Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

L42D. The frosty tongue of an ogre. 34.35.37.

A man runs away from the ogre on the ice, the cannibal chases him, licks the blood that has spilled on the ice, his tongue freezes, he dies, or crashes to death when he slips on the ice.

Khakas, Tuvans, Darkhats, Buryats, Khalkha Mongols, Evenks of the Baikal Region, and Orochi.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Khakasi [Chelbigen takes her seven goats from old Tardan, then takes her away in a bag; on the way she falls asleep, she leaves stones in the bag, runs away; C. pours stones into the cauldron at home, they break through the bottom; next time T. leaves bark in the bag; the third C. brings it home, goes to beat the animals; T. asks C.'s children to release it, promises to cook them salamat; defecates; children accept sewage for salamat, they devour; T. cuts off their heads, covers them with a blanket, cooks the liver; C. devours it; chases T.; she pours the blood of children C. three times on the ice, C. licks it, his tongue freezes; T. cuts twice tongue, cuts off C.'s head for the third time; laughs, her liver bursts, she dies]: Katanov 1907, No. 437:446-449 (=1963, No. 437:135-136); (cf. Khakas [old people stabbed a ram, began to throw each other's spleen, the husband offered food to his wife, the wife to her husband; the spleen ran away, ate a herd of horses; a herd of cows; a herd of sheep; a herd of goats; rolled on the ice, she froze, her belly burst, swallowed out]: Katanov 1907, No. 415:422-423); Tuvans [earlier, when Milk Lake was a puddle and Mount Sümber was a mound, near The old men were the son of Döng Sööshük; his father told him to sit on a white ox and bring his calves; D. did not find calves, and when he returned, there was no trace of the yurt; his ox fell, he began to burn his fat; Chylbyga appeared, put it in a bag, carried it to her children; he cut a hole, hid behind a bump; when she saw that the bag was empty, C. screamed so much that D. came out of the shelter; she hung it in the chimney, went for it with firewood; D. promised her seven children to play with them if they released him; he stabbed everyone, put their heads to bed, cooked the meat, collected blood in an empty stomach, hid behind a yurt himself; C. found meat cooked, began to call the children, found their heads; D. ran, spilled blood on the ice; C. began to lick her so that she would not spill into the water, her tongue froze, D. cut her throat; cut her stomach, came out of it his parents and all his cattle are alive]: Taube 1978, No. 56:273-276; darhats [caught mangus, brought a lonely boy named Tekten; sent him to the forest for firewood to fry him; T. hid, answers mangus that he defecates in the pantry, sits on the chimney, on the roof; mangus breaks the pantry, the roof, does not find T., tells his seven youths to find and kill T., leaves himself; T. kills, cooks sons the mangus, puts the gut with their blood in the bosom, runs away on the ice of the sea; after eating the children's fat, the mangus finds their heads, chases T.; he slipped, the blood from the intestine spreads, the mangus licks it, mistaking it for T. , his tongue is frozen; he asks to cut between ice and tongue, T. cuts off his head]: Sanzheev 1931, No. 2:36; Buryats: Barannikova et al. 1993, No. 6 (SE Buryatia) [Zer Dalai sees a lung among the herd, It has become a 50-headed mangadhai Asuri Shara; they decide to fight in 3 days; ZD hides sister Bashalay, a bird and a dog in a white rock; mangadhai kills him; asks all objects in the yurt where inhabitants; the doorknob says it is in a white rock; B. runs away from the mangadhai, pours blood out of the tueska, mangadhai licks her from the ice, his tongue froze, B. cut off his head; disguised as a man, goes to sky for three Sunday girls; finds himself inside a bottomless monster camel; there are people swallowed 5, 10 years ago; B. pierces a hole with an arrow, people and animals come out; Sunday women suspect that this is a girl, but she avoids testing; brings them to her brother's remains, runs away with a hare herself; the resurrectionists revive ZD, become his wives; he is going to shoot at the hare, his sister tells do not shoot, takes on a human form; two older wives tied a ball of red thread to the ZD belt, found the house where B. lives; threw a gold ring in her mouth, she died; the youngest wife answers ZD, what is not to blame; he asks the elders what they want: the tails of 70 horses or the tips of 70 ribs; tied them to the tails of stallions; put the body of his sister ZD in a box, hung a blind red deer on the horns; the red deer came to Khartaganag Khan; a child and a golden ring fell out of the box; the girl grew up, the khan's son married her, they have a child; ZD found them, everything is fine], 23 (Bayandaevsky District, Irkutsk Region) [old man Harhan stabbed a bull, could not finish eating his ribs, offers a crow (she only wants eyes), a magpie (stomach contents), a 7-headed mangadhay; he eats a bull, takes H. to him, tells seven his sons to cook it; H. persuaded them to untie it (he would make them toys), killed him, cooked it, put their heads as if they were sleeping, filled their stomachs with blood, put needles in meat, put testicles in ash; mangadhai came, he pricked his needles, his testicles burst into his eyes, he thinks this is punishment for not sharing with fire with his sons; he found heads, looked for H., who dug a passage, answers outside the house and then from the inside; runs, throwing his stomachs with blood on the ice; mangadhai begins to lick blood every time, his tongue freezes, H. cuts off his head; so he cut off 7 heads]: 109-117, 277-281; Khangalov 1960, No. 117 [Tyonehon stabs the bull, calls the crow, the magpie eats meat; they answer that they will bite their eyes, the scar; T. drives them away; calls the seven-headed mangathai; he eats everything, is not full, takes T. in a bag to him; hangs over with fire, leaves his seven sons under supervision; T. urinates, they think that lard is dripping, drinking; T. promises everyone an arrow and an onion, they let him out of the bag; he cuts off their heads for sleeping people, cooks meat, He puts his heads on the bed, hangs his stomachs with blood around his neck, digs a passage under the wall of the dwelling; m eats the meat of his sons; calls T. hears his voice on the street or in the house; T. runs away on the ice of the yellow sea, pours blood on the ice, m licks it, his tongue freezes; T. cuts off seven heads in turn, burns the body, scatters the ashes]: 304-308; Eliasov 1973, No. 23 [old woman Harhan stabbed a bull; magpie, crow, shepherd they do not want to eat what she offers them; the seven-headed mangathai eats everything, takes H. to her place, tells the children to cook; she promises to make them arrows if they release it; kills, cooks, eats mangathai her children; H. digs a passage, hides from the mangathai in and outside the yurt, runs away on the ice, throwing wineskins full of blood; mangathai licks them, her tongue freezes, she cuts off all seven heads one by one, a corpse burns], 31 [the same as (23), but the hero is a Tenekhon man]: 166-170, 223-227; Mongols (Eastern Khalkha) [old Tochikhan killed a bull, did not finish eating the rib, goes and asks who will eat; forty, the crow can't, Mangat eats, takes T. away; she puts wood and stone instead of herself, he catches her up every time, brings her home; leaves the children to fry; she defecates, they eat, think fat; she asks them for a knife, frees herself, kills, cooks children; M. eats her children; T. runs away on the ice, M. slides, crashes]: Amsterdam 1940, No. 2:36-38.

Eastern Siberia. Evenki Pribaikalia [little man Tagelchiken meets Mangi, throws meat into his mouth; meat runs out, M. puts T. in his bag, brings him home to eat, stops; T. offers to look in his head, puts him to sleep, puts stones in his bag, hides; M.'s wife and children find only stones in the bag; M. comes back, puts T. back in his bag, brings him home; he tells him to cook it in new dishes carved from wood growing beyond ten mountains and rivers; M. and his wife go to make dishes, tie T. to the middle pole in the plague; M. promises to make bows for the children if they untie it and give it father's knife; kills children, cooks their meat, puts their heads on the bed; M. and his wife eat their children; find their heads, chase T.; he throws bubbles of children's blood on the ice; M. and his wife lick her, they freeze their tongues to the ice, T. cuts off their heads]: Voskoboynikov 1967, No. 12:39-43.

Amur - Sakhalin. Orochi [Davekta tells the bird to inflate its fur, which makes up excuses why it does not cross the river to him; his Older Brother addresses him; he hits it, he flies up a tree; his the arrow gets stuck; he climbs a tree, sticks to it; Sandunga takes D. out of the trap, brings him home, hangs him over the hearth, goes for firewood; D. tells S.'s little sons to release him; show where their father's spear; wounds his leg, blood flows on the ice; S. licks it, his tongue freezes, D. kills him with a spear; sets fire to the Seal's house, they die, he takes their fish supplies; the fox asks to take her in a sledge, eats her fish, runs away, hides with an old woman; D. screams like an owl and like a hare, the Fox laughs; asks not to kill her, leads D. to marry the old man's daughter Ka; brings a deer; eats it herself; wife D.: Elder my brother told me to tie fat salmon to my tail; D. The fox did not catch up]: Aurora, Lebedeva 1966, No. 2:129-130; (cf. Wilta [the forest man (myzriepu nivh) caught the hunter, chained him in his cave, put a conical birch bark hat over his head, ordered him to be entertained with songs; offered a man; the hunter did not eat, sang until the cannibal fell asleep; pulled out the chain, bleeding his hands, ran away; the cannibal caught up with him, but when he saw the blood, he licked it and left; if the hunter ate men, the hat would stick to his head, he himself would turn into a myzriepa nivh a; a cannibal does not touch a person who has wounds]: Bereznitsky 2003, No. 71:259).