Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M114j. All women are the same, ATU 983.


The woman does not refuse the one who harasses her, but calmly explains that it makes no sense to try to take possession of many, since everyone is the same (they differ no more than those painted in different egg color).

Amhara, Berbers of Morocco, Algeria, Arabs of Egypt, Portuguese, Spanish, Germans (Bohemia), Arabic written tradition, Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Qatar, Bahrain, Yemen, Telugu, Bulgarians , Albanians, Greeks, Russians (Perm), Adygs, (Balkarians), Turks, Kurds, Persians, Latvians, Lithuanians, Finns, (Bashkirs), Kazakhs.

Sudan - East Africa. Amhara [the man unwisely bet that he would find out how far the center of the earth is and how many stars there are in the sky; his wife advises taking a pole and naming any distance, and if they do not believe, let them measure with a sixth; stars, how many tefa seeds are in the bag - let them check; the husband confessed to the nobleman that his wife had taught him; he decided to take this woman for himself; the wife told her husband to invite the nobleman, filled the pots with flax seeds and covered her with different fabrics; explained to the nobleman that women differ only in appearance, but everyone inside is the same; her husband praised her, awarded the couple]: Gankin 1979, No. 98:128-130.

North Africa. Berbers of Morocco, Algeria, Arabs of Egypt: El-Shamy 2004, No. 983:686-687.

Southern Europe. The Portuguese (Algarve) [the king knows the courtier would like to spend the night with the Queen; he gives him chicken or other food made differently; the same goes for women, sums it up]: Cardigos 2006, No. 983:254; Spaniards: Uther 2004 (1): No. 983:614.

Western Europe. Germans (Bohemia): Uther 2004 (1): No. 983:614.

Western Asia. A thousand and one nights [the king sees a woman on the roof of the house; the woman is the wife of the vizier; sends the vizier out of the city; comes to the woman; the woman goes to cook; leaves the book to the king; from the book the king proofreads the punishment for adultery; the woman brings different dishes; the dishes taste the same; says that the king's concubines also look different, the essence is the same; the king leaves; forgets the ring; the vizier finds a ring; a year does not approach his wife; the king explains to the vizier that he has no claim to his wife; the vizier puts up with his wife; the merchant is away; the wife gets closer to another; the parrot talks about it to the owner; the wife convinces the merchant that the bird is lying; makes the bird tell a lie; stabbed a parrot; the merchant finds his wife with her lover, kills her, vows not to marry again]: Salle 2010 (2), night 578-579:207- 210; Palestinians, Syria, Iraq, Qatar, Bahrain, Yemen: El-Shamy 2004, No. 983:686-687.

South Asia. Telugu [the beggar stayed at the wealthy house, but did not ask for alms, but harassed the hostess; she pretended to agree, took him to the cellar and locked him for two days; when she opened it, she asked , whether he wanted it or wanted to eat it; he said he wanted to eat; she offered him sweets of different colors - everyone tastes the same; so did women; the man quickly left, fearing a jealous husband and becoming smarter]: Venkataswami 1923, No. 22:64-65.

The Balkans. Bulgarians [Pasha harasses a woman; she invites him and cooks 40 chicken dishes; Pasha: which are different, but everyone is similar; woman: so are women; what is the queen, such is the donkey]: Daskalova- Perkovska et al. 1994, No. 883B 1: 312-313; Greeks, Albanians: Uther 2004, No. 983:614.

Central Europe. Russians (Perm) [a person expresses a desire to take possession of someone else's wife; she or her husband proves that all women are the same; only the dress or appearance is different (like wine is the same in different vessels or eggs in different shells)]: Zelenin 1991:447-449 (in SUS 1979, No. 983:252).

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Adygi [the soldier expresses a desire to sleep with the queen; the king sends him to his wife with a paper consenting to this; a faithful wife proves to him that all women are the same as the grains in different jugs, although they do not look alike]: Tkhamokova 2014, No. 983:193; (cf. Adygi [prince marries a servant to a wise girl; sending him far away, seeks the girl's love; she takes his harassment away, telling a parable about a tiger who does not want to satisfy his hunger at the expense of more weak predator; prince abandons his intention]: Tkhamokova 2014, No. 891*:180; Balkarians [the prince sent the slave to another estate to take possession of his wife; finding the doors locked, he climbed through the window; The woman reproached him: this is not his rank; when she opened the door, she told a parable; the lion and the tiger chased the horse, and the tiger noticed wolf teeth marks on her thigh; told the tiger that it was not appropriate to use them meal after a wolf slave; the prince was ashamed and left]: Tulchinsky 1903:80-81); Turks [padishah comes to a woman; she serves him ordinary food and says that how this food is not comparable to with the dishes of the royal table, and she is much worse than exquisite women]: Eberhard, Boratav 1953, No. 262 (2): 316; Kurds: Jalil et al. 1989, No. 107 [the old padishah ordered the vizier to give him his daughter; the girl promised to settle the matter and came to the padishah, taking with her a few boiled eggs painted in different colors; asks which one she liked best; padishah: everyone is the same; girl: so are women; padishah sent the girl and told the vizier that she was smarter than them]: 425; Yusupova 2004, No. 4 [as soon as a wise man married, the wife became the padishah's mistress every time and he divorced her; he went to look a wise woman; met an old man, they went together; he offered to put together a ladder; build a bridge over the river; a good wheat field, unless it was eaten green; the old man is outraged by idiotic with questions and comments; his daughter explains: it was necessary to have a conversation; swim across the river together; it is good that the field is not sold in the bud; the man married a girl; his wife came to the padishah again; wife offered him colorful eggs; so did the women: they are the same inside; the padishah stopped chasing women, the husband stayed with his wife]: 146-152.

Iran - Central Asia. The Persians [the king listens to the wishes of the three poor and fulfills them in his own way; the first would like to go on Hajj, the king gives him money; the second dreams of eating sweets, he is forced to do something what he asked for, even though he is full; the third would like to spend the night with the queen; the king shows him a simple egg and painted one, says that all women are the same]: Marzolph 1984, No. 983:181-182.

Baltoscandia. Latvians [One soldier wants to take possession of the queen, another does not want to kiss hands, and another does not like rapids. The king throws the third into prison, sending the second to the mines, explaining to the first that all women are the same]: Aris, Medne 1977, No. 983:338; Lithuanians, Finns: Uther 2004 (1): No. 983:614.

(Wed. Volga - Perm. The Bashkirs [khan got lost and saw a girl in the dugout; she says that her parents are hiding cattle in the mountains because the khan is bad; the khan left and ordered the girl to marry; she replies that parents are not needed, she He will appoint a ransom for himself: 20 foxes, wolves, leopards, shabby horses, halters; when he heard the answer, the khan went down and said that he would plant this girl instead of him as a khan; the meaning of the answer: under 20 years old, a person agile like a fox, 20 to 4 prowls like a wolf, 40 to 60 cautious like a leopard, 60 to 80 a shabby horse, 80 to 100 like a halter without a horse]: Barag 1990, No. 10:35-36).

Turkestan. Kazakhs [Khan liked Karashash, Zhirenshe's wife; after sending her husband, the khan came to her; K. cooked eggs and dyed them in different colors; asked if they differed in taste; khan: no; K.: so do women ; Khan was ashamed and left]: Sidelnikov 1962:391.