Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K35a4. Dumped into the sea. .

To get rid of the hero and take his position, the deceiver pushes him into the sea or leaves him on a distant island. The hero escapes and returns.

Portuguese, Catalans, Ladins, Bretons, French, Germans (Pomerania, Hesse, Switzerland), Palaung, Khmers, Serbs, Icelanders, Danes, Finns, Estonians, Seto, Lithuanians.

Southern Europe. Catalans (Mallorca included) [the hero buys and buries a dead man; he promises to help, but demands half of what the hero gains as a result of marriage; the hero marries a princess and they they go to the country of the hero's parents; a relative of the princess throws the hero off the ship and convinces her that her husband is dead; a miraculously escaped hero comes to the palace and discovers himself; for this time the wife gave birth; the assistant requires half the baby; the hero is going to cut the child, but the assistant stops him: he only tested the hero's honesty]: Oriol, Pujol 2008, No. 505:107-108; ladins : Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 79 [the merchant sent a son named Pieder overseas with his friend; they stayed at an inn; at night P. hears moans; this is a deceased unpaid debtor; P. for he paid it; the father was furious; next time P. hears a woman crying; bought two princesses kidnapped and enslaved; they and P. did not return home, they live their work; the princesses gave a box, there is a portrait of their father; they ordered to show it; so P. found the king whose daughters were kidnapped; the king sent him for his daughters, promising the eldest to be his wife; as the minister's companion; when they sail back on the ship, the minister pushed P. into the sea; P. got to the island, he was allowed to herd goats; the dead man who was bought became a fox, told him to grab his tail, carried P. by air to the king, who gives his eldest daughter for the minister; P. hired him in the kitchen, put the ring given to him by the princess in a pie; the princess recognized the ring; everything was clarified; at the feast of the imaginary groom, they ask how to punish such a crime; Minister: break horses; they did it to him; at the feast they gave me so much in the ass that it flew to you]: 213-219; Uffer 1973, No. 35 [Barba Giatken's younger brother married a rich, childless, rich; the elder Barba Gionlin has many children and poor; his son asked the priest and godfather for 2,000 ducats; when asked about bail, he pointed to the crucifixion; with this money he and his uncle went to Turkey to buy fabrics; spent the night in a hotel, someone spent the night then threshes; this dead man, who owes 500 ducats, will threshing at night until he works; a young man (his name is Gion) paid for him; at another inn he buys the princess and her for 500 ducats a maid who was captured and forced to sing at night; after learning about the useless expenses, the uncle went home, leaving his nephew in Turkey; he bought goods for 500 ducats, brought it, became rich; one woman worked in a warehouse, the other was his cook; his father overheard that the princess was the one in the warehouse, Gion married her; she gave birth to a son Franz Gisep; Gion came by ship to his father-in-law, the King of Amsterdam, all He told him, and on the way back, the chief clerk (Hofschreiber) pushed him into the sea, swallowed him by fish; he asked the princess to marry him, but she asked for a 7-year delay ; Gion swam out, hired to herd goats; when he was 7 days away, the fox told him to hurry - his wife's wedding with the clerk was being prepared; if he gave her half of what he would save for a year, she would take him immediately to Amsterdam; he hired a kitchen, threw a ring in an omelet to the princess; she recognized the ring; Gion came to work for a mason and sprayed the groom's solution; he told him grab; at the wedding table, the king asked what to do with someone else's wife; groom: rip with horses; Gion opened; a year later, the fox demanded that the baby be separated; Gion grabbed the sword, but the fox stopped him: she was the redeemed dead man, she also became the fish that saved Gion from the sea; (disappeared)]: 131-139).

Western Europe. Bretons [the fisherman has 6 children, the catch is always poor; he has caught a mermaid, she promised a rich catch, but wants to kiss a boy whom the fisherman's wife just gave birth to; after baptizing the baby, the fisherman brought it to the mermaid; she gave it a piece of gold to be put on the edge of the hearth; then gold would fall from the chimney all day; the mermaid tried to pick up the child, but the fisherman took it away; the mermaid disappeared saying that the boy (his name is Fanch) still belongs to her; the fisherman became rich; people thought that the fisherman sold himself to the devil, stopped communicating with him; F. reached the age of 18, went on a journey, taking a servant; father forbid him to approach the seashore; the wolf, the hawk and the bumblebee argue over the horse's carcass; F. divided: meat to the wolf, giblets to the hawk, blood to the bumblebee; they gave F. the ability to take their form; F. for testing became a wolf, the servant got scared and rode away; there was a pond in front, there were geese; F. swam on horseback, giving the geese bread; the main goose promised to help; on the way ants, F. gave them all the rest of the food, they promised to help; F . came to the castle, there is food and wine, a soft bed; in the morning the old woman throws a purse with money into the well and tells her to get it, letting the sink scoop out water; otherwise she will kill; F. calls the goose, she dives, brings; the next day is to divide the three varieties of grain (ants divided); on the third day, find out in the dark which of the three sisters is more beautiful, for three old women are the enchanted daughters of the Spanish king; let F. marry beautiful; the bumblebee will buzz around the head of the one to choose; the old women have become princesses, but F. said that he is still too young and will come to Spain later; returned to Paris, lives in front of the palace, sees the princess, became a hawk, let the princess catch himself; at night he becomes a young man; the pregnancy is obvious, the king was told he ran into his daughter's room, F. opened, had to marry him to a princess; her former fiancé, a Turkish prince, invited F. to go by sea, pushed him into the water, F. was picked up by a mermaid; two years later, F. asked her to raise him over the sea for a while water, flew hawk to Paris; tomorrow his wife's wedding with a Turkish prince; F. came to the wedding in a luxurious outfit, opened himself to his wife; the princess asks the king and Turkish fiancé what key to keep: old and found or made in return; both say old; F. tells the Turkish prince to be thrown into a hot stove; all is well]: Luzel 1887 (2), No. 10:381-418; French: Cosquin 1886, No. 15 ( Lorraine) [three stray shoemakers walked; the youngest followed the middle road, the older two along the side road; the youngest divided the dead lion between the lion, giving it three quarters, the eagle and the ant, which got it a quarter; they gave a hair, a feather, a leg so that the young man could turn into any of them; becoming an eagle, the young man flew to the shepherd's hut; he says that the king will give his daughter for someone to free her from a seven-headed monster and a giant; a young man entered the princess's room as an ant; she says that others could not cut off the monster's seventh head, and if it is not cut down, the other six grow back; young man it took 2 hours to cut down one head; the next day, 4 to cut 2; then 8 to cut down 3; then 10 to cut down the seventh; the princess taught this head to get three eggs, throw two eggs in a giant, he will die, and one against the wall, a luxurious carriage will appear; the princess gave the young man her handkerchief; they boarded the ship, sailed to the king; the princess's former admirer pushed the young man into the sea, it was swallowed by a whale; the deceiver forced the princess to say that he saved her; the beggar began to play the violin, the whale swam to listen; the beggar promised to play more if the whale showed the prince's head; if he showed hips; knee-length; whole; the prince became an eagle, flew away; disguised as a beggar, came to the princess's wedding; she recognized her handkerchief; the deceiver was thrown into the fire with fireworks crackers; the hero's wedding with princess]: 166-170; Delarue 1957 [the plot is rare, with two dozen versions known from Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Lapland, Scotland, France, Italy, Spain, Greece, as well as from Canada and Antill {summary the last two are given}]: 274; Germans (Pomerania) [a young merchant equipped three ships; arrived in the country, ged the flood, gave one ship to save people from starvation; then the second (in another country where hunger is also); paid the hanged man's debts and buried him; the captain of the last ship feared that with such a generous gentleman he would lose the ship; so he left the merchant in someone else's harbor and He sailed away; the merchant went and saw a plowman whose plow was being dragged by two naked girls; there are no cattle in this country, so they buy girls at the bazaar; the merchant bought the girls: they are the princess and her maid of honor; they were spotted on the shore from the ship, they took them home, to meet the ship sent by the king in search; all three moved there; the savior was promised the hand of the princess; the admiral pushed the merchant into the sea, and forced the women swear that he is their savior; the princess asks to postpone the wedding for a year; the captain grabbed the floating mast at sea, reached the island; a big bird put him on his back and carried him to where the admiral's wedding with the princess is being prepared; the merchant sent a letter to the princess asking for a fried lighthouse and wine; the princess immediately sent and then sent a carriage; the wedding; the admiral was hanged]: Jahn 1891, No. 35:190 -194; Germans (southern Hessen) [the merchant sent his son to trade to the East; when he saw the Turks mocking the corpse of a black slave, the young man gave all his gold to buy the body and bury it; when the son returned empty-handed, his father decided not to send him again, but his wife persuaded him to try again; now the young man bought the captured woman and brought him home; fearing his father, he hired a separate home for her, oh than told only the mother; the father abandoned the son; the wife made a beautiful saddle and sent her husband to sell it; the saddle was bought by none other than the boy's father; the young man and his wife sailed to her father the king; but three on the ship threw the young man into the sea to pretend to be the princess's saviors; the black man, whom the young man took for the devil, prevented him from drowning and returned him to the ship; the villains again threw the young man into the sea and They sailed away by ship; the king believed that they had saved the princess; she demanded that the walls of the three chambers be painted for her before the wedding as she intended; the black man saved the young man again, but demanded that when he will have a son and will reach the age of 12, he will pick him up; the young man is in a hut by the sea, food, wine and everything he needs appear on their own; then the black man took him to the princess's city; the young man became successful work for a baker; the king saw his buns and offered to paint the princess's rooms with them; it would probably suit her thoughts; the young man did it, everything was explained, he married the princess; when their son The 12th year went, the husband told his wife about the contract with the black man he held by the line; the black man appeared and said that he was not hell, but that buried black man who paid back kindly for the good]: Wolf 1851:242-250; Germans (Switzerland, Canton of Valais) [father sent his son to collect rent; the crowd beats the debtor's corpse, the young man bought and buried him; the father is furious; the following year he gave the money again, rescuing him captive; then the father drove her son away; the girl was kidnapped by the princess, her father sent money; they went by ship to her country; during the storm, capital pushed the young man overboard ; pretended to be a savior, but the princess persuaded his father to postpone the wedding for a year; the young man clung to the board and swam to the island; a hare came out of the water, told him to sit on it and asked him where he needed to go; brought a young man in princess town; began to play the melodies he played for the princess on the ship on the flute; she recognized them; at the wedding, the king tells everyone to tell stories; young man: what does an oathbreaker deserve? captain: quartering; the young man told everything, pardoned the captain, who was just expelled; wedding]: Jegerlehner 1913, No. 142:118-120.

Burma - Indochina. Palaung [the king appoints his main wife's son as heir; six sons of other wives decide to destroy him; they sail with him to a river island, leave one sleeper there; dressed as a bear nat, the guardian of the river, appears; mango fruit falls from the sky, and a tree with yellow, blue, green fruits grows from it; after eating yellow fruit, the bear turns into a young nata, blue into an old one a monkey, a green man into a parrot; a young man picks up fruit, flies home as a parrot; gives his brothers fruits to choose from; some eat yellow, fly to heaven, some blue ones turn into monkeys; after the death of his father Prince Reigns]: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 139:319-320; the Khmers [when the two brothers finished their studies at the monastery, the monk told the elder to go to China, where he would become an important mandarin; He gave three tips to the youngest: 1) if everyone is tired, but should be on the lookout, do not sleep yourself; 2) when you get married, watch your mother-in-law; 3) do not reveal secrets to your wife; if you follow these rules, you will become a master two kingdoms; the youngest married, lived in poverty; when he learned that the eldest had indeed become a court mandarin, he asked the ship's captain to take him to China; there he came to the Mandarin Palace, but his wife told him to do so shackle the beggar in chains; when the mandarin returned, he gave his brother new pants, fed him; when he learned from the soothsayer that the brother would really become the ruler of the two kingdoms, gave him a piece of not very valuable cloth and sent him away; his younger brother was offended; returning by ship, he remembered the advice not to sleep; at night a cannibal flew in, his younger brother grabbed him by the mustache; he asked him to let him go, gave him a rope (herself binds), a baton (he beats himself), a pot (any food in it); in the morning, the younger brother told the captain everything; he brought him to the island and asked him to get the fruit from the tree; he sailed away, taking the wonderful ones with him objects; abandoned, he saw a pig coming on the water; spit out the crystal that allowed him to walk fast on the water, began to eat fruits; the man began to throw fruits further and further from the tree; when the pig left, went down, took the crystal, went on the water and caught up with the ship; asked the captain to give him those items - he would tie them into one bag and return them; after receiving the items, ran away on the water and returned home on the same day; the wife's lover; she insisted that her husband tell her everything; he said about the wonderful objects he buried at the stairs leading to the house; the lover heard everything, took the objects; the husband dragged the stairs to the judge, Accusing her of stealing objects; then he came to the king; he believed the man, gave the cloth to make clothes and told her to give it to his wife; when the holiday was, do not come by himself, but let the wife come with whoever she wanted; the lover was identified by this matter, he confessed everything, returned the kidnapped; the man asked for forgiveness of the perpetrators - let them marry; the king offered the man a crown and daughter in exchange for items, but he He only asked for a large iron knife used by basket makers; since then his name has been Mr. Basket Knife; he came to another kingdom, lived with a merchant, he fell in love with him; the local king he was looking for someone to entrust the kingdom; left a silk-lined bed in the treasury and ordered a feast next to him; each of the candidates remained to guard the treasures, while the king himself watched the candidate; each feasted and then went to bed, did not guard; everyone was beheaded; when it was the merchant's turn, the Knife volunteered to go in his place; when the king appeared secretly, the Knife pretended not to recognize him, chased behind the "thief", stabbed him with his knife, deliberately aiming not at the king, but at the pillars of the throne room, behind which he was hiding; the king named himself; when they left the hall, the roof collapsed; the next day the Knife was found; Seeing the Knife cut seven boards with his knife with one blow, the king appointed him heir, ordered the merchant to marry his daughter; when he died, the king also gave Knife his daughter and throne; he visited the king, whom he once asked for his knife; the king was old and also handed him a daughter and kingdom; the knife sent for his older brother to China, made him chief minister]: Milne 1972:27-46.

The Balkans. Serbs [the middle son of a poor man married an ugly girl; went on a journey the day after the wedding; was hired as an employee; 16-17 years later he asked the owner to calculate him; he asked whether he wanted 100 ducats with a curse or three with a blessing; a person chose a blessing; in the mountains he went into a house where he heard noise and loud conversations; came in; everyone was talking and one was silent; traveler asked why; he replied that his every word {statement} was worth a dukat; the traveler gave the ducat, and then the second; St. Thomas (it was him): Don't go into the muddy water; Don't do what you think; the traveler went to the river, but saw that it was muddy, and sat on the shore; three Turks rode up, another horse was loaded with money; they asked the traveler to hold her while they were looking for a ford; the water took them away, and the horse with the money went to the traveler; the next day the water came down and the traveler crossed the river; got home; his wife did not recognize him ; when my son returned from work, the man mistook him for an attacker and was going to hack him with an ax; the wife cried out: This is my son! The man remembered the advice he had bought, opened himself to his wife and son, stayed with them; the son asked for money to trade; the father gave; the son equipped and sent three ships with grain; met a robber ship; two grabbed to death trying to bite each other; two prisoners are barely alive from hunger; a man bought the girls, giving the robbers ships full of grain; at home, his father did not reproach him; the following year, ships with salt; man sailed to a kingdom where there was no salt; the king bought salt by giving ducat ships for them; while eating, the queen noticed a stranger wearing a handkerchief to her kidnapped daughters; promised three more ships with ducats, if a stranger brings her daughter; the man went home to bring the princesses to his parents; a naked corpse on the shore; people: this scoundrel was killed for the cause; the man dressed and buried the dead man; asked for passenger; on the way back, he threw a man into the sea, telling the girls to call him their savior; the one thrown into the sea was picked up and brought ashore by an eagle; demanded that when the rescued will become king, he will have to give him what he required; the saved man came to the palace when the king gave his daughter to a deceiver; in the kitchen he threw his ring into the bowl of soup that he had carried to the bride ; she recognized the ring; the deceiver was hanged; the king married the eldest daughter to the savior and made him heir; they have a son; a man appeared who demanded that the promise to give what they asked for (he was the one eagle); demanded a son; father agrees; came: it was just a test, I am that buried dead man; everything is fine, the man brought his parents to live with him as well]: Eschker 1992, No. 16:84-89.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Georgians (Imereti) [an insignificant person is called to find the missing princess; the king gives him a ship, a captain, 12 sailors; on the island they come to the hut; one remains to cook, overgrown with his hair, the dwarf asks to give him lunch, when refused, kills the cook; the hero remains, kills the dwarf, finds the keys on it, unlocks the locked part of the house, there is a princess, she gives him a ring; he forgets the ring, returns with 11 sailors, the captain sails away with the princess; the boat with the sailors turns over, they sink; the demon on the island takes the hero home, at the wedding of the captain and the princess, she recognizes the hero by the ring, the captain is executed, after the death of the king, the hero reigns; the wife finds a lover, replaces the clothes and sword given by the demon with a fake, the hero is tied to the horse's tail; he brings him to the demon; the demon gives the hero the ability to turn into a horse; the queen orders him to be killed, the maid plants the horse's tooth, an apple tree grows, the chips from the felled apple tree turn into two ducks; the duck wears the clothes of a lying bather tsar, takes the form of a hero, he executes a traitor and her favorite, marries a maid]: Glushakov 1904, No. 2:6-14.

Baltoscandia. Icelanders [after the death of his parents, Prince Thorstein squandered everything and went on a journey; in one place he saw peasants digging a grave; the man said that the deceased owed him 200 coins; T. paid them; on the advice of a peasant, he turned west at the crossroads, but then changed his mind and drove east; drove up to the fortified lock; the door was unlocked, there are 7 beds in the room, there are 7 beds on the table plates; T. put on every meal, made all the beds; giants came in, one of them advised not to harm the guest since he cleaned the house; let him stay; in a year the giants are happy with the servant; to him the keys to all rooms but one were trusted; T. managed to print the key in the test, made a copy and unlocked the door; there was an exhausted kidnapped princess tied by her hair; he began to feed her daily; For 4 years, T. asked permission to leave the giants, and as a reward, what was in the forbidden room did not matter what was there; the giant agreed; but soon sent a chase; T. hacked three giants; then two more; then the chief and his brother; T. killed his brother, but the giant knocked him down; the princess killed the giant; in the castle of the giants they waited for the ship; the captain was the brother of the princess's father and his minister Raudur; at sea he left T. in the boat and took an oath from the crew: he is the savior; T. heard a voice on the boat: I will help you; it was that dead man; they arrived at the princess's island before the ship; T. was hired as a groom; he and the princess told the king everything; the sailors were thrown into prison, Raudur was executed; after the death of King T. inherited the throne]: Poestion 1994, No. 33:274-284; the Danes [the poor man went to sell the canvas; in The old man offers to buy in the forest at the spring for a promise to give what his wife wears under the sash; the poor man thinks it is a bunch of keys, but the wife is pregnant; the poor man brings the baby, the old man dips him in the spring and gives the name Grünhut ("green hat") - you can't baptize again; turns him into a hedgehog, a deer, a falcon, again into a baby; enough for a poor man for a kept promise, tells him to bring the boy when he comes true 10 years old; tells a boy five years old to be a hedgehog, a deer, a falcon; now he is a Knight Grenhat, he can turn into these animals and cause him in case of trouble; the old man tells him to hire a groom for the king, to be afraid Red Knight; G. was hired by a prince, KR serves him; the princess fell in love with G.; KR wants to marry her himself; tells the prince that G. can get the most beautiful girl; in the guise of a hedgehog, deer, falcon G. infiltrates an overseas princess, promises to marry the prince, she leaves with him on a ship; the Kyrgyz Republic pushed G. into the sea, brought the prince the princess himself; the mermaid saved G., he is in her palace; the princess pretended to be dumb; they want to burn her; the mermaid let G. save her, he appeared in the guise of a hedgehog, threw a fire; the princess revealed the secret to the prince's sister, she fell in love with G., both fell silent; they want to burn them, G. He threw a fire in the form of a deer; they fell silent again; the mermaid does not want to let G. go - let them burn them so that G. forgets them; he only asks to raise him above the water to see the fire; flew away with a falcon, scattered a fire; the prince married an overseas princess, G. married the prince's sister, and the Kyrgyz Republic was burned]: Grundtvig 1878:192-227 (=Suritz 1991:67-74); the Finns [after serving, Imanti went to Riga because he saw a dream that there a fried hazel grouse jumped into his mouth from the window; found this house, hired a merchant, became a captain; one day a storm brought the ship to an unfamiliar harbor; I. saw the coffin being taken to the square and that's it they beat him with chopsticks; this is the debtor, I. paid his debts and buried him; when the coral went to sea, two cauldrons of gold clung to the anchor; in another city, I. fell in love with the princess, lured him to the ship and took him away; the princess agreed to exchange rings with him; the helmsman and his henchmen tied I., put her in a boat and let him go to sea; the princess was brought to her father, the helmsman said he saved her; I. sailed to to the island; from there he was transported dead in his coffin back to the princess; she recognized her ring; the king asked how to execute the man who left another at sea; the helmsman: tie him to the board and throw him into the sea; they did so; I. married a princess]: Konkka 1993:51-59; Estonians, Seto {forgot to insert the data, I must find it}; Lithuanians [the prince gave all his money, paying the debts of the deceased and After burying him; becoming a merchant and finding himself on the island, he meets the princess who was brought there by the storm; the prince marries her, brings her to the city; the king sends a servant to give the prince a reward; he pushes the prince off the ship into the sea, attributes the feat to himself; the man in the boat saves the prince; says he is the dead man whom the prince buried; teaches him to return his wife; all is well]: Gerould 1908:78-79.