Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K35. A spoofed man.


The deceiver pretends to be a hero in order to take his position (to take possession of his woman). (This motif includes all texts with the K35a3 motif).

Nianja, Italians (Menton, Ticino), Ladins, Kanaka, Kapingamarangs, French, Bretons, Irish, Miri, Ho, Konkani, Baiga, Muria, Tamils, Sinhales, Albanians, Bulgarians, Greeks, Russians (Teresky Bereg, Karelian Pomorie, Arkhangelsk, Olonetskaya, Vologda, Orlovskaya, Voronezh, Kursk), Belarusians, Western Ukrainians (Galicia, Podolia), Abazins, Georgians, Karelians, Kazan Tatars, Marie, Uighurs, Mansi, Haida, Shuswap, Thompson, Sisiatl, Skagit, Snohomish, Puget Sound, Klikitat, Vasco, Yakima, Modoc, Klamath, Clackamas, Kutene, Kalapuya, Menominee, Chippewa, Ojibwa, Steppe Cree, Ojibwa Steppe, Seneca, Teton, Yankton, Santee, Omaha and Ponca, Iowa, Pawnee, Chumash, Louisenho, Northern Payut, Navajo, Hopi, Zunyi, Tiwa (Taos), Diegeño (Kumeai), Chiriguano, Nivacle, Chorote , toba.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Nyanja [when he dies, the mother tells her son to go to her brother; another boy went with him; he offered to move him across the river, asked for permission to wear his clothes; at his uncle's house he pretended the son of a deceased woman, and her real son was sent to chase crows from the field; every time a big crow flew in, dispersed others, shouted that her son was sent to chase crows; a child hears and sees it tells his uncle; the boy is returned, the deceiver is killed]: Holland 1916:140-141.

Southern Europe. Italians: Calvino 1980, No. 3 (Menton) [the poor man cannot find a godson for the child; asks a person to agree; after the christening he gives a purse of gold and a letter; young man, when will grow up, must come to him with this letter and inherit the English crown from him; along the way you can't take cross-eyed, lame, lousy, etc.; the young man grew up and set off; the young man went on a journey; the young man got rid of the scythe and the lame man, agreed to the offer of a man who looked healthy; at night, he stole money, a letter and a horse at the inn; the young man caught up with the thief, but he forced him at gunpoint the gun to call himself a servant, and to recognize the heir to the English throne in his companion; he took off his wig and it became clear that it was a bastard; the king received the impostor and asked for the release of his kidnapped daughter from the island, where she is being kept; the impostor sent a servant; an old bearded sailor advised to demand a three-deck ship from the king; load cheese on one deck, bread crumbs on the second, and carrion on the third; teams do not to recruit, we'll swim together; they got cheese on the island of rats, bread crumbs on the island of ants, rotting meat on the island of vultures; rats, ants and vultures promised to help any minute; on the last island, the Sibiana fairy promises to free the princess if those who sailed meet three conditions; 1) level the mountain (the rats leveled); 2) separate the peas from the lentils (the ants separated); 3) get a barrel of living water; the young man tied a cup to each vulture's neck, who brought water and filled the barrel; the young man brought the princess to his father, but the impostor sent the murderers to slaughter him; but the old sailor brought that a barrel of living water and revived the young man; the young man told the impostor that he had bathed in a barrel of boiling oil; the impostor stabbed a dagger into his heart and threw himself into the oil; the wig surfaced and a lousy head appeared; "This is my old enemy," exclaimed the king; married the young man to his daughter and appointed him heir], 79 (Pisa) [Prince Fioravante is in love with the weaver's daughter Sandrina; to distract me from thinking of marrying an uneven, king sends him to his brother in Paris; on the way, F. entered the house, where the robber lived, forced him to change clothes and call himself a servant, and took the place of F. himself; in Paris, the local king appointed F. to serve in the stable; the deceiver tells the king that the servant boasted to bring horses that no one can tame; F. goes to the pasture, the mare comes up and tells him to sit on it; F. brings horses; the deceiver persuades F. to send back Princess Isolina, who disappeared when she was 14; the king considers her dead; F. with the mare on the ship, tells the mare to catch the fish, put her in a crystal goblet; when they They sailed to India, the mare told to catch the bird, place it in a golden cage; in the monastery, F. asked him to show him S.'s grave; unearthed it - I. is imperishable in gold and diamonds; but it is impossible to separate it from the plate, on which she lies without finding the lace that was on her head; abbess: the lace fell into the sea; the mare: throw the fish into the sea, she will bring the lace in exchange for freedom; the bird took the lace from two dolphins and brought it; F. pulled I. out, but her soul was on a high mountain; the released bird brought a vial with the soul of I., I. came to life; the king is happy; the mare orders to accept the king's invitation to a feast on the condition that she, the mare, too will come; F. is silent at the feast, and the mare tells everything; advises to tie the robber to her tail; galloped, the robber died; F. marries the princess, the mare says that he forgot her; asks to be cut off head; he did it, the mare's first love came out of the mare's body; F. regrets that he is already married, gives S. a rich dowry and marries a merchant]: 7-12, 288-293; Keller 1981 (Ticino) [the prince knocked on someone's house, asked for a drink; the owner asked him to become his son's godson; the prince called him Valoroso ("brave"), left a note: when the boy is 14, let him come to his service; the young man he was ashamed, asked to give the note to another, who pretended to be a godson, received a position (the prince had become king by that time); V. was hired to clean the stable; the imaginary V. decided to get rid of him, said to the king that the young groom could get a golden bird; the king ordered to get it, otherwise he would execute; the old woman ordered to ask the king for a golden cage and thread; the bird flew into the cage, V. pulled the thread and slammed shut door; imaginary V. persuades to send V. for the Queen of the Moors from the green country; old woman: ask for a ship with musicians, dancers and food; three giants carried him across the seas, V. fed them meat and bread, they are grateful, let Schächtelein summon them; ants appeared, V. fed them, they also let Schächtelein summon them; the birds, the eagle gave a pen; the queen of the Moors requires execution three tasks; 1) separate rice, millet and corn mixed in a bucket (ants perform); 2) cultivate a huge field (giants perform); 3) bring water from sources of living and dead water before sunrise (thrushes bring); the king has a feast; the imaginary V. stabbed the present with a dagger; the Queen of the Moors cut the body into pieces, revived it with living water, V. became handsome; the imaginary V. wanted the same, the queen poured him dead water; married V., he became king]: 214-219; ladins [the midwife tells the poor man to take the first person he meets as godfather; this is the king of the island at sea; when the young man reaches 17, let he will come to marry his daughter; on the way, the young man leaned down for a drink; a dwarf with a sword jumps out of the water, forced him to change roles; the king is surprised that his godson is ugly, but promises to give his daughter back; a dwarf moved her to another island, where it is always dark; said that a servant did it; the king wants to execute the servant; the old man advises asking the king to give three ships of meat to send for the princess; the young man sailed to bear islands; leopards; eagles; fed everyone meat; bears and leopards don't know where princesses are; eagle gathered its people, one old eagle led to a dark island; there's an old woman and white mice; mice they brought the kidnapped princess to the castle; the young man put on the eagle's plumage, flew to the princess; the bears, leopards, and eagles summoned by him killed the dragon; the young man burned the corpse, threw ash into the sea, bears, leopards, eagles became knights, mice girls; the young man returned to the king, cut off the dwarf's head, married a princess]: Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 29:87-90.

Western Europe. The French (Haute-Marne) [the English king hunted in France, chased the bird, did not catch it, spent the night in a poor house; the hostess just gave birth, the king agreed to be a godson, called boy Eugène (E.); left a letter - let the young man come with him when he is 17 years old; E. set off; before that, the godmother (marraine) warned that if he meets a hunchback or crooked, we must go back; E. returned twice, but the third time his humpback classmate Adolf, E. went with him; at the inn A. stole his horse; when E. caught up with him, he forced E. swear that he would say that he was the king's godson, A., not E.; the king believed; promised to give his daughter to his godson, but she was kidnapped; all the courtiers fell in love with E. (who was called A.) and A. was hated; A. says that E. boasted to get a giant's mule; the old man teaches: the giant has a thrush, he sings loudly, he must cross the sea when the thrush sings; the giant gave the mule on the condition that E. would return it later; A. persuades the king to tell E. to get the giant's thrush; the giant gave the thrush with the same condition; the giant's lantern (the same); find and return the king's daughter; the old man teaches you to ask for help; he tells you to build a ship without using iron, take with you a mule, a thrush and a donkey, 300 virgins; on the way, the giant weaves, the virgins spin; on the way, a fish castle, they it is necessary to crumble the bread, the fish missed the ship; the king of fish let his fin call it; then the ants - E. gave them millet, the king of ants gave them a paw; then the rats (gave bread - wool); crows (meat is a feather) ; giants (E. gave a lot of bread - a hair from the king's beard); the princess in the queen's castle with silver legs, turned into a lioness spewing fire; the lioness is glad; the queen orders to bring 300 measures of canvas, woven by virgins (E. gives); further tasks: 1) a garden on the site of the mountain (the giants removed the mountain, the rest of the helpers set up the garden); 2) bring living and dead water; the crows gathered, but no one knows where is the water; two old drunken soldiers appeared; the first was imprisoned, but released at the request of the second - otherwise he would not bring water; they went underground, collected water; the queen sent pigeons knock over the bowls, but the crows drove them away; the giant teaches: first demand that the Queen restore her human appearance, then kill her by splashing dead water in her face; returning to her father, the princess asked to postpone the wedding for 8 days; said she dropped the ring into the sea; the fish did not know where the ring was, the same two drunken soldiers took it out; the princess asked for her castle, where she lived with the Queen; giants, ants and others delivered; then A. called E. to hunt, shot him, threw him into a hole; the princess saw crows, revived E. with living water; E. showed the king his letter, married the princess; A. was burned alive]: Cosquin 1886, No. 3:32-43; Bretons: Luzel in Cosquin 1887 [the son of the French king got lost hunting, spent the night with a coal miner whose wife had just given birth; left a letter that the boy Louis (Petit- Louis), when he grows up, must bring him - he will be admitted to the palace; sending his son, his father tells him not to deal with the humpback, lame, leper; L. left the first two; contrary to the advice of the horse, picked up shining pen; when he leaned to the spring, the leper pushed him, took the horse and the letter, received him at the palace; L. was hired there as a groom, found his horse; the leper notices the light spreading from pen; tells the king that L. boasted that he could get a princess with golden hair; various animals join L. on the way; with their help he carries out the princess's tasks; she, when she arrives at the king, demands that her silver castle be delivered to her; she threw the keys to it into the sea; the king of fish pulls them out; the princess demands that the groom be young, this requires living and dead water; the horse teaches L. how force the crow to bring them; the princess sprinkled dead water on the king and married L.; (hereinafter referred to as the cliff, living water does not appear)]: 294-295; Lopyreva 1959, No. 65 [the king answers the coal miner what he will have himself godparents; gives half of the castle; son Charles grows up, goes to his godfather; the old woman tells him not to drink water on the way; the traveler persuades him to take a sip, snatches out half of the castle given by the kingá, jumps to the king, mistaken for a godson; S. is hired into the palace as a shepherd, the deceiver recognizes him, tries to destroy him; says that the shepherd promised to find out why the Sun is red in the morning; the old man gives S. a wooden horse to get to the Sun Castle; the mother of the Sun tells him not to eat a boy; the Sun says it tries to shine brighter, because Princess Tronkolen dazzles with her beauty in a nearby castle; imaginary the godson suggests sending S. for T.; the old man orders to take food to the king of ants, the king of lions, the king of hawks; they promise to help; T. accepts him, tells 1) to divide the seeds of clover, flax, hemp, turnips and cabbage (ants perform), 2) cut down an alley of oaks (lions perform), 3) level the mountain (hawks perform); T. arrives at the king, says that he will marry a real godson, and the false one is the devil; burned in the stove]: 302-312; Irish [the prince lives with his father and young stepmother; one day he hunts, sees three swans on the lake, they threw off their hats, became girls, approached the hunters, the most beautiful to the prince; when the hunters returned, the Queen heard from one of them what they had seen; asked this guy to put a sleeping pill in the prince next time; the swan maiden did not wake up to prince and said that she would come only once more; the same the next day; the swan maiden asked to tell him that the prince would not see her again; the prince went to look for her; came to the house, his nine-legged horse hid it; three seals came in, became young men; first: I have an apple, if you throw it, I will have a lock; I have a ring: it will blind and kill enemies; third: I have a nine-legged horse; everyone would like to give it to the prince; the prince opened, got everything; the horse: first I must throw you to the ground three times; the prince passed the test; now the horse will carry it where it needs to go; brought it to the king; he will give his daughter if the young man fulfills conditions; clear the island of Owases; the horse jumped to the island, the prince killed Owases (some demons or cannibals); when the prince returned, the servant (butler responsible for food and wine) changed with him clothes; the king is going to give his daughter for this deceiver; they all lost their way in the fog; the king promised a daughter to the young man, believing that he would be the servant if he saved them; he was not going to keep his promise; the young man threw an apple, a castle appeared; the princess says that she will marry someone who rides a 9-legged horse; the servant tried it, the horse killed him immediately; the same with others who tried; the prince easily saddled the horse ; the princess recognized the young man, dressed like a king; the horse turned into a princess, those three young seals were her brothers; witchcraft fell apart]: Larminie 1893:219-231.

Melanesia. Kanaka [two sisters from Kasaméyeu weave mats, do not help their mother, who tells them to cook their own meals; the eldest goes to marry Chief Soouma; she wants to make his house rich, gives birth to a son; Révaridiri, covered with ulcers, removes his skin, takes the form of a chief, takes the woman and her son to him; her husband's younger brother finds them; the husband kills R.; once beats his wife, she hangs herself; how she hangs herself and predicted that a fly would come to her younger sister, the tree was drying up; the sister came, revives the hanged woman, both returned to Kasaméyeu]: Leenhardt 1932:414-420.

Micronesia-Polynesia. Kapingamarangi [while Tinirau checks the peaks, the demon who has taken his form takes his wife Hina to his country; gives it to two servants who will eat her as soon as she falls asleep; H. binds her to himself rope, the end gives T. (apparently he came to her); T. pulls, keeps her awake; servants fall asleep, T. kills them by hitting them with their heads apart]: Elbert 1949:244.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Hill Miri [Abo-Teni married a leaf, but only a leech was born; a banana leaf - a mosquito was born; when he bit his father, AT left, married Fire; then various animals; finally takes wife's sun Duinye; tells her that he has a big house and farm, but D. sees only a hut; tells her husband to build all the outbuildings, hedges, etc.; when her husband wakes up, they are full of pets animals and poultry; D. is no longer engaged in farming, only weaves, so AT decided to take a second wife; sacrificed cattle to spirits, carried meat; and D. gave more cloth and beads; AT lost his way, slipped, fell, everything rolled down the slope; below lived Dir-Pecha, dirty with sore skin, in rags; he put on the dress that AT was carrying, put on jewelry, brought meat to the girl at was going to, took her to wives; AT returned to D. in rags left by DP; D. refused to live with him and has been wandering around the sky ever since; AT came to the village where DP lived, became a bird, climbed into the DP trap; he brought a bird son to play; the bird sat on the head of the DP wife, DP shot her, hit her wife, she died; the same with her son; the bird flew away, DP realized that it was AT; lured AT into the boat and let her go along the river; only D. caught and released him, but still refused to live with him; DP became a lizard, disappeared into a hole; AT climbed to dig a hole to kill DP, but he jumped out of the other way, became human again; they shared land: hills for DP, Assam plains for AT; sometimes it sends diseases to people and animals that live on the hills]: Elwin 1958a, No. 9:163-165.

South Asia. Ho [the potter's pregnant wife gave birth in the forest and left a baby there; he was picked up and raised by a tiger and a tigress; the boy began to bring him game; asked for iron arrowheads to hunt big game; when he grew up, a tiger stole one of the bathing princesses and brought it to a young man; once a tigress warned that her husband had gone to call tigers and have a feast for them, giving them the young man and him wife to be eaten; the young man and wife climbed a tree and the young man shot the tigers; they came to the king; the barber cut the young man's throat, dressed in his clothes and took his place, and threw his body into the pond; but out He is a worthless shooter, he can't even pull the young man's bow; the poor shepherd caught fish in the pond and brought it to his wife, but when she started slaughtering it, a voice was heard - be careful! the boy was removed from the fish, he grew up quickly; becoming an assistant shepherd, he easily killed many birds; the princess recognized her real husband as the shepherd's assistant, and the barber was pushed into the well; the king handed over to his son-in-law]: Halder 1918, No. 26:331-336; baiga [poor parents leave a newborn in the forest; he is raised by a tigress; steals the bride of Raja's son for him; tigers and leopards come to wedding; newlyweds want to eat, a young man has shot animals with a bow; a young man and his wife come to people; a barber tries to kill him, puts on a young man's clothes, takes his form; his wife offers him shoot tigers, they kill the barber; the Raja promises to recognize as his son-in-law the one who pulls the young man's bow; he himself comes from a blacksmith who hides from a barber, pulls a bow, gets a kingdom]: Elwin 1944, No. 3:424-426; Muria [the youngest of two orphan brothers goes to the forest, assisted by a wild buffalo, brings him good clothes; the young man goes to marry the priest's daughter (i.e. to serve time for his wife in his house); while swimming, the Monkey steals his clothes, takes the form of a man; both come to the priest, the Monkey says that the naked young man is from the lower caste; the eldest daughters take the groom Monkey, the youngest - young man; The monkey only pretends to work on the site; the young man knocks down all the trees with one blow, immediately sets them on fire; his fiancée spies; he accumulates seed rice for him; he harvests an unprecedented harvest, plays a wedding; buffalo brings his older brother; boy's wife's older sister beats Monkey, marries boy's brother]: Elwin 1944, No. 4:426-430; Konkani (Goa) [Moses and Edward sleep in a hut; enters beautiful (this is the daughter of a demon), puts a ring on the finger of the good M.; the old man does not tell you to follow a certain path, M. and E. go; the evil E. enters the house to dance, plays, loses everything, is captivated; the daughter of another the demon explains how to get to the beauty who put a ring on M.'s finger; leave the grain and egg at seven gates for the seven demon guards; M. finds the owner of the ring; her father demands to identify her among 500 girls (she will take a pin in her mouth); gets a wife; buys E., he kills M., puts on his clothes; the wife does not believe, finds, revives M.; E. is executed, M. stays with his wife in the palace]: Davidson, Phelps 1937, No. 3:19-22; the Tamils [the prince and the minister's son went on a journey; an elephant took a daughter from one king; the elephant is surrounded by four circles of defenders: jackals, leopards, tigers, elephants; the prince defeated the jackals and leopards; pulled the tiger king out of the quagmire, he became his friend, recalled his tigers; the prince returned the princess, got him married; in the forest he retired out of need, at which time the underground demon took the princess away, and the son the minister did not even resist; the tiger called the animals, they dug a hole into the lower world, the prince lowered the chain there, went down, killed the demon, sent his wife and another princess kidnapped by the demon upstairs; son the minister threw off the chain, came to the princess's father under the guise of his son-in-law; the princess asks to postpone the celebrations for six months; the prince turned to the deity, became a kite, flew to the ground; began to live with a garland seller; does the best; threw a ring to his wife, she recognized him; everything was clarified; the minister's son was forgiven]: Natesa Sastri 1886:208-230; the Sinhales [with great difficulty the king captured Yaka, who ate people, locked him in Iron House; while the king was at war, his five-year-old son released a yak; he promised to help him; when did the king return {in a few years?} , he was going to execute his son; his mother gave him rice, money, a horse and told him to run; on the way, the prince met a man whom he asked to guard the horse while he was swimming; on the other side of the river they swam three princesses, noticed the young man; the man put on the prince's clothes and rode away; the younger princess saw it all; the deceiver called himself Manikka Settiyare, and the prince called his stable; the king invited the MC to evaluate him a gem (manikka); he said that his servant could appreciate it; the imaginary servant, i.e. the prince, realized that there was sand inside the stone and it was worth nothing; the king ordered the MC to give the servant a sword, he cut it the stone is sand inside; the younger princess asked the MC stable to herd her sheep and the shepherd to become a servant of the MC; after the prince began to herd the sheep, they bred incredibly; Yaka (another, not prince's friend) grabbed the king and released him for promising to give him three daughters; the king promises them to someone who can defeat Yaka; at this time, Yaka friend of the prince took the sheep and disappeared into a snake hole; the prince descended there; Yaka gave a sword and taught how to hack another Yaka who would go to pick up the princess; prince killed Yaka, cut off and hid his tongue; MC attributed victory to himself; same with two other princesses (two more Yakas) ; king promises daughters to be MC's wife; friendly Yaka gives prince a horse and a luxurious outfit; MC can't explain the lack of tongues in Yakas's heads; younger princess tells everything; MC decapitated, prince gets three princesses and a throne]: Parker 1910, No. 15:137-145.

The Balkans. Albanians: Elsie 2001 [his peers tell the boy that his brother is Pasha in Baghdad; his mother admits that this is so, she is afraid for her son; he goes, meets barefoot, comes back; goes again, again meets him, he becomes a companion; the young man wants to drink, lowers him barefoot into the well; pulls him out for his promise to recognize him as Pasha's brother and to become barefoot; Pasha accepted them; the imaginary brother wants get rid of the present; persuades Pasha to offer him difficult assignments; 1) kill Kukshedra (dragon; young man kills); 2) get the daughter of the Persian Shah; the young man goes on a journey, meets, takes companions of a river drinking, a runner (catches up with hares); kills a snake that tried to eat an eagle's chicks, she gives her pen; he does not step on an anthill, the queen of ants gives a wing; the shah demands 1) eat 300 plates of food (drinks); 2) overtake riders (runner overtakes); 3) separate wheat, barley and millet (ants separate); get live water from a cave on a mountain at the edge of the world (the eagle brings); Pasha's imaginary brother kills the present with a sword; the Shah's daughter splashes living water on it, he comes to life; reveals his secret to Pasha, since the dead and alive do not have to follow the oath to remain silent; the deceiver was burned in the stove], 17 (without pagination); Serkova 1989 [going out in a storm with a lantern for a midwife, the husband saved a king who could crash on the rocks; the captain baptizes the boy, tells him to come to Istanbul, but do not take a beardless person as a companion; he imposes himself as a companion, invites the young man to go down to the well, takes an oath to change his status and clothes with him; the king (obviously the former captain ) considers a beardless godson, a young man a servant; the old woman teaches him to kill a monster guarding the water, an elephant with diamond skin, get the Beauty of the Earth, follow the road that says "you'll go, you won't come back", not to go where you will "return"; give meat to eagles, grains to ants, honey to bees; they skip, promise to help; the mother of the Beauty of the Earth tells 1) to disassemble three varieties of grain overnight (ants dismantle), 2) get a ring from the river (eagles tell ducks), 3) to identify her daughter among 12 girls (a bee sits on her); eagles carry the young man and the Beauty of the Earth to Istanbul; a beardless one kills him, cuts him to pieces; the beauty of the earth revives him with living water; After dying and being resurrected, the young man is free from his oath, tells everything to the king, marries the Beauty of the Earth; the beardless man is hanged]: 136-151; Bulgarians [the tsar left his pregnant wife, went to another; ordered to be sent to he has a son if a boy is born; the mother sends her son to school a cake sent to her bit; sends her with another person, he did not touch it; she thinks that he will be faithful to her son, sends her son to his father, giving that man's companions; on the way, the guide tells the young man to go down to the well for water, allows him to get out for the promise to give the paper and change roles; the impostor lives with the king; to get rid of the young man sends a matchmaker to another king who killed his daughter's suitors; on the way, the young man saves ants, eagles, storks, fish, they promise to help; the king orders 1) to disassemble the mixed grain overnight (ants dismantle), 2) revive a baby who died 3 years ago (the stork brings living water), sail to the princess on the island (the eagle carries), 4) get a ring dropped by the princess into the sea (the fish pulls out); the prince brings the bride, the impostor hacked him down, the princess revived him with living water; the tsar executed the impostor, married his son to the princess]: Klyagin-Kondratyeva 1951:73-77; the Greeks [the tsar sails on the ship, finds himself on on a foreign shore, goes to a shepherd; baptizes his newborn son; leaves a ring and a note; in it does not order to accompany a lame, blind, beardchin; the young man goes to look for a godfather; takes lame, blind, but they are slow, he leaves them behind; beardless offers to let him down to get water into the well; takes up after an oath that he will give him a ring and a note, he will remain silent to death; the king sends a young man to herd cows, mistakes the deceiver for a son; the young man understands the language of birds and animals, laughs at swallows; the deceiver persuades the king to send him 1) the Pipiree bird from India; the maid teaches fly a flying horse, avoid the fire, the young man brings a bird; 2) bring Gold-haired; the maid explains what to take with him; the horse wakes up the young man, he kills the snake that devoured the eagle's chicks; she first thinks that it was the young man who killed the chicks, the chicks explain; the eagle gives a pen; the horse tells them not to trample on ants, the young man feeds them with grain; the ant gives its wing; the young man saves the fish aground, which gives them a seed; he saves bees from the water, feeds honey, they give a sting; the king promises to give his Gold-haired daughter if the young man 1) pulls out a ring thrown into the sea (fish bring), 2) separates the mixture of different grains (ants perform), 3) will bring the water of life; the eagle orders to go to the mountains, fills the young man's golden vessel with water; the king believes, ordering to kill the Moor and reviving him; 4) identify the bride among 40 girls (the bee is on her sits down); the young man brings Gold-haired; the beardless tells him to take an apple from the very top, the young man falls, breaks, buries him beardless; the gold-haired revives with living water; the young man is freed from vows; a beardless man is tied to a horse's tail]: Megas 1970, No. 33:83-93.

Central Europe. Russians (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Olonetskaya, Vologda, Kursk, Oryol, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Podolia, Galicia), Belarusians: SUS, No. 502 [Copper forehead: Tsarevich frees his father's wonderful prisoner and for this is expelled from home; on the way, the uncle forces him to change clothes with him; arrives at the court of another king, where the uncle pretends to be a prince and a prince - for a servant; with the help of a freed prisoner, he performs a feat (an enemy army or snake wins) or gets out of trouble (escapes with the princess from her uncle's machinations); the truth is discovered, uncle punished, the prince marries the princess]: 143-144; Russians (Terevsky Bereg) [someone steals apples from Tsar Danilo; two servants go to their mistresses, the old man caught a golden man on a golden horse; Tsarevich Ivan, his arrow hit the prison window; the peasant returned the arrow, for which I. fired it and gave the horse back; the tsar called the other kings of gold to watch, but the prison was empty; expelled the prince; thus, the servant- cook; invited I. to go down to the well for a drink; picked it up after I. gave him his clothes and promised to be called a cook; the imaginary prince married Princess Mary, and the cook sent the end of his mouth; the golden man leads to him, gives him a magic tablecloth, does not allow horses to run away; M. allows him to spend the night with her behind the tablecloth; next time the same (an inexhaustible bottle with 12 necks); the third time is a gem; M. marries the real I.-Tsarevich, and the cook persuades the dumb boyars to lime I.; each time he goes out from behind the stove himself from his fingernail, beard off his elbow, offers tasks; as if I. boasted to create a church with all the clergy overnight; M. summoned the spirits, they did everything; next time: the ship, take the letter to Tsar Saltan, going through the needle's ears; the spirits did everything; get it" scary and terrible"; M. sends him to the old man; I. takes him as a servant and changes him to "scary and terrible", which is on the captain's ship; the old man also returned; M. and I. gave the king a ball, he developed, everyone died; M. She revived everyone, but the dumb boyars disappeared]: Balashov 1970, No. 7:48-56; Russians (Karelian Pomorie) [a hunter peasant put a snare for the happiness of his 12-year-old son; he was hit by a firebird; a peasant took it to the king, who gave it money and a stone house; put the bird in a cage, sent invitations to look at the curiosity; Tsarevich Ivan played and saw it; the bird asks to steal the key from his mother and release it; the bird took off and returned after 6 hours; she had to sit for another three days; then after 8 hours, three more days, only then she would be able to rise high enough to fly to her kingdom; never returned , I. quietly returned the key to his mother; the kings gathered decided that the royal family could not be executed, but must be expelled; the king gave a thin horse and a footman, he was also Ivan; water must be obtained; the servant says that if he if he goes down into the well, then the prince will not be able to pull him out; the prince descended; I.-footman forced the prince to change his clothes and status, only then pulled him out; in another kingdom I.-footman offers to send the real I.-Tsarevich to herd chickens; there are no chickens, they gave 300 hares to herd for three years, they will be punished for the loss; each pasture is a year; the hares immediately ran away; a firebird appeared, ordered not to worry, carried it to her; the bird became king: he fought against another kingdom, fell into a snare; I. lives with the elder sister of the firebird king for 11 months, who gives a bakery tablecloth; the king himself gives an accordion: if you start playing, the hares will gather; I. - The prince returned, unfolded the bread pickle at home, played the accordion, the princess came, sat for a long time; after that, the accordion does not work, I. cannot collect hares, the firebird brings home again; the average the sister gives a lash to collect hares; the princess comes, I. tells her everything, she gives her a ring; after that, the lash has lost its strength, the firebird brings it to her younger sister; she would like to marry I., but he refuses; she gives special clothes; firebird: when you return, snakes will come out of the lake to demand a person to be eaten every day; I. will easily defeat the 6-headed and 9-headed, the 12-headed will cut off 10 heads, and two - no way; when the sun rises, you should shout: look, your house is on fire! he will look around, heads will be cut off; gives the horn to gather hares; under the stone there is a horse and a kladenets sword; princess at home: do whatever you want with me, I agree to anything; lived with him for two whole days; servants: I was alone princesses; a serpent appeared, the king promises a daughter and half the kingdom for the victory over him; I. drank bottles from the firebird, there was a lot of strength, took out a horse and a kladenets sword; the imaginary I.-Tsarevich bought tongues from 6 heads, and this allowed me to cut off my toe and arm; the same after killing a 9-headed snake: cut off my belt from the back on your finger; when the 12-headed one has been fighting for two days; your house is on fire! falling, the serpent scratched I.'s right arm and leg; the princess bandaged; took another belt from the imaginary prince; at the wedding, the princess orders that all servants, including the hare shepherd, be there; he sleeps, because of- blood is dripping under the bandages; I.-Tsarevich came, brought his fingers and belts from the deceiver's back; hit him, the place was wet; inherited the throne; lived to a very old age]: Nechaev 1938:11-38; Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Pomors) [the prince's arrow hit the Firebird's cage; the Firebird promises to give it back if the prince releases it, promises to help; the tsar drove his son away, giving him a footman; he offers the prince go down into the well; raised them for his promise to change clothes and status; the prince was told to herd the goats; they run away, the Firebird brings them in the evening, gives the prince a magic tablecloth; the princess peeked asked for a tablecloth, the prince gave it back; received harps from the Firebird, the goats were gathered again; the dying grandfather of the Firebird gave the prince a heroic horse for saving his granddaughter; on him, the prince smashes enemies, gets the royal the crown; gives the footman, for this he cut off his big toe; the same twice more (cut off the finger from the other leg, then his finger); the princess must marry the footman, but the prince showed her fingers; wedding]: Razumova , Senkina 1987:152-157; Russians (Kursk, Timsky University) [The Tsar has three sons - Vasily Tsarevich, Dmitry Tsarevich, Ivan Tsarevich. Someone mows the grass every night. The king and older brothers are on guard, they can't catch anyone. I. catches a peasant - himself from his fingernail, a beard from his elbow, brings him to his father, who puts him in prison. The next day, I. plays, shoots an arrow, and she ends up in prison. The man asks to let him out, promising to come in handy. I., while his mother searches in his head, steals the keys. The king, wanting to show the prisoner to the guests, discovers the loss, orders I. The princes propose to expel him. Ivan Tsarevich is given to Uncle Ivan. They go, they want to get drunk, they find a well in the woods. The uncle, threatening to drown I., forces him to recognize him as a prince, exchange clothes and horses, signing an agreement in blood. They come to see the prince. The false prince goes to the palace, and I. is sent to the bird's yard. The prince's sheep fell ill. The uncle says that I. He drives them into the forest, sits on a stump, complains about the peasant, because of whom he is suffering. The little man shows up, blows at the sheep, heals them. He leads I. to himself, in the glacier he gives a bucket of mash to drink, from which I. becomes strong. The peasant's mother gives a magic tablecloth and a stone that will glow brighter than 20 candles. I. are made a senior groom. He uses a tablecloth to treat the rest of the grooms. The next day, the prince orders the cows to be healed. Likewise, a man gives two buckets of braga to drink, and his mother gives a cane that can summon 12 musicians and 5,000 soldiers. I. walks and has fun. The next day he is ordered to cure sick horses. Same thing, three buckets. I.: If there were a pole, one end in the ground and the other in the sky, it would turn all the light. The little man gives half a bucket of braga of powerlessness. He gives three horses: "Gay, sivka-burka, eternal kaurka! Stand in front of me like a leaf in front of grass!" They served him for 33 years, tells them to serve I. as well, says goodbye. Prince gives I. a glass of vodka as a reward, I. drinks and goes to bed. When he wakes up, the windows of the wards are covered with black cloth. An old woman and an old man from the kitchen explain that a strong army rises to the prince, 3 inches in his forehead and 3 arshins in his shoulders. I. calls a horse, breaks the army. He calls the hero a broad-minded pig. The enemy hero shouts that he had no opponents in the world and demands: "Raise my eyebrows!" Fifteen people raise him, I. cuts off his head. Sleeps 6 days and 6 nights. When he wakes up, the barn blows down with his spirit. The old man reports that a soldier of 6 inches in his forehead and 6 arshins in his shoulders rises to the prince. I. sits on the second horse, breaks the army. Sleeps 9 days and 9 nights. The windows are black again. Old man: A soldier with 9 inches in his forehead and 9 arshins in his shoulders rises to the prince. I. sits on his "heroic horse". He calls the hero a broad-minded bull. The hero tells you to raise your eyebrows. 50 people raise his eyebrows. They come together, they don't hit each other, both swords break in half. I.: "My father is riding your father to fetch water." The hero turns around, I. cuts off his head. He returns, marries his prince's daughter, leaves his uncle]: Belkin 1853, No. 10:533-536; Belarusians (Mogilevskaya, Western 1888-1891, d. Popova Sloboda, Radomlskaya vol., Chaussky district, from Kr. Nester Sergeyeva Vysotsky, 75 years old, illiterate) [Apple trees with gold and silver leaves grow in the royal garden, golden and silver apples on them, the queen has a dream - the uprooted and dug garden is sown with wheat and gold and silver grains, the queen dreams, the king gathers soldiers, they uproot the garden, sow it with wheat; wheat grows rapidly, is filled with gold and silver grains; a thief appears, the king announces a reward to whoever catches a thief; a soldier hides in a hollow and catches a winged thief by the beard at night, the thief is called the Copper Monster, he is put in a crypt; the royal son Ivan shoots sparrows, the arrow falls into the crypt, Copper In exchange for an arrow, the monster asks to open the crypt, tells how to trick him into getting the keys out of his mother's pocket, putting on the royal crown and walking past the sentries; the king's son does everything, lets go of the Copper Monster, he says that Ivan will be useful; the royal guests want to see the Beast, find that Ivan has released him, the king wants to execute his son, but the guests dissuade him and the king drives his son away; the prince meets soldier Ivanka, returns to the palace and begs his father for a soldier; the two of them leave, find a well, the soldier lowers the prince down on the ribbon (to get drunk and get water), agrees raise, only after exchanging roles, the prince gives the soldier his clothes, and becomes a servant; they reach a state where the tsar is looking for a daughter's groom, the soldier is received as a guest, and the prince is locked in a bathhouse; the tsar instructs the candidate to take 3 immense mares ("nyabylnitsa mares") to western meadows, fall out and bring them back, Ivan the Soldier calls his servant prince and instructs him to do so; the prince pulls mares under his knees, sits down, takes silk reins and goes to western meadows, where the mares disappear; the prince remembers the Copper Monster, he appears, takes the prince to his copper house, hovers he is in the bathhouse, puts copper clothes and a copper hat on the prince, gives him a glass of beer (which is drunk on Christmas Day), which makes the prince more powerful; the children of the Copper Monster find mares, tie them so that they lick the stars in the sky; they feast, the Copper Monster gives her eldest daughter's napkin on the road (the napkin makes wishes come true) and the prince goes back; drives up to the palace, rides all three mares, the tsar is surprised by the copper clothes, Ivan the Soldier explains this by stealing, the mares are beaten and driven back, the prince is locked in the bathhouse; the prince uses a napkin to arrange himself from baths are royal chambers, the sentries drink alcohol before bedtime; the princess comes to him, they feast, the princess asks to sell the napkin, but is refused - Ivan agrees only to give it; the princess leaves, the napkin folded, the bathhouse takes its former form; the prince is sent to herd mares in protected meadows, history repeats itself, this time the Copper Monster brings the prince to the silver house, sends nine sons in search of mares, and three to heat the bathhouse; the Copper Monster hovers the prince in the bathhouse, puts on him silver clothes and a hat, gives him beer (which he drinks on Sunday for Lent) is the prince's strength increases; the children of the Copper Monster catch mares from under the stone by the sea, tie them up, after the feast, the prince goes back, repeats the story of his previous return to the palace; at night, the prince with using a napkin, she again turns the bathhouse into royal chambers and gives her alcohol for hours, the princess comes, they feast, the princess asks to sell the napkin again, the prince agrees to give it in exchange for a night with the princess by candles and swords; in the morning, the prince is sent to herd mares in western meadows for the third time, history repeats itself; the Copper Monster leads the prince to the golden house, sends 11 sons in search of mares, 11 his daughters heat the bathhouse, the Copper Monster takes him to the bathhouse, then puts him in gold clothes and a hat, the prince feels very strong, the Monster gives him a glass of wine (which he drinks on Yuri's Day) for reducing strength; sons bring mares, catching them in the sky behind the clouds; after the feast, the prince says goodbye to his wife, sons and daughters of the Copper Monster; the prince returns back, the mares cannot do it take them, he drags them, when they return, the mares are beheaded, the prince is locked in a bathhouse; at night, the sentries let him out, he goes to the princess, they feast, but the night did not take place, because the princess breaks the agreement: puts out candles and removes his swords, the prince is angry and leaves; the king gives the task to defeat the enemy strongly, Ivan the Soldier goes to fight; the prince summons the Copper Monster, who gives a horse, a kladenets sword, a whip and copper clothes; the prince catches up with Ivan, whips him, then fights with the enemy, returns, sleeps for three days, the princess secretly comes to him at night; a new enemy comes, the prince remembers again Copper monster - history repeats itself, only with silver clothes, upon returning from battle, the prince sleeps for 6 days, at night the princess secretly comes to him; on the seventh day comes a new enemy, history Again, this time the prince receives gold clothes and a napkin from his youngest daughter to call for help from 12 heroes; this is his last encounter with the Copper Beast; in battle, the prince calls for help heroes, wins, the wounded returns, the tsar bandages his wound with his daughter's napkin and puts the ring on the princess's hand, Ivan takes off his gold clothes, sleeps 11 days in the bath; on a ring and bandage on the wound it recognizes the winner, plays a wedding; Ivan the deceiver is shot]: Romanov 1901, No. 43:395-404; Ukrainians (Transcarpathia) [Yurko's 12th son goes to look for a godfather who gave for christening his letter; this is the king; the grandfather offers Yu to be his servant, pretends to be his godson; the king does not believe, orders to bring the golden-haired daughter of Tsar Poganin; Yu goes, the bird, the ant, the bees promise to help; P. tells 1) to disassemble the grain (birds, ants disassemble), 2) to identify the bride among the 12 sisters (the bee will hit her eye); the grandfather kills Yu in the forest, the bride revives him with living water, the grandfather was torn apart by horses]: Verkhovyna's Tales 1970:356-361.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Abazins [disguised as poor, the padishah sleeps in a poor house; a son was born there that night; when leaving, the padishah leaves gold and a letter with which the young man, when he grows up, must come to the padishah if wants to marry; when the young man sets off, his father warns him not to take a beardless man as a companion; the beardless asks for companions, agrees to take a close road where there is no water; he lowers him into the well for water and picks him up after the young man has given the padishah's letter; the beardless pretends to be a young man, and even a groom; wants to marry an overseas beauty, asks the padishah to send behind her an imaginary groom; on the way, the horse tells you to feed the eagle, bees, throw fish into the water; the fish lay down on the water, the horse crossed the sea along it; the girl's father wants a cure for death for her daughter (the eagle brings); find out the bride among the other girls (a bee is spinning over her); get an abandoned ring from the bottom of the sea (the fish took it out); before leaving, the daughter stole a bottle of immortality medicine, which her father hid; the girl told beardless to ask the padishah to kill the groom young man, then revived him; he told the padishah everything - death and resurrection freed him from this beardless word; the beardless man was torn by horses]: Tugov 1985, No. 46:125-131; Georgians [the prince frees his father's wonderful prisoner and is expelled for this; the vizier leaves with him and persuades him to change clothes on the way; when he comes to another king, he pretends to be a prince, and a real prince for a servant; with the help of his father's prisoner saved, the prince gains heroic strength and defeats the royal strongman; everything is clear, the vizier is punished, the prince marries princess]: Kurdovanidze 2000, No. 502:48-49; Armenians [the prince released a monster (janavara) caught by the king from the cage; the vizier, whom the king ordered to kill the prince, released him and took him away from him armband (buzmand), pretended to be a prince, married a princess; the prince killed the Black, Red and White Devas, defeated the enemy army, saved the princess; the tsar, the father of the princesses, recognized his savior daughters, executed the vizier, and married his daughter to the prince]: Gullakian 1990, No. 502:24.

Baltoscandia. The Karelians (northern, Tunguda district) [caught the firebird, gave it to the tsar; the tsar ordered the execution of whoever releases it; the bird asks the prince to get the key from his mother, he took it out, released the bird; expelled to accompanied by a soldier; goes down to the well; the soldier lifted him back for promising to give his horse and change clothes; the soldier is mistaken by another king for a prince, the real prince is sent to herd hares; they ran away; a girl swan flew in, she was a firebird; they live in her palace; then they come back, she gives a whip to gather hares and a talyanka; he plays, the princess fell in love with him; him twice more they send hares to herd, the swan girl helps every time; they want to give the princess a three-headed snake, the prince killed him, cut out his tongues; the soldier (i.e. the imaginary prince) said that he killed; agreed to give the big toe is tongues; the same 6- and 9-headed snakes (thumb; belt from the back); the princess is passed off as a soldier, she tells him to check if he is healthy, everyone sees flaws; the imaginary shepherd explains everything; marries a princess]: Stepanova 2000, No. 113:194-200.

Volga - Perm. Kazan Tatars: Zamaletdinov 2008a, No. 73 [someone steals padishah apples; he watched, caught a golden bird; called other padishahs to look at it; the bird asked his son Arslan for it let go, he let go; the padishah wants to execute his son, agrees to expel; he takes the son of another padishah as his companion; suggests that one of them be considered the son of a vizier; throws a stick - who is faster to it will swim; she is closer to him; after that A. must obey; the deceiver married the eldest, A. married the middle daughter of the padishah; everything is doing well; the deceiver is jealous; says that A. can make his hooves rich a hundred horses, silver their hair; A. calls the golden bird, she does everything; when she becomes a girl, takes A. to heaven, where her sister is; both give him a magic tablecloth; the same, a hundred cows to have golden horns, tails in a chain; sisters give an accordion that plays any melody; the same is a hundred goats with golden horns and silver hair; sisters feed apples that give strength; give fluffs to summon a horse; enemies attacked; A. fed his mare to birds, summoned a heroic horse; defeated his elder son-in-law and viziers, then enemies; so three times; the padishah brought A. closer to him, who ordered the elder son-in-law to be expelled]: 391-407; 2008b, No. 33 [ the rich man (hereinafter referred to as the padishah} wanted to take the gold he had in his palaces, but someone said that only Altynbay could take it; the rich man stayed with the old man; at that time his wife gave birth, the boy was named Altynbay; rich man: when A. is 18, let him come to me; A. comes to his teacher named Hatfa, who asks him to take him with him; lowers him into the well for water; pulls him out for water a promise to change his clothes and name; the imaginary H. was received honorably by the padishah, and the real one became a groom; H. (i.e. imaginary A.) pretended to be sick, water from the spring will heal him, let A. bring him; the horse tells him to kill him, catch a crow; when his mother arrives, let him bring water to the zyamzi; then revive him horse; the horse tells him to keep half a bottle for himself; H. demands the daughter of a padishah named Hakim; on the way A. killed bears that destroyed a hive, an anthill, a lake with fish; bees, ants, fish promised to help; X . orders to separate yellow millet from black millet (ants separated); revive his long-dead ten-year-old son (A. moistened his lips with water); the princess orders him to get the ring that fell into the lake (the fish took it out); when A. was sleeping, H. came and cut off his head; his wife revived him with water; only the real A. was able to open palaces with gold; H. was tied to a horse's tail]: 262-270; Marie [the prince frees the devil is expelled from home for this; the policeman puts on his clothes; the devil saves the prince; with the help of the released line, the prince defeats snakes; the truth turns out that the prince marries the princess]: Sabitov 1989, No. 502:31.

Turkestan. Uighurs (Khotan) [King Khotan agreed to marry his son to King Yarkand's daughter; the prince went with his bald servant, stopped to wash; he sat on his horse, put on his clothes, and came to Yarkand under looking like a prince, ordering that a man who would come on such a horse in such clothes should not be allowed into the city; the prince had to sit on a bald man's horse and wear his clothes; marrying Princess Yarkanda, bald said that the young man was good as a shepherd; the real prince was allowed to herd cattle; the old man taught him words that make people, animals and objects stick together and unstick; bald he stuck to the princess, all the viziers to them, the king himself; to the judge - a piece of meat, a dog, he himself to a donkey; King Yarkand promised to forgive the young man for promising to paste them; the prince told everything; received a wife, bald hanged]: Jarring 1946, No. 6:109-120.

Western Siberia. Muncie [someone ruins the garden, steals turnips; the father tells three sons to guard; the eldest, the middle fall asleep, the youngest grabs the Copper Man (MCH); he tells the horse to go home and tell the sisters that the brother is in trouble; the father and sons send news to the tsar, he pays 300 rubles for turnips, puts MCH in prison; the royal son Vanya fired an arrow from a toy bow, she fell on the roof of the prison; MCH teaches: roar and stomp your feet, you will be offered different things, calm down when they give you a bunch of keys; open the prison, I'll get you an arrow; once free, MCH promises to help the boy when necessary; disappears; neighboring kings who came to see the MCH; dissatisfied; decide to give V. the coachman and expel him from the state; the coachman is Senpalt's uncle; V. wants to drink, S. lowers him into the well; promises to lift him up if V. agrees with him to change roles and names and sign his blood; now S. rides in a carriage, and V. is a coachman; they come to another king, the imaginary prince asks to give his daughter; Tsar: feed 30 stallions for three days and three nights; imaginary prince: my uncle S. will herd; V. calls MCH, he takes him to his place, his older sister gives him a handkerchief (wave - dancers, musicians, food); then back, MCH collects horses, there are 60 of them; the same the next day (the middle sister gives a box, people come out and ask for work; the horses are 90); on the third day (the younger sister gives an egg (it contains food, drinks, dancers, warriors); MCH - Hiiro horse and sword; horses 120); the princess sees this, understands that the shepherd is a real prince, not S.; S. demands a wedding the next day; the three-headed devil demands that the princess be given to him; V. kills him, S. says he killed; the same with 6 - and with a 9-headed line; the princess bandaged the wound, then sees her handkerchief on the hand of an imaginary shepherd; at the wedding, the princess showed the second half of the handkerchief; S. was driven away, V. took the princess and inherited the kingdom]: Kannisto 1956, No. 16:154-176 (=Kippar 2002:212-228).

NW Coast. Hyda (Masset) [The Raven tells Wood-Carving-Supernatural-Being that there are many woodpecker feathers on the island; he takes the Carpenter there in a boat, sails away by himself, comes to his wife under the guise of a Carpenter, stays with her under the guise of her husband; after a while she leaves, brings her real husband back]: Swanton 1908a: 302-303.

The coast is the Plateau. See motive K1. Unless otherwise: The fox or the Coyote tells his son or grandson to get the eagle's chicks off a tree or cliff; before that, asks him to undress; takes his form, puts on his clothes, takes his wives; the son returns, He sends his father into the woods to bring the dead deer, causes rain to wash him into the river. Shuswap [Coyote; son or nephew; without Coyote punishment]; Thompson [Coyote]; Skagit [Coyote]; Sisiatl [old]; snohomish [Fox]; Puget Sound [Coyote]; clicitate [Coyote]; vasco [Coyote]; yakima [Coyote]; modoc [Coyote; without carried away by river]; clamate [Coyote? ; without being carried away by river]); clackamas [Puma and Coyote live together; Trout girl marries Puma; Puma visits her family; his bags of meat go by themselves, a piece of fat burns and does not goes out; the Coyote takes the form of a Puma; his bags don't go, the fat burns quickly; the cougar demands his wife back; kills her and the coyotes in her womb; keeps her own son; The raccoon raises him]: Jacobs 1958 No. 6:52-61; coutenay [The Tree Chief spits his beads, his pet hawk eats them; the Coyote pushes the Chief into a hole, puts on his clothes, takes some beads, comes disguised as him wife (she is the eldest daughter of a local chief); in the absence of the Tree Chief, hunger begins; the Tree Chief turns into a baby, he is found by wolves; he grows up, turns his giblets into pemmican; finds its true appearance, marries the leader's youngest daughter (for this purpose he wins the competition: shoot an eagle; the Coyote replaces his arrow with his arrow, but the eagle in the hands of the Coyote turns into partridge); kills and revives animals with his magic arrow; turns manure into bison; hits Coyote with smut, he runs away]: Boas 1918, No. 64:191-213; Kalapuya: Jacobs 1945, No. 5 [Keith's daughter comes to Puma, becomes his wife; they go to visit her father; meat bags roll by themselves; Puma spits in the fire, Keith smells meat; next time Puma sends his brother Coyote with his wife; he pretends to be ill, leaves, dives, asks his excrement if he now looks like Puma; looks like him for the fifth time; returns to a woman in her husband's guise, copulates with her; bags of meat themselves they do not roll, the spit does not smell meat; Keith kills the Coyote; the cougar rips open his wife's womb; takes out his son, the Coyote throws his son into the water; cuts off and takes his wife's braids; the flood begins (sent by Keith); stops when Puma throws braids into the water; Puma buys fire from a snake (copperhead snake)]: 103-113; Gatschet et al. 1945, No. 2 [starting as Jacobs; Coyote wished Puma's wife when he put a willow in the hearth; sparks fell on the woman's feet, she picked them up, he saw her genitals; the next time he put the willow intentionally; the cougar takes his son out of the woman's womb, leaves five Coyote children; everyone dies from the flood; The deer was in the water, its tail turned white]: 215-221.

The Midwest. Menominee: Bloomfield 1928, No. 108 [the boy's grandfather is always lying on the floor, overgrown with moss; the young man finds his brother, whose bottom is wooden; the brother says that his grandfather did it, that he wants to kill him too, warns of dangers; the grandfather sends a young man to bring his wives; he gives tobacco to the Cranes, Cougars, they let it pass; he enters two women, runs back, Cranes, Cougars do not detain him, women do not detain them for it they kill; he, after him, women run into the house, he takes them as his wife; the grandfather shoots him, he dodges; he shoots, kills his grandfather; turns into a feather, flies (to heaven?) , cuts off the bottom of his brother's body, the bottom falls, the brother becomes whole again; the young man goes to look for the Stupid Girl; on the way, the old man stops him, they smoke, the old man lengthens the day, the young man falls asleep, the old man changes from in his guise, takes his ear jewelry - live hummingbirds; the impostor throws a young man into the water; marries the Stupid Girl; her younger sister picks up the abandoned man, takes him in husbands; impostor says it's his dog; kills lynxes and young man turns decks into bears; spits, turkeys appear; impostor spits, bugs appear; Stupid Girl steals one a bear, he becomes a deck again; the young man climbs into an empty log, regains his appearance; gives the impostor his appearance, turns his head into a hawk; returns to two wives, gives a new one to his brother]: 469- 483; Skinner, Satterlee 1915, No. II5 [the young man's grandfather lies in a teepee like a moss deck, wakes up every four years; the young man finds the upper body of his older brother attached to the stump; he explains that their evil grandfather will do the same to him, teach him how to win; the grandfather tells him to kill the polar bear; the young man runs without looking back, at the entrance to the house the bear falls dead; the grandfather takes the pot out of his side to cook meat; the young man gives the bear the head of two old women, they disappear; these old women cut their older brother; now hostile creatures play ball in the sky with the lower half, hang it in the chimney; the young man goes up to heaven, cuts off the rope, the lower half falls to the ground, joins the upper half; cranes, horned snakes guard the house of two dangerous sisters; the young man scares off the guards, takes sisters as wives; the old man breaks the sleeping young man's back, changes from with his clothes, pushes him into the thickets, marries his eldest wife; the youngest finds a young man, takes care of him; he turns sticks into bear carcasses, grass into beavers and turkeys; when the deceiver steals carcasses, they turn back into sticks, dung beetles; the young man climbs into the deck, regains his former appearance, turns the deceiver into a hawk; gives his elder wife to his brother]: 317-327; chippewa [young man plays the flute, turkeys go to her voice; The Hunchback points the phone into the sun, pulls him closer to the ground; the young man pushes the sun back; at night, the Hunchback puts a hot iron in the young man's throat, changes from in his guise, marries the leader's daughter; children kill a converted young man; two sisters revive him, restore him to his former appearance; he marries one; turns the impostor back into the Hunchback; hits him, from a hump His partridge spirit flies out; animals relieve himself of the young man's sister; he burns animals, marries his sister to his wife's brother; kills Gorbunov, one runs north]: Barnouw 1977, No. 14:93-97; Ojibwa: Jones 1916, No. 38 [similar to Radin, No. 20, short version]: 384; Radin, Reagan 1928, No. 20 [Paushkeneaunakeshig and his sister live alone; P. goes to travel; sister warns not compete on the run with the ugly hunchback Indahgishkung; P. competes, loses, changes his appearance with I.; I. marries the eldest, P. the youngest of two sisters; I. mocks P. invites him to the steam room, both regain their true appearance; P. lures the animals with a magic whistle, people now have a lot of meat], 23 [the feathers on the young hunter's head are ringing in the wind; his grandmother tells him to be afraid of a long-nosed old man; the old man pierces a brass rod into the sleeping man, changing his appearance with him; marries the eldest of two sisters, the hero turned into an old man to the youngest; the hero brings from hunting bears, the deceiver is a fox; the feathers on the deceiver's head do not sound; after passing through the hollow in the log, the hero regains his appearance]: 109-113, 117-119; steppe crees [the young man asks his father to shoot the marten ( fisher), makes himself a fur hat; comes to an old woman; she does not tell me to go east; he goes, meets Hunchback; he makes him fight him, changes his appearance with him; marries the eldest of two sisters , the young man (who is now the hunchback) is younger; every day brings more game than his rival; regains his true appearance in the steam room; the Hunchback leaves; the young man's wife's parents come to them; the young man visits his parents with his wife and son]: Bloomfield 1930, No. 18:130-142; Steppe Ojibwa [a young man marries two frogs; his older brother throws them away, tells him to follow a real wife; not eat cornmeal offered by hunchbacks on the way; he violates the ban, the Hunchback changes his appearance with him; the brother catches up with Hunchback, returns his brother to his appearance; he finds a dead beauty abandoned village; brother revives it; villain kidnaps her; brother kills the villain, revives his victims]: Skinner 1919, No. 7:298-305.

Northeast. Seneca: Curtin, Hewitt 1918, No. 20 [the young man goes to marry the chief's daughter; his younger brother in turkey guise goes with him; the old man asks the young man to shoot the raccoon, get him out of the hollow; makes the young man fall into the hollow; the old man puts on his clothes, takes his form; the snake helps the young man get out of the hollow; he puts on the old man's clothes, looks like an old man; the deceiver marries the leader's eldest daughter; the hero in the guise of an old man marries the youngest; regurgitates a full bowl of black, then white wampum; kills many deer; the deceiver burps lizards and worms; the hero takes back his clothes, regains their appearance; the cougar's head on his outfit growls, the loon feathers sing, the frog croaks, the snake wriggles; the deceiver turns into an owl, flies away; the younger brother takes off his turkey skin, becomes a young man; brothers return to their country; the chief and his entire tribe follow them], 22 [an uncle sends a tribesman to marry, gives him a hat, outerwear, greaves, moccasins; if they are removed, they turn into an otter, a cougar, wild cats, owls; two girls jump out of his bag of tobacco to light his pipe; two pigeons cooing at the end of the pipe; while on the way, the deceiver steals the hero's clothes stabs him with a dart in the back; the hero's sister and her daughter save him; the bride will be shot by whoever shoots an eagle sitting on a pole; the hero does this, the deceiver grabs a bird, marries a girl; unable spit out his beads; his clothes, turning into animals and birds, are barely alive; his wife refuses to sleep with him; the hero's sister and niece return his outfit to him, pierce a piece of bark into the deceiver's back; The hero is getting younger, the woman recognizes him as a real husband; the animals that make up his magical outfit are full of energy; he spits out beads; his uncle is happy to see him again]: 127-135, 139-144.

Plains. Teton: Beckwith 1930, No. 4 (Oglala) [At sunrise, poor spouses find a baby; his name is Iron Hawk, he goes to look for a suitable wife; kills an old woman who killed four Lightning, gives Lightning her four daughters as wives; JJ and Yellow Man agree to jump into a hole to get beads from the bottom; this is a condition for marrying two sisters; LC pushes JJ into a hole, puts on his clothes; an old man and an old woman JJ is pulled out of the hole, throwing him a rope; he is now ugly; he catches many birds and bison; LC marries one of his sisters, offers to get a red fox and a red eagle; JJ gets, tells her grandmother hide some feathers and hair, as the prey is immediately stolen; the second sister marries him; the stolen trophies turn into coyote skins and crows, and the hairs into intact red skins and feathers; JJ becomes handsome again and LC becomes an old freak; JJ turns into a bison, taken to heaven, where they want to kill him; his son Red Calf saves him]: 379-391; Walker 1917 (oglala) [handsome young man goes marry the chief's daughter; sister warns to be afraid of Iktomi; I. meets a young man disguised as a poor boy; they race, I. returns, takes the groom's clothes and flute, marries the leader's daughters; the real groom returns home]: 192-193; Yankton [The Black Bear takes all the meat from the Badger family, drives them out of the house; the badger finds a clot of bison blood, which turns into warrior: he chases the Bears; goes to travel; the red eagle takes people away; the chief promises one of his two daughters to the one who will kill him; a blood clot comes to the rescue; Iktomi asks him to knock out a bird for him , tells the bird with the arrow to get stuck; asks him to get them, advises him to take off his clothes; after the Blood Clot drops the arrow, I. tells him to stick to the tree bark, puts on his clothes, takes it arrow; immediately calls the leader's wife mother-in-law, but cannot hit the eagle; the leader's youngest daughter finds the hero, frees him by cutting the bark; he kills the eagle; I. is bullied, driven away; the Blood Clot receives wife]: Zitkala-Ša 1985:61-99; Santi: McLaughlin 1990 [White Feather goes to kill monstrous bison, eagle and rabbit, marry the chief's daughter; Inctomi (spider) asks him to get him a bird; The PSU shoots, the bird gets stuck on a branch, the PSU climbs after it; I. asks him to leave his clothes underneath; puts them on, takes the BP's magic bow and arrows, makes him stick to the trunk; marries the eldest Chief's daughter; misses shooting monsters; youngest daughter cuts down a tree, frees BP; he marries her, kills monsters; I. beaten and banished; spiders now live in dark corners]: 156-169; Riggs 1893 [The badger easily kills buffalo with his magic arrow; the Gray Bear begins to take all his meat; after picking up a blood clot, Badger turns him into a young man in the steam room; he kills the Bear first with an arrow, then his wife, hitting their little finger; kills Bear's children, except for the youngest, who was kind to Badger; Badger does not tell the Blood Clot to talk to old Ungtomi on the way; the young man violates ban, falls asleep; W. turns him into a black dog, puts on his clothes; in the village he is mistaken for a Blood Clot; the text ends]: 101-104; Wallis 1923, No. 16 [Badger hunts, bears take all the meat ; a blood clot turns into a young man, kills bears; marries the leader's eldest daughter; the old Spider sends an arrow at a tree, asks the hero to climb and get it; makes it stick to the tree; puts on the hero's clothes, takes his wife; cannot kill the eagle and fox, which drove away all the fishing animals; the leader's youngest daughter cuts down a tree, heals the hero in the steam room; the hero returns, exposes the Spider , he returns all his possessions to him; the hero kills an eagle and a fox, the game reappears], 19 [as in No. 16; Thunder kidnaps two girls; the youngest falls through a hole in the sky, crashes; Son of Thunder in her The womb remains alive; the old bird woman and her husband raise him; he kills dangerous animals, marries the leader's daughter; the adopted grandfather of the Son of Thunder frees him by cutting down a tree], 22 [The spider puts on his daughter's clothes, meets her fiancé, lies down with him, turns him into a dog, puts on his clothes, takes his form, marries the eldest of two sisters; comes from hunting empty-handed; the dog turns the stump into a bear carcass; The spider says he killed the bear, but his carcass becomes stump again (the same with river stones that the dog turns into beavers); the hero's first wife restores his human appearance; agrees to be kind younger sister became a second wife; Spider turned into a black dog, banished]: 75-78, 85-88, 90-92; Omaha, Ponca: Dorsey 1888b [see motive K27; villains offer to compete; older brothers perish; the youngest wins; the last villain stays alive, turns into a woman, puts his head on the hero's lap, steals his magic pen, turns the hero into a black dog, marries his daughter chief; in the steam room, her sister returns the hero to his former appearance; he marries her, takes his pen back, turns the villain himself into a black dog; crows pecked the eyes of the hero's parents; older sister (the ex-wife of the imaginary hero) restores their sight; for this, the hero agrees to marry her]: 74; 1890 [Iktinica's arrow gets stuck in a tree; I. asks the Rabbit to get it; he climbs a tree taking off his clothes; I. puts them on, tells the Rabbit to stick to the trunk; I., disguised as Rabbit, marries the leader's eldest daughter; the youngest cuts the tree, peels off the Rabbit, takes him as her husband; when the Rabbit comes up, birds on I.'s stolen outfit recognize the owner, start screaming; the leader demands that his sons-in-law hit the flying eagle with an arrow; The rabbit knocks down the eagle, I. misses; the deception reveals; the rabbit takes his clothes back, throws I. high to the sky; he falls, breaks]: 55-57; iowa [the chief has two daughters; the young man takes the eldest, the youngest also wants him; the eldest refuses to share her husband with the youngest; the youngest cries; the leader tells Ishiinka to get rid of the young man; I. puts the tails of raccoons into the hollow, asks the young man to go after raccoons, tells the tree to grow to the sky; puts on the young man's clothes left on the ground, comes to his wife; but owls on moccasins do not hoot, the birds on the headdress do not sing; the wife suspects deception; the young man asks Voronov to let him down; the fourth agrees; the wind above tore off the young man's hair, he is bald; comes to his wife; birds start singing, owls hooting; I. runs away]: Skinner 1925, No. 23:482-484; skidy pawnee: Dorsey 1904b, No. 45 [girl rejects grooms; pregnant, throws baby into the lake; his raised by animals, his name is Woodpecker; his hat and leggings are decorated with living woodpeckers; the chief promises a daughter to the one who gets the red coyote; the woodpecker goes to marry her; falls into a trap pit; the Coyote promises to pull her out him, if he gives him his outfit; leaves him in a hole, marries the chief's eldest daughter; the woodpeckers on his hat do not sing, but peck at him; the people are starving; the old spider woman and her grandson pull the Woodpecker out of the hole; he makes the grandson is handsome, his grandmother is young; kills the Coyote, marries the chief's youngest daughter, becomes the chief himself; the Coyote's wife gives birth to coyotes, they are killed], 60 [the chief promises a daughter to whoever shoots red a bird; the old woman's grandson kills her, the Coyote grabs her, marries the chief's eldest daughter; the bird's feathers turn yellow in his hands; the hero keeps a few red ones, they shine; marries the chief's youngest daughter, becomes handsome; live owls hoot on his legs; Coyote makes raccoons out of his quiver, asks the hero to get them out of the tree, makes the tree grow; puts on the hero's clothes, takes his wife; owls stop hooting; Vulture, Eagle, Hawk, Raven put the hero on their back and let them down; he chases the Coyote away, the owls on the legs hoot again; 2) the young man is married to the chief's daughter; his clothes are decorated with live owls and other birds; the Coyote kidnaps her, spends the night with his wife; the young man discovers the deceiver; the chief burns the Coyote alive; a hairy humanoid creature jumps out of his womb]: 178-185, 239-245, 253.

California. Chumash [Xelex (eagle Slo'v's nephew) and two friends sail across the strait; on the island they marry Otter, Duck and Wild Cat; return home to their former wives; Otter and A duck swims across the strait to look for them; the Wild Cat can't swim; the Coyote takes the form of K. ' ah, spends three or four days with girls; Duck suspects cheating, Otter believes K. is with her]: Blackburn 1975, No. 28:193-194; Luiseño [Wild Cat Married to Seven Sisters (Ursa Minor); Coyote Kills him, puts on his skin, takes his place; sometimes he goes down a rope to the ground; first the youngest, then the rest of the sisters guess about the change; cut off the rope; the Coyote falls, breaks; sees how pinkish star below Ursa Minor]: Hyde, Elliote 1994, No. 202:1290-1298.

Big Pool. Northern Payut [Skunk's uncle kills Laska, pulls his skin, comes to his wife; one of the women in the house notices that her husband carries the deer carcass differently than before; they kill him]: Lowie 1924, No. 21:241; the northern shoshones [Chief Eagle promises one of his two daughters to whoever kills the fox; the old woman's poor grandson brings a fox, marries his older sister; he urinates at night, his wife drives him away; he finds clothes and red paint, becomes big and handsome; marries his youngest, Raven - his older sister; his grandmother sends him to the buffalo pit; the Coyote pretends to be his friend, lowers him into the hole, begs for his weapons and clothes, comes to his wife; the young man's hat was wearing a live bird, now she screams constantly; the grandmother helps her grandson get out of the hole; he comes to his wife; the bird flies screaming to On his head; Coyote must return all the young man's property]: Lowie 1909b, No. 23h: 274-275.

The Great Southwest. Navajo [The Coyote turns the hero into a coyote by throwing his clothes at him; takes his form, comes to his wife; she smells a coyote; animals or deities restore the hero to his former self appearance; he throws the skin of a coyote at the Coyote, turning him into a coyote]: Johly, B'yash 1958 [a young man marries, has a son; the Coyote leaves his skin on the trail, the young man touches her, it envelops him turning him into a coyote; Coyote takes his clothes and bow, goes to his wife, but does not find them; The squirrel saw what happened, helps the young man take off his coyote skin, throw it again at the real Coyote; the young man does not like the smell of a coyote left in the house; he goes to his wife's sister, marries her; she also gives birth to a son, Coyote changes her appearance again with the young man; the older sister does not notice the deception, the youngest feels that she is not with them real husband; The squirrel returns the young man to his true appearance, and the Coyote makes him a coyote again; the son is the first to recognize his returning father; the Coyote invites the young man to climb the rock for eagle feathers; these are two grasshoppers, whom the Coyote painted as eagles; the Coyote blows on the rock, it grows to the sky; the young man spends 4 years with the Eagles; marries; the chief of the Eagles organizes a dangerous campaign against the Bumblebees, then the Os, the Locusts, Weeds; The spider gives the young man grass, he chews it, blows it at enemies, who immediately die; the Spider lowers him to the ground in his bag (the young man opens his eyes ahead of time, falls, but is alive); walking from one fire pit to to another, the young man finds a family; tells his son to heat the pebbles, lets Coyote swallow them, he dies; the wife turns into a deer, the son becomes the chief of the antelopes; the hero goes south in the rainbow]: 8-14; Haile 1950:1- 82 [The Holy Yong Man sees fire at night, cannot find its source during the day; finally he finds a snake, enters the snake's house through its mouth; two snakes curled up in a ring formed an entrance, white from above his head to the north, black at the bottom of his head to the south; there is a snake man, his wife and daughter; the daughter is also a wife at the same time, so he is jealous, although he calls SJ "son-in-law"; SJ wins tobacco smoking four times; The serpent loses consciousness every time, the SJ revives him, for which he receives 4 sets of clothes; the SJ adviser sitting behind his ear always teaches him what to do; until the tests are over, the SJ goes to bed with the Serpent's daughter, but not touches her; she warns that her father sees what is happening behind him; going outside, SJ gives the snakes pieces of clothes they received from the Snake; for this they skip him, now they wear these clothes (the color of snakes); SJ gives two feathers to the Hare, they turn into his ears; SJ does not eat poison; the Serpent always tells him where not to go, XU goes there; these are the four sides of the world, there is a bear coming out every time (apparently the Serpent himself); The serpent admits that SJ is stronger than him; SJ finally copulates with his daughter; he is fed good food; the Coyote puts his clothes on SJ, turning him into a coyote and taking on his form; the wife feels deceived because SJ never returned without venison and ate greedily; he also smells a coyote; XU's younger brother finds him in the guise of a coyote; the Sun, Moon, Winds, Thunders restore human form; he throws The coyote takes his skin, takes his clothes; ventilates them for a long time, washes himself], 151-154 []; Hopi: Voth 1905, No. 27 [two girls are in love with one young man, one turns the other into a coyote; Spider takes off coyote skin from her, turns an angry girl into a snake], 48 [Coyote steals Red Cloud clothes, gets a parrot (a welcome gift), deceives into marrying a girl]: 105-109, 157-159; Wallis 1936, No. 21 [sorcerer turns a man into a coyote, takes his wife; the Eagle and the Spider restore the hero's human appearance; he turns the sorcerer into a coyote, his wife into an owl]: 60-68; Zunyi [the girl gets pregnant from the Sun, leaves the child by the river; he is raised by Deer, he becomes their leader; returns to people, marries a beautiful woman; Coyote turns him into a coyote; Badger restores his former appearance]: Cushing 1901:132- 146; Tiwa (Taos) [Nightjar marries Yellow Corn and Blue Corn; both give birth to a son; tell sons not to hunt on the north side; they break the ban; fall asleep; the Black Fox changes from in their appearance, marries two sisters Steppe Dogwood; young men come to their mother, talk about what happened; people beat the deceiver, who laughs and runs away; they roll a wheel with knives at the young men, ripping off their scab, give her back to Lisa; boys marry those girls]: Parsons 1940a, No. 1:5-7; diegueño (kumeai) [Coyote finds a bone, calls Wild Cat for lunch, kills, puts on his skin, takes his liver, comes to his wife, the Morning Star; she is surprised that her husband eats so fast; understands the deception, runs to heaven, throws off the rope to Coyote; when he is high above the ground, cuts off the rope, the Coyote falls, crashes]: Olmos Aguilera 2005:134-135.

Bolivia - Guaporé. Chiriguano: Metraux 1932 [Aguara-tunpa and Rey (at Nordenskiöld - Tatu-tunpa, battleship) ate the same mangara (bitter forest root, hungry food, causes stomach pain); Ray saw two parrots with corn grains in their beak, baked tortillas, hid it from A.; he found tortillas, Ray confessed; A. followed the parrots, found the thunder field Tshikere, ate, cut himself; T. told his daughters to drive away the parrots, they noticed blood, found A., brought them, cured them, ordered R. to be called; on the way to the house, T. A. and Ray exchanged clothes; Re. was allowed to sit on a log and A. on a bench; at night, a beautiful daughter lay down with A. and an ugly daughter with Ray; in the morning, T.'s wife cleaned the yard, hit A. with a broom, who ran away screaming; Ray with their wife went to the field, he chewed maize, blew on his wife, made him beautiful; A. came back, asked how to make his wife beautiful; Ray replied that it was necessary to put it in a pit with coals; A.'s wife came out black; var: Ray put his ugly wife in the oven, she screamed three times, came out beautiful; A. decided to make his wife even more beautiful, she screamed in the oven, he still didn't take her out, she came out black, ugly]: 172-175; Nordenskiöld 1912 [The battleship plays the flute well; two sisters sound it, the youngest marries the Battleship; the fox kills him, takes his form, comes to a woman; she takes him out sleeping lice, sees a suture on the back of the head (Fox is wearing the victim's skin); sisters kill Fox with a club]: 285-286.

Chaco. Nivacle [one of the sisters marries the handsome Hummingbird; the Fox kills him while he works in the field; takes his form, sleeps with his wife; the woman identifies the Fox by smell, her father kills him]: Wilbert, Simoneau 1987b, No. 223:530-534; chorote [The Royal Vulture invites the Battleship to his son-in-law; the Fox hears this, comes to the girl earlier, pretends to be a Battleship; they lie down together; the girl smells a fox; when her husband falls asleep, she recognizes the Fox by her teeth; she comes to the Battleship herself, who agrees to marry her]: Wilbert, Simoneau 1985, No. 57:101-102; toba: Wilbert, Simoneau 1989a, No. 273 [in the forest, the Fox tries to seduce the Woodpecker's wife by taking his form; then tries to rape her], 277 [looks like a woodpecker chief, marries; exposed because he eats and sleeps too much]: 359-360, 366-367.