Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K33B. Girlfriends leave the beauty.

.10.-. (.32.)

The girl goes with her friends to the forest, to the river; everyone returns home, and she has to stay or return. She escapes from a dangerous creature, becomes the wife of a supernatural character, leader, etc., or dies but is avenged.

Hottentots, (Bushmen), Zulu, Xhosa, Mbundu, Maragoli, Kikuyu, Chagga, Safwa, Kinga, Nyanga, Congo (Angolan zombo), Sakata, Bena-Kanyoka, Ronga, Yambasa, Vute, Bambara, Jukun, Mosi, ibibio, senufo, hausa, mofu-gudur, somrai, songhai, lango, joluo, kalenjin (sebeei), Masai, Sandave, Amhara, Sudanese Arabs, Tuaregs, Palestinians, Saudia, Yemenis, Vedau, Thado, Meitei, Tamils, Dargins, ( Chuvash).

SW Africa. Hottentots: Schmidt 2007, No. 20 [against their will, the Smart Girl goes to the veld with her older sister and her two friends; they come to the Big Snake village; the old snake woman says what will he appear when the dung in the corral starts to move; UD goes to milk the cow, stings her udder every time the dung starts to move, the snake does not come out; asks the old woman for strong skin, hangs it overnight in doors; when the Big Serpent rushes, UD shoots him with a bow through a hole in his skin, kills him; the girls carry the snake into his hole, run away; the old woman consistently tells her grandchildren (including Porcupine and which a spirit) to see why the grandfather does not go out; everyone replies that he is looking motionless; the old woman walks by herself, sees a dead snake, sends a chase; the girls hide in a hole (burn), only the spirit sees them the rest go to get water, UD sends the spirit to drink, they run away; turn into trees, the pursuers do not recognize them; at night, the girls smear the pursuers' eyes, nostrils, etc. with resin, run away; UD goes down into the well to give his companions a drink; they drink and leave, leaving her; the elephant drinks, swallows the UD, a drop of blood falls on the reeds; the little brother UD makes a pipe, she sings about what happened; the father finds the guilty elephant, UD screams from his belly to be slaughtered on the left; comes out unharmed; three other girls have been executed], 47 [one girl is the prettiest; boys talk about it to other girls every time; those they offer to bury each other in the sand, bury the beauty with her head; her brothers find the body, put their bones in cow skin, the beauty comes to life; other girls are offered to lick the bone marrow cows; when each one bends down, her head is cut off], 69 [the rich girl is the prettiest; her friends invite her to climb into the well to supply water; remove the pole, leave; poor woman and girl they find it, pull it out; the rescued father gives them a lot of cattle]: 59-64, 112-113, 151-153; (cf. the Bushmen [The month-old man died; the women persuaded the Hare to pick unripe white berries; when she saw what she had picked, the Hare went to pick it again, the women left their urine responsible for themselves, left; The hare saw the grave from which the Month was getting out; he dragged Hare to him, told him to go to the people to say that the dead must be reborn; the hare tells people that they will die forever, decompose and smell bad; during this Month he cut her lip with an ax; The hare took off her caross, got dirty in soot, covered the face of the Month, the stains remained]: Kotlyar 1983, No. 18:35-39).

Bantu-speaking Africa. Mbundu [husband and wife have three daughters, the youngest is the most beautiful; they went swimming, the other girls were surprised that the sisters did not have a tattoo; the parents let their daughters go to the old woman, whom it took a long time to walk to; she has one eye, one ear, one arm, one leg; she promised to lead them to the best craftswoman, asked for food; only her younger sister fed her; the other old woman also has one ear, one eye, hand, leg; returning home, the older sisters envied the youngest, whose tattoo was especially praised by the people they met; crossing the river along the bridge, they threw the youngest into the water; the parents went to look for their daughter; the first old woman said that her older sisters must have destroyed her; many years later, a woodcutter was walking along the river bank, saw a takula tree, hit it with an ax and heard back: Who is there, who is there, Who is knocking? A woodcutter with an ax? Is that you knocking, Lumberjack with an ax? There were three sisters, a woodcutter with an ax, I was the most beautiful, a woodcutter with an ax, The sisters were mad at me, the woodcutter with the ax, They threw me into the water, the woodcutter with the ax, And the crocodile told me, the woodcutter with with an ax, You'll be my wife, Lumberjack with an ax, You'll give birth to me kids, Woodcutter with an ax! Say hello to family, Lumberjack with axe, Say hello to father, Lumberjack with axe, Say hello to Mom, Lumberjack with axe, Hello to Sisters, Lumberjack with axe, Bow to them from me, Woodcutter with with an ax! The woodcutter got scared, ran to his wife; she came, heard the same thing, realized that it was the missing girl's Golshos, brought her parents, they saw her in the clear water on the sandy bottom and cried; fishermen they threw nets and pulled the girl out of the water; the cleavers brought her back to life, she had sinks on her forehead; the girl was afraid to leave the house; the old people told her to never carry water and I would not push anything in a mortar; when her parents were not at home, the girl began to grind the corn, singing: I'll crush the maize, stir it with sand, Let the water come to wet the maize! The river overflowed its banks, the hut was flooded with water, a water god appeared in the form of a crocodile and said: "So that your parents can never steal you again, we'll take them with us. There they will not have to worry about their work, they will only look at their grandchildren. The older sisters were punished to be eaten by crocodiles]: Nekrasova 1975:79-82; maragoli [5 friends went for firewood, found a deer cave; such caves go in a zigzag; four climbed at once returned; the fifth went all the way; the others laid the way out with stumps and wheelchairs and returned home; the girl stayed in the cave; one day she recognized the roar of her brother's bull, sang back; the girl was rescued; parents they arranged a party and invited those friends; fed them mushrooms that grew on the girl's body while she was in the cave; they died; the girl revived them]: Kavaji 2005, No. 8:218-220; maragoli [5 the friends went for the fruit; agreed to collect them with their eyes closed; 4 immediately opened their eyes and picked ripe fruits, and the fifth honestly kept her eyes closed and picked the unripe ones; returned; the friends promised throw masatsi leaves on the trail so that she can find her way home; the ogre overheard and poured leaves on the way to his house; left the girl, put her in a pot to eat later; went to call others cannibals; the girl ran away; the old woman gave her a drum; when she meets cannibals, the girl every time says that she goes with a drum to her mother's funeral; she got home; the cannibal boiled water, but the girls in the pot It wasn't; disappointed cannibals cooked and ate him himself]: Kavaji 2005, No. 11:226-228; kikuyu: Gagnolo 1853, No. 19 [Wamwero is more beautiful and dexterous than other girls; after being sawed teeth, her beauty has become even more dazzling; the girls agree with Hyena that they will leave her V. in the cave, who gives them a sheep for this; the girls lured V. into the cave, closed the exit with a stone; Hyena also could not push back; girls walk around and ask if V. is still alive; the boy followed, overheard; V.'s parents pushed back the stone, cured their daughter; the father invited the girls, gave them herbal infusion; leaving his house, they turned into wild animals]: 14-16; Zhukov, Kotlyar 1976, No. 122 [40 girls met one-legged Ilima (the other grew out of her neck); each invited him to eat the one that followed her; he bit off each one the finger he swallowed the last one; then the girls asked everyone they met which of them had prettier teeth; they always said that Washi-shi and her sister Moire Wa-nyi-na had; the girls dug a hole and took turns to climb into it, the last sisters; M. jumped out, and V. was covered with earth; they drank a potion, after which whoever tells about what happened will immediately die; V. hears the tramp of the hooves of his younger brother's herd, asks be careful; parents and relatives dug up V., fed them; V. sprayed wild animal milk on the girls, they fell asleep; she revived them after receiving a ransom from their parents]: 298-299; Mwangi 1983:72-75 [in During the drought, the sorcerer ordered cattle to be collected as a gift to the father of the girl they decided to sacrifice; as she plunges into the water, she turns first to strangers, then to her father, mother, and relatives , to a friend: "Do you say that I am dying, let it rain"; when she disappeared under water, it rained; girls go to fetch water, each helps put a vessel of water on the other's head; no one wants help the younger sister sacrificed, call her sister who sold her sister for the rain; then the girl asks the water of the lake to come out to help her; the beast of the lake (so!) answers: I have a son, I have a daughter, I can't leave them; but she went out, with her two children, gave her sister beads, corn, bananas, meat; she buried them at home, asked her mother if she would beat her, began to tell her the mother forbade remembering the one who was missing, beat the girl; she told her father, they went to the sorcerer, who could not help, went to another, said that the beast kept the girl in the lake; the sorcerer ordered to cook mead, dig holes from lake to house, pour beer into each one, let the girl start luring her sister; at every hole, closer to home, the girl sang, "You river man, my father invites you to drink beer" ; the beast goes from one hole to another, with a girl and her two children; they slipped away from him outside the house, and the river man swung into the river again; the girl stayed at home], 110-113 [when the girls went to file teeth and came back, everyone said that Wacici and her sister were the most beautiful; the other girls sent Sister V. for fire, and V. was pushed into a hole and fell asleep; her little brother came, sings, V. answers; at the end Finally, Father V. came, people dug it up, washed it, sacrificed a sheep, V. regurgitated the sand and dirt that she swallowed while she was lying in the ground; came to life]; chagga [Mregho is cuter and more dexterous than her friends; they agreed to get rid of it, dug holes; when they went to get the grass, everyone jumped into the hole and got out of it; when M. jumped, her friends filled the hole with a stone; but M. is still alive; her younger sister found her, said parents, they threw off a stone; it was the god Ruwa who sent bees to feed her honey; M. had to be circumcised before getting married; the rains stopped; the sorcerer said that God R. told me to bring it to him as a sacrifice, this is the only way to restore fertility; a storm began, it rained; but Grandma M. saved her by bandaging the bells from her feet to the sheep's feet, the sheep was carried away by a storm; R. admitted that M. was too beautiful satisfied with a sheep; M. married her fiance]: Scheub 2000:154-155; safwa: Arewa 1961, No. 2473 [three girls went for firewood, one hit the dog, and because of this, the mountains closed in front of them; one, the other sings, the mountain misses, the third does not miss; the girl wanders, the hyena leads her astray, the frog swallows her and brings her home; the mother does not allow the frog to spit on the floor, the grandmother allows the frog belches the girl, she is safe and unfaithful]: 120-121; Arnold 1984 [the girls went for firewood; towards the fox, Dendi, the chief's daughter, hit him; on the way back there is a mountain; every girl: give me to pass, it was not me who hit, but the leader's daughter; D. is the last, her mountain does not let her through; she sees a man; he is that fox; his wife says she will not let D. eat until she says her name; the man suggests: Xifwititi; wife leaves, D. becomes a new wife; they have two children; she wants to go home; husband warns not to go through the ravine; she goes, a thorny beast hits her, takes her children back to the village {whose?}] : 135-136; kinga [three girls went to the forest for fruit; two quickly picked up and went home, the third lingered; two went to the river, asked them to let them in, the water slept, they crossed the river; when they went third, the water on the contrary rose; the girl froze, saw a fire in the distance, came, a jackal (anthropomorphic) lives there; he did not let her in right away; offered to marry him; she does not want to; he asks to swaddle him child; she goes to bed; sees the child in the morning, picks it up and goes home; the jackal screams that the child has a louse in her hair, if she is killed, he will die; at the parents' house warns younger siblings not touch the louse in the baby's hair; they killed the louse, the child died; parents in the field, a bird arrives, screams that the house is empty; the girl's father orders to kill and fry the bird, eats it, it reappears; when she finds out that the child is dead, the girl brought it to the jackal; he does not believe that she is innocent, is chasing her with his men; the girl's father gathered his men and killed the jackal]: Wolff 1905, No. 2:132-135; Nyanga: Kotlyar 197:191-198 [Muhaya has many infertile wives, only one gives birth to a girl; she grows up, her name is Ngarya; despite the ban, N. goes to the river with her friends, forgets calebasa and bracelets there; friends refuse to return, N. comes, her things are taken by an old dwarf, N. chases her, ends up in her house; the witch's daughter is also Ngarya, promises to help, the old woman does not know who the daughter is and who is not, they the same; at night she does not know who to slaughter; girls run to the village, the old woman pursues; Lightning, Rock, Mist, Hail wins, but died in the land of holy places], 205-206 [one of the seven girls is the most beautiful , but her brother is covered in ulcers; girls go in search of husbands, dig a hole, try on when Beauty goes to bed, cover her with earth; brother guessed it, dug up his sister, hid it in calebass; both swam, she dressed in white, it's red, they came to the chief, who arranged a party for them, told them to poison the Beauty's sisters]; sakata [the mother gave her daughter food, she went swimming with the other girls, refused them share; after swimming, she forgot her necklace on the shore; others refused to return with her, she came back alone; Kenshune-nshune put her in a bag, went to villages, asked for beer, gave it to the prisoner, telling her sing to her; when she got to her parents' village, people recognized her voice; K. got drunk, put pieces of termite mound in the girl's place, and the house where K. slept was burned with him]: Colldén 1979, No. 8:159-161; bena-canyoka [girls rinse their teeth on the river; only one has them white, others push her into the river out of envy; the crocodile, having defeated Behemoth, takes her for himself; she gives birth to a son with him; goes to visit his mother; tells the child to be fed only crushed cowries; the old woman gives him corn, he dies; the old woman says that the child is playing with others; the mother finds the corpse under the bed; brings the Crocodile, who revives her son]: De Clercq 1909, No. 5:81-84; Congo (Angolan zombo) [envious of Mayamba's beauty, other girls push her into a whirlpool; a man hears a song out of the water, in which M. asks her parents to tell her parents about what happened; they run to the river, they also hear their daughter, the waves throw clothes and gold ashore; parents understand that their daughter is happy and do not take revenge on those who drowned her]: Anpetkova-Sharova 1975:56-57; (cf. kongo [a girl goes to a manioc field by the pond; water spirits tell her not to throw cassava leaves into the water; she does not listen, they drag her into the pond; along with other girls, her younger sister comes for water; she cannot put a heavy jug on her head; others leave; she regrets that her older sister is not there; she comes out of the water, helps; the spirits tell no one, they paint the girl with red paint; at home, she replies to her mother that she painted herself; next time the girl confesses to her mother; men grab her older sister who has come ashore; the perfume lets her go, but tell her not to clean the cassava anymore; mother makes, spirits drag the girl into the water forever]: Struyf 1936:183-191); ronga [Chief Makenyi's daughters (from different wives) go for clay; older sisters ask Chichinguane to go down into the hole, they leave her there; the water in the river rises, the huge Chipfalamfula fish invites C. to enter her mouth; there are people in the fish's belly, fields, abundance; now C.'s younger half-sister is forced to go for water; she she cannot put the jug on her own head; C. gets out of the water, helps; the girl tells her mother, she grabs C., she slips out, returns to the water, asks the fish to let her go to land, she gives it a gift is a magic wand; at home, C. rips off the fish scales, they turn into silver; other girls go for brushwood, ask C. and her sister to climb a tree, cut off the lower branches, and leave; Cannibals come, try to cut down a tree, C. overgrows the felling with his wand; girls go down, run away, ask the river to part; when cannibals are in the middle, the waters close, the cannibals drown; sisters they take jewelry in the cannibal's cave, marry the chief]: Knappert 1977, No. 17:58-63; Zulu [Chief Hlazase's youngest favorite daughter ("green") and elder Khlaluse ("bead") swim with other girls; Kukumadeva (without hair, huge and long) took the bathers' aprons; returned them to those who asked for it; Hlazase refused out of pride; the girls left, Hlazase and K. were fighting, both tired, fell asleep in the water; when K. went to call for help from others to Kukumadeva, one beast told her to go home; before that, other girls told her father that H. was on her first period; when she learned that they had abandoned her, her father killed the girls, including Hlasusa; sent soldiers to kill K.; girls previously swallowed were removed from K.'s womb]: Snegirev 1937:80-82 (=Olderogge 1959:25-27, =Zhukov, Kotlyar 1976, No. 235:573-575; a similar version of Parrinder 1967:95); braid [the girls went for red clay; on the way back they swam, went again; the leader's daughter remembered that she had forgotten the coloring on the shore; the rest refused to return with her; she came to the pond, hers grabbed and put a one-legged cannibal in a bag; began to carry it to the villages, ask for meat, ask the "bird" to sing in response, but did not open the bag; the girls told the chief that his daughter had begun her period and they they left her in a ritual hut; her father arranged a party; the cannibal came to the girl's village; first her brother, then her father recognized her voice; the father sent the ogre to fetch water with a vessel full of holes, took out his daughter, put her there snakes and toads; the cannibal brought the bag home, called the guests to eat the girl; when they saw what was in the bag, they ate the ogre himself]: McCall Theal 1882:125-128.

West Africa. Yambasa [10 girls are going to black their teeth; 9 brought half a basket of caterpillars {chenille; to make paint?} , the tenth is full; she was made the most beautiful; on the way back, her friends made her show her teeth; out of envy she was thrown into the pond, her mothers were told that they did not know where her daughter was; the girl was married by a water snake; her younger sister goes to fetch water, hears a voice from the bottom, her mother calls; she teaches her to sacrifice a white rooster to a wild drake; while the snake is not at home, the girl runs, becomes a drake's wife, happy; in her The mother's absence killed and ate the drake; the younger sister told her everything; the older sister made a smoke fire, went into the smoke and returned to the snake; the mother went to look for her; the spider agreed to take her to her daughter, warning him not to extradite him, led to a baobab; the serpent brings a ram; the daughter sends her mother home, tells her not to touch a flock of partridges, a flock of fish (banc de poissons dans l'eau), a dry bush - all hidden images of a snake; not to tell what she saw; but the woman told; the serpent swallowed all her children, relatives and then her; the snake's wife drowned out of grief]: Binam Bikoï 1977:116-120; vute [Manje she invited three friends to go fishing; they said that this time it would be better to catch earthworms; while M. was looking for worms, her friends were fishing; they laughed at her, left; they asked why M. in such a hurry why she is falling behind; M. came back, threw her fishing rod, Mekir (a mythical animal) was hooked; gave her fish in exchange for a promise to become his wife; M. promised to come tomorrow with her mother, Mekir gave her fish; her friends at home said that M. was still fishing; when her mother came to the river, she refused to give Mekir her daughter; her mother and daughter ran, Mekir after them; Antelope promised to protect them, but when they saw it Mekira, was frightened; they ran to Tukur (dwarf deer); he ran Mekira, his mother gave him M.; T. said he was small - that's why he won]: Sieber 1921, No. 46:222-225; bambara [ beautiful Guanseni is blind; her friends advise her to borrow old Ba Mama's eyes and not return them; G. asks to borrow her eyes to go with others to collect fruits, does not return; one of the teenagers (" from the uncircumcised") leads BM to the tree; she wraps her arms around the trunk; all the girls and teenagers come down singing a song that he or she is not G.; G. and her lover remain; he puts it in a bag G.'s jewelry also goes down; when G. comes down, BM recognizes her voice, but G. breaks out, climbs back; going down again, throws a bag of dirt on BM's head; the sky darkened, rained, with a blow (thunder?) killed BM]: Görög 1979:84-89; jukun [so that Fatsumate does not go out for a walk with other girls, parents tell her to sort out various types of grain when she leaves; girls who are jealous trying kill F., tell the ants to do the job; all the girls went to the forest for firewood, Dodo appeared, they climbed a tree; each one gets down, says she's not F.; F. asks Hawk from the top of the tree, then Help the vulture; they answer that she once drove them away; Dove takes off her clothes and jewelry; F. goes down, says D. that F. is still upstairs; D. sees jewelry there, believes; Dove sings on the tree in the voice of F.; flies away; D. runs after her, looking at the sky, falls into the river, drowns; Dove asked for a black thread as a reward; F. tied it around her neck, since then pigeons have a black stripe there]: Meek 1931:477 -478; mosi [daughter is so good that her mother does not want to marry her; does not tell me to go swimming with the girls; she goes, the crocodile steals their clothes; everyone sings: Beautiful crocodile, give my skin back; he answers: Dear girl, come and get it; each takes, the last is the daughter of that woman, the Crocodile drags her into the water; the dove agrees to help the woman, she promises him a plate of grain; the dove sings over the river, The Crocodile goes out to listen, leaving the Lizard to guard the girl; the Lizard also goes to listen, leaves the Turtle; etc.; the last Toad tells the house to guard; seeing that there are no guards left, the Pigeon is enough a girl, brings her mother; The crocodile angrily throws the Toad on the ground, she remains lame]: Sissao 2010, No. 23:64-61; ibibio [Akim is the most beautiful, seven girls of the same age are jealous; poor parents A . afraid to let her go, they always give her a job; the girls came, did all the work for her, took her to the party; when you return, you have to cross the river in which the spirit is; he drags away those who do not throw him some food ; A. did not know about it, the spirit dragged her away; the bird told her father, the witch doctor confirmed it; taught her to make a sacrifice, the spirit released A., her father grabbed her and returned it; dug a trap hole, invited seven girls, they failed, he covered them with hot coals; the chief first decided that Father A. had the right to kill one girl in revenge for his daughter, but after teaching A.'s beauty, he justified him]: Dayrell 1910, No. 30:107-114; senufo [ Porognogo went to the bazaar with two friends; when she goes behind, people she meets say she is the most beautiful; the same when in the middle or in front; on the way back, friends throw her into the fire; a bird told her mother and then her father about this; the mother mixed her daughter's ashes into tō (tortillas or some dish}, treated everyone; two friends tried it and died immediately]: Diep, Bamba 2007, No. 38:126-130; hausa [all the girls in the village went to the forest to collect herbs; hid from the rain in the baobab hollow; damn closed the exit; let them go one at a time for necklaces and garments; one refused to give it, he did not released; at the hollow there was a small hole above; the mother came, called "daughter, daughter, reach out, take food"; the daughter took it; Hyena heard it, came, said the same words, the girl found out that the voice was a stranger; The hyena went to the blacksmith, who corrected her voice, but on the way back she ate the centipede and the girl again said that the voice was a stranger; Hyena came back, told the blacksmith she would eat it if he didn't make it to her the right voice; he obeyed; the girl decided that her mother had come, held out her hand, Hyena pulled it out and ate it; the mother collected the bones, carried them to the city where people were being repaired; on the way, a place where food was prepared for herself; it asked the woman to eat, she refused; told her to go from the fork to the right; the same with meat that roasts itself; with flour that mixes itself in the water; in the city, people took bones, asked a woman gets cattle; she gives the animals ripe fruits, eats green fruits herself; the bull roars, saying that the woman is kind, let her daughter be repaired; with a living and healthy daughter, the woman returned home; from the same husband another wife, her daughter, is ugly; her mother crushed her in a mortar, carried her bones to the city; ate greedily all three times; grazing cattle, ate ripe fruits herself; the bull ordered her daughter to be repaired badly; she was made in the form of a half man (with one leg, one arm, etc.); mother tried to give it up, but she came for her, began to live with her]: Tremearne 1913, No. 84:401-407 (=Radin 1952, No. 67:250-253); mofu-gudur [seven sisters get married; consistently ask those who herd chickens, goats, donkeys which one is more beautiful; everyone says that the youngest; sisters go swimming, tell the youngest to swim for acacia; she wanders through through acacia, her skin becomes stiff like acacia bark; now those she meets regret that a freak goes with the beauties; girls easily find suitors; the old woman chooses the youngest to marry her son; he dissatisfied, does not want to take water from the bride; the clairvoyant notices from the mountain that when this girl rubs the grain, she removes her hard skin, becomes beautiful; the black ant advises slaughtering black chicken, tell the vulture to grab, take the skin away; he does not have time; the red ant advises slaughtering the white chicken, the vulture takes the skin away; now the beauty herself does not want to cook, serve water, hides in room; but a young man goes there, takes a beautiful woman as his wife]: Sorin-Barreteau 2001, No. 16:112-117; somrai []: Jungraithmayr 1981, No. 19:93-97; Songhai (zarma): Calame-Griaule 2002 []: 112-118; Mariko 1984 [Mariama's royal daughter is the most beautiful; suitors only marry her, but she can't make a choice; sorcerers only see that her husband will be big; ignored other girls go with M . into the forest, they offer to go down to the well, leave it there; at home they say that M. is lost; the cannibal Doodobéri is going to eat M. first, but then marries; M. lives in luxury; the fulbe shepherd sees she asks her to tell her mother that she is alive; her mother comes, M. sends a rich caravan with her, teaches her the words to say in response to D.'s appeal if he meets them; D. skips the caravan; the king's other wife also wants to get wealth, comes to M., but on the way back she forgets the words, D. ate her; having given birth to D. a little ogre, M. runs, leaving the amulets responsible for herself; D. runs up to the river, when M. has already sailed; she throws her son D. into the water; D. tries to drink the river, bursts, dies, takes his son to sea; the girls who left M. were scolded by the grioli; M. married the fulbe who was her first found]: 26-36; Prost 1956 [the girls went swimming; the genie Mahaman ("catfish first genie") tells them to take turns getting out of the water naked, asking permission to take the clothes left on the shore; the last She hesitates for a long time, finally she has to go out and ask; in the village she asks her mother to open the door, but she calls her a libertine; so are all relatives; the young man unlocks; in the morning she leaves, the genie from the termite calls to him; cows passing by feel that someone is in the termite mound; the shepherdess talks about it; all relatives ask her to go out, but only when that young man asks, does the genie release her]: 209-211; (cf. songhai (zarma) [a woman cannot raise a bunch of brushwood on her head; asks God to at least let Doodo help; D. went out, helped, demanded in return the child that the woman is now carrying; was born daughter, became beautiful; no one knows what to call her; {but apparently they still named Zeela}; the girls climbed the baobab; D. came up; each goes down, says she is not Z.; when only Z. was left with as a friend, Gorlinka offered to help; Z. gave her her clothes and jewelry, and went down herself; then her friend; the turtle flew away; D. fell and died; Gorlinka brought Z. her jewelry back; asked for the award is a black thread around the neck; has been wearing it ever since]: Calame-Griole 2002:107-110).

Sudan-East Africa. Lango [girls go for wild cherries; one suggests picking fruits with her eyes closed; others pick red ones with her eyes open, she picked green ones; when she opens her eyes, all that remains is to collect ripe fruits, and friends leave their excrement to answer for themselves, secretly go home; she gets into the swamp, falls, sprinkles cherries, but the swamp gives it fish in return; the kite takes the fish away, gives it a feather; the young man tries to grab it, breaks it, gives a rod; she sees a man chasing a cow with his penis; he takes her rod to drive, breaks it, gives milk in return; children drink cow dung, take milk, they spill it, give her a razor; a man shaves with a shard, takes her razor, breaks it; they give her a cow; people gnaw bones with dogs, a girl lets them slaughter her cow; they give her a dog that killed a man, the girl was captured; she asks for permission to go away to relieve herself; runs away; (after each episode, the heroine sings, in a song she tells what happened to her before)]: Radin 1952, No. 71:261-265; Joluo Ngei rejects the young man; the girls go to collect fruits to make beads out of them; one advises to close their eyes, only N. closes; at home she sees that her fruits are unripe and unsuitable for making beads; returns to the forest; hears a bush calling her; runs to the house, the bush chases; people cut down the bush, a young man, whom N. rejected, jumps out of it; N. marries him]: K'Okiri 1970:67-74; kalengin (sebeei) [three sisters went for fruit; offered the younger one a game: who could pick ripe ones with their eyes closed; (they peeked themselves), picked ripe ones, and the youngest honestly closed her eyes, she was immature; typing the sisters told the youngest to collect more fruits than one, promised to put green leaves at the fork on the path to follow, and thorns on the other; the cannibal changed the signs; when the girl came to him , he sent her to the river to fetch water, giving her a vessel; by the river, an old woman asked the girl to pull the sand fleas out of her sole; when she pulled it out, the old woman said that the cannibal was going to cook the girl in this water; took her home]: Chesaina 1997:82-83; Masai [three girls go for berries; the older ones suggest picking them with their eyes closed, but only the youngest does so; the older ones picked ripe berries, the youngest unripe; she returns to the forest to gather ripe ones; Mbiti brings her to her place, feeds her, calls monsters to a feast; the crow asks for a piece of skin with meat, promises to tell her something; the girl throws twice in the crow is fed by a stone, then it feeds; the crow teaches him to escape, wearing a skin covered with ash, to answer the monsters that she is just a walking skin in ash; the girl meets several groups of monsters, in the last - M herself .; she doubts, but also lets the girl pass; M. realizes that the monsters who have come to the feast will now eat her, digs an underground passage, hides; the little child of one of the visitors asks for a breast, promises to tell something; mother finally gives; child: over there the kauri worn by M.; monsters dragged M. out, fried, eaten]: Kipury 1983, No. 11:49-52; sandave: Arnold 1984:178-181 [Nsaru rejects men; went swimming with the girls; on the way back she noticed that she had forgotten her sink pendant by the stream; the girls refused to return; N. went alone, she was carried away in a bag by the leader of the spirits; released telling me to climb a tree and collect fruit; carried it again; came to the village where Aunt N. left the bag in her house, went to the men; N. says: Aunt, you will fry me; aunt's child hears, my aunt opens the bag, puts a dog in it instead of N. wasps and bees; tells the dog to answer the questions of the spirit leader; when the spirit takes the bag to it and opens it, wasps and bees sting it, it falls into a lit fire, burns; the dog comes running, says; does not know that pumpkins (as well as corn, cucumbers) have grown from the ashes of the spirit; people starve there, carry pumpkins to their village; they cannot remove baskets from their heads, pumpkins tell them to carry them back; then back to the village; people are barely alive; they managed to throw off their baskets but their wounds remain], 181-184 [Suranyene rejects men; goes swimming with the girls, sees swaying reeds, says he must be a man; goes home with others; remembers that she forgot her necklace, comes back; Reed says he will marry her; S. runs to the village, hides in his mother's house; Reed comes, stays with entrance; Father S.: go out to him; Reed took S., brought him to the hut; when S. fell asleep, Reed became a man, other people and cattle also came out of the reeds; S. woke up, threw reeds into the fire, lay down again; Mwanitete, the son of Reed, did not find the reeds, told his people to build a fence around the house; sent Father S. a hoe, who rejected it; sent a hoe and two cows, he accepted it; came with his people and dressed in good fabrics by his wife S.; became a famous chief]; amhara [seven Sheep are wandering; Hyena promises to carry them across the stream if one of them allows her leg to be eaten; when Hyena is theirs endures, every Sheep says that the next one is more beautiful than her; there is no one behind the last one, Hyena has eaten her leg; her three-legged has a son; her friends do not let her into their house from sesame stems, because her the wound smells bad, the baby is dirty; the sheep finds an iron house; during the hurricane it withstood, but the sesame tree fell apart; friends come to live with a three-legged; their children died, the three-legged son ate milk for seven mothers, became hero Semirog; creates a drinking pond, tells the Monkey to guard; The leopard is not afraid of Semirog, drinks water; they fight for a long time; the Monkey advises the Leopard to eat cabbage, keep his claws in manure, he is weak, Semirog defeated him; Semirog often climbs on the Monkey's shoulders, harasses her; she smeared her body with slippery juice, Semirog fell and crashed]: Gankin 1979, No. 31:50-52; Sudanese Arabs [ Fatma the Beautiful lives with her grandmother; all guys dream of marrying her; other girls decide to get rid of her; call her to pasture; grandmother: first mix a bag of millet with a bag of wheat, scatter it over ground, then clean it from the ground, put it back in two separate bags; two weeks later they complied with the requirement, Grandma let F. go; they came to the well; sent F. to bring some pebbles, got drunk, they hid the bucket; when F. came, they said they had thrown their jewelry into the well and the water rose; F. threw it and nothing; the girls left, F. stayed; at night the black wind came, then yellow, red, white and cannibal with him; threw something into the well, drank all the water with his horse, took out F.'s jewelry, put it on his horse, brought it to the garden, where wheat, millet and fruit; tells F. to grind the grain and chase birds; Muhammad, the son of Father F.'s brother, and her fiancé found her; the cannibal has been sleeping for a month, awake for 11 months; F. guards the pebble: if she tries to escape, he will fly to the cannibal and wake him up; M. and F. run; M. throws the first feather (the river, the cannibal and the horse drank it); the second (the thicket); the third (the mountain); the cannibal stops chasing, but becomes a sheep; M. buys it for a wedding feast; at night a sheep: it's me, the cannibal; M. ran, killed her, a drop of blood turned into a bead; F. picked it up, accidentally swallowed it, the cannibal speaks from her womb; the fakir from Shiraz expelled the bead and burned it; all is well]: Al-Shahi, Moore 1920, No. 26: 131-134; Sudanese Arabs (Jaaaliyin) [a girl named Sittana; she has 7 grandmothers; other girls call her to collect dates; she will not go without her grandmothers' permission; the girls beat six, got permission; the seventh tells you to collect the scattered grain first - a whole bag; they collected it and S. went with them; climbed a palm tree, began to drop dates; the girls filled their baskets with ripe dates, in S. put the green basket and left; S. had to be collected again; she caught up with the others at the well; the girls took water out with a bucket, but said they threw their gold jewelry into the well and the water rose; S. left, nothing happened; ghoul: I'll give you water and return the jewelry if you promise to give me a drink when I come; S. promised; ghoul came, requires water only from S.'s hands; took it away; at night puts her head on her hair like a pillow; when Brother S. followed her, his grandmother told me to take two thorns and wet clay with her; she tied the {sleeping} ghoul to 7 chains, ran away with S.; the ghoul broke his chains; brother throws a thorn, prickly thickets grow in front of him; he sends the dog for an ax, cut through the thickets; the same with the second thorn; the clay has become a river; the brother tells the dog to drink the river and drinks himself; the 7-headed ran up Ghoul, his brother cut off his heads; the last drop of blood turned into a cat; his brother killed him; it was the end of the ghoul]: Hurreiz 1977, No. 6:79-80.

North Africa. Tuaregs [girls go to pick wild berries, leave their friend alone, envious of her beauty; genie marries her; clever older brother visits sister unnoticed; stupid younger meets On the way back, the genie is killed by him; the sister finds out where the genie's soul is, kills him]: Casajus 1982:28.

Western Asia. Palestinians [when a childless woman sees a cheese seller, asks her daughter as white as cheese, gives birth to Jbēne ("cheese"); the girls call her with her for the fruit, she tells them to ask permission from her mother, her mother refers to her father, her father to her paternal aunt, she allows her to go; J. climbs a tree, sheds fruits, the girls fill their baskets with fruits, her with snails, leave; at dusk she is afraid to get down (var.: she got down, saw snails, climbed back, picked fruit for herself); the rider sees her, promises not to touch her, takes her away; she stains herself black, she is considered a maid, they send sheep to herd; sheep lose weight because J. talks loudly about his fate, the sheep cry; the emir's son overhears, takes her as his wife; she finds parents and takes her home]: Muhawi, Kanaana 1989, No. 13: 122-125; Saudia [seven girls went for sea buckthorn; each tree replies that it has no berries, let them go to his sister; at the last tree, each girl says she will not climb upstairs, so that she will tear her dress (trousers, etc. - each about her own piece of clothing) and her mother will scold; the youngest, fifth {not seventh} girl has goatskin clothes and will not tear; she climbs a tree and throws off others sea buckthorn until their baskets are full; when they go home, the girl discovers that her basket is empty; her friends leave, and the girl returns to the tree and climbs it; a ghoul comes up and tells throw him sea buckthorn; girl: are you full? ghoul: one belly is full, the other is hungry, the third is too wide to fill it; next time the second belly is also full; on the third, all three are full; he tells the girl to get off, collect firewood, and digs himself a hole; after piling up brushwood, she sets it on fire; the girl asks the gulya to bend down and see if all the brushwood has caught fire, pushes him into a hole; he asks him to pull it out, promises to give what is under the white stone; then under red; under black; dies; girl pulls silver; gold jewelry; pearls and gems from under the stones; puts it all in a basket and brings it home]: Taibah, MacDonald 2016:16-17; Northern Yemen (Sana'a) [seven girls went for wild dates; the eldest says she can't climb a tree, she will tear the clothes her mother gave her; so each one; the youngest and poorest climb; others go away, filling her basket with green dates and putting only ripe ones on top; she asks passers-by to help her go down; everyone replies that the next one behind will help; only genie Jarjuf puts his hand; if a girl jumps on his thumb, he will take it to his father; if on his index finger to his brother, on the middle finger to his mother, on the ring finger to his sister, on his little finger, he takes it himself; she jumps on his little finger; in In his cave, he forbids her to enter the same room; she enters - there are skeletons and corpses; he feels that something has happened to the girl; takes the form of her mother, asks, but she does not speak; the same thing - father; sister - she tells everything; when her brother really comes, J. goes to see him off, cuts him to pieces, brings meat, sister recognizes his brother's finger; J. agrees to let her go; she goes, stops by the potter, at night he hits all the pots, accuses her, she must pay; it is J. who took the form of a potter; so several times; the sultan takes her as his wife; she gives birth to a son, J. comes and eats him ; the Sultan's mother says that she ate the child, this is the custom; the same with the second; with the third, the Sultan's mother says that her son's wife is probably an evil spirit; she is thrown into prison; she asks for a camel driver get the blacksmith's key to the prison; he refuses; she asks the camel to stop; then the driver brings the key; she goes out, goes to J., knocks with an iron stick; J. agrees, she tells give her children back; he returns everyone, the eldest is already reading the Koran; (she returns to prison with her children); the guards hear the Koran read; the sultan comes, his wife tells him everything; everything is fine]: al-Baydani 2008:63-79; South Yemen [seven girls go for fruit; everyone is well dressed, only the youngest is simply dressed; each refuses to climb a tree, the youngest has to climb; the rest fill the baskets with fruits, they go away; the girl herself cannot get off; a gargoof (forest genie) comes up, the girl greets him; he says he would eat her otherwise; so with each of the six garguffs; the last of them offers jump on his arm; if he falls on his thumb, he will eat it, if he returns it to a tree on his index finger, he will marry his middle finger, kill him on his ring finger, return it home on his little finger; she jumps on middle; he brings her to his castle, tells her not to open the seventh room; one day she opens, there are human remains; from that time on, Garguff's wife falls ill; he suspects the reason; comes to in the form of a mother - the wife does not reveal the truth; in the guise of a friend - she reveals; the wife goes to the steppe, meets her younger brother's herding sheep, brings her to herself; the garguff pretends to go with his wife's brother on business; kills him, brings meat in the basket; the vulture takes his finger with the ring, drops it, the sister found it; refuses to eat meat; buries it, a tree grows, a baby boy appears on the branch; the gargoon believes that his wife gave birth to him a son; the boy has grown up, his sister reveals the truth to him; teaches him to hit the garguff once with his sword when he falls asleep (eyes will be open); after taking valuables, brother and sister return to people]: Daum 1992, No. 5:55-69.

Melanesia. Vedau [one girl is the most beautiful, others are jealous, take clams to the island, sail away in a boat, leaving one; she eats a mango, throws a seed; the tide floods the island, but the mango tree manages to grow out of the bone, the girl climbs it; the Manubada osprey married her, brings her fish, but she cannot eat it raw; she gives birth to a son, tells him to fly to the shore, sit on tree, wait for her father to come up, ask him for tarot, pot, fire; the osprey son flew ahead, the girl's father came to pick her up in the boat; when she returned home, her son said he was everything only a bird has flown away; his mother marries her former fiancé]: Ker 1910:57-61.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Thado [A Collection of Twenty Folk Tales in Manipuri) authored by Kh. Ibeton Devi; Moldhin Chan is the most beautiful girl; she went with her friends for brushwood before dawn; stopped to rest on the way back; a terrible man appeared; each says that one of them who cannot put a basket of brushwood on her back should ask that person for help; the MCH basket became unbearably heavy; the friends left, and MCH turned to that person; he had with her a musical instrument made of human skulls and fingers; he ordered not to tell anyone about it, otherwise he would take it away; but the young people convinced them to talk about everything; immediately everyone lost consciousness for a while, and this time that spirit took away MCH; the parents decided to find someone who would return their daughter: let him throw up a heavy stone and swallow 7 servings of food and 7 servings of wine before the stone fell; the savior would receive MCH as his wife; the condition was met by two poor brothers; the eldest was Yanchan, the youngest was Purul; seeing that the kidnapper's traces were becoming larger, P. was frightened and Y. went alone, leaving P. in the cave; the kidnapper was not it turned out; the other spirits were afraid of the strength of Y.; he jumped over the house, but the spirit that came could not; decided not to pursue I.; other spirits decided to save people and killed the kidnapper; when I. and MCH reached the place where P. remained, speechless and pointed to the cave in horror; the underground spirits took his tongue away; I went down the rope; there the spirits quarreled over the stolen tongue; I picked up one and threw it far away ; others got scared, gave up their tongue; I threw it up for P.; he decided to take possession of MCH himself and cut off the vine; in the lower world, I met a girl and married her; they have a son and daughter; I raised a vine that grew to the ground; but the wife persuaded the children to rock the vine as soon as their father began to climb it; the old woman advised them to take ground grain with them; I threw flour in the children's eyes and went up to the ground ; there a man eats chicken; says he stole it from P.'s house; he has so many chickens that he won't notice; Y. beat my brother, made him an employee, married MCH and started raising P.'s children as his own]: Oinam et al. s.a.

South Asia. Tamils [6 brothers, they have a lame sister; she went to the forest with her friends, everyone climbed a tree; the bell at school is calling for classes; the girls got down and ran away; the sister of 6 brothers asks for help Do not get off herself; the monkey male agrees to help if the girl becomes his wife; she has to agree; once asked to see her family; came to her older brother, but he did not recognize her, because she was in the bride's outfit; the same with her second brother {and apparently with the others}; the mother found out; told her daughter to invite her husband; they dug a hole, boiled water, laid out gifts; invited the monkey to go down into the hole - This is part of the marriage ritual; scalded it to death with boiling water]: Blackburn 2005, No. 11.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Dargins [Bizbizi, "daughter of seven mothers" (i.e. seven women took care of her) goes with three girls to the forest for grass; falls asleep, girls tie her braids to thorns, leaves; crows, pigeons refuse to help, eagles free her; a huge bull appears, B. is afraid, climbs a tree; the bull tells him to take silk clothes and shoes out of his ears, takes him to the fork; B. asks loudly which the way to go, the old biazhuk woman (witch) guides along the one that leads to her; goes to sharpen a knife, the mouse tells you to run, taking a jug of water, a needle, salt; B. throws a jug (sea), a needle (a thorny forest), salt (a mountain of salt); runs into her mothers' house; a cotton coat runs up, she is given honey, she eats, she dies]: Ganiyeva 2011b, No. 71:584-586.

(Wed. Volga - Perm. Chuvash [the old man's three daughters ask the Sun twice whose face is cleaner and whiter, the Sun says the youngest; the sisters push the youngest into the river, tell their father that the Sun named the youngest the youngest dirty, she stayed to wash; the mother goes to the river, the daughter replies that she is strangled by a snake, crushed by a millstone; after that, the Bear calls the girl, she does not respond; the bear honed the blacksmith's tongue, calls in a thin voice, the girl repeats the words about millstones, etc.; The bear pulls her out of the river, brings her wife; she gives birth to a son, the Bear carries them to visit their parents, leaves before Wednesday; parents put stakes under the floor; wife warns him not to enter, he comes in, falls on stakes; the wife stays with his parents]: Eisin 1993:33-35).