Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K99A. A father will serve his son, ATU 517, (725).


A young man or girl (often after dreaming) declares that he (her) has a great future (usually that his father, parents, brothers will serve him or her or give him or other signs reverence). The young man (girl) is expelled, but the prophecy comes true.

Moroccan Berbers, Egyptian Arabs, Italians, Sicilians, Catalans, Spaniards, Portuguese, Italians (Lombardy, Campania), Sicilians, Ladins, Scots, Irish, French, Germans ( Schleswig-Holstein, West Prussia, Grimms), Old Testament, Palestinians, Kannada, Tamils, Bulgarians, Greeks, Hungarians, Croats, Czechs, Slovaks, Russians (Arkhangelsk, Olonetskaya, Vologda, Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Smolensk, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Ugric Russia, Transcarpathia, Podolia), Belarusians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Estonians, Finns, Swedes, Norwegians, Icelanders, Danes, Lithuanians, Chuvash, Mordovians, Udmurts.

North Africa. The Berbers of Morocco (Fez) [a wealthy merchant is childless; the wizard summoned two Efrites, who bore fruit from the end of the world; after eating them, the merchant's wife gave birth to a boy; when he is 10 years old, his father took him to Mecca; In Egypt, they hear a conversation like birds are chirping; someone taught his students the language of birds; the merchant left his son to study and went on; on the way back he did not pick him up, but told his wife that his son had drowned in sea; but after 10 years, the merchant kept going for his son: now he has become a teacher at this school himself; they are sailing to Morocco by ship; the son reluctantly answers what the birds said: he will become a sultan, and his father will as a porter; at night, the father put his sleeping son in a chest and threw him overboard; in Morocco, a merchant found out that his house had burned down; he and his wife began to do black work; the young man was caught by a fisherman; he brought good luck to the house , became a friend of Kadia's son; three birds want something from the Sultan; he promises a reward to someone who understands; a young man: two males and a female; the female's husband has left for a long time, she became the wife of another; the first one returned; to whom she should belong? the sultan invited the young man to decide for himself; he told the female to choose who she wanted; the female chose her second husband; the sultan does not want to keep his promise to give half the kingdom to the guessman, but the young man threatens to direct against he was all birds; after the death of the Sultan, the young man inherited the throne; recognized his father among the poor; forgave; mother recognized her son by his birthmark]: El Fasi, Dermenghem 1926:139-153; Morocco, Egyptian Arabs: El -Shamy 2004, #517:285

Southern Europe. Spaniards [mother dies, three daughters are left with their father, each telling her own dream; Maria dreams that she married a noble man, Dolores - what a prince, the youngest - what kind of prince she gave birth a son with a star in his forehead and that her hand is being kissed and her son's leg is being kissed; others are outraged by such impudence, the father took his daughter to the forest and left her; she climbed into the hollow; a giant finds her, takes her to him; the prince sees her on the balcony, falls ill from love, gets married; an old man with two girls comes (begging), the prince's wife says she is his daughter; they stayed with her in the palace]: Camarena, Chevalier 1995, No. 725:753- 756; Portuguese [the king asks his three children to tell her what they dreamed; the youngest daughter (son) says: she (he) dreamed of her father serving her, pouring water on her hands; her father expelling her; a dream coming true; reconciliation]: Cardigos 2006, No. 728:167; Portuguese (Coimbra) [father asks boy why he goes to the mountain to look at the moon; boy: she promises my father will water me water in his hands; an insulted father orders his son to be put in a box and thrown into the sea; he was caught by fishermen, taken to the king, who raised him as a prince; his parents, meanwhile, became impoverished; once the prince came to where his father went out to serve him; everything was clarified; the prince took his parents to the palace and then inherited the throne]: Coelho 1879, No. 59:133-134; Catalans (Mallorca only) [poor girl dreams that she will marry the king; the sisters tell the servant to kill her, he takes her to the forest, but keeps her alive; the king finds her and marries her]: Oriol, Pujol 2008, No. 930A: 189; Italians: Crane 1885 (Lombardy, Mantova) [the angel predicts the childless king that when he has a son, the king will serve him; the son was born, he is 10 years old, the king left him in the forest; the sorcerer raised the boy, he ran away, came to to the king without knowing that he is his father; the king will give his daughter to someone who jumps over the ditch on horseback; the young man wins; at the wedding, the son recognizes his father when he pours him wine, i.e. serves him; the wedding is canceled] : 161; Cox 1893, No. 313 (Campania, Naples) [the king asks three daughters to tell us what they saw in their dream; the youngest says she saw that she married the emperor; the king sends a servant to kill her, he lets the girl go, brings her severed finger and sheep blood; a light in the distance, the girl comes to the cannibal, who hides her from her husband, then says that it is her own daughter; the girl enters the forbidden room , there is a balcony; the emperor's parrot tells her that the cannibal is going to eat it; the next day she answers that she will marry the owner of the parrot; the parrot transmits her words; the emperor is going to kill the girl, but falls in love; wedding; heroine's father is present; reconciliation]: 469; Sicilians (the version is not localized, but the action takes place in Sicily) [the son understands the language of birds; they say that the parents of the boy are so impoverished that his father will give him water to wash; after learning about the prophecy, an enraged father throws his son into the sea; he was rescued, after his adventures he marries the daughter of the King of Sicily; once he sees Messina impoverished parents; enters the house, the father gives him water to wash; everything is explained, the son forgives his father]: Crane 1885:160; ladins [after a year at school, the son told his father that he had learned A; after second year - B; then C; young man: the day will come when I will wash my hands and you will pour me water; the father sent servants to kill his son, bring his eyes and tongue; the young man persuaded him to let him go, the servants brought the eyes and tongue of a hare; the young man met two monks; said that the frogs were croaking that the princess was sick; they came to the king, the frog brought the wafer, the princess ate it, recovered; then the crows it is said that the city of Rome will perish if the people do not repent; they repented; let the pigeon choose the pope; he sat on the head of a young man three times; he was chosen by the pope; the father came, did not recognize his son, poured water on him so that he washed his hands; the son opened up and treated his father well]: Uffer 1973, No. 16:15-17 (=Decurtins, Brunold-Bigler 2002, No. 55:148-151).

Western Europe. Scots [the clan leader gives his little son Shamas a drink of milk in the crow's skull; he learns bird language; the father asks what the starlings are talking about; S. replies that this room is not he, S., will serve his father and his father; his father drives him away; S. receives the French king's award for driving sparrows that attacked him away from the palace (sparrows are dissatisfied that the king ordered him to be cut down poplar grove); returns home unrecognized and rich; prediction comes true, father is happy]: Kharitonov 2008:480-484; Irish [the young man is predicted that his parents will serve him]: Jackson 1936:287; Germans (Schleswig-Holstein, West Prussia, Grimms): Uther 2004 (1), No. 517:305-306.

Western Asia. Old Testament [Joseph dreams; in the first he and his brothers knit sheaves; their sheaves stand around and bow to his sheaf; in the second he is worshiped by the sun, moon, and eleven stars; his father scolds him because he thinks his parents and brothers should bow to him; his brothers throw Joseph into the ditch and sell him to merchants; in Egypt, Pharaoh's chief of bodyguards, Potiphar, buys Joseph; P. offers herself to Joseph, I. refuses; she tears her dress, accuses I. of violence; in prison, I. solves the dreams of a butler (in three days she will be released, held in high esteem), a baker (will be executed); solves the Pharaoh's dream, is appointed to oversee Egypt; the older brothers come to Egypt for bread; I. tells them to return for Benjamin; releasing him, I. puts a bowl in his things; V. is accused of stealing; I. opens to brothers, Jacob brings people to Egypt]: Gen. 37-46; Palestinians: El-Shamy 2004, No. 517:285.

South Asia. Kannada [the mighty king asks his four sons what they will do after his death; elder: I will continue my father's work on the throne; second: I will help my brother rule the state; third: I will stand in head of the army; fourth: I will become king of kings, I will build my own city and marry four heavenly maidens; the king expelled the youngest son; once in the forest, he came to the old woman's house; she is the daughter of a hermit - a sage who lost control and raped a girl; after that, he was torn to pieces by a tiger and his daughter born was ugly; her mother died and she became a hermit in the forest; as a result, she found power; the young man began to herd her cows; she told them not to take them north; he went, hid by the pond; Indra's four heavenly daughters came down, took off their sarees, began to swim; he stole one sari; the maiden ran after He promised to be a wife, he looked around in amazement, she took the sari and turned the young man into stone; the old woman found him and revived him; told him to run to her house and not look back; he did so; the old woman turned him into a baby and hid the sari inside his thigh so that the seam is not visible; when the maiden came running, the old woman advised her to cover herself with a cotton sari; then promised to return the sari if the virgin agreed to become the young man's wife; the young man and his wife came to the city; the king's servants saw the maiden, told the king; he pretended to be sick, sent the young man to extract the venom of the Karkotak snake; the wife sent him to the mountains to snake hole and gave a letter for the snake; on the way he saved a worm from the web; threw a letter into a hole; four snakes took him to the lower world to the king of snakes; the letter asked him to marry the giver's daughter and Fulfill his request for poison; returning with his second wife and poison, the young man gave the poison to the king's servants; when they opened the bottle, the tamarind next to him broke out and burned; the king ordered that the poison be buried deeper; sent a young man to bring crocodile bile; on the way, the young man let a young crocodile on land into the water; the young man sent letters from his wife to the crocodiles; the king of the seas gave him a daughter, diamonds and bile; now the king asks him to go to heaven to Indra and find out how his late parents and brothers are doing; the wives wrote many letters, the young man jumped into the fire, the god of fire took him to heaven, where Indra gave him a daughter, letters to the king and the minister and returned them to earth; on the way, the young man saved ants when the anthill was flooded with water; the young man gave letters; inviting them to heaven - you must also jump into the fire; the king and minister with their families burned down; the young man made a poor brahman king; he and his four wives built a new city; at this time his father lost his kingdom and became a firewood seller; he came with his family to the young man's city; he sheltered them; gave them sarees the first wife for the custody of his mother; the wife asked her for it, put it on and all four wives flew to heaven, and the city turned into a jungle again; the young man brought his brothers and mother to the city, where he made a brahmana king, and himself went to look for wives; his wives met him, and the first said that he must be tested by Indra to recognize him as his son-in-law; his wives took him to heaven, turning him into a fish in a vessel of water, and left; I. tells 1) to collect the scattered sesame in 3 hours (the young man called the ants - they perform); 2) get the ring thrown there from the well (the frog took it out; when meeting the hero with the frog, the informant is lowered; to do this, the frog threw a tadpole to be eaten by snakes at the bottom of the well, and found the ring himself); 3) cut the banana tree into three parts with one blow (the crocodile cut it); 4) get to know the first wife among three identical girls (the worm, now a flying insect, sat on her sari); I. arranged a wedding; on earth, a young man conquered kingdoms; his father admitted that he was right]: Ramanujan 1997, No. 3:5-15; Tamils [The king asks the seven sons what everyone would like to do on this cool night; one wants to invade neighbors at the head of the army, the other wants to irrigate, the third wants to hunt, etc.; seventh, to have 4 wives, daughters of Indra, Agni, Varuna and Adishesha by his side; the father is furious to execute his son, the mother warns him to flee; the torturers brought the king the blood of an animal; the prince lives the old woman's cattle are herding; contrary to the ban, she goes north, climbs a fruit tree and sees Indra's daughter swimming in a pond; steals her clothes, runs, she asks him to look back, he turns into stone, Indra's daughter returns to heaven with four other maidens; the old woman revived the prince, told her not to look back next time, but to bring her clothes; turned the prince into a three-year-old child by sewing clothes in his thigh; gave Indra's daughter her clothes, she stayed with the old woman; she convinced her to marry the prince, turning him back into a young man; six months later she sends them to live alone, telling the prince not to give her wife her heavenly clothes; they come to the city, the vizier advises the king to take away his wife, to pretend to be sick, send the prince for snake venom; the wife gives a note to his uncle, tells him to put him in any anthill; that sends the prince the poison he needs and another wife {Adishesha's daughter?} ; when the poison bag was slightly opened, he burned half of the forest; the vizier suggests sending the prince for whale fat; the wives wrote a note to their uncle Varuna, Mr. of the Seas, who sent a daughter and fat; the vizier: send the prince to convey messages to the dead; the wives write a letter to Agni, the prince throws it into the fire, jumps himself, returns to his wives, and then comes out of the fire unharmed, supposedly answering letters from the king and courtiers; in the dead ask them to visit them; the king and all the others threw themselves into the fire and burned down; the prince and four wives go to their father; in the middle of the journey, the wives create a magnificent city; the prince's father was deprived of power enemies, with the whole family, collect firewood; they come to the city, their son and daughters-in-law greet them; one day the prince went hunting, taking Indra's daughter's clothes sewn in it from his thigh and handed them over mother; she showed her daughters-in-law and they flew to heaven, and the city and all her possessions disappeared; the prince went to an old woman who helped get Indra's daughter; on the way he saved ants, a frog, a cricket from the river, dying without water; the old woman sent him to sit by the path that those heavenly maidens walked every day after bathing; on the 40th day they agreed to take him to Indra in heaven; moved him to heaven a frog; Indra agrees to give him his daughter, but he must complete three tasks to get her sisters; 1) reassemble the sown sesame (ants collected); 2) get the ring out of the snake well (frogs they dive into the well, most are eaten by snakes, but one pulls out a ring); 3) cut down 7 fused plane trees with one blow (Agni's daughter does it herself); 4) I. gave all four maidens the same appearance, ordered Identify your daughter (the cricket jumped on her leg); the prince with four wives returns to earth, regains the city and power]: Natesa Sastri 1886:80-119).

Malaysia-Indonesia. Lampung [the merchant is dead, his three sons have squandered their fortune; they started selling pestas and rice mortars; the elder dreams of returning to their former lives; the youngest wants to sit on gold and diamonds throne; the elders drove him away for his arrogance; in the forest he saw the buffalo owner take off his necklace, hang it on a branch and forget about it; the young man put on a necklace: it turned out that it made it possible to walk on water; he crossed the sea, hired to work for the landowner, became respected, found himself in the palace, the king gave him his daughter and ceded the throne; one day the brothers came, saw the king on a gold throne with diamonds, they did not know; he recognized them and hired them to the palace]: Bunanta 2003:41-43.

The Balkans. Bulgarians: Daskalova-Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 725 [the young man refuses to tell a dream to his father or even the tsar; or the young man (usually the prince) dreams of his father pouring water for him to wash, his mother gives him towel (or vice versa); or that his horse defecates in gold, or that the sun has bowed to the month; tells his father that the king understands sleep as a threat to remove him from the throne, expels his son; refusing to tell a dream to the king, the young man is thrown into prison; the princess falls in love with him, he tells her a dream, performs difficult tasks (including solving riddles); the young man marries the princess, reigns, somehow predicted his dream]: 249-250; Klyagina-Kondratyeva 1951 [the prince tells his parents that he dreams that his father is pouring water on his hands, his mother is holding a towel; the tsar expels his son; he comes to the forest to a house where a blind old man eats food with him unnoticed; he realizes that someone is nearby; the young man stays with the elder; he does not tell him to go to two trees; the young man walks, sees two birds, they go down to spring, become girls; the young man hides his clothes alone, the girl agrees to marry him; washes the elder's eyes, he sees the light; shows his treasures, gives a magic horse; the prince flies to his home, where his sister's wedding is; but his sister now wants to marry only an unknown handsome man; yet, a feast is held, where the prince opens after his father has poured water on his hands and his mother held towel; after the death of the elder, the prince takes his father's throne]: 100-104; the Greeks [the boy said he would be king: his father would pour water on his hands, and his mother would give him a towel; after that parents put their son in a chest and threw them into the sea; the maid caught the chest, her master adopted a boy; the king promises to hand over the throne to someone who explains why the two sparrows quarreled; boy: these sparrows - male and female, they quarrel because they lost a child; after that, the sparrows flew away; the king handed over the throne to the young man and married his daughter]: Dawkins 1916:359; Hungarians, Croats: Uther 2004 (1 ), NO. 517:305-306.

Central Europe. Russians (Karelia, Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Smolensk, Voronezh), Ukrainians (Ugric Russia, Transcarpathia, Podolia), Belarusians [Untold dream: for a boy dreamed that he was destined to rise, and his father was to drink water in which his son washed his feet; he did not want to tell anyone his dream and was persecuted for it; the dream comes true]: SUS 1979, No. 725:181; Russians (Arkhangelskaya: Pechora) [son advises his father not to cut firewood, but to give it to work, taking money from the owner; they gave it to the old man; he burns and revives the guy three times - this is learning; the guy chipped in an ant, came to his parents, said that he would need to be recognized among 6 fellows: his right eye would have one eyelash longer; the next day the same (6 pigeons, one kitten is longer); then 6 roosters (he will ride taller than others); the father took his son, went to cut wood; the father asks what the raven is screaming? son: that you will wash my feet and drink this water; the father expelled my son; he tells me to sell him in the form of a bay horse, but for no reason; the old man (that sorcerer) bought it, but the horse ran away; next time the same (gray horse); on the third, a black horse, the old man sold it with a reason; the old man hits the horse with an iron whip; they reached the hut, the old man tells her to turn the gate to him, to the forest with windows; the old man hung the horse to beat him death; the old man's sister let him go; the guy turned into a loon, the old man became a teternik (i.e. a hawk); the ruff hit the princess's bucket, turned into a ring; at night he becomes a guy, sleeps with the princess; teaches : when the old man comes, drop the ring on the floor; it turned into 7 ducks {?} , the princess stepped on one; becoming a rooster, the old man pecked the rest, choked on the last one, burst, disappeared; the guy married the princess; one day they came to his parents, they were almost blind; the father got up at night drink water and drank the one in which my son washed his feet]: Karnaukhova 2008, No. 165:405-410; Russians (Olonetskaya: Zaonezhye) []: Karnaukhova 2008, No. 165:405-410; Russians (Novgorod, Cherepovets u. ) [the grandfather gave his son to the forest to science; he consistently tells three daughters to throw the guy into the oven; after the third time he knows more than the forest himself; teaches his father to recognize him among 12 snotty guys - he has there will be a handkerchief not in the left pocket, but in the right pocket; having received his son, the father asks what the crow is screaming about; son: that I will wash my feet and you will drink this water; tells me to sell him as a stallion, but without a bridle; the second time I bought a forest with a bridle; when he tied it and went to eat, the horse asked the princess to pour water on it, swam away with a ruff; the forest chases pike; the ruff is chasing a ring in a bucket to the princess; she walks with a ring during the day, and at night sleeps well done; the guy tells me to throw the ring on the ground, it crumbled in grains, the grandfather {must be: the sorcerer} became a rooster, the princess hid one grain under her leg; married the guy; not recognizing her son, the father came; went out into the canopy at night, drank water, my son washed his feet with this water]: Smirnov 1917, No. 72:285-287; Russians (Novgorod, Cherepovets, etc.) [the father built a new house, sends his sons to spend the night; the eldest says that he dreamed of barns of bread; the younger Nikitka says that he washed his feet and the father drank this water; the father left him naked and barefoot in the hollow wood; the queen found him, took him; went to marry the bride, summoned N. to him; two fiends are arguing over speeders; N. shot: who would bring the bullet faster; put on the speeders himself and fled; the same with with an invisible hat; the bride demands that the Queen get three golden hairs of water; the invisible N. watches how the bride and the maid were summoned out of the water, he had golden hair; N. ran up and pulled out; the bride suspects that it was not the Queen who got his hair, but N., cut off his sleeping right floor; he cut off everyone; the bride agreed to marry the Queen, and he awarded N. the household; the N. brothers kicked out father from home, he came to live with N., accidentally drank the water in which he washed his feet]: Smirnov 1917, No. 85:306-308; Belarusians (p. Markovichi, Gomel University) [The man had three sons: "two like this, and Mikita's third is a fool." He put them to bed. When the elder was awake, he asked what he had dreamed. He replied: Forges. And he said to his son, You should be a blacksmith. The middle man dreamed of a field and millet. He said to be your plowman. I asked the youngest. Mikita said, "You washed my feet and you drank that water." The father said: a fool dreams of nonsense. The father and sons went to dig, and Mikita dressed up in festive clothes and wore them along the road. And a merchant was driving along the way, and he asked: who is walking? The father replies: "This is my son, a reveler. He doesn't have much intelligence." "Sell it to us," says the merchant. Mikita asked the arshin: he measured the land with them and dug a hole. The merchant gave his father the best horse for the ransom. And a merchant bought it because his son did not have it. The merchant says: it's time for you to marry. Mikita declined. His father gave him a small shop. A year later, another year passed, my father's shops rotted, and Mikita's shops expanded, and trade began. Other merchants persuaded him to write to the king on behalf of Mikita: there is a king in one kingdom, and he has a daughter, Maria Pavlovna, and I would marry her for our king. "Otherwise, we won't be merchants if we don't kill Mikita," the merchants decided. Mikita was summoned by the king. Sends it by a matchmaker Mikita asks for 12 more Mikit like this: "one voice, one hair, the whole breed is like this!" And horses are the same. Found 12 Mikit. And Mikita says: let me study science for 3 years: learn different skills. Three years have passed, and Mikit the king calls back. He feast with the elder for three days, and gather them for matchmakers on the road. On the road, we met two wolves that the horse's head would not be separated. They were divided equally. Then they greet you with goosebumps: he asks to save the ant family from the fire, and she will help him. Then he carried the mouse through the fire. Next is the bees. He tore the flower in half for the bees. We came to see the king. We put up tents. The king saw the tents: go find out who says who puts tents near the palace without asking. They introduced themselves as matchmakers. The king called to his place. It went 5 Mikit. The king marvels, he's never seen all 5 the same. Mikita in charge speaks for herself and calls to marry. They called the princess. She agreed. We drank and walked for three days and three nights. "If you guess the riddle, I'll marry you," says the king. "If you don't guess, you can go without goals." Riddle: "I have wheat ricks, 12 fathoms in width and height. During the night, you have to grind it, pour it into the bins, but do not unfold the ricks and do not untie the sheaves." I came to the tent. Goosebumps say go to bed, everything will be done in the morning. It was true that everything was done. We walked and feasted again for three days. "It's time to get married," Mikita says. "Get my daughter shoes like mine and bring it on a platter or not take your head off," the king replies. This time the mouse helped. We've done everything. We feasted again for three days. "Make a wax church," says the king again. The bees helped: they made both priests and bells. We got married at the impoverishment. They feasted again for three days and three nights. They made a carriage. But there are no horses. The king says: there is a mare, she has 12 stallions, all gold and silver, if you can't get it, you can't take your head off. Wolves helped. They go to be a princess, and Mikita says: I'm not married for myself, but for my king. King Mikita is waiting, he has prepared a hole, sees them coming: he saw the princess ran towards him, and fell into the hole himself, and Mikita ordered him to be buried there. And he became king himself. I went to visit my family father. He asked for a drink from his pelvis, and Mikita says: she is unclean, I washed my feet in it. And he says, "Clean, you're king. Mikita told me about his dream. Mikita's father admitted it. He took his father to the palace]: Romanov 1901, No. 50:440-447; Russians (Vologda) [the man sent his son to study in the forest; he has three daughters; he tells each to heat the stove, throws a boy into it; after two since he replies that he knows nothing, after the third he knows more than Lesovoy; Lesovoy told the man to come for his son; he warned: 12 guys would be taken out, everyone would take handkerchiefs out of their left pockets, and he is from the right; the father received a son; on the way home he asks what the crow is screaming about; son: I will wash my feet and you will drink this water; the father is angry; the son will pour him out to sell him in the form of a stallion, but without bridles; the second time his father sold him with a bridle, the forest began to drive him; when he went to eat, the stallion asked the princess to pour a bucket of water on him; became a ruff and swam away; the forest chased the pike; the hedgehog became a ring, jumped into the princess's bucket; she wears a ring on her hand during the day and sleeps with a good man at night; Lesovoy told the king about this; the guy taught the princess to throw the ring on the floor, it fell into five parts, one under her foot princess, the forest turned into a rooster, pecked four parts, but did not find the fifth; the guy married the princess; the father came, did not recognize his son, drank water in the hallway at night; son: I washed my feet with this water; opened up to my father, took live with him]: Gura 1965, No. 236-237; Czechs (Moravia) []: Lifshitz-Artemyeva 2017:379-380; Slovaks: Uther 2004 (1), No. 517:305-306.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Azerbaijanis [the boy Iskender understood the language of birds; his stepmother boiled clothes, I. laughed; explained what the nightingale was singing about: he would become king, his stepmother would bring him pilaf, and his father would pour water on hands; stepmother tells her husband to kill I.; he put him in a chest, let him go to sea; the fisherman pulled out the chest, adopted I.; at school he fraternized with a boy named Yahya, they look like twins; fraternized with a vizier; ordered the fisherman to throw a net for his luck, he caught a goldfish, I. took it to the vizier, he gave money; the fisherman was delighted with I.; so many times; when the king is in court, crows arrive, rumbling, nothing you can hear; the king tells the vizier to find a person who understands bird language in 40 days; I.: the crow complains that the raven's husband abandoned her, she has raised many children, and now the raven claims rights to them; the king awarded the children to the crow; the vizier asked I. to give I. a job: to bring pilaf to the royal daughter in the morning; she fell in love; I. stopped entering her rest, left pilaf at the entrance; while he was ill, I replaced him, he kindly replaced him. talked to the girl; when I. again, the princess was indignant why he suddenly stopped talking to her; I. told the vizier that he was the king's son and wanted to leave; the king wanted to marry him to his daughter, but I. refused; he was given a detachment of warriors, he came to his hometown; the king died there, his daughter was on the throne, she asked I. to take her as his wife, he agreed; one day I.: the hostile king demands that princess, whom I. refused to marry, as well as taxes for 7 years; I. hurried there, mixed night with day, day with night; broke the contract they signed, killed the enemy hero; the king married him a daughter, believing it was me; at that time, under the guise of I., was sleeping in bed with his wife, but put his sword next to him; when I. returned, his insulted wife turned him into a hungry animal, he went to the forest; at this time I became king instead of the deceased king; I. the animal met his servants, asked him to be brought to him.; he found a magician who cured I., giving him his former appearance; I. cut his wife into four parts; sent him to speak to the shepherd, that is, to his real father, that the king would come to him; his stepmother and father brought pilaf, the father began to water his hands; I. opened up, his stepmother called him a dog's son; I. ordered her to be executed, and exalted his father; Three apples fell from the sky: one is mine, the second is my own, the third is a fairy tale teller]: Bagriy, Zeynally 1935:67-82 (=Akhundov 1955:217-229); Turks [three daughters of the padishah want to marry; their uncle the father advises him to send him three watermelons of varying degrees of maturity; the padishah understands the hint, promises to pass off as those whom his daughters see in a dream; the elders see the vizier's sons, the youngest as if the father is pouring into her arms water for washing; he tells her to be executed, the hangman lets her go, brings her father her shirt, dyed with the blood of a bird; the girl comes to the maiden, calls him father; he leaves her keys, does not tell her to open 41 -th room; she opens, there is a green, white, black dress; geese see her in them, their feathers fall out; then she comes to watch shahzade, falls in love; dev allows the wedding, but asks them to be married He would name his future son himself; they forget about the promise; dev breaks in, tells him to cut off his head, his body and head turn into a precious bed and cradle; everyone comes to watch; the girl's father too , dresses as a dervish, pours water on her hands; they get to know each other, everyone is happy, remarried]: Stebleva 1986, No. 43:117-183.

Baltoscandia. Lithuanians: Grishina 1993 [the master dreamed that he bowed to the star for a month; farmhand: you will bow to me; the master is furious, the farmhand has run away; meets a man who runs with his legs tied to his legs logs (so as not to be so fast); eating a birch tree (hungry); drinking a lake; hearing a mosquito seven miles away; hearing grass growing; creating frost if he takes his finger out of his mouth; crossing the border The king orders his possessions to complete difficult tasks; 1) overtake speeders (the runner overtook); 2) a hundred miles to see how much time in hours (listening and seeing: show 10, and hit 12); 3) per night eat all the food in the castle (hungry ate); 2) drink all the wine (drank); the king locked those who came in a room with an iron floor, ordered them to start a fire; when the door was opened, the room was cold; the king gave a carriage with trotters to a farmhand; when the farmhand reached his master's land, he bowed to the carriage; farmhand: dream came true]: 12-17; Kerbelite 2014, No. 151 [a rich man took his son to study bird language; a year later A laundress by the road teaches how to identify a son among 12 bulls (one will be sad), 12 horses (the same), pigeons (the same; on the way home, the father asks his son to say that the crow is screaming; son: that when the son washes his feet, the father will drink this water; the son orders to sell it in the form of a bull, a horse; but without a bridle; the father sells a horse with a bridle; the sorcerer ordered the Jewish woman to give the horse hot coals; she felt sorry for the horse, she took off the bridle; the young man runs away with a hare, then with a dove, a perch, a sorcerer chases a dog, a hawk, a pike; the perch jumped a ring on the royal's finger; the ring tells him to throw him under his feet and step on the fragment; the sorcerer became chicken, the young man was a hawk, killed him; took the queen and became king; the father became impoverished, came to sleep poor; the king washed his feet with wine, put wine under the bed; the beggar drank at night; when he learned that the king was his son, the beggar fell to his knees]: 393-399; Lebite 1965 [father gives his son to study a magician; in three years he must recognize his son among 1) bulls (one will step aside), pikes (splashes to the edge of the tub), pigeons (sits on the stove); how to identify, the shepherd teaches, the father takes his son; asks him to say what the raven is shouting about; "That the father will bow to his son"; the offended father pushes his son into the sea, he is swallowed by a fish, in her stomach there are two a fisherman with a shuttle; they make a fire, fry fish meat, she dies, pops up, they go out; the prince goes to marry the queen, takes the wizard's apprentice as his companion; the king sets riddles who did not guess they will cut off his head; the young man wears a prince's dress, solves riddles (the king releases a goat with goats, the young man releases the wolf who tore them apart; the same is a chicken and a hawk; then tells the prince to let them out himself nightingale and lark {all this is not explained directly}); the prince gets a wife; the young man hears two birds talking: 1) the stepmother princess will bring poisoned wine to the young, 2) send them to ride immense horses, 3) a snake is hidden in the bedchamber; whoever tells will petrify; the young man inadvertently pours wine, kills horses, kills a snake; a drop of blood drips on the young woman, the young man wants to erase it, the princess shouts that he is wanted to kill the bride; at the place of execution, the young man tells everything, turns into stone; after the birth of his son, the father finds out in a dream that his blood should be anointed with a stone; the baby's finger was pricked, the young man came to life; in his poor people come to the chambers, it turns out to be his parents; the raven told the truth]: 206-211; Estonians (Viruma, Lüganuse khk.) [father taught his son bird language, asks what crows are talking about; son: that one day you will bow to me; the father drove his son away; he bought three dogs on the way - Ass, Võts, Murra kaul ("Atu!" , "Take it!" , "Break your neck!") ; came to the city where it was the king's daughter's turn to be eaten by a snake, otherwise it would flood everything; when a three-headed serpent came out of the lake, the young man told the dogs to bite it, cut off their heads, cut off their tongues, hid it in a handkerchief; the same with 6- and 12-headed snakes; promised to return in 5 years, cutting the princess's ring and taking half; in the fifth year, the general showed his head, demanded the princess for himself; before the wedding was a real savior, presented his tongues and half of the ring; the wedding; the general was hanged]: Järv et al. 2015:17-20; Finns, Swedes, Norwegians, Icelanders, Danes: Uther 2004 (1), No. 517:305-306.

Volga - Perm. Chuvashi [the father sends three sons to spend the night in a new log house, asks them to tell us what they dreamed; the eldest sees sheaves, the middle sees horses, the youngest that the father drank the water with which he washed his feet; father wants to drive him away, but then teaches him to a sorcerer; a year later he must identify his son among 10 soldiers (his son teaches: he will wave a handkerchief), 10 horses (hit a stone with his hoof), 10 fish (splashes his tail); a magician returns the son; he orders him to be sold in the form of a greyhound, but not to sell the collar; in the form of a falcon, keep one feather; both times the son returns; the horse, the father sells at a halter; the magician buys him, the sorcerer's daughter leads to water, the guy swims away, becoming a fish, but the magician becomes a pike, catches up and returns to the underground stable; the guy became a mouse, got out, flew away as an eagle, became a bracelet, the princess picked it up; the magician comes to buy it, the princess throws it on the floor, the bracelet turns into grains, the magician into a rooster, the grains into a hawk, he kills the rooster, becomes handsome; the king gave him his daughter and the throne; the new king summoned his father, he did not recognize him, got up at night, drank the water with which the tsar washed his feet; the son opened himself to his father, everything is fine]: Chuvash tales 1939:17-26; Mordovians (Erzya) [the father decided to teach his son languages: old man: come for him in three years; when the father comes for his son, he teaches him how to recognize him among 30 falcons (third on the right), stallions (moves his right ear), pigeons (third on the left side); the old man received a son ; on the way home, he asks what the raven was shouting about; son: that you will drink the water in which I wash my feet; the old man drove my son away; he lived in the forest with two other young men; they turned into a falcon, a crow, sparrow; having met the princess; leaves, agreeing that the three of them will help each other; he and the enemy general compete to see who will be the first to deliver letters; the princess snatched a passerine, a falcon from his head, a crow's feather; he fell asleep on the way, the general killed him, took his letters; his comrades found him, revived him; the king gave his daughter for him, the general was beheaded; the father became impoverished, came, drank silver water at night the pelvis in which the son washed his feet]: Evseviev 1964, No. 34:243-248; the Udmurts [the father built a new house, tells his sons to take turns spending the night and tell me what they dreamed; eldest son: I dreamed that I would Feed and watered you in this house for a century; the same middle; the youngest replied that he did not see anything; his father tied him naked to a birch tree to be eaten by insects; the merchants untied him, brought him to the city; the king ordered him to be planted in stone farce; the prince went to marry; the sorceress bride wants to kill him; the prince writes about this to her sister, she is looking for someone to help, the guy in the booth undertakes to do it; requires 11 comrades The same appearance as him; on the way, 12 comrades see a hut, devils fight in it; the guy tells the others to move forward, asks the devils himself; fires an arrow - whoever brings it will receive the flying carpet; she flies away on a flying carpet; she also buys an invisible hat; the bride asks the prince: what will I find, will you find? the guy, wearing an invisible hat, helps the prince; overhears the princess's conversation with his mother; the princess is going to buy a duck, and the guy told the prince to buy a drake; they put their purchases in a basin of water, the drake trampled the duck; then the princess goes to her grandfather, who is sitting behind 12 locks; the grandfather gave his daughter three hairs from her head, and the guy, invisible, snatched a handful; the same from her beard; the bride shows the prince is 6 hairs, and the prince is two handfuls; then she marries the prince; to find out which of the prince's 12 comrades helps him, puts marks on the suspect, but the next day she has such marks everyone; the prince and the princess went, and left 12 to feast for 12 days; 11 went home, and the guy went to pick up the prince and married his sister; the prince's wife: this guy is very wise, he must be killed; he , invisible, overhears everything and asks why they go to kill him; then the prince, after the death of his father, made him king; a merchant arrived, the king left him to spend the night; he again wanted to drink and drank from the pelvis in which the king washed his feet, deciding: the king's feet are clean; in the morning the king calls the merchant his father; talks about that dream: he saw his father drink water in which he washed his feet; he could not tell such a dream - father would kill]: Potanin 1884, No. 13:237-239.