Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M108. Trickster takes away property. .22.23.35.-.37.

The character calls to help him do the work (usually transporting property or provisions across the river) and takes away and takes away what he has been entrusted with.

Khmers, Oraons, Muria, Nenets (Yamal, Taimyr) [Yembu, Yombo], Nenets (European) [fox], Ents [Djoa], Nganasans [Dyaiku], Dolgans [Laaiku lonely dog], Turukhan Evenks [fox], Irkutsk Evenks [fox], Negidals [fox; Dan Dritti], Nanais.

Burma - Indochina. Khmer [(episode in Aleu's series of adventures); A. met an old woman with her granddaughter, offered to help load things into the boat, said his name was Moyzyat; began to row, the old woman was happy; when he docked, that he forgot the knife, asked the old woman to go get it, took the girl away himself; the old woman calls for help: Moyzyat took her granddaughter; people think that the old woman's son-in-law sailed away with his legal wife; the girl agreed to stay with A.; towards pirates; A. says that he is a robber himself, promises to teach them magic; sails with them to the island; tells them to undress and shave their heads, build an idol, sails away with his wife himself; sails to a village where only women are pirate wives; A. pretends to be a magician again; says that women's husbands will return tomorrow, and at night the village will be attacked by naked and hairless spirits, we must arm ourselves; at night wives beat their husbands, A. and his wife return to her grandmother]: Gorgoniev 1973:211-217.

South Asia. Oraons [two deceivers come to a blind old woman; call themselves her grandson's uncles; they say they will take him to their home to meet his aunt; when they go with them, the grandson wore his gold and silver jewelry; the deceivers let him carry a heavy basket, told him not to open it - there were snakes in it; he opened food, he ate it; said that the snakes crawled out and disappeared into the anthill; The deceivers sent him to sell his gold bracelets to the oil squeezer; the young man says he wants to sell him two slaves; the squeezer wants to know if the men agree to be sold; the young man shouts to them: both of them? they think it's bracelets, they shout yes; the young man gets the money and the men are turned into slaves; the young man met a bear and fights with him; when he sees the rider, he threw several gold coins on the ground and put one bear in the ass; said that when you were fighting a bear, gold was pouring out of it; the rider got off his horse, grabbed the bear; the young man rode off his horse; sat on the shore, began to eat the sweets he had bought; told the laundresses that they were given in the village and that his name was Yesterday; they ran to the village, leaving their underwear; he took their clothes and rode away; the laundresses shouted that the clothes were gone yesterday; by the other river an old woman and niece; the young man offers to help transport the girl first, says that his name is Son-in-law; put her on a horse, crossed her, galloped off; the old woman shouts that his niece was taken away by her son-in-law, they laugh at her]: Hahn 1906, No. 11:20- 22; muria (Raja-Muria, Bastar County, Chhattisgarn) [mother drives lazy son to work; let him earn a few cowries to marry; son digs through the trash heap, finds one beaten kauri ; mother: this is not enough; he brings two more; then more; when kauri is 5, the mother demands 10; the son decides that she is cheating on him, takes his 5 kauris and the narrow-throat basket, fills it with pebbles, puts it on top kauri; changes his kauri basket to a basket of bread carried by a woman; when she found pebbles inside, the husband beat the woman; the young man left bread under the tree, came to the river, where the laundress was washing clothes, began to eat bread on in sight of her child; he cried, the laundress asked her to share, the young man sent her to the tree for bread, said his name was Wind; while the laundress was eating bread, the young man took her underwear; the laundress complained about Wind, an official he laughed at her; the young man came to the tree, hung the stolen clothes to the branches, replied to the merchant that this tree creates clothes, we must pray; the merchant wanted to buy clothes, but his son had a wedding in six months, and young men, supposedly tomorrow; so he sold the tree to the merchant, taking his clothes; warned that if the rambi bird sat nearby, it would not work; the tree brought the pods, the merchant thought the bird was to blame; the young man the rider met; replied that he was carrying clothes from the Raja, who distributed them to all the poor; the rider asked his horse to be watched, went to the Raja, found no one, the young man rode away; he became a carrier on the river; a woman and daughter are the last to return from the bazaar; the young man says that his name is Her Husband, who cannot transport two at once; he carries the woman and takes the girl away; the woman complains to the police about Her Husband, the policeman laughs; the young man brought the good and the girl to his mother, got married, everything is fine]: Elwin 1944, No. 2:244-243.

Western Siberia. Nenets: Lar 2001 (Yamal) [his wife does not tell Yomba to go from the boat to the river, he does not listen; all the fish in the boat and in the house come to life, jumps back into the water; Ë. grabs the last jar of caviar; says he will die, tells him to cover him with branches, leave a jar with him; a man with a dog's ass lived with YE. and his wife; in the fall he sees YE. eating caviar, saying that he has deceived everyone; a man with With a dog's ass, he agrees with the old woman to run to the grave of Ë., supposedly from hell; Ë. screams in fear; leaves; comes to the old man and the old woman, turns into a baby, crawls under the hem; old people adopt him, three days later he grows up; tells him to slaughter the last bull to eat the liver; load the meat into the boat; cuts the rope, swims away with meat; sees the line, turns into a pike, the devil swallows her, YE. scratches him from the inside, the devil lets the pike out of the ass; chases Ë., he kills him with a knife; YE. digs the shaman's grave, hardly runs away from the skeleton; pees into the river, the pike grabs his penis , he tears it off with his penis, throws it into the water; the man promises to give his daughter for someone who makes him laugh; YE. tells his story, makes him laugh, gets a wife; brings 300 deer to old people who deceived; went back to his old wife, took off the skin of a man with a dog's ass, under her was a handsome young man; YE. gave him his young wife, said that he had made the hell he had now killed as a half-dog ; YE. asked to slaughter a deer for him, ate meat, drank blood, turned into a seat (idol)]: 273-277; Nenyang 1997 (Taimyr) [childless old people have one deer; Yembo ("rogue") turns into a baby, the old woman picks it up, the old man suspects that it may be E.; E. hunts for the elderly; then says that he is sick, tells him to slaughter the deer; when moving, he tells him to load everything valuable in a hollow, a large boat holes, sails away with property, old people drown]: 151-154; Tereshchenko 1949 {apparently European Nenets: Tereshchenko's husband is a Nenets from the village of Telvisochnoye} [old man and old woman Wolverine are getting ready cross to the other side; the old man made a boat, was tired, fell asleep; the fox offered the old woman to transport the property, sailed away with him; the woodpecker promised to help, asked Lisa to give him a ride, did it in the bottom hole; while the Fox was looking for resin, he plugged it with a twig, swam back to the old woman; she made him beautiful suede clothes (woodpecker color), and the old man forged a strong beak]: 135-138; Ents [Deua hides in the plague; when an old woman goes out, grabs her hand, tells her husband to shout that she has given birth to a child; turns into a baby; grows up; asks her father to slaughter a big deer; migrate to another place, put meat and yukola in the boat; he will transport them to the other side, return for his parents; sailing away shouts that he is not their son, but D.]: Porotova 1982:153-154; Nganasany: MAE RAS archive, Op.2 D.992 , F.K-I; handed over to M. Momzikova [1) 1973, Demnime Kosterkin, Ust-Avam (?) , Gorbacheva and Chesnokov; Dyaikyu (D.) runs, sees the mountain. I climbed the hill. He sees the plague. I went to the plague. I found a deer shovel. I picked it up. I took up snow. I stuck it to my shoulder blade, broke my nose, smeared snow on my shoulder blade, it turned out like a piece of meat. I went to the plague. I went into the plague. The old lady in the plague is going to cook meat. The water boils in the boiler. D.: "I don't eat someone else's meat. Let the old lady cook my meat." The old lady threw meat into the cauldron. Soon the meat was cooked. The old woman began to pull out the meat, and there was one bone - the shoulder blade. D.: "Your pot ate my meat." He was given a new piece of meat. Then he went and stuffed some reindeer. He came and said, "I've killed a lot of deer. Go sledge the reindeer, go get the deer." People went, found nothing; 2) Momde was recorded by Alexander Cheleevich in 1982 from old reindeer herders, p. Volochanka; They say that in the old days, Dyaikyu's boyfriend and his grandmother lived, had a deer rib bow and an arrow with iron tips, went hunting and hunted many partridges, and fished on a bark boat wood. One day she says to her grandmother: "It's bad for us to live without reindeer. We need to get deer from our neighbors. Let's go to them." D. made a canopy on the sleigh, put his grandmother under the canopy, harnessed himself into a sleigh and dragged it, and stopped in the tundra. D.: "Let's stop here. Then I'll go alone and you stay here. Don't go anywhere. Take a knife and stick it in your clothes near your throat and sit like that. When people arrive, let them think you're dead." Grandma stuck a knife in her clothes near her throat and sat down with her head knocked over. D. covered his grandmother with a canopy and went to the camp. I went into the middle plague, there are a lot of dudur people there. The plague owner: "Where does the guest come from Who is this?" D.: "I walk with my grandmother along the tundra, live hunting, I don't need anything." All the duduru were happy and asked him: "Oh, Dyaikyu! They're talking about you all over the tundra! Where is your grandmother? Why did you leave your grandmother behind?" "I left it here not far away, in a beam. She doesn't like visiting. But she's not sitting idle. She makes me new clothes." Girl: "We should call her to the chum." D. to two dudur girls: "Be careful! Grandma is sitting under the canopy. She is shy and she can stab herself with a knife out of fear." The Duduru girls ran to Dyaiku's sleigh with a gurba. They opened the canopy: my grandmother is sitting with a knife in her throat. They got scared of the girl, came running and said to D.: "Your grandmother stabbed herself with a knife out of fear! Don't ruin us, D.! Tell us how we can pay off?" D. cried: "Oh, how will I live without my grandmother! They killed my grandmother, hurt me! I'll go from you to the tundra and get fresh meat." And he went to the tundra, saw an abandoned camp, found a deer-eaten shovel there, collected blood-splattered snow, stuck it - it turned out to be a shovel with meat. He returned to the Duduru camp with this shovel: "I killed a lot of deer. I'll pack it tomorrow. I brought some for dinner. Put this spatula in the pot and cook it. I'm going to eat my own meat." The hostess Duduru threw the shoulder blade brought by the deer into the cauldron where the meat was cooked. Now it's time to get the meat out of the boiler. The hostess pulled out all the meat and a clean shoulder blade without a single piece of meat. D. saw a bare bone and was angry: "What kind of people did I come to? They killed my grandmother! Your pot ate my meat! God will punish you!" Duduru fell to their knees: "D., don't ruin us! Ask for whatever you want! D.: "Give me fifty reindeer and I'll leave you. I'm going to bury my grandmother alone." Dudura caught fifty deer, harnessed them into the best teams, escorted D., came to his grandmother and laughs: "Oh, how I deceived the dudur! Now let's go to our summer seats." Throughout the winter, D. and his grandmother were argishili and by summer they arrived on the bank of a large river, they put a chum. One morning, D. says to his grandmother: "I'll take a boat along the river." I got into a boat made of tree bark. After three turns of the river, a man in a boat meets him. He stopped in the middle of the river and asked: "Where are you sailing from? What is your name? Do you want to eat?" - "I am D., I live with my grandmother, not far from here my chum is on the shore. Where are we going to eat?" - "Oh, I've heard of you! We're going to eat here." The man pointed to the water, leaned down and whispered something. The water near the boat began to boil and a table with different meals and two cups of hot tea came out. A stranger and D. ate and drank hot tea. After that, D. said to the person: "Thank you for the treat. Come visit me tomorrow." D. returned home and told his grandmother how a stranger treated him to food and hot tea on the water. In the morning, D. to his grandmother: "I invited that person to visit today. I'll also serve you on the water. I'll put you and the table in the water, and when we get there, I'll say, "Grandma, give it!" - you get out of the water with the table." My grandmother nodded her head in agreement, and she thought: "It is better to drown than to live with such an unlucky grandson." D. tied a stone to his grandmother and lowered the table into the water near the shore. At noon, a guest came to the camp. D. met him: "You treated me on the water. And I'll treat you on the water." D. and the guest man sailed to the place where his grandmother with the table was sunk, leaned to the water and loudly called: "Grandma, serve it!" But the water did not boil and my grandmother did not swim out. D. shouted again and then again, but there was no grandmother and no table. Poor D. screamed for a long time, so long that he lost his voice. The guest waited and waited for a treat and sailed to his side. And D. took the pole and started driving it down the bottom, only in the evening he pulled his dead grandmother out and was very surprised that she did not want to live. He buried D.'s grandmother, grieved and decided to swim across the river and look for people there. I took a boat across the river and then went on foot. He goes and sees: there is a stump ahead. He kicked this stump and his foot stuck. He hit him with his second leg and the other one stuck. I rested my hands and my hands stuck. In the evening, Shigie the ogre came: "Ha-ha! There is no such thing as my hereditary trap without prey!" He tore D. off the stump and carried him home under his arm, hung him on a hook at home near the fire, and went to bed. D. was hanging, the fire blew him up, and he wanted to urinate. She saw the cannibal and said: "Why did you hang it by the fire? The whole hearth will flood!" She took off D. and put it on the ground. He lay there all day, afraid to move and waiting for Shigie the Ogre to wake up and cook it in a large pot. In the evening, the cannibal went outside. As soon as she sat down, D. ran up, fell under her feet and cried in the voice of a baby child. The cannibal is frightened, calling the old ogre: "Get out faster! We had a baby! Bring a pillow!" Sigie the cannibal comes out and grumbles: "What kind of children can be these years?" The child was brought into the plague, swaddled and sat rejoicing. A day later, D. says in the baby's voice: "Go! (Dad!) Let me talk!" - "No, it's too early to tell you. You'll tear your lips." - "Why don't you let your only son speak! You won't even have a dumb baby anymore!" - stood up for D. the cannibal. "All right, let him talk." A day later, D. again: "Dad, I want to walk!" "No, it's too early for you. You'll break your legs." Ogre: "Why don't you let your only son go! After all, you'll never even have a lame child again!" - "Okay, go, just be careful." D. got up and started running. First I ran through the plague, and then ran outside. On the street, I saw that the cannibal has a lot of deer and a large supply of food. On the third day, D. says to S.: "Dad, let's slaughter an advanced deer. I want meat." - "Why slaughter a good deer?" Ogre: "Why don't you want to slaughter a good deer! After all, you won't even have a skinny child anymore!" - "Okay, stab it." D. stabbed the deer and refreshed him: "Let's transport the meat to the other side. Then I'll bring you fresh meat every day." - "Why transport it? You can roll over on a boat and drown." Ogre: "Why do you oppose your only son! After all, you're not going to have another kid anymore!" - Ogre: OK. D. loaded all the meat into the boat and sailed to the other side. After crossing, he unloaded the meat, made a hole in the boat and sank it, shouted the ogre Shigie: "I'm not your son at all! I'M D.! I'm leaving you forever! Live together!" He took as much meat as he could and went without looking back at his plague. He lived without caring about anything until he ate all the meat, and when there was no meat left, he went to look for new camps and other duduru people]; Porotova 1980 [Dyaiku was hit by a stump, his fist stuck, then his leg, etc.; the old man brought him home, told his wife that a fox had been trapped; while the old man was away and the old woman went out into the yard, D. jumped off the crossbar, became a baby, went under the old woman's hem; asked to slaughter the only deer, the old woman tells her husband to allow it, because he is their only son; D. loads meat into the boat, sails away, shouts that he is not their son, but D.; elsewhere, there is a hole in the boat in which three should sail the foreman's son, covers the hole with clay, the sons drown; D. returns to his mother, tells how he deceived the old man, drowned people]: 21-24; dolgans [lonely dog Laaiku saw Jige Baba, turned into a child, she decided that she had given birth; L. asked for meat, the old men slaughtered their only deer; asked them to move to the other side of the river, ride alone in a boat; sailed away, shouting that he was Laaika; the prince promises to pass his daughter off as the one who has guessed the riddle; L. lies down in the grass, the prince's daughter stumbles over him, tells her friend that if she married, she would not carry water; that the father has a tire for the pack from seven lice skins; L. guesses the corresponding riddle, gets married]: Efremov 2000, No. 17:277-281.

Eastern Siberia. Turukhansky Evenks (Oskoba, upper reaches of Podkamennaya Tunguska, western 1924) [Wolverine's grandmother is waiting for her old man; Lisa offers to transport all her property across the river, takes him away; upon learning about this, the Woodpecker asks Lisa to take him into the boat, makes a hole, tells him to pull the property out shore; The fox goes to repair the boat for resin; the woodpecker plugs the hole with a stick, brings Wolverine's property; she made Woodpecker a beautiful hat and shoes, the old man bound his strong beak]: Osharov 1936a: 36-36 (quail in Voskoboynikov, Menovshchikov 1951:167-169); Evenki (Irkutsk Region) [Lisa suggests that old people have a daughter; the old man lets her herd a cow, she bit it; the old man shouts to his wife, Hold the Fox! ; she can't hear well, Lisa says that the old man told me to give her a bag of bacon; gets into the boat, sails away with her bag; the woodpecker promises to catch up with Lisa; asks her to transport him across the river, makes a hole in the boat; The fox sends him for resin, he brings knots; he goes by himself, the Woodpecker will tar the boat, sails away, returns his property to the elderly; the old man shackled his beak, the old woman sewed a red riding hood; he sat on a knot, ripped himself apart belly, the old woman sewed it up, it remained red]: Voskoboynikov 1960a, No. 2:41-42.

Amur-Sakhalin. Negidals [The fox makes his eyes out of dark lingonberries, turns into a little boy; the old man finds him, adopts him, although the old woman suspects deception; the grown-up boy asks to be immersed good to the boat, let him warm up, sails away with all his property]: Khasanova, Pevnov 2003, No. 68:135-136; Negidals [Dan Drittip swims up in a fainting, asks the girl, silver or earthen a path to get up; a silver or simple pipe to smoke; a girl: on any, any; he climbed the earthen, lit a simple pipe; taking the girl as his wife, loads her dowry, and a silver board for throws needlework under the bunk; asks: where is the board; the girl returns for her, and D. sails away with all the property; the girl cries; D. met the woodpecker, he (quietly) punched his fainting; D. brings resins; woodpecker hides good things, shows bad things, sends D. for good ones; fixed a fainting, sailed to the girl, returning her property; she thanks - a needle in her claws, on the top of red silk]: Cincius 1982, No. 27:143-144; Nanais [an elderly woman went out feeding her dogs, she is cold; the fox promises to watch for the dogs - let the woman go to the house to warm up, but leave her robe, hat and boots; wearing them, she ran away; the crow offered to return the loss, flew away and did not return; the tit offers to return the loss, flies into a clifftop house; in the house, foxes eat a crow, alone in a robe, hat and boots; tit shows tricks, foxes laugh; the fox promises to make them laugh even more if they give her a robe, hat and boots; wearing them, she flies away and brings the kidnapped woman; she cooked berries, fed her tit, painted her forehead with juice; Since then, his tits have bright blue]: Medvedev 1992:153-154.