Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

L21. The cannibal runs away to pick up prey .


cannibal or demon under a tree intends to capture a person who climbs a tree; he throws prey or an object away while the ogre searches, picks up or eats dropped, runs away.

West Africa. Ikom [Okuni sorcerer demands that everyone sacrifice animals for his fetishes (ju-ju); everyone who comes must keep their legs closed, otherwise he will get elephant disease; the hare sat, spreading his legs, and when he got up, it turned out that his organ had become huge and heavy to the ground; he asked the sorcerer to heal him, but he refused because the Hare did not sacrifice; the Hare asked Elephant The disease (SB) to get off him until he was out of need, but he refused; then asked him to get down so that he could climb the tree and shed the fruits; Sat of tears; the hare began to shed fruit further from the tree; when the SB rolled very far after the fallen, the Hare went down, rushed to run; at home he told his wife to hide with her neighbor, ran on himself; one, then the other group of people hide him, but they are afraid of the SB and indicate where the Hare is hidden; then he climbs into Krabiha's hole; she is not afraid of the SB; when the SB rushes at her, she kills him with claws; while she goes to wash the meat, the Hare kills her children and throws her children into the cauldron; SB meat is also cooked; The crab finds the shells of his children; the hare grabs the cauldron of meat, runs away; while eating meat, sitting on an anthill, the ants have eaten half of his tail; when he returns to his wife, he tells her not to light the fire - supposedly he he performed military rituals, the woman should not look; but she sees his gnawed tail, goes to look for another husband; The hare runs ahead, pretends to be a different hare each time and says that all Hares they underwent a ritual of shortening the tail; the Hare's wife returns to him; the Hare convinces the rest of the Zaitsev that he was grabbed by the long tail by a predator, they decide to shorten their tails for themselves so as not to follow them grabbed; since then, the hare's tail is short, and men, when going to war, do not trust their wives secrets, sleep with them or eat their food]: Dayrell 1913, No. 26:71-77; vute [Tukur (dwarf antelope) came to Mekir (a mythical beast); he is blind; T. quietly eats all the meat he cooks from M.; M. grabbed him, T. promised to highlight his eyes; cooked a brew, poured M. into his eyes, he died; Tukura was once eaten by the Leopard; Guinea fowl laughed; T. praised the beauty of her plumage; the leopard wished to be just as beautiful; T. told him to get into the basket, braided it; braided it, dropped it on the Leopard the fetus; then threw the fruit away; the leopard thought that T. himself had jumped in that direction, and T. ran in the opposite direction; the leopard caught up with him; T. lay down on his back and pretended to support him the clouds or they will fall; then T. hid in the stump, but the Leopard pulled him by the ears; T.: I'm dirty, I have to be licked first; the leopard began to lick, T. ran away]: Sieber 1921, No. 14:171-173.

Western Europe. The British [three little pigs grew up and went across the world to look for happiness; one met a man who built a house for him out of straw; the wolf told him to let him in; began to blow, the house scattered, the wolf swallowed pig; same with the second (brushwood house); the third met a man with a cart of bricks; the wolf blew but could not destroy the brick house; the wolf to the pig: I know where the sweet turnips grow, I'll come for you tomorrow at six; but the pig got up at five and picked up his turnips before the wolf arrived; the same with apples, but the wolf managed to come when the pig was on the apple tree; the pig threw the apple away while the wolf was picking it up the pig cried and returned home; the next time the pig went to the fair and bought a butter churn; when he returned, he saw a wolf and rolled down the mountain with a butter churn at him in fear; the silence himself was frightened and ran away; decided to enter the pig's house through the chimney; the pig put the cauldron on fire; the wolf fell there, cooked it, the pig ate it]: Shereshevskaya 1957:11-14.

Melanesia. Porapora [see motif L5; Waro secretly cooked two brothers in the house, the dog and the heron were her watchmen; the youngest followed, W. married the elder; Unkinye came to ask W. for fire, stole it; brothers he was found, W. was released, W. cut into pieces; his head grabbed the elder's testicles, it could not be torn off; the youngest climbed onto the breadtree, but threw down only unripe fruits; the elder, the head, climbed agreed to get off temporarily; he threw the ripe fruit, threw it away alone; while his head grabbed him, the brothers ran away; his head grabbed the boar's face, which carried it away; tore it off the trunk of a white palm tree]: Schwab 1970, No. 3b: 777-778; Badu (Torres Strait Islands) [Gabakwoikai picked turtle eggs, saw a fruit tree, picked up fallen fruits, climbed a tree; the dorgai cannibal knew about this tree, too came for the fruit; her ears were so big that she could use them as a mat; G. began to shed green fruits at her, throwing them farther and farther; as she picked them up, he cried, ran to the boat, brought the men ; D. was harpooned, she went to the ground, died; her arm was torn off, thrown into the sea, her hand became a rock]: Haddon 1890, No. 6:60-62; Buka [the boy knocked out a forest cockerel, found a breadtree, picked the fruits; it belonged to Totopiok; a tree leaf flew to it; when M. asked if there was a man near the tree, the leaf fell to the ground; T. ran to the tree; the boy climbed the tree; said he would jump; threw it away cockerel; while T. was grabbing the cockerel, the boy ran away; his younger brother decided to do the same; the elder ordered to catch a live cockerel first; he did so, but the boy did not notice that the cockerel was dead; T. quickly him found, waited for the boy, overcame it, ripped off his skin, tore it to pieces, ate it; one cockerel feather flew to his older brother; he asked if the youngest was dead, the feather fell to the ground; the elder found the younger brother's skin, left it next to the orchid, the skin gave birth to an egg, a bird (like a small crow) hatched; the boy sent her to see if T. was in his cave; went with friends, killed T. and his wife; other T. tried to attack on humans but were defeated]: Montauban, O'Reilly 1952, No. 3:66-68.

(Wed. Polynesia - Micronesia. Marshall Islands [Before dying, a woman with Likjeroni promised her two sons to bury her on Rongerik; they wrapped her body in mats and took her by boat; the elder held the steering paddle and the youngest the sail; the deceased repeated that she wanted to be taken to Ronjerik; her body began to decay; a heron descended from the sky, took the oar from her older brother, and told the younger brother to tie sail to the boat; let them jump overboard and sail to the island; the heron itself, in the voice of his older brother, continued to sing the same song as him; when they reached the island, the brothers climbed the palm tree; the dead mother got up and ate a heron; stretched out in different directions until she saw her sons on Ranjerik; the older brother threw the nut west, the mother reached out and ate the nut; the same with all the nuts that the young man threw at in different directions; then he cut off the spear-shaped upper leaf of the palm tree and threw it into the sky; the leaf broke through all three tiers of the sky; the mother then ate the leaf, but when she tried to return to earth to eat sons, the holes in the sky closed; the brothers stayed on the island]: Kowata et al. 1999:70-72).

Tibet is the Northeast of India. Lepcha [two friends live in different villages; they both set up bird traps on the tree and decided to meet at this tree when one came, the tree did not have the other; the first one climbed the tree and began to take the birds out of their traps; then the second one appeared; in fact, it was a demon who ate the young man and took his form; asked how to climb the tree, began to try to climb his head upside down forward; he took out the head of the murdered young man and began to eat, calling it the root of a plant; to escape, the young man in the tree prepared three packages of different sizes from bird traps; first he threw a large one, the demon rushed, believing it was a young man; the smaller bundle was thrown farther away, the small one was farthest; while the demon was rushing after them, the young man came down and ran away; therefore, it is best not to make an appointment in a remote place ]: Gorer 1938:485-486.

Burma - Indochina. Khmu [a childless woman wants to go to the monks to ask for a child; everyone refuses to transport her across the river; she builds a sand stupa by a tree, asks a tree to give her three children take revenge on those in power, monks and elders; gives birth to three children, dies; the eldest is Aay CaaLaay ("liar"; A.); he was adopted by husband and wife; he feathered a bunch of crap, asked for an adoptive father catch a bird, he smeared himself; the same with the adoptive mother; they left it to be eaten by the tiger; A. asks the tiger not to eat it - he will show where to steal the pig; they carry the pig on a stick; A. let the tiger carry it part of the trunk, where the thorns, ordered not to moan, otherwise the food will become bitter; the tiger moans; A. shows the star, sends the tiger there for fire, at this time he makes a fire, cooks meat, lays it for himself, in a part for the tiger put bitter fruits; the tiger returns without fire, A. sends him to make spoons for leaves, poured white on the leaves himself so that the tiger thinks it was from birds (and looked for it longer); the tiger eats bitter meat is because he moaned on the way; A. prepares pig testicles, says he cut off his genitals; the next day the tiger agrees to have A. cut off his testicles; when A. climbs a tree, the tiger sees that everything is in place; A. throws the fruits away while the tiger picks them up, has time to go down and run away; tells the girls that a tiger is coming, they threw their clothes, A. put them on, the tiger wears him did not find out; the same with women and children; with men who cut straw; every time A. asks to show the wound, pokes hot smut at it, sprinkles hot juice, stabs it with straw; jumps into a hole; speaks to a tiger that the sky falls, let it jump; just let it not push it up, otherwise the sky will crush it; stabs the tiger with a needle, he pushes A. out of the pit, A. stoned it; tells the peasants that he is caught in a hole tiger; they ran to the pit, A. burned the village, hiding meat and rice; says that wherever his spear and arrow go, there is meat and rice; shows that people believe, throw spears, but find nothing else; they catch A., they hang a tree in a basket to then knock a tree into the river; a man with a gong was walking by, his eyes hurt, A. convinced him to change places - his eyes would recover; people knocked down a tree, the man drowned; A. says he met his dead parents in the river, they asked him to take what he wanted, he took a gong; everyone jumped into the water and drowned except an old woman with an empty calebasa; A. smashed the calebas with a stone, old woman also drowned; A. told the governor that his wife fell off the roof, and to his wife that her husband had been wounded by a boar; they ran to look for each other, collided with their foreheads; the governor expelled A. three blows in the slit gong, and A. measured three lengths of the gong, built a house there; the governor's children relieved themselves at A.'s house; A.: let them poop or pee, but not both together; governor: try it yourself! A. emptied his bladder, tied his penis, put a pile in the governor's house; he ordered to go where the earth turned upside down; A. built a house on the field where they plowed with a plow; hunchback came, carrying the vessel to back; A.: Look, there are two suns in the sky; she looked, the vessel fell and broke; people filled bamboo vessels with intestinal gases, came to A. not knowing it was him; he fed them buffalo manure and set it up so that they opened their vessels under their noses]: Lindell et al. 1978, No. 3:50-62.

The coast is the Plateau. Yakima [grandma tells Chipmunk not to go far, to be afraid of the cannibal Alixtaní; he goes, A. lures him with pine nuts, but he climbed a tree; A. sits for so long that he grew up under her grass, confused her legs; The chipmunk threw the branch away, she thought it was him, rushed after him, cut off her hair, entangled in the grass; The chipmunk ran into the house, A. managed to grab his hand on the back, stripes stayed; A. sat down at the door, grandmother and grandson dug a passage, ran away; made a fire in the hole; grandmother (A. does not recognize her) says A. that you can become beautiful if you lie on hot stones, put turf on top; A. died; her two sisters came, dug them, ate them, thinking they were the children she had caught; when they found out, they thought she lay down in the hole herself to get rid of the bad smell; since then, the chipmunk has been striped]: Beavert 1974:130-136.

Southeast USA. Caddo [six out of seven brothers go missing one by one; the youngest with six dogs chases a raccoon; climbs a tree after him; an old woman comes and asks to throw off the raccoon; kills him and one of dogs; this is how he kills six raccoons and six dogs; the seventh raccoon advises to throw him away; while the cannibal is looking for him, the young man goes down, runs home; his six brothers are missing one by one; the chief with made them his slaves with a sharp nose; the Coyote turns into a wooden mortar, goes with the flow; women catch a mortar, crush corn, the flour disappears; the chief realizes that it is a Coyote, puts a mortar on a log to pierce it with his nose; the Coyote rolls off the log, his nose gets stuck; the Coyote tells the slaves to finish off the chief; the brothers return home]: Dorsey 1905, No. 33:59-61.

Mesoamerica Tseltal [at night, the wife's head separates from the body, goes to devour people's souls; the mother advises her son to rub his wife's neck with salt; when he returns, the head could not connect to the neck, grew to her shoulder husband; addresses him like a child to his father, asks for various fruits; the man asks his head to get down so that he can climb the tree for oranges; throws one away, his head rolls for an orange, thinking it's a man, falls into the pond]: Stross 1978:25-27.

Central Amazon. Maue [a jaguar man under a tree intends to eat a hero who climbed upstairs]: Pereira 1954 [throws a sticky branch]: 103-104; Ubbe 1991, No. 6 [throws a leaf]: 178; munduruku [ Karuekabyo devours another son-in-law when he goes out to urinate and returns to the house; Amabet is small, enters the house through a hole in the wall; K. tells him to make a shelter in the tree to hunt birds, is going to eat when he starts to get off; A. puts four birds as guards, they warn of K.'s approach; fires an arrow, asks K. to pick it up, has time to go down; K. tells them to climb another tree for fruit; A. sends him for a new climbing ring, manages to get up himself; creates parrot chicks, throws them to K., who picks them up; peeled, A. in K.'s face, a sticky mass of chewed fruit, runs away; people hide him first under their elbows, then under their knees, then on the back of his head; ask K. to open his mouth, throw hot stones there, K. dies; his body is thrown into the river, it turns into a caiman]: Kruse 1949, No. 20:627-628; Murphy 1958, No. 37:117.

Bolivia - Guaporé. Wari [see motif D4A; the old woman owns fire, gives it little by little in exchange for fish and game, eats them raw; people try to bake food in the sun, but they only rot; (steal fire), climb vines into the sky; two grandchildren of an old woman hide in a tree hut, shoot birds, throw them down, the old woman eats them raw; they tell one bird to separate them away; at this time they go down, fry the bird, eat; they return to the tree, the old woman climbs after them; they turn into woodpeckers, fly to their father in heaven; she climbs the vine into the sky; the grandchildren let the piranha gnaw through the vine; the old woman falls into her fire turns into jaguars, ocelots, jaguarundi, foxes]: Conklin 1989:577-583

Chaco. He throws a parrot. Chamacoco [while the wife is looking for a parrot thrown away from the tree, the husband manages to escape]: Wilbert, Simoneau 1987a, No. 64 [woman goes to the forest as a jaguar], 66 [people kill a woman, a corpse turns into a jaguar], 126-127 [a woman turns into lightning (=the patron goddess of male rituals), swallows kill her]: 213-215, 221-222, 473-478; tereno [husband manages to escape while his wife eats a parrot]: Baldus 1950, No. 2:221; chorote: Wilbert, Simoneau 1985, No. 113, 114:219-224; toba [a woman goes with her husband to the forest; he throws parrots from her tree; she eats them raw; while she searches A chick that can fly slightly, the husband runs]: Wilbert, Simoneau 1989a, No. 140:201-204.