Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

L103. Magical Escape: Atalanta, R231


(.65.) .70.72.

The runner throws or creates objects behind him that the pursuer, wasting time, collects, eats, or destroys, although they do not interfere with his progress.

Hottentots, Mbundu, Nyanja, Mpongwe, Rwanda, Sakata, Bolia, Kuba, Shona, Ronga, Xhosa, Zulu, Suto, Hausa, Mosi, Ashanti, Krachi, Moru, Nzakara, Nubians, Sudanese Arabs, Sakho, Malgashi , Tuaregs (Morocco), Italians (Emilia Romagna), British, Germans (north?) , Mehri, Admiralty Islands, Maewo, Reef Islands, Guam, Yap, Uliti, Truk, Marshall Islands, Woleai, Ponape, Niue, Rai, Rengma, Namuzi, Himachali Pahari, Makassars, Toraja, Chinese, Lisu, Namuzi, Ancient Greece, Serbs, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Russians (Bryansk Oblast), Slovaks, Baluchis, Uzbeks, Lithuanians, (Estonians), Finns, Norwegians, (Eastern Sami), Bashkirs, Kazakhs (Turgay), Dungans, Siberian Tatars, Buryats, Khalkha Mongols, (Inner Mongolian Mongols), Western Evenks, Ancient Japan, Chukchi, Asian Eskimos, St. Lawrence, Central Yupik, Kodiak, Bering Strait and Northern Alaska Inupiate, Mackenzie Estuary, Copper, Caribou, Polar, Labrador Eskimos, West Greenland, Upper Kuskoquim, Hyda, Tsimshians, uvikino, nootka, kordalen, kalapuya, menominee, ojibwa, seneca, mikmak, blacklegs, crowe, omaha, osage, arpahoe, pawnee, wichita, maidu, (oloni), doraske, sanema, anambe, (Ancash - Heb.?) , kayapo, vilela.

SW Africa. The Hottentots [the girl was married to people who jumped over the bushes; when they saw that she was all scratched and could not jump as cleverly, those people cut her knees and migrated; she scored a bag of thorns and bones, crawled towards the house; a lion followed her trail; she threw thorns - a field of thorns, the lion wanders for a long time; bones are a field of bones, a lion gnaws at them, wasts time; at the request of a woman, a mountain opens in front of her, closes behind her; the lion also asks, the mountain opens and slams shut, crushing it; at home, people try to insert the leg bones of bulls and other animals into the woman, after all, she begins to walk; her mother sends her back to her husband, accompanied by her younger sister, tells her to quietly collect the gallbladders of the slaughtered animals; after leaving her sister to the old camp (allegedly, she forgot there her powder-box), the woman smokes bubbles above the fire, giving the bile special strength; holes bubbles in every hut, runs away with her sister; each of those people, after saying even a word, fell dead; remained grandfather, grandmother, cow, calf, dog, for they were silent; but the old man said about food, the old woman shouted, the dog barked, etc., everyone died]: Schmidt 2007, No. 21:64-68.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Mbundu [collecting small animals in the savannah after burning, Samba sings a song; the dee-kishi spirit hears it, takes the woman as his wife; other dee-kiches want to eat her, he does not; she has three sons, they hear that the dee-quiches have agreed to eat one of them tomorrow; when everyone has gone to the field, S. runs away with the children; throws calebass behind him three times with beer; the husband drinks it, wasts time, S. with the children they cross the river, it overflows after them, the di-kishi stop chasing; S. and her children return to people]: Anpetkova-Sharova 1975:178-182; nyanja [two lions turn into men, come to the village, invite two young men to go with them; one person feels deceived, but the young men do not believe it; on the way, one of the young men wants to kill a frog; she advises not to kill it, it will be useful to cross the river; in his in the village, men turn into lions again, promise to eat young men; the skeleton of the victim gives them two bottles earlier, tells them to run; first, the young men are chased by a flock of birds, they throw one bottle, in it ants and birds spend time pecking on them; when lions catch up, young men throw the second bottle, it turns into a lake; by the river, a frog takes the young men in his mouth, swims across to the other side, releases]: Holland 1916:151-152; mpongwe [Ilâmbe rejects suitors, wants to marry only someone who does not have the slightest defect on his skin; the leopard takes the form of a man, I. readily leaves with a handsome man; the father has a hunch bad, tells her daughter to take a plain horse; on the way, the husband leaves several times to hunt in the guise of a leopard; at home he gives a human appearance to his relatives; I. sends servants taken with him cultivate the field, and her leopard husband eats them one at a time; when the last maid is gone, the horse says that the next step is hers, tells I. to take calebasses with peanuts, pumpkin seeds, with with water, run; the leopard chases; the horse tells you to throw peanuts (the leopard stops to pick up and eat what has been abandoned), pumpkin seeds (the same), the calebass with water (the river); the leopard stops pursuing; the horse tells you to wait a couple of days in a neighboring city, only men are allowed there, the horse gives I. the appearance of a young man; one person reports that she is a woman; I. offer to swim undressed; at this time the horse gives I. the appearance of a real man who brought her is disgraced; the horse orders him to be shot, dismembered, burned, scattered the ashes; after that, I. turns into a woman again, and the horse is reborn; I. returns to his father, pleads guilty]: Nassau 1912, No. 15:69-76; sakata [a woman found two drums in the woods, she liked one, she took it away; Kenshune-nshune is chasing her, telling her to give it back; she throws fruit , he picks them up; by the river he asks the eagle to divide the waters for her in two; the eagle carries her across the river; another woman also went to get the drum; K. did not pick up the fruits she had thrown, the eagle did not carry it across the river; K. caught up, killed a woman, took his drum]: Colldén 1979, No. 11:163-164; Cuba [Gurutaph marries a girl, leads her to him; while he is hunting, her brother comes to the girl; When G. returns, he smells a man; his sister hides him, gives him three calebasses with corn-colored ants; when he runs away, his brother throws them, G. spends time collecting ants]: Frobenius 1928:255f in Colldén 1979: 409; bolia [the women went for reeds, lost alone, went into the hut; the cannibal comes without a head; says he will take her as a concubine and cook; the elder brother finds her, she hides him; explains what to do; brother does not eat human beings; runs, throws honey, cannibal wasts time, eats honey; bees, they bite cannibals; throws de terre avec fermeté (ou: a foie?) {incomprehensible}; at home, the younger sister also decides to go to her elder; does not listen to advice, eats the head of a man brought by the cannibal; when she runs away, she shouts that he is headless, he kills her; tells to his wife, she explains that smoke eats her eyes, so she cries; the elder brother, taking 12 dogs, comes to his sister; in the morning the cannibal leads his son-in-law to collect cola nuts; when he is in the tree, all cannibals come - whoever is without heads who have no legs; they cut down a tree, it begins to fall, a man hits it (l'homme donne une gifle), the tree recovers; he calls dogs locked in the cannibal's house, they come running and exterminating cannibals; brother and sister return to people]: Mamet 1960:115-119; Rwanda [insibika dog or hyena-like monsters live in the forest, spewing fire from their mouths and butts; Maguru promises to bring their tail chief; his mother gives him calebasses with 1) pumpkin seeds, 2) eleusines, 3) beans, 4) small peas, 5) mist, 6) water; in the absence of insibika, M. comes to their lair, the old woman hides him; when insibika they come and fall asleep, M. cuts off their leader's tail, runs away; consistently throws calebasses behind him, who detain their pursuers; {do they collect small seeds?} ; the wind dissipates the fog, but insibika cannot overcome the reservoir; when leaving, the last insibika predicts that M. will find a beautiful rod, a good cow, meet a beautiful woman, they will turn into insibika, they will eat it; M. rejects the rod and the cow, after listening to the advice of friends and mother, but accepts the woman; at night the wife gets up, but M.'s dogs are on guard; the wife says every time she is in need; becoming pregnant, invites her husband to go to the forest to get ingredients from the tree for the witchcraft that pregnant women need; the mother tries in vain to prevent M. from letting M. in; he ties the dogs, tells the mother to release them, if a leaf falls on her chest; M. climbs a tree growing near the confluence of two rivers; the wife turns into insibika, the whole flock joins her, they cut the trunk with an ax; every time a bird shouts to prevent the tree from falling, the felling overgrows; M. throws a leaf, the mother releases the dogs, they tear insibika to pieces; on the way home, dogs demand their part of the prey, M. refuses, they tear it up and they devour; the little mongrel swallows the heart unintentionally; mother M. makes the dogs come back and regurgitate what they swallowed, but there is no heart; the mongrel promises to regurgitate it if she is given the best pieces; this promised, she belches her heart, M. comes to life, returns home, has always fed dogs well ever since]: Smith 1988:79-80; shona (zezuru) [the chief's three daughters run away with their lovers, their youngest brother with them; sees young men turning into lions, their servant turning into hyena; sisters don't believe; thin old mother of young men asks to wash her back; only the youngest girl washes; the old woman says her sons are lions they pull out pieces of meat from her; tells her to run, cooking pots of soup, porridge and rice, put flies into the soup, cockroaches into the porridge; lions chase, girls throw soup, porridge, rice, lions spend time to lick flies, cockroaches, collect rice; by the river, the frog agrees to swallow the girls, turns their brother into a piece of wood; lions cannot grab it; in the chief's house, it belches the girls, turns a piece of wood into a piece of wood a boy; the chief gives her a bull; at home she kills him, flies gather, the frog eats flies; the hyena asks for it; the frog wraps a hot stone in meat, throws the hyena into its mouth, it dies]: Frobenius in Sicard 1952, No. 42:79-85 (translated to Zhukov, Kotlyar 1976, No. 136:322-331); braid [the old man sees seven extraordinary birds, tells the leader; he says they will replace seven dead in the war sons; tells his dumb son Sikulume and six other young men to catch them; they catch them, come to an empty house where the fire is burning; S. hears the cannibal thinking out loud who he will eat when; S. is speechless, tells his comrades; the next night he wakes them up, they run away; the cannibal brings other cannibals, who see that the prey has run away, eat the cannibal himself; S. forgot his bird, decides to return; if The assegai will tremble, he is killed, if he falls, he dies; S. grabs the bird, runs; the old woman gives him fat; he throws it on a stone, cannibal pursuers begin to fight for this stone, one swallows it, the others killed and eaten; the same again; S. threw his cape, she ran the other way, the cannibals followed her, S. returned to his comrades; the old man turned the stone into a hut, the young men disappeared into it, and for cannibals it stone; they gnawed at it, broke their teeth, came back; only an old woman at home; everyone was swallowed by a person living in the inabulele river; S.: if the water shook, then I let myself be swallowed, if I stained with blood, then killed I.; S. kills the monster from the inside, he comes out swallowed; S. tells his sister to make a cloak out of his skin; goes to marry his daughter Mangangezulu; no one returned from there; the mouse tells her to kill her, throw in the skin, the skin tells M. to enter the house from the wrong side, not to sit on a new mat, not to spend the night in an empty hut; M. tells the cattle to herd, the storm begins; S. pulls out his cape, she turns into a stone canopy, young men bring cattle safe; M.'s wife turns S. into an antelope, but her daughter back into a human; they run; the girl throws an egg (fog), a wineskin of milk (water), a pot (darkness), smooth stone (rock); M. stops persecution, S.'s houses are chosen as chief]: McCall Theal 1882:74-83 (=Held 1904:1-11); chwana (Serolong) [villagers are farmers, no cattle; poor Masilo with the wife dug up the plot all day; when they left, a bird flew in and told the earth to be untreated again; the same on the second day; on the third evening, the husband remained guarded; caught a bird, wanted to kill, but she promised to give thick milk; also made the land cultivated again; M. brought it home, ordered all vessels to be filled with milk; forbade the children to talk about it; but the other children persuaded them to talk about to the bird and show it; told them to fill the vessels; to dance; decided that there was not enough space in the house, preferably outside; the bird flew away; all the children ran after it, got lost; a thunderstorm began; a boy named Mosemanyanamatong created a hut in a word, a fire in it; the children began to fry the roots; the cannibal came and demanded roots; the children threw them to him, ran away; they threw them behind, he picked them up and ate them, wasting time; children climbed the tree, the cannibal began to cut it with a claw; M. told the girls to sing to make the tree strong; a big bird flew in, told them to climb it; brought children to their parents]: McCall Theal 1882:39-46 (= 1910:287-290; =Radin 1970, No. 37:146-149, but the text is mistakenly referred to as Xhosa; two similar texts in St. Lys 1916:11-14); ronga, suto, Zulu [Sikulumi and friends are pursuing unusual birds, kill them, see fire, come to an empty hut, bake birds, go to bed; S. does not sleep; an ogre comes in, says who he will eat first, who later; goes to call other cannibals; boys run away; when they find an empty hut, other cannibals eat the one who called them; S. returns, forgetting the feather; overturns the cauldron in which cannibals cook frogs, grabs the feather, runs away; the old woman gives him fat; he throws him, the cannibals fight over fat, eat it; S. throws off her clothes, she runs separately, the cannibals rush after her, S. runs home]: Werner 1933:184-186; Zulu [cannibals captured the girl, left, forbiding her to fry meat so as not to attract the smell of other cannibals; they lived in a rock that opened at their word; the girl began to fry meat, other cannibals came, the girl did not open it when she heard the wrong one voice; the cannibal burned his voice with a hoe, the girl, he ate the meat, told the girl not to leave; she ran away with corn; the pursuers are wasting time picking it up; the girl climbed a tree, the cannibals sat under it; the girl peed herself, the cannibals noticed her, began to cut down the tree; every time they cut down the tree, it took root again; the girl's brother came with the dogs, the cannibals asked him for help cut to get their game; the brother went upstairs himself, found himself in a beautiful country with his sister; (var.: gave tobacco to the cannibals, let the dogs go, they tore the cannibals, brother and sister returned home); brother and the sister lowered the cannibal's rope, let him go for the first time, he fell; picked him up the second time, starved him; went down and found his sister]: Snegirev 1937:107-112.

West Africa. House [the girl rejects the grooms, agrees to marry only someone who has no flaw in her body; two snakes turn handsome, the girl marries one of them (both? both are called her husbands); tells her younger sister not to go with her; she turns into a fly, hides in her things; at home, the Snakes turn into a bird, sees and hears snakes hunting frogs, promising to eat the woman; the older sister believes after the younger one tells her to watch and listen for herself; the sisters run; the youngest turns the elder into a stump; the snakes come back to cut it down for the ax; the sisters cross the river , return home; Snakes turn persecution]: Tremearne 1911, No. 45:346-348; mosi [The lion has forbidden other animals to eat forest beans; The hare (Somba) eats, tells Leo that a hurricane is expected, asks tie him to a tree; the lion himself asks him to be tied; he is freed by termites; the hare borrows the plumage of birds, comes to Leo, calling himself Termite's son, eats, drinks, sleeps; Leo's daughter notices long ears ; The hare runs, dogs are allowed in after him; he throws them one bone at a time, the dogs are left to gnaw them; the most stubborn old dog throws a bone with meat; it still catches up with the Hare, grabs his leg; he laughs that she grabbed a branch; the dog lets go of the Hare, grabs the branch]: Frobenius 1972:106-109; (cf. dagari [parents do not tell a daughter named Vr to take her husband from the other side of the river, but she does; after learning that her brother is dead, she hurries to the funeral; the river has overflowed, she cannot cross; the crocodile suggests move her if she doesn't tell anyone; she tells her parents she swam across the river but confesses to her friend that she was transported by a crocodile; the yellow sparrow screams about it; she gives him grains, he is temporary falls silent; when the crocodile has almost moved Vr back, the sparrow screams again; Vr runs, the crocodile follows her, her garments and jewelry respond to the pursuer, she consistently takes them off and throws them; remains naked, but her genitals respond; the old woman readily changes her genitals with her, the crocodile swallows the old woman; Vr is saved]: Hien 1995:112-122).

Sudan-East Africa. Nzakara: Retel-Laurentin 1986, No. 41 [Boulou-Zali, a bird of prey owns termites; a woman comes to a termite mound to collect them; BZ demands an answer; she agrees to give him salt, beer, food, again beer, he falls asleep; she takes termites and their fishing gear, runs away; throws handfuls of termites and bananas along the way, BZ loses time picking them up; in the village, men make a trap, BZ falls into it , he is being killed; since then, everything can collect termites], 41a [Na-Nguilima woman goes beyond three savannahs, collects termites through three rivers; their owner Na-Nguilima appears, makes him lie down with him, falls asleep; BN runs away, taking his hunting bag and dart; NN pursues, orders him to return the dart, BN replies that the dart is from the termite mound; NN returns, searches there; so three times; at the door of the woman's house, her husband stabs the dart into NN, killing him]: 244-247, 248-249; Ashanti [Kweku Tsin, Anansi's eldest son, caught a deer; stayed guarded while A. went to get the meat basket; that's not the case, the COP started calling out to him, someone responded; it turned out to be a dragon; then A. came up; the dragon took them both to his castle, where there are many other prisoners; they are guarded by a rooster; the COP poured a whole mountain of grain on him to bite and not give a voice, ordered to make a hemp ladder, threw it into the sky; everyone climbed the stairs; the COP told people to take the meat of cows and give him the bones; he climbs last; every time the dragon approaches, the COP throws him bone, he goes down to gnaw it; when the bones are over, plays the violin, the dragon goes down to dance; jumping into the sky, cuts off the stairs, the dragon fell and crashed; the CS became the sun, A. - a month, the rest of the people are stars]: Barker, Sinclaire 1917, No. 18:97-101; krachi [the old lady has 11 children, their names are the corresponding numbers; the youngest is Edubiaku ("eleventh"), only he has magical abilities; together with his brothers E. came to the supreme god Nyame; c E. three dogs; he buried two and left the third; N. ordered E. to go to the city of the dead and bring 4 gold items from there: a calebasu, a musical instrument, a message-stick, and a fly cracker; along the way, E. shared food with the river, with an antelope, with an ant, with a mush and a tse fly; when they served beer in a golden calebass, a mouse She hid it; E. hears that the dead want to eat it; asks him what to do to make him fall asleep faster; E.: I have to play a golden musical instrument; the mouse hid the instrument; the fly has bitten chief, the boy brought a cracker to beat the flies, he dropped it, E. grabbed it and ran, and the mouse gave three other objects it had hidden; the ant turned into many ants; these ants were a treat and dead lost time eating them; when E. crossed the river, it became narrow and shallow, and when the dead ran up, it overflowed; E. brought N. what he wanted; on the way home, E. laments that his parents and God were not theirs they love; on his advice, the brothers decide to become something useful that people will love; E. transforms; one turns into a banana (plantain), the other into sweet bananas, the third into yams, fourth in cocoyams, fifth in cassava, six in tomato, seventh in sweet potato, eighth in onion, ninth in corn, tenth in abelmosh (okra, Abelmoschus esculentus)]: Cardinall 1931:45-47; moru [Hyena-Muyambago married Koba, whose younger sister is Ngyuli, Bangola's elder; M. wants sister-in-law to visit them, K. is afraid that he will eat them; N. allows himself to be scratched, praises M., receives from he has beautiful bracelets; K. tells her to run, leaving honey and flour on the road, does not stop at the tree to make a new skirt out of leaves; asks the river to part, promises not to eat fish; the river behind her closed; M. replies to the river that she likes to eat fish, the river does not let him through, he stops chasing; B. envies that N. has returned with gifts, goes by herself, scolds M., drinks honey and eats flour herself, loses time, making a skirt, hides in a tree; M. makes a smoky fire, B. falls, M. brings her meat to his wife under the guise of monkey meat; meat from the cauldron says she is B.; K. makes a hole, M. falls through, K. throws hot stones from above, pours boiling water; takes children who love her more with him]: Evans Pritchard, Mynors 1941, No. 35:82-83 (Katznelson translation 1968:300-305); Nubians [seven the girls went to buy firewood, they were caught by night, they noticed big and weak lights, decided to go to the big one; they came to the cannibal, who gave them crushed bones mixed with her milk; one said that others were interfering she is there; they, having already taken food in her mouth, spit it it it out; in the morning Fatma the Beautiful hears the cannibal sharpening a knife, coughing loudly, replies that 1) the camels interfere (the cannibal screams to the drovers to take them away), 2 ) bulls (same), 3) want to drink, asks for water from an unopened calebasa, an unburned clay vessel, from a net; the cannibal cannot collect water, while the girls run away; the cannibal asks God to create on ways their wedding so that F. can stop watching, dancing; the girls run to the river, ask the crocodile to translate them, promise him food; when he transports the cannibal, they scream that this is his food, he drowns, eats a cannibal; girls get married; options (11 versions): cannibal name Su'luwwa, Silha, Itkal, Irkabi; Fatma is kind to cannibal children, they ask their mother not to eat girls; human bones, 1 the girl eats, the girls hide the food in the holes; F. complains that goats and horses interfere; bring water in the sieve; the cannibal eats the girl who ate bones; the cannibal eats her own daughters instead of the girls ; creates distracting obstacles in the way of girls: wedding, bracelets and pendants (girls rush to collect them), the sea; crying people, date palms, jewelry, a thorn in F.'s leg; girls hide on tree, they lower the cannibal's rope, cut it off, it falls, breaks]: Al-Shahi, Moore 1978 in Goldberg 2003:342-343; Sudanese Arabs: Al-Shahi, Moore 1920, No. 20 [Fatima is so beautiful that her brother Muhammad decided to marry her himself; F. asked her mother to help put a jug of water on her head; she replied that F. should first call her not mother, but mother-in-law; the same with her father (father-in-law), brother (groom) ; F. told all the girls in the village that it was decided to pass them off as brothers, took them all away, they came to the cannibal giant; F. ordered them not to eat anything, hide the food in a cooked hole, but the youngest girl tasted it; F . told the cannibal to bring water from the seventh sea in a net or calabass without a hole; the girls ran away, but the youngest could not; the cannibal returned, found out from the younger that the girls had run away, ordered that before they appeared piles of gold; silk fabrics; each time F. tells them to take only a little and run on; the river; F. asked the crocodile to transport, on the other side he will give one girl to eat; when swam across, F. tells the crocodile to transport their mother (i.e. the cannibal) first; when they are in the middle of the river, F. shouted that the crocodile prey was on his back; he dived and ate the cannibal; the girls settled in cave; nearby an old man with 6 sons; F. asks him how to remove his skin - to pierce a thorn; she plunged him, her skin slept, F. put it on, returned to the cave in the guise of an old man; the camel looked like eating foliage from the bush, the girls drive him away; the young men consistently began to come to find out what was going on; everyone took a girl; when Wad al-Amin came up, only an imaginary old man came to the cave; the old man says he cannot herd cattle; YES agrees that he should herd pigeons by the river; F. removes the old man's skin by the river; the slave sent with her is delighted, but he cannot tell him anything; the imaginary old man said that the slave is sick, even if he they will burn his chest; so several times; then AM himself went, saw everything; at home he offered to play chess, the winner would remove the skin from the loser; F. won, but did not fresh AM; AM won, F. took off her leather; the whole village gathered for the wedding], 23 [Fatma the Beautiful saw the camel come to eat crops; not knowing that it was her brother Muhammad's camel, tied it with strands of her hair; M. swore to marry on the one whose hair it was; the parents agreed on the condition that M. brought dowry from distant places; told F. to run away with her mother's sisters' six daughters; one of them was lame; they saw a big and small light; F. said that where she was big, there was a cannibal, but the girls did not listen; the cannibal gave food to crushed human bones moistened with her milk; F. ordered not to eat; the lame did not listen, the others quietly threw the food into the dug holes; in the morning the girls said that they should bring water with a net, a calebasa without a hole, an unburned vessel; she could not, came back, fried and ate the lame girl, rushed into I'll chase the others; wants him to meet the wedding (the girls start dancing there, but they run again), so that the river with the crocodile; he transports him on the condition that he is given one of the girls; but On the other side, they ask the cannibal to be transferred first, they say that she is his share, the crocodile dives; the girls live in a cave; a camel approaches her, followed by his owner Wad al-Nimair, he tells the girl go out; so one girl every day; F. secretly came to the VN garden, asked the old man how to remove his skin (a thorn in his forehead), stabbed a thorn, put on his skin; the imaginary old man agrees to herd only pigeons; and so that only a dumb slave was with him; by the river F. took off the old man's skin, bathed; at home, the slave tried to gesture what he saw; F. explained that the slave had a headache and wanted to be cut off; to the slave they cut off his head; so they decapitated all the slaves except the last one; VN went with him himself; stole F.'s ring while she was swimming; with the slave the same as the previous ones, but VN refuses to cut his head, but offers fight; the winner will rip open the belly of the defeated; VN loses three times, but F. does not touch him; the fourth time he won, took off the old man's skin, married F.]: 110-114, 120-125; sakho [hell fell in love with girl; helped her father drink the cows; asks what he will give for help, the father answers yes, whatever; hell asks the daughter, the father agrees; the devil teaches me to go with his daughter to the river, intentionally leave him by the river sandals, halfway back, as if to remember, send her daughter for sandals; when she sees the line, the girl ran home, but the door is locked; she consistently asks her father and all relatives to open those refuse; Neschiba's maid opens; she gives a bag of flour, tells her to run, throw the flour to the line; the girl threw part, then the rest, and while the hell was eating flour, ran to her lover's house, married him married; her relatives became impoverished, came to her; she drove them away, took only N., passed them off as her husband's brother]: Reinisch 1889, No. 20:152-156; Malgashi: Anpetkova-Sharova 2010 (I'm carrying) [two sisters they reject the suitors; finally they marry two handsome men; Besurungula's younger brother goes with his sisters; notices the tail of one of the husbands; in the evening they ask their wives if they are sleeping; they are silent, B. replies that mosquitoes, geese, cows interfere; they immediately eat geese and cows; sisters at first do not believe, then pretend to be sleeping, hear everything for themselves; brother and sisters leave wooden figures for themselves, run away; throw corn, werewolves return for a basket; sisters pray to God to create a river and a boat, cross; run home; parents say that no one came, they drink werewolves drunk, kill]: 248-251; Korneev 1962:19-26 [=1977:169-175; A goose builds a hut, a girl Imantsuala comes out of one of her eggs; the king marries her, they run away, I. throws rice, corn, beans; Goose chases every time stops picking up, the fugitives escape; later she comes, pulls out her daughter's eyes, rips off her skin; the king's former three wives load her with new work; the mother goose comes and does everything (mats, capes); returns her daughter's eyes and skin, at the festival the wife appears beautiful, the rivals run away], 48-52 [=197:201-205; =Rodman 1965:88-93; three children climb a fruit tree owned by an ogre- Bibiulu; he tells them to get down, brings them to his mother, tells them to feed them; only the youngest understands the danger, tells them to run away; the brothers run away, ask for prickly grass, a thorny tree, a lake to detain B.; he wanders through, drinks half the lake; children throw rice, corn, B. picks up, loses time; in the village of B. they give poisoned food and drink, he dies]; Haring 1982, No. 3.2.327g (sakalava) [mother brings children wild plums; children go for plums themselves, climb a tree; an ogre comes, takes the children to his place; brings them wild boars, snakes, honey to eat, they do not want to eat it; the younger one answers wittily and the cannibal admits this; the younger one finds out that the cannibal is going to eat them, tells them to run; they ask for help thorny herbs, a thorny tree, a lake; he returns for sandals; for an ax; drinks a runner; children throw rice, he they pick him up; honey, the cannibal stops again; he is met in the village, given a poisoned drink, he dies]: 384.

North Africa. The Tuaregs (central Niger) [a person wanted to see something amazing; came to a stream of oil, then to the buttocks, then to the eyes that were fighting with each other; djinnija (a genie woman) asked if this was surprising, the man replied that it was nothing special; Ginnia became a woman, invited her to her place, she had many children; she fed the traveler, he went to bed, she sharpened the knife, but sang rooster; when she saw that the man had gone on a camel, Ginnia rushed in pursuit; she was a giantess to heaven; he left the rooster, she ate it; then began to bite off and devour the camel's legs, one at a time; when she ate the last leg and the whole camel, the man climbed the tree; she tore off his penis, turned it into an ax, started cutting a tree; the chameleon (considered a wise and good animal) asked for a give cut him down, told him to cut down, the tree was the same as before; the man called the dogs; one wife wanted to let them off the leash, the other said they should not; finally they let the dogs down, they came running, tore the woman apart; to go down, the tree had to be made below {it is not clear who did it}; the man divorced his wife, who prevented the dogs from letting go down]: Rasmussen 1998:269-270 (retelling), 279-284 (subline); ( cf. Morocco [beautiful Lunja sees pigeons asking for something, she feeds them first grains, then her mother's jewelry; she goes after the pigeons, who explain that their mother is a hum; L. must ask God make the needle's eye pass through it, venerate the long breasts of the ghoul cannibal; she says that she is now the sister of her children Aissa and Moussa; in another country, the Sultan's son and relative (cousin) L. touches the rest of the children; the old woman teaches her to throw the ball through her window, the sultan's son will come in, she will shame him that he does not go to save L.; the young man puts his mother's hand in hot soup, frees him for his promise tell everything about L.; he comes to the country of the ghouls, the old woman talks about the cave where L.; arranges a meeting for them; the old woman says that it is too early to run, the ghoul will catch up; tells L. to paint everything in the gulya cave with henna; she forgot about the mortar in which she crushed henna leaves; the Sultan's son took L. away, the mortar woke up the gulya, he rushed in pursuit; catching up, the ghul asks what the Sultan's son is eating so as not to lose strength; L. replies that grass and wood; the ghoul eats them in vain; what the horse eats is his knees; the ghoul eats his knees; when he dies, he tells him to drive up the red road, not the white road, drink from a muddy stream; if if he makes a mistake, he will meet a big bird, it will offer food, you have to eat a handful (mouthful), throw the other into the hem; the Sultan's son insists on driving along the white road; drinks from a clean stream, but L. from a muddy one ; eats everything, and L. drops it into the hem; the bird tells us to show what was eaten; L. shows what was thrown into the hem, the young man cannot, the bird swallows it with the horse, flies away; L. kills the dog of the Sultan's son, puts it on the skin, in the form of a dog, comes to his father, who tells his servants to take care of it; every day a bird flies by, the Sultan's son curses his parents from her stomach, who hold L. by the dog; a beggar hears this, The Sultan brings the imaginary dog to the palace, the son of the bird shouts for his father to kill the bull, the birds fly off, we must ask the white one to regurgitate what she has eaten; she is so full that she cannot fly up, regurgitates the young man on horseback; for the night he asks for a dog and hot water; in the morning he is beautiful in his bed; wedding]: El Koudia 2003, No. 11:72-80).

Southern Europe. Italians (Parma) [the king sits alternately on the white, red and black thrones; the youngest daughter is beloved; asks his daughters how they love him; the youngest answers: like salt; the king tells her execute, but the servant brings him a sheep's heart and bloody clothes; the heroine wears donkey skin; the sorceress gives her a magic wand and a nut; the king father hunts every day, and his dog brings prey to the girl; the king finds a hollow in which she hides, brings her to the palace, assigns her to the kitchen; she comes to the ball three times in magical dresses; when she runs away, she throws flowers and candy behind, delaying the chase; for the third time she loses her shoe, her gold stockings are visible; everything is ordered to try it on; the sisters tell the maid in the kitchen to try it, the shoe fits her; she marries, and the king happy to have my daughter back; sisters are jealous]: Cox 1893, No. 208:80.

Western Europe. British, Germans [the motive for throwing garments to detain stalking animals is common in English and German fairy tales]: Smith 1994:212.

Western Asia. Mehri: Jahn 1902, No. 28 [the king has a wife, son Hamed and daughter Fatima; there are no sheep to slaughter by the feast; the cadi allows the king to slaughter H. and his wife F.; H. hears, says to his sister, they run away; father: let gold be in their way; they pick it up, run on; let the evil camel; H.: my father and I have already ridden you; the camel skips; let the stream; F.: my mother and I have already played with you; the stream lets in; father stops chasing; F.: I forgot my hairpin; H. comes back, wild goats will return the hairpin if H. drinks water with them; he drinks, turns into a goat; F. led him on a rope; y A maid sees them in the well, tells the Sultan that he takes F. as his wife; the first wife pushes her into the well, is swallowed by a shark; the wife pretends to be sick (and obviously pretends to be F.), wants meat goat; sharpen knives, make a fire, put up a cauldron; the sultan sees from the window how a goat runs to the well, talks about the danger, F. replies that she has the son of a sultan in her bosom, that they are in the womb of a shark; a shark pulled out, F. and her child were removed from her womb, his first wife was killed]: 124-127; Müller 1909, No. 39 [poor parents have children Hamed and Fatmeh; H. hears that their parents agree to kill them; tells his sister they run away from home, F. takes a comb and a pin with them; parents chase; mother: let the children get pearls on their way; they start picking them up, run again; father: let the jewelry on the chest (amulets); they again pick up, run again; father: let the evil male camel; son: my father and I rode you, the camel lets the children through; mother: let the stream; daughter: my mother and I washed our hair with your water; hears the stream; father with mother stops persecuting; sister forgot the pin and comb; H. offers to go after them; sister: wild goats can make you a goat; H. goes, comes back, becomes a goat, pin and comb are his horns; F. and the goat come to the spring, F. climbs a tree; a slave sees them, tells the Sultan that he takes F. as his wife, she warns that the goat is her transformed brother; when F. is pregnant and her husband After leaving, the other wife and her mother pushed her into the well in which Iblis's shark; the other wife took the form of F.; told her husband that she wanted goat meat; the husband ordered that the fire be lit to cook meat; the goat ran to the well; F. tells him from there that she gave birth to a son; the sultan follows, hears; F. tells him that his mother-in-law pushed her into the well; the shark was pulled out and cut, and F. and his son took it out; the sultan killed his mother-in-law and first wife, stayed with F. and her brother {his transformation into a person again is not mentioned}]: 99-105.

Melanesia. Maevo [the husband died, the wife took the child, went to look for him; found it, left him the child, began to pick fish; heard crying, the husband replied that the child was bitten by a mosquito, but it was he who ate his finger; then ate everything; the wife ran away, leaving behind the coconut palm branches; the husband ate them, thinking it was his wife; she climbed the tree, he followed her, she threw coconut at him; in the morning she saw only a crab on the ground ]: Codrington 1891, No. 15:409; Admiralty Islands: Meier 1907, No. 13 [Hi Pipiu's two sons, Nauna's wife, went fishing, caught, went back, saw a demon, chased them; they they threw fish to him, he swallowed it, then continued to chase; the elder brother told the younger brother to kill him; the younger one listened, cut the elder to pieces, threw the demon until he reached the shore; the elder was left only skull; together with his mother, the youngest buried his brother's skull, a coconut palm grew to the sky; the mother gave her son two dog teeth, the son climbed a palm tree into the sky, put his teeth at the demon's door, lay down on his bed; the demon came back, prepared a stone ax to kill the man, but his teeth turned into dogs, one grabbed the demon by the penis, the other by the testicles, he died, the younger brother returned to the ground, fell, died; the palm tree became low, no longer reaches the sky], 14 [Po Ma and his brother sailed to catch sharks; took a demon's boat; he caught up with them; they promised to pay for the boat, but the demon was going to eat them; they sailed, throwing him fish ; when the fish ran out, the younger one cut the elder, threw parts of his body on the demon; when he reached the shore, only his head was left; his younger brother buried it, the coconut grew and the current ones come from it]: 660- 662, 662-663; (cf. Vedau [a man has five wives; on the site he asks one to clean and bake a tarot; the Wagtail screams that she is cleaning the tarot that she will eat with her; the husband explains that he will eat tarot, not hers; When the tarot is baked, the husband cuts off the wife's head, eats the wife along with the tarot; so sequentially with four wives; the fifth warns the son and daughter that when her husband kills her, her liver will return to the house, hides in the leaves on the roof, will help; the children put their mother's liver in a wooden box, run away; seeing the father's pursuer from the hill, they ask the hill to fall on him; he gets out; the same with the second hill; the third is the mountain, the pursuer is forever buried; a boar rushes at the children, they hide in a tree; at night, the sister offers to go down and run away; the brother suggests waiting for the pre-dawn birds; waiting the children go down, the boar woke up, killed them; this is how the mother saved the children from the ogre, but not from the wild boar]: Ker 1910:45-52); Reef Islands [a woman with two daughters lives in a stone grotto; daughters took 4 baskets and went fishing with torches; the fire went out; they saw a light, came up, poked torches at it so that the leaves would catch fire again; it was not fire, but the ogre's mouth ("whoever eats meat raw"); cannibal chased the girls; they consistently throw away baskets of fish; every time the cannibal spends time eating fish; when the girls ran into the grotto, they told the house to "raise its ass", and when the ogre tried get inside, told him to lower it; the rock crushed him]: Nss 2006:47-49.

Micronesia-Polynesia. Yap [the evil spirit was fishing with a torch, but his torch was his glowing intestines, which he took out; two boys also went fishing, their torches were extinguished by the rain; they saw the light, these were the guts of the sleeping spirit; tried to light the leaves from them, began to scratch them with a stone; the spirit woke up, chased the brothers; first the eldest, then the younger, threw the fish behind, the spirit stopped eating it; the brothers ran home; the spirit put his guts in the hole, the brothers tied them up; in the morning people killed the spirit; the elder brother used his intestines as a torch; when he died, they were put in his grave]: Müller 1918, No. 61:577-578 ; Ulity: Lessa 196:60 [the cannibal spirit Limatchawalchawal took the image of a handsome man, went to another island, came to the dance, chose a girl, she agreed to go with him; he left her in his lair under the rock, went to call other spirits to participate in the cannibal meal; L.'s mother is not a cannibal; gave the girl a coconut shell, putting her hair from her head and pubis there and spitting there; told her to run; L. caught up with the girl twice, but she threw her hair with saliva, L. picked it up, took it to her mother; the third time the girl reached her island, people drove L. away; the invited perfume saw that the girl was not there, they ate L. himself], 67-68 [after catching rats, the elder brother goes to steal the fruits of a breadtree belonging to the ogre; he chases him, the young man leaves the rats one by one; each time the cannibal catches them, kills them and he eats, wasting time; the young man manages to escape; so twice; the younger brother also goes to steal fruit, but does not take rats with him, the cannibal catches and kills him]; Truk [the chief gathered men for his daughter chose her husband; she doesn't like anyone; the same next time; the third time a young cannibal came, his mother made his body fragrant; the girl chose him, he put her on a log, told him to sail on her island; the ogre's mother tells the girl that she will be eaten; makes her run on water as if by land; gives a vessel with ants, a reed, a bunch of hibiscus bark; when the cannibal catches up, the girl he pours out ants, he picks them up and takes them home; next time he threw the bark, he picked it up and carried it; the third time, the cannibal; in front of the cannibal thickets, he loses sight of the girl; the cannibal I collected it all and returned to her mother, and the girl returned to her father]: Fischer 1954:269-276; Voleai (Central Carolinas) [the chief's daughter rejects suitors; the chief sees the moon in the sky, promises a daughter to someone who will get him the moon; two poor brothers promise to do it; the youngest comes to heaven, on his way to the men's house where the moon is kept, meets people who give him two crooks, two roosters, a pandanus fruit, a stick of hibiscus; Yalulep owns the moon; the young man puts the audience to sleep with fairy tales, unties the moon, quietly leaves, holding it with the bright side to the audience so that they do not get alarmed; walking away, runs away; I wake up sends a man in pursuit; the young man throws the plows behind them, they start fighting, the pursuer stops to watch; the same thing throws the roosters; the pursuer returns; sends another runner; the young man throws pandanus fruit, a pandanus forest appears; a hibiscus stick is a new forest, the pursuer gets stuck; the young man runs to his mother's home; gets the leader's daughter, tells him not to remove all the covers from the moon; the leader takes pictures, every time the moon gets brighter; then he takes off the last one, the moon flies into the sky; the young man advises not to be upset - now everyone will see the moon that belongs to the leader]: Mitchell 1973, No. 1:17-18; Ponape [female birds regularly fly to the tree; Nahniken Ise caught one by tying her hair; her name is Limwahu; told me to go swimming not in the witch's clean stream, but in his own clean stream dirty; L. went clean, the witch forced her to change her appearance with her, changed her appearance with her, made her a maid; the witch has an ugly son, the maid is handsome; L.'s father heard her complaint, came, did a cut on her forehead, restoring her appearance; L. ran away from NI, throwing objects {it is not specified which}, then left her son to him; the witch ate her child out of anger; NI took her son, came to L., returned her]: Fischer MS: 924-929 in Lessa 196:121-122; Marshall Islands (Jaluit): Kelni 2003 [Lōmanjirilik's son is a demon; stole the chief's daughter on the other side of the island, tied it up, hid it in the kitchen; climbed a tree behind fruits; at this time L. freed the girl, gave her four empty coconuts, told her to run; the demon is chasing, the girl throws coconuts, ants and cockroaches crawl out of them; each time the demon calls them his own favorites, collects; the girl comes running to people, the demon is then killed; they take L. to them]: 194-196; (cf. Kowata et al. 1999 [Before dying, a woman with Likjeroni promised her two sons to bury her on Rongerik; they wrapped her body in mats and took her by boat; the elder held a steering paddle , and the youngest was a sail; the deceased repeated that she wanted to be taken to Ronjerik; her body began to decay; a heron descended from the sky, took the oar from her older brother, and told the youngest to tie the sail to the boat; let them jump overboard and sail to the island; the heron itself, in the voice of his elder brother, continued to sing the same song as him; when they reached the island, the brothers climbed onto the palm tree; the dead mother got up and ate the heron; stretched out in different directions until she saw her sons on Ranjerik; the older brother threw the nut west, the mother reached out and ate the nut; the same with all the nuts that the young man threw at different directions; then he cut off the spear-shaped upper leaf of the palm tree and threw it into the sky; the leaf broke through all three tiers of the sky; the mother then ate the leaf, but when she tried to return to earth to eat her sons, the holes in the sky closed; the brothers stayed on the island]: 70-72); Tobin 2002, No. 11 [under the guise of a man, an ogre comes to people playing ball; the chief's daughter runs away for the ball, the cannibal carries she locks her in her house; his mother lets her out; tells her to run, giving three coconuts and ants; a girl throws coconuts, an ogre spends time collecting ants; a girl hides in a tree, a cannibal catches her with a net , branches fall into the net; the ogre's mother cut a hole in the net in advance, the girl runs away; the cannibal finds only branches in the net at home]: 67-71; Niue [sister gave birth, brother came to her, but her son turned out to be eel , chased the man; he threw the comb (the Eel began to comb his hair with it), oil (began to look into the puddle like in a mirror; otherwise, the man threw the mirror, but before the Europeans arrived on the island, he did not there were mirrors), a belt (began to wear it); the man threw himself into the sea, turned into a stone]: Loeb 1926b:202.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Rai [two sisters, they have a younger brother Hecchakuppa (H.); their father went up (i.e. north, mother down (i.e. south); sisters fed brother pine resin; he talked about this stepmother, she she put soot in the resin to spoil the taste; they had a goat, she gave the children everything they needed; her stepmother pretended to be sick, only a medicine made from goat's flesh would cure her; the goat was stabbed, the children were crying, her stepmother pretended to feel better; H. passed out from hunger, the sisters thought he was dead, buried him with a knife and a calebass in him; they trampled the grave, heard the calebas crunch, thought it crunches skull; sister Tangwama went to her mother, Khiyama's sister to her father; when T. returned, it turned out that their grandfather had killed K.; she revived her by putting her bones in the pig's trough; the sisters were spinning; brother got up from the grave, calling sisters, they left excrement, urine, drooling and snot responsible for themselves, left; a banana grew, H. climbed on it; the cannibal asked her to drop her bananas; he threw off his foot, she asked to tie it to her own her hair, pulled her hair by the hair, brought her home, told her daughter to cook, putting her to sleep, taking out H.'s lice; the luoeka's daughter fell asleep herself, H. killed her with a pestle, cooked her, the cannibal ate her; H. shouted who she ate, ran away; threw fried rice and chicken eggs behind, the cannibal picked them up and ate them, wasted time; the fishermen transported H. across the river; he answered the cannibal to enter the water by throwing ants on his buttocks; her water she was carried away; she was dragged through chicken and pig crap, and H. was carried in a palanquin; both were given bags; tigers came out of this cannibal, ate it; from this X. - food and wealth]: Ebert, Gaenszle 2008:111-124; rengma [stepmother tyrannites stepdaughter; when a man from another village came to marry her stepdaughter, the stepmother gave her a job, ordered her to wear rags, and put her own daughter on a chair and dressed her own; the groom chose the girl in rags because she knows how to work; the stepdaughter hid good clothes under the tree in advance; they got rich; the father and stepmother came to visit; the daughter gave her father meat and her stepmother bones; when they left, gave bones to her father and meat to her stepmother; her husband's dogs chased those who left, the father threw them bones, they remained their gnawing; the stepmother threw meat, the dogs immediately swallowed it, caught up and tore it apart; When one of the dogs returned, she said that she had stepmother's pubic hair on her teeth; the wife drove the dogs away for eating the man; the husband told his wife to return the dogs, otherwise she would not feed her; she called them for three days , starved to death]: Mills 1937:276-278.

South Asia. Himachali plowmen: Dracott 1906:31-35 [the new wife tells the brahmana to get rid of his deceased wife's five daughters; the father tells them to cross the river, and if they see his umbrella floating on the water, then he drowned; lowers his umbrella; girls come to the house in the woods; the witch sends them for brushwood, tells the eldest to help around the house, eats it; says that the eldest has gone back to her father; so with everyone, the youngest is left, finds a chest with her sisters' heads; they tell her to run, taking various items from the witch's house, throw them along the way, the witch will pick them up, come back, lose time; the witch flies on a broom, picks up objects, the girl asks for protection from the tree, it opens, only the little finger is left outside; the witch bites it off, leaves; the woodcutter hears a voice from inside the trunk, reports Raje, he marries to a girl], (cf. 75-80 [the king gives seven sons to seven daughters of another king; the youngest remains at home to take care of the household, others must bring him a bride; tigers surrounded him for the night near the pond the returning motorcade, demanded to give them one of the princesses; they give them the youngest; after finding out what was going on, the younger brother goes in search; meets and companions a rat and a jackal; at night a rat eats clothes a prince, a jackal is his horse; a monkey buys him new clothes, a horse and a weapon; they find a princess, she is guarded by a blind tiger, they are tied by a rope; they untie the rope, run away; a strong tiger hits a blind man (this is his mother) chases; the monkey turns into a man sitting by the funeral fire: he says that the tiger killed his mother, burns her ashes; the tiger thinks he killed his mother, comes back, the mother alive, he drags her legs, comes back to the fire; monkey: the tiger dragged his mother by the legs, the body is being burned; the tiger returns again, the prince and his wife are at home; they do not want to let the monkey go into the forest; she tears yarn the princess, she beats her, the monkey pretends to be dead; mourning, the funeral fire; the monkey jumps up: now let her go; she is released into the forest]).

Malaysia-Indonesia. Makassary (Sadang) [every day a boy calls an eel, gives him his rice; the father is surprised that the son is losing weight, watching him, calling an eel with the same song, killing him, giving his son eel meat; the son leaves, throws beads behind him; the father follows, loses time picking up beads; the boy asks the stone to open, hides in it; the father breaks the stone, but only two pigeons fly out]: Loosdrecht, Adriani, Veen 1916:371-373 in Lessa 196:336 (translated into Teselkin 1959:38-40, =Braginsky 1972:151-152); Toraja: Adriani 1898:373 in Lessa 1961 (parigi) [mother pursues daughter, she scatters behind her sesame seed; mother rushes to collect it, daughter, with whom her younger sister manages to escape]: 405; Adriani 1915 in Bezemer 1904 [(bare toraja); when leaving to work in the field, parents tell their son Tandani and his brother should prepare food for their return; but they play all day long; finally, the mother did not let the children into the house, pushing T. down the stairs; the brothers ran away; the mother tried to catch up with them and asked them to come back; T. threw peas behind him several times, his mother collected them, wasting time; T. asked for the "gaping rocks" {gähnenden Felsen: obviously, the crushing rocks} let them pass, the rocks were missed; the mother cut the rocks in half: one half became a goat, the other a pig; the brothers reached the fruit tree; T. climbed upstairs, began to throw fruit to his brother, drive away the pig that came up; did not know that it was his mother; threw the fruit to her who had a sharp leaf stalk; the pig swallowed it and died; the brothers came to the old man and the old woman; T. spoke about the killed pig, asked his brother to feed; the old man smeared the boy's mouth with blood, took it for himself meat, left bones to his brothers; on the way to the old man, T. quietly put the meat in his basket, and put stones in the old man's basket; at home, the old man began to dump the contents into the cauldron - it flows; the old man thinks that his bone pierced; so with all the cauldrons; then he noticed that there were stones in the basket; in the morning, the old men with two dogs rushed along the trail of the boys; they climbed a tree above the river; the old man noticed their reflection; climbed a tree, saying to his wife: if the "hrums" falls, it's me, and if it's "flop", it's T., let the dogs down on him; T.: open your mouth, I'll throw something; the old man opened his mouth, T. threw a hot stone at him, the old man fell, the wife thinks it was T., let the dogs down, they bit to death the old man; she climbed herself, hurt herself against thorns and died]: 348-352.

China - Korea. Chinese (northern) [there is a country in the north where men are psoglavtsy, eat raw meat and women understand Chinese, eat human food; or it is a country in the east in the South Sea; one the man was captured there; he fled with a lot of bones; threw them to stalking dogs, who took them home, the man escaped]: Eberhard 1968:463-464; fox [the couple has 4 daughters, husband died; the elder Amima and her younger brother Abep went to the forest for fruit; when she saw the monkeys, her sister stayed with them, sending her brother to her mother; gave birth to a monkey, came to visit her mother and the siblings, did not show child; brother followed her, saw that her son was a monkey; out of shame she threw him off the tree, he crashed to death; the monkey husband beat Amima; came with her to his mother-in-law; when he killed the pig with his teeth, brother laughed, he chased him; his sister gave him sticks and told them to throw them along the way; the monkey husband picks them up every time and takes them to his wife, wasting time; Abepa has been transported across Salwen; since then, humans and monkeys do not live together; the second sister, Alema, has married the caterpillar; Abepa came to her; the sister says that the husband of work tells him to call; Abepa calls, does he answer dzï every time? then Abepa killed him with a spear; his sister asks not to see where she sleeps; Abepa is surprised that she is thin and pale; finds small caterpillars there; pours boiling water on them; her sister is desperate for her children; third her sister, Asama, became the wife of a fallen tree; she suffered from heat and cold for three years, and then a huge mushroom grew on the trunk; everyone became jealous; Asama brought it to her mother and lived with her again; the trunk was completely rotted; Asïma's younger sister married a bear; he brings a lot of food; others are jealous; his wife accompanies him when he pulls honey out of the hollow; next time he went alone; some man set up his bag and then killed a bear; his wife is unhappy; Abep's brother grew up, all the girls want him; he chose the most beautiful one, then got 12 goitters; one day he went to another village and spent the night in the forest; the spirit of the place invited him to eat; each of his 12 daughters took a goiter to use as a cooking vessel; in the morning he ran home; the spirits tried to catch up with him to give the goiter vessels, but they failed; the neighbor had 3 goitters; when he heard Abepa's story, he went to that place; the spirits gave him 12 goitters of Abepa, he was 15; his wife died of grief; he cut off his goiters with a sword and became an avenger spirit]: Dessaint, Ngwâma 1994:374-389; namuzi [father learns that if he kills his seven daughters, he will have sons; he takes the girls to a shallow pond to dig up water bulbs, lets water in, everyone drowns except the youngest; she wears her sisters' jewelry; a neighbor (apparently everyone around her is cannibals) asks for jewelry, the girl gives her the condition to change beds; at night, the neighbor is killed instead of her; the girl first pretends to have a stomachache, slowly picks up pieces of meat into her bag, runs away; ferocious dogs are allowed to follow her, she throws meat, dogs stop eating it; she crosses the bridge, brings it down with him; comes to the house, where they ask for help weaving hemp; the child says that the parents want to cook and eat it; she runs away; the same is in another house; she returns to her parents; father offers tests proving that the girl is his daughter (let the two halves of the log roll down and lie on top of each other; let two millstones); but still does not recognize her daughter; the mother gives her cattle and rapeseed, tells me to go look for her husband; she comes to the house where she is accepted; her husband brings birds; does not say where; she secretly sticks a needle and thread into his clothes, comes along a thread to the golden island; the husband creates beautiful house; mother follows the rapeseed trail; the father also comes; the daughter asks if he wants to enter the golden or silver door, he replies that it is gold; she lets him in the wooden one; then with a bed; brings bags with him, tells him to open halfway, tying the horse to his leg; snakes crawl out of the bags, wasps fly out; the horse rushes, brings home only one leg of the owner]: Lakhi 2009 ( 1): 218-276.

The Balkans. Ancient Greece ["Catalog of Women" (circa 6th century BC), attributed in ancient times to Hesiod and preserved as a series of passages on papyri (in the case of Atalanta, in Oxirinha papyrus of the II-III centuries): "With my right hand... /I reached for her in my aspiration. When she saw it, she turned back. Not an equal competition, however, /It was for them: Atalanta, divine, fast in running, /She raced, not wanting to accept the gifts of golden Aphrodite, /She gave his soul to agony, in no way death, /Or salvation he searched, and said, plotting cunning:/"Scheney's daughter, who has a heart alien to pity! /This gift was accepted by the beautiful goddess of the golden Aphrodite..."/.../So he said and threw the shame that alienated the apple, /The fruit of the golden goddess Aphrodite... /Immediately to his feet swiftly... /The harpy seems with floating hands, the maiden immediately grabbed it from the ground. He threw the other apple on the ground./Atalanta has already taken two, divine, fast in running, /He threw the third apple at the target close to the ground, /He managed to avoid death and black death./ finished breathing deeply..." (per. O. Tsybenko)]: Hes. Cat. Fr. 14 (EW) = 75 (MW) = 36 (Gasparov). 27-48 (Greek original in Vitelli 1912, No. 130:49-50); [Theocritus's idyll (3rd century BC): "How Hippomenus wanted to marry a girlfriend. /He took apples with him; Atalanta, on the other hand, competed with him/Looking, lost her mind, and jumped into the abyss to Eros" (Transl. M.E. Grabar-Passek)]: Theoc. Id. III. 40-43; [Ovid's Metamorphoses (line of er): Atalanta demanded that the suitors be able to overtake her; many tried unsuccessfully and were executed; Hippomenes challenged her; Aphrodite handed him three Tamasei golden apples; while running, he threw one of them on the lists; Atalanta was stunned, deviated from the path and bent over for the rolling apple; G. managed to overtake her, but after a while Atalanta left him behind again; then lingered over the second apple and took the lead again; G. threw the third apple, Atalanta picked it up; G. ran first and married her]: Ovid. Met. X. 560-680; [Ovid's "Mournful Elegies" (line of er): Medea ran away from her father with the Argonauts; noticing a chase, she stabbed her brother Absirt, scattered parts of his body across the field, and attached her head and arms at the top of a cliff to distract my father from looking for these remains]: Ovid. Trist. III.9; [Medea scatters parts of Apsirt's body: "Although Jason managed to harness the bulls, Eat did not give up his rune: he planned to burn Argo's ship and kill the Argonauts. However, Medea had first brought Jason to the place where the fleece was located, and after putting a magic potion on the dragon that was guarding him, took the fleece and boarded Argo's ship with Jason. Her brother Apsirt also sailed with her. At night, the Argonauts sailed with them into the open sea. Eat, learning that Medea had dared to do, rushed to chase the ship. When Medea saw that Eat was just around the corner, she killed her brother, cut his body to pieces and threw him into the sea. While collecting his son's body parts, Eat fell behind, was forced to stop chasing, and turned back to bury Apsirt's selected body parts. He named the burial place Thomas"; Melanion throws golden apples: "Atalanta's father, who wanted only male children, threw the girl away and fed her, often visiting, with her milk a bear until Atalanta was picked up by the hunters who raised her at home. As a grown girl, Atalanta kept her virginity and spent time hunting in wild and deserted places with hunting gear <... > She later found her parents and, as her father urged her to marry, chose a runable site, reinforced a three-cubit stake in the middle, and designated this place as her starting point for suitors who were supposed to compete with her on the run. She herself followed them in full arms. Whoever was caught within these boundaries would have to pay with his life, and whoever was not caught would have the right to marry her. After many of her friends died, Melanion, who was in love with her, came to the competition site with golden apples presented to him by the goddess Aphrodite. Persecuted by Atalanta, he threw them to the ground, Atalanta, picking them up, was defeated, and Melanion married her" (trans. V.G. Borukhovich)]: Apollod. Bibl. I. 9. 23-24, III. 9.2; ["Myths" attributed to Guy Julius Gigin, who lived at the turn of the Era, but most likely date back to the 1st and 2nd centuries: "Schoeney is said to have a daughter, Atalanta, a very beautiful girl who She was so valiant that she beat men on the run. She asked her father to leave her as a girlfriend. So when many began to marry her, her father set a test for those who wanted to marry her to first compete with her on the run. They were installed between him and the groom ran unarmed, and she caught up with him armed and, if she had caught up between him before, killed and nailed his head on the treadmill. When she won and killed many, she was finally defeated by Hippomenes, son of Megarey and Meropa. After all, he received three apples of remarkable beauty from Venus and she taught him what to do with them. Throwing them during the competition, he held back the girl's onslaught. After all, while she was collecting them and marveling at the gold, she leaned down and lost the victory to the young man. For his resourcefulness, Schoyney willingly married his daughter" (trans. D.O. Torshilova)]: Hyg. Fab. 185; Serbs [a poor man with many children is a boy in a dream; teaches him to go to the source of the stream, there is a naked girl, she can turn it into a fish and eat it; if she offers to look in her hair, you have to find and pull out blood-red hair, run; throw a handkerchief, a handkerchief, a mirror behind; the stalker will look at them and fall behind; the hair must be sold, it is fabulously valuable; hair bought by the emperor; he split it lengthways and it recorded everything that had happened since the beginning of the world; the man became rich; that child was an angel sent by God]: Wratislaw 1890, No. 42:221-223 (=Eschker 1992, No. 1:11-14).

Central Europe. Russians (Bryansk Oblast) [the youngest of his sons, Ivan Pópyalov, lay in ash ("in pópala") until the age of 12; the sun hid the serpent; IP asks his father to make him a club, throws him up, puts his forehead, the club breaks; the third club It did not break by 15 pounds; kills three-, six-headed snakes; the 12-headed snake cuts off 9 heads; the snake asks the Raven to fly to call his Snake for help, the IP asks to call his brothers, promises snake meat; The raven is flying to his brothers; the brothers came, killed the snake, his head was broken in his house, the world was lit; halfway through, IP returned for his mittens, becoming a cat, overheard the conversation between his wife and daughters of the snake; brothers they want to relax on pillows in the meadow, IP hits the pillows with a club, blood flows; there are golden and silver apples on the apple tree, IP beats them, blood flows; the spring is the same; they were snake daughters; a snake is flying, their mouth is off the ground to the sky; the brothers throw three pounds of salt, the snake thinks it's an individual entrepreneur, tries, loses time; IP hides in the forge of Kuzma and Demyan; they offer her to lick 12 doors with her tongue, then take the IP; they grab it with ticks for the tongue, killed with hammers, burned]: Afanasiev 1958 (1), No. 135:264-266; Belarusians (Grodno Region) [two brothers go to plow in the forest, mark the road with straw, the sister must walk along it to bring them lunch; the seven-headed Serpent overheard, changed signs, the girl came to the Snake; one, then the second brothers come, The serpent shows its wealth, offers iron bread, hangs his brothers on a beam; their mother's pea turns into a boy Pokatypea (P.), he grows up, the blacksmith makes him a seven-pound mace, he throws it to the clouds, it falls, breaks; he orders stronger; comes to the Serpent, eats iron bread, breaks the deck without an ax, burns it without fire; P. and the Serpent drive each other into the ground, P. drives him whole, kills him with a mace; kills a horse, hides in a carcass, grabs the Crow that has descended, orders him to bring living and dead water; he brings, P. tears the Raven in two, glues, revives brought with water; revives the brothers; on the way back, the brothers tie him to the oak tree, not believing that he is their brother; he drags the oak tree to the house, leaves his parents, leaves; meets and takes Vyrvigora as a friend, Vyrvidub; P. kills a six-, seven-, nine-headed snake, brings tongues to the king; the wives of the Serpents turn into a bed, into an apple tree, P. cuts them, preventing their comrades from sitting down and eating apples; the third Snake falls from earth to heaven; P. throws three kani (stones?) into her mouth , three falcons, comrades; each time the Snake returns to drink; P. hides with blacksmiths; they tell the Snake to wipe the doors with their tongue, grab the tongue with ticks, P. kills her]: Afanasiev 1958 (1), No. 134:254-263; Ukrainians, Belarusians [Snake crown: a man steals a crown from a snake's head; throws a dress behind him when snakes chase him; a cook cooks a crown and learns the language of animals instead owner]: SUS 1979, No. 672:178; Slovaks [the werewolf's daughter runs away from her father; throws the scarf, he must divide it into threads and hide it again, he does the task in half an hour; so consistently throws him all his garments]: Pancritius 1913:857.

Iran - Central Asia. Uzbeks [Buyuk Karimov's recording, said Zibog-Bibi Sarymsakova; the padishah and the vizier are childless and are going on a pilgrimage; the elder gave them an apple each, ordered them to name the children Tahir and Zukhra and to betray them in the cradle; the girl was born to a padishah; he wanted an heir, ordered the girl to be executed, to bring a handkerchief soaked in her blood; then regretted it; the nobles confessed that they did not obey the order; The vizier, having learned about the birth of his son, galloped home, fell and crashed; the padishah refused to betray his daughter to an orphan; T. played and hurt the old woman; she ordered him to extort the name of his named bride from his mother; T. he was ill, asked his mother to fry wheat, clutched a handful of hot grains in her palms, her mother agreed to tell me everything; T. found Z. and began to meet her; the padishah found out, ordered T. to be put in the chest, throw it into the river; Z. made sure that the chest was spacious; the daughters of the Rum king noticed it; by lot it went to the youngest; she fell in love with the young man inside; the padishah adopted T. and gave it for him daughter; she is even more beautiful than Z., but T. does not talk to her and puts a dagger on the bed between them; after 40 years she took pity on his wife, spoke to her; her name is Khadicha; the padishah promises a reward to someone who will make T. laugh; father Z. wants to pass her off as Prince Kara-batyr; Z. sends caravans to look for T.; he hears their song - he sang the same song as a child; T. goes with caravans, his wife H. follows; dies of fatigue; at the last moment T. puts her head on his knees; the caravan constantly returns to her grave; only after T.'s farewell song opens a straight path; on the path of the mountain; based on the song by T. one of the mountains cuts in half; the camel manages to slip through, "only the bottom of his tail has pinched off the mountain"; at the crossroads of three roads, T. chooses the shortest one, where the inscription "If you go, you won't come back"; in one city they are thrown into prison; a friend recognizes T. by a song, helps them go free; T. finds Z. in the garden; sister K. sees them; the padishah tells them to cut T. in half, hang pieces on the gate; Z. 50 days in mourning; on the way at T.'s grave, she drops her pearls; while the girls accompanying her pick them up, she comes to T.'s grave and kills herself; the grave opened and accepted it; after learning of the bride's death, K. also killed himself; his his sister orders him to be buried between the graves of lovers; "the oppressors did not leave lovers even after death, they put a black thorn between them"]: Zhirmunsky, Zarifov 1947:295-297; Baluchis: Zarubin 1932, No. 4 [the newborn rips open the bellies of the cattle at night; her brother has second eyes on the back of his head, he sees everything, asks her sister to be killed, they do not believe him, he leaves; he returns, meets three on the way blind girls sucking milk from three goats; sucks milk, they catch it; he kills buzlangs, brings magic leaves, restores girls' eyesight; leaves two dogs, tells them to let go if the feeder will be covered with rust; a dead city finds him at home, his sister leads him to drink his horse, eats up one leg, his brother in fear agrees that he came on a three-legged horse; the same episode with the other legs, his head, with harness; he asks his sister to bring water with a sieve, his sister tells him to hit the cup; the mouse hits instead of him, he runs away; the sister eats the mouse, chases; he throws one or the other gold supports for the hearth, sister hesitates to pick them up; throws an antimony brush, it turns into a tree, he's at the top, she gnaws on the trunk with her teeth; he calls the dogs, they kill her sister, she says that the bead in her throat should be crushed; with this powder, he revives the dead], 5 [option; the king has three sons, including Lalu four-eyed; sees his sister get up from the cradle, gut the camels; bread falls from the sky to the house of three blind girls ; L. bites off them, drinks goat milk, they catch him; he goes to the buzlanga, who whips him, L. pretends to be pleasant; beats the buzlangi, who tells him to crush three beads in his throat before death, the powder makes girls' eyes sighted; as in (4); L. leaves his ash-filled clothes; three hearth supports; L. hides in date trees that grew from seeds he planted earlier; the end is like in (4)]: 52-60, 60-68.

Baltoscandia. Lithuanians: Kerbelite 2001:404 [snakes chase a man; he throws their hat/shoes at them; while snakes tear things apart, a man runs away], 444 [a man on the run throws a fur coat (chasing him) the mare tears it apart and the man is saved]; Finns: Salmelainen 1871, No. 7:73-77 in Cox 1893, No. 97 [older sisters tyrant the youngest; the pig asks to remove the trough from her face; the cow, straw on the horns, asks her to milk; the old man asks him to look in his head; only the younger sister fulfills requests, receives milk, a magic wand; is hired to herd pigs; she is told to disassemble the grain (the old man did it); the heroine comes to church three times in magical dresses; runs away early; the third time the shoe sticks to the resin; money scattered to distract her pursuers; girls try on a shoe; older sisters mutilate themselves in vain to make their leg smaller; wedding; antagonists are punished]: 39; Jauhiainen 1998, No. K21 [the knight steals the snake's crown and escapes because he jumps through a field plowed not far and wide, through fire, through water, throws their garments to plant themselves, and snakes take time to tear them to pieces]: 319-320; (cf. Estonians (Kodavere) [the merchant sees how a person beats God's image, because his debtor took him as guarantor and died himself; the merchant pays the debt, takes the image to church; the old man tells the merchant where to get it a ship that loads broken bricks and firewood; but in the city where the ship sailed, all this was sold for a lot of money; the rich man's daughter died, told her to spend three nights in church at her coffin before her death, then she will come to life ; no one comes back alive; the old man teaches the merchant what to do, draws three circles, then nine circles around the coffin; on the third night he gives the merchant iron nuts; when the dead woman crosses the seventh line, the merchant she throws nuts, she starts picking them up, morning comes, she does not go to the coffin; comes to life; her father gives the merchant a daughter as his wife; on the ship, the old man tells her to divide his wife, cuts it in half, cleans snakes and lizards, revives again; says he was that God's image]: Järv et al. 2009:24:110-112); Scandinavians [Hrolf jumps to the Fury Valley with his men, returning to his army; king Aldis chases them with the army; H. scooped gold from the horn, scattered them along the way; they jumped off their horses, began to pick them up; A. continues to chase; H. threw him a ring Svei Pig; A. forged him with a spear and leaned towards him; H.: made the most powerful of sveys bend like a pig]: Younger Edda 1970:82; Norwegians [in one option, the fugitives throw a ring that turns into a multitude golden rings; the stalker spends time picking them up]: Christiansen 1959:105; (cf. Eastern Sami [(original source?) ; Akkaniidi carries water in buckets; The bear asks to be drunk, then demands to become his wife; A. says that while still young, the Bear takes her away, will wait for her to grow up; does not tell her to go into the barn; And . comes in, there's Thunder bound; A. sawed the chains, the Thunder carries her away on her shoulders; they throw a bag of hay, the Bear tears it up, loses time; the burning branch is lightning; the Bear's hair lights up; while he extinguishes it, Thunder takes A. to her buckets, they have petrified; A. and Grom says they are still small, Thunder agrees to wait]: Petrukhin 2003:160-161).

Volga - Perm. Bashkirs: Barag 1975, No. 20 [the husband died, the widow and three young children stayed with her mother-in-law, the witch; only late one evening she let her daughter-in-law stay with her mother; the witch sent to I'll chase the cannibal pig; the daughter-in-law consistently throws her gifts, leaves the horse, the youngest, middle, older child, the pig eats them; the daughter-in-law knocks on one brother, to the second brother, those at night not they open it; the mother cannot open it because she is sick; the daughter-in-law took refuge in the barn, the pig ate her, kurai grass (hogweed and other large umbrella plants) grew on the roof; brothers came, the wind blew, kurai said their story; the brothers began to apologize to their sister; in the wind, kurai has been singing this song ever since]: 98-99; 1989, No. 18 (p. Ishyal, Mechetlinsky District, Zap, 1956) [Ubyr-karsyk (UK) tricked the girls away, they stopped going for berries; one morning the girl went down to the stream for water, he is handsome there, promises to send matchmakers; after the wedding, they go to the forest, the husband turned out to be the son of the Criminal Code with an ear on the back of his head, a crooked nose, grinned teeth; her daughter-in-law is tormented by work; she dreams of visiting relatives; the Criminal Code allows and orders to bake cakes for the road; while the daughter-in-law went to the neighbors for a dress, the UK ate cakes; the same the next day; on the third daughter-in-law went in an old dress; the UK pursues; the daughter-in-law first throws a flat cake behind, then cuts herself off fingers; hands; but did not abandon the child; after dark she ran home; mother, father, brother's wife do not unlock, they say that the daughter (sister-in-law) will not walk at night; the UK ran up, ate her daughter-in-law with her as a child, she hung her hair, guts, veins on the handle of the sheepfold; in the morning, the brother thinks that the wolf ate the sheep; the father advises to make good violin strings out of veins; the brother made, played, the violin sings: You, mother, She didn't open the door for me - the Criminal Code ate me. You, father, didn't open the door for me - your matchmaker ate me. You, daughter-in-law, didn't open the door for me - the Criminal Code ate me. You, brother, didn't open the door for me - the Criminal Code ate me. Relatives understood and cried; her brother came to the Criminal Code hut, there was a beautiful girl; he hit her on the head with a violin, the girl turned into a monster, then into a double-headed snake; her brother cut off both heads with a sword, cut off the body to pieces, I wanted to burn it; a voice hears: My brother, don't burn us, don't leave us here! He began to scatter pieces, his sister came out of one big one, and her child came out of the other little one; they began to live well; that huntsman's violin is still singing; don't open the door! Do not offend your daughter-in-law..]: 110-115; Zelenin 1991, No. 103 (103) [mother-in-law is a byr (witch); daughter-in-law bakes cakes to give gifts to her three brothers, each time the mother-in-law eats them while the daughter-in-law harnesses horse; daughter-in-law first harnesses, then bakes, leaves; ubyr catches up, daughter-in-law throws cakes, eats them, wasts time; daughter-in-law consistently throws objects, swallows them: whip, cart wheel (goes on three), three of his children, three wheels, a cart (then he rides on horseback), a yoke, all garments except his shirt; he swallows the horse's tail, one leg, the other, the horse; the daughter-in-law runs on foot; the brothers do not believe that her sister is knocking, the younger brother tells her to go to the sheep's fit, eats her younger brother's intestines on a pole, goes home; the middle brother makes strings out of his intestines for the violin, she plays says that she is his sister Bibi-Gaisha; the brothers invited his mother-in-law and her husband to visit, killed their mother-in-law, and their father-in-law stayed with them]: 445-447.

Turkestan. Dungane [the cannibal overhears the mother jokingly promising the boy that his uncle will come to pick him up on a donkey; comes in, says that he is the woman's brother, takes her and her son away; on the way they notice that The cannibal has a tail; in the cannibal house, the boy is cooked, his mother hides his arms and legs; women who are fattened are taught to switch places with the ogre's mother, run with 8 chopsticks and a mirror; The cannibal mistakenly eats his mother, chases a woman, picks up abandoned sticks and a mirror, returns home with them every time; women leave a hot stone near his house, he sits on it, runs away] : Riftin et al. 1977, No. 21:146-149; Kazakhs: Kaskabasov et al. 1979, No. 28 [one genus lived in an area illuminated by the moon and covered with ice; their men were gray dogs, hunted, and women were people; a Kazakh came to such a man's house; invited the woman to run away with him; they loaded his property on a sleigh; not finding his wife at home, the dog set off in pursuit; the wife consistently threw things on the ground; every time the dog took this thing home, came back; when things ran out, they reached warm places, the dog could no longer chase there]: 58-59; Ethnographic Materials 1898, No. 5 (Turgay) [rich old man will pass off Ganifa's daughter as someone who can guess what material the glove is made of; two wolves heard G. complaining to her friend (this is her daughter-in-law) that she will remain an old maiden - she made a glove from aphid skin; in the morning a horseman comes accompanied by an old man - yesterday's wolves; the horseman guessed right, G. is happy, spent the night with him; tells his daughter-in-law that at night the groom scratched her chest and knocked his teeth; the groom asks not to accompany him when his wife is lucky home; G. sees how the groom became a wolf; friend: he is taught werewolf; for the night both became wolves, howled others into the yurt; when the wolves fell asleep, the pacer G. jump away, throwing small expensive things behind him at his direction; each time the wolf picks up an item (ring, brooch) and takes it back to the yurt; the foreigner tells him to slaughter him, eat its meat and blood, sprinkle it with blood around, throw out his insides, lie in his belly, taking his right front leg with you; in the morning, the horse's belly became a yurt, his leg became a young husband, drops of blood into the people who chose G. Khan]: 29-33.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Siberian Tatars (Yalankul, Bolsherechensky District, Omsk Oblast) [evil people have a daughter-in-law, she is not allowed to visit her parents. one day she takes her baby and goes to visit her parents in the moonlight; a wolf meets her; frightened, she drops the bread she had in her hand ; the wolf finds bread and, after eating it, wanders after the woman; she throws the shawl off her head; finally she has nothing left, she is forced to abandon her baby; gets to her native village, hides in parents' yard; the wolf finds it and eats it; when the sun rises, her brother goes out into the yard and sees the intestines lying around; he brings the guts home, makes violin strings out of them, plays the violin; the violin sings: "The month shines dimly, the woman weaves sadly when the clouds are in the sky, wolves prowl in the woods"; parents and siblings listen to this song; they go to look for their daughter and avenge her - they kill their mother-in-law and father-in-law]: Akhatov 1963, No. 5:192-193; Khakas [Chelbigen takes her seven goats from old Tardan, then takes her into a bag; on the way she falls asleep, she leaves stones in her bag, runs away; C. pours out at home stones into the cauldron, they break through the bottom; next time T. leaves bark in the bag; in the third hour he brings it home, goes to beat the animals; T. asks C.'s children to release her, promises to cook salamat for them; defecates; children take sewage for salamat, devour; T. cuts off their heads, covers them with a blanket, cooks their liver; C. devours it; chases T.; she pours the blood of children C., C. licks it three times, his tongue freezes; T. cuts his tongue twice, cuts off C.'s head the third time; laughs, her liver bursts, she dies]: Katanov 1963, No. 437:135-136; Buryats: Barannikova et al. 1993, No. 6 (SE Buryatia ) [Zer Dalai sees a lung among the herd, it has turned into a 50-headed mangadhai Asuri Shara; they decide to fight in 3 days; ZD hides sister Bashalay, a bird and a dog in a white rock; the mangadhai kills him; asks all the objects in the yurt where the inhabitants are; the doorknob says it is in a white rock; B. runs away from the mangadhai, pours blood out of the tueska, the mangadhai licks it off the ice, his tongue is frozen, B. cut him off head; disguised as a man, goes to heaven to three Sunday girls; finds himself inside a bottomless monster camel; there are people swallowed 5, 10 years ago; B. pierces a hole with an arrow, people and animals go out; resurrections suspect that this is a girl, but she avoids being tested; leads them to her brother's remains, runs away herself, chipping in with a hare; resurrectionists revive ZD, become his wives; he is going to shoot a hare, his sister tells him not to shoot, takes on a human form; two older wives tied a ball of red thread to her ZD belt, found the house where B. lives; threw gold in her mouth ring, she is dead; the youngest wife answers ZD that she is not to blame; he asks the elders what they want: the tails of 70 horses or the tips of 70 ribs; tied them to the tails of the stallions; put the body of his sister ZD in a box, hung a blind red deer on his horns; the red deer came to Khartaganag Khan; a child and a golden ring fell out of the box; the girl grew up, the khan's son married her, they have a child; ZD found them, everything is fine], 23 ( Bayandaevsky District, Irkutsk Region) [old man Harhan stabbed a bull, could not finish eating his ribs, offers a crow (she only wants eyes), a magpie (stomach contents), a 7-headed mangadhay; he eats a bull, takes H. to him, tells seven his sons to cook it; H. persuaded them to untie it (he would make them toys), killed him, cooked it, put their heads as if they were sleeping, filled their stomachs with blood, put needles in the meat, put their testicles in ash; mangadhai came he pricked his needles, his testicles burst into his eyes, he thinks this is punishment for not sharing with fire with his sons; he found heads, looked for H., who dug a passage, answers outside the house and then from the inside; runs, throwing his stomachs with blood on the ice; mangadhai begins to lick blood every time, his tongue freezes, H. cuts off his head; so he cut off 7 heads]: 109-117, 277-281; darhatas [mangus caught, brought to a lonely boy named Tekten; sent him to the forest for firewood to fry him; T. hid, answers the mangus that he is defecating in the pantry, sitting on the chimney, on the roof; the mangus breaks the pantry, the roof, does not finds T., tells his seven youths to find and kill T., leaves himself; T. kills, cooks the sons of mangus, puts their intestines and blood in their bosoms, runs away on the ice of the sea; after eating the children's fat, the mangus finds their heads, chases T.; he slipped, blood from his gut spread, mangus licks it, mistaking it for T.'s blood, his tongue froze; he asks to cut between ice and tongue, T. cuts off his head]: Sanzheev 1931, No. 2:36; Mongols [the boy forgets grandmas (toys) at the old camp; the father advises to sit on a calm mare, the mother forgets the eight-legged stallion; the witch plays with the grandmothers; the boy grabs them, rides; the witch catches up with the horse, (consistently?) breaks his eight legs, takes the boy to his yurt; the sheep tells him to gut her, ride a calf with her giblets; throws sheep droppings, guts, gum (each time the witch cleans herself for a long time); swims across the river on a calf; advises the witch to swim across her neck with a stone tied around her neck; the witch drowns; the calf tells her to kill the louse on her head (this dies), scatter his legs, go to bed in his womb; a boy wakes up in a yurt, around a herd]: Mikhailov 1967:167-170; (cf. Inner Mongolian Mongols (Chahars, Khoshun Shand) [the rich man watered his herd of horses from the well and saw something like a liver in the watering deck; he took it out and began to hit it with a stone; it turned into a humpback old man who was a mangus-a monster with twelve heads; mangus said, "Would you give me your herd of eight hundred heads, or would you prefer to give me your son? If you do not comply with my request, I will swallow you"; the rich man decided to give his son and replied: "My son likes to play ram dice. It has one gold bone and one silver bone. Before I migrate, I will try to forget his two talus bones and leave them in the place of his nomadic. The son in the new place will want to play with his bones and will look for them, and they are forgotten in the old place. I'll make him go there to pick them up. That's when you'll grab him"; the rich man's family migrated to a new place; the boy asked his father where the bones were; the rich man replied that they were left on an old nomad, told his son to go pick them up on horseback about eight legs ; the horse told the boy to take with him a comb, a mirror, a bar, a bag of lice and a bag of nits; the boy listened, set off; arrived in the nomadic and saw a humpback old man sitting near the bones; the boy guessed it was a mango, grabbed the bones and rushed away; the mangus chased him; threw a stick at the horse and tore off one leg; the horse told the boy to drop his bag with lice; the boy did it, the mangus fell behind, busy collecting and destroying lice; after the mangus continued to pursue, threw the stick and tore off the horse's other leg; the boy threw the bag with nits, the mangus stayed a little longer, collecting and destroying nits; then continued his pursuit, threw his stick and tore off the horse's other leg; the horse told the boy to throw the bar; the boy did it, A rock appeared in front of the mangus; he overcame it, continued to pursue it; once again took out his horse with a stick and tore off his leg; the horse told the boy that he had thrown the comb; the boy did it in front of the mangus a dense forest grew; when the mangus crossed it, the boy threw down the mirror; it turned into an ocean, the mangus drowned in it; the horse said: "Your parents are rich people, but they care more and love their livestock than kids. When you get home, you call your father "Wolf's Heart," your mother, "Wet Eyes," and your sister, "Between Two Fires (Letters. in ticks)"; the boy returned home, began to call his parents and sister as the horse ordered]: Todayeva 1981:102-104).

Western Siberia. Muncie (b. Pelymka) [the king has a son, his wife gave birth, the baby was in bed with his parents, he fell asleep; the king ordered her son to be cut off for this; the mother took her son's body, came to the hut on the seashore; saw how the snake took the grass, the serpent revived the deceased; the woman revived her son with the same grass; (did the son grow up?) ; the son comes to an empty house, there is food and wine; returns to his mother; so three times; the third time the owner comes, the young man hits him, he hides in a hole; the young man brings his mother to live in this house; she (became snake's mistress), ties his sleeping son with copper, iron wire, every time says that he tries his power; pretends to be sick, asks for living and dead water; he goes to the old woman, she sends him to the other, second to third, each gives a horse; on the last, the young man jumps over the fence, there are heads on stakes; he takes Marpita prikasna tievitsa, her father Jīki Pokān Pochotyr pursues, young man throws him a barrel of wine, he drinks; the young man comes back, cuts off his head, brings his mother; the serpent tells her about it; the mother gave her son a drink, tied him with a rope, they blinded him, hung him upside down by the shore seas; the wife sent the magpie and the heron to reach for her eyes; while the magpie screamed in the fir, the crow broke the window, brought her eyes, the wife put them in to her husband, poured them with dead and living water; the son returned, killed the mother and the snake]: Kannisto 1956, No. 11:118-126.

Eastern Siberia. Western Evenks (place and time of recording are not specified) [Boyata's wife invites the woman to warm her child in the plague, cuts off her head, cooks her body; the woman agrees with her husband what he will eat in Boyata's plague, throwing pieces of meat under her apron, and she will prepare to flee; Boyats chase spouses; a woman throws a fried deer on the road; Boyata's father picks it up, eats, chokes, dies; Boyaty himself falls into an ice-hole cut by a woman; Boyata's wife was hacked down]: Osharov 1936a: 45-47; Evenki of the Baikal region [little man Tagelchiken meets Mangi, throws meat into his mouth; meat ends, M. puts T. in his bag, brings him home to eat, stops; T. offers to look in his head, puts him to sleep, puts stones in his bag, hides; M.'s wife and children find only stones in his bag; M. comes back, puts T. in his bag again, brings him home; he tells him to cook him in a new dish carved from wood growing across ten mountains and rivers; M. and his wife go to make dishes, tie T. to middle pole in the plague; M. promises to make onions for the children if they untie it and give their father's knife; kills children, cooks their meat, puts their heads on the bed; M. and his wife eat their children; find their heads they chase T.; he throws bubbles of children's blood on the ice; M. and his wife lick her, freeze her with their tongues to the ice, T. cuts off their heads]: Voskoboynikov 1967, No. 12:39-43.

Japan. Ancient Japan: Kojiki 1994, ch. 1-9 [At the beginning of time, seven generations of gods appear, the first two being alone, the rest in pairs, brother and sister. The last couple is Izanagi and his younger sister Izanami. They stand on the Heavenly Floating Bridge (rainbow?) , an island emerges from a drop of water that falls from their spear. They build a pole and chambers and enter into a dialogue. - How does your body work? - I grew up, didn't grow in one place. - Mine has grown too much in one place; I need to put what I grew up in a place where you didn't grow up, have children. After that, Izanami walks around the pole on the right and Izanagi on the left. When he met, Izanami was the first to say: What a handsome young man. Izanagi replies: What a pretty girl. As a result, Izanami gives birth to a leech child. The heavenly gods recommend repeating the marriage ceremony so that Izanagi's words are the first to say. After that, Izanagi gives birth to Japan's islands, numerous gods and goddesses (wind, rivers, sea, trees, mountains, plains, food, etc.). When she gave birth to the fire, Izanami scorched her womb and died. After the burial, Izanagi slaughtered his son with his sword, because of whom his mother died. Many new deities emerge from drops of blood, including the God of Fearsome Fast Fire and the Fiery God of Fast Fire. Wanting to be reunited with his wife, Izanami comes to the Land of Roots (Land of Yellow Waters, Land of Darkness) for her. However, Izanami tells him that she has already eaten local food and tells him not to look at it until she goes to consult with local deities. Tired of waiting, Izanagi walks into her chambers and sees worms and eight Thunders in her body. He runs in horror, and Izanami sends the Ugly Women of the Underworld in pursuit. Izanagi throws a headband behind him and then a comb. They turn into wild grapes, into bamboo shoots, after which the furies stop picking and eating them. Izanami then chases the eight Thunders Izanagi saw on her body and 1,500 demons from the underland. At the edge of the world, Izanagi drives them away, waving his sword behind him and throwing three peaches at them. Izanami chased herself, but Izanagi blocked the way out of the underworld with a rock. When divorcing, Izanami promises to kill 1,000 people a day on earth, and Izanagi promises 1,500 newborns a day. While bathing, Izanami again creates new gods, including three important ones. When he washed his left eye, the sun goddess Amatherasu appeared, when the right one was the moon god Tsukuyomi, and his nose was Susanoo, connected to the sea, storms and the underworld]: 38-51; Nihon Shoki 1997, scroll 1 [Izanaki-no Mikoto, following Izanami no mikoto, reached the country of Yomotukuni; I-mi says she has already touched the hearth where the food is being cooked, asking her not to look at it; but I-ki took out the forbidden comb and broke off the extreme one tooth Male Pillar, looked closely, holding it like a torch, saw that I-mi was covered with purulent boils and worms; so people avoid lighting only one lamp at night and throwing away the comb; I-ki rushed flee, and I-mi sent eight witches from Yo after him; I-ki threw down his black ivy hat, which turned into grapes, the witches began to collect it, then rushed in pursuit; I-ki threw the comb it turned into bamboo sprouts, the witches began to eat them; when they chased again, I-ki had already reached the Yomo-tu-Pirasaka slope]: 124-125.

SV Asia. Chukchi [see motif L101; boys and girls play husbands and wives; the youngest grabs a whale skull, he drags her into the sea; turns into Keith, takes her as a wife; her brother learns to sail in a boat like this as fast as a bird flies; with his companions comes for his sister; Keith floods the house with water, people escape wearing bird skins; Keith lets a heavy bloody stone roll, people escape by wearing bird skins ermine skins; take a woman away; Keith catches up with them; a woman throws her garments one by one, strips naked; people on the shore kill Keith; a woman gives birth to a Kitten; he grows up, leads to There are many whales in the village; someone is killing it]: Bogoras 1928, No. 50:436-439.

The Arctic. See motif L101. Asian Eskimos (Naukan) [someone spoils the boy's traps; he comes to the dugout, smears blood on his face; a girl comes out from there, he scares her, she falls dead; the same with the second; the girls' father The Master of the Fire chases the boy in the guise of a pillar of fire; the boy consistently throws mittens, a hat, a dogskin kitchen (they bark), the Fire loses time devouring them; at home, the grandmother the boy puts a stone in the middle of the dugout, the dugout becomes stone, the Fire cannot burn it, leaves]: Menovshchikov 1985, No. 70:156-157; Asian Eskimos (Sirenics) [Zap. Rubtsova; girls and boys play wives and husbands, one does not have a husband, she took an old whale skull; her skull dragged her into the water; her eight brothers take her sister back; a whale chases their boat; a woman consistently takes off his garments, throws the whale; every time he plays with them, falls behind, stops chasing]: Menovshchikov 1985, No. 99:238-241; St. Lavrenia [boys and girls played, each took a pair, one girl was left without a pair, sat on her skull in her face, said he would be her pair; her skull took her away; her older brother Ayvanga became everyone ask questions; the old man explained that it was necessary to make a boat faster than a duck; A. and his four brothers made boats out of different wood and broke them when they could not overtake the ducks; finally found a suitable tree and swam; there are cliffs ahead, many dead birds and seals in front of them; the boat slipped through, only cut off the very stern of the kayak; on the shore there was a man, they promised to give him a knife, he said that the leader had brought a new wife; A. killed him so that he would not report them; through a hole in the dugout, the brothers see the audience, their sister was cooking; met with his sister; the chief asks what the wife is concerned about; she answers that her food was too monotonous, the chief promised to bring other meat; A. went to the old woman, killed her, put on her skin, and the other brothers came to the chief and he offered to fight; the local young men followed the old woman, they carried it, because she usually cannot walk, they wonder why it is so heavy; the leader easily defeats and kills each of the younger brothers; when he is going to kill the youngest, A. takes off the old woman's skin, kills the leader, everyone is happy; A. revives both the brothers and the leader; the competition continues the next day; A. is lowered into the hole, she is covered with burning firewood; in the pit A. hid under the shoulder blade of a whale; to him they lowered the rope, he went out; the leader was subjected to the same test, burned down; the brothers go to the shore, taking his sister and another girl; towards an old man and an old woman, holding human figures and a wand; like they only hit the figure with a stick, one of the brothers falls dead; A. kills the old people themselves, revives the brothers; a whale chases the boat into the sea; the brothers consistently throw the girl's garments, the whale lingers every time; when a girl stays naked, they throw her whale herself]: Slwooko 197:54-60; central Yupik [grandma teaches her grandson to hunt; not to follow a certain path; he goes, enters a dugout, where a man with a tambourine says that a woman will come in, give a vessel, then you have to run; in the vessel there is a child with fangs and an open stomach; the young man runs, a fireball is behind him, he throws a fireball behind him one partridge, which he had previously taken out of his snares; throwing the last one, shoots at a black spot in the middle of the ball; the fire disappears, the young man's arrow pierced the old outsole of his shoes, which he wore as a child]: Meade 1996:165-175; Kodiak [(by Pinart); the wind is blowing all the time, only one person ventured to leave the village wearing warm clothes, reinforcing his kayak; went to the NW, saw a man on a rock, who blew; shot, went to look for his arrow, did not find; found that man in the back, there were many people around, they did not remove the arrow; the man asked everyone to go out, grabbed the arrow, ran; threw the pursuers black, then red paint, both times they stopped painting their faces; the man ran to the kayak and sailed away; since then, while dancing, faces have been painted with black and red paint; man visited various Winds, filled their mouths with moss; so the wind is now blowing or not]: Lantis 1938:137-138; Bering Strait inupiate: Ivanoff Brown 1987 (unalik) [orphan flees from the ogre; throws parts of his clothes, the stalker spends time devouring them]: 15-19; Bering Strait inupiate [one girl took a stone by her husband and became a stone herself; the other took the whale jaw bone, that turned into a whale, took her away; on the island, the whale became a man and married the girl; tied her on a long leash so she could leave the house; her parents came to pick her up, she tied a rope to cola and sailed away with them; when her husband realized the deception, he became a whale and sailed in pursuit; the girl threw her shoes at him, then all the garments one by one; every time the whale "fights them", wasting time; the boat managed to reach the shore; the whale jumped ashore and became the bones of the whale's head again; another girl took her husband's eagle's wing bone; she became an eagle, which took her to the rock; the girl made a rope out of her bones ( that's right: from the tendons) of the animals and birds that the eagle brought her, went down, ran home; the eagle followed; one of the men killed him with an arrow, the eagle became the wing bone again]: Boas 1894c, No. 2:210- 212 (=Smith 1994, #2:210-212); Northern Alaska Inupiate [parents don't tell Olluk to touch the bone on the shore; other kids throw stones at the bone, nothing happens; when O. comes, bone turns into a monster, takes her away; he becomes a man, O. must cook; the father comes to pick her up, cuts off the rope she is tied to, they swim away in a mind; the man turns into a whale, pursues; O. throws pieces of his clothes one by one, the whale wasts time swallowing them; O. and his father jump ashore, the whale swallows the mind, dies]: Burkher 1989:38-42; Northern Inupiate Alaska [parents don't tell Olluk to touch the bone on the shore; other children throw stones at the bone, nothing happens; when O. comes up, the bone turns into a monster, takes it away; at home it becomes a man, O. must cook; father comes to pick her up, cuts off the rope she is tied to, they swim away in a mind; a man turns into a whale, chases her; O. throws parts of his clothes one by one, whale spend time swallowing them; O. and his father jump ashore, the whale swallows the mind, dies]: Burkher 1989:38-42; McKenzie estuary [Walrus takes the boy, the brothers take him back; Walrus chases them, they they throw pieces of their clothes to him, he attacks them; when the walrus comes ashore for the boys, they kill him]: Jenness 1924, No. 29:59-60 (translated into Menovshchikov 1985, No. 154:366-367); Ostermann 1942 [ children play "husbands, wives and children"; a girl takes a whale bone, Keith takes it to sea; in his house she must clean his head; his lice are crustaceans, she does not eat them as she should, but throws them away; calls her own eight brothers; asks Keith to let her go out of need; Keith offers her to relieve her in his hand, then agrees to tie his wife to a rope, she bandages her to a pole, tells her to be responsible for her; Keith chases the fugitives; the girl throws different pieces of her clothes one at a time, Keith loses time caressing them each time; on the shore of the Whale they kill with spears]: 117-119; copper [Keith lives with a woman, people they come after her, take her away; Keith is chasing, men throw a woman's garments into the water, Keith tears them up, wasting time; when he crawls ashore, he is killed]: Jenness 1924, No. 56:74-75 (translated into Menovshchikov 1985, 168:390-391); caribou [two girls play wives and husbands; one takes a whale shoulder, says her husband will be a whale; the other finds a falcon leg, her husband will be a falcon; the shoulder blade turns into Whale , he takes the woman, her brother takes her back; Keith chases them, she throws him parts of her clothes, Keith stays near them, the fugitives reach home; another girl Falcon took to a nest on a rock, wore she had lemmings; she asked for tendons; she weaved a rope out of them, went down, ran home]: Rasmussen 1930b:94-96; polar (the storyteller's mother is from Baffin Land) [ Keith takes the girl away; they come for the kidnapped woman, the woman consistently throws parts of her clothes to Keith chasing the boat; when Keith jumps ashore, he turns into a whale bone]: Holtved 1951, No. 39:174-179; 1951b, No. 39:67-69; (translated into Menovshchikov 1985, No. 205:415-416); Labrador Eskimos: Hawkes 1916 [the girl sees a whale bone on the shore, says she would take it as her husband; Keith came to life and took it away her; one day she saw her father and brothers in a mind; asked to take her with her; Keith rushed to catch up; she threw her mittens overboard, Keith tore them, lost time; the same shoes, clothes; the stalker whale ended up in shallow water, killed, turned back into bone]: 155-156; Smith 1994, No. 2 [one girl took a stone by her husband and became a stone herself; the other took the whale jaw bone, which turned into a whale took her away; on the island, the whale became human and took the girl as his wife; tied her on a long leash so that she could leave the house; her parents came to pick her up, she tied a rope to her stake and sailed away with them; when the husband understood the deception, he became a whale and sailed in pursuit; the girl threw her shoes at him, then all the garments in turn; each time the whale "fights with them", wasting time; the boat managed to reach the shore; the whale jumped ashore and became the bones of the whale's head again; another girl took her husband's eagle's wing bone; she became an eagle, who took it to the rock; the girl made a rope out of her bones (that's right: from her tendons) the animals and birds that the eagle brought her, went down, ran home; the eagle followed; one of the men killed him with an arrow, the eagle became the wing bone again]: 210-212); West Greenland [two sisters reject grooms; one brother invites one to marry an eagle and the other to marry a whale; the eagle takes the girl to the edge of the cliff; brings walruses and seals to her and her brothers; she weaves a rope from her tendons; goes down, her brothers bring her home; the eagle arrives, only an orphan boy managed to hit him with an arrow, others finish him off; the whale takes his second sister; does not let him out of the house, offers to relieve him in arm or arm; brothers train; when their boat overtakes the loon, they come for her sister; she ties the rope for which the whale tied her to the stone, leaves with her brothers; the whale catches up; she consistently throws his garments, the whale grabs them, loses time; when he drops his pants, the boat reaches the shore, the whale is thrown away after them, turns into whalebones]: Ostermann 1939:124-127; Labrador Eskimos, West Greenland (two versions - one from Labrador, one from Greenland) [Keith takes the girl; her brothers come for her sister; Keith pursues them; the girl consistently throws his garments to Keith; the boat manages to reach the shore]: Rink 1975, No. 8:126-128.

Subarctic. The upper pieces [the girl rejects the grooms; goes to cut the grass, finds a living Head, takes it with her; at night, the mother hears laughter from her daughter's bed; finds the Head, burns her eyes, throws her away , Her head has rolled; the girl rushes into the water, finds herself in another world, walks up the river in the footsteps of the Head; at the entrance to the house there is a man covering his eye with his hand; he advises to follow the path from the fork, where a piece of white caribou wool is familiar, do not go where a piece of wool is tied to something; she goes along the second path (a path where the white tuft is too steep); comes to the lake, where a person crochets first along one piece of her clothes, then herself; brings her into the house, there is an old woman, insects on her face, she says that she should have obeyed; tells her to run along the path uphill to another old woman, she will protect; the old woman invites you to his house, closes all entrances tightly, touching them with his hair; tells them to sew garments; when they are ready, tells you to go further up the path, throw objects to the pursuer one at a time clothes; each time the pursuer picks up an object, looks for a pond, admires his reflection; the last one is thrown a bag of ocher, the pursuer paints; the girl runs into the house to the old woman, she closes the entrances (like the first one); the stalker climbs a fir tree near the house; the old woman blows at her (with scraps of hair?) , the fir is engulfed in flame, the stalker burns; the old woman's son returns, refuses to lie next to the girl; the old woman bathes the girl in hot caribou fat, each time her stolen goods come out childhood (scraps of skin, dried fish, etc.); after the third cleansing, the old woman's son takes the girl as his wife; the old woman shows the girl the ground through the hole, she sees her parents; the old woman weaves a rope for her from her tendons, a girl goes down to her parents; an Eagle (this is her husband) arrives, demands his wife back; she refuses to go out; in the evening, a red sunset means that the old woman who helped her is killed; the Eagle carries away wife, says her mother died because of her, leaves, picks up, leaves again, she crashes]: Ruppert, Bernet 2001:290-295.

NW Coast. Hyda (Masset) [the woman pointed her finger at the star, mocked her; the stars dragged her to the sky, placed her on the roof to fry in the chimney; the woman's brothers returned her, replacing the wooden one a figure screaming like a human being; the stars came down to look for her, the brothers ran, throwing red paint; the stars wasted time picking her up, stopped pursuing her; the woman pointed her finger at the moon, she did it when she went to get water; she thought someone was sitting in a well, she pointed her finger at this man; at home she saw the same face in a bucket of water; splashed out the water, returned to the well, saw again same face, did not drink; at night she felt thirsty, returned to the well; the big man grabbed her hand; she turned to the full moon, showed her tongue; she was dragged up, she grabbed the saral bush ; now with a bucket and holding a bush, she can be seen on the moon]: Swanton 1908a, No. 28:450-452; Tsimshian [speaking to the star, the young man says it must be cold; the Star takes it away; the woman on the mountain tells his father that the Star took his son, hung him in the chimney above hot sparks; the man shoots at the sky, makes a chain of arrows, climbs it into the sky; the counter advises to replace his son wooden figure; father pays for advice with tobacco, red paint, sling stones; tries different types of trees; yellow cedar figure hanged over a fire screams the longest; father replaces son doll, takes him away; throws tobacco, paint, pebbles, star pursuers rush to pick them up, stop painting their faces; father lowers his son to the ground]: Boas 1902:86-93; uvikino ( Awi'ky'ēnoq) [Kuēkuaqā'o( Raven?) tells his sisters to make mats serving salmon meat, sails in a self-propelled boat to Salmon Country; there he tells his sister to quietly hole local boats; the chief feeds guests salmon, telling him do not break or throw bones into the fire; one girl's nose is bleeding, the leader realizes that K. hid the nasal bone, takes the bone, the girl recovers; K. pretends to be insulted, swims away, intentionally leaving one of his mats; the chief sends his daughter to give the mat to the departing guests; when the girl enters the water, K. grabs it, sails away; the chief sends unperforated boats in pursuit; K. drops his mats, pursuers pick them up, fight over them; K. arrives home at Rivers Inlet; there are salmon there ever since]: Boas 1895, No. XX.1.5:210 (=2002:446-447); chickpea [woman removes the skin from the cat killed by her husband; the skin takes it to the underwater world; spirits (sharks) are going to cook the captive; the husband dives, runs away with his wife; throws pointy sticks, they turn into a thicket; throws fat - the perfume hesitates, devouring it, fighting; the husband's friend pulls the fugitives to the surface by the rope; the husband throws fat to the sharks, they continue to fight over it]: Sapir, Swadesh 1939, No. 13:63-67.

The coast is the Plateau. Curdalen [Grizzly shoots Rabbit in the eye, but he puts a bubble in advance; shoots Grizzly in the eye, who howls in pain; The rabbit comes to the woman, that daughter; The rabbit kills her, fresh; the daughter's husband has a broken arrow, he realizes that his wife is dead; The rabbit runs, leaves the baked camas tubers behind him so that the chasing husband of the victim stops eating them; asks the Coyote to hide them him; he hides a cereal plant in the knee; the stalker has a Grizzly dog; one of the advisers to the Coyote (his excrement) also turns into a dog, the Coyote puts a knife in the back of his head; the Coyote quarrels with As an absorber stalker, they decide to have their dogs fight, the Coyote dog climbs under the Grizzly, rips his stomach off with a knife; the Absorber swallows the Coyote; there are many people inside, as if not understanding that they have been swallowed; the Coyote tickles the Absorber's heart, he regurgitates him; the Coyote says he swallows people; suggests closing his eyes, regurgitating what has been swallowed; swaps those regurgitated by the Absorber humans and his own regurgitated mice; the Absorber swallows the Coyote again, who cuts his heart with hoops in his mouth and nostrils; through them swallowed people come out; the Coyote tells the Rabbit to slaughter the giant's body, throws pieces, saying which one will give birth to which people; when a piece falls, smoke comes, a dwelling appears; blacklegs come out of their legs, they are tall; ne perse is made of ribs, they have good heads (I mean - beautiful hair); belly - pot-bellied grovanter; heart - curdalen, they are evil (mean); wiped your hands on the grass - they will be calm, they are poor]: Reichard 1947, No. 2:68-71; kalapuya [Puma hunts, Mink catches fish and collects roots; the cougar marries a Grizzly; her four sisters come one after another, he fights with them, kills them; the wife finds out the truth in her dreams, puts on a grizzly skin, devours her husband, carries his penis in her teeth; revives sisters, returns to their father; gives birth to a boy and a girl; they hear a mother cry, see a penis in her teeth; come to Norka, he tells them about the murder of their father; they tie up sleeping sisters- Grizzly and their father are in the house, setting it on fire, running away; the mother chases them; the boy creates a berry meadow behind, a turtle teasing her pursuer; she loses time picking berries catching a turtle; children they make a swing on an oak branch; the mother asks for permission to swing; after rocking her, they break the swing, she falls far north, disappears; the boy turns Norka into a hole, his sister into a grizzly, himself into a cougar]: Gatschet et al. 1945, No. 8:261-272.

The Midwest. Menominee [a man consistently marries girls, sacrifices, feeds a snake living in a tree near his house; tells his next wife to go ahead, make a fire; stomps on a hill, a one-year-old bear comes out, he kills him, tells his wife to cook it whole, eat it, drink the broth; she does it; the former wives could not, he stuffed meat into their mouths, threw it into the water, where his pets ate them; her husband's brother tells her to dig a hole where she can quietly dump the meat and drain the broth; warns that when you touch a tree with a stick, you have to rush into the house; the snake does not have time to bite her; the husband asks what eats a ski; the wife replies that there are large strawberries in the south; the husband breaks the ski furiously, runs after strawberries; the husband's wife and brother are running; seeing the sky covered, they realize that the husband has grabbed strawberries; they throw pieces snakes, the husband loses time taking them home; the man in the rock opens the door, his two dogs devour the stalker, takes him to the end of the world; the husband's brother takes the widow as his wife]: Bloomfield 1928, No. 112:503-517; Ojibwa (the source does not mention ethnicity, but apparently Ojibwa) [a lonely young woman finds fresh meat in the morning; a young man comes to her, they have a son; her husband has not returned from hunting, she goes looking for him, leaves the dog to guard the cradle; the old toad woman Mukaki Mindemoea takes the baby; the mother goes from one old woman to another, each saying when the kidnapper has passed; gives moccasins, they must be left socks back, they return to the owners; the last old woman tells them to build a hut near MM's house; prepare wild grape juice; the woman's dog comes running to drink it; tells the kidnapped, who became a young man, who his mother was; a woman shows him a wampum from his cradle; a young man asks MM why he looks different from her other children; When she gave birth to you, the sky was clear; he pretends to be sick, must look at his cradle; sees the same wampum that his real mother showed him; sends MM to bring a dead bear; kills her four children, puts bear fat in them his mouth, puts it around the house; runs away with his mother and dog; MM chases them; he creates a berry meadow; MM rushes to eat berries, still picks them]: Schoolcraft 1916, No. 9:136-142.

Northeast. Seneca [mother gives her two daughters corn bread, sends them to marry two brothers living in the same house separated by a partition; warns not to turn sideways at the fork; sisters turn, they come to the wind men of Shagodyoweg gowa, run home in fear; they chase; sisters throw away baskets of bread, then their garments; pursuers spend time picking up and examining what has been abandoned; sisters come home; next time they are on the right path; when they go hunting, the brothers tell their wives not to go out for 10 days, otherwise their brother Shagodyoweg gowa will carry them away; on the ninth day, the sisters go out; brothers they find them at the SHG, who lets the women go; the brothers ask Hótho (Cold Weather, makes the trees burst from the frost) to watch over their wives; SG takes the sisters away again, the youngest runs away; X. comes, fights SG, who promises not to steal sisters anymore]: Curtin 2001:52-54; mikmaq [see motive L101; Killer whale chases his wife, sister and son; he gets thrown parts of the boy's clothes, then his cradle, he picks them up, wasting time; runners reach the shore]: Whitehead 1988:24-43.

Plains. Blacklegs: Wissler, Duvall 1908, No. 26 [women go for brushwood, one promises a buffalo chief to marry him if he leads his herd to where hunters wait for buffalo; hearing the tramp bison, women hurry home, but the rope that has promised himself to bind the brushwood is constantly untied; a handsome man comes up to her, says that he sacrificed his people for her; the former husband a woman makes arrows, follows her; by the river she meets his wife, who lets him drink from a buffalo horn; the bison husband feels that a stranger drank from his horn, the woman explains that she gave water to the young bison; when the bison was drinking falls asleep, spouses run away; bison chase; arrows do no harm to the buffalo chief; the woman takes off, throws off her dress, the buffalo lose time trampling on it; the spouses climb a tree; the wife reports that only a white flint tip is dangerous for the bison; the bison runs past; one old one itches against the trunk; contrary to her husband's warning, the woman spits on him; the bison comes back; from the fourth shot, when the tree is already falling, a person kills the buffalo leader; the rest are killed or run away; a woman cries for the bison, her husband kills her; founds the Tails in Front society (they hang their bison tails so that they seen from the front)], 27 [the buffalo chief promises the wife of the hunter chief not to take her herd from under the arrows if she becomes his wife; she agrees; Bluebird talks about the incident to her human husband; reports that a buffalo chief can only be killed with a blunt yellow arrow at a red spot on his head; then rip open his belly, a bird will fly out of there, kill it, then the bison will die; an ant, a partridge give man take their form; he flies to the buffalo to scout; at this time, the bison tells his wife to embroider his moccasins with porcupine needles, otherwise he will kill him; worms do it for a woman; the bison gives a horn for water; he reports that the woman met someone; she denies, the birds confirm her words; the spouses fly away in the guise of ants, then partridges; flee in their true form; the woman consistently takes off, throws bison one, the second moccasins, then legs, stockings (garters), dress, belt, shirt; every time the bison stops, wasting time; the couple climb a tree, the bison run past; the last one is lame stops, the woman spits on him, the bison returns; the man kills them, the chief is the last; the wife cries; the husband cuts off his wife's breasts and genitals, puts the bison's genitals in her throat]: 109-112, 112-116; Crowe [playing, the younger sister asks the elder to become a bear; she replies that she will become real, the youngest insists; the eldest turns, devours people; tells the youngest to get the rabbit; her six brothers give it to her; show her how to convince the Bear that she killed him herself; a bear chases her younger sister; brothers tell her to throw a porcupine behind the needles, the Bear spends time picking them up ; give manifold {?} , then a piece of bison's stomach; she throws it behind her, manifold turns into rock, stomach into holes; older sister gets stuck in the last one; brothers ask what they can all become; sister suggests what the smoking pipe points to - to the Big Dipper; they are now seven stars of the Ursa Major, the sister is accompanied by a dog]: Lowie 1918:205-211; Omaha [beautifully dressed up a woman meets another; she offers to go together; they are joined by a third, fourth; the first three kick a pile of bones along the path, each telling the next that they are your relatives; the fourth picks up the skull, leaves it in a safe place; the skull follows the women; kills three women one by one at each halt; calls the fourth sister-in-law, tells him to throw it into the hollow, kills for her raccoons, telling him to make a hole in the tree trunk, goes out; for the fourth time a woman runs away; the skull gnaws through a hole, chases her; she throws a raccoon's stomach with fat four times, a skull loses time cleaning fat; by the river, a woman asks a man for help; calls him brother, uncle, father; when she calls him grandfather, he breaks the skull with an arrow; he turns into knives, forks, thimbles, threads, awls , wax, needles, scissors; a man tells a woman not to touch anything; she takes a comb, he burns her side, she dies (var.: takes scissors, her hands fall off; info: we didn't have scissors then)]: Kercheval 1893:201-204; Osage [young man marries; goes to war, takes a new wife in another village; tells friends to say he was killed; first wife cuts off her ears and hair as a sign of mourning; Woodpecker tells her the truth; she comes to her husband; the new wife's father recognizes the former as his eldest daughter; she jumps into the river, leaving only one head; The head tells the new wife's younger sister to wear her in a bundle; devours her husband, new wife and her parents; tells the girl to throw her into the hollow, she will get a raccoon; the girl leaves the excrement responsible for herself, runs away; throws fat behind, the head spends time eating it; on the river bank, two old women hide it; throw their Head into a boiling pot, she dies]: Dorsey 1904c, No. 17:21-23; arpaho [mother puts her crying son outside, asks the Basket Owner to take him to her basket; the boy disappears; the mother finds it in the Big Owl as the Little Owl; mother and son run away, leaving behind moccasins, leggings, various ornamented shirts; Big Owl counts the porcupine needles (i.e. jewelry) on all these items, loses time; on the latter he is unable to count to the end, falls exhausted, allows himself to be killed; mother and son return home] : Dorsey, Kroeber 1903, No. 106:239-246; Pawnee (chowee) [four girls go north, attracted by an unusual smell; one reaches the goal, finds herself in a rock at the dwelling; the young man says that the smell comes from there; when she enters, the girl does not find a way back; the young man turns into an old man and again into a young man in the morning; according to him, the door opens; the Raven boy says that the owner is the Long Tongue (DIA), rolling skull; teaches how to run away; girl asks for permission to pick berries; looks for DYA in her head, throws ticks, bites berries like ticks; smears bison fat everywhere, sits on the Crow, they fly away, then she walks, flies to the Raven in front; DYA loses time eating fat; then picking up or eating abandoned objects - arrows, balls of fat, thickets of fat to make poles for arrows (formed from a single arrow), bison (from a tendon; a bison is needed to take tendons for a bowstring), turkeys (from a turkey feather); an abandoned flint knife cuts through a ravine; a man at a mound makes a bow; he invites the girl inside; hits the skull with a club, it splits, some fly west, becomes a month, the other east becomes the sun; in the month and the sun, the figure of a person is now visible; the girl remains the sister of her savior and his brothers; she is the daughter of the Evening Star; they give her corn seed, she grows a lot of corn; gives birth to a son from the North Star; goes north to her husband; The seven brothers (they are Hawks) go east then west; when they meet a woman, her husband and son, the world will end]: Dorsey 1906, No. 5:31-38; Wichita: Dorsey 1904a, No. 9 [to the eldest a girl of seven brothers comes at night; he smears her back with white clay; in the morning asks women to play ball, identifies his older sister; hits her with an arrow; she becomes a Grizzly bear in anger; brothers they go camping, the Grizzly kills people; their little sister comes to the brothers, they give her dead rabbits; to kill the Grizzly, you have to shoot her four legs; the brothers do it, but she is unharmed; the Grizzly chases the brothers; they throw the turtle's shell, which turns into many turtles, the Grizzly eats them; they throw a red stone, the Grizzly loses time painting himself with paint; they dust off the arrows, she turns into a dense bush; a bowstring breaks through the gorge, the Grizzly crosses it; rises to heaven, turns into a Big Dipper; the Grizzly goes north], 35 [the leader's daughter marries the Amateur Venison; they live separately; he shoots a deer, misses, loses luck; at night, his wife hears him cutting meat off his legs and eating; a sparrow advises her to run; gives a ball and a wand to wear them fly; deer hair, bush bark, red stones to throw behind him; abandoned objects turn into deer (husband hunts them), dense shrubs, red plants (husband collects them); husband and the wife comes running to her father; he tells the story of her daughter all night; at dawn, the husband falls dead]: 69-74, 234-239;.

Southeast USA. Alabama: Martin 1977:46; Swanton 1929, No. 14 [an ogre kidnaps a girl; tells her to cut off pieces of her meat, fry for him; an ogre's old wife cuts off her meat, tells the girl to run; she first she runs in different directions to confuse her tracks; the old woman gives her berries, reeds, clay; the cannibal stops eating berries; the reeds turn into dense thickets, clay into the swamp; the girl's brothers the cannibal is shot, he is unharmed; the bird tells you to shoot in the ankle, he dies; the corpse is burned; the ashes turn into rooks, bees], 15 [short version]: 131-133.

California. Maidu [The cannibal sun lived in the north in a huge ice house; to the north of her was a Frog with three children; the Sun stole one, the second child, came for a third; the frog sat outside the house, wove the basket; The sun grabbed the child, ran away with him, created willow thickets behind him, from which baskets were woven; the frog chased, saw the willow, began to collect; when it ran on, the Sun was already ran into her house; the ice house was slippery, but the Frog still climbed onto the roof (where the entrance is), invited the Sun to go out, swallowed it; the Sun began to grow in her stomach, the Frog burst, the Sun came out; told frog live in water, decided that they would both be harmless to humans; asked her Month Brother if he wanted to walk day or night; The Month asked the Sun to walk at night, but all the stars in Sun Woman fell in love, the Pleiades followed; the Sun decided it would walk during the day]: Dixon 1902, No. 8.1:76-78; (cf. Oloni [during the flood, the Eagle, Hummingbird, and Coyote climbed to the top of Pico Blanco; when the water reached there, the Eagle moved the Hummingbird and Coyote to Sierra de Gabilan; the water descended and the Eagle sent Coyote to find out whether the earth has dried up; he came back and said it was dry; the Eagle tells Coyote to marry a girl; the Coyote asks how to conceive children; consistently suggests (inserting the penis) under the knee, under the elbow, into eyebrow, back of the head; The eagle disagrees every time; the hummingbird points to the lower abdomen; Coyote wants to kill the Hummingbird, but he hid under the Eagle's wing and Coyote did not find him; Coyote came to the girl, asks look in his head; she finds a tick, throws it away in fear; the Coyote tells her to see it, swallow it; she swallows it, becomes pregnant; runs in fear; the Coyote creates a good road for her, but she runs through the bush; Coyote creates flowers along the edges of the road so that the girl stops picking them; she doesn't want to; he almost grabs her, but she runs to the sea, rushes into the waves; turns into a shrimp or sand flea]: Kroeber 1907a, No. 1:199-200 (=Margolin 1978:134-135).

Honduras - Panama. Doraske [the family has many children; her husband is hunting every day; one day he returns staggered, his hair falls on his face, his wife doubts whether it is her husband; he says he will take his elder with him tomorrow son and eldest daughter and will take them to their parents; so every day, the youngest daughter and son and baby girl are left; Ushidó (it was him, the evil spirit who killed man and took his form) brought them to perfume house; the girl saw the heads of her siblings on the stakes; they also tried to pull her hair out to eat her brain later, but she escaped and ran; her brother ran after her; she tore her necklaces and began to throw behind the seeds and dry fruits from which the necklaces were made; the stalker, Ushid ó, picked them up and wasted time; the mother dug a hole in the house, her daughter hid it in it, covered it with a large grain grater; hid the boy in addition to corn; lit a fire and put stones in it; tired Ushidó ran, lay down in a hammock, fell asleep face up; woman threw hot stones into his open mouth and seeds into the fire that made odorous smoke; hid where her daughter hid; other spirits that came running asked the parrot where the people were, but he was only repeated: "Karal, Karal"; the spirits left, unable to withstand the smell of seeds thrown into the fire; the woman and her children ran to the clean river; the woman and the girl became a river old man, the boy became a stone in its upper reaches, a parrot is a grass that makes the sound of "caral, karal" when the wind shakes it]: Miranda de Cabal 1974, No. 6:23-24.

Southern Venezuela. Sanema [when people climbed a rock and looked into the cave, they saw a den of dogs; carried away two puppies, leaving large portions of meat behind; large predators (Ila: jaguars or spirit monsters) rushed then, but they began to eat the meat left behind, stopped chasing; this is how people got dogs]: Wilbert, Simoneau 1990b, No. 164:297-298.

Eastern Amazon. Anambe [a young man climbs a tree above the river to fish; an old Seushi (Pleiades) woman sends ants to go down; brings him home; her daughter puts waxed in the fire instead of him Pest, helps her escape; he throws palm leaves behind; they turn into animals, S. devours them; throws her baskets of fish; Monkeys hide it in an empty pot; Snakes hide them in a hole, want to fry and eat; he asks Falcon for help, who kills snakes; the stork brings him in a basket to his mother's garden; the mother sees that her son has become an old man]: Couto de Magalhães 1882:63.

(Wed. The Central Andes. Prov. Korongo, north of Ancash depot [during hunger, parents are going to secretly eat corn; children hear, ask for it; parents put them in a bag, throw them into the abyss, the bag catches on the prickly the bush; they ask for a sparrow, which is too weak, the condor agrees to take it to the pampa, where the potatoes grow; there is no fire, the children go to look for it; they come to the old woman; at night, the girl sleeping downstairs hears brother screams; in the morning the girl hears an old woman teaching her son Antuk Tubuk to push the girl into the boiling pot; she pushes him herself, the old woman eats her son; the girl runs, taking her brother's bones, meets St. Virgo; she tells me to put the bones in the box, not to open it, the boy will be reborn; but the girl opened, the bones have turned into a dog; the fox promises to tell the stalker if the girl ran if the old woman will bring water in the basket; someone else if she peels the stones like potatoes; the girl throws earrings, needles, necklaces behind, the old woman spends time collecting them; God lowers a chain and a straw rope from the sky, a girl with a dog climbs a chain; an old woman climbs a straw rope and thinks it's gold; the rat gnawed through the rope, the old woman fell and crashed]: Weber, Meier 2008:71-78).

Eastern Brazil. Kayapo [(Metraux 1960:21); people came to a pond where huge monstrous dog-like creatures lived; decided to catch puppies, but they tore them to pieces; some escaped by climbing tree; next time people carried away two puppies; threw meat behind them, dog stalkers devoured it, fell behind]: Wilbert 1978, No. 128:318.

Chaco. Vilela [contrary to his mother's warning, the young man kills many hummingbirds; finds colorful pebbles on the river bank, makes himself a necklace; turns into a snake in his sleep; devours people and animals; The dove advises the last man to fire arrows while running away; they turn into trees, the serpent climbs on each one; the dove summons birds to war; the Little Owl manages to blind the snake; the birds tear his body, swallowed out of the womb; after the rain, the corpse disappears, and a rainbow appears in the sky]: Lehmann-Nitsche 1925b: 221-225.