Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K27z5. The contract to marry children, (926C*).


Two men agree to marry children if one has a son and the other has a daughter. The girl's parents do not fulfill the contract. The boy grows up and finds his betrothed.

Berbers of Morocco, Mustang, Marathi, Birkhor, Chinese (Henan), Crimean Tatars, Karachays or Balkarians, Ossetians, Ingush, Nogais, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Kurds, Talysh, Uzbeks, Yazgulyam, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, (Uighurs), Salars, Dungans, Chulym Turks, Mongols, Mongors.

North Africa. The Berbers of Morocco [two merchants agreed to marry children if a boy and a girl are born; Fadhel and Attoche are inseparable; Fadhel's father died in a foreign land, F. went to get the rest property; at this time, the Sultan saw A. and demanded his wife; the parents had to agree; dug a grave, buried a ram and celebrated a wake for his daughter; F., who returned, believed, but the old woman told him the truth; at home, F. threatened to put his mother's hand in hot soup, who had to tell the whole truth; F. got a job in the palace to replace the deceased gatekeeper; threw her ring into A.'s food; in response she threw her own; the Sultan found them and summoned F. to a duel; on the way, the sultal admires the red rose; F.: A.'s cheek is rosy; then white orange blossoms, black grapes, slender bamboo (skin, hair, Waist A.); F. was killed in a duel on spears; A. rushed to F.'s body and died; the Sultan ordered them to be buried side by side; myrtle grew on both graves, the trees bent towards each other; the sultan ordered them to be cut down; grew up The sultan ordered the basil to be cut off; then two palm trees grew, combining the leaves]: El Fasi, Dermenghem 1928:41-47.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Mustang [the king from the upper reaches and the king from the lower reaches met hunting, agreed to marry children when wives give birth; the king from the upper reaches is poor, he has a son and the other has a daughter; wild yak Gala Rinchen carried the king away from the upper reaches; he managed to write on the saddle: if the son is worthy, let him take revenge, and if not, let him become a shepherd; the son read, the mother and uncle deny; a man with a bag of wheat came , the young man quietly made a hole, picked up wheat, fried it, called his mother, held her hand, she had to tell about the death of the boy's father; the same with his uncle (a bag of peas); uncle and mother tell me to find his father first the horse; no one can tame him, the prince tamed him; met the king Yaks, suggested: break his right horn, the horse will tear off its right ear, I will break my right thumb; the horse held his ear, the prince bent his finger, yak really broke his horn; then broke his left one, the prince killed him with an arrow; sent three servants to dismember the carcass; they found in the yak's stomach a gold necklace, a knife, a bow and an arrow of the king, they brought only meat to the prince; their prince beat, they got everything back; the prince comes to marry the promised princess, the daughter of the king of the lower reaches of the valley; her three brothers are organizing a groom competition; 1) whose pair of birds will fly together (prince in advance I met the princess at the well; at night she explained how to win: catch two native birds on the roof, they will fly together, and the others will fly on different sides); 2) cover the whole kingdom with cloth (the princess gives a piece fabrics, it grows); 3) gallop around the kingdom on horseback with three saddles (everyone hit, the prince galloped four times); 4) eat a whole ram, skin, drink lots of beer; princess: just bite off — you will win); the prince got a wife, took him home; the brothers decided to kill him; the youngest came at night, called his sister, asked which side of the bed she was sleeping on; she lied; he shot, killed not the prince, but his sister; hundreds of people can't lift their bodies, only the prince succeeds; he took the body to the pass, came back, saw smoke, thought someone had lit a funeral fire; when he came there, the princess was alive, said that the owner He sent her back to the dead; they hugged each other and died, the birds sprinkled them with water, they came to life again; they smeared the heads of birds with oil, since then there have been white feathers; the couple forgave the brothers, lived well]: Kretschmar 1985, No. 16:105-110.

South Asia. Marathi (Mumbai) [childless king and baker agree that if they have children and are of the opposite sex, they should marry; the baker has a son and the king has a daughter, but he is not wants to keep his promise; when the children grew up, the king offered to test the groom by sending him on a merchant voyage; he traded successfully, but when he returned home, he found out that the bride had been given to the son of another king; opening the box with the gifts he had prepared at home, the young man found only some papers inside; when he came to his ex-fiancée, he gave her the box and died; the princess told her husband everything; he brought the body the young men to the baker's house, put him at the door and called the baker in the voice of his son; the baker opened the door and thought that his son had died because of him, that he had inadvertently pushed him; the princess found not papers in the box, but the bride's jewels and dress; she wore it when she went to the funeral; leaning towards her body, she died; they were buried together; in a dream, the son appeared to his father, telling him to kneel on him during the festival grave, and mother at the princess's grave; when they did, the young came out of the grave; they got married and the former husband abandoned the princess]: D'Penha 1891, No. 6:80-83; Birkhor [Hindu king and merchant- a Muslim agreed to marry children if they were born of different sexes; the merchant had a son and a Raja had a daughter; the Raja decided to withdraw from the contract; the boy and the girl decided to flee; at night, the princess ordered to bring she had a horse, but he said that he did not owe her father anything, he found food for himself, refused to lead her; the same with an elephant, a camel, a donkey; then she ordered her father's winged horse to be brought in; he brought Pipal her to the tree where the young man was hiding; he sat on a horse with her and they jumped; came to Rakshasi, who has 7 sons; while they are away, the Rakshasi well nakrmila the guests and went to the pond; undressed and went waist-deep into the water; her pubic hair was so thick and long that a mass of shrimp climbed into it; when she got out of the water, the Rakshasi collected them; the princess secretly peeked, realized that the mistress was Rakshasi ; when she returned home, she noticed that she had given them raw firewood, apparently to detain them; but they lit a fire and cooked food, putting a cloth soaked in oil in the hearth; when they left, the Rakshasi quietly tied a bag of mustard seeds to the horse's tail; the Rakshasi sons chased, but the horse fought off with their hooves if they attacked from behind, and the merchant's son with a spear if in front; six were killed, but the youngest the seventh took the form of a simple guy and was hired by a groom; at rest, he decapitated the merchant's son, but when he wanted to sit on his horse, he threw him off and killed him; as Mahadeo and Parvati passed, P. heard crying; they ordered the princess looked at the stars, at which time the young man's body jumped off and he came to life; they disappeared themselves; the princess wanted a city to appear; it arose and they began to rule it]: Roy 1925, No. 11:455-462.

China — Korea. Chinese (Henan, Wu. Lingbao, 1988) [there are two rich men in the village, both Liu {the hieroglyphics of spelling names are different}; one has a son and the other has a daughter; they married children in infancy, but the boy's parents fell ill and died; father the girls refused to recognize the marriage; the young man went to a foreign land and died there; the girl refuses to the grooms; once she saw a vague image of her lover among the flowers; at night she dreamed that he had turned after death in a bee; soon a bee flies into her room and turns into a man; she woke up — her husband is next to her; he told how he died and became a bee; since then they have been spending time together; the girl told her father angry, then she said she was joking; but at night the father overheard the conversation; ordered sharp bamboo sticks to be secretly attached to the window frame; at night the girl waits for her lover and suddenly hears: “What you're mean! We lived happily as spouses, but you have the same cruel heart as your father; we'll see you after you tear down your iron shoes and erase your iron beads.” The daughter told her father she would agree to marriage to another fiancé, if her father gave her a pair of iron shoes and iron beads; after receiving them, she went in search; came to the mountain, her iron shoes were worn out, and her beads were worn out, she fell exhausted on the grass; when I woke up, I saw that the maids were lying in the palace and serving her tea and food; she began to live there with her beloved; the queen bee is the girl from the Liu family, and the drone bees that leads the bees workers, is that young man from the Liu family; there is a saying: “Wear out iron shoes looking for what you found later”]: Bai Gengsheng 2009:249-251.

Caucasus — Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars [when hunting, the padishah did not shoot a pregnant hare, remembering his pregnant wife; the vizier says that he also has a pregnant wife; they agreed to marry children if they will be of different sexes; the vizier has a son Dahir, the padishah has a daughter Zöhre; the vizier died and the padishah raised D. as a son; when they are 15, the witch told Z. that D. was not her brother, but her groom; in anger, Z. broke the glass, which the old woman held in her hands; then the old woman said the same to Dahir; soon D. and Z. stopped going to school and instead indulged in love; the old witch reported this to the padishah and convinced her not give his daughter for D.; he must be sent to the city of Mardin, from where he will return only in 7 years; the ship is out of place; old woman: until these two talk, it will not move; D. settled in Mardin with a woman, she called him a son; he began working in the padishah's garden, where her husband was a gardener; the wind tore off her hat, the padishah's daughter saw a golden strand, fell in love; asks D. to bring her fruit, gives her a goose, then a turkey, a chicken full of gold; D. does not know about it, the named mother quietly hides gold; Z. gave a bald letter: she is being married; D. galloped home, the robber missed him; the witch advised the padishah put D. in a barrel and throw it into the sea; the barrel does not move until Z. says goodbye to D.; the barrel has sailed to the city of Gulistan; the padishah's daughter falls in love with D., the padishah is ready to give it away; D.: I will be 7 years old first give everyone who came to drink for free in a coffee shop at the crossroads; asked them to sing a song for coffee; one bald man sang a song he heard from Z. and handed a letter from her; D. sailed away in the boat, the padishah's daughter grabbed he was his clothes, but he cut off the floor; Z. hid D. in her place, covered with a burqa, noticed it on the chief of the guard; the witch to the padishah; pass Z. off as D. if he sings 4 verses without naming Z.; but D. named her and the hangman cut off his head; the witch tried to feed Z. D.'s meat so that she would forget him, but Z. pushed her down the stairs; stabbed to death at D.'s grave; the shepherd killed the witch, buried it between the graves lovers; white and red roses grew on their graves, and a thorn on the witch's grave]: Zherdeva 2020, No. 77; Karachays or Balkarians [two neighbors were friends; one had a son Kharib, the other had a son, the other — daughter Sanam; they agreed to marry them; H.'s father died, his family became impoverished; S.'s parents refused to pass her off as H.; the father sent the murderers, but they advised H. to flee; he lived with a relative; a healer advises Father S. to call 40 slaves and 40 slaves to plant trees with flowers, then S. will be happy; only 39 slaves were found; when H., who remained unrecognized, was brought in, work began; among S. recognized the flowers brought by the healer by the one that H. gave her; met him; they agreed to flee; the father sent H., brought him to execute; the healer threatened Father S. with hellfire; he I had to marry my daughter X.]: Malkonduev 2017:795-799; Ossetians [one khan had a daughter, the other had a son, they decided to marry them, exchanged rings, put them on the children's fingers; the boy's father died; the boy grew up, his mother told him to find his father's horse in the stable, with only ears sticking out of the manure; he cleaned, washed the horse, went to inspect his herds; the herds stabbed a pregnant mare, a colorful three-legged one-eyed foal fell out; Khan's son did not like to see this, he hit those who were stabbed with a whip, one young man said that it would be better if the Khan's son found his bride; her father he arranged a race, will pass his daughter off as a winner; the Khan's son shook his bridle, a three-legged one-eyed foal ran out to him three times; the khan's son first rode his old horse, leading a foal; the horse tells let him go, change to a foal, but first hide in the house where the three sisters fly in, overhear their conversation; taking off her wings, the older sister says that she could not catch up with the rider more than three-legged to the foal; the khan's son opened up, the maidens called him brother; the khan's son, ahead of everyone, galloped to the tower, carried the girl; the seven-headed giant set off in pursuit; began to hit 7 felt targets, and the khan's son consistently knocked him down 7 heads; married him, everything is fine]: Sokayeva 2012:169-174; Ingush [the mountain prince met the planar prince; they agreed: if their wives give birth to two girls will become named sisters, if boys are born, they will be twin brothers, and if a boy and a girl are born, they will become husband and wife; the mountain prince is dead, he has a son; a daughter was born; the son of the mountain prince approached the boys playing alchiki, picked up the alchiki, rubbed them into dust; the children said: “Don't break sticks in vain, better bring your long-married bride”; as soon as he was reproached by the bride, he went to his mother, who told him everything; the son of the mountain prince sent matchmakers to the planar prince, who confirmed that the agreement had been made; the son of the mountain prince brought the bride home; when he entered her, she did not listen to him; the son of the mountain prince swore that he would not approach her until he found out the strength of her stubbornness; stole horses from the Georgian prince and tried to steal household utensils; was captured and thrown into a hole; when the prince went to the wedding, his daughter offered the prisoner food; he agreed to take it on the condition that the girl pulled him out of the hole and will give him a horse; promised to return before her father returned; the girl complied with the request, he went to where that {feast} was to take place; three conditions were announced under which the girl met married the winner: 1) pull the ram out of the hole; 2) shoot through the ring thrown by the girl from the height of the tower; 3) for the wife to be faithful to her husband; before the start of the competition, each participant must have drink three bowls of intoxication; during the third race, the son of the mountain prince grabbed the ram by the neck and threw it out the princess's window; when no one could get into the abandoned ring, the prince's son shouted to throw a needle ; then broke the needle thrown with an arrow; to test his wife's loyalty, he sent his bridles; they came to visit her; at midnight she sent a maid to them; they thought it was a princess, cut her off braids, left; the princess dressed in men's clothes, followed them and summoned them to a duel; having won, forced them to take off their clothes and put a brand on their buttocks; came with them to the son of the mountain prince, talked about what happened at night, showed off her hair; married him; he returned to the Georgian prince, climbed into a hole; when he arrived home, the Georgian prince asked his daughter if he was there the prisoner was the man who was on that; the daughter admitted that she let the prisoner go; the Georgian prince released him, gave him his daughter; the son of the mountain prince returned home and began to live with three wives]: Sadulayev 2004, No. 51:127-131; Nogais [Bozakbay tells Kazynbay to shoot at the hare, but he refuses: the hare is pregnant like his wife; B.'s wife is also pregnant, gives birth to a son Boztokli, wife K. — Kiyvaseker's daughter, friends agree to marry them in the future; B. died, Kazynbay's family migrated; Boztokli threw an alchik under the woman's feet, she fell, spilled milk, scolded Boztokli: he lost his father and He lost his bride; Boztokli asks his mother to fry millet, pressed her hand with a hot spoon, the mother admits that her son has a betrothed; on the way, Boztokli greets seven mounds, addressing each “Gray head”; at the well, a ring is thrown into the jug of the maid Kiyvaseker; the bride recognizes Boztokli; they want to pass her off as a hero who sleeps for seven days, she offers to run; she leaves Boztokli near his house the bride in the tree, goes to her mother; Kiyvaseker sees the reflection of the khan's maid who has come for water, takes it for her own; then she notices K., offers to go down to look in her head, pushes her into the well, herself sat down on a tree with two children (i.e. babies K. gave birth to); replies that her nose stretched out while she cried, her hands became rough because she climbed the tree and climbed back waiting, etc.; servant B. finds K., hears her song talking about what happened; the servant goes home twice to tell everything, but each time he forgets; the third time he tears his hat on purpose so as not to forget; the soothsayer tells B . dig a hole at the well, put the children in it, they will cry, K. will come out of the well; B. grabbed K.; asked the maid if she wanted 40 legs or a killing knife; she chose legs, she was tied to 40 tails horses]: Nogai 1979, No. 19:102-109; Azerbaijanis [Ahmed and Mammad are merchants and friends; they saw an apple in the spring, ate it in half with their wives, A. had a son Ibrahim, and M. had a daughter, they agreed marry children; A. died, M. moved to another city; mother tells I. that he has a name in another city; I. came to his uncle, who said he was ready to give his daughter for him, but she is a freak; I. persists; sees a beautiful woman at the wedding; leaves — he only needs a daughter M.; when he finds out that his wife is beautiful, happy; M. gave I. his belt; the diva rushed to take it away, was killed; the same is the diva's brother with three heads; while he was swimming, the bird took his belt away; I. went to look for the bird; his wife put on his clothes, returned to his mother and became a merchant under the guise of I.; the old woman tells I. that his belt was taken away by a seven-winged witch; it must be extinguished the fire under his cauldron, it will go out if you knock down the only apple on the apple tree; I. does this, the witch asks to defeat her enemy, the white diva; her lower lip sweeps the ground, the upper lip scratches the sky; I. killed a diva, a witch gave him a belt, he returned to his wife {the paraphrase omits the adventures of I.'s wife and how I. killed the diva and saved the girl he had kidnapped}]: Tahmasib 1964:3-33 (=Nabiev 1988:163-164); Turks ( 1 entry, Ankara) [the poor and the rich man agreed to marry children if a boy and a girl are born; the rich man's wife stole the boy, threw him in a box into the sea; the fish saved him, he became a kadiy; marries and finds out that his wife is his intended girlfriend]: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 128:146; Kurds [padishah and vizier are brothers, childless; prophet Ali gave each an apple to eat in half with his wife; they agreed marry children if they are of different sexes; the vizier has a son; the vizier died soon; the vizier's son asked him for a daughter, but the padishah demanded gold; the vizier's son came to the cave, he was defeated by Ahmad Khan, who lived in it, but he made him a sister; went to get his bride; seeing blood on his sword, the vizier's son went to help; A.'s bride taught the guards to drink a sleepy potion, cut off their heads, and free A.; the girl's father's army attacked him, he was defeated, but the girl accidentally killed A.; stabbed to death at his grave; Ali revived them, married them, and the padishah gave his daughter to the son of the vizier]: Rudenko 1970, No. 42:99-103; Talyshi [ Khoja Nasyr, a merchant from Yemen, fraternized in Isfahan with Khoja Sefi, who bought his goods; both are childless; they saw an apple in the pond, ate it, and agreed to marry children if one had a son and the other had a son daughter; HN had a son, Memmed; when HN went to his brother, he was carried away by a cannibal; his goods were returned to his wife; M. grew up, his mother gave him his father's goods; he came to Isfahan; HS sold his goods, gave him money and married Esna's daughter; they stopped in the woods, M. got lost, carried away by an ogre; the ogre's daughter fell in love with him; they ran away; while the second wife was sleeping, M. got lost again, trying to catch an eagle, who took the necklace away from his first wife; Esna changed into M. (she and M. descended from the same apple and looked alike), left a maid instead; False M. returned home, the spell Ismail appointed him a military leader, he defeated his enemies; King I. gave his daughter for him; False. opened to the princess; M. found gold, met the cannibal's daughter again, found the necklace taken away, returned home, married three wives]: Asatryan 2005:51-61.

Iran — Central Asia. Uzbeks: Afzalov 1972 (1) [The country's padishah Yanuman has a daughter Gulshah, and his vizier has a son Varka; they grew up together and fell in love, but the vizier died, the padishah refused Varka and sent him to his Uncle Padishah Ruma; if V. helps him defeat his enemies, he will receive G.; V. defeated enemies, received wealth and went home, but Padishah Yaman managed to pass G. off as the padishah of the country Farang; ordered to slaughter the ram and bury the carcass; said V. that G. died; G. managed to hand over the ring for V.; V. dug the grave, found a ram, went to F.; Padishah F. did not involuntarily G., called him his sister; V. met G., but died of grief because she was already engaged; G. also died of grief; Padishah F. left them in the mausoleum and also began to cry; when they heard what was going on, the elders revived V. and G.; wedding and feast]: 129-133; Sheverdin 1967 [ the old man gave an apple to the Shah and the Vizier, ordered them to be given to their wives; one would give birth to a boy named Tahir, the other a girl Zukhra; let them grow up and get married; the boy was born by the vizier's wife; he rode home, fell off his horse and crashed to death; the Shah was furious that he had a daughter and ordered her to be killed; then regretted it, but it turned out that the slaves kept the girl, the shah brought her closer; T. played, threw his sticks, got into the old woman's spinning wheel; she tells him to play better with his named Zukhra; his mother had to tell everything; T. clings to Z. at school; they built a wall between them; T. made a hole; they grew up and fell in love; the Shah says to let T. down the river in the chest, Z. managed to bring gold with her; Shah Rum's daughters caught him; it was agreed that the eldest would take the chest, the youngest would take what was inside; Shah Ruma married T. to the youngest; but T. is inconsolable, sits by the river; Z. sent a caravan-bashi to look for him; he said that Z. was passed off as Kara-batyr; T. decides to go from the caravan-bashi; at the fork: to the right without returning, to the left endlessly, straight ahead; they they go straight; they were mistaken for robbers, put in prison; one merchant heard T.'s song, bought them; T. made his way to Z.; he was captured and executed in two; Z. stabbed to death in his grave, she was buried nearby; K. also killed himself to be buried between them; a red rose grew above T.'s grave, a white rose rose above Z.'s grave, with a thorn between them; roses stretched out and intertwined branches]: 27-35; Yazgulyam [ The king and the vizier agreed to marry children if one had a son and the other had a daughter; the khan had a daughter Oim, the vizier had a son Orif; the vizier fell and was killed while goating; the one-eyed king Kuri Mayfurush demanded that Oim be married to him; she told her husband that according to custom, he should not enter her for a month; KM went hunting, and Oim and Orif lived together; when KM returned, Oim threw ash in his eye and stabbed; the lovers ran away; the shoemaker and shoemaker waited for them both to go swimming, took their clothes and they gave up; the king wanted to execute them, but an old man said that Oim and Orif were still engaged before birth and were married]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 47:400-405 (=Edelman 1966, No. 1:183-185).

Volga — Perm. Bashkirs: Barag 1988, No. 3 [Alyar-Khan and Bulyar-Khan agreed to marry children if a son and daughter are born; a giant son Alpamysh was born, but his father died, and father Barsyn did not want to give her to A.; B . left, promising to marry the one who would defeat her in the fight; began to live on a hill, rolling huge stones on those who came to marry her; A. threw a stone with his foot, fought B. for 7 days, won, married her; her parents and brother refused to accept a wedding gift from his son-in-law; A. began to prepare for battle; promises horse shepherd Koltoba property and a wife for a heroic horse; having obtained a horse, he regrets that promised, forced K. to abandon his promise; when A. was sleeping, the enemies threw him into a hole, locked his horse in a stone shed; A. made a dombra from a board that fell into the pit; the daughters of the enemy khan heard and became to bring A. bread; A. asks the geese to take the letter; they refuse because he exterminated them; the lonely goose agrees, B. finds out about the fate of A.; the daughter of the enemy khan pulled A. out, who killed him and his soldiers; the shepherd replies that A. was angry, and the herds belonged to Uncle K.; A. killed him; the same with the second shepherd; the third grieves for A., who opens up to him, showing him the golden moon on his crown; under the guise of that shepherd A. came to K.; B. demands that anyone who wants to marry her pull a bow A.; A. pulled, B. hugged him; A. asks K. if he wants 40 mares who have never been killed or 40 sledges of firewood; he wants mares, his tied to their tails; the place where his head touched became a hummock, and where his tears flowed was a lake], 54 [Akhan and Karakhan decided to marry children if their wives gave birth to babies of different sexes; A. son, K. has a daughter; A. died, K. forgot his promise; A.'s eldest daughter-in-law to his son: than to flirt with me, it would be better to go to the bride; the son asked his mother to fry wheat, held it in her hand, she had to confess; K.'s wife died, telling him to take a new wife more beautiful than her; K. did not find anyone more beautiful than her daughter; she set a condition: sew a flea fur coat and a lice leather handkerchief; K. fulfilled; she dug a hole in the bathhouse and covered it with a carpet; K. went, failed; the daughter left, began to live with the elderly; A.'s son found K., pulled him out of the hole; K. says that his daughter killed her mother and went to the maiden; A.'s son came to the house where daughter K. lived; began to pluck wool from the ram, put meat on an inverted pot and poured water on top; the girl, seeing this, laughed and became more and more beautiful; they fell in love, he brought her mother, took it to wives; beggar K. came; at night he stabbed his daughter's son, put a knife on her; said that this witch killed her mother; the mother kicked out her daughter-in-law; the young returned to those old men, taking the child's body; son A. sees how the snake revived another by dragging her around the hummock; revived his son; the young man grew up, went to fight the devil; stopped at the old woman, she wants to burn him in a copper bath, he drags her there himself, tells her to show the way to a deva; she sends to her sister; she has a silver bath; the same goes to her older sister; a golden bath; the old woman tells her to oil the deva's gate, chop snakes and lions with a sword, gives a handkerchief to heal the horse's leg, if the lion hurts him; the young man drove the deva up to his throat into the ground, then put him in a cage, freed the beauties, the princess gave him a ring; he brought his mother to him; K. came, opened the cage with the devil, he advised send a young man for a bear's milk; K. called himself the young man's grandfather — his mother is unconscious, he must be cured; the young man pulled a sharp stone out of the bear's paw, she gave milk; K. released the deva, the young man defeated him, he fell into the ground; the young man sprayed milk on K., who petrified, the millstone closed the place where the devil was; the young man threw a ring into the jug of the princess's maid; she recognized him; wedding], 55 [the old woman gives two childless hunters have an apple; they have sworn to marry children if a boy and a girl are born; after eating half, the wife of one gives birth to Alma-batyr, the other to daughter Almabika; the boy's father dies, the girl's father refuses to give her for the poor man; holding a hot cake in her mother's hand, Alma-batyr makes her talk about the bride; her father intends to kill the young man, who flies away on tulpar; the sparrow carries letters to lovers ; the sparrow is tormented; before his death he speaks, Suk; Alma-batyr is found on the Suk River, his head is cut off; Almabika buries his beloved, kills himself; two flowers grow on their graves with each other's heads to a friend; on the grave of the servant who caught the sparrow - burdock]: 45-51, 377-385, 385-389; Sagitov 1987 [Kuzykurpas and Mayankhylu were married before birth; seeing that K. was growing up as a hero, Father M. Kusyar Khan migrates to seven mountains, valleys and seas; an old woman, whose son was wounded by K., advises him to return his bride better; K. asks his mother to serve him hot roasted wheat in the palm of her hand, clamps her hand; mother tells everything; the old woman gives advice on how to ride Kuk-Tulpara; tulpar tells him to cut his back, get his father's weapons and clothes out; carries K. to the land of Kusyar Khan; on the way, the old man advises, passing between two lakes, pour water from one to another, otherwise the lakes will close; grateful lakes explain that they were separated, that now K. will connect with M.; the sheep comes to M. to tell about the appearance of K.; M. does not believes, beats a sheep, since then the sheep fat tail has been split; K. and M. live secretly together; tulpar takes them away from the wedding feast at which Kusyar Khan was going to kill his son-in-law; calling tulpara, K. burned only two, not three his hair; therefore, Karagul (the contender for M.'s hand) caught up with the fugitives, took M. away, wounded tulpara; waiting for the horse to recover, K. sends a sparrow with news to M. (the crow and the magpie refused); Karagul's wife catches and torments a sparrow, finds out where K. is; Karagul kills sleeping K.; M. kills Karagul, then herself; two apple trees have grown on the grave of K. and M., on the grave of Karagul burdock; he tormented apples, apple birds appeared from the bloody juice, swans came from them; crows appeared from burdock thorns; apple-birds pecked crows]: 45-51, 247-264.

Turkestan. Kazakhs (eastern Kazakhstan) [while hunting, Sarybay asks Karabakh not to shoot at a female maral, because they also have pregnant wives at home; suggests marrying children if one has a son and another daughter; K. had a son, Kozy-Korpesh, S. had a daughter, Bayan-Slu; S. died after falling on a rock; predictor: if newborns get married, they will be unhappy; only brother S. Apsebay insists on marriage; after the death of S.'s wife, power in the family passed into the hands of the adopted Kalmyk Kodar-Kul, he must marry BS; to avoid this, the BS requires Kodar-Kul to count the cattle, he dug wells, dug an artificial lake, smeared the shores with salt; he did everything (now it is lake. Tansyk); Kozy-Korpesh maims peers; throws stones at his grandmother's yarn; she advises him to find his bride better; Kozy-Korpesh put his mother's hand in hot wheat, she had to confess; mother asks a sorceress to prevent her son from going to fight with Kodar-Kul; she creates obstacles (a ferocious camel, a river, a forest), but they disappear because Kozy-Korpesh is not afraid; the witch has become a golden fox, disappeared into a hole; that's it what to put in the hole turns gold; Kozy-Korpesh gilded his hair; met A.; showed him his golden hair — this is the sign of the BS groom; Kozy-Korpesh was hired as a shepherd, opened up to the bride; Kodar-Kula sent Kozy-Korpesh to bring a heavy hammer; he found it and picked it up, but threw it into the lake; Kodar-Kula told the shepherd to get out, he threw it to the ground; Kodar-Kula brought the Kalmyk army; it was defeated, Kodar -Kula is captivated but spared; most of his relatives are on his side; Kozy-Korpesh is hiding; the old woman tortured the starling, forcing him to tell him where Kozy-Korpesh is; he was killed; BS found the body, the old man revived him for three days, The BS promised revenge; lured Kodar-Kulu into the well, ordered him to be thrown with earth and stones; ordered him to erect a high monument over Koza-Korpesh's grave; caravanbashi fell in love with her, his people erected a monument; BS promises to marry whoever jumps down from it; all suitors, including caravanbashi, jumped and crashed to death; BS stabbed and buried with Kozy-Korpesh]: Zhanuzakova 1977:177-197; Kyrgyz [while hunting, the padishah and the vizier agreed to marry the children, that if one had a son and the other had a daughter; the padishah had a daughter, Meer, and the vizier had a son Zar; when the news was given to him, the vizier galloped home, fell off his horse and crashed; they grew up, but his associates advised the padishah not to pass off his daughter as an orphan; the padishah forbade M. to see Z.; they agreed to run; at night the old woman came before M. she rode off with Z.; she returned, M. met her; at the crossing, the old man tried to drown M., but she drowned him herself; when she returned to the shore, she did not find Z.; Padishah Taymas met M. and decided to take him with his tenth wife; allowed them to take a walk with other wives; they got on a boat, got to the robbers; M. gave them sleeping pills; the women put on their clothes, rode off under the guise of men; the local khan died; during the election of a new one the falcon sat on M.'s head, she became khan; ordered her statue to be erected, to watch those who, when they saw her, would behave in an unusual way; both T and Z came; Thymas M. returned his wives, and Z. made him khan instead of myself]: Ledenev 1987:29-35; (cf. Uighurs (Lobnor) [White Khan and Black Khan agreed to marry children if they are born of different sexes; a white man has a daughter, a Black son; a white daughter will meet a young man Tair and they have fallen in love; Black Khan's son had an enmity with T.; Zora: This poplar is a tall poplar/it must be cut to the root /cut it to the root, /an ark must be built; Tahir was put in an ark with 40 raisins, let her go along the river; the ark sailed into a certain state; the king's daughter had a dream, went to the shore — really an ark; let her hair down, brought the ark to the shore with it; the king gave Tahir this girl; T. began to dream about a trip to Zora; said this to his wife; she agreed to be a jug for ablutions only to go with Tair, but he forbade her to go with him; {it is clear from the following that T. came and died}; Zora in the day of her marriage to the son of Black Khan stabbed herself at Tahir's grave; her fiancé smashed his head against a stone; he was buried; a flower grew in their heads, and this Black Kafyr grew in their heads burdock]: Malov 1956, No. 11:72-77); salars (Altiyuli, Xunhua-Salar Autonomous County) [two rich and childless old men decided to take their youngest wife; one of them said: “If your wife gives birth a boy, and my wife will give birth to a daughter, I will give her for your son”; the second agreed; one's wife gave birth to a son, the other's wife a daughter; the boy's father died, his family was impoverished; the girl's father refused to marry her poor young man; put his daughter in a separate house; she invited that young man to her place and became pregnant; they agreed to meet in a year; he went to trade, so did she; then they met like agreed, and after buying horses, we went to the girl's house; the girl told her parents that her companion was a merchant; the parents decided to marry her; when the wedding was played, the boy and girl went to his mother's house; then they brought her to the girl's parents; everything is fine]: Tenishev 1964, No. 63:136-139; Dungans: Riftin et al. 1977, No. 31 [two yuanwei Won and Ma decided to become related if one is born a boy and the other has a girl; M.'s wife gave birth to a girl; at that time a beggar entered the house, he was well received, he gave the girl the name Tsuiin; V.'s wife gave birth to a boy, did not greet the beggar, he gave the boy the name Chunjeung ( “poor man”); the children grew up and fell in love with each other, V. went broke; M. gave her daughter for the son of rich Ma Won; C. died of anguish; C. went to his grave, she opened, closed over Ts; from there two butterflies flew out ], 32 [The Black Emperor and the Yellow Emperor killed a pregnant deer while hunting; both feel sorry because their wives must give birth; if they are a boy and a girl, they decided to marry them; C.'s wife gives birth to a girl Hiynur “black girl”), wife of J. - Juonsa's son (from “huon” means “yellow”); J. the emperor died, C. married his daughter to the son of another sovereign; H. chooses a lousy horse, he turns into a “heavenly horse”; H. is hired an employee to C. imperator, exchanges bracelets with his daughter; father-in-law wins and marries H.]: 516-517, 517.

Southern Siberia — Mongolia. Chulym Turks [White Khan and Black Khan met while hunting; agreed that if wives give birth to children of different sexes, they should be married; BH's wife gave birth to a daughter Beautiful Rich, and his wife gave birth to a son Goat (“Handsome”); BH's wife came to CH: there her son-in-law crawls, takes bread out of the garbage and eats; she decided not to give her daughter for this, BH has migrated far; CH is dead; K. plays money with teenagers, he is told that his fiancée ran away; the old man advises to tell his mother to cook porridge; K. put his mother's hand on the cauldron {or put it in the porridge — unclear}, she had to confess; he caught the stallion, who says his name is Kuryan (” Brown”) and together they are Kozuguryan; ordered to get the saddle out of his left ear, clothes from his right ear; the horse is flying through the air; goes on reconnaissance, finds out that his mother is dead; they meet BH shepherds who they herd horses, cows, sheep; K. met the design bureau, they are fleeing, captured, the design bureau has a knife, they killed themselves, are buried on different banks of the river, poplars grew on the graves, united; BH burned the poplar K., the girl's poplar himself disappeared; then two birch trees grew up; the girl's mother came, saw pike and crucian carp, which lovers turned into]: Lemskaya 2013:295-303; Mongols [two rich neighbors agreed to marry children if a boy and a girl will be born; when the boy is 5 years old, the house burned down, his parents are impoverished; the young man grew up, was hired as a laborer for a neighbor, his daughter fell in love with him; the rich man demands that the groom bring treasures, including wish-making stone; young man goes to Buddha; old woman: when she gets rid of her lameness; man: when his head stops hurting; two llamas: when they can fly; in a dream the old man teaches: in a sore leg old women have a thousand fathoms of gold ribbon; there is a magic stone in the head of a passerby; there are three bags of coral in the llamas, so the llamas cannot fly; the young man helped everyone, took the treasures, got a betrothed one; but ashamed of his poverty, went back to seek happiness; began to live with a merchant, brought gold from him; the bride's parents became impoverished, they all lived together; accusing her husband of having to feed both families, the wife swallowed the golden ring, died; the thief climbed into the grave, took out the ring, the girl came to life; she was picked up by the merchant with whom her husband had previously lived; he returned, the couple united, everything was fine]: Mikhailov 1962:60-63; Mongors [Black Khan and White Khan agree that if both wives give birth to boys, they will go to school together; Bely has a daughter, but he replies that a son; the daughter is raised with his son Black Khan; it is increasingly difficult for her to hide her gender; her mother sews clothes with lots of buttons so that others can swim while the imaginary boy unzips them; Black Khan guesses about the deception, along with her son comes for Bely's daughter, takes her away; as the chase approaches, the girl consistently throws a comb, a whetstone, a piece of iron; they turn into a wooded, stone mountain, iron mountain; the people of the White Khan overcome obstacles; the girl tells you to stretch the wicker net, the road disappears, the White Khan stops chasing; families reconcile, live together]: Todayeva 1973, No. 9:277-282.