Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K35A. The hero stigmatizes rivals, ATU 530A.



character who demonstrates extraordinary abilities in obtaining food or fighting enemies agrees to give others material evidence of his exploits (hunting prey and etc.) for the right to inflict bodily harm on rivals or take away from them the items they are intended to store.

Songhai, Somalis, Kordofan, Sudanese Arabs, Malgash, Mauritanian Arabs, Berbers and Arabs of Morocco, Berbers of Tunisia, Arabs of Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Basques, Sicilians, Italians (Menton ), French, Germans (Upper Palatinate), Arameans, Palestinians, Arabs of Iraq (including southern), Saudi Arabia, Mehri, Jibbali, Lao, Hindi, Punjabi, Bengalis, Kannada, Tamils, Albanians, Romanians, Moldovans, Macedonians, Greeks, Slovaks, Russians (Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Vologda, Vladimir, Novgorod, Pskov, Moscow, Ryazan, Voronezh, Kursk), Ukrainians (Ugric Russia, Transcarpathia, Volyn, Poltava), Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Kalmyks, Abkhazians, Abazins, Adygs, Ossetians, Ingush, Stavropol Turkmens, Kumyks, Ingush, Avars, Dargins, Georgians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Turkmens, Lurs, Persians, Baluchis , Rushans, Vakhans, Yazgulyams, Uzbeks, Bukhara Arabs, Danes, Northern Karelians, Latvians, Estonians, Komi, Mari, Kazan Tatars, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Uighurs, Altaians, Tuvans, Buryats (Western and Khorinsky), Dagurs, Eastern Khanty.

West Africa. Songhai [man has no children; old lady: buy a slave who can only have one son and a mare that can only bear one foal; Mohammed, the son of the ruler of peace, was born; he grew up; old lady: if you give me a gift, I'll say something; says that M. does not ride a horse that is equal to him; M. threatens to jump off the wall, he is given his true Khaboobi horse, which was hidden; he rides it; the horse tells him to wear the slave's clothes, call him out of the steppe as needed; M. began to live with an old woman; the leader's daughter sees him take off his clothes and bathe; falls in love with him; says he wants guinea fowl meat; the horse brings M. many guinea fowls, and other men return empty-handed; M. gives them guinea fowls for the rings given to them by their fiancée, keeps one for herself; the leader's daughter chose her; now she wants lioness milk; the horse brings it; other men agree to be branded as cattle, for which M. pours them milk; kept a little bit; men: he is the milk of a white donkey; the leader's daughter: this is what I need; enemies have attacked; a horse to Mohammed: if you try to kill them, I will swallow them (before that, if you gut guinea fowls, I will get them; if you milk the lioness, I will catch her); not a single enemy was left; the leader bandaged M.'s wounded hand with his turban; everyone began to wound and bandage themselves, but the leader recognized his turban only on M. ; a lost sandal also suited him; M.'s wedding with the leader's daughter; the horse regurgitated the luxurious attire of M., cattle and slaves; the chief separated part of his possessions for M.; when M. returned to his father, he also separated part of his possessions]: Calame-Griaule 2002:235-242.

Sudan - East Africa. Kordofan (language not specified): Frobenius 1923, No. 18 [the man is young and rich; in a dream he is told that he will lose everything and earn pennies working as an aquifer; he decided that it is better to be tested in youth, not in old age; took a bag of gold and a bag of silver, loaded it on a donkey; when crossing the Nile, the donkey drowned with the load; the man began to carry water; others sympathized Seeing that he comes from a good family; a rich man tells six daughters to choose a husband and throw a handkerchief at his chosen one; at a feast, the youngest sees that the water carrier's manners are much better than everyone else, chooses him; the rich man he lodged 5 daughters in good houses, and the youngest in the slave quarter; the rich man fell ill and needed gazelle milk; the older sons-in-law caught only males; three females fell into the traps of the water carrier; he gave milk to his older sons-in-law for allowing them to burn a stigma on their backs; the doctor said that the milk was spoiled and unsuitable; it only made the rich man worse; and the milk that the water carrier brought helped; the water carrier said that he came from a wealthy family and ordered his older sons-in-law to be naked and show that they were wearing his family brand; the rich man sent his younger son-in-law with the caravan home, and told the eldest to be in his service; on the shore Neil's father-in-law noticed a chain in the sand; son-in-law: this chain is from my treasure bags; they pulled them out; at his son-in-law's house, father-in-law saw how many worthy friends he had; told his daughter that her husband was the best], 19 [king laments that he is childless; the sorcerer gives two lemons; let one be eaten by an Arab wife, she will give birth to a daughter, and the other a concubine, give birth to a son; when he grows up, he must come to the sorcerer; the boy's name is Tent Mohammed (SM); the sorcerer met him, told him to remind his father of the promise; he cries; the sorcerer became an eagle and took away the CMM; in his palace he gives the CMM the keys to all rooms, but forbids unlocking one of them; everywhere treasures; in the forbidden room, the CMM is a beauty suspended by her hair; on one side there is a horse on chains, bloody meat in front of him; on the other, a lion, hay in front of him; the floor is covered with old and recently cut down heads young men; CMM freed the girl, swapped hay and meat, the horse and the lion broke their chains; the horse: put on your armor, take the sword and the girl and jump; the lion with them; the sorcerer catches up; the horse tells you to throw the comb ( thick forest), a piece of glass (a field covered with glass fragments), soap (river); the sorcerer swam, drowned; the horse tells him to take his hairs to summon him and go to town; he hired a gardener; the youngest of 7 princesses see him bathe, summon a horse and put on armor; she sends him food every day, but the gardener takes them away; princesses send their father 7 melons: it's time for them to marry; each throws a handkerchief to him , whoever she chose as her husband; the youngest with CMM is settled in the slave quarter; the king is sick, gazelle milk is needed; the CMM gives it to his older sons-in-law, who allow them to be branded in the ass; the sons' milk does not help, milk, What the younger princess brought has healed his father; enemies have attacked; sons-in-law flee, CMM smashes enemies on his horse; to celebrate the savior, the king inflicts a slight wound on his arm with a sword and bandages him with his handkerchief; the wife recognizes the father's handkerchief, tells the mother; the king begs the SHM to return to the palace; the older sons-in-law have to show the stigma, now they are slaves to the CMM]: 204-216, 216-224; Somalis [Sultan's new wife and a Jew agrees to kill the Sultan's son from his first wife; the mare warns the young man that the food is poisoned; the sultan pretends to be sick, asks her husband to give her the liver of his stepson's mare; he asks permission ride a mare, ride away; in another city he sends a mare to heaven, pretends to be a poor cripple; six daughters of the Sultan want to choose husbands; throw oranges at their chosen ones; five get rich husbands, the youngest takes the poor cripple; parents go blind in horror; they will be cured by rhino milk; the mare takes the young man to the rhinos, the young man puts on the skin of the cub, milks the rhinoceros; gives milk to five to the husbands of older sisters for the right to burn their name in their backs; but he gave only the first milk they had enough, kept the second for themselves; the Sultan and his wife did not see the light from the milk brought by their elder sons-in-law, the young men saw the light from the milk; the young man shows his brand on his older sons-in-law; the sultan gives him the throne]: Kirk 1904, No. 1:316-318; Sudanese Arabs (Jaaaliyin) [when the boy was born, the mare brought foal; mother died; a neighbor took care of the boy, persuaded her father to marry her; she has a lover; she feeds him delicious food and gives her husband simple food; a boy's mare who grew up with him, shows where the food is hidden; every time the stepmother explains that she forgot about them; the lover guessed that the mare is to blame; advises putting crumbs under bed as if the bones are crunching; let him say that the medicine is that mare's liver; the mare advises the boy to ask his father for one last ride; they galloped off; the mare gives her hairs to call her; the boy (now a young man) has been hired as a gardener to the king; the younger princess fell in love when she saw a young gardener summon his mare and prance; secretly passes gold to the young man through a servant; sent his father 7 oranges, each similar to one of princesses; this means it's time to marry them; men gathered, princesses must throw a handkerchief at their chosen one; 6 chose worthy husbands; the seventh threw them at the gardener; the king lodged the eldest daughters in palaces, and the youngest is in the onion shed; the king is sick; he needs deer milk, who is a virgin and the daughter of a virgin; the young man summoned his mare, told her to create a palace and around all kinds animals; older sons-in-law came; the young man ordered the servants to give them the milk of an old deer, in return branded them on their backs: my servant and my father; the milk of his elder sons-in-law made the king worse, and milk, which the younger one brought, he recovered; another king attacked; the older sons-in-law cannot organize resistance; the younger smashes the enemy, but is wounded; they are looking for the wounded; the king comes to him; he says that the older sons-in-law are his slaves; shows the stigma; the king handed him the throne]: Hurreiz 1977, No. 7:80-83; malgashi (sakalava) [a childless woman turns to the sorcerer Rakakabe; he gives the drug on the condition that she gives it to him firstborn; she gives birth to twins indistinguishable from each other; R. comes, the mother tells me to come tomorrow, promises to dress the elder in red; the young man cuts the cloth into pieces, gives each of his comrades; the same with black with a cloth; then R. sends one and then the second young man to bring water in coconut without splashing it; takes the one who manages to do this with him; at R.'s home, an old woman teaches the young man to push R. himself into a boiling one cauldron; the young man takes R.'s property, sinks into water up to his neck, his body becomes gilded; leaves, kills a snake that is about to eat two mighty bird chicks; she gives him a female; the same with two donkeys (takes a female donkey); the same lioness, a giraffe; he leaves animals in a cave; puts on rags, smears himself with resin as if he were a leper; then comes to the lepers, then to the cave, where he takes normal appearance; the chief's daughter chooses the groom by throwing a lemon; lemon hits a young man who looks like a leper twice; the chief's daughter takes him as her husband but does not sleep with him; the king is sick, milk will cure him donkeys; a young man gives it to four young men, but for this he burns their legs with a poker; a neighboring leader attacked, the young man in his true form smashes enemies with animals; next time he cut with a sword, the chief bandages the wound with a handkerchief; the wife tells the maid to wash her husband to heal her husband with herbs, the dirt and resin come off, everyone is happy; he appears all over the celebration, the chief recognizes his handkerchief; the younger brother follows in the footsteps of the elder, he is still the same; the elder learns about the beauty who wins against those who come to her, goes to look for her; the youngest comes to the elder's wife, she takes him for her husband, but he puts a sword between them at night; his older brother loses, is imprisoned; the old woman gives the younger woman mice - you have to play at night, release the mice, the cat will chase them, knock over the lamp, it will be possible to unnoticed pick up his chips; the woman offers herself, but the youngest only tells the elder to be released; when he learns that the youngest slept with his wife, the eldest kills him; after learning from his wife about the sword, the eldest returns to the body of the younger one, the bee revives the victim, all is well]: Haring 2007, No. 80:207-220.

North Africa. Mauritanian Arabs [a woman gives birth to boys, but each newborn is blown away by the wind; a witch doctor promises her a talisman on the condition that when the first surviving child learns the Koran, she will give it to him; the mother deliberately leaves her son's sword in the old parking lot and sends it for her; the camel says that a ghoul is hiding behind the saber - we must grab it and the camel will quickly carry the rider away; tells her to be killed, in it, the foal is half golden, half silver; tells them to sit on it; they stopped under a tree where the green bird brought people; the jewels eaten are scattered on the ground; after eating, the bird sings; the young man took the jewels; the sultan will give his daughter to someone who spits from below to her face high in the window, only the young man succeeds; he gets the daughter of the sultan, but hides in the guise of a poor bastard; in guise a beautiful warrior smashes enemies; the wife bandages her wound with a handkerchief; finds out that her lousy husband is handsome, but keeps silent about it; the sultan is pregnant, wants to hear the green bird singing; older sons-in-law The Sultan does not know how to do this; the young man promises them to get a bird, for which he cuts off each son-in-law's phalanx of his little finger; the foal teaches them to lure the bird into a chest with meat; the bird tells the Sultan that he will not sing until he gets Bzougue's daughter; sons-in-law again do not know how to do it; the young man promises to get them a girl, for this he cuts off everyone's earlobe; the bird demands the milk of a lioness who gave birth for the first time, and with her other lionesses; this time the young man cuts off the applicants' little finger legs; the young man fed and decorated the baby lionesses, she has met all the requirements; now Bzougue's daughter asks get water from behind the crushing mountains; a young man cuts off a piece of his sons' nose; a foal tells the ants to give grain to the guards, pearls to girls, meat to dogs; we interpret the mountains to say that other mountains are in front the collision diverges much further - one by sunrise, the other by sunset; the young man pulls out water, runs away, the mountains cut off only the tip of the foal's tail; the bird sings, the daughter of Bzougue is happy, everyone praises his sons-in-law; the wife tells the young man that he knows his secret; the young man appears in all his splendor, shows the Sultan his fingers severed off, etc.]: Tauzin 1993:127-142; the Arabs of Morocco [the Bedouin prince has a daughter Hamda; on her migration put a camel in a palanquin on the back; no one noticed how the camel was lost; he came to the possession of Prince Mohammad of the Beni Lahab tribe; M. married H., sending two other wives; H. gave birth a son named Faris; the wives bribed the servant to turn M. away from H.; the servant recalled that when F. grows up, he will not be able to name his maternal relatives; M. suspended H. and returned his former wives; H. raised F. and showed generosity and hospitality; F. is known and loved by everyone; the sons of other wives called him to raid with them and, when he fell asleep, left alone without a horse in the desert; F. came to sheikh; he was named Abu Jallah (dung father) and ordered to collect dung; one day he and the slave were alone in the camp; enemies attacked, drove camels and horses; F. killed 40, the rest fled; F. hid them horses, filling the exit with a huge stone and cutting off everyone's stirrup and bridle; the slave brought camels and said that he had defeated the enemies; the sheikh promised him a daughter; F. invited the slave to push back the stone and explain how enemies could ride horses without stirrups and bridles; F. received a sheikh's daughter and a lot of cattle; found a mother who at first did not believe that her son was alive; F. found his mother's tribe, got a daughter as his wife The elder uncle, a lot of cattle and gold, returned to his father's tribe; became the leader of the Beni Lahab tribe]: Bushnaq 1987:20-27; the Berbers of southern Morocco [the poor firewood seller has two sons; he caught in He brought a beautiful bird home to the forest; his wife did not let her children play, but hid it; every day a bird lays an egg, a Jew each buys for a hundred mitkals; the husband went on a pilgrimage, and the Jew became a lover wives; asked to slaughter and cook the bird; returning in the absence of their mother, the boys opened the lid of the cauldron, the youngest Hammed ate the head, and the elder Muhammed the heart of the bird; unable to find the head and heart, Jew tells a woman to slaughter children and take out the contents of their stomachs; she tells the maid to do so; she let the children go, brought the head and heart of a dead bird; Jew: that's not it; the woman drove the maid away and married a Jew; M. went to the right from the fork, came to the locked gates of the city; there the king died, the residents will choose the first to come to the gate in the morning as the new king; M. became king; H. went to the left, hired to the bagel baker; brought happiness to the house; he has a magic ring; if you turn it, a palace appears; the youngest of the king's seven daughters saw this, asked her father to marry them; the king called all the men Each of the daughters gave an apple to throw at the chosen one; everyone was thrown, the youngest is waiting; when the lousy baker's worker was brought in, she threw an apple at him; the king fell ill; the vizier: let the sons-in-law bring the lion milk in lion's skin, the lion will carry it, and the other will go ahead; the lousy man turned the ring, told the servant to give him a white horse, a weapon, etc.; promises the other sons-in-law to get what they need in exchange for apples, received from princesses; brought slaughtered bulls to the king of lions, he gave what he needed; vizier: you need another medicine - water taken between rocks that open once a year; the same (red horse; H. requires for sons-in-law to cut off their earlobes); H. managed to take water, the rocks only cut off the horse's tail; third cure: an apple from the Rhalia Bint Manssor garden, which lives across seven seas; black horse; cut off phalanges of the little fingers; a servant from the ring: only an elderly spirit, who has almost lost his feathers, will take there; he asks to take 7 blood vessels and 7 pieces of meat on the road; when he flies, he asks which X. sees the ground; he answers (less and less); the seventh piece slipped out of his hands, H. cut off the flesh from his hand; when he reached, the spirit teaches how to go through three gates to the sleeping RBM; H. took the apple, left a note that he He was here; King H. says that he got everything, tells his sons-in-law to show apples; the king executed six sons-in-law, married H. to his youngest daughter; the brothers' father returned, but the wife, who became the wife of a Jew, refused to recognize him; he asked King Sidi Mohammed (i.e. to his son) to judge them; he called Brother Hammed, everyone told everything; the mother and the Jew were burned]: Stumme 1895, No. 15:119-131; the Arabs of Algeria: Aceval 2005, No. 3 (Tiaret Plateau) [the Sultan's six daughters married noble people, the seventh married Bastard, who combed his hair with a lamb scar, rode a black sheep backwards, holding his tail; on in fact, it was Harun Rashid, to whom God assigned seven years of suffering; the Sultan pretended to be sick, demanded that the lioness bring milk; six sons-in-law went together, they did not take the bastard, he went his own by way; he met Saint Sidi Abdelkader, made him handsome, gave him lion's milk; when he met the brothers, the bastard gave them milk, and in return asked permission to cut off their earlobes; returning to the Sultan, GR again took the form of Parshivets; the Sultan demanded an apple from the cannibal garden; the same saint gave Parshivets 14 partridges; they will have to feed an eagle that will carry him across seven seas - across the partridge across the sea to the cannibal garden and back; returning with an apple, the bastard dropped the last partridge, cut off the meat from his leg; when he returned, the eagle regurgitated it and put it back; the same episode with brothers, GR cut off the tip of the little finger on everyone's leg; seven years came to an end, GR appeared before the Sultan in its true form, showed earlobes and fingertips; since then, the lobe is smaller than the ear, the little finger is smaller than the rest of the fingers, there is a recess under the knee, the calf of the leg is thick - meat cut from under the knee was put there in a hurry]: 15-18; Belamri 1982 [wise El-Moujarrab gives the childless sultan 7 apples and 7 twigs; from each apple, each of the seven wives will be able to conceive a son, and if you hit each mare with a rod, all 7 will bring foals; but the sultan ate half of one apple himself, so one of the wives gave birth to a small child; he was called half a man; to test his sons, the Sultan pretended to be sick; he needed apples from the cannibal garden and lioness's milk in a lion cub's skin wineskin with with a lion's mustache; 6 brothers stopped hesitantly halfway; the unrecognized Half promised to bring them everything, for which they allowed them to cut off their right little fingers and earlobe; Half venerated the cannibal's wife's breasts, she brought him apples; the same with the lioness - gave milk, a lion's mustache and ordered the lion cub to be slaughtered so that she could not hear his screeching herself; Half gave everything to the brothers; Sultan's brother, he himself neighboring sultan, asks to send him sons to help fight ghulas and blacks; the brothers are afraid to approach enemies, and the Half slaughtered sleeping enemies under cover of night; penetrated his uncle's youngest daughter and quietly exchanged rings with her; the brothers attributed the victory to themselves, but Polovinka showed his uncle the ring and told her everything; he drove the impostors away, honored the Half; on the way home, the brothers threw Half in a well; the traveler pulled it out; the half showed his father the brothers' fingers and ears cut off by him; he expelled them from his possessions; the half married his uncle's daughter and inherited his father's throne]: 71-79; Filleul de Pétigny 1951 [The Sultan has seven daughters; he refuses grooms; the old woman taught the girls to send their father a watermelon with 7 silver knives stuck in it; the vizier explained: princesses want to marry; The Sultan gave each a golden apple, ordered all men to go outside the palace window; 6 princesses threw apples to nobles, the seventh to the poor logger; the sultan married their daughters; under the guise of a logger a prince of another country was hiding; an angel told him Allah's command: to experience 7 years of humiliation either in his youth or in old age; the prince chose the former; gave the country to the vizier and became a logger; the prince had a ring with genie servants; he tells them to create a palace, welcomes other sons-in-law there for a week, and then becomes a lumberjack again; the sultan is ill, he needs an embalming apple and revitalizing water; older sons-in-law left, got nothing; the prince on a green horse in green clothes arrived unrecognized, gave his sons-in-law water and an apple, in return cut off his earlobes; now the sultan wants a lioness's milk in a wineskin from lion skin; the same - a prince on a white horse in white clothes put his seal on the shoulder of each of his sons-in-law; an angel announced to the prince that the test period had expired; people were coming to the city to find their king; the lumberjack prince appeared in royal life; showed the Sultan the earlobes of his elder sons-in-law and his seal on their shoulders; the Sultan recognized them as slaves to the prince; on the way to his state, the prince, his wife and retinue approached the stormy river; the prince threw a handful of land, the water dried up, people crossed to the other side; the prince waved his hand, a passage formed in the mountain; (and other miracles); at home, the prince forgave his older sons-in-law, appointed them vizier, pasha, etc.]: 170- 190; Arabs (?) Tunis [Once upon a time there was an orphan boy Ali, half of his hair was gold and half silver. His mother died, his father remarried, and his stepmother was infertile, so she hated Ali and tried to get rid of him. But Ali had a magic horse, Adham, who saved him. Then the stepmother decided to force her husband to kill the horse, pretending to be sick. But Adham found out and he and Ali ran away. Ali jumped on his horse, and the horse jumped into the air and flew away. They've landed in a different country. Adham gave Ali a few of his hairs, and he turned into a skinny oath and went his own way. Ali dressed like a beggar, put a torn hat over his head, covered his hair, and settled down in a shop. Once the younger princess saw him without a hat and she wanted to marry. All seven princesses married, and the youngest married Ali. At first, when she threw the ball to him, he refused and said he didn't want it, and only took the ball the second time. The king got angry and drove his daughter and Ali out of the palace. Once the king fell ill, and a doctor advised him to milk a lioness in the skin of a gazelle from a land of horrors and ghouls. He sent six of his sons-in-law to get the medicine. Ali heard about this, summoned Adham, changed himself and appeared to his sons-in-law. He gave them medicine and in return demanded that they cut off their earlobes. The sons-in-law came to the king with medicine, and when they left, Ali appeared and told the king how things really happened. Then the king expelled all six sons-in-law and their wives, took back his youngest daughter with Ali and appointed him heir to the throne]: Al-Aribi 2009, No. 30 in Korovkin MS; the Berbers of Tunisia [the poor brother has a son, the rich brother has a son, a rich daughter; the rich took the poor son as a servant to carry his daughter to school; the teacher demanded offerings from the students; the daughter of the rich man asked to write down the requirements on paper - her father would send everything; others girls: if your father were rich, he would not have taken his brother's son as a servant to carry you; the next day, the girl would not allow her to be carried, but went on her own; her mother and father began to argue about who to pass her off as: a paternal nephew named Ahmed or a maternal nephew named Said; she suggested that they both go by ship to trade; whoever brings more money, she will go out; both young men ended up in a city where a gambling hangout was located; Said was told that they had a cat that held a candle in its paws all night; if he dropped, S. could pick up a hundred ships, and if he did, they would take it his ship; the cat held the candle; having lost everything, S. began to work in the kitchen; A. persuaded the boy to come in the evening and release the mice at the signal; when he released the first one, the cat only jerked, and when the second, chased the mouse; A. received a hundred ships; returned the ship to Said, for which he agreed that A. burned a stigma in his back; returned first, his wedding is being prepared; A. turns the wedding train to his yard; if S. is stamped by A., then he is his property; A. married a cousin sister, and S. died of grief]: Stumme 1900, No. 6:49-51; the Arabs of Egypt [Prince Mohammed Razumny and the foal were born at the same time; their mothers died; the king father married a slave, her lover is Jewish; they want to get rid of M.; agreed to poison him; the horse talks about it, M. throws food to the cat, she died; the stepmother pretended to be sick, she needs the horse's heart; the horse talked to M.; M. asked let his father take a ride for the last time, galloped off; changed clothes with the sheikh, hired a gardener; once he called a horse, put on his royal clothes, began to prance; the younger princess saw him and fell in love; invited the sisters to let her father know that it is time for them to marry; each throws a handkerchief at the chosen one; six are abandoned, the youngest is waiting; when M. (and he turns the irrigation wheels), threw them at him; the king locked them; fell ill with grief; he would be helped by a bear's milk in the skin of a young bear (the word previously meant "lioness"; later, a semi-mythical beast); M. summoned his horse, put up the royal tent, a gift to his elder sons-in-law of milk in the shoes of an old bear, for which he stamped their backs with a hot ring; he kept the best milk in his skin young bear; what the elder sons-in-law brought did not help, what the youngest daughter brought healed the king; war began, M. smashes enemies, the king put a ring on his finger, bandaged his hand with a handkerchief; the daughter calls father to him, M. tells him everything, his elder sons-in-law were slaves to Father M.; M. and his wife return the kingdom of his father, who had already died; his wife and Jew were burned]: Spitta-bey 1883, No. 12:152-161.

Southern Europe. The Basques [Ezkabi (Fidel) is hired to serve; the owner leaves for 7 years, telling them to take care of the horses; the white mare explains that the owner is the devil, the horses are transformed people, tells them to run; tells moisten her hair, it turns golden; E. covers it; the owner chases; the mare hits his hoof three times: fog, hail, river; the pursuer drowns; E. is hired as a gardener to the king, the younger princess in fell in love with him; his father settles them by the mountain; the unrecognized E. smashes his enemies; his older sons-in-law make fun of him; the king is sick, almost blind, sends them for medicine; the older sons-in-law disappear; E. meets an old woman, she gives bottles of medicine for blindness and old age; sells them to her older sons-in-law for golden apples given by their wives; at the celebration of their return, E. tells everything and shows everything apples, takes off the casing from his head, everyone sees his golden hair; the king gives him the crown; options: E.'s head is really covered with scab; going for medicine, E. pays the debts of the poor man whose corpse is being beaten in front of the church; buries him; no mention of a white mare; the old lady gives everything; the younger princess falls in love when she notices E.'s golden hair]: Webster 1879:111-120; Sicilians [the widow queen wants kill his son; goes with him to the forest, the ogre takes her as his wife, kills his son, ties him to a horse; fairies find him, revive him; he takes his wife there; she gives her hair to fulfill any desire; the husband goes travel; is hired by the king under the guise of the dirty goose shepherd Paperarello; completes the task of making 7 loaves per night; gets the princess, who is terrified, but P. does not sleep with her; enemies attacked, he He turns into a beautiful knight three times, smashes enemies; takes his finger, ear, nose from the king as a reward; shows; says who he is; tells the severed members to grow; goes to his fairy wife]: Gonzenbach 2004a [1870], No. 31:202-207; Italians (Menton) [after his wife's death, the father took another one; the stepmother wants to poison his stepson; his "little filly" warns not to eat; after overhearing their conversation, the stepmother agreed with the healer: she will pretend to be sick, and he will advise him to wrap himself in fresh horse skin; the young man rode off, the horse tells him to hire a gardener for the king, remain silent and only say his name - Bismé; the younger princess watched him comb his golden hair; the king allowed her to marry a gardener, but drove her out of sight; a young man in a luxurious outfit incognito smashes enemies; catches game while hunting, gives it to his older sons-in-law for the first time for wedding rings, the second for the right to stamp their buttocks; the horse allows B. to talk; at the festival he talks about everything says; the king expelled his older sons-in-law, appointed B. heir]: Andrews 1880:44-46.

Western Europe. French: Lopyreva 1959, No. 29 (Lorraine) [when leaving, the king gives his son the keys to the castle, forbiding him to enter the same room; the prince entered there, there is a pool, he dipped his finger in it, his finger is covered indelible gilding; the king forgives his son; when he leaves again, the son washes in the pool, asks the horses which one is faster; Bayard makes only 15 leagues in a step, but smarter than Moreau; father pursues Moreau on horseback; Bayard tells you to throw a sponge (forest), a scraper (a river), a stone (a mountain covered with razors); Moreau hurts his legs, the king returns; the prince changes clothes with a farmhand, pulls it over his head bubble, hired by a cook for a local king, his name is Sheludivy (Sh.); the king's three daughters must throw a golden apple at their chosen ones; the youngest saw that S. had golden hair, threw it at him; the elders they choose a humpback (G.) and a quiver (K.); the king will be healed by three jugs of water by the Queen of Hungary; S. rides his three-legged horse to the place where Bayar left, takes these three jugs there, sells older sons-in-law for the right to stab everyone in the ass a hundred times with an awl; enemies attack, S. wins everyone in true guise; buys golden apples thrown at G. and K. by their wives for two more jugs the waters of the Queen of Hungary; defeats enemies once again; the king wounds him with an arrow to mark; Bayar says that after completing five services, he can regain his prince appearance, leaves; the king seeks the wounded in his thigh with an arrow; this is Sh.; older sons-in-law are driven away]: 106-111; Wildhaber, Uffer 1971, No. 26 (Switzerland) [the poor have 9 children; they sent the eldest 9-year-old to look for food himself; he was picked up by a rich lady in the carriage; allowed all rooms to be unlocked except one; he unlocked it, the door slammed shut behind him; corpses were hanging in the room; the lady forgave at first; he entered again, there was also a horse, a mule and a donkey in the room; the horse says they are bewitched people; tells you to take a log, a bucket and a brush with them; they jump away, throw a log (mountain), a bucket (sea), a brush (thicket); a young man {obviously he has grown up} is hired as a gardener to the king, who tells him to put the garden in order for the wedding of his eldest daughter; 10 minutes before the time runs out, the young man does the job "after the hairs of my horse Bayard"; the same for the wedding of the middle daughter; the youngest married a young gardener; the king gives each a golden apple: the throne will leave the throne to the son-in-law who makes more use of the gift; the sons-in-law go to war, the younger chooses the worst horse, then Bayar smashes enemies with hairs; older sons-in-law attribute victory to themselves; the king is sick, he will be cured by the meat of the biggest snake; the younger son-in-law gets everything again with Bayar's hairs; gives it to the elders for their golden apples; the king is sick again, he needs the meat of the biggest eagle; he also gives meat to his older sons-in-law, but for this he stamps them; the king orders them to bring golden apples; the younger son-in-law brings all three, the elders bring fakes; forced to show stamps; the younger son-in-law inherits the throne]: 73-79; the Germans (Upper Palatinate) [the king caught a wild man hunting; convened guests to to see him; the prince was playing ball, the ball fell where the chained man was; he promised to give the ball if the young man released him; he stole the key from his sleeping father, opened the lock, put the key in place; the king ordered him to bring his son's tongue, eyes and golden finger (Goldfinger); the messengers let the prince go, brought the dog's eyes and tongue, the little finger of a shepherdess boy; the prince hid his golden hair under his handkerchief, came work for a gardener; the king tells his daughters to choose a chosen one by giving him a bouquet of flowers; the older, middle find suitable for themselves and leave; the youngest says that not everyone is ready; gave the bouquet to the young to the gardener and began to live in his hut; the king fell ill, three apples of paradise would help him; everyone went in search, the gardener too; he met that wild man in the forest; he gave a magic wand to open the entrance to rock; the young man managed to run in, pick two apples and return, the rock from behind slammed shut; the young man gave the apples to his older sons-in-law, for which they allowed them to burn a stigma on their backs; for the second time, the king asked snake milk; the queen of snakes gave two drops, the young man gave them to his older sons-in-law, burned their backs again; war broke out; a wild man gave the young man a horse, weapons and armor; this young man won with a sword enemies; the king tied his wound with his handkerchief; then saw that it was the husband of his youngest daughter; he spoke about the stamps placed on his elder sons-in-law; those sent from the father's kingdom came: he died; young man took off his handkerchief, exposing his golden hair; inherited the kingdoms of his father and father-in-law]: Schönwerth 1981:22-23.

Western Asia. Aramei [a merchant gives three daughters for three giants; gets sick; it takes dancing pears, singing apples, jumping quinces to recover; three sons go to get them at the fork in the river the roads leave their seals; the younger Adi-bek meets an old man; he teaches him to catch a sea horse, cross the sea, the Black Country, the Gorky River; there will be hay in front of the lion, meat in front of the donkey, it must be changed; in the nightingale Bulbul-Khazar castle, talking apple trees, pears, quince; beautiful there, she must be kissed; A. returns with fruits, beauty (and, obviously, with a nightingale); finds and buys older brothers; those agree that he, after giving them 20 lire, put stamps on their thigh; A. climbs into the well to get water, the brothers cut off the rope, carry the fruits (and the nightingale); A. gets out of the well, together with his wife visits his sisters; the first two husbands of the sisters show the way to the third, who gives an invincible fiery sword; unrecognized A. conquers his father's kingdom; when he sees him, the nightingale stops crying and begins to cry again singing, apples, pears, quinces began to sing, dance, jump; A. shows his marks on the brothers' hips; agrees to pardon them]: Belov, Wilsker 1960:287-294 (=1972:461-468); Palestinians [ The sultans have two wives, one has one son, the other has two; the first is dead, the second seeks to get rid of the rival for his sons; a horse that warns the young man like lightning; the young man was given a poisoned goose, he put it on another wife's son; dug a trap hole, he jumped over it, the second wife's second son failed, died; the second wife pretended to be sick, young horse meat should be eaten; the young man asked permission to ride for the last time, galloped away; pulled a sheep's stomach over his head, hired to guard the garden; his name was Qureyoon ("bald"); he sometimes called his horse and rode it; this is his The younger princess saw the young man in his original form; invited the sisters to ask his father to marry them; each of the grooms passing under the window should throw a handkerchief; the elders chose Pasha's sons and minister, the youngest is K.; because of this choice, the king fell ill; doctors: you need white gazelle milk; K. brought a herd of gazelles, gave it to his older sons-in-law for the right to burn a stamp on their ass; they brought the king's milk is bitter; the king recovered from what K. had brought; enemies attacked, K. defeated them, the king bandaged his hand with his handkerchief; when K. returned on a nag in the guise of a bald man, he recognized the handkerchief; K. took off sheep's stomach, said that he was the son of the Sultan; at the feast he said that he could not eat with his slaves; they had to show stamps; the king handed over the throne to K., and sent his elder sons-in-law to him service]: Bushnaq 1987:115-119; Palestinians [the king has a tree with three branches: red, green and blue; someone rips off one of the branches every night; king vizier: find out in 14 days, otherwise I will be executed; daughter The vizier advises asking the three princes to guard; the eldest two fall asleep; the youngest Hasan grabs a red horse; the next nights green; blue; the latter says that they are three brothers; they got it the spirit tree was planted here; everyone has his own branch, the color of which he dresses; the king hands over power to H., the brothers are jealous, but he renounces power and all three of them go to another city; the brothers take H. is a groom; the youngest Almaza is unmarried, will marry the one who grabs her necklace in the window; the brothers leave H. home; he summons a green horse, jumps high in the form of a green knight and carries away necklace; the next day, the second necklace, on a red horse; the third on blue; at home, he pulled a bestial stomach over his head, as if he were bald, hired by the king as a gardener, but A. saw it; asks her father to collect all men, she will throw an apple at her chosen one; no one is chosen; there is only a gardener and his bald assistant; A. threw an apple at H., the king placed them in the stable; he is ill, the meat of the gazelle will cure him; H. summoned a red horse, asked him for a castle with his servants; any animals, including gazelles, came; he gave them gazelles, but kept his lungs, heart and liver, and stamped his sons-in-law; The food made from gazelle meat was inedible, and the food from giblets brought by the youngest daughter was extremely tasty and the king recovered; the neighboring king demands tribute for 7 years, the war began; H. the red horse smashes everyone; the wife and her mother see him change his clothes; the king comes to ask him; he refuses: I am a prince myself, and the husbands of your other two daughters are slaves; they have to show stamps on their bodies; the king cut off their heads; their wives H. gave their wives to his brothers; a new wedding feast for 40 days; the king handed over the throne to X.]: Littmann 2016:183-204; Iraqi Arabs: Yaremenko 1900, No. 15 (southern Iraq) [the Sultan has a son Hamdan from his unloved wife, two sons from his beloved; the Sultan is blind, he will be cured by the leaves of the Sindh tree from Sindh; the eldest son reaches the island, the old man invites him to the palace, gives him wine, calls two girls; when the young man got drunk, the old man left him naked against the city wall, he hired a job; the same with his middle brother; H. only pretends to drink; the old man falls asleep; the girls explain what it is The monster who kidnapped them, H. kills him; picks up leaves in Sindh; sees a sleeping beauty in a tree, changes rings with her; taking those two girls, finds brothers; they let him down into the well to get water they throw it there; but before H. stamps them with that beauty's ring; the caravans raise H.; at home he changes clothes with the shepherd; at the wedding of brothers and girls, the Sultan (he saw the light from the leaves) offers tell a fairy tale; H. tells his story, shows the stigma, the sultan promises him a throne; some big man turns into an eagle, takes H.; that beauty is the sister of three eagles; the elder eagle forgives H. for the stolen ring, the sisters of eagles and H. are preparing the wedding; H. leave the keys, are not told to open one room; he opens a pile of meat tied there; he hits her, she turns into a huge eagle, takes the bride H.; H. asks the eagles to take him to the kidnapper's palace; asks the bride to ask the kidnapper where his soul is; in the brush; they burn it; the kidnapper returns, the bride explains what she wanted drain his soul with his own; in a bottle in the hoof a lame gazelle on the island; H. kills a gazelle; holds a bottle, makes the kidnapper take him and the bride first to the eagles, then to the Sultan father, there breaks the bottle; wedding and accession; H. forgives brothers, marries those girls], 16 [the king divorced his first wife, from her son Muhammad (M.); from the second wife, sons Mahmud and Ahmed; expelled the first from M.; became blind, lion's milk will help; older brothers reluctantly allow the youngest to go with them; the old man points out three roads: 1] well-being, 2) regret and remorse, 3) which they do not return; everyone of the brothers goes his own way, M. goes last; the elders met again, squandered everything, were hired as workers in the city; a prisoner in the genie's castle advises M. to venerate their mother's breast; now M. Brother, they took him to their middle aunt, her sons to their elder aunt; her sons tell him to remove the splinter from the lion's paw; a grateful lion gives a wineskin of lion's milk, sends a young lion to carry it; M. also receives camels, gold and three girls; finds brothers, takes them with him, but stigmatizes them; brothers let him down into a well for water; there is a girl and an eagle that stole her; M. kills an eagle (if hit a second time, she will come to life); the girl feels that the brothers will cut the rope; if M. touches the white goat, she will take it to the ground, if the lower one, she will carry it down; M. sends it upstairs the girl, the rope is cut off, touched by a black goat, he fell into the lower world of the genies; there a witch gives water in exchange for girls, now it is the turn of the daughter of the king of jinns; M. kills the witch, the girl marks the savior with her blood; everyone brags that they killed a witch, but the girl throws grenades at M.; the genie flies with M. to the ground, he throws fat tails and tortillas into his mouth on the way, one piece falls, he cut off the meat from his thigh; the genie regurgitates him, puts him back; older brothers and the stolen goods wait in an enchanted sarcophagus; M. defeats his father's army, speaks all races, shows stigmas on the brothers' shoulders, heals blindness father; he gave him the throne, imprisoned his eldest sons]: 81-93, 93-102; Stevens 2006, No. 12 [the Sultan's two eldest sons from an Arab woman, the youngest from an Ethiopian; the sultan invites his sons to shoot a bow - where arrows will fall, take a wife there; the arrows of the elders hit the yards of Amir and the Vizier, the youngest's arrow flew into the chol (desert); the lion asks to pull a splinter out of his leg, gives three hairs; if rubbed, they turn into wish-fulfilling servants; the prince asks for a flying horse, stops at the city, buys a sheep, pulls his stomach over his head, now looks like a bald one, stays to work for the Sultan's gardener ; the youngest of the three princesses one day sees a young man in all his splendor; at the request of the princesses, the gardener brings the sultan three melons of varying degrees of ripeness; the vizier explained the hint; the sultan gathered all the men gave the daughters an apple each, ordered them to throw them at whoever they liked; the elders chose the sons of Amir and the vizier; the youngest does not abandon, demands that the gardener's apprentice be brought; the sultan settled them in the stable; enemies attacked; a young man appears three times incognito in brilliant guise on different horses and smashes enemies; the Sultan bandaged his wound on his arm with his handkerchief; grief that he does not know who the hero is, the Sultan has gone blind; doctor: it is necessary lion's milk in a lionskin vessel brought on a lion's back; an elder son-in-law rides; at a crossroads, an old man spins the thread of day and night; one road - "If you go, you won't come back", two - "You'll go and you will come back"; he went to come back; met a man who offered to play chess; lost everything, became a servant; the same with his second son-in-law; the younger son-in-law is kind to the old man, wants to go along the road, along the who does not return; the old man teaches not to turn around if he feels blows from all sides, to put the guards to sleep, then the lionesses will give what they need; unrecognized, the young man finds brothers, gives a bottle of milk, for this puts seals on their backs; but milk did not help the Sultan; in his true form, the son of an Ethiopian woman appears to the Sultan, the lion with milk is behind; the sultan saw the light, handed him the throne]: 58-73; Saudia [Muhammad is the son of the Sultan from his unloved wife, whom he divorced; Mahmud and Ahmed are sons from his beloved; the sultan is blind; fortune teller: lion milk brought on the lion's back will help; the brothers went to search; at the fork, the old man points to three roads: prosperity; regret and remorse; on which they do not return; Muhammad chose the latter; the other two roads came together, brought Mahmud and Ahmed to the city they squandered money, one went to work in a tavern, the other to a lamb head salesman; Muhammad came to the jinn's palace; a captive girl advises them to venerate their mother's breast; Jinnia hid Muhammad from sons; then they called him brother; brought him to their middle aunt; from her to her eldest; she teaches him to pull a splinter from a sleeping lion and ask for milk when he stops being angry with pain; genies A young man was rewarded, he returned with 15 camels loaded with gold, three girls and a lion carrying lion's milk on his back; Muhammad found brothers in the city and took them with him only after they they were allowed to stigmatize them; we must get water, only Muhammad agrees to go down to the well; there is a girl and a sleeping eagle at the bottom; he can only be killed with his own sword; the eagle asks to hit him a second time; Muhammad: Father and mother were not taught to finish off; the eagle is dead; Muhammad sent water and a girl upstairs; she gave a ring: if she rubbed it, she will come to the rescue; the brothers will cut the rope; you must follow this road; if a black goat will hit, you will descend into the seventh underworld, and if a white goat, you will go up to the ground; the goats fought, the white one missed, the black one hit, Muhammad found himself in a hot world where genies lived; old woman: a witch at the ditch lets water once a year when she is given one of the daughters of the king of jinns; today is the middle daughter's turn; Muhammad hacked the witch; rubbed the ring; that girl tells her to go to the palace of the king of jinns; there his daughter will throw a grenade at the one who saved her; this is what happened; the king ordered one of the genies to raise Muhammad to the ground; to do this, prepare 7 lamb fat tails and 7 servings of tortillas; the seventh fat tail Mohammed dropped and cut off the meat from his thigh; on the ground, the genno regurgitated the meat and put it on the wound; meanwhile, the girl covered her camels, the lion, herself and the other girls with an iron sarcophagus; Muhammad defeated the father's army, showed marks on the shoulders of the brothers; by agreement with the girl, destroyed the iron sarcophagus; the king saw the light, the Sultan returned his first wife, the second sons were thrown into prison]: Juhaiman 1999:37-47; Mehri: Jahn 1902, No. 7 [The Sultan told the five sons that he would kill their mother because she took the Jew as a lover; the youngest son Muhammad warned his mother, they were gone; there is no fire, M. I saw a fire in the distance, seven were sitting there, cooking a camel, telling him to cut the meat; he took his share and the fire, but on the way the rain put out the fire; M. returned, they were angry, M. killed them, began to live with his mother in their castle; one demon was alive, his mother found him, cured him, took him as a lover; to get rid of M., the demon suggests sending him to a garden with lions and snakes for olives; the mother was sick, her olives will be cured; M. met a man, brought him water, he gave him hair - if burned, he would come to the rescue; became a horse, took M. to the garden, M. let go of the chained lion, took olives, brought him to his mother; she sent him bring clothes; he arrived on horseback to where the Sultan's daughter was given to be eaten by a 7-eyed, 7-horned snake; killed a snake, breaking its horns with stones, gouging out his eyes with a spear; put his head on the mountain; sultan: who will take off the head, which was killed by the snake; M. takes off, gets the princess; returns to his mother; she ties him up to see how strong he is; tells the demon to kill him; but he is afraid; then throws him out of the castle; the caravans find him, release him; M. kills the demon, the two children that his mother M. gave birth to him, throws him away; under the guise of a dervish, she comes to the Sultan, who gives off her youngest daughter; she sees how M. hides his horse and sword; throws a lemon at him; other daughters married wealthy merchants; the Sultan's eyes hurt, he will be cured by wild goat milk; M. milks a wild goat and a hyena, gives his older sons-in-law hyena milk, for this, he burns their scrotum; hyena milk made the Sultan worse, and the goat's milk brought by M. cured him; M. defeated the attacking enemies; injured his hand, tied her hand with a handkerchief; the slave recognized the handkerchief; The Sultan saw stamps on his elder sons-in-law; made M. a sultan, became a vizier himself]: 21-37; Müller 1909, No. 54 [the text is told sketchy and poorly; there was a Muhanniš Hadbêb man, he was seen by the youngest for the Sultan, threw lemon at him (as a sign of her choice), married him; they were accommodated in the kitchen, and the elder sons-in-law and their wives lived in rooms; the sultan fell ill, he needed wild goat milk; he got it MX, gave his elder sons-in-law, marked them for this - he burned their flesh under their penis; they brought milk to the Sultan, but he did not like it, and the milk given by his youngest daughter cured him; MX defeated the attacking enemies; he and his wife were moved to good rooms]: 139-141; jibbali [the mother is dead, the neighbor pretends to be kind to the orphan Begelut, persuades him to advise his father to marry her; decides to get rid of B.; when he was at his mother's grave, a mare appeared; she warns that his stepmother will try to poison him, B. throws away the poisoned drink; the old woman advises to pretend sick, ask for a mare to be slaughtered; B. asks for permission to ride three times, galloped away; killed the hyena, took its skin, came to the Sultan, hid the mare, covering it with hyena skin; the sultan gives him a donkey to ride; the youngest of the sultan's daughters throws lemon at B. three times; the sultan passes her off as him, but puts them in a koshar; the sultan is sick, the medicine is gazelle milk, 6 older sons-in-law are leaving, cannot get it; B. catches up with his mare, kills two gazelles, takes good milk from one and bad milk from the other; agrees to sell milk to six sons-in-law for marking them in the crotch with his seal ; gives bad milk; (text ends)]: Müller 1907, No. 26:114-117.

Burma - Indochina. Lao [the childless Queen Chanthewi finally gave birth, but not a child, but a golden snail; the king drove her away; she settled with the elderly; someone was cleaning the house; C. spied on how he got out of the snail handsome young man Sang Thooong; she broke the shell, the ST remained human; the vizier persuades the king to kill him; his sword does not take him, he was drowned with a stone tied to his neck; the river lord entrusted him to take care of him beautiful Phanthurak, not knowing that she is an evil witch; P. tells ST not to look into one room; ST looked, there are human bones, jugs of gold and silver water; he put his finger in the jug, his finger turned gold, he tied it with a rag; also in that room clothes, shoes, and a spear that gave strength and allowed him to fly; the next time the ST was completely covered with water and flew away, and P. died after scratching spells; who He will read them, begin to understand the language of birds and animals; ST returned, read them, arrived in another principality, began to live under the guise of an ugly beggar Chau Ngo; the prince summons men to extradite the youngest of seven daughters Rochanu; she sees ST in his true form and puts on a wreath for him; the prince drives them away; tells all her sons-in-law to hunt, those who return without prey will be executed; ST summons animals, gives their elder sons-in-law a beast, for this, everyone's nostril was cut; the same thing is to fish (everyone's ear was cut off); enemies attacked, ST smashes them, appears in their appearance, gains rule in the principality, and then the throne of the king- father, he returns his expelled wife]: Nikulin 1988:377-385.

South Asia. India (translated from Hindi) [Indra's horses trample on the royal garden at night; three princes take turns guarding; the youngest sprinkles salt on the cut, does not fall asleep, catches the horse, which gives hair to summon the magic horse of any suit; the older brothers want to leave, return on the condition that the youngest becomes the Groshov Servant (GS); the princess will marry someone who jumps on horseback to the roof of the palace, hits her with a ball; on horses of seven HS jumps seven times, the last time allows the princess to scratch him with a sword; HS appears in the guise of a lousy beggar, but gets a princess; the princess's seven brothers can't get game, HS easily gets, leaves his wife's brothers, cutting off each animal's tail, claw, etc.; next time he stamps them with a hot coin for giving them water; shows claws and Ave. Tsar, says that his sons robbed him and were branded for this; the king gave the GS half his kingdom]: Zograf 1962:383-397; Punjabi [the Sultan's new wife offers love to the son of his deceased first wife; the young man rejects her; she pretends to be sick, persuades the doctor to say that the disease will cure the meat of the young man's magic horse; the young man asks for permission to sit on the horse for the last time, jumps away; is hired to herd cows in another king's town; the king's youngest seventh daughter falls in love with him and takes him as a husband; the king tells them to live in a hut; when the other six sons-in-law go hunting, the young man calls his horse puts on luxurious clothes, catches game, gives other sons-in-law in exchange for a brand placed on their backs; when enemies attack, six sons-in-law flee, the young man smashes enemies; reveals to the king who is he, appointed heir]: King 1924, No. 5:87-91; Bengalis [King Vihramaditya incognito came to another kingdom, took the form of a crazy beggar, went to bed at the temple door; at night girls came to perform the ceremony; three stepped over the lying man, but the royal daughter refused; V. took an oath from her to comply with his request, then he would let him pass; demanded to marry him; the next morning the grooms and princes gathered, but the princess put a wreath on the madman; the king married her, but expelled her; the king sends son-in-law to hunt; V. asks his wife to get him a horse; she asks his mother, she receives a lame oath from her husband; as soon as V. remains alone, the nag turns into a horse; V. summons the spirits Tāl and Betāl (the same root: Vetāla, which takes souls), orders to build a palace, gather all the deer in the park; gives deer to his sons-in-law with the condition that she will burn their mark with hot metal; the wife cries: her little brother will be given rice for the first time tomorrow, but she cannot come, she has no gifts; V. calls T. and B., they they bring gold jewelry, the wife wakes up, everything is explained; first the wife comes to her father in a luxurious outfit, then V. at the head of the procession; the king apologizes; V. tells his sons-in-law to show the stamps - they are his slaves; takes his wife to his capital]: McCulloch 1912, No. 25:240-254; kannada [the king and minister asked Shiva to give them children; wives are pregnant; the king and minister agree to marry children if one has a boy will be born and the other will have a girl; the minister's wife gave birth to a girl and Rani a turtle; when the turtle son grew up, he told his father to marry him the minister's daughter; the daughter agrees, but let the groom bring it to her parijata heavenly flower; the turtle ordered it to be taken to the sea, swam to the mountains, turned to the Sun, became a young man; the sun said that in a previous life the turtle was a prince and, out of mischief, threw it at a hermit turtle; but immediately repented; so the hermit told him to remain a turtle in his new life until he turned to the Sun in the same place; now the prince went to look for a flower; the first hermit refers to his guru, he refers to his own; he pointed out the lake where the heavenly maidens come to swim; you must grab one sari and run without looking back at Ganesha's temple; the prince did so; he returned the sari to the maiden, and she brought a flower from the sky; they came together; she let the prince summon a flute when necessary; one of the hermits offered to change the flute to a stick that makes you give anything; the prince changed, and then told the wand to take the flute back; the prince also took away the second hermit's bag, where everything went, if you ordered, and the third had speeding sandals; the prince returned in the form of a turtle and gave a flower; the minister's two eldest daughters married normal men, the youngest married a turtle; the older sons-in-law go hunting; the turtle was also put on a oath; left alone, he became a prince; the elder sons-in-law ran away from the tigers; the prince killed the tigers, gave them to their sons-in-law, for which he cut off their mustache on the left; at night, the prince slept with his wife in his true form; in the morning he appeared to people, showed their severed mustache; the king handed him the throne]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 71:193-198; Tamils []: Natesa Sastri 1886:140-166; the Tamils [the Raja and the Minister agreed: if one has a son and the other has a daughter, they they will get married; the minister has a daughter, and the Raja has a turtle son; he asks to marry him the minister's daughter; he demands to get a flower growing in a holy city beyond the seven seas; the turtle son asks to let him go to sea, stops in front of Surya (the sun)'s chariot; asks why he became a turtle; Surya: Once you put a turtle in the hand of a meditated hermit; agrees to break the spell; advises the flower to turn to a sage who opens his eyes once to the guard (watch); he sends to the eye-opener every two guards; he opens his eyes every three guards; the last; the flower can give only 7 heavenly maidens to Cannimar; you have to steal one's clothes and run to the temple without looking back; in the temple, return clothes for promising to get a flower; the prince did so; the virgins are amazed at the prince's beauty, they brought a flower and let the pipe call them if necessary; the third wise man persuaded him to give him a pipe in exchange for a stick that defeats all enemies; the prince killed the sage with this stick and took possession of both objects; the same with the second sage, the prince took his bag that could fit everything at will; the same with the first (sandals that carry anywhere); the prince returned home, putting on the turtle again shell; meanwhile, the other 4 daughters of ministers are married; these sons-in-law go hunting, do not want to take a turtle; he took on his sunny appearance, created a pond with clean water, gave food to his sons-in-law in exchange for their rings; enemies attacked, the sunny prince defeated them; demanded that the sons-in-law cut off their index fingers and give them to him; the wife saw her husband take off his turtle shell while swimming, burned shell; at the wedding, Cannimar danced to the sound of their pipe; the prince gave their son-in-law their rings]: Blackburn 2005, No. 89.

The Balkans. Albanians [the younger brother ate the inheritance and was hired as a farmhand to the elder; every day he went to the forest to cut wood, brought it to dinner; one day he forgot to bring it and returned; in the forest a woman cuts firewood; the woman says that she is Ora (~guardian spirit) of her older brother, and Ora the Younger is in chains in the seventh room of the evil spirits that stole her; Ora the elder teaches what to do; the youngest comes to those spirits, is hired an employee, gains trust, frees her Ora and runs with her; she takes a comb, a mirror, soap with her; when Ora of the brotherly spirits screams and the spirits chase, Ora Jr. tells her to quit comb (forest), mirror (sea), soap (smooth slippery surface, pursuers have stopped chasing); Ora leads the young man to another world; gives a crooked foal, then promising to give a wonderful horse puts rags on him and half pumpkins on his head instead of a hat; the king tells him to break three pumpkins and guess what each means; only Half Pumpkins (i.e. a young man) can do it; three pumpkins are the king's three daughters varying degrees of readiness for marriage (the youngest is just right); everyone must pass by the princesses, the youngest throws an apple at Poltykvy; the enemy attacked, Poltykva turned into a mighty rider on a beautiful horse , defeated enemies; gave his older sons-in-law the right to be considered winners, for which he carved signs on their backs; but he told the king everything, his older sons-in-law were shamed, Poltykvs received the throne]: Lambertz 1952:83-91; Romanians [a forest hermit picked up a basket with a baby in the river; a vine grew near his cave, on which grapes immediately ripened; he fed the boy with it, called Demitri; he grew up; when he died, the hermit ordered to take an excuse in the cave - a horse would appear, you must ride it; when they arrived in the kingdom of three fairies, the horse tells us to wash your hair in the pool, the water of which becomes every hundred years golden; D.'s hair turned golden, he pulled a bubble over his head and was hired as a gardener to the ruler of the city; he has three daughters; the eldest Anika offered to send his father three melons of varying degrees of ripeness; the counselor explained that the daughters wanted to marry; the elders found a husband, and Didine was still with her father; she saw the gardener take a bubble from his head, called a horse and pranced around the garden; so three times, each time D. in a new a set of clothes received from three fairies; the last one with the sun, moon and stars - Morning and Evening on her sleeves; adviser to the ruler: let all men pass in front of D. and she throw gold at the chosen one an apple; she threw them into D. twice; they were placed in a yard building, D. carried water; but in their room the horse arranged everything with unprecedented luxury; going to war, D. summoned his winged horse and smashed his enemies; he injured his hand, the ruler gave his handkerchief to be bandaged; the ruler went blind; he would see the light, washing his eyes with the milk of a red wild goat; D. gave ordinary milk to his elder sons-in-law, for which they allowed them to burn a stigma on their backs; What his older sons-in-law brought did not help, and the father saw the light from what Didina had brought; at the feast, D. declared his older sons-in-law his branded slaves, showed the ruler his handkerchief and his golden hair; the horse galloped off back to the land of the fairies, taking their dresses, as D. no longer needs them; it is still believed that the Demitrians should have golden hair]: Mawr 1881:19-27; Moldovans [someone's horses trample on millet; father sends his sons to guard; the elder, the middle, fall asleep; the youngest Talayesh grabs one of the horses; he tells him to take three hairs from his mane; the king will pass off the youngest daughter as someone who rides the narrow stairs to her balcony and takes off the ring; T. first rides a white horse, his brothers overtake him and beat him; then he summoned his horse Gaitan, who tells him to enter one ear, get out of the other, T. turns into dressed groom; G. asks: to drive like the wind or as a thought? T.: in the usual way; seeing the rider, the brothers politely ask where he comes from; T.: from Slap in the face; almost went up to the balcony, but returned; the next day the same (T. tells the horse to lead him like the wind; answers the brothers that he was from Kulakov); on the third day: as a thought; from Knutovsk; the princess gave T. the ring, touched his hair with her hand, it turned gold; the tsar ordered to check all the guys; when the kushma was pulled off T.'s head , everyone saw golden hair; the king moved his daughter and T. to a hut outside his possessions; but G. built a palace for them; war broke out, T. sat on a 105-year-old donkey, got stuck in the mud, ripped off the donkey's skin, this was seen by the king passing by; then he called G., defeated the enemies; the same second time (he sat on a nag, slightly wounded, the king bandaged his hand); the queen went into her daughter's shack, saw her son-in-law's handkerchief; the king went to see and went blind; he would be cured by the lioness's milk; G. brought him to the sleeping lioness, T. fed up with milk; G. turned T. into an old man, he met his sons-in-law, said that when he was young he went to buy milk, and only now he is returning; gave milk (it's cow's) to his sons-in-law for permission to stigmatize them; sons' milk did not help, and what his youngest daughter brought back their sight; everyone gathered, T. about everything told, ordered his sons-in-law to show stamps with the name "T."; the king gave him the throne]: Botezat 1981:157-169; Macedonians [the young man came to a blind old man at his house in the mountains; he promises to adopt him if the young man will withstand three blows with a baton; he puts a bag of straw in his place; the old man gives the keys to 10 rooms (which contain treasures), but does not give two; the young man came to three fairies who stole the old man's eyes; those they will dance if the young man plays the flute; if he gets tired before them, they will take his eyes away; his fingers tremble; he replies that he remembered looking for an old man in his head; they ask him to look for them; he He ties them by the hair, hangs them on a tree; they say that the old man's eyes are in two golden apples; the young man frees the fairies, gives the old man one apple; the other gives after he has allowed two to be unlocked the last rooms; one has a winged horse and a gold spring, the other has a winged mule and a silver spring; the young man becomes gold above the waist, silver becomes lower; runs away on horseback, the old man chases a mule; the young man throws a comb (thorny thickets), salt (mountain), oil (river); the old man does not cross the river, he advises him to hide his appearance from people; the young man dresses as if he is a beggar, pulls a bubble over his face as if he were a leper , is hired as a gardener; the youngest of the king's three daughters sees him in his true guise; princesses must throw an apple at whoever they want to marry; the youngest throws him three times at an imaginary leper; the father is angry drives them away to live in a chicken coop; the king is blind, they need fairy milk; the imaginary leper pretends to be stuck in the swamp; in true form, he brings fairy milk and wild pig milk on a winged horse; gives pork under the guise of fairy milk to his elder sons-in-law, stamps them on their hips; pork milk makes the king even worse; the youngest daughter gives fairy milk, the king sees the light; the imaginary leper in his true form smashes enemies, the king bandages his wound with his handkerchief; then sees the leper's handkerchief; the young man opens, shows the stamps on the body of his older sons-in-law; the king puts the youngest next to him, the elders under table]: Martin 1955:18-31; the Greeks [the poor man sold his son to Pasha to buy oil for a lamp in the name of the saint; Pasha fell in love with the boy and promised him his daughter; but then they decided to pass off the girl as a son another Pasha, and the young man was sent to herd sheep; Pasha's daughter gave him her wedding ring; offered to give both contenders for her hand 1,000 piasters and give her off as the one who would bring more money; Pasha's son spent money in town; the shepherd came to the old man; he gave him money to buy a monkey, prepared an eye ointment from her brain, and promised the shepherd to halve everything he got; shepherd received a great reward from people whose blindness he cured, including 30 ships; met Pasha's son in the city; he allowed him to burn a stamp on his hand for paying him debts; Pasha's son returned faster than the shepherd and said that he was dead; the shepherd appeared on the wedding day, showed a ring and a stamp on his opponent's hand, got Pasha's daughter; that old man came at night, demanding half wives; the shepherd agreed, but the old man explained that he only wanted to test him; he was God and helped him because of his father's piety]: Hahn 1864, No. 53:288-295 (retelling Gerould 1908:29-30).

Central Europe. Slovaks [after the death of his parents, Janko went on a journey, found himself in a dense forest; there is a sorcerer's house; I pretended not to read; the sorcerer leaves for a long time, telling me to dust books; One says: Me, look into the other, and the other says I. open the third room; there's gold, Y.'s finger is now gilded, he tied it, but the sorcerer understood everything; this time he forgave; next time I see in the room of motionless people and the horse; the horse tells them to be revived with ointment, people have run away; tells them to take a comb, flint, a steel blade, wash themselves in golden water, but wear clothes made of mouse skins; leave a spit to answer when the sorcerer breaks through the door; they gallop away, the sorcerer chases, I. throws a comb (a mountain covered with dense forest), flint (flint mountain), a blade (a mountain of steel); The sorcerer cut through all three, but when I almost caught up, he was already at sea, where the sorcerer was powerless; out of anger he turned into tar; in the city, the horse told me to be hired by the king; the horse was the enchanted king himself; To disappoint, I should not say anything but the word "Dalailama" for 7 years; one day, the youngest of three princesses named Fineta saw Me in his real form; I confessed to her that I could speak; horse: now we must remain silent for another 5 years; the king gives his daughters a golden apple, tells them to throw them at the chosen groom; F. threw them at Y., the king lodged them in a shack; older sons-in-law hunt; only I. in my true He got a roe deer in appearance, gave it to the elders, for this he branded them on their foreheads; in war, Y. smashes enemies, comes to the king, shows stamps on the heads of his older sons-in-law; leads F.; the king, a former horse, enters; the forest and hut turn into manicured fields and a castle; this king gives power to J.; Father F. also gives him the kingdom; the elder sons-in-law have been accommodated in a hut]: Dobšinský 1970, No. 15:88-94; Russians (Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Vologda, Vladimir, Novgorod, Voronezh, Kursk, Ryazan), Ukrainians (Ugric Russia, Transcarpathia, Volyn, Poltava), Belarusians [Mumps golden bristles: the king instructs three sons-in-law - the youngest is considered a fool - to extract curiosities (pigs with golden bristles, golden-haired deer or sea cows, wild boars, etc.); fools make curiosities, but gives way to their two other sons-in-law for severed fingers and skin from their backs; at a feast where they are honored, the evidence presented by a fool exposes the deceivers]: SUS 1979, No. 530A: 151; Belarusians ( Obchug ox.) [There was a heroic merchant who had three sons, two were married and smart, and the third was single and stupid. When he died, the old man said: come to my grave for 3 nights, the first night the eldest, the second night the middle, and the last night the youngest is a fool. And say: "Crumble yellow sand, come off the coffin, dad get up from the dead." The elder convinced the youngest to go instead of him. He came, said a spell, and my father got up. He says there is a sivka-burka, a prophetic kaurka. He told me how to get it. And he taught the spell "Dad lie down dead, clog the coffin, fall asleep yellow sand." That's what he said. He shouted in a heroic voice, and the horse came. He sat on it and became like a prince, like no one could find in the world. I let the horse go. I returned home to the stove and lay down. It's the second night. The middle one convinced the youngest to go instead of him. He came, said a spell, and my father got up. He asks "Where is the average?" - "They're scared of you, but I'm not, so I'm here." His father also gave him his second horse. My father's back in his grave and his horse back. It flew all over the world three times. And he let go of the horse, and went home to the stove. On the third day, it's his turn to go to the grave. The father got up and gave the third horse to his son. So he got three horses. The princess showed up, climbed into the tower on the third floor and said, "Whoever gets me and kisses me there, I will give him the whole kingdom, and I will become his wife myself." Brothers went. But they did not hire the youngest, they left him at home to do The youngest called the older horse to help. He crawled through his ear and became a prince. He jumped to the princess. The next day, average to help. He also crawled through my ear. I jumped again. I returned home and let the horses go. We went for the third time. It all worked out again. We got married. The princess's father said "there is a golden pig in another kingdom, yelling at its nose, knocking its feet, and bread grows from her ass, which the king can also eat." He demanded that he bring it to him a pig, and whoever brings it will give him everything. The husbands of his two daughters went to do their father's will. And the younger princess cries - where will she find a pig! Six months later, I decided that my little brother would go. I called horses for help. Got to the pig. I fought with her until I won. He leads home on a lace. Meets brothers. They want to give the pig. He says cut it off on the finger. They cut it off. He gave the pig away. I waited for them to drive a mile away and called his horse. And he got home in an hour: they drove for six months, and he did it in three days. His wife scolds him that he returned without a horse and without a pig. The brothers returned for a feast. My father says again: there is a mare in one kingdom, and it has 12 foals. Bring her to me, your kingdom will be. Brothers went. And the youngest wants to. Asks his wife to beg his father to give him a filly. They gave a bad "He will die on the way, so he will return on foot," said the tsar. Came not far away. Tears from the filly. He shouted his horses. They tell him, "That mare is our own mother, we were excommunicated, and 9 are still with her." They sent him back to the king to ask for his grandfather's steelyard. The king gave it. They're going to see a mare. The elder horse says "you sit on it and hit it between your ears with a steelyard." That's what happened. She walked under his will, and now under his captivity. It's coming. He meets his brothers again. I exchanged the mare for my fingers again. Go straight home. He told his wife that the horse was dead, but he came back on foot. And the brothers did not arrive until a month later. The mare and 9 stallions were brought in. Feast again. The king again says: there is a lion in one kingdom, you will bring everything is yours, and the kingdom is yours. Brothers went. I waited a month and a half or two for them to get closer to the lion. And I was also going on the road. But this time they sent him on foot. He comes and asks that king to work for hire: instead of 12 people trying to drink that lion, he will do the job alone. Turn into a fly, steal your grandfather's hammer and bring it here, his eldest horse tells him. That's what he did. Killed all the guards with it. He flew into his ear again - he turned out well. He stole a lion. He meets his brothers again. They ask me to give it back, and he says, "Well, this is all for you and you, I'll bring at least one thing to my father myself." But they convinced them to give up the lion, and in return they cut off a piece of skin on their back from neck to toe. They brought a lion, a feast again. And the youngest doesn't go there. The king is calling for him. Says I'll give you the whole kingdom. And the younger one is "And me?" - "And you don't care if you didn't work and did nothing." Well, the youngest said that he took the brothers' skin for a pig from foot to toe, for a mare from hand, and for a lion, skin from the back. The king checked it. It is true. And that filly's three foals, the youngest said he had it, and they helped him. Then the father of those two liars tied them to the horses and tore them apart. And he gave the whole kingdom to the youngest]: Romanov 1901:470-485; Russians (Karelian Pomorie) [a hunter peasant put a snare for the happiness of his 12-year-old son; a firebird fell into him; the peasant took it to the tsar, he gave money and a stone house; put the bird in a cage, sent invitations to look at the curiosity; Tsarevich Ivan played and saw it; the bird asked to steal the mother's key and release it; the bird flew out after 6 She has returned for hours; she has to sit for another three days; then after 8 hours, three more days, only then will she be able to rise high enough to fly to her kingdom; never returned, I. unnoticed returned the key to his mother; the kings gathered decided that the royal roa could not be executed, but must be expelled; the king gave a thin horse and a footman, he was also Ivan; water must be obtained; the servant says that if he goes down to the well , then the prince will not be able to pull him out; the prince descended; I.-footman forced the prince to change his clothes and status, only then pulled him out; in another kingdom, I.-footman proposes to send the real I.-Tsarevich herd chickens; no chickens, they gave three years to herd 300 hares, they will be punished for the loss; each pasture is a year; the hares immediately scattered; the firebird appeared, told not to worry, carried it to itself; the bird became king: he fought with another kingdom, fell into a snare; for 11 months I. lives with the elder sister of the firebird king, who gives a bakery tablecloth; the tsar himself gives an accordion: if you start playing, the hares will gather; I.-Tsarevich returned, he turned the bread picker around himself, played the accordion, the princess came, sat for a long time; after that, the accordion does not work, I. cannot collect hares, the firebird brings home again; the middle sister gives a lash collect hares; the princess comes, I. tells her everything, she gives a ring; after that, the lash has lost its strength, the firebird brings it to her younger sister; she would like to marry I., but he refuses; she gives special clothes; firebird: when you return, snakes will come out of the lake to demand a person to be eaten every day; I. will easily defeat the 6-headed and 9-headed, the 12-headed will cut off 10 heads, and two in no way; it is necessary when the sun rises, shout: look, your house is burning! he will look around, heads will be cut off; gives the horn to gather hares; under the stone there is a horse and a kladenets sword; princess at home: do whatever you want with me, I agree to anything; lived with him for two whole days; servants: I was alone princesses; a serpent appeared, the king promises a daughter and half the kingdom for the victory over him; I. drank bottles from the firebird, there was a lot of strength, took out a horse and a kladenets sword; the imaginary I.-Tsarevich bought tongues from 6 heads, and this allowed me to cut off my toe and arm; the same after killing a 9-headed snake: cut off my belt from the back on your finger; when the 12-headed one has been fighting for two days; your house is on fire! falling, the serpent scratched I.'s right arm and leg; the princess bandaged; took another belt from the imaginary prince; at the wedding, the princess orders that all servants, including the hare shepherd, be there; he sleeps, because of- blood is dripping under the bandages; I.-Tsarevich came, brought his fingers and belts from the deceiver's back; hit him, the place was wet; inherited the throne; lived to a very old age]: Nechaev 1938:11-38; Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Pomors) [the prince's arrow hit the Firebird's cage; the Firebird promises to give it back if the prince releases it, promises to help; the tsar drove his son away, giving him a footman; he offers the prince go down into the well; raised them for his promise to change clothes and status; the prince was told to herd the goats; they run away, the Firebird brings them in the evening, gives the prince a magic tablecloth; the princess peeked asked for a tablecloth, the prince gave it back; received harps from the Firebird, the goats were gathered again; the dying grandfather of the Firebird gave the prince a heroic horse for saving his granddaughter; on him, the prince smashes enemies, gets the royal the crown; gives the footman, for this he cut off his big toe; the same twice more (cut off the finger from the other leg, then his finger); the princess must marry the footman, but the prince showed her fingers; wedding]: Razumova , Senkina 1987:152-157; Russians (Vologodskaya) [dying, father tells him to come to his grave for three nights; two clever married older brothers do not go, the younger Ivanushka the fool goes, the father goes with him three times talks, teaches how to summon an eternal kaurka sivka-burka; Nastasya the Beautiful will marry someone who jumps up to her window on the second floor of the house, she will make a note on his forehead; I. fits into Sivka's ear, there eats and drinks, becomes handsome, N. puts a mark on his forehead with a ring; finds him, takes him as a husband; a three-headed serpent declares war on the king; the king calls three sons-in-law, I. on a thin horse, then summoned a sivka, he cut off the snake's heads, gave it to his older sons-in-law for allowing them to be cut off their toes; the same was a six-headed serpent (from hand to finger); nine-headed (cut out belts from the back); I. sends N. to the tsar to wait for the kingdom to be handed over to his elder sons-in-law; orders him to show his arms, legs, backs; the tsar signed the kingdom to V., his elder sons-in-law were shot at the gate]: Smirnov 1917, No. 38:202-208; Russians (Pskov) [two smart brothers, and Ivan is a fool; when he dies, his father tells him to guard his grave for three nights; the older brothers entrust this to I.; the father gives the goat golden horns, the golden bristle pig and Sivka-Burka; when you get into one ear, get out of the other, you become a handsome young man; whoever jumps up to the princess on the third floor and pulls out her portrait, she will put her ring on his finger; I. three times rode in Sivka-Burka, jumped to the first, the next day to the second, finally to the third floor, got a ring; in his cabin it shines with fire, I had to tie my finger; I. was found with the ring, but he was in in the image of an old fool; war has begun, I. smashes enemies on a heroic horse; against him a wasp (hero), who was fattened for 12 days; he wounded I. in the arm and horse in the leg, the princess bandaged him; and I. immediately killed; when I. fell asleep (not in a heroic form), the princess saw her chain and scarf; leads to the king for a treat; the king tells his sons-in-law to get goat-golden horns; I. gives her older son-in-law a goat, for this cuts off his little finger from hand; for a golden bristle pig, from foot to toe; now the king demands a mare and 12 sons with her; Sivka-Burka: this is our mother; we must dig a hole, 12 skins on him and pour 12 barrels tar; Sivki-Burka's mother recognizes his voice, comes running, bites 12 skins, but not himself, and he will push her into a hole, let I. put a bridle; 12 stallions followed her; gave them to her son-in-law, for which leather belts from the back tear off; when the tsar wanted to write off the kingdom to his sons-in-law, I. presented his little fingers and belts; his sons-in-law were torn to horse tails, Vanya and his wife remained in the state]: Ploshchuk 2004, No. 39:112-124; Russians ( Vladimirskaya, Pereslavl-Zalessky u.) [The sorcerer tells his sons to bury him in a boundary hole at the crossroads; they asked a soldier to do so; on the advice of Nicholas the Wonderworker, the soldier beat the sorcerer in the teeth with oak stakes and he did not eat him; the elders sons refuse to guard the coffin, Ivan the Fool comes all three nights; his father gives him a prophetic kaurka, a deer gives him golden horns, a pig a golden bristle; the king will give his daughter for someone who drives through the steep the crystal bridge and will break through three doors, receiving a gold seal on his forehead and a ring on his hand; I. overtook the brothers, and then climbed the sivke-burke into his left ear, took on a stupid look, brought his mother a bag with toadstool; so three times; I. marries a princess, but looks like a fool; sells sivka-burka to his brothers, then a deer, then a pig for the thumbs on the left hand, then for the belts from the back; attacked by enemies, I. them smashed, wounded in the leg, the tsar bandaged, I.'s wife recognized the handkerchief; everything became clear; the brothers were driven away, I. began to rule the kingdom]: Smirnov 2008, No. 8:71-73; Russians (Moscow): Vedernikova, Samodelova 1998, No. 49 [when dying, the father tells him to be at his grave for three nights; the older brothers are afraid, Vanyushka goes all three times; on the third night, the father gave a golden deer, a golden stubble pig and a mare about 77 foals; the princess on the porch will marry the one she will put her seal on; V. climbed into one ear of the mare, got out of the other, became a good man, jumped up to the princess, she put a seal; V. was found in his miserable appearance , the princess wants another groom; the king promises her to the one who will bring the golden-haired deer; V. gives a deer to another groom, for which he cut a belt out of his back; gold pig bristles (the same is to cut off a finger from legs); a mare (the same, a finger from his hand); V., cut off, presents the tsar, receives the princess and the kingdom], 50 []: 107-110, 110-112; Russians (Ryazan) [the old man had a son, a younger fool; dying, father He ordered to watch the grave at night; the eldest does not want to, the youngest, the father went: why didn't the big one come; the next night the middle son (the same); on the third night the fool went for himself; the father gives him a sivka-burka, prophetic kaurka, runs - the earth trembles, flame from her mouth, smoke from her ears; the old man tells her to serve a fool; hearing in the kingdom: whoever jumps on horseback and kisses the royal daughter on the balcony, she will be married for; brothers let's go to watch; the fool goes to the forest to pick mushrooms; shouted a sivka-burka, climbed into one ear, got out of the other; became handsome; galloped, almost kissed; galloped back; climbed into one ear, got out of the other became the same; let go of Sivka, brought home a purse of mushrooms; on the third day, the fool kissed the princess, became a royal son-in-law; the king has two more smart sons-in-law; the king orders to get a firebird; two the son-in-law went hunting; the fool went on a nag; went to the outskirts; killed the horse ripped off the skin; called the sivka; the sivka got him a firebird; the fool lies, the firebird walks near him; the sons-in-law drove up and asked him to give it them; he agrees in exchange for his right little fingers; the sons-in-law agreed because they eat with gloves; the wives of the sons-in-law are happy; the fool is hung with daws, crows, goes; his wife cries; the fool keeps quiet; the king ask son-in-law to bring a nightingale, nothing better; (same; the fool lies, the nightingale is sitting next to him in a cage; the fool gives the nightingale in exchange for toes; the sons-in-law agree, because they are wearing shoes); the king orders get golden horns for the deer (same: in exchange for belts from the back; sons-in-law agreed because they wear shirts); the fool shows the king his little fingers, toes and belts from the back; tells how everything happened; the tsar gives him the kingdom, his elder sons-in-law out of sight; their wives are crying, the fool's wife rejoices]: Khudyakov 1964, No. 9:78-79; Russians (Voronezh, Bobrovsky district) [the tsar promises a daughter to someone who he will kiss her through 12 glasses; her younger brother Ivan the Fool whistles a sivka-burka, fits into one ear, gets out of the other handsome, breaks 6 glasses, comes back, fits into the horse's ear and takes the old appearance; brothers tell him what a good man they saw; the same next time, she breaks 12 glasses, the princess stigmatizes his forehead, when he returns, he ties his head with a handkerchief; the king is looking for a labeled man, the princess is passed off as a fool, the other two marry the smart, laugh at her; the king tells his sons-in-law to get the golden bristles for the pig; the fool calls the horse, two fellows jump out, ask what they need; fool: to be broken here a tent, a crib in the tent, and a golden bristle would be walking nearby; the brothers ask to sell, a fool in the form of a handsome man gives his legs for the severed little fingers; the same: golden-haired, golden-tailed deer, hand to finger; same: golden-maned, golden-tailed horse, cut belts from the back; a fool tells his brothers to undress, proves that he won trophies, remains handsome]: Afanasiev 1958 (2), No. 183:15- 20; Ukrainians (Poltava, ca. 1878, p. M. Borispol, Pereyaslavsky Street) [Sons chew bread for their old father; he wants to thank them by giving each of them a horse. Before he dies, he asks everyone to spend one night at his grave. Older brothers send a younger one instead of themselves, a fool. His father tells him to pull the hair out of the right ear of a beautiful roaming horse, which will then appear whenever a fool whistles at him. The son repeats the action two nights in a row and then in turn. The brothers are going to cross the glass bridge to the princess's palace: she promises to marry whoever succeeds, the youngest is left to herd pigs. The fool summons the horse, overtakes the brothers, hits them with a whip, reaches the middle of the bridge and returns to the field. At home, the brothers complain about the rider who hit them, the fool laughs and says they should stay at home. The next day, everything repeats itself, the fool almost reaches the princess's palace, saying that he will not go on his own. On the third day, the fool jumps to the palace, the princess puts a stamp on his forehead and arm, at home he ties his forehead and arm, says as if he had fallen. The princess promises to marry someone who catches a wild boar and a goat. The fool summons a horse, hunts animals, changes clothes, gives it to his brothers, for which he cuts off their fingers. The princess arranges a big dinner to find the one who crossed the glass bridge, finds a fool among the guests, dresses him up, and he proves with his fingers who caught the wild boar and the goat. The king marries young people. He gives his son-in-law a horse, who takes him out into the field, removes his skin, calls dogs, wolves, crows, they eat it, and the fool comes back. The king gives another horse, he repeats the actions. The king goes to visit and takes all the horses with him so that his son-in-law does not kill them, the princess asks them to be left, but the father does not leave them. Her husband promises her he'll get horses. After the tsar's departure, the fool whips out a beautiful three horses, the young ones catch up with the tsar, he does not recognize them]: Chubinsky 1878, No. 70:269-274; (cf. Veps (told in Russian) [out of three brothers, only Ivanushko comes to his father's grave, receives a magic horse; with his help he transforms, jumps three times to the princess in the tower, she gives him a ring, recognizes by its ring among the poor; only I. catches a ram with golden horns, a pig with golden bristles, a golden-maned mare; sells it to his older sons-in-law for his little fingers, for belts from the back ; everything opens, the tsar hands over the kingdom to I.]: Vlasyev 1941, No. 1:7-14).

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars (Bakhchisaray District, Karalez) [the vizier brought the padishah three melons: ripe, about to rot and deteriorated; these are three daughters, it's time for them to marry; the padishah called people, let every daughter would throw an apple at someone she likes; the older ones got married; the youngest chose a bald guy who cleans a goose; she saw him fly in on a duldula, take off his gut, lets loose his golden hair; the padishah lodged his youngest daughter with her boyfriend in a goose; the padishah's army is retreating, the guy in his true form smashes the enemy; his little finger was cut off, the padishah bandaged his wound with his with a handkerchief; when he returned, the padishah began to look for a hero; the youngest daughter brought a handkerchief, the padishah drove her away; the padishah's eyes hurt, he needed reindeer milk; the younger son-in-law poured wine into the stone trough, the deer got drunk before he fell, he milked them; gave milk to their elder sons-in-law, for which he branded their buttocks; gave reindeer urine instead of milk; the padishah was only worse; the youngest daughter brought milk, cured her father; everything was explained; the youngest son-in-law received the throne, took his slaves - older sons-in-law]: Radlov 2011, No. 29; Kalmyks: Basangova 2002 [only the youngest of three brothers, Nusah Mu ("bad jerk") sleeps at the grave of the deceased father, gets three hairs; if they are burned, they turn into horses; Khan gives away daughters, unrecognized NM wins competitions three times; older daughters choose beautiful knights; the youngest recognizes NM, chooses him; the khan sends them to live in a house made of grass; an unrecognized NM smashes the attacking enemies, the khan bandages his wound with his silk cape; the wounded khan will be cured by ish saiga meat; look unrecognized NM catches saiga, gives his older sons-in-law a poisonous upper layer of meat in exchange for an earlobe and a little finger; the meat of older sons-in-law makes the khan worse, from the cooked inner meat that she served youngest daughter, he has recovered; a black cloud carries away the foals of a mare; NM shoots, picks up a fallen gold ring; on a winged horse, a herd from the sky, killing the sleeping kidnapper; older sons-in-law collide him in a hole; he sees an ant heal his leg, heals its broken bones with the same grass; rises to the surface on the wolf's tail; the khan understands who his younger son-in-law is; executes his older sons-in-law]: 106-114; Vatagin 1964 (Orenburg merchants) [Zalta-Mergen-Baatr is vulnerable only in sleep, sleeps three days a month; a copper-billed witch on goat's feet and Ak-Sakal have been guarding his sleep for 377 years; Alachi Khan persuaded them to skip him to Z.; horse Z. Zol-Tsookhor saved him by taking him to bed; Z. took the form of a 15-year-old boy, instead comes to Khan's daughter to lick her heels before going to bed, uses a severed dog tongue; while sleeping, accidentally time takes on its true form, the princess decides to marry Z.; the father settles them on the edge of the ulus; tells her sons-in-law to find out who is kidnapping foals; sons-in-law see how the born is carried away by a haruda bird, Z. (all in the guise of a shepherdess) cuts off the foal's tail with an arrow; the khan sends his sons-in-law to find the kidnapper; in the guise of a hero, Z. promises his older sons-in-law to get the foal from across the sea, for which he cuts off from his right hand the thumb and forefinger, cuts off the belt from the back; the winged horse Z. flies across the outer ocean; the white serpent eats the Garuda chicks, which she hatches every three years; Z. kills him Garuda spits Z. in her mouth, making him three times stronger; she kidnapped foals so that a hero would come to pick them up one day; carries Z. with his horse and foal back across the sea, the herd follows; sons-in-law throw Z. into a hole ; the horse Zol-Tsookhor tells the dogs Khasyr and Basyr to drive animals into the pit, the owner's two talking parrots to drive fresh air into the pit; resorts to Nomin Khan, allows herself to be locked; the khan's daughter learns about the horse, asks for permission to ride, the horse takes her away; she has a braid of 99 fathoms, only it is possible to get out of the pit; Z. takes the girl as his second wife; for the holiday, when her sons-in-law with a herd return, Z. is in true appearance; at the feast, he tells what happened, presents the cut off tail of the foal, fingers and skin of his sons-in-law; tells them to shoot up, the arrows of his sons-in-law kill them; Z. and his wives return home, it is empty; comes to Alachi Khan, takes his stolen wife and property; persuades his wife (now A.'s wife) to cry, asks his father to tell him where his soul is; a deer goes to the spring with three sparrows ; Z. rips open a deer (he is grateful for relieving him of the burden), kills sparrows; unites uluses; finds his son who has fled from A. in the steppe, who becomes a hero]: 39-60; Abkhazians: Shakryl 1975, No. 25 [when dying, the father left his three sons hair away from a black, white and bay horse; each summons a horse of his own suit with a set of harness and weapons; a black horse for war, white for games, a bay for riding; the older brothers are horsemen, the youngest is sitting in ash; the middle one took him away, but the youngest returned, can be either a horseman with a heroic horse, then herding the prince's geese; the prince's three daughters must choose suitors by throwing an apple at them; the youngest saw him in a heroic form and threw an apple at him three times; the husband does not reveal his essence for long; the princess is sick, she needs deer milk; unrecognized the younger brother gives it to the elders, for which he stamps them on the shoulder blade; smashes the attackers; the prince bandaged his wounded little finger, the wife's sisters see her husband wearing a handkerchief with a princely mark; prince handed over power to his younger son-in-law, the elders are disgraced], 42 [the father tells the sons Mac, Mazhv, Hyanchkut to guard his grave for three nights; all three times H. comes; catches a black, bay, white horse, they promise help; the king will pass off his youngest daughter as someone who jumps to the top of the tower, takes the princess's diamond ring; H. participates in competitions incognito three times, achieved his goal on a white horse; has taken on his former form; the king commands gather all the men, H. presents the ring, he and his wife are accommodated in a hut; the king is sick; X. also reluctantly vows to go to look for a cure; on a black horse, H. cuts fish into the sea, in which a roe deer, a hare, a casket , there is a sparrow in the casket, his brain is the cure for the head; H. gives it to his older sons-in-law for their severed index fingers; the same is a medicine for the back (horse's bay; bear bones; severed little fingers); for the abdomen (white horse, milk deer, the horse puts his sons-in-law with his hoof a brand below his back); H. defeats enemies, is wounded, the wife recognizes the sling; everything turns out that X. gets the kingdom (=Bgabzha 2002:201-213)]: 120-132, 213-229; Abaza [a bearded rider on a rooster gives Prince Kalmurza three apples, his three wives eat them, give birth to sons named Mhamat, Mkhamatmyrza, Mhamatbi (Jr.); one K. promises to give to the rider; the children are almost indistinguishable, but the youngest is the strongest and most dexterous; the rider on the rooster picks him up; the old woman tells him not to pass under the iron gate (cut it), push him into the cauldron and cook; the horse tells not to take gold, but to pull a wineskin over his head, go to the village; M. tells the old woman that his name is Old Burdyuk (SB); the khan's two eldest daughters laugh at him, the youngest brings apples, notices under golden hair with a wineskin; sisters choose grooms by throwing a ball at them; the eldest marries the prince, the middle for the Agmyst, the youngest for the SB; they are placed in a chicken coop; in the evenings, the SB burns the horse's hair, that appears, people marvel at the horseman; the prince will cure yogurt from reindeer milk; SB milks all the deer, gives the other two sons-in-law, stigmatizes them; the youngest daughter likes yogurt to the prince most of all; the daughter explains that the chicken manure is in her because they live in a chicken coop; they are moved to the stable; the same is true of horse manure; the Security Council steals the princely herd; gives them to their sons-in-law, putting new ones stigma; at a feast, the Security Council tells his story, opens, shows stamps on other sons-in-law; receives half of the prince's property, returns with his wife to his parents]: Tugov 1985, No. 35:83-91; Adygs (Kabardian people): Kardanov 1961 []: 20-39; Tambiev 1896, No. 4 [the boy asks his father to pick up a half-alive foal; he becomes a magnificent nest horse, the Alps; the son finds his mother with her lover; they decide get rid of him and to do this, kill his horse first; the mother pretended to be sick, only the blood of the Alps will heal her; the father is preparing to slaughter the horse; the horse advises the young man to pretend that he wants to take a ride in last time; they galloped away; in the forest they met a black horse, then a white horse, the brothers of the bay; if you burn them and his hairs, they will come to the rescue; in the village, answer everything with the word "narun" and become a guard Khan's garden; every night he calls one of the horses, puts on formal clothes, tramples on the garden; the youngest daughter sees this, falls in love; she cannot leave before her elders; offers to send her father a dish with three cucumbers - ripe, mature and unripe; he convenes grooms; the eldest daughters offer the bowl to the noble chosen ones, the youngest is N.; the father moves them to the chicken coop; enemies attacked; N. three times on their different horses smashes; the khan bandaged his hand with his handkerchief; he fell ill with his eyes, deer milk will heal him; N. gives it to his older sons-in-law, putting a seal on his buttock; he gave the mare's milk; it did not help; himself caught up and milked the doe, ordered his wife to take the milk to his father, covering him with a handkerchief with which he tied his hand; Khan recovered; seeing the stigma, recognized Father Narun's elder son-in-law as runaway slaves; gives N. wealth and Khan's dignity]: 213-225; Ossetians [the poor man promises to send his son to the army instead of himself and marry him to the daughter of a giant; but he has only three daughters, no sons; the eldest, middle daughter is offered send them in men's clothes, but they are frightened when the father pretends to be an enemy and attacks; youngest: if you were not a father, he would cut off your head; the giant lays his eldest, middle daughter with his imaginary son-in-law; in the morning those they say that the groom disdained them; the youngest tells his father that everything is fine; tells him to take an unsightly stallion, a rusty sword, a bad ring; the "young man" goes to the army, the horse tells him to take his hair with him; the youngest The princess chose a "young man" as her husband; the king's wife is ill, she needs a special apple; two older sons-in-law do not want to take the youngest with them; he burns his hair, his horse appears; the "young man" kills the snake, brings apples, gives them to older sons-in-law, cuts off one ear for this; the queen demands the giblets of a harbour pig; the same, cuts off the belts from the back; queen: we need to know why the village of Agurovsky Kalak turned into stone; the "young man" finds his king in the village, petrified to the waist; his horses were losing weight; he saw his wife ride to the giants at night; in the morning he made it clear to her that She knows everything, she turned the village into stone; the horse teaches you to throw a ring at that woman, carry a sword, tell her to turn the heroine into a man (since she has made a village stone, she can also change her sex); then order to spell the village; the girl became a young man, he decapitated that woman; showed the king ears and belts from the back of her sons-in-law; married the princess and daughter of a giant]: Britaev, Kaloev 1959:245-253; Ossetians [Halin-Barag gives three apples to childless spouses on the condition that they give one of the sons to him; when golden-haired sons were born, three apple trees grew near the house; the eldest went with HB; the skull in the cave teaches you to pretend to be misunderstanding, let HB show himself how to fan the fire; the young man pushed HB into the fire and, taking a shovel, did not let him get out until it burned down; the skull points to HB's armor and horse; the shepherd laughs (Aldar marries three daughters, he will be given pig tails), then cries (he must kiss the pigs in the ass); they changed clothes; Aldara's youngest daughter noticed golden curls, offered food and a glass to an imaginary swineherd; Aldar pretended to be sick - which of his son-in-law would bring fallow deer milk; the young man called his horse, milked his doe, gave his son-in-law sheep's milk, for which he cut off his right ears; get water reviving the dead; the young man took it out, gave his sons-in-law ordinary water, cutting off his little fingers; get a dancing and playing fur coat; the young man slipped between the crushing mountains, took out a fur coat, gave his son-in-law an ordinary one, for which he cut out belts with backs; brought everything to Aldar, showed marks on his sons-in-law; Aldar took everything from his son-in-law, gave it to the young man; one day he chased a fox at Black Rock, she hit him with his tail, he became petrified; the middle brother went in search the eldest's wife mistook him for her husband, he put his sword on the bed; he also chased the fox and became petrified; the youngest first came to the skull in the HB cave, who first ordered the fox's hole to be covered with stones; the fox became as a girl, whipped up all the petrified; the elder brother killed the younger ones because they slept with his wife; but at night the wife put scissors in bed; the girl's face revived the dead with a whip; returning home the girl revived the skeletons in the HB cave, the skull also became a woman; the middle brother married one of the lively ones, and the youngest married a fox girl; she rejuvenated the brothers' parents]: Dzagurov 1973, No. 46:177- 193; Terek Cossacks: Vostrikov 1907, No. 5 (art. Naurskaya) [with the money taken from his parents, Ivan buys a cat, dog and snake at the bazaars, which their owners wanted to kill; when they see the snake, his parents scold Ivan; he goes on a journey with bought animals; sees an iron house standing in the forest on cast-iron legs; the snake says that this is her father's house; advises him to ask him for a twelve-eyed ring; the father rejoices at the return of his daughter; offers I. money, horses, treasures; he asks for a ring, gets it; goes on with the cat and the dog; rubs the ring, 12 fellows appear out of it; I. asks them for food and tells them to clear the road in the forest; enters the hut in which the old woman lives; orders the fellows to set the table; finds out about the princely daughter; tells the old woman to go to marry her; when she returns, she conveys the prince's words: "Let the son Yours will build a crystal palace in front of my palace in one night to have a place for him and his daughter to live; and if your son does not build a palace, then for your audacity I will remove my head from him and you"; by order I. 12 fellows are building a crystal palace from a ring; the prince is happy, but says to the old woman: "Tell your son to connect his palace to my palace with a crystal bridge in one night, so that from my house there was also a crystal bridge in the church, along which the bride and groom would be taken for the wedding; so that fruit trees would grow on the sides of this bridge; let him make sure that when they are married, the trees bloom, - they led from the church, spruce fruits"; I. performs the task with a ring, marries a princely daughter; she learns about the ring and picks it up at night; tells the fellows to destroy the palace and move it to the old one to the magician; I. tells the prince about the disappearance of his wife; he orders I. to be put in a cast-iron pole; a cat and a dog help the merchants; bring the food they receive to the owner; find his wife, learn from a caught rat that the ring is kept under Yagi Baba's tongue; at night, the rat tickles YB, she sneezes; the rat brings the fallen ring to the cat; on the way, the dog picks it up; swimming across the river, barks at the crow ; the ring sinks; the cat and the dog find it in the stellate sturgeon caught by fishermen; bring it to the owner; he tells 12 fellows to destroy the pole; is transferred with the prince to the wizard's house; the prince sees his daughter in in the arms of an elder; cuts off both heads; I. returns to his parents with a cat and a dog]: 55-63; Ingush: Kibiev, Malsagov 1981 [=Tanbiyeva 2003:118-124; stepmother tells her husband to take Akhmet away from at home; he asks him to go down to the gorge for a fallen cake, leaves himself; A. is polite to the witch Garbash, she keeps him, tells him not to unlock one room; A. unlocks, there is a horse, he feeds him, breaks the chain, the horse tells him to take the treasure and flee, carries him across the seven seas; contrary to the horse's warning, A. pulls out the horse's hair, it turns into a bridge, G. is going to kill A., but the horse throws her into the sea; tells A. to hide good clothes, hire to guard melons; the youngest princess fell in love with him; all three send an apple to his father: the eldest is rotten, the middle is half rotten, the youngest is rosy; the stepboys do not understand, the daughters explain that they want to marry; the youngest chose A. as her husband, and the sisters chose noble suitors; A. and his wife live in a chicken coop; the king is ill, the sons-in-law go to get liver and lion's lung; A. leaves on a nag, calls his horse, teaches him to lure a lion to rush into the abyss, teaches him to spell the liver bitter and his lung sweet; A. gives the lung to his older sons-in-law, those they are allowed to quilt them on the shoulder, scars remain; the king is only worse from the liver, but he has recovered from his lung; after that, the king moves the young to the calf house; next time the king will be cured by roe deer milk, living far away; the horse teaches her to catch, pour milk into two vessels, one sweet in the other, bitter in the other; everything repeats itself, the young stay in the calf; the third time you need buffalo milk, she lives on at the bottom of the sea; A. pulls it out, shares it again with his older sons-in-law, but he comes to the king in rich clothes, shows the scars on the body of his sons-in-law; the tsar drives away his older sons-in-law, gives A. half the kingdom, but he and his wife leave] : 117-137; Sadulaev 2004, No. 51 [the mountain prince met the flat prince; they agreed: if their wives give birth to two girls, they will become named sisters, if boys are born, they will be twin brothers, and if a boy and a girl are born, they will become husband and wife; the mountain prince is dead, he has a son; the planar prince has a daughter; the son of the mountain prince approached the Alchiki players boys, picked up the alchiki, rubbed them in dust; the children said: "Don't break your sticks in vain, you'd better bring your long-married bride"; as soon as he was reproached by his bride, he went to his mother, who told him everything; the son of the mountain prince sent matchmakers to the planar prince, who confirmed that the contract had been made; the son of the mountain prince brought the bride home; when he entered her, she did not listen to him; son the mountain prince swore that he would not approach her until he found out the strength of her stubbornness; stole horses from the Georgian prince and tried to steal household utensils; was captured and thrown into a hole; when the prince went to the wedding, his daughter offered the prisoner food; he agreed to take it on the condition that the girl pulled him out of the hole and gave him a horse; promised to return before her father returned; the girl complied with the request, he went to the place where that {feast} was to take place; three conditions were announced under which the girl was to marry the winner: 1) pull the ram out of the hole; 2) shoot through the ring thrown by the girl from the height of the tower; 3) for the wife to be loyal to her husband; before the start of the competition, each participant must drink three bowls of intoxicating; during the third race, the son The mountain prince grabbed the ram by the neck and threw it out the princess's window; when no one could get into the abandoned ring, the prince's son shouted to throw a needle; then broke the thrown needle with an arrow; to check his wife's loyalty, sent his brides; they came to visit her; at midnight she sent a maid to them; they thought it was a princess, cut off her braids, left; the princess dressed in men's clothes, went for them and summoned them to a duel; having won, forced them to take off their clothes and put a brand on their buttocks; came with them to the son of the mountain prince, told them what happened at night, showed off her hair; married him; he returned to the Georgian prince, climbed into a hole; when he arrived home, the Georgian prince asked his daughter if his prisoner was the man he was; the daughter admitted that let the prisoner go; the Georgian prince released him, gave him his daughter; the son of the mountain prince returned home and lived with three wives]: 127-131; Tankieva 2003 [the prince's wife gave birth to a son and died; on the same night gave birth to a mare; the prince remarried; the stepmother wants to lime his stepson; the witch doctor advises to poison him, the foal warns; the healer advises to affect the patient, the liver and lung of the foal are needed; son agreed with the foal - he would ask his father for permission to take a ride for the last time; they rode away; the young man became a gardener for the pachchah, the foal gave him three hairs to call him when needed; the youngest daughter pachchaha fell in love with a young man, served him wine, they were accommodated in a hut; the eldest daughters chose eminent suitors; the dragon cut off the water and demanded that the daughters of pachchaha be eaten; unrecognized, the young man summoned a horse, chopped dragon, brought and hid the handkerchief of the eldest daughter of pachchaha; the same with the middle daughter; from the youngest (i.e. with the young man's wife); pacci fell ill, needed lion meat; the young man got it, gave it to his older son-in-law for permission to put the stigma on their thigh; the meat brought by his elder sons-in-law made the pachchaha worse, and the lion's fried intestine served by the youngest daughter made him better; the young man in his true guise came to the paccah, brought three headscarf, received half the kingdom; came to his father, who is begging, his wife and her lover are in power; the young man killed them, restored their father's rights; showed stigma on his older sons-in-law, forced them to collect what they had received from father-in-law of half the kingdom and transfer to his hereditary possessions]: 104-111; Stavropol Turkmens [the tsar has three sons with his first wife; she died, he remarried; the new one gave birth to a daughter; in a herd at night mares disappear; the eldest, middle sons fall asleep; the youngest comes, cooks dinner; an old woman comes, then leaves; disappears under a rock; the young man goes down there; 40 robbers sleep there; the young man hits one boot, hid himself; then said that he was the son of a thief and wanted to steal with them; promised to get the king's three daughters; killed the guard, went to the princesses; each had a sword; he hit his own, cut the first two, when he hit the youngest's sword, his sword crumbled; the young man took this sword; called the robbers and killed each one at a time, strung his ears on a thread; killed an old woman, taking the keys to the pantry; shot into a black cloud, on A shot child's finger fell to the ground; at home, the queen says that her daughter's finger was cut off; the young man gave his finger and found it in the steppe; the king (the one who is the father of three princesses) convenes people, looking for a hero, only a young man's sword went to the sheath; three princesses were presented as three princes; the stepmother ordered the youngest to be driven away; he came to the tree; the snake crawls to the eagle's nest, he killed her; for this, the eagle gave him two eagles out of three; a young man went on, took the splinter out of the lioness's paw, who gave him two out of six lion cubs; left the lion cubs and eagles to guard the horse, put on lamb skins and tripe himself, went to town; the youngest of the three the king's daughters understood that it was a prince; invited the sisters to send three apples to the king: green, half-ripe, ripe; the king ordered all men to walk outside the window, let each daughter throw an apple at the one for whom wants to marry; the elders threw viziers at the sons, the youngest in an imaginary beggar; the king lodged them at the stable; the king is sick, he needs chicken meat; the imaginary beggar in his true form, with the help of his lions and eagles, obtained kulana, gave the meat to his older sons-in-law, who allowed them to be stigmatized on the sacrums; what his older sons-in-law had brought to the king became worse; and from the kulan guts cooked by his youngest daughter, he recovered; at a feast The prince truly said that two slaves had run away from him, his older sons-in-law had to show stamps; the prince gave slaves to the king; everything was clarified; the prince decided to visit his home; let the eagles go, but the lions said they would still be useful, stayed with the prince's wife; the city is intact at home, there are no people; the werewolf sister has a thin father, stepmother, brothers and wives in the hut; the sister consistently asks if he has come a brother on horseback with three, two, one legs, whether he came on foot; tells me to play the balalaika; the fox volunteered to play for him, and let him hang his boots, which can be seen from the kitchen - as if he were still sitting; the sister is chasing, the prince turned three arrows into trees, climbed the first one, his sister gnawed, it fell, the prince moved to the second, then to the third; the lions feel something, their wife released them, they they tore the cannibal; brought a lot of cattle; at home, the prince handed over power to his older brother; he himself began to live with two wives (it is not said how he married the first one)]: A.K. 1875, No. 1:1-13; Kumyks [dervish gives an apple to the childless khan, let his wife, mare, dog eat, each bring twins; one boy, stallion and puppy should be given to the dervish; the eldest was named Arslan Khan, the youngest was named Batyr Khan; the dervish takes away A.; at the source, the skull teaches: this is a black maiden, you must pretend that you can't do anything; let him show how bread is baked; push the maiden into the oven and fill it with oil; after killing the maiden, A. rides her horse and with her dog; the oncoming man tells you to put his finger into the stream when he meets; A. took out a splinter to the lioness, she gave a lion cub; killed a snake that crawled to the eagle's nest, she gave an eagle; dipped his finger, it turned golden; poured that water a lion cub, an eagle, a dog; after releasing the animals and putting on a hat, A. hired a gardener for the khan; knitted the bouquet with his golden hair; the younger princess saw and understood who the worker was; the sisters sent three apples to his father, rotten, half rotten, ripe; vizier: it's time for daughters to marry; khan ordered daughters to throw an apple at passing men; the elders threw the vizier at the sons, the youngest as a worker; the khan lodged them in the collapsed hut; khan fell ill, he needed reindeer meat; A. sat on an oath, then took on his true form, summoned an eagle, killed a deer, poisoned some of the meat; gave it to his older sons-in-law, for which he put a seal on his back; Khan scolded his older sons-in-law for bitter meat, but he liked what A. had brought; bring lion's milk; the same (A. poisoned milk in one wineskin), a seal on his elder son-in-law's back; A. Khan recovered from milk ; enemies attacked, A. defeated them, said that his older sons-in-law were his slaves, showed seals; Batyr Khan followed in his brother's footsteps; received a lion cub, an eagle, poured gold water; A.'s wife mistook him for her husband, but B. beat her; when A. arrived, she began to accuse him; A. caught up with B. and killed, then repented; saw one mouse kill another and then revive him with grass; A. revived his brother with it; everything is fine]: Barsov 1882, No. 1: 121-128; Avars [a beggar gives a childless man two beans, orders to give one of the two sons to be born; when Arslan and Batyr grow up, the father gives A.; on the way he drinks from the stream, the skull on The day says that the beggar is a Black Dev, teaches to pretend that he does not know how to take revenge on the floor, heat the stove; pushes the maiden into the fire; pulls out a splinter from the lioness, returns an eagle to the nest, gets a lion cub, an eagle; dips his finger in the stream, he turns gold; washes his hair, mane and horse tail in the stream; lets the animals go, they will return when he burns the pen; smears mud on his face, hires a gardener; youngest daughter Khan sees his golden hair; Khan invites his three daughters to throw an apple at whoever they want to marry; the youngest leaves him at A.; Khan drives her away, she and A. live in a hut on the outskirts; Khan who is ill will cure deer meat; he summons an eagle, that horse and lioness; A. catches deer, gives bile meat to his older sons-in-law, for which he stigmatizes them; venison is bitter, khan is angry, and the meat given by the youngest daughter is delicious; but he is worse, he needs the lioness's milk; the lioness gives it; A. stigmatizes his elder son-in-law, gives milk in a jug where vinegar was, it is sour; the khan recovered from the milk brought by A.; as a reward, he asks his two slaves, everyone sees the seals on on the backs of older sons-in-law; A. takes on his true form; brother A. Batyr follows in his footsteps, the lioness, the eagle give him the brothers of the lion cub, the eagle received by A.; A.'s wife takes B. for her husband, rejected, cries; reproaches A., who returned from hunting; he catches up with B. kills with an arrow; repents; one mouse kills another, revives her with grass; A. revives B.; feast]: Kapiyeva 1974:72-80; Dargins [one-eyed promises the childless khan the birth of three sons if he promises to give one to him; gives an apple, the peel should be fed to the mare, the core of the dog, they will also bring three foals, three puppies; only the youngest son agrees to go to the one-eyed man; each time he asks show him how to do something; he pushes him into the taroom (to bake bread); frees the kidnapped daughter of the khan, sends her to her father, promising to return for her; on the way he pulls out a splinter from the lion, kills a snake that regularly devours eagle chicks; the eagle arrives with the wind raising its wings, the rain its tears; gives the young man one eagle to help; after changing clothes and hiring a gardener, asks the bathers Khan's daughters to comb their hair; the youngest gives it, he leaves his golden hair on it; the gardener tells the khan to give rotten, semi-rotten, fresh apples (symbols of daughters of different ages); khan's daughters throw apples at the chosen ones, the youngest chooses a poor gardener; he smashes enemies twice in his true form with the help of a horse, a dog and an eagle; the khan is sick, he will be cured by lion meat, the lioness gives the young man of one of the lion cubs, the right half is poisonous; the older sons-in-law buy meat for a stamp on the buttock; the khan chases his older sons-in-law with poisonous meat, greets the younger one; he is true appearance, shows his stigma on his older sons-in-law, making them slaves; lives with his wife; goes to visit his father; goes to Shirim-Shahir, whose people come to turn to stone; his brother comes for him (on the way puts his sword on his bed while sleeping with his wives), his words pity the SHH, all the stones are disgraced; all brothers marry: the first plays an unplayed (when he was a gardener) wedding, the second at the school, the third with his daughter one-eyed]: Mazaev, Kasumov 1997 (1): 401-413; Georgians: Kurdovanidze 1988 (1), No. 34 (record area not specified) [the princess was kidnapped; a mighty forest man saw two fighting devas, killed both The princess stayed with him; when she became pregnant, the forest man sent her to her father, giving a ring for her son who would be born; the boy was named Christagan; he became a tariel hero; out of mischief he pierced an arrow an old woman's jug; she scolded: put on a ring, but the former Tariels did not have rings in mind; H. tells his mother to tell about his father; unrecognized, fights a forest man; he killed him and then found him in pocket his ring; wept; God had mercy, sent a pigeon to put a handkerchief over H.'s face, he came to life; the forest man sent X. to become a friend of Tariel Beltagan; they fraternized, exterminated in the fortress giants, freed the princess; H. gave her to Beltagan; she gave X. vestments in three types: gold, silver, copper; H. left B. daggers: if he fails, trouble with him; H. changed clothes with the shepherd; he was hired first as a groom, then as a cook, then as a gardener; now his name is Kochora; the youngest of the three princesses noticed that he was a hero; at the feast she gave him an apple; the king placed them in a stable; the king fell ill, he will be cured by the insides of a wild boar; K. killed a wild boar on a heroic horse in a silver robe; gave it to his elder son-in-law, for which he tore off his little finger; the king is worse; he needs deer milk; K. in with a gold dress, cut off his middle son-in-law's ear; smashes the enemy, the king bandaged his finger with his handkerchief; everything was clarified; K.'s wife swam away in the sea, his hair swam away; the prince of the overseas kingdom picked him up, sent him to K. old woman; she persuaded K.'s wife to ask her husband what his soul was; in the thick hair on his head; the old woman pulled him out, threw him into the sea; B. realized that H. was in trouble, found hair, put H. on his head; the old woman was tied to horse tail; there was even bird's milk at the wedding], 35 [dev gives the king an apple from childlessness for half of what is born; takes the eldest of two sons; the old woman teaches him to rush from the deva into the river, to enter house, take a horse and a dog; on the advice of a horse, pulls a mutton's stomach over his head, is hired as a gardener; the king's youngest daughter sees a young man washing his hair; advises sisters to stick a knife in an overripe one, ripe and green watermelons, send to their father; the king convenes suitors; the elders choose Nazir and Wazir, the youngest gardener; the king's wife is ill, asks for 1) hare meat; the gardener, with the help of his horse and dog, gets hares, sells to older sons-in-law for their earlobes cut off; 2) reindeer milk (the same, sons-in-law let the horse hit their buttocks); the gardener, taking on his true form, smashes enemies cut his hand, the king bandaged him, recognized his handkerchief; older sons-in-law are made servants of the youngest; when hunting, the young man is swallowed by a cannibal, shackling a horse and a dog; poplar falls at home, the younger brother goes to look for the elder, everything repeats with him, his daughter-in-law thinks that it is a husband, he puts a sword between them; he does not put his hair and strained the cannibal on the horse, the sword, cuts off the cannibal's wart, swallowed comes out bald; from blood cannibal hair grows back, chains on the horse and dog fall; the elder brother returns to his wife, the youngest to his parents]: 98-114, 114-128; 1988 (2), No. 74 [someone steals apples from the royal garden; elder, middle the princes do not notice the thief, the youngest grabs the bird; she tells it to let go and follow in its footsteps, comes to the tower, where the bird becomes human, does not tell him to unlock one room, flies away to get a wife for the young man; the young man unlocks the room, there are women chained, hay in front of them, and a horse, meat in front of him; the bird returns, promises to kill the young man next time; so twice; the third time the horse orders him to be released and women; swim under muddy and blue water to increase strength and hair turn golden; take a saddle and armor, kill the sorcerer's decrepit mother; the horse brings the young man to the builders of the wall; she every time collapses, for the horse's brother is underground; the young man digs the ground, the second horse jumps out, follows the young man; he pulled a cowhide over his head, hired the king as a gardener, the younger princess noticed his golden hair, he tells her to keep quiet about it; dev tells the king to send him his eldest daughter to eat; the young man takes off his cowhide, calls a horse, kills a deva; the same with the other two devas, middle and younger princesses; to fight with the sorcerer bird, the horse orders to take his brother, cut the sorcerer's head into four parts; the king gathers male suitors; the older princesses sit on the knees of noble young men, the youngest on their knees gardener; they were placed in a goose; the king is sick, sends his sons-in-law to fetch the water of immortality; the younger son-in-law gives it to the elders for permission to cut off their little fingers; the king sends them to bring the liver of a porpoise; a horse goes down to sea: if blood appears, he has wounded a pig, if foam, he must be rescued; blood has appeared, the young man gives his older sons-in-law a piece of liver because his horse can kick them; the enemy attacked the young man won everyone, the king bandaged his hand, sees his handkerchief on the gardener's hand, everything turns out; the elder sons-in-law were driven to the lower floor, the youngest was brought closer]: 14-25; Mashurko 1894 []: 383-387; Armenians : Barsov 1882, No. 1 [the dervish gave the childless khan an apple, ordered it to be divided into three parts and given to his wife, mare, dog; for this, the khan will give him one boy, one foal and one foal in a few years puppy; Arslan Khan and Batyr Khan were born; had to give A.; on the way to dervish's house, A. asked for a drink; the skull at the spring teaches him to pretend that A. does not know how to sweep the floor and heat the stove, let the dervish he will show; he must be pushed into the oven himself; having killed the diva dervish, A. left; took out a splinter from the lioness, she gave a lion cub; killed a snake that wanted to eat eagles, the eagle gave an eagle; the stranger ordered him to dip it into the stream his finger turned golden; A. washed his animals with this water; removing them and dressing up as a poor person, A. hired the khan's gardener; the younger princess noticed his golden hair; the sisters sent three apples to his father: ripe, rotten and rotten: we wish to marry; the sisters threw apples at the sons of the viziers, and the youngest at the worker; the khan lodged them in a hut; the khan is sick, venison is needed; A. animals bring game, A. gives it younger son-in-law, for this he stamps his seal on his back; next time lion's milk (the same to his elder son-in-law); enemies attacked, A. defeated them; opened up to the khan, pointed to his fugitive slaves - them his seal; B. followed in his brother's footsteps; everyone mistook him for A.; the animals gave their cubs (B. told them that the first cubs had allegedly run away); A.'s wife mistook B. for her husband, who beat her; A. also decided that B. slept with her, killed him; saw one mouse kill another and then revive it with grass; A. then revived B.; everything is fine]: 121-128; Bogoyavlensky 1892b, No. 8 [the dervish promises the childless king two sons with on condition that he gives one to him; after 10 years he takes his youngest son; to overcome the sea, the dervish turns into a monster and steps across the sea; the tigers tell the boy to push the dervish into the oven himself, that burned down, the boy released the tigers; they show springs of golden, silver, pearl water; to hide his new appearance, the prince pulled a bubble over his head; white, black, red horses will come to him on demand; the king was attacked by enemies, the unrecognized prince smashes them three times, the king bandaged his hand with his handkerchief; the king will be cured by tiger milk; the young man gives it to the royal people for permission to deliver his stigma; this is the milk of ordinary tigers, and the young man brings milk to the queen of tigers, shows his marks on the bodies of the nobles; they are severely punished; the king recognizes his handkerchief and has found his son again]: 99-107; Azerbaijanis: Bogoyavlensky 1899, No. 4 [Gulistan Khanum is going to kill her merchant husband to marry Hamzat-bey; he is also going to kill the horse; the horse tells her son Ali Khan about this, tells him to asked his mother for permission to ride for the last time; A. cut his mother in half, galloped off; changed clothes with a shepherd, hired a gardener under the guise of Kechal ("pleshivets"); imaginary K. did ordinary bouquets for two princesses, and for the youngest he knitted a bouquet with his golden hair; older sisters throw an apple at the son of a vizier and a vakil, and the youngest in K.; the king is sick, he needs venison; K. gathers everyone deer; gives them venison for permission to stamp their faces; the meat they brought is worse for the king, and the broth made from the reindeer head, which K. kept for himself, recovered; K. summoned his horse, defeated his enemies, the king bandaged his hand; saw K. his bandage; made him an heir]: 44-50; Nabiev 1988 [=Azerbaijani tales 1986:128-159; Padishah Deshkuvar is childless; the dervish gives an apple, tells three wives to be given, when the sons are 15 years old, one must be given to him; the khan's daughter gives birth to Hanbal, Beybal, the camel driver Nerbal; the dervish is given to N.; the skull warns that his they will bake in a tandoor; N. pushes him into the cauldron; in the fortieth room a lion, a horse, a bird; in front of them grain, meat, hay; N. swapped places properly; they promise to help; N. dresses poorly, lives in the city with an old gardener; the elder princesses do not like him, the youngest wants him to bring her flowers; the bird brings him an unfading bouquet; the son of the vizier and the son of Vekil N. gives the same bouquets in his true image but for this he puts a stamp on his hand; the daughters of the padishah throw an apple at the one they want to marry; the elders throw the sons of the vizier and vekil, the youngest to N.; the sick padishah needs game broth; the lion drives all the game for N., the other sons-in-law return with nothing; N. gives game, puts a stigma on the other hand of his rivals; but the padishah recovered only after the broth from the head of the roe deer given by N.; padishah D. goes by war; only N. defeats him; N. judges everyone, retires to a castle in the mountains with his mother, wife, gardener, bird, lion and horse]: 218-239; Turks [summary of the text from the collection of Ign. Kunosha (without an exact reference): fearing revenge from his brothers, the younger prince secretly runs to his sons-in-law; dev welcomes the welcome guest: letting him go, he gives him a wonderful seal; the prince approaches the big house, who spins on a cock's leg; complaining about his share, he arouses compassion in the gardener for a stranger dressed in rags; falling in love with the princess, the keloglan (a bald fool boy) summons an Arab and an elegant dress rides a horse around the garden, trampling flowers; the princess throws gold at him in handfuls; the ringing of despicable metal rewards the gardener handsomely for the loss; allegorically hinting at her celibacy, she sends three melons to her father on behalf of her sisters; with a huge crowd of people, the princess distinguishes Keloglan three times; angry at her daughter's incomprehensible preference for Keloglan, the king drives them away from herself to the chicken coop; the princess herself soon becomes disillusioned with her husband; to heal the king, who is suffering from the eyes, the older sons-in-law go for bird's milk; asking his wife, for their child, for a black donkey, keloglan sits on him; outside the city he sets up a tent; his brothers-in-law, agreeing to shame (keloglan puts a seal on his back), receive an extraordinary medicine from him drop by drop; king in delighted with his sons-in-law, he allows them to arrange a three-day tournament; like a lion, a young man appears on the lists; the king personally bandages his slight wound with his daughter's handkerchief; the surprised princess carries his mother; the king takes his grandson to his knees and solemnly bequeaths the throne after him to a pleshak]: Gordlevsky 1961, No. 41:191.

Iran - Central Asia. Lura [every year the king's sea mare gives birth to a foal that hides in the sea; contrary to the king's prohibition, his son grabs a newborn foal; he does not advise doing so: you will make trouble; the king's wife offers herself to the prince; he refuses; the foal warns twice that the stepmother is going to poison him; then, on the advice of the old woman, the queen pretended to be sick and asked for foal meat; the foal has agreed with the prince; when the king is going to slaughter the foal, the prince asks for one last ride; he sits on his foal and jumps to another city; the horse gives hairs summon him, and let the prince go to the city without him; the prince took the form of a boneless bastard, began to live with an old woman; the tsar has 7 daughters, each with her own hawk; whoever he sits on, the princess will marry him; a hawk The youngest sits on the young man's head many times; they were placed in a cane hut; the young man did not touch the princess, putting a knife between them; the king became blind in grief, he was advised to eat wild meat; the imaginary bastard also rode an old mare, but then summoned his horse; after getting meat, the young man gave it to his older sons-in-law for permission to stigmatize their backs; the young man uttered a spell: let the carcasses only the heads and hooves (trotter) that he kept for himself will become bitter, and the broth of heads and hooves healed the king; the neighboring king attacked, the young man defeated his army; as a reward asked for the return of six slaves to him; the king saw the stigma; handed the crown to his younger son-in-law, but he refused; the wedding; they achieved their wishes come true, let all friends come true]: Amanolahi, Thackston 1986, No. 10:47-53; Persians: Ottomans 1987 [The foal warns the boy that his stepmother is going to poison him, push him into a carpet covered hole; stepmother pretended to be sick - must be killed foal; the boy asks for permission to take a last ride, they galloped away; the young man pulled a lamb's stomach over his head, hired a gardener; the youngest daughter of the padishah saw him call his foal and prances handsome; the eldest and middle daughters of the padishah were thrown by the Pomeranians at the sons of the viziers, and the youngest in the imaginary bald; she and her husband were accommodated in a stable; the padishah fell ill, they needed gazelle meat, the young man collected all the gazelles, gave one to his older sons-in-law, but stigmatized them in the back; kept his head and demand for himself; the meat brought by his older sons-in-law made the padishah worse, he recovered from the demands; asked the youngest daughter, why is there straw in the soup; daughter: we live in a stable; the young man ordered his older sons-in-law to show stamps, appeared in his real form, the padishah gave them a palace]: 362-365; Romaskevich 1934a, No. 33 (Shiraz) [the king has 7 sons, his poor brother has 7 daughters; the king refers to him "my miserable brother"; the eldest daughter asks her father to offer to send her and the king's sons to trade - let's see who has there will be a big profit; puts on men's clothes and took a cat with him; met one prince, who brought her, suspects it was a girl; his mother believes not, offers challenges; cat all overhears, tells the hostess and corrects; eating boiled pomegranate juice means a girl; a cat teaches you to ask for a piece for a cat; flowers on the bed at night are fresh in the morning, because the cat teaches them 10 times changed; go to the bathhouse; the cat teaches him how to wear an Armenian with lots of buttons; come on horseback; she will scare him, the servant will shout - the horse has galloped off! it will be possible to run after the horse and not return to the bathhouse; the girl wrote a letter to the prince recognizing who she was and where to look for her; the cat trained her gems; she met her uncle's sons, they became impoverished, she gave they had money, but for this they allowed them to be branded; she besieged the city and demanded that her seven slaves be returned to her; the stigma was on her uncle's sons; she discovered herself; her and the prince's wedding]: 154-160; Lorimer 1919, No. 7 (Kerman) [Shah remarries; his only son has a foal named Qeytas; cries, warns that his stepmother will cook poisoned ash (thick soup); the prince refuses eat ash; next time poisoned pilaf; K. advises taking pilaf from the side of the dish from which the stepmother, and not the one closest to the prince; the prince remains alive; the third time the stepmother dug a well with swords, let the prince walk along the side of the road; the stepmother pretended to be sick, told the doctor to say that the medicine was foal fat; K. advises to agree to the father's demand to give it to him, but subject to permission take a last ride wearing precious clothes, taking a crown and decorating K. with jewelry; after the third round, K. took the prince away; landed by the garden; tells the prince to leave him the crown and royal clothes, put on rags, pull sheepskin over his head; the princess lives in the castle; K. tells the young man to become the gardener's adopted son; gives hair from his mane, if you burn the hair, he will fly in; one day The prince did so, K. flew in, the prince rides through the garden in royal vestments, the princess fell in love; seeing the imaginary gardener in the same outfit, asks him to open up, they secretly marry; the vizier compares the maturity of melons with the maturity of the king's daughters; advises giving the Shah's three daughters a golden orange to throw at whoever they like; the elders choose the sons of the vizier, the youngest the gardener's adopted son; The Shah is ill of grief; the doctor: will cure the meat of a special bird; the vizier's sons go after it, give the gardener's son a thin horse and a bad saddle; when he falls behind, he burned a hair, changed; brothers cannot catch a bird, not they recognize the gardener's son; he gave them a bird in exchange for a paper in which the brothers declare themselves his slaves; the prince kept the head and legs of the bird (they contain all the power of medicine) for himself; stigmatizes the brothers; returns; the brothers bring the bird to the king, even worse; the prince gives his legs and head in simple dishes, the daughter persuaded him to eat, the Shah has recovered; the prince showed stamps on his older sons-in-law and a receipt; the shah takes off his sheep skin, makes him heir, vizier's sons slaves]: 33-42; Turkmens [the padishah has 40 wives, no children; two heroes are sent far to the sage; he promises that the 40th wife, the slave Guljemal will give birth to two sons; when the padishah lies down with her, a dervish enters, tells him to eat an apple in half with his wife, and then give one son to him; G. gives birth to two glowing boys; the father hides them in an underground crypt; after 13 years, the dervish comes, plays the dutar, the boys go out to him, he takes the youngest; parrots tell him it's a dev, he will push him into a boiling pot; boy he confronts the deva himself; comes to the plane tree, where the black dragon devours the Simurg chicks every year; kills the dragon, Simurg gives him a few feathers; takes a splinter out of the tiger's paw, he gives hairs; a young man pulls his stomach over his head, hires a gardener in front of the Shah's three daughters; asks them to comb their hair, the elders drive him away, the youngest gives him; when he gets back, she sees silver and golden hair on it ; the padishah convenes the people, tells the daughters to throw a stone at whoever they like; the eldest marries the son of a vizier, the middle for the son of a vekil, the youngest for a pleshivets; they are placed in a barn; the sick padishah asks for meat keyika; when hunting, tigers and simurgs drive all the keyiks to the pleshivtsa; the other two son-in-law get meat, for which the young man stigmatizes them; appears in glory, takes his sons-in-law as slaves, padishah admits that he made a mistake; the young man fights the peri, is thrown into the well by her; the elder brother goes to the rescue, everyone takes him for the youngest; he puts the sword between himself and the younger's wife; peri, both brothers, wins returning home]: Stebleva 1969, No. 24:94-124; Baluchi [the king has three sons, two have a mother alive, the third is not; the horse is screwed, someone pulls a foal into the water, the prince does not give it, someone orders to drink the foal with black sheep's milk; the stepmother wants to take possession of the foal, who warns the owner that the bread has been poisoned; that a well covered with straw has been dug; the stepmother pretends to be sick, requires skin as medicine from the chest of a foal; he tells the prince that he must be saved at the eighth nearing, otherwise both will die; the young man rises on a foal to heaven, throws a letter to his father, it says about the machinations of his stepmother; on the seventh takes out a splinter from a diva woman in the sky, she gives hairs to burn, calling on divas for help; a young man kills a snake crawling along the trunk to devour Simurg chicks; she wants to kill him, the chicks explain that he is theirs saved; she gives feathers; let him burn if help is needed; the young man asks the shepherds for the stomach of a sheep, is hired by a gardener; three royal daughters notice a beautiful bouquet; find a young man's comb; pigeons fly to the betrothed ; the son of a vizier for the eldest, the governor for the middle; the young man hides in the stove, bald; the king puts him and his youngest daughter in a donkey stable; the young man gathers all the gazelles, the older sons-in-law come to ask them without recognizing them him; he gives permission to stigmatize both; the young man's horse, divas, Simurg smash the enemies who have approached, build a golden house; the tsar hands over the kingdom to his son-in-law]: Zarubin 1932, No. 14:173 -190; Rushans [the slave leads the horses to water, sees the reflection of three doves; they say that anyone who reports us to King Komiron will petrify; Comiron is surprised why the horses are thin, the slave sends him himself see; K. shoots the little finger of one of the doves, hands the kingdom over to a slave, goes to the desert; takes out a splinter from the tigress, both cubs hit the hair to call them for help; changes clothes with a bald shepherd, asks how to behave; by the river he says "In the name of King Peri, let this river part; the waters diverge, K. crosses with the herd; each of the three peri tells the shepherd to rub it legs; two fingers are intact (K. scratches their feet with a cow's tongue), the third does not have enough little finger, K. puts it; when choosing husbands, the older sister throws a skullcap over the judge's head, the middle sister throws an elder, the youngest is a pleshivtsa; Peri's father tells the pleshivets to bring a hundred camel bales of gold, he brings them; orders to kill him, his servants spare him; the father sends the young to live in the stable; only K. successfully hunts, gives meat other sons-in-law, stigmatizing them on their heads and butts; older daughters bring meat to their father-in-law, it is bitter, the youngest brings legs and heads, they are delicious; leaves a piece of manure on the plate; father moves them to the front room; the bald man plays polo with a golden stick, a golden ball; the father-in-law offers a reward, he takes his people, i.e. branded older sons-in-law; the older sisters understand that handsome and bald are one person; father-in-law gives him the throne]: Scribe 1954, No. 6:48-54; the Wakhans [the childless king decides to become a calandar; the other calandar gives three apples, let their wives and horses eat and a dog; the first child, puppy and foal must be given to him; the king did not give anything to his unloved wife, but she found it on the floor, ate it herself and gave the horse and dog an apple seed; the wife gave birth to a gold-haired son Kokulzarin, dog - Laughing Flower Puppy (SC), horse - Horse Almond Flower (CM); calandar demands to be given to K.; the vizier tries in vain to replace him with the son of a lumberjack, then with his son; an old woman says K. that the calandar is an ogre, teaches him to push him into the cauldron; teaches him to pull a splinter out of the paw of the Winged Lioness, which has turned into the Mazendaran Forest; lions make him their brother, bring him to the mountain Kof; K. changes clothes with a bald shepherd scratching the heels of the king's daughters; K. spanks the elders in the ass with his calf tongue; the youngest notices the young man's face under a veal's stomach stretched over his head; sleeps with K.; older daughters throw bouquets of flowers at noble suitors, the youngest at the imaginary shepherd; sons-in-law go hunting, winged lions hunt for K.; K. gives meat to older sons-in-law, for which he puts on them the body is branded, takes the demand for herself; she is sweet, the meat is bitter; K.'s wife brings a piece of manure to her father on a plate; the father moves her and her husband from the stable to the house; K. plays ball best; K. is in in his present appearance, shows stigmas on his older sons-in-law, his lions smash attacking enemies; the tsar hands over the kingdom to Kokulzarin]: Grunberg, Steblin-Kamensky 1976, No. 18:199-213; Yazgulyam [servant complains to the king that every day three doves say that whoever does not tell the king about them hurts his teeth, head, etc.; the servant is a little alive and the horses are losing weight; the king puts on his servant's clothes, goes by himself, shot the little finger of the smaller dove, goes after the doves, takes out a splinter to the tigress, the cubs promise to help him; Bald herds the cattle of the king's daughters; explains what to say for the waters of the river to disperse and come together again; at night he rubs those girls' feet; the king drowns the shepherd, pulls a goat bubble to look like Bald; the older sisters rub their heels with bovine tongue, they think that Bald's hands are rough; the youngest puts a torn little finger; the eldest daughters put flowers to the heads of the son of Kadia and the son of the vizier, the youngest to the head of Pleshivy; the tsar tries in vain to destroy him (drowns, hangs him upside down) ; orders to bring 40 camels with gold (tigers bring); older sons-in-law cannot get anything hunting, tigers hunt for Bald, he gives meat to his older sons-in-law, puts stamps; soup from the requirements are the sweetest, but it contains manure; the king moves his daughter and Pleshiv from the stable to the house; playing ball Bald appears in his true form; shows the stigma; receives the throne]: Grunberg, Steblin- Kamensky 1976, No. 19:213-223; Yazgulyam residents [the prince asks his father to give him such a wife that the ground cannot see her legs, the sun does not see her head, the stranger does not see her face; the vizier brought the old woman's newborn granddaughter was placed in a hole with seven doors; 18 years later, the prince opened a hole, where the girl was reading a book; she sent for a mullah; the king wants this woman for himself, but the vizier dissuaded her from killing son; the king sent the prince to trade; agrees to bet with the thief Yakturman: if he proves the infidelity of the prince's wife who remains at home, let him take all his property; the wife became invisible, but I. I learned from the old woman that there was a mole on her left shoulder; the king was told that his daughter-in-law had caused trouble to his son; he sent the torturers, their daughter-in-law beheaded them; threatened the king and put on men's clothes. flew by air to the city of Y. to visit her parents, said that she was kidnapped by peri, let her parents marry her now; thief Y. wants to marry her, fulfills the conditions: release prisoners, allow put a stamp on her ass, give away everything in the house; she flew away through the smoke hole, put on her royal clothes and, pretending to be a man, sat on the throne, forced Y. to show the stigma, confess to slander , separated his head from his body; returned her prince husband, hung that old woman]: Edelman 1966:189-192; Uzbeks: Konovalov, Stepanov 1986 [from the eldest wife of Pirnazar's son, Khojinazar, from his youngest Ernazar and daughters; when he dies, the father gives E. a knife; if you open it, a horseman appears who fulfills all wishes; the father orders the sisters to be given off as three elders who will come after his death; although the brothers kill E. he leaves; lives with an old man, at night turns the stable into a palace, where the padishah's daughter is with him; asks the old man to marry her; the old man is executed 40 times, E. resurrects him; the vizier advises to give difficult assignments, E . brings wealth and cattle; E. found and caressed brothers; padishah gives away three daughters; older sisters choose E.'s older brothers, throwing an apple at the chosen one, the youngest, a pleshivtsa, whose appearance takes on E. ; E. brings a broken bird to the padishah, the older sons-in-law cannot shoot anything; E. gives them ducks, stigmatizes the brothers in return; shows them to the padishah, remains handsome; Karakhan sends an old woman to steal E.'s knife and his palace and wife with him; E. wakes up in the desert; comes to the sisters' husbands, they are divas; the eldest husband, in the form of an eagle, turns E. into a throat, then into a sparrow to steal from Karakhana returns his knife; K. returns everything, turns Karakhan and the old woman into stone]: 198-216; Ostroumov 1906b, No. 1 (Tashkent) [=1890, No. 1:3-9; Yalmauz-Kempir came to the childless king under the guise of an old woman, gave three apples; let each of the wives eat, give birth to a son; he will send one to her; the youngest received the most delicious red apple; after 7 years, the Palace of Culture came for the youngest prince; another old woman teaches the prince to push herself DK into a cauldron with 40 ears, in which she will melt lard to fry the prince; we must ask her to teach her how to bypass the cauldron and lean over it; after killing the Palace of Culture, the prince saw a cat with 40 around her neck keys; there are exhausted girls behind one of the doors; each shouts: I'm not fat, here she is fat; the prince let them go; behind the second door there are boys (the same); there are three demons in the 38th room, three horses in the 39th, and three horses in the 40th three birds; all gave their hair and feathers, promised to help if necessary; the prince dipped his hair in a jug, it turned golden; went to the steppe, asked the shepherd for lamb trebuchin, took the form a black boy; remains to live with an old woman; the king gives away three daughters; the prince brought flowers, only the youngest took it from his hands; when the grooms gathered, she threw an apple at the prince; the king gave it for him, but he deprived him of mercy; the king hunted; the prince called his assistants, who caught the game; he gave it to his older sons-in-law for permission to put their seal on their shoulders; he kept the most delicious thing for himself; this meat The king liked it the most, but he found himself in a dung; after that, the king moved his youngest daughter and husband from the stable to the palace; asked why his son-in-law caught birds best; he explained that he was a prince, and others are his servants, they are branded with him; the king made his younger son-in-law heir and after the king's death he received the throne]: 1-7; Bukhara Arabs [the old woman and son went to herd the cow, went into the courtyard; in the house 40 divas are sleeping; the young man untied two horses; the divas go out one by one to fight them, the young man killed them all, threw them into the well, one was half-alive; the young man told his mother not to look into the well; she wanted a husband to have; the old woman throws clods of earth into the well while the diva says that she will be her younger, older brother, father; pulled it out when she promised to be husband; gave birth to a child with him, left him on the road, her son picked it up brought; the boy grew up in 10 days at the age of 10; warns his older brother that the diva wants to kill him; the diva attacked, the mother poured millet under his son's feet, the diva knocked him down, but the diva's son killed both him and his mother; the young man afraid that his brother might kill him, went on a journey; the brother ordered to plant two reed stems: if the deceased was in trouble, blood and pus flow; the young man met a girl given to the dragon to eat; taking the sword entered the dragon's mouth, came out of the ass, cutting the dragon; cut a belt out of the dragon's back as a souvenir; the emir's daughter throws an apple at him, the emir puts them in the stable; the son-in-law puts them in the emir he has prepared food is manure; explains that it is dark in the stable; they are moved to the barn; into the house; the older sons-in-law did not get anything while hunting; the youngest gives them game, puts a seal on their backs; asks the emir to return his two slaves to him; all we were convinced that the emir's son-in-law had a seal on their backs; now the young man is the emir's recognized son-in-law; sees two moons; his wife: the one in the west is Chulpan-Sulyuk, she shines like the moon; the young man goes to get it; her diva brother wins him, pulls out his eyes; the young man's brother (i.e. the son of his mother's lover) comes to his wife, does not tell him to touch him in bed; Brother C. wins, makes him return his eyes; the emir's son-in-law returns from C., receives throne; they have reached the object of desire, and you will also reach it]: Vinnikov 1969, No. 12:84-88.

Baltoscandia. The Danes [everyone was missing in the forest; the king sent an army to surround the place; found a huge man sleeping and shackled - covered with hair and one eye in his forehead; put him in an iron cage in tower, gave the key to his wife; their seven-year-old son played with a golden apple, it fell into a wild man's cage; he would give it back if the boy opened it; taught him how to get the key from his mother; the boy asked his mother to look in his head and quietly pulled out the key; opened the cage, then, at the request of a wild man, two doors, then received his apple; the man gave him a whistle to call in case of danger; the boy locked the doors and slowly returned the key to his mother; when she was about to be executed, the prince admitted that it was his fault; the king ordered him to be taken to the forest; he whistled the whistle, the wild man carried it to his underground castle; 7 years taught military training, the prince became a handsome and strong young man; the man ordered to dip his head in a spring, his hair turned golden; took him to some royal castle, ordered him to hire an employee there, but not show his hair; the prince began working for a gardener; called himself lousy, so he was moved to a separate hut; at his request (and with the help of wild man's witchcraft), any work was done by himself; the youngest of three princesses saw him brush his golden hair; the king hosted a tournament in honor of his eldest daughter, the prince won on a bay horse; the princess threw a golden apple at him, but he threw it to the Duke's son; the same with the second princess (on a raven horse; gave the apple to the count's son); youngest daughter; on a white horse; kept the apple for himself, took the form of a gardener, showed an apple; opened younger princess; while hunting, the older sons-in-law did not get anything, the prince gave them game in exchange for their golden apples; the next day, for the right to cut belts out of their skin; enemies attacked, the prince won everyone; the king found out the truth; the wedding; at the feast, the prince showed two other apples and talked about the leather belts of his older sons-in-law; the king drove them away with their wives]: Grundtvig 1878:227-251; Karelians (northern, Tunguda district) [caught a firebird, gave it to the tsar; the tsar ordered the execution of whoever would release it; the bird asks the prince to get the key from his mother, he took it out and released the bird; expelled accompanied by a soldier; goes down into the well; the soldier picked him up for his promise to give his horse and change clothes; the soldier was mistaken by another tsar for a prince, the real prince was sent to herd hares; they ran away; a swan flew in- a girl, she was a firebird; they live in her palace; then they come back, she gives a whip to gather hares and a talyanka; he plays, the princess falls in love with him; he is sent twice more to herd hares, a swan- the girl helps every time; they want to give the princess a three-headed snake, the prince killed him, cut out his tongues; the soldier (i.e. the imaginary prince) said that he killed; agreed to give his thumb for his tongues ; the same 6- and 9-headed snakes (thumb; belt from the back); the princess is passed off as a soldier, she tells me to check if he is healthy, everyone sees flaws; the imaginary shepherd explains everything; marries the princess]: Stepanova 2000, No. 113:194-200; Latvians [The king orders to get a silver roe deer (hare), a golden pig (ram), and a diamond horse. The younger brother gets it all, but gives it to the brothers in exchange for fingers, toes and skin from the back. The brothers brag to the king that they have completed all the tasks, but the fool shows his fingers and skin. The brothers are punished, the fool marries the princess]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 530A: 297; Estonians (Palamuse; the plot is not common, but all over Estonia) [when dying, a rich man tells three sons to queues guarded his grave for 3 nights; the elders did not, though, the youngest Cinderella (Tuhkapuss) goes all three times; the first night a cart pulled by silver horses arrived, the second night with gold horses, the third night diamond; the king marked his daughter on the top of a glass mountain; whoever gets her out of there marries her; the younger brother in silver, gold, diamond clothes drives the mountain three times and takes her from princesses have a golden egg; the king gathered the men, the egg was found from Cinderella, the princess is crying; the king: whoever of the sons-in-law brings the best gift will be more valuable to me; Cinderella easily caught the moose, gave it to his older sons-in-law, taking a finger from his right hand; the next time a pig (on the toe); the third time a golden spruce cone (belt from the back); everyone gathered, Cinderella showed his fingers, belts; received the throne]: Mälk et al. 1967, No. 75:227-231.

Volga - Perm. Komi [when he dies, his father tells his three sons to take turns coming to his grave for three nights; the elders Vasily and Fedor send the youngest named Sedun (always on the stove); he receives a horse three times: a bay, gray, golden-maned; hides them; the king has daughter Mary, Vasilisa, Marpida, they have blue, yellow, red scarves; whoever takes a handkerchief from the roof will marry the princess; S. enters the horse's ear, becomes handsome, incognito jumps on horseback three times, but takes only M.'s handkerchief; the king summons all the men, tells his daughters to marry those who have their scarves; the elders find the overseas queen and prince, M. Seduna; the king puts them in a stable; the king orders them to catch a doe; S. catches, gives them to his older sons-in-law, for this he cuts off the big toe; the same is the pig's golden bristles, removes from back skin with a belt; a mare with 30 foals; the horse tells S. to cover it with skins, pour resin, shower it with needles; the mare hits the horse, but wounds himself against the needles, S. tames her; leads her; calls the king to the bathhouse, shows skin belts and severed fingers; S. appears handsome; the tsar drives his older sons-in-law away with his wives]: Plesovsky 1975:77-91; Marie: Chetkarev 1948 [childless wife eats the onion given by the healer, the mare the peel, the woman gives birth to Ivan, the mare has a foal; the husband leaves on business, the wife takes the lover, he offers to lime her son; the mother gives the poisoned pie, shirt, the horse teaches them to throw them away; the wife pretends to be sick, asks to slaughter the horse; the father returns, agrees, the son asks for permission to ride for the last time, leaves; the horse does not tell you to drink twice from the well, I. drinks, a girl appears; the horse disappears, promising to come to the rescue; I. comes to the king under the guise of an arap; the king orders to pull out the dry apple trees, I. pulls everything out, the king demands to plant a new garden; the horse fulfills; the younger princess asks to pass her off as an arap; I. gets into one ear of the horse, gets out into the other, smashes enemies, whips her older sons-in-law; so three times; the younger princess presents her the groom in his true ob does not tell him to drink twice from the well, and the son asks for polica, I. gets half the kingdom]: 69-77; Sabitov 1989, No. 530A [the tsar instructs three sons-in-law (the youngest is considered "locho") to get curiosities (a healing golden apple, a bird with pearl feathers, etc.); locho catches curiosities (saves the kingdom from enemies), but is inferior to two sons-in-law for cutting off their little finger and the skin and hair from their heads; honoring everything turns out]: 32; Kazan Tatars: Zamaletdinov 2008a, No. 75 [when the padishah's son is 14 years old, the mother died, the father took another wife; the son asks to buy him a lousy foal; went out; the foal tells him that his stepmother has a lover; she pretended to be sick, asks to slaughter the foal; he teaches the young man to ask permission to ride it for the last time, they galloped off; the foal tells him pick up the tooth of a tiger, a lion; hire another padishah, leaves his hair to call him; the padishah gives sick sheep, tells them to make them healthy, fat; an old man in the forest calls to him, the daughter of an old man fell in love with a young man, gave a magic handkerchief; the young man brought a fat herd; he eats well thanks to a handkerchief; the youngest daughter of the padishah stole the handkerchief; the padishah gives the sheep herd again; the old man's daughter gives a box in it food and music doubly; the padishah's daughter fell in love with a young man; the padishah was attacked by three troops, the young man took out the teeth of the tiger and the lion, the predators destroyed all enemies; so three times, the padishah wants to give the young man all three daughters , he refuses {apparently he is not recognized}; the youngest bandaged the young man's finger; the elders chose noble suitors, the youngest boy, they were placed in the barnyard; the padishah fell ill, he needs swan meat; the young man easily pulls it out, gives it to his older sons-in-law, cut off one finger for this, stigmatized the other; from the meat of the padishah is dying, and the giblets brought by his youngest daughter has recovered; the young man shows his marks on the body of older sons-in-law; they were made shepherds, the young man received the throne]: 413-424; 2008b, No. 7 []: 71-76; Yarmukhametov 1970 [when dying, the father tells three sons to guard the grave; the mother will give the keys to three chests; the youngest bald is coming, the dog bit his finger, he told the brothers that Satan bit, they are afraid to go, the youngest gets all three keys, the mare and wheat behind the forest; the three daughters of the padishah in the tower, the padishah will give them to whoever rides them on horseback; in the first chest, instructions to take the horse to the field behind the forest, only he jumps so that the girl can be kissed on the lips, the bald one gets the eldest daughter; the second groom received a middle groom (touched his hand), the third received the youngest (touched his finger); the padishah will cure milk from a cow about 6 nipples; such a cow is in the bald field, he sells her milk to other sons-in-law for the right cut off one half finger from the right hand, the other to tear off a piece of skin from his back; the padishah and his wife overheard two sons-in-law moan and a bald man playing the violin; sons-in-law confess, bald is appointed heir]: 296-301; the Bashkirs [the old man crushed seven beetles, thought he was strong, went to fight the devas, the mother of the devas swallowed him; his wife gave birth to sons Alsudar and Kirsudar; they asked for them to be given hot kurmas, clenched her mother's hand, she had to tell the truth about her father; brothers follow their father's footsteps, easily eat sheep carcasses, etc., make their skins (father could not cope with it); kill devas, their the mother belches their father; A. marries, inherits the property of the devas; K. goes on, kills the shepherdess, puts on his clothes, takes his veal tongue with him; the shepherdess must lick the heels of the king's three daughters; he rubs them heels in veal tongue; princesses send apples to their father: the eldest is dry, the middle is half-dried, the youngest is rosy; the king understands that they should marry; the older sisters choose princes, the youngest is a shepherdess; their they settle in a barn; the king is sick, he needs wild goat meat; K. summons his heroic horse, kills a goat, makes its meat poisoned, its entrails are healing, gives it to other sons-in-law for the right put a seal on their buttocks; only the king's youngest daughter's soup is better; the same series of episodes again, K. cuts off his older sons-in-law's little fingers; only K. defeats enemies; everything is explained, K. gains the throne, makes brothers-in-law servants]: Barag 1988, No. 43:292-305.

Turkestan. Kazakhs: Sidelnikov 1952:199-203 [=Tursunov 1983:206-209; when he dies, the old man tells his three sons to guard his grave for three nights; each time his youngest son guards; red, black horses come running ( the father gives their hairs), the third time the father gives a magic tablecloth; the khan puts seven houses on top of each other, puts his daughter in the upper one, passes him off as someone on horseback to remove the ring from her finger; younger brother on the road clothes ride a red man, a raven, takes off the ring; in his former form he shows it, marries, they put a poor yurt at a distance; the sick khan needs chicken meat; the younger one gets it, the brothers do not recognize him, he gives them what they have obtained in exchange for their little fingers; get two red geese with golden feathers; takes the same thing on the index finger; a mare with forty foals who have golden manes that are silver tails; the same, puts a brand on the brothers; appears in a noble form, rebukes the brothers, after the death of his father-in-law becomes khan], 205-213 [Khan's mare gives birth to a foal from tulpar ( winged horse); hanshi's lover persuades her to kill her husband, and to do this, kill her son first; the foal warns him of poison; then they want to kill the foal, the khan's son leaves in it; disguises himself as a shepherd, always answers, I don't know; the youngest daughter of the khan sees Dunno (N.) in the garden, falls in love; all three daughters carry melons to her father, only the youngest's melon is fresh; the khan tells everyone to throw an apple at her chosen one, the youngest throws them to N., they are locked in a donkey pen; the khan tells his sons-in-law to bring mountain goat meat; only N. kills, makes the meat bitter, gives them to other sons-in-law, the demand is sweet, the khan liked it; next time N. summons tulpara, gives a goat out of his pen in a noble form, puts stamps on his sons-in-law; appears Khan in true form on tulpar, says that two have run away from him slave; gets a khanate and slaves]; Tursunov 1983 [the youngest of nine brothers is gold-haired Totambay; every year a newborn foal is kidnapped by a black cloud; when T. is guarding, he shot into the cloud, from a woman's finger fell; it turned out that their sister had lost a finger; the brothers did not believe it, they expelled T.; in the neighboring khanate he became a shepherd, married the youngest daughter of the khan; the khan will recover if he eats meat wild goat; only T. caught goats, gave it to his two older sons-in-law for the right to put a brand on their bodies; Khan asks to find his two daughters stolen by dhow giants; T. killed the dhow, returned the women; while sleeping, their elder sons-in-law took them away; T. came, showed the brand on the backs of his older sons-in-law, the khan drove them away, gave them wealth to T.]: 191-193; Kyrgyz [batyr Sokbay asks the shepherd how he overtakes there is a huge herd across the river; shepherd: I'll tell you to cross, wait, wait, get attached; S. offers to play alchiki with a click on the forehead; the shepherd hits S. hard, and when S. wins, runs away in fear, leaving behind his cattle and clothes; S. turns his horse into an alchik, puts on a shepherd's clothes, but the cows do not enter the water; then he threw them to the other side; explained that he had forgotten what he needed word; the youngest daughter Aksuek guessed that their shepherd is not so strong, he identifies a horseman by her hair under his hat; brings three headscarves to his father, which means that it is time to marry three daughters; the khan collects men and daughters must throw an apple at the chosen one; A. throws it at the shepherd; the khan tells three sons-in-law to find foals that are carried away every year by a bird; S. rides a bull, then turns the alchik back into a horse, easily catches up with Kanbach and Bekbach, married to Khan's eldest daughters; only S. is successful in hunting, gives his sons-in-law meat in exchange for tamga placed on their heels; brings foals; sons-in-law throw it off into the pit; the horse brings a girl with braids in 40 arcana; S. gets out of the pit on his braids, comes to the khan on a bull, but tells his sons-in-law to show marks on their heels; Khan transfers his possessions to him]: Ledenev 1987:78-83; Uighurs [a pregnant shepherd's wife dies; a new shepherd notices that a goat goes to the cemetery every day; watches her, she bleats, a child comes out of the grave, sucks milk; the old man advises leave a lamb grandmother and a doll at the grave; the child grabs his grandmother; the next time the shepherd and the old man throw a carpet over him; when the young man grows up, he does any job overnight; when asked if he did it himself answers, I don't know; the seven-headed dragon demands the eldest of the khan's three daughters; the old man gives the young man a horse, he kills the dragon; the Khan's commander takes the feat for himself, marries; the same with another dragon and the middle daughter, she marries a herald; the khan promises the youngest and the throne to the one who cures him of his illness; two sons-in-law come to the magic garden for grass, receive it from a young man, not knowing that it is the one who lives with an old man; the young man gives his seal on both his thigh; the khan recovers; the eight-headed dragon is given the youngest daughter; the young man kills the dragon, sends the girl home; through For several years, she sees her ring on the finger of a young man who sleeps in the stable; demands that all the grooms go in front of her, chooses a poor groom; they are accommodated in a stable, they have a son; at the feast, a young man shows the three rings that the khan's three daughters gave him after killing dragons, shows his seals on his sons-in-law, wears appropriate clothes; the khan gives him the throne]: Kabirov, Shakhmatova 1951:133-152.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Altaians [Childless old man Kogutei finds a beaver, adopts; Bobrenok asks K. to marry him to Temene-Ko, Karaty-Kan's youngest daughter; the eldest six are already married; KK orders K. to cut in half, send the corpse home on a bull; Bobrenok revives him; next time K. is burned, ash is sent home; Bobrenok revives K. with healing water, gives strength; he throws six son-in-law for the mountains, KK agrees to give TC for Bobrenk; he easily gives a rich ransom for the bride, pulling property on the mountain from under the birch tree; KK calls only beggars and cripples to the wedding; 1) six son-in-law they return without prey, Bobrenok catches six marals on foot, leaves them to his sons-in-law; they give him giblets; he turns giblets into a selected dish, makes the meat inedible; 2) next time his sons-in-law give Beaver meat, they take giblets, but the meat is delicious, and the giblets are inedible; 3) KK tells you to catch a mare; The beaver catches, gives it to his sons-in-law, they cut it off and give him their little fingers for this; 4) bring foals kidnapped by the Kan-Kerede bird; Bobrenok sheds his beaverskin, tells his wife to hide it, turns into a hero Kuskun-Kara-Matyr; his father is a mountain, his mother is the sea; he catches a heroic a black stallion; his sons-in-law does not recognize him; he promises to bring them kidnapped foals, for which they cut off and give him their thumbs; the cash register comes to heaven, there is a nest on a silver poplar Kan-Kerede; her chicks are eaten every year by a seven-headed snake; one chick cries (it will be eaten today), the other laughs; the snake comes out of the sea, the KKM cuts off its heads with an arrow; the elder chick held out its wing, KKM crossed it across the sea into the nest; the chicks reply that their parents will arrive with rain (tears) and wind (flapping wings), hide the cash register under their wings; birds give the foals to the cash register; six sons-in-law have prepared a hole- trap, KKM fell, ran into a stake; his horse was hung from a pole; Kan-Kerede revived the cash register with healing water; the CSA reproaches his wife for showing her sister-in-law beaverskin, she was burned; the wife explains that her got drunk; the CSA burns his skin, curses the KK, his people and land, goes to her father, turns him into many young men and women, creates cattle, leaves; TC goes looking for him; she is greeted by Suntsa-Kana's daughter and daughter Month-Kana, they are the wives of the CSA; KKM also brings a wife, a chick (i.e. daughter) Kan-Kerede; he is married with all four]: Yutkanakov, Tokmashov 1935:41-171; Tuvans [the old man asks three sons for three nights guard his body, then bury him; the body was taken to the pass; both times the older brothers ask the youngest named Heverick to go; old man: Saryg-Khaya rock near the Chinge-Kara-Khem River; she will open, there is a yellow horse , clothes and shoes; the same - Khuren-Khaya (bay horse and clothes); Kara-Khaya (black); Kurbustu Khan arranges a competition, will give his daughter the Golden Princess to the winner; H. unrecognized on three horses climbs the third, fifth, seventh steps of the sky, the ZC gives him his ring; X. comes after the ZC in an unsightly form, K. moves them away; tells them to get a golden deer; a golden deer; H. mines, in an unpretentious way He gives his brothers his appearance for cutting off their thumbs; H. brings the golden deer himself; they do not believe him, he tells his brothers to show their fingers; appears in true form; gives brown and black horses to brothers]: Hadahane 1984:42-52; Western Buryats: Barannikova et al. 1993, No. 7 (right bank of the Angara) [Kharasgay Mergen goes to fight with the old woman and her 7 grandchildren; around her bars on stakes at home; she asks to open her armpits, sucks HM's blood, but not all; he sees boiling poison, throws it at it, kills it, finds living water, revives bars; kills a hare with a key inside , the key falls into the water, the fish pulls it out, says that the suction box, in which the souls of 7 quails are the grandchildren of the old woman; he crushed the quails, the grandchildren died; came to the possession of Shazhgai Khan, took the form a local shepherdess; another said that he would have to lick the heels of the khan's daughter; HM pulled out his veal tongue, took it with him; touches their heels, the girl is in pain, XM says that she hasn't eaten oil for a long time, she feeds him oil ; same the next night; Khan's 6 daughters are married, the seventh middle is not, XM wants to marry her; the mare must bring a wonderful foal; 6 brothers-in-law fall asleep, XM takes on his form, shoots an eagle, who grabbed the foal, he dropped the foal and the feather; HM (becoming a shepherdess again) gave them to his brothers-in-law, ripping off a piece of skin from their backs; sons-in-law explain to the khan that it was the eagle that tore them; HM again turned the flint into a horse, hunted many animals, gave it to his brothers-in-law, taking his ears and giblets; the khan ate meat brought by his brothers-in-law, fell ill; after eating the giblets given by the shepherdess, he recovered; the khan gave XM middle daughter, but put them in a barn; tells them to get a bear; this is Sh.-Khan himself; HM brings the bear in chains, the khan is a little alive, tells them to let the bear go; XM is the khan in its true form, gets a daughter and wealth, He talks all about his brothers-in-law; on his way home, XM met 12-headed Shara-mangadhai, who defeated him, threw him in an iron wagon to the bottom of the sea; XM's wife reports this to his sister Aga Nogohon; she leaves her To guard the house, dressed and armed by her brother, meets his horse; he, becoming an eagle, went to heaven to Ehe Malan's grandmother; she raised one eyelid with forceps, sees the horse, sends him to Esege Malan (supreme deity, chapter 55 Western Tengrias), he orders to save XM (send him milk, bread and clothes); the fish pushed XM out of the sea, his sister sprayed live water, gave him milk and bread sent, he came to life; HI with They go through the mangadhai domain of a red boar; they go through the valley of frogs, turning into frogs, the bear valley, becoming bears, broke through fighting people; these guards respond to mangadhay, that they did not see anyone; XM and his sister return to his wife XM, XM has a son, the family has multiplied, wealth has increased]: 117-141; Burchina 2007, No. IV.9 (Alarsky district) [uliger episode: Alasha Khan falls ill; reports rumor that he will recover if he eats the meat of the wild animal Erbad; the khan sends the husbands of his eldest and middle daughters for meat; the youngest's husband, Mungen Shagai, also goes on a journey; kills the beast, takes him home his meat and entrails; meets two brothers-in-law who have only covered half the way; tells them that he has caught the beast; brothers-in-law ask to sell them their prey (without recognizing the heroic appearance of MX's brother-in-law- bastard); MX agrees to do this in exchange for leather from their backs to tie the bootlegs; MX cuts straps from their backs from the neck to the buttocks and offers a choice of either meat or airbed's insides; brothers-in-law take meat and leave; Khan, after eating this meat, begins to get even more sick; the youngest daughter brings him a meal from the giblets of Erbad; the khan is angry: "The daughter wants him to Did Dad die after eating this treat?" ; the daughter is offended, the khan agrees, eats and recovers; during his name day, the khan asks MX to take his true form; MX becomes a hero; says that he caught the beast and made the meat poisonous, and giblets are healing, and that brothers-in-law exchanged this meat for skin from their backs; shows garter belts cut from their backs; an angry khan executes two older sons-in-law], IV.11 (Nukut District) [episode Uliger: Altai Gasu Mergen comes to the city of Aryn Sagan Khan in the guise of an old wanderer; Khan has nine daughters and eight sons-in-law; AGM becomes the husband of his youngest daughter; Khan is tired of livestock meat, he sends his sons-in-law to get red deer; they do not find animals; AGM shoots a red deer, saying an arrow: "Let the meat become poisonous and the tripe become a delicious healing treat!" ; eight sons-in-law ask to give the carcass and take the demand for themselves; AGM suggests cutting off one of their ears instead of the carcass and giving it to it; sons-in-law agree; khan, after eating red deer meat, falls ill; AGM cooks the demand and tells his wife to take the food to his father; the khan recovers; the sons-in-law go hunting to get a maral with healing giblets, but do not find the beast; AGM shoots a red deer with an arrow, so that the meat becomes healing and the tripe poisoned; brothers-in-law ask for giblets; AGM declares that it will give them if the brothers-in-law cut off a strip of skin and give it to him; brothers-in-law agree; Khan eats red deer and falls ill; AGM tells his wife to take boiled red red deer meat to Khan; he eats meat and recovers; sends his sons-in-law to guard the herd, because foals for eight years the big white mare disappears, and now it must necklace ninth; AGM follows them; brothers-in-law fall asleep; AGM sees two birds kidnap a foal and sends an arrow after them; birds they come back, promise to give AGM nine foals, as well as a horse to ride; drop their pen and fly away; waking up brothers-in-law ask AGM to give the pen; he offers them to cut them out of their own in exchange for a pen back belts; brothers-in-law agree, bring the pen to the khan; the khan sends his sons-in-law on a campaign for nine horses; AGM gets to Zolto Burhan's palace; he gives AGM nine horses and a horse Hilen; AGM descends from the mountain; brothers-in-law dig a well with iron stakes at the bottom; treat AGM with arza and horza; when he gets drunk, they throw it into a well; AGM hangs on stakes; brothers-in-law, taking nine horses return home; AGM tells his horse that Khatan Khan's daughter, who revives the dead, can save him; the horse goes to the lands of Khatan Khan; when the khan's daughter sits on a horse, he does so that she sticks to him and jumps to the well; the girl lowers her pendants to the bottom and pulls out the AGM; he returns home, comes to a feast and pulls their hats off her brothers-in-law; then talks about them cunning; an angry khan drives away his sons-in-law and eight daughters]: 363-364, 394-400; Buryats (Khorinsky) [the wolf ate the orphan's horse; he goes looking for him; old man: when you defeat Shono Khan ("Shono" - wolf), ask for the red dog and the blue chest; he did so; returns to the yurt - the corner of the chest is burnt, one leg of the dog is broken; the next day - the second corner, the second leg; on the fourth - four; he beats the dog; in the morning he wakes up in the palace (came out of the chest), next to him a beautiful woman (that dog); S. calls for a wedding; his wife warns not to step on the carpet (there is a hole under it), not to sit on the bed, eat nothing; the orphan touched the food with his finger, died; the 25-headed Hongil Shara Shebshehei put it in the coffin, threw it into the sea; mangadhayu's wife: if you catch the coffin, put it on the shore; the coffin is found by three daughters of the khan, inside there is a baby, growing rapidly; every day Khan's mare is killed by a golden foal, he disappears; the khan asks the grooms of his daughters to guard; they fall asleep, the foundling shoots into the cloud that has descended, to the ground The bird's feather falls; the foundling gives it to the grooms, for which he cuts off everyone's ear; the khan sends for the bird; the foundling sees the nest, one chick laughs, the other sings the third cries; while the father and mother Khan Garaudy they fly, chicks are eaten by a fire serpent (a crying person will be eaten today, singing tomorrow, laughing the day after tomorrow); they deliberately steal gold foals in the hope that the strongest of people will go looking for them; foundlings the snake kills with an arrow, Han Garaudy gives them 9 foals; the foundling gives them to the grooms, for which he cuts their belts from their backs; they throw it into a hole; the horse digs it up, revives its foundling with a tear; he comes to the khan, shows his belts; the khan hangs the grooms alive on the branch to feed the crows; the foundling smashes Sh.'s army, crushed him himself, clamped him in the crevice for food with insects; he fought for 4 months with Hongil Shara Shebshehei, the son of a foundling grew up, came to his father's aid, the body of the SHSH was burned]: Barannikova et al. 1993, No. 5:93-109; Dagurs [the couple has seven daughters, two of them blind; the father leads them to collect them wild grapes leave blind; by evening they realize that their baskets have no bottom; in the morning they hear chirping, climb a tree, there is something round and soft, they eat it, they begin to see the light; after washing their face in a stream, they see better; they come to a golden and silver well; after drinking from there, they fully regain their sight; after eating fruits from gold and silver trees, they become pregnant; they come to an empty house, where there are plenty supplies; the son of the eldest Aletannenbo, the youngest is Mengongnenbo; young men grow up, meet an old man, he says where to find flying horses; they tame horses, return to their mothers; the demon comes out of the ground; threatens mother A. that she will eat her if she treats M. well; since then she has been feeding M. with garbage; M. leaves, exchanging arrows with A.: if he rusts, the owner is dead; in the way of M. the same demon, M. hits him with an arrow; by the river, a Tuoku shepherd herds rich Su's sheep; they must be driven across the river, saying, "If the river stops for a minute, then I won't be angry"; at Su's house, he licks his feet in the evenings his wife, they give him a cow cake to eat; M. puts on T.'s clothes, sends the horse to graze, pretends to have forgotten the words that make the waters of the river disperse; Mrs. Su utters them herself; the imaginary T. shouts to her from another room, who eats up the cake with measles; strokes her feet with the cow's cut off tongue; says that his tongue is rough with herbs; the mistress tells him to drink butter; he cuts off the dog's tongue, Su is happy, lies down sleep; rich Su's six daughters are married, the seventh youngest is not; he will pass her off as someone who bends an iron rod; only the imaginary T. bends; Su has to give his daughter; he is ill, he will be cured by bile and meat bear; M. in his true form catches, returns on horseback, sees older sons-in-law; they ask to sell them a bear; he burns their butts with a hot copper cauldron; but Su's son-in-law brought no better; the imaginary T. kept part for himself, cooked it, his father-in-law recovered; his sons-in-law dug a hole, invited M. to the races, M. and his horse fell into a hole; the horse flew to heaven to the Jasper Emperor, his daughter lowered her braids, M. got out of them; M. recovered from her potions; sees that A.'s arrow is rusting; with his wife on horseback she is rushing home; the heavenly maiden also descends to him - her father drove her away helping a mortal; she cured A., married him; and A.'s mother had previously died]: Bender, Su Huana 1984:110-125.

Western Siberia. Eastern Khanty (b. Pim) [the king has three daughters; the grandmother has a grandson, gets into his horse's nostril, gets out strong and handsome; the king is looking for who would defeat the enemy; grandmother's grandson destroyed enemies; cuts off three men little finger and a strip of skin from the back for the right to say that they have defeated enemies; turns the horse into a stump, himself snotty and grimy; the king reluctantly gives him his youngest daughter, does not celebrate the wedding, his son-in-law is ashamed; everyone is surprised where the blood (killed enemies) comes from; the grandmother's grandson shows the tsar his severed little fingers and stripes of skin; the tsar drives away three men, transfers power to his son-in-law]: Kulemzin, Lukina 1978, NO. 110:117-120.