Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K35c2. In the underwater realm, (ATU 677) .28.31.32.

When the ship suddenly stops, the hero descends to the bottom of the sea, behaves correctly with the local inhabitants and returns to the ship.

Russians (Teresky Bereg, Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Ryazan, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Podolia), Belarusians, Latvians, Lithuanians (?) , Estonians (?) , Finns (?) , Bashkirs.

Central Europe. Russians (Murmansk, Ryazan, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Podolia), Belarusians [In the underwater kingdom: the hero orders him to be lowered from the ship to the bottom of the sea, where he receives gold, having resolved the dispute between the sea king and the queen about what is more expensive than gold]: SUS 1979, No. 677:174-175; Russians (Teresky Bereg) [the wife asks her husband to sell the necklace; he gave it for advice: the head will not die without trial ; gave embroidery in silver, the husband gave for God, so he elevates himself to the bottom; gold embroidery: Swing - do not hit, but call - do not lower; after that, the husband was afraid to go home, hired the ship as a captain; ships stopped in the middle of the sea, someone must go down to the king of the sea; that man descended; the sea king: the sea is rich in the land; the king's wife: the land is rich in the sea; you can live on land without the sea, but without the sea land is impossible; the man asked the king to put him on his throne, judged him as follows: the sea gives and will take it, but the land gives and does not take it, the land is richer than the sea; he fell asleep and woke up in his cabin: gold is all around; have arrived to the king; the captains give fur and think that it only has coal; it turned out to be gold; the husband returned, saw two young men next to his wife, swung his sword, but did not hit; it turned out that his sons ]: Balashov 1970, No. 150:401-404; Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Pomors) [the guy was imprisoned for stealing; when he left, he came to ask the tsar for money; the tsar's daughter wanted to marry him; his father kicked her out, nothing with Without giving herself; she embroidered a towel three times, sent her husband to sell it, he sold it for three tips: go and don't be afraid; judge and don't discuss; swing, don't hit; it's a shame to return to his wife without money, hired a coral; ships out of place, who will go under water? the man remembered "go - don't be afraid", volunteered to go down on the condition that if he returns, one of his ships; two waterfowers in the silver palace ask what is more expensive in Russia - damask or gold? "Judge - don't discuss": gold is more expensive, but if war, then damask is more expensive; the watermen are happy, they gave the box; the man got up, got the ship, the ships sailed; the man took one gem from the box, gave it to the king, he seated him next to him; the merchant is envious: if the price of my ships is lower than his alone, I will give him everything; the contents of the box are much more expensive than all ships; the man returned home with ships; changed clothes with the beggar, his wife did not recognize him; two men came at night; "Swing, don't hit"; it turned out that his sons; the wife recognized her husband; the tsar had a feast in honor of his son-in-law]: Razumova, Senkina 1987:138-143; Russians (Vologda) [Ondron came to the tsar unhappy; he wanted to execute him, but Marya Tsarevna took him as her husband and the tsar expelled them; M. weaves carpets, O. sells; first for money, and then for three words; Where they will call and do not unsubscribe; O. did not want to go to the ship, but remembered the advice and sailed; the ships stopped; out of the water: give us a Russian man; O. did not deny it again, went down to the bottom; there are three old man: what is more expensive - gold, silver or gems? O.: it doesn't matter in Russia; old people: here we are fools for three years, but the Russian man immediately calculated; O. picked up precious stones, got up, the ships sailed, the foreign tsar is happy with the gifts; O. loaded ships with bricks, but he put a gem in each brick; O.'s cargo turned out to be much more expensive than that of other merchants {apparently they were fighting to bet}; O. returned, two fellows next to his wife; O. remembered the third word: go up, don't put it down; did not cut; the guys woke up: hello, baby! ; the tsar found out about his son-in-law; a feast for the whole world; and I drank vodka and honey, it flowed down my mustache, but did not get into my mouth]: Sokolov, Sokolov 1920, No. 29:111-115; Ukrainians (Podolia) [pregnant wife in the absence of her husband gave herself to visitors; the boy from her womb says it was a sin; when he was born, his mother told her servants to kill him, bring her little finger and heart; the boy asked him not to kill, but to bring the dog's heart to his mother ; the servants are amazed that the baby speaks; the boy was hired to herd geese; the pan learned him, he was capable; Mr. is sorry that the adopter is smarter than his own children; he drove the young man away; he was hired as a clerk to the merchant; they sailed on the ship, the ship suddenly stopped; the young man went down to the bottom, there was a glass house; the wife says that silver is more expensive, and the husband says gold; the burden agreed with her husband, who gave the gold to him; the ship moved, the merchant rewarded the young man; he came to his mother, who did not recognize him; paid her for the night; says that familiar breasts, she does not understand; the father returned, the son told him everything; he tied his wife to a horse and let him into the steppe]: Levchenko 1928, No. 568:500-501.

Baltoscandia. Latvians [The wife embroiders beautiful blankets and sends her husband to the bazaar to sell them. The husband gives the covers for good advice: the diamond is harder than steel; judge the dispute in favor of his wife; raise it, but do not lower it. The wife chases her husband away for not bringing money. The husband hires a ship, sinks to the bottom of the sea, says that the diamond is harder than steel, and gets a lot of money. Returning home, he finds a young man sleeping with his wife, raises his sword, but, remembering the advice, does not lower his hand. It turns out that the young man is his son]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 677:310; Lithuanians, Finns, Estonians: Uther 2004 (1), No. 677:372-373.

Volga - Perm. The Bashkirs [the tsar drove the beggar away, and his daughter greeted him; Tsar: and what should I give you? daughter: give it back; the girl caught up with the beggar, they settled in the city; she orders to buy silk, knitted a towel, tells me to sell; the husband sells for advice; 1) do not lower your hand rashly; 2) land is better than gold ; 3) do not give up your intention; the man hired a merchant, who sent him with the ship, the ship stopped; the man was sent to go down and find out what was going on; he was carried away by two divas; the king of divas asks for an answer whether gold or land is better; man: land is the mother of gold; divas is grateful, gave 30 barrels of gold, the man became richer than the merchant who hired him; well done at home near his wife; the man wanted to kill him, but remembered advice; it turned out to be his son; everything is fine]: Bessonov 1942, No. 75:325-329.

Continued in 171.doc