Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M113a. The bird sees blood instead of water .

A certain bird cannot drink water from rivers and lakes because instead of water it sees blood, fire, etc.

Burma's Naga, Himachali plowmen, Serbs, Bulgarians, Megrelians, Georgians, Japanese.

Tibet is the Northeast of India. The Naga of Burma [the hawk rushes from the sky to the river, but the water seems like blood and it soars up again; it has not rained for three years; the bird lord tells his people to deepen the riverbed; the hawk refused to work - he needed to kill the chick; one bird brought the extracted water to the hawk, but found out that he did not have a chick and simply shied away from work; for this deception, the birds made water it seems like blood to a hawk]: Zapadova 1977:249-250.

South Asia. Himachali plowmen (Kullu Valley) [about the pihu cuckoo (papiha in Hindi) they say that she only sees water on the leaves and does not see other water, so she wants to drink and cries pihupihu; man plowed bail in the field, did not let him rest; bull: why don't you give me water? I will give you wine, after drinking which you will become a beer in the next life and see water only on the leaves, all the rest of the water will be seen as blood; if the cuckoo screams, it will rain soon]: A.S. Krylova, E.A. Renkovskaya (field materials, October 2016).

The Balkans. Serbs [the eagle does not have the right to drink water during the moonless, i.e. before the birth of the young month (Timok District), during the Petrovsky Fast (Aleksinatsky Pomoravye) or during the driest period, from 13/26.VII to Ilyin Day (Bolevatsky District); at this time water turns into blood for him, and he is forced to suffer from thirst as punishment for the fact that in ancient times, when God created the world, he seemed to would not have fulfilled God's commission to clean or dig a spring; in fact, the eagle did the job but was slandered by a magpie or a fox, but the curse remained on it]: Gura 1997:612; Bulgarians : Belova 2004 [p. Zamfirovo, 1988; during the flood, the Lord released a crow from the ark to find land; the raven found the corpse and did not return; the Lord cursed the crow - two weeks during the Fast of the Virgin he cannot neither eat nor drink, because he has "blood in front of his eyes"; judging by the materials of the archival file, after additional questions from the collector, the informant said that it was not a raven, but an eagle]: 196; Belova, Petrukhin 2008 ["According to a different Bulgarian version from the vicinity of Tarnov, God turned a negligent sheepdog into a buzzard who did not water his sheep, and animals could only get drunk when it rained. Now all the water seems like blood to the buzzard sheepdog and he squeaks plaintively, and people say: "Kato kanyak food!"] : 197.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Megrelians [Kite's three cubs, when they became adults, attacked their mother and tried to strangle her; the mother asked God to forbid them to drink water in July; since then, water in July seems a bloody kite, except for one that is stagnant in hollows, which kites can drink; screaming plaintively, kites swirl high in the air]: Kobalia 1903:119-120 (retelling in Dähnhardt 1910:313, in Virsaladze 1973:339); Georgians (Guria, Imereti) [1) The kite did not touch the water when God created it, for this he eats only dew and shouts "Mtskhuria" ("I want to drink"); 2) When Noah released the kite from the ark to explore the proximity of the earth, he did not return and was cursed for this and shouted "I'm thirsty!" ; 3) Water seems pus to him. Shout "I'm thirsty!" heard in July and August]: Mashurko 1894:238.

Japan. The Japanese [Why the Water-Begging Bird Suffers Thirst, 20 versions within Honshu; I. The servant forgets to give the horses a drink and they die of thirst; II. As punishment, he is turned into a red-breasted bird that asks for a drink, always thirsty; it flies to the river to get drunk, takes the reflection of its breast for the fire, so it quenches its thirst only with drops of rain, picking them up on the fly or picking them up from leaves; the bird always looks at the sky and asks for rain; the lark, which the servant has become, always looks at the sky and asks for rain; the lark flies to the sky in blue , believing it's water; when it takes off, it sees the water below on the ground, and flies up and down all day; other explanations why the bird always asks for a drink]: Ikeda 1971, No. 249G: 59-60.