Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K88A. The dazzled heroine, ATU 404.


A stepmother (aunt, rival) dazzles a young woman. She regains her eyes (often exchanges them for some values).

Sudanese Arabs, Kabila Arabs, Tunisian Arabs, Egypt, Morocco, Portuguese, Galicians, Spaniards, Catalans, Italians (Piedmont), French, Palestinians, Iraqi Arabs, Jibbali, Tamils, Moldovans, Romanians, Bulgarians, Serbs, Croats, Hungarians, Albanians, Greeks, Ukrainians (Poltava), Kalmyks, Abkhazians, Karachays, Balkarians, Lucks, Megrelians, Georgians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Kurds, Persians, Tajiks , mountain Tajiks, Uzbeks, Bashkirs.

{In Uther 2004, we refer to the Swedish version of Liungman 1961, No. 533; there's a similar but different story - our K32D motif}

Sudan - East Africa. Sudanese Arabs [the poor man's wife went to her sister to get food, but one day she closed the door in front of her; they went to live elsewhere; the woman spent time with the Sultan's wives and servants; three hawks arrived, the women guessed that it was perfume; the Sultan's wife asked for a wise and powerful son, the minister's wife a son as beautiful as the moon, the poor man's wife a daughter who, if she cries, it rains, if she laughs, sapphires fall, if she steps, grass grows; another sultan heard this, got married; when the girl reached marriageable age, she was sent to the Sultan accompanied by her aunt, who is also a daughter (she closed the door in front of her sister, but then came to her and stayed when she found out that she was held in high esteem); on the way she gave her niece a drink in exchange for her eyes; left her blind in the desert; she was picked up woodcutter; he already has 7 daughters; when the picked up cries, it rains, when she laughs, jewelry falls; she asks the person who picked up to buy her material; she made a doll, told her to exchange it in the palace for her eyes ( there, the Sultan's wife instead of her aunt); she made another doll, hid in it, her adoptive father brought her to the palace, the sultan took her for himself; three nights she goes out and cleans his room; he specially cut his finger to stay awake; finds a girl; everything is clear; my aunt and her daughter were ripped apart by three camels]: Al-Shahi, Moore 1920, No. 14:95-98.

North Africa. Kabila [Aïcha and her brother Bejliman are orphans, her stepmother especially hates A.; when A. goes, she is followed by a trail of wheat grains, when she laughs, the sun is in the sky, cries, it rains, combs her hair, gold and silver are pouring in; B. told the king about this, who asked A. for his hand; together with stepmother A. goes through the desert to the groom's country, suffers from thirst, her stepmother gives her a drink in exchange for her eyes; changed his ugly daughter, leaves A. under a tree; the deceived king ordered Brother A. to be tied in the stable; turtles brought leaves that restored A.'s sight; they also offered to become a turtle, she became; gorlinka sings to the peasant, then to the king about her brother's suffering; the young queen tells her to catch a turtle, then cut her throat; this is where a date palm has grown; when the queen wants to pick dates, branches they rise; she orders to cut down a palm tree, an old woman took one sliver; the next morning a girl instead of firewood; asks for a comb, gold falls; she asks for shelter in the royal palace; cries - the storm begins; with her gold falls in hair; the king recognizes A., frees her brother, and his daughter is tied to his place]: Arezki 2010:43-50; Tunisia [the merchant has three daughters, the father does not want to marry them; after overhearing them their conversations, married them off at their request: the eldest to a bald rich man, the middle to an honest rich man, the youngest named Marjana ("coral"; hereinafter her name is Lyulya) to a poor bathhouse attendant; she gave birth to a daughter who predicted that when she laughed, precious stones would fall out of her mouth, and emeralds when she cried; this is how her father became rich; she grew up, the Sultan's son came to her; with her, along with the prince in His aunt went to the carriage, she hated Lyulya; when she wanted to eat, her aunt gave her salted fish in exchange for her eye, and when Lyulya asked for water, her aunt gouged out her second eye and threw her out of the carriage. dressed her daughter in her clothes, put her in Lula's place; a bird flew past Lula in the forest, saying that if she chewed a leaf from a tree, she would become a dove; Lula did so; the prince caught hunting put the dove in a golden cage, began to spend a lot of time with her; his wife told her to fry a dove for her; a palm tree grew in the place where her bones were buried; the prince became time near the palm tree, his wife demanded that it be cut down, otherwise she would fall ill again; the prince cut down a palm tree, threw it into the forest; an old woman picked it up, brought it home; when she left the house and returned, she found that there was in the house everything was tidy up; the neighbors said it was not them; the old woman began to spy and saw a girl coming out of the firewood; Lulu told me what had happened to her; made a necklace out of precious stones that fell out of her mouth while she was talking, gave it to the old woman to take the market but not sell it to the prince's wife; she sold it; when the prince saw the necklace, he asked the old woman, she told him about Lula; he went to her and returned from her with his son, and told his wife that it was the son of his suddenly deceased friend; Lulya told her son to ask the prince's wife for a necklace from his neck; his wife took off the necklace and died immediately; Lulya came in to the palace, took her place]: Al-Aribi 2009, No. 68 in Korovkina MS; Arabs of Egypt [a childless woman bought a pomegranate, put it under sauerkraut; husband came and wanted to eat; wife: eat what is under the bowl for washing pan, but not like under sauerkraut; but he found and ate a pomegranate, thought his wife was hiding the best from him; he became pregnant; when 9 months had passed, his wife told me to go to the desert; if born boy, you have to wrap it in a cloth and bring it, and if the girl, wrap it in silk and leave it; a girl was born, her father left her in a tree, the falcon took her to his nest and raised her; the Sultan's son began to water the horse , saw the girl's reflection in the water, fell ill with love; his grandmother promised to lure the girl out of the tree; brought the sheep and pretended to slaughter her from the tail; then from the back; from her leg; The girl says what is wrong every time, the old woman pretends not to understand; the girl told the tree to be the size of her finger, went down to show her; the prince grabbed her, took her to the palace and married her; went on Hajj; his mother did not give bread to her daughter-in-law, gave her hand in exchange for permission to cut off her hand; so with all her limbs; she threw what was left out the window; she fell on the "ring of royalty", spirit asked him what to do; the girl demanded that she be made whole and healthy again, and that the palace and garden with fruits be out of season; the prince's mother took the form of his wife and said that his mother had died; became pregnant, asked for grapes from a nearby garden; the prince sent a servant to the hostess (i.e. his true wife), and she responded: my father conceived me, the falcon and the peacock fed me, and now the Sultan's son is pregnant with his mother, let the scissors cut off the tip of the questioner's tongue so as not to tell me; the same with the second servant; then the prince went himself; she told him what had happened; the prince poured kerosene on his mother and burned it, returned it wife]: El-Shamy 1975:159-163; Moroccan Arabs [two widows named Good Intentions (D.) and Evil Intentions (Z.), leaving their children at home, went on a journey; agreed to divide food in half, eat first D.'s supplies; when they ran out, Z. refused to share, gave a little in exchange for one eye, then for the other, D. left her blind in the forest; she climbed a tree; hears the animals say that the leaves this tree is being treated for blindness; she has seen the light, has taken a supply of leaves with her; heals the blind sultan; he rewards her, she returns home; her children are getting rich; Z. returns like a poor person; having learned what is going on, she goes into the forest, sleeps in a tree; animals spotted and tore her to pieces]: El Koudia 2003, No. 13:85-89.

Southern Europe. Portuguese: Braga 2002 [the family has an older sister and a little brother; brother hears parents agree to kill one of the children - not to feed them; tells his sister they are running away; brother sleeps with her sister's head on her knees; three fairies passing by tell the girl's face to be beautiful, gold falls off her hair when she combs her hair; brother and sister came to the angry old woman and became her to live; the brother went to buy something; the king was told that the boy had gold, they did not believe the boy's story, they put him in a tower - let him introduce his sister; at this time her sister had nothing to eat; she gave for food and drink the old woman's eyes; led her daughter to the king, and threw the gold-haired woman into the sea; the boy saw his sister in the sea, lowered the rope out of the window; the sister told her brother to ask the jailer for thin paper; made a branch with in gold flowers, asked to sell not for money, but for her eyes; the old woman gave her eyes; everything was clarified; the sister asked the old woman's skin to be pulled over the drum and the bones be made into a seat]: 151-152; Cardigos 2006, № 403 (many entries) [brother and sister leave home; fairies give a girl: if she combs her hair, pearls (or golden hair) fall, when it touches the water, fish appear in her, dry wells fill up with water; give the young man an inexhaustible supply of money and hunting skills; brother talks about his sister to the king, who sends for her; the rival's mother throws her off the ship; (pulls her eyes out); brother thrown into prison; the girl is swallowed by a whale; he takes her ashore; she is picked up by a royal gardener (servant); she sends bouquets, gets her eyes back, sending out seasonal fruit for them; the king hears her talking to the dog at the moment when her brother is about to be executed; everything is explained, the liars are punished]: 88-89; Pedroso 1882, No. 9 [if there is a married girl in the house, a golden ball must be hung at the door; for two the eldest daughters were hanged, they married princes; there was not enough money for gold for the youngest, they hung a silver ball; the older sisters refused to meet the youngest and her husband; when she gave birth to a daughter, three appeared fairies; one gave the girl beauty, the other with wealth, the third because flowers would fall from her lips if she spoke; and the fairy turned the house into a luxurious palace; the girl grew up; a prince was going to to marry the daughter of one of his older sisters, but when he saw the youngest daughter, he chose her; when, on the advice of doctors, the prince went to travel and the bride went up to the tower to see him after him, the eldest's daughter the sister crept up behind and pulled out her eyes; a man picked up a blind woman; when the prince returned, the criminal pretended to be his fiancée; the blind woman sent flowers to the wedding in exchange for her eyes; came to Prince, who recognized his ring on her finger, then found out; married a true bride]: 37-40; Spaniards [several records, including Galicia; the woodcutter's father brought a snake to his daughter Maria; she washed her, fed her; when the snake grew up, she crawled away, promising to help if necessary; people noticed that pearls were lying near the lumberjack's house; it was M. who poured water into which she dropped her hands; the king found out and decided to marry M.; a neighbor, who has her own daughter, persuaded M. to ask her father to marry her; went with M. to the king; the stepmother ordered the coachman to feed M. salty food on the way, and when she she would want to drink, pull out her eyes; instead of M., the stepmother sent her daughter to the king; seeing not pearls in the water, but toads and snakes, the king ordered the liar, her mother and her husband to be locked; Mary was picked up by rich people; she called a snake; the snake ordered to collect the flowers that had grown at that spring and send someone to the palace to mark the flowers for their eyes, but not for money; the stepmother gave her eyes, the snake put them back in M.; sent her to the palace, telling him to put his finger in the chocolate that the king would carry; he understood everything, ordered him to call the girl who came, let her put her hands in the water - there are pearls; the king married M.]: Camarena, Chevalier 1995, No. 533*: 503-506; Catalans (including Mallorca) [a girl saves a snake; for this she rewards her with the ability to turn what she touches into gold; the king marries her; her rival dazzles her, leaves her in to the forest, pretends to be a queen herself; the snake gives the dazzled a precious fruit that she changes to her eyes; the king recognizes his wife and punishes the impostor]: Oriol, Pujol 2008, No. 404:90; Italians ( Piedmont; p. 718; the pomegranate motif, the fruits of which only a girl can pick, added from the Tuscan version of Gradi) [the peasant has three daughters; the eldest goes to take lunch to his father, sits on a stump, a snake crawls out from there, the girl runs home; the same with the middle one; the youngest carries two servings, gives one to the snake, she asks to take it with her; lives under the girl's bed; when she grows up and crawls away, gives her the ability to cry with pearls and silver, laugh at the golden pomegranate seeds that will fall out of her hair, and when she washes her hands, fish will appear in the water; the sisters are jealous, they lock the youngest in the attic ; a prince sees her; a pomegranate tree grows under her window, which grows taller as soon as the prince tries to pick fruit; the old man says that whoever can pick the fruits will become the prince's wife; the king gathers all the girls; the sisters hide the youngest, but they find her, the wedding is announced; the youngest goes through the forest with the elders; they cut off her hands, gouge out her eyes and throw her in the forest, her older sister replaces; the poor logger picked up the crippled; became rich by collecting her silver and pearls; the snake tells her that the new wife of the prince, who is now king, is expecting a child and wants figs; the handless tells her Take the logger to the palace figs (they immediately grew out of season) and exchange them for eyes; next time peaches in exchange for hands; the younger sister got her eyes and hands back, they grew; the queen gave birth to a scorpion; the younger sister came to the ball, the king recognized her as his true wife: pearls and gold were falling, fish were swimming in the washbasin; the older sisters and the scorpion were burned at the stake]: Calvino 1980, No. 12:37-40.

Western Europe. The French (Gascony) [the widower has 9 sons and a daughter; he married a widow with an ugly daughter; the brothers met the king and said that when their sister washes her hands, they fall off gold and silver, and when she combs her hair, rye and wheat fall off his hair; the king tells his stepmother to be brought and rewarded if they tell the truth, but hang her if they lie; on the way to the palace, the brother tells his stepmother to took care of his sister, his sister asked again, his stepmother said that her brother told her to pull out her eyes; threw the girl into the swamp, replaced her with her daughter; the king married her, but hanged her brothers; blinded the poor man picked up, became rich thanks to the silver and gold that fell from her hands; the girl sent the poor man's wife to sell the queen a spindle first, then a spinning wheel in exchange for her eyes; returning her eyes, the girl went to sea, took a dog; in the sea a gold chain; the girl asks the dog where her brothers are (hanged), where is the stepmother's daughter (in the king's bed), stepmother (in the royal apartments); girl: pull, pull the chain, take me to sea; people hear, tell the king; he asks the mother of the liar's wife what the murdered nine young men and the girl deserve; she says that she must be cooked in oil and salt; so they did, her daughter became dishwasher; the king married a girl]: Delarue, Tenèze 1964, No. 403:47-50.

Western Asia. Palestinians [the king's two wives are pregnant, the third beloved is not; she fed the first two salty meat, gave water in exchange for their eyes; the blind were thrown into a hole; one gave birth to a son, he was eaten; the other she hid the meat, kept her son; he finds out that the bile of a blue camel will cure blindness; he met a friendly gulya, who sent it to his brother, his brother to his sister, she dived to the bottom of the sea, brought it camel bile; mother regained sight and returned to her husband]: Nowak 1989, No. 189:191-192; Iraqi Arabs [a wealthy merchant asks to whom he owes his fortune and position; the two older ones respond that to herself, the youngest - to God's blessing; the merchant kicked her out - let her seek God's blessings; she went to the mule drivers, met a beggar as herself, and they got married; the wife gave birth girl; when she was bathed, drops of water turned into gold, and jasmines and lilies fell from her lips; she grew up and the prince married her; sent her to him; aunt and her daughter were forced to accompany her; girl thirsty, her aunt gives a little bit in exchange for her eyes, leaves the bride in the desert and puts her own daughter in her place; the old man picked her up; his family was delighted when the dishes for washing filled with gold coins; the prince saw that flowers did not fall from his wife's lips, and she allegedly lost her ring; realized that the bride was changed, but was afraid of losing face; the real bride sent the old man went to town to sell flowers in exchange for her eyes; the aunt pulled out her daughter's eyes so that she could say that flowers fell from her lips in the prince's absence; and the bride got her eyes back and saw the light; dressed as a young man, she came to court and hired to drive a mule at the mill; the mule was so amazed at her beauty that he started running faster; everyone wonders where so much torment came from; the prince found out about this and when the girl bathed, hid the ring he had given her; her aunt and daughter were sent home, and the prince had a new wedding for 40 days]: Bushnaq 1987:75-79; jibbali [one sister married a rich man, the other for the poor man, both have daughters; the poor man's daughter blew her nose into the beggar's cup, there was a gold coin; he told the Sultan about a girl who has snot - gold coins, when she bathes, appears gold, when she cries, it rains, when she laughs, lightning flashes, which has urine - musk and bowel movements - amber; the sultan decided to marry her; aunt and daughter took the girl on the ship; did not let her eat and drink; first she took her jewelry for water, then gave her eyes to her daughter, threw her niece into the sea in a basket; the fisherman caught her, she and his wife think it was an old woman; she asks for water to wash, water basin filled with gold; they come to the Sultan, the girl tells her story, each time asking the bowl of water if this is true; the bowl replies that it is true; the sultan takes her eyes away from his imaginary wife, returns the real one, she sees the light; asks her aunt to hang by the legs in front of the entrance so that everyone who passes by beat her; asks her cousin to put a brazier with hot coals on her body; both are dead, Sultan stayed with his real wife]: Müller 1907, No. 16:63-69.

South Asia. Tamils [Raja had a daughter; when he saw her, the royal elephant cried out and petrified; the Raja ordered her to be taken to the forest and killed, but the servants brought him jackal blood; the girl came to the palace, where the young the woman kept her younger brother in captivity so that he would not see other women and then marry her daughter; the girl told the young man about herself, and he lodged her in a man's dress; asks give him a double portion of food; his aunt suspected fraud; sent her shoes and when the girl put them on, they took them to her aunt; she pulled her eyes out and hid her, shaved her and threw them into the well; the sadhu heard screams, got the girl; fed her; because she was blind, the rats were feasting at her plate; the rat king told them to figure out how to thank the girl; when they found out about the torn eyes, they found them, brought them to the girl, she again she saw the light; she has grown long hair; the young man's aunt's daughter should marry him in three days and wants the same; the girl advised her to shave, stick her head with a needle and rub pepper into her skin, then bandage; the wounds began to rot; the young man pulled back from such a bride, took the girl, they came to her father Raja, the young man inherited the throne]: Blackburn 2005, No. 19.

The Balkans. Moldovans [the prince sees the girl Beauty of the Ages Fragrance of Flowers (K.); she turned into a doe, he did not catch up with her; the king is told to marry his son, otherwise he will die; the king finds a bride, Philimon-Fat-Frumos was born ( F.); the doe appeared to him, became K., hugged him, gave her a ring and a handkerchief; her father promises to marry her as F., but while he was on his way home, she was married by the one-armed and one-legged Lame Lord; when he laughs, from his mouth gold is pouring in; F. won, took Arap the Mighty (AM) as his sister brothers, they destroyed HV and his army; they came to Father F. together with K.; he tried to burn them in the house, but AM froze everything; then the father led F. deserted places, fed salted olives, took his eyes in exchange for water; F. hears birds talking in the forest: let him lie down, and we will bring live water; seeing the light, he chose an oath from the old man, she became a heroic horse ; tied his father to the horse's tail; where his hand fell, there was a well, where the leg was a stream, where the body was left was an abyss]: Moldavian tales 1968:243-250; Romanians [the beauty has a mirror that she asks if there is anyone more beautiful than her; the mirror always says no; but when her daughter grew up, the mirror replied that the daughter was more beautiful; the woman took her daughter to the forest; when she was exhausted from hunger and thirst, she gave she had a salty cake in exchange for an eye, and then water for her second eye; she pushed her daughter into the river; she climbed ashore; the mirror replied that the woman was more beautiful because her daughter was blind; St. The virgin told the girl to wash her eye sockets three times and her eyesight returned; she was found by 12 robbers, made a sister; the mirror again replies to the woman that her daughter is the most beautiful; she sent the old woman to give the girl the poisoned ring; wearing it, she lost consciousness; mirror: your daughter is dead; the robbers removed the ring, the girl came to life; the next time the mother sent a poisoned flower; the robbers left the girl's body between two trees; a prince found him, brought him home; one of the servants decided to carry the flower, the girl came to life; the prince married her; the mother dressed up as an old woman, came to the prince, hired to take care of his wife and as a baby; stabbed a baby, but did not have time to slaughter her; the prince woke up and grabbed her; the woman was executed]: Schott, Schott 1845:105-113 (Estonian translation in Sutrop 2018:505-511); Bulgarians [ orisnitsa (i.e. fairies) give a newborn the ability to drop pearls from the mouth of a rose when she laughs when she cries; the girl grows up, the king wants to marry her; on the way to the king, the bride is dazzled and replaced; The poor old man picks up the blind; when there are no roses, he sells roses to the king, gets the girl's eyes for them; sells pearls; the old man tells the king about the girl's abilities; the king meets her at the source, listens to her story, marries her; the liar (and her mother) are punished]: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 403:140-141; Serbs [Turks and Turkish women visit the bathhouse and pay small money; one There is no money, she is not allowed in; but she gave birth to a happy girl: if she bathes, the water turns golden, laughs - mallows fall from her lips, cries - tears turn into pearls, steps - the grass turns green behind; After buying the girl, the woman collected gold and went to the bathhouse; became rich; {the girl grew up}; the prince decided to marry her, sent a wagon with a gypsy maid to pick her up; she snatched out the bride's eyes and threw her out wagons, dressed in her clothes; the old man picked up the girl; became rich thanks to her; she asked him to sell pearls in exchange for her eyes; the liar agreed to give one eye; in the evening she told the prince that thinking of her parents, she cried and here are pearls; gave her second eye for mallows; the prince became king; drought, hunger; the king distributes horses, two to each, so that people take care of them; the old man received skinny naws; after At the end of the disaster, people returned their horses - all skinny; old man: let my daughter lead her out; when she steps, the grass turns green, so the horses recovered; everything turned out; the king married the girl, and the gypsy woman was smeared with resin and burned]: Eschker 1992, No. 26:138-140; Croats [the poor couple has 9 daughters; when the tenth was born, her husband carried her to throw her at sea; the voice forbids him to do so three times; he saves her life girls; when she cries, diamonds fall off her, roses fall off her when she laughs; the girl grew up, the queen went into the house, saw her, decided to marry her; on the way to the palace he left three times; the cook says young his wife, as if her husband ordered her eyes to be pulled out; cut off her hands; throw her into the river; replaces the woman with his daughter; at the feast she was laughed, but snakes fell from her lips; after that, the prince and his servant retired for 7 years to forest; the real wife was pulled out of the river by a hermit; she tells her to water her, the water turns into gold; the hermit makes a spinning wheel out of gold, the woman tells her to exchange her for eyes; then the cord (Litze) for one her hand, a spinning rod, on the other; now roses fall from her lips again, diamonds from her eyes; she gave birth to a son and a daughter; after 7 years, the Queen and his servant enter this house, everything is explained; the cook and daughter alone doused with oil and burned, another tore up with four horses]: Schütz 1960, No. 177-188; Hungarians, Albanians, Greeks: Uther 2004 (1), No. 404:238-239.

Central Europe. Ukrainians (Poltava) [the prince looks into the hut, where the girl cries with pearls, laughs with flowers; the girl has grown up, the prince married her, takes her home; the prince stopped and went hunting; the angry woman took off the bride's clothes and jewelry, gouged out her eyes, pushed her into a hole, dressed up her daughter; the grandfather found a blind girl; his wife advises to exchange for the pearls she cried for; he exchanges the woman for one , then in the second eye; the girl sends her grandfather to a feast with the king with her embroidered towel; the tsar recognizes the embroidery, brings the bride, the woman's daughter sends the woman to herd pigs]: Pankeev 1992:254-256.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Kalmyks [two daughters ask their father to bring outfits, the youngest Tsagan is a black-browed khan's son; the khan agrees, asks Ts to make a shirt and trousers, is satisfied with his work; Ts goes to Khan in accompanied by a neighbor, old woman Syavda and her daughter; they took food from Ts. They gave them food in exchange for their eyes, threw them into the well; S.'s daughter explains to Khan that she was looking for everything, sniffing out how far the Khan's ulus was, so the eyes became ugly, the nose was long; the old man pulled C. out of the well; she made a pouch, tells me to exchange it for the eye; the same is the second; S. knows that C.'s soul is in the heart of a silverfish, pretends to be sick, tells me to catch, S. takes a fish heart; when she dies, C. tells her body to be thrown into the lake; Khan comes to the lake, there is an underwater palace, a girl lies next to her cries; when the khan gave her the heart of a fish, she put him in C.'s mouth, she came to life, told everything; Khan asks S. and her daughter if they want sword and blood or horse tails; they say tails; they are tied to horse tails]: Vatagin 1964:239-245; Abkhazians [the prince's son marries the one chosen by his favorite pigeon; he finds the daughter of another prince; through a pigeon they arrange a wedding; the bride is sent on a ship with a maid; she bribes sailor, the bride is put in a box, her eyes are gouged out, thrown into the sea; the prince's son marries the visitor, but she is not as beautiful as he thought; the shepherd caught the box, the girl tells him to make a hut for her in in the forest; the dove finds her, brings the prince's son, who converges with the girl, not knowing that she is his true bride; she gives birth to a son, the prince's son takes him to him, says he has found him; the boy makes give him the box to his stepmother, his mother's eyes are in it, he and his father come to her, returns her eyes; the liar was tied to horses, torn to pieces]: Shakryl 1975, No. 9:31-41; Karachays [=Aliyeva, Kholaev 1983:56-60; an elderly couple gives birth to a daughter Alakez; four genies give her 1) a talisman of immortality; 2) a gift to turn water into gold; 3) tears are diamonds; 4) flowers under her feet; khan takes her to wives, on the way, a widow neighbor dazzles her, leaves her in the forest, replaces her with her daughter; she says that she does not do magic every day; Ivan and his wife sheltered a blind man, the old woman gave them A.'s eyes for diamonds; a tower was built for A.; the old woman sent him to steal the talisman of immortality from her sleeping hand, she died; khansha dropped the talisman, picked it up by a boy, came to the tower with the khan, dropped the talisman on A.'s body, she came to life; the liar and her mother were tied to the tails of horses]: Kapiyeva 1991:214-217; Balkarians [stepmother tells her stepdaughter to herd a cow and spin her hair; there is so much yarn that she cannot make it before dark; wind took the wool away; the girl saw an old woman; she told me to tie the wool to the cow's head - she will hide herself; the stepmother peeked, ordered the cow to be slaughtered; the old woman tells me to bury the remains of the cow; three daughters of the old woman helped to do the job - to whitewash the house; invited to the one; in a pit with bones - a beautiful outfit; the girl is mistaken for a khan's daughter; when she returns, she lost her slipper; the khan tells everyone to try it on; it came only to an orphan; the stepmother took her stepdaughter to the forest and gouged out her eyes; the woodcutter adopted her; the stepmother gave Khan her own daughter, who does not like her; that woman found her stepdaughter, gave her apples, told her to sell her in two eyes; the girl saw the light, her tears turned into gold; the woodcutter built a rich house; the khan and his entourage, including the girl's father, stayed there; the girl tells her story; the khan married her, and drove her unloved wife and her mother away]: Malkonduev 2017:305-309; Lucky (village. Tabakhlu, 1836) [the red cow tells the hungry stepdaughter to suck her horns, honey flows from the right, oil from the left; the wind blows her hair away, the stepmother tells her to find it and return it; the cow teaches me to go to people who grind pearls, gold, corals, wish everyone the best, ask themselves, they will show the way to the wind Chassage; horses will have bones, dogs have hay, you need to change; call the muddy river oil, take a sip; Wind Chassage, Aerial Asiyat should ask for wool back; she will ask you to scrape the rooms, they must be whitewashed, cleaned; pull out her hair, tear clothes - comb them, wash them; that's what happened; girl she put her finger into the river, it turned silver, the river let it through {apparently parted}; the same was a bloody river, the girl called it honey, her finger turned golden; C. poured golden water on her head and hair became gold; C. offered to sleep on a golden bed, wants to make the girl a daughter, hides the wool under her head; the girl pulled her out, ran; the old woman tells everyone to grab her, calls the river bloody , but they only give the girl even more; the stepmother plants her own daughter to spin her hair next to the cow; the wind blows away the hair, but the cow teaches the wrong way; the girl scolds the people she meets, gives bones to horses, hay to dogs, from the water of the muddy river, her fingers are covered with ulcers; C. tears her hair and clothes; she pours dirty liquid on her head, her face and body are covered with ulcers and boils; the cow was stabbed, her stepdaughter buried her bones; asked they have beautiful shoes and clothes to go to the wedding; one shoe swam along the river; the prince found it, he is just right for his stepdaughter, the prince took her to his wife; the stepmother and daughter also went; the bride is thirsty, stepmother gives her a drink, taking her eyes out; throws her into the well, dresses her daughter in her dress; the merchants pulled the girl out of the well, she turned into a canary; flying into the prince's garden, asks the gardener say hello to the prince, and let the tree dry up; the prince sees that many trees have dried up; the canary was caught, the false wife ordered her to be slaughtered, a tree grew out of blood; dates are falling on the prince, his wife is scratched by thorns; his wife orders to make a cradle for her child out of wood; the old woman's son picked up the chips, threw it behind the chest; they turned into a girl when she cries (?) , when she laughs, pearls, silver and gold horseshoes fall from under her feet; the cradle squeezed the child to death; the old woman's son fattens a lousy horse in the palace; the girl turns it into a painted horse; the king comes to see him, falls in love with a girl; girls are going to tell fairy tales, a true bride tells her own; stepmother and her daughter are tied to horses; wedding]: Khalilov 1976, No. 46:109-119; megrels [nine brothers buy a plot of land and go to work there; sister is told that they will throw heads to garlic on the way; an old Mdevi woman picks up garlic, She scatters them on the way to their home; hungry and unable to find their sister at home, the brothers come to Mdevi, her sons defeat them, lock them in a barn to eat at the festival; God sends the Raven to find out why the mother of the missing is crying; the crow promises to tell God if the old woman gives her eye; God tells God that she is crying for the murdered child; the same with the second eye; God sends the Dove, who tells the truth; God curses the Raven, with the Dove sends the old woman a handkerchief to wipe her eyes and see the light, an apple to conceive a son; he becomes a giant, hears from his playmates that he had brothers and sister; comes to Mdevi, fights; the severed head of the younger monster grows back, the bird tells you to sprinkle ash on the wound; so the hero kills all the mdevis, frees his brothers and sister; the brothers offer to race, provoking the hero to step on the carpet that covers the hole; the hero falls at the well, the daughter of the underground king cries next to him, who is given to be eaten by a dragon who has covered the water; the hero falls asleep, wakes up from a tearful beauty kills a dragon with an arrow; a grateful king puts the hero on an eagle along with a load of meat; there is not enough meat, the hero cuts off his own leg, on the ground the eagle heals him; the hero returns to his mother, does not take revenge on his brothers]: Mashurko 1904, No. 1:1-6; Georgians: Chikovani 1954 (Kartley) [the older brother's wife tells her husband to drive away the younger brother and his wife; they have a daughter, her tears pearls, laughs - violets and roses are falling; the prince hunts, the servant enters the hut, is amazed by the girl's beauty, because of this, the pheasant is burned; the prince himself goes, amazed by the beauty, takes the girl to marry; on the way, his uncle gives her salty food, takes her eyes for water, dresses his black daughter in her clothes; explains to the prince that she is fool from waiting; a blind woman in the forest cries with pearls, picks her up old man; exchanges violets and roses, an uncle's necklace for a girl's eyes; she dies, her son sucks milk in his mother's coffin; the prince finds a son, he tears off the necklace from his imaginary wife, puts it on his mother, she comes to life; uncle and daughter were torn with horses], No. 46:244-249 (=1986:248-255); Kurdovanidze 2000, No. 437 [the beauty goes to the groom, suffers from thirst, the royal nanny lets her get drunk in exchange for her eyes; replaces leaves her in the forest with her daughter; the girl regains her eyes, everything is fine]: 42-43; Armenians ["the girl gave the old/old woman roses and rehan, which fell out of her mouth, ordered to sell for her eyes"]: Gullakyan 1983:106; Azerbaijanis [the eldest daughter asks the merchant to bring a bulbous husk shirt, a medium brocade shawl, a younger cat; the dervish gives a shirt, a handkerchief, asks for an older, middle cat in wives; offers to eat a man, the wife hides the meat behind the gate, it falls to the floor, the dervish nails the older, middle sister by the braids; the youngest takes the cat with her, she eats the meat, the dervish is happy; leaves; the wife opens the fortieth room, frees the sisters; all three fly away in a plane chest; the youngest is married by the son of a padishah, an average nobleman, a senior vizier; the dervish gives the guards sleeping pills almonds, a lion and the tiger is lamb, the prince's wife pushes him down the stairs, the lion and the tiger kill him; for her salvation, the woman promised a daughter who will be born to her; when she is five years old, she is summoned by three beggars, given wonderful abilities (if she cries, a hurricane, laughs, roses fall, walks, gold and silver traces); the girl's father's evil sister feeds her salty, gives water in exchange for the eye, then for the second; leaves her deserted place, replaces his daughter at a wedding with a padishah; the poor man finds a blind man, sells flowers that have fallen from her mouth to an evil aunt in exchange for her eyes, the girl sees the light; the prince married her, her aunt and her daughter tied to mules]: Akhundov 1955:230-240; Turks [a girl was born in a poor family (var: princess); three (or more) dervishes (peri; dead mother) predict that where she passes, it will turn green grass, her tears will become pearls, if she laughs, roses will fall from her lips, gold will appear in the water that she washes; they give her an amulet (bracelet); a girl grows up, marries a prince, goes to him in accompanied by another woman (sister, maid, neighbor, black woman, etc.; the vizier decides to replace the beautiful woman with his ugly daughter); suffers from thirst, the companion gives her water in exchange for her eyes; takes her place; the blind woman lives with other people; roses are needed in the palace, they fall from the girl's lips, they are sold in exchange for her eyes, the girl sees the light; (the padishah sees the grass turning green under the girl walking); A liar steals a girl's amulet, she loses consciousness, is put in a tomb; (she gives birth to a child, he sucks her dead mother's breast); the prince finds her and revives her]: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 240:291-294; Kurds [having given birth to a daughter, the shepherd's wife hears three doves telling her to be named Golbarin; if she laughs, roses will fall from the sky, if she cries, it will rain; accompanied by Aunt G., they are sent to wives to the padishah's son; the aunt feeds the girl salty food, gives water in exchange for her eyes, dresses her ugly daughter in her clothes; the shepherd picks up the blind woman, she tells her to exchange her roses for eyes in the city; doves they teach to wash their eyes in a spring, run them with a pen, G. sees the light; goes to the service of his aunt; receives beautiful clothes from the doves; the shepherd's son recognizes her as a real bride, her aunt and her daughters are cut heads and shepherds are invited to live in the palace]: Farizov, Rudenko 1959:29-33.

Iran - Central Asia. Persians [=Rosenfeld 1956:13-22; the merchant's property burns down, he lives in a vacant lot, his wife gives birth to a daughter, four peri gave her: roses from her mouth when she laughs, tears are pearls, sleeps - gold under her head , steps - gold and silver are under her feet; shahzade takes her as his wife; the merchant's sister (i.e. the bride's aunt) gives her a potion, the girl is thirsty, she gives her eyes for water, her aunt throws her into the hole, replaces her her daughter; she takes roses and gold in stock, they run out soon; the gardener pulls out the girl, sells roses and pearls to her aunt in exchange for her eyes torn out; shahzade finds a true wife, an impostor asks if she wants a horse or a sword; she replies that Shahzadeh ties a horse by her hair to a horse's tail]: Osmanov 1987:124-131; mountain Tajiks [when Shah Baghdad's daughter laughs, from her mouth Roses fall when she cries, pearls fall out of her eye; she is sent to marry Shaha Misra; on the way, the old woman says that she brought her sister, asks her to undress, puts her daughter in her dress, pulls out the princess eyes; a poor old man in Misra sheltered her; got rich selling roses and pearls; the girl sent him to buy two old eyes, saw the light; Shah Misra married her, the old woman and daughter were torn apart by horses]: Rosenfeld, Rychkova 1990, No. 26:112-113; Tajiks [stepmother torments stepdaughter with work, tells the cotton to strain; the cow eats it, releases yarn from her mouth; the wind carries cotton into the old woman's cave; she tells comb her hair, clean her house; promises that roses will fall from the mouth of a laughing girl, tears will turn into pearls, gold will fall from her right foot, and silver from her left foot bricks; the stepmother's daughter goes to herd the cow; carelessly combs the old woman, sweeps badly; takes gold from the pantry; she has a lump on her forehead, gold turns into stones; the stepmother tells the cow to be slaughtered, the cow tells the girl to bury her bones in a hole; the stepmother and stepdaughter go to the wedding, tell them to separate the rice from the wheat; the chicken does this, in place of the cow bones - a luxurious dress, a horse; at the wedding, the stepmother does it does not recognize the stepdaughter; she loses her kaush (boot), the padishah's son is looking for him, finds the girl in good shape, where her stepmother hid her; on the way, the stepmother lets the bride eat salty, she is thirsty, the stepmother gives water to exchange for torn eyes; throws his stepdaughter into a well, replaces her with his daughter; a poor old man finds beauty and pearls; saves her, collects roses; changes them for the eyes of his stepmother's daughter, the current wife padishah; now pearls fall from her eyes, roses from her mouth; stepmother sends a witch to suck the girl's blood; the girl orders to bury herself in a crypt of gold and silver bricks; the stepmother takes her heart away, gives a bag with it to her daughter; when she takes it off her neck for the night, the stepdaughter comes to life; the padishah's son finds her, comes at night; she has a son and daughter; the boy has grown up, pulls out a bag with her heart ; stepmother and daughter are tied to horses, beautiful woman and son are brought to the palace]: Amonov, Ulug-zade 1960:175-182; Uzbeks: Afzalov et al. 1972 (2) [shepherd's new wife torments unbearable stepdaughter work; a gust of wind carries her yarn into the cave; the old woman tells her to feed the yarn to the cow, pull the threads from the udder; the stepmother tells her to slaughter the cow; the old woman tells her to bury the bones and skin; the stepmother and daughter go to a feast, a rooster and a chicken are separated from rice from peas instead of a stepdaughter; in the hole where the remains of a cow were buried, the girl finds beautiful clothes; four peri, the old woman's daughters, take her to a feast, she returns before her stepmother , having lost his boot; the shah tells everyone to try it on, fits only the stepdaughter; the stepmother kills the rooster and the chicken that indicated where she hid her stepdaughter; gouges out that eye, throws her into the swamp, brings the Shah his ugly daughter; the weaver finds a girl, her tears are pearls, laughter is roses; the sorceress teaches to sell roses in a pair of eyes; the shah meets the girl, expels her stepmother and false wife]: 114-121; Sheverdin 1984 [ After cutting down a tree, the woodcutter frees the genie in it; he gives him an apple to eat in half with his wife; a daughter is born, whose tears are pearls, when she laughs, roses fall from her mouth, where he steps, golden sand remains; the old man is rich, asks for his daughter too big dowry; the evil genie tells me to give it to him; the batyr kills the genie, gets a beautiful woman; the old woman and daughter say that they came from a batyr pick up the bride; take her to the desert; the old woman gives her water for her eyes torn out; throws her daughter into a well, dresses her daughter in her clothes; the people are surprised that roses do not fall, there is no gold in the bride's footsteps; the poor man pulls the blind man out of the well, builds a pearl palace; when a rose smiles, the poor man sells her daughter to an old woman by the two eyes blind; a good genie dove inserts his eyes, the girl sees the light; an evil genie tells an old woman to catch a goldfish with an earring in it, where the soul is beautiful; at night, the imaginary wife takes out her earring, at which time the girl comes to life; after chasing a dove, the batyr finds the true bride, returns the earring; the old woman and her daughter are tied to horses]: 82-89.

Volga - Perm. Bashkirs [the merchant's eldest daughter asks for a scarf, the middle daughter is an unprecedented fruit, the youngest is a cat; the merchant cannot find the fruit, the Sheikh gives his middle daughter to him as his wife; asks his wife serve meat and eat with it, there is a man in the cauldron; the wife does not eat, hides it in her bosom, the Sheikh asks to dance, the meat falls out, he hangs his wife by the hair in the 41st room; the same with the older sister; the youngest feeds meat to the cat, dances, the Sheikh recognizes her as his wife, tells her not to look into the forbidden room; she unlocks it, frees her sisters; they take out a flying boat and precious stones from the chest, fly away; The youngest is married by the prince, the eldest sons of the vizier; the prince's wife asks to build a tower, she is guarded by a lion, a tiger, a wolf and a bear; the Sheikh put them to sleep, came to his wife; she hears a whisper: give your beloved, you will be saved! She pushes the Sheikh down the stairs, awakened animals kill him; a woman gives birth to a daughter, gives her to someone who does not understand; tells her traces to be gold and silver, laughter roses, crying to fire; this girl is stepmother takes the prince as his wife, gives water in exchange for his eyes, pushes him into the sea, replaces her daughter; the prince is disappointed; an old man finds a blind man in the forest, she sends him to sell roses to the palace, he exchanges them from angry stepmother in front of a girl; prince marries her, stepmother's daughter tied to a horse's tail]: Barag 1989, No. 8:65-69.