Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K81. Handless, ATU 706. .11.-.

For a misdemeanor or on false charges, a man maims and kicks her out of the house, or (rarely) kills a young woman, or (rarely) a girl cripples herself. The cripple miraculously recovers (the dead resurrects).

Souahili, Tangale, Mundang, Somalis, Malgash, Sudanese Arabs, Nubians, Morocco, Libya, Egypt, Basques, Spaniards, Portuguese, Catalans, Italians (Liguria, Veneto, Tuscany, Lazio, Campania, Basilicata), Sardinians, Sicilians, Maltese, Ladins, French (Dauphinay, Upper Brittany), Germans (Schleswig-Holstein, Switzerland, Grimms, Austria), Bretons, British, Scots, Irish, Thousand and one night, Lebanon, Palestinians, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Agaria, Sinhala, Java, Koreans, Romanians, Moldovans, Serbs, Bulgarians, Greeks, Hungarians, Croats, Slovenes, Slovaks, Czechs, Poles, Russians (Terek coast, Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Olonetskaya, Vologda, Pskov, Moscow, Ryazan, Oryol, Tambov, Voronezh), Eastern Ukrainians (Kharkiv), Northern Ukrainians (Chernigov), Belarusians, Adygs, Ossetians, Chechens, Nogais, Kumyks, Tatas, Georgians, Megrelians, Armenians, (Talyshs), Persians, Ormurs, Uzbeks, Kafirs (prasun), Latvians, Lithuanians, Finns, Karelians, Veps, Estonians, Setu, Lutsi, Livs, Leaders, Swedes, Danes, Icelanders, Kazan Tatars, Chuvash, Mordovians, Mari, Udmurts, Komi (Izhma), Kazakhs (Syr-Darya), Altaians, Tuvans, Buryats, Mongols, Dagurs, Yugi, Evenks (Irkutsk Region), Central Yakuts (4th Bayangatai Nasleg of the Baigantai Ulus), Nanais, Orochi, Japanese (including North Ryukyu), Itelmen.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Swahili [brother asks his dying father for an inheritance, sister for a blessing; brother takes all her sister's possessions; she finds pumpkin seeds, plants them, her pumpkins taste best, she sells them; brother finds out, cuts down a pumpkin, cuts off her sister's hand; she leaves, hides in a tree, a prince finds her, takes her as a wife, she gives birth to a child, her husband leaves; the brother finds out about this, tells the prince's parents that the wife their son is a witch, kills her husbands, for which her hand has been cut off; they expel their daughter-in-law with the child, make false graves so that her brother believes that the witch has been killed; the woman hides the snake from another who was chasing her snakes; bathes the child in the river, he slips out; the snake tells him to grab him with a crippled hand, the hand grows back, the child is saved; the snake leads to it, its parents give the woman a food ring and a pot, giving clothes, property; she is building a palace near her husband's village; he comes, everything is explained, her brother is expelled]: Arnott 2000:86-102.

West Africa. Tangale [brother wants to marry sister; makes a belt the size of his sister's waist, lets bathing girls try on whoever suits him, only fits her sister; sister runs away with her friend {this friend is hereinafter referred to as her sister}; the brother catches up with them, cuts off her sister's legs knee-deep, the friend carries her, climbs a tree with her; the chief comes; the legless spits, one of the servants notices her, chief tells her to go down, takes her eighth wife; the old woman spreads a rumor that the new wife is a leper; the heroine wants to drown herself; Nanamudo {monster witch} comes, asks her, swallows her and belches her, the girl's body becomes whole; the audience sees a beautiful woman, the old woman is stabbed to death]: Jungraithmayr 2002:178-192.

Sudan-East Africa. Mundang [while her sister sleeps, her brother measures her waist with a lace; promises to marry only the one that fits his bead belt; he only fits his sister; father and mother react to words daughters only when she calls them father-in-law, mother-in-law; a girl runs away with a faithful friend; a brother catches up with them, cuts off her sister's hands and thumbs; a friend helps her reach the leader's village, his wife sheltered them; they go further; the boa constrictor agrees to make the cripple healthy, for this purpose swallows and regurgitates her, the severed hands and fingers are back in place; the girls offer themselves to marry a boa constrictor, that refuses; asks the former cripple, if she gives birth to a son, to send him to him, he will become a friend; if the daughter, send her to marry; the girls come to the chief; he tells all courtiers to jump over the fire; those who insulted the handless woman, they fall, burn; the old woman advises to stop the extermination, because there will be no subjects left; the leader marries a former handless woman; their son has grown up, the leader leads him to a boa constrictor; everyone is happy]: Louafaya 1990:164-171; Somalis [when leaving, the Sultan tells Mullah (priest) to teach his daughter the Koran; he bothers her, she rejects him, he complains to the Sultan that his daughter is promiscuous; the sultan sends servants kill her daughter; in the forest they cut off her legs, dig a grave, while she crawls away, they bring the Sultan a bottle of gazelle blood; the girl was picked up by caravans, the Sultan's son saw her, got married, she gave birth to two children; while her husband was away, she dreamed that the birds sat on her feet; in the morning her legs grew; taking the children and the lamb, she came to the house where her parents, husband, mullah were; tells her story; her Father stabbed a mullah; everyone went on a pilgrimage]: Kirk 1904, No. 3:319-321; Sudanese Arabs: Al-Shahi, Moore 1924, No. 9:79-81; Nubians: El-Shamy 2004, No. 706:382; Malgashi [after Denak advises Tsimadinka's brother to marry; Somanahir's wife kills her own child, accuses D.; C. cuts off D.'s hands, buries him up to his throat in the forest; scratches his leg when leaving; D. predicts that only her hands will cure him; the ruler's dog finds D., he marries D.; his associates bring him a letter about the birth of his son; S. replaces him, writes that D. gave birth to a monster (bibiulna); replaces the answer the ruler, allegedly he orders to expel D. and his son; D. is afraid that the boy will fall into the river with crocodiles, tries to pick him up, her arms grow; the ruler finds his wife and son; D. treats Ts; forgives him and S. ]: Anpetkova-Sharova 2010:443-446.

North Africa. Morocco [the widower has a daughter and son Aamar younger than her; the stepmother tyrants the children, breaking the dishes, accuses them; the father leaves them in the forest; they find an abandoned house, live there; the sister finds a treasure; two later A. asks A. what he would do with gold; A. replies that he would buy toys; after a while, he would buy a gun to shoot his father and stepmother; when she replies that she would buy cattle, the sister realizes that A. has become an adult; a woman comes asking for permission to live; her sister wants to drive her away, but she marries A.; hates her sister; says that whoever swallows three eggs loves A.; snake eggs, the sister swallows, her stomach grows; her brother ties her to a tree, cutting off her hands; she frees herself from her fetters, goes to live with the deer; the sultan's people catch her; the old woman feeds her salty meat, she is hung upside down, she belches three snakes; the sultan marries her; when she leaves, warns her two other wives of the cunning; they push her into a well, she gives birth to twins named Abdurrahman and Othman; the servant hears her voice, evil wives threaten to kill her children, drive her out of the palace; she tries to get water for the children, at which time her arms grow; she finds an empty house, lives there; the woman's sultan and father are looking for her, come to her house; she tells her story; father falls through the ground, only the beard is left; the sultan burned evil wives alive]: El Koudia 2003, No. 14:90-95; Libya, Egypt: Uther 2004 (1), No. 706:379-380.

Southern Europe. Basques: Barandiaran 1962a, No. 2 [in the absence of her husband, the wife gives birth to a boy and a girl; her mother-in-law hates her, tells her son that she has given birth to a puppy and a kitten; the husband orders to expel his wife; mother-in-law tells her the servant kill her in the forest, bring her hands and heart; the servant cuts off the woman's hands, but brings the dog's heart; he hung the children in bags on the woman's back and chest; she tried to give the children a drink, both fell into the water; St. The virgin tells us to put the stumps of her hands into the water, her hands grow back, grab the children; St. The virgin gives a wand, with its help a clearing, a house appears; one day three hunters come; one enters a woman's room, she asks to close the window; but the window immediately opens again, and so on all night; the same with second; the third is not told to close the window; in the morning, the boy and girl call him father; everything is explained; the mother-in-law was burned]: 12-16; Barbier 1931, No. 19 [Marie-Valentine's mother died, the father married another; stepmother hates MB; kills a pig, then a horse, accuses MV; kills her own child, then the father cut off MB's hands, drives him away; she orders the father to be pierced by a thorn that he cannot remove before she, MB, returned home; she fell into a hole in the forest; the king's dogs found her, began to bring her food; the king began to find out what was going on, MB was brought to the palace, the prince married her; the old king died, young left; MB gave birth to twins, the Queen Mother replaced them with dogs; replaced the king's letter; the servants felt sorry for MB, did not kill them, but sent them away, putting the newborns in large pockets of her clothes; she met the Lord and St. Petra, the Lord gave her hands back, created a palace and gave milk to the goat; MB must not leave the palace, otherwise her fingers would fall off again; he baptized the twins, calling them the Sun and Moon; the king came there by chance; while he was sleeping, MB told him everything; he did not hear, but the servant heard; the king took his wife and children to him (his mother had already died), but as soon as MV left the palace, her fingers fell off; they brought her father, in her body whose thorn; MB reached out to him, her fingers returned and she took out the thorn; MV's father was forgiven and left in the palace]: 53-56; the Catalans [the devil helped the man and he gives him a daughter; so the girl did not pray, the devil cuts off her hands; the king finds her in the woods, marries; when it comes time to give birth, the king goes to war; his wife writes to him that she has given birth to a girl; the king's mother (or the devil) replaces the letter, writes that the wife gave birth to a monster; the king orders him to wait for his return; the mother-in-law (devil) again replaces the letter with an order to expel his wife and offspring; the woman miraculously returned his hands, lives in the village with his daughter; the king goes in search, does not recognize his wife, she tells everything, the family is reunited]: Oriol, Pujol 2008, No. 706:137-138; Portuguese [girl they cut off her hands and left them in the woods because she refused to marry her father, or she was given to the devil or for giving alms, or her mother was jealous of her beauty, or because of her brother's wife's intrigues; king or the prince finds her and marries; as a result of intrigue, her hands are cut off again and expelled; her hands are restored, the changed letter is punished]: Cardigos 2006, No. 706:155; Spaniards [the man in the storm goes for with firewood; the devil gives him money, promises to come to his daughter; she performs the sign of the cross, the devil cannot enter; so three times; then the devil takes her away, and so that she is not baptized, cuts off her hands; she is baptized with a foot, the devil hangs her hair on a tree, leaves her; the prince brings her to the palace; marries, becomes king after the death of his father; leaves, leaving his pregnant wife; she gives birth to twins, the devil replaces the letter - the wife gave birth to two rats; the king tells him to wait for his return, the devil replaces the letter again - to decapitate the rats; her mother-in-law hangs her children on her chest and back, sends them out of the palace; St. Peter gives her hands back; the devil promises the king to bring him to his wife; her father goes too; the wife tells the incoming people to say "Christ, Mary and Joseph," the devil cannot enter; when they enter, they must swear to God the woman's father turns to ashes; she tells her husband everything, they return to the palace]: Camarena, Chevalier 1995, No. 706:701-706; the Maltese [the king is leaving, at which time the wife gave birth to twins by named Sun and Moon; the Queen Mother locked her in the cellar, wrote to her son that his wife had given birth to two kittens; then cut off the young queen's arms and kicked her out {obviously tying babies to her}; she found a fig tree and ate falling figs; on the way back, the king saw a woman, did not know, asked questions; she told everything; he realized that it was his wife, brought him to the palace; the Queen Mother was ripped off skin, made a rug out of it to wipe your feet]: Stumme 1904, No. 23:66-67; frets: Brunold-Bigler, Widmer 2004, No. 18 [after her husband's death, the stepmother decided to get rid of her stepdaughter; called to pick berries, she picked up the stone, told her hands to be put under the stone to get the berries, threw it down again, left; the fox licked the girl's hands, they shortened and disappeared, the girl got up; the fox brought her food; said that she would die; let the girl take an iron box out of her belly; the prince found the girl, buried the fox; the girl tried to take the box with stumps of her hands, dropped it into the river; held out her hands behind the box and they industries again; wedding]: 159-165; Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 16 [approximately like Uffer 1973, No. 32, but brief]: 63-65; Uffer 1973, No. 32 [=Brunold-Bigler, Widmer 2004, No. 67:330-338; the miller has a daughter Mengia, Mariosla, Maroia; the elders are arrogant; the miller is impoverished; towards him in the forest a man in green; promised to enrich him if the miller gave him what was outside the door; the miller thought there would be a broom, and turned out to be the youngest, Maroia (M.); at night a knock, the miller asked M. to open it, she went out, but took blessed water with her; no one; in the morning, hell with a barrel of gold; he was going to take her away, but the miller promised that next time M. would leave without consecrated water; the miller hid the vessel, but the next night M. dawned on herself with a cross of blessed water; the same; on the third night, not finding water, M. dawned on herself with a cross, moistening your hands with garbage from the garbage bucket; the same; then the devil teaches you to go with M. to the forest, pretend to split the fallen spruce, let M. hold the wedge; then pull out the ax and cut off the girl's hands; the miller did so; the prince hunted and found M., married her; and the miller became rich, his daughters told him to buy an inn; the prince went to war, M. gave birth to boys named Son and Satken; messenger stopped at the inn; Mengia changed the letter: the handless gave birth to a puppy and a kitten; replaced the prince's reply letter with an order to expel M. with the children; the hangman did not kill M., but told her not to return; she cannot lean down to drink from the spring; the Mother of God appears, orders the stumps of her hands to be lowered into the water, her hands grow back; for M. and her children, a house is ready, it will have everything you need; when she returns from the war, the prince went to look for a wife and came to that house 7 years later; refused to go to bed, but lay down on the chest; heard M. tell one son first, then the other, to fix his leg that had fallen from the chest father; they returned to the palace; everyone is happy; the miller, his wife and daughters were torn apart by horses]: 120-127; Italians (Liguria, Veneto, Tuscany, Lazio, Campania, Basilicata), Sardinians, Sicilians: Cirese, Serafini 1975, No. 706:151; Italians (Liguria) [the fisherman can't catch anything; the master gives him a bag of money on the condition that he gives him his daughter; the daughter takes a saint with him water and overshadows himself with the sign of the cross; the devil is powerless; orders the father to cut off his daughter's hands, otherwise he will take the money; the daughter agrees; the devil carries the girl, but God makes the burden heavier, the devil threw her in stream; the girl got out; settled in the grotto, where the dog began to bring her food from the royal table; the king followed, brought her handless to him and married her; left; the Queen Mother changed the letters by order to drive her daughter-in-law away; she gave birth to a boy with a sword and a girl with a star on her forehead; the Queen Mother wrote that her daughter-in-law had given birth to a puppy and a kitten; the children were tied to the young queen's neck, she left; leaned to the water for a drink, the old man told me to do it bolder, the children fell into the water, her mother's hands grew; she found an empty palace and settled there; the king came to the palace, the children called him father; everything is fine; Queen Mother burned]: Andrews 1892, No. 5:20-24; Italians: Basile 2018 (Naples) [widowed, the king decided to marry his sister named Penta; she asked the servant to cut off her arms and carry the king; he ordered his sister to be placed in a barrel and thrown into the sea; the fisherman caught her, but his jealous wife threw her into the sea again; the king sailed on a ship, picked up P., she became a maid to the Queen; dying, she advised her husband to marry P.; in her husband's absence, she gave birth to a boy; the wife of the fisherman who was staying with the courier changed the letter: P. gave birth to a puppy; she also replaced the king's letter: P. and her son should be burned; she was sheltered by a magician; announced that whoever told the greatest misfortune would receive a crown and scepter from him; P.'s husband returned, burned the fisherman's wife, came to the wizard; King Brother P. also came there; all explained, everyone was reconciled, P. has a hand]: 271-281; Calvino 1980, No. 12 (Piedmont; p. 718; pomegranate motif, the fruits of which only a girl can pick, added from the Tuscan version of Gradi) [ The peasant has three daughters; the eldest goes to take lunch to his father, sits on a stump, a snake crawls out from there, the girl runs home; the same from the middle one; the youngest carries two servings, gives one to the snake, she asks to take it from herself; lives under the girl's bed; when she grows up and crawls away, gives her the ability to cry with pearls and silver, laugh at the golden pomegranate seeds that will fall out of her hair, and when washes her hands, fish will appear in the water; sisters are jealous, lock the youngest in the attic; the prince sees her; a pomegranate tree grows under her window, which grows taller as soon as the prince tries to pick the fruit; the old man says that whoever can pick the fruits will become the prince's wife; the king gathers all the girls; the sisters hide the youngest, but they find her, the wedding is announced; the youngest goes through the forest with the elders; they they cut off her hands, gouge out her eyes and throw her in the forest, her older sister replaces her; the poor lumberjack picked up the crippled; became rich collecting her silver and pearls; the snake tells her that the prince's new wife, now king, is expecting a child and wants figs; the handless tells the lumberjack to take figs (they immediately grew out of season) to the palace and exchange them for their eyes; next time, peaches in exchange for hands; the younger sister got her eyes and hands back, they grew; the queen gave birth to a scorpion; the younger sister came to the ball, the king recognized her as his true wife: pearls and gold were falling in the washbasin fish are swimming; older sisters and scorpion were burned at the stake]: 37-40.

Western Europe. The French (Dauphine) [west 1954; the poor watchman meets the devil, who gives him money for promising to give what he will go out to meet him tonight; it is not a dog that comes out, but a daughter; the devil She comes twice, each time the daughter goes to discover herself, she sees no one in the cross; the third time her father brings Marie to the door himself, the devil, holding her hands, carries her on her back; when M. asks for help from St. Virgo, her hands remain with the devil, she falls down, lives under a rock canopy; the prince's dog brings her the food that the prince gives her; he notices that the dog is losing weight, finds a girl, leads to parents, marries; prince goes to war, wife gives birth to son and daughter; devil replaces her husband's reply letter with orders to get rid of his wife and children; the servant takes them to the forest; the dog brings them food; the fairy sees a woman washing clothes, sending them to the source, washing with her, M.'s hands growing back; a fairy giving a needle that makes wishes come true; seven years later, the king {did the prince become king?} returns, goes looking for his wife and children, finds, hears M. telling the children that this is their father, listening to her story; celebration, wedding]: Joisten 1991, No. 26.1:176-180; French (Haute-Bretagne) [ stepmother is jealous of Euphrosine's stepdaughter's beauty; her own daughter is ugly; her husband is the captain of the ship; while he was not at home, her stepmother cut off E.'s wrists, forcing him to climb a tree in the depths of the forest; pricked on a thorn, went to bed; the magpie brought E. food; when her husband returned, the wife said that E. left with the soldiers; three years later, a rich young man found E., brought him to his mother; she was against such a marriage; when the son joined the army, wrote that his wife gave birth to a puppy and a calf; built an imaginary grave, and E. sent her children to the forest, tied her children to her back; E. dropped the baby into the river; at that moment a lady appeared and ordered pick him up; her hands grew; the lady took E. to the hermit's cave, and the magpie began to carry her food again; the children grew up; E.'s husband hunted and met the boys; they brought him to his mother; everything was clarified; they returned to the castle; {the last page is not in pdf}]: Sébillot 1880, No. 15:105-112 (=1894, No. 17:180-181); Bretons []: Soupault 1959:65-74; Irish [king cuts off daughter's hands and leaves in the forest, tied to a tree; she marries a prince and heals a king whose leg begins to grow a tree]: Jackson 1936:288; Germans [hell suggests that the poor miller enrich him, if three years later he gives him what is behind the mill; when he returns home, the miller finds out that behind the mill was not an apple tree, but a daughter; at the hour, the girl washed herself and circled a circle around her with chalk; hell she cannot approach, demands that all the water be removed; the girl washed her hands with tears; hell tells her to cut off her hands; she washed the stumps with tears; the devil had to leave; the girl left home; the gardener saw her bites off an apple hanging on a tree; the young king married her; when he left, she gave birth to a boy; hell changed the letter, gave birth to a werewolf {or rather an inhuman child}; then the devil changed the letter the king ordered to kill the mother and child, deliver her eyes and tongue to him; the Queen Mother sent the tongue and eyes of the doe, told her daughter-in-law to leave; God sent an angel to take care of the young mother; her hands are industry, she lives with his son in the palace without needing anything; the king returned and went in search of his wife and son; after 7 years he found them and returned them to his palace]: Grimm, Grimm 2003, No. 31:109-113 (=Grimm, Grimm 1987:392-396); Germans (Schleswig-Holstein, Switzerland, Austria), British, Scots, Flemish, Friezes: Uther 2004 (1), No. 706:379-380.

Western Asia. A thousand and one nights [the king forbids giving alms, the offender's hands will be cut off; the poor man asks a young woman in the name of God, she gives cakes; both hands are cut off; the king wants to marry, mother shows him handless, he is fascinated, marries; other women envy say that she is slutty; sends her to the desert with her born son; trying to get drunk, she drops her child into the water; two a man catches him, gives the woman his hands back; these two people are two cakes she served to the poor man]: Salya 2010 (1), nights 347-348:1035-1036; Palestinians [girl with younger brother stay orphans; wondering why their chicken no longer rushes, the sister finds a place where the chicken lays eggs, and there is also gold left by her father; tells her brother when he is older so that with this money marry him; the wife kills her daughter, then her son, each time she smears her sister's lips with blood; the brother believes that she ate the babies, throws her under the tree, cutting off her arms and legs; the sister tells the splinter to dig into his leg; allows the snake to hide on its body, tells the snake that the snake has fallen into the well, the snake climbs there, explodes; the grateful snake heals the girl, she grows new limbs; she gets married; one day, Without recognizing her, her lame brother comes to her; she takes out a thorn, her son asks him to tell her story, her brother finds out everything, everyone is happy]: Muhawi, Kanaana 1989, No. 31:241-243; Lebanon, Syria , Iraq, Saudi Arabia: Uther 2004 (1), No. 706:379-380.

South Asia. Agaria [parents married five sons, daughter stayed with them; sons found and brought home a dead ox; parents gave the liver to their daughter, and daughters-in-law wanted to eat the liver themselves; brothers asked her sister for a drink; she cut off her hand, blood dripped into the water, the brothers liked the taste; the brothers took her sister to the forest to pick mangoes, killed her; her dog brought her head home; the father thought he killed his daughter, beat the dog to death; the brothers brought home his sister's sliced meat; when they saw the head, they were frightened and ran away; the parents understood who the murderers were; they carried the heads of their daughter and dog to the sadhu on Mount Elephants; he woke up scared, told their heads to become what they were, leave; the girl and the dog came to life, stayed on the mountain, got married; the dog lived on the mountain, got married; fight; the girl and the dog would live home; the father decided that the dog dripped into the water, the brothers kicked out the brothers who came; they went to another village, and the sister and dog husband began to live with their parents]: Elwin 1944:375-376; Sinhalese [seven evil women came to their sister seven brothers; put her in a monkey bag, left her in the backyard; a shard stuck in her throat, she cannot answer; the women married her brothers, accused her sister-in-law of debauchery; younger brother agreed to kill her, left her in the woods, smeared her sword with snake blood; the brothers and their wives went blind; the girl came to town, got married, began to tell her son her story; her brothers heard her, saw the light; their wives died of starvation]: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 105:262-263.

Malaysia-Indonesia. Java [Raja's youngest wife blames the eldest for her illness; the Raja orders the eldest to be killed, the vizier leaves her in the forest but brings her eyes to Raja; in the forest she gives birth to Prince Panji Laras; he grows a rooster dropped by a kite, the rooster wins cockfights; defeats the Raja rooster, the vizier tells the truth, the PL mothers regain their eyes, she sees the light, the evil wife is expelled, the PL reigns]: Braginsky 1972:121-126.

China - Korea. Koreans: Shkurkin 1941 [stepmother feeds stepdaughter porridge that makes the girl's stomach swollen; father orders her daughter to be cut off, kicked out of the house; good old people pick her up, their son is on her gets married, she gives birth to a handsome boy in the absence of her husband; her husband's father sends him a letter, he answers; the servants stay at the father's house every time, the stepmother replaces letters (they say, some kind of woman was born that creature; kick the wife out); father-in-law expels the daughter-in-law, tying the child to her back; she cannot pick fruits from the tree, but then her hands grow back; some people bring her to a rich house, ask her to become mistress; husband finds her, at this time the rich house disappears, the woman sees the grave of her mother, whose spirit helped her; when they come to the woman's father, the stepmother is struck by lightning]: 194-208; Choi 1979, No. 452 [woman with the help of her sons, she cut off her stepdaughter's hands, kicked her out; a rich young man found her, married her; she gave birth when he went to the capital to take exams; her stepmother set her up to be kicked out; she leaned over the well for a drink, the child fell, she picked her up with her hands that had grown up at that moment; the husband, in the guise of a beggar, went to look for her; found her stepmother, punished]: 195; Cho 2001, No. 106 [stepmother tells her husband cut off her stepdaughter's hands; the right one is carried away by an eagle, a left kite; she comes to a rich house, stands under a persimmon, cannot pick fruits; the heir of the house sees her, hides her, marries; leaves; the wife gives birth, sends a servant with a letter; he stays at his stepmother's house, she replaces the letter as if the wife gave birth to a freak; replaces a letter from her husband, supposedly telling his wife to be expelled; she leans over the stream, the child slips out, the mother's hands grow to grab him; the wife, the child and the husband stay in the same house; the stepmother is punished]: 201-203.

The Balkans. Moldovans [when she dies, the mother tells her daughter to marry the one who fits the ring; the monster The peasant with the nail found out the size of the ring, forged a finger for his grandson in size; the girl complains about her mother's grave, what should go for the Snake; she advises to demand a dress from the groom like sunset, noon, dawn; like morning; like night; the serpent brings three times; on the advice of the mother, after the wedding, the girl says, Light is ahead, darkness backwards and disappears; spends the night in the forest; Snakes find her with dogs, cut off hands, give it to dogs; the girl tries to cover the fallen chicks, the grateful bird turns her into a chick, raises her with others; chicks peck Green King's apples; the eldest, middle sons fall asleep, the youngest is an armless beauty; the prince goes to fetch water from under the dragon cliff; three traits fight over boots to walk on water , invisible hats and a musical instrument (takes them anywhere); the prince invites them to race, takes away wonderful objects; at the spring, an invisible prince hits snakes, they think at each other, they fight; the prince puts the last one in prison, brings water to the girl, her arms grow; the prince is finished off by a snake, the girl manages to tear off her ring from his finger, the snake turns to dust]: Botezat 1981 : 200-210 (=Moldavian tales 1968:266-275); Serbs [while the father is at war, the stepmother tells her stepdaughter to be taken to the forest, bring her hands and heart; servants cut off hands, do not kill the girl, say that heart lost; in a dream, the girl's father is a man telling two stallions and two mares of a certain suit to burn their hairs, sprinkle ashes on her daughter's wounds, her hands will grow back; they are branches that have become gold, stepmother torn by horses]: Karadzich 1854, No. 33:194-198 (=Dmitriev, Volkonsky 1956:34-36); Bulgarians: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 706 [the widowed tsar marries again; stepmother hates beautiful takes her stepdaughter to the mountains, the desert, cuts off her hands; the prince (hero, merchant, hunter) finds her, marries her; in the absence of her husband, gives birth to a son (twins); stepmother replaces the letter as if her husband orders to kill her wife, she is driven away with her baby; she prays to the Virgin, her hands grow; her husband finds her and her child in the cave, brings her back to the house], 706D [despite the father or mother's warning, the brother marries before her sister is married; the wife hates her husband's sister; kills her husband's horse, then the child, says that her sister killed; the brother cuts off her sister's hands, drives her away; the prince finds her, takes her as his wife; the absence of a husband gives birth to a child; slandered through a letter, as if she gave birth to a freak, she is kicked out of the house; the Virgin (God) saves a child whose mother dropped into the river (source), the mother's arms grow; the heroine tells her story in the presence of her husband and brother; everything turns out]: 238, 239; Greeks: Legrand 1881 [Queen of France hates Marie's beautiful stepdaughter; tells her servants to take her away and kill her , bring her hands; they cut off M.'s hands but did not kill; a noble young man picked up M. and married her; he went to the tournament and she gave birth to twins; the Queen replaced the letter with an order to kill M. and the children; M . did not kill her, but took her to where they found her; the hermit sheltered her and began to take care of her; St. The virgin gave her hands back, her husband found her, everything turned out; the Queen was burned, M.'s husband became an heir, M. built a church]: 241-356; Schmidt 1877, No. 16 [Eros's mother asks the mirror if she is more beautiful than everyone else light; one day the mirror replies that Princess Maroula is more beautiful; Erota's mother decides to destroy her; threw a poisoned apple on her, she bit it off, fell; the brothers took the bitten piece from her sister's mouth, she came to life; then Eros's mother gave the poisoned ring; the brothers did not notice him, left his sister's body in a coffin in the grove; the prince saw, took off the ring, M. came to life, he married her; M. gave birth to twins; jealous mother the prince beheaded them, put a knife on M.; her husband orders M. to cut off M.'s hands, hang a bag of children around her neck, drive them away; an angel in the guise of a monk connected the bodies and heads of the babies, revived them, returned M.'s hands, created palace; the prince comes there, everything is explained; the prince's guests decide: burn his mother in a resin barrel in the sea]: 109-112; Hungarians [the king sent a letter to his son; the messenger spent the night in the house where mother and daughter lived; the mother asked which of them was more beautiful; the messenger answered evasively, but in the sense that older people were inferior in appearance to young people; the woman told her servant to take the girl to the forest and bring her liver, lungs and arms; the servant brought the dog's liver and lungs, but her hands had to be cut off; the woman ate her liver and lungs and threw her hands into the attic; the handless came to the garden at night to gnaw apples with trees; the king ordered to guard the garden; on the third night it was the prince's turn; girl: sleep, peephole, sleep, other; the prince fell asleep, but she stumbled and fell on him; the prince married her; went to war, his wife gave birth gold-haired twins; the mother of the prince's wife changed the letter: she is a prostitute and gave birth to puppies; changed the answer: the wife was immediately kicked out; the handless came to the magical lake: the hands of the industry also swam; settled in a hut; husband hunted, went there, but did not recognize his wife; when he fell asleep, he dropped his hand from the bed; wife: son, correct his father's hand; then his leg; the prince's servant heard it; rewedding; wife persuaded forgive mother]: Jones, Kropf 1889, No. 36:182-188; Romanians [the son of the Green King fell in love with the daughter of the Red King; the princess's mother decided to kill her because her daughter is more beautiful than her; told the hangman to take the girl to the forest and bring her hands and heart; the hangman brought the dog's heart, but cut off his hands; the girl came to the Red King's vineyard, met the prince there and he married her; his mother declared war on the Red King; wrote a letter to her son that his wife was walking around, and replaced his letter with an order to expel his wife and her newborn; she found her hands in the spring, put her hands on the stumps, and they grew; he came to her her husband, she recognized him; told the child it was his father; her husband's mother was hanged]: Bîrlea 1966:454-455; Croats, Slovenes: Uther 2004 (1), No. 706:379-380.

Central Europe. Slovaks [at the insistence of his stepmother, the miller promises to cut off Ghana's daughter's hands if she gives anyone anything; she gives flour to the beggar, her father cuts off her hands, drives her away; she comes to the prince's garden, he marries her; goes to war; G. gives birth to a son, father-in-law sends a letter to his son, the mill replaces him as if G. gave birth to a dog; the husband orders to take care of his wife, the mill again replaces the letter, saying, his wife we must drive out with the child tied to her; G. tries to drown herself, her hands grow; she comes to the castle, it is owned by that beggar; the prince returns, finds out the truth, comes to the castle; everything is explained the mill is executed]: Bogatyrev 1955:24-31; the Czechs [mother loves the evil and lazy Sloboha, does not like the hard-working good Dobrubka; in the absence of his mother, D. served a noble young man to drink; he secretly left on bed purse with gold; promised to return; D. gave her purse to her mother; she dreamed that she married that young man, but the black cat claws into her heart; the young man comes and proposes, promises his mother D. also take it home; promises to return when D. hides threads on his shirt; Prince Dobromil (D. only found out who he is in the castle) marries her and goes to war; her mother invites D. to visit S.; in their house mother and S. stab D. with a knife, cut off their arms and legs, pull out their eyes, throw them in the forest; mother replaces Dobrunka Slobokha; D. is alive; the old man sends the boy to exchange S. and her mother's eyes, legs, arms for pieces golden spinning wheel; D. is safe and well again, lives in a cave; Dobromil comes, asks his imaginary wife to spin on her golden spinning wheel; the spinning wheel sings, talking about what happened, tells him to find D. in the forest; S. was punished the golden spinning wheel has disappeared, D. began to spin on an ordinary one]: Němcová 1990:5-23; the Poles [the father wants to marry his daughter or sold her to the devil, forbids praying; cuts off her hands and expels; the king finds her, marries; in his absence she gives birth to a son, and he is told that puppies are being expelled with her baby; her arms grow miraculously; she meets her husband, they returning to the palace]: Krzyżanowski 1962, No. 706:217-218; Russians (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Olonetskaya, Vologda, Pskov, Ryazan, Oryol, Tambov, Voronezh), Ukrainians, Belarusians [Bezruchka: Upon the lie of a witch wife, the brother expels her sister from the house, cuts off her hands (cf.: 883A); she marries the tsar; she is slandered again, and the tsar expels her from as a child; she is miraculously healed; accepted by her husband; when the truth is found out, the witch is punished]: SUS 1979, No. 706:176-177 (48 entries); Russians [Afanasiev 1861; brother's wife releases his horse, falcon, throws her son under the horse's feet, accuses his sister of this; brother takes his sister to the forest, finds her; she will give birth - hands up to the elbow in gold; substitution of letters; mothers cut off their hands, drive her into the forest; she drops the child into the well, his hands grow to pick him up; the boy and mother come to his father, the boy tells their story]: Potanin 1891:153; Russians (Teresky Bereg) [dying, parents son: call your sister mother; brother married Baba Yaga's daughter; wife cut down the best tree, killed the best pigeon, accused her sister, brother believed but asked; stabbed her own child; brother cut off sister hands and threw her out; Ivan Tsarevich found her and married her; she gave birth when her husband was away, Baba Yaga changed letters (not a puppy, a lamb, not a frog); the child was tied to her chest, kicked out; she leaned over the river, the child fell, her hands grew, she picked up the child; voice: build a church for Nikolina; she came to the house where everyone had gathered, tells a fairy tale, i.e. everything that happened; baba yaga at seven gates shot]: Balashov 1970, No. 47:160-163; Russians (Teresky Bereg) [an armless girl came to the tsar to beg for alms; the prince married her; left, she gave birth to a son: the sun is in her forehead, a month on the back of her head , small stars on the braids; Baba Yaga replaced the letter (half human and half cat) and the prince's answer; the child was tied to her daughter-in-law's chest, put out the gate; she feeds him by the water, old man shouts to grab (a fallen child), his hands are torn off; the son has grown up, everyone has climbed into the church, the boy says, everything turned out]: Balashov 1970, No. 134:372-375; Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Pinezhsky r- n, village Veegor, Mikhail Krivopolenova, 1925) [Brother and sister live together, without parents. The brother sells, gets married, his wife decides to kill his sister-in-law. He kills a bull, then her husband's beloved horse, then his own child, blames his sister-in-law. The brother did not forgive the murder of the child, took his sister to the forest, wanted to cut off his head, but regretted it and cut off his arms up to the elbow and left him in the forest. The prince sees the girl, covers her coat with his coat, and gets married. In the absence of the prince, a son is born "the sun in the forehead, a month in the back of his head, in gold at the elbow, and in silver at the knee." They write a letter to the father, the messenger stops at the merchant's wife on the way, she replaces the letter: a child was born with a dog's body, wolverine legs, and hare ears. The Tsarevich orders to save the child's life; on the way back, the merchant's wife again replaces the letter with an order to execute the mother and child. The old king did not dare to execute and sent them both to the sea. The boy leaned over to the water and fell down. The mother cannot pick him up, she hears a voice, sees that her hands have come from the sea and have grown to her, and saves the child. She goes to her merchant brother, they don't recognize her. The boy tells his story as if he had been. The brother recognizes his sister, kills his wife, everyone goes to the kingdom to his son-in-law]: Ozarovskaya 2009, No. 27:321-323; Russians (Arkhangelskaya, 1908, Lapinskaya volost, 18-year-old girl A.S. Filatova, lived an employee in different villages of Pomorye, composes ditties and songs/"folk poetess"/, illiterate) [An old widower marries Yaitsna-Babitsna, she does not love her stepdaughter. She kills a horse, a cow, her child, says the old man's daughter is to blame. He can't forgive a child's death. The old man takes his daughter to the forest, cuts off his arms up to the elbow and throws it. Ivan Tsarevich sees her, takes her home, leaves her in his room and does not let anyone else into it. The mother finds out who lives there, he asks for the blessing of marrying a handless person, the mother first resists (the son says "we still have nothing to do"), but then agrees. A girl gives birth to a son, Ivan goes overseas. The handless wants to visit her father and asks her mother-in-law to tie the baby to her chest. On the way, she leans to the stream to get drunk, the child falls into the water. Her voice tells her to bend down and reach for the baby, she doesn't believe it's possible, but when she goes down to get her son out of the water, her hands appear. She comes to her father, where her husband, Ivan Tsarevich, finds himself, and no one recognizes her (she has hands). Ivan asks someone to tell the story, and the son tells his mother's story, Jaicna-Babicna calls the story a lie, and goes to the stove. Ivan recognizes his wife and takes her father back to his kingdom. Yaitsna dies behind the stove, and she lies there]: Tseitlin 1911, No. 12:9-11; Russians (Pskov, Ostrovsky y.) [when dying, parents tell their son to take care of their sister; she advises his brother to marry; the wife disliked her sister-in-law; broke bottles of wine, killed a stallion, killed her own baby, blamed everything on her sister-in-law; brother took his sister to the forest to cut off her head, but agreed to cut off only her hands; she came to the royal garden to eat apples from the branches; the prince found her and married her; when he left, she gave birth to a son: hands up to the elbow covered in gold, knee-deep in silver, a month on the back of his head, the sun on his forehead, frequent stars on the top of his head; the messenger stayed at the house of the woman in labor's brother; his wife changed the letter: she gave birth to neither a dog, nor a cat, nor a mouse; changed the prince's answer: drive his wife out with the baby; she dropped the child into the water, fell asleep; when she woke up, the child was alive and her hands were in place; changed clothes with the shepherd, began to beg; came to her brother's house, Tsarevich is also there; tells a fairy tale - his story; everything turned out, a feast for the whole world]: Smirnov 1917, No. 104:333-337; Russians (Voronezhskaya, 1966, Nizhny Ikorets village, Liskinsky District) [Stepmother makes her husband take his stepsons and then his stepdaughter to the forest, his father feels sorry for his beautiful daughter. In the forest, she asks her to wrap her around an oak tree to cut it down, cuts off her hands and leaves. She comes to the forest hut, eats, hides under her bed. The owners return, call her, get to know their sister, live together, and the sister cooks for the brothers. The prince wants to marry a girl, marries and gets her consent. Baba Yaga sends a dress to a girl, she puts it on and dies. The brothers hang her glass coffin on a tree. The prince takes the dead girl, hides her in his room during the day, talks to her at night. Parents find it and give it back to the brothers. The groom suggests wearing a different dress. She comes to life when the dress is torn apart. They get married, the husband joins the army, the wife gives birth to a son. His letter is replaced by Yaga, saying that his wife will not be at home when he returns. The girl ties her son to her back and leaves. He asks for a drink, she bends down and the child falls into the water. She reaches out to him, they grow back. He returns to her husband, who realizes that Baba Yaga replaced the letters. She is killed, the Tsarevich calls his wife's brothers, they drink and walk]: Kretov 1977, No. 27:43-45; Russians (Voronezh) [Orphans brother and sister live together. His brother gets married, his wife is jealous of his beautiful sister. She tells her husband that in his absence, she broke dishes, stabbed his beloved horse, killed his child. The brother cannot forgive his sister for the last act, takes her to the forest and cuts off her hands. The brother shows his hands to his wife and says he killed his sister. A girl goes into the royal garden and eats apples. Bova Korolevich notices this, leaves her to live at court, marries her. In his absence, his wife gives birth to a beautiful child ("on his forehead, a month on the back of his head"). Her brother gets the birth news letter, and his wife replaces him with a birth message "no mouse, no beast, but some freak". She also replaces the Queen's answer, ordering the child's mother to be killed before he returns. The king and queen feel sorry for their daughter-in-law, tie the child to their breasts and let her go. The girl leans to the water to get drunk, the child falls into the river. When she reaches for him to get him out of the water, her arms grow. She asks for salvation for the child and healing for herself. Together with her child, she stays at her brother's place for the night, and her husband is also there. He and the owners recognize her, but they doubt her because she has hands. Bova asks how she lost her arms, and her brother says that her hands were cut off by a car. He admitted to being her husband. The three of them return to the prince's parents, the wife tells how she was healed and how her hands returned. The child becomes even more beautiful after falling into the water ("the star in the forehead became brighter"). The daughter-in-law and brother were shot, the prince's son grew up and became tsar]: Baryshnikova 2007, No. 6:66-70; Russians (Moscow, Dmitrovsky, 1914) [the man's wife hates his sister; killed a horse; a canary, accused her sister; brother does not react; then killed her own child; brother took her sister to the forest and cut off her hands; she came to the manor garden; the master saw, fell in love, married; left; wife gave birth to a boy, sent messenger, daughter-in-law changed the letter: gave birth to a half-dog; the same answer: chained the child to white breasts, let him into the forest; the boy asks to bend down to the river for a drink; fell off, the hands of the industry; she came to her brother's house, there but her husband; tells his story; his wife was beheaded]: Vedernikova, Samodelova 1998, No. 64:183-184; Russians (Voronezhskaya, p. Pershino, Nizhnedevitsky District, 1936) [The wife of a wealthy merchant gives birth to a son in his absence, when he returns, decides that the child is not from him. He takes his wife to the forest, cuts off his hands, gouges out his eyes, cuts off his son's head and leaves. A woman meets an old man, he asks for bread, but she only has a child with a severed head, he leads her to the stream, washes her hands with water - they grow back, she washes her eyes and sees again. It wets the child's head, he comes to life, and the head grows together with the body. They find themselves in a big house, move over the fence, see weapons covered in blood inside, and realize that its owners are robbers. The mother realizes that her son is very strong and teaches him how to kill robbers when they return. They climb one by one over the fence to open the gate, and everyone's son kills with one blow of an iron wedge. The last, oldest, 12th thief escapes into the forest. Mother and son live in a robbers' house, he teaches him how to use weapons and ride horses (he goes through 11 horses, they fall at his arm, chooses the 12th horse of the senior robber, she barely holds him). While hunting, the boy meets the king's daughter, they exchange rings and decide to get married when they grow up. While the son is hunting, an old robber comes to his mother, persuades her to kill her son and live with him, she agrees. On the advice of a robber, he pretends to be sick. He sends his son for living and dead water, thinks that he will not return from there, because the ravine in which she is located constantly opens and closes, and everyone will inevitably fall into it. On the way, the son stops at the old man's hut, they pray together, the old man finds out where the boy is going, lets him choose a horse in the herd. The horse feels the boy's strength and obeys. At the ravine, the boy fills the jug with water, and the horse manages to jump out before the ravine closes (only grabbed the end of the tail). The mother and the robber see that the boy is back, the mother asks him to bring milk from the lioness with the lions. He stays in the hut again, the old man gives the boy an arrow, advises the lioness to throw it in the mouth, otherwise she will swallow it with the horse. The boy performs, the lioness asks in a human voice why the boy has come, he explains, she gives him milk and two lion cubs. The boy brings milk, his mother invites him to play cards, says that according to the rules, the winner binds the loser. First he gives in, and when he ties her up, asks her to be released, then wins and binds her, but he breaks the rope. They play again, he loses, and his mother ties her son with a wire rope, he can't escape and the thief wants to cut off his head. She feels sorry for him, his eyes are gouged out and driven out of the house into the dense forest. Not seeing the road, he pulls out a large oak tree, which falls on the main road and blocks the carriage. The men ask the boy to help pull the oak tree, but he throws it off the road alone. They agree to take him with them, but the horse does not go under the boy, he goes to get the cart on foot, finds out that his beloved's kingdom is passing through the way, he stays at the well, where the maid comes to get water The princess, asks for a drink, puts the girl's name ring into the jug. He finds it in a jug, comes to the boy, promises not to leave him behind. Parents are dissatisfied with their blind son-in-law, but the girl takes care of him and leaves him in the palace. He falls asleep in the garden, a horse and lions come running to him, he orders them to bring living and dead water from his mother's house, he washes his eyes and regains his sight. The princess notices this, but the groom asks not to tell anyone. The serpent demands to give the king's eldest daughter to be eaten, Misha promises to save his sister, but asks him not to tell anyone. He promises the army (+ princes, boyars) set up to protect the princess to defeat the snake, and in return demands that everyone cut off their little finger. He defeats the snake, the girl returns home. Misha tells the bride that he went to bed for three days. He saves the middle princess from the 6-headed Serpent, takes the troops "on the body strap", and the lions help him defeat him. Misha asks the princess to tell the boyars that he went to bed for 6 days, and they laugh at him and the princess. When the 12-headed Serpent demands to eat their youngest daughter, the princes and the boyars refuse to protect her, they are afraid, the king forces them (beloved daughter!). Misha promises to save her from the snake. The army is offered to defeat a snake instead of him in exchange for five roses. He cuts off a snake with three heads each, he is helped by lions, and the fire is extinguished. Misha goes to bed for 2 days and is laughed at. At the feast, he raises his legs high, the windows shake, sits on an ordinary chair - he shatters to pieces, brings him a "heroic chair", creaks, but holds on. Instead of one glass, Misha demands 300 in one "bowl" and drinks. Princes and boyars reproach Misha for "you are healthy to drink, but you are not good to fight", he knocks his fist on the table, the table flies, he asks why everyone present is wearing gloves, where they lost little fingers. He pulls out his little fingers and belts, shows rose marks, and tells the king the whole truth. He hits the princes head against the head. The Tsar "unsubscribes" the state to Misha]: Pukhova 2006, No. 4:33-45; Belarusians [(according to Romanov); a cow does work for Mareya's stepdaughter; his father sees this, suggests slaughtering a cow; she teaches M. to assemble it bones, bury; an apple tree grows, a krynitsa spills; only M. can get apples and water; the king sees a miracle, marries M.'s son; the stepmother comes to visit, cuts off M.'s hands, ties her child to her, drives away, replaces her daughter; by the sea, M. leaned down to get drunk, her hands grew; returning to the king, M. hid with her son behind the stove; the son told their story, he had a star on his crown; his stepmother was tied to horse tail]: Potanin 1891:157-158; Belarusians [when dying, parents tell son and daughter to live together as with them; brother marries; wife believes that he loves his sister more than her; slaughtered a cow, accused her sister; the brother is not angry; the horse is the same; the child; then the brother took her sister to the forest, cut off his hands; she went to the royal garden, where golden apples count; she ate one; they began to search; the king found fell in love, got married; when he left, his wife gave birth to a son - a month in the forehead, at the back of dawn; the messenger spent the night with the woman's brother, his wife changed the letter - she gave birth not to a beetle, not a toad; changed the answer: to drive his wife away along with the one she gave birth to; she bent over the well, the child fell, her hands grew; she came to her brother's house, her husband there; she talked about everything; the king took his wife, the brother tied his brother to his horse's tail and let her go into the field]: Romanov 1887, No. 55:283-285; Belarusians [a woman and daughter married a grandfather and daughter; tyrannites her stepdaughter with work; a cow tells her to get into one ear, get out of the other, a roll appears canvases; the stepmother wants to slaughter a cow, she tells her bones to be buried against the window towards the street; a well and an apple tree appear, one apple is golden and the other is silver; the king will take the one that scoops water and will pick an apple; no one can; stepmother hides her stepdaughter under the trough, but the neighbor points to the hidden one; the branches bent over to the stepdaughter themselves; the stepmother calls the young queen to visit; cut off her hands, tied her the neck of a newborn child, and her daughter dressed in her clothes; the queen bent over the water, the child fell, her hands grew; she comes to the king, tells her story; the king tied her stepmother to the horse's tail, her daughter's head was cut off]: Romanov 1887, No. 50:289-292; northern Ukrainians (Chernigov, Nezhinsky y.) [when dying, parents tell their son: if she marries, listen to his sister, not his wife; the wife hates her sister-in-law; she stabbed the dog, accused her sister; then the horse; when the son, the brother took his sister into the forest, cut off his hands and left him; the girl was found by a "brother's servant", married her; when she left, she gave birth to children up to half of gold, up to half of silver; her brother's wife changed the letter: she gave birth to two puppies; replaced the letter from her husband with an order to drive away the mother and children; they were tied to her neck; she bent down for a drink, the children fell into the water, the hands of the industry; one day she went unrecognized to where her brother and wife lived; told everything; brother cut off his wife head, stayed with her sister]: Malinka 1902, No. 30:306-308; Eastern Ukrainians (Kharkiv) [The princess gives birth to a son, her parents drive her away, cut off her hands, tie the child to her back. She wants to get drunk at the well, her son asks her to put her hands in the water - she lowers her hands, her hands grow back. They live in an empty forest house. Ivan examines the house, finds a 12-headed snake on 12 chains in the barn ("tied with a bast, but covered with feces"), the snake asks him to drink - buckets of water and blood are next to him, Ivan refuses, forbids his mother enter the barn. In his absence, she comes in, gives water to the snake, he becomes handsome, convinces her to destroy her son - send her for rings, which can be obtained by driving between two shifting mountains. On the way, Ivan enters the hut, where the girl embroiders, she gives her horse so that Ivan can get to the mountains, and by the mountains, the horse orders him to fit into his right ear. Ivan takes out a bandura from there, puts it between the mountains, the mountains stopped playing bandura, picks up his rings. The mother pretends to be sick again, sends her son for snake fat, he gets the girl's horse again, who tells me to hit the snake when he wakes up (?) , she has been "cowardly" for 11 days and dies for 12 days. Ivan cuts out lard, brings his mother, she demands bear milk, he takes the girl's horse again, the horse advises to tie his sword "ear to ear", the bear asks not to kill her, and milks milk for Ivan. The horse jumps 12 miles in one jump, Ivan sees a mother with a dove in the house (a snake turned around), a bird flies out the window, Ivan chases her, his mother asks her son to throw his sword so as not to hurt himself, he listens, a snake takes on his form, kills Ivan, throws bones in the field. He is seen by three mermaids, the girl's sisters from the hut, each of them steps over Ivan's bones, heals, gets up, then speaks (the ability to speak as a stage in returning to life; then it's not clear - something cut off and made the biscuit and ate it). He marries a girl from a hut, kills a snake, puts his mother in front of two buckets - him and a snake - to see who she cries more about - him or a snake. He comes back, sees that the snake bucket is full, leaves his mother]: Grinchenko 1895, No. 158:155-159.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Adygi [To lime her sister-in-law, the wife kills her own child and tells her husband that her sister-in-law did it. The brother cuts off his sister's hands and expels her. The girl lives in the forest, where one day, while hunting, she is met by a Psha prince and married. They are having a son. The heroine is slandered again - this time by her husband's close associates who sought her love, but in the end everything turns out]: Aliyeva 1986:34; Ossetians: Dzagurov 1983, No. 122 [young people began to mock old man, smashed his gun; he and his wife climbed a tree above the sea, fell into the water with the tree; they were carried to the island, they had a son and daughter; when he died, the old man does not tell his son to marry before marriage daughters and not take blue-eyed and red-haired; the son went to his father's homeland, fell in love with such a girl, the sister lifted the ban; the daughter-in-law decided to destroy the plot; strangled a pet bear, a pet wolf, a foal husband, each time accusing his sister; strangled her own son; brother sent a worker to take her sister to the forest and cut off her hands; Khan's son found her and married her; when he left, she gave birth to a boy; brother's wife changed the letter - the wife gave birth to a snake; she also changed her husband's answer: to drive his wife into the forest; she dropped the child into the river, Huastergi ordered him to be grabbed, the hands of the industry; she was hired as an employee in her brother's house; the son of the khan spent the night in it, she told her story; a blue-eyed redhead was tied to a stallion's tail]: 519-527; Sokayeva 2010 (Irons; Tualgom, Alagir Gorge) [Wife and husband, they have only daughter. The wife falls ill, calls her husband, gives her shoe and thimble, and bequeaths after her death to marry only someone who fits the shoe and thimble. A wife dies, a shoe is no good for anyone, only a daughter fits. The husband offers his daughter a marriage, she is surprised that this has never happened before. Father wears and wears a shoe. He will put one leg on the other, but the shoe is no good for anyone. In the end, she tries on her daughter's shoe again, the shoe fits. She says he's getting married again. The daughter replies that if he does not leave her alone, let her do what she says to him and she will agree. She tells her father to build a seven-story house with hidden rooms so that if anyone comes to kill him, she'll hide it. My father is building a nice house and installing a large wooden pipe in the middle. The daughter agrees to marry her father and they live in this house. One day, the father goes somewhere, but the daughter wraps herself in wolf skin and climbs this pipe. The father comes home, looks at the corners of the house, the daughter is gone. He is anxious, angry, drowns the whole house in the river, leaving only one pipe, then returns to his old poor house. The daughter, wrapped in wolf skin, comes out of the river as a wolf, runs towards the forest. On the way, he meets a guy who is happy that he will have a trained wolf. He brings her home and takes her into a gold room. The boy has seven sisters. They go to the river every night to swim. The girl goes after them too, but they don't charge. In the end, the young man says he will lead the wolf to the river bank himself. By the river, a girl sheds her wolf skin and swims. The young man grabs his skin and takes it away. The girl cries, asks for her back, the young man gives it back. She wraps herself back in her shoes, they come to the golden room, close the door behind them. Seven sisters start knocking on them. The young man replies that he won't open it until they marry them. Sisters cry: how can they betray their only brother to a wolf. The young man promises to kill himself if he is not married. The sisters serve a wagon. The young man opens the door and the girl, all golden, leaves the room. They sit on a wagon, take them to church, get married. They become husband and wife. They give birth to a gold-haired boy. His parents are happy with him. One day, the girl's father comes to them. They don't know who he is, they take him as a laborer. A few days later, he cuts off the boy's gold strand and kills him, and puts a bloody knife in his mother's pocket. Mother and father lament that someone touched their boy's head. They wonder who could do this. The farmhand suggests looking for whoever has a bloody knife in his pocket did it and cut off his hands. They find a bloody knife in the mother's pocket, cut off her hands according to the agreement. They take her to the field and leave her there. The woman laments in the field, while an angel (zed) appears near her, telling him everything. The angel promises to start a golden spring, and as soon as she hears its sound, she must go wash her wounds and the child's wounds with this water, and both will be seven times better than they were. The angel leaves, and at the same moment the spring begins to murmur. The woman is running, washing her wounds with water, everything is fine. The angel brings the mother and child to the golden tower, tells them to live in it and not let anyone in. Two men knock on her one day. A woman looks out to them. One of them is her father, who killed her boy. She pretends not to recognize him, takes him into the house, sets the table, drinks her father. Then the guest is taken to his room and his father is sent to sleep in the garden. There are different fruits and flowers, and there are snakes that can swallow a whole person. And wonderful grapes grow, she punishes her father not to touch them, or else give them to snakes to eat. My father says he doesn't eat grapes at all. When her father falls asleep, she stains the knife with grape juice and puts it in his pocket. He goes out in the morning and starts counting the grapes. The man says he didn't rip anything off. The woman says you should look for a knife in grape juice. The man is surprised how a knife in grape juice was in his pocket. Woman: Just as he didn't eat these grapes, she didn't kill her child, but he acted treacherously, blamed her, and she was put to the test. She gives the man to snakes to eat. Her husband returns to her, and they live well]: 156-164; Chechens [when she dies, the wife tells her husband to take a woman her golden dudes will suit; the husband has been looking for 15 years, only his daughters came up; she tells me to build a tower made of gold; tells the builders to leave a hollow pole inside, hides in it, the father furiously threw the tower into the river, one young man and his father pulled out a pole, brought it into the room; at night someone eats in food in the room; the third time the young man waited for the girl, married her; she gave birth to a son; the unrecognized father came disguised as a beggar, stayed overnight, stabbed the boy, put a knife in his daughter's pocket; the husband gouged out his wife's eyes, cut off his hands, tied the baby to her back and drove him out; by the river she called to God; he sent an angel with a pen; to throw a pen - all wishes will come true; the mother was healed, the son came to life; the angel also left a golden whip for the son; the son grew up, came to the village with his mother, stayed with the old woman, people gathered there; the young man put a golden whip under the sweat of his father's horse, accused him of stealing; said that he also accused his mother; everyone was reconciled, everything is fine]: Malsagov 1983, No. 39:167-169; Nogais [when dying, parents bequeath a chest to their daughter Salimat, telling them not to show anyone content; brother S. Asker marries girlfriend S. Fatima; they want to know what's in the chest; F. kills his child, puts F. in bed; A. leaves S. in the woods, cutting off her hands; old people take S. home, their son takes her as his wife; leaves, S. gives birth twin boys, her husband's parents send a messenger, F. replaces letters: S. gave birth to freaks; S. must be driven into the forest; she leans over the river, the child falls, she prays to Allah, her arms grow; children grew up, together with S. they come to A.'s house; S.'s husband also comes there; S. tells his story; A. hacked F., S. returns to her husband with his children]: Nogai 1979, No. 24:125-129; Kumyks [the young man's wife disliked his sister; broke a jug, then other things, then killed her own child, each time accusing her sister-in-law; brother took her sister to the hollow, cut off her hands, left; the girl came to the same house, who lived there the young man married her; when he left, asked him to inform him of who his wife had given birth; the messenger stayed at the girl's brother's wife's house; she changed the letter: the wife gave birth to ugly; the husband told him to wait, the brother's wife changed the letter again: let the parents drive her wife away; she leaned over the water, the child slipped out, she tried to grab him, the hands of the industry; she met her husband, he did not recognize her, they stayed at the house Brother's wives; she tells her story; everything is fine, her daughter-in-law was killed]: Aliyeva 2013, No. 71:307-311; taty [a sage helps a childless old man get magic roses so that the old woman can give birth to a son and daughter ; an evil soothsayer turns the sage into gray (water spirit); brother and sister grow up, the neighbor persuades her sister to influence his brother to marry her; tears off the heads of the chickens, cuts off the udders of the cows, the tails of the horses, each time he accuses the sister-in-law; when he kills his own baby, the husband believes, cuts off his sister's hands, drives her away; in the forest, the wind raises her to a tree, the son of the padishah sees her, takes her as a wife; the husband leaves, the wife gives birth to a son; her brother's angry wife replaces the letters from her husband's parents and husband himself, as if she had given birth to a freak, as if she should be expelled; she and the child fall into the water, swallowed by fish, hands they grow up, the woman's patron saint is the same gray; her son has grown up, managed to catch a tornado in a stone bag that turned the sage into gray, he turns gray again into a man; everything is explained, brother women tie their wife to the tail of a horse, lets them hit the thorns; her son, a sage, remains on the river bank]: Kukulla 1974, No. 16:130-150; Georgians: Kurdovanidze 1988 (2), No. 94 [sister speaks to brother, that she would marry after he got married and she raised his son; his brother's wife hates his sister; broke the dishes, burned her husband's clothes, finally stabbed her baby, accused her sister-in-law; the court ordered cut off her hands and drive her into the forest; the prince saw her and married her; left; the wife gave birth to a golden-haired son; the maid changed the letter, hoping to marry her daughter as a prince: as if his wife had given birth to a puppy; the prince tells him to wait for his return, the maid changed the letter again: kill his wife, drown the child; the husband's parents hung the child in their daughter-in-law's bag on his back, sent him to the forest; the child fell into the river, God prayed the mother gave her hands back, she grabbed the baby; they all meet in the same house, the woman tells her story; the daughter-in-law and old woman are tied to the tail of a horse, the prince is reunited with his wife and son], 95 ( Sighnaghi district) [when she dies, the wife tells her husband to marry the one her koshi will suit; only daughters have come up; the daughter demands to build a house, tells the carpenters to put a hollow pole inside, she will hide in it; the father will break the house angrily, let the carpenters throw the pole flat into the water; the prince pulled out the pole, put it in the house he built; at night the girl leaves the pole, eats, hides again by morning; her prince waited, married, the wife gave birth to a golden-haired boy; the wife's father comes disguised as a beggar, cut the child's throat, put a knife in his mother's pocket; her breasts, arms were cut off, her eyes were gouged out, the child's body was gouged out hung around his neck, drove him into the desert; the child did not decay, he was growing; the Lord sent the crow to find out what was happening, he drank blood, replies that nothing; the dove tells everything; the Lord tells him to spend with a napkin on the woman's body, she becomes healthy; passes a sliver that fulfills wishes; a woman comes to live with an old woman, asks to invite the prince to visit; he sends cooks to the old woman to cook dinner; they see a beautiful woman, the pheasant is burnt; the prince demands an explanation, comes to the old woman; when she goes back, the mother tells her son to slip a twig under the prince's saddle, shout why he stole it; "How are you not I knew that you had a twig under your saddle, so my mother does not know who cut my throat"; everything is clear, everything is fine]: 137-140, 140-147; Armenians [Lusik loves everyone; her brother got married, L.'s wife disliked ; interrupted the dishes, accused L.; stabbed her horse; finally stabbed her child, put a knife in L.'s pocket; L. is judged, hands are cut off, thrown into the forest; the prince finds her, takes her as his wife; she gives birth to a golden-haired man a boy, a messenger is sent to her husband with a letter, brother L.'s wife replaces the letter: the wife has given birth to a puppy; the husband tells him to wait for his return, the daughter-in-law again replaces the letter with an order to drive L. away by hanging the puppy on her chest; L. drops the child into the well, the old man tells her to get it, her arms grow; the prince returned, went in search of his wife, met her brother, who was also looking for L. without recognizing him; they stop at the caravanserai, where the unrecognized L. comes, tells her story; her daughter-in-law was tied to a horse's tail; where her blood splashed, thorns and thorns grew, where her tears shed, and a lake opened; at the bottom he can see a child in a cradle with a knife under his pillow, and a woman kneeling in front of the cradle]: Tumanyan 1984:20-33; Megrelia [Kato was orphaned when her brother named Nartia is only three years; K. raised him; N. took a wife named Sasha; she does not love N.; set fire to the house, threw her son into the fire, accused N.; she was sentenced to death; her brother cut off her hands, left her naked in the forest; she eats apples under Tsar's apple tree; Tsarevich Alexei finds her, marries her; in his absence K. gave birth; sent a messenger, S. changed the letter: his wife gave birth to a puppy; changed A.'s letter: throw his wife and puppy into the pit; the tsar expels daughter-in-law; leaning over the river, K. dropped the baby, but she has branches of her hand; K. comes to the palace, tells her fairy tale; everything is fine; S. was tied to the horse's tail]: Stepanov 1898, No. 11:34-39; (cf. talyshi [when she dies, the wife tells her husband to take a woman who will fit her ring; it is only suitable for her daughter; she asks to let her go into the field; the father ties a rope to her leg; the daughter unties, comes to the forest, asks a carpenter to build a house for her; the eldest of the three princes notices a woman's hair in the river; the king tells each son to throw an apple; one left the vizier's daughter, the other the daughter of a vyakil, the eldest went to the road; left home, met that girl in the forest, brought her home; the wife gave birth to a son, one curl was golden, the other was silver; her father, disguised as a peddler, entered the palace, cut off the child's head, He put the knife next to her mother; her eyes were cut out, the eyes and body of the child were put in her hands, drove away; three pigeons flew by the river; she put the first two on her foot to her eye sockets, saw the light, and the third to her son's neck, her head grew, he came to life; the prince with the vizier and the vyakil stayed in her house; she ordered not to tear the flowers, picked it herself, put it under the prince's blanket; she came to him with her son, he recognized his wife and son]: Miller 1930 : 90-92); Turks, Armenians: Uther 2004 (1), No. 706:379-380.

Iran - Central Asia. Persians (Azerbaijan, Khorasan, Fars) [a girl runs away from home either from her father who wants to marry her or from her mother who has become a diva's mistress; the prince marries her, they have children; whoever is hers stalks, kills children and puts a bloody knife on her; she is maimed {obviously her hands are cut off} and kicked out of the house with the children's bodies tied around her neck; a saint revives children and heals a crippled mother; she reunites with her husband, evil is punished]: Marzolph 1984, No. 706:133-135; Ormurs [the beggar went to the house, asked for food; the woman gave him two loaves of bread; the owner of the house saw bread from the beggar and asked who gave it to him; the second wife said it was the first; the landlord cut off both of his first wife's hands and drove her out; she took her little sons with her, put them on her back; when she saw a puddle, leaned down for a drink; the children fell into the water and disappeared; the woman cried and prayed to God; two men came up to her; one took out the children, the other brought her hands; then they glued her hands, woman healed; then her children were revived; the woman asked the men who they were; the men replied that they were two rolls of bread she gave to the poor]: Morgenstierne 1929, No. 4:376-378; Uzbeks [parents Hasana and Khurliko died; bai married Hasan to his daughter Zuleikha; she hated Khurliko, first burned her property, then stabbed her own child, threw a knife to Khurliko; her brother cut off that hand and kicked her out; in the garden, Padishah Hurliko ate melons; Prince Anwar saw her, married her; having received the throne in another kingdom, left his wife to give birth to a child; Z. replaced the letter with a message that Z. gave birth to a puppy and kitten; changed the return letter: even if she gave birth to a son with a golden pigtail, a daughter with a silver pigtail, cut off her breasts, throw the children into X.'s bag over her shoulder, drive her into the desert; the padishah did not maim his daughter-in-law, but he drove him out; when H. crossed the river, the son fell out and drowned; the elder returned the child and gave his mother's hands back; tells him to throw 7 pebbles, the river will divide into ditches, you can cross it; throw 40 - a palace will appear and wealth; returning to his father, A. set off to look for his wife, met her brother Hasan, they came to Hurliko's palace; at night she put diamonds and pearls in her brother's pocket; Hurliko accuses Hasan of theft, he swears he is innocent; she talks about everything; Zuleikha was executed]: Afzalov et al. 1972 (2): 208-216; kafirs (prasun) [Munjem Malik has two unloved wives; he rides a horse, meets a woman, marries, puts her on the golden throne, leaves her a bell; witch wives torment her, she rings the bell, MM comes back, tells her not to ring for no reason; she gives birth to a golden-haired boy and girl; witch wives spoil the bell, throw children into the bulls' stable, tell their mother that she did not give birth to anyone; in the morning, children sit on a bull's horn, witch wives throw them in a chest into the river; the river wants to carry them to the mythical Lake Sujum Sur in the upper reaches, the boy tells them to carry them down to the meadows of Mary; Mara picks up the children, his witch wife pretends to be sick, asks for medicine from her mother, gives a letter; man Amawal-Ra replaces the letter, the grandmother does not kill the boy, accepts him honorably; he demands to scoop up water with a barley sieve, pour it into a millet sieve, bring it to him; at this time she takes his mother's nose (MM cut it off because his wife did not give birth) and the bird from the shelf (this is the receptacle of the soul of the old woman and her daughter); the boy is hereinafter called Munj Malik; goes up the river with Mara; sends Mara back, tells wait for him in autumn with six Prasun villages; comes to Kushtehi, asks his mother to bring a bucket of ploughing, throws there the ring his mother put on his finger when he was born; mother gladly rushes to him, he pushes her away because she did not breastfeed him; attaches her nose; runs his finger over an empty bucket, it is filled with colostrum, tells his mother to drink it, drinks it herself; turns into a baby, sucks milk splashing from his mother's breasts; becoming a young man again, he goes to take revenge on his father; kills, paves a valley above him; when he moves, earthquakes occur]: Yettmar 1986:74.

Baltoscandia. Seto [when he dies, parents tell their son and daughter not to marry or marry; the son's godfather is St. Mary, and her daughter has St. Nicholas; the son still takes his wife, moves his sister to the closet; the wife decides to lime her; kills piglets, tells her husband that his sister did it; the sister swears to St. Nikolai, who is innocent; the same when the wife killed sheep; cows; horses; then killed her newborn child; then the brother took her sister to the forest and cut off her hands, hung them around her neck; sister came to a wealthy house, there are apple trees, she began to eat apples; the old woman noticed asking her merchant son to guard the thief; he grabbed the girl, persuaded her mother to leave her in the house; the mother gave her son a hundred rubles to find a wife; he He spent the money, did not find a suitable bride; so three times; then his mother told him to take the handless; the son left on business, his mother wrote to him that his wife had given birth to a girl; she sent a letter through his friend, and this was just right there was a handless brother; his wife found the letter, replaced him with another, writing that his wife gave birth to a puppy; answering, the husband tells him to wait for him to return; the evil sister replaces the letter again, telling the puppy to hang it from his neck daughters-in-law and drive her out; mother-in-law hung the baby with her severed hands, which seemed alive; the woman came to the sea, asked God to pick her up, wanted to throw herself into the sea; an old man came out, she stuck her hands, she took the child in them; came to her brother, he did not recognize her; her husband was there; she began to tell her story; her brother's wife tried in vain to prevent her; she was tied to the horse's tail ( huu hanna otsa) and let her go around the world; a blue stone and a walnut bush beat her for another nine years until nothing was left of her (voolits' tõist viil perrä ütesä aastakka kooni ar lõppi)]: Sandra 2004:226-231; Lutsie (West 1893) [the husband has a good mother, his wife is angry; the wife tells her husband to take his winter night to the mountain; God asks why the old woman is crying, isn't it cold; that answers: how cold it is, how warm it is; repeats these words all night while God takes off all her new clothes; the son brought her with great goodness; the wife tells her husband to take her mother; she answers: it is cold, it's cold for you to crack; freeze to death]: Annom et al. 2018:196-198; Finns: Heartland 1894, No. 2 [probably a brief retelling of the text from Schreck 1887, No. 12; brother's wife slandered his sister; he cuts off her hands; the king marries a handless woman; she gives birth to a golden boy; her brother's wife replaces letters; a woman with her children is expelled; her arms grow; everyone gathers in her brother's house; her brother's wife punished]: 321-322; Schreck 1887, No. 12 (Vuokkiniemi) [parents died, brother brought his wife, she turned out to be a witch, decided to lime his loving sister; slaughtered cattle, said her sister did it; in the next time she broke the dishes; the third time she killed her baby; the brother left her sister on the island, cutting off her hands; she ate berries and fruits; the Queen found her and married; went on business stayed at that witch's house; a messenger came with a letter: his wife gave birth to a beautiful boy; the witch changed the letter: she gave birth to a puppy; the Queen's letter was replaced by an order to leave the mother and child in a barrel into the sea; Three years later, the barrel was thrown onto a rock; the boy broke the barrel, it was washed away by a wave; the mother turned to God, it was also washed away, but washed ashore; the pike asks her not to kill; sent it to where the sea foam is returned the woman's hands; rubbed the foam with her hands - the child returned; they came to the house, which turned out to be the woman's brother's house and her husband was there; she was not recognized; asked the boy to tell a story; he ordered put a watchman in the doorway so that no one can go out; told the mother's story; everything is fine; the witch was tied to the stallion's tail]: 98-107; the Veps [when dying, the mother tells her son and daughter to live together; brother married Baba Yaga's daughter; she stabbed a cow, a stallion, blamed her husband's sister, who does not pay attention; when she stabbed her own baby, her brother took her sister to the forest, cut off her arms and legs; God gave her arms and legs; she came to her brother unrecognized, told her story; brother tied his wife to the stallion's tail; where her leg fell, there was a poker, where her hand was a rake, where the ass was turf, where the head was a rock , where the vulva is the swamp, where the eye is, there is a window in the swamp (kuna döug - sihe kohk, kuna käzi - sihe haravm kuna perze - sihe turbaz, kuna pä - sihe kalli, kuna po - sihe so, kuna silm - sihe silmlähte)]: Onegin, Zaitseva 1996, No. 11:69-71 (approximately the same No. 22:110-112); Latvians [Bezruchka. When parents die, they punish their children not to marry. (Also: the father wants to marry his daughter, drives her away for disobedience, tells her to cut off her hands). My son is getting married after all. The brother's wife hates her sister-in-law, killing a dog, a horse, and blames her husband's sister for this. Then the wife kills her child, and the brother cuts off his sister's hands and drives her away. The sister goes to the royal garden, picks apples with her mouth. The king marries her, goes to war. When a child is born, the wife sends a messenger to the king with news. The angry daughter-in-law replaces the letter, reports that the animal was born. The king tells the child to be raised. The daughter-in-law replaces the letter again. The queen and child are driven into the forest, the child falls into the water, the mother, crying, reaches for him, and her arms grow back. She and her child live in a forest hut. One day, the king stays there for the night. He is told about everything that happened in the form of a fairy tale]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 760:311-312; Lithuanians, Karelians, Estonians, Livs, counselors, Swedes, Danes , Icelanders: Uther 2004 (1), No. 706:379-380.

Volga - Perm. Kazan Tatars [brother married, wife does not love his younger sister; cut down apple trees, slaughtered a foal, accused her sister-in-law; then killed the child; the husband took her sister to the forest, cut off her hands; she went out to the garden of the son of the padishah; the prince fell in love, married; left on business; the wife gave birth to two sons; the padishah sent a letter to his son, his brother's wife replaced him, the same with an answer; the woman and newborns were abandoned in the forest; she leaned to the water, the hands of the industry; she left her children at the forester, hired workers; all the participants in the events come there; she tells her story; her brother's wife was arrested, he was remarried] : Zamaletdinov 2009, No. 59:219-235; Chuvash [dying, the priest's wife gives him her ring, tells him to marry the one she suits; does not suit anyone, the daughter accidentally wore it, the pop wants to marry her, she runs away; the royal son marries her, a son is born; when the prince left, the pop came unrecognized, stabbed the baby; the king father tells his son, the son writes in response, the pop changed both letters - supposedly the prince orders cut off his wife's hands, tie a dead baby to her and drive her out; the woman leaned to the river, the baby fell out, the hands of the industry, the voice said how to revive the baby with plant juice; he grew up, killed the youngest, the middle son of an old woman; the eldest only maimed; the old woman arranged that the mother of the prince's son took the old woman's son as a lover; pretending to be sick, she gives her son difficult tasks; he defeats the heroes guarding the garden and spring; the old woman's son steals the cross in which the strength of the prince's son is; drives him away; he meets the princess, she promises to marry him; meets the blind and legless; throws him up in the palace the princess's ring in a bucket of water; she recognizes the ring, the king allows marriage, but the prince's son must return his cross; he steals the cross, kills his mother's lover, and tied her, two barrels next to her: for tears for him and for tears for her lover; gathers people, tells everything; mother cried for her son, he freed her]: Chuvash tales 1937:237-247; Mordovians: Samorodov 1972 [Vardyne (semi-mythical creature, angry envious girl, ragged) teases Anyuta that she does not have an older brother; her mother says that there are two in another village; gives beautiful clothes, leaves her spit on her, he will call for help; V. invites A. to swim three times, puts on her clothes; the third time the spit is washed off, the mother does not hear a cry for help; the brothers take V. for A.; the real A. tells the birds to peck for the chaff, and V. tells the grain to bite; the brothers hear A. complaining for a month; tying V. to the stallion's tail; the brothers' wives kill the horse, son A., accuse her; brother leaves A. in the forest with his fingers clutched in oak; fingers and clothes rot, A. lives in a hollow; her master's son marries her, he is taken as a soldier; she gives birth to a son with an iron heel, a stone crown, a moon on the back of her head, the sun on his head; (A.'s letter to her husband seems to be replaced); the husband orders by his return, there was neither wife nor son; father-in-law ties the child to A.'s chest, drives him away; the old man orders to put his hands in the river, his fingers grow back; A. meets her husband, then brother, tells his story ]: 252-261; Paasonen 1941:265-268 [the wife decided to lime her husband's sister; killed a bull, blamed the girl; the husband cut off his wife's hands, hung the baby around her neck, she was filled with brushwood in the forest; she got up, reached the river, the baby fell into the water, she wanted to pick him up, her hands grew; the woman and her son came to the same house, her husband came there without recognizing his wife; she told her son to ask her to tell a fairy tale; told her story; husband tied his sister to the stallion's tail, drove through seven fields], 268-273 [same story]; marie (many records) [the wife does not love her husband Ivan Tsarevich's sister; consistently cuts chickens, geese, sheep, cows, horses, accuses his sister-in-law; I. each time replies that this is his father's capital; then he kills his son; I. cuts off his sister's hands, leaves her in the forest; she comes to the merchant, his son marries her; leaves to trade; a letter from his wife that she gave birth to a healthy boy; I.'s wife intercepts the letter, writes a response ordering her wife to be expelled; over the river she drops her child tied in a sash, she grows back hands to pick him up; comes to her brother disguised as a beggar, her husband is also there; she tells her story, I. ties his wife to the horse's tail]: Chetkarev 1841, No. 3:125-136 (=1948:113-120; =Aktsorin 1984: 176-181, =Tudorovskaya, Eman 1945:67-75); Udmurts [the merchant's son became angry with his sister, cut off her hands; another merchant son saw her, married her; the wife gave birth to a boy when her husband left; stepmother wrote to him that his wife had given birth to a puppy; he told him to wait for him to return; the stepmother changed the letter: drive the wife away by tying the puppy to her chest; the stepmother threw her real son into the water; the expelled bent down get drunk, the puppy fell into the water; the woman cried: who is a puppy, and I have a child; an old man appeared: the dog died a dog; took the boy out and told him to go where he went, not to look into houses on the way, even if he was called ; the boy brought her to an old woman; two merchant sons also came there; the boy's mother made a riddle by which one recognized her as his sister and the other as his wife]: Potanin 1884:229-230; Komi (Izhma residents) [from an old man daughter, wife died, he took a new one, she has her own daughter; stepmother tells me to get rid of his stepdaughter; father left his daughter in the woods; a hunter found her, married; left; his two brothers' wives hate the new one; when she gave birth, wives the brothers wrote that an animal was born; the husband's father was replaced: drive out his wife, cut off her arms, and kill the child; the old man ordered to wash in the stream, the child to lie on the grass; the hands of the industry, the child came to life; the hunter they said that his wife and son died, he remarried; his wife and son came to him, they recognized each other; daughters-in-law were executed]: Yermolov 1959:126-127.

Turkestan. Kazakhs (Syr-Darya) [the land on the left side of Syr-Darya was owned by Zhangit Khan; his wife Ai-Slu ("The Beautiful Moon") was harassed by an Arab slave; she told him to take her sword to her husband so that he cut off his head; an Arab accused her in front of her husband, who cut off her hands; her father called on God to punish the guilty; the hands of the industry's daughter, snakes attacked the city, killed everyone; only Zhangit's younger brother Ulu- Khan and his friend Zhala-batyr fled to Bukhara; the shepherd drove sheep to Bukhara, two snakes clung to the horns of one ram, found escapees in Bukhara, killed them; AU and her father disappeared without a trace]: Kastanier 1910:223 -225.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Altaians [Kuikachi and Oskus-Uul; at the instigation of an evil wife, the brother expels her sister from home, cuts off her hands; Ak-Biy's son saves her, takes her as a wife; the husband joins the army, the wife gives birth to a son; mother-in-law, having imprisoned they are thrown into the barrel, thrown into the river, their son's food that his wife gave birth to a puppy; mother and son escape; a sister with a child comes to her brother; everything is revealed, the culprit is punished]: Demchinova 2003:160; Tuvans: Potanin 1883, № 84 [(b. Buren-Gol); see motif J46, L72; three sisters run away from the demon jelbag; Beaver transports them across the river, drowns the pursuer; told the sisters to climb three spruce trees; three fellows passed by, took their wives; older sisters promise their husbands to sew clothes and a cover; the youngest - to give birth to a boy with a golden head and a silver neck; the older ones throw the boy into the lake, replace him with a mole; he bites the returnee husband; husband breaks his wife's arms and legs, gouges out her eyes; she is left alone; she consistently maims three rats that treat their paws and eyes with grass; the woman is treated with the same grass, recovers; cannot lure his son out of the lake; catches for the third time, leaving a bow and arrow on the shore; gives his milk, drips tears into his eyes, he recognizes her as his mother; his name is Yer-Saru; more about the heroic matchmaking, see motive K27], 181 [(modern district. Kyzyl); Arolbai-Ego Khan increasingly returns without a horse; the eldest wife promises to sew a robe and boots, the youngest promises to give birth to an assistant hero; the eldest orders to replace the born boy with a puppy, Throw the boy to horses, camels, rams; they feel sorry for him every time; then to Lake Altyn-Kul; the husband broke his younger arm, leg, gouged out his eye; she stayed with the old maid; he bothered them lame foal; the woman broke the mouse's leg, the bird's wing; they were cured with grass, the woman also recovered; her son comes out of the lake to play; the old woman fails to catch him for a long time; then he is lured into a bag, full of grandmas; son admits mother when splashes of her milk fall into his mouth; he hunts larger animals; mother and old woman warn not to hunt iron deer, which AE never does overcame, left his knife in it; the boy kills him with an arrow into an uniron-covered spot on his forehead; cuts meat with his father's knife, makes a huge yurt out of his skin; AE sends people to an old nomadic; only two they decide to approach, find a yurt the size of a mountain; the young man sends his father his knife with them; he flies like a bird, finds out that his father will recognize him when he has a name, a heroic horse and a weapon; his mother calls him Hirek-Kirves, blacksmith Tolon-Aryk-Darkhan, gives everything she needs; tells the mother to insert a lamb's eye instead of a gouged one; HC arrives hawk, hears that the father would like him to marry his daughter the three-headed Hormozd Killed; he kills UH, brings his wife; the father tells him to get the fangs of the monster, his father's lost sword, the net from the bottom of the sea, the great-grandfather's fur coat from the underworld; the wife gives advice on how to fulfill the first assignments; Erlik gives a fur coat (dahu), says that as soon as AE receives it, he will come to him with his wife; the son receives all the inheritance, becomes khan]: 341-348, 600-618; Buryats (Khorinsky) [sister sends younger brother to marry; wife mistook sister for another wife, knocked over Araka, the guests left; the wife tells her husband to kill her sister, he cuts off his sister's hands in the forest; takes her in Khan's wife's son, she is Mukhur-Khatun (handless princess); in the absence of her husband, she gives birth to two boys with a gold eagle and a silver eagle in their forehead; her husband's father sends a letter, his brother's sister replaces him, as if the woman gave birth to two puppies; the same on the way back - kill all three; the khan did not kill, but drove them away; the mother began to breastfeed her sons by the river, they went into the water; the hermit promised that they would be found; mother I met my sons, they brought her hands, thrown by her brother into the river; the hands were given to the lords of the waters; the boys came to tell stories at her father's house; the villain woman was torn by horses, she turned into gadfly, still stings]: Rudnev 1914:437-448; Mongols: Mikhailov 1967:142-145 [=1962:120-123; Khan is leaving; one wife promises to sew boots, the other a flea sash and shirt, the youngest to give birth a son with a golden breast, a silver back; older wives feed the baby to a cow; the returning khan orders the youngest wife to poke out his eyes, cut off his arm, leg, tie it to the tail of a cow, drive him out; the cripple sees like a blind crane, a fox without a paw, a lame hare healed after eating certain grass; did the same, recovered; her cow gave birth to her own son; the older wife pretends to be sick, requires a heart a child with a golden breast, a silver back; the servants gave her a dog's heart, she immediately recovered; the young man grew up, came to the khan, told his story; the khan drove away the bad wives, took the young man's mother again], 135-138 [=1962:114-116; the stepmother gave birth to a son, afraid that it was not him, but her husband's daughter who would inherit the property from his first wife, told her husband that his daughter gave birth to a freak (showed a mouse in a bottle); the husband hired murderers, ordered bring her daughter's right hand; they did not kill the girl, cut off her hand; the girl came to the yurt, married happily; the husband went to the Khan's service; the wife gave birth to a son, the parents sent a letter, the stepmother intercepted him, gave the messenger another (gave birth to the wrong person, the wrong devil); the son ordered to wait for arrival, the stepmother replaced him with "kill immediately"; the woman ran away, her arm grew; her husband was driving by, asking for a fix a pouch, she puts her wedding ring in it; the couple return happily]; Bawden 1976:493 [after the birth of her son, the new wife seeks to destroy her husband's daughter from her first marriage; accuses her of cooked food from mice; father sends two people to kill his daughter, bring her hand; they cut off her hand but let the girl go; the young man finds her, marries; in his absence she gives birth to a son; stepmother replaces a letter saying that the wife gave birth to a monster; replaces her husband's order to kill what the wife gave birth; she leaves with the child, her hand grows back in her sleep; she goes with the poor, meets her husband, everything is explained] , 494-495 [one wife promises the king to sew seamlessly boots, the second a shirt made of lice leather, and the third to give birth to a son with a golden breast, a silver ass; promises have been fulfilled; while the eldest distracts the younger one, the middle one gives the dog to eat the child, the dog refuses; wraps it in straw, gives it to the cow, he eats it; the husband tells his wife to poke out one eye, cut off his arm, break her leg, tie it to the tail of the same cow, drive out; a woman watches different crippled creatures become whole {probably after eating certain grass, etc.}, recovers; a cow gives birth to a boy she has eaten; the older wife pretends sick, asks her husband for the heart of a boy with a golden chest, a silver ass; servants find him, but he disappears like a rainbow; next time they bring a dog's heart; the son tells the king his story; the youngest the wife is returned, the elders are expelled]; the Dagurs [after the death of his wife, the father marries another; the stepmother wants to get rid of the stepdaughter; kills the cat, wraps it in rags, tells her husband that the daughter has given birth (and killed a baby); does not let me see - the hunter should not see the illegitimate person; the father cuts off his daughter's hands, drives her out of the house; she rushes into the river, she is picked up, she lives in a family, marries a young man; he goes to take exams, asks to take care of the child when he is born; the husband's mother writes him a letter, his stepmother intercepts and replaces the same letter from her son; the wife, taking her son, leaves; falls asleep by the river, Enduri gives her hands back; old man brings home; husband returns; stepmother gets executed]: Stuart et al. 1994:134-135.

Western Siberia. Yugi [stepdaughter married, gave birth to twins; stepmother replaced them with a puppy and chicken; told her husband to cut off her hands, put her mother and children in a barrel, throw them into the water; the river carried the barrel ashore, the hoops were sleeping in the sun, the woman and her children came out {an obvious contradiction: the woman's father believes that she gave birth to animals, but put her daughter and her human children in a barrel}; an old man approached the woman and touched the woman stumps, her hands grew again; she came to her husband with her children, told her story, told him to kill his stepmother but forgive her father; he did so]: Werner 1997, No. 7:248-250.

Eastern Siberia. Evenki (Kachug District, Irkutsk Oblast) [three sisters are married to three men; the first promises to sew mittens, the second boots, the third to give birth to a golden child; two replace the child with a puppy, the child is thrown into the river; the husband cuts off his wife's leg, arm, and one chest; throws one; woman sees a boy coming out of the river; lures him with breast milk, bread, small onions, leaving them farther from the shore; grabs him; fish scream that they fed him caviar and liver; mother first denies that her son had a father; then says he fell off the larch; the son tries, does not die; then tells the truth; the son comes to the mother's sisters, tells her story; men they want to listen, women ask him to be silent; the boy cleans off his dirt, shines like gold; the father maims evil sisters like his wife used to; returns to his wife, she recovers]: Voskoboynikov 1973, No. 24: 111-114; Central Yakuts (4th Bayangatai Nasleg of the Baigantai Ulus), Western 1918) [Shaman Kykyllaan has two wives, ayyy and abaasa; went to Kamlat; the Abaasa wife broke the bones of one side of his wife's body, put her in a bag of cow's skin, left eight roads at the crossroads; boys, girls , old men, old women refused to take the woman to her husband when she came to them; the son of Abaasa brought it; during the camlania, she repaired her husband's garter with one hand; the others could not; he demolished heads, boys, girls, old men, old women, awarded Abaasa's son, allowing him to take them away; tied his abaasa wife to the tail of a horse; lived on with his ayyi wife]: Ergis 1964, No. 56:193-194.

Amur-Sakhalin. Nanai people: Chadaeva 1990 [two older sisters are jealous of the beautiful younger; they bring a boa constrictor from the cave, put her to bed; show her father; he tells the servants to kill her daughter in the forest; they cut off her leg, hand, braid; she heals wounds, gives birth to a son; he catches severed parts of the mother's body from the lake, they grow; goes to the father; the boa constrictor turns into a young man who has been bewitched; comes to grandfather and grandmother, tells the mother's story; parents apologize to their daughter, the father slaughtered the eldest daughters]: 43-48; Shimkevich 1896 [the husband sends his youngest wife to give birth under the poplar nine hills; halfway there is a table from green stone; after giving birth and swaddling a baby, a woman turns to her father in the sky for the spotted red deer Durkur-bocha to fly for her son; dies; the elder wife stabbed the pig, smeared the lips of the youngest with his blood, the pig hides it under a green stone, told her husband that the youngest ate the child; the husband cuts the youngest's body into pieces; D. brings the baby to the elderly couple, who raise him; he wants to shoot a bird, she says that he is the son of other parents; he calls D., flies away in it, jumps on his mother's iron coffin hanging on chains, falls to the ground with him, the mother revives; the son tells his father the truth is, he cuts his eldest wife, the youngest reluctantly accepts him, the son also takes care of his dairy parents]: 106-111; the Nanai [the elder has three wives and a beautiful younger sister; the wives gave her drink, put her under the robe was a rat; when the sister got up, the rat fell out; one of the wives: she gave birth to a rat from no one; the husband cut off her sister's hand; told the slaves to take her sister away from the camp; the severed hand disappeared in ash; the slaves took the girl to the old woman's house; well done, fell in love with the powder, she gave birth to a son, who immediately grew up; caught his mother's hand instead of fish, his hand grew; the mother tells her son not to go up the river; he went came to his mother's brother's house; he asked for a fairy tale, the boy told everything, ran away; the brother came to his sister and begged her for forgiveness]: Sam, Sem 2020, No. 74:354-357; Orochi [the man is beautiful wife; his sister Mandurako gave her a drink, she fell asleep, she put piglets under her clothes; when the girl got up, the piglets fell and grunted; M. told her husband that his sister lived with a hog; he cut off his sister hand; sister spit on this place, the wound healed; she went on a journey, came to someone's house, there were many dead animals; the hunter married her; brought her to her father; a son was born in his absence; parents her husband treats her badly; taking the child, she left; the raccoon brought her to his house, everything is there; the son has grown up; the raccoon has gone to his country; the son helps his mother make a thread and a hook; he caught a hand from the river, she grew to his mother's body; he went, found his father's home; tells a fairy tale, that is, his story; the father came with him to his wife; contrary to his mother's fears, the young man goes to the raccoon, this is his father's younger brother; flew there, turned into a bee; the young man returned home, hunting many animals; the raccoon also returned]: Medvedev 1992:356-361.

Japan. Japanese: Markova 2000, No. 27 [stepmother hates stepdaughter; girl's father takes her to the forest, cuts off her hands; she is married by a beautiful young man; leaves pregnant; mother-in-law sends her son happy news messenger; stepmother replaces the letter, writes that a werewolf or dragon was born; the father orders to keep the child anyway; the stepmother replaces the letter again, tells the woman to be expelled from the house with her offspring; she leaves, leans to the river, the child falls into the water, the mother tries to pick him up, her arms grow; the husband finds his wife in a mountain temple by the river; where the couple went back, flowers grew; the ruler executed the stepmother and her husband]: 110-115; Ikeda 1971, No. 706 (including northern Ryukyu) [26 versions; the stepmother orders the stepdaughter to be killed, but the servant only cuts off her hands in the forest; the stepmother cuts off her hands herself; in the forest, a monkey takes care of the handless; the girl is tied to a tree, but her mother gnaws through the fetters in the form of a caress; a girl climbs a fruit tree in the garden of a rich house; the fruit has traces of her teeth; the owner's son on she marries; her stepmother replaces letters, the handless woman and the child are kicked out at home; the handless bends over to drink, the child falls into the stream, she picks him up with her grown hands; the returning husband is looking for a wife, a son with At first glance, she recognizes the father; the punishment of the stepmother: the authorities punish; when the hands of the handless grow, the stepmother's hands fall off; she is impoverished, begged; turns into a mole]: 164-165.

SV Asia. Itelmen [Kuth has daughters Sinanevt and Sirim, sons Ememkut and Sisilkhan; E. tells Sinanevt not to watch him make arrows; she looks, the arrows break, E. breaks her arm, Sinanevt cries, goes to the forest; Volkov's old mother heals her hand; tells her not to take anything on the way, if she finds a torbaza, put insoles in them, tendons - loosen threads; Sinanevt does so, does not take meat and fat from farce; wolf sister throws her up without causing harm, hides her from her brothers; tells her to run, turns her younger brother into a bear, tells her to catch up; E. shoots a bear, inside is beautiful the guy takes Sinanevt as his wife; Sirim repeats everything, but eats meat and fat, takes the veins and the torbaza, tells the she-wolf that she injured her; none of the Wolf Brothers are chasing Sirim, they send their the dog, Sicilkan and Sirim, they send their own, even, the brothers' buret; they curse, E. kills her, there is no groom inside, Sisilkhan throws Sirim into the forest, she has dried up there]: Menovshchikov 1974: No. 178:533-536.