Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

L114C. Swap clothes with the cannibal's daughters, ATU 327B.


Children or young men (usually brothers) change clothes (hats, jewelry, blankets, places where they sleep) with the children of a hostile character and at night he kills instead of them your own children. Usually, brothers go to the ogre, and the younger one tells them to change places (clothes, etc.) with his daughters for the night. Outside Europe, protagonists are animals.

Congo (?) , Swahili, Ashanti, Fulbe (Gambia), Soninke, Kono, Liela, Tenda, Von, Ekoi, Songhai (Kado), Mukulu, Mofu-Gudur, Zaghawa, Murle, Sudanese Arabs, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Berbers Morocco, Kabila, Maltese, Basques, Catalans, Spaniards, Portuguese, Corsicans, Sardinians, Sicilians, Italians (Liguria, Piedmont, Lombardy, Valle d'Ao sta, Veneto, Tuscany, Rome, Puglia, Calabria), British, Scots, Irish, Bretons, French (Haute-Bretagne, central France), Walloons, Germans (Schleswig-Holstein, Austria), Dutch, Flemish, Friezes, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Meitei, Uttar Pradesh (Hindi), Baiga, Sinhalese, Javanese, Miao, Ancient Greece, Bulgarians, Croats, Serbs, Hungarians, Romanians, Moldovans, Greeks, Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Russians (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Pskov, Yaroslavl, Smolensk, Orel, Tambov), Ukrainians (Eastern Slovakia, Transcarpathia, Ugric Russia, Hutsulshchina, Galicia, Grodno, Ivano-Frankivsk, Podolia, Poltava), Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Ossetians, Adygs, Avars, Georgians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Turks, Persians, Lithuanians, Latvians, Finns, Estonians, Livons, Karelians, Western Sami, Swedes, Icelanders, Chuvash, Komi, Mansi, Aleuts, Tagish, Tsimshian, quarry. {Neither Japanese nor Malgash indexes accurately correspond to this story, contrary to Uther 2004}

Bantu-speaking Africa. Congo (? , Kinshasa) [the poor couple has two boys; they have nothing to eat, they decided to leave them in the forest; the first time the children returned; the second, the eldest told the youngest not to cry, they will find work; they came to the ogre's house; at night, he tied ropes to the necks of those who came; the elder bandaged them to the cannibal's children; the children ran away with all the money; the cannibal and his wife starved to death; the parents are happy that the children returned]: Paulme 1976:275-276; Suahili (Zanzibar): El-Shamy 2004, No. 327B: 160-162

West Africa. Ashanti [eight sisters go looking for husbands, do not want to take their younger brother Kwasi Gyinamoa with them; he goes; hitting his cow's tail with his whip, tells the three-jet waters to part ( white, red, black) rivers; in an empty city, an old woman took off her head, put her head on her knees, looked for insects in her hair; when she sees them, she puts her head in place; gives girls her eight husbands sons; at night, KG sees the old woman's teeth turn red to eat the girls; promises to fall asleep if the old woman brings him water in a leaky calebass; outweighs the amulets from the old woman's sons on her sisters; at night, an old woman burns her sons' necks with her teeth; those who come run away; an old woman in the form of a young girl comes to their village; promises to marry someone who pierces her calebass with an arrow; this is done by KG, but his uncle marries; at night, an imaginary girl takes his eyes out, takes him away; knowing that the old woman's granddaughter is pregnant, GK comes disguised as a pregnant woman, says that her husband has fallen, lost his eyes; the old woman gives replacing the eyes of Uncle GK, GK inserts them back to him; bathes with other children, the old woman takes him away; leaves him in the vessel at home to cook, goes for spices; KG knocks with pebbles, the old woman's granddaughter believes that these are nuts, she wants it too, opens the vessel, the KG kills her, puts her skin on, puts the meat to cook; KG and the old woman eat the brew; the old woman adorns her imaginary granddaughter with gold jewelry; KG runs away, gives jewelry for her relatives; the old woman is chasing; the rustle is still heard along the trail, this is the old woman chasing KG]: Rattray 1930:221-227; Fulbe (Gambia) [the cannibal Debbo Engal has 10 daughters; each once the grooms come, she leaves them to sleep, kills them; when 10 brothers go to marry, a woman gives birth to a tiny girl named Fereyel; he runs after his brothers, they don't recognize him, they drive him away; he turns into a cloth, into a ring, the brothers pick it up, then wonder what is heavy, they throw it away; finally they agree to take F. with them; F. answers DE that he does not sleep; slowly changes the clothes of his brothers and daughters DE; she kills her own daughters; F. tells her brothers to run; DE chases, F. throws an egg, it turns into a river (DE scoops up), the stone is a mountain (cuts through the passage, but the brothers have time to run to their own villages); DE turns into a log, a plum tree, a donkey — F. identifies her every time; she is beautiful, takes F. with her, turns into a boa constrictor in the forest, but F. turns into fire, burns it]: Arnott 2000:203-204; soninke [the witch has 7 daughters; everyone who comes to sleep with them dies; Marandénboné (“Maran, Son of Misfortune”) tells the older brothers not to be afraid and go to girls; theirs the mother leaves her daughters with her brothers, and M. stays with the sorceress; at night she gets up and is about to go out, but M. asks her to pour water on him, bringing water to the basket, so does his mother; the witch spent the whole night trying to bring water with a basket; when the witch fell asleep the next night, M. told the brothers to switch seats with the girls and cover them with their clothes; at night, the witch cut the throat of non-brothers , and to her daughters; cooked blood, M. asked for it to him; tells the brothers to run; in the morning she tells the witch that her daughters are still sleeping; in the village of M., the witch turned into a baobab; many boys climbed on him and the witch took them away, but M. felt deceived and did not climb; the same with the donkey (the children who climbed on him disappeared, M. remained); he moved into the white heifer given birth to by the witch's cow; told the kidnapped children to grab the tail, ears, etc., the heifers, she took them home; one day the witch caught M., brought them home, put them in three bovine skins, went to make a fire; M. promised the witch's little daughter to feed her, she released him, he put her inside a bag of skins, the witch burned it; when her daughter started screaming at her, she did not believe it; M. told the witch that she killed her last daughter, ran away]: Monteil 1905:115- 123; kono [The leopard offers the Hare to eat their newborns; the hare sends his uncle to live with his uncle, saying that his Hare has a miscarriage again; the Leopard suggests baptizing more children brings one, the Hare brings everyone born recently and hidden from the Leopard; he asks the Hare to send one of the children to help with his work, intending to eat the messenger; the younger Bunny is called go to the Leopard; he 1) hides behind the bush, the Bunny points an arrow at the bush, the Leopard asks not to shoot; 2) smears his own son with white clay, puts him to bed with himself and his wife, so as not to be confused with A bunny; he smears clay himself, changes places with the Leopard's son, at night the Leopard kills, cooks, eats his son; 3) asks his wife to push the Bunny into boiling water, he pushes the Leopard himself, hides it under his clothes Calebass, pretends to be Leopard's pregnant wife for a while; he drives the Bunny down the hole, tells the Squirrel to guard; the hare throws that pepper in his eyes, jumps out unnoticed; the leopard makes a fire, then climbs a hole for Hare, he breaks the fire at the entrance, the Leopard dies]: Holas 1975:212-218; liela [seven older brothers go looking for brides; the youngest eighth follows them; they cannibals come to the house; the youngest asks her to carry out impossible tasks, she does it, he realizes that there is a demon in front of him; at night, the brothers change places with the cannibal's daughters, she kills her own daughters; brothers run away, cannibal chases them]: Steinbrich 1996:211-216 in Goldberg 2003:346; tenda [The Hare and Firefly decided to travel; they killed a goat on the way; the hare says meat every time it is better to share it later, but here he was born (then he began to walk; etc., stages of life; apparently, in order to take all the meat for himself); night came, the Firefly turned off his lantern, changed the meat in the bag with bones, left; The hare meets the Panther, who hires him to look after the children; the hare kills them, tells Panther that the beans are delicious because he has put some bark; the last cub tells the mother about what happened; the hare changes signs with the cub, at night the Panther strangles the cub; then we are talking about the Hare; she gives birth to bunnies at the top of a palm tree; goes to buy food; hearing the mother's voice, the Bunnies throw her off rope; Panther asks to throw off the rope, the bunnies feel that this is not the mother's voice; then she imitates the Hare's voice, the children drop the rope; the Panther climbs, they call her mother, ask her to pick her up a leaf, the base of which they cut; the Panther falls, breaks to death; Hare makes a bag out of the skin of her baby to carry children; says Panther (the other?) that the bag is made of Serval's skin, and Serval is made of Panther's skin; The Hare and the Bunnies are hiding in a termite mound, the Panther and Serval climb after them; the Hare and the Bunnies come out unnoticed, close the holes in termite mound, strangle pursuers with smoke; eat (the bird again pierces a hole into the termite mound)]: Ferry 1983, No. 34:173-180; ecoi [the sheep gave birth to a daughter, and the leopard gave birth to a son; in the hunger of a leopard offered the sheep to eat her children; the sheep hid her daughter, bought meat, treated them to a leopard; the leopard did kill her son and treat the sheep; the same the following year; but this time the leopard I found out that the sheep kept her daughter, and also kept hers; when the sheep came to visit, there were not two, but three spoons, the leopard called her daughter; when the girls grew up and were supposed to spend time in” fat hut,” the leopard asked the sheep to send one of her daughters to stay with her daughter; the sheep and daughters were white and her goat slaves were black; she rubbed the daughter with coal, and the daughter of the goat with chalk, sent her to the leopard; she killed the leopard, fed her meat to her daughter; then the leopard asked the second daughter of the sheep to be sent; she sent both, they gave her daughter a drink leopards used alcohol and swapped places with her for the night; they ran away in the morning; one sheep's daughter returned home, and the other came to the palm tree that the leopard climbed to get juice for palm wine, which she was going to drink with her daughter; the lamb told the leopard that she killed her own daughter at night; the leopard chased; at the fork, the lamb chose one path and did not find the leopard another sheep; a lamb met a Nimm woman, offered to carry her amulets, and offered to bring firewood and water for her at home; stole her magic remedy at night; Nimm set off in pursuit, the lamb ran I ran into the door of the mouse's house; the door broke and all the stories that the mouse had previously owned were scattered around the world; they remained in the world, and used to be the property of the mouse]: Talbot 1912:337-340; background [in drought, Hyena invites Hare to eat her children; Hare suggests starting with Hyena's eldest son; Hyena kills all children except the youngest blind man, sends meat to the Hare, and she sends it back under the guise of a hare; Hyena finds the Hare's children alive; asks someone to come to help knock down the oil; only Zaychiha's youngest daughter is smart enough, the Hare sends her to Hyena; she changes in some places with Zaychiha's son, she kills and cooks her son; Zaychiha's daughter runs away, they all hide in a baobab; they lower the mother's stairs when she comes; Hyena sings in the voice of a Hare; the youngest daughter does not believe, but other bunnies descend the stairs; Hyena dozed off, tied up, thrown into a boiling pot, eaten]: Anpetkova-Sharova 2010:212-216; songhai (kado) [Amadou Kekidiuru talked to his mother while in her womb; went to look for his mother's brothers and found himself with them in the cannibal village; the cannibal chief told the prisoners to boil water to cook them; at night the cannibal comes in with a spear; A.: I'm still awake; I need what my father gave me to eat at that time — stars; the rest of the night, the cannibal tried to catch the stars; so 4 days; on the fifth day: if you want us to fall asleep, bring your two daughters for mine uncle; she brought; A. cut off his hair and put it like a wig on his uncle's heads; the cannibal gutted her own daughters; the prisoners ran home; the cannibal turned into a yuyuba tree on the edge of the village; children climbed it, but A. understood who it was; the tree took the children to the cannibal village; A. turned into a dove; the cannibal ordered the shepherd to bring the calf tomorrow; A. told the shepherd not worry and entered the body of a cow that seemed to be pregnant; when the calf was born, the cannibal noticed that it had a human face; the calf, becoming A. again, brought the captive children home; but the cannibal turned into a boat off the shore; the children boarded it and she took them to the cannibal village; but A. turned into a peacock and took the children home; the cannibal became a girl, came to the village, married her younger uncle; A. warned her in vain; ordered a larger house to be built; told her husband and his brother to have their eyes fall into her hands; took them to her village; A. came there disguised as a daughter who had been away for a long time cannibals; took his eyes and put them in to his uncles]: Paulme 1976:244-251; mukulu [Geteye's 6 brothers went to have fun with Death's daughters; G. himself is still in his mother's womb; refuses to go out through the vagina and through ass, went out over his thigh; immediately sat on his horse and caught up with his brothers; they threw stones at his forehead — they bounced; threw coal — blood appeared; then recognized his brother; G. warns not to drink horses where Death's daughter takes water; the brothers did not listen; in the morning, one of Death's daughters placed a vessel of oil at the door of the room; G. ordered not to be touched, but the brothers rubbed their faces with oil; then them eyes fell out; G. took the form of a woman, came and said that her 6 sons had lost their eyes; Death's daughter gave her eyes, G. inserted her brothers; one brother tried to insert himself, was left without an eye; G. inserted him antelope's eye; they galloped away; Death told those horses that drank her water to stop; the brothers' horses got up; G. put the brothers on his own and brought them home; Death created a tree near their house with with fruits; G. ordered not to touch them, but the brothers climbed the tree; Death pulled them away from there and carried them away; G. came there, first in the guise of a goat, began to overturn everything; Death told the brothers to drive the goat away; G. taught they change clothes with Death's daughters; Death killed her own daughters; created sesame seeds near the house; the brothers came for sesame seeds; G. offers Death to pick her own; cut off her breasts and she died, the brothers got the sesame seeds]: Jungraithmayr 1981, No. 17:78-83; mofu-gudur [seven brothers go to look for brides, leaving their mother pregnant; after two years of pregnancy, a baby from the womb asks how he can get out; refuses to go out like everyone else, his mother tells him to go out through her ass; the boy is born young man, dressed; catches up with brothers; they don't believe he is their brother; they stay in a house where eight sisters; the girls' mother asks the boys to lie with her head against the wall, her daughters head to the door; enters playing the flute to make sure everyone is sleeping; the younger brother answers; she goes out, he tells the brothers lie with her head to the door, turn the girls to the wall; the woman comes in, plays, no one answers, she cuts off the heads of her daughters, thinking she is cutting off the boys; the youngest tells the brothers to run; everyone runs away, but one do not wake them up; the youngest stays asleep, turns into a bell; seeing that the daughters are still dead, the woman cooks, eats them; makes the sleeping young man a slave; leaves the grain to guard from goats; the bell is made by a cow, pretends to butt the boy, carries him away on her back, turns into a young man, both run; a woman turns into a beauty, comes to people, promises to marry the one who takes her out of the legs are a splinter; no one can; against will, Saday {apparently the name of the young man who was the bell} pulls out his knife, the splinter was immediately taken out with this knife; the woman is given to Saday; she turns into fire, but dogs do not tell her to eat their owner; she is afraid of them, tells her husband's parents that she can make a good sauce by adding bark from a tree that grows far away in the savannah, asks them to let their son go with her; a woman hides a cauldron under her clothes, says that she is pregnant with Sadai, gives food to seven dogs, locks them, walks with her husband; in the savannah she turns into a panther with 30 tails; gnaws on a tree on which S.; S. asks the vulture to bring his horn, he is in the trash, there is a chicken, a vulture is driven away; asks a hawk, there is a white chicken, a hawk brings a horn; if S. catches an abandoned horn, he catches it; S. caught, sounded, called dogs named; dogs broke constipation, ran, tore the witch to pieces; one bone pierced S.'s leg, the dogs pulled it out; S. brings the witch's dishes and one of the panther's tails; reproaches parents, chief, who told him to marry a witch; his mother breaks his leg, his father's arm, the chief's neck; other people break something for themselves too; S. burns his tail]: Sorin-Barreteau 2001, No. 18:126-134.

Sudan—East Africa. Zaghawa [the wife gave birth to the seventh boy after her husband's death; at this time the older brothers went to steal camels; the newborn immediately went after them; dug a hole and looks out of it alone with the eye; people think that this is the eye of the earth, they sacrifice bulls and camels; the brothers are thirsty, the younger one is stomping, a spring appears; they came to the ogre's house; at night the younger one ordered to switch places with 7 cannibal sons; the cannibal killed his own children with a hot rod, ate them; the brothers are fleeing, the cannibal is chasing, the youngest himself became a giant and killed him; but the cannibal came, killed and ate the elders first brothers and then younger]: Tubiana, Tubiana 2004 (2), No. 34:73-76; murle [the jackal caught a fish, let him into the pond to grow, left the hammerhead (Scopus umbretta) to guard; a lion came and began to beat the bird, it had to tell me where the fish was; the lion took it away; the jackal returned, began to beat the bird, it had to be helped; ordered to make a ring of grass, it rolled, the jackal followed it, came to the lion village; there in a bird in the cauldron, and next to a blind woman with a child; the jackal ate a bird, killed the child, cooked it, put his head on top; came to dance with others; when everyone was eating imaginary fish, the little boy said he did not want to there is a sister; no one understood; sent for a soothsayer crane; he said what happened; sent for the jackal: she comes, here she is sick; they put the woman in jail, smeared her with clay, as if in boils; jackal: go away, pus splashes; killed a woman, ran; chased him; jackal: you grabbed not a tail, but a bunch of grass; hid in a hole; the pursuers followed the hoes, leaving a marabu stork as a watchman; the jackal pretends to be chews something relish; marabu asks to give it to him too; jackal: open the key, look up; threw sand in his eyes, ran away; the lions left the girl in the house and told the jackal what was for him; he came at night, lay down with her , took off its jewelry and put it on; lions came in and killed the unadorned one; the imaginary girl was carried out and the house was burned down; jackal: I'm here; ran away]: Lewis 1947:141-143; Sudanese Arabs [when woman pregnant with her fifth son, he says from her womb that his name is Ab Daba Daba; no need to slaughter a ram for his name; his mother hit the ram on the back, his back has turned into knives; the brothers do not want to take he goes camping; he rides a ram, helps them win; the night caught them on the way, they went out to the light, there is a cannibal with five daughters; only A. does not sleep, hears the cannibal sharpening a knife; answers her that mosquitoes are not let them fall asleep; she drove the mosquitoes out with smoke; then the ram; she tied the ram; the moon; while she was driving the moon, A. woke up the brothers, swapped them with the cannibal's daughters; she slaughtered her daughters, went to bed; in the morning the brothers rode horses, A. on the ram; came back, shouted to the cannibal whom she had slaughtered; she set off in pursuit; tried to grab the ram by the tail, but there were knives, she cut herself; at home A. told the brothers do not bring anything from the market without showing him; but the brother bought the girl, brought her; A. says that she is a transformed cannibal; at night she took her brother's eyes and ran away; A. came to her on a ram, wearing a woman dress; said that he was her sister Halima, came to mourn her daughters; in the evening: I have an eyeless slave, did I have an eye in return; when he left, he shouted who he was, cured his brother; the second brother bought a mare, sat on it during the wedding; A. tried to prevent him, but he was tied up; the mare carried the rider into the river and he did not return]: Al-Shahi, Moore 1920, No. 19:108-110; Sudanese Arabs (baggara) [the woman has 4 adult sons, she pregnant again; in the forest she cannot raise brushwood on his back; the son from the womb asks if he can help; how to get out? refuses to be born the usual way or through his mouth, wants through his little finger; his name is Abu Saraera, he was born fully armed; with him a white ram with razors on its tail; he came on a ram following mother; at home he tied his weapon around the neck of a ram and sent it to the savannah; the AU brothers do not like it: let the mother keep it with her, but he will not go hunting with them; the AU burned her hairs unnoticed by his mother a ram; a ram with weapons appeared, the AU rode on it, caught up with the brothers; they came to the drone, she has 4 daughters; AU warns not to sleep with girls and not to drink or eat anything; brothers: you will still point out spend the night with the cattle; the AU let the sheep go; the gulya gave milk to the horses; when the brothers fell asleep with the girls, the AU gave the brothers girlish hairstyles and the girls men's hairstyles; answers the gula that she is awake: her cattle is too much voices loudly; gulya slaughtered the cattle; next time the AU answered as if through sleep; seeing men's hairstyles, Gulya cut off the heads of her daughters; the brothers rode horses, AU on a ram; gulya chases and shouts: those who drank my milk die; the brothers' horses have fallen; the AU put the brothers on his ram; the gulya caught up and grabbed the ram by the tail; but there are razors; she hurt herself and stopped the persecution; came to AU's mother's house as a beautiful girl; AU kicked her out, but her older brother accepted her happily; when she fell asleep, she pulled out one eye for him and returned to her; people begged AU to go get her eye back, elder the brother was guilty; the AU came to the drone under the guise of an old woman; ordered to tell the maid that he (i.e. the old woman) was Guli's sister; pretended to defecate with hair, bones, scraps of human and animal skin; gulya believed it was her sister; she complains that the manager of her cattle and slaves has lost an eye and now she has to do everything herself; gulya: I can give it; - How can I insert it? — Lubricate the eye socket with black goat milk; AU returned the eye to his brother; the gulya turned into a big tree in the middle of the village; the children climbed on it and began to play; the AU drove them away, but their parents were indignant; the AU became cutting roots is like iron; gulya has become a ghoul again and took away all the children; parents are willing to pay dearly for the AU to return the children; he went to the drone again; Guli has a pregnant cow with a bell, she is watching for the kidnapped children, and the gulya knows where the children are by the sound of the bell; the AU replaced the calf in the cow's womb; she calves; the calf kicks in the stall, wants to see his mother; when the cow and the children have gone away , AU took his form, killed a cow, hung her severed head with a bell on a tree; the wind shakes her, the bell jingles, the gulya thinks that the cow and children are in place; the AU returned all the children to their parents; When clouds rise, AU is not visible; and when lightning is lightning, he is the one who throws a razor out of his ram's tail and can split a tree or kill a person]: Frobenius 1923, No. 27:299-308.

North Africa. Arabs of Morocco, Egypt, Berbers of Algeria and Morocco: El-Shamy 2004, No. 327B: 160-162; Berbers (Morocco?) [Mqidech (“half man”) is the youngest of seven (8, 10) brothers; his mother conceived him after eating half the fruit, so he is half a man or a dwarf; the brothers meet a cannibal who offers them or their horses food M. tells me not to take it; he does not sleep at night; in one way, the brothers change places with the daughters of the cannibal, who mistakenly kills their daughters; the brothers run away, the cannibal makes their horses stop, they are all ride a horse M.; M. returns to rob the cannibal or is caught by her, but kills her; options: a man gives his wives an apple, one eats half; brothers ride horses, M. on a goat; half a horse ( the mares were given bread, one apparently ate half); the children were abandoned by their parents]: Lacoste-Dujardin in Goldberg 2003:344-344; Algerian Arabs [retelling in Nowak 1969, No. 197:199-201; angel to the childless king advises to take a new wife; warns that sons will be born and the latter will kill the rest and the king himself; when the wife is ready to give birth to the first, a white mare will come to the palace; this is what happened; 5 sons were born, and the sixth was Busetta (“six-toed”); at this time a white mare gave birth to the same female foal; B. takes this foal for himself; he is still a boy, but surpasses his brothers in everything, they strive destroy him; they decide to leave him in the forest where the gulya lives; but it turned out that they themselves also stayed in this forest in the evening; came to Guli's house; B. asks Gulya how to know when she is sleeping; gulya: when from mine the wombs hear the voices of all animals; B.: and I sleep when my eyes are wide open; at night B. changed the scarves on the heads of Guli's daughters and the hats on his brothers' heads; gulya kills his daughters, brothers they run away; the gulya pursues, but does not cross the river, because then it will cease to be a ghoul; the brothers advise his father to tell B. to get 1) a chicken that lays golden eggs from the guli; B. has a talking horse, with his help he took out a chicken; 2) a carpet (the horse tells me to pour lice and fleas onto the carpet, Gulya throws the carpet out the window); 3) the gulya herself is supposedly that beauty; unrecognized B. brings Gula a chest that allegedly saves him from death ; gulya climbs into it, B. slammed the lid shut, brought it to his father; at the crossing of the river, gulya really turns into a beauty; sets the condition for marriage for the king or someone to go down to the lower one in return peace to take care of his deceased father, grandfather, great-grandfather; the king sends B.; he returns with three old men who have a huge pot; they offer to throw themselves into boiling water; B. is unharmed, the king is cooked, B. received throne, married a beautiful ghoul, executed his brothers; Gulya disappeared, and the talking horse became a beautiful wife B.]: Filleul de Pétigny 1951:64-85; the Arabs of Morocco [the same paraphrase as for the Arabs Algeria]: Nowak 1969, No. 197:199-201; Tunisia [man, married a cousin, she did not become pregnant; same with the second, third; the cemetery guard gave three apples — let every wife eat one an apple alone; the third wife ate only half of the apple and gave half to her husband; the first gave birth to a child, and the third half of the child, but he was smart and good; when hot, all three brothers went to the forest; the two elders were on donkeys, the youngest on a goat; he took water for the brothers from the well, and they threw it; he climbed a tree and got them fruit; they reached the palace where Gulya co lived with her children; she fed them and put them to bed, put them one blanket, and her children a blanket of a different color to eat at night; half changed their blankets; at night, Gulya began to ask the children, fell asleep whether they were or not; the half always answered: “Not yet”; Gulya fell asleep by herself, the children ran out of the palace, dug a hole, made a fire in it, ran home; Gulya woke up, ate her children, and when she realized that she made it, followed her brothers, fell into a hole and died; Half called her parents to live in the guli palace]: Al-Aribi 2009, No. 64 in Korovkina MS; Libyan Arabs (Tripoli) [the old man gave the judge 12 apples, for his childless wife to eat them and give birth to 12 children; she eats 11 and half of the last with another sister; gives birth to 11 normal sons and one half-boy; they go to marry 12 daughters the father's brother; the Half warns that they did not come to the uncle, but to the ogre; he covers his wife with red and his daughters with a white veil; the half put red on his daughters and white on his brothers; also changed the hats of the ogre's brothers and daughters; at night, the ogre's wife kills her daughters instead of the brothers, only the latter wakes up and talks to his mother about it; the brothers run away, come to their real uncle; brothers get a bride, Half is the youngest and most beautiful of them; brothers, out of envy, tell him to go down to the well and cut off the rope; the fish gives him scales to call her for help; on the way home Half meets the ogre's wife, who brings him to her; he advises the ogre to feed him first; then asks to invite other cannibals to a feast, remains to cut wood to bake it; asks the cannibal daughter to help, kills her with an ax, runs away, hides in an iron tower; tells the cannibal who has run up to gather all the cannibals — let them bring firewood, cover the tower, it will burn in it; when the tower is hot, the cannibals themselves burned down ; and the Half upstairs is unharmed; he began to pick up the cannibal on a rope, cut it off, the cannibal fell, crashed; on the way home, Half met another cannibal; she said that today his wife is being betrayed again married; says she will help for the promise to give her first child; put her older brother on her back, transferred her older brother with his wife, Half, to her wedding; became a scorpion and bit her brother to death; father tells Half, that his brothers said he was killed; the boy grew up, the cannibal met him, asked him to remind his father of his promise; the boy forgot; then she put a ring on his finger; his mother asked where He told me everything, his parents sent him to the cannibal; a year later, the father went to visit his son; he says he has found a better father and mother; the cannibal promises that she will not take away new children from Half]: Stumme 1898, No. 3:93-104.

Southern Europe. Maltese [parents decide to get rid of 10 sons; the youngest takes pebbles with him, throws them along the way, takes others out of the forest; next time the door of the house is locked, the youngest cannot collect pebbles on the shore, throws bread crumbs along the way, birds pecked them; brothers come to the ogre's wife; she tries to hide them from her husband, but when the cannibal comes, he finds children by smell; younger tells him to exchange hats with the cannibal's 10 daughters at night, he kills his own daughters; the brothers run away; the youngest returns and tells the ogre's wife that his husband was attacked by robbers and demands a ransom; she gives him all the gold]: Stumme 1904, No. 1:1-6 (=Mifsud-Chircop 1978, No. 327A-327B: 76-80; as a separate story, the same episode No. 1119:451); Basques [the poor man agrees to godson a newborn Malbrook's son; he gives money, disappears with a baby, also dubbed Malbrouk; young M. grew up, released to his parents for three days; returns with two brothers; they change hats for the night with three daughters M.; the elder M. mistakenly kills his daughters, the brothers run away; the king has three daughters missing; the elder, middle brothers are afraid to go down to the bottom of the well; M. goes down, kills two snakes, goes upstairs with two princesses, whom he is meant for brothers; goes to look for a third; divides a sheep between an ant (head), a hawk (giblets), a dog and a wolf (both half a carcass); those they give the ability to turn into any of them; the woodpecker reports that the princess overseas has a body without a soul; M. flies there like a hawk, hides on the princess's chest as an ant, she persuades the monster to say where his life (a fox in a wolf, a dove in a fox, an egg in a blue); M. gets an egg in the form of animals, the monster dies, M. brings the princess to the king; says that he will first get a dowry; steals a cow from the elder M. from the horns of which diamonds fall (the shepherdess distracts), the moon (pours out water, you have to go get water at night, shine); when he goes after the violin, he is caught; asks M.'s wife to untie it, he will help cook firewood; cooks it for himself; M. gets a wife, then a throne]: Webster 1879:77-87; Catalans [the hero and his friends spend the night at the giant's house; takes off the giant's sleeping children's hats and puts them on and his friends; at night a giant kills his own children]: Oriol, Pujol 2008, No. 1119:212; Spaniards [{the Catalan text is given that meets the definition in Oriol, Pujol 2008; references to Spanish options}]: Camarena, Chevalier 1995, No. 327B: 137-140; Portuguese [the poor man has many children; he and his wife decide to take them to the forest; the younger one overheard, picked up pebbles, threw them along the way, the children returned; in next time she throws lupine seeds, birds pecked them; brothers come to the ogre's house; his wife puts them to bed; her own children are next to her, she puts them on hats for the night; the youngest boy took them off the cannibal's children, put on the brothers; the cannibal ate the children; the brothers run away; the cannibal puts on boots by leaps and bounds and chases, but gets tired, falls asleep; the younger one stole boots; after that he earned a lot of money serving by courier from the king]: Braga 2002:229-231; Portuguese []: Dias Marques 2019, No. 115:190-192; Corsicans [have 12 sons in a poor family; younger Spella suggests that brothers not be a burden to parents and leave; they took pickaxes and shovels, came to the forest, to the ogre's house, began to work in the bliss of the garden; sleep feeds them; in the evening he puts on everyone's hats; S. tells the brothers to slowly take off their hats and wear them for their 12 daughters cannibal; at night, the cannibal cut off the heads of his daughters; the brothers ran away and hired the king to serve; he made S. chief; the brothers were jealous, told the king that S. boasted to get the ogre's golden stick; S. became throw nuts at the ogre and his wife while they were eating; the cannibal threw his wand at him, S. took it away; get the ogre's golden horse (got it); the blanket on the ogre's bed (got it by throwing lice); chicken with chickens; S. was captured, locked in the cellar for fattening; when the ogre's wife came down for him, he killed her, put the meat to cook, returned to the king; bring the cannibal himself; S. brings the chest, says the cannibal, what is it for S.; the cannibal climbed inside to see if the chest is strong, S. locked it; the king ordered to burn the ogre along with the chest and marry S. to his daughter; S. asked the king not to execute his brothers]: Massignon 1984, No. 69:153-156, Sardinians, Sicilians, Italians (Liguria, Piedmont, Lombardy, Valle d'Aosta, Veneto, Tuscany, Rome, Puglia, Calabria): Cirese, Serafini 1975, No. 327B: 75; Sardinians [the couple has 7 sons — obedient and kind; neighbors (sorcerer and wife), who have 7 daughters, envy them; boys are called to the sorcerer for a feast with the intention of killing them; at night they quietly they change hats with the sorcerer's sleeping daughters; the sorcerer kills his own daughters and the boys return home]: Aprile 2000:399.

Western Europe. The British [parents cannot feed their children, leave their three daughters in the forest; they come to the ogre's house; his wife asks for mercy for the girls; in the evening, the cannibal ties straw girls around their necks shoelaces, and hangs gold chains to her daughters; Molly Vappy's youngest girl changes shoelaces and necklaces; an ogre kills daughters, girls run away; the king promises to pass off his eldest son for the eldest girl , if MB brings an ogre's sword; she brings it, running across a thin-like hair bridge that the cannibal is afraid to step on; the same is a purse (the middle prince marries his middle sister); the king will pass MB off as a younger son, if she brings a giant ring; the giant grabs MB; she suggests putting her in a bag with a cat, a dog, scissors and a needle and thread, hanging it on the wall, going to get a club to beat her; says as if she sees something; the ogre's wife agrees to sit in the bag instead of her; the ogre kills his wife (her scream is not heard because of the dog's barking and the cat's meowing), MB marries the prince]: Jacobs 1890, No. 22:125-130 (translated Kharitonov 2008:212-215); Scots [the widow's three daughters go on a journey; the elders choose big bread with a curse, the youngest Maol a Chliobain is small with a blessing; the elders they tied M. to a stone, to a pile of peat, to a tree; each time her mother's blessing frees her; they came to the giant's house, who put them with his daughters; M. took off their amber necklaces, put them on for herself and her sisters, she put her horsehair necklaces on the giant's daughters; the giant's servant killed not those who came, but his daughters; M. told her sisters to run, took the giant's golden tablecloth; made a bridge from hair across the river, the giant cannot cross; they have come to the peasant; he marries his eldest son to his older sister if M. brings the giant's gold and silver crests; the middle son to the middle one (glowing giant sword); the youngest on M. (giant bull); every time M. brings everything, the giant not to cross the river; the last time the giant caught M., hung it in a bag, went for batons; M. persuaded the giant's mother to climb instead of her, because she was in a bag golden city, the giant beat the bag, turning his mother into porridge; chased M., she offered him a drink of the river, it burst; M. married the youngest son of a peasant]: Campbell 1890, No. 17:259-264; Bretons [ Allanic begged with his mother, and when he grew up, he went on a journey; met a young man like him, Fistilou; made a pipe out of a straw, and F. danced, so they made money; bought a violin, but people did not like playing it; they came to the castle of the ogre Goulaffre; his two daughters and wife liked him; G. brought the murdered man, ate it; gave the young men red hats for the night, and his daughters white; A. overheard that G. was going to eat them; changed his caps; G. cut off the heads of his daughters; the boys ran away; G. chases them, wearing boots by leaps and bounds; when he fell asleep, the young men took them off him, ran away, came to the king; F. is jealous of A., says that he can get more game than the prince; A., thanks to his boots, caught a lot of game; he is in favor of the king and the prince; F. tells everyone about Allanik's seven-mile boots; the king tells A. to get the half of the moon and a barrel of gold stolen from him by Gulyafr; G.'s moon hangs on the tower, shines at night; A. snuck in, stole, brought it to the king; he now demands gold; having received special scissors, A. cut off the chains on which a barrel of gold hung; he fell on G., who was sleeping, he woke up and grabbed A.; A. advised him to put him in a bag and beat him with a tree trunk, and then only cook; G. went away , A. began to shout that he was a poor father of the family, wanted to take brushwood to cook, and G. grabbed him; G.'s wife heard him, released A., he planted her instead of himself; G. beat her to death with a tree, and A. took her away gold, gave it to the king; now the king demands G. himself; A. orders to make a carriage with a heavy gold box that will slam shut behind whoever climbs into it, and inside for nails to stick out; A. arrives unrecognized to G.; says that A. also harmed him, suggests G. get into the gold box — he will take him to A.; G. climbed, the hatch slammed shut, A. brought G. to Paris; the box was covered with firewood, set on fire, G. burned down; A. married a royal daughter, appointed F. general, forgiving him everything]: Luzel 1870:1-21; French (central France) [the widower has a son and daughter Furon Furelle; he remarried; his stepmother took the children to forest, hung a wooden shoe on a tree to knock in the wind, and the children thought she was cutting firewood, left by herself; the children came to the house; the devil's wife fed them and put them to bed; hell came back, promised fry them; they heard them, exchanged lines and rings with the children (they have gold ones, and FF des soies des balai); hell fried his children in the stove; when he missed it, he chased FF; FF asked laundresses carry them across the river; they spread canvases on the water, the children crossed; when the hell went, the laundresses removed the canvas, the devil drowned]: Delarue 1957, No. 327 A and B: 306-307; the French (Haute-Brittany, West 1879) [when she dies, the mother tells her three sons to work only in the house where all three will be taken; the eldest's name is La Perle (LP); late in the evening, the brothers found themselves in the woods, went to the ogre's house; they begged his wife shelter them, although she warned that her husband would come and eat everyone; LP does not sleep, hears that the ogre promises his wife to eat them today; changed hats for three cannibal daughters and brothers who slept; cannibal stabbed his daughters; LP advises him now to fatten him and his brothers, because they are very skinny; the cannibal decided to fatten them for 8 days; LP hears the ogre saying to his wife: if only they knew I have seven-mile boots, a wand; LP waited for the cannibal to fall asleep, climbed through the chimney and carried away his boots and wand, as well as the moon, which served as a lantern; put the brothers on his back and rushed putting on his boots; in the morning, the cannibal put on another pair of boots and rushed after him; LP creates a mountain behind him with his wand; the cannibal walked around it; the LP created the river, the cannibal stopped chasing; the brothers settled in the city and, thanks to the wand, they had as much money as they wanted; the brothers envied LP and stole their boots and wand, LP had only the moon; LP went looking and met two thieves; they called him to their place: his the moon will come in handy; they came to the castle where the enchanted princess is; the brothers are there, they almost disgraced her and gave her to LP; the thieves left with treasure, and LP gave them goodbye to the moon; three monsters came, although roast LP on a spit; but LP destroyed the monsters with a stick, and finally disgraced the princess and married her]: Sébillot 1880, No. 19:131-139; Walloons [the widow has boys Jean, Jeannot and Jeannois; she went with them for brushwood and lost it; Jean climbed an oak tree and noticed light in the distance; they went to the castle; young woman: the cannibal Goldbeard lives here, run; they have nowhere to run; she hid them in in the basement behind the barrel, but when ZB returned, he went there for wine, smelled the children, and picked up the barrel and saw them; the wife hid the knife and ZB went to bed without stabbing the children; they were left to sleep in the room where their daughters were sleeping ZB; Jeannot noticed that they had gold crowns on their heads, their brothers had taken the crowns; at night, ZB went out to slaughter the boys and stabbed their own daughters; the boys ran away through the window and came to town; the king took their pages; the ZB exterminated people for two or three years and destroyed everything; the king agrees to give Jean a daughter if he brings him the ogre's golden beard; Jean came to the ZB, he did not recognize him; Jean says he still does not defeated all the giants and wants to try to defeat him; put sleeping pills on the cannibal; cut off his beard and brought it to the king; Jean married a princess, but did not receive the title of nobility; now Jeannot asks Mary — Jean's wife's younger sister; the king demands to bring a ZB sword; Jeannot tells ZB that he has come to measure — who will knock out more wine; ZB started first, fell asleep, Jeannot brought a sword, married M., but the titles are also not received; Jeannois asks for the hand of the youngest princess; the king orders the cannibal to be delivered in an iron cage; Jeannois came on an iron cage cart, told the cannibal that his offenders are now alone palace; he got on a wagon and was brought; burned down in the square; Jeannois married a younger princess, all the brothers received the title; then the mother found sons]: Carnoy 1883:241-251; Germans (Schleswig- Holstein, Austria), Dutch, Flemish, Friezes: Uther 2004 (1), No. 327B: 213-214.

Western Asia. Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq, Jordan, Palestinians, Saudi Arabia: El-Shamy 2004, No. 327B: 160-162

Tibet — Asia Minor. Meitei [the poor couple has 7 sons; they decided to leave them in the forest; the youngest threw bread crumbs behind; when the father quietly left, the brothers found their way back; next time they did not find crumbs; saw the light, came to the house; there was a woman; suddenly she became huge and flew away; 7 sons of a demoness with crowns on their heads are sleeping in the house; 6 brothers immediately fell asleep, and the youngest found human remains in the house; took crowns from the demoness's sons and put on for himself and her brothers; the demoness returned, began to feel the heads and killed her own sons; the youngest grabbed the demoness cloak, which added strength and carried through the air; the brothers flew away ; found themselves on a rock; the demoness approached, they threw stones on her and killed her; flew to the king; he is glad that the demoness was gone, she was sent to eat a man every day; the king gave it to her brothers half of the holdings]: Oinam et al. s.a.

South Asia. Uttar Pradesh (Mirzapur, Hindi) [a goat and a tigress are friends; a goat has four goats and a tigress has only two tiger cubs; she is jealous and decides to eat two goats; asks a goat to send one to her for the company for the night; three were scared, one volunteered to go; when the tigress fell asleep, swapped places with the tiger cub and ate it; the next night he put a stone in his place, the tigress broke her teeth; complained to a one-eyed tiger; a one-eyed kid says that he eats four kids with his mouth open once; the kid tells how four kids will grab his paws and cut off his head; one-eyed scared, brought six more tigers; the kid climbed the tree; to get it, the tigers climbed one on top of the other, one-eyed below; kid: mother, carry a lump of earth to knock out the one-eyed eye; that jumped back, tigers hit, ran away in horror]: Rouse, Crooke 1899, No. 37:160-165; baiga [five brothers come, marry five daughters dano (cannibal); father-in-law tells them to plow; at night, sixth sister, who is also dano, is going to eat them; the youngest does not sleep, frightens her, saying that “the mongoose boy sees you”; the next night the brothers lie on the floor, putting their wives in their place; father-in-law kills their own daughters (revives them in the morning); brothers run, escape in the tree, drive nails into the trunk; the cannibal and his cannibal daughter fall, tear their bodies; brothers go down, finish off cannibals, bring their wives home]: Elwin 1944, No. 9:350-351; Sinhales: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 118 [=Parker 1910, No. 48:270-275; the tsar and queen have 7 daughters and a son; the queen complains that the daughters are idle, the tsar is going to execute them; their mother sent them to the forest; they came to Rakshasi; at night she covered her daughters with white sheets; the younger princess covered her sisters with them; at night, Rakshasa ate one of her daughters and the princesses ran away; the king met them and took them as wives; the Rakshasi sent another daughter to the river bank, who told the king that she was also a man; at night she pulled out the eyes of the seven queens; the king sent them away from home; each gave birth to sons of six died, the youngest's son survived; began to live at the palace; Rakshasi guessed who it was, sent her mother to kill the giver and eat the eyes of the seven queens; on the way, the young man killed the yaksha who was supposed to eat the princess; she replaced the letter with an order to greet the giver, give the means to regain his eyesight; having received the remedy, the prince married the princess, restored the queens's sight, killed the Rakshasi Queen; the king regained his seven wives], 127 [the father asked his three sons what they had learned at school; only the youngest knew, the older father drove them away, but the youngest also left with them; they stayed at the Rakshava, who put them to bed in the same room as his sons; at night, the younger brother changed the red blankets for white blankets that the Rakshasa sons had, the Rakshasa ate the sons; the brothers were hired to herd goats; the elders told the owner that the youngest can bring a Rakshasa parrot; then a horse; the youngest stole a parrot and a horse; a golden pillow; the Rakshasa grabbed him, went for brushwood; the young man ran away from Rakshasi and married her, although the owner of the herd offered his daughter]: 287-290, 309-310.

Malaysia—Indonesia. Java [the poor firewood collector has 7 children; he decides to leave them in the forest; the younger Wuragil hears the parents' conversation, collects pebbles in advance, throws them along the way, brings the siblings back; in next time she throws corn kernels, pigeons pecked them; children come to the old woman; in the evening her cannibal husband appears; V. hears them agree to eat the visitors: their own children will be under tiger skins, and those who come under lamb skins; V. changes their skins, the cannibal eats his own children; V. takes his speeding boots, runs away with his brothers and sisters; thanks to boots, wins running competitions, gets a princess, reigns soon; visits his parents; his mother recognizes him by a bump on her head — she once hit him]: Kratz 1973, No. 17:111-114.

China — Korea. Miao [the girl lost her goose, she went to look for it; the tigress turned herself into an old woman, the tiger cub into a granddaughter; feeds the girl with rice; leaves her to sleep; the girl feels like her body the granddaughter is covered in wool, changes clothes with the tiger cub; at night, the Tigress ate the tiger cub thinking that the girl is eating; the girl imitates the voice of a tiger cub, asks to go to the yard, offers to tie a rope to her — if A bear will appear, draw her into the house; ties a rope to a stone, tells her to be responsible for herself; runs away; sitting in a boat, the girl advises the Tigress to cross the river with stones tied to her; the Tigress drowned]: Lin Lin, Ustin 1959:412-415.

The Balkans. Ancient Greece: Gigin 2000, No. 1 [Afamant... from Themisto, daughter of Gipseus, had sons Sphintius and Orkhomen, and from Ino, daughter of Cadmus, sons Learch and Melikert. Femisto, because Eno had deprived her husband, wanted to kill her sons. So she secretly hid in the palace and, waiting for the opportunity, thinking that she had killed Eno's children, killed her own without knowing it. She was deceived because of the nurse who mixed up lunch for them. Upon learning of this, Femisto killed herself], 4 [Afamant, who reigned in Thessaly, thought his wife Eno, with whom he had two sons, had died and married Themisto, the daughter of a nymph... who had given birth to him sons -twins. Then he found out that Eno was in Parnassus, where she went for a bacchist celebration. He sent for her and hid her when they brought her in. Femisto knew she was brought in but didn't know who she was. She wanted to kill Eno's sons and revealed her plan to Eno herself, whom <просто> she considered a prisoner, by telling her to dress her sons in white and her sons in black. Eno dressed her sons in white and her sons Femisto in dark. Then the deceived Femisto killed her sons, and when she found out, she killed herself]: 9, 13-14; Bulgarians [the hero and his brothers enter the ogre's house; he is going to kill them at night; for this purpose she puts them in golden apples on the bed; the hero puts apples on the bed of the ogre's sons or daughters and he kills his children; the brothers are saved; this is always followed by a sequel — motif L114B (ATU 328)]: Daskalova-Perkovskaya et al. 1994, No. 327b: 126-127; Croats (Dubrovnik) [father died when his 13th son was born; brothers grew up, went on a journey, stayed in the ogre's house for the night; hostess warned that her husband would come in the evening; the youngest is awake, hears the hostess teaching her husband to distinguish sleeping boys from her daughters: boys have red hats, girls have gold chains around their necks; younger brother puts hats on girls, chains on brothers; in the morning the brothers left, the youngest went alone, hired the king to make coffee; the brothers envied, told the king that his cook could steal the cannibal's blanket; the young man came to the ogre, advised him to feed him first; he put him to sleep on the floor; at night the young man pulled the veil; the cannibal thought his wife was pulling the blanket, threw the blanket on the floor, the young man brought it to the king; the brothers advise the youngest to bring the golden talking cannibal parrot; the parrot flew with the young man because he gave him sugar; bring the ogre himself; the young man brings the chest, pretends that he himself is looking for an ogre's enemy to fry alive; the cannibal climbs into the chest to see if he is strong, the young man brings him to the king; the cannibal was burned, the young man received the princess, and then the throne]: Schütz 1960, No. 6: 54-60; Moldovans [a healer advises a childless woman to eat food that is not at home; she wants bleak fish; her husband brings 21 fish, cooks fish soup, the wife gives birth to 21 sons; the husband goes to live in the forest in horror; the wife raised her sons, they found their father, returned them, demanded that he find them 21 sisters as wives; Ilyana Kosynzyana has 21 daughters; the brothers are going to them, the youngest Petra did not have enough horse, he bought a magic one; this the horse tells her to change clothes with the girls at night, leave the horses ready outside the fence; at night, the broadsword IK cut off the heads of her daughters, the brothers returned to their father; on the way, P. raises a golden pen, a horseshoe, a handkerchief, is hired by a boyar as a coachman; his daughter sees a shining feather, the boyar demands a bird; a horse: a bird in a cage near the IR, do not touch the cage; P. brings a bird, the boyar demands a horse; the horse teaches to take the one who eats hot coals, P. leads; the boyar demands the owner of a handkerchief; the horse teaches him to drink strong water at the bed of IR, bring it with the bed; IR requires P. to bring a herd of her sea horses; the horse teaches how to smear it with resin and make a matting; a horse that has come out of the sea bites matting; P. bothered him, the whole herd followed him; IK tells him to milk mares, swim in boiling milk; P.'s horse cools the milk; the boyar's horse does not cools down, boyar cooked; P. marries IK]: Moldavian tales 1968:251-262; Hungarians [father wants to marry 12 sons to 12 girls; put on iron shoes and went to look for them; the eldest son serves with king; the mare tells him to ask the king for a foal born a year ago; the young man rides it faster than his brothers; the brothers want to kill the foal, but he lies down; teaches them what to do; the witch has 12 daughters; we must take the horses outside and bring the witch's horses into the stall; change the hats on the heads of the witch's daughters and brothers; the witch killed her daughters, the brothers rode away from the witch; the older brother on his horse went on a journey; the horse stepped on his golden hair: to raise — unfortunately, and not to lift — unfortunately; the same — half a golden horseshoe; the young man picked up both his hair and a horseshoe; hired the king as a stable; all they wonder why he does not need candles at night; it turns out that hair and half a horseshoe give light; the king orders to immediately get the girl who owns the hair; horse: this is another daughter of that witch; her young man stole, the witch on the spruce pole follows; the girl to the king: I will marry only after my spindle and all the other things have been delivered to me; the young man put a tablecloth on the floor in the witch's room and everything in she collected all the items made of gold; now the girl demands her horse, which is across the Red Sea; the young man's horse teaches how to catch a golden-haired horse, followed by a whole huge herd; the girl demands milk the mares and let the young man bathe in boiling milk; the horse turned the milk from boiling to warm, the young man came out handsome; the king cooked; the wedding of a boy with a girl]: Jones, Kropf 1889:262-277; Romanians [the poor man has 101 sons; they went to serve; in the first year each received a pig for service, a dog in the second year, and a foal in the third; they went to marry 101 daughters of a damn mother; the horse tells their younger brother tie them with horses: to an empty manger, and witches to a full one; put brothers' hats on the sleeping daughters of the witch; the witch kills her horses and daughters; the brothers gallop away, and the youngest remains to see what will be; steals a chest in which the girl intended for him cannot catch up with him; but he cannot open the chest and returns for the key; the horse creates a lake, turns the young man into a drake and himself into a mouse, steals the key; the young man takes the girl as his wife; the king wants to take her away; sends the young man after 9 mares and their stallion; the horse tells him to put 9 cowhides on him and coat him with resin; fights with that stallion, both strong, become twin brothers; mares follow them; the king orders mares to milk, boil milk and bathe in it; the young man's horse drives the mares into the quagmire so that they can milk them; cools the milk; The king also threw himself into milk and boiled]: Bîrlea 1966:406-407; Serbs: Uther 2004 (1), No. 327B: 213-214; Greeks: Kretschmer 1919, No. 14 (Lesbos) [husband and wife have 7 children and nothing to eat; they decided to take the children to the forest; the youngest heard it, picked up river pebbles and threw it on the way; the children returned on the pebbles; the next time the youngest took a piece of bread and threw crumbs, but their birds pecked; the brothers saw the light, came to the dragon; when the dragon returned, he told his wife to fry the children tomorrow; at night, the youngest changed the crowns on the heads of the cannibal's daughters to his brothers' hats; the cannibal came and hacked his daughters instead of boys; in the morning the dragon put on his speedboat boots, set off in pursuit, but fell asleep on the way; the youngest boy took off his boots, put them on himself, returned to the dragon's wife and said that the husband tells her to give all the gold and silver to the sent; the brothers returned to their parents]: 50; Paton 1901, No. 17 (Kalymnos) [the old people have seven sons, the eldest six are sloppy; decided to go to work in Asia Minor; the youngest named Thirteen secretly follows them; the brothers ask the ogre to hire them to squeeze the field; cannibal: if you press faster than I knit sheaves, I'll give my daughters for you, otherwise I'll eat it; T.: prepare thin bundles so that the cannibal knit more; at night, T. shows that he is awake, the cannibal does not dare to kill the brothers; on the third night, T. puts the cannibal's daughters on his brothers and vice versa; the cannibal stabbed his daughters; the brothers have time to cross the river; the younger one shouts that his name is T., and this is just the beginning; brothers are hired by the king; envious elders say that T. volunteered to steal an ogre blanket with 41 bells; on the way, T. divided the carcass between the mice and the cat, they offered to help; filled the bells with cotton wool; T. quietly pulled off the blanket, the cannibal and his wife each think that the other is pulling him on himself; brothers: bring a talking cannibal horse; the horse calls the owner, the cannibal told his wife to fry T., went to invite his brother to visit; T. pretended not to know how to get into the oven, the ogre's wife shows he fried it, put a part of the body out of the window, the cannibal who returned ate it, not knowing that it was his wife; brothers: bring the ogre himself; T. cuts trees in the ogre's forest; says that T. is dead and he makes him a coffin; the cannibal volunteered to help; T. offers to get into the chest to try it on, closes it; the king asks to open the chest and then fry the ogre; he swallowed the envious brothers, fell into the oven himself; the king married T. to his daughter]: 93-97.

Central Europe. Russians (Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Karelia, Pskov, Yaroslavl, Oryol, Tambov), Ukrainians (Eastern Slovakia, Transcarpathia, Ugric Russia, Galicia, Grodno, Ivanovo- Frankivshchina, Podolia, Poltava), Belarusians [Boy with a witch's finger: he and his brothers go to a witch (cannibal); at night they change places or clothes with the witch's daughters and she kills her own daughters, brothers are saved]: SUS 1979, No. 327B: 120; Russians (Teresky Bereg) [there are three boys in the poor family, one is Vanya; parents decided to leave them in the forest; Vanya cuts off with an ax on the way branches, he takes his brothers home along them; next time he was not even given a knife; the brothers came to a house where the family is half a devil, half a man; Vanya replies that no, he does not sleep; understood the brothers to change in places with the owners' daughters; at night the owner came in, cut off his daughters heads; the owner is chasing in speeding boots; tired, fell asleep; Vanya took off his boots, came to his wife, said that he had been grabbed and should redeem; the wife gave the bags of money, set fire to the house and burned down in fear; the brothers returned to their parents]: Balashov 1970, No. 67:231-233; Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Pomors) [the old man found 9 eggs in the forest, collected in a mitten to pick up on the way back, but there are no more eggs; the old woman is angry; the same 19 eggs; when I took 33 eggs home, and they fell and broke, 33 fellows appeared; my father has nothing to mow, we went to mow royal protected meadows; the king took them for himself, giving the old man plenty of bread; someone steals hay; only Ivan does not sleep; a golden-maned mare with 33 foals came out of the sea, I. saddled one foal; he teaches to catch his mother (roll over him when the mare runs up to him and grab her); the night is bright with the golden mane; the king lets the brothers marry, each on one of those horses; one grandmother has 9 daughters, the second is 19, the third has 33; Ivan's mare teaches her to go with the youngest, to quilt her until she gives her flint, a lash and a magic handkerchief; a mare: the old woman will put the brides to bed, they will wear white hats, and you will wear white hats black; we must change; the sword will roll and cut off the heads under black hats; then we must run; the old woman is chasing a chariot of fire; Ivan waved his handkerchief — the bridge; when the old woman is on the bridge, he waved again, the bridge disappeared, the old woman fell into the sea and drowned; the brothers think that Ivan killed their brides out of envy, rushed at it, but the mare drove them away; Ivan became the king's groom, the other grooms are jealous; they say to the king that Ivan ran to get him a princess; the mare brings him to the garden, chipped in with an apple tree, the princess comes up, Ivan grabs her, they jump to the king; the princess demands to get her wedding dress first; when the princess is gone, her the father took the dress to the cathedral for the funeral service; the mare lured people out of the cathedral, Ivan grabbed his dress and galloped off; the princess: to rejuvenate, you have to jump into a cauldron with milk, then with boiling water, then with cold water; Tsar: let Ivan be the first; the mare cooled the boiling water for Ivan, and the tsar cooked; the princess married Ivan]: Razumova, Senkina 1987:183-193; Russians (written by a native of Smolensk Gubernia) [Maxim and Pelageya have a lot of children, but no bread; they decided to give the four youngest ones to the master, and not take them, so leave them in the forest; the youngest is as tall as a little finger, overheard; for the first time he throws bread crumbs, children they come back; the second time — pebbles; before they had time to return, it became dark; they went to the light; the cannibal's wife hid them, the cannibal returned, smelled them; the wife promised to fry her husband's children tomorrow; at night he changed his little finger cookpacks on himself and his brothers and hats on the cannibal's daughters; before dawn, the cannibal in the dark tore off the heads not of boys, but of his daughters; when he saw what had happened, he put on seven-verst boots and chased the children, but they hid in the ravine; the cannibal fell asleep, Little Finger took off his boots, put him on, came to the cannibal: your husband was caught by the robbers and they demanded money; she gave all the money, Little Finger caught up with the brothers, they began to live well]: Chudinsky 1864, No. 1:1-5; Russians (the place of recording is not a decree.) [the old man tells childless spouses to collect an egg from each yard, plant a ball; 40 healthy boys are born, one is frail; his name is Zamoryshek (Last); brothers mow hay, gather in haystacks, one the haystack disappears; Z. tells the blacksmith to chain, catches and tames the thief, the sea mare, she gives her foals, the brothers go to look for brides; only Baba Yaga has 41 daughters; the horse Z. tells them to switch places at night with their wives; Baba Yaga's servants cut off the heads of her daughters; brothers put their heads on stakes, leave; Baba Yaga burns a fire shield; Z. throws a handkerchief across the sea, it turns into a bridge, the brothers escape]: Afanasiev 1958 (1), No. 105:166-168, 482 [var.: Z. throws a brush (mountain), comb (forest), towel (river)]; Poles [poor man leaves children in the forest; twice they return according to the signs left, on the third time they did not find the way; they come to the gingerbread house, there is a witch; she feeds them, they show them a bone or stick instead of a finger; they push the witch's daughter or cook into the oven or change with hats with a witch's children and at night she kills her children; children run away, throwing magic objects, a mountain, a forest, a river appear; a cannibal tries to drink the river and bursts; the children have returned home]: Krzy&# 380; anowski 1947, No. 327A: 35-36; Slovaks [the peasant has 12 sons, 11 despise the younger Janko; hired by the king, a year later they received each free will; next time a cow; then a horse; I. afraid to choose a strong horse; a thin skate advises him to choose one; brothers galloped off; horse: will we jump like the sun or like the wind? I.: so as not to suffer; a brass horse and a copper horseman, I. ends up in the inn before the brothers, who say they saw the bronze horseman; next time he saw the bronze horseman; the next time he was silver; gold; the brothers ask their father to marry them; he sees an old witch plowing on 6 horses; she says that she has 12 daughters; whips horses, they turn into 12 girls; before the wedding, the horse teaches me: not to sit in in the middle, say that he is the youngest, must watch the horses; do not drink wine, eat soup, roast, pour them out unnoticed; wine will become a piece of glass, soup with a brush, roast with a comb, hide them under clothes; let the brothers lie in the place of the witch's daughters at night, and they in the place of the brothers; at night, the witch cut off the heads of her daughters, thinking she is killing young men; the horse tells them to jump away, pick nothing up along the way; the witch throws a golden horseshoe, Y. asks if to pick it up; horse: pick it up, it will be bad, you won't pick it up, even worse; I picked it up; the horse tells you to throw the comb (a mountain covered with dense forest); then the same: a witch throws a golden pen, I. throws a brush (prickly thickets); golden hair — glass (sea, the witch stops chasing); reconciled with his brothers, the skate tells him to be hired to serve the king; other grooms (in some versions these are brothers Y.) burn candles, but I. did not; the grooms saw that Y. illuminated the witch's golden horseshoe stable; the king demands a horse whose horseshoe; they rode to the witch and while she was sleeping, I stole from under pillows keys, took the horse away, hid his sword; shouted about it to the witch, she chased, but could not cross the sea; the grooms reported that Y.'s stable was bright again, the light from the pen; the king demands a bird; I took it off my waist The witch's sleeping keys, broke her sword, took the cage with the duck laying the golden eggs; the third time, golden hair, the king demands a girl; the sleeping witch holds the keys in her teeth, I carefully took them out, broke them the witch's sword, unlocked the third room, took the golden girl away; from across the sea shouted to the witch that he would not return to her again; she turned into tar out of anger; the girl only wanted me, the king was going to execute him; the skate tells me to boil the pot of milk, absorbed the heat, I. swam, turned gold; the king also decided to swim, the horse returned the heat, the king cooked; I. became king]: Dobšinský 1970, No. 8:36-46; Belarusians [33 sons and two more and Ivan the Fool are going to marry; Baba Yaga has the same number of daughters; I. tells me to change those clothes for the night; Baba Yaga has returned and chopped her daughters; the brothers came to to the king; they say that I. can get the baba yaga harp, which they play themselves; the horse promises I. to get it, they galloped, brought the harp; a rooster that can be heard all over the world; the same; get Queen Alena; horse created a bridge, a garden, food and drinks; the queen went out, fell asleep, they took her away; A. promises to be the wife of someone who gets living and dead water; horse: now I'm dead, I must hide in his corpse, grab it crow and demand living water from his parents; I. tore the crow, revived him; and revived the horse; A. killed I. in front of the tsar's eyes and revived; the tsar also wants; A. did not revive him; wedding]: Romanov 1887, No. 37:228- 232; Czechs [the king has 7 sons; the youngest Yalmir is weak, has difficulty walking; the brothers go to see the world; at night the old man makes Y. healthy and strong, gives a white horse; on him he instantly caught up with his brothers; paid for them at the inn; they did not recognize him; they come to see a cannibal who has 7 daughters; I quietly pour out the wine; when everyone lies down, the cannibal tries to see if the brothers are sleeping; first she hits her with a broom, then burns tar on his chest; each time she says that six times they sleep, then the seventh sleeps; I change the cannibal's brothers and daughters, she cuts off the heads of her daughters; in the morning the brothers gallop away; I. brothers, they are jealous that he was the best; horse: I asked you not to open up to your brothers, now there will be trouble; they all hired the king; the brothers told him that I can get the birds that the king has. no; I took the horse back to that cannibal; in three rooms, birds in silver, gold, diamond cages; we must take the plain bird in the wooden cage in the fourth room; I brought a cage and the horse ordered the bird to be released; in the morning the royal garden is full of birds; now the brothers offer to send Y. to get animals; (still the same, but instead of cages, chains on animals); in the morning in the king's garden, deer, rabbits, squirrels, etc.; brothers suggest sending Ya for wine; the horse tells me to make a rope and net out of his two hairs; you have to go down to the cellar, take a vessel with a wooden cork, not vessels with silver ones, gold, diamond, and run; or jump into the net and the horse will pull him out by the rope; so it happened; the king found that the wine in the vessel did not decrease no matter how much you drink; the king appointed I. brothers: get the princess from the golden castle in the middle of the sea; the horse tells me to ask the king for plenty of bread, wine, etc.; this was fed to three giants; in addition, I released fish into the sea and fed the eagle; giants they built a dam to the island; the princess went with Y., but demanded that the king deliver her golden castle; I fed the giants again; they brought the castle; the princess demands the lost key; the fish found it; the princess demands the water of death, life and youth; I. walked along the dam that had been built, but the waves understood it; the eagle pulled out and showed the sources of water; then moved it to where the horse was; the princess rubbed various with the water of the king, but by chance twice - the water of death; after that it is impossible to revive; the princess called King I., and he called her queen; the people burned the brothers alive; the horse tells him to cut off his head, flies out of his body white dove and lurks in the sky; I rule and am happy with my wife]: Curtin 1890:370-405.

Caucasus — Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars (Uskut — between Alushta and Sudak) [three sons of a peasant went to reap bread; ran away when they saw the seven-headed maiden; returned to the village, took 9 more friends and went to the maiden; he was sleeping; the youngest poured an ant on him, the dev threw off the veil, the younger brother took him away; the dev caught up with him and returned him; in the evening he put 12 boys with his daughters; at night, the younger brother put the girls on friends, and boys' hats are on the deva's daughters; he cut his heads in hats; the boys returned home; the elders beat the youngest, he went to town, mischievous, the owner drove him away; he came to another country; the youngest the padishah's daughter saw him in the garden; threw an apple at him (the eldest daughters at the sons of the vizier and pasha); three weddings]: Radlov 2021, No. 45; Adygs: Aliyeva in Uther 2004 (1), No. 327B: 213-214; Ossetians [Eight brothers. The strongman changed the blankets of his brothers and daughters of the giant at night, and he killed his daughters; the strongman poked the giant's awl and takes away the chair, and finally carries the bed in the chest as well]: Byazirov 1958, No. 61: 328; Avars [three brothers got lost, came to a house where cards with three daughters; the younger Fool Chilbeek answers the card every time that he is awake, sends cards to cook dumplings (his mother is at home at this cooking time), halva, bring water with a sieve, puts cards in the place of the brothers-daughters; at night she cuts off the heads of her daughters; finds the head in the bundle not C., but her daughter; running away (the same every time), C. crosses the bridge from ash, K. cannot catch up with C.; the ruler tells C. to bring the cards belonging to 1) tsach (blanket?) ; H. stabs sleeping cards from the roof, she thinks that there are fleas in the tsakh, throws it away; 2) the cauldron (C. throws stones at the roof, splashes of fat fly into the cards, she throws the cauldron away); 3) the golden goat (C. stabs it with a stick, the goat bleats, throws it away); 4) the cards themselves; H. meets cards in the form of a beggar, she asks to make a strong chest; climbs into it, it falls apart; the next strong, C. closes cards in it, brings; C. climbs the tree, the nucleers open the chest, swallows everyone's cards; C. throws bags of flour from the tree at it, the cards burst, the swallowed people and animals come out; there is no daughter of the ruler; C. cuts finger cards, a girl comes out from there, C. marries her]: Ganiyeva 2011b, No. 70:577-581 (=Saidov, Dalgat 1965:301-310, =Khalilov, Osmanov 1989:138-141); Georgians [seven brothers are going to marry, younger — Bototina; one, the second dev offers his 7 daughters, the brothers refuse, agree to the third's offer; at night B. replies to the deva that he is awake, the roar of oxen interferes; dev killed all the cows, left alone, who gave one nipple butter, the other milk, the third cream, the fourth matsoni; B.: your chickens cackling; dev killed chickens; B. swapped sleeping deva brothers and daughters; dev killed daughters, brothers they ran away, managed to cross the hair bridge; B. hired the king as a laborer; he tells me to bring 1) a deva carpet (B. stabs the deva with a needle, hiding under the ottoman, he thinks that there are fleas in the carpet, hung it in the yard, B. took it away; 2) the deva cauldron; B. lets himself be caught, advises the deva to hang it over the cauldron for the night, the fat will flow; untied the rope, took the cauldron; 3) the deva himself; B. comes as a carpenter, dev measures the chests, B. his stabbed, brought it to the king, climbed the tower, opened the chest; dev ate the king and his entourage; asks B. how he climbed the tower; B.: set fire to the hay, jumped into the fire, the flame lifted me up; dev burned down, B. received the kingdom]: Chikovani 1954:86-89; Armenians [the miller has a wise goat, three brothers have a wise horse; the elder brother and the miller are betting by putting a horse against a goat: who will hide three times; the elder brother called the guests and showed the goat; he stabbed himself, ripped himself off, fried him, cooked three types of food, served the guests, and when they ate, he was alive, runs and bleats; but when the wife ate her older brother invited her lovers (pop and elder) to visit her and demanded the same from the goat, he turned his back to her; she hit the goat with a stick, stuck, followed by pop and many others; finally the elder brother let them go; not wanting to stay in such a house, the brothers left; they came to the fire, there was an old woman with three daughters; the youngest feels dangerous, tells them to switch seats and heads with the girls with headdresses; at night an old woman came to strangle her brothers and strangled her daughters; the brothers are fleeing; the youngest was hired by the king as a groom, the elder and middle are jealous; they tell the king that the youngest can bring that old woman's horse; the queen teaches what to do (lure the horse with raisins, put a bag over her head); bring a miracle tree from the old woman; the queen: take a self-playing saz, the old woman will sharpen her teeth and think that you are on the ceiling; the bag will tear, from there salt and pepper into her eyes; at this time, cut down a tree with a diamond ax; bring the old woman herself; ring with bells, the old woman will think that it was the angel of death who came for her, then put it in the basket , nail and tie it with ropes; the boy brought the basket to the king; ran away, hid in the cave behind a millstone; the old woman (who also took the form of a lion Azrail) put her head in the millstone, the guy knocked him over, her crushed]: Ioannisian 1968:110-123; Azerbaijanis [the king has a son Melik-Mamed and two others; when he dies, he tells his brother to give his daughter to MM, but he ordered the brothers to be expelled; they worked as grooms, then began to mow hay; someone scattered cattle; MM guards and caught three horses that came out of the sea; brothers came to the old woman with them; MM's spotted horse teaches her daughters to exchange hats; in the morning the old woman did not slaughter her brothers, but her daughters; the spotted horse teaches MM to hit her so that mother's milk spills out of her nostrils; the brothers came to town, were hired by grooms to the king; the elders are jealous of MM; told the king that he could bring news from the sun, why eclipses occur; the horse told him to take a written order from the king; give the mother of the sun; her son replies that he hides from shame when he sees what has come out Peri is the daughter of the king of angels for a walk; the king demanded that MM deliver this peri; the horse teaches how to lure peri into the tent; peri demands that the king fill the pool with mares milk, swim to make him younger; gives MM throw a handful of land into the pool where the king is swimming; he turned to the ground, and MM is younger and married a Peri]: Bagriy, Zeynally 1935:262-269; Turks: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 160 [three brothers go to look for work; they cultivate the field; the giant who owns it comes, sends the youngest with a letter to his wife, ordering the applicant to be killed; the letter is replaced by an order to treat the applicant well; the giant's daughters sleep in the same room as the brothers; the giant wants to kill brothers and kills his daughters; older brothers persuade him to send the younger one to get the blanket from the giant's bed (throws up fleas either pulls the veil, the giant and his wife blame each other; then stealing the carpet), his horse; the giant and his wife are killed], 161 [poor children come to the giantess; she waits for them to fall asleep, but the youngest is all time comes up with reasons why he does not sleep (he wants halva, pilaf, fried lamb, bring water in a sieve), she has to fulfill his whims until morning; the giantess puts the youngest in a bag, but he replaces himself with a foal; climbs onto a roof or tree; the giantess asks how he got in; he comes up with different ways (put various objects on top of each other; stick a hot one in his ass iron, etc.), the giantess dies; or the boy runs away on horseback in the wild; a frog, a toad, a hedgehog hide him; the giantess swallows a hedgehog three times, it gnaws at her stomach, she dies]: 175-177, 177-179.

Iran — Central Asia. Persians (Mazendaran, Khorasan, Kerman, Azerbaijan, Markazi) [stepmother persuades her husband to get rid of the children so that she and he get all the food; or the children eat halva, fill the pot with mud, There is a little halva on top — the father is furious; he left them in a deserted place; they ate bread and want to eat the youngest; he finds the diva's underground home; he intends to eat the children, but when asked if they are sleeping, the youngest replies every time that you must bring food first; treasures; a saddled horse; water in a sieve; either the children burned the diva and his mother in the stove; or they swapped places with the diva's children and he did not eat who have come, but their own children; or they put the diva in his pants with flour moistened with water and he thinks he is dirty; the children run away and bring home the diva's treasures; he chases and drowns trying to cross the river]: Marzolph 1984, No. 327:74-76.

Baltoscandia. Lithuanians [199 options; after the death of their father, 7 sons drank the estate, were hired as laborers; someone steals mowed hay; only the youngest Jonas manages to catch a mare with seven stallions; J. got the most inconspicuous; they decide to marry the 7 daughters of the Bone Woman, who is on the island; the horse teaches Y. to wave a handkerchief, the waters have parted; tells them to exchange blankets with the girls at night; the saber cuts off that heads; the skate tells you to run; the sea has parted and closed behind, the bone woman does not cross; the skate does not tell you to pick up the pen, J. picked it up; the brothers, out of envy, tell the king that 1) J. can also get a bird; Bone Woman's bird; J. became a cat, the bone woman brought him into the house, he took the bird's cage; 2) a sword that cuts and defeats the attacking enemies; J. became a bird, the Bone woman brought it into the house, that took her sword away; 3) the sea maiden (while she was at the ball, I could not see the moon and sun for three days); the horse teaches me to put a table of wine on the shore, the maiden came out of the water, became intoxicated, fell; maiden to the king: I'll go out when you become handsome, you have to bathe in boiling milk; J. jumped and became handsome, the king disappeared into milk; J. married a virgin, became king]: Kerbelite 2014, No. 154:401-408; Latvians [Father takes children in the forest. They get to the witch. She puts other people's children to sleep with her own. A younger boy ties headscarves (wreaths, hats) of sorceress children for himself and his brothers. At night, hell shows up and kills his children instead of strangers. The children run away, the hell chases them, but tired, they lie down and fall asleep. The boy pulls his boots off the line and all the brothers get home quickly]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 327B: 277; the Finns [an ogre lives with his wife on one side, Hello and his two brothers on the other side and father; says that he will kill the ogre, the brothers laugh at him; all three came to the ogre, who offered them his three daughters as his wife; for the night he laid red sheets for the girls, and the boys white; H. them changed, the cannibal cut off the heads of his daughters, the brothers returned home; Z. came alone to pick up two cannibal horses with gold and silver hair; only his wife was at home; H. volunteered to give the horses a drink, took them away; the cannibal shouts from the shore: did you steal it? X. — me! (so after each episode); H. came to pick up the ogre's money; he was not at home again, H. volunteered to bake bread, found a chest of money and took it away; a gold and silver blanket; drilled a hole in the ceiling, became to drip yeast, the cannibal thought that the blanket was raw because the roof was leaking, took another one; H. pulled the first blanket upstairs and carried it away; the golden bell; when H. tried to take it, it rang; the cannibal went to invite guests, told his wife to fry H.; he pretends not to know how to sit on a shovel; the cannibal began to show her, he shoved her into the oven; filled her clothes with straw, put her to bed; the cannibal with the guests they ate the cannibal; when he came to the shore, the ogre looked at the sun, went blind and disappeared]: Salmelainen 1947:80-84 (=Concca 1991:238-244); the Swedes [parents decide to take the boy with a finger and his brothers to the forest and leave it there; first they return after leaving a trail, but then they go to the giant and his wife; at night they change hats, etc. with the giant's children, he kills his own children, and the boy with a finger brothers run away]: Liungman 1961, № 327B: 65; Icelanders [the king has 12 sons; bad weather found them hunting, they got lost, came to the giantess's cave; she is kind, gave food; she has 11 daughters and captive girl; she teaches the giantess's sleeping daughters to cut off the curls, put them on their heads; then at night the giantess will slaughter her own daughters; it happened; the last of the princes jumped up and the giantess I understood everything; cast a spell: brothers will turn into bulls until someone gives them the same food they eat on an island in the middle of the lake; a girl by the same lake will pour water from one a well in another; the brothers killed and burned the giantess, and then disappeared with the girl; people noticed that 12 bulls regularly came to the palace; the son of the poor Thorstein went to solve this riddle; asked leave him in the palace for a year; went to pick up the bulls; they took him to the island, where they became young men; when they swam back, T. saw a girl overflowing; sprinkled her with water and she came to themselves; in the palace, the bulls were given the same bread and wine as they were on the island, then they became human again; a feast; T. married a royal daughter; he was made heir to the throne]: Poestion 1884, No. 36:297-303; Estonians (Ambla) [12 poor man's sons went to seek service; the king promised everyone a horse if they worked for him for a year; a year later, 11 brothers chose good horses, and the youngest chose a thin skate; if no one sees, the horse turns into a heroic horse; when they return to their father, the brothers left again to look for brides so that they could all be sisters; the old woman has 12 daughters; the younger brother goes to bed with her youngest for the night; she reports that she was kidnapped as a child, and the rest of the girls were the daughters of an old woman; his strong point is her bewitched brother, they are royal children; at night the old woman will cut off the heads of those who come; the youngest told the brothers swap places with the old woman's daughters and ride away; the old woman cut off the heads of her daughters; the old woman chases on horseback, the horse tells the youngest to throw a broom (thick forest), a brush (thicket), a flower rose hips (rosehip thickets); the fugitives rode to a house where the witch has no power; the horse turned to a prince; the younger brother married the rescued princess]: Mälk et al. 1967, No. 55:142-145; Karelians (Kalevalsky district) [the king has 25 sons; he learned from the book that one woman has 25 daughters; the brothers went to marry; the youngest went forward; in the hut, the old woman interferes with her nose with hot coals; the guy answers cleverly, she calls him her sister's son, promises to take his brothers for the night, tells him to go to the sister of the woman with her daughter; herd her horses, ask for an inferior skate for work; a skate says that there are a hundred stakes around that house, 75 suitors already have heads; the mother of the daughters promises golden oats if the brothers let their horses into the stable; the youngest says that their horses only eat burning coals; in the evening dancing to a self-playing accordion, forest animals are dancing; horse: an old woman will bed her daughters in one half of the room and you in the other; you have to switch places and put her hats on the girls; at night an old woman she cut off the heads not of young men, but of her daughters; her younger brother tells her to run; the old woman looks into her magic mirror and sees that she has killed her daughters; brothers were hired to serve the king; the elders are jealous of the younger; they say to the king, that their brother could get that old woman's golden cross; the horse carried the boy across the river threshold; tells them to give bread to the old woman's dog so as not to bark; the guy took the cross; get the old woman's mirror (the same); get the old woman's accordion; when they rode back, the old woman tore off the horse's leg; he tells him to kill and bury him; the old man suggests changing the accordion to a whip that makes the dead come to life; the guy the test killed the old man; killed and revived the crow that had arrived; but did not revive the old man; revived the skate; the brothers are even more jealous: their brother promised to get Päivela's maiden as a bride (Päivolan neiččy&# 246; n morsiemekse); the skate takes the guy to the top of the mountain, there is a hole, lowers it on a belt; he goes into the hut, it's warm; P.'s mother says that her daughter goes to the edge of the sky to fry the sun; walled up the guy in the stove so that it does not burn, only the eyes are visible; when the daughter threw off her fiery clothes, the mother released the boy, P. went with him, picked them up, brought them to the king; P. says that she will become a fire pit: who will jump over on horseback, he will get it; when the guy jumped, the fire in the hole went out; the king fell into the hole, burned down; the guy became king, the maiden P. became queen]: Onegin 2010, No. 20:226-233; Livons, Western Sami: Kecskeméti, Paunonen 1974, No. 327B: 225.

Volga — Perm. Chuvashi: Mészáros 1912, no. 6 in Uther 2004 (1), No. 327B: 213-214; Komi [the farmer's wife gave birth first to the eldest son Vasily, then 39 more sons; the mare gave birth to 40 foals; the brothers prepared supplies for their parents, went on a journey; in the forest, Vasily climbs an oak tree, sees fire; they come to the witch; she invites them to sleep with her 40 daughters; V. lies down separately, sees how the witch tied white scarves to her daughters, sharpens her sword; quietly bandages her scarves, the witch kills her own daughters; brothers come to the fire king, are hired by grooms; the king does V. the elders, others are jealous; ask the witch for advice; she orders the king to persuade the king, tells V. to get him the daughter of the Sun woman from the seabed; the horse tells V. to take gold from the king; they come to the seashore; there a woman promises to help; whistles on a silver whistle, fish splash, but they do not know where the daughter of the sun is; then in gold, a frog comes, she knows; she is given a ruff and perch as helpers; they bring three daughter of the sun; she tells the king that his body is black — let him first buy in boiling tar and then in boiling milk; the king tells V. to do this; the horse lowers the care into resin, then in milk; V. is unharmed, is made handsome; the king is cooked in resin; V. marries the daughter of the sun, reigns, kills brothers]: Uotila 2006, No. 17:75-83.

Western Siberia. Mansi [the old man and the old woman have 4 daughters; the old man sent one to check the top; the top is empty, the girl saw a house made of twigs (“the house stands out of vitz”), went to warm up, there was an old man and his daughter; tells me not to go home and stay overnight; a girl lies down on the edge, an old daughter against the wall; an old man goes underground, puts on loon boots, they creak; from wolverine skin; a wolverine skin; a wolverine — the same; from bast — not they creak; comes up quietly, pierces an iron pin into the girl's ear, tells her daughter that God sent meat; the same with the second, third sisters; the fourth night swapped places with the old man's daughter, he killed his daughter; the girl went underground, found the bodies of her sisters, revived it; asks the old man to take her parents pies as a gift; puts her sisters in a bag, pies on top; the dogs rushed, the old man left the bag, ran away; asks his wife (the word that husband and wife call each other, but also girls or women) what was so heavy there; the girl says she will send a gift again in the morning; planted the body the old man's daughter on the floor, climbed into the bag, the pies from above; the old man took the bag; when he returned, he called the daughter to eat, she was silent; he pushed her, she fell; he cried; the girl brought the father to that house, father called out to the old man, he looked out, his father killed him with a hammer]: Kannisto 1956:148-152.

The Arctic. Aleuts (Unalashka) [people disappear; the young man goes to find out the reason; comes to the river, its banks converge and diverge, the river flows with the bones of the dead; the young man throws off the dead man's fat (cadaveric fluid - a common witchcraft), the shores stop, the young man jumps over the river; sees a giant, kills him with an arrow sleeping; comes to his family, where they are concerned where his brother is; a woman puts the young man to bed with his daughter, he changes places, a woman cuts off her daughter's head, drinks blood; a young man runs away, people hide him; a cannibal falls into a trap pit, a young man finishes her off with arrows]: Jochelson 1990, No. 41 : 317-323.

Subarctic. Tagish [a woman with knife hands asks Beaver (Smart Man) to marry her daughter; at night he changes places with his wife, a woman pierces her daughter with her hands, Beaver runs away]: McClelland 2007, № 74b: 373-373.

NW Coast. Tsimshian [Sky is annoyed by the noise of children playing; he lowers his feathers; one boy puts them on his head, begins to rise into the air; others grab him, stick, all the people of the village disappear into the sky; a menstruating girl and her grandmother remain; the girl puts three wedges of different types of trees, a grain grater, a knife on her stomach; four days later she gives birth to sons and (from a knife) a daughter; when they they begin to climb, the Grater turns into a mountain; when the mountain begins to tremble, the sister cuts off the feathers with a knife; they remain forever on the older brother's head; now his name is Rotten Feathers; they fall from the sky bones; GP runs feathers over them, reviving the dead; {here p. 100 ends the first part}; brothers go up the river; old woman Great Goose warns them of dangers; old woman Knife-hand cuts off heads to her daughter's grooms; GP crosses a fragile bridge on his way to her with magic feathers ; changes her hairstyle to his wife's at night and vice versa; the old woman mistakenly cuts off her daughter's head ; GP leaves, changes his name to Labretka; marries Sna's daughter, runs with her; the night pot warns the owner, he does not react; then a wooden hammer hits him, Sleep wakes up, catches up the fugitives in his fast boat, creates a mountain in front of them, then throws a comb, which turns into a forest; Labretka makes a passage both times with her magic pen; Sleep stops chasing; his mask used in rituals]: Boas 1902: Boas 1902:234-235.

The coast is the Plateau. Quarry (Hagvilgate) [boy and girl hunt squirrels; girl laughs hysterically, scratches her stomach, dies; young man reaches the river, he is transported to the other side; old woman warns him about dangers; a blind old woman lures grooms to his daughter, kills them at night, piercing them with pointed forearm bones; a young man changes jewelry with her daughter, she kills her daughter; he kills and blinds an old woman; kidnaps the Sleepy's wife]: Jenness 1934, No. 43:219-220.