Yu.E. Berezkin, E.N. Duvakin

Thematic classification and distribution of folklore and mythological motifs by area

Analytical catalogue

Ethnicities and habitats

M201. Oak and mushroom. 28.31.

A fast-growing mushroom (melon) believes that an oak tree will soon outgrow. The mushroom (pumpkin whip) soon rotted, and the oak tree stood as it stood.

Western Ukrainians, Belarusians, Estonians, Lutsies, Latvians.

Central Europe. Western Ukrainians, Belarusians (BNT I, 131) [Oak and mushroom (melon): the mushroom brags about its rapid growth; to which the oak responds that it is more durable than it]: SUS 1979, № -297B* : 101; Western Ukrainians (Transcarpathia) [melon grew next to an oak tree; asks how old it is; oak: a hundred; melon: how bad you grow; I will overtake you over the summer; what big flowers and leaves I have; how many acorns do you need to eat a wild boar, but it will eat one of my pumpkins; the melon has outgrown an oak tree; but the north wind blew, frost has hit and the melon has fallen; so do people: you will get rich quickly, but not for long]: Berezovsky 1989, No. 502:483.

Baltoscandia. Estonians (Virumaa, Lutsi) [boletus grew near an oak tree overnight and says: move, the mushroom is growing! it frosty at night, the mushroom thawed in the morning and fell on its side; oak: so why don't you grow up? mushroom: boletus is more comfortable on its side]: Mälk et al. 1967, No. 44:91; Lutsie (western 1925) [boletus grew quickly under the oak tree; Hey oak, move, boletus is good! Oak: it's better for a mushroom to one side than an oak to the side; the next day the mushroom was already lying on its side: that's right, oak is better]: Annom et al. 2018:319; Latvians [boletus scolds a young oak shoot for being is going to "sit on his head"; and three days later the boletus falls by itself]: Alksnite et al. 1958:116 (retelling to Aris, Medne 1977, No. 293B*: 269).