Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K27zz4. A wife who can't be beaten (ATU 888A). (.13.) .23.30.

The arrogant prince (the son of a merchant) beats his wife every day (he marries on the condition that he beats his wife every day). She saves him by demonstrating her superiority.

{In Uther 2004, the story also contains other episodes; most of the versions mentioned above probably or definitely don't have our K27zz3 motif}

(Nubians), Punjabi, Kashmiris, Rajastanis, Nepalese, Bukhara Arabs.

(Wed. Sudan - East Africa. Nubians [lying in a puddle, a woman gave birth to a donkey from the seed; Ahmed Son of a Donkey (ASO) beats his wife twice a day, who confirms that he is brave; the old woman advises his wife to answer that there are daredevils better; ASO leaves, meets, takes as companions Eared, Glazed, Angry, Inexhaustible (irrigates the beds with his urine); everyone first replies that if he met ASO, he would fraternize with him; the king sprinkles poison, the Eyed takes away the poisoned pieces; the king sets fire to the house, the Inexhaustible floods; the angry almost killed everyone; the king is ready to give his daughter, the ASO only takes a receipt that they are brave; each the queue cooks, the giant eats everything; when it's ASO's turn, he throws him into the fire, the giant disappears into the well; the ASO goes down the rope, the beauty says that the giant's soul is in the chest, the ASO breaks it; twins pick up, share beauty and treasures, cut off the rope; ASO falls into the fifth underworld; there the crocodile closed the river, gives water in exchange for girls; ASO promises to cause ritual scars to the crocodile on the occasion of eating him and the girl, kills; hides with an old woman, leaving a handprint on the princess's thigh; the king finds the hero, tells the eagle to take him upstairs; there is not enough meat, ASO cuts off a piece from his thigh, gives eagle; he puts it back; ASO forgives his brothers, returns to his wife]: Katsnelson 1968:78-94).

South Asia. Punjabi: Swynnerton 1892, No. 47.III [the young king's servant admires the flower in the pot every day; the king wants to buy a flower; the owner refuses: his wife gave the flower if it blooms, which means that she remains faithful; then the servant says that when he was a boy, his merchant father hired him to take care of him; they came to a show of wandering dancers; The dancer recognized that man and asked the king to kill him; the king ordered the man to be seized; he asked the dancer to give him back what she had taken first; she said she was returning, and she fell dead. the man said that he and the dancer were married and agreed that if one of them died, the other would spend the rest of their lives in a hut on the grave; the wife died; the fakir said that if her husband gave it to her half of the rest of her life, she will come to life; the man gave it; his wife left him and became a dancer; then the servant says that, knowing this story, he did not want to take a wife; the father insisted and he made a condition: every morning he would hit his wife five times with shoes; the merchant's daughter agreed; first asked to postpone this ritual for a day and then hit her 10 times; 15 times; then said that let the husband first himself he will earn money, not use his father's money; the man went to trade and found mangoes in one place that instantly grow from an abandoned seed and bear fruit; he took a seed with him in town he bet on all his possessions; the mango grew but did not bear fruit, the man became poor; someone taught him how to earn money by cutting the grass with a sickle; his wife in men's clothes came after him, took more than mango, but also land from this place; threw land, seed on it, mango bore fruit; she won; took her husband who did not recognize her to her; when she left, told her to stand for her; did not return; he brought wealth home; she showed him the sickle he used to cut the grass; the man was so shocked that he decided to leave; his father gave him the flower in the pot that began the story], 80 [Prince Ghool refuses to marry; at the well asks the girl to give him water; the girl (she is the daughter of the blacksmith Alim): this is the prince whom no one marries; he promises to marry her; she asked for a year's delay; she placed the growing melons in a vessel; the melons grew, she offered to extract them; no one can; she soaked the clay, widened her necks, took out the melons; after the wedding, the prince regularly whips his wife; she advises to get the princess better and beat her; the princess offers to play three games of chess; after losing the first, the prince gives the horse, the second to her mercy, the third goes to clean the stable; the wife, wearing men's clothes, goes in search, saves a drowning rat, she explains that the princess has a cat with a magic lamp on her head; this makes her invisible, she rearranges the figures and the princess always wins; the wife releases the rat, the cat behind her rushes, the wife knocks the lamp off her head, the cat runs away; the princess loses; but she is silent, she must be talked three times; the rat is responsible for the princess, she thinks the leg of the bed is saying, screams at her; the wife tells long stories twice, the rat comments, the princess shouts that this is not the case; the wedding, but the imaginary prince asks to postpone the authentic marriage for six months; frees the enslaved, but not the husband ; tells him to wear her man's outfit and give her his own, the groom; the prince brings the princess; the blacksmith's daughter shows his clothes to the groom; he realizes that his first wife got the princess; everything is fine]: 176-188, 313-330; Kashmiris [the wealthy merchant has a stupid son; he was ashamed to marry him, but his wife insisted on finding a bride; the father agreed to give his son three coins; even for one she will buy something for herself, throw the second one into the river, buy food, drink, gnaw on the third, plant it in the garden, and more food for the cow; the blacksmith's daughter: leave one coin in your pocket and buy a melon for the other, in it there are all five things; the father did not believe what his son had come up with; when he found out about the blacksmith's daughter, he decided to marry her son; he came to the blacksmith, only his daughter at home; - Where are the parents? - The father went to buy a ruby for a cowrie, and the mother went to sell words; explained that the father went to buy lamp oils and the mother went to marry; people advised the groom to say that he would beat every day the wife had 7 shoes; the blacksmith offered to cancel the wedding, but the daughter said she would settle the matter; the first night she said it was not good to quarrel on the wedding day; then the first week; and then, as usual, returns to his parents for a while; the merchant's wife insisted that he give his son money to trade; a young merchant comes to a luxurious house; the hostess offers to play backgammon; the cat is taught to extinguish the lamp rang, at that moment the hostess replaces backgammon; the merchant lost his property, wife and himself; occasionally gave home a letter to his father, in which he described everything as it was, and to his wife, in which he wrote that he was rich, and when she returns, he will beat her with a shoe; the person sent accidentally mixed up the letters; the wife in a man's dress came to the cat's owner, asked the servants what was going on, took a mouse with her; released when the cat was supposed to turn off the lamp; the hostess lost everything, including herself; the husband did not recognize his wife, she appointed him her sardar, hid his prison clothes; when the husband was going to beat his wife with shoes at home, she was in his presence She told her parents everything, showed his clothes; the hostess, now a slave, confirmed everything; the old merchant ordered all the treasures to be handed over to her daughter-in-law, not to the fool's son]: Knowles 1888:144-153; Rajastans [the stupid and stupid prince swore that when married, he would hit his wife twice with shoes before eating; after that, all the brides refused; the daughter of another king is confident in her mind and herself invites her father to marry her prince; when the prince arrives, the princess first says that they are not married yet, then that they are still in her father's house, then that she is supported by her father-in-law, not her husband at all - let he would earn money first; the prince took the money and went home; got to fraudsters; during lunch they shouted that one of them had lost his gold hat; village elder: whoever found the hat was he would give all his possessions; the hat was tied to the prince's clothes, he had to give everything away; the prince began to earn a living as a lumberjack; the prince's wife watched him and, dressed as a man, came with with her people to the same swindlers; quietly untied her gold hat and hid it under the carpet; there she was found and all the property of the crooks went to the princess; began to live as a noble person and fed the poor; came and her husband; she offered him a place of servant, gave him nice clothes, and kept his rags, axe and shaved beard; said that she was leaving and gave him a box, supposedly with jewelry; when she returned home, the prince he was going to beat his wife, but she asked him to open the box first; it contained his dirty clothes, beard and ax; the prince asked his wife not to give him away and left the intention to beat her]: Mathur 1995:29-32; Nepali [no one wants to marry a lazy guy who promises to beat his wife; one girl married him; gave him a hundred rupees, sent him to earn money; you can earn money, then hit; the young man went in one house; there is one-legged: your father took my leg to repair and did not return it; the young man had to pay 50 rupees; in another house blind in one eye; the same, the other 50 rupees; in the third, the hostess: if my chicken sings rooster, you will become my slave, if not, the woman will give the guest all the property; the chicken sang; the wife went to look for her husband; told one-legged that her father-in-law has many legs - she needs a second leg to find the first one; took cutter; one-legged returned the money; the same one-eyed; in the woman's house hears a conversation between a chicken and a rooster in the basket under her basket; swapped birds; when a rooster screamed, under the basket It turned out to be a rooster; all the mistress's property, including the slave, went to the young man's wife; he respected his wife]: Sakya, Griffith 1984:130-133.

Iran - Central Asia. Bukhara Arabs [the girl promises to teach her royal son how to read and write in a month; the young man wants to marry her; the emir had to be allowed, although the girl is from a poor family; every day the emir's son beat his wife; her the mother understood why her daughter was losing weight; gave her an image of peri to show her husband; he would go looking for peri and would disappear - you would get rid of him; the emir's son came to the garden, three doves came down, became human, offered to play, he lost everything; he came to the city of the peri in the portrait; she gave it to the hangman, but the hangman did not execute him, but put him to work at the butter mill; he sent a letter to his father asking him to kill his wife; the messenger handed the letter to the father of the wife of the emir's son; she took the letter away, replaced her with a request to take care of his wife; the emir took his daughter-in-law, dressed well; she put on men's clothes, went to Peri; knowing peri art, beat the peri-doves, they promised to help her; to beat that peri, you have to make the first move; then come with her to a room with three beds; (that woman must be talked); under each there will be one of the peri; we must ask the red bed to tell a fairy tale; the peri hiding under it tells; the khatib, the carpenter, the tailor, the jeweler stopped for the night; the carpenter made a doll, dressed the tailor, the jeweler dressed up, the khatyb asked God to put his soul into her and she came to life; who should I award a woman? peri: khatyba; since she spoke first, she had to agree to become the wife of an imaginary man; she promised to do so after the bath; the wife sent her husband instead, opened herself to him, returned to her father-in-law, the emir; When the emir's son and his Peri wife arrived, he sent a letter to his father asking him to kill his first wife; he intended to do so, but she asked for permission to give her husband the clothes he had taken off in the bathhouse; son the emir lived his life with two wives]: Vinnikov 1969, No. 35:230-234.

Continued in 167.doc