Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Introduction
Bibliography
Ethnicities and habitats

L66. Underground passage under the monster .41.43.46.50.

To help the hero, a small animal digs an underground passage under the lying monster, and the hero strikes him from below.

Upper Tanana, Kuchin, Khan, Southern Tutchoni, Tagish, Inner Tlingit, Atna, Helmet, Slevi, Kalispel, Flethead, Assiniboine, Crowe, Mandan, Kiowa, Yawapai, Hicarilla, Chirikahua, Mescalero, Lipan, Navajo, Zunyi, Oriental Ceres (Cochiti, Sia), Tiwa (Taos).

Subarctic. See motive K27. Kuchin: McKennan 1965 [see motif L5; Jateaquaint and his younger brother escape from their mother chasing their head; playing ball, he falls into the boat; the boat owner (this is Brown Bear) invites D. take the ball: takes it away; the younger brother left on the shore turns into a wolf; the owner's eldest daughter refuses to marry D.; the youngest goes out, makes him handsome; the father-in-law demands 1) bring the material for an arrow flagpole from a tree throwing sharp chips around; 2) get resin from a tree splashing boiling resin; in both cases, D. calms the trees by spitting on them; 3) reach the tendons of two animals covered with impenetrable hair; The mouse gnaws out the hair under the hearts of animals, explaining that its babies are freezing; D. kills animals with arrows; 4) get the feathers of cannibal eagles; D. kills a female chick; asks the male how his parents will arrive; Father with rain and hail, mother with a blizzard; D. kills adult eagles with a spear, turns the chick into an ordinary eagle; 5) kill a bear; D. is enough a forbidden arrow, pierces a bear; she turns out to be his wife; father-in-law turns into a bear, rushes at D., also killed by him]: 101-103; Khan: Mishler 2004, No. 2 [after killing the ogre, Tsá'Wë zhaa comes to the Bear; he gives him a daughter, sends him for material for bows and arrows; 1) eagle feathers; C. kills male and female cannibal eagles, feeds the chicks with ordinary meat, and tells them to eat animals from now on ; 2) the tendons of a dangerous moose; C. asks the Mouse to climb into the anus of a lying moose, cut the heart; C. made a bow and arrow], 3 [3) now the Bear asks for resin; it is dangerous to approach the resin hanging on the fir, C. knocks her down with a stick; C. kills the Bear with a bow, it turns out that this is the Bear's daughter; C. ran away, hid in the lake, the Bear tells the Frog to drink water, she drank it, but Snipe pierced her belly with his beak, water spilled out; The bear with the net waited where the river flows out of the lake, but C. threw his clothes into it, slipped through himself]: 147-149, 149-151; Schmitter 1910 (Eagle) [The bear harpoons salmon; the old man turns into salmon, harpoons, breaks off and takes the tip away; comes to the Bear in human form; he suspects that the old man stole the harpoon; the old man marries the Bear's daughter; he demands 1) bring arrow tree (the stump falls on the son-in-law, he dodges, makes poles out of a stump; 2) bring cannibal eagle feathers for the arrows (the son-in-law climbs into the nest, kills one chick, asks another how they will arrive parents; Mother with snow, father with hail; kills adult birds with a spear, brings feathers); 3) get resin to glue tips (son-in-law sticks a long pole into the lake of boiling resin, splashes on all fir trees; since then, fir trees; brings resin); 4) bring tendons (the son-in-law asks the Mouse to gnaw the hair from the place on the body of the monstrous moose under which the heart (The mouse explains to the moose what it needs wool warm babies that the hair from the back is suitable; the son-in-law kills the elk with an arrow, brings tendons); 5) The bear advises making tips out of birch bark; sends his son-in-law to hunt, tells his daughter to become as a bear, kill her husband; her son-in-law kills her with bone-tipped arrows; the bear chases him, the son-in-law hides in the lake; the bear tells the Frog to drink the lake; the son-in-law tells the Snipe to make a hole in the Frog belly, water pours out; son-in-law runs away from the Bear]: 21-23; upper tanana [Tsaosha (Beaver) marries the Bear's two daughters; he asks for the tendons of a huge Moose; The mouse gnaws at the hair with the place on Moose's skin where the heart is under; explains that her kids need warm moccasins; C. kills a sleeping Moose with an arrow]: McKennan 1959:179; southern tutchoni [Äsúya (Beaver, Clever) walks on the ground, correcting animals that ate people; spends the night in the forest with Wolverine; he offers to dry moccasins; Ä. quietly changes moccasins; at night Wolverine gets up, pushes him into the fire moccasins are not Ä., but her own; in the morning Ä. walks on the ice of the lake; Wolverine chases but freezes; Ä. throws the corpse into the water, says wolverines will no longer kill people; Ä. comes to a huge Bear; he turns his daughter into a pretty girl; offers to hunt a grizzly that takes and eats any prey; gives Ä. arrows with sedge tips; grizzly is Bear's daughter; sedge arrows bounce off her, Ä. hits her with his flint arrow, but she's only injured; Ä. turns into a beaver, hides in the middle of the lake; she tells Kulik to drink water, together with Father Bear, looks for a beaver in the mud; Ä. asks yellow legs (Tringa flavipes, long-legged bird) to hole Kulik's stomach; Ulit asks Kulik to allow him to collect worms for his kids, a hole holes, water pours out, the Bear and the Bear drown; (the eagles episode - p. 85-96); Ä. comes to the nest of cannibal eagles; asks the chicks which of them are the biggest talker; female and male nod at each other; Ä. knows that the male is lying, pierces him with a sharp stick; the eagle arrives with snow; the female chick replies that her brother has a headache, he went down to look cold water, gone; that a foreign smell is half a person brought by the mother; Ä. pulls the Eagle down, kills; The eagle arrives with hail, the same; Ä. teaches the female chick to eat rabbits, partridges, etc., no longer eat humans; (tendon harvesting - p. 97); Ä. asks the Mouse where to get the tendons for the bowstring; she shows a huge animal lying in a clearing; Ä. asks to climb from below, gnaw the hair on his chest; Ä. hits the beast with an arrow into this place, takes its tendons; a huge worm in the mountains kills hunters; Ä. lures him out of the lair, cuts it with a spear into pieces, drops off the mountain, blood turns into ocher; the cannibal invites hunters to hunt mountain sheep, leads to a cliff, collides, his wife below finishes them off with a copper stick; Ä. confronts him himself, the wife mistakenly finishes off her husband; at night, J. comes to her plague, kills her]: Workman 2000:91-100; tagish [Beaver wants a Bear's daughter to marry; he demands to kill a huge grizzly to get tendons; mice dig under a lying grizzly, gnaw the hair on their chest; Beaver pierces a spear into this place, the grizzly dies]: Norman 1990:110; inner tlingits [son-in-law asks where 1) to get make a birch tree bow and arrow, the father-in-law sends it to a certain place, it disappears; so with five out of six (or seven out of eight) brothers; the last youngest is attentive, finds the remains of the dead, kills the beast that killed people; 2) the bowstring; the father-in-law sends a huge bison lying on the ground; The mouse digs a hole to the bison, plucks the hair on the chest, replies that the wool from the tail is not good to make a nest for mice; a young man pierces the bison's heart through the place where the hair is gnawed, brings tendons; 3) flint for tips; a young man drops a stone on a giant frog, picks up flint; 4) arrow feathers; a young man climbs into the nest of bald-headed cannibal eagles; there are two chicks, he kills one, the other replies that the father will arrive with a strong wind, the mother with darkness; replies to the eagle father that his the sister fell out of the nest herself; that the traces on it were from a man killed by his father; a young man kills a male eagle; then a female (all episodes are the same); tells the eagle to eat fish]: McClelland 2006, No. 147: 653-661; atna [Lynx came to the Bear; he has two daughters; he insists on calling Lynx his son-in-law; Lynx asks where to get material for arrows; 1) poles; Bear sends crashing trees into the forest; Lynx slips between converging trees, brings solid wood; 2) arrow feathers; on such a cliff; there are two eagles in the nest, their parents flew away to hunt people; the elder eagle promises to tell parents about the Lynx, he kills him; tells the youngest to say that he fell asleep and fell out of the nest; the Eagle flew in, the Lynx killed him with an arrow; then the Eagle, the same; each of them brought half a man; Lynx ordered The eagle now feeds on partridges and rabbits; brought feathers; 3) a bowstring; there lies a deer as big as a mountain (moose); the Lynx asks the Mouse to chew off the hair from where the heart is; she gnaws, says to the Deer, that her children are cold; The deer allows; The lynx pierces him in this place with an arrow, brings tendons; 4) glue to secure the bowstring; the Bear sends the Lynx to where resin boils on the fir; he brings, not burned; the Bear offers to hunt bears (these are his daughters), gives arrows with bark tips, but Lynx uses his own to kill the Bear's daughters; he chases Lynx, Lynx hides in the middle lakes; The bear is great for the Frog to drink it; the Lynx asks Sandpiper (snipe or curlew) to hole the Frog's stomach, the water pours out; the bear digs the drain into the waters of the lower lake, but the Lynx slips, the Bear his not to catch]: Tansy 1982:8-14; helmet [Beaver marries two daughters of the Ogre Sun; he asks for the tendons of a shaggy monster; an old shrew digs a hole under a lying monster, hides it in it Beaver, gnaws hair from a place under her heart, supposedly to warm her kids; Beaver shoots at this place, kills the monster, brings tendons]: Teit 1917a, No. 1:435-441; slevy: Moore, Wheelock 1990, No. 9 [Yamonhdeyi's father advises him to marry; the old man is ready to give him his daughter; I understand that she already has a husband, he kills sleeping people; I kill him with an arrow; the wife replies that the arrow feathers are her father takes from huge eagles; I. climbs into a nest in a tree; an eagle says that the mother will arrive in the rain, the father will fly in snow; the eagle's sister promises to complain to her mother that he told this to the man; I kill an eagle girl kills a female who brought half a man; tells the eagle to eat rabbits, ducks, fish; I go to get the tendons that my father-in-law uses for the bowstring; the mouse gnaws at the hair under the heart lying monster, says her children are cold; I pierce his heart, brings tendons; brings flint tips from where they fly like arrows; my wife turns into a bear, I kill her with an arrow; her parents hoped she would kill her son-in-law; I run, became a fish at the bottom of the pond; my wife's parents tell two pelicans to drink water; I tell the bird (Tringa melanoleuca) to pierce its stomach pelican; water pours out, I. jumps out, father-in-law and mother-in-law drown]: 43-48; Petitot 1886, No. 5 [enemies kill everyone, grandson and grandmother remain; he marries, he needs arrows; climbs into the eagle's nest for feathers; chick hides it under his wing, replies that the father will bring snow, the mother will bring rain; the man kills adult birds, tells the chick to eat fish, not people; asks the Mouse to dig a passage under a huge deer lying on ground, gnaw hair off the skin under the heart; kills a deer, takes tendons for a bowstring; kills a toad sitting on a piece of flint, makes tips; wife turns into a bear, he kills her; father-in-law pursues him, turns into a flying monster; a man, becoming a Beaver, hides in a lake; a monster drinks a lake; a plover holes in his belly, water pours out; a monster flies to the sky; a beaver makes rapids on McKenzie River]: 321-327

The coast is the Plateau. Kalispel [the monstrous Moose sucks people into himself with his breath; the Coyote asks his wife Mouse to dig a way to him underground; suddenly appears in front of him, the Moose is frightened; offers Moose attack people together; undertakes to carry his knife, kills Moose with it, turns him into an ordinary moose]: Teit 1917 d, No. 5:117; flathead [Coyote asks his wife Krotiha to dig a way to the lying Moose Monster; suddenly appears before; Moose thinks that K. is invisible; Coyote's dog Squirrel kills Moose Grizzly's dog with flint attached to his head; K. lures Moose into an underground passage, undertakes to carry him a shield and a spear, kills with a spear; hears a child crying, lets the baby suck his finger, it eats up all his flesh; the fox revives the Coyote; next time K. puts flint on his finger, the baby cuts himself, dies ; The Coyote leaves his cape to Scala; it starts to rain, he picks it up; the Rock rolls across the river after him; three women can't smash it with hammers; K. sets fire to the vines; entangled in them, the Rock dies from heat; Mountain Sheep insults Coyote; he throws him against a pine tree; horns now protrude from the trunk]: Edmonds, Clark 1989:20-23.

Plains. Assiniboine [evil father-in-law sends son-in-law for dangerous Moose; Mouse digs an underground passage, gnaws hair under his heart, son-in-law pierces an elk with an arrow]: Lowie 1909a, No. 8b: 156; Crowe [Yellow Greaves climbed into the hole to catch eagles with bait; a stone rolled down and closed the exit; JN asked the mouse for help, she led him down the hole into another world; there the old man White Owl gave the only arrow and ordered the monstrous moose to be killed; JN did not eat the soup served — there was a human hand in it; the bullfinch advised him to contact moles; the mole dug an underground passage under the moose — where his heart was; JN pierced the elk ran with an arrow; the elk plowed the ground with a horn, rushed after him, but fell dead; the tip of the horn was brought to the old man; he asked to bring the head of the Red-haired; the bullfinch advises to contact the woman ant; JN exchanged bodies with her, brought a louse with her; Red-haired and her mother live on the island; the ant gave a corn pemmican for the dog, she transported it to the island; while the dog was swimming, JN invested in it pemmican in his mouth; Red-haired's mother suspects deception, but the son lay down with the imaginary ant woman at night; she avoided copulation, and when Red-haired fell asleep, she cut off his head and put him in her place louse; she answered Red-haired's mother, and when her voice weakened, the mother came in, saw her son killed, rushed in pursuit; Zhn managed to swim across the ant; the stalker came, with the point on her forehead like a spear, she began to hammer a typical rock, inside which an ant with JN, but the ant immediately repaired the damage with its saliva; they opened the door slightly, the pursuer stuck her head, they slammed the door shut, cutting off head; swapped bodies back, but not armpits, so women's armpits are more muscular than men's; the ant advises asking the old man for his strength for bringing his head; JN received the power of an owl and a deer; on the way back, JN meets three women who turn into an otter, a deer and an elk, run away; the fourth remains a female wife of JN; she has seven brothers; JN and his wife came to the youngest; when The others came, they teased their son-in-law, throwing their limbs over; JN called an owl, which began to torment the deer, the brothers were in pain, left JN alone; the younger brother gave his son-in-law his bear, since then the wife's relatives have been giving gifts to her husband; everyone has begun to think what to turn into; - Trees? — They're dying. — Rocks? — They crumble from time to time. — Water? — It dries up. To the stars {Ursa Major}! The younger brother took his pet cougar, this is a star near the handle of the bucket {Alcor}]: McCleary 1997:65-69; Mandan: Bowers 1950:265 [see M1 motif; a horned serpent carries two brothers across the sea; Thunderbird kills a snake, marries its brothers; does not tell them to approach the swamp; there lives a beaver covered with hard scales; a badger digs an underground one under a beaver that has come ashore; a clever brother pierces the heart with an arrow, kills a beaver], 288 [a person enters another world; Mice dig a passage under a sleeping moose; a man pierces an elk's heart with arrows, killing it]; kiowa [see motif J18; on one horn an eagle sits a monstrous bison, a goose on the other; twins need bison tendons for a bowstring; twins turn into moles, dig a passage under the lying bison, gnaw the hair off its skin, pierce the heart with a sharp one pole]: Parsons 1929a, No. 1-2:1-8.

The Great Southwest. Yavapai: Gifford 1933a (SV yavapai): 349-364 [people lived underground at the bottom of a deep dip; there was a pine tree (“dog-tail tree”) wrapped in a vine; people climbed it to the ground, theirs the chief is Hanyiko' (Frog); his shaman daughter made him sick; before he died, he ordered him to be burned and watched for the stars; when two stars appear in the east before sunrise, they will adorn him feather head; in 2 months 5 stars will appear — this is his right hand; in 3 months it will be cold, his whole body will be visible; the red star will celebrate 4 months; corn will grow on his grave; when the corpse they burn, everyone goes around the fire, but the Coyote jumps over the short Badger, grabs, carries, eats his heart; before that, people said that the deceased would be reborn in four days; Coyote: let him die forever; H. died forever; Coyote agreed; his daughter died, people refused to change their minds; it snowed; people: the mountains were covered with cornmeal; Coyote: snow; so the snow does not consist of corn torment; when it rained, the dry tree did not get wet; Coyote: let it get wet; because Coyote took possession of H.'s heart, water poured out of the hole from which people came to the ground; people placed all kinds of things the seeds and the girl into the hollowed out pine tree trunk were sealed; after the flood, the girl went out, the others died; she lay down so that water dripped into her vagina, the sun was shining on her; conceived and gave birth to a girl; she grew up, her mother put her in the same place, but the Water and Sun did not want to get along with her daughter; then the mother covered her with her body and the daughter became pregnant; her son Skatakaamcha; his mother took the eagle and fed her chicks; he interrupted the partridge's leg; when he repaired it, she told about the fate of his mother; S. decided to kill the monstrous bull (bison?) ; The badger dug an underground passage under him, S. stabbed the monster with a hot knife, killed him; put on a blood-filled stomach; the eagle brought it to the nest; the eagles say that the prey is alive, the eagle does not believe; the eagle flew away, the eagle flew in, S. killed her with a hatchet; told the eagles to remain silent; killed the eagle when it returned; threw the eagles out of the nest; made the rock half as low, but no more; The Bat lowered it in the basket ; he opened his eyes, the Bat fell and was injured, S. cured her; came to his grandmother, who cries; he threw eagle feathers at her, said he killed both eagles; married; Wind stole his wife; Spider warns that Wind offers to compete kills losers; S. beat him in a ball and ring game; won a competition whose hair is longer; Wind stabbed S. 4 times without causing harm; S. killed him with a knife; threw one hand to the east, the other to the south, one leg to the west, the other to the north: let the wind blow from different sides; S. brought his wife back; grandmother: there is a bad Chewasistesikkaamcha; S. came to his house, slowly throws away food for fear of being poisoned; killed C. with a knife; Bear's arrow reeds; S. invites him to marry his grandmother; he gave reeds; believes that the best tips are coal tips; S. killed him with flint; a tree for the ends of the Owl's arrows; S. and offered him his grandmother as his wife; she found the heart of the Owl, it was on the sole; S. shot there, killed the Owl; an bow tree in the canyon with converging and diverging walls; S. put a deer horn between them; went east to his father the Sun; the Sun's wife warns that the Sun will try to kill S. in the steam room; but S. is not afraid of the heat; the Sun recognized his son, let him choose a horse; a man at the cliff pushes passers-by with his foot; he grew up with his back to the rock; S. lets a chanterelle first, it dodges; then a rattlesnake, the man is afraid of it; S. disconnected him with an ax from the cliff, threw it into the abyss; below 6-7 women devour the fallen; S. threw that man's stomach into the fire, he burst into the eyes of the women, S. hacked them; there was a boy, he ran to the cave, S. did not I managed to get it, left the snakes to guard, but they fell asleep; the boy left, creating new ones like him; grandmother: you can't handle them], 402-412 (Western yavapai) [people live underground; younger brother invites the elder to illuminate the world; he makes a disc, smears ocher, hangs it, but the younger one makes a disc of white lime, smears ocher; it gets light but too hot; the younger brother asks the eldest to raise the sky with a reed pole, he did it; at night, the elder brother touches the genitals of his two daughters; they hide on the shore under the willow, where he relieves himself, and swallow his bowel movements; he begins to lose strength, tells him to be cremated after death; people sent the Coyote for fire, at which time they lit a fire, standing around; the Badger was lower than the others, the Coyote jumped over him, took his heart and ate it; the burnt heart had to lay the ground, cultivated plants would grow; and so only one corn stalk would grow; the best cobs went to the Hopi and Navajo, and the worst yavapai; people decided to get to the upper world; the hummingbird found a hole in the sky; under the guidance of their younger brother, they planted a pine tree and a vine that wrapped around it; they climbed up, but the old man and his two granddaughters stayed; when they got to the ground, from water poured in the holes; the flood was caused by those two daughters of the older brother who turned into frogs; people hollowed out a pine tree, put food inside the girl and sealed it; only the girl survived, the rest drowned; she lay down with her vagina under the rays of the sun and under drops of water, conceived, gave birth to a daughter; she grew up, tried to repeat everything, but the Sun and Water recognized their daughter, conception did not occur; then the mother covered her daughter's body with her body, the Sun and Water did not notice the substitution; the daughter gave birth to a son Matinyaupakaamcha; the eagle took her to its nest and ate it, M. stayed with her grandmother; interrupted the bird's leg with a stone; she: if you'll cure him, I'll say something; when he finds out that the old woman is not his mother, but his grandmother, killed the eagle, on the advice of his grandmother, by heating the tip of his spear; the grandmother sends him to kill the bison (ox); the badger and the gopher dug an underground passage under lying bison; the mouse plucked the hair from where the heart was, explaining that its children were cold; M. pierced the bison from below; he plunged his horn into the underground passage, but M. dodged; made a cape out of the skin, and under it bison blood; allowed the eagle to grab itself; blood gushed, the bison decided that M. was killed; the chicks see that the prey was alive, but the eagle did not believe; when it flew away, M. found out where the eagle would fly; becoming a lizard, smeared with resin the place where the male and female sit; killed the eagle; told the chicks to remain silent, otherwise they would kill; The Bat lowered M. in the basket, ordering them to close their eyes; he opened, they fell, M. broke the Bat's bones, but cured her; M. looked into the grandmother's house through a hole in the roof; called her; grandmother: the wind was whistling; when he saw her grandson, she began to dance with joy; the bald eagle took M. to an island on the lake; there were already many prisoners there; M . ordered the prisoners to eat crushed flint to the eagles and hide, digging an underground passage; the eagles died; the crane stretches its leg across the lake; people cross it like a bridge; children fall into the water, turn into ducks; M. decides to make a bow; the grandmother warns of dangers every time where to look for bow materials; onion wood where the canyon walls converge and diverge; M. shoved between they have a deer horn, took out the material; reeds for arrows owned by Owl; M.: I propose marriage to my grandmother; Owl is glad, he gave reeds himself; when Owl came, M. told his grandmother to find out where his heart was; in the sole legs; M. shot there, killed Owl; the grandmother straightened her vulva with an arrow; when M. looked, the arrow broke; where the flint for the tips, sparks fly out; M. covered himself with a turtle shell, took out flint; wood for the front of the arrows owned by the Bear; M. called him to marry his grandmother; said he was making charcoal tips; The bear believed, shot M. with a coal arrow with a tip, and M. killed him with an arrow with a flintlock tip; grandmother: cut the deer in a clearing, not under a tree; M. began to cut under a tree; a naked woman came down from the tree, chased M. to get along with him; the grandmother hid it under the hearth; but the woman began to write there, M. got out; M. made penises out of blue stone, quartz, lava and clay, used it every single night, breaking off the woman's vaginal teeth; she became his wife; she was actually a bear; offered to drive game at him; he hung his clothes on a pole; three or four bears rushed at her, M. killed them, pulled out their fangs and claws; Spider told M. that the Wind took his wife away; let M. compete with him outside, not in his cave; who would chase the ball faster; M. won all the prisoners and the life of the Wind; who has longer hair, M. won again, killed The winds were a club; they spent the night in the Wind Cave; his wife became snakes in front of the entrance, M. jumped over them; M. went to look for his father, the Sun; spent the night with people who wanted to kill him; closed him for the night eyes with pebbles (“glass eyes”), the owners think that he is awake; the Sun's wife to her husband: your son has come; he wants to test the visitor, invites him to the steam room; M. all gives up a couple and says it's cold, The sun believes he is his son; M. tamed the horse, went home; the Sun and the Cloud began to argue over him; each painted one half of his body; M. returned east to the Sun, and the grandmother went west to the Sun, and the grandmother went west to ocean]; hicarilla: Goddard 1911, No. 4 []: 197; Mooney 1898a [White Beads girl lags behind the tribe; The sun shines on her, when she sits down, she gives birth to him a son; The month shines when she sleeps, she gives birth to the second; the first is stronger, because the Sun is stronger than the Month; the mother warns not to roll the hoop to the north; the son of the Month rolls, he rolls to the Owl; he cooks, bakes brothers, they are alive; he lets them go; the son of the Sun visits his father, receives a bow and arrows, the name Nae-naeshhuni (Monster Slayer); The frog sucks people; N. dries the lake, throwing hoops received from his father at it; does immovable guards of the house (swallowed pueblo Indians, snakes, cougars), strangles the Frog with smoke, releases the swallowed ones; Gopher digs a passage under the lying monstrous Moose, gnaws hair from under the heart, supposedly for freezing children; N. pierces his heart with an arrow, disorients the Moose, blowing smoke from different sides; makes clothes out of moose skin, puts a wineskin with blood on his chest, takes horns as a weapon; allows Eagle- the cannibal carry himself to the nest; blood splashes from the wineskin, the Eagle thinks that the prey is dead; the chicks reply that the father will fly with hail to the east, the mother with rain from the west; N. kills both parents with a horn; The Bat lowers him off the cliff in a basket; he gives it Eagle feathers, the birds take them away from her (the origin of the plumage); the children of the Frog, Moose, Eagle turn into current frogs, moose, eagles; the Rock pursues and swallows people; N. kills her with an arrow; son of the Month kills a flying cannibal fish with lightning from the Sun; raises its heart with four arrows, throws it at the moon (the heart can be seen there); both Brothers now live in a turquoise house in the West Sea]: 200-209; Opler 1938, No. 9 [The Enemy Killer (UV) hears about monsters; every time his mother asks him not to walk; he goes, wins; a giant elk lives on east; a woman gave birth to him while masturbating with a moose horn when women separated from men; Moose paralyzes victims with a look, kills; UV wears four sets of hot clothes in the number of directions and flowers, each time the heat neutralizes the Moose's gaze; Gopher digs passages in four directions; asks the Moose to be allowed to gnaw the hair from his chest to make a nest for the young; UV gets a rainbow a bow from the Rainbow, lightning-arrow from Thunder; shoots at the Moose from below, sends four arrows in four directions; The elk runs every time, plows the passages dug with a horn; at the end of each, the spiders placed flints; The elk is exhausted, dies; UV takes its right horn, fills his stomach with blood, lets the huge Eagle grab himself; the eagle throws the victim onto the rocks; seeing the blood, thinks it has broken; the chicks tell their father that the prey moves and frightens them; the father does not believe, flies away; UV asks the chicks how their mother will arrive — with a quiet rain; the father — with hail; kills both parents with a horn, turns the chicks into ordinary eagles; old woman Bat lowers him off a cliff in a basket, tells him not to open his eyes; UV gives her Eagle feathers, tells her not to go to plants and little birds; she goes, feathers stick to plants and birds (this is their fluff); The Bat gets black skin; the UV returns to its mother; the colliding water pushes passers-by off the path into a hot spring, where his daughters devour them; UV pretends to passes, confronts the monster himself, daughters eat it; UV goes down to them; father used them to lure men; these girls are the only ones who have a vagina, they themselves are vaginas; they want copulate; UV lets them swallow a drug made from sour berries; it brings them to orgasm, their vaginal teeth, which they used to devour their father's victims, fall out; vaginas hang everywhere on the wall, their girls they guard; UV takes the biggest and smallest, brings them to the mother, she gives them to two girls; others suggest placing vaginas on the head, then on the chest, arm, knee, foot; when vaginas placed between their legs, everyone, including UV, decides that it will be so; four female vaginas come and tell UV they are suffering without it; he refuses them; they reply that people will have venereal diseases, and those who touch menstrual blood will get sick; UV is going to destroy the Rolling Stones]: 57-77; Russel 1898 [a woman conceives from the Sun and from the Waterfall, gives birth to two sons; son of the Sun Jonaaiyin exterminates monsters, the son of the Cobaziscini Falls stays at home with his mother; the Lizard gives D. his clothes, Gopher digs a passage under the monstrous Moose; gnaws at the wool on the skin where the heart is, says that will take it to his children; D. pierces his heart with an arrow; An elk blows up the ground with horns, creating mountains; four spiders of different colors on four sides of the world stop him, he dies; D. makes himself sturdy clothes from Moose skin; a huge eagle takes D. to its nest; chicks notice that the prey is blinking; D. asks how their parents will arrive; Mother in the afternoon with rain, father before sunset with rain and wind ; D. kills adult birds with the Moose horn, turns the chicks into ordinary eagles; the Bat lowers D. to the ground in a basket; for this he gives her feathers, tells her not to go to the plain, where there are many birds; she goes birds take all feathers (the origin of their plumage)]: 255-258; Western Apaches: Goddard 1918 (San Carlos) [Black Tornado rubbed his chest, rolled a lump out of skin scales, made earth out of it, placed it on 4 supports; made coyotes and birds, destroyed by a flood; a woman (in hicarilla she is Earth) became pregnant by the Sun, gave birth to a girl; she became pregnant with water, gave birth to a boy; he has membranes on his fingers, no hair, ears, etc.; the grandmother does not want to say where his father is; the Spider showed how to get to the Sun (through his web); the Sun's wife tries to hide it in vain; the Sun lets you smoke a pipe, tries to burn it, his son is unharmed, the Sun recognized him; the Sun's relatives give his son a completely human appearance, placing him in a hot steam room; the Sun brought obsidian clothes with him, his grandmother made a bow and arrows; he consistently asks her about dangerous creatures; 1) sitting by the cliff pushes passers-by down; the young man first sent a fox to that, then killed him with a club; 2) killed the killer with his gaze; 3) the grandmother tells her not cutting a deer under a tree, a grandson cuts; a girl sitting on a tree calls him husband; she has a toothy womb; he runs, throws a scar, mountains grow (the same as hicarilla); the grandmother hides it in a hole near the hearth; the girl finds him; he says that he is only ready to sleep with her in the house on a bed; while she is running after a tree, he makes penises out of white stone, sand, resin, wax; he knocked out her teeth with a stone, she cries in the morning; 4) kill a horned beast; gopher dug a hole under the lying beast, lifted up his hair, where the heart was, the young man pierced the monster with an obsidian point; 5) hung a bag of blood and manure on himself, let the bird carry himself away; thrown on a rock, the bird saw splashes, thought he was dead; threw three chicks away, asked the fourth how the parents would arrive; they arrived with the rain; he killed everyone, left their parents and chicks in different directions light; the Raven gave him his clothes, he went down and returned to his grandmother]: 7-19; Gould 1921 (Mojave Apache) [people in the lower world sent a bird to look for another world; it flew C, B, Y, Z, found nothing; people sent it up, weaved climbing plants, climbed them, reached the upper world; looking down, they saw water rising; this flood was caused by the Frog woman below; people placed the girl into the box, the box hit the sky four times; the girl went out on Mount Montezuma, the others drowned; lay down under the waterfall, gave birth to a girl; she also lay down, gave birth to Jesus; his mother took the eagle; he learned this from his grandmother; the man dug an underground passage for him under a lying bull, under his heart; I. stabbed a hot knife into his heart; smeared himself with blood and brain, allowed the eagles to carry themselves to the mountain; asked the chicks where they sat mother and father, smeared the rock with resin, killed adult eagles, dumped the chicks; the old bat began to lower it in her basket; he opened his eyes, she fell; he cured her fractures]: 319-320; Goodwin 1994, No. 3 [the grandson consistently asks his grandmother where to get bow tree, arrow reeds, bowstring tendons, arrow feathers; she replies every time that it is far and dangerous; he goes after the tree for the bow, says to the Bear, Grandma, I will be your wife; The bear laughs, allows you to take; in front of the reeds there are interpreting rocks; Gopher digs a move, brings reeds to the young man; the terrible male Antelope (Big Horns) lies on the ground; Gopher digs four underground passages, tells Antelope that he needs wool for the freezing kids, gnaws hair under his heart, the young man stabs a knife in it, the Antelope plows the passages with a horn, dies; the young man takes his tendons, fills his stomach with blood; lets the Eagle carry himself away, is thrown on a rock, blood splashes from the antelope's stomach, the Eagle thinks the young man is dead, does not believe the chicks that he is alive; the young man kills chicks except one; he replies that his brother, then that his sister will arrive with certain types of rain; the young man kills those who have arrived; that his father will arrive with men's rain; the same; turns the chick into owl; The female bat lowers the young man in her basket; he opens his eyes ahead of time, she falls, heals; the young man gives her eagle feathers, tells her not to go under the trees; she goes, the feathers have turned into all kinds of birds; a young man makes arrows; a white feather comes down from the sky, turns into a girl, he marries her]: 12-16; lipan [Big Owl kills the children of a Changing Woman; she falls down in the rain conceives from Thunder; her son is the Enemy Slayer; asks the opossum to dig a passage under the lying monstrous bison; the opossum eats wool from the Bison's skin, says that his children are cold, he wants to make a nest; I.V. pierces Bison's heart with an arrow]: Opler 1940, No. 1:16-17; chiricahua: Hoijer 1938 [A white-colored woman falls under a stream of water, gives birth to a Son of Water; hides him from the Giant; and who has already become for adults, the Enemy Slayer is afraid of the Giant; the Son of Water invites the Giant, trying to take away his hunted deer, to shoot at each other; the Giant misses, the arrows of the Son of Water break one by one four flint covers on the Giant's body, the last one hits the heart; the Ox kills with his gaze; Gopher digs four underground passages for the Son of Water under the heart of the lying Ox; the Son of Water pierces the heart; The Ox with a horn Hacks three moves, dies; the Son of Water fills his intestines with his blood, wraps them around himself; the Eagle takes him away, throws him on the rock to his children, thinks that the blood of the captured person has splashed; the chicks say that the prey alive, the Eagle does not believe; the Son of Water kills all the chicks, leaves the youngest; he replies that the father will arrive with a man's rain, and the mother with a woman's rain; the Son of Water kills both; goes down on an eagle, kills him; Orlov turned feathers into all kinds of birds; Gophers were killed with his gaze; he blinded them by throwing salt into the fire, then killing them; created Indians, and the Enemy Killer Europeans]: 5-13 (bull episode: No. 3:9-10); Opler 1942 [like a lipan; Giant kills the children of a White Colored Woman]: 3-9; mescalero: Hoijer 1938 [A woman-Painted White lies under a cloud, gives birth to an Enemy Slayer (UV); hides him from the Giant; he tries to take meat from the HC, offers to shoot at each other; misses, UV arrows break four flint covers on the Giant's body one after another, kill him; every time HC goes to kill another monster, his mother says it's dangerous, and he says he's dangerous himself; the Bison kills with his gaze; Gopher digs four underground passages for UV under the lying Bison; where the heart gnaws its hair, says his children are cold; UV pierces his heart; Bison breaks three moves with a horn, dies; UV fills his intestines with blood, wraps them around himself; the Eagle takes him away, throws him on the rock to his children; UV kills three chicks, leaves the fourth, who can fly; he replies that the father will arrive when it rains, the mother is the same; UV kills both; goes down on an eagle, kills him; Orlov feathers turned birds into all kinds; the Owl killed with his gaze, the Owl's house was guarded by the Gophers; UV entered the Owl's cave, killed everyone there with a club; UV goes to the Killer Antelope; fires four arrows of different colors in four directions; every time a cloud of the same color appears there, and the Antelope runs there; gets tired; UV tells her to become just an antelope, it will be hunted by people]: 183-188 (buffalo episode: 185-186); Navajo: Haile 1938:113-117; Klah 1960 [the monster is also an opossum, not an elk]: 14-15; Matthews 1994 [the older sister conceives Nyenesgani from the sun's ray, the youngest from his younger brother's water; brothers are gods of war, visit the Sun, the elder receives lightning arrows from him; brothers kill monsters; N. goes alone to kill a four-legged monster with deer horns (his father is an antelope horn); Gopher digs under monster underground passage, gnaws hair from the skin under the heart, explains that hair needs to warm the cubs; N. climbs under the tunnel, kills the monster with a lightning arrow; Gopher gets the skin; N. fills the gut with the blood of a monster, lets itself be carried away by a monstrous bird; it throws it into a nest on the rocks, but it does not break thanks to the pen given by the Spider; tears its gut with blood to make it look like he is dead; a chick says that the prey is alive, the bird does not believe; N. asks the chicks how their parents will arrive; Father with thunderstorm and shower (letter with “rain man”), mother with quiet rain (“rain-woman”); N. kills both parents with lightning arrows, turns the older chick into an eagle, the youngest into an owl; the Bat lowers it to the ground in a basket; for this he gives it the feathers of monstrous birds, but they turn into all kinds of small birds]: 116-121; O'Bryan 1956 [as in Matthews]: 84-87; Hopi [mole helps]: Fewkes 1895 [woman conceives twins — Young Man (Tuyu, aka Püükoñhoya) ) from sunlight and Echo (Paluñhoya) from a stream of water; Pignon nut girls make resin a copy of the flint clothing of the Eagle Man who stole the Young Man's wife; the Spider hides in the Young Man's ear, giving advice; Hawks bring him to heaven; The young man smears the sharp bars of the stairs leading to the roof with chewed berries, they become stupid, he climbs into the house, changes clothes; Eagle Man suggests 1) smoke a huge pipe (The mole pulls out the passage to remove smoke), 2) break the deer horn (one end is fragile, the young man gets to be allowed to choose), 3) pull out the pine tree (The mole digs up the roots), 4) eat a lot (as in “1”); 5) sit in a fire (The young man in flint clothes is unharmed, the eagle in resin burns); The young man frees his wife and other women, the Hawk and the Eagle bring everyone down to the ground; The mole digs four cameras under the lying Huge Moose; gnaws hair under his heart, says it's for freezing kids; twins hit Moose with lightning, who blows up three chambers with a horn, dies before destroying the fourth; The chipmunk helps to cut the carcass; for this, one of the twins runs his blood-smeared fingers over it, since then the chipmunk has been striped; the twins dodge Tcaveyo lightning, he is killed with lightning; they go to visit the Sun Father; the rocks at the entrance to heaven move and then diverge; an old man sits on a rocky cornice near the abyss into the lower world by the path; collides passers, straightening his legs; Gemini they bounce, magically make him sit quietly; the same with the other guards — the Bear, the Puma, the Snake; the Sun puts the twins in the oven, they are unharmed, he recognizes them as sons]: 132-137; Mullett 1993:127 ; Stephens 1929, No. 8:20; Zunyi: Benedict 1935 [(about defeating the Cloud Absorber at p. 51); humans live in Itiwana; Cloud Swallower (hereinafter Cloud Absorber, Software), similar to a moose, in the east swallowed all the clouds, drought came; the Ahaiyute twins lived with their grandmother on Corn Mountain; she does not tell them to go east, they are coming; the gopher leads them down his hole, dug it under the software, under his heart, chewed wool in this place, he woke up, the gopher said he needed fur for the nest; the brothers shot his heart with a bow; the PO began to dig the ground with a horn but fell dead before catching up with the brothers; she abandoned him heart to sky, it has become the morning star; the liver is the evening star; the lungs are Seven Stars (Ursa Major); the intestines are the Milky Way; they have returned to their grandmother; she does not tell them to go south, where the owls are; they went; owls sit without blinking, at the corner an owl boy and an owl girl; younger A. threw salt into the hearth, it scattered, fell into the eyes of owls; A. told Owls to become owls, kill not people, but rabbits; grandmother: on the SW in Noponikwi is an old giant Hakisuto with a horn on his forehead, don't go there; A. go; H. pushes passers-by with his foot off a cliff and his daughters at the foot devour them; H. pretends to have a cramp, tries three times push A., they bounce back; for the fourth time, younger A. throws off H. himself; his daughters ate him; when they see the horn, they realized that it was their father; A. they were killed; grandmother: in the north, a woman and granddaughter are being killed people; there are two sisters; at night the youngest lay down with the eldest A., and the eldest with the youngest, tied red bandages over her head; the youngest A. changed their bandages to his white ones; their father came in and stabbed not A., but his daughters; A. returned home; grandmother: in the west, 8 girls with their mother (hereinafter: with their grandmother), they have teeth in their vaginas; A. took 6 more young men with their grandfather; told them to make wooden penises — one of oak, the other from hickory; lay down with eight girls, their grandfather and their grandmother, broke all their vaginal teeth with wooden penises at night; when the brothers left, Coyote came, met everyone who slept, each put her hair out of his mustache, blew there; so women have pubic hair and genitals smell like coyote; grandmother: a dangerous girl lives in the Snake's Place; A. got together with her and killed her; the same with the girl in Badger's Place; in the Place where Hopi; where Navajo; when A. went back, these girls are chasing them, A. the heads of the dead are rolling; A. hid among the dancers in a hopi kiva, dressed as a hopi; the Navajo has the same; the dead woman is behind them all the time; A. asked the sunflowers to cover them; under the wings of bluebirds, the stalker finds; in the Knife Society house; Polar Bear gives a knife to scalp her; A. come out of the kiva, kill the pursuer with a club and with an arrow, they scalp them, tell them to count the stars to the last; then the story of how scalp dance appeared]: 51-56; Cushing 1901 [the girl does not leave the house, does not look at the young men; rain enters her room, she gives birth to a boy; in a few days he grows up; throwing stones, hunts small game; sees men's bows; mother admits that bow trees and arrow reeds grow in caves in which a terrible bear; a young man goes there; his divine father closes the entrance to the cave four times when the young man wants to enter it, but then decides whether to let him do what he wants; bear to meet him, the young man grabs; he says that his mother is beautiful; the bear himself chose the material for his bow and arrow, taught him how to make a bow; they agreed that the bear would come for his wife in the evening; the young man equipped arrows with obsidian tips; the bear says it's just black coals, allows you to try it for yourself, is pierced with an arrow and killed; the young man hangs his heart near the house; the mother admits that there is terrible lizards whose spit burns; the young man goes to them, but their spitting is harmless to him, because he has a divine nature; he himself throws a large piece of salt into the hearth, it explodes, the lizards die, he brings their hearts; the mother confesses that on the path there is a giant pushing those who walk into the abyss with his foot; under the rock his children devour the fallen; the giant straightens his leg, but the young man jumps back; kills the giant with a club, throws him down, the giant's children ate him; the young man carved the giant's heart; going down, killed his children, leaving two; thus twisted his necks, turning him into a falcon and an owl; the mother admits that there is a huge bison or elk; the gopher made an underground passage under the lying monster, gnawed at the hair where the heart was; the young man pierced his heart with an arrow, the monster plunged his horn into the ground, but the young man ran away; brought home his heart and part of the skin; the mother admits that there is a nest of cannibal eagles at the top of Shuntekia; when he went to the nest, the young man put on a monster-skin hoodie, attached his gut with blood; the eagle brought it to the nest for his chicks, the gut bursts, blood has flowed; the chicks respond that their mother arrives when the shadow of the clouds appears (actually from her wings); the father arrives when it starts to rain (actually dew); the eagle brought a dead girl, a young man killed an eagle with an arrow; an eagle brought a dead young man, a hero killed him with an arrow; killed chicks, took their feathers for feathers or for use during rituals; he cannot go down; the bat grandmother puts him in the basket, does not tell him to open his eyes; he does not like her song and for the fourth time he opened his eyes; they both fell but did not break; the bat leads towards him, she feeds, but she can't see well, she doesn't have berries, but lumps of clay, etc.; she tells me to go home, avoiding sunflowers; first she went around, then went straight; the feathers she took with her turned into summer birds — goldfinches, sparrows, etc.]: 65-92; Parsons 1930, No. 7 [the grandmother warns Aayut's two brothers not to go in a certain direction; the youngest wants to go; Gopher digs a passage to the sleeping Earth Cow, gnaws wool at the heart; younger A. kills a monster with an arrow; Sayalia people kill those who come; A. turns into bean and corn porridge, S. eat, choke to death; A. carry them behind their backs, scaring grandmother]: 32-35; Quam 1972, No. 37 [two brothers (Gods of War) live with their grandmother; she consistently warns them not to go to a certain direction of the world, but the younger brother offers to go; The rodent digs a way to the lying Cow; gnaws hair off her skin under her heart; older brother kills a cow with an arrow, she manages to kick the younger one; a rodent gives him medicine; a creature kicks passers-by off a cliff; older brother dodges, the brothers throw the creature off the cliff into the abyss; old woman Ahdoshla offers to take out insects, puts her brothers to sleep, kills, cooks; they come to life, kill A., make a scarecrow out of her; come to another world, where there are always ripe corn, vegetables, melons; dwarfs live there without mouths; brothers cut their mouths, dwarfs eat for the first time; they are afraid of a boiling pot of corn porridge falling on them; brothers they eat porridge; in the cave they find stick and stone that produce lightning, thunder and rain; bring them home; drag the effigy of A. with them, pretending to run away from it; frightened grandmother hits the scarecrow with a stick, brothers they laugh; pick up a stick and a stone, a thunderstorm begins, the grandmother almost drowns; the brothers think they killed her, but she returns from hiding; tells her older brother to go west, the youngest to the east; leaves herself in Halonaava]: 182-194; eastern ceres (Cochiti) [a girl gets pregnant from the Sun, gives birth to twins Maaseve and Uyuev; four days later they ask for a bow and arrow; a tree for arrows the cougar and the bear are guarded; the twins kill both, make a scarecrow out of the bear, sit on it, frightening the mother; she says that only the Ogre Eagle has arrow feathers; on the way to the eagle, the twins come to to the spring; he is guarded by a monstrous Deer; the Gopher makes a hole to the heart of the lying Deer, the twins kill him with an arrow; they tie themselves with blood-filled guts; the Eagle carries them away, throws them into its nest; blood splashes, the eagle thinks they're dead; the twins kill him with arrows, tell the eagles not to be cannibals anymore; they return to their mother]: Dumarest in Benedict 1931:211 and at Boas 1928a: 252; oriental ceres (Sia) [antelope; the mole helps; then the twins wrap themselves in deer or antelope giblets; kill chicks and adult eagles; the squirrel plants a pine seed; a pine tree grows, the twins descend on it off a cliff]: Stevenson 1894:52-53; tiva (Taos) [while migrating, an old Apache woman found a baby thrown away, named Na'sagi; the chief promises a daughter to whoever knocks down an eagle with an arrow; whoever kills fox; N. did it, although he was small, fat and dirty, got a girl; hid all the bison, deer and other animals in an underground shelter; opened it, the animals came out, people were happy; N. stepped on the bison's skull, regretted that it was a strong bison, and now only bones; the bison came to life, took it away; a small animal that was digging the ground promised N. to dig an underground passage under the bison; dug under ear; N. entered the buffalo house, where they were dancing, took his wife back; asks the tree if it will help, it sends it to another; the fourth, smallest, promises to help, N. and his wife climb it; wife N. urinated, the calf smelled it, the bison returned, but N. killed their leader with an arrow, they ran away]: Parsons 1940a, No. 25:76-77.