Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K77b1. Wolf Head, ATU 125.

.11.12.14.-.16. (.23.) .27.-.35. (.50.)

When pets find the head or skin of a predator, they show it to other predators, who flee in fear.

Swahili, Hausa, Egypt, Tunisia, Algerian Arabs, Berbers and Arabs Morocco, Portuguese, Spanish, Catalans, Basques, Galicians, Portuguese, French, (Marathi, Agaria, Muria) Macedonians, Bulgarians, Albanians, Russians (Novgorod, Ryazan, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Chernigov, Kharkiv, Kyiv region), Belarusians, Kalmyks, Ossetians, Abkhazians, Kabardian, Balkarians, Kumyks, Dargins, Avars, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Persians, Turkmens, Tajiks, Mountain Tajiks, Uzbeks, Bukhara Arabs, Estonians, Counselors, Swedes, Danes, Western Sami, Lithuanians, Karelians, Finns, Mordovians, Mari, Udmurts, Komi, Chuvash , Kazan Tatars, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Uighurs, South Altai Tuvans, Buryats, Khalkha Mongols, Inner Mongolian Mongols, Oirats (?) , nganasana, (series).

Bantu-speaking Africa. Swahili: El-Shamy 2004, No. 125:52

West Africa. Hausa [when the goat left the city, picked up the hyena's head and told the dog he was more cunning than her; they came to the city of hyenas; the goat took his head out of the bag, began singing that he had eaten nine hyenas, and the tenth was here; The hyenas ran away, all the food went to the goat and the dog]: Laptukhin 1964:18

North Africa. Arabs of Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt: El-Shamy 2004, No. 125:52; Algerian Arabs [a lame, sick rooster, donkey, goat, and dog stayed at the camp when the Bedouins migrated; the rooster found a hole with grain, first hid it from others, then had to show it; everyone was tired; the donkey felt the urge to scream, the lion heard, came; the donkey asked permission to bring his comrades to eat; goat he plunged the lion into the side of his horn, the rooster pecked his eyes, the dog grabbed his throat; the lion died, the meat was given to the dog and the skin was made; another lion came; the rooster to the goat: bring a carpet for the guest; the goat brought a lion's skin; rooster: what rags did you bring, you don't respect the guest, bring a different skin; the goat took the skin and brought it the same one; dog: this one is not good either; the goat came with the same skin for the third time; donkey: this one is better, but there is softer; the goat took his skin but did not have time to return: the lion ran away; since then, although the donkey gave his voice, the lions have not come again]: Bushnaq 1987:242-244; the Berbers of southern Morocco [donkey, rooster, camel and the dog left the village, built a house for themselves; the rooster found a place where the grain was stored, began to peck, his hat (i.e. comb) turned red; the donkey noticed this, told him to take it there; when he returned, he began to scream; the lion heard, came, the camel hit him with his hoof, the rooster pecked his eyes, the dog grabbed his throat, he died; his skin was removed; everything happened again, another lion came; they laid a rug in front of him - a lion's skin, a lion's skin, a lion ran away; fearing new troubles, pets climbed the tree, and the lion brought wild animals there; when he saw the hyena, the donkey fell in fear, and the dog began to scream: hold the fattest; animals they ran away; a boar came to the pets to call them; they agree, but let the boar carry their clothes; put straw on it and set it on fire; the wildlife house burned down, the pets continued to live peacefully]: Stumme 1894, No. 4:401-403.

Southern Europe. Catalans [cat and ram find wolf heads, put them in a bag, come to the wolf house, pretend to kill wolves; seeing heads, wolves flee]: Oriol, Pujol 2008, No. 125:44; the Portuguese [donkey, pig, ram, cat, duck and rooster went on a journey; they came to a house where wolves; they collected bones, filled bags with them, and the wolves thought that those who came ate ate meat and were dangerous ; the wolves went out one by one; after consulting, decided to see what those who came were doing; the main wolf went; the pets in the house extinguish the fire and are located in different places in the room; when the wolf enters, everyone attacks him; the wolf mistook the cat's eye for a coal, wanted to smoke, the cat grabbed his face; etc.; the wolf runs out, tells his comrades about terrible robbers]: Dias Marques 2019, No. 66:105-107 ; the Spaniards [the cat fell ill, went to St. Lucia was treated, met a goat, took it as a friend, they found a wolf's head, took it with them; they came to the cave where the wolves invited them to dinner with them; the cat pulled a wolf's head out of the bag, pretended that he had several; for the night, the goat climbed onto the stove (hornero), wanted to write, fell on the wolves, they ran away; sent one to see what those who came were doing; the goat beat his hoof, the wolf thought it was Shots from a gun; the cat shouted, "Neither here nor here!" ; the wolves completely ran away]: Camarena, Chevalier 1997, No. 125:236-238; the Galicians [the cat and the ram left their owners; the ram asked the cat to climb the tree to see if any house could be seen; cat saw the house, they came, wolves were sitting at the table in the house eating lamb; the cat and the ram called themselves hunters, the wolves thought they had a box of gunpowder, ran away]: Contos 1972, No. 35:39; the Basques [motive Known]: Camarena, Chevalier 1997:238; Portuguese [the plot is always combined with the ATU 130 plot]: Cardigos 2006, No. 125:39

Western Europe. The French: Uther 2004 (1), No. 125:96-97.

(Wed. South Asia. Marathi [a rich man brags about his intelligence and shooting accuracy; every morning he knocks a pearl from under his wife's nose with an arrow; his wife's brother advises her to answer her husband: there is smarter than you; husband goes in search; meets a strongman who also brags about his mind - except that knocking a pearl from under his wife's nose is smarter; together they come to the pandita, who has also heard about the mind of the knocker a pearl; at night, a strongman slowly takes a heavy cauldron out of the pandit's house and hides it at the bottom of the river; the pandit noticed that his guest had washed himself and guessed who had taken the cauldron; they laughed and the pandit asked for the strongman bring the fattest goat in the herd to have a feast; the demon has taken the form of a goat; the pandit understands this; starts scolding the strongman: I ordered the goat to be brought, and you brought this skinny demon; my son eats one a day, the wife is three, I am twelve; the demon is frightened, released and brings gold; says that other demons are angry with him for this; the pandit and his friends go with the demon; the shooter knocked out the pearl an earring from the demon king's ear; the branch on which the friends sat broke off, they fell on the king; shouted that they would eat him first, then the others; received a lot of gold; shot the pearl more than that did not do it and lived well with his wife]: Sheorey 1973, No. 9:53-58; Agaria (Khuntia Chokh) [two boys saw a tiger, one grabbed it by the ears, the other by the tail; said they needed tigers to plow the field, on who grew gold and silver; showed the tiger his reflection in the mirror, he decided that the boys already had one tiger besides him; the tiger brought the boys to the treasure cave and promised to have a feast for 12 tigers if they survive; boys climbed the tree and the tigers under the tree; one boy fell, the other started screaming: hold that tiger! the tigers ran away in horror]: Elwin 1944, No. 19.3:413-415; muria [the episode with tigers under a tree like an agaria]: Elwin 1944, No. 19.4:415-416).

The Balkans. The Macedonians [the donkey, tortured by work, left home; a ram, a fox, and a rooster joined him; they found wolfskin, loaded it on a donkey; after dark they came to the cave; there was a fire burning there and there was food; before going to bed, they stuffed wolfskin with straw, hung it in front of the entrance; bears and wolves came; the bear sings that the meat came by itself; the donkey tells me to see what is hanging in front of the entrance; bears and wolves they take turns going to see, everyone is slowly running away; the bear father and the wolf father are left; the ram was frightened, rushed to the door, hit her with horns; the donkey and the rooster screamed in fear, the wolf and the bear were terrified ran away remembering how they wanted to kill them]: Martin 1955:193-196; Bulgarians [pets (donkey) find a dead wolf (wolf skin they stuff with straw); wolves (and bears) sing that the meat came by itself; the pets answer, showing the remains of the wolf; the wild ones run away]: Daskalova-Perkovska 1994, No. 125:64; Albanians: Uther 2004 (1), No. 125:96-97.

Central Europe. Russians (Novgorod, Ryazan, Voronezh), Ukrainians [Frightened wolves: fleeing from a ram showing a wolf's head out of a sack]: SUS 1979, No. 125:73; northern Ukrainians (Chernigovskaya, Borzensky district) [the owners drove out the goat and the ram; they picked up a wolf's head from the field; they went to the fire, where three wolves are cooking porridge; the goat to the ram: give the wolf's head" but the wrong one - more! even more! the ram gets the same thing out of the bag every time; the wolves go one by one, supposedly, for water and run away; then they decide that they were frightened; at this time the goat and the ram climbed the oak tree; the elder wolf began to bewitch to find out where the goat and the ram are; the ram fell on him in fear, and the goat screams from above: give this fortuneteller; the wolves ran away]: Rudchenko 1859, No. 24:41-43; Ukrainians (Kharkiv) [Old Men they are going to marry their son and want to slaughter a chicken in honor of the holiday, but she runs away, the same happens with a rooster, a bull, a wild boar and a turkey. The son comes to the forest and finds animals in the clearing. He invites them to warm up, treats them with cheesecakes, animals carry firewood, warm themselves, the bull builds a hut, does not let the pig in, it threatens to undermine the passage under the wall, he lets it in. Under the same conditions, it lets turkey, chicken and rooster in. The bull offers to play hide and seek when he looks for a pig, drops the stove at it, it squeals, the wolves get scared and run away. Wolves gather a large pack and bring a bear. A bull, a pig, a chicken and a rooster hide in a tree, a bull falls on a bear and almost kills, wolves run away. Animals return home when the son is already married, the grandfather rejoices at the return of animals]: Grinchenko 1895, No. 181:243-244; Ukrainians (Kyiv region) [a peasant drives away a goat and a ram; they find a wolf the head is carried in a bag; wolves cook porridge around the fire; the goat asks the ram to serve the wolf's head - yes, not the one, but the larger one; one wolf goes to get water, the others, one by one, go looking for it; coming together, they decide that they were afraid in vain; the goat climbed to the very top of the tree, the ram is lower; the wolves ask the elder to conjure how to get a goat and a ram; the ram falls on the "sorcerer", the goat shouts to serve the sorcerer, the wolves ran away]: Pankeev 1992:25-26 (=Petnikov 1955:46-47).

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Kalmyks [sheep, goat, hare, rooster found a dead wolf, took off their skin; wolves are in the kibitka, one plays the dombra, the others are dancing; ram: give me dombra, sings: 7 wolves dance famously, and the eighth is already ready; the short wolf is the bravest, goes out the door, sees the skin, the wolves run away; the short one returned to see what those who came in the kibitka were doing; the ram kicked him in fear on the nose, the goat in the belly, the hare rushing around, the rooster crowing; the short one runs, says: the gray-eared man was looking for a club, the dapper shouted that he would tear me apart (etc.); friends remained in the wolf's kibitka]: Vatagin 1964:261-262; Ossetians [ in the house on the top of Mount Bear, Pig, Wolf, in the house at the foot there are Ram, Goat and Rooster; The boar is sent down for the fire; the Rooster calls at the same time for a snack on boar meat; the Wolf comes - put the coals in the wolf skull; Bear - give me a piece of one of the bear carcasses; Wolf peeks out the window, thinks that the Ram, Goat and the Rooster are preparing to attack; they go away, climb a tree, the Ram hangs on a branch by the horns; falls on The bear, the Rooster shouts to be held, the predators run away, the Rooster and his friends return to their home]: Byazirov 1971, No. 46:299-3-1 (=Dirr 1922, No. 44:170-172); Abkhazians [kid, calf, lamb fought back from the herd; the bear and the wolf send a fox to them to demand meat; the goat replies that they tore the wrong wolf or fox, he got only one leg, and even then was not enough; the fox leaves in fear; the same with a wolf, with a bear; fearing that the predators will return, the kid and his comrades climb a tree in the evening; the calf falls, the kid shouts to grab the biggest one, the bear, the wolf and the fox run away]: Shakryl 1975, No. 1:13-14 (=Dirr 1922, No. 42:167-169); Kabardian people [old people drove away a goat and sheep; they found a wolf's head on the road, put it in a bag; in the clearing, wolves cook porridge, say that now there will be meat; the goat in the answer suggests that the sheep get a wolf's head; why so small, get the big one; wolves, under the pretext of collecting branches for the fire, leave one by one; the goat and the sheep climbed the tree; wolves returned; the goat shouts to the sheep to catch the biggest one; the wolves ran away]: Aliyeva, Kardangushev 197:98-99; Balkarians [the old people drove out the goat and the ram because they could not feed them; they found a wolf on the road head, put in a bundle; went to the fire, there were three wolves around, a cauldron on fire; the goat tells the ram to get a wolf's head: if we don't get enough, we still have a lot; the wolves are frightened and under the pretext of looking for firewood fled; but then they came back, and the goat and the ram climbed the oak tree; the wolves began to dig it up; the ram fell down in fear; the goat: don't let them go, I'll go down now too; the wolves ran away in horror]: Malkonduev 2017:593-595; Kumyks: Ganiyeva 2011a, No. 57 [The Calf and the Lamb left home, found a hare's skin, entered the house of the nine Wolves, leaving the skin outside the door; The calf sings that nine wolf skins will be enough , and the tenth outside the door on the collar; Wolves find bunny skin, run away; Calf and Lamb climb a tree, Wolves gather downstairs; The lamb wants to pee, falls, the Calf screams to catch the fattest Wolves run away], 64 [Donkey, Goat, Hare went to pasture, returned, met the Wolf; the donkey hit him to the ground, the Goat began to butt, the Hare was looking for a place to hide; at home, the Wolf said that he met his father with two sons; his father crushed him, the eldest son butted, the youngest was looking for a stick, if he found him, he would kill him]: 169-170, 184-185; Khalilov, Osmanov 1989 [a calf and a goat found a jackal's skin; went into a dugout, there are 9 wolves drinking wine; without answering the greeting, they told the musician to play for the guests; that: the calf has come to an end, the goat has come to an end; the calf plays back: you need 10 skins for a fur coat, there is already one outside the door; wolves see the skin jackals, run away]: 29-30; Dargin residents: Ganiyeva 2011a, No. 53 [Goat and Calf went on a journey, came to the Wolves house; everyone tells fairy tales; Goat tells how he wanted to get Calf a wolf coat; Wolves run away, Goat and Calf sleep in the house; in the morning they climb a tree; Wolves gather below, Calf falls, Goat screams to catch the biggest one, Wolves run away], 54 [= (53)]: 165-166, 166-167; Avars [Donkey, Goat, Calf, Rooster rejoiced at night by the fire far from the village; the Wolf came and sang that he would have dinner; others began to sing how each of them would attack the Wolf (hit him with his hoof, turns off his eyes, etc.); The wolf ran away in fear]: Ganiyeva 2011a, No. 63:182-183; Azerbaijanis [goat, calf, ram fell behind when migrating; calf found bear skin, wolf goat, fox sheep; came to a dugout in which a bear, a wolf and a fox; a bear, then a wolf, a fox, taking a log and singing: sing, my saz, I ate one calf (goat, etc.), and God sent me another; the goat takes a log, sings that ate one wolf, and God sent another; the same calf, ram; fox ran, wolf and bear after her; goat, calf and ram climbed the tree; when the animals came, the calf fell in fear; goat: hold a bear, and we will take a wolf and a fox; the animals ran away; a calf, a goat and a ram met a man, he drove them to him]: Bagriy, Zeynally 1935:478-480; Turks [a donkey runs away from his owners, meets them, takes in companions to a dog, rooster, cat (rooster and hare; sheep, rooster, fox, egg; rooster, cat, egg, dog, sheep); (find the corpse of a predator), show it to other predators, they run away, those who come occupy their house; predators come back, don't understand who's in the house (mistaking the cat's eyes for coals in the hearth), scared, running away]: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 11:34.

Iran - Central Asia. Tajiks: Levin et al. 1981, No. 174 (Asht District, Ferghana Valley) [the butcher wants to slaughter a goat, it runs away; a ram and a calf join her; they enter a house with three wolves; everyone sings about the one who eats; the goat, the ram and the calf sing that they have obtained 11 wolfskins, there are three left to get; the wolf goes out to see that this is true, they run away; the goat, the ram and the calf remain in the house]: 207; mountain Tajiks (Oksoy) [a calf, a goat, a ram, a rooster were kicked out, they went together, found a dead wolf, took off their skin, came to a house where four wolves; each sings a song that hints at how it eats one of the visitors; the goat sings back: it collects wolf skins; the elder wolf goes out, sees a wolfskin outside the door, runs away; the rest are the same consistently; friends leave, climb on mulberry tree; wolves come; the calf yells in fear, the goat: grab the biggest one; the rooster crows; the wolves are scared, they ran away; the calf broke his leg, a plaque was tied to him, everyone went to the village]: Levin et al. 1981, No. 108:179-181; Turkmens: Erberg 1953 [The Goat and Sheep hear that the owner is going to slaughter them; they go to the steppe, find a wolf's head, put them in a bag; they approach the fire thinking that shepherds are there , see seven wolves; The goat says they will not eat sesame oil pilaf, that they love wolf meat, takes out a wolf's head, says they've bitten seven wolves today; the elder wolf runs away, others follow him; Goat and Sheep eat pilaf, fall asleep by the fire]: 43-46; Stebleva 1969, No. 3 [=Fur Fair 1980:34-37; like in Erberg; The Goat tells Baran to choose the one out of 9 wolf heads more]: 26-27; Uzbeks [donkey, rooster run away from cruel masters; they are joined by bees, then jerboa spouses, then an ox; they come to the blessed land of Susambil; 10 wolves are sent cook two from those who come to barbecue; animals under the command of a rooster repel the attack (jerboas dig holes to make the Wolves stumble); wolves tell their comrades that they were attacked by terrible enemies under by Azrail himself; wolves run away]: Afzalov et al. 1972 (1): 42-48 (=1984:74-81); Bukhara Arabs [donkey, ram, rooster, mouse went to the steppe; the donkey began to scream, the rooster sang; the donkey explained how you have to meet a wolf; he takes them for monsters, runs; the magpie led him back; the donkey pretended to be dead, opened his ass, held his forty head, she barely escaped, told the wolf that it was really there monster]: Vinnikov 1969, No. 25:165-166.

Baltoscandia. Lithuanians [the cat heard that the owners wanted to slaughter him and the ram; they left the house, the cat tied a bag of clover to the sheep's horns; found a quiver head in the pit, put it in the same place; went to the fire, there five wolves; cat: let us fry meat, bring forks; wolves didn't find forks; the cat took out a wolf's head, the wolves got scared and ran away]: Kerbelite 2014, No. 7:41-42; Finns [the farmer wants to slaughter a goat and a ram, they run away from home; a goat asks the ram to find a bag, puts branches in it; a wolf meets him that he has food in the bag - wolf heads and legs; complains that few wolves are just while two have been met and killed, it's good that she got caught; the wolf asks him to spare - he will bring 12 wolves; they believe that they will eat the goat and the ram themselves; when they see wolves, the goat and the ram climb the spruce tree; the ram is frightened falls on wolves, they run away in horror, goat and sheep live peacefully]: Goldberg 1957:34-37 (=Conca 1991:296-298, =1993:179-181); Karelians (northern, Tungud parish) [the owners are old, not they feed the goat and the ram; they are gone; they go to the fire, there are seven wolves sitting there, the ram offers the goat to cook the head of the older wolf; the wolves run away, but then decide to return; the ram climbed the tree, slipped off, stayed hanging with his horns on the branch, the goat climbed higher; the goat tells him not to move, he tries to look at the wolves, falls, the goat screams, Hold that wolf, and I'll keep the rest! ; wolves run away in fear; goat and sheep are back to their owners]: Stepanova 2000, No. 108:173; Estonians, Counselors, Swedes, Danes, Western Sami: Uther 2004 (1), No. 125:96-97.

Volga - Perm. The Udmurts [the goat and camel found a wolf's head and began to cook under the fir; when he found out what he was cooking, the wolf was frightened; he told the bear; he came, the goat and camel climbed the fir; goat: grab sorcerer! the bear ran away in horror; the goat and the ram went to steal cabbage; the hostess came out, the goat jumped over the fence, and the woman grabbed the camel and threw it away; the camel to the goat: you left me, more you and I We don't go together]: Wichmann 1901, No. 47:155-156; Marie: Sabitova 1992 (meadow) [goat, ram, cat leave home; found a wolf skull, a ram hung it on its horns; seeing a skull, a wolf, then a bear they run away; at night, friends climbed a tree; the fox brings the wolf and bear, begins to wonder where the goat, etc.; the ram has fallen, others shout to him to hold the sorceress (i.e. the fox); the fox runs away, followed by the wolf and the bear; friends go back to the old lady]: 58-60; (cf. Beke 1938, No. 73 [goat and ram go hunting; fire: bear: what are you doing? - Let's warm up. - Can I come to you? - Bring firewood; the bear brings a bunch of bones; the same bear (brings a bunch of lamb bones, the fire goes out); the goat and the ram said they would bring firewood themselves, ran, climbed the linden tree; the wolf and the bear came up; goat: grab the big one! then: grab the smaller one! bear, then the wolf runs away in horror]: 633-635); Chuvash: Eisin 1993:15-17 [(=Sidorova 1979:44-45); old people want to slaughter a goat, he runs away, meets a ram; they come to the forest, around 40 wolves gather; a goat and a ram loudly discuss how they will cook a wolf's head, a ram with a knife goes to the wolves, they run away; the bear leads them back; the goat climbed the tree, the ram is caught horns behind a branch; fell on the bear, the goat screams that he was holding; the bear ran, ran into a branch, died, the wolves were gone], 38-39 [the man kicked the goat out, she met a ram, they found a wolf's head, put it in a bag, went to the fire, wolves are sitting there; the goat offered to get a wolf's head for dinner; she doesn't like it, let the ram get another one; the leader allegedly went to get water, then everyone ran away]; Kazan Tatars : Zamaleddinov 2008a, No. 16 [the goat and the ram left home, found a wolf's head, put it in a bag; they came to the fire, seven wolves are around; the goat tells the ram to reach the wolf's head; the wolves take turns pretending that they should go away, they run away; the bear leads them back; the goat and the ram climbed the tree; the bear began to wonder on the beans where the goat and the ram went; the ram fell; the goat: hold the one who is guessing on the beans; the bear and the wolves ran away], 17 [=Yukhma 1990:303-304 $ the old man stabbed an exhausted bull, sold the horse; the goat and sheep decided to run away, found a wolf's head, put it in a bag; they come to the fire, there are a dozen wolves ; the goat pretends to have 12 wolf heads in its bag, takes out and puts the same one back; the wolves have run away; the goat and sheep ate porridge, spent the night around the fire, returned home]: 56-57, 58-59; Bashkirs : Barag 1989, No. 113 [goat, chicken, cat do not want to build a hut, a bull builds alone; in winter they ask to let them in, threaten, a bull lets in; 9 wolves have come; the cat sings that wolves and a fox will fit into a fur coat, wolves run away; later They come again, the cat sings again, the wolves run away], 114 [a bull, a ram, a rooster, a sheep, a cat have come to the forest, they climb a tree, two wolves come, a bull and a ram fall on them, one wolf is killed, the other runs away; the bull takes wolfskin, friends come to the hut, live in it; they let 9 wolves in; they sing and the bull sings, the wolves run away, one bull was hurting], 115 [the rooster dropped a spoon into the river, swam on it, a goose, a ram, a bull, a cat, goat; stopped in the forest, built a hut; a fox brought a wolf, a bear; friends screamed, they got scared, ran away]: 435-436, 436-438, 438-440.

Turkestan. Kazakhs: Bosingen 1985:27 [when migrating, Calf, Lamb and Goat stayed in the old place, living in a hut; the Bear came to eat them; The kid answers the Lamb what the guest can be given the head of the first bear, the brisket of the second, or cook the guest himself; the Bear runs away, refuses to return even with the Wolf; he drags him on a rope, the kid shouts that they are not one bear to eat; The bear runs, almost strangling the Wolf; returns to the hut with another wolf; The Goat, the Lamb and the Calf climb on the poplar, the Calf falls, breaking the back of one wolf, the other runs away; in the fall the owner returned, found his cattle unharmed], 187-195 [=Daurenbekov 1979:245-252; The Sheep and the Goat are the leaders of the old man's herds; he is ill, the shaman tells them to be slaughtered; the Ram and the Goat run away; the Sheep suffers from the rain, The goat comes from the snow; when they see wolves, they hide in a wolf hole; when the Wolf enters, they hit him, he runs away; the Ram and the Goat climb the poplar, 12 wolves try to undermine it unsuccessfully; then they become alone at the other, lame below; The goat tells the Ram to beat, the lame wolf is frightened, the wolves fall under the cliff into the water, drown; The goat finds the head of the wolf killed by the hunter, puts the ram between the horns; they approach wolves sitting by the fire are told that they will tear their heads off, show a wolf's head, wolves run in fear, complain to the Bear; Ram and Goat hide in a pine tree, Bear and Wolves under it; Sheep falls horns on The bear, killing him, the wolves run away, called the Tiger; the Sheep and the Goat first swim to the island and then to the other side of the river; hide in a shock; Wolves look for which one, but the mowers come, return the Ram from Goat old people, everyone is happy]; Kyrgyz Brudny, Eshmambetov 1981 [the kid and lamb were orphaned, met an orphan calf, found a tiger skin on the road, put on a calf; they came to the cave where a tiger, a bear, a wolf and a fox were feasting; the kid began to sing about how they would eat fox skins and others; everyone goes out, sees a calf in tiger skin, runs away; a calf, a kid, a lamb ate what left from the feast; met the predators again, climbed onto the poplar; the calf fell, the kid shouted to him to catch the tiger, the predators ran away]: 277-278; Ledenev 1987 [(literary retelling); kid he fights off the herd, meets and comrades a lamb, a calf, a camel; finds a tiger skin; they come to a cave where the fox gives intoxicating brew to a tiger, bear and wolf; they are shown a camel in tiger skin; animals run away in horror; friends return to the shepherd, become adults]: 228-239; Uighurs [fox, donkey and cow began to live together; a hunter killed a tiger and a wolf, took off their skins, a horse suffered, the hunter died, the skins remained on the road; the fox offers to take them; the donkey refuses, the cow agrees; the son of the murdered tiger Hamid and the son of the killed wolf Jamshit come; the fox teaches the cow to blame her why hasn't she yet brought H.'s skin, the donkey's heart to threaten to kill her; H. and J. believe that they have terrible predators in front of them, run away; then they realize the mistake; the fox and the cow climbed the apple tree, The donkey sat on the jida; the wolf and the tiger sat under the trees; the cow fell on the tiger, the donkey on the wolf, the fox shouted, "Hold them"; the tiger and the wolf ran away]: Kabirov 1963:117-122 (=Aliyeva, Kabirov 1989:65-79).

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. South Altai Tuvans [the family migrated, forgetting the yoke, the ram and the goat; the goat offered the name of the ram Chief Tsarevich, himself - the Middle Tsarevich, the yach - Tsarevich-Tvostik; the wolf, the goat came climbed the larch, the yoke and the lamb could not, they hung on the branches; the goat replies that he has swords on his head, what they wipe them off the blood under his chin, the red penis of the yoke is a bayonet, the scrotum of the ram - the bag in which the wolf is put; the yoke fell, the goat screams to grab the wolf, the wolf ran away, fell into a trap, the old man chained to it ran away, three friends killed the wolf; seven wolves came to the fire; those see a dead wolf, run away]: Taube 1994, No. 53:273-274; Tuvans [a wolf comes to a goat left in an abandoned camp; asks what is on his head; - Kill pointed sabers bear and wolf; what's below? - Put a bag on the kidneys and glands of a bear and a wolf; what is below the mouth? - Wipe the handkerchief after the bear and the wolf are eaten; the wolf runs away, the bear tells him to return, they tie with a rope; the bear asks the same questions when he hears the answers, runs, dragging the wolf on a rope, that suffocated; the kid took the dead wolf, came to the plague of the seven wolves; sings that seven wolf skins are enough for a fur coat; wolves take turns coming out, disappearing; the last two go out, see the wolf killed, run away]: Samdan 1994, No. 17:359-361; Buryats: Barannikova et al. 2000, No. 6 (Yeravninsky District, Eastern Buryatia) [friends Stallion, Bull, Lamb, Goat see the Bear; he asks about the purpose of the horns, beards, scrotum; The goat says that he cares about this, will wipe his mouth, put leftovers in a bag; all four roar, bleat, the Bear runs in fear; The Wolf assures that there is nothing to fear, ties the Bear to him for neck to follow him; friends roar and threaten again, Bear drags the Wolf, he died, the Bear ran away]: 53-57; Dugarov 1990 [Paglai left the cat to guard stegly; the cat ate him; P. beat him; the cat offered the goat and ram to run: once eaten, P. will slaughter one of them; in the forest, the cat told the goat and the ram to collide with their foreheads, they cut out a spark, make a fire; a bear comes; the cat says his brother wants measure strength with the bear; a goat comes out; the bear asks the cat what is on his brother's head; the cat: what the skins of killed bears are dried on; under the chin: what the brother wipes his mouth with, eating bear meat; the bear was about to run, the ram poked his horns in the heart, the bear died; the cat called P., who stocked up on bear meat for the winter]: 360-361; the Khalkha Mongols [the kid and the goby remained in the old camp; found a wolf skin, came to the yurt of seven wolves; goby: I am the commander-in-chief of Khurmast Khan; kid: I am Sange Bator cunorned; H. ordered us to sew a fur coat from the skins of 70 wolves; one has already been ripped off, now 7 more ; the wolves ran away, the kid and the goby returned to their owners]: Mikhailov 1962:203-204; the Mongols of Inner Mongolia (Arukhorchins, Khoshun Ar Khorchin) [the pastoralist's family migrated and left under the rubble of snow a kid and a goby; in the spring they got out and went in search of the herd; on the way they found a wolf skin, took it with them; they went into a yurt with seven wolves; the goby said: "My name is Owner The Big Belly is the hero of Gurne"; the kid: "My name is the Owner of the Saber Horns, the hero Senge"; then the goby and the kid said that Hormusta had given them the task of getting the skins of seven wolves for Doha; the most experienced wolf seated those who came to the place of honor and went outside; saw wolfskin there, got scared and ran away; the rest of the wolves went out and ran away one by one; the smallest wolf was the last to leave; the kid and the goby rushed after him; the wolf reached the river, crossed to the other side; the kid decided to catch up with him, but slipped on the ice, fell and broke his leg; shouted to the wolf that he would catch him]: Todayeva 1981:95-96; Oirats (Xinjiang) [the motif corresponds to the fairy tale "Two Goats and Forty Wolves" from the collection "Betege caγān boqširγ", published in 1981 in Urumqi in the series" Xinjiang Oirat folklore" {no details; original verification required}]: Ubushiyeva, Damrinjav 2020:14.