Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K35c1. Better is the one you love (ATU 677).



young man was not killed, but rewarded, because he correctly (evasively) answered the question of a powerful character - which of the two women should marry, which is more beautiful, which object or the material is more valuable

, etc. Arameans, Syrian Arabs, Punjabi, Russians (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Ryazan, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Podolia), Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Abkhazians, Karachays or Balkarians, Ossetians, Avars, Dargins, Lacks, Lezgins, Aguls, Tsakhurs, Georgians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Kurds, Baluchis, Uzbeks, Lithuanians, Latvians (?) , Finns (?) , Estonians (?) , Kazakhs, Kyrgyz.

Western Asia. Aramei [the merchant's wooden elbow (i.e. ruler) broke; he told his wife to wait for him for 7 years and went on a journey; he hired a merchant for 7 years; with him, the dried vineyard blossomed, the merchant generously paid; bought three tips for three gold at the bazaar: patience saves you from trouble; don't let anger take control of yourself; everyone likes; when I get home, I saw through the window that his wife was wrong someone is sleeping; wanted to shoot his wife and lover, but knocked first; his wife and her two twin sons came out to meet him; the broken elbow is intact again; the merchant finds out that the sultan is calling people to him to answer his question; losers are being executed, a tower of skulls has already been built; there is a girl and a frog next to the Sultan; the sultan asks which of them is more beautiful; merchant: what he likes is suitable for everyone ; after this report, the spell subsided and the frog turned into a girl; the king appointed the merchant as a vizier and married a former frog; {the advice about patience is not directly used in the story}]: Belov, Wilsker 1960:332 -338, the Arabs of Syria [the princess insists that a woman both destroys and builds a house, the king insists that it is a man; takes her daughter to the desert and passes Muhammad off as a poor scavenger; the princess embroiders with silk, M. sells her embroideries to the king and vizier; the caravans invite M. with them, his wife sewed money into a handkerchief; he is asked to go down to the well for water; there efreet asks which of those sitting on his lap women are more beautiful - white or black; M. guessed that Efrita likes a black woman better; for the correct answer he received 4 grenades and tells me not to talk about anything; on the way back, M. brings for a black woman the dress that efreet ordered him; M. returns to his wife with money, who builds a palace, tells her father and vizier to be invited; the tsar believed that a woman was building the house]: Lebedev 1990, No. 32:163-167.

South Asia. Punjabi [Prince Ram Singh quarreling with his stepmother, goes on a journey; the old guru says goodbye gives advice: 1) obey unquestioningly to who you serve; 2) not talk badly about anyone; 3) don't lie; 4) don't try to portray yourself as equal to someone taller than you; 5) if someone reads a holy book or preaches, stop and listen; in town, the prince hired a vizier's bodyguard; Raja went on a journey with the vizier and his entire entourage; they found themselves in a waterless country; the old man says that there is a well, but it has evil spirits; the vizier tells RS to go down there; a giant has appeared and, pointing out on a chest of bones, asked what the mortal thought of my sweet wife; RS: I think it's impossible to find another one; the giant was delighted and said that MS was the first to have eyes; the rest were kill; asks what reward the young man wants; RS: allow all people to use the well; after that, RS became Raja himself close and treasury keeper; Raja's brother, making plans for him removal from power, offered RS his daughter; he hoped to take possession of the treasures; RS remembered that you should not be equal to those above you, refused; then brother told Raja that RS insulted him and him daughter; Raja ordered the execution of RS; sent soldiers to a tower outside the city; we must kill someone who comes to ask when the construction will be completed; in the morning, the Raja sent RS with this question; he heard a sermon in the temple and stayed to listen; but Raja's brother, disguised himself, went to the tower, saw only builders and a few warriors, and asked when the tower would be finished; they cut off his head and brought the Raja; he found out the truth, raised RS again; RS lived a happy life]: Lang 2009:74-78.

Central Europe. Russians (Murmansk, Ryazan, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Podolia), Belarusians [In the underwater kingdom: the hero orders him to be lowered from the ship to the bottom of the sea, where he receives gold, having resolved the dispute between the sea king and the queen about what is more expensive than gold]: SUS 1979, No. 677:174-175; Russians (Teresky Bereg) [the wife asks her husband to sell the necklace; he gave it for advice: the head will not die without trial ; gave embroidery in silver, the husband gave for God, so he elevates himself to the bottom; gold embroidery: Swing - do not hit, but call - do not lower; after that, the husband was afraid to go home, hired the ship as a captain; ships stopped in the middle of the sea, someone must go down to the king of the sea; that man descended; the sea king: the sea is rich in the land; the king's wife: the land is rich in the sea; you can live on land without the sea, but without the sea land is impossible; the man asked the king to put him on his throne, judged him as follows: the sea gives and takes, but the land gives and does not take it, the land is richer than the sea; he fell asleep and woke up in his cabin: gold is all around; have arrived to the king; the captains give fur and think that it only has coal; it turned out to be gold; the husband returned, saw two young men next to his wife, swung his sword, but did not hit; it turned out that his sons ]: Balashov 1970, No. 150:401-404; Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Pomors) [the guy was imprisoned for stealing; when he left, he came to ask the tsar for money; the tsar's daughter wanted to marry him; his father kicked her out, nothing with Without giving herself; she embroidered a towel three times, sent her husband to sell it, he sold it for three tips: go and don't be afraid; judge and don't discuss; swing, don't hit; it's a shame to return to his wife without money, hired a coral; ships out of place, who will go under water? the man remembered "go - don't be afraid", volunteered to go down on the condition that if he returns, one of his ships; two waterfowers in the silver palace ask what is more expensive in Russia - damask or gold? "Judge - don't discuss": gold is more expensive, but if war, then damask is more expensive; the watermen are happy, they gave the box; the man got up, got the ship, the ships sailed; the man took one gem from the box, gave it to the king, he seated him next to him; the merchant is envious: if the price of my ships is lower than his alone, I will give him everything; the contents of the box are much more expensive than all ships; the man returned home with ships; changed clothes with the beggar, his wife did not recognize him; two men came at night; "Swing, don't hit"; it turned out that his sons; the wife recognized her husband; the tsar had a feast in honor of his son-in-law]: Razumova, Senkina 1987:138-143; Russians (Vologda) [Ondron came to the tsar unhappy; he wanted to execute him, but Marya Tsarevna took him as her husband and the tsar expelled them; M. weaves carpets, O. sells; first for money, and then for three words; Where they will call and do not unsubscribe; O. did not want to go to the ship, but remembered the advice and sailed; the ships stopped; out of the water: give us a Russian man; O. did not deny it again, went down to the bottom; there are three old man: what is more expensive - gold, silver or gems? O.: it doesn't matter in Russia; old people: here we are fools for three years, but the Russian man immediately calculated; O. picked up precious stones, got up, the ships sailed, the foreign tsar is happy with the gifts; O. loaded ships with bricks, but he put a gem in each brick; O.'s cargo turned out to be much more expensive than that of other merchants {apparently they were fighting to bet}; O. returned, two fellows next to his wife; O. remembered the third word: go up, don't put it down; did not cut; the guys woke up: hello, baby! ; the tsar found out about his son-in-law; a feast for the whole world; and I drank vodka and honey, it flowed down my mustache, but did not get into my mouth]: Sokolov, Sokolov 1920, No. 29:111-115; Ukrainians (Podolia) [pregnant wife in the absence of her husband gave herself to visitors; the boy from her womb says it was a sin; when he was born, his mother told her servants to kill him, bring her little finger and heart; the boy asked him not to kill, but to bring the dog's heart to his mother ; the servants are amazed that the baby speaks; the boy was hired to herd geese; the pan learned him, he was capable; Mr. is sorry that the adopter is smarter than his own children; he drove the young man away; he was hired as a clerk to the merchant; they sailed on the ship, the ship suddenly stopped; the young man went down to the bottom, there was a glass house; the wife says that silver is more expensive, and the husband says gold; the burden agreed with her husband, who gave the gold to him; the ship moved, the merchant rewarded the young man; he came to his mother, who did not recognize him; paid her for the night; says that familiar breasts, she does not understand; the father returned, the son told him everything; he tied his wife to a horse and let him into the steppe]: Levchenko 1928, No. 568:500-501.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars [boy Symail is diligent at school, but sad; once he threw a stone into a glass of water carried by an old woman; she predicted that he would have difficulties and he would not soon will achieve what he wants; in a dream, an elder came to S., left a portrait of Ismikan Sultan; at the same moment, the elder dreamed of IS herself, left her a portrait of S. SEE came to the mountain, where there are three peri; they call him Karaja Oglan {then only this name is used} and demand an answer as to which of them is more beautiful; if KO named one of them, they would kill him, but he replied that no one can be singled out; the peri showed the way to IS; they met; KO surprised the wise men with his learning and others by playing the saz; bey, the father of IS, is outraged that KO sings about love for his daughter, but his Pasha protects, paid dowry for him, gave him a palace; a wedding; Pasha tells KO to come to him in 7 days, but he remembered it only on the fortieth day; Pasha wanted to execute him, then captivate him for 40 years, but in finally forgave; but when IS was sleeping, a servant lay down on her, on top of the blanket; IS did not notice anything, but KO came in, saw the servant, cursed IS, went to wander; the curse of KO made IS fall, from her There was a stench; the clerk, whom IS's father expected to be her husband, went to look for KO, because only he could remove his own curse; together they found IS in the form of a seriously ill beggar; KO apologized IS entered the water, recovered; wedding 40 days and nights]: Zherdeva 2020, No. 73; Abkhazians [peasant Mata worked for the prince, he offered money or advice; M. chose advice; to the questioner answer so that he likes it; do not argue about what you cannot do; do not believe what you have not seen yourself; M. came to the king, who asks if the frog is worthy to sit on a gold platter; M. replied yes , the frog shed its frog skin, became beautiful, the spell was broken; the king generously rewarded M., made him a prince; the merchant argues: if M. catches a pigeon in a tree, he will give him his property, and if not, he will receive it; M. refused to catch the pigeon, the merchant climbed himself, did not catch it, lost everything; the person he met says that M.'s wife and children are dead; he is going to turn, but remembers the advice; everything is fine]: Shakryl 1975, No. 49:254-262; Karachays or Balkarians [the daughter reproaches the khan for not giving what he earned to the young farmhand; the khan expelled her and she became the wife of that poor young man; he went to look job; hired as a shepherd for three years; the owner asks if he wants to receive 3 honestly earned rubles a year or 15 dishonestly; the young man wants honest money; in a year he is going to take the money to his wife; the owner promises to do it instead of him; bought a mirror and sold it for 30 rubles to the daughter of a rich man, who looked in a bucket of water; he gave the money to the worker's wife with an order from her husband to build a house; the same in the second year; the owner bought a cat and sold it worth its weight in gold to people who were tortured by mice; the worker's wife built a real palace; three years later the worker goes home; the companion sold him three for 3 rubles advice; 1) do not hold a grudge at a friend; 2) do not spend the night in the ravine; 3) take your time to conclusions; people are afraid to go down to the well; the worker has come down; there is a girl, a frog and a young man; he asks who more beautiful; worker: whoever his heart loves; that young man cut off the girl's head and said that the girl was chasing him, and he would rather take a frog; the worker shared the gold with his companions; spent the night on a hill , and the rest were in the ravine and were carried away by water; at home, the worker decided that his wife had found another husband, had given birth to a child, but did not show anger; in Kunatsky, his father-in-law and his wealthy owner; the owner explained everything]: Malkonduev 2017:832-830; Ossetians [three comrades stole three boys; two exchanged for fabrics, one could not, took him back, sold him to the old man for advice; 1) not to stay overnight in the old way rivers; 2) do not go to the night with someone who asks; 3) if the conversation is about a man and a woman, then praise the man, and the woman has been whipped; 4) if you get angry and raise your right hand, grab it with your left hand; man stopped at the announcement, and his comrades were in the riverbed; at night they were carried away by the mudflow; the old man invited the man into the house, he first refused, but then returned; there was a young woman and a frog in the house; old man: we agreed marry children with a brother; he has a daughter and my son is a frog; the man praised the frog, she turned into a handsome man with a golden forelock; after that, the guest was regaled and pleased for two years, then loaded with a phaeton money; he came home, there was a wife with a man; it turned out to be his grown son]: Dzagurov 1973, No. 84:388-392; Avars [Azhdakha seized a source, on the palisade of the heads of the killed; the young man arrives face off, but Azhdaha says that he needs an answer to the question; shows two women, one much more beautiful than the other; the young man replies that the one that Azhdaha likes is more beautiful; Azhdaha released the water, Khunzakh's mountain has his body]: Atayev 1972, No. 88:139; Dargins [father says they became rich thanks to his efforts, and daughter because of his mother's intelligence; father will give his daughter off as the poorest a young man; she let her husband sell earrings at the bazaar; the husband goes with the merchants; the wife tells me that the most beautiful is not beautiful, but the beloved; the merchants told the young man to go down to the well for water; there is a bearded old man asks who is more beautiful; young man: who do you love; an old man who killed many people before gives the young man three diamonds; he sent one of them to his wife, with this money she built a house; the young man sees at night how the woman put a knot under the head of the sleepers; managed to cut off her braids; identified the wife of the head of the city, who cut off his son's head; the wife is hanged, the young man is awarded; the wife receives his companions luxuriously returning husband; parents arrive, father admits daughter is right]: Aliyeva 2013, No. 79:351-355; Lucky [Khan's daughter demands that he treat the poor man; for this, the father passes her off as the first beggar; that brings his wife to the cave where his mother is sick; she advises her son to hire a caravan worker, a friend of his late father; merchants promise gold to whoever goes down to the well to fetch water before one returns ; the young man is in the dungeon; there is a thin man and a turtle; a man asks questions, the young man answers correctly (the sweetest of all is the lips of his beloved, the most pleasant thing is to sleep next to her, the most beautiful is the one you love); the turtle turned into a beauty, a thin horse, gives two grenades; with an oncoming caravan, the young man sent gold and one grenade home, his wife found pearls inside; his wife is building a palace; her father is all found out and repented, arranged a lavish wedding for her and the young man]: Kapiyeva 1991:256-260; Lezgins [husband and wife argue which of them started a family; to prove the uselessness of women, the husband passed off his daughter as lazy guy; she made salty soup, put a bowl of water in the yard, her husband had to leave the house; his wife sends him to sell a handkerchief; the husband sells for the old man's advice: what you like is always beautiful; in Next time: don't spend the night in the lowland, spend the night on a hill; spend the night in the city or far from the city, but not near the city; the husband went with a caravan; at the spring, Azhdaha asks what is most beautiful light; a person recalls the first advice: what is sweet to the heart; ajdaha gives water and three precious stones; one person immediately sends it to his wife; everyone sleeps in the lowland, and the man on the hill who slept in the lowland washed away, a man gets a second camel, sends his wife a second stone; caravans spend the night at the city wall, and the man goes to herd camels; comes to see the caravans, grabs and cuts something off soft; everyone is arrested in the morning - someone cut off the head of the chief of the guard; the man shows the severed braid: the girl with her love affairs is to blame; the man receives a third camel as a reward , returns to his wife, there is a palace; father admits that his daughter is right]: Aliyeva 2013, No. 80:359-362; Aguly: Maysak 2014, No. Sh6 [One bald poor man married the king's daughter because she wanted to go out only for a poor man and rejected all rich suitors. When she gave the bald man three gold coins, he bought two clever tips for two of them, and food and bed for the third. Going with the merchants to sell goods, the bald man came to Azhdaha, who asked him a question and, having received the right answer, gave him treasures. The bald man sent wealth to his wife and mother. In the city, merchants were given the head of a murdered young man, but the bald man managed to cut off the braid of the murderer woman and pointed to her when he and the merchants were accused of the murder. The young man's parents also gave a bald boy. After driving back, the bald man offered not to stay overnight in the gorge, as a result of which he survived, while those who stayed there died because of the mudflow. When he returned, the bald man found that his wife had built a large house in his absence. The king appointed bald man to an important position]: 473; Shahumyan 1941, No. VI [the tsar passed off his daughter as bald; she gave the bald man three gold coins, ordered him to go to the bazaar and buy food and bed; he went to the shop, to which was nothing; the man sitting there said he was selling the mind; the bald man gave one gold and bought one mind from him ("When you're on the road, don't sleep in the gorge"); then gave another gold one; the shopkeeper said: "Do not trust or sleep in the night parking lot"; I bought a mattress, food, drink for the remaining gold bald one, and returned home; after a while I went with the merchants to work; when they arrived in the steppe, the merchants they lowered him into the well for water; the bald man took out water; when he came out of the well, he was grabbed by a giant and dragged him into the cave; warned the bald man: "I will ask you a question; if you do not answer my question, I will give you I'll cut off my head" and asked: "What's good in the world? "; the bald one replied: "It is good to be loved"; the giant gave him gems and let him go; the bald man caught up with the merchants; for the night they stayed in the city in the merchant's courtyard; in midnight, a woman brought the severed head of a boy and put it in the packs of merchants; the bald man found out about this, grabbed the woman and cut off her braid; in the morning at a national assembly she proved that merchants were not involved in the murder and that the murderer was the merchant's wife; on the way home they decided to spend the night in one place; the bald man said: "Let's not stop in the gorge at night, let's stop on a hill, the weather at night not good"; some of the merchants stopped on the hill with the bald one, and the rest stopped in the gorge; it rained at night, and those who stopped in the gorge were carried away with all their belongings; those who stopped on the hill returned safely to their city]: 128-129; Georgians: Kurdovanidze 1988 (2), No. 113 (Kakheti) [poor Burkina Faso goes to work, his wife gives him half a cake; is hired to serve Solomon; he offers to take money or advice; F. chooses advice: do not answer the question right away, think about it; in a year again: don't reach for what you can't do; another year later: don't believe In other people's words, believe only your eyes; F. comes to a city where the king has a frog's wife in the guise of a frog during the day, so as not to overshadow the sun with beauty; she will be freed from the spell if someone in the guise of a frog recognizes a woman; F. is in no hurry to answer that there is a frog in front of him, begins to praise its beauty, the spell has been destroyed; the king gives F. a caravan with gifts; the merchant argues: whoever catches the bird will receive another caravan; refuses to catch, but the merchant did not catch it, F. took possession of everything; at home, a neighbor tells F. that his wife and children are dead; F. does not believe, he returns, the family is alive, everything is fine]: 208-218; Chikovani 1954, No. 11 [seeing a ragged poor man, the princess claims that this is hell; the king in anger tells her to marry him; she tells her husband to sell the handkerchief; agrees if for three advice; 1) do not speak without thinking; 2) do not believe slander , even if they say that a person wants to kill you; 3) if asked about a ford across the river, tell me the truth - I don't know; the poor man was hired by merchants who sent him to get water; by the water, the knight asks: is he more beautiful or frog; the poor man was in no hurry to answer, replied that it was a frog; her skin burst, a beautiful woman came out; knight: now I will not kill people anymore, water is free; he gave three grenades and a golden belt: the wife will wear it, A golden-haired son will be born; the poor man sent his wife a pomegranate, a city and herds in it; the poor man asks whose herds at first do not believe that he is his own; the former poor man and his wife invited the king, who handed him the throne]: 71-76; Armenians [the poor man went to look for money; sends a bag of apples and a cat with the merchant; he comes to a city where he did not see apples, the merchant received a huge profit; in another country, the dominance of mice, the merchant releases the cat, the king pays in gold; the merchant gave the money to the poor man's wife, who built a good house, sent her son to study; on the way home, the poor man gives the last coins for the wise man's advice: 1) earlier You won't die death even if you fall off a cliff into the water; 2) the best one you love; 3) every sneeze is good; people ask the poor man to go down to the well for water; there are severed heads, crows and a frog; a raven asks if he should marry a frog; the poor man replies that the one you love is the best; the raven becomes a young man, the frog becomes a girl, gave him a gift; the people who pulled him out of the well also they gave a coin; when he saw his wife's house, the poor man thought that she had married a rich man; when he saw the young man, he thought it was his rival; but remembered that sneezing was good, began to eavesdrop, realized that the young man was his son; everything good]: Nazinyan 2014:191-194; Azerbaijanis [the old woman replies to the Shah that if a woman does not destroy the house, it will last for a thousand years; the vizier agrees with her, the shah does not; the older daughters tell the Shah that the house is home the husband builds, the youngest is the wife; the Shah passes her off as the poor and lazy Ahmed, the son of an old woman; after sprinkling nuts in the yard, his wife lured A. out of bed; with the first money he earned, A. bought a cat; went with in a caravan; he is asked to go down to the well for water; the diva leads A. to the room where the frog asks what is the most beautiful thing in the world; A.: what does your soul love; the diva loved the frog, gave A. pomegranates as a reward and walnut; with another caravan, A. arrived in the country of the Thin-Legged; rats and mice rush at people, A. released the cat, received gold for it; A. sent pomegranate, walnut and gold to his wife, she built a palace better than the royal , there were precious stones in the grenade; when A. returned, they invited the Shah to visit; he admitted that his daughter was right]: Nabiev 1988:77-82; Turks [the padishah's daughter claims that a lazy person can be make a man and what a female makes a nest; the padishah kicked her out, she married Lazy Hasan; she beats her husband, tells her to answer everything "I don't know", "I didn't hear", "did not see", sends her to prepare and sell firewood; LH I found gold in the mountains, my wife used this money to build a palace, sent her husband with a caravan, asked him to get water from a well; there two frogs ask, "Who are we?" , "did you see us?" , LH replies, as his wife told him; frogs turn into a boy and a girl, who gave a diamond ring and a golden apple for their father; LS comes with a caravan to the padishah, continues to answer everything "not I saw", etc., leads the padishah to the well, it turned out that the boy and the girl are his children; the padishah (jokingly) gives LH a paper ordering him to make him a padishah instead of himself; the daughter shows it to his father, he admits that she is right]: Stebleva 1986, No. 78:324-328; Kurds: Jalil et al. 1989, No. 86 [the padishah gives the poor lumberjack gold twice, but the first time he dropped it into the river and was swallowed by fish, and the eagle took her away for the second time; the padishah's daughter says that the lumberjack must be bad with his wife - everything depends on her; the padishah passes her off as a lumberjack; his wife gives him the last money, and he buys three tips with them: 1 ) stop not in a gorge, but in a high and open place; 2) your wife is the sweetest in life; 3) take your time to kill even the enemy; the poor man hired caravans - those who spent the night in the gorge were washed away by water; the poor man is asked to go down to the well, there is a young man and a frog; the poor man replies that the sweetest of all is wife; the frog has become beautiful; young man: you were the first to answer correctly, I ordered to kill ; gives 7 pomegranates, the poor man sent them to his wife; treasures in grenades, the wife is building a palace; the returning husband sees his wife and two boys, is going to hack them, but realized that they are his sons; the spouses invite padishah, who admits that his daughter is right], 87 [the daughter tells the padishah that the lazy man is lazy because he does not have a mistress; the padishah gives his daughter for him; the wife gives her husband money, he buys advice: 1) do not take on the matter is rash; 2) God's house is being built with patience; 3) they love not for beauty, but for the generosity of his heart; the poor man hired caravans, went down to the well for water, the young man asks if he or the frog is more beautiful; the poor man talks about the generosity of his heart, the young man gives him a bag of gems, the poor man sends it to his wife; after receiving the stones, the young man's wife sent his mother-in-law to ask him for a plot of land the size of a cowhide; cut it leather with straps, built a palace; the poor man came back, saw his wife with a young man, wanted to kill, remembered his patience, realized that it was his son; the wife called the padishah father, who admitted that his daughter was right]: 380-389, 389-393; Rudenko 1970, No. 45 [Ahmad came to Aleppo to look for a job, worked for a rich man for 7 years, bought 7 tips from his owner with the money he earned: 1) you need patience for everything% 2) the most beautiful one I love my heart; 3) do not give anything until you are asked; 4) do not reveal the truth to your wife; 5) if you are sitting in a place of honor, do not talk to the one on the opposite end; 6) grab it on the way home anything softer than a stone; 7) don't get up from where you sat down; A. hired a caravan man; he asks you to go down to the well to get water; when A. sent buckets of water upstairs, the door opened in the wall, young man dragged him into the room, there is a beauty and a frog, the young man asks who is more beautiful; A.: who his heart loved; the young man gave A. seven grants; the caravan gave A. gold; A. asked to take gold and grenades to his wife Seyran; seven-year-old son S. Ismail opened one grenade, and jewelry fell from there; S. bought ordinary pomegranates for her son, bought a palace and a garden for jewelry, got servants; when A. went to the house, A. noticed a dead snake on the road and, remembering the council picked her up, covered the house with earth by the porch; when he saw a young man next to his wife, he grabbed a dagger, but realized that it was his son; where the snake was buried, a tree grew; if anyone said it was a pear, on a tree apples appeared if the apple tree was covered with peaches, etc.; the guessing A. promises to give all the property, and not the guessing player would give him his own; everyone lost, A. became immensely rich; the huckster persuaded the old woman gain confidence, convince S. that A. should tell her a secret, leave a chest in the bedroom; he hid himself in the chest and found out about the snake tree; agreed with A. that he would give him three things if he will answer correctly; when he called the snake tree, it broke out and disappeared; A. asked for three days, came to his first owner, who took him to a feast with the padishah, told him to sit next to him; but A. everyone the one who entered gave way and was on the very edge; the padishah is looking for a knife to cut a watermelon, A. offers his own, the padishah liked it; the vizier said that this knife was stolen from the royal treasury; the owner asks to let go A. promises not to say anything to him for the night; tying his donkey, beats him and talks to him as if about the advice that A. had broken; tells him to say that his father was attacked by robbers, he pulled the knife out of his chest, let the padishah will now pay for blood; padishah: this is what the vizier said; the vizier was executed; the owner Ahmed: the three things that the huckster wants are A.'s life, wife and property; orders to put a high staircase near the house and get to the balcony with his wife; the huckster will take three steps - these are three things he touched, let him take the stairs; everything is fine]: 116-126.

Iran - Central Asia. The Baluchi [the shepherd's wife died during childbirth, and Shutar Bacha's son became a camel driver but did not learn to speak; everyone replied to the king that it was impossible to learn to speak at this age; the daughter objected; for this, the king gave her for SB; the SB learned to speak, went with the caravan; went down to the well to get water; there the diva asks what he has on his hand; it is a frog, but the SB replies that the queen; the divas gave SB 4 a grenade, the SB sent them to his wife; disputed the king's caravan, correctly naming the suit of an unborn foal; when he returned, the house was not a hut, but a palace: the grenades contained rubies and pearls; the SB and his wife come to his to his father; having learned the truth, he handed over the throne to the SB]: Porozhnyakov 1989:63-69; Uzbeks [generous Abduaziz gave everything to his friends, became impoverished, his friends refused to help him; he left his pregnant wife and went to look work; he was picked up by caravans; no one can get water from the well, those who descend without a head; A. came down; divas and two frogs below; divas: better white or black? A.: everyone has their favorite more beautiful; the divas were given water and precious stones, the caravans also rewarded, two lots of black pepper; his daughter is ready to give him a step for him, but he did not take it; sent jewelry and camels to his wife; she built a palace; A. returned, everything is fine; without remembering evil, A. continued to greet friends]: Afzalov 1972 (2): 35-41 (=Sheverdin 1980:341-343); Uzbeks [stranger sells advice for 1000, 2000 and 3000 tillas; the prince buys the first: before doing it, think about the end; writes on his wall; the servant asks the doctor to bleed the prince with his lancet (he smeared him with poison); the doctor read the inscription, made an incision with his lancet; his servant was cut with a lancet, the servant died; the prince went to buy a second piece of advice, but it was sold, so he bought a third one: everyone thinks his own moon; he met two divas they asked what was better - a turtle or an angel-like creature; the prince answered according to the advice; those who made the choice were killed by divas]: Ostroumov 1890, No. 24:139-141.

Baltoscandia. Latvians [The wife embroiders beautiful blankets and sends her husband to the bazaar to sell them. The husband gives the covers for good advice: the diamond is harder than steel; judge the dispute in favor of his wife; raise it, but do not lower it. The wife chases her husband away for not bringing money. The husband hires a ship, sinks to the bottom of the sea, says that the diamond is harder than steel, and gets a lot of money. Returning home, he finds a young man sleeping with his wife, raises his sword, but, remembering the advice, does not lower his hand. It turns out that the young man is his son]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 677:310; Lithuanians, Finns, Estonians: Uther 2004 (1), No. 677:372-373.

Turkestan. Kazakhs [after the death of Bai Köshpes, the clerks took possession of the property, but did not give their sons anything; the youngest Ahmed went with his wife; she let him sell a skein of thread and buy bread; he changed three times threads for advice; 1) no one will die before death; 2) do not go to bed before the owner; 3) do nothing when you are angry; wife is dissatisfied, A. went to wander alone; stayed in an old woman's yurt, with her a lot of gold and silver; he just pretended to be asleep and saw the old woman bake poisoned bread; when the old woman fell asleep, A. also baked bread and changed with the old woman; in the morning A. ate bread and moved on, and the old woman was poisoned and died; A. joined the caravan; there is no water, a person is lowered into a well, lifted up without a head; another without a lower body; A. came down, he was promised a third of the cattle; seven-headed jelmouth shows old and young women, asks which one is more beautiful; A.: beautiful is not what is beautiful, but what you love; jelmouth gave a sword, but did not give it a lamb: he cuts it every night, and in the morning the lamb was safe again; A. asked the caravans for a horse under the golden saddle as a reward; said that if he was not given it, he would not take the cattle; he was given a horse after he said that he had taken it from Jelmouth sword and hacked him; when A. returned home, he was told that the cattle he saw belonged to A.; he thought his wife married a rich man; there was a young man in the yurt next to her; A. wanted to slaughter him, but he restrained himself; it turned out to be his son]: Potanin 1917, No. 34:134-137; Kyrgyz: Brudny, Eshmambetov 1963 [the first person he meets teaches the young man to call beautiful not a beauty, but his beloved; the second not to be a rival from someone who has tasted bread and salt; the third is not to give up morning meals, do not wait for the evening; a young man is hired by caravans; a bucket lowered into the well, the worker who climbs after him disappears; climbs a young man sees a diva and two women, a diva asks which one is more beautiful, the young man answers according to the advice, the diva gives water; the merchant rewards him; he stays with a friend, his wife tries to seduce him, he refuses, she slandered him in front of her husband; the husband asks his baker friend to throw a man into the oven who will come for bread tomorrow; on the way, the young man comes to his friend's house for breakfast; the wife the owner comes to the baker first, she is thrown into the oven; the husband realizes that the young man is not to blame; after getting wiser and rich, the young man returns home]: 237-240; Kebekova, Tokombaeva 2007 [Khan has a wise daughter; once said to her father: "It takes a thousand days to be good, one day to become bad"; Khan was angry: if you are so smart, I'll marry Tuuruk Taman, try to make him a good person"; TT was miserable, who had not seen anything good in his life, did not listen to anyone, walked barefoot, causing his soles to crack (Tuuruk Taman - "Cracked Sole"); his daughter merrily went to TT's home; In the middle of an abandoned yard, a collapsed shack; the girl said: "I have heard of you before, and I have come to you on purpose to live with you. If we don't die, our life and life will improve. I'll take care of all the work in the house and you'll take care of the work away from home. I had nothing to bring with me, so let's not waste any time and get to work. You go and get as much firewood you take at a time, sell it at the bazaar, buy flour and some salt for a couple of gas stations with all the money you get." TT went to do what he was asked to do. After his departure, the khan's daughter repaired the cracks in the house, plastered the walls, cleaned the house from the inside of the house, swept it, cut herbs and laid it instead of carpets, swept it; picked it up in the yard (tough grass), made a fire and heated the water; at sunset, TT came, doing everything she said; the wife washed it in cooked water, shaved her head, scraped out the soles, prepared food from the flour she had brought; tomorrow she also sent him to buy firewood; ordered him to collect more firewood and buy silk thread and a needle, then cloth; embroidered headscarves and handkerchiefs; TT became selling these scarves, their food began to improve day by day, their lives improved; then his wife began to save money, sent TT to the bazaar with an errand: "You will come across a gray golden eagle with a short tail and a gray horse with a short tail. Give them whatever they ask for, buy them and bring them home." TT did just that. The Khan's daughter trained them, the golden eagle as the prey bird of prey, and the horse as a tulpur amble; TT began to enjoy hunting with a golden eagle. One day he says, "If you're setting up a household, shouldn't I go for goods away from home?" Wife: "Join the caravans, get on a horse, take a golden eagle, spend the night where they spend the night. On the way, there is one Barca Kelbes well in the desert ("Where They Don't Come Back"). No one says to go down to get water. Call, say you can get water, let them tie you with an arcana and let them let you down. When you get to the bottom, you'll meet two women and one man. They will argue - "Who is more beautiful?" Say to them, "Give me water and I will resolve your dispute." They'll agree to this. You will tell them: "Not the one who looks beautiful, but the one you love is beautiful to everyone the one he has chosen." If you say so, they'll give you water. You give water to the caravans, they'll give you in return for the good they're taking, you bargain it when you get to where they're going with them. TT did just that. When he took water from the well, the caravans were amazed and provided TT with three camels loaded with gold. Together with the caravans, TT reached their destination, traded well for the gold they had earned, and, having multiplied his wealth many times over, returned home. Having become rich in this way, TT and his wife gathered craftsmen and built a palace like a khan's, and ordered to write the words above the door of each house: "It will take a thousand days to become good, one day to become bad it's enough." After the preparations were completed, the wife sent her husband to where the khan usually hunted, instructing him: "When the ruler meets you, he will be most interested in your golden eagle and with a horse. Don't give them to him, invite him to visit. If he calls you to visit before you, you say, "They wear a sheepskin coat from the gate, and since you are a khan, I should be the first to welcome you." Say one and a half people come. When TT went hunting, it happened exactly as his wife said. Khan did not want to go, but he really liked the horse and golden eagle, and the request to come as one and a half seemed mysterious. Khan asked the viziers what it meant to be one and a half people. Viziri: "Take your wife with you and we'll get together with you one hundred and fifty more people." When they arrived, each guest was taken to a separate house, received and treated. Khan himself would not be able to receive guests like this. When everyone gathered in one place, they read what was written above each door, "It will take a thousand days to become good, one day is enough to become bad." Khan remembered his daughter and felt ashamed. He thanked his daughter and handed over his khanate to his son-in-law]: 284-287.