Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

L134. The third wave. .

The hero's opponent (usually a demonic woman) is inside the sea wave (third, ninth) or embodies a wave.

Basques, Welsh, Irish, Scots, Friesians, Germans (Schleswig-Holstein), Russians (Arkhangelsk), Norwegians, Danes.

Southern Europe. The Basque [the young man overheard the conversation between two witches; the eldest promises to sink the ship by directing three waves at it in the middle of the calm sea: milk, noise, blood; you can only escape by throwing a harpoon at the middle of the bloody wave, for she would be there herself; the young man told the captain, who told the harpoon to hit the wave; she split, bypassing the ship; that day the catch was abundant, because the spell was broken; captain found his wife in bed; when she died she cursed him and the harpoon; she and her daughter were the wave witches]: Sébillot 1884:173 in Ross 1994:85.

Western Europe. The Welsh [it is believed that the seventh or ninth wave is particularly powerful; they can throw a drowning person ashore or, on the contrary, carry him far from the coast and drown]: Trevelyan 1909:1; Irish [in the middle of the day, a young fisherman is fishing in a boat on a quiet lake; suddenly a huge wave rushes towards it; he throws a jail into the wave and the water calms down; at home he feels tired, lies down; a young woman comes up, asks the fisherman's mother to let her see her son; explains that her mistress sent her; only the fisherman himself can remove the jail from her forehead; the bottom of the lake is a queen on the throne; she fell in love with the fisherman and tried to drag him to the bottom as a wave; the fisherman easily took out the prison; when asked what reward he wanted, the fisherman asked that none of his descendants could drown in the lake]: Ross 1994:83; the Irish [fairies tried to sink a small ship in the sea, because they were separated from one of the crew members; one of the sailors took out a nail and threw it into the water; the wave retreated]: Foster 1951:48; Ross 1994:87; Irish (Kilkar) [the girl invites the groom on Halloween night; he leaves the knife; after the wedding, she tells how she went to sea with two friends, briefly lost consciousness, and then saw a wave rushing to the ship, called out to the Trinity and threw a knife into the wave; the wave disappeared; these were your tricks; the husband snatched the knife from his wife's hand and threw it into the fire]: Ó Muirgheasa 1928:128-120 in Ross 1994:87; Scots, Germans (Schleswig-Holstein), Friezes: Sébillot 1884:173 in Ross 1994:87.

Central Europe. Russians (Arkhangelskaya, Pinezhsky district, Truanogorsk vol., village. Ubra, 1925) [a rookie, birthday boy, after drinking wine, is looking for a worthy opponent; a hero appears and asks for help defeat raspberries; carries the young man into an open field, fights raspberry, but cannot win, well done helps; the hero takes the young man back and warns that he will be hired to serve as a groom for the king, the older grooms dislike him; if they force him to complete difficult tasks, let him do well he will call, "I-brother"; well done goes to the king as a younger groom; the king sees the light overseas, promises half the kingdom, and after his death, the throne to those who find out what it is; the older grooms say that the younger brags about what he can find out; well done, he calls I-brother, who says that the light is the golden dress of the queen who came out on the porch; the king wants to marry the queen and again upon the denunciation of the older grooms sends a good man to her; I-brother takes him to the queen's palace, well done flies into her room with a mosquito, turns into a man, lies down on the bed, the queen wakes up, takes a sword, well done turns into a ring on her finger, persuades them to marry; I-brother takes them to the king's state; when asked by the king to marry, the queen asks for a wedding dress from far away seas after three locks in the box; upon the denunciation of the elder grooms, the king sends the youngest to get a dress; I-brother takes him to the church, turns into a golden doe, people run after him, and well done, enters an empty church and takes the dress; the queen demands a pair of black horses, from under the gray stone, gold bridle; again the king sends the younger groom, I-brother helps: now the real service has come; I-brother sends a good man read the psalter ashore at night; after three waves, when the water reaches his chest and all three candles go out, horses appear and pull him into the sea; well done, calls I-brother, he helps to pull him out horses ashore; Tsar marries a queen]: Ozarovskaya 2009, No. 28:276-280.

Baltoscandia. Danes [a lazy young man sees a crow on an apple tree; shoots three times, each time the raven pretends to fall; the young man comes up to him, he puts it on his back, flies away; three times pretends to be falling He throws the young man into the sea, and explains that he was just as afraid when the young man shot; the raven brings the young man to the field, tells him to go to the house, say hello from the crow from Salby and ask for porridge and butter; eating, a young man gains the strength of 20 men; sees a white rug with a red thread in the air, follows him, finds a crow; so three times; the last time he finds himself on a mountain and rolls down from it out of laziness, and does not descend slowly; the raven brings the young man to the castle, tells him to hire him in the kitchen, walk the long road; the young man tries to go straight, gets into the swamp; the raven helps for the last time; the local king promised the daughter of the sea to the king, if he helps to cope with the lack of water; now promises a daughter and half the kingdom to the one who will save him from the water king; the Red Knight went to protect the princess, but when he saw the wave, he ran away; the young man waited The third wave, in which the sea king, the young man overcame him and killed him, then fell asleep; the princess woven a gold ring into his hair, but was forced to go with the impostor, the Red Knight; their wedding was being prepared; the king must check who has the ring in his hair; the young man does not go, the king is forced to come by himself; the young man gets the princess and half the kingdom, the Red Knight is hanged; the young man meets the Raven in the form of a man; that leads him home, marries his sister]: Grundtvig 1920:166-174; Norwegians: Sébillot 1884:173 in Ross 1994:87.

Continued in 191.doc