Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K92A. The house is created by a woman, ATU 923B.

.11.13.-.15.17.21.-.23.26.-.34. (.38.)

Kicked out of the house or married to an insignificant poor man, a girl becomes rich and respected.

Swahili, Arabs of Sudan, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Corsicans, Arabs of Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Tibetans, Shans, Burmese, Khmers, Viets, Kashmiris, Himachali plowmen, Kumaoni , Nepalis, Northern India (Hindi), Assamese, Bengalis, Oriya, Muria, Kannada, Tamils (Korawa), Lisu, Chuan Miao, Chinese (Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangxi, Hubei, Koreans, (Greeks), Gagauz, Russians ( Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Vologda), Adygs, Abazins, Balkarians, Ingush, Dargins, Lucks, Lezgins, Tsakhurs, Georgians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Kurds, Lurs, Persians, Uzbeks, Tajiks, Mountain Tajiks, Baluchis, Mari, Kazakhs (Turgay), Kyrgyz, Yellow Uighurs, Salars, Dungans, Buryats, (Japanese).

Bantu-speaking Africa. Swahili: El-Shami 2004, No. 923B: 603-605.

Sudan - East Africa. Sudanese Arabs: El-Shami 2004, No. 923B: 603-605.

North Africa. Arabs of Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt: El-Shami 2004, No. 923B: 603-605; Arabs of Morocco [the king calls his only daughter a pearl; she believes that God gives fate; father {apparently , who believes that his daughter's fate depends only on him} passes her off as a poor young man; he lives with her like a sister; she helps him find a job - carry firewood; he goes with a caravan; goes down for water into the well; there the ghoul asks a question, the young man gives the right answer, the ghoul gives him two grenades; the young man sends them to his wife, who finds pearls inside and uses this money to build a palace in front of the king; the king wants to visit the owner, but she asks to wait until her husband returns; he receives three more grenades from the ghoul on the way back; the king and vizier are invited to the wedding; when they recognize the princess, they confess that they were wrong]: Desparmet, Contes Maures, p. 182 in Nowak 1969, No. 284:264-265.

Southern Europe. Corsicans [the king asks his three daughters what they dreamed of for the new year; the eldest replies that she married a prince in a dream, the middle one married a famous captain, and the youngest Sialella for emperor; the father is outraged that she wants her husband to stand above her father; tells the servant to kill her daughter in the woods; he lets the girl go, brings only her little finger and goat blood to the king; S. came to the ogre's wife; she first hides her in the basement, and then tells her husband that she has given birth to a daughter; the cannibal placed her in a room with windows overlooking the emperor's palace; S. hears a parrot warning her: the cannibal is going to her fatten and eat; the ogre's wife teaches you to answer: your feathers will be made of a marking brush, your meat will be roast, and I will marry your master; the parrot told the emperor about this, who decided to shoot S. from crossbow, but when I saw her, I fell in love; married her; they came to the king, who could not believe that his daughter was in front of him until she showed her severed little finger; everyone was reconciled, everything was fine]: Massignon 1984 , NO. 46:112-114.

Western Asia. The Arabs of Syria [the princess insists that a woman both destroys and builds a house, the king insists that it is a man; takes her daughter to the desert and passes her off as a poor garbage collector Muhammad; the princess embroiders with silk, M . sells her embroideries to the king and vizier; the caravans invite M. with them, his wife sewed money into a handkerchief; he is asked to go down to the well to get water; there efreet asks which of those sitting on his lap women are more beautiful - white or black; M. guessed that Efrita likes a black woman better; for the correct answer he received 4 grenades and tells me not to talk about anything; on the way back, M. brings for a black woman the dress that efreet ordered him; M. returns with money to his wife, who builds a palace, tells her father and vizier to be invited; the king believed that a woman was building the house]: Lebedev 1990, No. 32:163-167; Arabs Iraq: Bushnaq 1987 [a wealthy merchant asks who he owes his fortune and position to; the older two answer that to himself, the youngest to God's blessing; the merchant kicked her out - let him seek God's blessings; she went to the mule drivers, met a beggar like herself, and they got married; the wife gave birth to a girl; when she was bathed, drops of water turned into gold, and jasmines fell from her lips and lilies; she grew up and the prince married her; sent her to him; an aunt and her daughter were forced to accompany her; the girl is thirsty, the aunt gives a little bit in exchange for her eyes, leaves the bride in the desert and puts his own daughter in her place; the old man picked her up; his family was delighted when the washing dishes were filled with gold coins; the prince saw that flowers did not fall from his wife's lips, but the one given to her She allegedly lost the ring; realized that the bride was changed, but was afraid of losing face; the real bride sent the old man to town to sell flowers in exchange for her eyes; the aunt pulled out her daughter's eyes to she could say that flowers were falling from her lips in the prince's absence; and the bride got her eyes back and saw the light; dressed as a young man, she came to court and hired to drive a mule in the mill; the mule was so amazed at her the beauty that he started running faster; everyone wonders where so much torment came from; the prince found out about this and, when the girl was swimming, he hid the ring he had once given her; the aunt and her daughter were sent home, and the prince arranged a new wedding for 40 days]: 75-79; Yaremenko 1990, No. 31 (Baghdad) [the emir asks three daughters who is in charge of the house; the elders answer that the husband, the youngest, are the wife; the father passes her off as a poor man and lazy Hasana, chases away; wife spins and knits, teaches X. to work and earn money; one person sells the mind, H. buys from him the saying "True beauty is in your eyes"; walks with merchants through the desert; descending into the well for water disappears; H. goes down, the giant marid tells him to choose between white and black girls; H. gives a statement he has learned; marid gives him water and gold; the emir sees that the youngest daughter now lives in the palace; admits that she is right, hands over the throne to Hassan]: 164-167; Saudia [the daughter of a noble man sits by the window and looks at men; learning that she no longer cares what this or that man is like , her father passed her off as a lazy and dirty poor man; the wife cleans the house, first patiently endures her husband's antics, and then tells him not to appear until she earns money; the husband has improved and they are well live]: Juhayman 1999:77-81; Yemen, Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan: El-Shami 2004, No. 923B: 603-605.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Meitei [when asked by the king how his daughters feel about him, 6 raise him to heaven, and the seventh only says that she loves her father like a daughter and that prosperity and poverty depend on God; the king orders to give daughter for the laziest subject; servants found a man lying under a fruit tree; he does not want to reach out - let the fruit be put in his mouth and make his jaws move; the princess was given to it to man; he still went to the forest to buy bamboo to build a hut; on the site of the cut bamboos, new ones are already on the blind day; the man is cutting faster; the crow asks not to ruin the place where he lives, for this gives a wish-fulfilling ring; the princess invites her father and sisters to her palace; the king has realized his mistake]: Singh 1985:258-261.

Burma - Indochina. The Shans [the king defeated the neighbors; at the festival, daughters are told how he ensured their fate; only the youngest seventh says that her fate does not depend on her father; he tells her to give her for the poorest man; this is an Ai brushwood collector; he did not even have his own machete; the king took his daughter's robes, gave her a new name Nang Kam Ung ("a woman whose luck depends on her"); the princess hid a ruby, sent A. to sell it, no one wanted to buy it, he threw it away; his wife said that they would give a lot of money for this stone; husband: there are many of them in the riverbed; when the daughter brought rubies, the king drove the adviser away, A., who proposed the candidacy, is not poor; gold deer ruined the garden, the king ordered the deer to be driven, A. was given a horse, he turned out to be an excellent rider; the next day he rode with the king; the deer disappeared into cave; the exhausted king fell asleep under the banyan; A. hears the serpent promising to knock down the top of the tree on them; if the king remains alive, cut down the bridge supports; bring down the gate arch; if the king asks for a drink, the water in the cup will turn into needles; a huge rat will bite into the king's sleeping king; in the morning A. told the king to obey him; they avoided danger, the guard killed the rat; the king appointed A. heir, admitted that his daughter was right ]: Griggs 1902:44-56; Burmese [daughters and sons tell the king that they live because of him, and the youngest because of karma; her father expelled her; she began to live with the poor man; he brought the stones without knowing that they are precious; the couple became rich; the king found out that people were praying for his longevity; it turns out that his daughter lent money to be repaid after the king's death; the king returned his daughter and hers husband inherited the throne]: Kasevich, Osipov 1976, No. 94:256-257; Khmers [the orphan's spirit appeared in a dream, ordered him to dig and sell crabs; they are well paid; Pau, the youngest daughter of Senhei, fell in love with him (rich man, landowner); other daughters told her father that he drove her away; she lives with a young man, asks not to dig more crabs; once she dug up the place itself; in the morning her husband found only one shell, brought it home; P. accidentally dropped a coin into her shell; in the morning it is full of coins; so every day, the couple got rich; the father blessed his daughter; her husband inherited his title and position]: Gorgoniev 1973:44-49; Viets [ the princess refuses to marry; one day she swims, notices a handsome naked young man in the sand; he explains that he tied his dead father's last loincloth when he buried him; princess marries a poor man, her father drives her away; her husband goes with merchants, goes to a hermit, receives a staff and hat from him a year later; when he returns, he tells his wife about the Buddha's teachings; both go travel; in a deserted place they stick a staff with a hat on it; in the morning there is a palace and people at this place; the princess's father sends an army against her; she refuses to resist; the wind at night picks up the palace and takes it to the sky, where a lake forms; the king father realizes the greatness of the Buddha]: Sun 1967:53-57.

South Asia. Kashmiris [the king sees a poor firewood seller and feels sorry for him; wife: he did not have a good minister; the king became angry and told his wife to become this poor man's maid; after becoming a maid, Rani brought the house to order, began to give the poor man and his wife advice on how to act more rationally; in the end, the couple became rich; the wounded maid advised the owner to offer the king bread and water when he finished hunting and as a gift in return, ask for access to him to the palace; he gradually became chief adviser; the king came to visit the former poor man and opened up to him; they returned to the palace together]: Knowles 1885: 210-212; Himachali plowmen: Dracott 1906:20-30 [Raja asks six daughters, five say that their blessed fate is in his hands, they owe him everything; sixth: in draws, what will happen, that will happen; her father wants to kill her, then tells her to take her to the forest; there she sits in a palanquin, prays, Mahadeva heard her, sends servants to give her food; she sees a damp stain on the ground, digs the ground, finds water and a lot of gold, builds a palace; the Raja finds out about it, returns it, asks forgiveness; when leaving, asks her daughters what to bring them; the sixth daughter wants a box; he buys it for an expensive price; the girl waves a fan over her , the prince comes out of the box; the sisters find out about this, pour glass on the couch, the prince is wounded, goes into his world, does not appear out of the box; the girl goes to look for him, under the tree hears the eagle talking to parrot; eagle: the windows from the prince's body will come out if you rub him with droppings from an eagle's nest; the girl dresses a fakir, comes to the prince's father, heals him, asks for his ring, bow and arrows as a reward; The prince reappears from the box, the girl shows him a ring and a bow and arrows, everything is explained, the prince marries her], 119-124 [the Raja asks her daughters to whom they owe prosperity; all they say that to her father, the youngest, to fate, the Raja promises to give her off as the poorest and most sick person in the kingdom; he turns out to be King Vickramadit ("almighty"), who became a fakir who went to Benares, who allowed the snake to get inside to drink water (the snake asked for a drink, but there was no water nearby); the wife hears this snake talking to a crawling out of a pile of land; one reproaches the other for ingratitude, The other is that treasures buried under a pile of land are lost in vain; the wife kills both snakes (pouring hot milk into the ground and getting medicine); after receiving the treasures, V. becomes king again; Raja father admits that he is wrong]; Kumaoni: Minaev 1968, No. 45 [the tsar asks seven daughters whose happiness they live for; six say that they are paternal, the seventh is their own; the tsar drives her away; the rich man meets He takes her as his wife; the king and six daughters are impoverished, the seventh gives the father a gold millstone; the king returns, feeds the family, praises his daughter, dies]: 106-109; Upreti 1894 [the king asks seven daughters whose they are they live in happiness; six answer that they are paternal, the seventh to their own; the king passes off six as worthy people, and leaves the youngest at the crossroads, she husbands the first one who comes, this is the poor brushwood seller; she finds out that her husband sells sandalwood to her father for pennies and issues an invoice, her husband gets the money, the wife is building a palace, finds four rubies on this site, and they and her husband they get rich, the husband becomes king, and his wife's father is constrained by enemies and is impoverished, like his eldest daughters; the father admits that his youngest daughter is right]: 65-66; Nepali: Bystrov et al. 1962 []: 175-177; Sakya, Griffith 1980 [six sons tell the merchant that they rely on him, the seventh says he wants to control his own fate; his father kicked him out; he spent the night under a tree, half of which is dry; the tree asks find out why; brahmana: why does my body hurt and swell during the day but not at night; rich woman: why does everything grow in the field but there is no grain; hermit brahmana: treasures under the tree; brahmana must share his knowledge; a rich woman must marry her daughter; a young man married this girl, a brahman taught him everything; he dug treasures; this is how he found his karma]: 102-104; northern India, Hindi (Mirzapur): Crooke 1892-1893, No. 633 [six daughters said to the king that they believed in their father and the seventh believed in themselves; the king drove her into the forest; she found an empty house in which everything she needed to live remained in it; the king asks the daughters what to bring them; the servant was also sent to the forest, he found that house; the princess replied that she was washing, let the servant be patient; the servant understood that the princess asked her father to bring patience; when The king was about to return, the ship did not move; the king remembered that he had forgotten to buy patience; an old woman sold him something wrapped in a rag; after receiving the package, the princess threw it away; later I was surprised that the rag was imperishable, she unfolded the package, there was a fan; when she put it back up, the prince appeared; they began to live together; when the prince wanted to return to his country, the wife put a fan back down; the sisters came to visit the younger one, saw the prince and, out of envy, poured broken glass under his sheet; the prince told him to put the fan back down, disappeared and did not appear again; the wife went in search, spent the night under a tree; hears a conversation between a parrot and a starling; the parrot describes her story; the skorets teaches them to take their droppings, cook them in oil and lubricate the body with this ointment - glass will go outside; the wife came disguised as a doctor, cured the prince; when she returned, turned the fan, the prince appeared; they lived happily ever after]: 171-172; 1895, No. 623 (Kanpur) [Raja tells the vizier to answer who rules the world; the princess suggests: women; when she finds out who prompted the vizier, the Raja leaves her daughter in rags and gives it to the beggar; she manages to take the gem with her; sends her husband to sell it, but not say anything words (she wrote the price); the buyer thinks that in front of him a saint who is silent on a vow does not dare to deceive; two robbers broke into the house; the princess explains who she is, agrees to become the wife of one of the robbers, to ask to be sent for a palanquin with a porter; then sends one robber to pick it up to sacrifice and the other for flowers; tells the porters to take her along with husband to the robbers' house; locked there, tells them to beat the robbers if they come; they complained to the kazi; the princess asked Kazi, Kotvala, Vizier, Raju to come in the evening, giving everyone a little time at a break; when another guest knocks, the first, taking off his clothes, hides behind water vessels, behind a millstone, in a granary; the Raja sees them naked, the princess tells him that now he understands who rules in peace; the Raja returned his daughter to the palace and gave the robbers to the cathval]: 211-212; the Assames [Baruani 1937:26-33; the king gave food and clothes to the brahmanas in the month of Magh (January-February); one brahmana came when this month was already over and was refused; the king's daughter asked at least for a blanket for the brahmana during the cold weather; king: if he sits in the water at night, then I'll give it; the brahmana passed the test and said that he was far away the light on the shore encouraged him; the king did not give him anything, because the brahmana was warm from this light; then the daughter fed the king overcooked food, and when he asked for water, she poured water from a jug into a jug: the sound is as sufficient as the distant world; the king told his son to take his sister to the forest and leave it there; she began to make beautiful fans from peacock feathers and sell them in the village; to her hut other women in difficulty came to live; as a result, so many people gathered that a whole kingdom arose, and the king's daughter became queen, married a neighboring prince; her father was defeated enemies and fled in search of refuge; the daughter sent an army and restored her father to the throne; opened up to her father; said that God did everything right to show her courage and abilities]: "Assamese women's folk narrative: tales from secondary sources" (Folk Traditions of Assam. Chapter III. P. 45-85): 66-68 {it was not possible to identify the author and the data about the book}; Bengalis [the merchant asks seven daughters whose money they are going to live on; six say that his, the seventh youngest, is that at his own; he tells her to be taken to the forest; the old nanny leaves with her; at night the tree hides them in a hollow from wild animals, teaches them to scatter crumbs by the pond; at night peacocks come to peck at them, drop their feathers, girl makes fans, the old woman sells them, the expelled get rich; the merchant is broke; his daughter greets him, gives him money; when he goes sailing, he asks what to bring each of his daughters; the youngest answers the servant." Sobur" ("wait"; the Muslim name Shobur is "patient, persistent"), who realizes that she needs something called Sobur; a person sells Sobur, it's a box; left alone, the girl finds a fan in it and mirror; touches the fan, Prince Shobur appears; takes the girl as his wife; envious sisters pour crushed glass on his bed; his servants take him to his country; his wife, in men's clothes, calling herself Sannyasi (sanyashi, religious devotee), goes looking for him; cuts a snake that regularly devours the chicks of Bihangama and his wife Bihangani; they arrive, the chicks talk about what happened; the male explains that the prince will be cured by their crushed dry droppings; brings the woman to the prince's country; unrecognized, she heals the prince, asks for his ring as a reward; returning back on the bird, touches the fan; Sh. appears, sees their ring; everyone is happy]: Day 1914, No. 8:124-137 (=Porozhnyakov 1990:100-107); oriya (dombo) [the king has 7 daughters, only the youngest is single; he asks them who they owe their well-being to; the elders say that to the father, the youngest, to God; the king gives it to an old and poor village blacksmith; once he sent his wife to a party, turned into a beautiful young man, the hut became a luxurious home; explained that he was king but another king bewitched him; his wife's faithful love broke the spell]: Tauscher 1959, No. 81:155-156; Muria (Bastar County, South Chhattisgarh) [the snake asks the Raju farmer save her from the fire; he offers to crawl into his mouth; she refuses to crawl back; the Raja dries, leaves as an ascetic, is hired to guard the garden; the local Raja asks his children where they got it from prosperity; six sons: your worries, daughter: I support myself; the father tells the gardener to find a daughter with a husband to leave her widow in three days (the widow cannot remarry); gardener brought a watchman, after the wedding, the local Raja drove the young into the forest; the wife refused to leave her husband; one day she sees a snake crawl out of the anthill, talks to the one inside the Raja; condemns her: sorry that no one will smear the Raja's mouth with molasses, the one sitting inside will crawl out; another snake: why do you keep so much money in your anthill; the Raja's wife bought molasses, the snake crawled out, she killed her, the Raja recovered, prettier; his wife dug up an anthill, killed a second snake, there was a chest of gold; Raja returned home, lived with two wives]: Elwin 1944, No. XXII.4:449-451 (translated to Zograf 1971, No. 13:55-57); Kannada [king and the queen see a peasant and his wife exhausted from work; Rani: give me to a peasant for six months and take his wife; the peasant will get rich and you will become impoverished; and I started with the fact that everything washed and cleaned up; told her husband to work in the city, bring something useful home every day; at this time, a new rana quarreled with her servants, messed up everything and made a mess; one day the peasant found nothing and brought a dead snake picked up on the road; his wife praised him and threw the snake on the roof; the garuda flew carrying a ruby necklace; dropped it to grab the snake; the wife sent sell the necklace; the couple got rich, things went uphill; six months later, she returned to the king, and returned the peasant woman to her husband, giving her good advice]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 34:94-96; Tamils (Korawa dialect) [The king has 5 wives; four say to him that they are happy with his mercy, the fifth by God's grace; the king drove her into the forest in rags and left her in the hut; there she gave birth to a son; when the king learned of this, he was happy, brought his wife back and repented]: Grierson 1906:329; Telugu [text almost identical to Tamil Korava]: Grierson 1906:616; (cf. Telugu [the king has two favorites: a Muslim and a brahman; the first replies that he owes everything to the king, the second says that he owes everything to God; the king gave the Muslim a pumpkin filled with pearls, and gave the brahmana two coins (fanams) ); not knowing that the bull was in the bull, the Muslim sold it to the brahman for two coins; after opening the pumpkin, the brahman returned to the king and he realized that the brahman was right]: Pantulu 1905, No. 18:42-43).

China - Korea. The Chinese (Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangxi, Hubei) [a rich man has several daughters; he drives away the youngest when she says that happiness does not depend only on the person himself (his mind, perseverance, etc.), but also from fate (in one version from Guangdong, the father blinds her daughter); the girl marries the poor man, he gets rich (finds money; the girl dies, and he revives her and the funeral gifts go to her spouses; poor man adopted by a rich man; etc.); the girl's words came true; an impoverished father comes to a rich daughter; shamed; in one version from Guangxi, the father is on the moon, where he is now visible]: Eberhard 1937, No. 193:248-249; Koreans [story known (similar to Chinese versions)]: Eckardt 1927:63-66 in Eberhard 1937:248; fox [parents ask 7 daughters whose happiness and virtues they are live; the six eldest, answer that they are parents, the youngest Atsïma, that their own; the father wants to kill her; the mother tells me to ride a white horse, take a red rooster and a gold bar, stay there, where the horse will stop and the rooster will sing; the horse does not stop in a city where there is a golden palace and cheerful people; the same as the silver palace; a palace made of precious wood; stops at a poor hut, the rooster sings; the young man living there is very poor, A. gives him a gold bar; he cannot sell it (because people don't have so many valuables), he throws it to dogs; tells Atsima that where he collects leaves, There are many such stones; A. goes with him, there is gold; they are building a palace; the young man wants to get rid of A.; offers to get a flower out of the lake, pushes her into the water; she is saved by a dragon, takes on a human form, she becomes the queen of dragons; the young man is poor again]: Dessaint, Ngwâma 1994:393-400; Chuan Miao [the rich man wants to find a daughter of a worthy fiance; she says that everything is according to the will of heaven, not men ; her father passed her off as a poor man; they live in a cave; the wife noticed that the three stones under the pot in the hearth are silver bars; the husband says he knows a place where there are many; the spouses are becoming rich, they have a son; An impoverished father comes and does not recognize his daughter; the daughter says who she is, keeps her father]: Graham 1954:156-157.

The Balkans. Gagauz people [the unhappy guy was hired by the owner; the hiring period has not yet expired, and the stone has already melted {?} ; he asked the king why he was unhappy; king: I don't know; daughter of the king: your happiness will come when you marry, two happiness together; king: since you are smarter than me, leave with this guy; they began to live in a dugout; wife gave sell a dress, my husband exchanged oxen for a pair of oxen, an ox for a cart, a cart for a goat, a goat for an ax, threw an ax at a pack of ducks, he drowned; master: what will your wife say now? husband: if he says anything, I will go into slavery with her; master: if he does not say, I will give you all your property; wife: the main thing is that you are healthy yourself; the master gave the property, the man became rich]: Moshkov 1904, No. 39: 58-59; (cf. Greeks (Lesbos) [every morning the tailor asks St. Maria to save him from evil women; a woman heard him and promised to teach him a lesson; one day she came and said that Pasha's daughter fell in love with the tailor; Pasha said that his daughter wanted to take one person; after The tailor did not know what to do; the woman took pity and taught Pasha to tell Pasha that he was a gypsy; called the gypsies to Pasha's window; Pasha divorced]: Kretschmer 1919, No. 12:46-47).

Central Europe. Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Pomors) [the guy went to prison for stealing; when he left, he came to ask the tsar for money; the tsar's daughter wanted to marry him; her father kicked her out without giving anything to him; she three times embroidered a towel, sent her husband to sell, he sold it for three tips: go and don't be afraid; judge and don't discuss; swing, don't hit; it's a shame to return to my wife without money, hired a coral; ships out of place, who will go under water? the man remembered "go - don't be afraid", volunteered to go down on the condition that if he returns, one of his ships; two waterfowers in the silver palace ask what is more expensive in Russia - damask or gold? "Judge - don't discuss": gold is more expensive, but if war, then damask is more expensive; the watermen are happy, they gave the box; the man got up, got the ship, the ships sailed; the man took one gem from the box, gave it to the king, he seated him next to him; the merchant is envious: if the price of my ships is lower than his alone, I will give him everything; the contents of the box are much more expensive than all ships; the man returned home with ships; changed clothes with the beggar, his wife did not recognize him; two men came at night; "Swing, don't hit"; it turned out that his sons; the wife recognized her husband; the tsar had a feast in honor of his son-in-law]: Razumova, Senkina 1987:138-143; Russians (Karelia, Zaonezhye, Kizhi) [the peasant could not feed himself, he went to the tsar, he could not judge him. The king's daughter asked the peasant if he was married and offered to marry someone. The king became angry and gave his daughter to a man without a dowry. They healed, my wife embroidered the carpet and sent it to sell it at the market. The merchant offered a choice of one hundred rubles for the carpet or the word: "Without trial, he does not die on his head and hair." The little man took the floor. The wife of the second carpet, even better, the merchant offered two hundred rubles or the word: "Bulat iron is more expensive than gold and silver", the peasant took the floor again. On the third day, three hundred rubles, but the peasant took the floor: "Swing - don't hit, go away and ask." The merchant felt sorry for the peasant and gave him ringing geese. The other merchant has six ships, no sailor for the sixth, the man has agreed to become one. Five had different merchandise, and the sixth had a tesa. On its way, the ship stood in the middle of the sea, the sea king demanded one man to the bottom of the sea, and the merchant promised a sixth ship to agree. The man lost his first word that his hair would not die without trial, he agreed. He carved two jewels, took goose with him, came to the bottom of the sea, and then the king and queen were arguing: the tsar says that damask iron is more expensive than gold and silver, and the queen, on the contrary. They asked the man and judged that damask iron is more expensive. We decided to thank him, arranged a treat, the man played goose, and received an anchor (gem stone) as a gift. The anchor was stabbed in a box, ordered to keep it in front of him as it would rise. This is how the little man got the sixth ship. In another kingdom, gifts were received to the king, the peasant took a piece of anchor, coated it with clay, and handed it to the king through his servants. At first, he rejected the clay, but when the servants picked up a piece and saw the anchor, he treated the peasant better than the merchant who brought goods from five ships. That merchant was offended and invited the king to evaluate his five ships, and if he could not evaluate the sixth, he promised to give the peasant his five. At first, the king could not appreciate the merchant's ships, and the peasant was able and he should have returned his ship to the merchant. However, the peasant showed the king the anchor in the box, received all six ships, and became a merchant himself. Meanwhile, his wife carried three sons in one belly, "knee-length legs in gold, elbow length in silver, and a pearl on each hair on his head." She rebuilt her house, got a cow, and had an old lady as a servant. The man came back, and there was another one in place of his old house, and there was a wife with three men (sons), wanted to cut off the heads of all four with a sword, but remembered the word: "Swing, don't hit, go away and ask." I asked the old lady, who said that it was his wife and sons. The man then asked me to tell them to come ashore to meet him. So they did, were happy, invited the tsar to rest, he saw that the peasant had become a merchant and had a wedding, put a peasant in his place]: Onegin 1986, No. 6:51-57; Russians (Vologda) [father He separated his son by giving one bathhouse; he complained to the Grand Duke; his daughter: marry, you will be happy from your wife; prince daughter: once she has judged for herself, marry him; the wife weaved a fly, sent her husband to sell; the old man bought it for advice: be brave and daring when dying; the same with the second fly (speak, don't say it), with the third (raise}, don't lower it); the husband went on ships, they stopped at sea; he I remembered that you have to be brave, went under water, there they argue with hell that silver or gold is more expensive in Russia; the person remembered that you can't say it, answered: silver is more expensive to things, for others, gold is more expensive, it all comes for the same thing; the devil gave him a gem, and hell a priceless jar; thanks to them, a man became rich; when he returned, stayed with his mother, she did not recognize him; he went to to his wife, saw two fellows next to her, picked up his sword, but did not lower it; and then his mother told him: the son left and disappeared, and the wife gave birth to twins, they grew up; the man gave his sons a stone and a jar; they We went to the king; he found out how rich his son-in-law had become; they began to visit each other]: Gura 1965, No. 25:239-240.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Adygi: Tkhamokova 2014, No. 923 [the youngest of three daughters replies that she loves her father like salt; the father hurt by this punishes her to marry a poor man; then makes sure she is right], 986** [khan hears: "A wife can both enrich her husband and ruin him"; asks her daughter if this is so; she replies that this is so; the khan passes her off as the last poor man; makes sure that what she heard is true]: 187, 194; Abaza [Murza's friend Sali came to see; M. explains that everything in the house depends on the man; S., that the house is based on a woman; Hajat, M.'s daughter, supported the guest; her father told her to clean up and passed her off as a silly young man named Mkhamat from a distant village; he is strong but lazy; at first, H. taught her husband to cut forests and harvest firewood by example; excess firewood was exchanged for millet; she taught her husband by example handle a shovel, dig up and sow a field; then taught her to count, M. and H. became rich; atko (dragon) captured the river in a mountain village; H. told her husband to cut down a dogwood stick; he killed a bear with it; let Now he will offer people to kill atko if they give him gold; M. killed atko, freed water, got gold; they became even richer; H. told her husband to make friends with one man (without saying it was hers father) and bring him to them; Kh. endowed her father with wealth and let him go home]: Tugov 1985, No. 90:273-276; Balkarians [prince: whoever knows the language of crows, I will give my daughter for that; and the girl herself knew the language of birds ; crow: a good woman will not leave a bad man; a bad man will not keep a good woman; the prince asked one guy what the crow said; he answered as the girl taught him; the prince betrayed his daughter for a madman; she heard the snakes talking; first, when a person cooks and eats the meat of a seven-year-old cowhide sheep with salt, you will have to leave it; the girl fed such meat to her husband, the snake went out and he recovered ; another snake was lying on gold, the girl killed her; after getting rich, the couple built a house; the father came to live with them]: Malkonduev 2017:614-615; Ingush [spouses are childless; thanks to an intelligent wife, the husband acquired respect; when the wife talks about this, the husband claims that he has achieved everything himself; the wife offers to separate, she will marry the poor man, and he will marry a girl of a certain kind; gradually the woman's new husband he also achieved prosperity and respect, and his old wife kicked his old one out of the house and he became poor]: Sadulaev 2004, No. 119:303-305; Dargins [father says they became rich thanks to him efforts, and the daughter thanks to her mother's mind; the father will give her daughter off as the poorest young man; she let her husband sell earrings at the bazaar; the husband goes with the merchants; the wife tells me to say that it is not more beautiful, but beloved; merchants told the young man to go down to the well for water; there a bearded old man asks who is more beautiful; a young man: who do you love; an old man who killed many people before gives the young man three diamonds; one of He sent them to his wife, with this money she built a house; the young man sees a woman put a knot under the head of the sleepers at night; managed to cut off her braids; identified the wife of the mayor, who cut off his head son; wife hanged, young man awarded; wife luxuriously receives her returning husband's companions; parents arrive, father admits daughter's correctness]: Aliyeva 2013, No. 79:351-355; Lucky [Khan's daughter demands to treat the poor man; for this, the father passes her off as the first beggar; he brings his wife to the cave where his sick mother is; she advises her son to hire a caravan, a friend of his late father; merchants promise gold to those who go down to the well for water before no one returns; the young man is in the dungeon; there is a thin man and a turtle; a man asks questions, the young man answers correctly (the sweetest lip of his beloved, the most pleasant thing is to sleep next to her, the most beautiful is the one you love); the turtle has turned into a beauty, a thin horse, gives two grenades; with the oncoming caravan, the young man sent gold and one grenade home, the wife found pearls inside; the wife is building a palace; her father found out everything and repented, arranged a lavish wedding for her and the young man]: Kapiyeva 1991:256-260; Lezgins [husband and wife argue which of them created family; to prove the uselessness of women, the husband married his daughter to a lazy boy; she cooked salty soup, put a bowl of water in the yard, the husband had to leave the house; the wife sends him to sell a handkerchief; the husband sells for an old man's advice: what you like is always beautiful; next time: don't spend the night in the lowland, spend the night on a hill; spend the night in the city or far from the city, but not near the city; husband went with a caravan; the source of Azhdaha asks what is most beautiful in the world; the person recalls the first advice: what is sweet to the heart; ajdaha gives water and three precious stones; one person immediately sends it to his wife; everyone spends the night in lowland, and a man on a hill who slept in the lowland is washed away, a man gets a second camel, sends his wife a second stone; caravans spend the night at the city wall, and the man goes to herd camels; comes to visit the caravans, grabs and cuts off something soft; in the morning everyone is arrested - someone cut off the head of the guard chief's son; the man shows the cut off braid: the girl and her own are to blame love affairs; a man receives a third camel as a reward, returns to his wife, there is a palace; the father admits that his daughter is right]: Aliyeva 2013, No. 80:359-362; Tsakhurs [padishah asks three daughters who make the house home - husband or wife; the elders say that the husband, the youngest Gulperi, is a wife; the padishah gives her for the lazy poor Ahmed; G. adjusts so that A. is forced to go get water to get water to get water with firewood; he hires to herd camels; the three-eyed ajdaha in the well does not provide water, the caravans do not feel sorry for A.; he negotiates with Azhdah, greeting him and giving him a ram; Azhdaha allows him to collect water and gives two grenades; A. does not know that they are gold, sends them to his wife; she sells gold, builds a house; on the way home, A. releases goldfish into the sea, she gives jewelry; the padishah comes and sees a rich house, admits that her youngest daughter is right]: Aliyeva 2012, No. 81:366-370; Georgians: Kurdovanidze 1988 (2), No. 92 [the princess asks God to make the rich poor and the poor rich; the king gathers the poor and gives her daughter for the poorest; drives them out of sight; the princess has a ring left in her pocket, she tells her mother-in-law to sell it, tells them to keep the 20 coins received; the husband is hired as a caravan worker; they ask get him water from the well; there Dev asks which of the two women is more beautiful; the man chooses the ugly one, the devil is happy because he loves her, gives 20 pomegranate fruits; the man sends them with a letter to his wife; she cuts one pomegranate with jewelry in it; she orders to build a palace, her husband returns, they live like a king; the king went broke and handed over the throne to his son-in-law]: 130-134; Chikovani 1954, No. 11 (the place of recording is not indicated) [seeing the ragged poor man, the princess claims that this is hell; the king in anger tells her to marry him; she tells her husband to sell the handkerchief; agrees if for three advice; 1) do not speak without thinking; 2) do not believe slander, even if they say that a person wants to kill you; 3) if asked about a brod across the river, tell me the truth - I don't know; the poor man was hired by merchants, they sent him to get water; by the water, the knight asks: he or the frog is more beautiful; the poor man was in no hurry to answer, replied that it was a frog; her skin burst, a beautiful woman came out; knight: now I will not kill people anymore, water is free; he gave three grenades and a golden belt: the wife will put on, a golden-haired son will be born; the poor man sent his wife a pomegranate, a city and herds in it; the poor man asks whose herds at first do not believe that he is his own; the former poor man and his wife invited the king, he handed him the throne]: 71-76; Armenians: Uther 2004, No. 923B: 557; Azerbaijanis: Bagriy, Zeynally 1935 [the youngest of the padishah's three daughters replies that it was not her father who gave her wealth, but God; viziers they advise not to kill his daughter, but to pass her off as a poor man; lazy Ahmed received her; hired a merchant, went with his caravan; someone should go down to the well; there are divas, A. promised water in exchange for pistachio resin; he gave; in response, the divas gave water and grenades; in the same way A. got water for the oncoming caravan, asked him to give his wife and mother both grenades and money; in the city of A. fell asleep by the pool, hears a conversation doves: jugs of gold at the bottom of the reservoir; tree leaves will heal the daughter of the Indian padishah; A. went with a caravan to India; we must cross the sea; A. hit the water with a branch, the road opened; A. cured and married an Indian princess, became rich; at that time A.'s mother cut a pomegranate with jewelry in it; mother and daughter-in-law began to live in the palace; mother became younger; A. did not immediately believe that his wife was not without him She was libertine, but she showed a grenade; A. generously gave a merchant with whom he traveled to India; the king asked for a girl, his daughter came, he recognized her; admitted that he was wrong, handed over the throne to Ahmed]: 329-339; Nabiyev 1988 [the old woman replies to the Shah that if a woman does not destroy the house, it will last for a thousand years; the vizier agrees with her, the shah does not; the eldest daughters tell the Shah that the house is being built by her husband, the youngest that the wife is building; the shah passes her off as poor and lazy Ahmed, the son of an old woman; after sprinkling nuts in the yard, his wife lured A. out of bed; with the first money he earned, A. bought a cat; went with a caravan; he was asked to go down to the well to get water ; the diva leads A. to the room where the frog asks what is the most beautiful thing in the world; A.: what does your soul love; the diva loved the frog, gave A. a pomegranate and a nut as a reward; with another caravan A. arrived in the country Thin-legged; rats and mice rush at people, A. released the cat, received gold for it; A. sent pomegranate, walnut and gold to his wife, she built a palace better than the royal one, the pomegranate contained precious stones; when A. returned, they invited the Shah to visit; he admitted his daughter was right]: 77-82; Turks: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 286 (one entry) [the princess wants to marry someone who earns money for herself life, presented as a firewood collector; he is hired by a rich man, who leads him blindfolded to the treasury, tells him to count gold; the man has calculated step by step where he is, put gold in the cat the skin, threw it out into the street; the magic stopped, the rich man died, the couple are building a palace, and the first wife of the firewood collector is accommodated in the rich man's palace]: 331-332; Stebleva 1986, No. 78 [the daughter of the padishah claims that you can make a person out of a lazy person and what a female makes a nest; the padishah kicked her out, she married Lazy Hasan; she beats her husband, tells her to answer everything "I don't know", "I didn't hear", "didn't see", sends her to prepare and sell firewood; LH found gold in the mountains, with this money his wife built a palace, sent her husband with a caravan, he was asked to get water from a well; there two frogs ask, "Who are we?" , "did you see us?" , LH replies, as his wife told him; frogs turn into a boy and a girl, who gave a diamond ring and a golden apple for their father; LS comes with a caravan to the padishah, continues to answer everything "not I saw", etc., leads the padishah to the well, it turned out that the boy and the girl are his children; the padishah (jokingly) gives LH a paper ordering him to make him a padishah instead of himself; the daughter shows it to his father, he admits she was right], 83 [the father died leaving his daughter on the street; the rich man picked her up, dressed her, asked, "Well, girl?" ; she answers every time that this is her fate; he drove her away; she was picked up by the driver to marry her son; she found the treasure and became rich; when she met that rich man, she explained to him that he did not give wealth, but Allah]: 324-328, 344-346; Kurds: Jalil et al. 1989, No. 85 [the padishah's daughter sees the fallen poor man and tells her father that he is to blame; the furious padishah passes off her daughter as a poor shepherd Shinjo; wife for everything leads him, meets his father, who admits she is right], 86 [the padishah gives the poor lumberjack gold twice, but the first time he dropped it into the river and was swallowed by a fish, and the second time he took it away by an eagle; the daughter of the padishah says that the lumberjack is probably bad with his wife - everything depends on her; the padishah passes her off as a lumberjack; his wife gives him the last money, and he buys three tips with it: 1) stop not in the gorge, but at high and open; 2) the sweetest wife in life; 3) take your time to kill even the enemy; the poor man hired caravans - those who spent the night in the gorge were washed away by the water; the poor man is asked to go down to the well, there young man and frog; poor man replies that wife is sweetest; frog has become beautiful; young man: you were the first to answer correctly, I ordered those who answered before; gives 7 grenades, the poor man sent them wife; treasures in grenades, the wife is building a palace; the returning husband sees his wife and two boys, is going to hack them, but realized that they are his sons; the couple invite the padishah, who admits the daughter is right], 87 [the daughter tells the padishah that the lazy man is lazy because he has no mistress; the padishah gives his daughter for him; the wife gives her husband money, he buys advice: 1) do not take up the matter thoughtlessly; 2) God's house with patience is being built; 3) they love not for their beauty, but for the generosity of their heart; the poor man hired caravans, went down to the well for water, the young man asks if he is more beautiful or the frog; the poor man talks about the generosity of his heart, the young man gives him a bag of gems, the poor man sends it to his wife; after receiving the stones, the young man's wife sent his mother-in-law to ask him for a plot of land the size of a cowhide; cut the skin into straps, built a palace; the poor man came back, saw his wife with a young man, wanted to kill, remembered his patience, realized that it was his son; the wife called the padishah father, who admitted that his daughter was right]: 374-380, 380-389, 389-393; Rudenko 1970, No. 6 [a poor man goes to the forest every day to buy firewood; a rich man gives him a hundred manats not to work for 10 days; a few days later his wife says that the money is over; the daughter of a rich man: he does not have a good wife; the rich man gives his daughter to the poor man; she tells her father that he will still water her husband's hands; the poor man kicked out his old wife, the new smart and hard-working woman soon turned his house into a palace; the former poor man invited the rich man, who did not recognize him, began to pour water on his hands; when he found out what was going on, he confessed to his daughter that she was smarter than him]: 24-26.

Iran - Central Asia. Lura [the king has 7 wives, but only one daughter; he says that he owns everything because of himself, and his daughter because of God; he tells the vizier to kill her, he brings a handkerchief soaked in the blood of a dove ; the princess came to live with a poor old woman; she has a son Ali, who is dying of hunger; the princess bought the money she needed; Ali left, he became rich; went with 6 merchants; agrees to go down to a well to collect water if the merchants pay him well; below is a terrible demoness; Ali called her aunt; allegedly his mother was informed of her death; demoness: tell me I'm alive; she allows Ali to collect water and gives grenades; one of them gave the money and grenades promised by the merchants to his wife (i.e. princess); she built a palace of gold and silver bricks; in another parking lot, Ali pretended to be asleep, but became watch; the merchants fell asleep; Ali saw a woman holding something under her arm and then buried it; Ali grabbed her, it turned out to be a baby with her throat slit; Ali refused to take the money, but cut it off braid women; in the morning, merchants were accused of murdering the prince; Ali promised to find the true murderer; reported that the king's main wife was dead; Ali: she is pretending; she was brought in - this is her braid; she was tied to her tail kulana, they drove him until the evening, the remains were burned; Ali remembered that he had forgotten to buy bread and onions for his "aunt" (i.e. that demoness in the well) that he had promised her; when he bought it, he went down again, and she gave him another a bucket of pomegranates; Ali had a feast and invited the king; he was met by his daughter; he wanted to lay the crown on her, but she said that she was giving everything to Ali; the king handed over power to Ali; 7 days and nights Ali's wedding and princesses]: Amanolahi, Thackston 1986, No. 16:77-82; Persians: Ottomans 1987 []: 71-80; Marzolph 1984, no.*986 (Isfahan, Khorasan, Hamadan) [the princess claims to be responsible for her own fate; the king passes her off as a lazy poor man; she sends her husband to go with a caravan; the caravan comes to a well from which no one got out alive; the young man comes down, there is a diva in love; he gives the young man a pomegranate who he sends home; the wife finds treasures in the grenade; the young man returns; the king admits that his daughter is right]: 182-183; mountain Tajiks [the shah asks the vizier what the crows shouted; the vizier's daughter: oh that an intelligent husband cannot make an unreasonable wife smart, and an intelligent wife can correct her husband; the Shah married his daughter to a pleshivets; the Shah's daughter washed the pleshivets, built a fortress, the Shah admitted that his daughter was right]: Semenov 1900:46-49 (=Rosenfeld, Rychkova 1990, No. 58:162-163); Tajiks: Amonov, Ulug-zade 1957:300-303 [bai praises himself and reproaches his wife; she says he owes her wealth; buy sent his wife away; she married Said, who lived by collecting dry grass; thanks to the woman's hard work and intelligence, S. gradually became rich, and bai, on the contrary, became impoverished], 348-350 [the shah tells the vizier to say that the crow shouted; daughter The vizier explains: "The clever wife of the shlupoy husband will make him smart"; the padishah ordered the vizier's daughter to be given to the laziest man and take her to the steppe; the girl began to help the old woman, she gave her cakes, she lured her with them a lazy man in the village where he had to work became smart and hard-working; the padishah is looking for a new vizier, the falcon of happiness fell on the head of his former lazy man; the padishah was convinced that the girl was right]; Uzbeks [ Husnobod asks his father Shah to give her not for the Shah, but for the poor - she will make him a shah herself; the Shah wants to kill his daughter, the vizier lowers her down the river in a chest; he was caught by a firewood seller, but saw Karashah, killed the seller, took H.; she went swimming, she was swallowed by fish, in another country fishermen caught her, gave her to a shepherd, who found H. inside, she married a shepherd's son; ordered to sell one of her own an earring, the shepherd received a lot of money; H. ordered to build the city of Husnobod; the Shah wants to take it, she tells him to grab it, shackle him; the shah from whom H. fled came, he was also put in prison; H. s She came to her father's country with an army, he fled, she thanked the vizier for her salvation]: Afzalov et al. 1972 (1): 201-210; Baluchi [the shepherd's wife died during childbirth, son Shutar Bacha became a driver camels, but did not learn to speak; everyone answered the king that it was impossible to learn to speak at this age; the daughter objected; for this the king gave her to the SB; the SB learned to speak, went with a caravan; went down get water into the well; there the divas asks what he has on his hand; this is a frog, but the SB replies that the queen; the diva gave SB 4 grenades, the SB sent them to his wife; argued the king's caravan, correctly naming the suit not a foal born; when he returned, the house was not a hut, but a palace: the grenades contained rubies and pearls; SB and his wife come to his father; after learning the truth, he handed over the throne to SB]: Porozhnyakov 1989:63-69.

Baltoscandia. Lithuanians [a loser comes to the king to ask how to become lucky; princess: marry; a indignant king gives off his daughter as a loser; after that, the loser wins a big one against the merchant a mortgage, proving that what he brought for sale was his wife's property]: Balys 1936, no.*737A: 73.

Volga - Perm. Marie [the boy was orphaned, began to beg; the king called him a loafer, but the princess regretted it; the king gave it to the young man; she embroidered a handkerchief, told her husband to sell it, bought it; the next I bought it once, giving not money, but three tips; do not be afraid of life and death; raise your hand to heaven, do not lower it to the ground; do not complain if you are poor; do not boast if you are rich; husband went with merchants; their ship is stuck on shoals; began to eat each other; he decided not to be afraid of death and rushed into the river; there was the mother of the waters; she was the one who held the boat with a hook and was the old woman who bought the scarves for a pittance now wants to pay; her daughter advises to take only a silver pendant; it fulfills wishes; the man returned to the ship, wanted food; when he returned home, he sees that his wife is sleeping between two men; brought an ax, but stopped; these were his sons (his wife gave birth to twins); they wished themselves good clothes and a self-propelled stroller, came to the king; he hugged his daughter; she gave him a stroller, it was the first car]: Tudorovskaya, Eman 1945:79-82.

Turkestan. Kazakhs (Turgay) [Khan asks the court what the two geese who flew by were talking about, if he does not say, he executes; Khan's daughter Fatima: the male claimed that a good man could do bad a woman is good, and a good woman cannot make a good bad man; the male claimed the opposite; the court had to confess who advised him to answer this way; the khan told him to find the worst a man and married F.: let him show by experience; F. gave her husband the money and valuables she took with her, he built a house; F. is engaged in needlework, her husband sells; met that court, who said that Khan will go hunting for saiga; F. teaches her husband to stay where the saiga will be driven from: he will return to his original place; after catching a saiga, not to take rewards, but to ask him to visit his humble home; Khan recognized F. and was amazed at how well she fed him; admitted that he was wrong, settled F. and her husband in his palace, soon handed over the throne to his son-in-law, and ordered his khanate to be called the "khanate of the wise"]: Ethnographic materials 1898, No. 6:34-41; Kyrgyz: Kebekova, Tokombaeva 2007:252-257 [Khan and vizier went hunting; a cold wind came; the vizier offered to go to his house for lunch; when they saw the vizier's wife, Khan decided to take it away; the next day seven geese flew over them; Khan to the vizier: "What are geese shouting about? Explain it, if you can't, I'll cut off my head." The vizier asked for time until tomorrow; his daughter was not even five; she asked a boy she knew to take her to the khan's daughter, famous for her wisdom; she advised her to answer as if the geese had said : "If the vizier is good, the khan will be good, if the wife is good, the husband will also be good." The vizier did so; next time the khan demands to answer what the tumbleweed said; the khan's daughter: "Where am I sleeping, the mountain trough does not know where I am flying, the wind does not know, and your khan, who told me to ask this, you're a fool, and you're also a fool to ask this." The vizier escaped execution, and the khan realized that his daughter had taught him so; the next day he called thousands and commanded: "My daughter will choose her husband, gather the people." The girl didn't pick anyone. Khan: "Who didn't come?" One old man: "There is one person or a madman on the islands in the middle of the water. His head is covered in scab, he eats grass and is missing." Khan married his daughter to this man, took her to the remote mountains, saying: "Let's see how now you say, "If the wife is good, then the husband will be good." Khan forbade people to go to these mountains, only once a week an old man brought food there when he was deaf and dumb. The Khan's daughter was visited by her mother, and her daughter promised to make her husband a man. She fattened him with kazy mare (horse abdominal and rib fat and the sausage containing it), washed his hair, his ulcers healed, and thick hair grew on his head. The wife embroidered a hat, told her husband to sell it at the bazaar, buy salt, and scatter it on the way back ("shore": salt; troubles, misfortunes)." Then the wife bought her husband a pacer, dressed her, ordered her to go to her father and invite her to visit with 40 horsemen. And let no one light a fire for 7 days. On the sixth day, an elder came in and said: "What kind of people are you who do not comply with the Khan's command? Residents of the city do not dare to make a fire and cook on it for seven days. Only your house has a fire." Khan's daughter explained everything. Stranger: "Let your food be abundant and your name be kind." Khan's daughter realized that it was Kydir. On the day of Khan's arrival, the woman lit a fire, hung a cauldron of meat over the hearth, baked one cauldron of bread, and boiled one tea samovar. There was enough food for everyone, there was even a surplus left. Khan recognized his daughter, was guilty, handed over the khanate to a former lousy man], 284-287 [Khan has a wise daughter; once said to her father: "It takes a thousand days to become good, one day to become bad"; Khan became angry : if you're so smart, I'll marry Tuuruk Taman, try to make him a good person"; TT was a wretched man who had never seen anything good in his life, did not listen to anyone, walked barefoot, why his soles cracked (Tuuruk Taman - "Cracked Sole"); his daughter went merrily to TT's home; a collapsed shack in the middle of an abandoned yard; the girl said: "I've heard of you before, I've come to you on purpose to live with you. If we don't die, our life and life will improve. I'll take care of all the work in the house and you'll take care of the work outside. I had nothing to bring with me, so let's not waste any time and get to work. You go and get as much firewood you take at a time, sell it at the bazaar, buy flour and some salt for a couple of gas stations with all the money you get." TT went to do what he was asked to do. After his departure, the khan's daughter repaired the cracks in the house, plastered the walls, cleaned the house from the inside of the house, swept it, cut the herbs and laid it instead of carpets, swept it; picked it up in the yard (tough grass), made a fire and heated the water; at sunset, TT came, doing everything she said; the wife washed it in cooked water, shaved her head, scraped out the soles, prepared food from the flour she had brought; tomorrow she also sent him to buy firewood; ordered him to collect more firewood and buy silk thread and a needle, then cloth; embroidered headscarves and handkerchiefs; TT became selling these scarves, their food began to improve day by day, their lives improved; then his wife began to save money, sent TT to the bazaar with an errand: "You will come across a gray golden eagle with a short tail and a gray horse with a short tail. Give them whatever they ask for, buy them and bring them home." TT did just that. The Khan's daughter trained them, the golden eagle as the prey bird of prey, and the horse as a tulpur amble; TT began to enjoy hunting with a golden eagle. One day he says, "If you're setting up a household, shouldn't I go for goods away from home?" Wife: "Join the caravans, get on a horse, take a golden eagle, spend the night where they spend the night. On the way, there is one Barca Kelbes well in the desert ("Where They Don't Come Back"). No one says to go down to get water. Call, say you can get water, let them tie you with an arcana and let them let you down. When you get to the bottom, you'll meet two women and one man. They will argue - "Who is more beautiful?" Say to them, "Give me water and I will resolve your dispute." They'll agree to this. You will tell them: "Not the one who looks beautiful, but the one you love is beautiful to everyone the one he has chosen." If you say so, they'll give you water. You give water to the caravans, they'll give you in return for the good they're taking, you bargain it when you get to where they're going with them. TT did just that. When he took water from the well, the caravans were amazed and provided TT with three camels loaded with gold. Together with the caravans, TT reached their destination, traded well for the gold they had earned, and, having multiplied his wealth many times over, returned home. Having become rich in this way, TT and his wife gathered craftsmen and built a palace like a khan's, and ordered to write the words above the door of each house: "It will take a thousand days to become good, one day to become bad it's enough." After the preparations were completed, the wife sent her husband to where the khan usually hunted, instructing him: "When the ruler meets you, he will be most interested in your golden eagle and with a horse. Don't give them to him, invite him to visit. If he calls you to visit before you, you say, "They wear a sheepskin coat from the gate, and since you are a khan, I should be the first to welcome you." Say one and a half people come. When TT went hunting, it happened exactly as his wife said. Khan did not want to go, but he really liked the horse and golden eagle, and the request to come as one and a half seemed mysterious. Khan asked the viziers what it meant to be one and a half people. Viziri: "Take your wife with you and we'll get together with you one hundred and fifty more people." When they arrived, each guest was taken to a separate house, received and treated. Khan himself would not be able to receive guests like this. When everyone gathered in one place, they read what was written above each door, "It will take a thousand days to become good, one day is enough to become bad." Khan remembered his daughter and felt ashamed. He thanked his daughter and handed her khanate over to his son-in-law]; yellow Uighurs [the father talked to his three daughters, the youngest said nothing, he gave her to the beggar; a year later she found gold bars, built a house, and her parents became impoverished and became poor; the daughter bought the land sold by her parents, settled them again]: Malov 1967, No. 86:81; salars (Altiuli, Xunhua-Salar Autonomous County) [rich Father and mother alternately asked their three daughters, "Whose food do you eat?" ; the elder replied, "I am eating my mother and father's food. I'm wearing their clothes!" ; the middle one gave the same answer, and the youngest said that she was eating God's food and wearing the clothes he gave; the mother and father were angry with their youngest daughter and married her to a beggar; she was happy and told him take her to where he lives; they came to the cave house; the other vagrants, when they saw the girl and were afraid of her father, ran away; she collected the tiles that were in the cave, gave a piece to her husband and said: "You Go outside, go to the big store, give it and buy a horse. Load it with a grain of flour. Get yourself a dress and put it on!" ; when the young man went to the store, he did not have the strength to pay off all the tiles; he borrowed half, paid half and returned loaded; after that, the girl and her husband moved into a real house, in which there were golden pigeons; the father called his daughters; the youngest did not come, the middle and the eldest said they would give one measure of silver; the youngest's husband said he would give a measure of gold; the next day, the father again everyone called and asked how they would help; the middle and eldest daughters said they would give one measure of gold; the youngest promised two measures of gold; the father had to plant four corners in order to live in the house golden pigeons (sic!) ; the sage said that these pigeons were in the youngest daughter's house; the father went to ask for them, but she did not appear to him; the same when the mother came; when the older sisters appeared, the girl gave each of them a golden dove; the sisters carried the pigeons to their father's house, put them in two corners; the next day the father came; the girl gave him a golden dove; gave him another one to his mother; then the father, mother and older sisters impoverished; parents were looked after by the youngest daughter]: Tenishev 1964, No. 62:132-134; Dungans [the fortuneteller tells Yuanwei to marry his son to an ugly girl, otherwise he will die; Lee Kur's son took Yuanwei Huarje is the speckled daughter of a shoemaker, but after a few years he kicked his wife out; she was picked up by a poor woodcutter; H. gave him a silver bar to shop; he replied that where he went to buy firewood, it was like a lot; H. ordered to bring everything home, found a gem there, ordered it to be given to the emperor, who made the poor man a commander; during the hungry years they distributed bread to the poor; impoverished Lee Coor came; H. gave him the key to the pantry, there was a chaff, she fell asleep and he died; the woodcutter ordered him to be buried with honor]: Riftin et al. 1975, No. 65:279-283.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Buryats (Chita Region, 1953, manuscript in Old Mongolian) [a lazy guy worked for Noyon, he drove him away, his daughter Uranus Gua presented a gold ring; then her father drove her away with guy; UG told her husband to sell mittens, then socks, then a hat; the merchant buys for a hundred rubles each time, but promises to give the money next time; offers 300 rubles or three tips; the person chose tips; 1) spend the night in the yard, not in an empty house; 2) do not pick up what others have left on the way; 3) in a country where there is no water, look for it here and there; the person went on a journey; fell on those in the house the roof; the man who picked up the chest stolen by the thieves was taken into custody; the man found water, he was generously rewarded; but by the time he got home, he wasted everything; that merchant: if your wife does not scold you, recover my wealth, if any, I'll take your wife; my wife did not scold, the merchant generously rewarded them]: Bardakhanova, Gympilova 2008, No. 3:19-23.

(Wed. Japan. Japanese [the ugly daughter of noble parents dreams that she must leave the capital and marry a poor coal burner; she sends her husband to buy food, and he throws coins to ducks; explains that she knows a place full of gold; his wife goes with him, his words are confirmed (or there is a magical object that creates wealth); the couple gets rich]: Seki 1966, No. 183:95-96).