Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

K9A. The punished man is suspended between heaven and earth.27.29.

The punished character is hung on a chain or metal thread between heaven and earth.

Ancient Greece, Abkhazians, Armenians.

The Balkans. Ancient Greece: Hom. Il. [Zeus, addressing Hera: oh mumun tkrμω, ok & #948; podōin/ kmuñas kα dω, percersδ desμn laa/crisoon rrrkton; sdἐ n/a qaafalosin/ krμω: #959; ν dteo kata makarn n, /lasaa d᾽ ok dhanat parasthadon; "Did you forget how it hung from the sky? I hung two anvils on your feet and tied your hands with gold, /With a strong rope, and you hung in the clouds and on the air. /In indignation, all the gods came to the great Olympus, /They could not free you" (trans. V.V. Veresaeva)]: XV. 18-22 (cf. Apollod. Bibl. ["Hera passed the marital bed and gave birth to Hephaestus: but according to Homer, this is also what she gave birth to Zeus. The last one threw him down from the heavenly heights for helping the bound Hera, whom Zeus hung on the heights of Olympus. The reason for the punishment was that Hera sent a storm to Hercules's fleet when he returned home after the capture of Troy"; "When Hercules was returning by sea from Troy, Hera unleashed terrible storms on his fleet. Angry at her for this, Zeus hung Hera on the heights of Olympus" (trans. V.G. Borukhovich)]: I. 3.5, II.7.1); Eur. Orest. [Euripides tragedy "Orestes", staged in 408 BC; Elektra: 1) γ μakrios - koek nieδ ω tkas - /Dis pefyos, with lağos, Tn& #964; alos/ korofis pertallonta diimaa patern/ri pota: kata taitn d& #943; kñn,/with μn lağozin, tea tea ; s n/ kōis trapaіμμμōn,/ colastin skossan, aoscn nosο ν; "Blessed king - oh yes! The lips of blasphem/They will not speak, calling him blissful, /Kronidov's son - as rumor says - /There, Tantalum hovers motionless in the air... /And he is tormented with horror, the rock/Feeling criminal above his head... /Shameful the disease is to blame: /Sitting with the gods at a meal as an equal, /The king did not speak with the arrogant"; 2) mulima tn oranoῦ/muzon tea tetanan/ ahormasia π natran, /lazesin crisica pheromana d& #943; naisi,/βon 963; in Nabaosω /Groneti Patra; "Oh, if I were to a fragment of Olympus, /Between the sky and us/He hangs on gold chains/And whirls in a whirlwind! /I would love Tantalum to the old there/I would howl a tombstone song" (trans. AND. Annensky); comment by V.N. Yarkho: "Euripides slightly modifies the myth, attributing to Tantalus not revealing a secret, but daring speeches during the feast of the gods; he also accepts some little-known version , according to which Tantalum was hung on a chain between heaven and earth, while a rock threatening to fall hung above it"]: 4-10, 982-985 (Euripides 1999:307, 353, 686).

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Abkhazians: Inal-IPA 1977, No. 6 [from the paraphrase of Nart's tale: "Reluctantly, the giant had to tell us that seven brothers, Azhveipshaa (hunting deities), live there, far in the east. They have a sister, sparkling like lightning, of marvelous beauty - the object of desire of all outstanding husbands. But everyone who comes to giants for some reason becomes stony, as evidenced by the numerous images of men frozen around the palace of giants. This is due to the evil Kalaur (Kalaur), Shaurdyn's son, who himself sought the hand of a beautiful maiden for seven years, and on the eighth he was caught and hung on a chain between heaven and earth at the entrance to the fortress above by the gate"]: 38; Bgazhba 1983 [episode of Nart's tale: "The giant hesitated to discover the cause, but then said that seven Ajveipsh brothers, the deities of animals and hunting, live far east. They have a sister, sparkling like lightning, of marvelous beauty, to whom many knights have married. But everyone who decided to do this was turned into stones. The culprit for this is the evil Ajinish sorcerer Kalaur, the son of Shauardin, who himself unseemly sought the hand of a beautiful maiden for seven years, and on the eighth he was caught by his brothers and hung above the gate on chains, stretched between heaven and earth"]: 72; Armenians [one of the fairy-tale motives: the king hung his brother on a chain between heaven and earth]: Gullakian 1983:369 (referring to the collection: Srvandztyan G. Khamov-Khotov. Constantinople, 1884. Text No. 4, in Armenian).

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