Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M157a1. The father gives birth. 11.-.14.17.22.-.26.28.-.34.38.

The character proves the absurdity of another's statements by stating in response that his or her father (or another man or male animal) gave birth or is about to give birth, or that menstruation.

Kuanyama, Nyanga, Kaguru, Goose, Kamba, Nyamwezi, Yancy, Mbede, Western Pygmies (aka?) , douala, beti, hausa, von, mandara, kassonke, bambara, mandingo, mosi, dagari, moba, dagari, diola, songhai (zarma), bamileke, kpelle, buduma, mukudu, maba, Zaghawa, Fur, Nubians, Oromo, Sakho, Afara, Bilin, Tigres, Amhara, Tsamai, Meen, Mauritanian and Western Sahara Arabs, Moroccan Berbers, Zenaga, Kabila, Palestinians, Viets, Khmu, Kashmiris, Marathi, Sinhales, Hindi, Simalur, Pampangos, Chinese (Shanxi), Koreans, Chuan Miao, Lisu, Russians (Arkhangelsk), Crimean Tatars, Kalmyks, Lacks, Turkmens, Eastern Sami, Mari, Chuvash, Kazan Tatars, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Uighurs (Kashgar), Yellow Uighurs, Dungans, Siberian Tatars, Teleuts, (Khakas), Shors, Tuvans, South Altai Tuvans, Dagurs, Baikal and Trans-Baikal Buryats, Khalkha Mongols, Ordos Mongols, Dolgans, Japanese.

Bantu-speaking Africa. Nianga [the dwarf antelope duker asked the leopard to fall for his goat, which gave birth, the leopard said his goat gave birth to a goat; they decided to ask the genette for a solution; she sent to say The leopard that her husband is giving birth asks the leopard to be a midwife; the leopard: it can't be; the duker: how did your goat give birth? since then, the leopard has been hunting dukers and goats]: Kotlyar 1973:217-218; kuanyama [the jackal asked the lion for a goat to inseminate his goat; she gave birth to a kid and a goat, the jackal returned the goat and goat; the lion He also demands to bring the kid: it was his goat who gave birth to him; the turtle agrees to be a judge, comes late, explains that her father is giving birth; everyone says that this cannot be the case; accordingly, he could not give birth and lion goat]: Nekrasova 1975:11-13; kamba [1) the hyena stole 7 cows and the lion stole 7 bulls; one of the cows calved, the lion took the calf, said that it had given birth to a goby; the hyena called the hare; he said that his father gave birth; lion: men do not give birth; hare: bulls too; the lion returned the calf; 2) (=Okhotina 1962:214-215); the lion and the hyena stole the cattle, the hyena cow calved, the lion smeared his bull with blood, said that the goby and gave birth; the elders do not dare to object to the lion; the hare began to fill the calebasses with water: his father gave birth, water is needed; lion: men do not give birth; hare: bulls too]: Arewa 1961, No. 1309:79, 80; Nyamwezi [the cow owner and the bull owner graze their cattle together; the cow brought twins; the owner of the bull smeared blood on his ass, took one calf, said his bull also calved; the old people said that the bull was calved cannot give birth, but the owner of the bull began to look for another judge; hare: I am looking for a remedy, my father gave birth; the owner of the bull: this is a lie; hare: bulls never give birth]: Vinogradov 1984:332-333; kaguru [y The lion is a bull, the Ox has a cow; when he saw that the Ox's cow was ready to give birth, he sent him for medicine, and when the Ox returned, he said that the calf had given birth to his bull; the leader ordered the calf to be given to the Ox, but Leo insisted on his own; the hare met Leo, said that he was in a hurry to bring water - his father gave birth to him; Leo: this cannot be the case; the Hare brought Leo to the leader again, Leo was forced to return the calf]: Beidelman 1974b: 250-251; Yancy [the leopard let the marten raise a rooster and then demanded that the chickens be crushed; the gazelle cries: the father dies of childbirth; the leopard had to agree that a rooster cannot have chickens either]: Paulme 1976:214-216; mbede [the turtle entrusted the panther to raise two goats and the panther has a goat; the goats brought offspring, the panther says her goat brought the offspring; the gazelle (male) dressed up a woman and said she was on her period; panther: a man can't become a woman; had to give the turtle goats and goats back]: Adam 1971:62-69 in Paulme 1976:216-217; Western pygmies (aka?) [going to war, tiger {? - lion, panther?} gives chickens to his subjects to take care of them; the antelope gets a rooster; the tiger returns, everyone gives chickens with chickens, the antelope gives a rooster; the tiger demands chickens; the elephant does not want to quarrel with him, he is silent; the turtle screams that the tiger's son is giving birth; everyone laughs; the tiger ate the antelope later]: Trilles 1932:344-345; duala [the leopard left his goat with the monkey for three months; the monkey goat gave birth to goats; the leopard wants to pick them up - it's his goat who gave birth to him; antelope: rooster laid an egg; leopard: roosters don't rush; antelope: goats never give birth]: Lederbogen 1901, No. 5:163-165; beti [boy Adanfege more famous than the leader, and he wants to kill him; tells himself to cut his hair; A. asks his mother to cook corn and feeds the leader while she cuts his hair; the chief orders him to return his hair, A. to return corn; the chief ordered him to dig up for A. the pit was a trap, and he made a move from it to his mother's house in advance; the leader arranged a running competition and ordered the soldiers to kill at the finish line the one who was wearing a scarlet outfit and the leader's son was wearing white; A. convinced him change clothes, the leader's son was killed; the leader gave A. a goat so that he would have three kids in three days; A. cuts wood: we need to warm the water, my father gave birth; the leader sent A. inside the palace, where he has a boa constrictor swallows incoming people; if the boa constrictor leaves the palace, the chief will die; A. said the boa constrictor that the leader is waiting for him; the chief is dead, A. took his place]: Paulme 1976:207-209.

West Africa. Hausa: Olderogge 1959 [the king has three slaves, each with a son, their names are Blind, God's Gift, Wiser than the King; the king gives each a sheaf of straw, orders to bring 300 sheaves of sorghum next year; the first two bring, the MC brings a bowl of chaff - this is what grew from planted straw; the tsar gave the cow first, gave the MC a bull; a year later they bring a calf, the MC comes, begins to cut down the tree, says that he cuts wood for the father who gave birth (a bull cannot give birth to a calf either); the courtiers advise that the prince, dressed as a poor man, take the MC dressed as a prince to the robbers; he gave the prince beer on the way, changed clothes, the robbers killed the prince; the MC tells the king that he is wiser than anyone else; turns into a frog, the king into a snake, a mouse a cat, a bird a hawk; a bird flies into the old woman's eye, becomes a pupil, a hawk - with an eyebrow; since then, the pupil has not left the shelter so that it is not grabbed by an eyebrow]: 251-252; Mariko 1984 [the jackal has a bull, the hare has a cow, they agree to herd both animals one by one; the jackal's queue is a cow a calf brought, the jackal claims that a bull gave birth to him; they go to the judge to a squirrel (an earth squirrel); he says he must leave - he will give birth now; the jackal says that this does not happen, the squirrel awards the calf hare]: 118-120; mandara [Abubakar wants to receive a foal from a neighbor's mare; said that his stallion and his foal are necklaces; the son of another chief comes to the mosque wrapped up, as they do women during menstruation; says he has his period; judges have to admit that the foal belongs to the mare owner]: Paulme 1976:189-190; background [the king gave the daughter a stallion with an order take care of the future foal; one day she sees her daughter jumping at full speed; where? - To her husband, he is giving birth. - Are you out of your mind? - Since a stallion can bring a foal, a man can also give birth]: Quenum 1935:173 in Paulme 197:193; bambara [the boy showed people the way, for which they gave him a heifer; he trusted her to his uncle mother; her descendants bred; when he wanted to pick them up, the uncle said that all the calves were born by his bull; the village elders decide in favor of his uncle; the boy asks his uncle and elders to give him oil and soap wash the newborn that his father gave birth to; the calves must be returned]: Klipple 1992:260 (=Paulme 1976:187-188); mandingo [Nyameu speaks in his mother's belly, comes out ahead of time, gives himself name; talks to a sage in the cradle; turns out to be smarter than the leader (if my father could not give birth, how did your bull give birth - it was my cow); the leader tells me to dig a hole with stakes, N. quietly removes the stakes, replaces him with straw; fails, but is alive; the leader tells him to drown; the servants leave the bag; N. shouts out of the bag that he does not want to be the leader; the leader's relative changes places with him, drowned; N. rode all in Silt, on a wet horse, says that there are many horses at the bottom, but everyone can only take one; the chief and all his relatives behave to drown themselves, N. becomes chief]: Mendelssohn 1971:181-187; cash register [ a hyena bull and a pregnant hare cow graze together; when a calf appeared, the hyena said that her bull gave birth to him; they asked a rat to resolve the dispute; the rat father told them to tell them that he had just given birth and not can do business now; hyena: father can't give birth; hare: bull too]: Monteil 1905:141-1; diola [Diatit boy is small; father gave him a cow; she has calves; chief: gave birth to calves my bull; D. cuts a tree: my father gave birth, firewood is needed to warm the water; then the king sent mother D. a rice vessel, which is covered with a lid, ordered her to eat rice, but not to open the lid; D. came to the leader and pretended to pour liquid into the calebass, from which the core had not been removed; the chief told his entourage to drown D. into the sea, but he pushed him into the water and came to the chief on his bicycle; said that there is a lot of good at the bottom and his entourage is now busy choosing; the chief and all his men threw themselves into the sea and drowned, and D. became chief]: Paulme 1976:200-203; mosi: Paulme 1976 []: 196-198; Sissao 2010, No. 26 [Yelkonlingma ("I will solve any problem") sees her mother crying; she says that the chief gave her millet and told her to make beer on the same day; J. brought the chief stones, asked him to open them to people were able to drink beer from them; then the chief gave J.'s mother a goat and ordered him to bear offspring; J. began to cut down the dry land; replies to the chief that his father gave birth and it was necessary to warm the water for the child]: 69-70; Tauxier 1917, No. 94 [a man took a heifer to give to someone whose speeches would be smarter than his speeches; a little boy at home; a man asked for water; the boy went into the house, does not go out; man: why does it take so long? boy: water has turned into big and small grains, I take the big ones; man: water into grains? boy: at least the one who went to look for my mother; the man gave him a chick; the boy gave it to a fulba who had a goby; three years later they gave birth to a herd; boy to father: let's go get a chick; Fulbe gives an old cow: the heifer is old; the chief took the side of the fulbe; the boy left and then ran: the father gave birth to twins; the bull cannot raise a herd; the chief ordered the fulbe to give the boy whole herd]: 493-494; moba [one chief's son took the name his father gave him (Djabigou), but the other said his name was "More Cunning than the Chief"; the father decided to test him; here's the bull - let him have two tomorrow calf; early in the morning, the son begins to cut down a tree; Chief: What is the matter? son: we need to warm the water urgently, my uncle gives birth; - But men do not give birth! - And bulls too; - You're as cunning as a hare - now kill a bull with your eyes! the son quietly released the snake, the bull fell; the chief threw his spear, but as a result he was pierced]: Paulme 197:193-195; Dagomba [the man promised a cow to someone who would give him three unusual answers; he went into the house , where the mother left the newborn; asked if anyone was in the house; the baby became a boy and said he was late: the parents quarreled, their water mixed and shared it; this is the first answer; the second : cut the mixed fire of father and mother; third: he lingered because he was connecting the road that had broken in half; the man gave the cow to the boy; he took her to his grandfather to get calves from his grandfather's bull; When he came for offspring, the grandfather gave only half of the calves, and the worst; the rest were given birth to him by a bull; the boy pretended to agree and drove the calves home with his father; halfway back: the father gives birth, came to get water; grandfather: men do not give birth; boy: bulls too; received all the calves; it turned out that the old cow was killing his father; he began to cry, and at sunset asked the sun to wait for the sun to set, so that he could finish his mourning; but the sun went down; the moon agreed; in the moonlight, the boy buried his father, left the sacrificial meat on a covered mound; when he came in the morning, the sun sat there and ate meat; he grabbed the sun and hid it in a leather bag; the world fell into darkness; the chief had a meeting; the elder wife advises you to ask the boy too; he told everything; agreed to release the sun, but told me to close their eyes; those who began to peek with one eye went blind in one eye, and those who peeked with both were completely blind; therefore, there is blindness]: Cardinall 1931:165-169; dagari [the chief commands for all women to bring their newborns, he will give them a name; one carries it, the child died, but came to life when she returned home with him; so three times; the baby said he did not want to see the chief, but his name was Yã -Gãgn-Não; he grew up, plays with boys, the chief hears the name; tells his mother to sow grain in a day, grow crops, brew beer; the son does everything; the chief gives his bull to the herd, the whole herd demands - it was his bull who gave birth to him; the young man begins to cut wood: the water must be warmed, the father gives birth; the leader is forced to return the herd; the leader ripped off the back of a live cow, smeared oil, gave it to the young man, ordered, to prevent the butter from melting; the young man hid the sun in his bag, it was a long night; for the sun to rise again, the chief was forced to take the cow; the young man found out that the chief had dug a trap hole for him, covered it with a mat; the young man dug another hole nearby, dug a passage between them; while the wives were pouring boiling water into the first hole, the young man got out, climbed onto the roof; the chief sent his son to find out who was there, he said it was Yã-Gã Gn-não, his leader killed him; the same with his second son; he did not kill the third, but sent him with Yã-Gãgn-Não to his friend's funeral, giving him the best horse and his son the worst and sending the man to kill the rider who rides in luxurious clothes on a good horse; Yã-Gãgn-Não changed with the leader's son, and he was killed; after that, the chief and Yã-Gãgn-Não became friends]: Métuolé Somba 1991:194-198; Songhai (zarma) [a hare has a cow, a lion has a bull; a cow gave birth to a calf; the lion took the last and stuck it to his bull's back; everyone agreed with the lion; but no Mohammed Jackal; he lingered: father gave birth; lion: men do not give birth; jackal: bulls too; lion ran away]: Calame-Griaule 2002:81-83; Bamileke [the panther brought the antelope a goat, asked him to get; after a while time has required the kids born to him, otherwise he threatens to pick up the antelope with his wife and children; they are suing in the presence of a lion; the antelope is late: it helped another to relieve the burden male antelope; she is told that males do not give birth, the antelope in response: goats too; the antelope is recognized as right]: Voorhoeve 1976, No. 4:90; kpelle [the orphan pulls an egg out of the bird's nest, allows the woman to- the potter grind the vessel with a shell; the egg broke, she gave the vessel to the orphan; the orphan lends it to the manufacturer of poisoned arrows, the vessel crashed; the orphan gets an arrow, gives it to the chimpanzee, who broke it, gave it instead of chimpanzee skin; an orphan gave it to blacksmiths to make furs; blacksmiths tore the skin, gave it to the orphan a hoe; he gave it to workers who worked the field with a wooden hoe; they broke the iron one, gave it to the orphan rice; in exchange for rice, the stream gave the orphan a jar of oil; the tree branches turned the vessel over, the tree gave branches; the orphan let their people fry the fish; they gave him the head of an ox, he threw it into the swamp, asked the traveler help pull the ox out; the head "came off", the traveler gave the orphan an ox, he brought it to the king {it follows that it was a cow}; the orphan cow calved, the king says that his bull has calved; orphan: give me a knife, for my brother gave birth and the umbilical cord must be cut; king: how can a man give birth? orphan: how can a bull calve? an orphan takes a calf]: Westermann 1924, No. 38:177-178; buduma [the lion and the earth squirrel (Xerus inauris) went to the market, the lion bought an ox, the squirrel bought a cow; on the way back, the cow gave birth, the lion took it a calf, put it under the ox, said that he had given birth to an ox; the jackal called to judge; he said he could not: his father gave birth, he was in a hurry to him; lion: this is impossible: jackal: an ox cannot give birth to a calf either; animals laughed, the lion rushed at the jackal, everyone ran away; the ox, the cow and the calf remained in the human village, the lion has been angry at everyone ever since]: Konrad 196:353-354; mukulu [the hyena has 7 children, the lion has one child; they got 7 oxen, son of a lion one; lion: to be equally divided, you must be 7+1 ox, my son 1+7 oxen; when the lion killed its oxen, the hyena got a skull and giblets; then the hyena caught the cows, they brought calves; and the lion had a bull; the lion said that it was his bull that calved many times; the earth squirrel said that her father gave birth, so she brought calebasses to collect water; and since the father did not give birth, so did the bull]: Jungraithmayr 1981, No. 47:230-233.

Sudan - East Africa. Maba [playing, the children accidentally killed the son of Sultan Lev; not finding the Lion, Leo took the Foal as his son; to help the Horse, the Jackal says that the Sultan's wife gave birth at one time, and now she will give birth Sultan himself; Leo: this is impossible; Jackal: Likewise, Leo's son cannot be a Foal; Leo returned the Foal to the Horse]: Anpetkova-Sharova 2010:203-204; zagawa [a goat has a cow, a lion has a bull; a cow calved; lion: it was my bull who brought a calf; everyone is afraid of a lion and refuses to be a judge; jackal: I don't have time, my father just gave birth; people: it can't be; jackal: so the bull could not calve; a goat took a cow and a calf]: Tubiana, Tubiana 2004 (1), No. 11:74-75; a truck [the chief gave the lion and hyena one cow for two, and the bull for a lion; while the hyena was gone, the cow gave birth to a calf and a lion put it under his bull; the chief agreed that the calf had given birth to a bull, but the elders demanded to wait for the fox; everyone saw a fox with a vessel on its head go to the river; he was called out, but the fox said that his father gave birth so he can't come right now; lion: men don't give birth; foxes: bulls too; elders gave a calf to a hyena]: Evans Pritchard, Beaton 1940, No. 21:277-278; Nubians [one person a bull, another cow; when they came to the animals, they found a calf, the owner of the bull proved that his calf was his; all the animals gathered, the fox was the last to appear; he began to say that he had no time, he must go to his father, he gives birth; everyone was surprised; fox: if a bull gave birth, why not my father? The calf was given to the cow owner]: Hohenwart-Gerlachstein 1979, No. 2:86; Oromo [the lion has a bull, the leopard has a cow; the lion claims that the calf gave birth to his bull; all the animals are going to settle an argument, monkey came only in the evening; the lion asks what was going on; the earth melted near the sycamore because it gave birth to a fat bull; an enraged lion chased her; pretended to be sick; the monkey is standing at a distance, says that he found the deer carcass; the lion jumps up and runs there, the monkey climbed the tree]: Basset 1903, No. 30:79-81; sakho [Hyena has a cow, Leo has a bull; the cow brought a calf, the Leo took it away; everything the animals replied that yes, of course, the bull gave birth to a Leo; Nesna replied that before deciding, he must remove the skin from the stone; the lion asks if the stone has a skin; Nesna answered: how can a bull give birth; The lion rushes at him, he manages to climb a tree]: Reinisch 1889, No. 5:183-185; Afars [Elephant cows give birth to bulls, they were slaughtered, and the Ostrich cows are heifers, they were kept; both claim to be a herd; The jackal says he has no time to figure it out - his father gives birth; he is told that it is impossible; he replies that you are doing it - whoever has a lot wants everything else]: Reinish 1885, No. 38:106-108; bilin [baboons bury his mother; the fox says that he buried his own in the sky; to get there, let one climb on his back, the others one on top of the other; the fox jumped out, the baboons fell, crashed; the fox filled their vessel with their brains, smeared honey on top; gave the son of noble parents a taste of honey, ordered them to tell their parents that he would not eat anything but fox honey obtained in the sky; the father called the fox he sold him a pot for a bull and a cow, ran away; he began to live with a lion, he chose a bull; when the fox cow calved, the lion ate the calf, then put it in the bull's ass, said that he had given birth to a bull; an antelope confirmed that he had given birth to a bull; the fox gave roots to the boar, which said it had given birth to a cow; in the end, the fox agreed that it had given birth to a bull, but when the lion picked up the cow, the fox lifted the meat to the tree; the lion asked him to throw it off the fox wrapped a hot stone in the meat, the lion swallowed it and died; the hyena asked her to share the meat; the fox gave her bones, said that the lion came to life, the hyena ran, fell into the river and drowned]: Reinisch 1883, No. 3:202-208; tiger [Leo found a bull, Hyena found a pregnant cow, they brought them home; when it was time for the cow to give birth, Leo stayed with the animals, put the placenta in the bull's ass, said Hyena, that the calf was born to him by a bull; the fox promised to help Hyena; he came with a wineskin to ask Leo for milk, said that his father had given birth to a boy; if the bull could give birth, then the man could; the lion rushed at the Fox, who ran away; the lion hid in his hole; when the Fox came up to her, he said out loud that the house always wished him good evening; Leo: good evening! The fox ran away; the lion went away and returned the calf to Hyena]: Littmann 1910, No. 9:9-10; Amhara: Gankin 1979, No. 25 [the leopard stole the goat, the jackal stole the cow; the cow calved; the leopard took the calf, said his goat calved; the gazelle, the hyena, the goat say that goats used to really give birth to only kids, but now times have changed; the baboon takes a stone, asks him to wait for him to play it instrument; since a goat can give birth to a calf, you can also play on a stone; the leopard says it's beautiful music, but others tell him to give the jackal a calf], 26 [the lion and hyena take turns grazing the cattle; when herding the lion, the hyena cow calved, the lion took the calf, said that his bull gave birth to him; all the animals confirmed that the lion was right; the monkey said that her father's land was ruptured, it must sew it up; lion: the earth is not breaks; monkey: bulls do not give birth; the lion tried to grab it, tore off its tail; ambushed the tailless; the monkey told others that the king of animals told everyone to cut off their tails, otherwise he would kill; they cut off, lion cannot recognize the culprit]: 37-39, 39-40; Ethiopian 2002 [the hyena has a cow, the lion has a bull; when the cow calved, the lion smeared the bull with blood and said that he gave birth to the calf; for fear of the lion, all animals admitted he was right; the monkey (the ape) came later, said that the earth was torn and it sewed it up; lion: it doesn't happen that way; monkey: bulls don't give birth either; and climbed the nearest tree]: 42-43; tsamai [The monkey had a herd of cows and the mole had oxen; the cows gave birth to calves, but the mole's herd did not grow; then he stole the calf from under the cow, put it under the ox, and smeared his ass with blood; everyone said that The ox cannot give birth, but the mole chose a grasshopper to judge; he lingered, said he had sewed a broken stone; a mole: a stone cannot be sewn; a grasshopper: and oxen do not give birth]: Jensen 1969, No. 8:382-383; mehan [the lion has a bull, the leopard has a cow; the cow calved; the lion smeared blood on the bull's ass, took the calf, saying that his bull gave birth to him; everyone is afraid of Leo, agrees with him; the little Monkey (Cercopithecus) comes with late, says he was busy with business - sewing up the torn earth; Leo: the earth does not tear; Monkey: bulls don't give birth]: Jensen 1959, No. 9:415; malgashi: Klipple 1992 (betsimisaraka) [two guys they say that Ngano insulted them because he speaks in riddles; the king offers N. difficult tasks; sends them to the milk stall, but there are only oxen; N. asks the king to visit his (Ngano) father, who is pregnant (who is pregnant) is to be confined); says that you can't get milk from oxen either; the king orders to make a boat out of stone; N. asks to fill the pot with tears to sharpen the ax; the king promises money to whoever stays overnight in cold water; N. stood, but the king refused to pay: N.'s mother burned a fire on the shore; N. pretends to cook food in a pot far from the fire]: 261; Haring 1982, No. 1.6.921 ( entankarana) [two of the leader's servants are looking for his missing duck; spoke to the boy Ngano, brought him to the chief; he orders to repair the broken pot and mirror, N. requires a stone rope and a vessel with with tears; the leader agrees with the audience that everyone will have an egg with them; N. crows: he is the rooster from which the chickens laid eggs; the leader orders to milk the bull, N. says he cannot - his father gives birth, he must help; the leader orders to bring four fools, N. leads; one wonders why his wife died 4 years ago; the second carries firewood himself, although he could load the horse; the third tries to milk a bull, the fourth is to make a rope out of smoke; the leader promises N. a reward if he stays in the water all night; refuses to give it, because N.'s mother made a fire on the shore at night; in response, N. pretends that cooks by placing the pot far from the fire; N. goes to the forest and sets up his own farm there; he is the ancestor of smart people]: 210-211.

North Africa. Western Sahara [the fox is the rabbit's husband, he has a donkey, the rabbit has a cow, she must calve; the fox returns, says that his donkey gave birth to a calf; hedgehog: it's difficult, asks you to come to him through three days later; three days later, the fox answers that he is not happy - he must give birth today; fox: but you are a male; hedgehog: so is the male donkey, so return the calf to the rabbit]: Aris, Cladellas 1991:150-151; Arabs Mauritania [the jackal and the hare met a bull and a cow; the bull is larger, so the jackal chose it for himself; but then noticed that the hare cow was pregnant; volunteered to look after her, and when he was born calf, put the placenta in the bull's ass, said he had given birth to a bull; they went to court; the judge was a palm rat; he ordered to come in the evening; when they arrived, he pretended to have labor pains; jackal: men do not there are: rat: give the calf to the hare]: Tauzin 1993:93; zenaga) [the hare has a cow, the jackal has a bull; the cow gave birth to a calf, the jackal put the placenta under the tail of the bull, said that the bull gave birth to it; they decided that the iguana will judge them; she says she cannot: she will give birth now; jackal: but men don't give birth; iguana: bulls too]: Basset 1907, No. 80:38-39; Moroccan Berbers (Western 1950) [in pasture, one man gave birth to a cow and another man to a mare; the owner of a cow gave birth to a calf to a mare and a foal to a cow; said that it was his cow that gave birth to a foal-Almighty God whatever he wanted he will do it; he was the first to come to the cadia with a good gift and he promised to decide in his favor; who the newborns would follow is their mothers; the foal went for the cow; the owner of the mare turned to another Kadia; he asked the plaintiff and the defendant to come later: today he has his period; cow owner: since when do men have periods? - Ever since cows began to give birth to foals]: Leguil 1988, No. 13:31-35; kabiles: Frobenius 1921a, No. 50 [agelitis (village chief) demands to buy 1) shadow, 2) false mules, otherwise it will cut off everyone heads; an old man's daughter buys a hat and wooden shoes to walk on the mud; agelitis requires you to guess what a tree with 12 branches, each with 30 leaves, 5 seeds on each leaf; girl: this is 12 years old for months, 30 days each, 5 prayers every day; agelitis tells you to come to the bazaar naked or dressed; daughter to father: wrap your skin around one thigh, and the others will not be there - they will be ashamed to come; the old man confesses agelitis, that not he, but his daughter is smart; agelitis marries her; sent blacks to bring her fabrics, two pieces of each variety, and one multi-colored handkerchief; the girl took a thread of different colors, tied knots, ordered to tell Agelitis that the tissues in heaven, but here they have shrunk; agelitis understood everything, found the stolen goods, beheaded the blacks; agelitis tells his wife not to interfere in affairs, otherwise she will send him back to her father; in the dark the donkey did not go to the donkey, but to the mulitsa, its owner said that it was the mulitsa who gave birth; the donkey's owner came to complain; since the donkey had been living with the mulitsa for a long time, he went to her, not to his mother, agelitis decided to the benefit of the owner of the mulitsa; agelite's wife gave advice to the donkey owner: let her tell how the fish came out of the river and ate wheat in the field; agelitis: fish do not come out of the river; man: mulitsa cannot give birth; agelitis I understood everything, told my wife to leave, taking the most precious thing; at night, the wife ordered her sleeping husband to be put in a chest and taken to her father; agelitis laughed and returned his wife]: 256; Rivière 1882, No. 4 [the judge asks what kind of tree with 12 branches, 30 leaves on each branch, 5 fruits on each leaf; the daughter of a soap seller explains to him: wood is peace, branches are months, fruits are 5 daily prayers; after learning how smart the girl is, cadia decided to marry, sent flour, oil and money; those sent found the girl alone; the girl: the brother went to beat and be beaten, the mother went to see someone she had never seen, the father went to pour water into the water; (and others) riddles); only Kady understood everything: brother went to play, mother to give birth, father to go to the mill; Kady allowed his wife to visit her father whenever she wanted, pick up what she liked best; two came with litigation: the mare gave birth to one, and the foal went after another; Kadiy decided in favor of the owner of the mulitsa; Kadia's wife told the owner of the mare to say that when the mulitsa had a cub, the world would end; Kady understood everything and told his wife to leave, taking the most precious thing; she gave her husband an opium pie, took it with her; Kadiy promised his wife to obey her]: 159-161.

Western Asia. Palestinians [one farmer has a cow and the other has an ox; a cow gave birth and a calf was under the ox; the owner of the ox claimed that his ox had calved; the jackal came, listened to both sides and pretended that he had no time to figure it out: he was in a hurry because his father gave birth; ox owner: men don't give birth; jackal: oxen either; the cow owner got a calf]: Schmidt, Kahle 1930, No. 117-118:161.

Burma - Indochina. Vieta [the king orders to bring him the wisest man; the nobleman to the plowman: how many times a day will your buffalo cross the field; the son of a ploughman: how many steps does your horse take in a day? The king sent the boy three baskets of rice and three male buffaloes: let there be an offspring of six buffaloes in a year; the boy tells his father to arrange a feast for the village; comes to the king and cries: the mother is dead, and the father does not want to give birth to him a brother; the king tells the boy to divide the sparrow into three parts to feed three; the boy tells the king to forge a knife out of a needle to cut the sparrow; the neighboring king tells thread the thread through the twisted shell; the boy orders her to be tied to an ant; the king orders that the boy be placed in adjacent chambers and given the rank of Highly Scientist]: Nikulin 1976:62-66; ahem [orphan buffalo, the chief has a buffalo; the buffalo gave birth to a calf, and the boss said that he had given birth to a buffalo; the lizard came to court and others, but the king of toads was still gone; when he came, he said that he was late, for his father gave birth; boss: this does not happen; toad king: what about your buffalo?] : Lindell et al. 1980, No. 15:118-119.

South Asia. Kashmiris [close Muslims are jealous of the Hindu Bir Bal, who is favored by King Akbar; when the king fell ill, they told him that bull's milk would cure him; A. tells BB to bring it; BB's daughter comes to the BB garden to wash; answers him that she is from the house of BB, who has just given birth to a son; A. was surprised, the girl replied that if a bull can be milked, then why can't a man give birth; A. all understands, raises BB again]: Haughton 1913:294-295; Marathi (Mumbai) [during a forest fire, a sparrow flew away and a sparrow carried water to moisten the nest, the chicks survived; a sparrow with a sparrow they began to argue who should belong to the chicks after the incident; the king said that to the father; then the pardhan girl (Dravidians) demanded from the king a foal born to a royal mare from her father's stallion; the king gave the foal, but demanded bovine milk; the girl went to wash, said that she was washing the sheets: her father gave birth; the king ordered the roof to be made before the house was built; her counter was equally absurd request {something with weighing peas}; the king decided to marry a girl, but keep her alone for 12 years in a specially built palace, where she will have the necessary supply of grain to eat; she promises that at the end of the term, she will show him his son, whose existence he would not know existed; the girl took rats with her to the palace built by order of the king, who made their way to another palace, where she had everything necessary things; there the king met her, did not recognize her, fell in love; she was ready to give birth, asked the king for a souvenir ring; when 12 years had passed, the king's wife moved back to her intended palace, presented ring and son; everything is fine]: D'Penha 1894, No. 18:134-139; Sinhalese [the king sends letters, whoever does not answer what is in the letter cuts off his head; the village chief's daughter explains; the king promises she marries, demands to milk the bulls, make yogurt out of their milk, squeeze oil out of the sand; the daughter carries her father's dress to the laundress, says that her father has her period; king: where is the butter in the sunflower flower; girl: where you were at the time of conception; the king married a girl]: Volkhonsky, Solntseva 1985, No. 131:316-317; Hindi (Ganges Valley) [Padishah Akbar tells Birbal to get cow's milk, the doctor needs it for preparing the medicine; B.'s daughter went to wash clothes at night, hitting him on the river against stones; the noise woke A. up, the girl was brought to him, she explained that the clothes needed to be washed urgently, because her father had given birth to a child; A. : this is impossible; girl: just like milking an ox; learning that the girl is B.'s daughter, A. awarded her]: Beskrovny, Chelishev 1978:37-40.

Malaysia-Indonesia. Simalur [there are only buffaloes left all over the country, and only the Raja has a buffalo; he demanded some of the calves he had born; the neighboring Rajas advised to judge a smart poor man; he sent son say that his father is giving birth so he can't come by himself; Raja: men don't give birth; boy: buffalo males too]: Koehler 1964:100-101.

Taiwan - Philippines. Pampango [the royal servant had a clever daughter, Marcela; the king told the servants to take M. a little bird and tell her to cook twelve different dishes from the same bird; M. replied:" If the king makes twelve spoons out of this pin, I will make twelve dishes out of this bird"; the king ordered that the sheep be taken to M. and told her to sell the sheep for six reais and together with She returned it with money; M. sheared the sheep and sold wool for six reais, and then sent the money to the king with the sheep; the king told the servant: "Go to Marseilles and tell her that I am ill and my doctor advises I should drink a cup of bovine milk. Let Marcela get me this medicine, otherwise her father will lose his seat in the palace"; M. and her father stabbed a pig and covered it with blood on pillows, sleeping mat and blanket; in the morning M. took the laundry soiled linen on the river, above the place where the king bathed; the king shouted; M.: "In our country, it is a custom to wash mats, pillows and other things stained with blood immediately after the birth of a child. Last night my father had a baby"; King: "Does it happen that a man gives birth?" ; M.: "This does not happen as bovine milk does not happen"; the king said he marries her son for her intelligence and virtue]: Rybkin 1975, No. 64:166-167.

China - Korea. The Chinese (Shanxi) [the emperor tells the minister to bring a cock egg; he is desperate; his 12-year-old son Kan-lo with an ugly face came to the emperor himself, said that the father had given birth to a child and was lying in beds; emperor: a man cannot give birth; K.: and roosters do not rush; the emperor appointed him minister]: Serruys 1946, No. 11:251-254; Koreans [the landowner tells the peasant to bring a mulenque, otherwise his wife will take him away; the wife came to the landowner: the husband gave birth, is it possible to occupy seaweed - there will be milk; the landowner orders to make a boat out of river pebbles; wife: let the sand twist the rope to tie the boat; landowner: in Worms got bronze pillars; peasant wife: split the ax with a knife, pull the bone marrow out of it, lubricate the column]: Riftin 2007:286-288; Chuan Miao [three sons have stupid wives; father speaks daughters-in-law who lets one go for half a month, the other for 15 days, the third for two weeks; they do not understand anything, the girl explains; the father marries her youngest son; official: make a cloth as long as the river and grow up a pig weighing down a mountain; younger daughter-in-law: here are the scales to weigh the mountain and the ruler to measure the river; official: let the stallion give birth and the rooster lay eggs; younger daughter-in-law: today the father gave birth; official: bring thunder liver and dragon heart; younger brother's wife prepares an explosive mixture, puts a candle in the box, tells her husband and brothers to take it to an official; he dies from the explosion]: Graham 1954:231-232; fox [ the peasant became rich; the king tells him to bring three cock eggs, otherwise he executes him; his 13-year-old son came to the king and said that his father could not come by himself because he gave birth to a boy; the king told, canceled order]: Zapadova 1977:168-169.

Central Europe. Russians (Arkhangelsk, Kola Uyezd, recorded from Fr. Konstantin Shchekoldin) [The Tsar allows the Queen to attend the trial. He deservedly punishes his wife and acquits her husband when his wife disagrees with him, her unborn child (from the womb) says that "the harlot pulls the harlot." She is afraid of her son and when he is born she orders him to kill him to eat his heart. The servants do not dare to kill the child and bring her the heart of a lamb, which replaces her son as a blacksmith. The king is surprised that his son is fond of blacksmithing, working only with hammers and forging iron with them. A shepherd's son is elected by his peers as a child king: all the children stood up with candles in their hands facing the east and the shepherd's prince's son lit a fire. He judges fairly, and adults who are wrongly judged by the king and queen also turn to him. While the poor woman carries flour in her dish, the wind blows her away. She goes to the king for justice. He laughs at her and refuses to judge the wind, she decides to turn to the child king, and the king laughs at her again. The child king listens to the woman and finds out which captains landed on the shore that day. He asks them if they needed the wind to stick, and they confirm that they wouldn't be able to do it without it. The child king tells them that the wind took away the poor woman's flour and the captains not only compensate her for the loss, but also give a bag of flour to everyone and everyone is satisfied. The king learns about the boy's trial and wants to check it out. He sends him three bulls and asks him to give them back with offspring. The boy eats bulls' meat, insulates the roof with skins. When the king asks where the offspring is, he sends a man to the king who takes off his pants and shouts "I want to give birth", the king calls him crazy and the man points out that the bull also cannot give birth. The child king sees that the king and queen go for a walk. It fills one rolling pin of the scale with feces, and it grows larger over time. He explains to the king that a woman's mind is just as easy and costs nothing. The tsar understands that it is his son and takes over "thus, the queen did not have to triumph over the truth"]: Burtsev 1898, No. 23:107-112.

Caucasus - Asia Minor. Crimean Tatars [the poor have a wise daughter, the padishah decides to test her; he and the vizier dressed as wanderers came to her house and asked where her father and mother were; girl: mother went to turn nothingness into being , and the father was in oblivion; a few months later, the padishah called the girl and asked if she remembered him; girl: you came to a crazy house; crazy means without a dog; mother went to give birth, father to cut trees for firewood; then the padishah gave the girl 40 rams and ordered her to return them with lambs a year later; she told her father to slaughter sheep, and a year later she brought chebureks to the padishah as a gift for the occasion that he gave birth to an heir; girl: if you can't give birth, sheep cannot either; the padishah recognized the girl's victory and let her go]: Useinov 1992, No. 17:229-234; Kalmyks: Dzhimbinov 1962 [khan wants to find an intelligent wife for a fool's son; it rained, two girls ran home, the third covered the dung with beshmet and drove the calves away from the cows (so that they would not suck milk); beshmet got wet, but I'll dry it by the fire; khan: how many dung are there in the bag? girl: as long as your horse stepped from the palace to our kibitka; the khan orders to make koumiss from bovine milk, sew the kibitka with ashes; the girl covered the kibitka with matting and burned it, put up a pole ( it means that someone is giving birth in the house); Khan: How can a man give birth? girl: in the khanate, where koumiss is made from bovine milk, maybe; the khan orders to ride a two-headed horse not along the road or along the steppe, upon arrival, sit not inside the kibitka or outside; daughter tells her father to come on a stallion mare, ride along the side of the road, sit outside at the doorstep with kibitki felt over his back; the khan ordered him to come next time with a bag for gold and an arcana for horses; the bag will not be filled in any way, You can catch as many horses as you want with an arcana; girl: a bag of human eyes, you have to add sand to fill it; a lasso from a human vein; to shrink it, you have to burn one end; khan married son on this girl; fell ill; told his son to catch up with the tumbleweed, ask him where he would spend the day and night; the wife ordered to answer: we must ask the ravine and the wind; the khan tells his son to bring a horse with two heads that look in different directions; wife: bring the stallion mare, the foal's head is pointing back; the khan died quietly]: 149-152 (=Vardugin 1996:471-473); Egorov 1978 [Khan Tsetsen married his son, took he was hunting; when he saw a deer lying down, he said: "Run quickly, catch the deer by the horns"; the son ran, the deer rode away; the khan killed the deer with an arrow, beat his son with a whip; the son told his wife everything, who decided that the old man went crazy; went hunting again, the khan asked his son to cook meat in a wooden cauldron; the son hollowed out a pot from a piece of wood, poured water, crumbled meat and started a fire; the cauldron burned down; the khan beat his son ; he told his wife everything, who said that the old man was crazy; the khan asked his son to catch a horse with one head south and the other north; the son caught two horses, tied them by the tails, and brought him to the khan; the khan beat his son, sent his daughter-in-law to his parents; began to look for a new wife for his son; met an intelligent girl, told her father to make koumiss from bovine milk; the next day rode again; the girl put her father to bed, told him to moan; the khan asked for koumiss made from bovine milk; the girl says that the father is giving birth, so he has not cooked it yet; khan: "Do men give birth"; girl: "Why do men give birth" milk comes from a bull"; the khan decided to marry her son, told her father to come to the palace; the girl gave the old man a purse, when he met the khan, he offered him gold; began to fill the purse, the purse stretched out, held the entire treasury; they had a wedding, the khan took his son hunting; noticing a deer lying down, said: "Rather catch the deer by the horns"; the son did as before; the beaten returned home, the wife explained: "Shoot soon"; they went hunting again, the khan asked to cook meat in a wooden cauldron; the son did as before; the beaten man returned home, the wife explained that it was necessary to pick up the phone from the khan, fill it with tobacco, light it and give it to him; the khan asked to catch a horse in the herd, with its heads facing one south and the other north; the son did as before; the beaten man returned home, the wife explained that you need to bring a mare that is about to necklace; a neighboring khan sent Khan Tsetsen a wooden whip handle with the same thickness to determine where the roots were and where the top were; daughter-in-law: "If we put this stick into the water, the root, since it is denser than the top, must go deeper into the water"; the neighboring khan sent the same mare and foal to Tsetsen to determine which of them is who; the daughter-in-law said we should not give them food for three days, and then both pour oats smaller than one horse in size, and see which of them would shovel and move the oats to the other while eating with their lips, that - mother; a neighboring khan sent two identical snakes to Tsetsen to determine which one is male and which is female; daughter-in-law: "We must keep them in the dark, and then lay them on the way at the entrance. some wide velvet for them to crawl on it. As soon as the snakes are on the velvet, the female one will immediately curl up and lie quietly, and the male one will crawl around the sleeper, with her head raised high, as if guarding her dream"; the neighboring khan invited Tsetsen to visit; he came, chained him to a cart, given bread and water; Khan Tsetsen: "Write a letter to your own so that your whole kingdom will be chained here to one soul, and there I will find that wise man myself {who solved riddles}"; Tsetsen wrote to his wife: "The kingdom of our neighbor Khan turned out to be a real paradise. There is no suffering, no death, no illness; there is also no winter, and everything smells like spring; there is no summer either, and everything is cool in autumn. People here live on allowances in all four seasons and do not know what work is... I sleep on a soft feather bed. I eat fatty lamb and drink strong aromatic tea, dress in blue velvet. There are no limits to my pleasure, entertainment and fun... It all happens 24 hours a day. There is no way to leave this country even for one minute. When you receive this letter, all your heart and soul come here. Remember: you, my old lady, are trusting; there is an unfortunate piebald foal in my herd, but it is gratifying that there is a piece of fragrant oil in my chest... Everybody wander around. I miss you a lot"; a letter was sent with a messenger to the Tsetsen Khanate; daughter-in-law: "Everything he writes must be understood in the opposite sense. Tea and mutton are water and crackers; feather bed is earth, blue velvet is sky. Fun around the clock - suffering around the clock. And the fact that there is no way to be away even for one minute means that he is shackled... "You, my old lady, are trusting" is a warning not to believe the letter; "An unfortunate piebald foal in the herd" is the khan talking about a son who still does not understand anything, "a piece of butter in a chest" - it's me... The call "all wander here" means "go to war against the neighboring khan and free me"; they went to the neighboring khanate, told the khan that they were happy to wander to him; he freed Tsetsen, asked feast; by morning, the daughter-in-law brought the army, found the enemies sleeping, captured them]: 19-31; Lucky (Western 1932) [The king ordered the three nukers to carve a clearing; the shepherd's daughter advised me to ask the king for scissors; the king tells the shepherd to guard the sheep while they lie down; the daughter told her father to slaughter the sheep and go to bed; said to the king that the father gives birth - since the rams can lie down, the man can also give birth; the king married the shepherd's daughter; when leaving, he forbid her to interfere in affairs; two young men got into a fight, one smashed the other's face in blood; the king's wife told him to take hot coals with his hands; explained that the heat would burn his hands and the blow bleed; two men came; one said that his horse was necklace, and the other that his arba, under which it turned out to be a foal; the queen explained that the mare's owner was right; when she learned that his wife was judging people, the king told her to leave, allowing her to take what she wanted; she brought her sleeping husband to her father's house: I like you most of all; the Tsar returned his wife]: Khalilov 1965, No. 75:236-239 (=Khalilov, Osmanov 1989:202-203).

Iran - Central Asia. Turkmens: Kekilov, Kosayev 1962 [Sultansoyun saw the wife of a man named Karakuduk and decided to get rid of her husband; Mirali promised to help K., taught him what to do; S. orders to receive in six months offspring from a horse, a couple of bulls and a dozen rams; six months later, a wife came: her husband was giving birth; S. realized that this was M.'s advice]: 54-55; Steblev 1969, No. 76 [Sultansoyun saw a beautiful woman; Mirali: is it possible take someone else's wife? S.: I will find an excuse; tells the husband of a woman named Karakuduk to receive offspring from 90 rams in 5 months; K.'s wife tells the sheep to slaughter or sell, she takes care of the rest; when the padishah arrives, the wife says that K. is giving birth; the padishah rode back]: 350-352.

Baltoscandia. The Eastern Sami [the king's evil wife interferes in his affairs; the queen is pregnant; they judge, the king acquitted her husband, the queen's wife; the son from the womb: on her own and justified; when the son was born, the queen commands take him to the forest and bring him any other; the maid put the king's son shaky to the fisherman, and brought the fisherman to the queen; the king's imaginary son thinks only about how to go to sea as soon as possible; the imaginary son of a fisherman gives a fair trial to peers; the children chose him their king; the old woman's wind took away a handful of torment; the king refuses to judge the wind; the child king summoned the ship captains; since the wind helped them enter the bay, let everyone give the old woman a handful of flour; to test the wisdom of the child king, the king sent him three ox deer and ordered them to be brought in after a certain time with the deer; the child king sent to and persuaded the king of an old man to lie on the ground and scream as if he were giving birth; king: men do not give birth; child king: ox deer too; the child king pretends to weigh the woman's mind: it weighs nothing; the king understood that it was his son; let go of the fisherman's son and got his own back]: Patsia 1990:81-85.

Volga - Perm. Marie [the king is blind, the queen has a lover; the son from the mother's belly speaks of this; the king saw the light; when the queen gave birth, she ordered the maid to kill and bring the son's heart and liver; the baby tells me to bring the queen is the heart and liver of a dog, and put him on straw in the forge; the boy has grown up, strong, beats others if they touch him; they complain about him; the king gives the blacksmith 100 boiled eggs, tells him to be tomorrow chickens; the boy advises you to go to the middle of the street and cook rye; tell the king what to sow; if rye does not grow from boiled seeds, then there will be no chickens from boiled eggs; the king sends 100 rams, let by morning everyone will give birth to a lamb; the boy teaches his father to lie on the stove, and let the mother answer the king when he comes that her husband is giving birth; if a man cannot give birth, then neither can the sheep; the sheep must be slaughtered leave only one; tell the king that the rams ate each other, the last one is left; the king tells us to chop firewood and count how many chips have flown off; the boy tells me to ask: how many times the wheel has turned your carriage before you got to us? The king tells the blacksmith to come neither on horseback nor on foot, naked or dressed; bring what you love and don't love, stay neither in the yard nor on the street; the boy tells you to ride a goat wrapped in a net; take with you a dog you trust and a wife you don't trust; stop with one foot in the yard and the other on the street; the blacksmith whipped his wife and dog in front of the king; the wife ran away, and the dog ran away and returned; the king promised to come for the boy in the morning; he left; sat down out of great need, eats and presses lice himself; answers the king's servants that he releases the old, renews others, kills the people; what does the carriage cost? the last piece of bread; the servants give everything to the king; he explains that it was that boy, tells him to be brought; he is building a king, and moss is already on it; king: again they did not recognize him; next time he digs a pond; tells you to tell the king: you want to kill me, and I am your son]: Beke 1938, No. 41:362-375; Chuvash [Gordey is rich, his neighbor Artemy is poor; the mare G. gave birth, the foal lay under A.'s cart; he says this is his cart is necklace; the king promises to decide in favor of someone who says that everything in the world is sweeter and more pleasant; G.'s wife advised me to say that honey; Orina, daughter A., is a dream; king: what is stronger? wife G.: our piebald mare; daughter A.: water; who is faster than everyone else? wife G.: hare; daughter A.: thought; king: how much from one end of the earth to the other? G.: You can't pass in a century; A.: the sun passes in a day; how much from earth to sky? G.: no one can get up; A.: no more than a mile - when the lights in the sky turn on in the evening, you can see, and when you drive through the clouds, you can hear thunder; how far is it to the bottom of the earth? G.: fathom; A.: the father left 30 years ago, has not yet sent a letter; the king gave the foal to A.; marries his daughter, but gives the bull: let her calve as a heifer, she will grow up and give milk for the wedding; O. ordered the bull should be slaughtered, and when the king came, she replied that the father had gone to give birth; the king ordered that a wedding dress be sewn from a flap; O. ordered that hemp be grown from the seed and threads made in three days; the king orders that O. came neither in the field, nor by road, nor on foot, nor on horseback, with a gift that is visible but not accessible to her hands; O. appeared riding a hare, gave a pigeon as a gift, which immediately flew away; the king married O.; orders do nothing against his will; two argue whether the cart or the mare is necklace; O.: Whoever the foal follows is the mother; the tsar executed his wife]: Sidorova 1979:165-168; Tatars [padishah feeds the poor man; Each time he replies that he has eaten and continues to eat; the padishah tells him to explain; the poor man's daughter filled the bucket with pebbles, then sand, then water - everything fits; the padishah tells you to come neither hungry nor well-fed, neither naked nor dressed, neither on horseback nor on foot; the daughter sews clothes for her father from the net, puts seeds into her pocket, puts them on a goat; the padishah gives less thread, tells her to sew a shirt and pants; the daughter of an old man handed over a twig: let the padishah make a loom; the padishah gave a ram - let him hug tomorrow; the padishah came himself; daughter: the father gives birth in the bathhouse; the padishah married a girl; says nothing in his absence not to decide; three beggars came; one mare necklaced, but blood fell on the cart; the owner says she gave birth to a cart, the owner of the bag was a bag; the padishah's wife: he went to guard the wheat that was being poisoned fish; the padishah is back, tells his wife to leave, taking what she wants with her; she gave him a drink, took him to her place; explained that she wanted him; the padishah told him to return home]: Zamaletdinov 2010, No. 24:85-91; The Bashkirs [Khan Turakhan's stallion, Khan Yanebakhan threw out the mare 60 versts from T.; Y. accused T.; bald boy Taz undertakes to resolve the dispute; crossing the river, puts on boots - not to spoil feet on stones; taking peers, I begin to kill dogs. - They did not come to the rescue when wolves strangled sheep 60 versts away; I demand a wiser sage, Taz exposes the bull - lives with his mind; then the goat is gray-bearded; Y. gives Tazu the name Erense-sesen; T. adopted him; E. went to look for a bride, caught up with the old man; offers to pass the time, make a cauldron out of the ground; says that the road is straight winding and winding straight; E. comes to the old man's daughter, says that the stove is good, and the pipe is crooked (the girl has a humped nose); girl: but the craving is good; explains to his father E.'s words: he suggested start a conversation, bake a grouse in a hole; the straight road turned out to be uncomfortable; the old man asks for 6 identical mares for his daughter, E. sends 6 rays - the main thing is that they are the same; T. tells the girl to sew galoshes from stone; girl: let him send threads of sand; T. sent a bull, let him calve; girl: my father gave birth, cannot go out; E. married a girl; for every word he receives Altyn from Khan (since he helped resolve the dispute with Y.); they want to execute Brother E. for lying: an arrow hit the hare's ear through his leg; E.: the hare scratched his ear; the brother was released]: Barag 1990, No. 1:14-19.

Turkestan. Kazakhs: Daurenbekov 1979 [Zhirenshe married an intelligent girl; khan wanted her for himself, ordered 1) to sew stone boots; his wife tells me to ask for a butter dratva and a wax awl; 2) cook a bull, so that he had nothing in his intestines and was not slaughtered (drive for two days, give them only salt water to drink); 3) let nine sheep bring lamb each; his wife ordered them to be slaughtered, smeared her hands covered in blood, said that J. gave birth to a boy; Khan called J. to hunt, his wife brought koumiss from her milk with her - let Khan drink; now J.'s wife became Khan's mother]: 277-279; Ethnographic materials 1898 (Turgay) []: 51-57; Potanin 1916, No. 9 [Az-Janibek demands that Yusuns and Congrats destroy camels, because mares throw out foals when they cry; Jirenshe Sheshen was still a boy, he volunteered to go to the khan, let them bring them with them a big camel, a goat with a beard and a gun; dogs barked, J. started shooting them; says that the barking of these dogs causes Yusun Kongrat camels to throw camels away; Khan: Your camels can't hear our dogs; J.: and your mares are our camels; Khan: Didn't you find you higher to send me an ambassador? J.: No one is taller than this camel; Khan: is there no elder? J.: This goat has the biggest beard; Khan gave J. a horse and a nice dress; one day J. suggested that his companion make a wooden cauldron boil and replace thin horses with fat ones; he mistook him for a fool; River J. said: I saw two fords, one close but far away, the other far but close; on the close there was a swamp, the satellite barely got out; the companion's daughter explains to him: J. meant to smoke a pipe, feed horses; J. and the girl Kara-Shash exchange signs, then negotiate; J. has only one bull; he stabbed him, hid the meat in the yurt of his future father-in-law, accused him of stealing, eventually got K.; Khan wants it for himself; gives 40 rams - let them bring lambs; when the khan arrives, K. says that J. gave birth to a child; then the khan ordered the bull to be cooked alive; K. teaches how to water the bull with brine; when he was stabbed, there was no blood ]: 67-70; Uighurs (Kashgar) [the padishah wants to test his son, goes hunting with him, offers to catch gazelle; the son rushes after the gazelle; the padishah hit the gazelle with an arrow, beat his son for stupidity; the vizier advises to marry a son to an intelligent girl; the padishah and the vizier see girls fleeing the rain; everyone is covered with empty bags, Gulinur alone took off her clothes, covered a bag of dung; the padishah asks where G. lives; in a hut with 60 windows; the padishah realized that he had holes; tells Father G. to make a katyk out of bovine milk; in the evening G. says that the order has not been executed: the father gives birth; the padishah decides to marry his son to G ., tells her father to come for gold; S. tells her to take not the bag, but his eye, he will fit more into it; after the wedding, the padishah tells his son to bring meat cooked on a stick; the stick burned down, G. tells him to bring it to his father kebab; a neighboring padishah sent a planed stick, tells me to answer where the butt was and where was the top; G.: the butt will fall in the water; distinguish the mare from its adult foal; G.: mother will shovel oats daughters, and take the daughter for himself; the neighbor captured the padishah, ordered him to write a letter for his army to surrender; the padishah writes: "I am visiting a neighbor. His kingdom turned out to be a true paradise. There is a yellow silk canopy above me, I sleep on a soft feather bed, eat fatty pilaf, drink strong tea, and the khan drinks red wine. We have fun day and night, we have no strength to leave this kingdom. After receiving the letter, come with the entire treasury, and slaughter three lambs who come from the steppe. There is an unfortunate black foal in the herd - don't take it with you. And be sure to grab a smart fox." The padishah's wife believed that everything was so; G. orders to kill messengers, led an army, freed the padishah]: Kibirov 1963:28-34 yellow Uighurs: Malov 1967, No. 73 [father sent three sons to study skill; they reached the estate, where there were three roads; each went their own way; the eldest learned carpentry, the middle learned to forge iron, and the youngest to sing songs and play the kobyz; after three they returned home for years; the father praised the first two sons, and called the youngest poor; he went to the lake to drown himself; when he reached the shore, he began to sing; the lake khan caught him and kept him with him {more - text confused}; the khan ordered the stallions who gave birth to foals to be brought in three days; after the expiration of the term, the younger brother said to the messenger who came from the khan: "You go and tell your boss, "I've been lying for a month and gave birth to a baby, so say"; Khan: "Oh, who, if anything, has a man giving birth to a child?" ; younger brother: "Who had it for stallions to necklace?"] , 85 [the father sent two sons to earn money; the eldest learned to sew shoes and returned with silver; the youngest learned to play the balalaika and sing and returned without shoes; the father became angry with him; the youngest came to the seashore and decided, after playing the kobyz and singing, to drown himself; the water burkhans took him to the main burkhan; there he sang for three days; the burkhan offered him gold and silver as a reward; the young man refused, said he wanted a red bowl; it was the daughter of a Burkhan; he agreed, gave it; on the way back, the young man found that the bowl gave everything you wanted from it; the young man asked for good clothes pacer and silver; returned home with all this; the father was frightened, thinking that his son had robbed someone; the khan issued a decree stating that he would take one hundred and eight stallions to give birth to foals; the young man said that he will complete it in three days; in the end he was drunk, did not look for horses; when the deadline expired, the khan asked where the horses were; the young man: "[I had no time:] I gave birth to a child myself"; Khan: "What kind of man can give birth to a child? " ; young man: "Whose stallions could give birth to foals?" ; Khan could not object]: 60-61, 79-80; Dungans: Riftin et al. 1977, No. 47 [the emperor tells two dignitaries to bring a cock egg; the 12-year-old son of one came to the emperor and said that the father gives birth; since a rooster lays eggs, a man can also give birth], 57 [the official told the guard to bring two cock eggs, otherwise he will kill to death; the wife comes instead of the guard: her husband gave birth; if the man does not can give birth, and then the rooster does not lay eggs]: 230-231, 253.

Southern Siberia - Mongolia. Teleuts [Eren Checheng wants to marry a stupid son to a smart girl; it's raining, all the girls are on their bunches {?} ; one undressed, covered the firewood with her clothes, covered her breasts with her hands; EC: why? I will have to start a fire at home immediately; my father and mother saw my genitals, but no one saw my breasts; EC married her son; Yara Checheng decided to take my daughter-in-law, ordered me to make boots out of stone; daughter-in-law collects sand: I want to make a rope; YACH: is it possible? daughter-in-law: and stone boots? YACH: let the bull give birth to a calf, treat the bull with milk; daughter-in-law tears the grass: father-in-law gave birth to a child, grass must be laid; YACH tells you to arrive neither in a shirt, nor naked, nor on a horse, nor on foot, nor by road, nor without a road , stop neither in the yurt nor outside; the daughter-in-law tells you to put on a net, ride between two furrows on a stick, step into the yurt with one foot; YACH threw EC into the hole, sent seven ambassadors to his son with his letter; EC : I'm lying on 6 layers of white silk, covered with seven silk blankets, playing checkers, drinking sweet light wine; I have 7 rams at home; kill 6, prick out the seventh's eye, break your arm, let him read the letter daughter-in-law; daughter-in-law: wine - tears, silk - snow, checkers - stars, 7 rams - ambassadors; six were killed, the seventh's eye was gouged out, he led them to the YCH, they killed him, EC took his place]: Potanin 1983, No. 100:362-364; (cf. khakas [the old man was fishing for three days; on his way home, he went to a hut to warm up; there were three mokhsagals {cannibals with cow horns}; "Oh, you stepped on the tail of our fairy tale when you entered!" They tied him to the leg of the bed for three days; released him for promising to give his only daughter; when the Mohsagals arrived, her father's girlfriend hid her father behind the curtain; the first one came in, asked where his father was; - Went a pen for Make an ax out of frog horns. - Do your frogs even have horns? - Do your fairy tales have tails? Then the same with the other two mohsagals (the father went to make a spear shaft from the snake's horn; the knife handle was made of lizard horns); the Mohsagals left, and the girl ordered three poplars to fall on them, so that thunder in they were hit; a thunderstorm began and the Mokhsagals took refuge under the poplars; three poplars fell on them and a strong thunder hit them; they died]: Torokova, Sychenko 2014, No. 33:513-515; Teleuts (recorded by G.M. Tokmasheva, first quarter of the 20th century) [Ker-Sagal's three brothers lived richly; a poor old man brought home a shot bunny; told the old woman to cook it, and he went to the COP to ask for a hoop to dry his skin; going into their house, I accidentally heard their conversation; the COP began to beat him and say: "We told each other fairy tales, you, a scoundrel, stepped on the tail of our fairy tale"; the old man began to make excuses; CS: "They say you have an old man There's something at home that you don't know or see. Give us that - I don't know what, and we'll give you a hoop. If you don't give what we're asking for, we'll hit you again!" ; the old man agreed; the COP gave him a hoop; the old man returned home; saw that the old woman had given birth to a son; noticed how the younger COP came home; ran into the forest, leaving the boy; the COP asked him where his parents were; boy: "My father has gone out of the frog's horn to forge an ax!" ; KS: "Why does your father need an ax?" ; boy: "Ker-Sagal will come to us today (so) to cut off his head!" ; CS: "What, is your frog horned?" ; boy: "If our frog doesn't have horns, then where did your fairy tale get its tail?" ; The COP ran away, told the brothers about the boy; they take turns going to the old people's house; the situation repeats itself ("My father left the ram's horn to forge his sword!" , "My father has gone to forge a spear from the snake's horn!") ; the CS did not return again; the old man and the old woman returned home; the boy grew up, hunted and fed them]: Funk 2020:178-181); the Shors [older brother Maas ("gadfly") is rich, the younger Arychak ("bee") poor, he has a daughter, Sholban ("Venus"), M. agreed to give her a calf, he gave her a big offspring, M. demanded back not another calf, but the whole herd; both brothers came to the khan, who tells him to solve riddles; M.'s wife gives stupid answers, S. - wise (mother earth is fatter than fat, sun is faster than fast); Khan tells Sh. to sew a mosquito leather fur coat, she demands to give her a thread of sand in response; Khan tells Sh. make the bull calve; S. collects grass, says that for the newborn, because her father gave birth; the khan marries Sh. Son to make him wiser; the khan goes with his son, tells him to shorten the road, he begins to draw on the ground; S. explains that Khan asked to talk in order to shorten the route]: Funk 2011 (2): 248-252; Tuvans: Orus-ool 1997 (Syut-Kholsky District, 1962) [part of an epic tale; Khan tells the old man to find out how old a black bear from the Kara-Khem River and a white hare from the Ak-Khem River; his adopted daughter advises attaching two skulls to his shoulders and sprinkling salt; bear came and saw an old man; bear: I have been living for 50 years, I have never seen such a nasty old man; hare: I have been living for 60 years, I have not eaten such delicious salt; they caught a bear and a hare, they began to try, the old man's words were confirmed ; now the khan orders to bring a whole baked ox so that there is no sewage inside and wool outside; the girl: give the ox salt water to drink, drive for a long time; then bake it in hot sand; then the khan orders make tarak from bovine milk; when the khan comes, the girl says that you can't enter - the father gives birth; khan: how much hair do you comb on your head? girl: How many steps did your horse take? Khan married a girl; tells her not to say a lot of ordinary words; she is expressed in allegories]: 449-461; Samdan 1994, No. 9 (Toja) [old man SMeldey tells his daughter that he will go to Ai-han for a drink milk; she teaches what to do and how to answer; A.: 1) "In the middle of a blue lake, a sandalwood without a top, 15 branches are raw, 15 are dry"); if S. does not guess, A. tells him to cut off his arm and head (moon in first and second half); 2) count the years of a polar bear with a black head (the daughter sewed three dried human skulls to her father's clothes on the right and left; the bear says he is 110 years old, and this I did not see a seven-headed creature); 3) weave a rope of ash (weave it from a sedge, pull it between the poles, set it on fire, it will be covered with ash, but will remain tight); A. tells S. to drive home 6 oxen, milk, cook tarak; daughter tells me to drive them into the pen, sits down in the morning to comb her hair; A. comes and asks how much hair she has; she: how many steps your horse has taken; forbids entering the yurt - there her father gives birth; if the father cannot give birth, then how to get milk from oxen; A. tells S. to come with his daughter; writes the names of all living beings on the pole, and deliberately misses the falcon and the kite; S. I did not notice this, the daughter noticed; A. married daughter S. to his son; he came to Saryg Khan, who put gold and silver under his pillow, accused him of theft, crucified him on four stakes; sent him to his camp four soldiers; crucified A. asks to convey obscure words; daughter-in-law understands, orders to kill three soldiers, let one be a guide, go with the army; they release A., Saryg Khan was captured]: 307-321; South Altai Tuvans [Haraat Khaan and Jechen Haan hate each other; DH has an unfit son; he left a sign on the ovaa with the inscription; the poor girl read it and said: If an eagle is painted, why write "kite" if a woman is drawn, why write "man"; khan decided that she is fit for daughter-in-law; khan: how many times did she stretch out her skin under a leather stick? girl: how many steps did your horse take? khan orders to latch a rope from the ashes; the girl burned the rope; khan: make tarak from bull's milk; girl: the father is now having labor pains; since a man cannot give birth, then the bull does not milk; khan: let the father will come and be neither inside nor outside, naked or dressed; the girl tells her father to wear pants, shirt and stockings and climb between the wooden lattice wall and the felt of the yurt; the khan tells the girl's father to count years of a bear's life; daughter tells me to bring her two skulls that have turned white in the sun; painted them red and tied them to her father's shoulders; bear: there are 75,000 trees on the mountain, and I'm 75 years old, but I've never seen one; find out hare age; daughter: smear honey and sugar on trees in a hare meadow; hare: 60,000 trees on the mountain, and I am 60 years old, but I have never tried such sweets; XX married my son to a girl; was captured; two heroes and XX was tied to iron stakes, XX was given one louse a day, heroes two lice; XX said that his people were belligerent; to take prisoners, you must send his son a letter: you need to gather people with the lower reaches of a large river and from the upper reaches of a small river; the droppings of a sheep and a neutered goat are a value, it cannot be left; daughters-in-law say: let sheep and goats with horns go ahead, and without horns follow them; in front 4 iron poplars with my doors; let two cut down and uproot two and bring them here; I win, I lie on 9 blue silk carpets, lean on 4 iron backs on all four sides of the world and eat every day sheep soup; son is going to saw poplars; daube: gather warriors, they will need weapons sent to kill two at once, take two with them; the soldiers freed the khan and brought the loot]: Taube 1978, No. 50: 254-259 (=Taube 1994, No. 39:255-258); Dagurs [seven brothers have Temuodi's servant, he has a Yamadi son; brothers tell T. to cook porridge with bovine milk; I tell my father to pretend he is giving birth, so don't can cook; answers his brothers that since a bull gives milk, a man can also give birth; the brothers took Y. hunting, put up a tent for him by the river; he carried his brothers' saddles there, and he stayed in the saddle tent; At night, the brothers pushed the tent into the river, thinking that they had drowned Y.; in the morning they saw that they had made a mistake; fearing revenge from the brothers, I fled with my father]: Bender, Su Huana 1984:174-176; Baikal Buryats: Bardakhanova, Gympilova 2008, No. 4 (Okinsky District of Buryatia) [Bardunay is rich, has three sons; his younger brother Balamja is poor, he has a daughter; the youngest came to the eldest to ask for a cart; seeing that the mare the youngest would soon be necklaces, said that his cart would be necklace - do not dare to take the foal; Taisha promises to award a foal to someone who says by morning what is sharper, fatter, fastest; Bardunai's sons: razor, pig, horse; Balamja's daughter: noyon power, land, thought; Taisha gave the foal to Balamja, ordered him to arrive neither on foot, nor on horseback, nor by road, nor without a road, neither dressed nor naked, neither with a gift nor without a gift gift; Balamja came on a goat along the side of the road, gave the bird, it immediately flew away; Taisha tells us to milk the bull, cook tarak; Taisha came, the daughter went out, said that the father gave birth; Taisha sent two people, a daughter Balamji offered to tie horses to winter or summer; Taisha married his son to Balamja's daughter]: 26-29; Khangalov 1890 (Unginsky) [Gurgaldaev's three brothers ask the girl if her father and mother are at home; "They went to a neighbor, not being properly, in debt, not sick, left to get sick"; the girl did not allow them to spend the night, they went to the steppe, ordered them to milk the bull by morning, cook tarak; girl: no time, I collect chips, father has given birth to a son; do men give birth? - Do bulls calf?] : 20-21; Trans-Baikal Buryats (Selenginsky, Borgoy Ulus of the Dzhidinsky District of Buryatia, 1969) [Bagsha met girls playing on the road, asked why they were building a house on it; one of the girls told him not to break it; bagsha came to her old father; he plowed the land; bagsha: "Old man, how many Did you take steps in the furrow in a day?" ; old man: "I didn't count"; bagsha: "I'll come in the morning, count it"; the old man was upset, his daughter reassured him: "Bagsha will come on horseback. You asked him, "How many steps did your horse take to this point?" ; the old man did so; bagsha: "By tomorrow morning, milk two bulls and make fresh yogurt. I'll come and eat it"; the daughter told her father not to go out and said that she would meet him herself; Bagsha, who arrived in the morning: "Did your father milk the bulls? Is yogurt ready?" ; daughter: "I didn't have time. He's giving birth right now"; Bagsha: "Don't be stupid! Do men give birth?" ; daughter: "Do bulls milk? How can you get yogurt from them?" ; Bagsha thought, "Which one of us is the real teacher - me or this wise girl?"] : Tugutov, Tugutov 1992, No. 100:262-263; Mongols (probably Khalkha) [Khan had a stupid son; officials advised: "Choose a smart wife for him so that she could conduct public affairs. Tell me, Khan, to draw all the animals in the world, written signs, plants, the sun, the moon and stars, put these pictures on the main roadway, and make all your subjects worship them images. An intelligent person will immediately notice the shortcomings in the drawings"; the Khan approved this, and a decree was read out everywhere: "A prayer has been posted for the faithful at the pass. I command everyone, without exception, to come to that pass within three days and pray. Whoever does not pray will be severely punished"; all subjects prayed; when the old man and daughter passed through the pass, his daughter dissuaded him from praying: the drawings are inept, the artists forgot to depict a hare, the text of the prayer lacks the "huvm" sign; the khan found out, wanted to see the girl; when she was collecting argal, he came to the old man, ordered him to milk the bull by morning, and cook tarak from milk; in the morning, daughter she scattered manure on the west side of the yurt, put her father on a mattress, and at the entrance to the yurt she drove two stakes and held a hairrope between them (this is done when there is a sick or newborn in the yurt); when the khan came for a cockroach, the girl went out and said that it was impossible to enter the yurt - the father was giving birth; the khan asked where it had been seen for a man to give birth; the girl: "Didn't you, O Your Lordship, /You saw that eccentric, /What makes yogurt/From bovine milk? /If he has appeared like this now, /Why not give birth to a man?!" ; khan returned home; when the girl went to get the argal, came to the old man, ordered him to twist the horse fetters from the ashes by morning; in the morning the girl weaved fetters out of hay, set it on fire - it turned out to be fetters of ashes; showed them to Khan , he left; she went for the argal, the khan came back, told the old man that he would come again tomorrow, and ordered the old man not to let his daughter go outside or leave her in a yurt; he came in the morning and could not find her (she stood between the wall and the felt tire of the yurt); when she went out, she returned to the palace; the girl went for the argal, the khan came to the old man again: "Ride a double-headed horse and come to me at the turn of day and night, between today and tomorrow. But you can't go on the road. If you do otherwise, don't blow your head off"; the girl told the old man to catch a mare about to get necklaces and explained: "When you arrive, say: "The sun is setting there, it's night here , and it's dawning in the west." When asked which way you went, say, "On the grass between two roads." When they ask: "Did you come on a double-headed horse?" , say yes. When they look at your mare, she will already have two heads"; the old man came to the khan, answered as his daughter told her; the khan married his son to her; went hunting with him, said: "Go, son, in front of his father, so that the horse's tail moves"; he jumped off the horse, began to twist the horse's tail; the khan scolded him, beat him; killing and cutting the beast, ordered him to make a fire, prepare a wooden cauldron and fry the meat; the son made a fire, knocked down the tree, sawed off the lower part and began to hammer it; told the khan what he was making a wooden cauldron; the khan beat him again; killed another beast, the khan asked him to start a fire, fry the meat and spread the black litter; the son made a fire, roasted the meat on a spit, tore the felt off the saddle and spread it; the khan beat him; at home, the son complained to his wife, who explained what was going on; khan went hunting again, took his son with him, repeated his previous requests; when he heard the first, the son went in front of his father in a quiet trot; when he heard the second, he made a wooden spit and fried meat on it; when he heard the third, fried the meat, and when the ground from the fire turned black, he removed the ash from it so that he could sit down; the khan sent his son home, decided to continue hunting himself; went to a foreign state, was captured; three years old I was lying in a dirty yurt; when they decided to execute him, I asked permission to send a letter; wrote: "I show mercy to all relatives and friends, /I write to my homeland with a low bow /And I inform you that in a foreign country/ My life is nice and free./Will I ever come back? - I don't even like the thought of it! /It's so wonderful to sleep under a canopy blue/On an emerald silk bed! /I lie in scarlet pillows day and night, /I drink goat milk in large bowls, /And eight servants in an eight-story palace/They serve me so respectfully and important! /I live here as a master, not a guest, /I'll die, let my bones decay here./If you want to share my happiness, /Well, pick up the cattle and come./And the first person to go to my country/ Let him drive him cattle in front, /And lead hornless cattle back./Take your belongings, - it will do on the road, -/ Carry everything... Yes, I almost forgot: /The foal was scabies /And the mare in our herd./You can part with them/Leave them, scabies, in place: /A contagious horse will not bring us honor./Two my sandalwood trees/They shine with a hat of gold leaves. /You need to leave one in place, /Try to transport the other. /Go deep into my large rooms. /Gold scissors hang there/At the head in bedroom, for a nightmare, /You must definitely take them with you..."; the messengers handed a letter to the khan's son, who believed and was happy; my wife deciphered: "A great trouble has happened to me./I ask my relatives; to me show mercy. /Find out: I'm captured in a foreign country, /And I'm in danger of dying here every hour./My fate is incredible, /Will I ever come back? /I sleep and eat in the open air, /Bed is earth, and I'm completely waste./Eight guards out of an eight-walled yurt /They don't even let me into the steppe; /I won't die today or tomorrow/And bones here in someone else's the country will decay. /But if you want to save me/Then come with the army as soon as possible: /Armed in the lead squad, /And let the unarmed man walk behind. /The messenger who rode with my letter, /Make him walk behind. be a guide on the way/And if there are two of them/And kill one on the way./So that your son and khansha mother do not interfere with you/You hardly need to take them with you on a camp./There is no smarter than my daughter-in-law in the khanate./ Ask her for advice on everything, /She will always find a solution./So let her boss go camping!" ; daughter-in-law gathered an army; one of the messengers was killed, the other was forced to be a guide; they seized the lands of the neighboring khanate, freed the captive khan]: Mikhailov 1962:78-86; the Mongols (Ordos) [ Shurguljin Khan wants to marry a stupid red-faced son to an intelligent girl; gathers people, asks questions; a tree with 12 branches, 360 flowers looking up, 360 down; the old man's daughter explains to her father that this is a year; five myriads of yellow hares led by a hare with a white spot on its forehead (stars and moon); ten myriads of bushes and a red stump (mountains and Mount Sumeru); bring three measures of meat wrapped in bone, two measures of bones wrapped in meat (egg and yuyuba); when he learns that the old man has a daughter, S. promises to come, tells me to cook koumiss from the milk of a castrated bull; girl: father gives birth, I am going to get a midwife; S. married his son on this girl; tells her son to greet him on a horse about two heads (wife: pregnant mare); greet him neither in the yurt nor outside (between the bars and the nightmare); prepare ashes fetters (weave fetters from dry couch grass, set fire, an ash trail will remain); S. decides to seize the neighboring kingdom, the son chatted everything; the enemies seized Sh., put him in a well, he eats his own lice; the neighboring king sends a nobleman bring the people Sh.; Sh.: they will go if they find out that I live well; asks me to tell me: I live happily in a house dark as a coffin; I eat only goat meat and lamb; the carpet on which he is sitting is made of colorful brocade and striped yellow silk; I spend my days contemplating five jewels - turquoise, corals, mother-of-pearl, ruby and lapis lazuli; lying on a piece of blue silk that has no boundaries; when you come, let it go in front of you your cattle, and let the horned ones go ahead, followed by hornless; there is one red ram with curved horns that is always behind everyone - kill him; at the head lies a black rough file - take it with you; at your feet there is a pair of sharp scissors - take it with you; there is no need to go in large numbers, it will be enough if three go; the daughter-in-law understood everything: the file is Sh., the scissors are herself; the ram is the son of Sh., kill him; horned - an army; the enemy was defeated, S. was released; he married his daughter-in-law to the son of his younger brother, handed over the kingdom to him]: Mostaert 1937, No. 9 in Solovyov 2014.

Japan. The Japanese (all of Japan, including northern Ryukyu, but it is not clear whether all the episodes are everywhere) [the owner of the province tells the man to pick berries in winter; his little son comes to the owner instead of his father; he says that my father could not come, he was bitten by a snake; - But there are no snakes in winter! "Berries too; or the samurai asks the peasant how many times he hit the ground with a hoe." How many steps did you take? Among the tasks in different versions are: Bringing Mr. a pregnant bull; the son says that the father cannot come, he has just relieved himself of the burden; or bring a drum that makes sounds without touching drumstick; bring a rope of ash; which half of the cake is sweeter? which hand made a sound when clapping your hands?] : Ikeda 1971, No. 922:206.