone with the inscription: “Whoever goes to the left will die, whoever goes to the right will die”; foal:” Go to the right”; a wolf chased the young man in the forest, the young man jumped off his horse, ran away, the wolf attacked the horse; the wolf to the young man: “Since I ate your horse, I will help you achieve what I want”; told him to sit on him and close his eyes ; when the young man opened them, he saw that the ox had brought him to the city; the wolf: “The bird in this house, sneak in, grab the wings, not the legs; the young man grabbed the bird by the legs, the bells rang, the horsemen woke up, the young man brought to the khan; the khan promised to give the bird in exchange for a horse with a golden mane and tail; the wolf brought it to another city: “Beyond 40 palaces, there is another palace, there is a horse in it, do not take it as an excuse, but grab it by the mane”; the young man he forgot the wolf's order again; the khan would give the horse in exchange for Khan Bunchy's beautiful daughter; she went out into the garden in the morning, 40 girls walked in front of her, 40 more behind, left and right; the wolf took B.; on the way back, the young man and B. fell in love with each other, the young man asked the wolf to come up with something; he turned into an even more beautiful girl than B., the young man took her to the khan, who gave her horse; when the khan went into the yurt, and there the wolf, the khan fainted the wolf caught up with the young man and B.; then turned into a horse, the khan gave the golden bird; the khan's wolf regained his appearance, ate all the horses and caught up with the young man; when we reached the forest, where the wolf ate the young man's horse, the wolf gave his hair from their mustache and stayed there; when the young man and B. fell asleep at rest, the older brothers killed the youngest, took the girl, the bird, the horse; the wolf rushed, and his friend's corpse was pecked by crows; the wolf grabbed the ruler of the ravens, ordered him to get immortal water; he sent the crows for immortal water, they brought it in their beaks; the wolf mixed it with the blood of the raven ruler, smeared the young man's body, and the young man woke up: “I slept for a long time.” at home, the elder brother is going to marry B.; the young man sent an old woman to his father: let him play the flute; B.: “Here is the young man who took me, and these two killed him and brought me here”; the old man married the youngest son on B.; once they were visited by a wolf in the guise of a wandering dervish; the young man recognized him, received him and escorted him with honor; the old man ate apples from his apple tree every year and grew younger]: Kebekova, Tokombaeva 2007: 187-191;

Kyrgyz [an apple ripens and disappears every year; the old man told his wife to guard, she fell asleep; the son waited for a golden bird, knocked out a pen with an arrow; went in search; at the fork on the stone there is an inscription: to the left — he will die himself, to the right — the horse will disappear; the young man went to the right; the wolf jumped out, the young man gave him the horse, the wolf himself took him to the city, ordered him to grab the bird by the wings, he grabbed him legs and bells rang, the young man is captured; the khan will give him a bird in exchange for a golden-maned horse; the wolf tells him not to touch the reason, the young man grabs the horse for the excuse, the bells are ringing, the khan demands a girl for the horse; the wolf took it away, gave it to the young man, took her form himself, ate the khan, brought the horse; took the horse; the young man returned with his wife, horse and bird; the apple was ripe, the old man gained strength]: Brudny 1954:111-114.

Southern Siberia — Mongolia. Shors [the youngest of three sons, Alyg Ool, a stupid boy, lay at the hearth until the age of 40; father tells us to watch wheat from birds; there is a lush birch tree on the edge of the field; the elder brother fell asleep when he woke up the top of the birch tree is pecked; the same with the middle son; AO does not sleep, a goldbird arrived at noon, began to bite the leaves like hazel grouse; AO is afraid of damaging the feathers, shooting, grabbed the bird by the tail, it escaped, the tail remained in his hand; the father sold the pen to the merchant for a dearly price; after that, AO was fed fatty food, he got stronger; AO grabbed the bird by the tail again, the father sold the pen again; gave AO money to buy the horse; he sat on a twig galloped, met a man with a lousy foal, bought it, went out; rode to the hero's palace, where his father did not order him to go; around the bones of the heroes; that hero killed them with a whistle; AO dragged him out and killed him; he jumped across the river on horseback, came to the city at night, began to take the bird, but he also took the bell, they rang; Kaan let him go for promising to help him marry Altyn Tarak; the horse carried him across the sea to her city; AO became dry grass, the horse ran up to the girls, AT sat on him, he took it away, pulled dry grass into his nostrils on the way, then he went out; the horse made the same girl out of clay, gave him a kaan, and the real AT took AO; at night, the clay girl broke up, the kaan went to shepherds out of grief; the horse warns that the brothers would want to take away AT, sleep with her one by one, ordered not to drink; the brothers still persuaded her, pushed her into the hole they dug; they argued all night who AT would sleep with; went hunting; the horse pulled out AO; says that the brothers left AT the key to the coffin, their souls in it; AO took it out, began rubbing their souls against the edge of the coffin, brothers died; wedding; AO and AT led the people]: 77-85; Khalha-Mongols (Dunsurun) [dying, the father tells the three brothers to learn something; they go along three roads; the eldest has become a master, the middle one — scientists, the youngest is a thief; the khan demands that he steal a golden vessel guarded by two lamas; the thief replaced the guard horses with bags of dung, the shooters' weapons with rotten sticks; gave salt to the camel, meat for the dog, the horse's hay and the bull, they missed it; wrapped pieces of bacon around the heads of the sleeping llamas, put the intestines between the two khatun, carried the vessel; Khatun began to argue which of them gave birth, then saw dirty guts; everyone began to swear; the khan married the thief to his daughter; the brothers are jealous, they say that the thief promised to get the golden stallion Hormusto-Tengria; the wolf tells you to leave the horse, ride it; the wolf tells you to take it the golden bird and the golden yurt, but do not take the golden lasso; the young man took, captured, runs away; take the stallion, but not the bridle; the young man took the bridle, captured, runs away; the second time the thief safely took the yurt, the bird and stallion; met the brothers, they stabbed him in his back, brought the stallion to the khan themselves; the wolf grabbed the kite, forced the kite to bring live water from Mount Sumbur-Ula; the young man came to life, the wolf invited him to his place; then The young man came to the khan; the men given to him by the wolf killed his brothers; the young man forgave his wife for marrying one of the brothers; stayed with her]: Benningsen 1912:68-75.

Western Siberia. The Nenets (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug) [the Russian Merchant has three sons; the elders have earned money, the youngest is a fool; someone stole all the gold, killed cows; there is larch in the garden, it grows on it at night gold, someone eats it by morning; two sons are guarding, falling asleep; a fool filled his pockets with gold, sees a bird pecking gold, pulls out its golden pen; his father praises him, the family is rich again, the elders the brothers go to look for the golden bird, disappear; the fool goes to look for brothers, he is covered with snow; the Eight-legged Mother Bear with eight legs flies in, saves him, they turn to each other like a mother (grandmother ) and son; he climbs her back for three days; she brings him to church by air, where he takes a bird; when he wants to take a cage, the bells ring; he is grabbed, brought to the Fire King, he agrees to change a bird on a horse with a golden appearance; (the same as when he takes a bridle, the bells ring); the Tsar agrees to change it to the Beautiful Sun; contrary to warning, he also takes a ring; tells her father to the Sun King that he himself he is the son of the King of Heaven; he tells us to bring the Beast, this is the Eight-eared Mother Bear with eight legs; she is locked in a chest, he gets a wife, leaves; she catches up with them by air, they change to her; she takes the form of a Beautiful Sun, changes himself to a horse; the same with a bird; at the bus stop, the brothers cut off the fool's head, the Bear revives him, makes him a snotty boy; he comes to his wedding wives, opens to her; brothers are expelled]: Pushkareva, Khomich 2001, No. 4:177-219.